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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 19.

Management of an Adult with Class III Malocclusion, Gummy Smile, and Spaced Dentition
This case report presents an interdisciplinary approach to achieve functioning occlusion and an aesthetically pleasing smile. This patient’s concerns were spacing between upper front teeth and a gummy smile. The case was evaluated, and treatment was planned using a multidisciplinary approach. The patient rejected the option of orthognathic surgery to correct a skeletal problem. Treatment included orthodontics, osteoplasty, gingivoplasty, and porcelain veneer restorations to achieve the desired aesthetic result. Comprehensive orthodontics resulted in a functionally stable occlusion. Space distribution between maxillary an...
Source: Dental Clinics of North America - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sameera Babar, John R. Calamia, Jerry M. Sorrel Source Type: research

Pressure production in oral vestibule during gum chewing
Summary The aim of this study was to record oral vestibule pressure (OVP) by the lip and cheek contraction during gum chewing, to examine the characteristics of these pressures and coordination between the OVP and jaw movement. The subjects were eight healthy adult men (mean age of 29·3 ± 3·3 years). An experimental plate that incorporated four pressure sensors on the midline of the upper jaw (Ch. 1), upper right canine (Ch. 2), upper right first molar (Ch. 3) and upper left first molar (Ch. 4) was used for measuring OVP. The right masseter electromyogram (EMG) was recorded simultaneously. Subjects chewed gum on the ...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: M. Nishiura, T. Ono, M. Yoshinaka, S. Fujiwara, M. Yoshinaka, Y. Maeda Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

An investigation of accessory canals in primary molars – an analytical study
ConclusionsAccessory canals may not be the primary cause of transmission of infection in the inter‐radicular area of primary molars. Other factors enhancing permeability of the pulpal floor may be of more significance and need evaluation on a larger scale. (Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Urvashi Sharma, Anubha Gulati, Namrata Gill Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A histomorphometric assessment of collagen‐stabilized anorganic bovine bone mineral in maxillary sinus augmentation – a randomized controlled trial in sheep
ConclusionBoth groups exhibited very similar histomorphometric measurements in the zones proximal to the resident sinus wall. The % NB and % OI were greatest in the zones proximal to resident bony walls and gradually decreased as the distance from the proximal walls increased. There was greater % NB and % OI in the control group when compared to the test group in the distant zone. (Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research)
Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jamil Alayan, Cedryck Vaquette, Siamak Saifzadeh, Dietmar Hutmacher, Saso Ivanovski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Academic Orthodontic Opportunities.
Authors: PMID: 26135235 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Angle Orthodontist)
Source: The Angle Orthodontist - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Angle Orthod Source Type: research

Re: Response to: The premature loss of primary first molars: space loss to molar occlusal relationships and facial patterns by Stanley A. Alexander, Marjan Askari, Patricia Lewis. Angle Orthod. 2015 Mar;85(2):218-223.
PMID: 26135234 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Angle Orthodontist)
Source: The Angle Orthodontist - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Alexander SA, Askari M Tags: Angle Orthod Source Type: research

Re: The premature loss of primary first molars: space loss to molar occlusal relationships and facial patterns by Stanley A. Alexander, Marjan Askari, Patricia Lewis. Angle Orthod. 2015 Mar;85(2): 218-223.
PMID: 26135233 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Angle Orthodontist)
Source: The Angle Orthodontist - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Northway W Tags: Angle Orthod Source Type: research

The influence of the tongue on dentofacial growth.
PMID: 26135232 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Angle Orthodontist)
Source: The Angle Orthodontist - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mew J Tags: Angle Orthod Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the open bite treatment in growing children and adolescents. A systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Additional efforts must still be directed to perform, whenever possible, RCTs; or to conduct prospective controlled trials with adequate sample sizes, consecutively assembled subjects, with the comparison of contemporary and equivalent groups. PMID: 26136439 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Feres MF, Abreu LG, Insabralde NM, Almeida MR, Flores-Mir C Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

Randomized controlled trial: the gold standard or an unobtainable fallacy?
CONCLUSION: The overriding message is constructive and it is hoped that the article serves as an aid in evaluating, designing, conducting, and reporting clinical research. PMID: 26136438 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Bondemark L, Ruf S Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

