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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 29.
Orphans in the world of drugs
Drug use is extensive for critically ill children in intensive care units. Nonetheless, it is widely recognized that medication use in these patients has been largely based on extrapolation from studies in older patient populations and studies in patients with similar diseases, albeit with important differences in pathophysiology. In this issue of The Journal, Wiles et al examines federal legislation supporting the advancement of studies attempting to address this problem. That legislation should be familiar to all clinicians but especially to those caring for this group of patients. It includes the Food and Drug Administr...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - December 21, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: James F. Padbury Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research
Predictors of refractory ascites development in patients with hepatitis B virus-related cirrhosis hospitalized to control ascitic decompensation.
Conclusion: Serum potassium was an independent predictor of RA development in patients with HBV-related cirrhosis who were hospitalized to control ascitic decompensation. After RA development, Child-Pugh class and RA type were independent predictors for survival. PMID: 23225811 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - December 21, 2012 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Seo JH, Kim SU, Park JY, Kim do Y, Han KH, Chon CY, Ahn SH Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research
Adam Lanza and All of Us
I can only hope that enough of us learn to identify the true causes of such horror as the Newtown massacre, and come together to create a truly nonviolent culture in which pain is met with love every step of the way. read more
Source: Psychology Today Depression Center - December 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Miki Kashtan, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Depression Parenting Relationships Adam Lanza adolf hitler alice miller child rearing compassion doubt heart and mind helplessness hidden cruelty holocaust James Gilligan jew last friday marshall rosenbe Source Type: news
"Lipstick" Legos May Actually Reduce the Gender Gap
I hate to admit being wrong, but maybe the girly Legos aren't so bad. Maybe "gateway" toys help girls play with those toys traditionally claimed by boys. And these kinds of construction toys are good for girls’ cognitive development. So, if pink Legos help girls get involved, more power to them. Even if I have to stifle my gag reflex at all the stereotypes.read more
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - December 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Christia S. Brown, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Gender Parenting beauty shop bow ties boys and girls christmas spirit developmental psychologist feminists friend emma gender difference gender gap gender stereotypes girly girl grade boys journal child deve Source Type: news
Gratitude and Community Go Hand in Hand
We each try to cope with daily challenges, often alone, and forget to consider the social ties that may matter in the long run for children. read more
Source: Psychology Today Relationships Center - December 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Giacomo Bono, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Ethics and Morality Happiness Relationships adults autism bloody nose bump definitions disclosure gratitude hands in the air karate little brother moral development motivating factors neighbors Newtown Source Type: news
Kindergartner undergoes very rare robotic surgery at UCLA
Leonidas Hill recently made history at Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA, when the 5-year-old became the first pediatric patient in the western United States to undergo transoral robotic surgery (TORS) — a minimally invasive surgery performed with the help of a robot — to repair a rare congenital condition known as a laryngeal cleft. Mattel Children's Hospital UCLA is one of only a handful of medical centers in the country offering this type of surgery, which is rarely done on pediatric patients. The technology allows surgeons to perform the operation through the mouth of the patient, rather than in the tr...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - December 21, 2012 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
Profile of a Rampage Killer
We crave answers in the aftermath of the Newtown massacre. Guns, video games and mental illness have all been targeted as explanations for the school shootings. The research literature offers answers but they might surprise you. read more
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - December 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Polly Palumbo, Ph.D. Tags: Child Development Law and Crime Parenting Psychiatry academic literature aggression aggressive behavior answers research commit suicide crime statistics legal interventions mass murder moral fabric national center for educational Source Type: news
Bidirectional influences between maternal parenting and children's peer problems: a longitudinal monozygotic twin difference study
Abstract This twin study examined the bidirectional relationship between maternal parenting behaviors and children's peer problems that were not confounded by genetic and family environmental factors. Mothers of 259 monozygotic twin pairs reported parenting behaviors and peer problems when twins were 42 and 48 months. Path analyses on monozygotic twin difference scores revealed that authoritative parenting (the presence of consistent discipline and lack of harsh parenting) and peer problems simultaneously influenced each other. Authoritative parenting reduced peer problems, and peer problems increased authoritative parent...
