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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 33.
How not to read an EEG: Introductory statements
Misdiagnosis is a major public health issue. However, it is impossible to eliminate diagnostic error from the treatment decision-making process.1 Neurologic conditions, such as stroke, multiple sclerosis, and epilepsy, are at risk for missed, delayed, and wrong diagnoses.2 For patients with seizures, up to 30% referred to epilepsy monitoring units are ultimately discovered to have an alternate diagnosis.3,4 A significant number of patients identified with psychogenic nonepileptic events have had at least one EEG that was misinterpreted as abnormal.4 Seizure-related histories are sometimes nebulous and incomplete. Therefore...
Source: Neurology - December 24, 2012 Category: Neurology Authors: Tatum, W. O. Tags: All Epilepsy/Seizures, EEG HOW NOT TO READ AN EEG Source Type: research
Understanding newsworthiness of an emerging pandemic: International newspaper coverage of the H1N1 outbreak
ConclusionsFindings demonstrate the enhanced newsworthiness of localized threats, even during an emerging pandemic. We discuss implications for news media's role in effective public health communication throughout an epidemic given the demonstrated precipitous decline in news interest.
Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses - December 24, 2012 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Katherine C. Smith, Rajiv N. Rimal, Helena Sandberg, John D. Storey, Lisa Lagasse, Catherine Maulsby, Elizabeth Rhoades, Daniel J. Barnett, Saad B. Omer, Jonathan M. Links Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Hepatitis C screening: Getting it right
Conclusion: By taking a broader view of the evidence, the Task Force can write new guidelines that will serve efforts to curb the hepatitis C epidemic, rather than frustrate them. (HEPATOLOGY 2012)
Source: Hepatology - December 24, 2012 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Brian R. Edlin Tags: Special Article Source Type: research
Building a pulmonary vascular service: the 12 year experience and outcomes of the Auckland Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Clinic
ConclusionsDespite historic difficulties with access to PAH specific therapy, this data confirms benefits of therapy (primarily sildenafil as first line treatment) for patients with PAH managed within the Auckland PAH clinic. Survival data is comparable to other reported cohorts.
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - December 24, 2012 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Cara A Wasywich, Aleksandar Cicovic, Tanya McWilliams, H Arthur Coverdale, Colleen Stewart, Kenneth Whyte Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Stroke disability and rehabilitation of stroke: World Health Organization perspective
Source: International Journal of Stroke - December 24, 2012 Category: Neurology Authors: Shanthi Mendis Tags: Leading opinion Source Type: research
Innovative newborn health technology for resource‐limited environments
ConclusionMany medical devices designed for newborns in the developing world are under development or in the early stages of production, but the vast majority of them are not available when and where they are needed. Making them available to mothers, newborns, and birth attendants in resource‐limited countries at the time and place of birth will require innovative and creative production, distribution, and implementation approaches. AbstractObjectifsAnalyser les dispositifs médicaux utilisés pour la santé néonatale dans les milieux pauvres et identifier les obstacles actuels et potentiels à leur utilisation effecti...
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - December 24, 2012 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: L. Thairu, M. Wirth, K. Lunze Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
Invited Commentary: Circulating Inflammation Markers and Cancer Risk--Implications for Epidemiologic Studies
Chronic inflammation, an established risk factor for cardiovascular disease, is increasingly being recognized as an etiologic factor in several cancers. In this issue of the Journal, Touvier et al. (Am J Epidemiol. 2013;177(1):3–13) report on the association of 7 markers of inflammation, adiposity, and endothelial function with risk of overall cancer and breast and prostate cancers in a nested case-control study carried out within the SU.VI.MAX cohort (France, 1994–2007). Consistent with previous reports on this topic, Touvier et al. focused on a limited number of markers. Future studies of inflammation and can...
