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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Excessive Daytime Sleepiness in Patients With ADHD—Diagnostic and Management Strategies
Abstract The links between attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and sleep disorders remain unclear. Specific sleep disorders are a frequent comorbid condition associated with ADHD according to a categorical approach. However, sleep disorders can also induce ADHD-like symptoms according to a dimensional approach and are thought to be the consequence of excessive daytime sleepiness. It may thus be difficult for clinicians to differentiate the diagnosis of ADHD comorbid with a sleep disorder from sleep disorders with ADHD-like symptoms. This distinction could be important for the appropriate management of...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Do brief alcohol interventions reduce tobacco use among adolescents and young adults? A systematic review and meta-analysis
Abstract This meta-analysis synthesizes studies of brief interventions (BIs) that targeted alcohol consumption and reported both alcohol and tobacco outcomes. It examines whether BIs reduce alcohol and tobacco use for adolescents and young adults among interventions that (1) directly targeted tobacco and alcohol use, or (2) did not target tobacco use but measured it as a secondary outcome. Multiple databases and grey literature sources were searched (1980–2012) resulting in the identification of 18 randomized or controlled quasi-experimental studies (5949 participants). Analyses were conducted using random effec...
Source: Journal of Behavioral Medicine - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Does intensive multimodal treatment for maternal ADHD improve the efficacy of parent training for children with ADHD? A randomized controlled multicenter trial
ConclusionsThe response in children's externalizing psychopathology did not differ between maternal treatment groups. However, multimodal treatment was associated with more improvement in maternal ADHD. Child and maternal treatment gains were stable (CCT‐ISRCTN73911400). (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomas Jans, Christian Jacob, Andreas Warnke, Ulrike Zwanzger, Silke Groß‐Lesch, Swantje Matthies, Patricia Borel, Klaus Hennighausen, Barbara Haack‐Dees, Michael Rösler, Wolfgang Retz, Alexander Gontard, Susann Hänig, Esther Sobanski, Barbara Alm, Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Problematic Internet Use and Its Correlates Among Students from Three Medical Schools Across Three Countries
Conclusions It is important to address problematic internet use among medical students. The correlates can help identify those at increased risk. (Source: Academic Psychiatry)
Source: Academic Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sleep Quality Among Low-Income Young Women in Southeast Texas Predicts Changes in Perceived Stress Through Hurricane Ike
Conclusions:Sleep quality after Hurricane Ike, an intense natural disaster producing substantial damage, impacted changes in perceived stress over time. Our findings suggest the possibility that providing victims of disasters with effective interventions to improve sleep quality could help to reduce their perceived stress over time.Citation:Wu ZH, Stevens RG, Tennen H, North CS, Grady JJ, Holzer C. Sleep quality among low-income young women in southeast texas predicts changes in perceived stress through hurricane Ike. SLEEP 2015;38(7):1121–1128. (Source: Sleep)
Source: Sleep - June 30, 2015 Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

The Belgian experience with triple therapy with boceprevir and telaprevir in genotype 1 infected patients who inject drugs
ConclusionsThere are no reasons to exclude PWID from treatment with boceprevir, telaprevir and novel antiviral therapies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Journal of Medical Virology)
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - June 30, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: A Arain, S Bourgeois, C de Galocsy, J Henrion, P Deltenre, F d'Heygere, C George, B Bastens, L Van Overbeke, R Verrando, L Bruckers, C Mathei, F Buntinx, H Van Vlierberghe, S Francque, W Laleman, C Moreno, F Janssens, F Nevens, G Robaeys Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Brain calcification process and phenotypes according to age and sex: Lessons from SLC20A2, PDGFB, and PDGFRB mutation carriers
Primary Familial Brain Calcification (PFBC) is a dominantly inherited cerebral microvascular calcifying disorder with diverse neuropsychiatric expression. Three causative genes have been identified: SLC20A2, PDGFRB and, recently, PDGFB, whose associated phenotype has not yet been extensively studied. We included in the largest published case series of genetically confirmed PFBC, 19 PDGFB (including three new mutations), 24 SLC20A2 (including 4 new mutations), and 14 PDGFRB mutation carriers, from two countries (France and Brazil). We studied clinical features and applied our visual rating scale on all 49 available CT scans...
Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics - June 30, 2015 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Gaël Nicolas, Camille Charbonnier, Roberta Rodrigues de Lemos, Anne‐Claire Richard, Olivier Guillin, David Wallon, Andrea Legati, Daniel Geschwind, Giovanni Coppola, Thierry Frebourg, Dominique Campion, João Ricardo Mendes de Oliveira, Didier Hannequi Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Physical activity in adolescents who later developed schizophrenia: A prospective case-control study from the Young-HUNT
Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, Ahead of Print. (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: article Source Type: research

