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Dentistry

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 9.

Randomized controlled trials in dentistry: Common pitfalls and how to avoid them
Conclusions Well-designed RCTs have both upstream and downstream uses acting as a template for development and populating systematic reviews to permit more precise estimates of treatment efficacy and effectiveness. However, there is increasing awareness of waste in clinical research, whereby resource-intensive studies fail to provide a commensurate level of scientific evidence. Waste may stem either from inappropriate design or from inadequate reporting of RCTs; the importance of robust conduct of RCTs within dentistry is clear. Clinical significance Optimal reporting of randomized controlled trials within dentistry is ne...
Source: Journal of Dentistry - August 24, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

A New “Silver-Bullet” to treat caries in children – Nano Silver Fluoride: A randomised clinical trial
Conclusions NSF was demonstrated to be effective in arresting caries in children in poor communities. (Source: Journal of Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Dentistry - August 24, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

The influence of fixed orthodontic appliances on masticatory and swallowing threshold performances
Summary To test the hypothesis that treatment with orthodontic appliances disturbs masticatory and swallowing performances. Twenty‐seven subjects with malocclusions requiring orthodontic treatment were included in this prospective study. The masticatory and swallowing performances were evaluated at five different times: before bracket placement (T0), immediately after archwire placement (T1), 48 h after archwire placement (T2), 30 days after archwire placement (T3) and 3 months after the initial appointment (T4). Masticatory performance was determined by the median particle sizes for the Optocal test food after 15 che...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - August 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: I. B. Magalhães, L. J. Pereira, A. S. Andrade, D. B. Gouvea, G. H. Gameiro Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Esthetic, occlusal, and periodontal rehabilitation of anterior teeth with minimum thickness porcelain laminate veneers
Ceramic veneers of minimum thickness provide satisfactory esthetic outcomes while preserving the dental structure. Dental ceramics can both improve the esthetic appearance and reestablish the strength and function of teeth. In worn anterior teeth, functional surfaces, for example, anterior and lateral guidance, can be restored effectively. The characteristics of dental ceramics, such as color stability and mechanical and optical properties, make this material a good choice for indirect restorations, especially when optimum function and esthetics are required. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - August 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Leonardo Fernandes da Cunha, Lorena Oliveira Pedroche, Carla Castiglia Gonzaga, Adilson Yoshio Furuse Source Type: research

Kinesiographic study of masticatory movements in denture wearers with normal and resorbed denture-bearing areas
An unfavorable denture-bearing area could compromise denture retention and stability, limit mastication, and possibly alter masticatory motion. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - August 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Thaís Marques Simek Vega Gonçalves, Larissa Soares Reis Vilanova, Letícia Machado Gonçalves, Renata Cunha Matheus Rodrigues Garcia Source Type: research

Evaluation of varying concentrations of nano-oxides as ultraviolet protective agents when incorporated in maxillofacial silicones: An in vitro study
A silicone prosthesis used to rehabilitate defects caused by cancer does not usually protect the underlying skin from ultraviolet light. Additives to the maxillofacial material may add ultraviolet protection. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - August 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Blessy Susan Bangera, Satyabodh S. Guttal Source Type: research

Visual labels to facilitate hygiene around implant-supported complete fixed dental prostheses
This article reports a protocol for facilitating the oral hygiene and maintenance of supporting tissues in patients who wear implant-supported complete fixed dental prostheses. Small notches are placed on the acrylic resin below the prosthesis flange where the hygiene instrument should be inserted. These notches are filled with colored composite resin (blue) so that patients can see the sites of interest, which contributes to adequate plaque control and long-term periimplant health. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - August 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Rafael Murgueitio, Jaime Dussan, Hector Rios, Gustavo Avila-Ortiz Tags: Dental technique Source Type: research

A technique for relining bar-retained overdentures
This article describes a technique for relining a mandibular bar–retained overdenture that allows recording the soft tissue beneath the bar and makes it possible to replace or modify the retentive bar attachment simultaneously with the reline procedure. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - August 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ramin Mosharraf, Majid Abolhasani, Pirooz Givehchian Source Type: research

