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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 37.
Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(4):SR17-21 "Prevention of communication disorders – screening pre-school and school-age children for problems with hearing, vision and speech: European Consensus Statement"
Conclusions: The European Consensus Statement on Hearing, Vision, and Speech Screening in Pre-School and School-Age Children will encourage the appropriate authorities of the various countries involved to initiate screening for communication disorders in pre-school and school-age children.
Source: Medical Science Monitor - March 27, 2012 Category: Research Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Med Sci Monit 2012; 18(4):MT27-31 "Alteration of distortion product otoacoustic emission input/output functions in subjects with a previous history of middle ear dysfunction"
Conclusions: Middle ear pathologies can produce subclinical alterations that are undetectable with traditional pure-tone audiometry. The data from the present study show that reduced amplitude DPOAEs are associated with a previous history of middle ear complications. The corresponding DPOAE slopes were affected at only 1 tested frequency, suggesting that the cochlear non-linearity is preserved. Considering these results, it remains to be elucidated to what degree the DPOAE amplitude attenuation interferes with higher-order auditory tasks.
Source: Medical Science Monitor - March 27, 2012 Category: Research Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Simultaneous cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea and rhinorrhea as a cause of recurrent meningitis in a patient with cochlear dysplasia
Conclusion: Recurrent meningitis in a child should be investigated for inner ear malformations. Awareness of this condition, a high index of suspicion and early imaging can prevent complications and give excellent results in these children. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory Case ReportPages 1-3DOI 10.1007/s00431-012-1721-9Authors Shawn T. Joseph, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, IndiaNeena H. Bhalodiya, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, IndiaRatnadeep Ghosh, B.J. Medical College, Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India Journal European Journal of PediatricsOnline ISSN 1432-1076Print ISSN 0340-6199
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - March 27, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Tags: European Journal of Pediatrics Source Type: research
Vestibular Impairment after Bacterial Meningitis Delays Infant Posturomotor Development
Conclusions: Bacterial meningitis in young children can impair vestibular function completely, leading to delayed posturomotor development if meningitis occurs before independent walking, even in absence of neurologic impairment. Vestibular evaluations are encouraged for postmeningitis evaluation, particularly in cases with postural instability exceeding 8 days, hearing impairment, and programmed cochlear implant.
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 27, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sylvette R. Wiener-Vacher, Rima Obeid, Maha Abou-Elew Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Can the early condition at admission of a high‐risk infant aid in the prediction of mortality and poor neurodevelopmental outcome? A population study in Australia
Conclusion: CRIB‐II improved prediction of mortality but did not perform better than gestational age or BW in predicting FD. We would caution clinicians against using the infant's condition at admission to predict long‐term outcome.
Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health - March 27, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah Greenwood, Mohamed E Abdel‐Latif, Barbara Bajuk, Kei Lui, Source Type: research
Small RNA discriminates target by single G-U pair [Genetics]
SgrS RNA is a model for the large class of Hfq-associated small RNAs that act to posttranscriptionally regulate bacterial mRNAs. The function of SgrS is well-characterized in nonpathogenic Escherichia coli, where it was originally shown to counteract glucose-phosphate stress by acting as a repressor of the ptsG mRNA, which encodes the major glucose transporter. We have discovered additional SgrS targets in Salmonella Typhimurium, a pathogen related to E. coli that recently acquired one-quarter of all genes by horizontal gene transfer. We show that the conserved short seed region of SgrS that recognizes ptsG was recruited t...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - March 27, 2012 Category: Science Authors: Papenfort, K., Podkaminski, D., Hinton, J. C. D., Vogel, J. Tags: PNAS Plus Source Type: research
Spectrum of pontocerebellar hypoplasia in 13 girls and boys with CASK mutations: confirmation of a recognizable phenotype and first description of a male mosaic patient
Conclusion: This study describes a new series of PCH female patients with CASK inactivating mutations and confirms that these patients have a recognizable although variable phenotype consisting of a specific form of pontocerebellar hypoplasia. In addition, we report the second male patient to present with a severe MICPCH phenotype and a de novo CASK mutation and describe for the first time a mildly affected male patient harboring a mosaic mutation. In our reference centre, CASK related PCH is the second most frequent cause of PCH. The identification of a de novo mutation in these patients enables accurate and reassuring genetic counselling.
