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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Effects of regional brain injury on the newborn autonomic nervous system
We examined whether such lateralization is present in the term newborn. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - November 1, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Nira Schneebaum Sender, Rathinaswamy B. Govindan, Mustafa Sulemanji, Tareq Al-Shargabi, R.B. Lenin, Yaman Z. Eksioglu, Adre J. du Plessis Source Type: research

Hypertensive Emergencies in Pregnancy
Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy complicate 7% to 10% of pregnancies and are among the major causes of maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Recently American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Taskforce on Hypertension during Pregnancy modified the diagnosis and management of hypertension in pregnancy, recommending prompt diagnosis, admission, close monitoring, and treatment. They strive to decrease maternal mortality and systemic complications. Labetalol, hydralazine, or nifedipine are considered first-line treatment, and either can be used to stabilize the patient with similar outcomes. Definite tre...
Source: Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 31, 2014 Category: OBGYN Tags: Critical Care Obstetrics Source Type: research

Evidence-Based Management Of Neonatal Vomiting In The Emergency Department
A systematic approach in the emergency department, as outlined in this review, is required to identify the serious causes of vomiting in the neonate. (Source: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice)
Source: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice - October 31, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Stability of infant and child feeding index over time and its association with nutritional status of HIV exposed infants in Sidama Zone, Southern Ethiopia: A longitudinal study
Even though many studies showed that infant and child feeding index has a statistically significant association with nutritional status, there is paucity of studies on stability of infant and child feeding index over time and its association with nutritional status of HIV exposed infants. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 31, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Demewoz Haile, Tefera Belachew, Getenesh Berhanu, Tesfaye Setegn, Sibhatu Biadgilign Source Type: research

Children with behavioral problems and motor problems have a worse neurological condition than children with behavioral problems only
Some evidence suggests that children with specific behavioral problems are at risk for motor problems. It is unclear whether neurological condition plays a role in the propensity of children with behavioral problems to develop motor problems. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 31, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Lieke H.J. Peters, Carel G.B. Maathuis, Mijna Hadders-Algra Source Type: research

Effect of early multisensory massage intervention on visual functions in infants with Down syndrome
Down syndrome is a frequent cause of intellectual disability, with severe impact on the quality of life of affected individuals and their families, and high social costs. Intervention programs should start soon after birth but no consensus exists on specific types and timing of early interventions in this population. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 31, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Giulia Purpura, Francesca Tinelli, Stefania Bargagna, Margherita Bozza, Luca Bastiani, Giovanni Cioni Source Type: research

Delayed language development at two years of age in very preterm infants in the Perinatal Network of Haute-Normandie
Preterm birth often leads to compromised neurodevelopment. They were observed in more than 35% of the very preterm (VPT) children in the EPIPAGE 1 study [1]. Learning difficulties at school are related to disorders of language acquisition, which can be identified increasingly early, even in the absence of evidence of neonatal brain injury [2]. In order to study this aspect for this purpose, we have assessed language development in VPT children at two years of age through a follow-up programme of the Perinatal Network of Haute-Normandie approved by the National Data Protection Authority (CNIL). (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 31, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Aude Charollais, Marie-Hélène Stumpf, Ronan De Quelen, Stephane Rondeau, Frédéric Pasquet, Stéphane Marret, for the Perinatal Network of Haute-Normandie Source Type: research

Report examines health care challenges for pregnant women enrolled in covered California
(George Washington University Milken Institute School of Public Health) A new report by Milken Institute School of Public Health at the George Washington University examines the challenge of maintaining enriched health care for pregnant women who are enrolled in Covered California and who are also eligible for Medi-Cal, which includes the Comprehensive Perinatal Services Program. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 31, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

