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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 9.
One-Year Effect of a Nurse-Led Psychosocial Intervention on Depressive Symptoms in Patients With Head and Neck Cancer: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
Conclusion. The NUCAI was feasible and effective in reducing depressive symptoms in patients with HNC 1 year after HNC treatment, and especially in patients with raised levels of depressive symptoms. The results of this study need to be confirmed in future studies before the NUCAI can be used in daily clinical practice. PMID: 23429740 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The Oncologist - February 21, 2013 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: van der Meulen IC, May AM, Ros WJ, Oosterom M, Hordijk GJ, Koole R, de Leeuw JR Tags: Oncologist Source Type: research
Cognitive trio: relationship with major depression and clinical predictors in Han Chinese women.
CONCLUSIONS: During the worst episode of MD in Han Chinese women, the endorsement of the cognitive trio was associated with a worse course of depression and an increased risk of suicide. Individuals with high levels of neuroticism, many SLEs and high parental protectiveness were at increased risk for these cognitive depressive symptoms. As in Western populations, symptoms of the cognitive trio appear to play a central role in the psychopathology of MD in Chinese women. PMID: 23425530 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wang L, Liu L, Shi S, Gao J, Liu Y, Li Y, Zhang Z, Wang G, Zhang K, Tao M, Gao C, Li K, Wang X, Lv L, Jiang G, Wang X, Jia H, Zhang J, Lu C, Li Y, Li K, Hu C, Ning Y, Li Y, Sun J, Liu T, Zhang Y, Ha B, Tian H, Meng H, Hu J, Chen Y, Deng H, Huang G, Wu W, Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Using daily diaries to study family settings, emotions, and health in everyday life
Despite well documented links between family functioning and long-term physical health problems, prior studies using cross-sectional, laboratory, or traditional longitudinal designs are limited in their ability to address everyday family encounters, emotions, biological processes, and physical health. Here, we describe our ongoing study of family settings and upper respiratory infections (URIs) to demonstrate the value of daily diary approaches. Families completed a daily diary assessing social interactions within and outside the family, daily mood, health behaviors, ...
Source: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Robles, T. F., Reynolds, B. M., Repetti, R. L., Chung, P. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Death of the Alpha: Within‐Community Lethal Violence Among Chimpanzees of the Mahale Mountains National Park
Abstract Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) are capable of extreme violence. They engage in inter‐group, sometimes lethal, aggression that provides the winners with an opportunity to enlarge their territory, increase their food supply and, potentially, attract more mates. Lethal violence between adult males also occurs within groups but this is rare; to date, only four cases (three observed and one inferred) have been recorded despite decades of observation. In consequence, the reasons for within‐group lethal violence in chimpanzees remain unclear. Such aggression may be rare due to the importance of coalitions between male...
Source: American Journal of Primatology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: STEFANO S. K. KABURU, SANA INOUE, NICHOLAS E. NEWTON‐FISHER Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Feeding Ecology of Northern Bearded Sakis (Chiropotes sagulatus) in Guyana
Abstract Bearded sakis (genus Chiropotes) are among the most highly specialized primate seed predators. However, long‐term studies of the genus in continuous forests, with a full community of sympatric primates, are rare. Here I present data on monthly variation in the diet of Chiropotes sagulatus from a long‐term study in a continuous forest in Guyana. Bearded sakis had an extremely diverse diet, exploiting more than 175 species of plants. Consistent with their highly specialized dental morphology for seed eating, seeds made up 75% of the annual diet. Sakis exploited a wide variety of mechanically protected fruits and...
Source: American Journal of Primatology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: CHRISTOPHER A. SHAFFER Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Gesture Use by Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): Differences Between Sexes in Inter‐ and Intra‐Sexual Interactions
This study shows there are distinct strategies utilized by the two sexes and these differences may be explained by their differing social pressures.
Source: American Journal of Primatology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: NICOLE M. SCOTT Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Influence of Heavy Snow on the Feeding Behavior of Japanese Macaques (Macaca Fuscata) in Northern Japan
Abstract Natural disasters can degrade primate habitat and alter feeding behavior. Here, we examined the influence of unusually heavy snow on diet and feeding‐site use by Japanese macaques (Macaca fuscata) in northern Japan. To compare the winter‐feeding behavior under different snow conditions, we recorded the plant species foraged on by macaques in multiple transects of the Shirakami Mountains from 2008 to 2012 (excluding 2011). We used cluster analysis to describe foraged plant assemblages, and applied multiple dimensional scaling and decision tree modeling to evaluate annual variation in feeding‐site use by macaq...
