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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 28.
Foreign wars and domestic prejudice: how media exposure to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict predicts ethnic stereotyping by Jewish and Arab American adolescents - Huesmann LR, Dubow EF, Boxer P, Souweidane V, Ginges J.
This study was based on the theory that adolescents view scenes of violent ethnic conflicts in the mass media through the lens of their own ethnicity, and that the resulting social-cognitive reactions influence their negative stereotypes about similar ethn...
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - December 22, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Population structure in nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae.
Abstract Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) frequently colonize the human pharynx asymptomatically, and are an important cause of otitis media in children. Past studies have identified typeable H. influenzae as being clonal, but the population structure of NTHi has not been extensively characterized. The research presented here investigated the diversity and population structure in a well-characterized collection of NTHi isolated from the middle ears of children with otitis media or the pharynges of healthy children in three disparate geographic regions. Multilocus sequence typing identified 109 unique seque...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - December 22, 2012 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Lacross NC, Marrs CF, Gilsdorf JR Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
Human parainfluenza virus type 2 hemagglutinin-neuramindase gene: sequence and phylogenetic analysis of the Saudi strain Riyadh 105/2009
Conclusions: The presented changes of Riyadh 105/2009 strain may possess potential effect on the protein structure and/or function level. This is the first report that describes partial characterization of Saudi HPIV-2 strain.
Source: Virology Journal - December 22, 2012 Category: Virology Authors: Fahad AlmajhdiMohamed AlshamanHaitham Amer Source Type: research
The dynamics of infection and the persistence of immunity to A(H1N1)pdm09 virus in Israel
ConclusionsOur study provides targets for controlling future influenza pandemics in Israel. Vaccination should focus on the younger age‐groups (0–19 year) which played a key role in transmission of the A(H1N1)pdm09 due to lack of background immunity (ages 0–9 year) and high exposure rates (ages 10–19 year).
Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses - December 22, 2012 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Merav Weil, Tamar Shohat, Michal Bromberg, Ravit Bassal, Rita Dichtiar, Michal Mandelboim, Danit Sofer, Dani Cohen, Ella Mendelson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Solenostemon monostachyus, Ipomoea involucrata and Carica papaya seed oil versus Glutathione, or Vernonia amygdalina: Methanolic extracts of novel plants for the management of sickle cell anemia disease
Conclusions: Methanolic extracts from S. monostachyus, C. papaya seed oil and I. involucrata exhibited particular antisickling properties coupled with the potential to reduce stress in sickle cell patients. Each plant individually or in combination may be useful for the management of sickle cell disease.
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - December 22, 2012 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Israel AfolabiIyanuoluwa OsikoyaOluwabukunmi FajimiPriscilla UsoroDamilola OgunleyeTolulope Bisi-AdeniyiAlaba AdeyemiBosede Adekeye Source Type: research
New Current Best Evidence Section Editor
We want to thank the respondents to the August 2012 call for applicants for the Current Best Evidence (CBE) Section Editor position to replace John Frohna, MD, MPH. We received proposals from many qualified candidates. After thoroughly assessing all of the submitted applications, we are pleased to announce Jordan Hupert, MD, from the University of Illinois at Chicago, as the new CBE Section Editor. (Due to production deadlines, there will be no CBE section in this issue of The Journal; we will resume the publication of CBE pieces with the March 2013 issue.)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - December 21, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Monica L. Helton Tags: The Editors' Perspectives Source Type: research
Newly discovered world wonders – ancient sites and amazing animals
Amazing discoveries in recent years include an ancient Greek temple in Sicily and a previously unknown species of monkey in east AfricaHistoric sitesNess of Brogdar temple complex, OrkneyOrkney bristles with Stone Age wonders, including 5,000-year-old Skara Brae village, and Maeshowe cairn. At the Ness of Brodgar, Contained within two walls, each 100 metres long and four metres high, archaeologists recently found the remains of more than a dozen neolithic buildings. Five thousand years ago, this was the hub of innovation for the British isles, they say.• The site, the nation's most spectacular Stone Age remains, is open ...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 21, 2012 Category: Science Authors: Robin McKie, Rachel Dixon Tags: Wildlife holidays The Guardian Archaeology Cultural trips Travel Wonders of the world Features Source Type: news
Congresswoman Sees Pivotal Role for Family Medicine in Future of Health Care
Rep. Allyson Schwartz, D-Pa., is a health care policy expert and a leading congressional proponent of primary care and the patient-centered medical home. As a former health care executive and social worker, Schwartz is well aware of the critical role primary care plays in improving health care quality, enhancing access to care and containing costs. In 2012, the five-term congresswoman, along with Rep. Joseph Heck, D.O., R-Nev., introduced the Medicare Physician Payment Innovation Act, which would immediately eliminate the sustainable growth rate formula by using savings from reductions in military operations in Iraq and Af...