HIV-1 Shedding From the Female Genital Tract is Associated With Increased Th1 Cytokines/Chemokines That Maintain Tissue Homeostasis and Proportions of CD8+FOXP3+ T Cells
Conclusions: Within intermittent HIV-1 shedders, decreases in FOXP3+ T cells at the shedding visit suggests that local HIV-1 replication leads to CD4 T-cell depletion, with increases in the proportion of CD8+FOXP3+ cells. HIV-1–infected cell loss may promote a cytokine milieu that maintains cellular homeostasis and increases immune suppressor cells in response to HIV-1 replication in the cervical tissues. (Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes)
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - October 31, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Basic and Translational Science Source Type: research

First Dose in Neonates: Are Juvenile Mice, Adults and In Vitro–In Silico Data Predictive of Neonatal Pharmacokinetics of Fluconazole
Conclusion A model-based bridging approach provided consistent predictions of fluconazole pharmacokinetic parameters in neonates and demonstrated the feasibility of this approach to justify the first-dose-in-neonates, based on all data available from different sources (including physiological informations, preclinical studies and adult data), allowing evidence-based decisions of neonatal dose rather than empiricism. (Source: Clinical Pharmacokinetics)
Source: Clinical Pharmacokinetics - October 31, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Selective Reproduction: Social and Temporal Imaginaries for Negotiating the Value of Life in Human and Animal Neonates
This article employs a multi‐species perspective in investigating how life's worth is negotiated in the field of neonatology in Denmark. It does so by comparing decision‐making processes about human infants in the Danish neonatal intensive care unit with those associated with piglets who serve as models for the premature infants in research experiments within neonatology. While the comparison is unusual, the article argues that there are parallels across the decision‐making processes that shape the lives and deaths of infants and pigs alike. Collectivities or the lack thereof as well as expectations within linear or ...
Source: Medical Anthropology Quarterly - October 31, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mette N. Svendsen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Editorial applications of birth defects surveillance in epidemiology, health services research, and disease prevention
(Source: Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology)
Source: Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology - October 31, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Russell S. Kirby, Marilyn L. Browne Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Decreased serum osmolality promotes ductus arteriosus constriction
Conclusions A transient decrease in serum osmolality may promote DA closure during the first few days of life. Adjusting serum osmolality to proper levels might help to prevent the onset of PDA, improving the therapeutic outcome in extremely preterm infants. (Source: Cardiovascular Research)
Source: Cardiovascular Research - October 31, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Aoki, R., Yokoyama, U., Ichikawa, Y., Taguri, M., Kumagaya, S., Ishiwata, R., Yanai, C., Fujita, S., Umemura, M., Fujita, T., Okumura, S., Sato, M., Minamisawa, S., Asou, T., Masuda, M., Iwasaki, S., Nishimaki, S., Seki, K., Yokota, S., Ishikawa, Y. Tags: Vascular biology Source Type: research

An integrative review of fathers' experiences during pregnancy and childbirth
ConclusionThis review provides evidence for healthcare professionals to pay more attention to fathers when delivering perinatal care. Sociocultural‐sensitive interventions should be developed to facilitate a smoother transition to fatherhood. Implications for nursing and health policyFather‐specific information should be given to prepare fathers for pregnancy and childbirth. Healthcare professionals and policymakers should take fathers' feelings and concerns into consideration and provide family‐centred care to the couple during the antenatal and intrapartum periods. (Source: International Nursing Review)
Source: International Nursing Review - October 31, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: H.L. Poh, S.S.L. Koh, H.‐G. He Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research

Functional magnetic resonance imaging can be used to explore tactile and nociceptive processing in the infant brain
ConclusionDistinct brain activity patterns can be measured in response to different modalities and intensities of skin sensory stimulation in term infants. This indicates the potential for fMRI studies in exploring tactile and nociceptive processing in the infant brain.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gemma Williams, Lorenzo Fabrizi, Judith Meek, Deborah Jackson, Irene Tracey, Nicola Robertson, Rebeccah Slater, Maria Fitzgerald Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Historical Perspectives: Perinatal Profile: Ola D. Saugstad: A Man Who Pursued the Horizon
(Source: NeoReviews recent issues)
Source: NeoReviews recent issues - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Vento, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: news

