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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 12.
The cost effectiveness of teriparatide as a first-line treatment for glucocorticoid-induced and postmenopausal osteoporosis patients in Sweden
Conclusions: The selection of teriparatide versus oral bisphosphonates as a first-line treatment for the high risk PMO and GIOP cohorts evaluated is justified at a cost per QALY threshold of [euro sign]50,000.
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders - October 30, 2012 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Daniel MurphyLee SmolenTimothy KleinRobert Klein Source Type: research
Toxic Nodular Goiter and Cancer: A Compelling Case for Thyroidectomy
Conclusions These data demonstrate a higher than expected incidental cancer rate in TNG patients compared to historical reports (18.3 vs. 3 %). This higher cancer incidence may alter the risk/benefit analysis regarding TNG treatment. This information should be provided to TNG patients before decision making regarding treatment. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory Endocrine TumorsPages 1-5DOI 10.1245/s10434-012-2725-4Authors J. Joshua Smith, Department of Surgery, Vanderbilt University Medical Center, Nashville, TN, USAXi Chen, Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center, Vanderbilt University Medical Cent...
Source: Annals of Surgical Oncology - October 29, 2012 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Annals of Surgical Oncology Source Type: research
Historical perspectives of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery: John W. Strieder (1901-1993)
John William Strieder, 52nd president of The American Association for Thoracic Surgery (AATS), was born on June 6, 1901, in Boston. His family lived in Roxbury and owned a cigar box factory. He was raised by his mother after his father died when he was an early teen. Strieder enjoyed reading the classics and maintained that interest throughout his life. His initial educational focus was engineering, and he graduated from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1922 (); however, his interests migrated toward medicine. After graduation from Harvard Medical School in 1926, he started in pathology at the New England Deaco...
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - October 29, 2012 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Cameron D. Wright Tags: Presidential Perspectives Source Type: research
Information overload, professionalization, and the origins of the publication manual of the American Psychological Association.
This article examines the origins of psychology's adoption of a standardized style and format for its publications and the controversies that this decision engendered. The present account draws on perspectives derived from the history of reading and the sociology of professions to explain the historical appeal of such standards. Archival documents are used to trace the events that led to the drafting of the first set of publication standards in 1929. Where previous historical accounts of the publication manual have stressed the influence of behaviorism, the discipline's leaders embraced these instructions because of the pe...
Source: Review of General Psychology - October 29, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sigal, Matthew J.; Pettit, Michael Source Type: research
An approach to hemodynamic monitoring: Guyton at the bedside
Hemodynamic monitoring is used to indentify deviations from hemodynamic goals and to assess responses to therapy. To accomplish these goals one must understand how the circulation is regulated. In this review I begin with an historical review of the work of Arthur Guyton and his conceptual understanding of the circulation and then present an approach by which Guyton's concepts can be applied at the bedside.Guyton argued that cardiac output and central venous pressure are determined by the interaction of two functions: cardiac function, which is determined by cardiac performance, and a return function, which is determined b...
Source: Critical Care - October 29, 2012 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Sheldon Magder Source Type: research
The Missing Link: A Call for More Rigorous PTSD Assessment Procedures
We describe basic procedures for evaluating PTSD in a way that is consistent with both the disorder's historical conceptualization and contemporary methodology. In doing so, we present the rationale and limited empirical evidence supporting the so‐called worst event method of identifying an index trauma for subsequent PTSD assessment.
Source: Clinical Psychology: Science and Practice - October 29, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jon D. Elhai, James A. Naifeh Tags: REVIEWS Source Type: research
Historical aspects of inner ear anatomy and biology that underlie the design of hearing and balance prosthetic devices.
Abstract This review presents some of the major historical events that advanced the body of knowledge of the anatomy of the inner ear and its sensory receptors as well as the biology of these receptors that underlies the sensory functions of hearing and balance. This knowledge base of the inner ear's structure/function has been an essential factor for the design and construction of prosthetic devices to aid patients with deficits in their senses of hearing and balance. Prosthetic devices are now available for severely hearing impaired and deaf patients to restore hearing and are known as cochlear implants and audit...