Source: Developmental Science - December 21, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Shinji Yamagata, Yusuke Takahashi, Koken Ozaki, Keiko K. Fujisawa, Koichi Nonaka, Juko Ando Tags: Paper Source Type: research
State Medicaid Spending and Financial Burden of Families Raising Children with Autism
Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities, Volume 50, Issue 6, Page 441-451, December 2012.
Source: Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities - December 21, 2012 Category: Disability Tags: article Source Type: research
Anti-Prostitution Campaign Picks Up Speed
In a small dingy room on the edge of a brothel in west Kolkata, capital of the eastern Indian state of West Bengal, a 42-year-old former sex worker is trying to eke out a living selling cooked food in her neighbourhood, while tending to her sick husband and a paralysed son. Despite the hardships of everyday life, Rubiya Bibi (not her real name), who was trafficked to India from neighbouring Bangladesh when she was a teenager, knows one thing for sure – she does not want to go back to prostitution. Recalling the days when pimps and madams would force her to sleep with men even when she was sick, Rubiya Bibi says: “Pover...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - December 21, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Sujoy Dhar Tags: Active Citizens Asia-Pacific Civil Society Development & Aid Economy & Trade Featured Gender Headlines Human Rights Labour Regional Categories Trade & Investment Women's Health Cool Men Don't Buy Sex Campaign India prostituti Source Type: news
Adolescent Risk Pathways Toward Schizophrenia: Sustained Attention And The Brain.
Abstract Schizophrenia is a complex epigenetic puzzle, the antecedents of which are presumed to lie in neurodevelopmental dysmaturation. This dysmaturation has an impact on children and adolescents at genetic risk for schizophrenia. In this framework, normative mechanisms of brain development that are highly dynamic in adolescence are likely to be disrupted in the at-risk adolescent brain. It is likely that what is affected is the integrity of brain networks that sub-serve fundamental domains of function such as sustained attention. Notably, expansion in proficiency in sustained attention that is characteristic of ...
Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry - December 21, 2012 Category: Chemistry Authors: Diwadkar VA Tags: Curr Top Med Chem Source Type: research
Bovine Colostrum to Children With Short Bowel Syndrome: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Crossover Pilot Study.
Conclusion: Inclusion of bovine colostrum to the diet did not improve intestinal function. Metabolic nutrient and wet weight balance studies successfully assessed intestinal function, and this method may distinguish between intestinal insufficiency (non-PN-dependent) and intestinal failure (PN-dependent) patients. PMID: 23264167 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: JPEN Journal Of Parenteral And Enteral Nutrition - December 21, 2012 Category: Nutrition Authors: Aunsholt L, Jeppesen PB, Lund P, Sangild PT, Ifaoui IB, Qvist N, Husby S Tags: JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr Source Type: research
Reactive aggression among children with and without autism spectrum disorder.
Abstract Twenty-seven boys and eight girls with ASD and thirty-five controls matched for gender, age and total score intelligence were studied to ascertain whether boys and girls with ASD display stronger reactive aggression than boys and girls without ASD. Participants performed a computerized version of the Pulkkinen aggression machine that examines the intensity of reactive aggression against attackers of varying gender and age. Relative to the control group boys, the boys with ASD reacted with more serious forms of aggression when subjected to mild aggressive attacks and did not consider a child attacker's oppo...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kaartinen M, Puura K, Helminen M, Salmelin R, Pelkonen E, Juujärvi P Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
The Association Between Child Autism Symptomatology, Maternal Quality of Life, and Risk for Depression.
Abstract Parents raising children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) have been shown to experience high levels of stress and report a lower quality of life. The current study examined the association between child autism symptomatology, mother's quality of life, and mother's risk for depression in a sample of 1,110 mothers recruited from a web-based registry of families with children with an ASD. Higher autism symptomatology and a greater number of co-occurring psychiatric disorders in the child were associated with an increased risk for current treatment of maternal depression and a lower maternal quality of li...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - December 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zablotsky B, Anderson C, Law P Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Evaluating where we're at with differential response.
