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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Role of Adenohypophysotropic Neurohormones in Endocrine Paraadenohypophysial Regulation of Peripheral Target Organs in Rat Ontogeny
We tested the hypothesis that brain-derived chemical stimuli contribute to direct endocrine regulation of peripheral organs during ontogeny before blood-brain barrier closure. Dopamine and gonadotropin-releasing hormone present in high concentration in peripheral blood only before blood-brain barrier closure were chosen as the chemical stimuli. It was shown than dopamine in concentrations equal to its level in the peripheral blood inhibits prolactin secretion in organotypic culture of the pituitary gland from newborn rats via specific receptors. Experiments on organotypic culture of neonatal rat testicles showed that gonad...
Source: Bulletin of Experimental Biology and Medicine - July 29, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

State of neonatal health care in eight countries of the SAARC region, South Asia: how can we make a difference?
Authors: Das JK, Rizvi A, Bhatti Z, Paul V, Bahl R, Shahidullah M, Manandhar D, Stanekzai H, Amarasena S, Bhutta ZA Abstract The South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC) is an organization of eight countries - Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, the Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Afghanistan. The major objectives of this review are to examine trends and progress in newborn and neonatal health care in the region. A landscape analysis of the current state of neonatal mortality, stillbirths and trends over the years for each country and the effective interventions to reduce neonatal mortality and stil...
Source: Paediatrics and international child health - July 28, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Paediatr Int Child Health Source Type: research

Attenuation of hyperoxia-induced lung injury in neonatal rats by 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3
Experimental Lung Research, Volume 41, Issue 6, Page 344-352, August 2015. (Source: Experimental Lung Research)
Source: Experimental Lung Research - July 28, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Gender and estrous cycle influences on behavioral and neurochemical alterations in adult rats neonatally administered ketamine
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Neurobiology)
Source: Journal of Neurobiology - July 28, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Vládia Célia Moreira Borella, Mary V. Seeman, Rafaela Carneiro Cordeiro, Júnia Vieira dos Santos, Marcos Romário Matos de Souza, Ethel Nunes de Sousa Fernandes, Aline Santos Monte, Silvânia Maria Mendes Vasconcelos, John P. Quinn, David F. de Lucena, Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Link between intestinal bacteria, depression found
The complex mechanisms of interaction and dynamics between the gut microbiota and its host have been illuminated by recent research. Data show that relatively minor changes in microbiota profiles or its metabolic activity induced by neonatal stress can have profound effects on host behavior in adulthood. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - July 28, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

The examination of superior mesenteric artery circulation in fetus during pregnancy
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Acute kidney injury and pneumothorax are risk factors for mortality in persistent pulmonary hypertension of the newborn in Thai neonates
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Vaginal delivery or cesarean section at term breech delivery – chance or risk?
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Effects of antepartum therapy for fetal alloimmune thrombocytopenia on maternal lifestyle
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Birth outcomes of male and female patients with infantile hypertrophic pyloric stenosis – a population-based case–control study
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

The outcome of pregnancy with new onset proteinuria without hypertension: retrospective observational study
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Biomarkers in neonatology: the new “omics” of bronchopulmonary dysplasia
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Twins in Ancient Greece: a synopsis
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Bariatric surgery and associated adverse pregnancy outcomes among obese women
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Is the risk of obstetric anal sphincter injuries increased in vaginal twin deliveries?
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Fetal intra-abdominal cysts: accuracy and predictive value of prenatal ultrasound
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Fetal adrenal gland volume and preterm birth: a prospective third-trimester screening evaluation
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Is an isolated ventricular septal defect detected before 24 weeks on ultrasound associated with fetal aneuploidy?
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Comparison of non-synchronized nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure as post-extubation respiratory support in preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome: a randomized controlled trial
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

Vitamin D during pregnancy: why observational studies suggest deficiency and interventional studies show no improvement in clinical outcomes? A narrative review
Abstract A considerable number of studies have examined vitamin D status during pregnancy. Although data from observational studies denote vitamin D hypovitaminosis (deficiency or insufficiency) during pregnancy is associated with a plethora of adverse maternal and neonatal outcomes, data from interventional (supplementation) trials fail to reveal a significant impact on maternal and offspring health. The aim of this narrative review was to critically appraise the methodology of the most representative published randomized controlled trials in an attempt to explain the difference between observational and supp...
Source: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation - July 28, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Premature babies at risk of being “forgotten children”
Children who were either very premature or underweight at birth are linked to a “socially withdrawn personality” and could become “forgotten children” Hide related content:  Show related content read more (Source: Nursing in Practice)
Source: Nursing in Practice - July 28, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: ltrevallion Tags: Baby Care Mental health Editor ' s pick Latest News Source Type: news

Medical News Today: Rise in newborns being admitted to intensive care
Newborn babies - including those who are born at full term and normal weight - are increasingly being admitted to neonatal intensive care units, reveals an analysis of the figures. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - July 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pediatrics / Children's Health Source Type: news

Premature babies more likely to be anxious adults
New research suggests being born early or at a low weight increases the risk of being neurotic and introverted (Source: Telegraph Health)
Source: Telegraph Health - July 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: low birth weight premature baby early introvert. neurotic babies NHS Source Type: news

Perioperative morbidity and mortality in the first year of life: a systematic review (1997–2012)
Conclusions The current literature indicates great variability in mortality and morbidity in the age group under consideration and in its subgroups. However, despite the obvious methodological heterogeneity and absence of specific studies, epidemiological profiles of morbidity and mortality related to anesthesia in children in the first year of life show higher frequency of morbidity and mortality in this age group, with the highest peaks of incidence in the neonates’ anesthesia. (Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology)
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - July 28, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

