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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 19.

May caries-preventive fluoride regimes have an effect on dental erosive wear? An in situ study.
Conclusions. Application of SnF2 gel every third day gave protection against erosive-abrasive challenges. Daily application of both low concentration and high concentration NaF toothpaste provided no protection. PMID: 25226048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - September 16, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Hystad Hove L, Refsholt Stenhagen K, Mulic A, Holme B, Tveit AB Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research

Family-based association analysis between nonsyndromic cleft lip with or without cleft palate and IRF6 polymorphism in an Iranian population
Conclusions In contrast to other Asian populations, our study indicates that the IRF6 rs642961 polymorphism cannot be a risk factor for NSCL/P in an Iranian population. Clinical relevance Genetic factors have an important role in NSCL/P, among which interferon regulatory factor 6 (IRF6) has been reported as a risk factor for NSCL/P in several populations; however, our data indicated no significant association between IRF6 polymorphism and NSCL/P in an Iranian population. (Source: Clinical Oral Investigations)
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - September 16, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

One Piece Zirconia Prosthesis for Maxillary Arch: Experience?
I placed Hiossen ETIII's implants on a elderly gentlemen with no significant health history. I plan on restoring the maxilla with a screw-retained one-piece-Zirconia-bridge. (Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts)
Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: osseonews Tags: Dental Implant Cases Source Type: news

Accuracy of computer‐guided implantation in a human cadaver model
ConclusionsGuided implantation can be used safely with a margin of error of 1 mm. (Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research)
Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Gustavo Yatzkair, Alice Cheng, Stan Brodie, Eli Raviv, Barbara D. Boyan, Zvi Schwartz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bone healing at bicortically installed implants with different surface configurations. An experimental study in rabbits
ConclusionsSurfaces modified with different acids or H2O2 resulted in similar osseointegration compared to a standard sandblasted and acid‐etched surface. The portion of the bicortically installed implants in close contact with the cortical compartment presented a higher percentage of osseointegration compared with the region in contact with the bone marrow compartment. (Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research)
Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Marco Caneva, Niklaus P. Lang, José Luis Calvo Guirado, Silvia Maria Spriano, Giovanna Iezzi, Daniele Botticelli Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of local administration of pamidronate on extraction socket healing – a histomorphometric proof‐of‐principle pre‐clinical in vivo evaluation
ConclusionLocal administration of pamidronate adsorbed on a collagenated porcine bone substitute in particulate form appeared to delay extraction socket healing, but may also reduce post‐extraction dimensional changes in terms of horizontal bone width. Additionally, pamidronate appears to obstruct resorption of the porcine bone substitute. (Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research)
Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kai R. Fischer, Andreas Stavropoulos, José‐Luis Calvo‐Guirado, David Schneider, Stefan Fickl Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A randomized clinical trial evaluating the efficacy of the sandwich bone augmentation technique in increasing buccal bone thickness during implant placement. II. Tomographic, histologic, immunohistochemical, and RNA analyses
ConclusionThese findings indicated that the SBA technique was an effective method in preserving adequate structural volume while promoting new vital bone formation. Use of the collagen barrier membrane has successfully maintained the volumetric dimensions of the ridge but might have slowed down the complete maturation of the outermost layer of the grafted site. (Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research)
Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jia‐Hui Fu, Hector Rios, Khalid Al‐Hezaimi, Tae‐Ju Oh, Erika Benavides, Hom‐Lay Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

In vitro and in vivo removal of oral Candida from the denture base
ConclusionsUltrasonic cleaning is a reliable and simple method for removing Candida lodged in the denture base. (Source: Gerodontology)
Source: Gerodontology - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kiyotsugu Kawasaki, Yoshiaki Kamikawa, Kazumasa Sugihara Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A viscous lidocaine mouthwash is no better than placebo for improving oral intake in children with painful mouth ulcers
Commentary on: Hopper SM, McCarthy M, Tancharoen C, et al.. Topical lidocaine to improve oral intake in children with painful infectious mouth ulcers: a blinded, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Ann Emerg Med 2014;63:292–9. Context Ulcerative oral conditions, infectious (herpetic gingivostomatitis, herpangina, hand, foot and mouth disease) and non-infectious (pharyngitis, gingivostomatitis and aphthous), are often observed in children.1 While most conditions are benign, they can be highly painful, impair food intake, and, more specifically, result in dehydration in young children. Aetiological therapies of viral...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Descroix, V., Coudert, A. E. Tags: Pain (neurology), Dentistry and oral medicine, Ear, nose and throat/otolaryngology Therapeutics Source Type: research