CONCLUSIONS: Rigorous methodological testing needs to be conducted to further strengthen DR findings. PMID: 23266356 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - December 21, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Kyte A, Trocmé N, Chamberland C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research
Exploring alternate specifications to explain agency-level effects in placement decisions regarding aboriginal children: Further analysis of the Canadian Incidence Study of Reported Child Abuse and Neglect Part B.
CONCLUSIONS: This third paper in a series establishes the 'Proportion of Aboriginal reports' received by the child welfare agency as an important agency level predictor associated with a child's likelihood of being placed in the Canadian child protection system. While the more complex models give support to the notion that unequal resources subtend those results, more analyses are needed to confirm this hypothesis. Unequal resources for agencies with larger Aboriginal caseloads may explain the persistence of the results. These findings suggest that specific resource constraints related to worker education may be explanator...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - December 21, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Chabot M, Fallon B, Tonmyr L, Maclaurin B, Fluke J, Blackstock C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research
Non‐passaged muscle precursor cells from 32‐month old rat skeletal muscle have delayed proliferation and differentiation
We examined proliferation and subsequent differentiation of non‐passaged MPCs isolated from skeletal muscles of 1‐, 3‐ and 32‐month old rats over a 72‐h time course, using a serum cross‐over design. Results and conclusionsWe found no effect of serum age on MPC proliferation, but we did discover that MPCs isolated from skeletal muscle of 32‐month old rats had delayed onset of, and exit from proliferation, compared to MPCs isolated from skeletal muscle of 1‐month old rats. Delayed proliferation of MPCs from 32‐month old rats was associated with delayed p38 MAPK phosphorylation, and MyoD and p21Cip1 protein ...
Source: Cell Proliferation - December 21, 2012 Category: Cytology Authors: K. A. Zwetsloot, T. E. Childs, L. T. Gilpin, F. W. Booth Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Promoting the Positive Development of Boys in High‐Poverty Neighborhoods: Evidence From Four Anti‐Poverty Experiments
This study uses geocoded address data and information about parents' economic behavior and children's development from four random‐assignment welfare and anti‐poverty experiments conducted during the 1990s. We find that the impacts of these welfare and anti‐poverty programs on boys' and girls' developmental outcomes during the transition to early adolescence differ as a function of neighborhood poverty levels. The strongest positive impacts of these programs are among boys who lived in high‐poverty neighborhoods at the time their parents enrolled in the studies, with smaller or nonstatistically significant effects ...
Source: Journal of Research on Adolescence - December 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Emily K. Snell, Nina Castells, Greg Duncan, Lisa Gennetian, Katherine Magnuson, Pamela Morris Tags: Article Source Type: research
Impact of nutrition since early life on cardiovascular prevention
The cardiovascular disease represents the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in Western countries and it is related to the atherosclerotic process. Cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as dyslipidemia, hypertension, insulin resistance, obesity, accelerate the atherosclerotic process which begins in childhood and progresses throughout the life span. The cardiovascular disease risk factor detection and management through prevention delays the atherosclerotic progression towards clinical cardiovascular disease. Dietary habits, from prenatal nutrition, breastfeeding, complementary feeding to childhood and adolescenc...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - December 21, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ornella GuardamagnaFrancesca AbelloPaola CaglieroLorenzo Iughetti Source Type: research
Radiographic morphology of fallopian tubes in women of child‐bearing potential: A descriptive study
ConclusionsThis study provides detailed data of the normal fallopian tube that may be of value in the development of new contraceptive agents, as well as infertility treatments.
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research - December 21, 2012 Category: OBGYN Authors: Xiangjun Han, Leiguang Wang, Suihuang Wang, Yi Chou, Xudong Liu, Chenghao Guo, Jing Chen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Eight year follow-up dental treatment in a patient with Treacher Collins syndrome
We report a case of a 5-year-old boy who presented with this syndrome and the dental treatment was carried out with a noteworthy outcome for a period of 8 years. A brief review of etiology, dental anomalies along with prognosis is documented.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry - December 21, 2012 Category: Dentistry Authors: E RanadheerK NagarajuP SureshM Updesh Source Type: research
Effects of Asthma and Inhalation corticosteroids on the dental arch morphology in children
Conclusion: The present study proves a strong relation between asthma and dentoalveolar morphology.
