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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 17.
(i) Surgical approaches to the elbow
Abstract: Surgical approaches to the elbow can be challenging in both trauma and elective settings. Knowledge of the neurovascular and musculotendinous anatomy is crucial to provide safe and optimal access to the desired part of the elbow joint. This review describes common approaches to the posterior, lateral and medial aspects of the elbow. It should be noted that more than one approach can be combined, often utilizing the same skin incision.
Source: Orthopaedics and Trauma - October 1, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Chris Peach, David Stanley Tags: Mini-Symposium: The Elbow Source Type: research
An overview of male intermittent self-catheterisation.
This article outlines the anatomy of the male urinary tract, offers practical tips for nurses who teach it, and highlights issues important to men when learning and living with ISC. PMID: 23123813 [PubMed - in process]
Source: British Journal of Nursing - October 1, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Logan K Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research
Vesalius revised. His annotations to the 1555 fabrica(1).
This article discusses a recent find: Vesalius' own copy of the 1555 edition, heavily annotated in preparation for a never published third edition. Vesalius made hundreds of changes to the second edition, the great majority being stylistic, altering the Latin words but not the overall meaning. There are also changes to the plates to give greater clarity or to correct mistakes by the original block-cutter. There is little new anatomical material, although Vesalius continued to meditate about what he had earlier discovered. He shows no sign of being acquainted with the findings of others, like Colombo or Falloppia, that were...
Source: Medical History - October 1, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Nutton V Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research
'Fibre Body': The Concept of Fibre in Eighteenth-century Medicine, c.1700-40(1).
Abstract This paper attempts a comprehensive account of 'fibre medicine' elaborated by iatromechanists from c. 1700 to c. 1740. Fibre medicine, a medical theory informed by the notion of the fibre, has been neglected by medical historians despite the pivotal role played by the fibre in animal economy. Referring to a wide range of medical fields such as anatomy, physiology, pathology, therapeutics and life sciences, this paper elucidates the ways that the fibre serves as an indispensable concept for iatromechanists to establish their medical theories. This paper also highlights the metaphorical dimension of the fibr...
Source: Medical History - October 1, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Ishizuka H Tags: Med Hist Source Type: research
Abdominal ultrasonography of the normal St. Kitts vervet monkey (Chlorocebus sabaeus)
ConclusionsAbdominal sonographic anatomy was successfully characterized and normal size parameters for non‐reproductive abdominal viscera and the testes were established.
Source: Journal of Medical Primatology - October 1, 2012 Category: Research Authors: J.T. Amory, W.M. Du Plessis, A. Beierschmitt, J. Beeler‐Marfisi, R.M. Palmour, T. Beths Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
A review of the anatomical, biomechanical and kinematic findings of posterior cruciate ligament injury with respect to non-operative management
Abstract: An understanding of the kinematics of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) deficiency is important for the diagnosis and management of patients with isolated PCL injury. The kinematics of PCL injury has been analysed through cadaveric and in vivo imaging studies. Cadaveric studies have detailed the anatomy of the PCL. It consists of two functional bundles, anterolateral and posteromedial, which exhibit different tensioning patterns through the arc of knee flexion. Isolated sectioning of the PCL and its related structures in cadaveric specimens has defined its primary and secondary restraining functions. The PCL is t...
Source: The Knee - October 1, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sivashankar Chandrasekaran, David Ma, Jennifer M. Scarvell, Kevin R. Woods, Paul N. Smith Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
Quadrifurcation of the hepatic artery proper in conjunction with double right gastric arteries.
This report attempts to evaluate the embryological basis of the anomaly. The significance of this anomalous hepatic arterial pattern is appreciated while performing liver transplantations, hepatic artery infusion of chemotherapeutic drugs and Doppler angiographic procedures. We advocate meticulous familiarisation with the anatomy of the coeliac trunk and its topographic relationship to vital viscera for the operating hepatobiliary surgeon and radiologist. PMID: 23112032 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - October 1, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Mehta V, Dave V, Suri RK, Rath G Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research
Valve replacement in children: A challenge for a whole life.