Source: Anatomical Record - October 27, 2012 Category: Anatomy Authors: Van De Water TR Tags: Anat Rec (Hoboken) Source Type: research
"Trends in educational inequalities on old age mortality in Norway 1961-2009: a prospective register based population study"
Background: The vast majority of deaths occur in older adults. Paradoxically, knowledge on long-term trends in mortality inequalities among the aged, and particularly for those aged 80 years and over, is sparse. The historical trends in size and impact of socioeconomic inequalities on old age mortality are important to monitor because they may give an indication on future burden of inequalities. We investigated trends in absolute and relative educational inequalities on old age mortality in Norway between 1961 and 2009. Methods: We did a register-based population study covering the entire Norwegian population aged 65-94 in...
Source: BioMed Central - October 27, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Joakim Oliu MoeÓlöf Anna SteingrímsdóttirBjørn Heine StrandElse-Karin GrøholtØyvind Næss Source Type: research
Management of Alcohol Abuse
This article reviews the spectrum of alcohol use disorders. The pharmacologic properties of ethanol and its metabolism, and the historical, physical, and laboratory elements that may help diagnose an alcohol use disorder are examined. The concepts of motivational interviewing and stages of change are mentioned, along with the American Society of Addiction Medicine patient placement criteria, to determine the best level of treatment for alcoholism. Various therapeutic management options are reviewed, including psychological, pharmacologic, and complementary/alternative choices. This article provides a basic understanding of...
Source: Clinics in Liver Disease - October 26, 2012 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Anthony P. Albanese Source Type: research
Application of the BRAFO tiered approach for benefit-risk assessment to case studies on heat processing contaminants.
In conclusion the benefits of the acrylamide-reducing measures were considered prevailing. For benzo(a)pyrene, three illustrated alternative scenarios were evaluated against the most common smoking practice. The alternative scenarios were assessed as delivering benefits, introducing only minimal potential risks. Similar considerations were made for heat treatment of milk where the comparison of the microbiological effects of heat treatment, physico-chemical changes of milk constituents with positive and negative health effects was assessed. In general, based on data available, benefits of the heat treatment were outweighin...
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - October 26, 2012 Category: Food Science Authors: Schütte K, Boeing H, Hart A, Heeschen W, Reimerdes EH, Santare D, Skog K, Chiodini A Tags: Food Chem Toxicol Source Type: research
International environmental and occupational health: From individual scientists to networked science hubs
Abstract For the past 16 years, the International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health program (ITREOH) has supported projects that link U.S. academic scientists with scientists from low‐ and middle‐income countries in diverse research and research training activities. Twenty‐two projects of varied duration have conducted training to enhance the research capabilities of scientists at 75 institutions in 43 countries in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, and Latin America, and have built productive research relationships between these scientists and their U.S. partners. ITREOH investigators and the...
Source: American Journal of Industrial Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Joshua Rosenthal, Christine Jessup, Sarah Felknor, Michael Humble, Farah Bader, Kenneth Bridbord Tags: Historical Perspective Source Type: research
Cleidocranial dysplasia: a review of the dental, historical, and practical implications with an overview of the South African experience
Cleidocranial dysplasia (CCD) is an uncommon but well-known genetic skeletal condition. Several hundred affected persons are members of a large extended family in the Cape Town Mixed Ancestry community of South Africa. The clinical manifestations are often innocuous, but hyperdontia and other developmental abnormalities of the teeth are a major feature and may require special dental management. Over the past 40 years, the authors have encountered more than 100 affected persons in Cape Town. Emphasis has been on dental management, but medical, genetic, and social problems have also been addressed. In this article, we have r...
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - October 26, 2012 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tina Roberts, Lawrence Stephen, Peter Beighton Tags: Oral Medicine Source Type: research
[Long-term results of exclusive radiotherapy and brachytherapy of breast cancer.]
