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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Pushing the standards forward: in-depth monitoring of physiological parameters in anesthetized neonatal mice.
PMID: 25329021 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Anesthesia and Analgesia - October 25, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Vutskits L, Patel P Tags: Anesth Analg Source Type: research

Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy under sedoanalgesia for treatment of kidney stones in infants: a single-center experience with 102 cases
Conclusions SWL therapy under sedoanalgesia is a safe and efficient treatment modality that can be administered with low complication rates and high stone-free rates in the treatment of renal stones in infants. (Source: International Urology and Nephrology)
Source: International Urology and Nephrology - October 25, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

50 Years Ago in The Journal of Pediatrics: Congenital Heart Disease in the Neonatal Period
This study reviewed autopsy records from The Johns Hopkins Hospital from 1927-1959. The analysis was restricted to infants who died within 30 days after birth from a congenital heart defect. A total of 170 autopsies were described. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 25, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Reginald L. Washington Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Hormonal disturbances due to severe and mild forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia are already detectable in neonatal life
ConclusionThere were significant differences in neonatal hormonal profiles between all groups and controls. This confirms that hormonal disturbances are already detectable in both severe and mild forms of congenital adrenal hyperplasia in neonatal life.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - October 25, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Signe Faurschou, Annette Mouritsen, Trine H. Johannsen, David M. Hougaard, Arieh Cohen, Morten Duno, Anders Juul, Katharina M. Main Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Population-based trends in mortality and neonatal morbidities among singleton, very preterm, very low birth weight infants over 16 years
Improved survival of singleton very preterm, very low birth weight (VPTVLBW) infants has been associated with increasing rates of severe neonatal morbidities. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Sorina Grisaru-Granovsky, Brian Reichman, Liat Lerner-Geva, Valentina Boyko, Cathy Hammerman, Arnon Samueloff, Michael S. Schimmel, The Israel Neonatal Network Source Type: research

Long term developmental outcomes of pre-school age children following laser surgery for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome
Laser therapy is now a well recognised treatment for twin-to-twin transfusion syndrome (TTTS). We investigated the early childhood neurodevelopmental outcome of children post laser treatment for TTTS in our centre. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: J. McIntosh, N. Meriki, A. Joshi, V. Biggs, A.W. Welsh, D. Challis, K. Lui Source Type: research

Clinical outcomes in very low birth weight infants with major congenital heart defects
The combination of major congenital heart disease (CHD) and prematurity is associated with poor prognosis, but previous studies have not fully characterized morbidity and mortality in this population. We conducted a retrospective cohort study of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants with major CHD to describe outcomes, including mortality, over time. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Anna W. Anderson, P. Brian Smith, Kristin M. Corey, Kevin D. Hill, Kanecia O. Zimmerman, Reese H. Clark, Christoph P. Hornik Source Type: research

Mother–infant circadian rhythm: Development of individual patterns and dyadic synchrony
Mutual circadian rhythm is an early and essential component in the development of maternal–infant physiological synchrony. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Karen A. Thomas, Robert L. Burr, Susan Spieker, Jungeun Lee, Jessica Chen Source Type: research

Neurological examination combined with brain MRI or cranial US improves prediction of neurological outcome in preterm infants
The predictive value of the combination of neurological examination and brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or cranial ultrasound (cUS) in preterm infants is not known. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Sirkku Setänen, Katri Lahti, Liisa Lehtonen, Riitta Parkkola, Jonna Maunu, Katriina Saarinen, Leena Haataja Source Type: research

Heterogeneity of ventricular repolarization in newborns with intrauterine growth restriction
Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is associated with structural and functional cardiac alterations but the electrophysiological consequences of these disturbances remain unknown. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Sotirios Fouzas, Ageliki A. Karatza, Periklis A. Davlouros, Dionisios Chrysis, Dimitrios Alexopoulos, Stefanos Mantagos, Gabriel Dimitriou Source Type: research

Increased rate of parental postpartum depression and traumatization in moderate and late preterm infants is independent of the infant's motor repertoire
Moderately and late preterm infants represent a considerable and increasing proportion of infants cared for in neonatal departments worldwide. Parents of preterm infants are at risk of postpartal depression (PPD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and preterm infants are at risk of developmental impairment. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Katrin Mehler, Annika Mainusch, Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother, Moritz Hahn, Christoph Hünseler, Angela Kribs Source Type: research