Parents as the Primary Caregivers for Their Infant in the NICU: Benefits and Challenges
This article reviews the development and theory of the care-by-parent model, including examples of successful programs, discusses the benefits and challenges of the model, and looks to the future of care in the NICU. (Source: NeoReviews recent issues)
Source: NeoReviews recent issues - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Warre, R., O'Brien, K., Lee, S. K. Tags: Articles Source Type: news

Glucose Management in Newborns With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy
Perinatal asphyxia is associated with decreased delivery of oxygen and glucose to the brain. The goal of resuscitation is to provide adequate substrate delivery to restore brain function. However, studies in children and adults suggest that excessive glucose supply after an episode of hypoxic-ischemia may result in further brain injury. Thus, the optimal level of glucose to provide during and after resuscitation has not been determined. In this review, we summarize the available data from animal and human studies and discuss the role of glucose in recovery from asphyxia. (Source: NeoReviews recent issues)
Source: NeoReviews recent issues - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: McGowan, J. E. Tags: Articles Source Type: news

Progesterone for the Prevention of Preterm Birth
Preterm birth is the leading cause of neonatal morbidity and mortality in the United States and is one of the leading causes worldwide, with the highest rates of mortality occurring in those born at less than 32 weeks’ gestation. A history of preterm birth is one of the strongest risk factors for recurrent preterm delivery; however, early cervical shortening and multiple gestations also confer an increased risk of preterm birth. The precise causal mechanisms underlying the preterm birth pathway are still under investigation; however, available evidence suggests a role of progesterone in preterm birth prevention in ce...
Source: NeoReviews recent issues - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Salati, J., Caughey, A. B. Tags: Articles Source Type: news

Prenatal and Newborn Screening for Critical Congenital Heart Disease: Findings From a Nursery
The detection of critical congenital heart disease by fetal echocardiography or neonatal physical examination can have limitations. The addition of pulse oximetry screening in the newborn nursery increases the rate of diagnosis of these conditions before hospital discharge. In a tertiary-care center with comprehensive fetal echocardiography, nearly all newborns with critical congenital heart disease are diagnosed prenatally. Pulse oximetry will identify more infants from settings with lower prenatal detection. Improving access to and training in fetal echocardiography should also improve detection of these conditions. (Rea...
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Pediatrics Digest Summary Source Type: research

Circumcision of Privately Insured Males Aged 0 to 18 Years in the United States
This study estimates neonatal and postneonatal circumcision rates among commercially insured males aged 0 to 18 years that were performed in both inpatient and outpatient settings. This study also estimates indications and payments for the procedure. (Read the full article) (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Pediatrics Digest Summary Source Type: research

Perinatal Complications and Aging Indicators by Midlife
Perinatal complications predict increased risk for morbidity and early mortality. Evidence of perinatal programming of adult mortality raises the question of what mechanisms embed this long-term effect. Telomere length and perceived facial age are 2 indicators of accelerated aging. Perinatal complications predicted greater signs of accelerated aging "inside," as measured objectively by leukocyte telomere length, an indicator of cellular aging, and "outside," as measured subjectively by perceived age, an indicator of declining integrity of tissues. (Read the full article) (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Pediatrics Digest Summary Source Type: research

Circumcision of Privately Insured Males Aged 0 to 18 Years in the United States
CONCLUSIONS: The large number of nonmedical postneonatal circumcisions suggests that neonatal circumcision might be a missed opportunity for these boys. Delay of nonmedical circumcision results in greater risk for the child, and a more costly procedure. Discussions with parents early in pregnancy might help them make an informed decision about circumcision of their child. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hart-Cooper, G. D., Tao, G., Stock, J. A., Hoover, K. W. Tags: Article Source Type: research

When Is Waiver of Consent Appropriate in a Neonatal Clinical Trial?
We present and analyze a protocol for which investigators request a waiver of consent. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Schreiner, M. S., Feltman, D., Wiswell, T., Wootton, S., Arnold, C., Tyson, J., Lantos, J. D. Tags: Ethics Rounds Source Type: research