Enhancing cognition using transcranial electrical stimulation
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2015 Source:Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences Author(s): Emiliano Santarnecchi , Anna-Katharine Brem , Erica Levenbaum , Todd Thompson , Roi Cohen Kadosh , Alvaro Pascual-Leone Noninvasive brain stimulation is being widely investigated to understand and modulate human brain function, and offers novel therapeutic approaches to neurologic and psychiatric disorders. Here, we focus on the growing interest in the potential of noninvasive brain stimulation, particularly transcranial Electrical Stimulation (tES), to enhance cognitive abilities in healthy individuals through the mo...
Source: Current Opinion in Behavioral Sciences - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Psychiatry Resident Quality of Life
Conclusion Despite the stresses of residency training, residents from a variety of programs in one geographic area report an encouraging quality of life on the MQLI. Psychiatry resident quality of life is similar to that reported in other populations of mental health professionals. (Source: Academic Psychiatry)
Source: Academic Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Transcultural Psychiatry Reading Group: a Learner-Led Approach to Cultural Psychiatry
(Source: Academic Psychiatry)
Source: Academic Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Resident Evaluation of a Required Telepsychiatry Clinical Experience
Conclusions More evaluation of telepsychiatry training, elective or required, is needed. The context of this training offered potential side benefits of learning about interprofessional and collaborative care for the underserved. (Source: Academic Psychiatry)
Source: Academic Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Subcortical brain alterations in major depressive disorder: findings from the ENIGMA Major Depressive Disorder working group
I B Hickie, R Goya-Maldonado, B Krämer, O Gruber, B Couvy-Duchesne, M E Rentería, L T Strike, N T Mills, G I de Zubicaray, K L McMahon, S E Medland, N G Martin, N A Gillespie, M J Wright, G B Hall, G M MacQueen, E M Frey, A Carballedo, L S van Velzen, M J van Tol, N J van der Wee, I M Veer, H Walter, K Schnell, E Schramm, C Normann, D Schoepf, C Konrad, B Zurowski, T Nickson, A M McIntosh, M Papmeyer, H C Whalley, J E Sussmann, B R Godlewska, P J Cowen, F H Fischer, M Rose, B W J H Penninx, P M Thompson & D P Hibar (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: L SchmaalD J VeltmanT G M van ErpP G SämannT FrodlN JahanshadE LoehrerH TiemeierA HofmanW J NiessenM W VernooijM A IkramK WittfeldH J GrabeA BlockK HegenscheidH VölzkeD HoehnM CzischJ LagopoulosS N HattonI B HickieR Goya-MaldonadoB KrämerO GruberB Couv Source Type: research

Divergent responses of the amygdala and ventral striatum predict stress-related problem drinking in young adults: possible differential markers of affective and impulsive pathways of risk for alcohol use disorder
A R Hariri (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Y S NikolovaA R KnodtS R RadtkeA R Hariri Source Type: research

Polygenic dissection of major depression clinical heterogeneity
inflammation working group, D I Boomsma & B W J H Penninx (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Y MilaneschiF LamersW J PeyrotA AbdellaouiG WillemsenJ-J HottengaR JansenH MbarekA DehghanC LuD I BoomsmaB W J H Penninx Source Type: research