From the father's point of view: How father's representations of the infant impact on father–infant interaction and infant development
Despite the knowledge that fathers uniquely contribute to the development of their infants, relatively few studies have focused on the father–infant relationship during early infancy. In the present longitudinal study we included 189 fathers and examined whether their early attachment representations of the infant predicted future quality of father–infant interaction. We also investigated whether these representations were related to the infant's development. Paternal attachment representations were assessed by the Working Model of Child Interview (WMCI) at 6months post-partum and classified fathers' representations as...
Source: Early Human Development - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: R.A.S. Hall, I.E.M. De Waard, A. Tooten, H.N. Hoffenkamp, A.J.J.M. Vingerhoets, H.J.A. van Bakel Source Type: research

Eliminating Early-Term Elective Births: More Work Is Needed
No abstract available (Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing)
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - October 24, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: ONGOING COLUMNS: Perinatal Patient Safety Column Source Type: research

Informal Milk Sharing: What Nurses Need to Know
This article addresses formal breast milk donation (donor milk) and informal sharing of breast milk. Healthcare providers are likely to encounter families who access milk by informal breast milk sharing or cross-nursing. Both practices rely heavily on receiving human milk from women who are potentially unscreened for disease, medication, and illicit substances. Therefore, it is important for perinatal nurses to have adequate information to be able to inform these families of the risks and benefits of breast milk sharing. Two case exemplars are provided to illustrate the nuances of informal milk sharing. Implications for pr...
Source: MCN: The American Journal of Maternal Child Nursing - October 24, 2014 Category: Nursing Tags: Feature Source Type: research

Two Cases Of Neonatal Human Parechovirus 3 Encephalitis
We report 2 neonates with human parechoviruses type 3 encephalitis. Both newborns presented with fever, irritability and seizures. Cerebrospinal fluid analyses were normal, but magnetic resonance imaging revealed white matter damage, suggesting human parechoviruse infection. Human parechoviruses type 3-RNA was detected in cerebrospinal fluid samples and in blood, stool, urine and respiratory samples, indicating the dissemination of the virus. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 24, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Safety of In Utero and Neonatal Antiretroviral Exposure: Cognitive and Academic Outcomes in HIV-exposed, Uninfected Children 5–13 Years of Age
Conclusions:Overall, the safety of prenatal and neonatal ARV use was supported. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - October 24, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: HIV Reports Source Type: research

An update on the medical treatment of Graves’ hyperthyroidism
Abstract Medical treatment of Graves’ hyperthyroidism is based on the use of thionamides; namely, methimazole and propylthiouracil. In the past, methimazole was preferred by European endocrinologists, whereas propylthiouracil was the first choice for the majority of their North American colleagues. However, because of the recent definition of a better side-effect profile, methimazole is nowadays the first choice world while. Although thionamides are quite effective for the short-term control of Graves’ hyperthyroidism, a relatively high proportion of patients relapses after thionamide withdrawal. Other possib...
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - October 24, 2014 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Clinical data needs in the neonatal intensive care unit electronic medical record
Conclusion: NICU providers demonstrate a need for large amounts of EMR data to help guide clinical decision making with differences found when comparing by clinical role. When creating an EMR interface in the NICU there may be a need to offer options for varying degrees of viewable data densities depending on clinical role. (Source: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making)
Source: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making - October 24, 2014 Category: Information Technology Authors: Marc EllsworthTara LangBrian PickeringVitaly Herasevich Source Type: research

Counselling women about the risks of caesarean delivery in future pregnancies
Key content In order to provide appropriate counselling about the risk to future pregnancies imposed by caesarean delivery, providers must be knowledgeable about and able to synthesise a multitude of variables such as institutional policies, the clinical implications of each current delivery option for future pregnancies, patient understanding of maternal and neonatal risks and benefits, the woman's reasons for requesting this type of delivery and the woman's desired family size. The rate of successful vaginal birth after caesarean section ranges 50–85%, with lower rates associated with both modifiable factors (gestati...
Source: The Obstetrician and Gynaecologist - October 24, 2014 Category: OBGYN Authors: Joshua D Dahlke, Hector Mendez‐Figueroa, Katharine D Wenstrom Tags: Review Source Type: research

miR-539 Suppresses O-GlcNAcase [RNA]
In conclusion, this work identifies the first target of miR-539 in the heart and the first miRNA that regulates OGA. Manipulation of miR-539 may represent a novel therapeutic target in the treatment of heart failure and other metabolic diseases. (Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - October 24, 2014 Category: Chemistry Authors: Muthusamy, S., DeMartino, A. M., Watson, L. J., Brittian, K. R., Zafir, A., Dassanayaka, S., Hong, K. U., Jones, S. P. Tags: Glycobiology and Extracellular Matrices Source Type: research