Source: American Journal of Primatology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: HIROTO ENARI, HARUKA SAKAMAKI‐ENARI Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Introduction to Special Issue on Primate Neuroethology
Source: American Journal of Primatology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kimberley A. Phillips Tags: INTRODUCTION Source Type: research
Chinese American Immigrant Mothers' Discussion of Emotion With Children: Relations to Cultural Orientations
This study examined the unique relations of American and Chinese cultural orientations to the content and quality of first-generation Chinese American immigrant mothers’ emotion discussion with their school-aged children (age = 5 to 9 years). Mother-child dyads (n = 187) were videotaped during a storytelling task, and various aspects of mothers’ emotion talk were coded. Mothers self-reported on their cultural orientations in language proficiency and behaviors (i.e., media use and social affiliations). Controlling for socioeconomic status, mother’s age, child age, gender, and generation status, as well as ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tao, A., Zhou, Q., Lau, N., Liu, H. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Cultural Differences in Moral Justifications Enhance Understanding of Chinese and Canadian Children's Moral Decisions
Chinese, Chinese-Canadian, and Euro-Canadian children 7, 9, and 11 years of age were presented scenarios in which story characters either lied or told the truth to help themselves but harm a collective, or vice versa. Children classified, evaluated, and justified their evaluations of the truthful or untruthful statements in each scenario. Cultural differences emerged in the children’s evaluations but were especially apparent in their justifications. Chinese children rated more positively statements that helped a collective and harmed an individual than vice versa, and they showed concerns for a group over the self wh...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lau, Y. L., Cameron, C. A., Chieh, K. M., O'Leary, J., Fu, G., Lee, K. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Early Temperament in Japan, the United States, and Russia: Do Cross-Cultural Differences Decrease With Age?
The present study addressed differences in infant and toddler temperament, utilizing translations of the Infant Behavior Questionnaire–Revised (IBQ-R) and the Early Childhood Behavior Questionnaire (ECBQ), for children growing up in the United States, Russia, and Japan. Results indicated a number of significant differences in higher-order dimensions and fine-grained components of early temperament between the three cultural groups. U.S. children scored higher for Surgency and related traits, compared to Japanese and Russian children; Negative Affectivity showed the opposite pattern of cross-cultural differences, wher...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Slobodskaya, H. R., Gartstein, M. A., Nakagawa, A., Putnam, S. P. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
The Role of Personality Traits, Attachment Style, and Satisfaction With Relationships in the Subjective Well-Being of Americans, Portuguese, and Mozambicans
This article addresses the unique contribution of extroversion, neuroticism, attachment security, and satisfaction with relationships to SWB across three samples of 1,574 university students: 497 from North Carolina (United States of America), 544 from Maputo (Mozambique), and 533 from Lisbon (Portugal). Structural equation modeling analysis showed that in the American sample, emotional stability was a more important predictor of global SWB than satisfaction with relationships. In the Mozambican sample, satisfaction with relationships was far more important as a predictor of SWB than emotional stability. In the Portuguese ...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Galinha, I. C., Oishi, S., Pereira, C., Wirtz, D., Esteves, F. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Changes in Pronoun Use in American Books and the Rise of Individualism, 1960-2008
Change over time in culture can appear among individuals and in cultural products such as song lyrics, television, and books. This analysis examines changes in pronoun use in the Google Books ngram database of 766,513 American books published 1960-2008. We hypothesize that pronoun use will reflect increasing individualism and decreasing collectivism in American culture. Consistent with this hypothesis, the use of first person plural pronouns (e.g., we, us) decreased 10% first person singular pronouns (I, me) increased 42%, and second person pronouns (you, your) quadrupled. These results complement previous research finding...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Twenge, J. M., Campbell, W. K., Gentile, B. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Compassionate and Self-Image Goals in the United States and Japan
We examined the factor structure of compassionate and self-image goals scale among American undergraduates, Japanese undergraduates, and Japanese adults and obtained similar correlated two-factor solutions in all three samples. In all three samples, compassionate goals were associated with non-zero-sum belief, growth-seeking, and self-compassion, whereas self-image goals were associated with validation-seeking and defensive responses to conflicts. Although compassionate goals correlated with interdependence in Japan, controlling for interdependence did not affect the above associations.
