Intensive Care Intensive Care RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Hypothermia at NICU admission in very preterm infants
Since the reports by Silverman et al reporting that hypothermia was associated with increased mortality in preterm infants, neonatologists have tried to effectively regulate body temperature. The challenge that remains is that the smallest and most premature infants continue to have hypothermia on admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. In this volume of The Journal, Wilson et al report that hypothermia occurred in 53.4% of 5697 infants born at < 32 weeks gestational age in a population-based study with samples from 11 European countries. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 27, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alan H. Jobe Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

A blueprint for improving undergraduate education in intensive care medicine
(Source: Critical Care)
Source: Critical Care - July 27, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Enda O ’Connor and Ignacio Martin-Loeches Source Type: research

Multidrug resistance Acinetobacter species at the intensive care unit, Aseer Central Hospital, Saudi Arabia: a one year analysis
Conclusions Acinetobacter species including A. baumannii were found MDR (98.1%) according to the current Acinetobacter spp. antimicrobial categorization. Approximately half of these strains were A. baumannii. All Acinetobacter species were 100% sensitive to colistin and to some extent to trimethoprim + sulfamethoxazole (74.5%). ICU-acquired pneumonia among patients over 60 years of age who spend prolong times at artificial ventilations made up the majority of the cases. (Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine)
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Tropical Medicine - July 27, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

Patient End-of-Life Experiences for Pediatric Trainees: Spanning the Educational Continuum
Conclusions. Trainees experienced patient deaths along the educational continuum. These findings have implications for the optimal timing and method of end-of-life care education. (Source: Clinical Pediatrics)
Source: Clinical Pediatrics - July 27, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Senthil, K., Serwint, J. R., Dawood, F. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Vitamin D Intake in Very Low Birth Weight Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
ABSTRACT: It is unknown how often preterm infants in neonatal intensive care units achieve the American Academy of Pediatrics-recommended daily intake of 400 international units of Vitamin D. We studied 378 preterm infants with birth weight 1500 g or less admitted to our neonatal intensive care unit, 151 infants before and 227 infants after daily vitamin D-intake monitoring was introduced. Infants were stratified into 2 groups: extremely low birth weight ( (Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - July 26, 2016 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Nutrition Source Type: research

[Multicystic presentation of a lepidic mucinous adenocarcinoma].
CONCLUSION: Mucinous lepidic adenocarcinoma is an alternative diagnosis for pneumonic consolidation associated with multiple cysts. PMID: 27444696 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires)
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - July 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

Comparison of Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation and Parasternal Block for Postoperative Pain Management after Cardiac Surgery.
Conclusions. Parasternal block was more effective than TENS in the management of early postoperative pain and the reduction of opioid requirements in patients who underwent cardiac surgery through median sternotomy. This trial is registered with Clinicaltrials.gov number NCT02725229. PMID: 27445610 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pain Research and Management)
Source: Pain Research and Management - July 26, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Ozturk NK, Baki ED, Kavakli AS, Sahin AS, Ayoglu RU, Karaveli A, Emmiler M, Inanoglu K, Karsli B Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research

Serum Triglyceride Level: A Predictor of Complications and Outcomes in Acute Pancreatitis?
Conclusion. A triglyceride level of ≥2.26 mmol/L on admission in acute pancreatitis is an independent predictor of developing local and systemic complications, hospital LOS, admission to ICU, and ICU LOS. PMID: 27446870 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology)
Source: Canadian Journal of Gastroenterology - July 26, 2016 Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Can J Gastroenterol Hepatol Source Type: research

Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock
< span class="paragraphSection" > < strong > In Reply < /strong > Drs Sprung and Reinhart and Dr Schneider-Lindner and colleagues believe that Sepsis-3 recommends abandoning SIRS. That is not the case. Rather, SIRS may be useful in the presumptive diagnosis of infection. However, SIRS is not specific nor particularly sensitive for infection. As an example, Churpek and colleagues reported that 50% of hospital inpatients have SIRS at least once in their hospital stay, and many of these patients will not have infection nor require antibiotic therapy. Conversely, 64% of the 66  522 non–intensive care unit (ICU) patients in...
Source: JAMA - July 26, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Composition of the Sepsis Definitions Task Force
< span class="paragraphSection" > < strong > In Reply < /strong > The Society of Critical Care Medicine and the European Society of Intensive Care Medicine convened an expert panel on sepsis for the purpose of reexamining definitions of sepsis and sepsis shock. The task force comprised recognized world leaders with expertise in sepsis pathophysiology, clinical trials, and epidemiology. It included leaders from 8 countries. The task force ’s subsequent work was endorsed by 31 additional societies around the world. < /span > (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - July 26, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Gentisic acid sodium salt, a phenolic compound, is superior to norepinephrine in reversing cardiovascular collapse, hepatic mitochondrial dysfunction and lactic acidemia in Pseudomonas aeruginosa septic shock in dogs
The development of lactic acidemia (LA) in septic shock (SS) is associated with an ominous prognosis. We previously showed that the mechanism of LA in SS may relate to impaired hepatic uptake of lactate, but t... (Source: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental - July 26, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Steven Mink, Subir K. Roy Chowdhury, Jose Gotes, Zhao-Qin Cheng, Krika Kasian and Paul Fernyhough Source Type: research

Assessment of the RIFLE criteria for the diagnosis of Acute Kidney Injury; a retrospective study in South-Western Ghana
Acute kidney injury (AKI) affects 3 –7 % of patients admitted to the hospital and approximately 25–30 % of patients in the intensive care unit. RIFLE, a newly developed international consensus classification fo... (Source: BMC Nephrology)
Source: BMC Nephrology - July 26, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Richard K. D. Ephraim, Kwame O. Darkwah, Samuel A. Sakyi, Mabel Ephraim, Enoch O. Antoh and Prince Adoba Source Type: research

Predictors of death among cardiac arrest patients after therapeutic hypothermia: A non-tertiary care center's initial experience
Conclusions The effectiveness of TH appears to be related to younger age, shockable initial rhythm and shorter CA-ROSC time. This results indicates some lines of inquiry that should be developed in appropriate prospective studies. The role of biomarkers as predictors of prognosis is an open question, with NSE potentially playing an important role. (Source: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia)
Source: Revista Portuguesa de Cardiologia - July 26, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Strange and scary memories of intensive care unit: a qualitative, longitudinal study inspired by Ricoeur's interpretation theory
ConclusionsAnalysis based on Ricoeurian phenomenological hermeneutics provided insights into themes in intensive care unit patients’ memories of delusions. More studies are needed to understand the meaning of memories of delusions, the commonality of themes and the association between delusions and delirium after an intensive care unit stay. Relevance to clinical practiceUnderstanding patients’ memories of delusions is beneficial to nurses caring for patients that are anxious, upset or agitated. It opens a window to the world of the patient who is unable to communicate due to intubation and general weakness. We recomme...
Source: Journal of Clinical Nursing - July 26, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Helle Svenningsen, Ingrid Egerod, Pia Dreyer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Immunotherapy: A Promising Approach to Reverse Sepsis-Induced Immunosuppression
Publication date: Available online 25 July 2016 Source:Pharmacological Research Author(s): Naeem K. Patil, Julia K. Bohannon, Edward R. Sherwood Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by dysregulated host responses to infection (Third International Consensus definition for Sepsis and septic shock). Despite decades of research, sepsis remains the leading cause of death in intensive care units. More than 40 clinical trials, most of which have targeted the sepsis-associated pro-inflammatory response, have failed. Thus, antibiotics and fluid resuscitation remain the mainstays of supportive care and...
Source: Pharmacological Research - July 26, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Effects of hydrogen peroxide mouthwash on preventing ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients admitted to the intensive care unit
Conclusion HP mouthwash was found more effective than NS in reducing VAP. HP mouthwash can therefore be used in routine nursing care for reducing VAP. (Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - July 26, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Ventilator-associated pneumonia: the influence of bacterial resistance, prescription errors, and de-escalation of antimicrobial therapy on mortality rates
Conclusion Prescription errors influenced mortality of patients with VAP, underscoring the challenge of proper VAP treatment, which requires continuous reevaluation to ensure that clinical response to therapy meets expectations. (Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: The Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases - July 26, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pulmonary MRI of neonates in the intensive care unit using 3D ultrashort echo time and a small footprint MRI system
ConclusionThese results demonstrate the technical feasibility of pulmonary MRI in free‐breathing, nonsedated infants in the NICU at high, isotropic resolutions approaching that achievable with computed tomography (CT). There is potential for pulmonary MRI to play a role in improving how clinicians understand and manage care of neonatal and pediatric pulmonary diseases. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2016. (Source: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Source: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging - July 26, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Andrew D. Hahn, Nara S. Higano, Laura L. Walkup, Robert P. Thomen, Xuefeng Cao, Stephanie L. Merhar, Jean A. Tkach, Jason C. Woods, Sean B. Fain Tags: Technical Development Source Type: research