Perinatal Complications and Aging Indicators by Midlife
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings provide support for early-life developmental programming by linking newborns’ perinatal complications to accelerated aging at midlife. We observed indications of accelerated aging "inside," as measured by leukocyte TL, an indicator of cellular aging, and "outside," as measured by perceived age, an indicator of declining tissue integrity. A better understanding of mechanisms underlying perinatal programming of adult aging is needed. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Shalev, I., Caspi, A., Ambler, A., Belsky, D. W., Chapple, S., Cohen, H. J., Israel, S., Poulton, R., Ramrakha, S., Rivera, C. D., Sugden, K., Williams, B., Wolke, D., Moffitt, T. E. Tags: Article Source Type: research

Prophylactic Indomethacin and Intestinal Perforation in Extremely Low Birth Weight Infants
CONCLUSIONS: The combined or individual use of prophylactic indomethacin and early feeding was not associated with an increased risk of SIP in ELBW infants. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kelleher, J., Salas, A. A., Bhat, R., Ambalavanan, N., Saha, S., Stoll, B. J., Bell, E. F., Walsh, M. C., Laptook, A. R., Sanchez, P. J., Shankaran, S., VanMeurs, K. P., Hale, E. C., Newman, N. S., Ball, M. B., Das, A., Higgins, R. D., Peralta-Carcelen, M Tags: Article Source Type: research

Implementation Methods for Delivery Room Management: A Quality Improvement Comparison Study
CONCLUSIONS: Collaborative efforts resulted in larger improvements in delivery room outcomes and processes than individual efforts or nonparticipation. These findings have implications for planning quality improvement projects for implementation of evidence-based practices. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lee, H. C., Powers, R. J., Bennett, M. V., Finer, N. N., Halamek, L. P., Nisbet, C., Crockett, M., Chance, K., Blackney, D., von Kohler, C., Kurtin, P., Sharek, P. J. Tags: Article Source Type: research

Policy Change for Infants Born at the "Cusp of Viability": A Canadian NICU Experience
Resuscitation and life-support treatments for infants born at the "cusp of viability" continue to be subject to clinical and ethical debate. Reported positive outcomes for these infants led our Neonatal Program to critically review our historic practice of discouraging resuscitation of infants born at <24 weeks’ gestational age. This practice change required a multifaceted, collaborative approach including neonatal, perinatal, and obstetric efforts. An exceptional experience was the formation of a dedicated working group that included invaluable input from parents who had lived the NICU experience. The inclusion o...
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Mahgoub, L., van Manen, M., Byrne, P., Tyebkhan, J. M. Tags: Special Article Source Type: research

Successful Management of Cryopyrin-Associated Periodic Syndrome With Canakinumab in Infancy
This report indicates the importance of early diagnosis of NOMID/CINCA syndrome and medication with IL-1 blockers as soon as possible for the improvement of the prognosis of cryopyrin-associated periodic syndrome and of a better patient outcome. (Source: PEDIATRICS)
Source: PEDIATRICS - October 31, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kanariou, M., Tantou, S., Varela, I., Raptaki, M., Petropoulou, C., Nikas, I., Valari, M. Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