The effect of different concentrations of topical ozone administration on bone formation in orthopedically expanded suture in rats.
CONCLUSIONS/IMPLICATIONS: The application of O3 therapy can stimulate bone regeneration in an orthopedically expanded inter-premaxillary suture during both the expansion and retention periods. PMID: 26136437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Buyuk SK, Ramoglu SI, Sonmez MF Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

Cervical vertebral maturation method: growth timing versus growth amount.
PMID: 26136436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Perinetti G, Primozic J, Franchi L, Contardo L Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

The effect of orofacial myofunctional treatment in children with anterior open bite and tongue dysfunction: a pilot study.
CONCLUSION: OMT can positively influence tongue behaviour. However, further research is recommended to clarify the success of OMT as an adjunct to orthodontic treatment and to identify possible factors influencing the outcome. PMID: 26136435 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Van Dyck C, Dekeyser A, Vantricht E, Manders E, Goeleven A, Fieuws S, Willems G Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

No association between gingival labial recession and facial type.
CONCLUSIONS: Facial type is not a predictor of the occurrence of gingival recession. PMID: 26136434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mazurova K, Renkema AM, Navratilova Z, Katsaros C, Fudalej PS Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

Demographic factors and dental health of Swedish children and adolescents.
CONCLUSIONS: In the permanent dentition, the overall pattern revealed that girls ≤ 12 years had a higher risk of caries, while adolescent girls had a lower risk of caries, both compared with boys of corresponding ages. Living in an urban or metropolitan area entailed a higher risk of caries than living in a rural area. A greater occurrence of dental caries in adolescents than in children was confirmed. The findings should have implications for planning and evaluation of oral health promotion and disease prevention activities. PMID: 26133545 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kramer AA, Hakeberg M, Petzold M, Östberg AL Tags: Acta Odontol Scand Source Type: research

Amoxicillin diminishes the thickness of the enamel matrix that is deposited during the secretory stage in rats
ConclusionThe present results suggest that amoxicillin interferes with the initial stages of amelogenesis by causing structural changes in the ameloblasts and a reduction of the enamel matrix. (Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Juliana Feltrin Souza, Marina Gramasco, Fabiano Jeremias, Lourdes Santos‐Pinto, Allan Fernando Giovanini, Paulo Sérgio Cerri, Rita de Cássia Loiola Cordeiro Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The impact of dental caries on children and young people: what they have to say?
ConclusionChildren as young as 5 years of age were able to competently discuss their experiences of dental caries. Participants reported a number of impacts affecting various aspects of their lives. These will be incorporated into the future development of a caries‐specific measure of oral health‐related quality of life. (Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fiona Gilchrist, Zoe Marshman, Chris Deery, Helen D. Rodd Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Success, clinical performance and patient satisfaction of direct fibre‐reinforced composite fixed partial dentures – a two‐year clinical study
Summary To evaluate the success, clinical performance and patient satisfaction of directly placed fibre‐reinforced composite (FRC) fixed partial dentures (FPDs) in 2 years. One hundred sixty‐seven FRC FPDs (120 subjects) were directly fabricated to restore a single missing tooth by six Advanced Education in General Dentistry (AEGD) residents. The FRC FPDs recipients were rando‐mised into two groups according to the fibre materials (pre‐impregnated glass or polyethylene). Clinical performance was evaluated at baseline (2 weeks), 6, 12 and 24 months by two calibrated evaluators for prosthesis adaptation, colour ma...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: H. Malmstrom, A. Dellanzo‐Savu, J. Xiao, C. Feng, A. Jabeen, M. Romero, J. Huang, Y. Ren, M. A. Yunker Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Development of tools for the oral health and panoramic radiograph evaluation of head and neck cancer patients: A methodological study
ConclusionsTools were user friendly and provided comprehensive, reproducible, and inexpensive means to evaluate post‐therapy oral health of HNCP. Validation testing is ongoing. (Source: Special Care in Dentistry)
Source: Special Care in Dentistry - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Leanne K. Jackson, Joel B. Epstein, Cesar A. Migliorati, Julie Rezk, Werner H. Shintaku, Marcel E. Noujeim, Alan Roger Santos‐Silva, Mary S. Dietrich, Barbara A. Murphy Tags: ARTICLE Source Type: research

