Medical Ethics Research This is an OPML file. It can be used to export all the MedWorm RSS feeds on this topic into your personal RSS reader (usually you have to save this file to your own computer before clicking on an Import OPML command in your own feed reader to upload the file which will then import all the feeds) or it can be used by webmasters to integrate MedWorm feeds with their own website. This is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader, such as GoogleReader, or to display this data on your own website or blog. Subscribe to this data using MyMedWorm.Subscribe to this data using GoogleReader.Subscribe to this data using Bloglines.Subscribe to this data using MyYahoo.
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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 21.
DNR declaration — emergency medical system nurses’ opinions
Conclusions: Majority of respondents agree that patients have a right to refrain from resuscitating as a self — determination act. Respondents concur the introduction of DNAR declaration in Polish Healthcare system. In respondents’ opinion that decision should be required in written form and an attending physician should decide about its implementation, what violates the existing rule. The execution of living will declaration raises ethical issues. Additionally, it also appears as public/social problem. The last stage of incurable disease is given as justifiable circumstances of DNAR. Content Type Journal Art...
Source: Central European Journal of Medicine - October 28, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Tags: Central European Journal of Medicine Source Type: research
Philosophical perspectives on response shift
Conclusion Our analysis reveals various concerns and further questions related to the role that substantive values play in the assessment of QoL. It also draws response shift into a wider arena, with broader issues of interpretation, self-evaluation, the meaning of the ‘good life’, and the status and legitimacy we accord to various scientific methods. Content Type Journal ArticlePages 1-8DOI 10.1007/s11136-012-0300-xAuthors Leah McClimans, Department of Philosophy, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USAJerome Bickenbach, Disability Policy Unit, Department of Health Sciences and He...
Source: Quality of Life Research - October 28, 2012 Category: Health Management Tags: Quality of Life Research Source Type: research
The Ghost in the Machine Is the Elephant in the Room: Souls, Death, and Harm at the End of Life.
Abstract The idea that we human beings have souls that can continue to have conscious experiences after the deaths of our bodies is controversial in contemporary academic bioethics; this idea is obviously present whenever questions about harm at the end of life are discussed, but this idea is often ignored or avoided because it is more comfortable to do so. After briefly discussing certain types of experiences that lead some people to believe in souls that can survive the deaths of their bodies, I begin to answer the question, "If personal postmortem survival of some sort is real, then how should this alter the way...
Source: The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy - October 28, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Disilvestro R Tags: J Med Philos Source Type: research
Harm, Change, and Time.
Abstract What is harm? I offer an account that involves the victim's either suffering some adverse intrinsic change or being prevented from enjoying some beneficial intrinsic change. No one is harmed, I claim, in virtue of relational changes alone. Thus (excepting for contrived cases), there are neither posthumous harms nor, in life, harms of the undiscovered betrayal, slander, reputation-damaging variety. Further, two widespread moves in the philosophy of death are rejected. First, death and posthumous are not to be assimilated-death does bring about adverse internal change and harms us straightforwardly. Second, ...
Source: The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy - October 28, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Belshaw C Tags: J Med Philos Source Type: research
[Assessment of multiculturalism in nursing based on a survey's experience].
Conclusions: The survey performed among nurses proved that there is a real demand for intercultural skills and knowledge related to expectations of the society. In order to improve the quality of health care, the development of these skills is necessary. Orv. Hetil., 2012, 153, 1711-1718. PMID: 23089170 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Orvosi Hetilap - October 28, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Pop M, Hollós S, Mészáros J Tags: Orv Hetil Source Type: research
Sorrell v. IMS Health: issues and opportunities for informaticians.
Abstract In 2011, the US Supreme Court decided Sorrell v. IMS Health, Inc., a case that addressed the mining of large aggregated databases and the sale of prescriber data for marketing prescription drugs. The court struck down a Vermont law that required data mining companies to obtain permission from individual providers before selling prescription records that included identifiable physician prescription information to pharmaceutical companies for drug marketing. The decision was based on constitutional free speech protections rather than data sharing considerations. Sorrell illustrates challenges at the intersec...