A technique to ensure the reproducibility of a cast post and core
The post-and-core pattern duplication technique is a simple, cost-effective, and accurate method of ensuring the reproducibility of a cast post and core. An acrylic resin pattern is fabricated for an endodontically treated tooth. The post portion of the pattern is duplicated with a polyvinyl siloxane impression material in the lower compartment of a container. The core portion is then duplicated with a polyether impression material in the upper compartment. After the original pattern has been retrieved, the duplicate resin pattern is fabricated in the provided space. (Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry)
Source: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry - August 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Haitem MM. Naas, Mohammad Hossein Dashti, Roxana Hashemian, Nedda Y. Hifeda Source Type: research

Dentist surrenders license over HIV, hepatitis scare
Oklahoma oral surgeon whose clinics were closed last year gives up his license permanently; thousands of patients had to be tested (Source: Health News: CBSNews.com)
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - August 22, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Jaw movements in patients with a history of pain: an exploratory study
Summary The aims were to determine whether individuals with a past history of pain exhibit (i) altered jaw movement (e.g. reduced amplitude, increased jaw movement variability) in comparison with matched asymptomatic controls, and (ii) correlations between psychological measures (e.g. catastrophising) and altered jaw movement variables. Sixteen participants with a history of trigeminal neuropathic pain (TNP) and 15 age‐ and gender‐matched healthy controls had jaw movements recorded during open/close, free gum chewing and chewing at standardised rates. All completed the Pain Catastrophising Scale (PCS), the Pain Self‐...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: M. Bhaskaracharya, S. M. Memon, T. Whittle, G. M. Murray Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Nearly 30 million seen by NHS dentist
However the percentage of children being treated is on the declineRelated items from OnMedicaThe slippery slope to dentistryQuarter of 5-year-olds have tooth decayCQC sets out plans for new style dental inspectionsGPs seeing more patients with dental problemsHospital admissions for tooth decay highest among poor in England (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - August 22, 2014 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

NHS dental statistics for England 2013/14
Subjects covered include: dental activity, clinical treatment and dental workforce. Information on the number of patients seen by an NHS dentist for the 24-month period to 30 June 2014 is also included. This information is used by the Department of Health to inform government policy on NHS dentistry and by local NHS managers in the planning and delivery of local dental services. (Source: NHS Networks)
Source: NHS Networks - August 22, 2014 Category: UK Health Authors: Maria Axford Source Type: news

Test-retest reliability of electromyographic variables of masseter and temporal muscles in patients with cerebral palsy
The masticatory muscles participate in complex physiological actions, such as chewing, swallowing, speech and other movements that depend on a precise balance between force, velocity and amplitude. Each muscle has a specific form and function for effective interaction with other muscles of the stomatognathic system 1. However, these functions are compromised in individuals with cerebral palsy (CP). (Source: Archives of Oral Biology)
Source: Archives of Oral Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lilian Chrystiane Giannasi, Miriam Yumi Matsui, Fabiano Polliti, Sandra Regina Batista, Bruna F. Caldas, José Benedito O. Amorim, Luis Vicente Franco de Oliveira, Claudia Santos Oliveira, Monica Fernandes Gomes Source Type: research

Mechanical loading leads to osteoarthritis-like changes in the hypofunctional temporomandibular joint in rats
This study investigated whether TMJ hypofunction in rats causes osteoarthritis (OA)-like changes when exposed to mechanical loading. (Source: Archives of Oral Biology)
Source: Archives of Oral Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Yuhei Ikeda, Ikuo Yonemitsu, Maki Takei, Shunichi Shibata, Takashi Ono Source Type: research

Optimization of jaw muscle activity and fine motor control during repeated biting tasks
Mastication is a complex process which can be divided into the preparation phase, the reduction phase, the pre-swallowing phase and the swallowing phase.1,2 Holding the food morsel between the teeth and applying the optimum force required to split the food morsel may be considered as the first step in mastication. This process is assisted by the tongue, jaw and facial muscles which act in coordination with each other to position the food morsel appropriately. 3 The jaw muscles control and move the mandible and in that way regulate the forces acting on the teeth for biting and chewing of food, during mastication. (Source: A...
Source: Archives of Oral Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Abhishek Kumar, Krister Svensson, Lene Baad-Hansen, Mats Trulsson, Flemming Isidor, Peter Svensson Source Type: research