A novel mutation within the lactase gene (LCT): the first report of congenital lactase deficiency diagnosed in Central Europe
Conclusion: This case demonstrates (a) that congenital lactase deficiency should be considered in cases of severe neonatal diarrhoea, (b) that intestinal biopsies can be avoided in typical cases that are confirmed by genetic testing, and (c) that the associated nephrocalcinosis can be reversed on diet and an appropriate fluid management. (Source: BMC Gastroenterology)
Source: BMC Gastroenterology - July 28, 2015 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Walid FazeliSigrid KaczmarekMartin KirschsteinRené Santer Source Type: research

Exhaled Carbon Dioxide and Neonatal Breathing Patterns in Preterm Infants after Birth
To examine the amount of exhaled carbon dioxide (ECO2) with different breathing patterns in spontaneously breathing preterm infants after birth. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 28, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jessica Nicoll, Po-Yin Cheung, Khalid Aziz, Vishaal Rajani, Megan O'Reilly, Gerhard Pichler, Georg M. Schmölzer Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental Outcomes of Premature Infants Treated for Patent Ductus Arteriosus: A Population-Based Cohort Study
To compare neurodevelopmental outcomes of extremely preterm infants diagnosed with patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) who were treated medically or surgically and those who were not diagnosed with PDA or who did not undergo treatment for PDA. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - July 28, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Estella M. Janz-Robinson, Nadia Badawi, Karen Walker, Barbara Bajuk, Mohamed E. Abdel-Latif, Neonatal Intensive Care Units Network Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A rare case report of neonatal infective endocarditis with concomitant involvement of the mitral and tricuspid valves
We present a rare case of neonatal IE where both mitral and tricuspid valves were affected, the possible mechanism being paradoxic septic emboli passing into the left side of the heart via a patent foramen ovale. (Source: Journal of Indian College of Cardiology)
Source: Journal of Indian College of Cardiology - July 28, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Model of surfactant replacement therapy [Engineering]
Surfactant replacement therapy (SRT) involves instillation of a liquid-surfactant mixture directly into the lung airway tree. It is widely successful for treating surfactant deficiency in premature neonates who develop neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (NRDS). However, when applied to adults with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), early successes were followed by... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - July 28, 2015 Category: Science Authors: Filoche, M., Tai, C.-F., Grotberg, J. B. Tags: Physical Sciences Source Type: research

Docking Studies of Flavonoid Compounds as Inhibitors of β-ketoacyl acyl carrier protein synthase I (Kas I) of Escherichia Coli
In this report, we performed docking study of Escherichia coli (KAS I) and 50 flavonoids. Out of these 50 flavonoids, there are two compounds, genistein and isorhamnetin, that showed the superior binding energy while fully satisfying the conditions of drug likeliness. The predicted binding energy of Genistein and Isorhamnetin toward KAS I are -135.76kcal/mol and -132.42kcal/mol, respectively. These energies favorably compare to the biding energy of known drugs Thiolactomicin and Cerulenin that are -90.26kcal/mol and -99.64kcal/mol, respectively. The method used was docking with the selected Escherichia coli (KAS I-PDB ID -...
Source: Journal of Molecular Graphics and Modelling - July 28, 2015 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Neonatal fatty acid status and neurodevelopmental outcome at 9years
Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are important for prenatal brain development. Previous studies of others assessed outcome until 7years. The associations between neonatal LCPUFA status and long-term developmental outcome are debated. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Corina de Jong, Hedwig K. Kikkert, Jorien Seggers, Gunther Boehm, Tamas Decsi, Mijna Hadders-Algra Source Type: research

Association between positive urine cultures and necrotizing enterocolitis in a large cohort of hospitalized infants
We used a large research database to examine the association between urinary tract infections and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC) in premature infants. (Source: Early Human Development)
Source: Early Human Development - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Leslie C. Pineda, Christoph P. Hornik, Patrick C. Seed, C. Michael Cotten, Matthew M. Laughon, Margarita Bidegain, Reese H. Clark, P. Brian Smith Source Type: research

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This is the first book on the anaesthetic care of the neonate for more than a decade. The 444 pages reflect our increased level of knowledge, with more than 30 contributors from three continents giving a balanced international view. The book follows a very traditional format with opening chapters on relevant physiology, pharmacology, and in theatre airway management. The first half of the book is completed by an overview of the anaesthetic approach to the care of the neonate and monitoring in the operating room. (Source: Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - July 28, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Michael Tremlett Tags: Book review Source Type: research

Neurodevelopmental outcome after neonatal perforator stroke
AimTo assess outcome after neonatal perforator stroke in the largest cohort to date. MethodSurvivors from a cohort of children diagnosed with neonatal perforator stroke using cranial ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging were eligible for inclusion. Recovery and Recurrence Questionnaire score, presence of cerebral palsy (CP), and crude outcome were assessed, specifically (1) the ability to walk independently, (2) participation in regular education, and (3) the presence of epilepsy. ResultsThirty‐seven patients (20 males, 17 females) aged 3 to 14 years (mean age 8y) were included in the study: 14 with isolated single ...
Source: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology - July 27, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Ginette M Ecury‐Goossen, Marit Haer, Liesbeth S Smit, Monique Feijen‐Roon, Maarten Lequin, Rogier C J Jonge, Paul Govaert, Jeroen Dudink Tags: Original Article Source Type: research