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry - December 21, 2012 Category: Dentistry Authors: SS KumarB Nandlal Source Type: research
Skeletal and Dentoalveolar changes concurrent to use of Twin Block appliance in Class II division I cases with a deficient mandible: A cephalometric study
AK Sharma, V Sachdev, A Singla, BC KirtaniyaJournal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry 2012 30(3):218-226Most of Class II malocclusions are due to underdeveloped mandible with increased overjet and overbite. Lack of incisal contact results in the extrusion of the upper and lower anterior dentoalveolar complex, which helps to lock the mandible and prevent its normal growth and development, and this abnormality, is exaggerated by soft tissue imbalance. The purpose of present study was to cephalometrically evaluate skeletal and dentoalveolar changes following the use of Twin-Block appliance in 10 growin...
Source: Journal of Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry - December 21, 2012 Category: Dentistry Authors: AK SharmaV SachdevA SinglaBC Kirtaniya Source Type: research
Language is not necessary for color categories
Abstract The origin of color categories is under debate. Some researchers argue that color categories are linguistically constructed, while others claim they have a pre‐linguistic, and possibly even innate, basis. Although there is some evidence that 4–6‐month‐old infants respond categorically to color, these empirical results have been challenged in recent years. First, it has been claimed that previous demonstrations of color categories in infants may reflect color preferences instead. Second, and more seriously, other labs have reported failing to replicate the basic findings at all. In the current study we used...
Source: Developmental Science - December 21, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Ozge Ozturk, Shakila Shayan, Ulf Liszkowski, Asifa Majid Tags: PAPER Source Type: research
Speech‐evoked auditory brainstem responses reflect familial and cognitive influences
Abstract Cortical function and related cognitive, language, and communication skills are genetically influenced. The auditory brainstem response to speech is linked to language skill, reading ability, cognitive skills, and speech‐in‐noise perception; however, the impact of shared genetic and environmental factors on the response has not been investigated. We assessed auditory brainstem responses to speech presented in quiet and background noise from (1) 23 pairs of same sex, same learning diagnosis siblings (Siblings), (2) 23 unrelated children matched on age, sex, IQ, and reading ability to one of the siblings (Readin...
Source: Developmental Science - December 21, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Jane Hornickel, Deborah Lin, Nina Kraus Tags: PAPER Source Type: research
(Non)words, (non)words, (non)words: evidence for a protolexicon during the first year of life
Abstract Previous research with artificial language learning paradigms has shown that infants are sensitive to statistical cues to word boundaries (Saffran, Aslin & Newport, 1996) and that they can use these cues to extract word‐like units (Saffran, 2001). However, it is unknown whether infants use statistical information to construct a receptive lexicon when acquiring their native language. In order to investigate this issue, we rely on the fact that besides real words a statistical algorithm extracts sound sequences that are highly frequent in infant‐directed speech but constitute nonwords. In three experiments, ...
Source: Developmental Science - December 21, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Céline Ngon, Andrew Martin, Emmanuel Dupoux, Dominique Cabrol, Michel Dutat, Sharon Peperkamp Tags: PAPER Source Type: research
Editorial: News from the editors Happy New Year and welcome to Volume 16 of Developmental Science
Source: Developmental Science - December 21, 2012 Category: Child Development Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research
For kids with cerebral palsy, quality of life is paramount
Ben Shore, MD When people hear the term “cerebral palsy,” they might envision a specific illness with very particular symptoms. But cerebral palsy (CP) is actually a broad term that covers several different disorders, so kids with CP have a wide variety of symptoms and experiences—and many different abilities. CP is a chronic, lifelong condition that involves an injury or disruption to the brain, which affects communication between the brain and the muscles. Sometimes it is congenital and can cause uncoordinated movements and postures. Other times, it occurs as a complication of another condition, like premature bir...