Source: AAFP Government and Medicine - December 21, 2012 Category: Practice Management Source Type: news
Description of Aromaticity
Journal of the American Chemical SocietyDOI: 10.1021/ja309434t
Source: Journal of the American Chemical Society - December 21, 2012 Category: Chemistry Authors: Judy I. Wu, Israel Fernández and Paul v. R. Schleyer Source Type: research
Comparison of three different peripheral suturing techniques for partial flexor tendon lacerations: a controlled in-vitro biomechanical study.
In conclusion, a simple running suture caused less resistance to gliding compared to the other techniques when repairing partial flexor tendon lacerations and we recommend its use when surgical repair is needed. PMID: 22745077 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Source: Hand Surgery - December 21, 2012 Category: Surgery Authors: Gulihar A, Hajipour L, Dias JJ Tags: Hand Surg Source Type: research
2012 in America: the year in review
A Mars rover captured our hearts, Brooklyn got a basketball team, Obama got four more years, and he did it all with Gangnam styleGreg ChenJulian BurgessGuardian US interactive teamErin McCannGabriel Dance
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 21, 2012 Category: Science Authors: Greg Chen, Julian Burgess, Guardian US interactive team, Erin McCann, Gabriel Dance Tags: United States Middle East and North Africa Facebook Barack Obama Culture Feminism World news Hurricane Sandy guardian.co.uk US sports US politics Gun crime US economy Film Editorial Space Source Type: news
Baha Mousa death: Army doctor struck off
A former Army doctor has been struck off the medical register for failing to report injuries sustained at the hands of British soldiers by Baha Mousa, the Iraqi detainee who died in 2003.
Source: Telegraph Health - December 21, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: derek keilloh iraq baha mousa doctor Source Type: news
Testing new treatments for Alzheimer's disease
Harvard doctors are testing two new approaches to Alzheimer's disease aimed at reversing the condition or its symptoms, reports the January 2013 Harvard Health Letter. Dr. Rudy Tanzi helped create a drug called PBT2. It prevents the production of protein plaques and tangles that kill brain cells. "It also induces new neurons to grow in the hippocampus, which improves executive function," says Dr. Tanzi, who is the Joseph P. and Rose F. Kennedy professor of neurology at Harvard Medical School. PBT2 is now in clinical trials in Australia. The second new approach is NeuroAD, a treatment from Israel being tested at Harvard for...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - December 21, 2012 Category: Consumer Health Advice Source Type: news
Assessment of a putative proton relay in Arabidopsis cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase catalysis
, 2012, Accepted ManuscriptDOI: 10.1039/C2OB27189C, PaperChoonseok Lee, Diana L. Bedgar, Laurence B. Davin, Norman G LewisExtended proton relay systems have been proposed for various alcohol dehydrogenases, including the Arabidopsis thaliana cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenases (AtCADs). Following a previous structural biology investigation of AtCAD5, the potential roles...The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Organic Biomolecular Chemistry - December 21, 2012 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Choonseok Lee Source Type: research
Sex hormones and mental rotation: An intensive longitudinal investigation.
In conclusion, in this intensive longitudinal study spanning two months, a monthly cycle in mental rotation performance was found among both males and females, with a larger cycle's amplitude for females. PMID: 23261859 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Hormones and Behavior - December 21, 2012 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Courvoisier DS, Renaud O, Geiser C, Paschke K, Gaudy K, Jordan K Tags: Horm Behav Source Type: research
Serological investigation of the role of selected sexually transmitted infections in the aetiology of ectopic pregnancy.