Assessment of intraoral mucosal pain induced by the application of capsaicin
Assessing pain levels arising from an orofacial region in animal studies is essential for elucidating the mechanisms for the pathophysiology of orofacial pain syndromes including trigeminal neuralgia, burning mouth syndrome, and temporomandibular disorders. A widely used behavioral model of facial pain employs the formalin test 1–4. A subcutaneous injection of a formalin solution into the face of a rat has been shown to induce the early and late phases of intense grooming activity towards the injected area. (Source: Archives of Oral Biology)
Source: Archives of Oral Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ryuji Terayama, Kotaro Maruhama, Hiroki Tsuchiya, Masahide Mizutani, Seiji Iida, Tomosada Sugimoto Source Type: research

The prevalence and distribution of dental caries in four early medieval non-adult populations of different socioeconomic status from Central Europe
Dental diseases represent a valuable source of information regarding the lifestyle,1 social status,2–4 diet and nutrition of past populations5–7. The structure and composition of dental components ensure the teeth's higher resistance to the effects of taphonomic factors and post-mortem damage. In contrast to bones, teeth are more often preserved undamaged, in their original state.8,9 (Source: Archives of Oral Biology)
Source: Archives of Oral Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Stránská Petra, Velemínský Petr, Poláček Lumír Source Type: research

Reporting of occupational exposures to blood and body fluids in the primary dental care setting in Scotland: an evaluation of current practice and attitudes.
Conclusion This study suggests that while dentists generally have positive beliefs about reporting occupational exposures, there are gaps in practice. PMID: 25146830 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - August 22, 2014 Category: Rural Health Authors: Leavy P, Templeton A, Young L, McDonnell C Tags: Br Dent J Source Type: research

Comparison of the mandibular hinge axis in adult patients with facial asymmetry with and without posterior unilateral crossbite.
Conclusions/Implications: The present findings suggest that facially asymmetric adult subjects with malocclusions associated with PUXB exhibit not only mandibular asymmetry but also remodelling of the condylar head and glenoid fossa that accompanies the three-dimensional shifting of the MHA. PMID: 25150274 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Takada JI, Miyamoto JJ, Yokota T, Ono T, Moriyama K Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

Masticatory function in patients with dentofacial deformities before and after orthognathic treatment-a prospective, longitudinal, and controlled study.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with dentofacial deformities, corrected by orthognathic treatment, have a significant positive treatment outcome in respect of masticatory ability and masticatory performance. Furthermore, the occlusion and symptoms of TMD have an impact on both masticatory ability and masticatory performance. PMID: 25150273 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Orthodontics)
Source: European Journal of Orthodontics - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Abrahamsson C, Henrikson T, Bondemark L, Ekberg E Tags: Eur J Orthod Source Type: research

Medical Tourism – An Established Problem
(Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Oral health of Australian Indigenous children compared to non‐Indigenous children enrolled in school dental services
(Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Tags: Data Watch Source Type: research

Protocol in managing oral surgical patients taking dabigatran
(Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Tags: Continuing Professional Development Quiz Source Type: research

Continuing professional development calendar
(Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Tags: Continuing Professional Development Calendar Source Type: research

Letters to the Editor
(Source: Australian Dental Journal)
Source: Australian Dental Journal - August 22, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Andrew Cheng, Paul Sambrook, Alastair Goss, Reena Bhatt, Sally Hibbert, Craig Munns Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Associate Registry
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Tags: Society News Source Type: research

Call for Abstracts
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Tags: Society News Source Type: research

CE Registry
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Tags: Society News Source Type: research

Peri‐implant bone organization surrounding zirconia‐microgrooved surfaces circularly polarized light and confocal laser scanning microscopy study
ConclusionThe organized pattern of the microgrooved surfaces is able to induce transverse collagen fiber microenvironment reaction to the load, being positive to promote and to maintain the bone remodeling; in addition blood vessels and bone cells are able to penetrate microgrooved surfaces. (Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research)
Source: Clinical Oral Implants Research - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Delgado‐Ruiz Rafael Arcesio, Abboud Marcus, Romanos Georgios, Aguilar‐Salvatierra Antonio, Gomez‐Moreno Gerardo, Calvo‐Guirado Jose Luis Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Oral health‐related quality of life of removable partial denture wearers and related factors
This study aims to investigate the oral health‐related quality of life (OHRQoL) in a group of removable partial denture (RPD) wearers in Shiraz (Iran), using the Persian version of the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP‐14). Two hundred removable partial denture wearers had completed a questionnaire regarding patients' demographic characteristics and denture‐related factors. In addition, the OHIP‐14 questionnaire was filled out by interviewing the patients. Two measures of interpreting the OHIP‐14 scales were utilised: OHIP‐14 sum and OHIP‐14 prevalence. The relationship of the patients' demographic characteris...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: S. Shaghaghian, M. Taghva, J. Abduo, R. Bagheri Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Fractured implant: what caused this?
I took a periapical radiograph which showed that the implant fixture had fractured. (Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts)
Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: osseonews Tags: Dental Implant Cases Source Type: news