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Niiya, Y., Crocker, J., Mischkowski, D. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Similarities and Differences in Implicit Personality Concepts across Ethnocultural Groups in South Africa
Using a combined emic–etic approach, the present study investigates similarities and differences in the indigenous personality concepts of ethnocultural groups in South Africa. Semistructured interviews asking for self- and other-descriptions were conducted with 1,027 Blacks, 58 Indians, and 105 Whites, speakers of the country’s 11 official languages. A model with 9 broad personality clusters subsuming the Big Five—Conscientiousness, Emotional Stability, Extraversion, Facilitating, Integrity, Intellect, Openness, Relationship Harmony, and Soft-Heartedness (Nel et al., 2012)—was examined. The 9 clust...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Valchev, V. H., Nel, J. A., van de Vijver, F. J. R., Meiring, D., de Bruin, G. P., Rothmann, S. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Stigma Toward Mental Illness: A Cross-Cultural Comparison of Taiwanese, Chinese Immigrants to Australia and Anglo-Australians
This study investigated the relationship between culture and attitudes toward mental illness. In total, 196 men and 347 women were recruited from Australia and Taiwan. All participants completed a questionnaire assessing their attitudes toward mental illness. Australian-born Chinese and Chinese immigrants to Australia also completed a questionnaire assessing cultural values. Chinese immigrants to Australia and Taiwanese held more stigmatizing attitudes than Australian-born Chinese and Anglo-Australians. Australian-born Chinese adopted Australian cultural practices more than Chinese immigrants, but these groups did not diff...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mellor, D., Carne, L., Shen, Y.-C., McCabe, M., Wang, L. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Ethnic Variation in Emotion Regulation: Do Cultural Differences End Where Psychopathology Begins?
Emotion regulation (ER) via cognitive reappraisal has been shown to be superior to the use of expressive suppression regarding several aspects of mental well-being. However, a cultural perspective suggests that the consequences of emotional suppression may be moderated by cultural values. In order to examine whether this also applies to clinical samples, we investigated healthy and depressed German women and healthy and depressed Turkish immigrants living in Germany. Groups were compared in terms of frequency of ER strategies (cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression) and with which different aspects of mental well...
Source: Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Arens, E. A., Balkir, N., Barnow, S. Tags: Original Reports Source Type: research
Maintaining Lasting Improvements: One-Year Follow-Up of Children With Severe Chronic Pain Undergoing Multimodal Inpatient Treatment
Conclusions 1 year after completing a multimodal inpatient program adolescents report less chronic pain, disability, and emotional distress. Clinically significant changes remain stable. Adolescents with high levels of emotional distress at admission may require special attention to maintain positive treatment outcomes. Specialized inpatient therapy is effective for children with chronic pain.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hirschfeld, G., Hechler, T., Dobe, M., Wager, J., von Lutzau, P., Blankenburg, M., Kosfelder, J., Zernikow, B. Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
What Does It Take? Comparing Intensive Rehabilitation to Outpatient Treatment for Children With Significant Pain-Related Disability
This study compared outcomes between day hospital pain rehabilitation patients and patients engaged in outpatient multidisciplinary pain treatment. Methods This study included 100 children who presented for an initial tertiary care pain clinic evaluation. 50 patients enrolled in intensive day hospital pain rehabilitation and 50 patients pursued outpatient multidisciplinary treatment. Across 2 time points, children completed measures of functional disability, pain-related fear, and readiness to change and parents completed measures of pain-related fear and readiness to change. Results Across both treatme...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Simons, L. E., Sieberg, C. B., Pielech, M., Conroy, C., Logan, D. E. Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
Interactive Versus Passive Distraction for Acute Pain Management in Young Children: The Role of Selective Attention and Development
Conclusions These findings suggest that younger preschoolers can benefit from interactive distraction to manage acute pain, provided that the distraction activity is developmentally appropriate. Research is needed to determine whether developmental issues are more important moderators of children’s responses to distraction when faced with more challenging task demands.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Wohlheiter, K. A., Dahlquist, L. M. Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
Pain Catastrophizing in Youths With Physical Disabilities and Chronic Pain
Conclusions The study extends previous findings of significant associations between catastrophizing and both pain intensity and psychological adjustment to samples of youths with chronic pain and disabilities not previously examined. Further research that examines the causal association between catastrophizing and outcomes in youths with chronic pain and physical disability is warranted.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Engel, J. M., Wilson, S., Tran, S. T., Jensen, M. P., Ciol, M. A. Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