Abstract Valvular pathology in infants and children poses numerous challenges to the paediatric cardiac surgeon. Without question, valvular repair is the goal of intervention because restoration of valvular anatomy and physiology using native tissue allows for growth and a potentially better long-term outcome. When reconstruction fails or is not feasible, valve replacement becomes inevitable. Which valve for which position is controversial. Homograft and bioprosthetic valves achieve superior haemodynamic results initially but at the cost of accelerated degeneration. Small patient size and the risk of thromboembolis...
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases - October 1, 2012 Category: Cardiology Authors: Henaine R, Roubertie F, Vergnat M, Ninet J Tags: Arch Cardiovasc Dis Source Type: research
Computed tomographic dacryocystography in children undergoing balloon dacryoplasty
Conclusions: Contrast-enhanced CT-DCG provides useful information about nasolacrimal anatomy in children with congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction. The decrease in contrast volume before and after balloon dilation was predictive of success; A larger size of the most dilated portion of the lacrimal sac was associated with clinical failure.
Source: Journal of AAPOS - October 1, 2012 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Roberto M. Limongi, Leopoldo Magacho, Suzana Matayoshi, Haroldo M. Carneiro, Marcos Ávila Tags: Major Articles Source Type: research
Practical approach to treating the laminitic horse
Take-home message: Successful management begins with an understanding of the normal digital anatomy, the disease process, and the structural failure that results in the laminitic foot. Immediate treatment goals include decreasing the pull of the DDFT on the coffin bone, unloading the laminar interface, reducing inflammation, easing breakover, protecting the sensitive tissues, and providing support to the bony column.
Source: Journal of Equine Veterinary Science - October 1, 2012 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Raul J. Bras Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research
Anatomy and Histology of the Male Reproductive Tract and Spermatogenesis Fine Structure in the Lesser Anteater (Tamandua tetradactyla, Myrmecophagidae, Xenarthra): Morphological Evidences of Reproductive Functions
Summary The anatomy and histology of the male genital tract of the lesser anteater were studied. Fine details of spermatozoa regarding their genesis and morphology were also studied in six adult specimens. The testes lie in the pelvic cavity. The deferent duct emerges from the epididymis and opens into the ejaculatory duct, which drains into the membranous urethra. Accessory glands (prostate, seminal vesicle and bulbourethral gland) are histologically similar to those described in other mammals. The short penis presents an urethral orifice, while the corpus spongiosum becomes thinner at the end indicating the absence of a ...
Source: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C - October 1, 2012 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: L. F. Rossi, J. P. Luaces, H. J. Aldana Marcos, P. D. Cetica, G. Perez Jimeno, M. S. Merani Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Ontogenetic and Structural Variation of Mineralizations and Ossifications in the Integument within Ceratophryid Frogs (Anura, Ceratophryidae)
We describe the ontogeny of the integument in the three genera of ceratophryids (Chacophrys, Ceratophrys, and Lepidobatrachus) that inhabit in semiarid environments. Data obtained demonstrated the early acquisition of metamorphic transformations in the integument layers in larvae of Ceratophrys cranwelli and Lepidobatrachus spp. and a continuous increment in the thickness of them up to old postmetamorphic stages. The integument of ceratophryids develops calcium deposits as the calcified layer during postmetamorphic stages. Furthermore, dorsal shields are also present in adult stages independently of terrestrial versus aqua...
Source: The Anatomical Record Part B: The New Anatomist - October 1, 2012 Category: Anatomy Authors: Silvia Quinzio, Marissa Fabrezi Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research
Use of Fluorescent Probes: Their Effect on Cell Biology and Limitations
Source: The Anatomical Record Part B: The New Anatomist - October 1, 2012 Category: Anatomy Authors: Ellen C. Jensen Tags: AR Insights Source Type: research
Computed Tomography and Cross‐sectional Anatomy of the Normal Dromedary Camel Tarsus (One Humped Camel)
Summary The purpose of this study was to provide a detailed computed tomographic (CT) anatomic reference for the dromedary camel tarsus. Six cadaver pelvic limbs, obtained from three clinically and radiographically sound dromedary camels, were scanned in both soft tissue and bone windows starting from the calcaneal tuber towards the proximal metatarsus. Limbs were frozen at −20°C and sectioned transversely via an electric bone saw. The CT images were evaluated and correlated with their corresponding cryosections. The resulting images provided detailed anatomic features for bones, joints and soft tissue components of the...
