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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 16.

The role of central nervous system on hypoglycemia and the feasibility of the brain theory in traditional Chinese medicine on treatment of diabetes mellitus
Publication date: January 2014 Source:Journal of Integrative Medicine, Volume 12, Issue 1 Author(s): Hai-li Jiang , Jing-jing Niu , Wei-fei Zhang , Wen-jin Huang , Ming-yue Zhou , Wen-jun Sha , Jun-yan Li , Fu-feng Li , Ting Zhu , Xin Xia , Jun Zhang , Yuan-dong Shen , Li-gang Zhou The central nervous system (CNS) plays a key regulatory role in glucose homeostasis. In particular, the brain is important in initiating and coordinating protective counterregulatory responses when blood glucose levels fall. This may due to the metabolic dependency of the CNS on glucose, and protection of food supply to the brain. In healthy s...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Medicine prescription practices of homeopathic undergraduate students in West Bengal, India
Conclusion Prescription of medicines by homeopathic undergraduate students is quite rampant and corrective measures are warranted. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Developing the criteria for evaluating quality of individualization in homeopathic clinical trial reporting: a preliminary study
Conclusion The initial data suggest that this instrument may be a promising systematic tool amendable for further development. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Pristimerin enhances recombinant adeno-associated virus vector-mediated transgene expression in human cell lines in vitro and murine hepatocytes in vivo
Conclusion These studies suggest the potential beneficial use of pristimerin and pristimerin-containing herb extract in future liver-targeted gene therapy with rAAV vectors. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Protective effect of diosmin against diabetic neuropathy in experimental rats
Conclusion Diosmin has shown beneficial effect in preventing the progression of early diabetic neuropathy in rats. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Gastric antisecretory and cytoprotective effects of hydroalcoholic extracts of Plumeria alba Linn. leaves in rats
Conclusion The results of the present study show that some hydroalcoholic extract of Plumeria alba L. displays antiulcer activity, as demonstrated by the significant inhibition of ulcer formation induced by different models, which is consistent with the literature report in folk medicine. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

