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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Reliability of posterior-left atrium space index measurements during 20–24 weeks of gestation in structurally normal fetuses
Journal Name: Journal of Perinatal MedicineIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine - August 29, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Hot topics in perinatal medicine
Journal Name: Journal of Perinatal MedicineIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine - August 29, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Effect of antenatal betamethasone administration on Doppler velocimetry of fetal and uteroplacental vessels: a prospective study
Journal Name: Journal of Perinatal MedicineIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine - August 29, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Association between decreased plasma levels of soluble human leukocyte antigen-G and severe pre-eclampsia
Journal Name: Journal of Perinatal MedicineIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine - August 29, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Maternal use of probiotics during pregnancy and effects on their offspring’s health in an unselected population
Conclusion: The use of probiotics or other health-related products without doctor’s prescription during pregnancy might point to compensation for types of less favourable behaviour. Probiotic use during pregnancy does not seem to induce positive health effects in the offspring in an unselected population. What is Known: • Aberrant microbiota compositions have been detected during critical periods when early programming occurs including pregnancy and early neonatal life. • Probio...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - August 29, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Prospectively-followed pregnancies in patients with inflammatory arthritis taking biological drugs: an Italian multicentre study.
CONCLUSIONS: TNF-alpha inhibitors can be considered safe in the periconception period, representing a possible therapeutic choice also in young women affected by an aggressive form of chronic arthritis and hoping for a pregnancy. Reports of exposure during 2nd/3rd trimester are still limited and suggest caution. Experience with abatacept, tocilizumab, anakinra and rituximab in pregnancy is insufficient. PMID: 26311348 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - August 29, 2015 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research

Auscultate, Palpate and Tap : Time to Re‐Evaluate
ConclusionCurrent methods in assessing rates below 60bpm are inaccurate and may overestimate HR. We recommend that these methods alone should not be relied upon in neonatal resuscitation and objective assessment of heart rate should be readily available at all newborn resuscitations.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - August 29, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: GA Hawkes, CP Hawkes, M Kenosi, J Demeulemeester, V Livingstone, CA Ryan, EM Dempsey Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

CE: Sexually Transmitted Infections in the United States: Overview and Update
This article provides an overview of the symptoms, screening methods, and treatment recommendations for the most common STIs in the United States and describes the most recent relevant findings in order to inform nursing practice. (Source: AJN)
Source: AJN - August 29, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Articles Source Type: research

Association of single nucleotide polymorphism rs7579169 with hypertension disorders during pregnancy and perinatal outcome.
CONCLUSIONS: The study show probable impact of SNP rs7579169 on pregnancy, but further studies on larger groups are needed. PMID: 26313396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters)
Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters - August 29, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Neuro Endocrinol Lett Source Type: research

Foetal heart rate deceleration with combined spinal–epidural analgesia during labour: a maternal haemodynamic cardiac study
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - August 29, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

The Effects of Labor and Delivery on Maternal and Neonatal Outcomes in Term Twins: A Retrospective Cohort Study
(BJOG. 2014;121(9):1137–1144) (Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest)
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - August 29, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Mother, Fetus, Neonate Source Type: research

Umbilical Cord Arterial Lactate Compared With pH for Predicting Neonatal Morbidity at Term
(Obstet Gynecol. 2014;124(4):756–761) (Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest)
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - August 29, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Mechanisms, Equipment, Hazards Source Type: research

Diagnostic Accuracy of Fetal Heart Rate Monitoring in the Identification of Neonatal Encephalopathy
(Obstet Gynecol. 2014;124(3):507–513) (Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest)
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - August 29, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Mechanisms, Equipment, Hazards Source Type: research

Association Between Hospital-level Obstetric Quality Indicators and Maternal and Neonatal Morbidity
(JAMA. 2014;312(15):1531–1541) (Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest)
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - August 29, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Epidemiologic Reports, Surveys Source Type: research

The Effect of a Program to Shorten the Decision-to-Delivery Interval for Emergent Cesarean Section on Maternal and Neonatal Outcome
(Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2014;210:224.e1–224.e6) (Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest)
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - August 29, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Editors' Picks Source Type: research

