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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 9.
Central condylar displacement with brain abscess from chronic mandibular osteomyelitis
Abstract In this case report, we describe a unique long‐term complication from undiagnosed mandibular osteomyelitis. A 53‐year‐old female who underwent a dental extraction complicated by chronic postoperative odontogenic infection and cutaneous parotid fistula formation 2 years earlier presented with acute mental status change, gradual unilateral facial nerve palsy (House‐Brackmann score V), and nontraumatic dislocation of the condylar head into the middle cranial fossa. The patient's chronic mandibular osteomyelitis led to glenoid fossa erosion, middle cranial fossa penetration, and temporal lobe abscess formation...
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Thomas Lee, Ross Green, Jack Hsu Tags: Cranial Base Source Type: research
Two‐step highly selective neurectomy for refractory periocular synkinesis
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Marc H. Hohman, Linda N. Lee, Tessa A. Hadlock Tags: Facial Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research
Trismus release in a pediatric patient using a parascapular free flap reconstruction following desmoid tumor resection
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Meghan B. Crawley, Sumeet M. Anand, Jason B. Clain, Sophie Scherl, Daniel Buchbinder, Mark L. Urken Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research
Animal Models for Bisphosphonate Related Osteonecrosis of the Jaws‐ An Appraisal
Abstract The prolonged use of bisphosphonates has been shown to cause a condition termed ‘bisphosphonate related osteonecrosis of jaws’ (BRONJ). BRONJ is a disease entity which has only been described relatively recently, and its multi‐factorial aetiology is yet to be fully elucidated. Therefore, the treatment of BRONJ lesions remains a challenge, and animal models are necessary to assist researchers in better understanding the disease. This has led to the recent publication of a number of studies utilising a variety of animal models of BRONJ. This review outlines the factors to be considered whilst selecting an anim...
Source: Oral Diseases - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Dileep Sharma, Stephen Hamlet, Eugene Petcu, Saso Ivanovski Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Evaluation of the expression of p53, MDM2 and SUMO‐1 in oral lichen planus
ConclusionsThe results demonstrated overexpression of important proteins (p53 and MDM2) related to regulatory mechanisms of apoptosis in oral lichen planus, suggesting that there is a favorable environment for malignant transformation. The expression of SUMO‐1 in oral lichen planus was similar to normal mucosa and inflammatory fibrous hyperplasia, suggesting that alterations of this protein occur at later stages of carcinogenesis, since important overexpression occurred in oral epithelial dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma.© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Source: Oral Diseases - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mônica Ghislaine Oliveira Alves, Ivan Balducci, Yasmin Rodarte Carvalho, Luiz Antonio Guimarães Cabral, Fábio Daumas Nunes, Janete Dias Almeida Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Can lower aldehyde dehydrogenase activity in saliva be a risk factor of oral cavity cancer?
ConclusionLow salivary ALDH activity may be a risk factor of oral cancer development.© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Source: Oral Diseases - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Joanna Giebułtowicz, Piotr Wroczyński, Danuta Samolczyk‐Wanyura Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Complex oral sensitivity disorder (COSD): a reappraisal of current classification of burning mouth syndrome
An ever‐increasing number of publications on burning mouth syndrome (BMS) is appearing every year in the international literature. Over the last 10 years, more than 300 papers have been published dealing with a wide variety of BMS aspects, mostly related to hypotheses on etiopathogenesis, prognosis, and many empirical therapeutic approaches. The International Headache Society (IHS) in the International Classification of Headache Disorders II (ICHD II) inserted BMS in the category of cranial neuralgias and central causes of facial pain within the subcategory of central causes of facial pain (ICHD‐II: 13.18.5; ICD‐10: ...
Source: Oral Diseases - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Giulio Fortuna, Marianna Di Lorenzo, Annamaria Pollio Tags: Letter Source Type: research
Exploiting PI3K/mTOR Signaling to Accelerate Epithelial Wound Healing
Abstract The molecular circuitries controlling the process of skin wound healing have gained new significant insights in recent years. This knowledge is built on landmark studies on skin embryogenesis, maturation, and differentiation. Furthermore, the identification, characterization, and elucidation of the biological roles of adult skin epithelial stem cells and their influence in tissue homeostasis have provided the foundation for the overall understanding of the process of skin wound healing and tissue repair. Among numerous signaling pathways associated with epithelial functions, the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling route has g...