Source: Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia: Journal of Veterinary Medicine Series C - October 1, 2012 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: U. Hagag, W. Brehm, R. O. Ramadan, A. Al Mubarak, A. El Nahas, K. Gerlach Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
A direct anastomosis between the stems of celiac trunk and left colic artery by an anomalous fourth celiac trunk branch: First cadaveric study
We report the first cadaveric finding demonstrating a direct communication between the stems of CT and left colic artery (LCA) via a fourth anomalous CT branch in the absence of any co‐existing stenosis or aneurysm in the main vessels. Clin. Anat. 2013 © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 1, 2012 Category: Anatomy Authors: Monika Gupta, Sneh Agarwal Tags: Compendium of Anatomical Variants Source Type: research
Evaluation of normal fetal pulmonary veins using B‐flow imaging with spatiotemporal image correlation and by traditional color Doppler echocardiography
ConclusionsThe scanning around left atrium method proved to be the most suited for detecting pulmonary veins in clinical practice. 4D BF‐STIC was superior in detecting the greatest number of pulmonary veins before 32 gestational weeks, but had limited clinical usage because it was very time‐consuming and experience‐dependent. The 4D method should be considered as a complement to traditional two‐dimensional sonography, because it facilitates understanding of the anatomy and the spatial relationships of the cardiac structures. © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source: Prenatal Diagnosis - October 1, 2012 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Ying Zhang, Changwei Ding, Miao Fan, Weidong Ren, Yajun Guo, Wei Sun, Ailu Cai Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Preoperative assessment for cardiac surgery
This article describes the many facets of anaesthetic pre-assessment for patients undergoing cardiac surgery, highlighting several issues common to this group of patients. The concept of preoperative scoring systems is introduced, and the application and interpretation of several commonly employed cardiac investigations summarized.
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - October 1, 2012 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: I.R. Mowat, Andrea A. Kelleher Tags: Cardiac anaesthesia Source Type: research
Physical examination of upper extremity compressive neuropathies.
This article summarizes relevant anatomy and physical examination findings associated with upper extremity compressive neuropathies. PMID: 23026457 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Orthopedic Clinics of North America - October 1, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Popinchalk SP, Schaffer AA Tags: Orthop Clin North Am Source Type: research
Ulnar tunnel syndrome.
Abstract Ulnar tunnel syndrome could be broadly defined as a compressive neuropathy of the ulnar nerve at the level of the wrist. The ulnar tunnel, or Guyon's canal, has a complex and variable anatomy. Various factors may precipitate the onset of ulnar tunnel syndrome. Patient presentation depends on the anatomic zone of ulnar nerve compression: zone I compression, motor and sensory signs and symptoms; zone II compression, isolated motor deficits; and zone III compression; purely sensory deficits. Conservative treatment such as activity modification may be helpful, but often, surgical exploration of the ulnar tunne...
Source: The Orthopedic Clinics of North America - October 1, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Bachoura A, Jacoby SM Tags: Orthop Clin North Am Source Type: research
Laparoscopic Transgastric Endoscopy after Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass: Case Series and Review of the Literature.
We describe a case series of 13 patients with a history of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass for the treatment of morbid obesity who underwent laparoscopic transgastric endoscopy through the gastric remnant to access the duodenum or biliary tree. Charts of these patients were reviewed for demographics, indications for procedure, length of stay, morbidity, and mortality. Four of the patients had failed prior attempts to access the excluded anatomy through traditional transoral endoscopy. Two patients underwent transgastric endoscopy for evaluation of gastrointestinal bleeding. Of the 11 patients for whom endoscopic retrograde cholan...