Source: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association - October 27, 2012 Category: Information Technology Authors: Petersen C, Demuro P, Goodman KW, Kaplan B Tags: J Am Med Inform Assoc Source Type: research
Factors Associated with the Withdrawal of Life-Sustaining Therapies in Patients with Severe Traumatic Brain Injury: A Multicenter Cohort Study
Conclusions Death following decisions to withdraw life-sustaining therapies is associated with specific patient and clinical factors, and the intensity of care. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory Ethical MattersPages 1-7DOI 10.1007/s12028-012-9787-9Authors Nicolas Côte, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Université Laval, Quebec, QC, CanadaAlexis F. Turgeon, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Université Laval, Quebec, QC, CanadaFrançois Lauzier, Division of Critical Care Medicine, Department of Anesthesiology, Université Laval, Queb...
Source: Neurocritical Care - October 26, 2012 Category: Neurology Tags: Neurocritical Care Source Type: research
A Systematic Review of Communication Quality Improvement Interventions for Patients with Advanced and Serious Illness
Conclusions and Implications of Key Findings Communication in the care of patients with advanced and serious illness can be improved using quality improvement interventions, particularly for healthcare utilization as an outcome. Interventions may be more effective using a consultative approach. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory ReviewsPages 1-8DOI 10.1007/s11606-012-2204-4Authors Oluwakemi A. Fawole, Johns Hopkins University Evidence-Based Practice Center, 1830 East Monument Street, Room 8065, Baltimore, MD 21287, USASydney M. Dy, Department of Health Policy & Management, Oncology, and Medicine, J...
Source: Journal of General Internal Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Journal of General Internal Medicine Source Type: research
A Declaration of Healthy Dependence: The Case of Home Care
In conclusion, the need for a shift from a strong emphasis on independence to a right to healthy dependence is advocated. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory Original ArticlePages 1-20DOI 10.1007/s10728-012-0228-xAuthors Elin Palm, Centre for Applied Ethics, House Ellen Key, Linköping University, 581 83 Linköping, Sweden Journal Health Care AnalysisOnline ISSN 1573-3394Print ISSN 1065-3058
Source: Health Care Analysis - October 26, 2012 Category: Health Management Tags: Health Care Analysis Source Type: research
International environmental and occupational health: From individual scientists to networked science hubs
Abstract For the past 16 years, the International Training and Research in Environmental and Occupational Health program (ITREOH) has supported projects that link U.S. academic scientists with scientists from low‐ and middle‐income countries in diverse research and research training activities. Twenty‐two projects of varied duration have conducted training to enhance the research capabilities of scientists at 75 institutions in 43 countries in Asia, Africa, Eastern Europe, and Latin America, and have built productive research relationships between these scientists and their U.S. partners. ITREOH investigators and the...
Source: American Journal of Industrial Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Joshua Rosenthal, Christine Jessup, Sarah Felknor, Michael Humble, Farah Bader, Kenneth Bridbord Tags: Historical Perspective Source Type: research
Perspectives of decision-making in requests for euthanasia: A qualitative research among patients, relatives and treating physicians in the Netherlands.
Conclusions:A patient's request for euthanasia entails a complex process that demands emotional work by all participants. It is characterised by an intensive period of sharing information, relationship building and negotiation in order to reach agreement. We hypothesise that making decisions about euthanasia demands a proactive approach towards participants' preferences and values regarding end of life, towards the needs of relatives, towards the burden placed on physicians and a careful attention to shared decision-making. Future research should address the communicational skills professionals require for such complex dec...
Source: Palliative Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Dees MK, Vernooij-Dassen MJ, Dekkers WJ, Elwyn G, Vissers KC, van Weel C Tags: Palliat Med Source Type: research
From Immorality to Public Health: Thalidomide and the Debate for Legal Abortion in Australia
In the early 1960s, a sudden increase in the number of babies born with serious physical deformities was traced to the popular sedative drug thalidomide. In addition to discussions of treatment and compensation for surviving children, the ethical considerations surrounding abortion and infanticide were enduring themes in contemporary debates about thalidomide. This paper examines those arguments, and the extent to which they affected the legalisation of abortion that occurred in South Australia in the late 1960s, following the lead of Britain. While thalidomide did not directly initiate the push for abortion law reform, th...