Source: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases - March 27, 2012 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Lydie BurglenSandra Chantot-BastaraudCatherine GarelMathieu MilhRenaud TouraineGinevra ZanniFlorence PetitAlexandra AfenjarCyril GoizetSabina BarresiAurelie CoussementChristine IoosLeila LazaroSylvie JoriotIsabelle DesguerreDidier LacombeVincent des Porte Source Type: research
Children Who are Deaf or Hearing-impaired - IDEA and Section 504
The past twenty-five years found two national panels reaching the conclusion that the education of students who are deaf or hearing-impaired needs to be improved to meet their communication and other needs.
Source: Disabled World - March 26, 2012 Category: Disability Tags: Disability Education Source Type: news
Early Hearing Detection and Intervention: Parent Experiences with the Diagnostic Hearing Assessment.
CONCLUSIONS: Significant progress has been made over the past two decades in reducing the age of hearing loss identification. However, many parents experienced challenges that resulted in delays that exceeded JCIH recommendations of diagnosis by 3 months of age. The parent reported experiences provide valuable information about areas that need further investigation to improve the process for children with hearing loss. PMID: 22451071 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: American Journal of Audiology - March 26, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Larsen R, Muñoz K, Desgeorges J, Nelson L, Kennedy S Tags: Am J Audiol Source Type: research
Sudden Hearing Loss - First National Guidelines Published
The first national treatment guideline for sudden hearing loss has been developed by a panel of 19 medical experts led by Robert J. Stachler, M.D., an otolaryngologist in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. Sudden hearing loss is a condition which sends thousands of individuals in the United States to the emergency room each year. The guideline was published this month in the Journal of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. Dr...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 23, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hearing / Deafness Source Type: news
Low-frequency modulated quadratic and cubic distortion product otoacoustic emissions in humans.
Abstract Previous studies have used low-frequency tones to modulate distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs). The cubic DPOAE (CDPOAE) is mostly chosen because amplitudes sufficient for modulation can be evoked with moderate sound pressure levels. Quadratic DPOAEs (QDPOAEs) however, are more sensitive to minute changes of the cochlear operating point (OP) and are better suited to assess changes of the cochlear OP. Here, we compare the properties of low-frequency (30 Hz, 80-120 dB SPL) modulated CDPOAE and QDPOAEs evoked with f(2) = 2 and 5 kHz in human subjects with normal hearing. The modulation dept...
Source: Hearing Research - March 23, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Drexl M, Gürkov R, Krause E Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research
Modification and comparison of minimally invasive cochleostomy techniques: A pilot study
Conclusions:CO2 laser can create cochleostomies comparable in operative time and intracochlear temperature to drilling while decreasing intracochlear sound levels. Further investigation is warranted to minimize trauma and maximize auditory function during cochleostomy.
Source: The Laryngoscope - March 23, 2012 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Michael J. Cipolla, Pritish Iyer, Claudia Dome, D. Bradley Welling, Matthew L. Bush Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research
Mercury-based traditional herbo-metallic preparations: a toxicological perspective.
Abstract This review aims to explore the toxicological aspects of mercury-based herbo-metallic preparations like cinnabar and "Rasasindura" that are primarily composed of mercuric sulfide (HgS). Cinnabar-containing preparations have been used extensively in Indian and Chinese systems of medicine for treatment of chronic ailments like syphilis, high fever, pneumonia, insomnia, nervous disorders, deafness, and paralysis of the tongue. Contrary to Western medicine, which does not promote the use of mercury due to its toxic effects, Indian and Chinese traditional practitioners believe that mercury-based formulations ha...
Source: Archives of Toxicology - March 23, 2012 Category: Toxicology Authors: Kamath SU, Pemiah B, Sekar RK, Krishnaswamy S, Sethuraman S, Krishnan UM Tags: Arch Toxicol Source Type: research
Customised ear moulds: a viable alternative to cosmetic ear surgery
Discussion on cup ear Cup ear deformities often reflect an autosomal dominant related trait that has variable expression. Tanzer has classified three degrees of severity: Type I (mild), Type II (moderate) and Type III (severe).1 Classically, otoplastic surgical methods were used to improve cosmesis, but the commonly held belief is that it is best to wait until...
Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood - March 23, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hall, A., Ahmed, T., Mehta, D., Daya, H. Tags: Journalology Images in paediatrics Source Type: research
Effects of the electrode location on tonal discrimination and speech perception of Mandarin‐speaking patients with a cochlear implant
This study accessed the effects of varying the electrodelocation on tonal discrimination and speech perception in Mandarin‐Chinese speaking patients.Study Design:A controlled study with sixexperimental conditions.Methods:Seven Mandarin‐speaking adult listeners who received a MED‐EL cochlear implant, ranging from 12.88 to 36.43 years of age (mean = 25.51) with an average of 5.28 years of device experience participated this study. To evaluate the effects of electrode location, sixexperimental conditions each with switch off six different electrodes are designed. Identification tests of Mandarin lexical tones and words ...
