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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 19.

Children's Toothbrushing Frequency: The Influence of Parents' Rationale for Brushing, Habits and Family Routines
Conclusions: Parents' rationale for brushing their children's teeth can vary at both an individual level and at different times of day. Understanding these variations is important in designing interventions to improve brushing frequency for at-risk children. The results also demonstrate habituation as being an important factor in understanding toothbrushing frequency. Further research is required to understand the mechanisms involved in habit formation and maintenance with children's oral hygiene behaviour.Caries Res 2015;49:157-164 (Source: Caries Research)
Source: Caries Research - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Evaluating the Effect of a Community-Based Lay Health Advisor Training Curriculum to Address Immigrant Children's Caries Disparities
Previous programs had not designed the culturally adequate Lay Health Advisor (LHA) oral health training curriculum for medically underserved population. We evaluated the effects of LHA training curriculum for addressing immigrant children's caries disparities in their access to dental care. We used a pre/post-test study design. Immigrant women were recruited from churches, schools, and immigrant centers in an urban area. Four training classes were held. Each training cycle lasted 15 consecutive weeks, consisting of 1 weekly 2-h training session for 12 weeks followed by a 3-week practicum. The curriculum included training ...
Source: Caries Research - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Peri‐implant evaluation of immediately loaded implants placed in esthetic zone in patients with diabetes mellitus type 2: a two‐year study
ConclusionsPatients with diabetes can receive implant‐based treatments with immediate loading safely, providing they present moderate HbA1c values. (Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research)
Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Antonio Aguilar‐Salvatierra, José Luis Calvo‐Guirado, Maximino González‐Jaranay, Gerardo Moreu, Rafael Arcesio Delgado‐Ruiz, Gerardo Gómez‐Moreno Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Is tooth loss associated with irritable bowel syndrome?
This study aimed to investigate the relation between dental status and IBS among Iranian adults. In a cross‐sectional study on 4669 Iranian adults, dental status was evaluated using a self‐administered questionnaire. Participants were categorised into five main groups: those with full dentition (without denture), those with denture, individual who had lost 1–2 teeth, 3–5 teeth and half of one jaw or more. IBS and its subtypes were defined using Rome III criteria. After adjusting for different confounding variables, those who had lost 1–2 and 3–5 teeth had 1·35 and 1·33 times greater odds for IBS than fully de...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: A. Esmaillzadeh, A. H. Keshteli, T. Saneei, P. Saneei, O. Savabi, P. Adibi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Report looks at high or low mortality ratios across hospital trusts in England
27 January, 2015: The Summary Hospital-level Mortality Indicator (SHMI) - Deaths associated with hospitalisation, England, July 2013 - June 2014 compares the actual number of patients who die following hospitalisation at a particular trust with the number that would be expected to die, based upon average England figures, given the characteristics of the patients treated there(2). (Source: The IC : Dentistry)
Source: The IC : Dentistry - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: news

To everything there is a season: UAlberta researcher finds leg cramps are seasonal
(University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry) Nighttime leg cramps commonly affect adults over the age of 50, but are also known to occur in younger adults and children. While their cause is unknown, a study from the University of Alberta's Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry is shedding new light on the painful condition.'Most doctors will be surprised to learn that this condition is seasonal,' says Scott Garrison, the study's principal investigator and an associate professor in the Department of Family Medicine at the University of Alberta. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 27, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

