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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Obstetrical and Neonatal Outcomes of Methadone-Maintained Pregnant Women: A Canadian Multisite Cohort Study.
Conclusion: Integrated care programs resulted in satisfactory obstetrical and neonatal outcomes for pregnant women on MMT. Policies promoting maternal-newborn contact, rooming-in, and breastfeeding may help to decrease the severity of NAS and the need for pharmacological treatment of NAS. We strongly recommend the development of similar programs across Canada to address gaps in services. PMID: 26001872 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research

Maternal and Perinatal Outcomes of Pregnancies Delivered at 23 Weeks' Gestation.
Conclusion: Pregnant women delivering at 23 weeks' gestation are at risk of morbidity. Their infants have high rates of serious morbidity and mortality. Further research is needed to identify strategies and forms of management that not only increase perinatal survival but also reduce morbidities in these extremely low gestational age infants and reduce maternal morbidity. PMID: 26001868 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research

Newborn Outcomes in British Columbia After Caesarean Section for Non-Reassuring Fetal Status.
Conclusion: The incidence of abnormal Apgar score and abnormal umbilical cord gas values is very low among neonates in British Columbia delivered by Caesarean section for non-reassuring fetal status. Apgar score at one minute < 7 is a good predictor of severe neonatal morbidity. Electronic fetal monitoring remains a non-specific method for detection of fetal compromise in the intrapartum period. PMID: 26001867 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research

Prolonged Second Stage of Labour and the Risk for Subsequent Preterm Birth.
Conclusion: In our population of primiparous women with a singleton term delivery, a prolonged second stage of labour lasting more than three hours was not associated with preterm birth at their subsequent delivery. PMID: 26001685 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research

Adverse Neonatal Outcomes Among Women Living With HIV: A Population-Based Study.
Conclusion: Women with HIV are at higher risk of adverse neonatal outcomes than HIV-negative women. Further research is required to develop preconception and prenatal interventions that could reduce the excess burden of poor pregnancy outcomes among women living with HIV. PMID: 26001682 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada : JOGC - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Tags: J Obstet Gynaecol Can Source Type: research

Association Between Antenatal Corticosteroid Administration-to-Birth Interval and Outcomes of Preterm Neonates.
CONCLUSION: Antenatal corticosteroids had maximum benefit when given between 1 and 7 days before birth. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II. PMID: 26000509 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Authors: Melamed N, Shah J, Soraisham A, Yoon EW, Lee SK, Shah PS, Murphy KE Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Implications of Polycystic Ovary Syndrome for Pregnancy and for the Health of Offspring.
CONCLUSION: Controlling for increased perinatal risk, maternal PCOS was associated with a predisposition to adverse health outcomes for their offspring. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II. PMID: 26000511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Authors: Doherty DA, Newnham JP, Bower C, Hart R Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Pregnancy Outcomes After Antepartum Tetanus, Diphtheria, and Acellular Pertussis Vaccination.
CONCLUSION: No adverse pregnancy outcomes were identified in association with antepartum Tdap vaccination. This remained true in women receiving more than one Tdap vaccine in a 5-year timeframe. This may be the result of a type II error. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II. PMID: 26000515 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Authors: Morgan JL, Baggari SR, McIntire DD, Sheffield JS Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Committee Opinion No: 635: Prenatal and Perinatal Human Immunodeficiency Virus Testing: Expanded Recommendations.
Authors: Abstract Given the enormous advances in the prevention of perinatal transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), it is clear that early identification and treatment of all pregnant women with HIV is the best way to prevent neonatal infection and also improve women's health. Furthermore, new evidence suggests that early initiation of antiretroviral therapy in the course of infection is beneficial for individuals infected with HIV and reduces the rate of sexual transmission to partners who are not infected. Screening should be performed after women have been notified that HIV screening is recommended...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - May 24, 2015 Category: OBGYN Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Writing a Research Article.
Authors: PMID: 26002856 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Advances in Neonatal Care)
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - May 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

Noteworthy Professional News.
Authors: PMID: 26002857 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Advances in Neonatal Care)
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - May 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

NANN Shares Member Spotlight, 2015 Conference Registration Information.
Authors: PMID: 26002858 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Advances in Neonatal Care)
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - May 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

