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Auris Nasus Larynx, the official English-language journal of the Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Society of Japan, Inc. was first published in 1972, and has provided the opportunity for rapid, carefully reviewed publications concerning the basic and clinical aspects of otorhinolaryngology and related fields including otology, neurotology, bronchoesophagology, laryngology, rhinology, allergology, head and neck medicine and oncologic surgery, maxillofacial and plastic surgery, audiology, and speech science. Original contributions including “Original papers”, “Short communications” and “Case reports”, remain the main com...
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - January 31, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Ken-ichi Nibu Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Response to the Letter to the Editor regarding: Middle ear fluid characteristics in pediatric otitis media with effusion
We are pleased that Professor Wiwanitkit is enthusiastic about this manuscript and has found this information valuable. Thank you for these kind remarks. We support his observation that specimen collection and preservation are as crucial as the analytic techniques employed for obtaining accurate data. This is particularly important when measuring the biophysical properties of small volumes of secretions as shear forces associated with collection, or degradation associated with inappropriate storage can alter the biophysical and transport properties. We have developed a specific procedure for collection and preservation of ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - February 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Bruce K. Rubin, Randall Cohen, Kelley M. Dodson Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research
Transoral robotic surgery and adjuvant therapy for oropharyngeal carcinomas and the influence of p16INK4a on treatment outcomes
Conclusionsp16INK4a was not prognostic in resectable OPSCC when treated with an initial TORS approach. Level of Evidence2b Laryngoscope, 2013 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - February 1, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Harry Quon, Marc A. Cohen, Kathleen T. Montone, Amy F. Ziober, Li Ping Wang, Gregory S. Weinstein, Bert W. O'Malley Tags: Head and Neck Source Type: research
The Cephalic Index is not different among groups of children aged 36–48 months with chronic otitis media with effusion, recurrent acute otitis media and controls
Conclusions: These results do not support the hypothesis that the Cephalic Index is different between young children with and without OM, but did document differences in Head Width and Circumference among groups. However, the large overlap in each measure for the three groups suggests that none capture sufficient information on Eustachian tube anatomy to predict disease presentation. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - February 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Margaretha L. Casselbrant, J. Douglas Swarts, Ellen M. Mandel, William J. Doyle Tags: Research papers Source Type: research
The TIMP-1 expression in germinal centers of hypertrophied adenoids in children
Conclusion: It is difficult to interpret our results. Our findings did not demonstrate changes in TIMP-1 expression according to age. This may indicate that the processes of hyperplasia, hypertrophy and atrophy of adenoid are not influenced by age and support our thesis that adenoid involution is rather the effect of changes in the number of lymphoid follicles that changes in them. However there is a need for further observational studies of TIMPs and MMPs in adenoid tissue. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - February 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Marcin Musiatowiwcz, Mariusz Koda, Stanisław Sulkowski Tags: Research papers Source Type: research
Letter to the Editor regarding “Middle ear fluid characteristics in otitis media with effusion: Concern for fluid analysis”
The recent report on middle ear fluid characteristics in otitis media with effusion is very interesting . Dodson et al. concluded that “The best mucociliary transportability was measured in mucopurulent effusions ”. Indeed, there are many concerns on body fluid analysis including to middle ear fluid analysis in laboratory medicine. As Dodson et al. observed in their experiment, the transportability was different in the group with the first and repeated procedures. It should be noted that the fluid collection procedure is referred as a pre-analytical phase in laboratory quality cycle. The good collection technique is ve...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - February 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Viroj Wiwanitkit Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research
Low dose macrolide administration for long term is effective for otitis media with effusion in children
Conclusions: The results indicate that macrolides are effective for otitis media with effusion in children. Bacterial biofilm may play an important role in the pathogenesis of otitis media with effusion. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - January 31, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kaitian Chen, Xuan Wu, Guangli Jiang, Jintao Du, Hongyan Jiang Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research
Current practice patterns for sleep‐disordered breathing in children
ConclusionsPediatric otolaryngologists are noncompliant with the 2002 American Academy of Pediatrics and the 2011 American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery guidelines. Despite noncompliance, they fortunately have a lower threshold to monitor high‐risk children overnight following surgery. The recommended Center for Disease Control measures to diagnose childhood obesity occasionally are being utilized. An educational campaign is necessary to update clinicians who take care of children on the new evidence‐based guidelines. Level of Evidence5. Laryngoscope, 2013 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - February 4, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Norman R. Friedman, Jonathan N. Perkins, Bryan McNair, Ron B. Mitchell Tags: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
Association between length of intubation and subglottic stenosis in children
ConclusionsIn this first prospective research protocol in children, we found a higher incidence of SGS than in most previous studies. The length of intubation and the need for additional sedation doses appear to be key factors for the development of SGS during endotracheal intubation. Level of Evidence2b. Laryngoscope, 2013 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - February 1, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Denise Manica, Cláudia Schweiger, Paulo José Cauduro Maróstica, Gabriel Kuhl, Paulo Roberto Antonacci Carvalho Tags: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Subclassification of chronic rhinosinusitis
ConclusionsWell‐characterized and distinct groups of CRS have been defined for targeted treatment and research studies. Level of Evidence2b Laryngoscope, 2013 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 31, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Joseph K. Han Tags: Allergy/Rhinology: Triological Society Candidate Thesis Source Type: research
Suppression and recovery of voltage-gated currents after cocaine treatments of olfactory receptor cells
Conclusion: This rapid and complete recovery from the suppression was confirmed even after the treatments with the high concentration cocaine. This fact implies that cocaine does not affect olfactory ability after locally high dose treatments of nasal cavity in surgical operation. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - January 31, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kengo Tamari, Hiroko Takeuchi, Masayoshi Kobayashi, Takashi Kurahashi, Tetsuro Yamamoto Tags: Rhinology Source Type: research
Current management strategy of hypopharyngeal carcinoma
Conclusions: The treatment strategy for carcinoma of the hypopharynx has been evolving with time. Organ preserving chemoradiotherapy has been the treatment of choice for early stage disease, with surgical resection and reconstruction reserved for advanced and recurrent tumors. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - January 31, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jimmy Yu Wai Chan, William Ignace Wei Tags: Review Source Type: research
Abstract Celiac disease, with a prevalence around 1% of the general population, is the most common genetically‐induced food intolerance in the world. Triggered by the ingestion of gluten in genetically predisposed individuals, this enteropathy may appear at any age, and is characterized by a wide variety of clinical signs and symptoms. Among them, gastrointestinal presentations include chronic diarrhea, abdominal pain, weight loss or failure to thrive in children; but extra‐intestinal manifestations are also common, and actually appear to be on the rise. They include a large variety of ailments, such as dermatitis Herp...