Qualitative Development of the PROMIS(R) Pediatric Stress Response Item Banks
Conclusions Child- and parent-report versions of the item banks assess children’s somatic and psychological states when demands tax their adaptive capabilities.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Bevans, K. B., Gardner, W., Pajer, K., Riley, A. W., Forrest, C. B. Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
Stigmatization Predicts Psychological Adjustment and Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents With a Facial Difference
Conclusions Identification of stigma experiences and appropriate support may be crucial to enhancing psychological adjustment and quality of life in children with facial disfigurement.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Masnari, O., Schiestl, C., Rossler, J., Gutlein, S. K., Neuhaus, K., Weibel, L., Meuli, M., Landolt, M. A. Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
Self-Identified Goals of Adolescents With Cancer and Healthy Peers: Content, Appraisals, and Correlates
Conclusions Despite similarities between groups, evidence supports that adolescents with cancer made changes to their repertoire of goals, suggesting the need to balance various priorities.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Schwartz, L. A., Parisi, M. L. Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
What Mom and Dad Don't Know CAN Hurt You: Adolescent Disclosure to and Secrecy From Parents About Type 1 Diabetes
Conclusions Disclosure to parents appears to be an important component of how parents get their knowledge about adolescents’ diabetes management, but may be most beneficial for diabetes management when it occurs together with low secrecy.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Osborn, P., Berg, C. A., Hughes, A. E., Pham, P., Wiebe, D. J. Tags: Regular Articles Source Type: research
Commentary for Pioneers in Pediatric Psychology: Thirty-Seven Years of Research, Training, and Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Lavigne, J. V. Tags: Pioneers in Pediatric Psychology Source Type: research
Growing Up in the Society of Pediatric Psychology: Reflections of an Early Career Psychologist
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Simons, L. E. Tags: Routh Early Career Award in Pediatric Psychology Source Type: research
The Social Construction of Professional Mentorship
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Steele, R. G. Tags: The Martin P. Levin Mentorship Award Source Type: research
Adolescent Bariatric Surgery: "You May Ask Yourself: How Did I Get Here?"
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zeller, M. H. Tags: The Logan Wright Distinguished Research Award Source Type: research
Journal of Pediatric Psychology: Volume 38, Number 2 * March 2013
Source: Journal of Pediatric Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Cover / Standing Material Source Type: research
Trauma and Stress Among Older Adults in Prison: Breaking the Cycle of Silence
This study helps to break the cycle of silence of trauma and stress among older adults in prison. The complex trauma histories and resulting needs of older adults in prison are a significant public health challenge that must be addressed. Specialized trauma-informed assessment and intervention strategies that may work more effectively with this sensitive population, especially in the challenging prison environment, are discussed.
Source: Traumatology recent issues - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Courtney, D., Maschi, T. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Heterogeneity of the World Assumptions of Older Adults in Prison: Do Differing Worldviews Have a Mental Health Effect?
The purpose of this study was to develop a set of profiles on incarcerated older adults, which map the association between world assumptions, trauma, and indicators of mental health, including stress, depression, anxiety, hostility, and paranoia. A sample of 667 incarcerated older adults in prison completed a self-administered survey that included the World Assumptions Scale, Brief Symptom Inventory, and an index of subjective trauma experiences. Latent class analysis was used to model the heterogeneity in the sample. The authors identified three distinct classes of world assumption profiles among the study participants: a...
Source: Traumatology recent issues - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Maschi, T., Baer, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Aftermath of Childhood Trauma on Late Life Mental and Physical Health: A Review of the Literature
This article is an examination of the empirical literature published in peer-reviewed journals, which investigated samples of adults aged 50 and older, who had experienced trauma, in childhood with follow-up of the impact on later life mental and physical health. Articles were identified through searches of EBSCO host databases, such as PubMed, SocioIndex, and PsychoLit. Search terms such as childhood trauma and cumulative trauma were paired with the term older adults in varying combinations. The collective findings of 23 studies published between 1996 and 2001 suggested that trauma first documented as occurring in childho...