That's using your head
(University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry) Atherosclerosis -- hardening and narrowing of the arteries -- can be caused by fat build up that causes plaque deposits, and is one of the main causes of cardiovascular disease. Jessica Yue, a researcher in the Department of Physiology at the University of Alberta, has shown a link between how the brain can regulate fat metabolism, potentially stopping the development of this disease risk factor in obesity and diabetes. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 27, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Funding for pulmonary rehabilitation study in East Africa
(University of Plymouth) A research team from Plymouth University Peninsula Schools of Medicine and Dentistry has received funding from the Medical Research Council/Department for International Development/Wellcome Trust Joint Global Health Trials Scheme, to evaluate a chronic lung disease rehabilitation program in East Africa. Chronic lung disease affects one on five of the adult population in the region and is a major threat to health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - January 27, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Vertical Bone Augmentation with an Autogenous Block or Particles in Combination with Guided Bone Regeneration: A Clinical and Histological Preliminary Study in Humans
ConclusionsThe results clearly showed that both techniques were clinically successful for subsequent implant placement and prosthetic rehabilitation. The histological outcomes, including revascularization and bone remodeling, of the two techniques differed significantly. The block grafts outperformed the particulate grafts in terms of bone‐to‐implant contact and bone fill values; however, the morbidity associated with the donor site of the block must be considered. (Source: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research)
Source: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Isabella Rocchietta, Massimo Simion, Maria Hoffmann, Davide Trisciuoglio, Marco Benigni, Christer Dahlin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Peri‐Implant Bone Regeneration Using rhPDGF‐BB, BMSCs, and β‐TCP in a Canine Model
ConclusionThis study provides important evidence that supports the potential application of rhPDGF‐BB/BMSCs/β‐TCP tissue‐engineered bone in immediate implantation for oral function restoration. (Source: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research)
Source: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ling Xu, Wenjie Zhang, Kaige Lv, Weiqiang Yu, Xinquan Jiang, Fuqiang Zhang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bacterial Colonization of the Implant‐Abutment Interface (IAI) of Dental Implants with a Sloped Marginal Design: An in‐vitro Study
ConclusionsThe present study demonstrated that implants with a sloped marginal design exhibited similar risk for bacterial invasion into the IAI microgap under in vitro dynamic loading conditions compared to implants with conventional marginal design. (Source: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research)
Source: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Theofilos Koutouzis, Hana Gadalla, Tord Lundgren Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

In Vitro Investigation of the Effect of Oral Bacteria in the Surface Oxidation of Dental Implants
ConclusionImplant surface oxidation occurred in bacteria‐containing medium even at early stages of immersion (2 days). The incremental corrosion resulted in dissolution of metal ions and debris into the testing solution. Dissolution of metal ions and particles in the oral environment can trigger or contribute to the development of peri‐implantitis at later stages. (Source: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research)
Source: Clinical Implant Dentistry and Related Research - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sathyanarayanan Sridhar, Thomas G. Wilson, Kelli L. Palmer, Pilar Valderrama, Mathew T. Mathew, Shalini Prasad, Michael Jacobs, Izabelle M. Gindri, Danieli C. Rodrigues Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Caries risk assessment in young adults: a 3 year validation of the Cariogram model
Conclusions: Within the limitations of the present study, the computer-based Cariogram did not perform better than a caries risk assessment scheme based on past caries experience and caries progression, over a 3-year period in young adults. (Source: BMC Oral Health)
Source: BMC Oral Health - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Gunnel Hänsel PeterssonSvante Twetman Source Type: research

International Dental Journal: a source of inspiration, a leader of opinion
(Source: International Dental Journal)
Source: International Dental Journal - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tin Chun Wong Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Adieu and thank you
(Source: International Dental Journal)
Source: International Dental Journal - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Stephen Hancocks Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

A New Era for the International Dental Journal
(Source: International Dental Journal)
Source: International Dental Journal - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ira B. Lamster Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Caries recurrence after treatment under general anaesthesia for early childhood caries: a retrospective cohort study
Conclusion ASA-2 health status and having less than a full primary dentition were major predictors of caries relapse after dental treatment under GA. (Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Innate immunity to Candida albicans
Publication date: Available online 17 January 2015 Source:Japanese Dental Science Review Author(s): Yusuke Kiyoura , Riyoko Tamai Candida albicans is not a pathogen in healthy individuals, but can cause severe systemic candidiasis in immunocompromised patients. C. albicans has various virulence factors and activates the innate immune system. Specifically, C. albicans induces proinflammatory cytokine production in various cell types via many receptors, such as Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and C-type lectin receptors (CLRs). This microorganism also promotes phagocytosis via CLRs on macrophages. In a previous study, we found ...
Source: Japanese Dental Science Review - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Antimicrobial effect of different intracanal medications on various microorganisms
Conclusion CHX was the best medication used to eliminate the different tested organisms at the two experimental sites. S. mutans was the most sensitive microorganism to the whole tested medications, while C. albicans was the most resistant one. (Source: Tanta Dental Journal)
Source: Tanta Dental Journal - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Remineralizing potential of CPP‐ACP crèmes with and without fluoride in artificial enamel lesions
ConclusionMI Paste Plus demonstrated a greater protective effect against demineralization than MI Paste and showed smoother surfaces.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Patrícia Regina Almeida Oliveira, Ana Beatriz Monteiro Fonseca, Eduardo Moreira da Silva, Thereza Christina Lopes Coutinho, Monica Almeida Tostes Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Acoustic neuroma manifesting as toothache and numbness
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Raymond Lam Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