Conclusions Previous chlamydial infection plays an important role in the aetiology of ectopic pregnancy. There was no association between M. hominis, U. urealyticum and HSV-2 infections, and ectopic pregnancy. PMID: 23256948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care - December 21, 2012 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Karaer A, Mert I, Cavkaytar S, Batioglu S Tags: Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care Source Type: research
Subsurface Associations of Acaryochloris-Related Picocyanobacteria with Oil-Utilizing Bacteria in the Arabian Gulf Water Body: Promising Consortia in Oil Sediment Bioremediation.
Abstract Two picocyanobacterial strains related to Acaryochloris were isolated from the Arabian Gulf, 3 m below the water surface, one from the north shore and the other from the south shore of Kuwait. Both strains were morphologically, ultrastructurally, and albeit to a less extend, phylogenetically similar to Acaryochloris. However, both isolates lacked chlorophyll d and produced instead chlorophyll a, as the major photosynthetic pigment. Both picocyanobacterial isolates were associated with oil-utilizing bacteria in the magnitude of 10(5) cells g(-1). According to their 16S rRNA gene sequences, bacteria associa...
Source: Microbial Ecology - December 21, 2012 Category: Microbiology Authors: Al-Bader D, Eliyas M, Rayan R, Radwan S Tags: Microb Ecol Source Type: research
Biosorption of acidic textile dyestuffs from aqueous solution by Paecilomyces sp. isolated from acidic mine drainage.
Abstract Removal of textile dyestuffs from aqueous solution by biosorption onto a dead fungal biomass isolated from acidic mine drainage in the Çanakkale Region of Turkey was investigated. The fungus was found to be a promising biosorbent and identified as Paecilomyces sp. The optimal conditions for bioremediation were as follows: pH, 2.0; initial dyestuff concentration, 50 mg l(-1) for Reactive Yellow 85 and Reactive Orange 12, and 75 mg l(-1) for Reactive Black 8; biomass dosage, 2 g l(-1) for Reactive Yellow 85, 3 g l(-1) for Reactive Orange 12, 4 g l(-1) for Reactive Black 8; temperature, 25 °...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - December 21, 2012 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Cabuk A, Aytar P, Gedikli S, Ozel YK, Kocabıyık E Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
Sibiricasaponins A-E, five new triterpenoid saponins from the aerial parts of Polygala sibirica L.
Abstract Five new triterpenoid saponins, named as sibiricasaponins A-E (1-5), were isolated and identified from the aerial parts of Polygala sibirica L., together with nine known triterpenoid saponins (6-14). The chemical structures of the five new triterpenoid saponins (1-5) were elucidated as 3β,19α-dihydroxyurso-12-ene-23,28-dioic acid 3-O-β-D-glucuronopyranoside (1), pomolic acid 3-O-(3-O-sulfo)-α-L- arabinopyranoside (2), pomolic acid 3-O-(4-O-sulfo)-β-D-xylopyranoside (3), pomolic acid 3-O-(2-O-acetyl-3-O-sulfo)-α-L-arabinopyranoside (4), and 3-O-β-D- glucopyranosyl medicagenic acid 28-O-β-D-galactopy...
Source: Fitoterapia - December 21, 2012 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Song YL, Zeng KW, Shi TX, Jiang Y, Tu PF Tags: Fitoterapia Source Type: research
Stoichiometry and Perturbation Studies of the LiaFSR System of Bacillus subtilis
Abstract The response regulator/histidine kinase pair LiaRS of Bacillus subtilis, together with its membrane‐bound inhibitor protein LiaF, constitutes an envelope stress‐sensing module that is conserved in Firmicutes bacteria. LiaR positively autoregulates the expression of the liaIH‐liaGFSR operon from a strictly LiaR‐dependent promoter (PliaI). A comprehensive perturbation analysis revealed that the functionality of the LiaFSR system is very susceptible to alterations of its protein composition and amounts. A genetic analysis indicates a LiaF:LiaS:LiaR ratio of 18:4:1. An excess of LiaS over LiaR was subsequently...
Source: Molecular Microbiology - December 21, 2012 Category: Microbiology Authors: Karen Schrecke, Sina Jordan, Thorsten Mascher Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Analysis of ripening-related gene expression in papaya using an Arabidopsis-based microarray
Conclusion: The cross-species array experiment identified a ripening-related set of genes in papaya allowing the comparison of transcription control between papaya and other fruit bearing taxa during the ripening process.