CONCLUSION: Although the historical retrospective character of these series, it is interesting to have this experience and to analyse it according to our new knowledge and advances. The described technique was a standard for many years and could be still used in some cases. PMID: 23103447 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cancer Radiotherapie - October 26, 2012 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Pan Q, Calitchi E, Otmezguine Y, Feuilhade F, Le Bourgeois JP, Pierquin B, Lagrange JL Tags: Cancer Radiother Source Type: research
Emendation of the species Corynebacterium propinquum to include strains which produce urease.
Abstract Corynebacterium propinquum is a Gram-positive rod occasionally recovered from clinical infections which, by 16S rRNA gene sequencing, is most closely related (>99% identity) to C. pseudodiphtheriticum. The two species are very similar biochemically, commonly differentiated by a single test, the detection of urease, where C. propinquum strains are described as being urease non-producing and C. pseudodiphtheriticum strains as urease producing. In this review, reference and historical / contemporary wild strains of C. propinquum and C. pseudodiphtheriticum from this laboratory were definitively characteriz...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - October 26, 2012 Category: Microbiology Authors: Bernard K, Pacheco AL, Cunningham I, Gill N, Burdz T, Wiebe D Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research
Early Respiratory Therapy Reduces Postoperative Atelectasis in Children Undergoing Lung Resection.
CONCLUSION: Implantation of a standardized physiotherapeutic protocol after lung resection in children decreasesatelectasisbut does not reduce the time of chest tube removal or the duration of the hospital stay. PMID: 23106907 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Respiratory Care - October 26, 2012 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kaminski PN, Forgiarini LA, Andrade CF Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Fever, Immigration and Quarantine in New South Wales, 1837-1840
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Corrigenda Source Type: research
Children's Physic: Medical Perceptions and Treatment of Sick Children in Early Modern England, c. 1580-1720
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Tags: Corrigenda Source Type: research
Annette F. Timm, The Politics of Fertility in Twentieth-Century Berlin
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Sauerteig, L. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Anne-Sophie Bruno, Eric Geerkens, Nicolas Hatzfeld and Catherine Omnes, La Sante au Travail, Entre Savoirs et Pouvoirs (19e-20e siecles)
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Moses, J. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Barron H. Lerner, One for the Road: Drunk Driving since 1900
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Luckin, B. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Catherine Kelly, War and the Militarization of British Army Medicine, 1793-1830
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Brown, M. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Michael Stolberg, Experiencing Illness and the Sick Body in Early Modern Europe, translated by Leonhard Unglaub and Logan Kennedy
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Newton, H. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Florence Eliza Glaze and Brian K. Nance (eds), Between Text and Patient: the Medical Enterprise in Medieval and Early-Modern Europe
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: McCleery, I. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Beatrix Hoffman, Nancy Tomes, Rachel Grob and Mark Schlesinger (eds), Patients as Policy Actors
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Mold, A. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Beth Linker, War's Waste: Rehabilitation in World War I America
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Kinder, J. M. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Mark Jackson (ed.), The Oxford Handbook of the History of Medicine
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Grob, G. N. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Charlotte E. Henze, Disease, Health Care and Government in Late Imperial Russia: Life and Death on the Volga, 1823-1914
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Smith, M. B. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Marta E. Hanson, Speaking of Epidemics in Chinese Medicine: Disease and the Geographic Imagination in Late Imperial China
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Lynteris, C. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Yi-Li Wu, Reproducing Women: Medicine, Metaphor, and Childbirth in Late Imperial China
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Valussi, E. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Narin Hassan, Diagnosing Empire: Women, Medical Knowledge, and Colonial Mobility
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Bhattacharya, N. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Katherine D. Watson, Forensic Medicine in Western Society: A History
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Duvall, N. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Jan Ovesen and Ing-Britt Trankell, Cambodians and their Doctors: A Medical Anthropology of Colonial and Post-Colonial Cambodia