Source: American Journal of Epidemiology - December 24, 2012 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Chaturvedi, A. K., Moore, S. C., Hildesheim, A. Tags: RESEARCH-ARTICLE Source Type: research
Evaluation of the tuberculosis programme in Ningxia Hui Autonomous region, the People's Republic of China: a retrospective case study
Conclusions: It is clear that active surveillance is necessary to determine the full extent of the burden of TB in NHAR. New control and treatment strategies for TB are required that increase awareness in the health-care system and at the individual and community level.
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - December 23, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Yu YangDonald McManusDarren GrayXiao WangShu YangAllen RossGail WilliamsMagda Ellis Source Type: research
Higher levels of psychological distress are associated with a higher risk of incident diabetes during 18 year follow-up: results from the British Household Panel Survey
Conclusions: Higher levels of psychological distress are a risk factor for the development of diabetes during an 18 year follow up period. This association may be potentially mediated by low energy level and impaired health status.
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - December 23, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Paula MommersteegRaphael HerrWobbe ZijlstraSven SchneiderFrançois Pouwer Source Type: research
Contraception matters: Indicators of poor usage of contraception in sexually active women attending family planning clinics in Victoria, Australia
Background: Unintended pregnancy (mistimed or unwanted) remains an important health issue for women. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of and factors associated with risk of unintended pregnancy in a sample of Victorian women attending family planning clinics. Methods: This cross-sectional survey of three Family Planning Victoria Clinics from April to July 2011 recruited women aged 16-50 years with a male sexual partner in the last 3 months, and not intending to conceive. The questionnaire asked about contraceptive behaviours and important factors that influence contraception use (identified from a ...
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - December 23, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jason OngMeredith Temple-SmithWilliam WongKathleen McNameeChristopher Fairley Source Type: research
Relationships among sense of coherence, resources, and mental health in urban and rural residents in Japan
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that resources available to urban and rural residents are characteristic of the area where they live, and that social and psychological resources as well as SOC are associated with better mental health. Possible directions for health support strategies, reflecting regional characteristics, are suggested.
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - December 23, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Yoko TsunoYoshihiko Yamazaki Source Type: research
Am J Public Health; +83 new citations
83 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Public Health These pubmed results were generated on 2012/12/22PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine, includes over 15 million citations for biomedical articles back to the 1950's. These citations are from MEDLINE and additional life science journals. PubMed includes links to many sites providing full text articles and other related resources.
Source: Am J Public Health - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Report Source Type: research
Epigenetic modifications in hepatic stellate cells contribute to liver fibrosis.
Abstract Liver fibrosis represents the final common pathway of virtually all types of chronic liver diseases, and it has been a major public health concern. Many genes have been demonstrated to be involved in the pathogenesis of liver fibrosis, while the mechanisms underlying gene regulation still needs further research. On the other hand, hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) are quiescent cells in the perisinusoidal space in liver. HSCs facilitate hepatocytes interactions via releasing soluble inflammatory factors and producing extracellular matrix. HSCs can be activated in response to liver injury, and they differentiat...
Source: The Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine - December 22, 2012 Category: Research Authors: Zhao Q, Qin CY, Zhao ZH, Fan YC, Wang K Tags: Tohoku J Exp Med Source Type: research
Safeguarding abortion: a matter of reproductive rights.
PMID: 23215954 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Public Health - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Gruskin S Tags: Am J Public Health Source Type: research
Authors: PMID: 23215956 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Public Health - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Am J Public Health Source Type: research
PMID: 23215957 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Public Health - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Lin SF, Beck AN, Finch BK, Hummer RA, Masters RK Tags: Am J Public Health Source Type: research
Health risks from water and new challenges for the future. Preface.
PMID: 23247130 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Funari E Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Chemicals in the water environment. Where do the real and future threats lie?
Abstract There are many potential sources of chemical constituents and contaminants in water that can reach drinking water. Not all substances will be present in any particular water. Some substances may be of benefit to health but others can be a threat. However, very few have been clearly shown to cause adverse health effects in humans through drinking water and evidence may be complicated by simultaneous exposure through food. Our knowledge of contaminants in water is, however, incomplete as additional contaminants emerge with advancing analytical methods. Most of these emerging contaminants are present as a con...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Fawell J Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Long-term risks of metal contaminants in drinking water: a critical appraisal of guideline values for arsenic and vanadium.