Source: The Laryngoscope - March 22, 2012 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Fei‐Peng Lee, Hsin‐Te Hsu, Yung‐Song Lin, Su Chen Hung Tags: Original Report Source Type: research
Publication Of First National Guideline For Sudden Hearing Loss
The first national treatment guideline for sudden hearing loss, a frightening condition that sends thousands in the U.S. to the emergency room each year, was published this month in the journal Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery. The guideline was developed by a 19-member panel led by Robert J. Stachler, M.D., an otolaryngologist in the Department of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery at Henry Ford Hospital in Detroit. "In most cases, patients will have multiple visits with several physicians and undergo extensive testing before a diagnosis is made...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 21, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hearing / Deafness Source Type: news
Neurotrophins and their role in the cochlea.
Abstract Spiral ganglion cell (SGC) degeneration following hair cell loss can be prevented by administration of exogenous neurotrophic factors. Many of these neurotrophic factors, in particular the neurotrophins brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and neurotrophin-3 (NT-3), have been described to be involved in the development of the rodent cochlea. While expression of most of the neurotrophins has decreased to below detectable levels during adulthood (only NT-3 remains highly expressed), their respective receptors remain present in SGCs. Indeed much less is known about the function of neurotrophins in the mat...
Source: Hearing Research - March 21, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Ramekers D, Versnel H, Grolman W, Klis S Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research
Response to a pure tone in a nonlinear mechanical-electrical-acoustical model of the cochlea.
Abstract In this article, a nonlinear mathematical model is developed based on the physiology of the cochlea of the guinea pig. The three-dimensional intracochlear fluid dynamics are coupled to a micromechanical model of the organ of Corti and to electrical potentials in the cochlear ducts and outer hair cells (OHC). OHC somatic electromotility is modeled by linearized piezoelectric relations whereas the OHC hair-bundle mechanoelectrical transduction current is modeled as a nonlinear function of the hair-bundle deflection. The steady-state response of the cochlea to a single tone is simulated in the frequency domai...
Source: Biophysical Journal - March 21, 2012 Category: Physics Authors: Meaud J, Grosh K Tags: Biophys J Source Type: research
Health‐related quality of life before and after management in adults referred to otolaryngology: a prospective national study
Conclusion: We found that patients treated surgically or given a hearing aid reported a significant improvement in their health related quality of life after treatment in otolaryngology departments. In general, patients treated in other ways reported no significant improvement. We argue that future research should look carefully at patient groups where there is unexpectedly little benefit from current treatment methods and consider more effective methods of management.
Source: Clinical Otolaryngology - March 21, 2012 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: I.R.C. Swan, F.H. Guy, M.A. Akeroyd Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
RpgrORF15 Connects to the Usher Protein Network through Direct Interactions with Multiple Whirlin Isoforms [Biochemistry and Molecular Biology]
Conclusions. Whirlin expression has been reported in photoreceptors and cochlear hair cells, and mutations in whirlin cause Usher syndrome (USH2D) and nonsyndromic congenital deafness (DFNB31). Because mutations in the 5' end of whirlin are associated with the syndromic phenotype associated with USH2D, the identification of novel N-terminal isoforms in the retina and a novel RPGRORF15–whirlin interaction provide a potential mechanism for the retinal phenotype observed in USH2D.
Source: Investigative Ophthalmology - March 21, 2012 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Wright, R. N., Hong, D.-H., Perkins, B. Tags: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Comparison of screening methods for conductive hearing loss identification in children: low-cost proposal
Conclusion Combining the two tests in series improved screening accuracy. This combination was the best tool for identifying children at risk for conductive hearing loss.
