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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 31.
Survival and Functional Restoration of Human Fetal Ventral Mesencephalon Following Transplantation in a Rat Model of Parkinson's Disease.
Abstract Cell replacement therapy by intracerebral transplantation of fetal dopaminergic neurons has become a promising therapeutic option for patients suffering from Parkinson`s disease during the last decades. However, limited availability of human fetal tissue as well as ethical issues, lack of alternative non-fetal donor cells and the absence of standardized transplantation protocols have prevented neurorestorative therapies from becoming a routine procedure in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases. Improvement of graft survival, surgery techniques and identification of the optimal target area are ...
Source: Cell Transplantation - September 7, 2012 Category: Cytology Authors: Rath A, Klein A, Papazoglou A, Pruszak J, Garciaa J, Krause M, Maciaczyk J, Dunnett SB, Nikkhah G Tags: Cell Transplant Source Type: research
Psychosis, C9ORF72 and dementia with Lewy bodies
Introduction Hexanucleotide repeat expansions in the C9ORF72 gene are an important cause of frontotemporal dementia (FTD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis.1 2 Whether they have a role in other conditions remains unclear.3 4 We previously identified in FTD a strong association between repeat expansions in C9ORF72 and the presence of psychosis.4 This raises the question whether C9ORF72 expansions might also have a role in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), in which hallucinations and delusions are prevalent. The study addressed this question. Methods The cohort comprised 102 consecutive patients who fulfilled criteria for &ls...
Source: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry - September 7, 2012 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Snowden, J. S., Rollinson, S., Lafon, C., Harris, J., Thompson, J., Richardson, A. M., Jones, M., Gerhard, A., Neary, D., Mann, D. M. A., Pickering-Brown, S. Tags: PostScript Source Type: research
P18 Non epileptic seizures and Todd's paresis: case series and literature review
Conclusion There will always be ethical dilemma that whether patients with NEAD should be re investigated or not if they complained of neurological symptoms. We believe that each case should be dealt on its merit and the patients to be managed accordingly. It is not uncommon for patients with NEAD to have epilepsy and as a result Todd's paresis. The literature search was not very useful in finding the right answer.
Source: Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry - September 7, 2012 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Singh, J., Lambert, M. Tags: Epilepsy and seizures BNPA 2012 AGM Source Type: research
The quest for mediterranean bioethics
Content Type Journal ArticleCategory EditorialPages 1-2DOI 10.1007/s11019-012-9434-4Authors Ana Borovecki, Anadrija Stampar School of Public Health, School of Medicine, University of Zagreb, Rockefellerova 4, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia Journal Medicine, Health Care and PhilosophyOnline ISSN 1572-8633Print ISSN 1386-7423
Source: Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy - September 6, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Tags: Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy Source Type: research
Dyspareunia and sexual dysfunction in women seeking fertility treatment
Conclusion(s): Women seeking fertility treatment had similar rates of dyspareunia and sexual dysfunction compared with controls.
Source: Fertility and Sterility - September 6, 2012 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Abby P. Furukawa, Phillip E. Patton, Paula Amato, Hong Li, Catherine M. Leclair Tags: Mental health, sexuality, and ethics Source Type: research
P8. Multidisciplinary care for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis at Geneva University Hospitals
Conclusions: In comparison with a more classical approach, this multidisciplinary approach gives a place to each member of the medical team and allows a holistic approach of the patient. Family and caregivers at home, such as occupational therapists, physiotherapists and nurses, can also regularly share information and experience with the hospital team. Specialists in medical bio-ethics and ICU regularly join the multidisciplinary team to share reflexions on sensitive topics such as tracheostomy or assisted suicide.In a near future, a computerized database, including a prospective evaluation of quality of life and quality ...
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - September 5, 2012 Category: Neuroscience Authors: A.C. Héritier Barras, R. Iancu Ferfoglia, A. Mekideche, A. Truffert, D. Adler, J.P. Janssens Tags: Society Proceedings Source Type: research
Respect for cultural diversity in bioethics is an ethical imperative
Abstract The field of bioethics continues to struggle with the problem of cultural diversity: can universal principles guide ethical decision making, regardless of the culture in which those decisions take place? Or should bioethical principles be derived from the moral traditions of local cultures? Ten Have and Gordijn (Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14:1–3, 2011) and Bracanovic (Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 14:229–236, 2011) defend the universalist position, arguing that respect for cultural diversity in matters ethical will lead to a dangerous cultural relativity where vulnerable patients...