Neural signatures of human fear conditioning: an updated and extended meta-analysis of fMRI studies
Parcet & J Radua (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M A FullanaB J HarrisonC Soriano-MasB VervlietN CardonerA Àvila-ParcetJ Radua Source Type: research

Comorbidity and correlates of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder in 6–8-year-old children with ADHD
This study aimed to characterize the nature and impact of disruptive mood dysregulation disorder (DMDD) in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) including its co-occurrence with other comorbidities and its independent influence on daily functioning. Children with ADHD (6–8 years) were recruited through 43 Melbourne schools, using a 2-stage screening (parent and teacher Conners 3 ADHD index) and case-confirmation (Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, Version IV; [DISC-IV]) procedure. Proxy DMDD diagnosis was confirmed via items from the oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and major depressi...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Familial patterns of hoarding symptoms
ConclusionsHoarding symptoms appear to be common among first‐degree relatives of people who hoard and are also found among relatives of control samples. The predominance of hoarding symptoms among female relatives may indicate genetic or modeling transmission but this requires further study using large twin samples. Clinicians should consider that family members may also have significant hoarding symptoms. (Source: Depression and Anxiety)
Source: Depression and Anxiety - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gail Steketee, Andrea A. Kelley, Jeremy A. Wernick, Jordana Muroff, Randy O. Frost, David F. Tolin Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

A meta‐analysis of cognitive behavior therapy and medication for child obsessive–compulsive disorder: moderators of treatment efficacy, response, and remission
ConclusionsFindings demonstrate the treatment effects for CBT and SRIs across three important outcome metrics, and provide evidence for moderators of CBT across trials. (Source: Depression and Anxiety)
Source: Depression and Anxiety - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joseph F. McGuire, John Piacentini, Adam B. Lewin, Erin A. Brennan, Tanya K. Murphy, Eric A. Storch Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Efficacy of estradiol in perimenopausal depression: so much promise and so few answers
ConclusionsOne can generalize from the studies reviewed here only with great caution, but there is little evidence to support the use of estradiol to improve mood in nondepressed patients (not surprisingly) and some evidence to support the antidepressant efficacy of estradiol in perimenopausal but not postmenopausal women. (Source: Depression and Anxiety)
Source: Depression and Anxiety - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David R. Rubinow, Sarah Lanier Johnson, Peter J. Schmidt, Susan Girdler, Bradley Gaynes Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Mental health disorders subsequent to gestational diabetes mellitus differ by race/ethnicity
ConclusionsThe incidence of mental health disorders subsequent to GDM was attenuated after adjustment for clinical and socioeconomic factors. Moreover, race/ethnicity influenced this relationship. Further investigation is warranted to clarify potential underlying mechanisms. (Source: Depression and Anxiety)
Source: Depression and Anxiety - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rebecca Walmer, Jennifer Huynh, Julia Wenger, Elizabeth Ankers, Allison Bryant Mantha, Jeffrey Ecker, Ravi Thadhani, Elyse Park, Rhonda Bentley‐Lewis Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The american society of clinical psychopharmacology survey of psychopharmacologists’ practice patterns for the treatment of mood disorders
ConclusionsParticipating psychopharmacologists treating adults with mood disorders report prescribing medications that largely mirror the evidence base with only a few notable exceptions, in consideration of the characteristics of definable clinical subpopulations. (Source: Depression and Anxiety)
Source: Depression and Anxiety - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joseph F. Goldberg, Marlene P. Freeman, Richard Balon, Leslie Citrome, Michael E. Thase, John M. Kane, Maurizio Fava Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Frequency and change mechanisms of psychotherapy among depressed patients: study protocol for a multicenter randomized trial comparing twice-weekly versus once-weekly sessions of CBT and IPT
This study aims to compare treatment outcome of twice-weekly versus once-weekly sessions of CBT and IPT. We expect twice-weekly sessions to be more effective and lead to more rapid recovery of depressive symptoms in comparison to once-weekly sessions. Both therapy-specific and non-specific process measures will be included to unravel the mechanisms of change in psychotherapy for depression. Besides the use of self-reports and behavioral observations, this study will also examine underlying biological processes by collecting blood samples.MethodIn a multicenter randomized trial, two hundred depressed patients will be recrui...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sanne BruijniksJudith BosmansFrenk PeetersSteven HollonPatricia van OppenMichael van den BoogaardPieter DingemansePim CuijpersArnoud ArntzGerdien FranxMarcus Huibers Source Type: research