An integrated model with classification criteria to predict small‐for‐gestational fetuses at risk of adverse perinatal outcome
ConclusionsOur model could be used as a diagnostic tool to discriminate SGA pregnancies at risk of adverse perinatal outcome. (Source: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynecology - October 31, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: Francesc Figueras, Stefan Savchev, Stefania Triunfo, Francesca Crovetto, Eduard Gratacos Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Early maternal separation induces alterations of colonic epithelial permeability and morphology
Conclusion These preliminary observations indicate that neonatal maternal separation increases colonic trans-cellular permeability. This increase may be caused by the change of the transmural colonic morphology. The underlying mechanism is unknown and further investigation is necessary as it is of relevance to the development of early intestinal diseases such as necrotizing enterocolitis. (Source: Pediatric Surgery International)
Source: Pediatric Surgery International - October 31, 2014 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Oropharyngeal teratoma, oral duplication, cervical diplomyelia and anencephaly in a 22‐week fetus: A review of the craniofacial teratoma syndrome
ConclusionThe term “craniofacial teratoma syndrome” is introduced to define this phenotype as a recognizable developmental field defect of the cephalic pole. Developmental pathogenesis is discussed with a focus on pleiotropy and stereotaxis. The observation of midline findings suggestive of holoprosencephaly in a few previously reported cases suggests a role for the sonic hedgehog signaling pathway in this malformation pattern. Birth Defects Research (Part A), 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology)
Source: Birth Defects Research Part A: Clinical and Molecular Teratology - October 31, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Silvia Morlino, Marco Castori, Francesca Servadei, Luigi Laino, Evelina Silvestri, , Paola Grammatico Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Analgesics, sedatives, anticonvulsant drugs, and the cooled brain
Multiple randomized controlled trials have shown that prolonged, moderate cerebral hypothermia initiated within a few hours after severe hypoxia–ischemia and continued until resolution of the acute phase of delayed cell death reduces mortality and improves neurodevelopmental outcome in term infants. The challenge is now to find ways to further improve outcomes. In the present review, we critically examine the evidence that conventional analgesic, sedative, or anticonvulsant agents might improve outcomes, in relation to the known window of opportunity for effective protection with hypothermia. (Source: Seminars in Fetal a...
Source: Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - October 31, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Guido Wassink, Christopher A. Lear, Katherine C. Gunn, Justin M. Dean, Laura Bennet, Alistair J. Gunn Tags: Review Source Type: research

Toxic and protective effects of inhaled anaesthetics on the developing animal brain: Systematic review and update of recent experimental work
CONCLUSIONThe majority of studies have linked inhaled anaesthetics to toxic effects in the neonatal brain of rodents, piglets and primates. Only a few studies, however, could demonstrate long-lasting cognitive impairment. The results of inhalational anaesthetic-induced neuroprotection in perinatal hypoxic-ischaemic brain injury are a promising basis for more research in this field. In general, prospective clinical trials are needed to further differentiate the effects of inhaled anaesthetics on the immature brain. (Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology)
Source: European Journal of Anaesthesiology - October 30, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Pharmacology Source Type: research

Trends in care practices reflecting parental involvement in neonatal care
Everyday care practices can facilitate or hinder parents' participation and involvement in neonatal care. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 30, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Simo Raiskila, Anna Axelin, Saara Rapeli, Ina Vasko, Liisa Lehtonen Source Type: research

Differential effects of parenting in preterm and full-term children on developmental outcomes
To examine the relations between preterm birth, parenting behavior during early childhood, cognitive development, and social–emotional outcomes at Kindergarten entry, and to determine whether parenting behavior differentially influences this developing system in children born preterm compared to children born full-term. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 30, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Angela N. Maupin, Jodene Goldenring Fine Source Type: research

Kangaroo care: cardio-respiratory relationships between the infant and caregiver
Kangaroo care, i.e., skin-to-skin cohabitation (SSC) between an infant and caregiver, is often used in neonatal intensive care units to promote bonding, breastfeeding and infant growth. The direct salutary effects of SSC on cardio-respiratory control in preterm infants remain equivocal; some reports suggest improved breathing stability, others indicate worsening of apnea, bradycardia and hypoxemia. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 30, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Elisabeth Bloch-Salisbury, Ian Zuzarte, Premananda Indic, Francis Bednarek, David Paydarfar Source Type: research

Assessment of myocardial performance in preterm infants less than 29 weeks gestation during the transitional period
The transitional circulation and its effect on myocardial performance are poorly understood in preterm infants. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 30, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Adam T. James, John D. Corcoran, Amish Jain, Patrick J. McNamara, Luc Mertens, Orla Franklin, Afif F. EL-Khuffash Source Type: research