Pain and problems: a prospective cross‐sectional study of the impact of dental emergencies
In conclusion, a large number of patients attend the emergency dental services despite being ‘registered’ with a general dental practitioner. A proportion of these individuals will re‐attend for the same condition. Patients will often be in pain for over 2 weeks before attending, which may have a significant impact on their quality of life. Further research is warranted to investigate these care‐seeking behaviours and patterns. (Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: C. C. Currie, S. J. Stone, J. Durham Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Dental caries, but not malocclusion or developmental defects, negatively impacts preschoolers’ quality of life
ConclusionsDental caries was associated with a negative impact on the quality of life of children. Malocclusion and DDE did not cause a negative impact on the children's quality of life. Older children had higher frequency of negative impact on OHRQoL. (Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Patrícia Corrêa‐Faria, Suzane Paixão‐Gonçalves, Saul Martins Paiva, Paulo Antonio Martins‐Júnior, Raquel Gonçalves Vieira‐Andrade, Leandro Silva Marques, Maria Leticia Ramos‐Jorge Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The clinical anatomy of accessory mental nerves and foramina
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical Anatomy)
Source: Clinical Anatomy - July 1, 2015 Category: Anatomy Authors: J. Iwanaga, T. Saga, Y. Tabira, M. Nakamura, S. Kitashima, K. Watanabe, J. Kusukawa, K. Yamaki Tags: Review Source Type: research