Systemic Lupus Erythematosus and Outcomes in First and Subsequent Births Based on Data From a National Birth Registry
ConclusionPregnancy complications were more frequent in SLE patients than references, and the greatest differences between groups were observed in first births. (Source: Arthritis Care and Research)
Source: Arthritis Care and Research - October 24, 2014 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Marianne Wallenius, Kjell Å. Salvesen, Anne K. Daltveit, Johan F. Skomsvoll Tags: Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Source Type: research

Cranial and cerebral signs in the diagnosis of spina bifida between 18 and 22 weeks of gestation: A German mulicenter study
ConclusionIn standard measuring planes, lemon sign, banana sign and an inability to image the cistern magna are very reliable indirect ultrasound markers of spina bifida. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Prenatal Diagnosis)
Source: Prenatal Diagnosis - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: F. Bahlmann, I. Reinhard, T. Schramm, A. Geipel, U. Gembruch, C. S. Kaisenberg, R. Schmitz, J. Stupin, R. Chaoui, K. Karl, K. Kalache, F. Faschingbauer, M. Ponnath, A. Rempen, P. Kozlowski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Biochemical analysis of ascites fluid as an aid to etiological diagnosis: a series of 100 cases of non‐immune fetal ascites
ConclusionSampling of fetal ascites fluid for biochemical and cytological examination provides important additional information. We propose a two‐step management: i) detailed ultrasound scan examination, maternal blood analysis, and fetal karyotyping; ii) biochemical and cytological analyses. Based on such an approach, 63% and 96% of etiologies would have been identified in our series after the first and second steps, respectively. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Prenatal Diagnosis)
Source: Prenatal Diagnosis - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Sophie Dreux, Laurent J. Salomon, Jonathan Rosenblatt, Romain Favre, Véronique Houfflin‐Debarge, Bernard Broussin, Fabien Guimiot, Honorine Fenaux, Anne‐Lise Delezoide, Françoise Muller Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The role of second trimester uterine artery Doppler in pregnancies with systemic lupus erythematosus
ConclusionOur findings suggest that uterine artery Doppler is confirmed to be a high sensitivity and high specificity test for predicting pre‐eclampsia even in SLE patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Prenatal Diagnosis)
Source: Prenatal Diagnosis - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Giorgio Pagani, Rossella Reggia, Laura Andreoli, Federico Prefumo, Sonia Zatti, Andrea Lojacono, Angela Tincani, Tiziana Frusca Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

First trimester screening for early and late preeclampsia based on maternal characteristics, biophysical parameters and angiogenic factors
ConclusionPE can be predicted with high accuracy in general obstetric populations with a low‐risk for PE, by combined algorithms. Angiogenic factors substantially improved the prediction. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Prenatal Diagnosis)
Source: Prenatal Diagnosis - October 24, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Francesca Crovetto, Francesc Figueras, Stefania Triunfo, Fatima Crispi, Victor Rodriguez‐Sureda, Carmen Dominguez, Elisa Llurba, Eduard Gratacos Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