Abstract Metal contaminants in drinking water represent a relevant health issue in several areas of the world. In Italy, because of the geological features of the territory, high arsenic and vanadium are frequently reported in ground waters in concentrations above current guideline values. The implications for public health of the presence of contaminants above their legal limit are directly related to the biological basis of the guideline value. In the case of arsenic there are still major uncertainties in the mechanism of carcinogenesis which prevent a precise evaluation of long-term risks. Thus, the guideline va...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Crebelli R, Leopardi P Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Radioactivity in drinking water: regulations, monitoring results and radiation protection issues.
Abstract Introduction. Drinking waters usually contain several natural radionuclides: tritium, radon, radium, uranium isotopes, etc. Their concentrations vary widely since they depend on the nature of the aquifer, namely, the prevailing lithology and whether there is air in it or not. Aims. In this work a broad overview of the radioactivity in drinking water is presented: national and international regulations, for limiting the presence of radioactivity in waters intended for human consumption; results of extensive campaigns for monitoring radioactivity in drinking waters, including mineral bottled waters, carried ...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Nuccetelli C, Rusconi R, Forte M Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
The risk of contracting infectious diseases in public swimming pools. A review.
Abstract A review of pathogenic microorganisms presenting risk of infection in pool based artificial recreational water venues is extracted from the available scientific literature. The microorganisms are grouped both according to their way of spread and their survival and growth strategies and their characteristics relevant for the pool and spa based recreation are discussed. In order to put the proposed risks on a solid basis, among others a ten year excerpt of the waterborne disease statistics of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is used throughout the article. PMID: 23247134 [PubMed - as ...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Barna ZF, Kaacute Daacute R ML Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Health impact of disinfection by-products in swimming pools.
This article is focused on the epidemiological evidence on the health impacts related to disinfection by-products (DBPs) in swimming pools, which is a chemical hazard generated as an undesired consequence to reduce the microbial pathogens. Specific DBPs are carcinogenic, fetotoxic and/or irritant to the airways according to experimental studies. Epidemiological evidence shows that swimming in pools during pregnancy is not associated with an increased risk of reproductive outcomes. An epidemiological study suggested an increased risk of bladder cancer with swimming pool attendance, although evidence is inconclusive. A highe...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Villanueva CM, Font-Ribera L Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Emerging and potentially emerging viruses in water environments.
Abstract Among microorganisms, viruses are best fit to become emerging pathogens since they are able to adapt not only by mutation but also through recombination and reassortment and can thus become able to infect new hosts and to adjust to new environments. Enteric viruses are among the commonest and most hazardous waterborne pathogens, causing both sporadic and outbreak-related illness. The main health effect associated with enteric viruses is gastrointestinal illness, but they can also cause respiratory symptoms, conjunctivitis, hepatitis, central nervous system infections, and chronic diseases. Non-enteric viru...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: La Rosa G, Fratini M, Della Libera S, Iaconelli M, Muscillo M Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Sanitary problems related to the presence of Ostreopsis spp. in the Mediterranean Sea: a multidisciplinary scientific approach.
Abstract The increased presence of potentially toxic microalgae in the Mediterranean area is a matter of great concern. Since the end of the last century, microalgae of the genus Ostreopsis have been detected more and more frequently in the Italian coastal waters. The presence of Ostreopsis spp. has been accompanied by the presence of previously undetected marine biotoxins (palytoxins) into the ecosystem with the increased possibility of human exposure. In response to the urgent need for toxicity characterization of palytoxin and its congeners, an integrated study encompassing both in vitro and in vivo methods was ...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Del Favero G, Sosa S, Pelin M, D'Orlando E, Florio C, Lorenzon P, Poli M, Tubaro A Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Emerging health issues of cyanobacterial blooms.