Source: Traumatology recent issues - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Maschi, T., Baer, J., Morrissey, M. B., Moreno, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Predeployment Mental Health and Trauma Exposure of Expatriate Humanitarian Aid Workers: Risk and Resilience Factors
Expatriate aid workers (n = 214) representing 19 nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) completed a predeployment survey, including measures of mental health (depression, anxiety, and posttraumatic stress disorder [PTSD]); risk factors (childhood trauma, family risk, and adult trauma exposure); and resilience factors (coping, social support, and healthy lifestyle) to assess their baseline mental health during preparation for deployment. Multiple regression analysis indicated that childhood trauma/family risk was not significantly related to depression, anxiety, or PTSD symptoms when controlling for report of prior mental ill...
Source: Traumatology recent issues - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Eriksson, C. B., Lopes Cardozo, B., Foy, D. W., Sabin, M., Ager, A., Snider, L., Scholte, W. F., Kaiser, R., Olff, M., Rijnen, B., Gotway Crawford, C., Zhu, J., Simon, W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Factors Affecting the Completion of Trauma-Focused Treatments: What Can Make a Difference?
This study expands our understanding of treatment attrition by investigating factors predicting treatment dropout in a large national data set of clinic-referred children and parents seeking trauma-specific psychotherapy services. Using de-identifed data (N = 2,579) generated by the National Child Traumatic Stress Network Core Data Set collected between spring 2004 and fall 2010, the study uses sequential logistic regression analyses to assess prediction of the probability of a given subject having prematurely dropped out of treatment. The findings of this study suggest that African American race, placement in state custod...
Source: Traumatology recent issues - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sprang, G., Craig, C. D., Clark, J. J., Vergon, K., Tindall, M. S., Cohen, J., Gurwitch, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Assessment of the Psychosocial Predictors of Health-Related Quality of Life in a PTSD Clinical Sample
Although a wide array of the scientific literature explores the links between posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, coping strategies, and social support and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) as an outcome variable, their connections remain unclear. It is unknown whether PTSD symptom severity, coping strategies, and social support explain each a unique portion of variance of HRQoL of individuals with PTSD. In the current study, based on pretreatment results of a broader study assessing a specific intervention for PTSD, 94 individuals with PTSD were screened for psychiatric disorders and completed several ques...
Source: Traumatology recent issues - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nachar, N., Guay, S., Beaulieu-Prevost, D., Marchand, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
American Muslim Physicians' Experiences Since 9/11: Cultural Trauma and the Formation of Islamic Identity
The September 11, 2001 attacks, a defining moment for many Americans, have had a traumatic effect on their collective well-being. The attacks fit Alexander’s definition of "cultural trauma." Using his conceptual framework, we explore how 9/11 and the ensuing discourse and events have affected one particular segment of the American public: American Muslim physicians (AMPs). We examine how these traumatic events have shaped their individual and collective response and changed their sense of collective identity. A semistructured individual interview protocol was used to collect data from 62 AMPs. A grounded thematic ana...
Source: Traumatology recent issues - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Abu-Ras, W., Senzai, F., Laird, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
A Social Worker's Duty to Care: The Self-Other Dimension of Disaster Response
Subsequent to the events of September 11th, there has been an increased interest among mental health professionals to develop strategies that address psychological and social manifestations of disasters. One understudied area relates to the ways in which professionals sort out inner conflict among personal and professional interests and obligations following a disaster. In this article, we highlight the results of an international qualitative study, which explored the dialectical tensions that arise when professionals confront the task of serving clients during a disaster while concomitantly assimilating postdisaster react...
Source: Traumatology recent issues - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sweifach, J., Linzer, N., LaPorte, H. H. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Belief about immutability of moral character and punitiveness toward criminal offenders
Abstract The present research examined the association between belief about immutability of moral character and punitiveness toward criminal offenders. Overall, participants who believed that moral character is immutable (entity theorists) were more punitive than those who believed that it is changeable (incremental theorists). More important, the present research identified two mediational paths: Entity theorists made more internal attribution of criminal behavior and held stronger expectation of offenders' recidivism, both of which in turn led to stronger punitiveness. Also, contrary to some researchers' speculation, ent...