BPA exposure by infants may increase later risk of food intolerance
Scientists show, for the first time, that there is a link between perinatal exposure to Bisphenol A (BPA) at low doses and the risk to develop food intolerance in later life. "We may look back one day and see BPA exposure as one of the more important public health problems of our time," said one expert. "We know that too much exposure is bad, but exactly how much exposure is too much is still up for debate." (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - October 30, 2014 Category: Science Source Type: news

Eculizumab in neonatal hemolytic uremic syndrome with homozygous factor H deficiency
Conclusions We report on the long-term efficacy and safety of eculizumab as first-line therapy in neonatal aHUS. However its use still requires optimization in terms of indications and administration (frequency, dosage). (Source: Pediatric Nephrology)
Source: Pediatric Nephrology - October 30, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Apnea after immunization of preterm infants
Objective: To determine the frequency of adverse reactions, particularly the occurrence of apnea, among preterm infants after immunization with diphtheria and tetanus toxoids and whole cell pertussis vaccine adsorbed (DTP) and Haemophilus influenzae type b conjugate (HibC) vaccine in the neonatal intensive care unit.Study design: After the occurrence of apnea in two preterm infants following immunization with DTP and HibC, a prospective surveillance of 97 preterm infants younger than 37 weeks of gestation who were immunized with DTP (94 also received HibC at the same time) in the neonatal intensive care unit was performed ...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 30, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pablo J. Sánchez, Abbot R. Laptook, Linda Fisher, Janet Sumner, Richard C. Risser, Jeffrey M. Perlman Source Type: research

Maternal geographic residence, local health service supply and birth outcomes
ConclusionLower prevalence of gestational diabetes and hypertension outside the Capital Area may be an indication of underreporting and/or lower diagnostic activity.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - October 30, 2014 Category: OBGYN Authors: Sigridur Haraldsdottir, Sigurdur Gudmundsson, Ragnheidur I. Bjarnadottir, Sigrun H. Lund, Unnur A. Valdimarsdottir Tags: Main Research Article Source Type: research

A research protocol for testing relationships between nurse workload, missed nursing care and neonatal outcomes: the neonatal nursing care quality study
We describe an innovative research protocol to test the role of missed nursing care as a mediator of the association between nurse workload and patient outcomes in the neonatal intensive care unit. BackgroundIncreases in nurses' workloads are associated with adverse patient outcomes in neonatal intensive care settings. Missed nursing care is a frequently hypothesized explanation for the association between workload and outcomes. Few studies to date have tested missed care as a variable that mediates the workload–outcomes relationship. DesignWe use a longitudinal, observational study design. MethodsWe will recruit approxi...
Source: Journal of Advanced Nursing - October 30, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Heather L. Tubbs‐Cooley, Rita H. Pickler, Barbara A. Mark, Adam C. Carle Tags: Research Protocol Source Type: research

Researchers probe link between newborn health and vitamin A
(Penn State) The impact vitamin A has on newborns is virtually unknown, but Penn State nutrition researchers have published two papers that may provide a framework for future investigations of the vitamin and neonatal health. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - October 30, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

An instructional video enhanced bag‐mask ventilation quality during simulated newborn resuscitation
ConclusionA self‐instructional video significantly improved bag mask PPV performance in inexperienced providers but did not improve mask leak in a model of neonatal resuscitation. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - October 30, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philipp Deindl, Jens Schwindt, Angelika Berger, Georg M. Schmölzer Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Ethics of Drug Studies in the Newborn
This report describes some of the ethical challenges in conducting drug studies in pediatric patients that must be considered when planning studies and offers some solutions to meet those challenges. Methods of optimal study design should be utilized to limit the number of patients and the number of blood samples. Parental permission should be obtained with equipoise, although the parents of a sick newborn may feel an internal pressure for their child to participate in a study of a new and potentially superior therapy. If appropriate to the study, consent before labor and delivery when parents are less stressed is optimal....
Source: Pediatric Drugs - October 30, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research