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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Adverse Cardiovascular Events after a Venomous Snakebite in Korea.
CONCLUSION: Significant proportion of the patients with venomous snakebite is associated with occurrence of ACVEs. Patients with ACVEs had more underlying cardiac disease and bleeding complication. PMID: 26847308 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Yonsei Medical Journal)
Source: Yonsei Medical Journal - February 8, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Kim OH, Lee JW, Kim HI, Cha K, Kim H, Lee KH, Hwang SO, Cha YS Tags: Yonsei Med J Source Type: research

Hospitalizations due to allergic reactions in Finnish and Swedish children during 1999–2011
ConclusionsThe incidence of allergic reactions leading to hospitalizations between 1999 and 2011 increased in Finland and Sweden among children aged 0 to 19 years. In Finland, the incidence was lower throughout the study period compared to Sweden. Younger children constituted the majority of hospitalized children. (Source: Allergy)
Source: Allergy - February 8, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: J. E. Kivistö, J. L. P. Protudjer, J. Karjalainen, M. Wickman, A. Bergström, V. M. Mattila Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A lurking threat: transfer of peanut allergy through peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Conclusions Because of the close temporal association between the onset of allergic symptoms in the PBSC recipient it is reasonable to assume that the acquired peanut allergy had been transferred from the donor to the recipient by the PBSC graft. (Source: World Allergy Organization Journal)
Source: World Allergy Organization Journal - February 8, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Temporal and Provincial Variation in Ambulance Use Among Patients Who Present to Acute Care Hospitals With ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction
Conclusions The use of ambulance services among patients who presented with STEMI in Canada has increased significantly over the past 5 years, although significant interprovincial variation remains. (Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology)
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - February 8, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

5 Ways to Feel Like a Kid Again (Even if You're an Old Grouch)
Children see magic because they look for it. -- Christopher Moore Be honest. You've become a bit of an old grouch, haven't you? And life's become a drag. But you're not to blame. All too often life can leave you drowning in debt, suffocating from stress, and sinking in a sea of uncertainty. Trying to create the "perfect life" leaves you overwhelmed and wishing you could pass on the pressures of adulthood. And somewhere between your first kiss and your last missed payment, the true magic of life slowly seeped away. Life has become over-busy and over-stressed, no question. But the real trouble lies elsewhere. Face ...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - February 7, 2016 Category: Consumer Health Advice Source Type: news

Hiatal Hernia as a Total Gastrectomy Complication
Conclusion: Hiatal hernia is not well documented, and its occurrence in the context of gastrectomy is an infrequent complication.Case Rep Oncol 2016;9:100-105 (Source: Case Reports in Oncology)
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - February 6, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Incidental Detection of Urinary Leakage on FDG PET/CT Imaging for Staging of Gastric Cancer
Abstract: A 71-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with right flank pain and dysuria. An abdominal CT scan detected a gastric malignancy and hydronephrosis with urinary leakage of the right kidney. Percutaneous nephrostomy was performed on the right kidney. 18F-FDG PET/CT for staging the gastric malignancy revealed additional urinary leakage of the contralateral kidney. The interest in this case is the incidental detection of unexpected urinary leakage during an oncologic assessment with FDG PET/CT. (Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine)
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - February 6, 2016 Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research

CDC Issues Sex Precautions to Prevent Zika TransmissionCDC Issues Sex Precautions to Prevent Zika Transmission
The agency also recommended Zika testing for even asymptomatic pregnant women who have visited areas where mosquitos are spreading the virus, strongly suspected of causing microcephaly in newborns. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines)
Source: Medscape Emergency Medicine Headlines - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Infectious Diseases News Alert Source Type: news

Agreement Between Self-Reported and Confirmed Cancer Diagnoses in New York City Firefighters and EMS Workers, 2001-2011.
CONCLUSION: We found high specificities, NPVs, and general concordance between self-reported cancer diagnoses and registry-confirmed diagnoses. Given the low population prevalence of cancer, self-reported cancer diagnoses may be useful for determining non-cancer cases. Because of the low sensitivities and PPVs for some individual cancers, however, case confirmation with state cancer registries or medical records remains critically important. PMID: 26843681 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Needs Assessment for Patients with Sickle Cell Disease in South Carolina, 2012.
CONCLUSION: Administrative datasets can provide important information on demographic gaps in care for patients with SCD. The results highlight both national and regional issues in the provision of health-care services for patients with SCD. PMID: 26843676 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Using a Handheld Device for Patient Data Collection: A Pilot for Medical Countermeasures Surveillance.
This study, conducted within the Mini-Sentinel Initiative, sought to develop the patient identification and matching processes necessary to assess safety outcomes for MCMs. A handheld device was used to collect identifying information (e.g., name, birthdate, and sex) from the driver's licenses of 421 individuals presenting for routine care at their primary care medical office. Overall, 374 individuals (88.8%) could be linked to their electronic health data using driver's license information. The device was also pilot-tested at a seasonal influenza immunization clinic: detailed vaccine information (e.g., lot number and manu...
Source: Public Health Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