The difference in sensitivity between HPV testing and cytology for detecting current and future CIN2+ increases over time
Commentary on: Elfström KM, Smelov V, Johansson AL, et al.. Long term duration of protective effect for HPV negative women: follow-up of primary HPV screening randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2014;348:g130. Context Human papillomavirus (HPV) testing is more sensitive but less specific than cytology for detecting CIN2+.1 Longitudinally, the cumulative rate of CIN2+ 6 years after a negative HPV test is similar to the rate 3 years after negative cytology.2 However, some researchers have suggested that this improved sensitivity is due to overdiagnosis of regressive lesions.3 Meta-analysis of randomised controlle...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Sasieni, P. Tags: Clinical trials (epidemiology), Screening (oncology), Dentistry and oral medicine, Vulvovaginal disorders, Screening (epidemiology), Screening (public health) Prevention Source Type: research

Lifestyle interventions in obese and overweight pregnant women do not reduce the risk of large-for-gestational age babies
Commentary on: Dodd JM, Turnbull D, McPhee AJ, et al.. Antenatal lifestyle advice for women who are overweight or obese: LIMIT randomised trial. BMJ 2014;348:g1285. Context Pregnant women who are overweight or obese and undergo excessive gestational weight gain are at risk of maternal and fetal complications.1 Diet-based and physical activity-based interventions may improve pregnancy outcomes. Any reduction in the risk of high infant birth weight may lower rates of new-born complications and childhood obesity.2 Methods The LIMIT trial evaluated whether antenatal lifestyle interventions in overweight (body mass index (BMI) ...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Thangaratinam, S. Tags: General practice / family medicine, Childhood nutrition, Diet, Obesity (nutrition), Pregnancy, Dentistry and oral medicine, Health education Prevention Source Type: research

Clinical cavitation and radiographic lesion depth in proximal surfaces in an Indian population.
Conclusions. Radiographic shallow carious lesions were often cavitated in this population. The threshold for cavitation in this study population is suggested to be set between enamel and outer dentine in contrast to western guidelines. PMID: 25220524 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sansare K, Raghav M, Sontakke S, Karjodkar F, Wenzel A Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research

Associations between craniomandibular disorders, sociodemographic factors and self-perceived general and oral health in an adult population.
Conclusions. Socioeconomic factors and impaired general state of health were related to signs and symptoms indicative of CMD. These factors may influence demand for treatment among the affected. PMID: 25220523 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Yekkalam N, Wänman A Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research

An in vitro evaluation of wear and surface roughness of particulate filler composite resin after tooth brushing.
Conclusions. Wear and surface roughness increased with each cycle interval for all the materials and one composite resin demonstrated a higher increase in surface roughness than the other three tested brands of composite resins. Not much difference was observed in the weight loss between tested samples. PMID: 25220522 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Al Khuraif AA Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research

Bolton tooth size ratio and its relation with arch widths, arch length and arch perimeter: A cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) study.
Conclusions. Tooth size ratios during orthodontic treatment for different arch length and arch perimeter groups need to be evaluated carefully. PMID: 25220521 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Alam MK, Shahid F, Purmal K, Ahmad B, Khamis MF Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research

Cytotoxicity of four denture adhesives on human gingival fibroblast cells.
Conclusions. The four denture adhesives evaluated in this study imparted cytotoxic effects on human gingival fibroblast cells. Staydent showed the highest toxicity. PMID: 25220520 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - September 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lee Y, Ahn JS, Yi YA, Chung SH, Yoo YJ, Ju SW, Hwang JY, Seo DG Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research