Source: The American Surgeon - October 1, 2012 Category: Surgery Authors: Richardson JF, Lee JG, Smith BR, Nguyen B, Pham KP, Nguyen NT Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research
Pancreatic fluid collections: Physiology, natural history, and indications for drainage
Abstract: Pancreatic fluid collections (PFCs) are a common manifestation of pancreatitis and can be seen in up to 50% of cases. Advances in cross-sectional imaging techniques have led to a greater understanding of the natural history of PFCs. This, combined with a lack of uniformity in the nomenclature of PFCs, has led to the revised Atlanta Criteria for pancreatic fluid collections, which designates 4 main types: acute peri-PFC (APFC), postnecrotic PFC (PNPFC), pancreatic pseudocyst, and walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WOPN). Each of these fluid collections can be either sterile or infected. When present for >4 weeks fro...
Source: Techniques in Gastrointestinal Endoscopy - October 1, 2012 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Imad Elkhatib, Thomas Savides, Syed M. Abbas Fehmi Source Type: research
Practice‐related reduction of electromyographic mirroring activity depends on basal levels of interhemispheric inhibition
Abstract Paired‐pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is used to measure the excitability of interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) between the hand areas of the two motor cortices. It varies from person to person, and is highly predictive of individual differences in callosal anatomy (fractional anisotropy) and even motor behaviour, e.g. the amount of involuntary electromyographic (EMG) ‘mirroring’ in one hand during rapid contraction of the other. The present experiments tested whether it also predicts how well individuals can improve motor performance in a task involving the two hands. Healthy participants were...
Source: European Journal of Neuroscience - October 1, 2012 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Matteo Bologna, Antonio Caronni, Alfredo Berardelli, John C. Rothwell Tags: Research Report Source Type: research
Parameters for lateral extent of dissection during anterior cervical decompression and fusion.
Abstract The purpose of this anatomic study was to determine the extent of lateral dissection that can be performed during anterior cervical decompression and fusion to maximize decompression without compromising the vertebral arteries. Although vertebral artery injury is rare, it is sometimes catastrophic and leads to significant morbidity and mortality. Previous studies have attempted to establish standards for surgical anatomy during anterior cervical decompression and fusion; however, none have accounted for significant degenerative changes that occur with increased age.The uncus-to-uncus distance, representing...
Source: Orthopedics - October 1, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Sadhu A, Ahn NU Tags: Orthopedics Source Type: research
Imaging Evaluation of the Rotator Cuff
This article reviews imaging modalities available for evaluating the cuff, normal cuff anatomy, and common pathologic conditions that affect it.
Source: Clinics in Sports Medicine - October 1, 2012 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Mark W. Anderson, Christopher Brennan, Amit Mittal Source Type: research
A historical perspective: Infection from cadaveric dissection from the 18th to 20th centuries
Abstract Today, the study of human anatomy utilizing the ultimate study guide, the cadaver, is relatively safe. In the past, however, human dissection was dangerous. Prior to the germ theory, antibiotics, and the use of gloves, cadavers were often life threatening to dissectors including both the teacher and the student. Medical students who graduated in the United States before 1880 were unlikely to practice antisepsis in the dissecting room. In the present article, we review human cadaveric dissection in Europe and the United States primarily from the 1700s to the early 1900s in regard to its potential for transmission o...
Source: Clinical Anatomy - October 1, 2012 Category: Anatomy Authors: Mohammadali M. Shoja, Brion Benninger, Paul Agutter, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs Tags: A Glimpse of our Past Source Type: research
Advances in Autologous Breast Reconstruction with Pedicled Perforator Flaps
This article presents an overview of pedicled perforator flaps available in breast surgery. The indications, classification, surgical anatomy, and techniques for safe flap elevation are described. Clinical outcomes and complications are discussed, and illustrative case examples are presented.