In-house preparation and characterization of an Ayurvedic bhasma: Praval bhasma
Conclusion It may be concluded that modern analytical techniques may be involved to evaluate the quality aspects of PB. The findings of the present research work may be helpful for further formulation and standardization of PB in routine analysis. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Anti-fatty liver effects of oils from Zingiber officinale and Curcuma longa on ethanol-induced fatty liver in rats
Conclusion From the results it may be concluded that oils from Z. officinale and C. longa (200 mg/kg) exhibited hepatoprotective activity in acute ethanol-induced fatty liver and Z. officinale oil was identified to have better effects than C. longa oil. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Nigella sativa is a safe herbal product
Publication date: January 2014 Source:Journal of Integrative Medicine, Volume 12, Issue 1 Author(s): Abdullah Bamosa (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Ethnobotany and phytopharmacology of Pinus roxburghii Sargent: a plant review
Publication date: November 2013 Source:Journal of Integrative Medicine, Volume 11, Issue 6 Author(s): Pawan Kaushik , Dhirender Kaushik , Sukhbir Lal Khokra Abstract Traditional medicine is a blend of information gathered over generations from various communities and cultures. Pinus roxburghii Sargent (Pinaceae) commonly known as “chir pine” is widely used in traditional and folkloric systems of medicine. The all parts of the plant are believed to possess medicinal qualities in Ayurvedic and Unani systems of medicine. In these traditional systems of medicine, the plant is used to heal many diseases, including afflict...
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Saffron (Crocus sativus L.) and major depressive disorder: a meta-analysis of randomized clinical trials
Conclusion Findings from clinical trials conducted to date indicate that saffron supplementation can improve symptoms of depression in adults with MDD. Larger clinical trials, conducted by research teams outside of Iran, with long-term follow-ups are needed before firm conclusions can be made regarding saffron's efficacy and safety for treating depressive symptoms. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of a novel dietary supplement on pH levels of healthy volunteers: a pilot study
Conclusion The findings of this study suggest that supplementation with Reserveage Wholeganic Greens™ has an alkalizing effect on the body and can increase the urine pH levels in individuals with lower-than-average pH levels. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Mechanism of resveratrol on the promotion of induced pluripotent stem cells
Conclusion RV improved the efficiency of reprogramming 2F-MEFs into iPSCs at low and moderate concentrations (5 and 10 μmol/L). The effect of 10 μmol/L RV on reprogramming was much greater than that of 5 μmol/L RV. However, high concentration of RV (20 μmol/L) led to more severe cavitations in mitochondria and caused cytotoxic effects. Taken together, these findings suggest that RV mimics hypoxia in cells and promotes reprogramming at a low concentration. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Homeopathic Thuja 30C ameliorates benzo(a)pyrene–induced DNA damage, stress and viability of perfused lung cells of mice in vitro
Conclusion Thuja 30C ameliorates BaP-induced toxicity, stress and DNA damage in perfused lung cells of mice and it apparently has no effect on normal lung cells. (Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine)
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - November 3, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Antimicrobial effect of honey on Streptococcus mutans – An in vitro study
Conclusion Honey (A. mellifera) has bacteriostatic action against microorganism. However, pharmacological consistency and quantifiable appraisal is essential before using honey as a precautionary measure for dental caries. (Source: International Journal of Dental Science and Research)
Source: International Journal of Dental Science and Research - November 3, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Drug-Induced Hepatotoxicity of Select Herbal Therapies
The use of herbal botanicals and dietary supplements to treat and alleviate disease symptoms has increased over the past decades, and as a result, more research has been done to study the potential damaging effects of herbal products on the liver and other organs. Although reporting rates vary, cases have been published describing liver damage following herbal therapy. Studies have proposed multiple mechanisms of injury for these herbal preparations, and several potential risk factors have been identified including age, gender, polypharmacy, alcohol consumption, and genetic variability. Ingredients and other constituents o...
Source: Journal of Pharmacy Practice - November 3, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Korth, C. Tags: Drug-Induced Diseases Source Type: research

Chemometrics: A new scenario in herbal drug standardization
Publication date: August 2014 Source:Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis, Volume 4, Issue 4 Author(s): Ankit Bansal , Vikas Chhabra , Ravindra K. Rawal , Simant Sharma Chromatography and spectroscopy techniques are the most commonly used methods in standardization of herbal medicines but the herbal system is not easy to analyze because of their complexity of chemical composition. Many cutting-edge analytical technologies have been introduced to evaluate the quality of medicinal plants and significant amount of measurement data has been produced. Chemometric techniques provide a good opportunity for mining more useful chem...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis - November 3, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Quantitative analysis of anti-inflammatory lignan derivatives in Ratanhiae radix and its tincture by HPLC–PDA and HPLC–MS
Publication date: 1 November 2011 Source:Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis, Volume 56, Issue 3 Author(s): Lisa Baumgartner , Stefan Schwaiger , Hermann Stuppner Root preparations of Krameria lappacea (Dombey) Burdet et Simpson are traditionally used against oropharyngeal inflammation. Besides antimicrobial and astringent procyanidines, lignan derivatives, including ratanhiaphenol I, II, III and (+)-conocarpan, contribute to the activity of Ratanhiae radix, exerting a significant topical anti-inflammatory activity in vivo, and in vitro by inhibiting NF-κB and the formation of inflammatory prostaglandins a...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis - November 3, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Sinusoidal Obstruction Syndrome (Hepatic Veno-Occlusive Disease)
Publication date: Available online 30 October 2014 Source:Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology Author(s): Cathy Q. Fan , James M. Crawford Hepatic sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) is an obliterative venulitis of the terminal hepatic venules, which in its more severe forms imparts a high risk of mortality. SOS, also known as veno-occlusive disease (VOD), occurs as a result of cytoreductive therapy prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), following oxaliplatin-containing adjuvant or neoadjuvant chemotherapy for colorectal carcinoma metastatic to the liver and treated by partial hepatectomy, ...
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - November 3, 2014 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