How well will you FIT? Use of a modified MMI to assess applicants' compatibility with an emergency medicine residency program.
CONCLUSIONS: FIT provided program leadership with a sense of an applicant's 'fit' within this program. Interview day scores correlated with scores received during residency. Most applicants report a positive experience with FIT sessions. FIT provides a useful tool to recruit applicants who fit with the residency program. PMID: 26842824 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Education Online)
Source: Medical Education Online - February 6, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Tags: Med Educ Online Source Type: research

Thoracic endovascular repair first for extensive aortic disease: the staged hybrid approach [AORTIC SURGERY]
CONCLUSIONS Use of a TEVAR-first approach in combination with a staged open repair is a safe and feasible treatment strategy for repair of extensive aortic disease. A staged hybrid approach to aortic repair in patients at high risk for total aortic replacement may limit morbidity. (Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery - February 6, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Vivacqua, A., Idrees, J. J., Johnston, D. R., Soltesz, E. G., Svensson, L. G., Roselli, E. E. Tags: Electrophysiology - arrhythmias, Pericardium AORTIC SURGERY Source Type: research

Congratulations to the 2015 Community Award Winners!
Publication date: January–February 2016 Source:Air Medical Journal, Volume 35, Issue 1 (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Most Frequently Cited Findings
Publication date: January–February 2016 Source:Air Medical Journal, Volume 35, Issue 1 Author(s): Eileen Frazer (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

A 20-Year-Old-Male with Hemorrhagic Shock
Publication date: January–February 2016 Source:Air Medical Journal, Volume 35, Issue 1 Author(s): David Strong, Elizabeth Powell, Peter V.R. Tilney (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Mechanical Ventilation: History and Harm
Publication date: January–February 2016 Source:Air Medical Journal, Volume 35, Issue 1 Author(s): David J. Dries (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

That Transport Was Appropriate, Wasn't It?
Publication date: January–February 2016 Source:Air Medical Journal, Volume 35, Issue 1 Author(s): John R. Clark (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Articles That May Change Your Practice: Fatigue, Health, and Well-being
Publication date: January–February 2016 Source:Air Medical Journal, Volume 35, Issue 1 Author(s): Russell D. MacDonald (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Real Heroes
Publication date: January–February 2016 Source:Air Medical Journal, Volume 35, Issue 1 Author(s): Ed MacDonald (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Difficult Intubation Factors in Prehospital Rapid Sequence Intubation by an Australian Helicopter Emergency Medical Service
Conclusion Factors associated with more than 1 look at laryngoscopy before TI included paramedic laryngoscopist and the presence of at least 1 of the following indicators: blood/vomitus in the airway, limited mouth opening, and limited neck movement. Trauma to face/neck, obese body habitus, C-spine precautions, cricoid pressure, midline stabilization, and intubation on the ground did not influence the level of difficulty encountered. (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Spinal Cord Injuries and Helicopter Emergency Medical Services, 6,929 Patients: A Multicenter Analysis
Conclusion HEMS improved access for SCI patients to all localities and generally took under 2 hours. SCI patients are mostly young adult males, thus supporting the loss of years of productivity and also supporting the high lifetime cost for care for SCI. This study created a methodology for future multicenter aggregate data studies. (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of Transferred Versus Nontransferred Pediatric Patients Admitted for Sepsis
Conclusion Our study found that patients diagnosed with sepsis and transferred are more severely ill with a higher number of chronic conditions, longer lengths of stay, more procedures performed, higher mortality, and higher total and daily costs. (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Does reducing inpatient length of stay have upstream effects on the emergency room: exploring the impact of the general Internal Medicine care Transformation initiative
ConclusionAlthough the GIM Care Transformation Initiative was associated with substantial reductions in ED LOS for patients admitted to GIM wards at the intervention hospital, it resulted in only minor changes in overall ED LOS and no appreciable changes in ED crowding metrics.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Academic Emergency Medicine)
Source: Academic Emergency Medicine - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Finlay A. McAlister, Jeffrey A. Bakal, Rhonda J. Rosychuk, Brian H. Rowe Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research