Source: Clinics in Plastic Surgery - October 1, 2012 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Authors: Moustapha Hamdi, Mohamed Zulfikar Rasheed Source Type: research
Metacarpophalangeal Joint Orientation in Anthropoid Manual Phalanges
Abstract The proximal articular surface angle of orientation (AO) of proximal phalanges of the hand and foot has been used to infer the locomotor profile of extinct Miocene catarrhines and early hominins. Previous work has found that joint orientation distinguishes quadrupedal from suspensory anthropoids. The purpose of this study is to expand on previous research by examining this feature within and across several primate clades, allowing us to investigate the potential influences of locomotion, substrate usage, hand posture, and phylogeny. We also report AO measurements in human proximal hand phalanges, allowing us to ex...
Source: The Anatomical Record Part B: The New Anatomist - October 1, 2012 Category: Anatomy Authors: Thomas R. Rein, Laura A. McCarty Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research
SMT: A Reliability Based Interactive DTI Tractography Algorithm
In this study, a novel generic algorithm, split and merge tractography (SMT), is proposed that provides a real-time, interactive and reliability ranked assessment of potential pathways, communicating the true information content of the data without sacrificing the usability of tractography. Specifically, SMT takes in a precomputed set of tracts and the diffusion data (e.g., DTI, HARDI) as its input, generates a set of short (reliable) tracts via splitting at unreliable points and forms quasi-random clusters of short tracts by means of which the space of short tract clusters, representing complete tracts, is sampled. A hist...
Source: IEE Transactions on Medical Imaging - October 1, 2012 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Model-Based Tomographic Reconstruction of Objects Containing Known Components
We present a model-based penalized-likelihood estimation approach that explicitly incorporates known information about component geometry and composition. The approach uses an alternating maximization method that jointly estimates the anatomy and the position and pose of each of the known components. We demonstrate that the proposed method can produce nearly artifact-free images even near the boundary of a metal implant in simulated vertebral pedicle screw reconstructions and even under conditions of substantial photon starvation. The simultaneous estimation of device pose also provides quantitative information on device p...
Source: IEE Transactions on Medical Imaging - October 1, 2012 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Impact of Single-Ventricle Physiology on Death After Heart Transplantation in Adults With Congenital Heart Disease [ORIGINAL ARTICLES: PEDIATRIC CARDIAC]
Conclusions Overall case-mix of ACHD recipients (1V vs 2V) has not changed over time. Initial 1V anatomy increases post-HTx death among ACHD recipients, whereas 2V patients have mortality rates similar to non-CHD recipients. National and international transplant registries should include specific CHD diagnoses because this factor plays such a large role in determining early outcomes.
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - October 1, 2012 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Karamlou, T., Diggs, B. S., Welke, K., Tibayan, F., Gelow, J., Guyton, S. W., Slater, M. S., Broberg, C., Song, H. K. Tags: Congenital - cyanotic, Transplantation - heart ORIGINAL ARTICLES: PEDIATRIC CARDIAC Source Type: research
Single-Balloon Enteroscopy for Treating Roux-en-y Choledochojejunostomy Stenosis After Liver Transplantation: A Case Report
We report a case of single-balloon enteroscopy plus endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography for the treatment of a pinpoint stricture in a hepaticojejunal anastomosis after liver transplantation.
Source: Transplantation Proceedings - October 1, 2012 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: A. Costa-Genzini, W. Takahashi, R.G. dos Santos, M.T.C.O. Gaboardi, H.M. Noujaim, E.T. Yamashita, M. Perosa, T. Genzini Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Ulnar Tunnel Syndrome
Ulnar tunnel syndrome could be broadly defined as a compressive neuropathy of the ulnar nerve at the level of the wrist. The ulnar tunnel, or Guyon's canal, has a complex and variable anatomy. Various factors may precipitate the onset of ulnar tunnel syndrome. Patient presentation depends on the anatomic zone of ulnar nerve compression: zone I compression, motor and sensory signs and symptoms; zone II compression, isolated motor deficits; and zone III compression; purely sensory deficits. Conservative treatment such as activity modification may be helpful, but often, surgical exploration of the ulnar tunnel with subsequent...