Erratum: Career Paths and Aspirations among Postgraduate Dental Trainees on Completion of Clinical Residency Program at Tokyo Dental College.
This study was conducted with the approval of the Ethics Committee of Tokyo Dental College (Approval No.385). PMID: 25212563 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College)
Source: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Takahashi T, Furusawa M, Katakura A, Sugito H, Hirata S, Ishii T, Kameyama A Tags: Bull Tokyo Dent Coll Source Type: research

Adrenaline facilitates calcium channel currents in osteoblasts.
Abstract Adrenaline (Adr) is known to directly or indirectly modulate bone cell activity under physiological and pathological conditions. Osteoblasts play a major role in bone formation, employing intracellular Ca(2+) as a second messenger to modulate hormonal responses and as a cofactor for mineralization. Voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channels (VDCCs) mediate the influx of Ca(2+) in response to membrane depolarization. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Adr on VDCC currents in osteoblasts using a patch-clamp recording method. Application of 1 mM Adr facilitated VDCC currents in a concentration...
Source: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Uchida Y, Endoh T, Kobayashi H, Tazaki M, Sueishi K Tags: Bull Tokyo Dent Coll Source Type: research

Survey on Choice of Intravenous Sedative Agent at Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital between 2010 and 2011.
Abstract Use of intravenous sedation is increasing in the management of dental patients in consideration of accompanying diseases and patient demand for comfort and safety. We surveyed choice of sedative agent and dosage on the basis of accompanying diseases or conditions in patients receiving treatment at the Department of Dental Anesthesiology, Tokyo Dental College Chiba Hospital between 2010 and 2011. A total of 5,256 patients were reviewed and divided into the following categories: 1) medically compromised patients (MC); 2) minor oral surgery (OS); 3) cerebral palsy (CP); 4) mental retardation (MR); 5) mental d...
Source: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Matsuki Y, Okamura T, Shiozaki K, Matsuura N, Kasahara M, Ichinohe T Tags: Bull Tokyo Dent Coll Source Type: research

Effect of Connector Design on Fracture Resistance in All-ceramic Fixed Partial Dentures for Mandibular Incisor Region.
Abstract Yttrium tetragonal zirconia polycrystal frameworks were prepared for all-ceramic fixed partial dentures (FPDs) for the mandibular incisor region. The effects of the cross-sectional area and morphology of the connector on its strength were evaluated by fracture tests. Nine types of zirconia framework for a 3-unit FPD for a defect of 1 mandibular central incisor were prepared, each differing in cross-sectional area and morphology. Fracture tests were performed by loading until fracture using a universal testing machine. Fracture load was determined and fracture site examined. Significant differences were obs...
Source: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Murase T, Nomoto S, Sato T, Shinya A, Koshihara T, Yasuda H Tags: Bull Tokyo Dent Coll Source Type: research

mRNA Expression and Localization of LPS-induced β-defensin Isoforms in Rat Salivary Glands.
Abstract β-defensins are small, cationic peptides with broad-spectrum antimicrobial activity that are produced by mucosal epithelia. However, little is known about the expression of β-defensins in the major salivary glands. The purpose of this study was to characterize expression of rat β-defensin-1 (RBD-1) and -2 (RBD-2) mRNA within the major salivary glands together with the effect of injection of intraductal lipopolysaccharide (LPS) on that expression. β-defensin mRNA expression was quantitated by RT-PCR in salivary gland tissues and salivary acinar and striated duct cells collected by laser captured microdi...
Source: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Shinomiya T, Kawaguchi M, Okubo M, Kosuge Y, Yoshikawa M Tags: Bull Tokyo Dent Coll Source Type: research

Optimization of Parameter Settings in Cine-MR Imaging for Diagnosis of Swallowing.
Abstract Videofluorography is frequently used to evaluate swallowing and is considered the "gold standard" among imaging modalities. This modality, however, has several disadvantages, including radiation exposure and limitations in the detection of soft tissues. Conversely, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) offers excellent contrast resolution in soft tissue without radiation exposure. A major drawback of MRI in evaluating swallowing, however, is that temporal resolution is poor. The aim of this study was to investigate a new cine-MRI modality. Imaging parameters were optimized and the efficacy of this new technique...
Source: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ohkubo M, Higaki T, Nishikawa K, Otonari-Yamamoto M, Sugiyama T, Ishida R, Wako M, Sano T Tags: Bull Tokyo Dent Coll Source Type: research