Earplugs might reduce intensive care unit delirium but quality of evidence is low
Commentary on: Litton E, Carnegie V, Elliott R, et al.. The Efficacy of Earplugs as a Sleep Hygiene Strategy for Reducing Delirium in the ICU: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Crit Care Med 2016;44:992–9 . Context Delirium is a form of ‘acute brain dysfunction’ characterised by fluctuations in consciousness, attention and cognitive function.1 Delirium often results from the confluence of multiple factors related to severe acute illness including inflammation, neurotransmitter imbalances, blood-brain barrier disruption, loss of cerebrovascular autoregulation, metabolic insults, oxidative stress, seda...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - July 26, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Law, A. C., Walkey, A. J. Tags: Therapeutics/Prevention Source Type: research

Reasons doctors provide futile treatment at the end of life: a qualitative study
Conclusions Doctors believe that a range of factors contribute to the provision of futile treatment. A combination of strategies is necessary to reduce futile treatment, including better training for doctors who treat patients at the end of life, educating the community about the limits of medicine and the need to plan for death and dying, and structural reform at the hospital level. (Source: Journal of Medical Ethics)
Source: Journal of Medical Ethics - July 26, 2016 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Willmott, L., White, B., Gallois, C., Parker, M., Graves, N., Winch, S., Callaway, L. K., Shepherd, N., Close, E. Tags: Emergency medicine, End of life decisions (geriatric medicine), End of life decisions (palliative care), Hospice, Adult intensive care, End of life decisions (ethics) Clinical ethics Source Type: research

Tracheostomy in the Intensive Care Unit: a University Hospital in a Developing Country Study
Conclusion Prolonged endotracheal intubation is the man indication of tracheostomy, performed after two weeks of intubation. Although there were no major early complications, laryngotracheal stenosis is still a challenging sequel for tracheostomy that needs to be investigated to be prevented.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - July 26, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: El-Anwar, Mohammad Waheed Nofal, Ahmad Abdel-Fattah Shawadfy, Mohammad A. El Maaty, Ahmed Khazbak, Alaa Omar Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