Expanding care for perinatal women with depression (EXPONATE): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial of an intervention package for perinatal depression in primary care
Background: Depression is common among women during perinatal period and is associated with long-term adverse consequences for the mother and infant. In Nigeria, as in many other low- and-middle-income countries (LMIC), perinatal depression usually goes unrecognized and untreated. The aim of EXPONATE is to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of an intervention package for perinatal depression delivered by community midwives in primary maternal care in which physician support and enhanced patient compliance are implemented using mobile phones.Methods/Study designA pragmatic two-arm parallel cluster randomized cont...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Oye GurejeBibilola OladejiRicardo ArayaAlan MontgomeryLola KolaLaurence KirmayerPhyllis ZelkowitzDanielle Groleau Source Type: research

Coping strategies and postpartum depressive symptoms: A structural equation modelling approach
Conclusions Early identification of potential risk for symptomatology of depression postpartum should include assessment of neuroticism, life events, social support and coping strategies. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emotional regulation of mental pain as moderator of suicidal ideation in military settings
Conclusion Emotional regulation of mental pain moderates the link between mental pain and suicide ideation. Soldiers with high mental pain and low regulation of mental pain exhibited higher suicidal ideation. These findings may assist in planning prevention programs in the army and similar settings. (Source: European Psychiatry)
Source: European Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Children’s obsessive compulsive Symptoms and fear-potentiated startle Responses
In this report we lay the groundwork for future investigation of the emotion regulation processes of youth with obsessive compulsive (OC) symptoms. Using a non-clinical community sample of school-aged children, we evaluated the association between parent-reported child OC symptoms and children’s startle responses to experimental conditions with differing levels of threat. Children with higher OC symptoms evidenced signs of context insensitivity in their startle response and greater subjective distress. Specifically, greater youth OC symptoms were associated with higher startle magnitude during baseline and safe condition...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Integrated Care at the Interface of Psychiatry and Primary Care Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease
Publication date: Available online 29 June 2015 Source:Psychiatric Clinics of North America Author(s): Robert M. McCarronTeaser Patients with mental illness, particularly serious mental illness, are more likely to suffer from common disorders without optimal treatment. Changes in preventive practice patterns cannot be fully realized on a large scale until clinicians are trained how to routinely provide this care. Psychiatrists may consider using preventive care strategies in the area of cardiovascular health, as cardiovascular disease is the most common cause of death and disproportionately affects patients with mental i...
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychometric precision in phenotype definition is a useful step in molecular genetic investigation of psychiatric disorders
dace, P B Jones & the LHA genetics group (Source: Translational Psychiatry)
Source: Translational Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M K XuD GaysinaJ H BarnettL ScorielsL N van de LagemaatA WongM RichardsT J CroudaceP B Jones Source Type: research

Major depressive disorder and current psychological distress moderate the effect of polygenic risk for obesity on body mass index
orteous & A M McIntosh (Source: Translational Psychiatry)
Source: Translational Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: T-K ClarkeL S HallA M Fernandez-PujalsD J MacIntyreP ThomsonC HaywardB H SmithS PadmanabhanL J HockingI J DearyD J PorteousA M McIntosh Source Type: research

Increased anterior insula activity in anxious individuals is linked to diminished perceived control
amp; W C Drevets (Source: Translational Psychiatry)
Source: Translational Psychiatry - June 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R P AlvarezN KirlicM MisakiJ BodurkaJ L RhudyM P PaulusW C Drevets Source Type: research