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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Increasing the feasibility of minimally invasive procedures in type A aortic dissections: a framework for segmentation and quantification
Conclusions This contribution proposes a complete pipeline for segmentation and quantification of aortic dissections. Validation against ground truth of the 3D contour lengths quantification represents a significant step toward custom-designed stent-grafts. (Source: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery - August 28, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

The consistent inconsistency of fluid challenges in the ICU
(Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Polymyxin B hemoperfusion in septic shock: just look at the evidence!
(Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Erratum to: Circulating presepsin (soluble CD14 subtype) as a marker of host response in patients with severe sepsis or septic shock: data from the multicenter, randomized ALBIOS trial
(Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Monitoring of oxygen supply and demand during veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation
(Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Pathophysiological Basis of Acute Respiratory Failure on Non-Invasive Mechanical Ventilation.
Authors: Romero-Dapueto C, Budini H, Cerpa F, Caceres D, Hidalgo V, Gutiérrez T, Keymer J, Pérez R, Molina J, Giugliano-Jaramillo C Abstract Noninvasive mechanical ventilation (NIMV) was created for patients who needed noninvasive ventilator support, this procedure decreases the complications associated with the use of endotracheal intubation (ETT). The application of NIMV has acquired major relevance in the last few years in the management of acute respiratory failure (ARF), in patients with hypoxemic and hypercapnic failure. The main advantage of NIMV as compared to invasive mechanical ventilation (IMV) is that...
Source: Open Respiratory Medicine Journal - August 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Open Respir Med J Source Type: research

Validation of the Charlson comorbidity index in patients undergoing revision total hip arthroplasty
Conclusion In summary, we conclude that the CCI and the age-related CCI are strong predictors regarding complication rate in patients undergoing RTHA. In a short- to mid-term follow-up, no influence on implant survival is detectable. (Source: International Orthopaedics)
Source: International Orthopaedics - August 28, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Correlation between mass and volume of collected blood with positivity of blood cultures
Background: The collection of blood cultures is an extremely important method in the management of patients with suspected infection. Microbiology laboratories should monitor blood culture collection. Methods: Over an 8-month period we developed a prospective, observational study in an adult Intensive Care Unit (ICU). We correlated the mass contained in the blood vials with blood culture positivity and we also verified the relationship between the mass of blood and blood volume collected for the diagnosis of bloodstream infection (BSI), as well as we explored factors predicting positive blood cultures. Results: We evaluate...
Source: BMC Research Notes - August 28, 2015 Category: Research Authors: Lariessa NevesAlexandre MarraThiago CamargoMaura dos SantosFlávia ZulinPatrícia da SilvaNatália de MouraElivane da Silva VictorJacyr PasternakOscar dos SantosMichael EdmondMarines Martino Source Type: research

Renal tubular acidosis with hyperchloremic acidosis: harmless with a sting?
No description available (Source: Critical Care)
Source: Critical Care - August 28, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Patrick HonoreRita JacobsInne HendrickxElisabeth De WaeleViola Van GorpHerbert Spapen Source Type: research

Early goal-directed resuscitation of patients with septic shock: current evidence and future directions
Severe sepsis and septic shock are among the leading causes of mortality in the intensive care unit. Over a decade ago, early goal-directed therapy (EGDT) emerged as a novel approach for reducing sepsis mortality and was incorporated into guidelines published by the international Surviving Sepsis Campaign. In addition to requiring early detection of sepsis and prompt initiation of antibiotics, the EGDT protocol requires invasive patient monitoring to guide resuscitation with intravenous fluids, vasopressors, red cell transfusions, and inotropes. The effect of these measures on patient outcomes, however, remains controversi...
Source: Critical Care - August 28, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Ravi GuptaSarah HartiganMarkos KashiourisCurtis SesslerGonzalo Bearman Source Type: research

Intra-operative adjustment of standard planes in C-arm CT image data
Conclusions By introducing our fast algorithmic processing pipeline, we developed the first steps for a fully automatic assistance system for the assessment of C-arm CT images. (Source: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery)
Source: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery - August 28, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Korean Women with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes.
CONCLUSION: Maternal and neonatal outcomes for women with type 1 diabetes were poorer than for women with type 2 diabetes, especially preeclampsia, LGA, macrosomia and admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. PMID: 26301193 [PubMed] (Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal)
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - August 27, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research