The use of finger-stick blood to assess lactate in critically ill surgical patients
Conclusion Finger-stick capillary lactate both correlates and trends closely with arterial lactate in critically ill surgical patients, undergoing resuscitation for shock. (Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery)
Source: Annals of Medicine and Surgery - July 26, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Phenobarbital for Neonatal Seizures: Response Rate and Predictors of Refractoriness
Conclusion Our results suggest a prominent role of neurophysiological variables (background EEG and electrographic-only seizure type) in predicting the absence of response to phenobarbital in high-risk newborns.[...]Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: Neuropediatrics)
Source: Neuropediatrics - July 26, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Spagnoli, Carlotta Seri, Stefano Pavlidis, Elena Mazzotta, Silvia Pelosi, Annalisa Pisani, Francesco Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Hypothermia at NICU admission in very preterm infants
Since the reports by Silverman et al reporting that hypothermia was associated with increased mortality in preterm infants, neonatologists have tried to effectively regulate body temperature. The challenge that remains is that the smallest and most premature infants continue to have hypothermia on admission to the neonatal intensive care unit. In this volume of The Journal, Wilson et al report that hypothermia occurred in 53.4% of 5697 infants born at < 32 weeks gestational age in a population-based study with samples from 11 European countries. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alan H. Jobe Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research

Predictors of Poor Outcomes in Critically Ill Adults with Hematologic Malignancy.
Conclusions. Patients admitted to ICU with HM have high mortality (45.6%), which increased to 74.3% at 1 year. Analysis of multiple variables identified critical illness, postsurgical admission, and myeloma as predictors of patient outcomes. PMID: 27445571 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - July 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cornish M, Butler MB, Green RS Tags: Can Respir J Source Type: research

Invasive Pulmonary Aspergillosis with Disseminated Infection in Immunocompetent Patient.
Abstract Invasive pulmonary aspergillosis (IPA) is a rare pathology with increasing incidence mainly in critical care settings and recently in immunocompetent patients. The mortality of the disease is very high, regardless of an early diagnosis and aggressive treatment. Here, we report a case of a 56 yr old previously healthy woman who was found unconscious at home and admitted to the emergency room with mild respiratory insufficiency. In the first 24 hours she developed an acute respiratory failure with new radiographic infiltrates requiring Intensive Care Unit admission. A severe obstructive pattern with imposs...
Source: Respiratory Care - July 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Moreno-González G, Ricart de Mesones A, Tazi-Mezalek R, Marron-Moya MT, Rosell A, Mañez R Tags: Can Respir J Source Type: research

Outcomes and Predictors of Mortality for Patients with Acute Leukemia Admitted to the Intensive Care Unit.
Conclusions. AL patients admitted to the ICU had a 62% ICU survival rate; yet only 25% of cohort patients were alive 12 months after ICU admission. Higher admission SOFA scores and invasive ventilation are independently associated with a greater risk of dying in the ICU. PMID: 27445524 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - July 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kraguljac AP, Croucher D, Christian M, Ibrahimova N, Kumar V, Jacob G, Kiss A, Minden MD, Mehta S Tags: Can Respir J Source Type: research

Impact of State Reporting Laws on Central Line –Associated Bloodstream Infection Rates in U.S. Adult Intensive Care Units
ConclusionsOur results provide valuable evidence that state reporting requirements for HAIs improved care. Additional studies are needed to further explore why and how mandatory HAI reporting laws decreased CLABSI rates. (Source: Health Services Research)
Source: Health Services Research - July 25, 2016 Category: Health Management Authors: Hangsheng Liu, Carolyn T. A. Herzig, Andrew W. Dick, E. Yoko Furuya, Elaine Larson, Julie Reagan, Monika Pogorzelska ‐Maziarz, Patricia W. Stone Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

[Not Available].
DISCUSSION: There were no differences in major clinical outcomes in relation to the achievement of percentage of caloric goal at the end of the first week of the study. The beginning of caloric intake on the first day of hospitalization was associated with reduced mortality in the intensive care unit, but not with hospital mortality. The strategy of an early and limited amount of calories seems to be associated with a better outcome. Prospective studies evaluating and comparing these strategies are recommended. PMID: 27444455 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria)
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - July 25, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Franzosi OS, Loss SH Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research