Cohort study on incidence of coronal and root caries in Japanese adults.
Abstract The purpose of this study was to investigate the incidence of coronal and root caries in participants aged 20-59 years in Japan. The participants comprised 118 men and 23 women undergoing a re-examination 5 years after an initial examination. Lesions were classified as gingival recession, decayed root caries, or filled surfaces. The rates of incidence of coronal caries over the 5 years were 87% in women aged 20-29 years, 77% in men aged 20-29 years, 62% in men aged 30-39 years, 64% in men aged 40-49 years, and 60% in men aged 50-59 years. The rates for those observed to be at risk for the incidence of root...
Source: The Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sugihara N, Maki Y, Kurokawa A, Matsukubo T Tags: Bull Tokyo Dent Coll Source Type: research

A Collapsible Partial Denture for a Patient with Limited Mouth Opening Induced by Scleroderma: A Clinical Report
Abstract A limited opening of the mouth is defined as microstomia. Microstomia is caused by burns, postoperative head and neck trauma, radiotherapy, or scleroderma. The prosthetic treatment of microstomia presents particular challenges, and patients often complain of an inability to insert or remove the prosthesis. The cause and severity of microstomia can influence the approach to treatment. Different treatment methods have been suggested, including the fabrication of two‐piece partial dentures. This clinical report describes the construction of a sectional impression tray and a collapsed partial denture using a hinge a...
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ayşe Gözde Türk, Mübin Ulusoy Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Intraoral Digital Impression Technique: A Review
Abstract With the techniques of computer‐aided design and computer‐aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) being applied in the field of prosthodontics, a concept of intraoral digital impressions was put forward in the early 1980s. It has drawn comprehensive attention from dentists and has been used for dental prosthesis fabrication in a number of cases. This new digital impression technique is expected to bring about absolute digitization to the mode of prosthodontics. A few published articles have indicated that dental prostheses fabricated from intraoral digital impressions have exhibited remarkable advantages over those from...
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Su Ting‐shu, Sun Jian Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Effect of Offset Implant Configuration on Bone Stress Distribution: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsA systematic review of the current literature showed only in vitro evidence that there is no consensus on the advantage of using an offset configuration implant compared to those in straight‐line configuration, even though some studies present a slight improvement of bone stress distribution when an offset implant is under oblique loading (PICO). (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Victor Eduardo Souza Batista, Joel Ferreira Santiago Junior, Daniel Augusto Faria Almeida, Leonardo Ferreira Toledo Piza Lopes, Fellippo Ramos Verri, Eduardo Piza Pellizzer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Detection of Radiolucencies around Endodontically Treated Teeth on Routine CT Scans
ConclusionIn the population studied, the CT scan had a greater ability to show radiolucencies that were not evident on periapical radiographs. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Gary R. Goldstein, Shanker Iyer, Phuong D. Doan, Sandra Scibetta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Implant‐Supported Prosthetic Rehabilitation of a Patient with Localized Severe Attrition: A Clinical Report
This report describes the multidisciplinary dental treatment of a 40‐year‐old male patient who had severe tooth wear, resulting in reduced vertical dimension. After clinical evaluations, extraoral examination showed a reduction of the lower facial height, drooping, and overclosed commissures. Ten dental implants were placed into the maxillary and mandibular alveolar processes. During the osseointegration period, an interim removable partial denture was made at increased OVD to use in the first stage of rehabilitation. It was used for 3 months as a guide for preparing the definitive restorations. The patient's adaptatio...
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Isil Cekic‐Nagas, Gulfem Ergun Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Surface Coating of Gypsum‐Based Molds for Maxillofacial Prosthetic Silicone Elastomeric Material: The Surface Topography