National Association of Neonatal Nursing Workforce Survey.
Abstract BACKGROUND: As an integral member of a healthcare team, neonatal nurse practitioners (NNPs) provide care in a variety of settings that include but are not limited to all levels of inpatient care, transport, acute and chronic care settings; delivery rooms; and outpatient care settings. Anecdotal evidence indicates that responsibilities, practice environment, and workload vary widely between regions and practice settings. PURPOSE: Historically, the supply of neonatal nurse practitioners has rarely met the demand for services, although needs vary by region at any given time. Because the NNP role is a coll...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - May 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Kaminski MM, Meier S, Staebler S Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

A 6th Vital Sign-Potential Use of Nasogastric Tube for Intra-abdominal Pressure Monitoring Method to Detect Feeding Intolerance in Very Low Birth-Weight Preterm Infants (
Abstract BACKGROUND: While various feeding strategies designed to optimize growth have been investigated and used in the clinical setting, the problem of not being able to recognize the warning signs of feeding intolerance early enough to prevent serious gastrointestinal complication commonly associated with very low birth-weight (VLBW) preterm infant remains. Currently, early stages of feeding intolerance are most often identified though nurse assessments. Additional methods to predict feeding intolerance in this population are needed. Currently, intra-abdominal pressure monitoring has been an effective method to ...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - May 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Carter BM, Howard C Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

Facilitated Tucking to Reduce Pain in Neonates: Evidence for Best Practice.
Abstract BACKGROUND: Increasing survival rates of preterm infants and a greater understanding of the long-term consequences of early exposure to pain have generated a greater need for nonpharmacologic pain management strategies in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) setting. Facilitated tucking supports the preterm infant and is a valuable strategy to manage neonatal pain. Alternative nonpharmacologic approaches to pain management in neonates include nonnutritive sucking and kangaroo care. CLINICAL QUESTION: In premature and critically ill infants, what is the effect of facilitated tucking on pain behaviors...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - May 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Hartley KA, Miller CS, Gephart SM Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

7th Edition NRP Brings Big Changes for NRP Instructors: The American Academy of Pediatrics.
Authors: PMID: 26002862 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Advances in Neonatal Care)
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - May 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

A Meta-ethnography: Skin-to-Skin Holding From the Caregiver's Perspective.
Authors: PMID: 26002863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Advances in Neonatal Care)
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - May 24, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

Physical activity during pregnancy and maternal-child health (PAMELA): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
We present a population-based regular exercise intervention focused on the prevention of hypertension, pre-eclampsia and preterm birth. Data on the underlying cohort will allow future analysis using different outcomes with low probability of recall bias or misclassification of exposure status. Results will potentially influence prenatal care counseling in regards to physical activity.Trial registrationClinicaltrials.gov identifier: NCT02148965, registered on 22 May 2014. (Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations)
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - May 24, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Marlos DominguesDiego BassaniShana da SilvaCarolina CollBruna da SilvaPedro Hallal Source Type: research

Review and status report of pediatric left ventricular systolic strain and strain rate nomograms
Abstract Interest in strain (ε) and strain rate (SR) for the assessment of pediatric left ventricular (LV) myocardial function has increased. However, the strengths and limitations of published pediatric nomograms have not been critically evaluated. A literature search was conducted accessing the National Library of Medicine using the keywords myocardial velocity, strain, strain rate, pediatric, reference values, and nomograms. Adding the following keywords, the results were further refined: neonates, infants, adolescents, range/intervals, and speckle tracking. Ten published studies evaluating myocardial velo...
Source: Heart Failure Reviews - May 24, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Case Series of 3 Infants with Erythema Multiforme Following Hepatitis B Vaccination
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2015 Source:Pediatrics &amp; Neonatology Author(s): Zhen Han Tan , Koh Cheng Thoon , Mark Jean-Ann Koh Erythema multiforme (EM) is an acute, self-limited, and sometimes recurring mucocutaneous condition characterized by distinctive target lesions, with most cases in children being associated with infections. EM occurs mainly in children, adolescents and young adults, and rarely in neonates and infants. Here, we report 3 one-month old infants who developed EM following hepatitis B vaccination, with no other associated signs and symptoms of infection. In all the infants, the ra...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 24, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Human Metapneumovirus Infection is Associated with Severe Respiratory Disease in Preschool Children with History of Prematurity
Conclusion Our study suggests that HMPV infection causes significant disease burden among preschool children with history of prematurity leading to severe respiratory infections and increasing health care resource utilization due to prolonged hospitalizations. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 24, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