Direct versus Video Laryngoscopy using the C‐MAC for Tracheal Intubation in the Emergency Department, a Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsIn patients undergoing emergency intubation in whom DL was planned for the first attempt, we did not detect a difference between video or direct laryngoscopy using the C‐MAC device in first pass success, duration of intubation attempt, aspiration pneumonia, or hospital length of stay.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Academic Emergency Medicine)
Source: Academic Emergency Medicine - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Brian E Driver, Matthew E Prekker, Johanna C Moore, Alexandra L Schick, James R Miner Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research

The clinical practice of emergency medicine in Mahajanga, Madagascar
Conclusion This is the first descriptive study of the clinical practice of emergency medicine in Mahajanga, Madagascar. It provides both the Malagasy and international medical communities with an objective analysis of the practice of emergency care in Madagascar from both diagnostic and therapeutic standpoints. Emergency care here focuses on the management of traumatic injury and infectious disease. The diagnostic imaging, pharmacologic and procedural therapeutic interventions reflect the burdens placed upon this institution by these diseases. We hope this study will provide guidance for the further development of Malagasy...
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Emergency Contraception: Review and Update
Abstract Unintended pregnancy continues to be a substantial public health problem. Emergency contraception (EC) provides a last chance at pregnancy prevention. Several safe and effective options for emergency contraception are currently available. The Yuzpe method, a combined hormonal regimen, was essentially replaced by other oral medications including levonorgestrel and the antiprogestin ulipristal. The antiprogestin mifepristone has been studied for use as emergency contraception. The most effective postcoital method of contraception is the copper intrauterine device (IUD). Obesity and the simultaneous initiati...
Source: Current Obstetrics and Gynecology Reports - February 6, 2016 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Prevalence of repeat pregnancies and associated factors among teenagers in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Conclusion High repeat pregnancy rates, low contraception use, and high HIV prevalence among teenagers in South Africa is worrying. Focused interventions targeting teenagers following their first pregnancy need to be urgently implemented. (Source: International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics)
Source: International Journal of Gynecology and Obstetrics - February 6, 2016 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Violence against children in humanitarian settings: A literature review of population-based approaches
Publication date: March 2016 Source:Social Science & Medicine, Volume 152 Author(s): Lindsay Stark, Debbie Landis Children in humanitarian settings are thought to experience increased exposure to violence, which can impair their physical, emotional, and social development. Violence against children has important economic and social consequences for nations as a whole. The purpose of this review is to examine population-based approaches measuring violence against children in humanitarian settings. The authors reviewed prevalence studies of violence against children in humanitarian contexts appearing in peer-revi...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - February 6, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

EURADOS strategic research agenda: vision for dosimetry of ionising radiation
Since autumn 2012, the European Radiation Dosimetry Group (EURADOS) has been developing its Strategic Research Agenda (SRA), which is intended to contribute to the identification of future research needs in radiation dosimetry in Europe. The present article summarises—based on input from EURADOS Working Groups (WGs) and Voting Members—five visions in dosimetry and defines key issues in dosimetry research that are considered important for the next decades. The five visions include scientific developments required towards (a) updated fundamental dose concepts and quantities, (b) improved radiation risk estimates ...
Source: Radiation Protection Dosimetry - February 6, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Ruhm, W., Fantuzzi, E., Harrison, R., Schuhmacher, H., Vanhavere, F., Alves, J., Bottollier Depois, J. F., Fattibene, P., Knežević, Ž., Lopez, M. A., Mayer, S., Miljanić, S., Neumaier, S., Olko, P., Stadtmann, H., Tanner, R., W Tags: Papers Source Type: research

Transforming a team of experts into an expert team
JY is supported by a NIHR Post Doctoral Fellowship. (Source: Resuscitation)
Source: Resuscitation - February 6, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Joyce Yeung Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Effect of telehealth on hospital utilisation and mortality in routine clinical practice: a matched control cohort study in an early adopter site.
CONCLUSIONS: Telehealth was not associated with a reduction in secondary care utilisation. PMID: 26842270 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - February 5, 2016 Category: Rural Health Authors: Steventon A, Ariti C, Fisher E, Bardsley M Tags: BMJ Open Source Type: research

Suicidality risk assessment in adolescents and young adults - Shapiro SE, Pinto M, Evans DD.
The Research to Practice column is intended to improve the research critique skills of the advanced practice registered nurse (APRN) and the emergency nurse (RN) and to assist with the translation of research into practice. This column focuses on assessing... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Emergency department presentations for injuries in older adults independently known to be victims of elder abuse - Rosen T, Bloemen EM, LoFaso VM, Clark S, Flomenbaum NE, Lachs MS.
BACKGROUND: Elder abuse is under-recognized by emergency department (ED) providers, largely due to challenges distinguishing between abuse and accidental trauma. OBJECTIVE: To describe patterns and circumstances surrounding elder abuse-related and ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Elder Adults Source Type: news