Abstract This paper describes emerging issue related to cyanobacterial dynamics and toxicity and human health risks. Data show an increasing cyanobacteria expansion and dominance in many environments. However there are still few information on the toxic species fitness, or on the effects of specific drivers on toxin production. Open research fields are related to new exposure scenario (cyanotoxins in water used for haemodialysis and in food supplements); to new patterns of co-exposure between cyanotoxins and algal toxins and/or anthropogenic chemicals; to dynamics affecting toxicity and production of different cyan...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Manganelli M, Scardala S, Stefanelli M, Palazzo F, Funari E, Vichi S, Buratti FM, Testai E Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Waterborne outbreaks of cryptosporidiosis.
This article documents how waterborne Cryptosporidium outbreaks are identified and reported, how such outbreaks have acted as drivers of regulatory change, and some of the recent developments in the detection and investigation of these outbreaks and their spread, especially the application of molecular typing assays. PMID: 23247139 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Chalmers RM Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
The importance of waterborne disease outbreak surveillance in the United States.
This article describes the changing nature of disease outbreaks in public water systems during 1971-2008 and discusses the importance of a collaborative waterborne outbreak surveillance system established in 1971. Increasing reports of outbreaks throughout the early 1980s emphasized that microbial contaminants remained a health-risk challenge for suppliers of drinking water. Outbreak investigations identified the responsible etiologic agents and deficiencies in the treatment and distribution of drinking water, especially the high risk associated with unfiltered surface water systems. Surveillance information was important ...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Craun GF Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Vaccine preventable viral diseases and risks associated with waterborne transmission.
Abstract Rotavirus and poliovirus are paradigmatic viruses for causing major diseases affecting the human population. The impact of poliovirus is remarkably diminished because of vaccination during the last half century. Poliomyelitis due to wild polio currently affects a limited number of countries, and since 2000 sporadic outbreaks have been associated to neurovirulent vaccine-derived polioviruses. Conversely, rotavirus is presently very diffuse, accounting for the largest fraction of severe gastroenteritis among children <5 years-old. Vaccination towards rotavirus is still in its dawn, and zoonotic strains co...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ruggeri FM, Fiore L Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Impact of climate change on waterborne diseases.
Abstract Change in climate and water cycle will challenge water availability but it will also increase the exposure to unsafe water. Floods, droughts, heavy storms, changes in rain pattern, increase of temperature and sea level, they all show an increasing trend worldwide and will affect biological, physical and chemical components of water through different paths thus enhancing the risk of waterborne diseases. This paper is intended, through reviewing the available literature, to highlight environmental changes and critical situations caused by floods, drought and warmer temperature that will lead to an increase o...
Source: Annali dell'Istituto Superiore di Sanita - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Funari E, Manganelli M, Sinisi L Tags: Ann Ist Super Sanita Source Type: research
Our Global Mission
The Journal of Adolescent Health has expanded its Editorial Board to be more reflective of our global mission to improve the health and well-being of adolescents and young adults. As Patton and Michaud have pointed out in these pages, it is increasingly clear that we must refocus our efforts on young people throughout the world, especially those in low- and middle-income countries . Given that >50% of the manuscripts submitted to our Journal come from outside of the United States, the editors have decided to expand our Editorial Board to include a broader range of disciplines, countries, and continents. Disciplines represe...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Health - December 22, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Charles E. Irwin, Tor D. Berg Tags: Editorials Source Type: research
[Chronic heart failure with impaired left ventricular function (systolic heart failure)].
Abstract Chronic heart failure is a common public health problem. The disease has a poor prognosis with high mortality rate and the incidence increases continuously. Prognosis of chronic systolic heart failure can be improved by several different medications as well as by special cardiac interventions based on the newly-published European and American guidelines. In case of severe systolic dysfunction, hospitalization and mortality can be reduced using angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, angiotensin receptor blocking drugs, beta-receptor blocking agents and aldosterone antagonists, as evidenced in multicentri...