Source: Oral Diseases - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Rogerio M. Castilho, Cristiane H. Squarize, J. Silvio Gutkind Tags: Invited Medical Review Source Type: research
Association between age and high‐risk human papilloma virus in Mexican oral cancer patients
ConclusionsThe HR‐HPV can be a contributing factor to oral carcinogenesis, especially in younger individuals without known risk factors such as tobacco and alcohol.© 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S
Source: Oral Diseases - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: I. González‐Ramírez, M.E. Irigoyen‐Camacho, V. Ramírez‐Amador, M. Lizano‐Soberón, A. Carrillo‐García, A. García‐Carrancá, Y. Sánchez‐Pérez, R. Méndez‐Martínez, M. Granados‐García, L.M. Ruíz‐Godoy, C.M. García‐Cuellar Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Urban Legends Series: Oral Leukoplakia
Abstract To date, the term oral leukoplakia (OL) should be used to recognize “predominantly white plaques of questionable risk, having excluded (other) known diseases or disorders that carry no increased risk for cancer”. In this review, we addressed four controversial topics regarding oral leukoplakias (OLs): (1) Do tobacco and alcohol cause OLs ? (2) What percentage of OLs transform into oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC)? (3) Can we distinguish between pre‐malignant and innocent OLs? (4) Is proliferative verrucous leukoplakia (PVL) a specific entity or just a form of multifocal leukoplakia? Results of extensive l...
Source: Oral Diseases - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Paolo G. Arduino, Jose Bagan, Adel K. El‐Naggar, Marco Carrozzo Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Risk of bacterial contamination of bone harvesting devices used for autogenous bone graft in implant surgery
Conclusion: The bacterial levels may still carry the infection risk. Thus prophylactic antibiotic therapy maybe indicated when using bone particles for intraoral augmentation procedures.
Source: Head and Face Medicine - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Megumi TakamotoMasaaki TakechiKouji OhtaYoshiaki NinomiyaShigehiro OnoHideo ShigeishiMisato TadaNobuyuki Kamata Source Type: research
Apoptotic effect of dibenzylideneacetone on oral cancer cells via modulation of specificity protein 1 and Bax
ConclusionThese findings suggest that DBA may be a potential anticancer drug candidate to induce apoptosis through down‐regulation of Sp1 in human oral cancer.
Source: Oral Diseases - January 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: H‐J Yu, J‐A Shin, J‐S Nam, B S Kang, S‐D Cho Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Centralisation To Fewer Surgeons Results In Better Survival After Oesophageal Cancer Surgery
Patients who undergo surgery for oesophageal cancer have a much greater chance of long term survival if the operation is carried out by a surgeon who has performed this particular operation many times before. This according to a new, large-scale study conducted by researchers at Karolinska Institutet in Sweden, which is published in the Journal of Clinical Oncology. In their article, the researchers conclude that oesophageal cancer surgery should be concentrated - or centralised - to fewer surgeons. Surgery is the most widely established curative treatment for oesophageal cancer...
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - January 10, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Ear, Nose and Throat Source Type: news
30 Days to Better Sleep: Avoid Alcohol Near Bedtime
<p><img class="alignnone" src="http://0.tqn.com/h/sleepdisorders/1/9/7/2/-/-/Woman_Red_Couch.jpg" alt="Getty Images" /></p> <p>With few<a href="http://clk.about.com/?zi=1/1hc&zu=http://sleepdisorders.about.com/od/sleepdisorderstreatment/a/Sleeping-Pills-Overview.htm"> sleeping pill</a> options historically, difficulty falling asleep has been helped with home remedies, including a shot of alcohol. These "nightcaps" seem to make it easier to fall asleep, but with a better understanding of the effects, they are now discouraged. It seems to be a contradiction: alcohol makes...
Source: About Sleep Disorders - January 10, 2013 Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: news
Expression levels of endogenous hydrogen sulfide are altered in patients with allergic rhinitis
Conclusions:The current findings indicate that, in parallel with increased expression levels of CSE and CBS, H2S is upregulated in nasal mucosa and plasma of allergic patients. Based on localization of CSE and CBS, H2S may play multiple functions in human nasal mucosa, contributing to the development of allergic symptoms such as rhinorrhea, sneezing, and nasal stuffiness. Laryngoscope, 2013
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 9, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Se Jin Park, Tae Hoon Kim, Seung Hoon Lee, Hyei Yul Ryu, Ki Hong Hong, Jong Yoon Jung, Gyu Ho Hwang, Sang Hag Lee Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research
A new rat model for investigation of subglottic stenosis.