Source: Social History of Medicine - October 26, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Parker, C. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Case Study: Ethical Guidance for Pediatric e-health Research Using Examples From Pain Research With Adolescents
Conclusions Guidance on optimal ethical practice in e-health research is summarized.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - October 26, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Henderson, E. M., Law, E. F., Palermo, T. M., Eccleston, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Reconstruction of displaced acromio-clavicular joint dislocations using a triple suture-cerclage: description of a safe and efficient surgical technique.
CONCLUSION: Open AC joint reconstruction using AC and CC PDS cerclages provides good to excellent clinical results in the majority of cases. However, radiographically, the CC distance increased significantly at final follow up, but neither the amount of re-dislocation nor calcifications of the CC ligaments or osteoarthritis of the AC joint had significant influence on the outcome.Level of evidenceCase series, Level IV. PMID: 23098339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Patient Safety in Surgery - October 25, 2012 Category: Surgery Authors: Sandmann GH, Martetschläger F, Mey L, Kraus TM, Buchholz A, Ahrens P, Stöckle U, Freude T, Siebenlist S Tags: Patient Saf Surg Source Type: research
Towards evidence based medicine for paediatricians
Archimedes seeks to assist practising clinicians by providing ‘evidence-based’ answers to common questions that are not at the forefront of research but are at the core of practice (format adapted from BestBETS published in the Emergency Medicine Journal). A full description of the format is available online at http://bit.ly/ArchiTemplate. Readers wishing to submit their own questions – with best evidence answers – are encouraged to review those already proposed at http://www.bestbets.org. If your question still hasn't been answered, feel free to submit your summary according to the instructions for...
Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood - October 25, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Phillips, B. Tags: Oncology, Journalology, Bronchiolitis, TB and other respiratory infections, Bronchitis, Clinical diagnostic tests, Competing interests (ethics) Archimedes Source Type: research
The value of pancreatic stone protein in predicting acute appendicitis in patients presenting at the emergency department with abdominal pain
DiscussionThe PSP Appendix Trial is a prospective, multi-center, cohort study to assess the value of PSP in the diagnostic workup of acute appendicitis.Trial registrationClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01610193; Institution Ethical Board Approval ID: KEKZH- Nr. 2011--0501.
Source: BMC Gastroenterology - October 25, 2012 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Christoph TschuorDimitri RaptisPërparim LimaniThomas BächlerChristian OberkoflerStefan BreitensteinRolf Graf Source Type: research
Surgical management of inguinal hernias at Bugando Medical Centre in northwestern Tanzania: our experiences in a resource-limited setting
Conclusion: Inguinal hernias continue to be a source of morbidity and mortality in our centre. Early presentation and elective repair of inguinal hernias is pivotal in order to eliminate the morbidity and mortality associated with this very common problem.
Source: BMC Research Notes - October 25, 2012 Category: Research Authors: Joseph MabulaPhillipo Chalya Source Type: research
Ethical virtues in scientific research.
Abstract Most approaches to promoting integrity in research are principle-based in that they portray ethical conduct as consisting of adherence to ethical rules, duties, or responsibilities. Bruce MacFarlane has recently criticized the principle-based approach to promoting integrity in research and offered a virtue-based alternative. MacFarlane argues that principle-based approaches do not provide adequate guidance for ethical decision-making and are not very useful in moral education. In this article, I examine and critique MacFarlane's defense of the virtue-based approach. I argue that virtue-based and principle-...
Source: Accountability in Research - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Resnik DB Tags: Account Res Source Type: research
Reflexive research ethics in fetal tissue xenotransplantation research.