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - December 22, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Hőgye M, Forster T Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Neuraminidase Inhibitor Susceptibility Testing of Influenza Type B Viruses in China during 2010 and 2011 Identifies Viruses with Reduced Susceptibility to Oseltamivir and Zanamivir.
This report underlies the importance of continued influenza antiviral susceptibility surveillance globally, even in countries where the use of NAIs has been low or non-existing. PMID: 23267831 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Antiviral Research - December 22, 2012 Category: Virology Authors: Wang D, Sleeman K, Huang W, Nguyen HT, Levine M, Cheng Y, Li X, Tan M, Xing X, Xu X, Klimov AI, Gubareva LV, Shu Y Tags: Antiviral Res Source Type: research
Determining adult type 2 diabetes-related health care needs in an indigenous population from rural Guatemala: a mixed-methods preliminary study
Conclusions: This study provides a preliminary sketch of type 2 diabetes in an indigenous Guatemalan population. Combined qualitative and quantitative data point towards particular needs for implementation and future research, including the need to address gaps in diabetes knowledge, to improve social support systems, and to address the cost barriers associated with disease treatment.
Source: BMC Health Services Research - December 22, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Anita CharyMiranda GreinerCody BowersPeter Rohloff Source Type: research
Personal characteristics related to the risk of adolescent internet addiction: a survey in Shanghai, China
This study aims to explore the prevalence of AIA and associated symptoms in a large population-based sample in Shanghai and identify potential predictors related to personal characteristics. Methods: In 2007, 5,122 adolescents were randomly chosen from 16 high schools of different school types (junior, senior key, senior ordinary and senior vocational) in Shanghai with stratified-random sampling. Each student completed a self-administered and anonymous questionnaire that included DRM 52 Scale of Internet-use. The DRM 52 scale was adapted for use in Shanghai from Young's Internet Addiction Scale and contained 7 subscales re...
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - December 22, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Jian XuLi-xiao ShenChong-huai YanHoward HuFang YangLu WangSudha KothaLi-na ZhangXiang-peng LiaoJun ZhangFeng-xiu OuyangJin-song ZhangXiao-ming Shen Source Type: research
Active trachoma and associated risk factors among children in Baso Liben District of East Gojjam, Ethiopia
Conclusion: Active trachoma is a major public problem among 1--9 years children and significantly associated with a number of risky factors. Improvement in awareness of facial hygiene, environmental conditions, mass antibiotic distribution and health education on trachoma transmission and prevention should be strengthened in the District.
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - December 22, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Kassahun KetemaMoges TirunehDesalegn WoldeyohannesDagnachew Muluye Source Type: research
Healthy migrants but unhealthy offspring? a retrospective cohort study among Italians in Switzerland
Conclusions: The mortality risks of first- and second-generation Italians vary substantially. The healthy migrant effect and health disadvantage among second-generation Italians show characteristic age/sex patterns. Future investigation of health behavior and cause-specific mortality is needed to better understand different mortality risks. Such insights will facilitate adequate prevention and health promotion efforts.
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - December 22, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Silvan TarnutzerMatthias Bopp Source Type: research
Effects of self-rated health on sick leave, disability pension, hospital admissions and mortality. A population-based longitudinal study of nearly 15,000 observations among Swedish women and men
Background: Simple global self-ratings of health (SRH) have become increasingly used in national and international public health monitoring, and in recent decades recommended as a standard part of health surveys. Monitoring developments in population health requires identification and use of health measures, valid in relation to targets for population health. The aim of the present study was to investigate associations between SRH and sick leave, disability pension, hospital admissions, and mortality, adjusted for effects of significant covariates, in a large population-based cohort. Methods: The analyses were based on scr...