Hippocratic Medicine in China: Comparison with a 9th Century Chinese Manual on Bone Setting 希波克拉醫學與中國 - 第九世紀的中國跌打手冊與希波克拉醫學文獻庫之比較
Publication date: Available online 29 October 2014 Source:Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation Author(s): Fu Louis Chinese history annals recorded cultural interchange between China and the Roman Empire during the Han dynasty. The first medical missionaries were Nestorian Christians from the Middle East who arrived in China in ad 635. They introduced Western medical practice into China. This paper compares the first comprehensive Chinese treatise on bone and joint injuries by a hermit monk named Lin and the Hippocratic Corpus. Based on external knowledge from the author's background as well as textural comp...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics, Trauma and Rehabilitation - November 3, 2014 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

A novel management of diabetes by means of strong antioxidants’ combination
Publication date: January 2013 Source:Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas, Volume 7, Issue 1 Author(s): Ozra Tabatabaei-Malazy , Bagher Larijani , Mohammad Abdollahi Despite the current existence and availability of synthetic drugs for the treatment of diabetes mellitus (DM), these medications are neither cheap nor completely effective. Furthermore, the long-term consumption of synthetic drugs may cause adverse effects, while those medications provided from natural sources are more affordable and have shown lesser adverse effects. The current belief is that oxidative stress plays a substantial role in the pathogenesi...
Source: Journal of Medical Hypotheses and Ideas - November 3, 2014 Category: Research Source Type: research

What is in the can? The dilemma with dietary supplements
Publication date: Available online 22 October 2014 Source:Molecular Genetics and Metabolism Author(s): Kristin D'Aco , Robert Mooney , Kristina Cusmano-Ozog , Sean Hofherr , Uta Lichter-Konecki (Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism)
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - November 3, 2014 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Cynodon dactylon and Sida acuta extracts impact on the function of the cardiovascular system in zebrafish embryos
In conclusion, we developed an assay that can measure changes in cardiac function in response to herbal small molecules and determine the cardiogenic effects by microvideography. (Source: Journal of Biomedical Research)
Source: Journal of Biomedical Research - November 3, 2014 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Biotransformation of Licochalcone A by transgenic crown galls of Panax quinquefolium
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic, Volume 110 Author(s): Jiayuan Li , Ning Li , Bing Huang , Weihong Zhao , Wenli Wang , Yingying Si , Chunyan Yan Licochalcone A, as main constituent of Chinese Gancao (Glycyrrhiza inflate Bat), is responsible for the chemopreventive effect of the herbal. In order to get the bioactive modified molecules of Licochalcone A, it was biotransformed using transgenic crown galls of Panax quinquefolium to afford 9 products including a new alkaloid together with 8 known compounds. Their structures were elucidated by physicochemical and spectral meth...
Source: Journal of Molecular Catalysis B: Enzymatic - November 3, 2014 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Phyllanthus urinaria induces mitochondrial dysfunction in human osteosarcoma 143B cells associated with modulation of mitochondrial fission/fusion proteins
This study provides molecular evidence associated with the dynamics and organization of mitochondria in osteosarcoma 143B cells resulted from P urinaria. Herein, P. urinaria-induced cytotoxicity and ROS associated with the inhibition of mitochondrial membrane potential were reversed by N-acetylcysteine (NAC). The endogenous antioxidant enzymes such as manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPX1) were activated by P. urinaria, but not correlated to catalase. P. urinaria decreased mitochondrial respiration activity as well as respiratory chain enzymes and HIF-1α in osteosarcoma 143B cells. Additi...
Source: Mitochondrion - November 3, 2014 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Et-39 * repeated pharmacological doses of ascorbate protects tumours from radiation damage in an intracranial mouse glioma model
We examined the effect of ascorbate and radiation on the murine glioma GL261 in vitro, and combined with intra-peritoneal ascorbate in an intra-cranial GL261 model. As previously seen, high dose ascorbate radio-sensitized GL261 cells in a clonogenicity assay. Tumour-bearing mice were treated with: 4.5Gy to the brain 8 days post-implantation; repeated high-dose ascorbate from day 8-45; both treatments; or no treatment. While radiation increased survival, intraperitoneal ascorbate alone had no effect. In contrast with in vitro data, tumour-bearing mice treated with radiation and daily ascorbate had poorer survival than those...
Source: Neuro-Oncology - November 3, 2014 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: McConnell, M., Grasso, C., Fabre, M.-S., Collis, S., Castro, L., Schleich, N., Herst, P. Tags: EXPERIMENTAL AND BIOLOGICAL THERAPEUTICS (CLINICAL AND/OR LABORATORY) Source Type: research