The Addition of Intravenous Metronidazole to Oral Vancomycin is Associated With Improved Mortality in Critically Ill Patients With Clostridium difficile Infection
Conclusions. Our data are supportive of the use of combination therapy with oral vancomycin and IV metronidazole in critically ill patients with CDI. However, prospective, randomized studies are required to define optimal treatment regimens in this limited population of CDI patients. (Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases)
Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases - August 27, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rokas, K. E. E., Johnson, J. W., Beardsley, J. R., Ohl, C. A., Luther, V. P., Williamson, J. C. Tags: ARTICLES AND COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

Epilepsy in pregnancy and reproductive outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Publication date: Available online 25 August 2015 Source:The Lancet Author(s): Luz Viale, John Allotey, Fiona Cheong-See, David Arroyo-Manzano, Dougall Mccorry, Manny Bagary, Luciano Mignini, Khalid S Khan, Javier Zamora, Shakila Thangaratinam Background Antenatal care of women with epilepsy is varied. The association of epilepsy and antiepileptic drug exposure with pregnancy outcomes needs to be quantified to guide management. We did a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the association between epilepsy and reproductive outcomes, with or without exposure to antiepileptic drugs. Methods We searc...
Source: The Lancet - August 27, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

The intensive care unit psychosocial care scale: Development and initial validation
The main objective of the current study was to construct a new self-report scale – ICU-PC Scale – to measure the psychosocial care (PC) of patients in Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and examine different psychometric issues in the development and initial validation of this scale. The findings indicate that the ICU-PC Scale has established high internal consistency. A three-factor structure – protection of human dignity and rights, transparency for decision making and care continuity and sustained patient, family orientation – has been identified with a substantial number of subjects (N=250) in hospital settings. (Source...
Source: Intensive and Critical Care Nursing - August 27, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Meena Hariharan, Usha Chivukula, Suvashisa Rana Tags: Original article Source Type: research

Hepatotropic viruses as etiological agents of acute liver failure and related-outcomes among children in India: a retrospective hospital-based study
Conclusions: HAV and HBV were the most common etiological agents of ALF in Indian children. Primary prevention by vaccination against HAV and HBV in young children may be useful in the prevention of ALF due to viral hepatitis in India. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - August 27, 2015 Category: Research Authors: Anand PanditLeni MathewAshish BavdekarShailesh MehtaGunasekaran RamakrishnanSanjoy DattaYan Liu Source Type: research

Catheter securement systems: comparison of two investigational devices to a sutureless securement device, a securement dressing, and sutures in a pig model
Background: Catheter securement is critical for the success of infusion therapy and to prevent complications. Our purpose was to compare the strength of catheter securement achieved with two investigational adhesive securement devices to two securement products and also to sutures using an in vivo animal model. Methods: Twenty-five live pigs were prepared for aseptic abdominal surgery. Four central venous catheters were inserted per animal into the epigastric veins and secured with four of the five securement systems studied, following a balanced incomplete randomized block design. A peak axial pull force test method was u...
Source: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental - August 27, 2015 Category: Surgery Authors: Laura RutledgeDaniel DeCabooterShelley-Ann WaltersStéphanie Bernatchez Source Type: research

Acute hypopituitarism complicating Russell's viper envenomation: case series and systematic review
Conclusion: AHP is a very rare complication of RVE. Unexplained hypoglycemia and hypotension should prompt evaluation for AHP in RVE. AHP is associated with severe RVE, multi-organ dysfunction, bleeding and need for transfusion. Prompt treatment with steroids may reduce mortality related to AHP in RVE. (Source: QJM)
Source: QJM - August 27, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Rajagopala, S., Thabah, M. M., Ariga, K. K., Gopalakrishnan, M. Tags: Original papers Source Type: research

Optimizing testing methods and collection of reference data for differentiating critical illness polyneuropathy from critical illness myopathy
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Muscle and Nerve)
Source: Muscle and Nerve - August 27, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Humberto Gonzalez Marrero, Erik V. Stålberg Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Adequate antibiotic therapy prior to ICU admission in patients with severe sepsis and septic shock reduces hospital mortality
IntroductionIn patients with severe sepsis and septic shock as cause of Intensive Care Unit (ICU) admission, we analyze the impact on mortality of adequate antimicrobial therapy initiated before ICU admission. Methods: We conducted a prospective observational study enrolling patients admitted to the ICU with severe sepsis or septic shock from January 2008 to September 2013. The primary end-point was in-hospital mortality. We considered two groups for comparisons: patients who received adequate antibiotic treatment before or after the admission to the ICU. Results: A total of 926 septic patients were admitted to ICU, and 63...
Source: Critical Care - August 27, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: José Garnacho-MonteroAntonio Gutiérrez-PizarrayaAna Escoresca-OrtegaEsperanza Fernández-DelgadoJosé María López-Sánchez Source Type: research