South African ‘Mentor Mothers’ improve perinatal health outcomes
The incidence of HIV infection in South Africa tops that of any nation in the world, with some 6 million of the country’s nearly 50 million residents infected. Sadly, young women — and particularly young pregnant women — suffer some of the highest rates of HIV infection. More than one-fourth of pregnant South African women are infected with the virus; in some communities, the infection rates are even higher. But a new study conducted by UCLA’s Mary Jane Rotheram-Borus, the director of the UCLA Global Center for Children and Families at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, and her colleagues from...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - October 23, 2014 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Oral Morphine Weaning for Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome at Home Compared with In-Hospital: An Observational Cohort Study
Conclusions We present the first North American cohort of neonates weaned with morphine at home for neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS). We found that more days on oral morphine resulted in fewer returns to hospital for continued withdrawal management. There was no evidence of increased effectiveness, measured by the number of returns to hospital for further NAS management with in-hospital weaning. The estimated cost savings of continued weaning upon discharge was approximately $11,000 per patient (Canadian dollars). While further prospective research is necessary, in some cases morphine weaning at home may presen...
Source: Pediatric Drugs - October 23, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Pain in infants and children—Physiological background and clinical aspects
Publication date: October 2013 Source:Acupuncture and Related Therapies, Volume 1, Issue 4 Author(s): Stefan Lundeberg , Thomas Lundeberg Pain is a vital sign in infants and children and is essential for survival. Pain is subjective and it is only the individual who can describe the pain or the anticipation of pain. In infants, observation of behaviors that suggests pain, physiological and biological markers are used in the clinical assessment. It is well established that infants from the gestational age of about 20 weeks have a functional pain system, even if immature, which can perceive and respond to tissue injury. Pr...
Source: Acupuncture and Related Therapies - October 23, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Health literacy in patients with chronic hepatitis B attending a tertiary hospital in Melbourne: a questionnaire based survey
Conclusion: This is the largest Australian study assessing knowledge and understanding of the effect, transmission, and treatment of hepatitis B among chronically infected individuals. The findings highlight the knowledge gaps and misconceptions held by these patients, and the need to expand education and support initiatives. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - October 23, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tanya DahlBenjamin CowieBeverley-Ann BiggsKarin LederJennifer MacLachlanCaroline Marshall Source Type: research

Effects of induction of labour versus expectant management in women with impending post-term pregnancies: the 41 week - 42 week dilemma
This study will provide evidence for the management of pregnant women reaching a gestational age of 41 weeks.Trial registration: Dutch Trial Register (Nederlands Trial Register): NTR3431. Registered: 14 May 2012. (Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth)
Source: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth - October 23, 2014 Category: OBGYN Authors: Joep KortekaasAafke BruinsmaJudit KeulenJeroen van DillenMartijn OudijkJoost ZwartJannet BakkerDokie de BontMarianne NieuwenhuijzePien OfferhausAnton van KaamFrank VandenbusscheBenWillem MolEsteriek de Miranda Source Type: research

A systematic review of risk factors for neonatal mortality in Adolescent Mother's in Sub Saharan Africa
Conclusions: Inter-generational support for single mothers in SSA communities appears essential in preventing both early pregnancies and ensuring healthy outcomes when they occur during adolescence. Future studies should test related hypothesis and seek to unpack the processes that underpin the relationships between being single and other risk indicators for neonatal mortality in young mothers. Current policy initiatives should account for the context of single African women's lives, low opportunity, status and little access to supportive relationships, or practical help. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - October 23, 2014 Category: Research Authors: Astha RamaiyaLigia KissPaula BaraitserGodfrey MbarukuZoe Hildon Source Type: research

Target set to halve number of stillbirths in five years
‘Each Baby Counts’ initiative also plans to reduce early neonatal deaths and brain injuriesRelated items from OnMedicaART link to rise in birth anomaliesPregnant mum’s diabetes more than quadruples risk of fetal deathTougher restrictions on valproates1200 annual UK stillbirths preventable, claims charityFetal growth restriction must be better recognised (Source: OnMedica Latest News)
Source: OnMedica Latest News - October 23, 2014 Category: UK Health Source Type: news

Variables affecting adolescent renal function in patients born with vesico-ureteric reflux
Conclusions These results showed that although there is a positive association between blood pressure in adolescence and birth weight, in children born with VUR there was no deterioration in renal function. Kidneys seem to function normally regardless of the gestational age at birth. (Source: Arab Journal of Urology)
Source: Arab Journal of Urology - October 23, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Keratin 76 Is Required for Tight Junction Function and Maintenance of the Skin Barrier
by Tia DiTommaso, Denny L. Cottle, Helen B. Pearson, Holger Schlüter, Pritinder Kaur, Patrick O. Humbert, Ian M. Smyth Keratins are cytoskeletal intermediate filament proteins that are increasingly being recognised for their diverse cellular functions. Here we report the consequences of germ line inactivation of Keratin 76 (Krt76) in mice. Homozygous disruption of this epidermally expressed gene causes neonatal skin flaking, hyperpigmentation, inflammation, impaired wound healing, and death prior to 12 weeks of age. We show that this phenotype is associated with functionally defective tight junctions that are characteris...
Source: PLoS Genetics - October 23, 2014 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Tia DiTommaso et al. Source Type: research