Abstract For biomedical research in which the only involvement of the human subject is the provision of tissue or organ samples, a blanket consent, i.e., consent to use the tissue for anything researchers wish to do, is considered by many to be adequate for legal and Institutional Review Board (IRB) requirements. Alternatively, a detailed informed consent provides patients or study participants with more thorough information about the research topic. We document here the beliefs and opinions of the research staff on informed consent and the discussion-based reflexive research ethics process that we employed in our ...
Source: Accountability in Research - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Panikkar B, Smith N, Brown P Tags: Account Res Source Type: research
Asian Public Concern over the Ethics of Scientists: Predictors and Implications for Research Ethics.
This article highlights the importance of more active research into social perspectives on ethics in science. PMID: 23074993 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Accountability in Research - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Smolak A, Gorroochurn P, Kamarulzaman A, Janjua N Tags: Account Res Source Type: research
The instrumental role of hospital ethics committees in policy work.
PMID: 23072670 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Garrison NA, Magnus D Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Opening the black box of ethics policy work: evaluating a covert practice.
This article attempts to open the "black box" of this health care ethics practice by providing two detailed case examples of ethics policy reviews. We also describe the development and application of an evaluation strategy to assess the quality of ethics policy review work, and to enable continuous improvement of ethics policy review processes. Given the potential for policy work to impact entire patient populations and organizational systems, it is imperative that HECs and ethicists develop clearer roles, responsibilities, procedural standards, and evaluation methods to ensure the delivery of consistent, relevant, and hig...
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Frolic A, Drolet K, Bryanton K, Caron C, Cupido C, Flaherty B, Fung S, McCall L Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Thinking outside the black box: what policy theory can offer healthcare ethicists.
PMID: 23072672 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Winsor S, Giacomini M Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Shifting the emphasis to meaningful ethics engagement in the development of health policies.
PMID: 23072673 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Kirby J Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Uncovering the real work behind policy development.
PMID: 23072674 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Dirksen KM, Brown-Saltzman K Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Hospital ethics committees: the case for limiting policy work.
PMID: 23072675 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Cushman R, Fiore RN Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Why the "appraisal of guidelines for research and evaluation" instrument can and should further inform ethics policy work.
PMID: 23072676 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Strech D, Schildmann J Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Are ethics committees in tune with the "epidemiology of ethical issues"?
PMID: 23072677 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Altisent R, Buil B, Delgado-Marroquín MT Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Evaluating the capacity of theories of justice to serve as a justice framework for international clinical research.
This article investigates whether or not theories of justice from political philosophy, first, support the position that health research should contribute to justice in global health, and second, provide guidance about what is owed by international clinical research (ICR) actors to parties in low- and middle-income countries. Four theories-John Rawls's theory of justice, the rights-based cosmopolitan theories of Thomas Pogge and Henry Shue, and Jennifer Ruger's health capability paradigm-are evaluated. The article shows that three of the four theories require the conduct of health research for justice in global health. The...
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Pratt B, Zion D, Loff B Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Health, human right, and health inequalities: alternative concepts in placing health research as justice for global health.
PMID: 23072679 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Dauda B, Dierickx K Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Discharging the duty to conduct international clinical research.
PMID: 23072680 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Wenner DM Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Ethics, Justice and Community Participation in the Microbicides Development Programme (MDP) Phase III Trial in Mwanza, Tanzania.
PMID: 23072681 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Vallely A, Lees S, Shagi C, Kapiga S, McCormack S, Hayes R Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
The elephant in the (board) room: the role of contract research organizations in international clinical research.
PMID: 23072682 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Foster C, Malik AY Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Review of Marybeth Gasman and Louis W. Sullivan, The Morehouse Mystique: Becoming a Doctor at the Nation's Newest African American Medical School.