Source: BMC Plant Biology - Latest articles - December 21, 2012 Category: Biology Authors: João FabiGraham SeymourNeil GrahamMartin BroadleySean MayFranco LajoloBeatriz CordenunsiJoão Oliveira do Nascimento Source Type: research
Enzymatic characterization of germination-specific cysteine protease-1 expressed transiently in cotyledons during the early phase of germination
Papain-like cysteine protease activity that shows a unique transient expression profile in cotyledons of daikon radish during germination was detected. The enzyme showed a distinct elution pattern on DEAE-cellulose compared with cathepsin B-like and Responsive to dessication-21 cysteine protease. Although this activity was not detected in seed prior to imbibition, the activity increased markedly and reached a maximum at 2 days after imbibition and then decreased rapidly and completely disappeared after 5 days. Using cystatin-Sepharose, the 26 kDa cysteine protease (DRCP26) was isolated from cotyledons at 2 days after imbib...
Source: Journal of Biochemistry - December 21, 2012 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tsuji, A., Tsukamoto, K., Iwamoto, K., Ito, Y., Yuasa, K. Tags: Regular Papers Source Type: research
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the auricle in a child
We describe the diagnosis and management of a child with embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the auricle and emphasize both clinical and radiological findings of this rare condition. A nine‐year‐old boy presented for evaluation of a slowly enlarging left auricle mass. The mass was nodular, violaceous, semi‐translucent, and hyperpigmented with an overlying pseudo‐vesicular plaque. The mass appeared to involve the left cavum concha, root of the helix, superior aspect of the external auditory canal, the tragus and extend to a deep preauricular component. MR imaging documented a lobulated soft tissue mass surrounding the ext...
Source: Pediatrics International - December 21, 2012 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Emily Crozier, Jordan Rihani, Korgun Koral, Sandy Cope‐Yokoyama, Dinesh Rakheja, Seckin O Ulualp Tags: PATIENT REPORT Source Type: research
Sporadic incidence of Fascioliasis detected during Hepatobiliary procedures: A study of 18 patients from Sulaimaniyah governorate
Conclusion: Fascioliasis is indeed an emerging disease in our locality, but it is often underestimated and ignored. We recommend the differential diagnosis of patients suffering from Rt. Hypochondrial pain, fever and eosinophilia. The watercress ingestion was a common factor in patient's history.
Source: BioMed Central - December 21, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tahir Abdullah HawramyKamal Ahmed SaeedSeerwan Hama QaradaghyTaha Ahmed KarboliBeston Faiek NoreNoora Hisham Bayati Source Type: research
Weather conditions and daylight‐mediated photodynamic therapy: protoporphyrin IX‐weighted daylight doses measured in six geographical locations
Conclusions Where and when to perform daylight‐PDT depends on the PpIX light dose and outdoor temperature. The PpIX light dose was influenced by the geographical location (latitude), weather condition and time of year. The UV index was not more suitable than temperature and weather to predict if the intensity of daylight would be sufficient for daylight‐PDT.
Source: British Journal of Dermatology - December 21, 2012 Category: Dermatology Authors: S.R. Wiegell, S. Fabricius, J. Heydenreich, C.D. Enk, S. Rosso, W. Bäumler, B.T. Baldursson, H.C. Wulf Tags: PHOTOBIOLOGY Source Type: research
NIH grant moves pathologists to the forefront of genomic medicine
(Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center) A five-year, $1.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health funds an innovative program established by Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and the Training Residents in Genomics Working Group, with administrative and educational design support from the American Society for Clinical Pathology, to help pathologists understand genomics information and serve as primary consultants for physicians and patients in interpreting and acting on this data.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - December 21, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news
‘I Came Here to Listen,’ Secretary-General Tells Syrian Refugees in Turkey - 07 December 2012
ANKARA, Turkey—"I came here to listen” said United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon in Islahiye refugee camp in Turkey today, “but I must say the massacre in Syria should be stopped. The violence in Syria is causing dramatic increase in the number of refugees.” Despite the rain and cold, the Secretary General greeted Syrian families in their temporary shelters. UNFPA’s Programme Division Director, Mabingue Ngom, and Representative in Turkey, Zahidul Huque, also welcomed the Secretary-General at one of the health facilities supported by the Fund.