Source: Thrive, Children's Hospital Boston - December 20, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Andrea Mooney Tags: All posts Research cerebral palsy our patients' stories Source Type: news
Nostalgic memories can be comforting during holidays that bring stress, joy and sadness.read more
Source: Psychology Today Anxiety Center - December 20, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Krystine I. Batcho, Ph.D. Tags: Anxiety Child Development Depression Happiness Memory acts of kindness childhood memories family gatherings greater feelings greeting cards holiday symbols holidays important events innocence intermission landmarks longing Source Type: news
On Newtown and the End of the World
It seemed like this would be a great week to write about the psychology of the end of the world, but that was before the horrific elementary school shooting in Newtown, Connecticut last Friday. And then it dawned on me. Perhaps the two stories have more in common than first meets the eye, at least when it comes to the insights they offer regarding human nature. read more
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - December 20, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sam Sommers Tags: Behavioral Economics Child Development Cognition Education Ethics and Morality Law and Crime Media Parenting Resilience Self-Help Social Life 12/21/12 dissonance elementary school shooting end of the world festinger gun vio Source Type: news
Traumatic Events and Children's Sleep
Children often experience sleep problems following traumatic events. Here are some suggestions for helping them.read more
Source: Psychology Today Anxiety Center - December 20, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Joseph A. Buckhalt, Ph.D. Tags: Anxiety Child Development Sleep Stress acts of war anxiety dreams avi sadeh child and adolescent psychiatric clinics of north america children earthquake hurricane england journal of medicine national media coverage new england jou Source Type: news
5 Big Discoveries About Parenting In 2012
Search Amazon for ‘parenting’ and you’ll find 120,000 books. Parents, myself included, clearly have a lot of questions. New research is providing fresh answers every year – though perhaps there are so many studies now it can be all a bit overwhelming. Here’s my summary of what seemed to be the bigger findings to emerge about ‘bringing up baby’ in 2012...read more
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - December 20, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: David Rock Tags: Child Development Cognition Neuroscience Parenting american schoolchildren aspects of creativity brain research bringing up baby business world College of William and Mary elaboration hee kim kindergarten through twelfth grade ky Source Type: news
Investigation of phthalate release from tracheal tubes
This study aimed to assess phthalate release from five brands of tracheal tube. Using gas chromatography–mass spectrometry, we analysed phthalate concentrations from samples of ultra pure water in which tracheal tubes had been submerged. Phthalate concentration increased from 6.7 to 149 μg.l−1 over a period of 4.8 days. Phthalate release from anaesthetic equipment has not previously been documented over short time periods and raises the possibility of iatrogenic endocrine disruption with routine anaesthesia.
Source: Anaesthesia - December 20, 2012 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: W. J. Morton, C. T. Muller, N. Goodwin, A. R. Wilkes, J. E. Hall Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
If Mother Says No, (Don't) Go Ask Grandma
Gone are the days when mom and dad could proofread (and edit) Christmas letters before they were sent over the river and through the woods. read more
Source: Psychology Today Parenting Center - December 20, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tristan Gorrindo, M.D. Tags: Child Development Media Parenting aarp survey apron candies christmas letters core pornography elderly woman gift requests gifts grandchildren grandparent holiday gift holiday gifts holidays kitchen wall last minute holid Source Type: news
Early Language Skills Reduce Preschool Tantrums, Study Finds
Verbalizing their frustrations may help little ones cope Source: HealthDay Related MedlinePlus Pages: Child Development, Toddler Development
Source: MedlinePlus Health News - December 20, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
How Children Reason, Think About Others
Two new studies published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science, explore the development of reasoning and perspective-taking in children. How to Pass the False-Belief Task Before Your Fourth Birthday As social creatures, humans must constantly monitor each other's intentions, beliefs, desires, and other mental states. A particularly important social skill is the ability to take another person's perspective and understand what the person knows, even when that knowledge may ultimately be false...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - December 20, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychology / Psychiatry Source Type: news
Language Development Video-Based Test For Toddlers And Children With Autism
Parents often wonder how much of the world their young children really understand. Though typically developing children are not able to speak or point to objects on command until they are between eighteen months and two years old, they do provide clues that they understand language as early as the age of one. These clues provide a point of measurement for psychologists interested in language comprehension of toddlers and young children with autism, as demonstrated in a new video-article published in JoVE (Journal of Visualized Experiments)...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - December 20, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Autism Source Type: news
Assessment of atherosclerosis risk due to the homocysteine–asymmetric dimethylarginine–nitric oxide cascade in children taking antiepileptic drugs
Abstract: Purpose: The aim of this study was to assess the atherogenicity risk of antiepileptics in children by investigating the cascade, “hyperhomocysteinemia (HHcy)→asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) increase→nitric oxide (NO) decrease”, which is thought to contribute to the developmental process of atherosclerosis.Methods: The participants included 53 epilepsy patients who received either valproic acid (VPA, n=26) or oxcarbazepine (OXC, n=27). Twenty-four healthy sex- and age-matched children served as controls. Fasting plasma total homocysteine (tHcy), ADMA and NO levels were measured.Results: The differences ...