Does a Community-Based Stress Management Intervention Affect Psychological Adaptation Among Underserved Black Breast Cancer Survivors?
Conclusions Findings suggest that improvements in multiple measures over time may have been due to intensive training in stress management, extensive provision of breast cancer information, or participation in an ongoing supportive group of individuals from a similar racial background. Implications bear on decisions about appropriate control groups, the timing of intervention delivery during the treatment trajectory, and perceived support from the research team. (Source: JNCI Monographs)
Source: JNCI Monographs - November 3, 2014 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Lechner, S. C., Whitehead, N. E., Vargas, S., Annane, D. W., Robertson, B. R., Carver, C. S., Kobetz, E., Antoni, M. H. Tags: Article Source Type: research

Associations Between Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors and Complementary and Alternative Medicine Use: Integrated Wellness
Conclusions This data reports a strong association between CAM and lifestyle therapies and may identify a population with commitment to general wellness. Use of one therapy may promote use of other therapies and this potential synergistic relationship can be targeted in future interventions. (Source: JNCI Monographs)
Source: JNCI Monographs - November 3, 2014 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Karlik, J. B., Ladas, E. J., Ndao, D. H., Cheng, B., Bao, Y., Kelly, K. M. Tags: Article Source Type: research

Acute shoulder infection following acupuncture—A report of three cases
We present three cases who developed severe infection following acupuncture, leading to irreversible osteoarthritic changes in their glenohumeral joints. All of them mentioned a history of acupuncture therapy before their shoulder became swollen and hot and no other infection source could be detected. Possible explanations included: (1) breakdown of the sterile technique; (2) no consensus of acupoint or how deep the needle should be inserted; (3) patient’s comorbidities, such as diabetes mellitus or previous shoulder pathology, were not considered. Although these three patients underwent debridement and proper management...
Source: Formosan Journal of Musculoskeletal Disorders - November 2, 2014 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Comprehensive Genomic Analysis of Ewing Sarcoma [Research Articles]
This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1243 (Source: Cancer Discovery)
Source: Cancer Discovery - November 2, 2014 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tirode, F., Surdez, D., Ma, X., Parker, M., Le Deley, M. C., Bahrami, A., Zhang, Z., Lapouble, E., Grossetete-Lalami, S., Rusch, M., Reynaud, S., Rio-Frio, T., Hedlund, E., Wu, G., Chen, X., Pierron, G., Oberlin, O., Zaidi, S., Lemmon, G., Gupta, P., Vado Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research

Seizures Caused by Ingestion of Atropa Belladonna in a Homeopathic Medicine in a Previously Well Infant: Case Report and Review of the Literature
We present an infant who suffered serious seizures after ingestion of a homeopathic agent containing A. belladonna. The 20-day-old infant arrived at the emergency department with fever and generalized seizures for 30 minutes, 2 hours after ingesting the correct dose of a homeopathic medication agent used for infantile colic. The patient was treated with intravenous benzodiazepines and antibiotics after a full sepsis work up; all the laboratory results were normal and the fever resolved after several hours. The infant recovered fully with normal neurological function and a normal electroencephalogram. This infant probably m...
Source: American Journal of Therapeutics - November 1, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Fatal Caffeine Overdose and Other Risks from Dietary Supplements
No abstract available (Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports)
Source: Current Sports Medicine Reports - November 1, 2014 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Pearls and Pitfalls Source Type: research