A Near-fatal Case of Invasive Pneumococcal Disease in a Vaccinated Child
Publication date: Available online 23 May 2015 Source:Pediatrics &amp; Neonatology Author(s): Chang-Teng Wu , Hao-Yuan Lee , Chyi-Liang Chen Vaccination with 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) has proven effective for reducing the incidence of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) due to non-7-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (non-PCV7) serotypes such as 19A. We herein report, for the first time, successful cardiopulmonary-cerebral resuscitation (CPCR) and antibiotic treatment in Streptococcus pneumonia serotype 19A-induced severe IPD accompanied by impending fatal pulseless electrical activity (PEA)...
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - May 24, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Prenatally buprenorphine-exposed children: health to 3 years of age
Conclusion: We suggest that prenatally buprenorphine-exposed children have several types of problems with their health at toddler age and that they are susceptible to child maltreatment, especially to medical neglect. What is Known: • Buprenorphine is used in the treatment of opioid addiction in pregnancy. Prenatally buprenorphine-exposed newborns develop neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) in about 60 % of cases. Data on the health and maltreatment of these children after neonatal age are limited. ...
Source: European Journal of Pediatrics - May 23, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Variation in cerebral palsy profile by socio‐economic status
AimSocio‐economic differences in maternal and child health are well recognized, but the role of individual‐level and area‐level determinants in cerebral palsy (CP) phenotypes is debated. We set out to examine (1) the association between area‐level and individual‐level measures of socio‐economic deprivation and CP phenotype among children, including subtype, severity, and comorbidities; and (2) the direct effect of area‐level deprivation not mediated through individual‐level deprivation. MethodRegional data from a provincial CP register were analyzed. The outcome of interest was CP phenotype. The area‐leve...
Source: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology - May 23, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Maryam Oskoui, Carmen Messerlian, Alexandra Blair, Philippe Gamache, Michael Shevell Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) presenting with neonatal aplastic anemia
This report highlights the importance of considering SCID early in the evaluation of neonatal aplastic anemia prior to the development of infectious complications. Pediatr Blood Cancer © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer)
Source: Pediatric Blood and Cancer - May 23, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Angela Scott, Jason Glover, Suzanne Skoda‐Smith, Troy R. Torgerson, Min Xu, Lauri M. Burroughs, Ann E. Woolfrey, Mark D. Fleming, Akiko Shimamura Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Early Social Experience Affects Neural Activity to Affiliative Facial Gestures in Newborn Nonhuman Primates
A fundamental issue in cognitive neuroscience is how the brain encodes the actions and intentions of others. The discovery of an action-production-perception mechanism underpinning such a capacity advanced our knowledge of how these processes occur; however, no study has examined how the early postnatal environment may shape action-production-perception. Here, we examined the effects of social experience on action-production-perception in 3-day-old rhesus macaques that were raised either with or without their biological mothers. We measured the neonatal imitation skills and brain electrical activity responses, while infant...
Source: Developmental Neuroscience - May 23, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

In vivo Monitoring of Cerebral Hemodynamics in the Immature Rat: Effects of Hypoxia-Ischemia and Hypothermia
Conclusions: Both HI and TH alter CBFi, with significant differences in CBFi between hypothermic and normothermic groups after HI. CBFi may be a useful biomarker of subsequent cerebral damage.Dev Neurosci (Source: Developmental Neuroscience)
Source: Developmental Neuroscience - May 23, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Modeling correction of severe urea cycle defects in the growing murine liver using a hybrid recombinant adeno‐associated virus/piggyBac transposase gene delivery system
Conclusion: Using a hybrid rAAV/piggyBac transposon vector system, we achieved stable therapeutic protection in two urea cycle defect mouse models; a clinically conceivable early application of this technology in the management of severe urea cycle defects could be as a bridging therapy while awaiting liver transplantation; further improvement of the system will result from the development of highly human liver‐tropic capsids, the use of alternative strategies to achieve transient transposase expression, and engineered refinements in the safety profile of piggyBac transposase‐mediated integration. (Hepatology 2015) (Source: Hepatology)
Source: Hepatology - May 23, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Sharon C. Cunningham, Susan M. Siew, Claus V. Hallwirth, Christine Bolitho, Natsuki Sasaki, Gagan Garg, Iacovos P. Michael, Nicola A. Hetherington, Kevin Carpenter, Gustavo de Alencastro, Andras Nagy, Ian E. Alexander Tags: Steatohepatitis and Metabolic Liver Disease Source Type: research