Source: UNFPA News - December 20, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news
Creating an 'Oasis' for Syrian Refugees in a Jordanian Camp - 11 December 2012
ZA'ATARI CAMP, Jordan— Syrian refugees in this encampment have much to deal with: displacement, a fraying social fabric, insecurity, uncertainty and the tension that goes along with it all. But now they have a little oasis of calm. This week, a UNFPA-supported 'oasis' was launched at the camp, a safe space where women and girls can come together to talk about issues affecting them, and where activities such as art, craft making, skills training and awareness-raising discussions are organized.
Source: UNFPA News - December 20, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news
Syrian Refugees to Receive 20,000 Family Hygiene Kits - 15 December 2012
The UNFPA Office in Turkey has announced that they will deliver 20,000 additional hygiene kits for displaced Syrian families before the end of 2012. Hygiene kits include sanitary napkins, soap, shampoo, toothbrushes and toothpaste among other items. "Turkish government has done remarkable work in responding to the needs of the refugees," says UNFPA Representative in Turkey Dr. Zahidul Huque, "but the camps are reaching their full capacity and services are becoming overstretched."
Source: UNFPA News - December 20, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news
Another Safe Delivery in a Jordanian Refugee Camp - 17 December 2012
ZA'ATARI CAMP, Mafraq, Jordan— Samira was seven months pregnant when she and her family fled their home "in Syria seeking refuge in the neighbouring country of Jordan. The 28-year old mother was not expecting to deliver her fifth baby in a refugee camp outside her home and her country, "I was expecting the conflict in Syria come to an end before giving birth to my baby."
Source: UNFPA News - December 20, 2012 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news
German Health Care Attracts Foreign Patients
Germany is known as a way station for treatment of wounded American soldiers, but it is also popular with wealthy and prominent patients from the Middle East, Russia and beyond.
Source: NYT Health - December 20, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: By NICHOLAS KULISH and CHRIS COTTRELL Tags: Germany Medicine and Health Hospitals Source Type: news
Merit Medical Completes Acquisition of Thomas Medical Products, a Unit of GE Healthcare
SOUTH JORDAN, Utah, Dec. 20, 2012 --(HSMN NewsFeed) -- Merit Medical Systems, Inc. ("Merit") (MMSI), a leading manufacturer and marketer of proprietary disposable devices used primarily in cardiology, radiology and endoscopy, today announced that... Devices, Interventional, Mergers & AcquisitionsMerit Medical Systems, Thomas Medical Products, GE Healthcare
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - December 20, 2012 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news
The war on terror: High rates of stoma creation after colorectal injury
Over one third of military personnel in Iraq and Afghanistan who sustain colorectal injury undergo fecal diversion, show coalition force data.
Source: MedWire News - Gastroenterology - December 20, 2012 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: news
Warning signal: Unaware of an in absentia conviction, South African cancer specialist jailed on return to the United Arab Emirates
In 2002, Dr. Cyril Karabus, a specialist in pediatric cancers and retired head of the Oncology and Hematology Unit of Red Cross Children's Hospital in Capetown, South Africa, spent a brief locum at Sheikh Khalifa Medical City, a hospital in Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). He was there for only 5 weeks, during which time he treated a young girl who died of acute myeloblastic leukemia. After Karabus returned home, the girl's father complained to police about his daughter's death, and Karabus was convicted of murder in absentia. Karabus knew nothing of the charges or of the conviction. Widely respected for his ex...
Source: Clinics in Dermatology - December 20, 2012 Category: Dermatology Authors: Philip R. Cohen, Razelle Kurzrock, Lawrence Charles Parish Tags: Letter from the Editor Source Type: research
Review: managing posttraumatic stress disorder in combat veterans with comorbid traumatic brain injury.
Abstract Military deployments to Afghanistan and Iraq have been associated with elevated prevalence of both posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury (TBI) among combat veterans. The diagnosis and management of PTSD when a comorbid TBI may also exist presents a challenge to interdisciplinary care teams at Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and civilian medical facilities, particularly when the patient reports a history of blast exposure. Treatment recommendations from VA and Department of Defense's (DOD) recently updated VA/DOD Clinical Practice Guideline for Management of Post-Traumatic Stre...