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Wahlberg, A. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Alison Nuttall and Rosemary Mander (eds.), James Young Simpson: Lad o Pairts
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Reid, L. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Catharine Coleborne and Dolly MacKinnon (eds.), Exhibiting Madness in Museums: Remembering Psychiatry Through Collections and Display
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Kragh, J. V. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Ian Miller, A Modern History of the Stomach: Gastric Illness, Medicine and British Society, 1800-1950
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Angel, K. Tags: Focus on Diet and Nutrition Source Type: research
Elisabeth Hsu and Stephen Harris (eds), Plants, Health and Healing: On the Interface of Ethnobotany and Medical Anthropology
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Alexiades, M. N. Tags: Focus on Diet and Nutrition Source Type: research
Ina Zweiniger-Bargielowska, Rachel Duffet and Alain Drouard (eds), Food and War in Twentieth Century Europe
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Jensen, T. Tags: Focus on Diet and Nutrition Source Type: research
Matthew Smith, An Alternative History of Hyperactivity: Food Additives and the Feingold Diet
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Doroshow, D. Tags: Focus on Diet and Nutrition Source Type: research
Josep Bernabeu-Mestre and Josep Lluis Barona (eds), Nutricion, Salud y Sociedad: Espana y Europa en los siglos XIX y XX
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Lafuente, G. S. Tags: Focus on Diet and Nutrition Source Type: research
Roderick Floud, Robert W. Fogel, Bernard Harris and Sok Chul Hong, The Changing Body: Health, Nutrition, and Human Development in the Western World Since 1700
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Smith, D. Tags: Focus on Diet and Nutrition Source Type: research
From Immorality to Public Health: Thalidomide and the Debate for Legal Abortion in Australia
In the early 1960s, a sudden increase in the number of babies born with serious physical deformities was traced to the popular sedative drug thalidomide. In addition to discussions of treatment and compensation for surviving children, the ethical considerations surrounding abortion and infanticide were enduring themes in contemporary debates about thalidomide. This paper examines those arguments, and the extent to which they affected the legalisation of abortion that occurred in South Australia in the late 1960s, following the lead of Britain. While thalidomide did not directly initiate the push for abortion law reform, th...
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Parker, C. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Church, State and Family: The Advent of Child Guidance Clinics in Independent Ireland
This article considers the advent of psychiatric services for children in independent Ireland through the establishment of the first state-funded child guidance clinic in the mid-1950s. Ireland was somewhat late to embrace the child guidance model which had originated in the USA at the turn of the century, mainly because it challenged traditional notions of child welfare and juvenile justice and provided an alternative to institutional care, the responsibility for which was vested in the Catholic Church. The 1940s witnessed an assertive church response to the health and welfare problems associated with the exigencies of th...
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Feeney, T. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Producing Knowledge about Tropical Fevers in the Andes: Preventive Inoculations and Yellow Fever in Colombia, 1880-1890
This paper analyses the emergence of yellow fever as a distinct disease in Colombia in the 1880s. Originally considered a variety of periodic paludic fever, confined to coastlines and warm river valleys, yellow fever was redefined by Colombian doctors over a period of less than ten years, as a distinct non-paludic, fever, which could occur in temperate lands and which was caused by a micro-organism. Two phenomena were fundamental in this shift: the unexpected outbreaks of paludic-like fevers in highland and inland areas, and the controversy surrounding the Pasteurian practice of the preventive inoculations of germs. This c...
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Garcia, M. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Germs at Work: Establishing Tuberculosis as an Occupational Disease in Britain, c.1900-1951
This article explores the long campaign to define TB as an illness linked to employment, investigating an area neglected in the historiography, whilst contributing to our understanding of the role of trade unions in relation to public health. The evidence examined here suggests a complex and changing picture in which a broadly proactive and dynamic union policy implicated the workplace in the TB epidemic and pressed for preventative measures and compensation. Whilst limited in effectiveness before 1939, this campaign was successful in the 1940s as the medical evidence became clearer, debate narrowed to focus on health work...