Source: Journal of Medical Screening - March 21, 2012 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Samelli, A. G., Rabelo, C. M., Pereira, M. B., Portela, M. N., Sanches, S. G. G., Neves-Lobo, I. F. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Call for Candidates / Election Policies & Procedures
On behalf of the NAD Board of Directors, the 2012 NAD Elections Committee is now seeking qualified candidates for Board service. Elections will be held on July 6, 2012, during the 51st Biennial Conference in Louisville, Kentucky. read more
Source: National Association of the Deaf - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: NAD Conference Tags: NAD Conference Source Type: news
Tinnitus Loudness Reduced In Small Trial Of A Non-Invasive Therapy
The results of a small phase 1 clinical trial of a non-invasive tinnitus therapy where the patient listens to sounds through headphones claims that compared to placebo, the treatment reduced tinnitus loudness and annoyance within 12 weeks in 7 out of 10 patients. Experts who welcomed the news say they now want to see the results repeated in a much bigger phase 2 trial. The trial was led by Professor Peter Tass at JÃ¼lich Research Centre in Germany, who with his colleagues tested a treatment called Acoustic Coordinated Reset (CR) Neuromodulation...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - March 20, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hearing / Deafness Source Type: news
VIDEO: EastEnders star's deaf experience
Rita Simons, who plays Roxy Mitchell spent a day wearing special ear plugs to experience hearing loss like her daughter.
Source: BBC News | Health | UK Edition - March 20, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Audiological Assessment in Organophosphorus Compound Poisoning
In conclusion, the current study has demonstrated significant changes in the auditory pathway both in peripheral and central with OPC exposure. The damage induced by these agents has been suggested as a combination of oto- and neurotoxicity with or without respiratory failure. Otolaryngologist should be alert to the toxic properties of OPC and conduct a comprehensive audiological assessment even in the conditions of deliberate poisoning. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory Original ArticlePages 1-4DOI 10.1007/s12070-012-0547-0Authors V. Ashok Murthy, Department of ENT, PES Institute of Medical Science and Resear...
Source: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery - March 20, 2012 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery Source Type: research
Testing the phonemes relevant for German verb morphology in hard-of-hearing children: The FinKon-test.
Abstract Many hard-of-hearing children show delays or disorders in the acquisition of morphology and syntax. There is an on-going discussion how these difficulties are connected to problems in the auditory domain. The article focuses on coronal consonants that function as suffixes in the German verbal inflectional system. Here we present a new test we developed to evaluate the ability to discriminate these consonants in syllabic offset positions. A pilot study with 22 hearing-impaired (HI) children and 15 typically developing (TD) children reveals significantly lower discrimination scores in the HI group. The resul...
Source: Logopedics, Phoniatrics, Vocology. - March 20, 2012 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Hennies J, Penke M, Rothweiler M, Wimmer E, Hess M Tags: Logoped Phoniatr Vocol Source Type: research
Factors affecting predicted speech intelligibility with cochlear implants in an auditory model for electrical stimulation.
Abstract A model of the auditory response to stimulation with cochlear implants (CIs) was used to predict speech intelligibility in electric hearing. The model consists of an auditory nerve cell population that generates delta pulses as action potentials in response to temporal and spatial excitation with a simulated CI signal processing strategy. The auditory nerve cells are modeled with a leaky integrate-and-fire model with membrane noise. Refractory behavior is introduced by raising the threshold potential with an exponentially decreasing function. Furthermore, the action potentials are delayed to account for la...
Source: Hearing Research - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Fredelake S, Hohmann V Tags: Hear Res Source Type: research
Striated organelle in vestibular hair cells [Cell Biology]
The striated organelle (SO), a cytoskeletal structure located in the apical region of cochlear and vestibular hair cells, consists of alternating, cross-linked, thick and thin filamentous bundles. In the vestibular periphery, the SO is well developed in both type I and type II hair cells. We studied the 3D structure of the SO with intermediate-voltage electron microscopy and electron microscope tomography. We also used antibodies to α-2 spectrin, one protein component, to trace development of the SO in vestibular hair cells over the first postnatal week. In type I cells, the SO forms an inverted open-ended cone attached t...
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - March 20, 2012 Category: Science Authors: Vranceanu, F., Perkins, G. A., Terada, M., Chidavaenzi, R. L., Ellisman, M. H., Lysakowski, A. Tags: Biological Sciences Source Type: research
Adult Hearing Loss [JAMA Patient Page]
Source: JAMA - March 20, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Punnoose, A. R., Lynm, C., Golub, R. M. Tags: Otolaryngology/ Head & Neck Surgery, Hearing Loss/ Deafness, JAMA Patient Page Source Type: research
Hearing Deficits in the Older Patient: "I Didn't Notice Anything" [Care of the Aging Patient: From Evidence to Action]
Hearing loss is common in older adults. Patients, clinicians, and health care staff often do not recognize hearing loss, particularly in its early stages, and it is undertreated. Age-related hearing loss or presbycusis, the most common type of hearing loss in older adults, is a multifactorial sensorineural loss that frequently includes a component of impaired speech discrimination. Simple office-based screening and evaluation procedures can identify potential hearing disorders, which should prompt audiologic referral to confirm the diagnosis with audiometric testing. The mainstay of treatment is amplification. For many old...