Structural characterization of the virulence factor nuclease A from Streptococcus agalactiae
The group B pathogen Streptococcus agalactiae commonly populates the human gut and urogenital tract, and is a major cause of infection-based mortality in neonatal infants and in elderly or immunocompromised adults. Nuclease A (GBS_NucA), a secreted DNA/RNA nuclease, serves as a virulence factor for S. agalactiae, facilitating bacterial evasion of the human innate immune response. GBS_NucA efficiently degrades the DNA matrix component of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs), which attempt to kill and clear invading bacteria during the early stages of infection. In order to better understand the mechanisms of DNA substrate ...
Source: Acta Crystallographica Section D - October 23, 2014 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Moon, A.F.Gaudu, P.Pedersen, L.C. Tags: nuclease A virulence factors Streptococcus agalactiae research papers Source Type: research

End-of-life care in a regional level IV neonatal intensive care unit after implementation of a palliative care initiative
echner (Source: Journal of Perinatology)
Source: Journal of Perinatology - October 23, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: C SamselB E Lechner Source Type: research

Multiples and parents of multiples prefer same arm randomization of siblings in neonatal trials
p; A M Hibbs (Source: Journal of Perinatology)
Source: Journal of Perinatology - October 23, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: J BernardoA NowackiR MartinJ M FanaroffA M Hibbs Source Type: research

Impact of a palliative care program on end-of-life care in a neonatal intensive care unit
& M Bidegain (Source: Journal of Perinatology)
Source: Journal of Perinatology - October 23, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: N YoungeP B SmithR N GoldbergD H BrandonC SimmonsC M CottenM Bidegain Source Type: research

Vaginal birth after cesarean success in high-risk women: a population-based study
; E DeFranco (Source: Journal of Perinatology)
Source: Journal of Perinatology - October 23, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: J ReganC KeupK WolfeC SnyderE DeFranco Source Type: research

Identifying Children’s Health Care Quality Measures for Medicaid and CHIP: An Evidence-Informed, Publicly Transparent Expert Process
Conclusions An open national public process combined with an evidence-informed evaluation methodology resulted in identification of a balanced, grounded, and parsimonious core set of measures that should become feasible to implement on a widespread scale over time. (Source: Academic Pediatrics)
Source: Academic Pediatrics - October 23, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Commentary on “Kindergarten classroom functioning of extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight children” or “Leaving no child behind: Promoting educational success for preterm survivors”
Our purpose was to discuss the supports required at school entry for children with extreme prematurity. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 23, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Michael E. Msall Source Type: research

Kindergarten classroom functioning of extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight children
Cognitive, behavioral, and learning problems are evident in extremely preterm/extremely low birth weight (EPT/ELBW, (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - October 23, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Taylor Wong, H. Gerry Taylor, Nancy Klein, Kimberly A. Espy, Marcia G. Anselmo, Nori Minich, Maureen Hack Source Type: research

A systematic review of risk factors for neonatal mortality in Adolescent Mother¿s in Sub Saharan Africa
Conclusions: Inter-generational support for single mothers in SSA communities appears essential in preventing both early pregnancies and ensuring healthy outcomes when they occur during adolescence. Future studies should test related hypothesis and seek to unpack the processes that underpin the relationships between being single and other risk indicators for neonatal mortality in young mothers. Current policy initiatives should account for the context of single African women's lives, low opportunity, status and little access to supportive relationships, or practical help. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - October 23, 2014 Category: Research Authors: Astha RamaiyaLigia KissPaula BaraitserGodfrey MbarukuZoe Hildon Source Type: research

The high prevalence of serine protease autotransporters of Enterobacteriaceae (SPATEs) in Escherichia coli causing neonatal septicemia
This study was undertaken to evaluate the prevalence and phylogenetic distribution of different subtypes of SPATEs among NSEC. The presence of virulence factors and subtypes of SPATEs among different E. coli isolates was determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). E. coli phylogrouping was done by triplex PCR. Clonality of the isolates was assessed by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). The presence of SPATEs was significantly higher among the septicemic isolates (89 %) than the fecal (7.5 %) and environmental isolates (2.5 %). Vat (vacuolating autotransporter toxin) and Sat (secreted autotransporter toxin) were...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - October 22, 2014 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research