Source: J Rehabil Res Dev - December 20, 2012 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Capehart B, Bass D Tags: J Rehabil Res Dev Source Type: research
Povs: a seasonal helping
Try your hand at our quiz hereThe end of 2012 is nigh; so it's a fitting time to reflect on the tastiness of the generous portions of popular orange vegetables dished up by the world of news in recent months.For the uninitiated, popular orange vegetables (Povs) are gratuitous synonyms employed often on subsequent mention of a noun. Some are funny, some bizarre – but all merit the description "inelegant variation", the product of a laboured approach to what the lexicologist HW Fowler's termed "elegant variation".2012 has yielded a rich harvest. In a year when the glorious London Olympics (despite all the associated securi...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - December 20, 2012 Category: Science Authors: Jamie Fahey Tags: Blogposts guardian.co.uk Media Language Science Source Type: news
Overall survival and functional results of prostate-sparing cystectomy: a matched case-control study.
CONCLUSION: Patients who underwent PSC did not show decreased overall survival compared to CRC, which provided better functional results. PMID: 23235973 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Urology Journal - December 20, 2012 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Basiri A, Pakmanesh H, Tabibi A, Radfar MH, Tajalli F, Ahadi B, Eslami N Tags: Urol J Source Type: research
Adult male circumcision performed with plastic clamp technique in Turkey: results and long-term effects on sexual function.
CONCLUSION: Circumcision performed by plastic clamp technique in adult males had a low early complication rate with no long-term complications and caused improvement in some of the sexual functions. We suggest the utilization of this technique as an easy and a safe way of circumcising adult males. PMID: 23235976 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Urology Journal - December 20, 2012 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Senel FM, Demirelli M, Misirlioglu F, Sezgin T Tags: Urol J Source Type: research
Family meals 'help kids get their five-a-day'
Conclusion The findings suggest that the home environment and family eating patterns may have an influence on the eating patterns of the child, and this seems highly plausible. However, this cross-sectional study cannot reliably prove this. While this study has strengths – including its large sample size and reliable methods of assessing dietary intake through a validated food intake tool – there are a few important limitations: This is a single sample of London schoolchildren taking part in trials assessing gardening. We do not know whether the children who were taking part in this trial may have particular chara...
Source: NHS News Feed - December 20, 2012 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Food/diet Pregnancy/child Source Type: news
Nonlinear transmission line based electron beam driver
David M. French, Brad W. Hoff, Wilkin Tang, Susan Heidger, Jordan Allen-Flowers et al. Gated field emission cathodes can provide short electron pulses without the requirement of laser systems or cathode heating required by photoemission or thermionic cathodes. The large electric field requirement for field emission to take place can be achieved by using a high aspect ratio cathode wit ... [Rev. Sci. Instrum. 83, 123302 (2012)] published Wed Dec 19, 2012.
Source: Review of Scientific Instruments - December 20, 2012 Category: Physics Source Type: research
Linear maps preserving maximal deviation and the Jordan structure of quantum systems
Jan Hamhalter In the algebraic approach to quantum theory, a quantum observable is given by an element of a Jordan algebra and a state of the system is modelled by a normalized positive functional on the underlying algebra. Maximal deviation of a quantum observable is the largest statistical deviation one can obt ... [J. Math. Phys. 53, 122208 (2012)] published Wed Dec 19, 2012.
Source: Journal of Mathematical Physics - December 20, 2012 Category: Physics Source Type: research
RadNuc: A graphical user interface to deliver dose rate patterns encountered in nuclear medicine with a 137Cs irradiator
Conclusion: The GUI controlled irradiator is able to accurately create dose rate patterns encountered in nuclear medicine and other related fields. This makes it an invaluable tool for studying the effects of chronic constant and variable low dose rates on biological tissues in the contexts of both radiation protection and clinical administration of internal radionuclides.
Source: Nuclear Medicine and Biology - December 20, 2012 Category: Radiology Authors: Jordan B. Pasternack, Roger W. Howell Source Type: research
Reviewer of the month – January 2013 – Dr Emrah Arslan
Dr Emrah Arslan is a full-time Plastic Surgeon working in Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University in Turkey. He is the Head of the Plastic Surgery Department.