ConclusionsSilicone elastomers with lower surface roughness of maxillofacial prostheses can be obtained simply by coating a gypsum mold. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Salah Khalaf, Zaihan Ariffin, Adam Husein, Fazal Reza Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Kinematic Modeling of Normal Voluntary Mandibular Opening and Closing Velocity–Initial Study
ConclusionsVoluntary mandibular velocity presents significant variations between healthy individuals. Maximum velocity is obtained when incisal separation is between 12.8 and 13.5 mm. An improved understanding of the patterns of normal mandibular movements may provide an invaluable diagnostic aid to pathological changes within the masticatory system. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Krzysztof Gawriołek, Maria Gawriołek, Marek Komosa, Paweł R. Piotrowski, Shereen S. Azer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Clinical Outcome of Double Crown‐Retained Mandibular Removable Dentures Supported by a Combination of Residual Teeth and Strategic Implants
ConclusionsWithin the limitations of this case series, it can be concluded that TIRPDs retained via MDCs might represent a viable treatment option in mandibles with few remaining abutment teeth. Further long‐term clinical evaluations with a greater sample size are needed for a more detailed evaluation of this treatment concept. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sven Rinke, Dirk Ziebolz, Petra Ratka‐Krüger, Eberhard Frisch Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Esthetic Assessment of the Effect of Gingival Exposure in the Smile of Patients with Unilateral and Bilateral Maxillary Incisor Agenesis
ConclusionThe medium‐height smile was considered to be more attractive. In all cases, orthodontists gave the lowest scores, followed by general dentists. Laypersons and male evaluators gave the highest scores. Symmetrical treatments scored higher than asymmetrical treatments. The gingival exposure had a significant influence on the esthetic perception of smiles in post‐treatment cases. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Teresa Pinho, Carlos Bellot‐Arcís, José María Montiel‐Company, Manuel Neves Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Clinical Marginal and Internal Fit of Crowns Fabricated Using Different CAD/CAM Technologies
ConclusionThe SLM system demonstrated better marginal and internal fit compared to the two CAD/CAM grinding systems examined. Tooth type did not significantly influence the marginal or internal fit. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Zhuoli Huang, Lu Zhang, Jingwei Zhu, Yiwei Zhao, Xiuyin Zhang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Impact of Loss of Removable Dentures on Oral Health after the Great East Japan Earthquake: A Retrospective Cohort Study
ConclusionsDenture loss appeared to impair eating and speaking ability, thus discouraging communication with others. Public health intervention after major natural disasters should include dental care. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Yukihiro Sato, Jun Aida, Kenji Takeuchi, Kanade Ito, Shihoko Koyama, Masako Kakizaki, Mari Sato, Ken Osaka, Ichiro Tsuji Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Antifungal Activity of Apple Cider Vinegar on Candida Species Involved in Denture Stomatitis
ConclusionApple cider vinegar showed antifungal properties against Candida spp., thus representing a possible therapeutic alternative for patients with denture stomatitis. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ana Carolina Loureiro Gama Mota, Ricardo Dias Castro, Julyana Araújo Oliveira, Edeltrudes Oliveira Lima Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association of Gene Polymorphism and Dental Caries Susceptibility in Japanese Children
Dental caries is a lifestyle-related disease involving complex interplay between heredity and environment. Dental caries has been suggested to be associated with factors such as high numbers of cariogenic bacteria, inadequate salivary flow, insufficient fluoride exposure, poor oral hygiene, inappropriate methods of feeding infants and poverty.1 Most people have to deal with this disease throughout their lifetime. Although the DMFT (decayed, missing, filled teeth) index for dental caries estimation has been generally decreasing over the last few years in developed and developing countries, dental caries continues to affects...
Source: Archives of Oral Biology - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Masumi Ohta, Hiroyuki Nishimura, Yoshinobu Asada Source Type: research