Source: Orthopedic Clinics of North America - October 1, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Abdo Bachoura, Sidney M. Jacoby Source Type: research
Concurrent brow lift and blepharoplasty with a resorbable fixation device
Conclusions The technique described is simple, reproducible and quick for addressing the upper lid and brow in one surgical sitting. A thorough preoperative discussion and demonstration of achievable result to the patient along with thorough understanding of the anatomy is the key to success. Level of Evidence: Level IV, therapeutic study. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory Original PaperPages 1-6DOI 10.1007/s00238-012-0762-7Authors Mohan Thomas, Cosmetic Surgery Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, IndiaJames Allan D’Silva, Cosmetic Surgery Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra, IndiaAtee...
Source: European Journal of Plastic Surgery - September 30, 2012 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: European Journal of Plastic Surgery Source Type: research
The inter-optic course of a unique precommunicating anterior cerebral artery with aberrant origin of an ophthalmic artery: an anatomic case report
Conclusion To the best of our knowledge, this is a very rare illustrated case of an inter-optic course of a unique precommunicating anterior cerebral artery with aberrant origin of an ophthalmic artery. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory Anatomic VariationsPages 1-3DOI 10.1007/s00276-012-1028-6Authors Pierre Hannequin, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Amiens, CHU AMIENS Nord, Place Victor Pauchet, 80054 AMIENS Cedex 1, FranceJohann Peltier, Department of Neurosurgery, University of Amiens, CHU AMIENS Nord, Place Victor Pauchet, 80054 AMIENS Cedex 1, FranceChristophe Destrieux, Department o...
Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy - September 30, 2012 Category: Anatomy Tags: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy Source Type: research
Morphometric evaluation of parasagittal venous anatomy for intracranial approaches: a cadaveric study.
CONCLUSION: Knowing details of anatomic structures of SSS and venous structures draining into it may protect the patients from many surgical complications. SSS and related structures with surgical landmarks are valuable for neurosurgeons. PMID: 23015329 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Turkish Neurosurgery - September 29, 2012 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Sayhan S, Guvencer M, Ozer E, Arda MN Tags: Turk Neurosurg Source Type: research
Anatomy in undergraduate medical education: A survey of student perceptions
Aims: A shift away from cadaveric dissection in UK medical curricula has emerged. The impacts of this on future anatomical and surgical competences are unclear. We assessed student perceptions to different methods of Anatomy teaching.
Source: International Journal of Surgery - September 28, 2012 Category: Surgery Authors: S.J. Chapman, A.R. Hakeem, G. Marangoni, K.R. Prasad Tags: Abstracts from the Assocation of Surgeons in Training Conference Source Type: research
Surgical simulation in anatomy education: An untapped resource?
We present the first prospective cohort-controlled trial to evaluate the use of an ENT surgical simulator in teaching temporal bone anatomy by designing an interactive simulator-based module and a non-interactive self-directed module.
Source: International Journal of Surgery - September 28, 2012 Category: Surgery Authors: Ussamah El-khani, Asit Arora, Jean Nehme, Arvind Singh, Shamim Toma, Ceri Davies Tags: Abstracts from the Assocation of Surgeons in Training Conference Source Type: research
Disordered sleep physiology in children presenting for primary cleft repair. The use of sleep study results to guide preoperative respiratory intervention and plan the timing of surgical cleft repair
This study investigates breathing patterns indicative of the need for respiratory intervention in patients undergoing primary repair.
Source: International Journal of Surgery - September 28, 2012 Category: Surgery Authors: Justice Reilly, Craig Russell, Neil Gibson, Tony Moores, Arup Ray, Mark Devlin, David Wynne Tags: Abstracts from the Assocation of Surgeons in Training Conference Source Type: research
Calot's triangle. A common misconception of basic anatomy
This study aimed to review the medical literature on the description of CT.