[Not Available].
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of caloric and protein deficit in the ICU is high. Both caloric and protein deficits increase the length of hospital stay, and protein deficit greater than 20 g/day is an independent factor for mortality in critical care unit. PMID: 27444454 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria)
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - July 25, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Siqueira-Paese MC, Dock-Nascimento DB, De Aguilar-Nascimento JE Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research

Bloodstream infections in NNICU: Blight on ICU stay
Conclusion: BSIs pose a significant burden for NNICU patients, and increased duration of catheter insertion is a significant risk factor for CR-BSI. (Source: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology)
Source: Annals of Indian Academy of Neurology - July 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Man Mohan Mehndiratta Rajeev Nayak Sana Ali Ajay Sharma Source Type: research

Staff perceptions of best practice for information transfer about multitrauma patients on discharge from the emergency department: a focus group study
ConclusionsStaff perceived best practice for information transfer to be clear, concise, relevant documentation that travelled with the patient and interactive communication at handover that adhered to agreed principles and a minimum data set specific to trauma patients. Relevance to clinical practiceClinicians involved in handover need to actively listen, avoiding ‘doing’ at the same time, be aware of essential questions to ask about the patient. An agreed expectation between different clinical areas needs to exist about information transfer to reduce variability. The minimum data required to provide ongoing safe care ...
Source: Journal of Clinical Nursing - July 25, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Pauline Calleja, Leanne Aitken, Marie Cooke Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effectiveness and safety of treatments used for the management of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants: a protocol for a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Introduction Management of patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) in preterm infants is one of the most controversial topics in neonatal medicine. The availability of different pharmacotherapeutic options often poses a practical challenge to the practising neonatologist as to which one to choose as a therapeutic option. Our objectives are to determine the relative merits of the available pharmacotherapeutic options for the management of PDA. Methods and Analysis We will conduct a systematic review of all randomised controlled trials evaluating the use of intravenous or oral: indomethacin, ibuprofen and acetaminophen for the treat...
Source: BMJ Open - July 25, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Mitra, S., Florez, I. D., Tamayo, M. E., Aune, D., Mbuagbaw, L., Veroniki, A.-A., Thabane, L. Tags: Open access, Intensive care, Paediatrics, Pharmacology and therapeutics Protocol Source Type: research

18-Month Follow-Up of Infants Cared for in a Single-Family Room Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
To determine whether the single-family room (SFR)-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is associated with improved 18-month neurodevelopmental outcome, especially in infants of mothers with high maternal involvement. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Barry M. Lester, Amy L. Salisbury, Katheleen Hawes, Lynne M. Dansereau, Rosemarie Bigsby, Abbot Laptook, Marybeth Taub, Linda L. Lagasse, Betty R. Vohr, James F. Padbury Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Analgesia and Sedation Protocol for Mechanically Ventilated Postsurgical Children Reduces Benzodiazepines and Withdrawal Symptoms —But Not in All Patients
Conclusion The nurse-driven analgesia and sedation protocol is an effective procedure to reduce the total doses of benzodiazepines and occurrence of withdrawal symptoms in postsurgical children, which are naïve to opioids or benzodiazepines.[...]Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New YorkArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  Full text (Source: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Pediatric Surgery - July 25, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Neunhoeffer, Felix Seitz, Guido Schmidt, Andreas Renk, Hanna Kumpf, Matthias Fideler, Frank Esslinger, Martin Gerbig, Ines Fuchs, J örg Hofbeck, Michael Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Erratum to: Neurocritical care update
(Source: Journal of Intensive Care)
Source: Journal of Intensive Care - July 25, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