Dietary Interventions, Lifestyle Changes, and Dietary Supplements in Preventing Gestational Diabetes Mellitus: A Literature Review
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is associated with increased rates of fetal morbidity and mortality, both during the pregnancy and in the postnatal life. Current treatment of GDM includes diet with or without medications, but this management is expensive and poorly cost-effective for the health care systems. Strategies to prevent such condition would be preferable with respect to its treatment. The aim of this literature review was to evaluate studies reporting the efficacy of the most used approaches to prevent GDM as well as evidences of efficacy and safety of dietary supplementations. Systematic literature searches ...
Source: Obstetrical and Gynecological Survey - November 1, 2014 Category: OBGYN Tags: CME Articles Source Type: research

Correlation between the major components of Phyllanthus amarus and Phyllanthus urinaria and their inhibitory effects on phagocytic activity of human neutrophils
Conclusion: The strong inhibition of the extracts on the phagocytic activity of neutrophils was due to the presence of their major constituents especially geraniin, corilagin, phyllanthin and hypophllanthin which were able to modulate the innate response of phagocytes at different steps. (Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - November 1, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ibrahim JantanMenaga Ilangkovan¿ YuandaniHazni Mohamad Source Type: research

Environmental injury to the kidney: Interstitial nephritis
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology, Volume 16, Issue 2 Author(s): James C. Chan The First Emperor of China (Qin Shi Huang: 259–210 BCE) would have been interested in interstitial nephritis. He might conceivably be fascinated to know that consumption of mercury elixir, instead of giving him immortality, might have shortened his life by giving him interstitial nephritis. In the Balkan region of Eastern Europe, clustering of a peculiar interstitial nephritis is prevalent. One environmental risk contributing to Balkan endemic nephritis is aristolochic acid contamination of cooking flour, ...
Source: Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology - November 1, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Beneficial effect of Astragalus membranaceus on estimated glomerular filtration rate in patients with progressive chronic kidney disease
Conclusion The results suggest that A membranaceus can maintain stable levels of eGFR and delay the initiation of renal replacement therapy in patients with progressive CKD stage 4. 至今已有數種草藥製劑被應用於進行性慢性腎病(CKD)的補充療法,然而此用途仍缺乏相關的科學理據。本研究旨在探討膜莢黃耆(Astragalus membranaceus)對進行性CKD患者的腎臟效應。研究對象為35位第4或5期CKD患者,即使在常規治療下(不包括A membranaceus),其腎絲球過濾率估算值(eGFR)仍在3個月內明顯下降(從14.6±6.28mL/min/1.73m2至11.6±5.24; mean±SD, p &...
Source: Hong Kong Journal of Nephrology - November 1, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Breastfeeding practices for newborns among urban poor in Lucknow, northern India: A prospective follow-up study
Conclusion The proportion of neonates being exclusively breastfed was low at 26.2% (95% CI: 23.7%–29.4%). There is a need for promotion of exclusive breastfeeding for all newborns in urban Lucknow, northern India. (Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health)
Source: Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health - November 1, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Effects of Orlistat and herbal mixture extract on brain, testes functions and oxidative stress biomarkers in a rat model of high fat diet
This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of herbal mixture extracts of pumpkin seed oil, peanuts shell and Orlistat on brain, testes functions, oxidative stress biomarkers and histopathological changes in male albino rats administered high fat diet. Fifty male rats were divided into four groups: 1st administered normal diet, 2nd administered high fat diet, 3rd administered high fat diet with Orlistat and 4th administered high fat diet with herbal mix. A group of rats were fed with a standard control diet (1st control group was 12 rats for 22 weeks) and another group of rats were fed a diet containing 35% fat (2n...
Source: Beni Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences - November 1, 2014 Category: Science Source Type: research