Source: JAMA - March 20, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Pacala, J. T., Yueh, B. Tags: Aging/ Geriatrics, Otolaryngology/ Head & Neck Surgery, Audiology, Hearing Loss/ Deafness, Patient-Physician Relationship/ Care, Patient Education/ Health Literacy Care of the Aging Patient: From Evidence to Action Source Type: research
Hearing Loss in Older Adults: Who's Listening? [Viewpoint]
Source: JAMA - March 20, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Lin, F. R. Tags: Aging/ Geriatrics, Medical Practice, Health Policy, Otolaryngology/ Head & Neck Surgery, Hearing Loss/ Deafness, Public Health, Public Health, Other, Statistics and Research Methods Viewpoint Source Type: research
A Possible Patient Journey: A Tool to Facilitate Patient-Centered Care
Semin Hear 2012; 33: 009-015DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1304723The concept of a patient journey provides a framework for understanding the complex phases and numerous milestones of life with hearing loss from the perspective of the patient. This understanding can facilitate patient-centered care, which has been found to increase patient satisfaction with the clinical encounter, encourage patients to participate in the rehabilitation process, and result in treatment and outcomes that reflect the needs and wishes of the individual. By being curious about the most significant aspects of an individual's journey and understanding the e...
Source: Seminars in Hearing - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Gregory, Melanie Source Type: research
Potential Therapeutic Agents
Semin Hear 2012; 33: 097-114DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1307248Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents | CME online | Full text
Source: Seminars in Hearing - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Campbell, Kathleen C.M.Le Prell, Colleen G. Tags: Errata Source Type: research
Moving Patients Forward: Motivational Engagement
This article reviews motivational tools introduced to audiology through the Ida Institute as a means to help patients tap into their own internal motivation to more readily accept and act upon treatment recommendations.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents | Abstract | CME online | Full text
Source: Seminars in Hearing - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Clark, John GreerMaatman, CarissaGailey, Lorraine Source Type: research
Factors to Consider When Providing Audiological Services to People Who Have Hearing Loss and Their Communication Partners
Semin Hear 2012; 33: 087-096DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1304731Hearing loss has a variety of psychosocial effects that often negatively affect those who have it and their communication partners. The negative effects are seen in peoples' attitudes toward hearing loss, compliance with treatment recommendations, and willingness to change communication behavior. One result is the tendency to blame the hearing aids for problems in understanding what others are saying when other factors are the real contributors to communication breakdowns. Educating patients and their communication partners about these hearing loss-related factors that...
Source: Seminars in Hearing - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Trychin, Samuel Source Type: research
Fostering Reflective Skills in Audiology Practice and Education
This article introduces the reader to models and forms of reflection, discusses facilitators and detractors to effective reflection, and reviews critical commentary. The Reflective Journal, 4 Habits of Effective Audiologic Service, and Self Reflection of Learning are three tools that guide students or practitioners in reflective activities.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents | Abstract | CME online | Full text
Source: Seminars in Hearing - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Cokely, Carol GeltmanDePlacido, Christine G. Source Type: research
The Communication Rings: A Tool for Exploring the Social Networks of Individuals with Hearing Loss
This article discusses the development of the tool, instructions for use, and its application for clinical and academic purposes.[...]Thieme Medical Publishers 333 Seventh Avenue, New York, NY 10001, USA.Article in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents | Abstract | CME online | Full text
Source: Seminars in Hearing - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Montano, Joseph J.AlMakadma, Hamamm Source Type: research
Expanding the Toolbox for Developing Skills in Audiology Students: Using the Ida Tools in Precepting
Semin Hear 2012; 33: 078-086DOI: 10.1055/s-0032-1304730There has been a transition from supervision to precepting in audiology education. As more audiologists serve as preceptors, the need for both formal education in precepting and tools available to enhance the preceptor-student relationship is critical. Aspects of clinical precepting and methods of facilitating the development of clinical skills are described. Tools developed by the Ida Institute, designed to focus on collaborative learning and facilitating change, can be used effectively and efficiently in the precepting process. Rationale for using specific Ida tools ...
Source: Seminars in Hearing - March 20, 2012 Category: Audiology Authors: Whitelaw, Gail M. Source Type: research