Source: Seizure: European Journal of Epilepsy - December 20, 2012 Category: Neurology Authors: Hamdi Cihan Emeksiz, Ayse Serdaroglu, Gürsel Biberoglu, Ozlem Gulbahar, Ebru Arhan, Ali Cansu, Mustafa Arga, Alev Hasanoglu Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
Clinical and radiological spectrum of Japanese encephalitis
Conclusion: A trend of severe and frequent involvement in younger patients with dystonia and other movement disorders was observed. It should be emphasized that presence of atypical cranial CT/MRI features in JE was not unknown and they need to be differentiated from herpes simplex encephalitis in appropriate clinical setting.
Source: Journal of the Neurological Sciences - December 20, 2012 Category: Neurology Authors: Lakshya J. Basumatary, D. Raja, Dipu Bhuyan, Marami Das, Munindra Goswami, Ashok K. Kayal Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Defects in the Oval Fossa: Morphologic Variations and Impact on Transcatheter Closure
Conclusions: Although uncommon, spiral spatial orientation of the margins of ASDs predisposes to embolization of devices used for percutaneous closure. Standard cross-sectional techniques have limited use in identifying this variation. Understanding of the development of the atrial septum in the mouse heart may help explain the morphogenesis of the defect and the mechanism predisposing to embolization.
Source: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography - December 20, 2012 Category: Cardiology Authors: Joseph J. Vettukattil, Zaheer Ahmed, Anthony P. Salmon, Tomothy Mohun, Robert H. Anderson Tags: Congenital Heart Disease in Adults, Children, and Fetuses Source Type: research
Could FISH on buccal smears become a new method of screening in children suspect of HNF1B anomaly?
In conclusion we propose to use interphasic FISH to screen pediatric patients presenting with renal abnormalities possibly linked to HNF1B anomaly. Molecular analysis and MLPA (Multiplex Ligand Probe Analysis) could be performed in cases with normal interphasic FISH to detect a point mutation of the gene or more rarely a single exon deletion. PMID: 23261960 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: European Journal of Medical Genetics - December 20, 2012 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Laffargue F, Bourthoumieu S, Bellanné-Chantelot C, Guigonis V, Yardin C Tags: Eur J Med Genet Source Type: research
The relationship between internal resilience, smoking, alcohol use, and depression symptoms in emerging adults transitioning out of child welfare.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings support internal resilience as both a compensatory and protective factor for depression symptoms in the context of sexual abuse among emerging adults transitioning out of child welfare. Prevention and early intervention within child welfare should include strengthening internal resilience, with continued monitoring of competencies through the transition from adolescence to emerging adulthood. PMID: 23260123 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - December 20, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Goldstein AL, Faulkner B, Wekerle C Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research
Fetal programming and environmental exposures: implications for prenatal care and preterm birth
Sponsored by the New York Academy of Sciences and Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, with support from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS), the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), and Life Technologies, “Fetal Programming and Environmental Exposures: Implications for Prenatal Care and Preterm Birth” was held on June 11–12, 2012 at the New York Academy of Sciences in New York City. The meeting, comprising individual talks and panel discussions, highlighted basic, clinical, and translational research approaches, and highlighted the need for specialized testing of drugs, cons...