Conclusion: This study attempted to develop a new rat model of subglottic stenosis (SGS), resulting from subglottic mucosal injury administered by electrocauterization. Despite failure of the posterior SGS model, the anterior SGS model was considered feasible. Objective: To investigate the feasibility of using rats as an animal model for SGS. Methods: Thirty-seven female Sprague-Dawley rats were assigned to the control group or to the anterior or posterior subglottic injury group. Electrical cauterization was performed on the anterior or posterior 180° of the subglottic mucosa. Animals were euthanized at 4 weeks after inj...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Woo JH, Han GC, Kang IG, Kim ST, Cha HE, Kim DY Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Impact of obesity on uvulopalatopharyngoplasty success in patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea: a retrospective single-center study in Taiwan.
Conclusion: Our findings suggest that, in Asian patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), obesity is a better predictor of uvulopalatopharyngoplasty (UPPP) failure than Friedman stage III. Objectives: This study evaluated UPPP success rates in obese and non-obese Asian patients treated for severe OSA. Methods: Records of patients who underwent UPPP for treatment of OSA were retrospectively reviewed. Preoperative and postoperative apnea/hypopnea index (AHI) and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS) score, and Friedman stage were compared in non-obese (body mass index (BMI) <27 kg/m(2)) and obese (BMI ≥27 kg/m(2)) pa...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shie DY, Tsou YA, Tai CJ, Tsai MH Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Cochlear implant electrode misplacement: Incidence, evaluation, and management
Conclusions:Electrode array malpositioning is a rare, but serious and correctable complication in cochlear implant surgery. A multidisciplinary approach, including prompt audiologic evaluation and imaging, is important, particularly when benefit from the implant is limited or absent. Management of electrode arrays in the IAC may be more challenging. Laryngoscope, 2012
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Yu‐Lan Mary Ying, Jerry W. Lin, John S. Oghalai, Robert A. Williamson Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research
Viable biobanking of primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Conclusions:In the current study, we show that biopreservation of primary or xenografted HNSCC using short‐term cell culture is feasible. Initial short‐term cell culture was required for successful storage and viability of frozen cells. These proof‐of‐principle studies, if more widely implemented, could improve preclinical testing of new therapies for HNSCC. Laryngoscope, 2012
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jose M. Godoy, Andrew Sewell, Benjamin Johnston, Brandee T. Brown, Xinyuan Lu, Robert J. Sinard, Sarah Rohde, Kyle Mannion, James L. Netterville, Wendell G. Yarbrough Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research
Optical imaging with a high‐resolution microendoscope to identify cholesteatoma of the middle ear
Conclusions:This study demonstrates the feasibility of high‐resolution optical imaging to discriminate cholesteatoma from uninvolved middle ear mucosa based on the unique staining properties of keratin. Use of real‐time imaging may facilitate more complete extirpation of cholesteatoma by identifying areas of residual disease. Laryngoscope, 2012
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Lauren L. Levy, Nancy Jiang, Eric Smouha, Rebecca Richards‐Kortum, Andrew G. Sikora Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research
Transnasal endoscopic piezoelectric‐assisted removal of frontal sinus osteoma
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tomasz Gotlib, Kazimierz Niemczyk Tags: Cranial Base Source Type: research
Transoral robotic total laryngectomy
Conclusions:TORS total laryngectomy is feasible and can be taught to other surgeons. Potential benefits of this approach are present for patients undergoing salvage laryngectomy and include improved wound healing and functional results. This procedure further extends the applications of robotic head and neck surgery. Laryngoscope, 2012
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Richard V. Smith, Bradley A. Schiff, Catherine Sarta, Stéphane Hans, Daniel Brasnu Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research
Detection of paranasal ectopic adrenocorticotropic hormone‐secreting pituitary adenoma by Ga‐68‐DOTANOC positron‐emission tomography–computed tomography
We present an extremely rare case of a patient with CS caused by an ectopic ACTH‐secreting pituitary adenoma (EAPA) of the ethmoid sinus. The tumor was identified by positron‐emission tomography–computed tomography (PET/CT) using the somatostatin receptor analogue Ga‐68‐DOTANOC. Transnasal endoscopic resection was performed and the patient showed significant clinical improvement with normalization of the endocrine pituitary axis. Immunostaining showed a somatostatin receptor 2 and 5‐positive ACTH‐producing adenoma. In patients with ectopic ACTH secretion, Ga‐68‐DOTANOC‐PET/CT may play an important role ...