Source: Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy - September 5, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Tags: Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy Source Type: research
Wie die Mikroben nach Warschau kamen
Abstract The pathogenic microbe came to be a widely acknowledged “scientific fact” by the end of the 19th century. Taking the transfer of bacteriological knowledge to Warsaw as an example, this article contributes to understanding the question of how knowledge of bacteria was stabilized outside of its original place of production. Conceiving bacteriological knowledge as a laboratory practice it describes the techniques of mobilizing the “laboratory network” this practice depended on. The case of the Polish medical student Odo Bujwid transporting Robert Koch’s and Louis Pasteur’s laboratory networ...
Source: NTM International Journal of History and Ethics of Natural Sciences, Technology and Medicine - September 5, 2012 Category: History of Medicine Tags: NTM Zeitschrift für Geschichte der Wissenschaften, Technik und Medizin Source Type: research
Child and adolescent performance in plain temporal resolution hearing skills
CONCLUSIONS: auditory temporal hearing processing is fundamental for communication abilities; and subjects with speech pathology alterations diagnoses have worse results in MSSNV and MSSV when compared with normal subjects.
Source: Revista CEFAC - September 5, 2012 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research
Effect of intravelar veloplasty on nasality in patients with velopharyngeal insufficiency
CONCLUSION: secondary palatoplasty performed with intravelar veloplasty led to improvement in nasality in most of the analyzed patients. The results further demonstrated that surgery was more effective in patients with minor defects in velopharyngeal closure.
Source: Revista CEFAC - September 5, 2012 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research
Translational Neuropharmacology: The use of human isolated gastrointestinal tissues
Abstract Translational sciences increasingly emphasises the measurement of functions in native human tissues. However, such studies must confront variations in patient age, gender, genetic background and disease. Here, this is discussed with reference to neuromuscular and neurosecretory functions of the human gastrointestinal tract. Tissues are obtained after informed consent, in collaboration with surgeons (surgical techniques help minimise variables) and pathologists. Given the difficulties of directly recording from human myenteric neurones (embedded between muscle layers), enteric motor nerve functions are studied by m...
Source: British Journal of Pharmacology - September 5, 2012 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Sanger GJ, Broad J, Kung V, Knowles CH Tags: Commissioned Review Article Source Type: research
Electro-optic dye triggers ethics row
Nature 489, 7414 (2012). http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/489017a Author: Eugenie Samuel Reich Dispute puts focus on reporting standards for major grants.
Source: Nature - September 5, 2012 Category: Research Authors: Eugenie Samuel Reich Tags: News Source Type: research
Educating nonmedical prescribers
The last decade has seen developments in nonmedical prescribing, with the introduction of prescribing rights for healthcare professionals. In this article, we focus on the education, training and practice of nonmedical prescribers in the UK. There are around 20 000 nurse independent prescribers, 2400 pharmacist supplementary/independent prescribers, several hundred allied health professional supplementary prescribers and almost 100 optometrist supplementary/independent prescribers. Many are active prescribers, managing chronic conditions or acute episodes of infections and minor ailments. Key aims of nonmedical prescribi...
Source: British Journal of Clinical Pharmacology - September 5, 2012 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Derek Stewart, Katie MacLure, Johnson George Tags: Review Source Type: research
Preventing compulsory admission to psychiatric inpatient care through psycho-education and crisis focused monitoring
DiscussionInnovative interventions have to be established to prevent patients with mental disorders from undergoing the experience of compulsory admission and, with regard to society as a whole, to reduce the costs of health care (and detention). The current study will allow for a prospective analysis of the effectiveness of an intervention programme, providing insight into processes and factors that determine involuntary placement.Trial registrationCurrent Controlled Trials ISRCTN63162737
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - September 5, 2012 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barbara LayHans-Joachim SalizeHarald DressingNicolas RüschThekla SchönenbergerMonika BühlmannMarco BleikerSilke LenglerOlena KorinthWulf Rössler Source Type: research
Phenomenology, ethics, and the crisis of the lived‐body
Source: Nursing Philosophy - September 5, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Stuart J. Murray Tags: Dialogue Source Type: research
Furthering the sceptical case against virtue ethics in nursing ethics
Abstract In a recent article in this journal I presented a sceptical argument about the current prominence of virtue ethics in nursing ethics. Daniel Putman has responded with a defence of the relevance of virtue in nursing. The present article continues this discussion by clarifying, defending, and expanding the sceptical argument. I start by emphasizing some features of the sceptical case, including assumptions about the nature of sceptical arguments, and about the character of both virtue ethics and nursing ethics. Then I respond to objections of Putman's such as that, according to virtue ethics, virtue is relevant to t...