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - December 22, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Christina HalfordThorne WallmanLennart WelinAnnika RosengrenAnnika BardelSaga JohanssonHenry ErikssonEd PalmerLars WilhelmsenKurt Svärdsudd Source Type: research
50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics: Feeding Value of Soy Milks for Premature Infants
Omans WB, Leuterer W, Gyorgy P. J Pediatr 1963;62:98-106 In an effort to test the acceptability and toxicity of protein-rich foods mandated by the World Health Organization and the United Nations Children's Fund, formulas prepared from soy protein were studied in rats and in premature infants. Premature infants were selected because of their rapid growth and prolonged hospitalization. Formulas (4 soy-based and 1 cow milk–based formulas) were evaluated in rats on the basis of the protein efficiency ratio (gram of weight gain per gram of test protein). Despite similar total protein contents, all soy formulas had lower pro...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - December 21, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Richard J. Schanler Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Children’s Environmental Health
With rising incidence rates reported for asthma, birth defects, neurodevelopmental disorders, obesity, type 2 diabetes, and preterm birth, there has been a concomitant increase in the recognition of the importance of toxic chemicals in our environment. In 1993, the National Academy of Sciences published a landmark report, Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children, which emphasized that children are both more exposed and particularly vulnerable. Exposures in utero and in the first few years of life have disproportionate effects. Relative to their body weight, children breathe more air, drink more water, and eat more f...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - December 21, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Allen J. Dozor, Robert W. Amler Tags: Notes from the Association of Medical School Pediatric Department Chairs, Inc. Source Type: research
Characteristics Associated with Consumption of Sports and Energy Drinks among US Adults: National Health Interview Survey, 2010
Abstract: Sales of sports and energy drinks have increased dramatically, but there is limited information on regular consumers of sports and energy drinks. Characteristics associated with sports and energy drink intake were examined among a sample representing the civilian noninstitutionalized US adult population. The 2010 National Health Interview Survey data for 25,492 adults (18 years of age or older; 48% males) were used. Nationwide, 31.3% of adults were sports and energy drink consumers during the past 7 days, with 21.5% consuming sports and energy drinks one or more times per week and 11.5% consuming sports and ener...
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - December 21, 2012 Category: Nutrition Authors: Sohyun Park, Stephen Onufrak, Heidi M. Blanck, Bettylou Sherry Tags: Research and Professional Briefs Source Type: research
Advantages and Disadvantages of an Automated Weighed Intake Dietary Assessment Tool Requiring Minimal Participant Burden for Use at Congregate Meal Sites
INACCURATE DIETARY INTAKE DATA CAN RESULT IN erroneous conclusions regarding the link between diet and disease. Embracing alternative dietary assessment technology could equip clinicians, researchers, public health professionals, and policy makers directing diet-related prevention and treatment. All dietary assessment tools have some disadvantages. Self-recall methods are prone to error, biomarkers require obtaining and handling biological samples, direct observation is costly and labor-intensive, food photography is under development, and weighing food before and after consumption is arduous. Even computer-guided technolo...
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - December 21, 2012 Category: Nutrition Authors: Karen E. Spears, Heidi L. Himler Tags: Emerging Science and Translational Applications Source Type: research
Weight: It must be January!
IN JANUARY, ATTENTION TURNS to scaling back to pre-holiday numbers and resolving to stay the course with a healthy eating and lifestyle plan. As we await the new obesity guidelines currently under development by the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI), much research attention is devoted to weighty matters. Because the topics of obesity and weight control dominate much of the public health literature, and rightfully so, the contributions of new and evolving research findings can help to fit pieces of the prevention and treatment puzzle together.
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - December 21, 2012 Category: Nutrition Authors: Linda Van Horn Tags: Editor's Outlook Source Type: research
Smoking in pregnancy: a systematic review of qualitative research of women who commence pregnancy as smokers
ConclusionSyntheses of qualitative research have an important role to play in producing the evidence base for midwifery, nursing, and public health policy and practice. The four dimensions identified in this review have implications for the design and delivery of interventions to support women to quit smoking in pregnancy.
