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This page shows you the 20 most read items in the past 30 days within this specialty in the MedWorm directory.

Modification of asymmetric bipolar membranes by functionalized hyperbranched polymers and their investigation during pH correction of diluted electrolytes solutions by electrodialysis
Publication date: 15 November 2015 Source:Journal of Membrane Science, Volume 494 Author(s): Victor Zabolotsky, Stanislav Utin, Alexander Bespalov, Vladimir Strelkov In this paper the asymmetric bipolar membranes modified by functionalized hyperbranched polymers were obtained and the pH correction process of sodium chloride dilute solution in the electrodialyzer with a two-compartment elementary cell formed by the original or modified asymmetric bipolar membranes and a strongly basic anion-exchange membranes was studied. The hyperbranched polymer Boltorn H20 with 16 hydroxyl terminal groups in the molecule was used a...
Source: Journal of Membrane Science - August 14, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

The effect of post-mastectomy radiation therapy on breast implants: Unveiling biomaterial alterations with potential implications on capsular contracture
Publication date: 1 December 2015 Source:Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 57 Author(s): Diego Ribuffo, Federico Lo Torto, Sara M. Giannitelli, Marco Urbini, Luca Tortora, Pamela Mozetic, Marcella Trombetta, Francesco Basoli, Silvia Licoccia, Vincenzo Tombolini, Raffaele Cassese, Nicolò Scuderi, Alberto Rainer Post-mastectomy breast reconstruction with expanders and implants is recognized as an integral part of breast cancer treatment. Its main complication is represented by capsular contracture, which leads to poor expansion, breast deformation, and pain, often requiring additional surgery. In s...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - August 16, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

IR 820 dye encapsulated in polycaprolactone glycol chitosan: Poloxamer blend nanoparticles for photo immunotherapy for breast cancer
Publication date: 1 December 2015 Source:Materials Science and Engineering: C, Volume 57 Author(s): Piyush Kumar, Rohit Srivastava In the present study, we have fabricated biocompatible and biodegradable monodisperse IR 820 encapsulated polycaprolactone (PCL) glycol chitosan (GC): Poloxamer blend nanoparticles (PP-IR NPs) for imaging and effective photo-immunotherapy. IR 820 has been used as an imaging and photothermal agent whereas glycol chitosan (GC) as an immunostimulatory agent. The combination of IR 820, poloxamer, and GC can be used effectively for photoimmunotherapy for cancer, drug-resistant and TNF-α resista...
Source: Materials Science and Engineering: C - August 16, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Tl4CdI6 – Wide band gap semiconductor: First principles modelling of the structural, electronic, optical and elastic properties
Publication date: Available online 18 August 2015 Source:Materials Chemistry and Physics Author(s): M. Piasecki, M.G. Brik, I.V. Kityk A novel infrared optoelectronic material Tl4CdI6 was studied using the density functional theory (DFT)-based techniques. Its structural, electronic, optical and elastic properties were all calculated in the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) with the Perdew–Burke–Ernzerhof (PBE) and the local density approximation (LDA) with the Ceperley-Alder–Perdew-Zunger (CA–PZ) functionals. The studied material is a direct band gap semiconductor with the calculated band gaps of 2.043...
Source: Materials Chemistry and Physics - August 19, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Effect of Milnacipran Treatment on Ventricular Lactate in Fibromyalgia : A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial
This report presents the results of a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of milnacipran conducted to test the hypotheses that (a) similar to patients with chronic fatigue syndrome, FM patients have elevated ventricular lactate at baseline; (b) 8 weeks of treatment with milnacipran will lower ventricular lactate levels compared to both baseline and to placebo; and (c) treatment with milnacipran will improve attention and executive function in the Attention Network Test compared to placebo. (Source: The Journal of Pain)
Source: The Journal of Pain - August 31, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Benjamin H. Natelson, Diana Vu, Xiangling Mao, Nora Weiduschat, Fumiharu Togo, Gudrun Lange, Michelle Blate, Guoxin Kang, Jeremy D. Coplan, Dikoma C. Shungu Source Type: research

Controlling the thickness of carbon nanotube random network films by the estimation of the absorption coefficient
Publication date: December 2015 Source:Carbon, Volume 95 Author(s): Francesco De Nicola, Chiara Pintossi, Francesca Nanni, Ilaria Cacciotti, Manuela Scarselli, Giovanni Drera, Stefania Pagliara, Luigi Sangaletti, Maurizio De Crescenzi, Paola Castrucci Here, we investigate the thickness of single-walled (SWCNT) and multi-walled carbon nanotube (MWCNT) random network films by angle-resolved X-ray photoemission spectroscopy. Furthermore, we estimate the absorption coefficient of carbon nanotube (CNT) films through the Lambert–Beer law, by measuring film optical spectra. Moreover, the knowledge of the absorption ...
Source: Carbon - August 23, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Investigations on Physical Properties of Nanostructured Cr Doped CdO Thin Films for Optoelectronic Applications
Publication date: 2015 Source:Procedia Materials Science, Volume 10 Author(s): B. Hymavathi, B. Rajesh Kumar, T. Subba Rao Cr doped CdO thin films were deposited on glass substrates by DC reactive magnetron sputtering method by varying oxygen flow rates from 1 to 4sccm. XRD spectra shows that the films exhibit a simple cubic crystal structure with preferred orientation along (111) direction. FESEM images of Cr doped CdO thin films exhibits columnar structure and the grain width decreases with the increase of oxygen flow rate. Atomic force microscopy was used to examine the surface topography of the films. The average ...
Source: Procedia Materials Science - August 8, 2015 Category: Materials Science Source Type: research