Source: Journal of Applied Social Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kim‐Pong Tam, Tse‐Mei Shu, Henry Kin‐Shing Ng, Yuk‐Yue Tong Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Motivation for physical activity in young adults with physical disabilities during a rehabilitation stay: a longitudinal test of self‐determination theory
Abstract We tested a self‐determination theory (SDT) process model during a 3 week physical activity rehabilitation stay among young adults with a physical disability (N = 44, Mage = 24.7, SD = 5.1). As hypothesized, perceived autonomy support positively predicted needs satisfaction at the end of the stay (r = .38, p < .01). Further, needs satisfaction was positively linked to changes in autonomous motivation for physical activity (r = .47, p < .01). Both changes in autonomous motivation and self‐efficacy were associated with physical activity increases over the stay (r = .57, p ...
Source: Journal of Applied Social Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martin Saebu, Marit Sørensen, Hallgeir Halvari Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Exploring trust of mobile applications based on user behaviors: an empirical study
Abstract This paper explores trust of mobile applications based on users' behaviors. It proposes a trust behavior construct through principal component analysis, reliability analysis, and confirmatory factor analysis based on the data collected from a questionnaire survey with more than 1,500 participants. It is indicated that a user's trust behavior is composed of three principal constructs: using behavior, reflection behavior, and correlation behavior. They are further delineated into 12 measurable sub‐constructs and relate to a number of external factors. The data analysis showed that the questionnaire has positive ps...
Source: Journal of Applied Social Psychology - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Zheng Yan, Yan Dong, Valtteri Niemi, Guoliang Yu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Toward a unified framework for understanding the various symptoms and etiology of autism and Williams syndrome
Abstract To date, the unifying pathogenesis, or etiology, of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) and Williams syndrome (WS) remains unknown, partly because of the broad variation of phenotypes and the heterogeneity of syndrome expression. In particular, in order to comprehend the etiological mechanisms of their characteristic behaviors, great importance should be placed on realizing how the neural networks of individuals with autistic disorders and WS are formed and work. As such, in this paper, cortical network abnormalities, based on data from a variety of research fields, are presented: psychopathological, histopathologica...
Source: Japanese Psychological Research - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Toshio Inui Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
The recognized benefits of negative thinking/affect in depression and anxiety: Developing a scale
Abstract Negative thinking/affect (NTA) in depression and anxiety is an important target of clinical intervention. However, individuals recognize the benefit of NTA. There is a need to develop a scale for empirical studies of NTA. Two‐hundred and fifty‐nine Japanese university students were assigned to answer: (a) the state in the past week (positive affect (PA) and Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale), (b) the current state (PA and State‐Trait Anxiety Inventory‐State (STAI‐S)), and (c) the usual state (PA and STAI‐Trait), after completing the Recognized Benefit of NTA Scale (RBNTA). Another 291 s...
Source: Japanese Psychological Research - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jun Sasaki, Shinji Sakamoto, Aiko Moriwaki, Kai Inoue, Kenkichi Ugajin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
It's Not Just What We Encode, but How We Encode It: Associations Between Neuroticism and Learning
ConclusionsThe authors discuss possible mechanisms of learning identified by these tasks and consider what implications their observations have for an understanding of the relationship between Neuroticism and mental health problems.
Source: Journal of Personality - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nicola C. Byrom, Robin A. Murphy Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Couple-oriented interventions for chronic illness: Where do we go from here?
There is emerging evidence that couple-oriented behavioral interventions (CIs) for chronic illness yield benefits for patients. However, conceptual and methodological advances are critical for strengthening the impact and evaluation of this treatment approach. First, it would be useful to develop CIs that work for multiple chronic conditions and are tailored to couples’ needs, and that can be delivered in ways that help couples apply new skills to challenges that they encounter in daily life. Second, there is a need for studies that compare CIs to evidence-based, patient-oriented interventions, and that assess mechan...
Source: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martire, L. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Dyadic coping with stepfamily conflict: Demand and withdraw responses between husbands and wives
Demand–withdraw patterns of spousal response to family conflict were examined among 83 couples living in a stepfamily context. Using daily process methods, husbands and wives were each asked to report separately on incidents of relationship conflict, responses to this conflict, and subsequent negative affect for a period of seven consecutive days. Data were analyzed using multilevel modeling and interpreted from a dyadic coping perspective. Findings indicated that when husbands engaged in demand or withdraw responses both members of the dyad subsequently reported declines in mood. Wives demanding and withdrawing had ...
Source: Journal of Social and Personal Relationships - February 21, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: King, D. B., DeLongis, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research