Source: Journal of Advanced Nursing - December 21, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Kate Flemming, Hilary Graham, Morag Heirs, Dave Fox, Amanda Sowden Tags: Review Paper Source Type: research
Molecular Epidemiology and Public Health Relevance of Campylobacter Isolated from Dairy Cattle and European Starlings in Ohio, USA
Foodborne Pathogens and Disease , Vol. 0, No. 0.
Source: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease - December 21, 2012 Category: Food Science Tags: article Source Type: research
Prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum in Wild Rodents in Five Islands of the West Dongting Lake, China.
Abstract Abstract To estimate the prevalence of Schistosoma japonicum in field rodents, we conducted surveys of S. japonicum infection on 5 islands in the west Dongting Lake, namely, Julinyuan, Jiangjiazui, Longwangmiao, Goutouzhou and Niujiaojian. Thirty-five Rattus flavipectus, 43 R. norvegicus, 42 R. rattus and 48 Microtus fortis were captured and examined from July to August 2011. Except M. fortis, S. japonicum was found in the other 3 species. No statistical significant difference in infection rate was found among the 5 locations or the 3 species of Rattus (P>0.05). The average prevalence in the Rattus was...
Source: The Journal of Parasitology - December 21, 2012 Category: Parasitology Authors: Guo Y, Jiang M, Gu L, Qiao Y, Li W Tags: J Parasitol Source Type: research
Raging hormones, domestic incompetence, and contraceptive indifference: narratives contributing to the perception that women do not trust men to use contraception.
Abstract Recently, mainstream English-language news organisations have been reporting that a 'male pill' will soon be available. A common theme running through many published articles is that women will not trust men to use these new male contraceptives, though rarely is evidence provided to support this claim. In order to understand this disconnect between women's distrust for men as a group and their trust in their male partners, this paper examines three dominant ideologies of masculinity that inhibit men's contraceptive trustworthiness as a group. First, there is a cultural belief that men have an uncontrollabl...
Source: Culture, Health and Sexuality - December 21, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Campo-Engelstein L Tags: Cult Health Sex Source Type: research
Differential effects of the computer-tailored FATaintPHAT programme on dietary behaviours according to sociodemographic, cognitive and home environmental factors.
CONCLUSIONS: The effects of the intervention generally did not differ between sociodemographic subgroups. The moderation by home availability illustrates that the environment may influence the effects of educational interventions. PMID: 23257166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Nutrition - December 21, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ezendam NP, Burg J, Borsboom G, van Empelen P, Oenema A Tags: Public Health Nutr Source Type: research
Distribution of virulence genes and antibiotic resistance of Vibrio cholerae obtained from edible ice in Jakarta, Indonesia.
This study documents the V.cholerae contamination in edible ice from Jakarta (East, West, North, South and Central), the capitol city of Indonesia and attempts to characterize the virulent-potential of these strains. A selective medium was used to isolate 98 V. cholera strains and their identity was confirmed using biochemical assays. Serological tests were classified majority of them (78%) to the non-O1 serogroup. Multiplex PCR was used to detect the presence of V. cholerae virulence genes, namely ctxA, ompU, tcpA, ace, zot, and toxR. The toxR, ctxA, ompU, and zot genes were detected in 75, 26, 15, and 1% of isolates, res...
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - December 21, 2012 Category: Microbiology Authors: Waturangi DE, Melissa, Suhartono MX, Wijaya YF Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Benchmark Dose Profiles for Joint‐Action Quantal Data in Quantitative Risk Assessment
This article demonstrates how the benchmark modeling paradigm can be expanded from the single‐dose setting to joint‐action, two‐agent studies. Focus is on response outcomes expressed as proportions. Extending the single‐exposure setting, representations of risk are based on a joint‐action dose–response model involving both agents. Based on such a model, the concept of a benchmark profile (BMP) – a two‐dimensional analog of the single‐dose BMD at which both agents achieve the specified BMR – is defined for use in quantitative risk characterization and assessment. The resulting, joint, low‐dose guidelin...
Source: Biometrics - December 21, 2012 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Roland C. Deutsch, Walter W. Piegorsch Source Type: research