Frequency of hospitalizations for pain and association with altered brain network connectivity in sickle cell disease
Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a hemoglobinopathy affecting more than 100,000 individuals in United States. The disease is characterized by presence of sickle hemoglobin and recurrent episodes of pain. Some individuals with SCD experience frequent hospitalizations and high burden of pain. The role of central mechanisms in SCD pain has not been explored. Twenty-five adolescents and young adults with SCD underwent functional MRI (fMRI). Participants were stratified into high or low pain groups based on the number of hospitalizations for pain in preceding 12 months. (Source: The Journal of Pain)
Source: The Journal of Pain - August 17, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Deepika S. Darbari, Johnson P. Hampson, Eric Ichesco, Nadja Kadom, Gilbert Vezina, Iordanis Evangelou, Daniel J. Clauw, James G. Taylor, Richard E. Harris Source Type: research

Measuring therapy-induced peripheral neuropathy: preliminary development and validation of the Treatment-induced Neuropathy Assessment Scale (TNAS)
We report the performance of a brief-yet-comprehensive, easily administered measure, the Treatment-induced Neuropathy Assessment Scale (TNAS), for assessing the severity and course of neuropathy across various cancer treatments. (Source: The Journal of Pain)
Source: The Journal of Pain - July 22, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Tito R. Mendoza, Xin Shelley Wang, Loretta A. Williams, Qiuling Shi, Elisabeth G. Vichaya, Patrick M. Dougherty, Sheeba K. Thomas, Emre Yucel, Christel C. Bastida, Jeanie F. Woodruff, Charles S. Cleeland Source Type: research

Pharmacological modulation of the mitochondrial electron transport chain in paclitaxel-induced painful peripheral neuropathy
Paclitaxel is an effective first-line chemotherapeutic with the major dose-limiting side effect of painful neuropathy. Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress have been implicated in paclitaxel-induced painful neuropathy. Here we show the effects of pharmacological modulation of mitochondrial ROS producing sites using systemic rotenone (complex I inhibitor) or antimycin A (complex III inhibitor) on the maintenance and development of paclitaxel-induced mechanical hypersensitivity in adult male Sprague-Dawley rats. (Source: The Journal of Pain)
Source: The Journal of Pain - July 2, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Lisa A. Griffiths, Sarah J.L. Flatters Source Type: research

Out-of-Pocket Expenditures on Complementary Health Approaches Associated with Painful Health Conditions in a Nationally Representative Adult Sample
National surveys suggest that millions of adults in the United States use complementary health approaches such as acupuncture, chiropractic manipulation, and herbal medicines to manage painful conditions such as arthritis, back pain and fibromyalgia. Yet, national and per person out-of-pocket (OOP) costs attributable to this condition-specific use are unknown. In the 2007 National Health Interview Survey, use of complementary health approaches, reasons for this use, and associated OOP costs were captured in a nationally representative sample of 5,467 adults. (Source: The Journal of Pain)
Source: The Journal of Pain - August 27, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Richard L. Nahin, Barbara J. Stussman, Patricia M. Herman Source Type: research

Bidirectional association between depression and fibromyalgia syndrome: A nationwide longitudinal study
Several cross-sectional studies have reported a common comorbidity between depression and fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). However, a bidirectional temporal association between these two distinct diseases has rarely been investigated. Using the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, 25,969 patients with FMS and without any psychiatric disorder and 17,142 patients with depression and without FMS between 2000 and 2008 were enrolled and separately compared with age- and sex-matched (1:4) control groups. (Source: The Journal of Pain)
Source: The Journal of Pain - June 24, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Meng-Han Chang, Ju-Wei Hsu, Kai-Lin Huang, Tung-Ping Su, Ya-Mei Bai, Cheng-Ta Li, Albert C. Yang, Wen-Han Chang, Tzeng-Ji Chen, Shih-Jen Tsai, Mu-Hong Chen Source Type: research