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: McIvor, A. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The 'Miracle of Childbirth': The Portrayal of Parturient Women in Medieval Miracle Narratives
This paper explores how tales of difficult births found in medieval miracle narratives can contribute to our understanding of the experience of pregnancy and childbirth in twelfth-century England. While rare in the early collections, pregnant and parturient women are increasingly visible in the miracula from the later twelfth century. This paper seeks to explain why childbirth miracles began to appear more frequently and became more medical in character. The discussion centres on the two miracle collections belonging to St Thomas of Canterbury, written by Benedict of Peterborough and William of Canterbury in the 1170s. Exp...
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Powell, H. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Identity-Formation and the Breastfeeding Mother in Renaissance Generative Discourses and Shakespeare's Coriolanus
The article argues that fresh insight into Renaissance infant feeding practices can be gained by situating maternal milk within the context of the mother's material contributions to children in the generative narrative as a whole. The humoral milk of the mother (itself redirected uterine blood) is shown to have consolidated the influence of the mother's generative blood that influenced offspring during gestation. The milk of the wet-nurse, however, disrupted the influence of the mother over her child. Through the examination of Renaissance midwifery tracts and the representation of Shakespeare's Volumnia in Coriolanus, thi...
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Sparey, V. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
The Death of the Sick Role
The concept of the sick role was introduced into sociology in 1951 and was widely used in medical sociology. A sick person at that time would assume a special social role that permitted him or her to deviate from his or her normal social roles. Historians came to utilise the idea of the sick role as well. It was useful to describe social behaviour and expectations for the mid-century period and centuries before, but at the end of the twentieth century, the actualities of illness and medicine made the concept less applicable to that recent time period. The fact that this standard concept no longer applied signalled the adve...
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Burnham, J. C. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Surviving death-anxieties in liquid modern times: examining Zygmunt Bauman's cultural theory of death and dying.
Abstract Despite his prominence as a leading contemporary social theorist, Zygmunt Bauman's long-term writing on the cultural theory of death and dying has largely been overlooked in the sociological literature of death and dying, particularly in the United States. Bauman uniquely theorizes how we survive death-anxieties today: Contemporary, liquid modern culture has engaged us in ceaseless pursuit of the unattainable consumer sensation of bodily fitness as a way to suppress and thus survive our death-anxieties. Bauman also argues that the prevalence of this cultural formula to survive death-anxieties has simultane...
Source: Omega - October 25, 2012 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Higo M Tags: Omega (Westport) Source Type: research
Frequency of brain metastases from prostate cancer: an 18-year single-institution experience
Abstract It has recently been reported that the incidence of brain metastases (BMs) from prostate cancer (PC) has increased in comparison with historical series. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of BMs in the pre- and post-docetaxel era in a single institution in which all oncological patients are referred to one Radiotherapy and one Medical Oncology Department. We searched the electronic databases of these departments for all males with BMs entered from 1994 to 2011. The year of the introduction of docetaxel into clinical practice (2002) divided the observation period into two 9-year perio...
Source: Journal of Neuro-Oncology - October 25, 2012 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Journal of Neuro-Oncology Source Type: research
Predictors of the short- and long-term survival of HIV-infected patients admitted to a Brazilian intensive care unit
We describe the prognosis of HIV-infected patients admitted to a Brazilian ICU and the factors predictive of short- and long-term survival. A historical cohort study, including HIV-infected patients admitted to a Brazilian ICU at an HIV/AIDS reference hospital, was conducted. Survivors were followed up for 24 months after ICU discharge. Demographic, clinical and laboratory data, disease severity scores and mortality were evaluated. Data were analysed using survival and regression models. One hundred and twenty-five patients were studied. In-ICU and in-hospital mortality rates were 46.4% and 68.0%, respectively. Multivariat...
Source: International Journal of STD and AIDS - October 25, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Amancio, F. F., Lambertucci, J. R., Cota, G. F., Antunes, C. M. Tags: Original research articles Source Type: research