Antiretroviral Treatment and Resistance Patterns in HIV-Infected Children
Abstract Paediatric HIV-infected patients have higher risk of developing resistance to antiretroviral drugs, and from public health perspective, drug resistance remains a limiting factor for effective management of HIV infection in children. We reviewed the current evidences available on the antiretroviral treatment and resistance patterns in HIV-infected children. Prevalence of HIV drug resistance varied among the three main classes of antiretroviral drugs, namely nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors, non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors in both treatment naïve and trea...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - August 29, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

[Department of Error] Department of Error
Patton GC, Romaniuk H, Spry E, et al. Prediction of perinatal depression from adolescence and before conception (VIHCS): 20-year prospective cohort study. Lancet 2015; 386: 875–83—In this Article, an author's affiliation was omitted: “Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia (Prof L W Doyle)”. This correction has been made to the online version as of Aug 28, 2015, and the printed Article is correct. (Source: LANCET)
Source: LANCET - August 29, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Tags: Department of Error Source Type: research

Hypoxia-Induced Iron Accumulation in Oligodendrocytes Mediates Apoptosis by Eliciting Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress
This study was aimed at evaluating the role of increased iron accumulation in oligodendrocytes and its role in their apoptosis in the periventricular white matter damage (PWMD) following a hypoxic injury to the neonatal brain. In response to hypoxia, in the PWM, there was increased expression of proteins involved in iron acquisition, such as iron regulatory proteins (IRP1, IRP2) and transferrin receptor in oligodendrocytes. Consistent with this, following a hypoxic exposure, there was increased accumulation of iron in primary cultured oligodendrocytes. The increased concentration of iron within hypoxic oligodendrocytes was...
Source: Molecular Neurobiology - August 29, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Subhepatic neonatal appendicitis in premature babies: First case detected by ultrasound
Publication date: Available online 28 August 2015 Source:Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging Author(s): F. Huet, M. Di Maio, F. Macri, E. Sabatier, J.-P. Beregi, H. Sharara (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Imaging - August 29, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Inhibitory effect of arsenic trioxide on neuronal migration in vitro and its potential molecular mechanism
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2015 Source:Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology Author(s): Hao Zhou, Ye Liu, Xin-Jie Tan, Yu-Chuan Wang, Kai-Yu Liu, Yu-Xia Cui Primary neuron cultures were established from the brains of neonatal rats and the effects of arsenic trioxide (As2O3) on the migration of neurons and the potential mechanism of As2O3 were investigated. Boyden chamber assay was used to detect the effect of AS2O3 on neuronal migration. Matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and MMP-9 RNA expression and doublecortin (DCX) protein expression were measured. Neuronal migration ability was significan...
Source: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology - August 29, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

A pilot nursing educational intervention promoting an evidence-based transition from gavage to direct breastfeeding in a NICU
Conclusion A brief nursing educational intervention can improve NICU nurses' practice, beliefs and knowledge regarding the transition of preterm infants from gavage to direct breastfeeding. However, a review of the format of the educational intervention is recommended to refute more efficiently belief and facilitate nurses' recruitment. (Source: Journal of Neonatal Nursing)
Source: Journal of Neonatal Nursing - August 29, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Effects of Maternal Stress During Pregnancy on Birth Outcome and Stress-related Hormones
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2015 Source:Pediatrics & Neonatology Author(s): Ming-Chou Chiang (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 29, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Origins of Adolescent Obesity and Hypertension
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2015 Source:Pediatrics & Neonatology Author(s): Chun-Hsien Yu (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - August 29, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Pharmacoepidemiology of opiate use in the neonatal ICU: Increasing cumulative doses and iatrogenic opiate withdrawal.
Authors: Lewis T, Erfe BL, Ezell T, Gauda E Abstract OBJECTIVE: Neonatal intensive care unit (ICU) care involves use of opiates to treat postoperative, ventilated, or chronically ill infants. Opiates provide necessary analgesia and sedation, but the morbidities include prolonged neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) and extended length of stay for dose tapering. Our objective was to quantify trends in opiate exposure in a tertiary care NICU. The authors hypothesize that medical opiate exposure and resultant ICU-acquired NAS would increase over time. DESIGN: Retrospective cross-sectional cohort study. SETTING: ...
Source: Journal of Opioid Management - August 28, 2015 Category: Addiction Tags: J Opioid Manag Source Type: research

