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This page shows you the 20 most read items in the past 30 days within this specialty in the MedWorm directory.

Performance Boosting of Flexible ZnO UV Sensors with Rational Designed Absorbing Antireflection Layer and Humectant Encapsulation
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b09093 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Heng Zhang, Youfan Hu, Zongpeng Wang, Zheyu Fang and Lian-Mao Peng Source Type: research

Synthesis, structure and optical data storage properties of silver nanoparticles modified with azobenzene thiols
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2015 Source:Materials Chemistry and Physics Author(s): Daqiao Hu, Jizhi Lin, Shan Jin, Yanlei Hu, Wenjun Wang, Rongrong Wang, Bo Yang Silver nanoparticles modified with photoresponsive azobenzene thiol ligands are prepared and the interaction between them has been investigated through photoisomerization behaviour by UV–vis spectroscopy. Upon irradiation with UV light at 365 nm, an increase of the absorbance centered at 445 nm corresponding to the n–π* transition band of cis azobenzene isomers is observed for azobenzene solution without Ag and a decrease of the ...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - December 29, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Effect of precipitates on mechanical and damping properties of Mg–Zn–Y–Nd alloys
Publication date: 15 July 2015 Source:Materials Science and Engineering: A, Volume 639 Author(s): Hao Feng , Haipeng Liu , Hong Cao , Yang Yang , Yongchun Xu , Jinyu Guan The effects of aging precipitates on microstructure, mechanical properties and damping capacities of Mg–Zn–Y–Nd alloy were investigated in this study. The structure results indicate that the as-cast alloys consist of α-Mg and W-phase when Zn/RE (rare earth element) weight ratio is about 1.7. After solution-aging treatment, the dissolved W-phase precipitates in the form of large amount of nano-scaled MgZn2 and Mg12Nd phases. The tensile strengths ...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: A - May 18, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Effect of carbodiimide on the fatigue crack growth resistance of resin–dentin bonds
Contemporary bonding procedures used in the placement of resin–composite restorations can cause exposure and activation of endogenous dentin proteases [1]. This process causes gradual destruction of poorly infiltrated collagen fibrils within the hybrid layers of adhesive bonds to dentin [2,3]. Degradation of collagen within the hybrid layer can compromise the durability of adhesive bonds and facilitate a reduction in bond strength over time. (Source: Dental Materials)
Source: Dental Materials - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Zihou Zhang, Dylan Beitzel, Hessam Majd, Mustafa Mutluay, Arzu Tezvergil-Mutluay, Franklin R. Tay, David H. Pashley, Dwayne Arola Source Type: research

Cationic Oligo(thiophene ethynylene) with Broad-Spectrum and High Antibacterial Efficiency under White Light and Specific Biocidal Activity against S. aureus in Dark
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b11264 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Qi Zhao, Junting Li, Xiaoqian Zhang, Zhengping Li and Yanli Tang Source Type: research

Carbothermal reduction synthesis of alumina ceramics for luminescent dosimetry
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2015 Source:Materials Chemistry and Physics Author(s): Vsevolod Kortov, Sergey Zvonarev, Arseniy Kiryakov, Daria Ananchenko A method of carbothermal reduction in vacuum was used to synthesize oxygen-deficient alumina ceramics with blue luminescence. It was synthesized from nanopowder at varying temperatures and annealing time. The structure of the samples, particle size distribution, changes in density and mass of the samples at different synthesis temperatures were studied. In the obtained ceramics the spectra of pulse cathodoluminescence and photoluminescence are regis...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - December 29, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

The use of electro-deoxidation in molten salts to reduce the energy consumption of solar grade silicon and increase the output of PV solar cells
Publication date: Available online 24 December 2015 Source:Progress in Natural Science: Materials International Author(s): Paul R. Coxon, Michael Coto, Eimutis Juzeliunas, Derek J. Fray Solar photovoltaics, based upon silicon, are the most popular form of solar cell with efficiencies around 20%. These efficiencies can be further increased by employing light trapping schemes to minimise optical losses through scattering and reflection which enhances the amount of light absorbed and number of photo-carriers generated. Typical approaches employ antireflection coatings (ARCs) or texturise the surface of the silicon disks...
Source: Progress in Natural Science: Materials International - December 25, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Glycine: A potential coupling agent to bond to helium plasma treated PEEK?
To test the tensile bond strength (TBS) between two self-adhesive resin composite cements and PEEK after helium plasma treatment and used glycine as a potential coupling agent incorporated in different adhesives. (Source: Dental Materials)
Source: Dental Materials - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Patrick R. Schmidlin, Marlis Eichberger, Bogna Stawarczyk Source Type: research

The effect of silver or gallium doped titanium against the multidrug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii.
This study demonstrates the possibility of successfully doping the surface of titanium with gallium or silver, using the ASD technique; this approach can provide antibacterial properties and maintain high osseo-integrative potential. PMID: 26708086 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Biomaterials)
Source: Biomaterials - December 2, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Cochis A, Azzimonti B, Della Valle C, De Giglio E, Bloise N, Visai L, Cometa S, Rimondini L, Chiesa R Tags: Biomaterials Source Type: research

Reflectin as a Material for Neural Stem Cell Growth
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b08717 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - December 24, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Long Phan, Rylan Kautz, Janahan Arulmoli, Iris H. Kim, Dai Trang T. Le, Michael A. Shenk, Medha M. Pathak, Lisa A. Flanagan, Francesco Tombola and Alon A. Gorodetsky Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Cellobiose Dehydrogenase-Chitosan Particles
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b10801 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Gregor Tegl, Barbara Thallinger, Bianca Beer, Christoph Sygmund, Roland Ludwig, Alexandra Rollett, Gibson S. Nyanhongo and Georg M. Guebitz Source Type: research