Pain after dental implant placement in mandibular posterior region: recommendations?
I installed 2 implants in the mandibular posterior region without any apparent complications. The patient immediately began to complain about pain. (Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts)
Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: osseonews Tags: Dental Implants Q&A Source Type: news

Implant for missing lateral tooth with mesiodistal space: recommendations?
I treatment planned this patient for an implant supported crown on a 3.5x13 TBR implant fixture to replace a missing lateral incisor. (Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts)
Source: Dental Implants Discussed by Experts - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: osseonews Tags: Dental Implant Cases Source Type: news

Number of people seen by an NHS dentist nearing 30 million
Bigger percentage of adult population seen but slight fall for children (Source: The IC : Health Survey)
Source: The IC : Health Survey - August 21, 2014 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Radiographic diagnosis of dental restoration misfit: a systematic review
The objective of this study was to perform a systematic review on the use of radiographic methods for the diagnosis of misfit in dental prostheses and restorations. The MEDLINE bibliographic database was searched from 1950 to February 2014 for reports on the radiographic diagnosis of misfits. The search strategy was limited to English‐language publications using the following combined MeSH terms in the search strategy: (Dental Restoration OR Dental Prosthesis OR Crown OR Inlays OR Dental Abutments) and (Dental Leakage OR Prosthesis Fitting OR Dental Marginal Adaptation OR Surface Properties) and (Radiography, Dental OR R...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: G. S. Liedke, R. Spin‐Neto, H. E. D. Silveira, A. Wenzel Tags: Review Source Type: research

Micromorphology of the Dental Pulp Is Highly Preserved in Cancer Patients Who Underwent Head and Neck Radiotherapy
Teeth are often included in the radiation field during head and neck radiotherapy, and recent clinical evidence suggests that dental pulp is negatively affected by the direct effects of radiation, leading to impaired sensitivity of the dental pulp. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the direct effects of radiation on the microvasculature, innervation, and extracellular matrix of the dental pulp of patients who have undergone head and neck radiotherapy. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Karina Morais Faria, Thais Bianca Brandão, Ana Carolina Prado Ribeiro, Adriele Ferreira Gouvêa Vasconcellos, Icaro Thiago de Carvalho, Fernando Freire de Arruda, Gilberto Castro Junior, Vanessa Cristina Gross, Oslei Paes Almeida, Marcio Ajudarte Lopes, Source Type: research

Quality of life measured by OHIP-14 and GOHAI in elderly people from Bialystok, north-east Poland
Conclusions: There was a strong correlation between the GOHAI and the OHIP-14. Both instruments demonstrated good discriminant properties and helped capture the respondents' oral health problems. The questionnaires should be randomly distributed to avoid the influence of "fatigue effect" on the results of a comparison of different measures. (Source: BMC Oral Health - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Oral Health - Latest articles - August 20, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ewa RodakowskaKarolina MierzynskaJoanna BaginskaJacek Jamiolkowski Source Type: research

A Multispecies Probiotic Reduces Oral Candida Colonization in Denture Wearers
ConclusionThe probiotic product was effective in reducing the colonization of the oral cavity with Candida in candidiasis‐asymptomatic elderly denture wearers, suggesting that this multispecies probiotic could be used to prevent oral candidiasis. Clinical implications: Colonization of oral surfaces by Candida is considered a risk factor for invasive fungal infections. The use of a product with L. rhamnosus, L. acidophilus, and B. bifidum may represent an alternative treatment for reduction of Candida infections in elderly denture wearers. (Source: Journal of Prosthodontics)
Source: Journal of Prosthodontics - August 20, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Karin H. Ishikawa, Marcia P. A. Mayer, Tatiana Y. Miyazima, Victor H. Matsubara, Eriques G. Silva, Claudete R. Paula, Tomie T. Campos, Atlas E. M. Nakamae Tags: Original Article Source Type: research