Changes in the spatial distribution of sclerostin in the osteocytic lacuno-canalicular system in alveolar bone due to orthodontic forces, as detected on multimodal confocal fluorescence imaging analyses
Osteocytes are cells buried in the mineralized bone matrix with extending numbers of dendritic cellular process that enable them to make contact with other osteocytes and bone cells on the bone surface, such as osteoblasts and osteoclasts [1]. A growing body of evidence obtained within the last decade has revealed the conceptual framework of osteocytes as master orchestrators of bone physiology, in which these cells are responsible for integrating the mechanical and biochemical signals that regulate the differentiation and function of osteoblasts and osteoclasts, thus governing bone modeling and remodeling [2,3]. (Source: ...
Source: Archives of Oral Biology - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Yuriko Nishiyama, Tsutomu Matsumoto, Ji-Won Lee, Takashi Saitou, Takeshi Imamura, Keiji Moriyama, Akira Yamaguchi, Tadahiro Iimura Source Type: research

CD14 and TNFα single nucleotide polymorphisms are candidates for genetic biomarkers of peri-implantitis
Conclusion Within the limitations of the study, we can conclude that CD14-159 C/T and TNFα -308 A/G polymorphisms are associated with peri-implantitis and may present biomarkers for peri-implantitis. Clinical relevance Investigated genetic markers might serve as precious parameters in clinical practice in course of treatment planning and prognosis, since preventive and treatment approach could be positively shifted and adjusted depending on present genotype. (Source: Clinical Oral Investigations)
Source: Clinical Oral Investigations - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Microstructural Features of Current Resin Composite Materials
Abstract Dental resin composites have become the primary choice of most practitioners for the direct restoration of teeth owing to their esthetics and properties, both of which are highly dependent upon the microstructure of the materials. The type, size, amount, and distribution of the reinforcing fillers are all critical determinants of the optical and physical properties of the composite. The chemistry of the resin monomers and the quality of the highly cross-linked network formed during the polymerization reaction significantly influences these properties. Finally, the transfer of stress from the weaker resin ...
Source: Current Oral Health Reports - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Definition and Prevalence of Peri-Implantitis
Abstract This narrative review focuses on the current understanding of the definition and prevalence of peri-implantitis. A MEDLINE (PubMed) search over the past 3 years was performed using keywords related to the definition and prevalence of peri-implantitis. Additional literature retrieved from reference lists, review articles, and consensus reports were used. Definition of peri-implantitis is heterogeneous due to the various thresholds of bone loss and pocket depths used, creating a discrepancy in the prevalence figures. The prevalence of peri-implant mucositis varied between 19 and 65 %, whereas the prevalen...
Source: Current Oral Health Reports - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Posttreatment diagnosis of caries under fixed restorations: A pilot study
Conventional radiographic techniques are insufficient for detecting caries under fixed restorations or for acquiring clear images of the disease. Advanced radiographic techniques such as cone beam computerized tomography may be a solution. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mehmet Selim Bilgin, Osman Sami Aglarci, Ali Erdem Source Type: research

Three-dimensional evaluation of gaps associated with fixed dental prostheses fabricated with new technologies
One of the most important factors in determining the clinical outcomes of fixed dental prostheses is the gap between the fixed dental prosthesis and the abutment. However, reports that investigated these gaps in the context of fixed dental prostheses fabricated with new technologies are few. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ki-Baek Kim, Jae-Hong Kim, Woong-Chul Kim, Ji-Hwan Kim Source Type: research

Software-based evaluation of human attractiveness: a pilot study
The difficulty of evaluating esthetics in an unbiased way may be overcome by using automated software applications. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sebastian B.M. Patzelt, Leonie K. Schaible, Susanne Stampf, Ralf J. Kohal Source Type: research

Volumetric Pulp Changes after Orthodontic Treatment Determined by Cone-beam Computed Tomography
The purpose of this study was to observe and evaluate 3-dimensional pulp cavity changes during orthodontic treatment. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Shivanand Venkatesh, Shreya Ajmera, Sanjay V. Ganeshkar Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of Persistent Pain 3 to 5 Years Post Primary Root Canal Therapy and Its Impact on Oral Health–Related Quality of Life: PEARL Network Findings
The frequency of persistent pain 3–5 years after primary root canal therapy and its impact on the patient's perceived oral health–related quality of life was determined in a practice-based research network. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Donald A. Vena, Damon Collie, Hongyu Wu, Jennifer L. Gibbs, Hillary L. Broder, Frederick A. Curro, Van P. Thompson, Ronald G. Craig, PEARL Network Group Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research