Source: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences - December 20, 2012 Category: Science Authors: Thaddeus T. Schug, Adrian Erlebacher, Sarah Leibowitz, Liang Ma, Louis J. Muglia, Oliver J. Rando, John M. Rogers, Roberto Romero, Frederick S. vom Saal, David L. Wise Source Type: research
Interpretation of contrastive pitch accent in six- to eleven-year-old English-speaking children (and adults).
Abstract ABSTRACT Both off-line and on-line comprehension studies suggest not only toddlers and preschoolers, but also older school-age children have trouble interpreting contrast-marking pitch prominence. To test whether children achieve adult-like proficiency in processing contrast-marking prosody during school years, an eye-tracking experiment examined the effect of accent on referential resolution in six- to eleven-year-old children and adults. In all age groups, a prominent accent facilitated the detection of a target in contrastive discourse sequences (pink cat→green cat), whereas it led to a garden pa...
Source: Journal of Child Language - December 20, 2012 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Ito K, Bibyk SA, Wagner L, Speer SR Tags: J Child Lang Source Type: research
Iterative development of MobileMums: a physical activity intervention for women with young children
Background: To describe the iterative development process and final version of 'MobileMums': a physical activity intervention for women with young children (
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity - December 20, 2012 Category: Nutrition Authors: Brianna FjeldsoeYvette MillerJasmine O¿BrienAlison Marshall Source Type: research
Sialolithiasis in a 10 year old child
Mohita Marwaha, Kanwar Deep Singh NandaIndian Journal of Dental Research 2012 23(4):546-549Sialolithiasis is often observed in the oral region, and is caused by the development of a calculus in the salivary gland or duct. This disease is mostly seen in adults or young adults, and seldom develops in children. Of all the cases of sialolithiasis, only 3% are seen in the pediatric population. The clinical presentation typically consists of a painful swelling of the involved salivary gland at meal times, as the obstruction is most acute at this time. The clinical signs often lead to an easy diagnosis. The salivary gland ...
Source: Table of Contents : Indian Journal of Dental Research : 2006 - 17(3) - December 20, 2012 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mohita MarwahaKanwar Deep Singh Nanda Source Type: research
Exercise Experts Tackle Obesity by Catering to Kids
Echoing First Lady Michelle Obama’s rallying cry to get kids moving, Boston Sports Clubs in Andover is among the local workout places trying to get more kids moving by offering what used to be grown-up fitness classes to them. Younger kids take yoga, step and spinning classes while pre-teens can take cardio sculpting classes. Kids ages 11 to 14 learn about muscle development and body changes while they work out.
Source: RWJF News Digest - Childhood Obesity - December 20, 2012 Category: Eating Disorders and Weight Management Source Type: news
ANS acuity and mathematics ability in preschoolers from low‐income homes: contributions of inhibitory control
Abstract Recent findings by Libertus, Feigenson, and Halberda (2011) suggest that there is an association between the acuity of young children's approximate number system (ANS) and their mathematics ability before exposure to instruction in formal schooling. The present study examined the generalizability and validity of these findings in a sample of preschoolers from low‐income homes. Children attending Head Start (N = 103) completed measures to assess ANS acuity, mathematics ability, receptive vocabulary, and inhibitory control. Results showed only a weak association between ANS acuity and mathematics ability that wa...
Source: Developmental Science - December 20, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Mary Wagner Fuhs, Nicole M. McNeil Tags: PAPER Source Type: research
Developmental trends in auditory processing can provide early predictions of language acquisition in young infants
In conclusion, these results support the importance of low‐level auditory processing capabilities for early language acquisition in a population of typically developing young infants. Moreover, the auditory brainstem response in this paradigm shows promise as an electrophysiological marker to predict individual differences in language development in young children. Auditory processing capabilities at the subcortical level have been hypothesized to impact an individual's development of both language and reading abilities. The present study examined whether auditory processing capabilities relate to language development i...
Source: Developmental Science - December 20, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Weerasak Chonchaiya, Twila Tardif, Xiaoqin Mai, Lin Xu, Mingyan Li, Niko Kaciroti, Paul R. Kileny, Jie Shao, Betsy Lozoff Tags: Paper Source Type: research