Source: International Journal of Surgery - September 28, 2012 Category: Surgery Authors: Darmarajah Veeramootoo, Amanda Bond, Anthony Miles, Krishna Singh Tags: Abstracts from the Assocation of Surgeons in Training Conference Source Type: research
Skin reference point for the zygomatic branch of the facial nerve innervating the orbicularis oculi muscle (anatomical study)
Conclusions The simplicity and reliability of this landmark is important in clinical practice and has numerous potential applications in surgery for rehabilitation of facial paralysis associated with VII healthy and VII affected neurorraphies, in facial paresis for superneurotizations and in traumatology. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory Anatomic Bases of Medical, Radiological and Surgical TechniquesPages 1-4DOI 10.1007/s00276-012-1023-yAuthors A. Chatellier, Department of Maxillo-facial and Plastic Surgery, CHU Caen, Avenue de la Côte de Nacre, 14033 Caen Cedex, FranceD. Labbé, Department of ...
Source: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy - September 28, 2012 Category: Anatomy Tags: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy Source Type: research
Attachments of separate small bundles of human posterior cruciate ligament: an anatomic study
Conclusion Small bundles of PCL showed a relatively layered arrangement between tibial and femoral attachments. Therefore, anatomic PCL reconstruction cannot be completed simply performed merely with straight bundles and circular bone tunnels. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory KneePages 1-7DOI 10.1007/s00167-012-2224-yAuthors Daisuke Hatsushika, Section of Orthopedic Surgery, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, Tokyo, JapanAkimoto Nimura, Unit of Clinical Anatomy, Graduate School, Tokyo Medical and Dental University, 1-5-45 Yushima, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113-8519 JapanTomoyuki Mochiz...
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - September 28, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy Source Type: research
mTORC1 is a target of nordihydroguaiaretic acid to prevent breast tumor growth in vitro and in vivo
In this study, we identified mammalian target of rapamycin complex 1 (mTORC1) as a target of NDGA both in cultured breast cancer cells and in xenograft models. NDGA effectively inhibited basal level of mTORC1 but not mTORC2 activity in breast cancer cell lines. NDGA also suppressed mTORC1 downstream signaling such as expression of cyclin D1, hypoxia-inducible factor-α and VEGF, and prevented proliferation in breast cancer cells. Although NDGA stimulated AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK)/tuberous sclerosis complex 2 (TSC2) signaling, which negatively regulates mTORC1, AMPK and TSC2 deletion could not diminish the in...
Source: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment - September 28, 2012 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment Source Type: research
Evolution of customization design for total knee arthroplasty
Abstract Total Knee Arthroplasty (TKA) is a highly successful surgical procedure with more than 600,000 TKA’s performed annually in the US. Interest in improving surgical outcomes has led to improvements in surgical technique, instrumentation, and implant design. Computer navigation and robotic systems were introduced to further refine the mechanical alignment of joint replacement procedures. The cost to implement some of these technologies and the additional time required in the operating room to utilize these developments has limited the acceptance of them broadly. The introduction of custom instrumentat...
Source: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine - September 28, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine Source Type: research
Neferine Inhibits the Upregulation of CCL5 and CCR5 in Vascular Endothelial Cells During Chronic High Glucose Treatment
Abstract We investigated whether the expressions of CCL5 and CCR5 participate in dysfunctional changes in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) induced by chronic high glucose treatment and examined whether neferine exerts its therapeutic effects by blocking the development of dysfunctional vascular endothelium. HUVECs were cultured with control or high concentrations of glucose in the absence or presence of neferine for 5 days. Nitric acid reductase method was used to detect the concentration of nitric oxide (NO) released into culture media. The level of intracellular reactive oxygen species ...
Source: Inflammation - September 28, 2012 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Inflammation Source Type: research
Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(10):BR419-426 "Quantitative anatomy of the growing abdominal aorta in human fetuses: An anatomical, digital and statistical study"
Conclusions: There are no significant differences between males and females for morphometric parameters of the abdominal aorta. The abdominal aorta grows linearly in both length and diameters, and parabolically in volume. These detailed morphometric data of the abdominal aorta provide a database for intra-uterine echographic examinations in the early diagnosis, monitoring and management of aorto-iliac malformations.