Medication overdoses at a public emergency department in Santiago, Chile - Aguilera P, Garrido M, Lessard E, Swanson J, Mallon WK, Saldias F, Basaure C, Lara B, Swadron SP.
INTRODUCTION: While a nationwide poison control registry exists in Chile, reporting to the center is sporadic and happens at the discretion of the treating physician or by patients' self-report. Moreover, individual hospitals do not monitor accidental or i... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

Risk for opioid misuse among emergency department cancer patients - Reyes-Gibby CC, Anderson KO, Todd KH.
OBJECTIVES: One of the most challenging areas of emergency medicine practice is the management and treatment of severe and persistent pain, including cancer-related pain. Emergency departments (EDs) in the United States frequently provide care for patients... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

A framework for detecting unfolding emergencies using humans as sensors - Avvenuti M, Cimino MG, Cresci S, Marchetti A, Tesconi M.
The advent of online social networks (OSNs) paired with the ubiquitous proliferation of smartphones have enabled social sensing systems. In the last few years, the aptitude of humans to spontaneously collect and timely share context information has been ex... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

The San Bernardino, California, terror attack: two emergency departments' response - Lee C, Walters E, Borger R, Clem K, Fenati G, Kiemeney M, Seng S, Yuen HW, Neeki M, Smith D.
On December 2, 2015, a terror attack in the city of San Bernardino, California killed 14 Americans and injured 22 in the deadliest attack on U.S. soil since September 11, 2001. Although emergency personnel and law enforcement officials frequently deal with... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Disaster Preparedness Source Type: news

Dispatch of helicopter emergency medical services via advanced automatic collision notification - Matsumoto H, Mashiko K, Hara Y, Yagi T, Hayashida K, Mashiko K, Saito N, Iida H, Motomura T, Yasumatsu H, Kameyama D, Hirabayashi A, Yokota H, Ishikawa H, Kunimatsu T.
BACKGROUND: Advanced automatic collision notification (AACN) is a system for predicting occupant injury from collision information. If the helicopter emergency medical services (HEMS) physician can be alerted by AACN, it may be possible to reduce the time ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Epidemiology of eye-related emergency department visits - Channa R, Zafar SN, Canner JK, Haring RS, Schneider EB, Friedman DS.
IMPORTANCE: Determining the epidemiology of eye-related emergency department (ED) visits on a national level can assist policymakers in appropriate allocation of resources. OBJECTIVE: To study ED visits related to ocular conditions for all age grou... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The effectiveness of early educational interventions in the emergency department to reduce incidence or severity of post-concussion syndrome following a concussion: a systematic review - Eliyahu L, Kirkland S, Campbell S, Rowe BH.
OBJECTIVES: Concussions or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) are a major public health concern accounting for 85% of all brain injuries. Post-concussion syndrome (PCS) has been found to affect between 15-25% of patients with concussion one year after the ... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Unnecessary use of red lights and sirens in pediatric transport - Burns B, Hansen ML, Valenzuela S, Summers C, Van Otterloo J, Skarica B, Warden C, Guise JM.
INTRODUCTION: Approximately 25.5 million pediatric patients are treated in Emergency Departments around the United States annually. Roughly 7% of these patients are transported by ambulance; of these, approximately 7% arrive in ambulances running red light... (Source: SafetyLit)
Source: SafetyLit - February 5, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

How one ED uses telemedicine in the ambulance
When you think of telemedicine, what comes to mind? Often the answer is a split screen—physician and patient in separate locations on their computers or tablets. But one health system has shown the true breadth of telemedicine’s reach by using the technology to treat patients during the critical early moments of a stroke. Find out how. The risk of damage and disability in patients who are experiencing a stroke increases with any delay in care delivery. Two emergency physicians at the University of Virginia (UVA) Health System understood the need for speed when it comes to caring for patients in the midst of acute str...
Source: AMA Wire - February 5, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Troy Parks Source Type: news

Magnitude 6.4 Earthquake Hits Taiwan
TAIPEI (Reuters) - A powerful earthquake struck southern Taiwan on Saturday near the city of Tainan, toppling at least one apartment building and collapsing other structures although there were no immediate reports of deaths or serious injuries. At least five aftershocks of 3.8-magnitude or more shook Tainan about half an hour after the initial quake, according to Taiwan's Central Weather Bureau. The quake toppled a 17-storey apartment building in southern Tainan city on Saturday, and crews had so far rescued 123 people from the wreckage, a fire brigade official said. Taiwan's Formosa TV showed images of police, firefighte...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - February 5, 2016 Category: Science Source Type: news