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Johannes A. Veit, Bernhard Boehm, Markus Luster, Angelika Scheuerle, Nicole Rotter, Gerhard Rettinger, Marc Scheithauer Tags: Cranial Base Source Type: research
Survival outcomes in acute invasive fungal sinusitis: A systematic review and quantitative synthesis of published evidence
Conclusions:The overall mortality of patients with AIFS remains high, with only half of the patients surviving. Diabetic patients appear to have a better overall survival than patients with other comorbidities. Patients who have intracranial involvement, or who do not receive surgery as part of their therapy, have a poor prognosis. Laryngoscope, 2012
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Justin H. Turner, Ethan Soudry, Jayakar V. Nayak, Peter H. Hwang Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research
From the operating room to the courtroom
Conclusions:This analysis characterized factors in determining legal responsibility in facial plastic surgery cases. Several factors were identified as potential targets for minimizing liability. Informed consent was the most reported entity in these malpractice suits. This finding emphasizes the importance of open communication between physicians and their patients regarding expectations as well as documentation of specific risks, benefits, and alternatives. Laryngoscope, 2012
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Peter F. Svider, Brieze R. Keeley, Osvaldo Zumba, Andrew C. Mauro, Michael Setzen, Jean Anderson Eloy Tags: Facial Plastics and Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research
Voice conversion in cochlear implantation
Conclusion:The strong cueing to F0 within the voice conversion algorithms suggests that CI users are able to utilize temporal periodicity information for some pitch‐related tasks. Limitations on spectral channel information experienced by CI users may result in poorer performance with voice conversion algorithms due to distortion of speech formant information and degradation of the spectral envelope. Laryngoscope, 2012
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Eric P. Wilkinson, Ossama Abdel‐Hamid, John J. Galvin, Hui Jiang, Qian‐Jie Fu Tags: Otology:Triological Society Candidate Thesis Source Type: research
Implementing guidelines for follow-up after surgery with ventilation tube in the tympanic membrane in Norway: a retrospective study
Conclusions: The methods for guideline implementation were successful in securing consultations for follow-up care in general practice. Lack of guideline adherence in the hospital can partly be explained by the lack of quality of the guideline. Further studies are needed to evaluate the quality of controls done by the GPs in order to consider implications for follow-up after VT surgery.
Source: BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders - January 8, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Bjarne AustadIrene HetlevikVegard BugtenSiri WennbergAnita OlsenAnne-Sofie Helvik Source Type: research
Hemorrhage From the Cricothyroid Artery Due to Cricothyrotomy: A Case Report
Ensuring a secure airway remains the first step in the management of any critically ill patient. Various techniques for doing so exist and range from jaw thrust, head tilt, and chin lift to oral and nasotracheal intubation. Cricothyrotomy has become the quickest, safest, easiest, and most reliable way of securing the airway after failed attempts at oral or nasotracheal intubation. Nonetheless, cricothyrotomy is not a procedure that is frequently required or performed, especially with the development of intubation aids such as video laryngoscopy and bronchoscopy. As a result, many practitioners have very little experience i...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ihab Sherif Kodsi, Dan L. Deckelbaum Tags: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma Source Type: research
Guided Implant Surgery: What Is the Influence of This New Technique on Bone Cell Viability?
Conclusions: The classic drilling procedure is more favorable to cell viability than guided surgery.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Pâmela Letícia dos Santos, Thallita Pereira Queiroz, Rogério Margonar, Abrahão Cavalcante Gomes de Souza Carvalho, Roberta Okamoto, Ana Paula de Souza Faloni, Idelmo Rangel Garcia Júnior Tags: Dental Implants Source Type: research
Differentiating Arthritic From Myofascial Pain in Children With Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis: Preliminary Report
Conclusions: The results of this study indicate that in patients with JIA and jaw signs/symptoms, there is an overlap in diagnoses between arthritis and MPD. This has considerable implications for patient management.