Towards a biomarker panel for the assessment of AKI in children receiving intensive care
Conclusions This investigation demonstrates the feasibility of new AKI biomarker testing in a mixed patient cohort and provides novel biomarker profiling for further evaluation. (Source: Pediatric Nephrology)
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - August 26, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Medicine preparation errors in ten Spanish neonatal intensive care units
Conclusion: While calculation errors can be eliminated using protocols based on standard drug concentrations, accuracy error rates depend on several variables that affect both neonatal intensive care units and hospital pharmacy services. What is Known: • Medication use is associated with a risk of errors and adverse events. Medication errors are more frequent and have more severe consequences in paediatric patients. • Lack of knowledge of drug pharmacok...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - August 26, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Planned Home VBAC in the United States, 2004–2009: Outcomes, Maternity Care Practices, and Implications for Shared Decision Making
ConclusionAlthough there is a high likelihood of a vaginal birth at home, women planning a home VBAC should be counseled regarding maternal transfer rates and potential for increased risk to the newborn, particularly if uterine rupture occurs in the home setting. (Source: Birth)
Source: Birth - August 26, 2015 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kim J. Cox, Marit L. Bovbjerg, Melissa Cheyney, Lawrence M. Leeman Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Assessing Growth Parameters with New Human Milk Fortifier in a Level III-IV Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
Participants will be able to evaluate the use of a new extensively hydrolyzed human milk fortifier in the neonatal intensive care unit. (Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association)
Source: Journal of the American Dietetic Association - August 26, 2015 Category: Nutrition Authors: K.D. Perkey, A. Zimmerman Tags: Sunday, October 4 Source Type: research

Impact of INICC Multidimensional Hand Hygiene Approach in ICUs in Four Cities in Argentina
We evaluated the impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium multidimensional approach to hand hygiene in 11 intensive care units in 4 cities in Argentina and analyzed predictors of poor hand hygiene compliance. We had a baseline period and a follow-up period. We observed 21 100 hand hygiene opportunities. Hand hygiene compliance increased from 28.3% to 64.8% (P = .0001). Males versus females (56.8% vs 66.4%; P < .001) and physicians versus nurses (46.6% vs 67.8%; P < .001) were significantly associated with poor hand hygiene compliance. (Source: Journal of Nursing Care Quality)
Source: Journal of Nursing Care Quality - August 26, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Articles Source Type: research

External Validation for Acute Kidney Injury Severity Scores: A Multicenter Retrospective Study in 14 Japanese ICUs
Conclusions: Using a multicenter database of AKI patients requiring CRRT, this study externally validated new AKI severity scores. While the Demirjian's score and Liano's score showed a better performance, further research will be required to confirm these findings.Am J Nephrol 2015;42:57-64 (Source: American Journal of Nephrology)
Source: American Journal of Nephrology - August 26, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Robotic Hysterectomy for Endometrial Cancer in Obese Patients With Comorbidities: Evaluating Postoperative Complications
Conclusions: The postoperative complication rate based on BMI or number of comorbidities was not statistically significant, but patients with greater number of comorbidities had an increased rate of postoperative complications. Patients with certain comorbidities, cardiac and renal specifically, had the highest rates of postoperative complications. (Source: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer)
Source: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer - August 26, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Uterine Cancers Source Type: research

Study of Obstetric Admissions to the Intensive Care Unit of a Tertiary Care Hospital
Conclusion Commonest risk factors for ICU admissions are obstetric hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. Other major risk factors are severe anemia, heart disease, sepsis, more than one diagnosis on admission, and the need for cesarean delivery. (Source: The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India)
Source: The Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology of India - August 26, 2015 Category: OBGYN Source Type: research

Erratum: Elevated basal levels of circulating activated platelets predict ICU-acquired sepsis and mortality: a prospective study
No description available (Source: Critical Care)
Source: Critical Care - August 26, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: N. LayiosC. DelierneuxA. HegoJ. HuartA. JolyP. GeurtsP. DamasC. LecutA. GothotC. Oury Source Type: research

Erratum: Prospective immune profiling in critically ill adults: before, during and after severe sepsis and septic shock
No description available (Source: Critical Care)
Source: Critical Care - August 26, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: N. LayiosC. GossetC. DelierneuxA. HegoJ. HuartA. JolyP. GeurtsP. DamasC. OuryA. Gothot Source Type: research