Source: Nursing Philosophy - September 5, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Stephen Holland Tags: Original article Source Type: research
The excesses of care: a matter of understanding the asymmetry of power
Abstract The aim of the article is to illustrate concrete problems in the asymmetrical nurse–patient power relationship. It is an ethical demand that the nurse is faced with the challenges that the power in the relation is administered so that the patient's room for action is expanded and trust maintained. It is an essential message in care philosophy, but in clinical practice, success is not always achievable. A hidden and more or less unconscious restriction of the patient's room for action may result in the excesses of care. Three selected aspects: dependence, trust, and power described by the Danish philosopher K.E. ...
Source: Nursing Philosophy - September 5, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Charlotte Delmar Tags: Original article Source Type: research
From ‘Implications’ to ‘Dimensions’: Science, Medicine and Ethics in Society
Abstract Much bioethical scholarship is concerned with the social, legal and philosophical implications of new and emerging science and medicine, as well as with the processes of research that under-gird these innovations. Science and technology studies (STS), and the related and interpenetrating disciplines of anthropology and sociology, have also explored what novel technoscience might imply for society, and how the social is constitutive of scientific knowledge and technological artefacts. More recently, social scientists have interrogated the emergence of ethical issues: they have documented how particul...
Source: Health Care Analysis - September 4, 2012 Category: Health Management Tags: Health Care Analysis Source Type: research
Comprehensive pre-implantation genetic screening: ethical reflection urgently needed
do de Wert Pre-implantation genetic screening (PGS) is an adjunct technology to in vitro fertilization (IVF) that involves carrying out biopsies and testing embryos of subfertile couples to improve the chances of a successful pregnancy. Until now, PGS has been limited to aneuploidy screening by fluorescent in
Source: Nature Reviews Genetics - September 4, 2012 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Kristien HensWybo DondorpJoep GeraedtsGuido de Wert Tags: Research Highlight Source Type: research
To know or not to know the genomic sequence of a fetus
ram Henn Groundbreaking technical advances have opened the door for whole-genome analysis in prenatal genetic diagnosis (PND), and recently the proof-of-principle has been provided that non-invasive reconstruction of the entire fetal genome from a maternal blood sample is feasible. From an ethical point of view,
Source: Nature Reviews Genetics - September 4, 2012 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Christian NetzerDagmar SchmitzWolfram Henn Tags: Research Highlight Source Type: research
How I Helped Create A Flawed Mental Health System That's Failed Millions--And My Son [Narrative Matters]
A former state legislator experiences firsthand the devastating consequences of past policy mistakes—and imagines what he’d do differently now.
Source: Health Affairs - September 4, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Gionfriddo, P. Tags: Access To Care, Ethical Issues, Health Reform, Insurance Coverage, Insurance Coverage - Children, Legal/Regulatory Issues, Mental Health/Substance Abuse, Personal Experience ( Narrative Matters ), Chronic Care, Quality Of Care, Consumer Issues Source Type: research
Oxidative stress and leukocyte migration inhibition response in cutaneous adverse drug reactions
Conclusion: CADR patients were found to be under oxidative stress based on MDA and GSH levels in the peripheral blood. There is a significant positive correlation of LMI response (against the causative drug) with MDA levels, which strongly associates oxidative stress with the immunopathogenesis in CADRs.
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology - September 4, 2012 Category: Dermatology Authors: Prashant VermaSambit Nath BhattacharyaBasu Deb BanerjeeNeena Khanna Source Type: research
The ethical decisions UK doctors make regarding
advanced cancer patients at the end of life - the
perceived (in) appropriateness of anticoagulation for
venous thromboembolism: A qualitative study
Conclusions: Decisions are difficult for doctors to make regarding LMWH treatment for advanced cancerpatients with VTE. Treatment for this patient group is bounded to the doctors own moral andethical frameworks.
Source: BMC Medical Ethics - September 4, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Laura SheardHayley ProutDawn DowdingSimon NobleIan WattAnthony MaraveyasMiriam Johnson Source Type: research
Assessing formal teaching of ethics in physiology: an empirical survey, patterns, and recommendations
In this report, we examined to what extent teaching of ethics is formally being incorporated into the physiology curriculum. We carried out an e-mail survey in which we asked the e-mail recipients whether their institution offered a course or lecture on ethics as part of the physiology teaching process at their institution, using the following query: "We are now doing an online survey in which we would like to know whether you offer a course or a lecture on ethics as part of your physiology teaching curriculum." The response rate was 53.3%: we received 104 responses of a total of 195 sent out. Our responses came from 45 co...