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Shelly Abramowicz, Susan Kim, Harlyn K. Susarla, Leonard B. Kaban Tags: Anesthesia/Facial Pain Source Type: research
The Head, Neck, and Systemic Manifestations of Levamisole-Adulterated Cocaine Use
The objective of this review is to increase awareness of these manifestations among oral and maxillofacial surgeons. LAC exposure through inhalation, nasal insufflation, or injection can induce cutaneous vasculopathy and hematologic abnormalities such as neutropenia or agranulocytosis. Unlike other vasculopathies involving the skin, LAC-induced vascular injury frequently manifests with purpuric and necrotic lesions that involve the face and ears. Oral manifestations have also been reported but are not yet well characterized. The aforementioned hematologic manifestations are not uncommon, and patients exposed to LAC are pot...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kelly R. Magliocca, Neysa Alice Coker, Sareeta R. Parker Tags: Anesthesia/Facial Pain Source Type: research
Mechanical Debridement of Subgingival Biofilm in Participants With Asymptomatic Third Molars Does Not Reduce Deeper Probing Depths in the Molar Regions of the Mouth
Purpose: To assess the impact of mechanical debridement of subgingival biofilm on periodontal outcomes in adolescents and young adults with asymptomatic third molars.Methods: Healthy participants with 4 asymptomatic third molars were enrolled in an institutional review board–approved longitudinal study. Clinical data were collected at enrollment and at follow-up visits. Full-mouth periodontal probing, 6 sites per tooth, was assessed as a measure of clinical periodontal status. At enrollment, all participants had dental prophylaxis after data collection, which included removal of subgingival biofilm; this was repeated ann...
Source: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Elda L. Fisher, George H. Blakey, Steven Offenbacher, Ceib Phillips, Raymond P. White Tags: Dentoalveolar Surgery Source Type: research
Intra-oral injury assessment and recording in evacuated military personnel
Intra-oral trauma is commonly found in the multiply injured serviceman. Many evacuated patients remain intubated and unconscious producing difficulty in diagnosing intra-oral injury. Delays in recognition and treatment of such injuries can result in significant preventable long-term morbidity. It has therefore been recommended as a standard that all UK service personnel evacuated to the Royal Centre for Defence Medicine (RCDM) should have an intra-oral examination recorded in the hospital notes.
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J. Breeze, W. Brazier, A.M. Monaghan Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research
The role of the larynx in chronic cough.
Abstract Cough lasting more than 8 weeks is considered chronic. If the classic causes of chronic cough have been discarded, vagus nerve sensory disturbances are currently considered the most important etiological cause. Patients with chronic cough of laryngeal origin have associated symptoms such as globus, dysphagia, dysphonia, dyspnoea and/or stridor. These patients are more likely to have paradoxical vocal fold movement. There is a higher cough reflex sensibility and neuropathic laryngeal response, mainly caused by viral infection or reflux. The cough associated with reflux has 2 mechanisms: Exposure to acid in ...
Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica Espanola - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Cobeta I, Pacheco A, Mora E Tags: Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp Source Type: research
Human rhinovirus C in adult haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients with respiratory illness
Conclusions: The newly described HRV-C was the most common rhinovirus group detected in HSCT recipients with respiratory infection, with co-pathogens being frequent. Further research is required to understand the activity and pathogenicity of this virus in HSCT recipients.
Source: Journal of Clinical Virology - January 7, 2013 Category: Virology Authors: Patricia E. Ferguson, Nicole M. Gilroy, Cassandra E. Faux, Ian M. Mackay, Theo P. Sloots, Michael D. Nissen, Dominic E. Dwyer, Tania C. Sorrell Tags: Short communications Source Type: research
Clinical analysis of patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo.