A study of polymerization shrinkage kinetics using digital image correlation
The use of light-cured resin composites has become commonplace in restorative dentistry. These dental biomaterials have a high aesthetic value, good mechanical and physical properties, and are easy to use. A drawback of using resin composites to restore teeth, however, is the polymerization shrinkage that occurs during the curing of these materials. Therefore, resin composites need to be chemically and/or micro-mechanically adhered to the tooth substrate to ensure that no gaps are formed between the tooth substrate and the restorative material after curing [1,2]. (Source: Dental Materials)
Source: Dental Materials - January 27, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Andrew Lau, Jianying Li, Young Cheul Heo, Alex Fok Source Type: research

Prosthodontics Treatment Considerations for Methamphetamine‐Dependent Patients
This article reviews the impact of methamphetamine to systemic and oral health and proposes a comprehensive treatment plan and sequence for the methamphetamine‐dependent patient. A multidisciplinary approach is recommended. Destructive oral and psychological changes must be identified and controlled. A thorough risk assessment, caries control, and preventative plan should be established before initiating prosthodontic treatment. Patient motivation, support, and a timely recall schedule are integral for dental longevity. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Meredith A. Gantos, Anna Manzotti, Judy Chia‐Chun Yuan, Fatemeh S. Afshari, Aristotelis Marinis, George Syros, Michelle Howard Rynn, Cortino Sukotjo Tags: Review Source Type: research

Meetings of Interest
(Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Meetings of Interest Source Type: research

Three-Dimensional Imaging and Guided Surgery for Dental Implants
Clinicians worldwide are increasingly adopting guided surgical applications for dental implants. Clinicians are becoming more aware of the benefits of proper planning through advanced imaging modalities and interactive treatment planning applications. All aspects of the planning phase are based on sound surgical and restorative fundamentals. As an integral part of the implant team, dental laboratories have now moved from analog to the digital world, providing the necessary support to the new digital workflow. (Source: Dental Clinics of North America)
Source: Dental Clinics of North America - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Scott D. Ganz Source Type: research

Surgical Techniques for Augmentation in the Horizontally and Vertically Compromised Alveolus
This article presents the authors’ perspective on the current surgical treatment methodologies that have been most beneficial in reconstructing atrophic alveolar bone. (Source: Dental Clinics of North America)
Source: Dental Clinics of North America - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ladi Doonquah, Ryan Lodenquai, Anika D. Mitchell Source Type: research

A site-specific intraoperative measurement of bone-to-implant contact during implant insertion. A study on bovine ribs using a computerized implant motor
Conclusion The instrument under testing seems to provide a reliable quantitative estimator, the integral, of the final BIC achieved at implant insertion, and therefore of the implant primary stability, and could represent a significant aid for a proper planning of rehabilitations with the use of dental implants. (Source: Journal of Dental Sciences)
Source: Journal of Dental Sciences - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Survey of comprehensive restorative treatment for children under general anesthesia
Conclusion Although general anesthesia provides an optimal condition for treating children with high caries risk, high failure rates of composite restorations were noted. Indirect pulp capping and ferric sulfate pulpotomy followed by stainless steel crown restorations are successful techniques and can be used to treat deep carious lesions. (Source: Journal of Dental Sciences)
Source: Journal of Dental Sciences - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Relationship between areca nut chewing and periodontal status of people in a typical aboriginal community in Southern Taiwan
Conclusion The results indicated that areca nut chewing might significantly enhance CAL in the population. Improved oral hygiene, fewer additives, and reduced use of areca nut would significantly reduce CAL, which should be encouraged for chewers. (Source: Journal of Dental Sciences)
Source: Journal of Dental Sciences - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Primary prevention of peri-implantitis: Managing peri-implant mucositis.
CONCLUSIONS: Consensus was reached on recommendations for patients with dental implants and oral health care professionals with regard to the efficacy of measures to manage peri-implant mucositis. It was particularly emphasized that implant placement and prosthetic reconstructions need to allow proper personal cleaning, diagnosis by probing and professional plaque removal. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 25626479 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jepsen S, Berglundh T, Zitzmann NU, Group 3 of the 11th European Workshop on Periodontology Tags: J Clin Periodontol Source Type: research