Source: AJP: Advances in Physiology Education - September 4, 2012 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Goswami, N., Batzel, J. J., Hinghofer-Szalkay, H. Tags: CALL FOR PAPERS: TEACHING AND LEARNING OF PROFESSIONAL ETHICS Source Type: research
Traditional Japanese herbal (kampo) medicines and treatment of ocular diseases: a review.
Abstract Herbal medicines have been used clinically in Eastern Asia, and traditional Japanese herbal (Kampo) formulas are approved as ethical drugs. The Kampo formulas are mixtures of the crude extracts of several herbs, each of which contains multiple components. Numerous investigators have reported that some herbal medicines are efficacious for treating several human diseases. We reviewed the literature on traditional herbal medicines and treatment of ocular diseases. Oral Orengedoku-to and Kakkon-to inhibit postoperative uveitis in humans. Oral Goshajinki-gan improved ocular surface disorders in patients with ty...
Source: The American Journal of Chinese Medicine - September 3, 2012 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Hayasaka S, Kodama T, Ohira A Tags: Am J Chin Med Source Type: research
Correction to Jacobs et al. (2011).
This article underscores the importance of trainers addressing graduate students and interns with PPC for whom regular summative and formative feedback has not been effective by engaging in the often difficult, but necessary, conversations as a first step in many remediation processes. These conversations are framed as an ethical responsibility and suggested as a core competency for trainers. Attention is paid to the myriad barriers that trainers often encounter in engaging in difficult conversations, including personal factors, training setting and systems issues, and the relationship between personal and contextual facto...
Source: Training and Education in Professional Psychology - September 3, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jacobs, Sue C.; Huprich, Steven K.; Grus, Catherine L.; Cage, Evelyn A.; Elman, Nancy S.; Forrest, Linda; Schwartz-Mette, Rebecca; Shen-Miller, David S.; Van Sickle, Kristi S.; Kaslow, Nadine J. Source Type: research
State obligations to implement African abortion laws: Employing human rights in a changing legal landscape
Abstract: Women in the African region are overburdened with unsafe abortion. Abortion regimes that fail to translate any given abortion rights into tangible access are partly to blame. Historically, African abortion laws have been highly restrictive. However, the post-independence era has witnessed a change toward liberalizing abortion law, even if incremental for many jurisdictions. Furthermore, Article 14 of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa has significantly augmented the regional trend toward liberalization by recognizing abortion as a human right in given...
Source: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics - September 3, 2012 Category: OBGYN Authors: Charles G. Ngwena Tags: Ethical and legal issues in reproductive health Source Type: research
Health-related quality of life among colorectal cancer patients in Malaysia: a study protocol
Conclusion: The result of pilot testing shows that the use of the Malaysian versions of EORTC QLQ C30, CR29 instruments is feasible in our sample of colorectal cancer patients. Instructions for completion as well as questions were well understood except the questions on the overall quality of life, overall health status and sexual activity. Thus we anticipate obtaining good psychometric properties for the instruments at the end of the study.
Source: BMC Cancer - September 3, 2012 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Bello MagajiChee LawApril RoslaniFoong MoyJane BlazebyIsmail SagapJasiah Zakaria Source Type: research
Ethical guidelines on authorship
Syed Ahmed Zaki, Syed Ahmed Taqi, Lateef Begum Sami, Angadi Rajasab NiloferIndian Journal of Dental Research 2012 23(2):292-292
Source: Table of Contents : Indian Journal of Dental Research : 2006 - 17(3) - September 3, 2012 Category: Dentistry Authors: Syed Ahmed ZakiSyed Ahmed TaqiLateef Begum SamiAngadi Rajasab Nilofer Source Type: research
Concomitant combination of active immunotherapy and carboplatin- or paclitaxel-based chemotherapy improves anti-tumor response
Abstract Recent preclinical evidence substantially supports the successful combination of chemotherapies and active immunotherapy for cancer treatment. These data sustain the effect of sequential combination schemes (vaccine plus chemotherapy or vice versa), which could be difficult to implement in clinical practice. Since chemotherapy is the standard treatment for most cancers, ethical issues forbid its delay and make difficult the evaluation of other treatments such as using an immunotherapeutic agent. Besides, vaccines must be applied as soon as possible to advanced cancer patients, in order to give them ...
