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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Reliability and Validity of the Korean Version of the Symptom Checklist-Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Scale.
This study investigates the reliability and validity of the Korean version of the SCL-PTSD among 104 psychiatric outpatients with PTSD, caused by interpersonal (n = 50) or non-interpersonal trauma (n = 54). Self-report data of the SCL-PTSD, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and Impact of Events Scale-Revised (IES-R) were gathered. The Korean version of the SCL-PTSD showed excellent internal consistency and moderate-to-good four-week temporal stability in both the interpersonal and non-interpersonal trauma groups. In comparison with other diagnostic groups, the scores of the SCL-PTSD wer...
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - May 3, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research

Highlights of this issue [Highlights of this issue]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tracy, D. K. Tags: Highlights of this issue Source Type: research

Is sleep disruption a trigger for postpartum psychosis? [EDITORIALS]
An episode of postpartum psychosis can be devastating for a woman and her family, and it is vital we understand the factors involved in the aetiology of this condition. Sleep and circadian rhythm disruption is a plausible candidate but further research is needed that builds on the latest advances in chronobiology and neuroscience. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lewis, K. J. S., Foster, R. G., Jones, I. R. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Mrs Noone - poems by doctors [Extras]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Warwick, R. Tags: Extras Source Type: research

Deinstitutionalisation does not increase imprisonment or homelessness [EDITORIALS]
Closing long-stay psychiatric beds remains contentious. The review by Winkler et al in this issue examines 23 studies of deinstitutionalisation for the outcomes of people discharged from psychiatric hospitals after an admission of 1 year or longer. The majority of these studies identified no cases of homelessness, incarceration or suicide after discharge from hospital. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Salisbury, T. T., Thornicroft, G. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Evolving eating disorder psychopathology: conceptualising muscularity-oriented disordered eating [EDITORIALS]
Eating disorders, once thought to be largely confined to females, are increasingly common in males. However, the presentation of disordered eating among males is often distinct to that observed in females and this diversity is not accommodated in current classification schemes. Here, we consider the diagnostic and clinical challenges presented by these distinctive presentations. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Murray, S. B., Griffiths, S., Mond, J. M. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Practising evidence-based medicine in an era of high placebo response: number needed to treat reconsidered [Analysis]
The number needed to treat (NNT) statistic was developed to facilitate the practice of evidence-based medicine. Placebo was assumed to be therapeutically inert when the NNT was originally conceived, but more recent data for conditions such as major depressive disorder (MDD) suggest that the placebo control condition can have considerable therapeutic effects. Complications arise because the NNT calculated from randomised controlled trials (RCTs) reflects a comparison between medication plus clinical management and placebo plus clinical management, whereas, in the clinical setting, physicians choose between prescribing open ...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Roose, S. P., Rutherford, B. R., Wall, M. M., Thase, M. E. Tags: Analysis Source Type: research

Deinstitutionalised patients, homelessness and imprisonment: systematic review [Review articles]
Conclusions Our results contradict the findings of ecological studies which indicated a strong correlation between the decreasing number of psychiatric beds and an increasing number of people with mental health problems who were homeless or in prison. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Winkler, P., Barrett, B., McCrone, P., Csemy, L., Janouskova, M., Höschl, C. Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

The Anatomy of Melancholy by Robert Burton - reflection [Extras]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Berrios, G. E. Tags: Extras Source Type: research

Behavioural and psychological symptoms in dementia and the challenges for family carers: systematic review [Review articles]
Conclusions Family carers' perceptions of BPSD as challenging are associated with a sense of a declining relationship, transgressions against social norms and underlying beliefs that people with dementia inevitably lose their ‘personhood’. Interventions for the management of challenging behaviour in family settings should acknowledge unmet psychological need in family carers. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Feast, A., Orrell, M., Charlesworth, G., Melunsky, N., Poland, F., Moniz-Cook, E. Tags: Review articles Source Type: research