PMID: 23072683 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Bioethics : AJOB - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Hogarth RA Tags: Am J Bioeth Source Type: research
Pacific Ocean Hacker Speaks Out
This past July Russ George served as chief scientist on a cruise to fertilize the northeastern Pacific Ocean with iron --the latest in a long string of similar, and usually controversial, efforts he has led. He has been attempting to commercialize such ocean fertilization efforts for years, including setting up the failed company Planktos. In parallel, he has also been promoting plans to generate carbon credits for companies and governments, allowing them to emit greenhouse gases in exchange for replanting carbon dioxide-absorbing forests from Canada to Europe. [More]
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - October 24, 2012 Category: Science Tags: Energy & Sustainability,Chemistry,Environment,History of Science,Society Policy,Everyday Science,Ethics,Climate,Ecology,Biotechnology,Biotechnology,Biology,More Science Source Type: research
The Importance of Patient–Provider Communication in End-of-Life Care
We present the narrative of a man with schizophrenia who wished to forgo hemodialysis as a study in the ethical importance of attention to nonverbal communication. A multilayered understanding of the patient, as may be provided by both behavioral and motivational models, can inform the provider’s ability to receive, process, and represent communicated content to the patient or his or her surrogate decision-maker. Content Type Journal ArticleCategory SymposiumPages 1-3DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9397-4Authors Timothy R. Rice, Department of Psychiatry, The Mount Sinai Medical Center, Box 1230, 1425 Madison Avenue, New...
Source: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Tags: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Source Type: research
A Time to Give Thanks
Content Type Journal ArticleCategory EditorialPages 1-3DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9404-9Authors Leigh E. Rich, Department of Health Sciences (Public Health), Armstrong Atlantic State University, 11935 Abercorn Street, Savannah, GA 31419, USAMichael A. Ashby, Palliative Care and Persistent Pain Services, Royal Hobart, Hospital, Southern Tasmania Area Health Service, and School of Medicine, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Tasmania, 1st Floor, Peacock Building, Repatriation Centre, 90 Davey Street, Hobart, TAS 7000, Australia Journal Journal of Bioethical InquiryOnline ISSN 1872-4353Print ISSN 1176-7529
Source: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Tags: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Source Type: research
Addressing Ethical Considerations and Authors’ Conflict of Interest Disclosure in Medical Journals in Iran
Abstract The purpose of this study was to examine how ethical approval and competing interests are addressed by medical journals in Iran. In a cross-sectional study, 151 journals accredited by the Publications Commission of the Ministry of Health and Medical Education were reviewed. Data collection was carried out by assessing journal guidelines and conducting structured phone interviews with journal managers, focusing on how ethical considerations and conflicts of interest (COI) are addressed. Overall, 135 of the 151 journals (89.4 percent) examined some aspect of ethical considerations of submitted article...
Source: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Tags: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Source Type: research
Dying and Death in Some Roma Communities: Ethical Challenges
Abstract The Roma people have specific values, therefore their views and beliefs about illness, dying and death are important to be known for health care providers caring for members of this community. The aim of this qualitative study based on 48 semi-structured interviews with Roma patients and caregivers in communities in two regions of Romania was to examine their selfdescribed behaviors and practices, their experiences and perceptions of illness, dying and death. Five more important themes about the Roma people facing dying and death have been identified: (1) The perception of illness in the community a...
Source: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health - October 24, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health Source Type: research
Can Controversial Ocean Iron Fertilization Save Salmon?
In a bid to restore lost fish abundance, the Haida Salmon Restoration Corp. (HSRC) undertook to mimic the effects of a volcanic eruption by fertilizing the ocean with iron. The idea was to provide the missing nutrient for a plankton bloom that would then trickle up the food web and restore salmon--with the ancillary effects of gathering data on the ocean food web and, potentially, removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. [More]
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - October 24, 2012 Category: Science Tags: Energy & Sustainability,Ethics,Environment,History of Science,Technology,Society Policy,Everyday Science,More Science,Evolution,Climate,Ecology,Biotechnology,Biotechnology,Biology,Chemistry Source Type: research
Are surgeons ethically obligated to treat Medicare patients despite substantial reductions in reimbursement? Introduction
See related articles by Edward D. Verrier on pp 38-40 and Tea E. Acuff on pp 41-3.
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - October 24, 2012 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Robert M. Sade Tags: Point/Counterpoint Source Type: research
Systems, strategies, and interventions for sustainable long-term care and protection of children with a history of living outside of family care.