Local amino acid sequence patterns dominate the heterogeneous phenotype for the collagen connective tissue disease Osteogenesis Imperfecta resulting from Gly mutations
Publication date: Available online 15 May 2015 Source:Journal of Structural Biology Author(s): Jianxi Xiao , Zhangfu Yang , Xiuxia Sun , Rayna Addabbo , Jean Baum Osteogenesis Imperfecta (OI), a hereditary connective tissue disease in collagen that arises from a single Gly→X mutation in the collagen chain, varies widely in phenotype from perinatal lethal to mild. It is unclear why there is such a large variation in the severity of the disease considering the repeating (Gly-X-Y)n sequence and the uniform rod-like structure of collagen. We systematically evaluate the effect of local (Gly-X-Y)n sequence around the mutatio...
Source: Journal of Structural Biology - May 23, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Non-central nervous system fetal magnetic resonance imaging
This article concentrates on the role of the different imaging sequences and their value to clinical practice. It also discusses the future of fetal MRI. (Source: Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - May 23, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Elspeth Whitby, Peter Wright Tags: Review Source Type: research

A porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) vaccine candidate based on the fusion protein of PRRSV glycoprotein 5 and the Toll-like Receptor-5 agonist Salmonella Typhimurium FljB
Conclusions: Purified fusion protein rGP5-FljB is capable of activating the innate immune response, as demonstrated by the results of our TLR-5-specific bioactivity assay, and FljB has adjuvant activity, as shown by the results from our administration of rGP5-FljB in a mouse model. Our findings confirm that FljB could serve as an excellent adjuvant for the production of GP5-specific and PRRSV-specific IgG antibodies as part of an induction of a robust humoral immune response. (Source: BMC Veterinary Research)
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - May 23, 2015 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Dan XiongLi SongXianyue ZhaiShizhong GengZhiming PanXinan Jiao Source Type: research

Differential reactivation of fetal/neonatal genes in mouse liver tumors induced in cirrhotic and noncirrhotic conditions
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Cancer Science)
Source: Cancer Science - May 23, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Xi Chen, Masahiro Yamamoto, Kiyonaga Fujii, Yasuharu Nagahama, Takako Ooshio, Bing Xin, Yoko Okada, Hiroyuki Furukawa, Yuji Nishikawa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Sedatives and Analgesics Given to Infants in Neonatal Intensive Care Units at the End of Life
To describe the administration of sedatives and analgesics at the end of life in a large cohort of infants in North American neonatal intensive care units. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - May 23, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Kanecia O. Zimmerman, Christoph P. Hornik, Lawrence Ku, Kevin Watt, Matthew M. Laughon, Margarita Bidegain, Reese H. Clark, P. Brian Smith Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Transitional neonatal hypoglycemia
The blood sugar levels of all newborn infants fall after birth from fetal levels and can stay low for several days. The critical level for an intervention to increase the blood sugar remains most contentious, as does the selection of infants for screening and the frequency of screening. Further, quite low blood sugars are relatively common and symptomatic hypoglycemia is uncommon. In this issue of The Journal, a committee of the Pediatric Endocrine Society reports a scholarly analysis of mechanisms causing this normal transitional neonatal hypoglycemia in infants. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - May 22, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Alan H. Jobe Tags: The Editors' Perspective Source Type: research

Lessons from fatal cases of neonatal HSV infection
In this issue of The Journal, Lopez-Medina et al describe a retrospective collection of 13 fatal cases of neonatal herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection over 11 years at Children's Medical Center and Parkland Memorial Hospital, Dallas. Investigators identified a case fatality rate of 26%, which is higher than in other studies. Although the authors did not compare fatal and nonfatal cases to seek risk factors associated with fatal outcome, there likely are several factors that contributed to the high rate, such as case ascertainment that included unsuspected cases identified only at autopsy, as well as cases in infants never...
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - May 22, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Sarah S. Long Tags: The Editors' Perspective Source Type: research

Screening for Congenital Heart Disease During Anatomical Survey Ultrasonography
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is among the most common congenital abnormalities. The prevalence of CHD ranges between 0.6% and 1.2% of live births. Despite its high prevalence, CHD is also among the most commonly missed abnormalities during prenatal ultrasound examination. A simple yet systematic approach to fetal heart examination, regular feedback, and implementation of training programs could improve detection rates and, in turn, neonatal outcome. (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics - May 22, 2015 Category: OBGYN Authors: Mert Ozan Bahtiyar, Joshua A. Copel Source Type: research