Urban-rural differences in incidence rates of psychiatric disorders in Denmark [PAPERS]
Conclusions Birth in an urban environment is associated with an increased risk for mental illness in general and for a broad range of specific psychiatric disorders. Given this new evidence that urban–rural differences in incidence are not confined to the well-studied psychotic disorders, further work is needed to identify the underlying aetiopathogenic mechanisms. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Vassos, E., Agerbo, E., Mors, O., Pedersen, C. B. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Role played by the SP4 gene in schizophrenia and major depressive disorder in the Han Chinese population [PAPERS]
Conclusions Our results suggest that common risk factors in the SP4 gene are associated with schizophrenia, although not with MDD, in the Han Chinese population. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chen, J., He, K., Wang, Q., Li, Z., Shen, J., Li, T., Wang, M., Wen, Z., Li, W., Qiang, Y., Wang, T., Ji, J., Wu, N., Wang, Z., Zhang, B., Feng, G., He, L., Xu, Y., Shi, Y. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Complement factor H and susceptibility to major depressive disorder in Han Chinese [PAPERS]
Conclusions CFH is likely to play an important role in the development of MDD. rs1061170 has an important effect on age at onset of MDD in Han Chinese and may therefore be related to early pathogenesis of MDD, although further study is needed. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zhang, C., Zhang, D.-F., Wu, Z.-G., Peng, D.-H., Chen, J., Ni, J., Tang, W., Xu, L., Yao, Y.-G., Fang, Y.-R. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

An 18th-century view of demonomania. 2: Vampirism - explanation - psychiatry in history [Extras]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Subotsky, F. Tags: Extras Source Type: research

Evaluation of ethnic disparities in detection of depression and anxiety in primary care during the maternal period: combined analysis of routine and cohort data [PAPERS]
Conclusions Common mental disorder detection disparities exist for minority ethnic women in the maternal period. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Prady, S. L., Pickett, K. E., Petherick, E. S., Gilbody, S., Croudace, T., Mason, D., Sheldon, T. A., Wright, J. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Suicides during pregnancy and 1 year postpartum in Sweden, 1980-2007 [PAPERS]
Conclusions Suicide prevention calls for increased clinical awareness and cross-disciplinary maternal care approaches to identify and support women at risk. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Esscher, A., Essen, B., Innala, E., Papadopoulos, F. C., Skalkidou, A., Sundström-Poromaa, I., Högberg, U. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

An exploratory randomised trial of a simple, brief psychological intervention to reduce subsequent suicidal ideation and behaviour in patients admitted to hospital for self-harm [PAPERS]
Conclusions Implementation intention-based interventions, particularly when supported by a volitional help sheet, show promise in reducing future suicidal ideation and behaviour. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Armitage, C. J., Rahim, W. A., Rowe, R., O'Connor, R. C. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Evaluation of benefit to patients of training mental health professionals in suicide guidelines: cluster randomised trial [PAPERS]
Conclusions Overall, no effect of our intervention on patients was found. However, we did find a beneficial effect of the training of professionals on patients with depression. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: de Beurs, D. P., de Groot, M. H., de Keijser, J., van Duijn, E., de Winter, R. F. P., Kerkhof, A. J. F. M. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Assisted and unassisted suicide in men and women: longitudinal study of the Swiss population [PAPERS]
Conclusions Some situations that indicate greater vulnerability such as living alone were associated with both assisted and unassisted suicide. Among the terminally ill, women were more likely to choose assisted suicide, whereas men died more often by unassisted suicide. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steck, N., Egger, M., Zwahlen, M., for the Swiss National Cohort Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Lovely young consultant charms my husband - poems by doctors [Extras]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Compston, K. Tags: Extras Source Type: research

An evidence-based algorithm for the utility of FDG-PET for diagnosing Alzheimer's disease according to presence of medial temporal lobe atrophy [PAPERS]
Conclusions In the presence of a high degree of MTLA, the most likely diagnosis is Alzheimer's disease, and an FDG-PET scan will probably not provide significant diagnostic information. However, in cases without MTLA, if the diagnosis is unclear, an FDG-PET scan may provide additional clinically useful diagnostic information. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Firbank, M. J., Lloyd, J., Williams, D., Barber, R., Colloby, S. J., Barnett, N., Olsen, K., Davison, C., Donaldson, C., Herholz, K., O'Brien, J. T. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Visual cortical excitability in dementia with Lewy bodies [SHORT REPORTS]
Alterations in the visual system may underlie visual hallucinations in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). However, cortical excitability as measured by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) activation of lower visual areas (V1–3) to visual stimuli appear normal in DLB. We explored the relationship between TMS-determined phosphene threshold and fMRI-related visual activation and found a positive relationship between the two in controls but a negative one in DLB. This double dissociation suggests a loss of inhibition in the visual system in DLB, which may predispose indi...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Taylor, J.-P., Firbank, M., O'Brien, J. T. Tags: SHORT REPORTS Source Type: research

Ethnic density and risk of postnatal depression and personality dysfunction [Correspondence]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Authors' reply [Correspondence]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Stigma and architecture of mental health facilities [Correspondence]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Correction [Correction]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - May 3, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correction Source Type: research