Processing of Horizontal Sound Localization Cues in Newborn Infants
Conclusions: The early differential response may indicate the detection of a change in the respective auditory features. The authors suggest that the late differential response, which was only elicited by actual sound source location deviation, reflects the detection of location deviance integrating the various cues of sound source location. Although the results suggest that all of the tested binaural cues are processed by the neonatal auditory cortex, utilizing the cues for locating sound sources of these cues may require maturation and learning. (Source: Ear and Hearing)
Source: Ear and Hearing - August 28, 2015 Category: Audiology Tags: Research Articles Source Type: research

Explicación de las disparidades raciales en la salud neonatal en Brasil.
Conclusiones. En las políticas públicas para mejorar la salud infantil se deben abordar las diferencias en cuanto a la atención prenatal y la ubicación geográfica a fin de reducir las disparidades en materia de salud entre los recién nacidos de ascendencia africana y los de ascendencia europea en Brasil. PMID: 26313045 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Public Health)
Source: American Journal of Public Health - August 28, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Nyarko KA, López-Camelo J, Castilla EE, Wehby GL Tags: Am J Public Health Source Type: research

A Randomized Trial of Low-Flow Oxygen versus Nasal Continuous Positive Airway Pressure in Preterm Infants
Background: Nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) stabilizes the residual volume and may decrease the risk of ‘atelectotrauma', potentially promoting lung development in neonates. Objectives: To assess whether replacing nCPAP by low-flow O2 by nasal cannula affects lung function expressed as the arterial/alveolar oxygen tension ratio (a/A pO2 ratio) on postnatal day 28. Methods: Preterm infants (birth weight 26 + 0 weeks) stable on nCPAP between postnatal days 4 and 7 were randomized to nCPAP or low-flow O2 by nasal cannula ( (Source: Neonatology)
Source: Neonatology - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

The Art of Trial Design
Neonatology 2015;108:266-268 (Source: Neonatology)
Source: Neonatology - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Sequential Amniotic Fluid Thyroid Hormone Changes Correlate with Goiter Shrinkage following in utero Thyroxine Therapy
Several isolated reports of fetal goiter treatment have shown limited generalizability of approaches and provide no real guidance for optimal timing, dosages, and treatment strategies. Graves' disease accounts for >60% of these cases. Maternal treatments of hyperthyroidism include antithyroid medications such as methimazole and more commonly propylthiouracil (PTU). Here, our management of a patient with a fetal thyroid goiter from maternal exposure to PTU diagnosed at 23.6 weeks' gestation and the management of other cases allow us propose a general strategy for treatment. Intrauterine therapy with 200 and then 400 μg of ...
Source: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Placental Protein 13 Administration to Pregnant Rats Lowers Blood Pressure and Augments Fetal Growth and Venous Remodeling
In this study, slow-release osmotic pumps were implanted in gravid rats (on day 8) to provide 1 week of PP13 supplementation. Treatment was associated with a reversible blood pressure reduction that returned to normal on day 15. In addition, PP13 caused venous expansion that is larger in the venous branches closer to the placenta. Then, it increased placental and pup weights. Similar administration of a truncated PP13 variant (DelT221) that is unable to bind carbohydrates (a rare spontaneous mutation associated with a high frequency of severe early preeclampsia among Blacks in South Africa) produced a hypotensive effect si...
Source: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Dayton's largest hospital names new VP
Miami Valley Hospital has a new vice president. The hospital, part of Premier Health, says Dr. Marc Belcastro has been named vice president of women and infant services, a newly created role to oversee clinical programs, specialists, and customer service initiativs targeting women and infants. Belcastro has worked at the hospital since 1986 and is the chief of staff and medical director of the neonatal intensive care unit, where he has worked since 2003. He will transition out of a clinical role… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Biotechnology headlines - August 28, 2015 Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tristan Navera Source Type: news

Can we predict the need for pharmacological treatment according to demographic and clinical characteristics in gestational diabetes?
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Procalcitonin for prediction of chorioamnionitis in preterm premature rupture of membranes
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Association of maternal serum progesterone in early pregnancy with low birth weight and other adverse pregnancy outcomes
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Fetal anterior abdominal wall thickness may be an early ultrasonographic sign of gestational diabetes mellitus
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Effectiveness of emergency cerclage in cervical insufficiency
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Lung growth factors in the amniotic fluid of normal pregnancies and with congenital diaphragmatic hernia
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Maternal pre-eclampsia as a risk factor for necrotizing enterocolitis
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - August 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research