Morphology and thermal properties of biodegradable poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate)/tungsten disulphide inorganic nanotube nanocomposites
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2015 Source:Materials Chemistry and Physics Author(s): Tyler Silverman, Mohammed Naffakh, Carlos Marco, Gary Ellis Promising biodegradable and renewable poly(hydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate) (PHBV) nanocomposites based on tungsten disulphide inorganic nanotubes (INT-WS2) were efficiently prepared by a simple solution blending method. The structure, morphology, thermal stability and crystallization behavior of the nanocomposites were investigated by ultra-high field-emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning c...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - December 29, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Zinc-Containing Magnetic Oxides Stabilized by a Polymer: One Phase or Two?
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b10302 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Nicholas Baird, Yaroslav Losovyj, Ekaterina Yu. Yuzik-Klimova, Nina V. Kuchkina, Zinaida B. Shifrina, Maren Pink, Barry D. Stein, David Gene Morgan, Tianhao Wang, Mikhail A. Rubin, Alexander I. Sidorov, Esther M. Sulman and Lyudmila M. Bronstein Source Type: research

Production and characterization of CuCrO2 nanofibers
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2015 Source:Materials Chemistry and Physics Author(s): Çağla Çetin, Hasan Akyıldız Composite nanofibers were prepared from homogeneously mixed copper chloride, chromium nitrate and polyvinylpyrrolidone solution by electrospinning and were subsequently heat treated under isochronal and isothermal annealing conditions. In the isochronal experiments, CuCrO2 formation began at 773 K. Annealing at 973 K yielded single-phase, highly porous CuCrO2 nanofibers accompanied by the formation of large quasi-hexagonal grains. In contrast, isothermal annealing at 973 K resulted i...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - December 29, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

A sulfur–microporous carbon composite positive electrode for lithium/sulfur and silicon/sulfur rechargeble batteries
Publication date: Available online 23 December 2015 Source:Progress in Natural Science: Materials International Author(s): Takuya Takahashi, Masaki Yamagata, Masashi Ishikawa Sulfur is an advantageous material as a promising next-generation positive electrode material for high-energy lithium batteries due to a high theoretical capacity of 1672mAhg−1 although its discharge potential is somewhat modest: ca. 2V vs Li/Li+. However, a sulfur positive electrode has some crucial problems for practical use, which are mainly attributed to the dissolution of its intermediate products in charge–discharge processes. In order ...
Source: Progress in Natural Science: Materials International - December 24, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Ceramic cores for turbine blades via injection moulding
Publication date: June 2015 Source:Journal of Materials Processing Technology, Volume 220 Author(s): Magdalena Gromada , Adam Świeca , Marek Kostecki , Andrzej Olszyna , Rafał Cygan The proposed injection moulding method to produce ceramic cores of turbine blades required the selection of raw materials and the thermoplasticiser as well as the determination of the optimal processing conditions. The selected material enabled the formation of cores with a small cross-section area and was characterised by low shrinkage as well as a relatively low coefficient of thermal expansion. The high mechanical strength of the materia...
Source: Journal of Materials Processing Technology - February 5, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Voltage Dependent Solid Electrolyte Interphase Formation in Silicon Electrodes: Monitoring the Formation of Organic Decomposition Products
Chemistry of MaterialsDOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b04408 (Source: Chemistry of Materials)
Source: Chemistry of Materials - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Alison L. Michan, Michal Leskes and Clare P. Grey Source Type: research

Mechanical analysis of breast–bra interaction for sports bra design
Publication date: March 2016 Source:Materials Today Communications, Volume 6 Author(s): Mingyan Lu, Jiangyuan Qiu, Guodong Wang, Xiaoqun Dai Breast displacement of a female body during exercise might cause discomfort, breast pain and even other injury to breast tissue. The different design of sports bra in terms of materials and styles might have various effects on the breast support both in static and dynamic states. The purpose of this study is to develop a method to evaluate the mechanical function of sports bra, and investigate the material effect on it. The 3D breast displacements of six subjects in three condit...
Source: Materials Today Communications - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Bionic micro-nano-bump-structures with a good self-cleaning property: The growth of ZnO nanoarrays modified by polystyrene spheres
Publication date: Available online 28 December 2015 Source:Materials Chemistry and Physics Author(s): Haiyan Yu, Junqi Liu, Xiaowei Fan, Weiguo Yan, Li Han, Jianhua Han, Xueqi Zhang, Tiantian Hong, Zhifeng Liu Hydrophobic ZnO self-cleaning thin films with the bionic micro-nano-bump-structures are prepared on ITO glass by growing ZnO nanoarrays supported by polystyrene spheres. The mechanism of the polystyrene spheres on ZnO nanoarrays structure formation is discussed and its superhydrophobic property is originated from the micro-nano-bump-structures of ZnO nanoarrays and surface roughness. Interestingly, the hyd...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - December 29, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Lithium Niobate-Type Oxides as Visible Light Photovoltaic Materials
Chemistry of MaterialsDOI: 10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b03356 (Source: Chemistry of Materials)
Source: Chemistry of Materials - December 28, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Jiangang He, Cesare Franchini and James M. Rondinelli Source Type: research