Source: Medical Science Monitor - September 28, 2012 Category: Research Tags: Original article Source Type: research
A new species of Asthenocotyle Robinson, 1961 (Monogenea: Microbothriidae), a skin parasite of the great lanternshark Etmopterus princeps Collett from the Azores, with a redescription of A. kaikourensis Robinson, 1961 and observations on A. taranakiensis Beverley-Burton, Klassen & Lester, 1987.
A new species of Asthenocotyle Robinson, 1961 (Monogenea: Microbothriidae), a skin parasite of the great lanternshark Etmopterus princeps Collett from the Azores, with a redescription of A. kaikourensis Robinson, 1961 and observations on A. taranakiensis Beverley-Burton, Klassen & Lester, 1987. Syst Parasitol. 2012 Oct;83(2):145-58 Authors: Kearn GC, Whittington ID, Thomas P Abstract Asthenocotyle azorensis n. sp. (Monogenea: Microbothriidae) is described from the dermal denticles of the great lanternshark Etmopterus princeps Collett off the Azores. The type-species of the genus, A. kaikourensis Robinso...
Source: Systematic Parasitology - September 28, 2012 Category: Parasitology Authors: Kearn GC, Whittington ID, Thomas P Tags: Syst Parasitol Source Type: research
Galnt3 deficiency disrupts acrosome formation and leads to oligoasthenoteratozoospermia
Abstract Galnt3 belongs to the GalNAc transferase gene family involved in the initiation of mucin-type O-glycosylation. Male Galnt3-deficient (Galnt3 −/−) mice were infertile, as previously reported by Ichikawa et al. (2009). To investigate the involvement of Galnt3 in spermatogenesis, we examined the differentiation of germ cells in Galnt3 −/− mice. Galnt3 mRNA was most highly expressed in testis, and Galnt3 protein was localized in the cis-medial parts of the Golgi stacks of spermatocytes and spermatids in the seminiferous tubules. Spermatozoa in Galnt3 −/− mice were rare and immotile, and mo...
Source: Histochemistry and Cell Biology - September 28, 2012 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: Histochemistry and Cell Biology Source Type: research
Evidence-Based Practice to Improve Outcomes of Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction
Recent studies of anatomic anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction have considered native knee anatomy and biomechanical function, and emphasized the long-term goals of protecting knee health and preventing the development of symptomatic ACL-deficient degenerative arthrosis. Validated and reproducible examination maneuvers are necessary for accurate diagnosis and appraisal of surgical interventions. Appropriately powered expertise-based trials should be emphasized to minimize bias, enhance validity, and reduce crossover. Best practice rehabilitation protocols can guide postoperative care while minimizing heterogene...
Source: Clinics in Sports Medicine - September 28, 2012 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: O.R. Ayeni, N. Evaniew, R. Ogilvie, D.C. Peterson, M.R. Denkers, M. Bhandari Source Type: research
Air in the main pancreatic duct: A case of innocent air.
We report a case of "innocent" air found incidentally in the main pancreatic duct. To our knowledge, this is only the third such case reported. A 54-year-old woman presented with hemoptysis that had lasted for 3 d. She underwent a chest computed tomography scan, which revealed not only focal bronchiectasis in the left lower lobe, but also air in the main pancreatic duct and dilatation of the common bile duct. She was managed conservatively for the hemoptysis and no further problems developed. She had no specific gastrointestinal symptoms and had no history of surgery or medication. Her laboratory parameters were normal. Ma...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - September 28, 2012 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Kim YJ, Kim HK, Cho YS, Kim SS, Chae HS, Kim SK, Kim ES, Lee SY Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Anterior longitudinal ligament release using the minimally invasive lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach: a cadaveric feasibility study and report of 4 clinical cases.
Conclusions This initial experience suggests that ALL release through the minimally invasive lateral retroperitoneal transpsoas approach may be feasible, allows for improvement of lumbar lordosis without the need of an open laparotomy/thoracotomy, and minimizes the tissue disruption and morbidity associated with posterior osteotomies. PMID: 23020211 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - September 28, 2012 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Deukmedjian AR, Le TV, Baaj AA, Dakwar E, Smith DA, Uribe JS Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research