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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

A Mindfulness-Based Compassionate Living Training in a Heterogeneous Sample of Psychiatric Outpatients: a Feasibility Study
Abstract We developed a novel compassion-focused training (mindfulness-based compassionate living; MBCL) and examined its effects in a heterogeneous psychiatric outpatient population with regard to feasibility and changes in levels of depression, anxiety, mindfulness and compassion. The training consisted of nine weekly 2.5-h sessions. Thirty-three patients, who had followed a mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) program or a mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) program beforehand, participated in the study (mean age 48.1 years; 82 % female). Participants completed self-report questionnaires before a...
Source: Mindfulness - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Pediatricians Urged to Routinely Screen Adolescents for Risk Factors for Suicide
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) today published updated guidelines to assist pediatricians and other child and adolescent health care professionals in identifying and helping adolescents at risk of suicide. The report, which replaces recommendations made in 2007, acknowledges the role bullying and the internet may play in teen suicide risk and highlights the value of antidepressant medications to treat those at risk.According to most recent data, suicide is the second leading cause of death for adolescents aged 15 to 19. The guidelines recommend pediatricians routinely ask adolescent patients if they have thoughts...
Source: Psychiatr News - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: adolescent suicide American Academy of Pediatrics antidepressant black box warning bullying internet addiction Source Type: research

The effect of folk recreation program in improving symptoms: a study of Chinese elder dementia patients
ConclusionsThe folk recreation program has the potential to improve cognitive function, ability of daily living and behavioral and psychological symptoms of the elders with dementia. The folk leisure activities, which embed in the participants' cultural background, will motivate their positive feelings and memories, can delay the progression of disease and improve the symptoms. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - June 27, 2016 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Dong‐mei Li, Xiao‐xue Li Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Suicide in the Early Stage of Schizophrenia
Antonio Ventriglio, Alessandro Gentile, Iris Bonfitto, Eleonora Stella, Massimo Mari, Luca Steardo, Antonello Bellomo (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy and the Adult ADHD Brain: A Neuropsychotherapeutic Perspective
Katharina Bachmann, Alexandra P. Lam, Alexandra Philipsen (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Erratum to: Readmission rates of South Korean psychiatric inpatients by inpatient volumes per psychiatrist
(Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kyu-Tae Han, Seo Yoon Lee, Sun Jung Kim, Myung-Il Hahm, Sung-In Jang, Seung Ju Kim, Woorim Kim and Eun-Cheol Park Source Type: research

A case series of 223 patients with depersonalization-derealization syndrome
Depersonalization-derealization syndrome (DDS) is an underdiagnosed and underresearched clinical phenomenon. In Germany, its administrative prevalence is far below the threshold for orphan diseases, although a... (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Matthias Michal, Julia Adler, Jörg Wiltink, Iris Reiner, Regine Tschan, Klaus Wölfling, Sabine Weimert, Inka Tuin, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Manfred E. Beutel and Rüdiger Zwerenz Source Type: research

Child mental health in Sierra Leone: a survey and exploratory qualitative study
This study complements the growing amount of research on the psychosocial impact of war on children in Sierra Leone by examining local perceptions of child mental health, formal and informal care systems, help... (Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hélène N. C. Yoder, Wietse A. Tol, Ria Reis and Joop T. V. M. de Jong Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: Bipolar Disorders)
Source: Bipolar Disorders - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Epigenetic basis of sensitization to stress, affective episodes, and stimulants: implications for illness progression and prevention
ConclusionsThe findings that epigenetic chemical marks, which change in the most fundamental way how genes are regulated, mediate the long‐term increased responsivity to recurrent stressors, mood episodes, and bouts of substance abuse should help change how the affective disorders are conceptualized and move treatment toward earlier, more comprehensive, and sustained pharmacoprophylaxis. (Source: Bipolar Disorders)
Source: Bipolar Disorders - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robert M Post Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Mental health community mobilizes support in aftermath of Orlando tragedy
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valerie A. Canady Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Landmark mental health education bill poised to become law in New York state
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valerie A. Canady Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Study examines role of untreated SMI in family homicides
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valerie A. Canady Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Collaboration allows social workers to become case managers
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valerie A. Canady Tags: Articles Source Type: research

SAMHSA report finds 1 in 13 young adults considered suicide
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valerie A. Canady Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Briefly Noted
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Briefly Noted Source Type: research

State News
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: State News Source Type: research