Source: International Journal of Surgery - December 20, 2012 Category: Surgery Tags: Reviewer of the Month - January 2013 Source Type: research
Ascending Aorta Aneurysm and Blood Group A among Iranian Patients
Conclusion: Our study showed that risk factors for developing vascular disease are more prevalent in patients with blood group A and this blood group is associated with higher complication and mortality in AAA.
Source: Thrombosis Research - December 20, 2012 Category: Hematology Authors: Maryam Sotoudeh Anvari, Mohammad Ali Boroumand, Saeed Shoar, Mohammad Naderan, Payvand Bina Tags: Clinical Studies Source Type: research
Visceral adiposity index is highly associated with adiponectin values and glycaemic disturbances
ConclusionsWe report for the first time the direct relations of VAI with adipose tissue secretion, as well as with functional glycaemic disorders. Because VAI is estimated easily with data obtained in everyday practice, it could be used as an indirect index of adiponectin levels and the risk of impaired glucose metabolism.
Source: European Journal of Clinical Investigation - December 20, 2012 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Nasser M. Al‐Daghri, Omar S. Al‐Attas, Majed S. Alokail, Khalid M. Alkharfy, Paris Charalampidis, Sarantis Livadas, Anastasios Kollias, Shaun Louie Sabico, George P. Chrousos Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Child-to-Child Training for Prevention of School Injuries in Odemis, Turkey.
Abstract Students encounter many risks for injury, which can impact their health and educational success; prevention of these injuries are paramount for school nurses. These article report results of a study conducted to determine the efficacy of training given to children regarding prevention of school injuries and to compare the effectiveness of instructor-to-child training to that of the child-to-child training method in affecting student attitudes toward the prevention of school injuries. An interventional teaching program was developed with the objective of positively impacting students' attitudes toward preve...
Source: The Journal of School Nursing - December 20, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Ergün S, Kalkim A, Dolgun E Tags: J Sch Nurs Source Type: research
Nothing endures but change
Cortex has changed hands again. We are grateful to the colleagues from the Milan office of Elsevier who managed the journal over the last 7 years, after they took over from Masson. Starting with this issue, Cortex will be published in London by Elsevier. Regardless of its publishing home, we are sure that our journal will continue to thrive. For example, an advantage of the new management arrangement will appear obvious if you are holding a paper copy of this first issue 2013. It is much thicker than previous issues and the remaining issues for this year will retain the girth of the first issue. This is due to the increasi...
Source: Cortex - December 20, 2012 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Sergio Della Sala, Jordan Grafman Tags: Editorial Source Type: research
Re: Screening for Partial AZFa Microdeletions in the Y Chromosome of Infertile Men: Is it of Clinical Relevance?
S. E. Kleiman, R. Almog, L. Yogev, R. Hauser, O. Lehavi, G. Paz, H. Yavetz and A. Botchan Institute for the Study of Fertility, Lis Maternity Hospital, Tel Aviv Sourasky Medical Center, Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
Source: The Journal of Urology - December 20, 2012 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Craig Niederberger Tags: Male Infertility Source Type: research
Re: Safety of ESWL in Elderly: Evaluation of Independent Predictors and Comorbidity on Stone-Free Rate and Complications
F. Polat, S. Yeşil, E. Ak, A. Farahvash, Ü. Karaoğlan, H. Biri and İ. Bozhirh Urology Department, Gazi University School of Medicine, Cukurambar, Ankara, Turkey
Source: The Journal of Urology - December 20, 2012 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tomas L. Griebling Tags: Geriatrics Source Type: research
GEOLOGY returns to Naica Cave, Mexico, and extends its reach to Mercury
(Geological Society of America) GEOLOGY ends 2012 with 23 new articles spanning a variety of geoscience phenomena and locations, including Mercury; Naica Cave, Mexico; Diamantina, Brazil; the Galápagos hotspot; China; the Aleutian island arc; Disko Bay and Uummannaq Fjord, central West Greenland; the California arc; the Pacific Ring of Fire; Po Plain, Italy; Torfajökull, Iceland; the US Sierra Nevada; Spain; New Zealand; Turkey; Connecticut, USA; and Texas, US.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - December 20, 2012 Category: Biology Source Type: news