Children's perception of caries and gingivitis as determinants of oral health behaviours: a cross‐sectional study
ConclusionBeing aware that bleeding gum requires treatment was a determinant of toothbrushing habit. Improved perceived need for dental check‐up regardless of dental problem may promote children's preventive dental attendance. (Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry)
Source: International Journal of Paediatric Dentistry - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mohamed Eisalhy, Aishah Alsumait, Sahar Behzadi, Sabiha Al‐Mutawa, Maryam Amin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A Partial Palatal Coverage Overdenture Retained by Zygomatic Implants
Abstract Prosthodontic rehabilitation of an atrophic edentulous maxilla can be challenging and is further complicated when multiple risk factors are present. Fixed prostheses require multiple implants for support/retention organized in biomechanically favorable positions in order to afford a good prognosis. Such suitable implant arrangements in an atrophic edentulous ridge can often be difficult to achieve. Removable prostheses require fewer implants for a favorable prognosis and can furthermore take advantage of the additional anatomical structures for support/retention. This clinical treatment will describe the fabricati...
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Daniel M. Schweitzer, Mitchell J. Bloom, Gregorio O. Mancia Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Rehabilitation of a Bilateral Maxillectomy Patient with a Free Fibula Osteocutaneous Flap and with an Implant‐Retained Obturator: A Clinical Report
Abstract A 47‐year‐old man underwent surgical resection and reconstruction with a fibula osteocutaneous flap. After the surgery, a surgical obturator was placed and adjusted. After flap healing, a conventional obturator was fabricated with polymethyl methacrylate resin and retained by the anatomical undercuts around the reconstructed fibula bone flap and the posterior part of the defect. As the defect shape changed with time, a second conventional obturator was fabricated and fitted. No further recurrence of myoepithelioma was observed for 2 years, and the patient was satisfied with the obturator during mastication and...
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Takafumi Otomaru, Yuka I. Sumita, Yiliyaer Aimaijiang, Motohiro Munakata, Noriko Tachikawa, Shohei Kasugai, Hisashi Taniguchi Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Repair or replace?
Failed restorations are usually replaced when they have been in service for several years, but repair is another option. Replacement can disrupt a significant amount of healthy tooth structure and negatively affect tooth longevity. It is also time-consuming, causes a larger defect, and may injure the dentin-pulp complex. Repair, on the other hand, is congruent with a minimally invasive dentistry philosophy, preserves health tooth tissues, and helps to keep natural teeth functional for life. The longevity of repairs compared to replacements was investigated for localized clinical defects in composite resin restorations. (So...
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Restoring endodontically treated teeth
In root canal treatment the necrotic and infected tissue is removed, then the system is sealed to prevent further contamination with microbial organisms. The process often weakens the remaining structure during access cavity preparation and the removal of vital tissues. Although fracture susceptibility is not noticeably affected in anterior teeth, posterior teeth show less stiffness along with a loss of marginal ridges and the occlusal isthmus. In addition, most teeth that need endodontic treatment have already experienced caries, cracks, trauma, and previous restorations that can weaken tooth structure. (Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Probiotics
New approaches to achieving plaque control are being considered, some focusing on inflammatory modulatory effects and effective beneficial bacteria. Over 700 different bacterial species can colonize the various surfaces of the oral cavity, with every human being colonized by 100 to 200 of them. These oral microorganisms form a biofilm, dental plaque, which is stabilized by homoeostatic mechanisms in healthy oral cavities. However, this balance cam be disrupted, which can predispose the host to disease. (Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Educating patients about osteoporosis
Osteoporosis is associated with substantial economic impact on the health care system and is a major public health problem worldwide. Early diagnosis, prevention, and management are a priority. Risk factors can be divided into those that are controllable and those that are not. Uncontrollable risk factors include a family history of osteoporosis, female gender, age over 50 years, menopausal stage, and low body weight and build. Controllable risk factors can be divided into environmental and nutritional types and include insufficient calcium and vitamin D intake, excessive coffee intake, smoking, alcohol intake, estrogen de...
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Blood pressure measurements
Blood pressure (BP) measurements are taken in many dental offices for various reasons. First, it’s important to be aware of patients’ medical history so dentists can recognize and manage complications. For example, with hypertension being so prevalent, it’s wise to measure BP during the first patient examination and before surgical procedures, since these involve bleeding and possibly anxiety, which can affect BP. Second, knowing patients’ BP allows the dentist to plan to administer less epinephrine to patients with cardiovascular disease, including hypertension. (Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Panoramic radiographs to find osteoporosis
In osteoporosis, bone mineral density (BMD) is diminished and bone architecture deteriorates, leading to a higher risk for fractures even when minimal force is involved. During menopause, BMD is accelerated because of the patient’s lower estrogen levels. Fractures related to osteoporosis cause significant morbidity and mortality, especially of the wrist, vertebrae, and hip. Detecting osteoporosis early is an important public health goal, allowing the use of interventions to keep such complications from developing. (Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Addressing radiotherapy effects
The oral complications associated with head and neck cancer can result from the malignancies themselves and/or from treatment, particularly radiotherapy. General dentists may be consulted for routine dental care or advice and management of these complications, which can occur during or after treatment. (Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Side effects of radiotherapy
Head and neck cancer incidence is rising. In addition, there is a need for intensive multidisciplinary therapy and prolonged rehabilitation plus long-term support to enable the patient to have a good recovery. About 90% of these head and neck cancers are squamous cell carcinomas (SCCs). The effects of the cancer and its treatment can significantly affect eating, drinking, speech, swallowing, smell, breathing, social interaction, and ability to work. Most patients require surgery and/or radiotherapy. (Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Self-examination training
Many cases of oral cancer are not diagnosed until they have reached an advanced stage. This may be the result of a lack of awareness among the general population. The stage at which cancer is diagnosed has clear prognostic significance, with stage at diagnosis representing the most relevant factor in patient survival. This need for early diagnosis has led to a search for screening programs that can detect disease while the patient is asymptomatic. Public education programs, especially those targeted to persons at high risk and at health professionals who require a healthy index of suspicion, require that the individual bec...
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Predicting postoperative pain
Orthograde root canal therapy (RCT) can be accompanied by severe postoperative pain even though efforts have been made to improve care. Identifying the risk factors for developing pain postoperatively after RCT may permit dentists to provide management steps that would minimize the pain and reduce the patient’s suffering. (Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: Hands On Source Type: research

Medicaid expansion and dentistry
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) expands Medicaid, which has the potential to significantly alter the dental benefits landscape. Before ADA, public health insurance coverage for children was growing, but because dental benefits for children are now mandatory under Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), 37% of US children have dental benefits through these agencies. Medicaid is no longer a program for low-income-only patients with income eligibility in most states now many times the federal poverty level. (Source: Dental Abstracts)
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: The Front Office Source Type: research