Resources
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Resources Source Type: research

Coming Up
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Conferences & Events Source Type: research

In Case You Haven't Heard
(Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: In Case You Haven't Heard Source Type: research

Translating Neurocognitive Models of Auditory-Verbal Hallucinations into Therapy: Using Real-time fMRI-Neurofeedback to Treat Voices
Thomas Fovet, Natasza Orlov, Miriam Dyck, Paul Allen, Klaus Mathiak, Renaud Jardri (Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry)
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Birth by cesarean section and schizophrenia: results from the multicenter FACE-SZ data-set
Abstract Children born by cesarean section (“c-birth”) are known to have different microbiota and a natural history of different disorders including allergy, asthma and overweight compared to vaginally born (“v-birth”) children. C-birth is not known to increase the risk of schizophrenia (SZ), but to be associated with an earlier age at onset. To further explore possible links between c-birth and SZ, we compared clinical and biological characteristics of c-born SZ patients compared to v-born ones. Four hundred and fifty-four stable community-dwelling SZ patients (mean age = 32.4 years, 75.8 % male g...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - June 27, 2016 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Severe Intellectual Disability and Enhanced GABAergic Synaptogenesis in a Novel Model of Rare RASopathies
Dysregulation of Ras-ERK signaling gives rise to RASopathies, a class of neurodevelopmental syndromes associated with intellectual disability (ID). Recently, much attention has been directed at models bearing mild forms of RASopathies whose behavioral impairments can be attenuated by inhibiting the Ras-ERK cascade in the adult. Little is known about the brain mechanisms in severe forms of these disorders. (Source: Biological Psychiatry)
Source: Biological Psychiatry - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alessandro Papale, Raffaele d'Isa, Elisabetta Menna, Milica Cerovic, Nicola Solari, Neil Hardingham, Marco Cambiaghi, Marco Cursi, Mariano Barbacid, Letizia Leocani, Stefania Fasano, Michela Matteoli, Riccardo Brambilla Source Type: research

Advancing paternal age at birth is associated with poorer social functioning earlier and later in life of schizophrenia patients in a founder population
Consistent associations have been found between advanced paternal age and an increased risk of psychiatric disorders, such as schizophrenia in their offspring. This increase appears to be linear as paternal age increases. The present study investigates the relationship between early deviant behaviour in the first 10 years of life of patients as well as longer term functional outcome and paternal age in sporadic Afrikaner founder population cases of schizophrenia. This might improve our understanding of Paternal Age-Related Schizophrenia (PARS). (Source: Psychiatry Research)
Source: Psychiatry Research - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rudolf Liebenberg, Brigitte van Heerden, René Ehlers, Anna M.E. Du Plessis, J.Louw Roos Source Type: research

Trauma History is Associated with Prior Suicide Attempt History in Hospitalized Patients with Major Depressive Disorder
This study examines the relationships between these variables and related demographic and clinical correlates in a sample of psychiatric inpatients with a diagnosis of major depressive disorder using electronic medical record (EMR) data. Controlling for relevant demographic and clinical variables, PTSD diagnosis and history of abuse were both significantly associated with history of suicide attempt, but in a combined model, only history of abuse remained as a significant predictor. (Source: Psychiatry Research)
Source: Psychiatry Research - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lily A. Brown, Michael A. Armey, Corinne Sejourne, Ivan W. Miller, Lauren M. Weinstock Source Type: research

Attitudes of Psychiatric Hospital Staff Towards Mental Illness and Patients’ Satisfaction with Psychiatric Services
Abstract Patient’s satisfaction with the mental health care services is a vital component determining effectiveness of management, and is rarely studied. Attitudes towards mental illness of the staff delivering psychiatric services can have direct implication on the care they are providing. We aimed at assessing patients’ satisfaction with the psychiatric services, and exploring the attitudes of nursing and ward-attendant staff of a tertiary care mental health setup of India, towards mental illness and association with their social and job related factors. Thirty hospital staff were assessed on Community attit...
Source: Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health - June 27, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

[Smoking cessation among HIV smokers: Experience of a French hospital-based smoking cessation service].
CONCLUSION: With a severe smoking profile, frequent co-addictions and anxiodepressive symptoms, our results suggest that behavioral techniques combined with nicotine replacement therapy or varenicline(®) among HIV-infected smokers can help severe smokers to quit. Our data underline the need to take into account the co-addictions and to maintain such patients in treatment to achieve smoking cessation in real-world settings. PMID: 27339798 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: L Encephale)
Source: L Encephale - June 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Encephale Source Type: research