Source: Oral Diseases - February 26, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Edgardo Rivera, Asaad Assiri, Stefano Guandalini Tags: Invited Medical Review Source Type: research
The effect of pre-operative developmental delays on the speech perception of children with cochlear implants
Conclusion: A pre-operative developmental delay was only weakly associated with poor post-operative speech perception in pre-lingually deafened cochlear implant recipients. (Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx)
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - January 31, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Harukazu Hiraumi, Norio Yamamoto, Tatsunori Sakamoto, Shinobu Yamaguchi, Juichi Ito Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research
Chronic rhinosinusitis increased the risk of stroke: A 5‐year follow‐up study
ConclusionsPatients with CRS were at higher risk for stroke occurrence during the 5 year follow‐up. Level of Evidence2b. Laryngoscope, 2013 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - February 1, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Jiunn‐Horng Kang, Chuan‐Song Wu, Joseph J. Keller, Herng‐Ching Lin Tags: Allergy/Rhinology Source Type: research
Combination of symptoms and oxygen desaturation index in predicting childhood obstructive sleep apnea
Abstract: Objective: To develop a screening process of obstructive sleep apnea in children based on a combination of symptoms and oxygen desaturation index (ODI).Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective study of 141 Chinese patients who were referred to a pediatric sleep laboratory for possible obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The parents of each patient answered a questionnaire before their child underwent polysomnography (PSG) in the laboratory. An apnea–hypopnea index (AHI) greater than five on nocturnal PSG was defined as OSA. The nocturnal PSG was interpreted by a sleep laboratory physician. The ODI and occ...
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - February 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Li Chang, Jianxin Wu, Ling Cao Tags: Research papers Source Type: research
Combined small cell carcinoma of the hypopharynx
We report an extremely rare case of combined small cell carcinoma (combined SmCC) of the hypopharynx. A 73-year-old male presented with multiple left neck swellings for 1month. A tumorous lesion was found in the left pyriform sinus, and biopsy revealed that the lesion was squamous cell carcinoma (SqCC). Surgery was performed and pathological examination led to a diagnosis as combined SmCC, composed of SqCC and small cell carcinoma (SmCC). One month after surgery, a contrast-CT indicated metastases to the cervical lymph node (LN), mediastinum and liver. We performed 5 courses of chemotherapy with the use of cisplatin (CDDP)...
Source: Auris, Nasus, Larynx - January 31, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Nobuhiro Uwa, Tomonori Terada, Takeshi Mohri, Ken Okazaki, Yoshitane Tsukamoto, Seiichi Hirota, Masafumi Sakagami Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
A prospective, randomized, double‐blind study comparing the efficacy of topical anesthetics in nasal endoscopy
ConclusionIn patients undergoing transnasal endoscopy, use of either 2% tetracaine or 4% lidocaine has similar effect. Tetracaine may be a better choice in older patients, however. Level of Evidence1b. Laryngoscope, 2013 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - February 12, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gabriel C. Gaviola, Viola Chen, Stanley H. Chia Tags: General Otolaryngology Source Type: research
CO2 laser revision stapedotomy
ConclusionsTo avoid any manipulation of the conductive hearing chain that may cause sensorineural hearing loss, we adapted the noncontact technique previously introduced by us for use in revision stapedotomy. This technique was successfully applied to improve conductive and sensorineural hearing loss as well as vertigo in first and second revision stapedotomy cases. Because the rate of postoperative complications was comparable to what is achieved with other laser systems, we conclude that the method has at least an equal level of safety. In conclusion, we advocate the use of a noncontact technique as suitable for an early...
Source: The Laryngoscope - January 31, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Andreas E. Albers, Uwe Schönfeld, Kostas Kandilakis, Sergije Jovanovic Tags: Otology/Neurotology Source Type: research
Factors contributing to limited or non-use in the cochlear implant systems in children: 11 years experience
Conclusions: It should always be considered in patients with additional factors like autism, mental-motor retardation, learning disabilities that they will show limited development from cochlear implantation. These patients are potential limited/non-users. These patients require unique rehabilitation and provide high family and educational interest. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - February 11, 2013 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Süleyman Özdemir, Ülkü Tuncer, Özgür Tarkan, Mete Kıroğlu, Fikret Çetik, Funda Akar Tags: Research papers Source Type: research