CONCLUSIONS: Despite the weaknesses and gaps of the existing research, there is a foundation of research for going forward, which should focus on developing and implementing systems for these most vulnerable children. The evidence reviewed indicates that child protection systems should aim for appropriate, permanent family care (including reunification, adoption, kinship care, or kafalah) for children in order to secure the best environment for a child's developmental prospects. Evidence also suggests that the quality and duration of care, including both permanent family care and alternative care, are important regardless ...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - October 24, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Fluke JD, Goldman PS, Shriberg J, Hillis SD, Yun K, Allison S, Light E Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research
Consent and the Use of the Bodies of the Dead.
Abstract Gametes, tissue, and organs can be taken from the dying or dead for reproduction, transplantation, and research. Whole bodies as well as parts can be used for teaching anatomy. While these uses are diverse, they have an ethical consideration in common: the claims of the people whose bodies are used. Is some use permissible only when people have consented to the use, actually wanted the use, would have wanted the use, not opposed the use, or what? The aim of this article is to make progress in answering these questions. Initially I assume knowledge of people's desires in order to test whether consent is dir...
Source: The Journal of Medicine and Philosophy - October 24, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Wilkinson TM Tags: J Med Philos Source Type: research
Severe emphysematous pyelonephritis combined with pneumobilia
A 62-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with consciousness disturbance and left flank pain. She had past history of diabetes mellitus and hypertension for 5 years and underwent haemodialysis three times a week for end-stage renal disease for 8 years. Left haemorrhagic renal cyst rupture just occurred 1 month ago and she recovered well after a conservative treatment. Sudden consciousness disturbance and left flank pain was noted. The initial body temperature was 35.4°C, heart rate 98 beats/min, respiratory rate 20 breaths/min and blood pressure 148/71 mm Hg. Laboratory tests sh...
Source: Emergency Medicine Journal - October 24, 2012 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Wu, C.-C., Hung, S.-F. Tags: Pancreas and biliary tract, Drugs: infectious diseases, Pain (neurology), Hypertension, Ethics, Resuscitation, Diabetes Images in emergency medicine Source Type: research
Egg Freezing Enters Clinical Mainstream
From Nature magazine [More]
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - October 23, 2012 Category: Science Tags: Health,Health,Ethics,More Science,Biotechnology,Biotechnology,Biology,Society & Policy Source Type: research
Family interview in the process of donating organs and tissues for transplantation
CONCLUSIONS: The statements that emerged revealed that the family interview is an important step, because it addresses the possibility of donating organs and tissues to save and / or improve the quality of life of people needing a transplant. This procedure is complex, since it involves aspects related to interviewer, the interviewee and the interview location, as well as ethical and legal questions. It also highlights the need for professional training to know, identify and cope with factors that facilitate or hinder the dialogue with the family members.OBJETIVO: Develar el significado atribuído por los profesionales que...
Source: Acta Paulista de Enfermagem - October 23, 2012 Category: Nursing Source Type: research
Stem cell‐based therapy for Huntington's disease
Abstract Huntington's disease (HD) is a late‐onset neurodegenerative disease characterised by a progressive loss of medium spiny neurons in the basal ganglia. The development of stem cell‐based therapies for HD aims to replace lost neurons and/or to prevent cell death. This review will discuss pre‐clinical studies which have utilised stem or progenitor cells for transplantation therapy using HD animal models. In several studies, neural stem and progenitor cells used as allotransplants and xenografts have been shown to be capable of surviving transplantation and differentiating into mature GABAergic neurons, resulting...
Source: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry - October 23, 2012 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Christof Maucksch, Elena M. Vazey, Renee J. Gordon, Bronwen Connor Tags: Prospects Source Type: research
Research Conducted Using Data Obtained through Online Communities: Ethical Implications of Methodological Limitations
by A. Cecile J. W. Janssens, Peter Kraft
Source: PLoS Medicine - October 23, 2012 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: A. Cecile J. W. Janssens et al. Source Type: research