Source: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy - September 2, 2012 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Immunology, Immunotherapy Source Type: research
Addiction Neuroethics: The Ethics of Addiction Neuroscience Research and Treatment
No abstract available
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - September 1, 2012 Category: Addiction Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research
Civil Commitment Among Patients With Alcohol and Drug Abuse: Practical, Conceptual, and Ethical Issues
Conclusions: Treatment for alcohol and drug abuse requires a concerted, multidisciplinary strategy to have a long-lasting impact on the disease process. Although structured and intensive aftercare may carry attendant expenses, it is ultimately more affordable than short-term incarceration and legal proceedings. One potential legal-based treatment alternative would be mandating outpatient involuntary commitment for individuals with severe addictive disorders.
Source: Addictive Disorders and Their Treatment - September 1, 2012 Category: Addiction Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Farnesoid X Receptor Targeting for Hepatitis C: Study Protocol for a Proof-of-concept Trial.
Conclusion. We think guggulsterone might be an effective therapeutic option for HCV genotype 1 patients who do not respond well to first-line therapy. Trial registration. ClinicalTrials NCT01492998. PMID: 23241251 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Therapie - September 1, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Scholtes C, André P, Trépo C, Cornu C, Remontet L, Ecochard R, Bejan-Angoulvant T, Gueyffier F Tags: Therapie Source Type: research
Pathological pregnancy and psychological symptoms in women.
Abstract Pregnancy is followed by many physiologic, organic and psychological changes and disorders, which can become more serious in pregnancy followed by complications, especially in women with pathological conditions during pregnancy. The purpose of this study was to find out and analyze the prevalence and intensity of psychological disorders in women with pathological conditions during pregnancy and compare it with conditions in pregnant women who had normal development of pregnancy. The research is approved by the Ethical committee of the Mostar University Hospital Center, and it was made in accordance with He...
Source: Collegium Antropologicum - September 1, 2012 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Bjelanović V, Babić D, Oresković S, Tomić V, Martinac M, Juras J Tags: Coll Antropol Source Type: research
Empathy in Forensic Evaluations: a Systematic Reconsideration
This paper reexamines the Shuman seminal paper arguing against empathic behaviors in forensic evaluations. Shuman concluded that empathy by examiners seduces evaluees into believing a therapeutic relationship exists. We reconsider empathy as an element of rapport and a helpful supplement in a successful assessment. Actively avoiding empathy could lead to cold and callous examiner self‐presentation, which may in turn produce biased and negative results. In this paper we assert that ethical forensic professionals may use moderate empathy during an assessment. Examiners should consider it not as a component of subjectivity ...
Source: Behavioral Sciences and the Law - September 1, 2012 Category: Medical Law Authors: Stanley L. Brodsky, Jennifer Kelly Wilson Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Clinician Confidence and Comfort in Providing Perinatal Palliative Care
ConclusionPalliative care involves physicians and nurses making unique and positively synergistic contributions to the care of families expecting an infant with a life‐limiting diagnosis. Clinicians share ethical perspectives regarding PPC and are positioned to collaboratively develop PPC programs. Barriers to PPC delivery exist and clinicians can benefit from interventions aimed at modifying practice environments. Supportive interventions and educational initiatives may increase clinician comfort and confidence with palliative care delivery.
Source: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing - September 1, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Charlotte Wool Tags: Research Source Type: research
The validation of an endoscopic sinus surgery skills training model: A pilot study.
CONCLUSION: The data from this pilot study support improved FESS skills for both medical students and residents using this low-cost, intermediate-fidelity model. PMID: 23168158 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Rhinology and Allergy - September 1, 2012 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Burge SD, Bunegin L, Weitzel EK, McMains KC Tags: Am J Rhinol Allergy Source Type: research
Attitudes of healthcare providers towards non-initiation and withdrawal of neonatal resuscitation for preterm infants in Mongolia.
Abstract Antenatal parental counselling by healthcare providers is recommended to inform parents and assist with decision-making before the birth of a child with anticipated poor prognosis. In the setting of a low-income country, like Mongolia, attitudes of healthcare providers towards resuscitation of high-risk newborns are unknown. The purpose of this study was to examine the attitudes of healthcare providers regarding ethical decisions pertaining to non-initiation and withdrawal of neonatal resuscitation in Mongolia. A questionnaire on attitudes towards decision-making for non-initiation and withdrawal of neonat...