Rifampin use in acute community-acquired meningitis in intensive care units: the French retrospective cohort ACAM-ICU study
Conclusions: We report on the role of rifampin use for patients with community-acquired meningitis, and the results of this study suggest that this practice may be associated with lower mortality in the ICU. Nevertheless, the only independent predictors of ICU mortality were organ failure and pneumococcal infection. Further studies are required to confirm these results and to explain how rifampin use would reduce mortality. (Source: Critical Care)
Source: Critical Care - August 26, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Cédric BretonnièreMathieu JozwiakChristophe GiraultPascal BeuretJean-Louis TrouilletNadia AnguelJocelyne CaillonGilles PotelDaniel VillersDavid BoutoilleChristophe Guitton Source Type: research

Direct transfer of long-stay ICU patients to a nursing-home rehabilitation unit: focus on functional dependency
(Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - August 26, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Dengue infection with multiorgan dysfunction: SOFA score, arterial lactate and serum albumin levels are predictors of outcome
(Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - August 26, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Recovery after critical illness in patients aged 80 years or older: a multi-center prospective observational cohort study
Conclusions One-quarter of patients aged 80 years or older who are admitted to ICU survived and returned to baseline levels of physical function at 1 year. Routine assessment of baseline physical function and frailty status could aid in prognostication and informed decision-making for very old critically ill patients. (ClinicalTrials.gov number NCT01293708). (Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - August 26, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Pneumonia among adults hospitalized with laboratory-confirmed seasonal influenza virus infection—United States, 2005–2008
Conclusions: Pneumonia was present in nearly one-third of adults hospitalized with influenza and was associated with ICU admission and death. Among patients hospitalized with influenza, older patients and those with certain underlying conditions are more likely to have pneumonia. Pneumonia is common among adults hospitalized with influenza and should be evaluated and treated promptly. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - August 26, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shikha GargSeema JainFatimah DawoodMichael JhungAlejandro PérezTiffany D¿MelloArthur ReingoldKen GershmanJames MeekKathryn ArnoldMonica FarleyPatricia RyanRuth LynfieldCraig MorinJoan BaumbachEmily HancockShelley ZanskyNancy BennettAnn ThomasWilliam Sch Source Type: research

"Acinetobacter lwoffii an emerging pathogen in neonatal ICU".
Conclusion: Multi drug resistant Acinetobacter lwoffii infection is increasing particularly in premature and very low-birth weight neonates. Judicious and timely antibiotic use in NICUs are one of the important key in controlling multi-drug resistant Acinetobacter infection and improving clinical outcome. PMID: 26307173 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets)
Source: Infectious Disorders Drug Targets - August 26, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mittal S, Sharma M, Yadav A, Bala K, Chaudhary U Tags: Infect Disord Drug Targets Source Type: research

The ProVIDe study: the impact of protein intravenous nutrition on development in extremely low birthweight babies
DiscussionThis trial will provide the first direct evidence of the effects of giving preterm babies a higher intake of intravenous protein in the first week after birth on neurodevelopmental outcomes at 2 years corrected age.Trial registrationAustralian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry: ACTRN12612001084875. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - August 26, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Frank BloomfieldCaroline CrowtherJane HardingCathryn ConlonYannan JiangBarbara Cormack Source Type: research

Neonatal Lung Sonography: Interobserver Agreement Between Physician Interpreters With Varying Levels of Experience
Conclusions— In neonates with early respiratory distress, lung sonography has high interobserver agreement even between interpreters with varying levels of experience. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine - August 26, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Brusa, G., Savoia, M., Vergine, M., Bon, A., Copetti, R., Cattarossi, L. Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Impact of body mass index on outcome in patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting and/or valve replacement surgery
Conclusion:Obese individuals undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting, valve replacement, or combined surgery have a higher postoperative risk of surgical reintervention and lower chances of bleeding.ResumoObjetivo:Analisar o impacto do índice de massa corporal no desfecho de 101 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia revascularização do miocárdio, troca valvar ou cirurgia cardíaca combinada em um hospital privado de Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais.Métodos:Trata-se de um estudo transversal com inclusão prospectiva de pacientes submetidos à cirurgia cardíaca no período de maio de 2009 a dezembro de 2012. Todos os pacient...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - August 25, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Impact of respiratory infection in the results of cardiac surgery in a tertiary hospital in Brazil
Conclusion:The development of respiratory tract infection postoperative cardiac surgery is related to higher mortality, longer periods of hospitalization and intensive care unit stay.ResumoObjetivo:Avaliar o impacto da infecção do trato respiratório no pós-operatório da cirurgia cardíaca no Hospital Português de Pernambuco em relação à mortalidade hospitalar e identificar os pacientes com maior risco de desenvolver essa complicação.Métodos:Estudo do tipo transversal observacional realizado na Unidade de Recuperação de Cirurgia Cardiotorácica, utilizando informações de um banco de dados composto por um tot...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - August 25, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research