Conclusions: Thirteen (5.4%) of patients with idiopathic sudden sensorineural hearing loss (ISSNHL) had benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). Most of the patients showed profound hearing loss and had BPPV of the lateral canal. BPPV in patients with ISSNHL may have no influence on hearing recovery. Objectives: BPPV occurs in 8.6-12.7% of patients with ISSNHL; however, the role of BPPV in hearing recovery remains controversial. Therefore, we investigated hearing outcomes in the patients, including the distribution of initial hearing threshold, the type of canal involved, and the number of repositioning maneuvers perfo...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hong SM, Yeo SG Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
A ganglion cell cluster along the glossopharyngeal nerve near the human palatine tonsil.
Conclusion: The lingual branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve were most likely to bring not only gustatory nerves to the postsulcal part of the tongue but also autonomic nerves to the small glands and vessels. Tonsillectomy may injure the ganglion or reduce its function due to scar formation after surgery. Objectives: To determine the topographical anatomy of a suggested ganglion cluster along the lingual branches of the glossopharyngeal nerve and to identify the incidence. Methods: In the human pharynges of 12 donated cadavers, we studied the ganglia using routine procedures for paraffin-embedded histology and immunohist...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Oda K, Takanashi Y, Katori Y, Fujimiya M, Murakami G, Kawase T Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Comparison of temporal bone fractures in children and adults.
Conclusion: Contrary to our expectation, that the clinical characteristics of temporal bone fracture would differ in children and adults, we found that the two groups were similar. Objectives: Most studies of temporal bone fractures have been performed in adults. To our knowledge, no study has investigated differences in temporal bone fractures in children and adults. We therefore investigated differences in temporal bone fractures in adults and children by examining the manifestations and clinical symptoms of temporal bone fractures in pediatric patients. Methods: The demographic and clinical characteristics were assessed...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kang HM, Kim MG, Hong SM, Lee HY, Kim TH, Yeo SG Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Long-term voice results of injection with hyaluronic acid-dextranomere in unilateral vocal fold paralysis.
Conclusion: Subjective and objective voice evaluation of patients injected with hyaluronic acid-dextranomere (HA-D) in the long term was not different from their preoperative values. HA-D injection does not provide an increase in the voice quality in the long term. Objective: This study was conducted to evaluate the long-term voice outcomes of injection with HA-D in patients with unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP). Methods: Seventeen patients with UVFP underwent injection of HA-D. The patient group was composed of 13 women and 4 men with an age range of 34-56 years. The voice samples of patients were obtained before th...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Oguz H, Demirci M, Arslan N, Arslan E Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Magnetic resonance imaging of the inner ear after both intratympanic and intravenous gadolinium injections.
Conclusion: Using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), endolymphatic hydrops could be visualized on both sides after intratympanic (IT) injection of gadolinium contrast agents (Gd) in one symptomatic ear and subsequent intravenous (IV) Gd injection. The MRI revealed a difference of intracochlear Gd distribution between the IT injection side and the contralateral IV side. Objectives: Although the IT method allows greater enhancement of the perilymph, many patients feel reluctance in receiving the IT injection in asymptomatic ears. We attempted to evaluate endolymphatic space size on both sides without the IT injection in asymp...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Iida T, Teranishi M, Yoshida T, Otake H, Sone M, Kato M, Shimono M, Yamazaki M, Naganawa S, Nakashima T Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Elective neck dissection vs observation in transorally treated early head and neck carcinomas with cN0 neck.
Conclusion: This study showed that elective neck dissection (ND) resulted in reduced regional recurrences in a selected group of surgically treated patients with pT1-2 carcinomas but did not show any benefit for disease-specific survival (DSS). Furthermore, the importance of pN classification was also verified for this patient group. Objectives: The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of elective ND in patients with early head and neck carcinomas and cN0 neck that have undergone a transoral removal of the primary tumor can reduce the incidence of regional recurrence and improve survival. Methods: Between 198...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Psychogios G, Mantsopoulos K, Koch M, Klintworth N, Kapsreiter M, Zenk J, Iro H Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Restoring speech perception with cochlear implants by spanning defective electrode contacts.
Conclusion: Even with six defective contacts, spanning can largely restore speech perception with the HiRes120 speech processing strategy to the level supported by an intact electrode array. Moreover, the sound quality is not degraded. Objectives: Previous studies have demonstrated reduced speech perception scores (SPS) with defective contacts in HiRes120. This study investigated whether replacing defective contacts by spanning, i.e. current steering on non-adjacent contacts, is able to restore speech recognition to the level supported by an intact electrode array. Methods: Ten adult cochlear implant recipients (HiRes90K, ...