Preeclampsia
is a hypertensive disorder that affects 4% of pregnancies and has a high risk of maternal, fetal, and neonatal morbidity and mortality, as well as long-term cardiovascular risk. Recent updates in the definition, diagnosis, and management guidelines for preeclampsia warrant review by general obstetrician-gynecologists. Screening and prevention algorithms for preeclampsia are available, but ultimately the cure remains delivery of the fetus and placenta. Close monitoring for the development and worsening of preeclampsia during pregnancy is essential to optimize both maternal and fetal/neonatal outcomes. (Source: Obstetrics a...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics - May 22, 2015 Category: OBGYN Authors: Jaimey M. Pauli, John T. Repke Source Type: research

Influenza
A maternal mortality rate of 1% was reported during the 2009–2010 influenza pandemic, with influenza in pregnancy posing a serious risk to maternal health. A high level of suspicion coupled with prompt diagnosis and treatment is paramount to minimizing morbidity and mortality. Vaccination during pregnancy should be of high priority to improve both maternal and neonatal outcomes. (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics - May 22, 2015 Category: OBGYN Authors: Elaine L. Duryea, Jeanne S. Sheffield Source Type: research

At-Risk Pregnancies: Update on Management
Obstetric care continues to evolve with the incorporation of evidence-based recommendations to optimize maternal and perinatal outcomes. Today, all women should be offered prenatal diagnosis, moving away from a time when chorionic villus sampling and amniocentesis were only offered to patients identified to be at risk of fetal aneuploidy. Noninvasive prenatal testing is now a reality, increasing screening options with improved detection rates for Down syndrome. Screening for congenital heart disease these days warrants an evaluation of multiple views of the fetal heart, and the indications for fetal echocardiography have e...
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics - May 22, 2015 Category: OBGYN Authors: Lynn L. Simpson Tags: Preface Source Type: research

A clinical opinion on how to manage the risk of preterm birth in twins based on literature review
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - May 22, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Prenatal screening for fetal aneuploidies with cell-free DNA in the general pregnancy population: a cost-effectiveness analysis
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - May 22, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Effect of multiple repeat cesarean sections on maternal morbidity: data from southeast Turkey.
Conclusions An increasing number of CSs is accompanied by serious maternal complications. Four or more CSs are of especially critical importance. Decreasing the number of cesarean sections is required to decrease relevant complications. Vaginal birth after CS is an option that should be recommended to the patient. PMID: 25989945 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Science Monitor)
Source: Medical Science Monitor - May 22, 2015 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

32-Channel System to Measure the Electrophysiological Properties of Bioengineered Cardiac Muscle
This study allows us to monitor such properties and assess the necessary changes that will improve construct development and function. (Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering)
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - May 22, 2015 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

Reducing the risk for waterborne nosocomial neonatal legionellosis.
PMID: 25988326 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - May 22, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Cervia JS Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Airway Hyperreactivity Is Delayed after Mild Neonatal Hyperoxic Exposure
Conclusions: These data demonstrate that early mild hyperoxia exposure causes a delayed augmentation of airway reactivity, suggesting a long-term alteration in the trajectory of airway smooth muscle development and consistent with resultant symptomatology.Neonatology 2015;108:65-72 (Source: Neonatology)
Source: Neonatology - May 22, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Loss to Follow-Up within the Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission Care Cascade in a Large ART Program in Nigeria.
Conclusion: In this large cohort analysis, the proportion of women LTFU in the PMTCT care cascade was lower than that reported in previous cohort analyses. Nevertheless, this proportion remains unacceptably high and inhibits the program from maximally achieving the goals of PMTCT care. We also provide the largest analysis to date on rates of perinatal HIV transmission, with low rates among women receiving NNRTI- or PI-based regimens, approaching that reported in clinical trials. However, among mothers who received any antenatal care, infant outcomes were unknown for 48%, and women presented later in pregnancy than that rec...
Source: Current HIV Research - May 22, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Rawizza HE, Chang CA, Chaplin B, Ahmed IA, Meloni ST, Oyebode T, Banigbe B, Sagay AS, Adewole IF, Okonkwo P, Kanki PJ, The Apin Pepfar Team EY Tags: Curr HIV Res Source Type: research