P014: An investigation to determine if being roomed next to a psychiatric patient affects patient satisfaction and perception of care in those not being evaluated for a psychiatric complaint
Abstracts F.A. Blais, Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine, Volume 18 Supplement S1, pp S82-S83Abstract (Source: Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: Canadian Journal of Emergency Medicine - June 26, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Recovery practice in community mental health teams: national survey.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with team leaders, frontline clinicians and service users have less positive views on recovery orientation. Increasing recovery orientation may support personal recovery. PMID: 27340113 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Combining escitalopram and cognitive-behavioural therapy for social anxiety disorder: randomised controlled fMRI trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Adding escitalopram improves the outcome of ICBT for SAD and decreased amygdala reactivity is important for anxiolytic treatment response. PMID: 27340112 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predicting suicide following self-harm: systematic review of risk factors and risk scales.
CONCLUSIONS: The four risk factors that emerged, although of interest, are unlikely to be of much practical use because they are comparatively common in clinical populations. No scales have sufficient evidence to support their use. The use of these scales, or an over-reliance on the identification of risk factors in clinical practice, may provide false reassurance and is, therefore, potentially dangerous. Comprehensive psychosocial assessments of the risks and needs that are specific to the individual should be central to the management of people who have self-harmed. PMID: 27340111 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] ...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - June 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Effects of Computerized Cognitive Testing of Older Patients on Primary Care Physicians' Approaches to Care: A Canadian Study.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings indicate that PCPs documented more care approaches in patients with greater cognitive impairment based on the CAMCI results and this was independent of their, the patients', or families' prior concerns about their patients' cognition. PMID: 27341011 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders)
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - June 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research

Analytic cognitive style, not delusional ideation, predicts data gathering in a large beads task study.
CONCLUSION: The relationship between data gathering and analytic cognitive style suggests that dual-process theories of reasoning can contribute to our understanding of the beads task. It is not clear why delusional ideation was not found to be associated with data gathering or analytic cognitive style. PMID: 27341507 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry)
Source: Cognitive Neuropsychiatry - June 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cogn Neuropsychiatry Source Type: research

Neurobiology of Adolescent Substance Use Disorders.
Abstract There are many facets of the neurobiology of substance use that are distinct in adolescence as compared with adulthood. The adolescent brain is subject to intense subcortical reward processes, but is left with an immature prefrontal control system that is often unable to resist the pull of potentially exciting activities like substance use, even when fully aware of the dangers involved. Peer influences serve only to magnify these effects and foster more sensation-seeking, risky behavior. The unique aspects of neurobiology should be taken into consideration when designing prevention programs and clinical in...
Source: Adolescent Medicine Clinics - June 26, 2016 Category: Child Development Authors: Sharma A, Morrow JD Tags: Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am Source Type: research

The effects of a HTR2B stop codon and testosterone on energy metabolism and beta cell function among antisocial Finnish males
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2016 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research Author(s): Roope Tikkanen, Tero Saukkonen, Malin Fex, Hedvig Bennet, Marja-Riitta Rautiainen, Tiina Paunio, Mika Koskinen, Rony Panarsky, Laura Bevilacqua, Rickard L. Sjöberg, Jari Tiihonen, Matti Virkkunen Herein, we examined insulin resistance (IR), insulin sensitivity (IS), beta cell activity, and glucose metabolism in subjects with antisocial personality disorder (ASPD), and (ii) whether the serotonin 2B (5-HT2B) receptor and testosterone have a role in energy metabolism. A cohort of subjects belonging to a founder pop...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - June 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Suicide attempters with Borderline Personality Disorder show differential orbitofrontal and parietal recruitment when reflecting on aversive memories
This study examined neural links between emotion regulation and suicide risk in BPD. 60 individuals with BPD (all female, mean age = 28.9 years), 46 of whom had attempted suicide, completed a fMRI task involving recalling aversive personal memories. Distance trials assessed the ability to regulate emotion by recalling memories from a third-person, objective viewpoint. Immerse trials assessed emotional reactivity and involved recalling memories from a first-person perspective. Behaviorally, both groups reported less negative affect on Distance as compared to Immerse trials. Neurally, two sets of findings were obtained. Th...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - June 26, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research