Source: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition - September 1, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: McAdams RM, Erdenebileg A, Batra M, Gerelmaa Z Tags: J Health Popul Nutr Source Type: research
Brain talk: power and negotiation in children’s discourse about self, brain and behaviour
This article examines children’s discourse about self, brain and behaviour, focusing on the dynamics of power, knowledge and responsibility articulated by children. The empirical data discussed in this article are drawn from the study of Voices on Identity, Childhood, Ethics and Stimulants, which included interviews with 151 US and UK children, a subset of whom had a diagnosis of attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Despite their contact with psychiatric explanations and psychotropic drugs for their behaviour, children’s discursive engagements with the brain show significant evidence of agency and negotiated respo...
Source: Sociology of Health and Illness - September 1, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ilina Singh Source Type: research
The many vs. the few.
PMID: 23050290 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The Hastings Center Report - September 1, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Menzel PT Tags: Hastings Cent Rep Source Type: research
Community nurses' experiences of ethical problems in end‐of‐life care in the patient's own home
ConclusionThe nurses exhibited commitment and a desire to do good when caring for patients in the end‐of‐life phase, even if they sometimes experienced feelings of lack of control. This implies that, when confronted with care‐related issues, they have the power to both act and react. This study aimed to increase understanding of ethical problems that arise in end‐of‐life care in the patient's own home and revealed the need to take the patients', relatives' and nurses' perspectives on health and suffering into consideration to ensure good end‐of‐life home care.
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences - September 1, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Margareta Karlsson, Christina Karlsson, António Barbosa da Silva, Ingela Berggren, Maud Söderlund Tags: Empirical Studies Source Type: research
Chiropractic Care and Public Health: Answering Difficult Questions About Safety, Care Through the Lifespan, and Community Action
Abstract: The purpose of this collaborative summary is to document current chiropractic involvement in the public health movement, reflect on social ecological levels of influence as a profession, and summarize the relationship of chiropractic to the current public health topics of: safety, health issues through the lifespan, and effective participation in community health issues. The questions that are addressed include: Is spinal manipulative therapy for neck and low-back pain a public health problem? What is the role of chiropractic care in prevention or reduction of musculoskeletal injuries in children? What ways can d...
Source: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics - September 1, 2012 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Claire Johnson, Sidney M. Rubinstein, Pierre Côté, Lise Hestbaek, H. Stephen Injeyan, Aaron Puhl, Bart Green, Jason G. Napuli, Andrew S. Dunn, Paul Dougherty, Lisa Zaynab Killinger, Stacey A. Page, John S. Stites, Michael Ramcharan, Robert A. Leach, Lor Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Myofascial pain in patients waitlisted for total knee arthroplasty.
CONCLUSION:<⁄span> All patients had trigger points in the vastus and gastrocnemius muscles, and 92% of patients experienced significant pain relief with trigger point injections at the first visit, indicating that a significant proportion of the OA knee pain was myofascial in origin. Further investigation is warranted to determine the prevalence of myofascial pain and whether treatment delays or prevents TKA. PMID: 23061082 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pain Research and Management - September 1, 2012 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Henry R, Cahill CM, Wood G, Hroch J, Wilson R, Cupido T, Vandenkerkhof E Tags: Pain Res Manag Source Type: research
INTRODUCTION: Insights from a National Conference: “Conflicts of Interest in the Practice of Medicine”
Source: The Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics - September 1, 2012 Category: Medical Law Authors: Aaron S. Kesselheim, David Orentlicher Source Type: research
Validation of Karolinska Exhaustion Scale: psychometric properties of a measure of exhaustion syndrome
ConclusionThe demonstrated psychometric properties of KES‐26 indicate sound construct validity for this scale encouraging use of this scale in assessment of exhaustion. The factorial structure of KES‐26 may also be used to provide information concerning possible different clinical profiles.
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences - September 1, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Fredrik Saboonchi, Aleksander Perski, Giorgio Grossi Tags: Methods and Methodologies Source Type: research
Dental advertisements may include the provision of “free second opinions.” Whether this crosses the ethical boundaries has been questioned. The American Dental Association Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct offers guidance on second opinions, advertising, and the objectives of oral health care provision. Patients have the right to choose any dentist they desire to provide oral health care. Dentists must treat patients according to the patient’s desires and within the bounds of acceptable therapy. Patients can and should seek further information as needed to completely understand all their options....
Source: Dental Abstracts - September 1, 2012 Category: Dentistry Tags: Ethics Source Type: research