Source: Acta Oto-Laryngologica - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Frijns JH, Snel-Bongers J, Vellinga D, Schrage E, Vanpoucke FJ, Briaire JJ Tags: Acta Otolaryngol Source Type: research
Repair of long type IV posterior laryngeal cleft through a cervical approach using cricotracheal separation
Abstract A female infant with CHARGE syndrome and a long type IV cleft extending to within 5 mm of the carina underwent transcervical repair at 5 weeks of age. The trachea was transected from the cricoid cartilage and was peeled off the esophagus. The front of the esophagus and the back of the trachea were repaired while still ventilating the patient. The trachea was reconnected to the cricoid cartilage. This technique obviated the need for a sternal split, thoracotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass, or extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. It improved visibility, access, airway stability, and coverage of the anastomosis with peri...
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Evan J. Propst, Jonathan B. Ida, Michael J. Rutter Tags: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Effects of genistein and estrogen on the genioglossus in rats exposed to chronic intermittent hypoxia may be HIF‐1α dependent
ConclusionWe concluded that genistein and estrogen may inhibit the overexpression of HIF‐1α induced by CIH and improve the endurance and regeneration of the genioglossus muscle.
Source: Oral Diseases - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: J Zhou, Y Liu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Effects of guidelines on adeno-tonsillar surgery on the clinical behaviour of otorhinolaryngologists in Italy
Conclusions: The recommendations first developed in Italy in a 2003 policy document and then resumed in guidelines in 2008, were not implemented by ENT units involved in the survey. The study highlights the fact that the indications for adeno-tonsillar operations are based on the overall clinical presentation (comorbidity) rather than on a single symptom. Guidelines are necessary to give coherent recommendations based on both the findings obtained through randomized controlled trials and the data collected from observational studies.
Source: BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders - January 7, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Giovanni MottaSergio MottaPasquale CassanoSalvatore ConticelloMassimo FerrettiBruno GallettiAldo GarozzoGennaro LarotondaNicola MansiEmilio MevioGaetano MottaGiuseppe QuarembaAgostino SerraVincenzo TarantinoPaolo TavorminaClaudio ViciniMaurizio VigiliDome Source Type: research
Management of cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea.
CONCLUSIONS: Cerebrospinal fluid otorrhea is a rare entity in otorhinolaryngological pathology. Its diagnosis is suspected through otorrhea, hearing loss and aural fullness, while computed tomography and magnetic resonance help us to locate the defect. Surgery is the preferred technique, and its success is based on multilayer technology with 2 or more support materials. PMID: 23298436 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica Espanola - January 5, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Escorihuela García V, Llópez Carratalá I, Fernández Julián E, Marco Algarra J Tags: Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp Source Type: research
Effect of semicircular canal dehiscence on contralateral canal bone thickness.
CONCLUSION: The existence of a dehiscence in the superior semicircular canal is associated with bone thinning in the canal on the opposite side, but not with the posterior semicircular canal. In contrast, if the dehiscence is in the posterior semicircular canal, contralateral and superior canal thickness is not modified. PMID: 23298437 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Otorrinolaringologica Espanola - January 5, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gracia-Tello B, Cisneros A, Crovetto R, Martinez C, Rodriguez O, Lecumberri I, Crovetto MA, Whyte J Tags: Acta Otorrinolaringol Esp Source Type: research
[Vertigo and dizziness: the neurologist's perspective.]
Abstract The spectrum of diagnoses of patients with dizziness as the leading symptom who consult a neurologist does not differ greatly from the spectrum of those who consult ear nose and throat (ENT) specialists or general practitioners (GP). The most frequent forms are benign paroxysmal positioning vertigo (BPPV), phobic postural vertigo, central vertigo disorders, Menière's disease, vestibular neuritis and bilateral vestibulopathy. However, the first and most important question that is posed to neurologists is whether it is a central or peripheral syndrome. In more than 90 % of cases this differentiation is pos...
Source: Der Ophthalmologe - January 5, 2013 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Strupp M Tags: Ophthalmologe Source Type: research
Presentation and Publication Rates among Women and Men at AAO-HNS Meetings
ORL 2012;74:325–329 (DOI:10.1159/000345099)
Source: ORL - January 4, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research