Comparative chemical and antimicrobial study of nine essential oils obtained from medicinal plants growing in Egypt
This study investigate the antimicrobial activities of 9 herbal essential oils on survival and growth of selected pathogenic and spoilage microorganisms. Essential oils were obtained by hydrodistillation method and were analyzed using GC/MS technique. The oils were tested for their antimicrobial activity against 2 Gram +ve, Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) and Listeria innocua (L. innocua), 2 Gram −ve, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) and Salmonella Typhi (S. Typhi) as well as 2 Fungi, Aspergillus niger (A. niger) and Candida albicans (C. albicans), using agar dilution method. Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC...
Source: Beni Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences - November 1, 2014 Category: Science Source Type: research

Anti-diabetic activity of the petroleum ether extract of Guar gum in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats: A comparative study
Publication date: March 2013 Source:Beni-Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, Volume 2, Issue 1 Author(s): M.R. Nasry , A.M. Abo-Youssef , H.A. Abd El-Latif Diabetes mellitus is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Despite lack of scientific evidences to support its therapeutic efficacy, the use of herbal supplements has significantly increased. Guar gum has a wide variety of non-food and food uses as a stiffener in ice cream, yogurt, bakery, and soups; as a stabilizer for cheeses, puddings, and cream; and as a meat binder. Therefore being safe, it was tried in model type II dia...
Source: Beni Suef University Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences - November 1, 2014 Category: Science Source Type: research

Astin B, a cyclic pentapeptide from Aster tataricus, induces apoptosis and autophagy in human hepatic L-02 cells
Publication date: 5 November 2014 Source:Chemico-Biological Interactions, Volume 223 Author(s): Li Wang , Ming-Dan Li , Pei-Pei Cao , Chao-Feng Zhang , Fang Huang , Xiang-Hong Xu , Bao-Lin Liu , Mian Zhang Astins (including astin B) are a class of halogenated cyclic pentapeptides isolated from the medicinal herb of Aster tataricus. However, our previous works showed that the herbal medicine was hepatotoxic in vivo, and a toxicity-guided isolation method led to the identification of a cyclopeptide astin B. Astin B is structurally similar to cyclochlorotine, a well-known hepatotoxic mycotoxin. Thus, the aim of this study w...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - November 1, 2014 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Herbs treating Parkinson's disease
This article reviews herbs that have been documented to have a neuroprotective effect in vitro and in vivo Parkinson's disease (PD) model systems. We summarized the anti-Parkinsonian activities of herbs according to their genera. Plants corresponding to 47 genera were included in this review. These herbal medicines can be a substitute and precious source for anti-Parkinsonian drug discovery. The plant species in these families and genera whose pharmacological actions have been well characterized could possibly be good candidates for further studies to assess its ability to protect against neurodegenerative disease and pote...
Source: Biomedicine and Aging Pathology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Evaluation of psychopharmacological activity of ethyl acetate extract of Sarcostemaacidum (ROXB).voigt
Publication date: July–September 2014 Source:Biomedicine & Aging Pathology, Volume 4, Issue 3 Author(s): T. Rahees , Sibi P. Ittiyavirah Herbal medicines are gaining growing interest because of their cost-effective, eco-friendly attributes and true relief from disease condition. Sarcostemaacidum was documented in many folklore practices for various psychiatric conditions. It has been dealt with in detail in “SHRUSHRUTHA SAMHITHA”. Ethyl acetate extract of the whole plant Sarcostemaacidum (EASA) was evaluated for psychopharmacological effects, anti-psychotic, anxiolytic and CNS inhibitory activity. Anti-psyc...
Source: Biomedicine and Aging Pathology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Application of chitosan and herbal nanocomposites to develop antibacterial medical textile
Conclusion The study concludes that, nanocomposites could provide better functional properties than the bulk finished fabrics. The nano-sized particles in the composites was considered significant for its functional applications in hospital based fabrics to prevent the transmission of nosocomial infections. (Source: Biomedicine and Aging Pathology)
Source: Biomedicine and Aging Pathology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research