18-Month Follow-Up of Infants Cared for in a Single-Family Room Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
To determine whether the single-family room (SFR)-neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) is associated with improved 18-month neurodevelopmental outcome, especially in infants of mothers with high maternal involvement. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 25, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Barry M. Lester, Amy L. Salisbury, Katheleen Hawes, Lynne M. Dansereau, Rosemarie Bigsby, Abbot Laptook, Marybeth Taub, Linda L. Lagasse, Betty R. Vohr, James F. Padbury Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and Niemann Pick disease type B: An unexpected combination
Conclusions In spite of the patient’s symptoms being consistent with NPD type of lung involvement, clinical findings raised the suspicion of an underlying disorder, which surprisingly proved to be PAP. The detection of anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies in our patient allowed the initiation of inhaled GM-CSF treatment, which is likely to prove more beneficial in her prognosis than repeated lung lavages. (Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports)
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - July 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

What is an Intensive Care Unit (ICU): A Report of the Task Force of the World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine
Since their widespread introduction more than half a century ago, Intensive Care Units (ICUs) have become an integral part of the health care system. While most ICUs are found in high income countries, they are increasingly a feature of health care systems in low and middle income countries. The World Federation of Societies of Intensive and Critical Care Medicine (WFSICCM) convened a task force whose objective was to answer the question, “What is an ICU” in an internationally meaningful manner, and to develop a system for stratifying ICUs on the basis of the intensity of the care they provide. (Source: Journal of Critical Care)
Source: Journal of Critical Care - July 24, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Authors: John C. Marshall, Laura Bosco, Neill K. Adhikari, Bronwen Connolly, Janet V. Diaz, Todd Dorman, Robert A. Fowler, Geert Meyfroidt, Satoshi Nakagawa, Paolo Pelosi, Jean-Louis Vincent, Kathleen Vollman, Janice Zimmerman Source Type: research

Lower body mass index is associated with hospital mortality in critically ill Japanese patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Our retrospective study suggests that lower body mass index may be associated with increased hospital mortality in critically ill Japanese patients. PMID: 27440688 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition - July 23, 2016 Category: Nutrition Authors: Yatabe T, Yamashita K, Yokoyama M Tags: Asia Pac J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

The high nasal flow therapy for pre-oxygenation: a new strategy for conventional procedures in intensive care settings?
Authors: Terragni P, Cossu AP PMID: 27442801 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Anestesiologica)
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - July 23, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research

Prospective multicenter survey on predictive factors for positive oral food challenge tests in diagnosis of gastrointestinal food allergy in neonates.
CONCLUSION: It was difficult to predict OFC results based on clinical symptoms and additional diagnostic test results. In order to obtain an accurate diagnosis of gastrointestinal food allergy in neonates, OFC should be performed proactively under conditions that enable complete understanding of risks to neonates. PMID: 27439581 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Arerugi)
Source: Arerugi - July 22, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Miyazawa T, Imai T, Itabashi K Tags: Arerugi Source Type: research

No benefit to surgical fixation of flail chest injuries compared with modern comprehensive management: results of a retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSION: Although considerable enthusiasm surrounds surgical fixation of flail chest injuries, our analysis does not immediately validate its universal implementation, but rather encourages the use of modern, multidisciplinary, nonoperative strategies. The role of rib fracture fixation in the modern era of chest wall trauma management should ultimately be defined by prospective, randomized trials. PMID: 27438051 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery)
Source: Canadian Journal of Surgery - July 22, 2016 Category: Surgery Authors: Farquhar J, Almahrabi Y, Slobogean G, Slobogean B, Garraway N, Simons RK, Hameed SM Tags: Can J Surg Source Type: research

Men ' s Experiences and Perspectives Regarding Social Support after Weight Loss Surgery
(Source: Journal of Mens Health)
Source: Journal of Mens Health - July 22, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Moore, Darren D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

What ’s new in severe community-acquired pneumonia? Corticosteroids as adjunctive treatment to antibiotics
(Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - July 22, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Pediatric combined liver –kidney transplantation: a single-center experience of 18 cases
Conclusions < /h3 > < p class= " a-plus-plus " > Pediatric CLKT provides encouraging results in the long term, even in the youngest patients. < /p > < /span > (Source: Pediatric Nephrology)
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - July 22, 2016 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research