Effect of professional mechanical plaque removal on secondary prevention of periodontitis and the complications of gingival and periodontal preventive measures.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 25626357 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Periodontology - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sanz M Tags: J Clin Periodontol Source Type: research

A content analysis of oral health messages in Australian mass media
ConclusionsOral health messages conveyed in Australian media fail to provide a social context for preventative or health‐promoting behaviours. In light of increased levels of oral disease and retention of natural teeth, more community‐based oral health promotion and support for oral health literacy would be prudent in the Australian context.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - January 27, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kelly Jones, Jessica Merrick, Christine Beasley Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Ensuring Head and Neck Oncology Patients Receive Recommended Pretreatment Dental Evaluations.
CONCLUSION: This intervention was the first step in creating a sustainable system for ensuring timely preradiation dental evaluation, thereby decreasing the risk of dental complications from H&N cancer therapy. PMID: 25628388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: JOP)
Source: JOP - January 27, 2015 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Margalit DN, Losi SM, Tishler RB, Schoenfeld JD, Ann Fugazzotto J, Stephens J, Cebulski AL, Hammerstrand EL, Ma L, Lopes HM, Haddad RI, Treister NS, Frustino JL Tags: J Oncol Pract Source Type: research

Extract and place 2 implants or retain and restore?
I would like your opinion with regards the lower right 1st premolar (#44), would you extract or restore this tooth? (Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts)
Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts - January 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: osseonews Tags: Dental Implant Cases Source Type: news

On the Relationship between the Rate of Salivary Flow and Salivary Fluoride Clearance
In this study we investigated the relationship between the salivary flow rate and salivary fluoride clearance. Ten adults tested six mouthrinses, consisting of aqueous sodium fluoride solutions (0.013, 0.026 mol/l) with and without added sodium chloride (1.28 mol/l) or sucrose (0.44 mol/l), in a randomised order. Prior to each test, subjects swallowed, rinsed for 2 min with 2 ml water and then expectorated into a preweighed container to obtain a measure of initial saliva flow rate. Next, the procedure was repeated using one of the test rinses. Finally, samples of unstimulated whole saliva were collected for up to 3 h after...
Source: Caries Research - January 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Effect of low‐level laser therapy on dental root cementum remodeling in rats
ConclusionTwo weeks of daily application of LLLT significantly increased rat's dental root cementum thickness as determined histologically. However, in vivo Micro‐CT imaging failed to accurately reveal this cementum growth as it was not possible to differentiate dentinal changes. (Source: Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research)
Source: Orthodontics and Craniofacial Research - January 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: M. Alsulaimani, M. Doschak, D. Dederich, C. Flores‐Mir Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Implants Failing Badly: Suggestions?
Examination revealed severe bone loss in all four quadrants including the lower molar implants. (Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts)
Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts - January 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: osseonews Tags: Dental Implant Cases Source Type: news

Effect of Elasticity on Stress Distribution in CAD/CAM Dental Crowns: Glass Ceramic vs. Polymer-Matrix Composite
Conclusions Both materials are resistant to fracture with physiological occlusal load. The PMC crown had lower maximum stress than the glass-ceramic crown, but the effect of a lateral loading component was more pronounced for a PMC crown than for a glass-ceramic crown. Clinical significance: Knowledge of the stress distribution in dental crowns with low modulus of elasticity will aid clinicians in planning treatments that include such restorations. (Source: Journal of Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Dentistry - January 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Bulk fill restoratives: To cap or not to cap - that is the question?
Conclusions Not all bulk fill flowable materials or bulk fill resin restoratives behave in a similar fashion when used to restore standardised MOD cavities in maxillary premolar teeth and material selection is vital in the absence of clinical data. Clinical significance: Poorly performing bulk fill flowable materials or bulk fill restoratives can be identified using the cuspal deflection and cervical microleakage protocol which could save the complications encountered clinically when restoring Class II restorations. (Source: Journal of Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Dentistry - January 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Development of novel self-healing and antibacterial dental composite containing calcium phosphate nanoparticles
Conclusions A dental composite was developed with triple benefits of self-healing after fracture, antibacterial activity, and remineralization capability for the first time. Clinical significance: The self-healing, antibacterial and remineralizing composite may be promising for tooth cavity restorations to combat bulk fracture and secondary caries. The method of using triple agents (self-healing microcapsules, DMAHDM, and NACP) may have wide applicability to other dental composites, adhesives, sealants and cements. (Source: Journal of Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Dentistry - January 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research