Manual Physical Therapy versus Surgery for Carpal Tunnel Syndrome: a Randomized Parallel-Group Trial
This randomized clinical trial investigated the effectiveness of surgery compared with physiotherapy consisting of manual therapies including desensitization maneuvers in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The setting was a public hospital and 2 physiotherapy practices in Madrid, Spain. One hundred and twenty women with CTS were enrolled between February 2013 and January 2014 with 1-year follow-up completed in January 2015. Interventions consisted of 3 sessions of manual therapies including desensitization manoeuvres of the central nervous system (physiotherapy group, n=60), or decompression/release of the carpal tunnel (surgic...
Source: The Journal of Pain - August 14, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: César Fernández-de-las-Peñas, Ricardo Ortega-Santiago, Ana I. de-la-Llave-Rincón, Almudena Martínez-Perez, Homid Fahandezh-Saddi Díaz, Javier Martínez-Martín, Juan A. Pareja, Maria L. Cuadrado-Pérez Source Type: research

Chimeric Nanoparticle: A Platform for Simultaneous Targeting of Phosphatidylinositol-3-Kinase Signaling and Damaging DNA in Cancer Cells
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b04015 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - August 17, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Sandeep Palvai, Piyush More, Nikunj Mapara and Sudipta Basu Source Type: research

Latent Class Analysis of the Short and Long-Form of the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire- Further Examination of Patient Subgroups
A substantial literature indicates that pain acceptance is a useful behavioral process in chronic pain rehabilitation. Pain acceptance consists of willingness to experience pain and to engage in important activities even in the presence of pain and is often measured using the Chronic Pain Acceptance Questionnaire (CPAQ). Previous traditional cluster analyses of the 20-item CPAQ identified three patient clusters which differed across measures of patient functioning in meaningful ways. The aims of this study were to replicate the prior study in a new sample, using the more robust method of Latent Class Analysis (LCA), and to...
Source: The Journal of Pain - August 19, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Graciela Rovner, Kevin E. Vowles, Björn Gerdle, David Gillanders Source Type: research

The Communal Coping Model of Pain Catastrophizing in Daily Life: A Within-Couples Daily Diary Study
The Communal Coping Model (CCM) characterizes pain catastrophizing as a coping tactic whereby pain expression elicits assistance and empathic responses from others. Married couples (N = 105 couples; one spouse with chronic low back pain) completed electronic daily diary assessments 5 times/day for 14 days. On these diaries, patients reported pain catastrophizing, pain, function, and perceived spouse support, criticism and hostility. Non-patient spouses reported on their support, criticism, and hostility directed toward patients, as well as their observations of patient pain and pain behaviors. (Source: The Journal of Pain)
Source: The Journal of Pain - August 27, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: John W. Burns, James I. Gerhart, Kristina M. Post, David A. Smith, Laura S. Porter, Erik Schuster, Asokumar Buvanendran, Anne Marie Fras, Francis J. Keefe Source Type: research

Facile Fabrication of Lubricant-Infused Wrinkling Surface for Preventing Thrombus Formation and Infection
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b05865 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - August 20, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Shuaishuai Yuan, Shifang Luan, Shunjie Yan, Hengchong Shi and Jinghua Yin Source Type: research

Chlorin e6-Encapsulated Polyphosphoester Based Nanocarriers with Viscous Flow Core for Effective Treatment of Pancreatic Cancer
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b05724 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - August 18, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Fei Ding, Hong-Jun Li, Jun-Xia Wang, Wei Tao, Yan-Hua Zhu, Yue Yu and Xian-Zhu Yang Source Type: research

Tumor-Homing Cell-Penetrating Peptide Linked to Colloidal Mesoporous Silica Encapsulated (-)-Epigallocatechin-3-gallate as Drug Delivery System for Breast Cancer Therapy in Vivo
ACS Applied Materials & InterfacesDOI: 10.1021/acsami.5b05618 (Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces)
Source: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces - August 6, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Jie Ding, Jing Yao, Jingjing Xue, Rong Li, Bo Bao, Liping Jiang, Jun-jie Zhu and Zhiwei He Source Type: research

Dextran sulfate as a drug delivery platform for drug‐coated balloons: Preparation, characterization, in vitro drug elution, and smooth muscle cell response
In this study, up to 2.2 µg/mm2 of PAT was loaded on the balloons using the DS platform. Drug elution studies showed that only 10 to 20% of the total PAT loaded was released from the PAT‐DS coated balloons during the typical time period of balloon tracking (1 min) and then ∼80% of the total PAT loaded was released during the typical time period of balloon inflation and treatment (from 1 min to 4 min). Thus, this study demonstrated the use of DS as a platform to control drug delivery from balloons. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Biomed Mater Res Part B: Appl Biomater, 2015. (Source: Journal of Biomedical Materials R...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part B: Applied Biomaterials - July 31, 2015 Category: Materials Science Authors: Sujan Lamichhane, Jordan Anderson, Tyler Remund, Patrick Kelly, Gopinath Mani Tags: Original Report Source Type: research