Medicine RSS Search Engine

Psychiatry research Psychiatry research RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader, such as GoogleReader, or to display this data on your own website or blog.subscribe with FeedlySubscribe to this data using Feedly.

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

An Overview of Depression among Transgender Women.
Authors: Hoffman B Abstract Rates of depression are higher in transgender women than in the general population, warranting an understanding of the variables related to depression in this group. Results of the literature review of depression in transgender women reveal several variables influencing depression, including social support, violence, sex work, and gender identity. The theoretical constructs of minority stress, coping, and identity control theory are explored in terms of how they may predict depression in transgender women. Depression and depressive symptoms have been used to predict high-risk sexual beha...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Psychosocial Functioning in Depressive Patients: A Comparative Study between Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Affective Disorder.
Conclusion. Bipolar depression causes higher global psychosocial impairment than unipolar depression. PMID: 24744917 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

31-year-old female shows marked improvement in depression, agitation, and panic attacks after genetic testing was used to inform treatment.
Authors: Lawrence S Abstract This case describes a 31-year-old female Caucasian patient with complaints of ongoing depression, agitation, and severe panic attacks. The patient was untreated until a recent unsuccessful trial of citalopram followed by venlafaxine which produced a partial response. Genetic testing was performed to assist in treatment decisions and revealed the patient to be heterozygous for polymorphisms in 5HT2C, ANK3, and MTHFR and homozygous for a polymorphism in SLC6A4 and the low activity (Met/Met) COMT allele. In response to genetic results and clinical presentation, venlafaxine was maintained a...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research

Alzheimer's disease-related plaques in nondemented subjects.
Authors: Elobeid A, Rantakömi S, Soininen H, Alafuzoff I Abstract Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology was assessed in 587 nondemented subjects, with age at death at or more than 50 years. In 307 subjects, amyloid-β (Aβ) immunoreactive (IR) plaques were seen; in 192 subjects, neuritic plaques (NPs) stained with modified Bielschowsky silver stain (mBky) were observed. In 20% of the whole cohort and in 62% of the 192 subjects with NPs in mBky, hyperphosphorylated tau (HPtau) IR NPs were seen. In most cases in this nondemented cohort, the HPtau IR NPs were observed either sparsely or to a moderate extent. The correla...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Assessing Resident Performance on the Psychiatry Milestones.
Authors: Swing SR, Cowley DS, Bentman A PMID: 24743953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ablation of ErbB4 from excitatory neurons leads to reduced dendritic spine density in mouse prefrontal cortex
ABSTRACT Dendritic spine loss is observed in many psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, and likely contributes to the altered sense of reality, disruption of working memory, and attention deficits that characterize these disorders. ErbB4, a member of the EGF family of receptor tyrosine kinases, is genetically associated with schizophrenia, suggesting that alterations in ErbB4 function contribute to the disease pathology. Additionally, ErbB4 functions in synaptic plasticity, leading us to hypothesize that disruption of ErbB4 signaling may affect dendritic spine development. We show that dendritic spine density is ...
Source: The Journal of Comparative Neurology - April 20, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Margaret A. Cooper, Anthony J. Koleske Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

The Kimberley Assessment of Depression of Older Indigenous Australians: Prevalence of Depressive Disorders, Risk Factors and Validation of the KICA-dep Scale.
CONCLUSIONS: The KICA-dep has robust psychometric properties and can be used with confidence as a screening tool for depression among older Indigenous Australians. Depressive disorders are common in this population, possibly because of increased stressors and health morbidities. PMID: 24740098 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Rural Remote Health)
Source: Rural Remote Health - April 20, 2014 Category: Rural Health Authors: Almeida OP, Flicker L, Fenner S, Smith K, Hyde Z, Atkinson D, Skeaf L, Malay R, Logiudice D Tags: PLoS One Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Information for Contributors
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Table of Contents continued
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Frontmatter Source Type: research

Contents
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

2013 Reviewers
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: David L. Dunner Source Type: research

Masthead
(Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry)
Source: Comprehensive Psychiatry - April 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

[Series] Factitious disorders and malingering: challenges for clinical assessment and management
Compared with other psychiatric disorders, diagnosis of factitious disorders is rare, with identification largely dependent on the systematic collection of relevant information, including a detailed chronology and scrutiny of the patient's medical record. Management of such disorders ideally requires a team-based approach and close involvement of the primary care doctor. As deception is a key defining component of factitious disorders, diagnosis has important implications for young children, particularly when identified in women and health-care workers. (Source: LANCET)
Source: LANCET - April 18, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Christopher Bass, Peter Halligan Tags: Series Source Type: research

[Articles] Cognitive therapy for people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders not taking antipsychotic drugs: a single-blind randomised controlled trial
Cognitive therapy significantly reduced psychiatric symptoms and seems to be a safe and acceptable alternative for people with schizophrenia spectrum disorders who have chosen not to take antipsychotic drugs. Evidence-based treatments should be available to these individuals. A larger, definitive trial is needed. (Source: LANCET)
Source: LANCET - April 18, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Anthony P Morrison, Douglas Turkington, Melissa Pyle, Helen Spencer, Alison Brabban, Graham Dunn, Tom Christodoulides, Rob Dudley, Nicola Chapman, Pauline Callcott, Tim Grace, Victoria Lumley, Laura Drage, Sarah Tully, Kerry Irving, Anna Cummings, Rory By Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Nonsuicidal self‐injury as an affect‐regulation strategy and the moderating role of impulsivity
ConclusionImpulsivity traits influenced the success or failure of the NSSI affect‐regulation process. (Source: Child and Adolescent Mental Health)
Source: Child and Adolescent Mental Health - April 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rossella Di Pierro, Irene Sarno, Marcello Gallucci, Fabio Madeddu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The role of cues and contexts on drug‐seeking behaviour
Abstract Environmental stimuli are powerful mediators of craving and relapse in substance abuse disorders. This review examines how animal models have been used to investigate the cognitive mechanisms through which cues are able to affect drug‐seeking behaviour. We address how animal models can describe the way drug‐associated cues come to facilitate the development and persistence of drug‐taking, as well as how these cues are critical to the tendency to relapse that characterizes substance abuse disorders. Drug‐associated cues acquire properties of conditioned reinforcement, incentive motivation and discriminative...
Source: British Journal of Pharmacology - April 18, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Christina Perry, Isabel Zbukvic, Jee Hyun Kim, Andrew J. Lawrence Tags: Review Article – Animal Models in Psychiatry Research Themed Issue Source Type: research

Measuring Relational and Intrapersonal Empowerment: Testing Instrument Validity in a Former Soviet Country with a Secular Muslim Culture.
This study represents an initial effort to develop and test the Brief Azerbaijani Empowerment Scale (BAES), an instrument designed to assess relational and intrapersonal components of psychological empowerment among adult community residents (n = 350) in Azerbaijan, a former Soviet country with a predominantly Muslim culture. Exploratory factor analysis was used to examine the underlying dimensionality of the BAES, and path analysis was used to examine relationships between subscales of the BAES and a set of conceptually relevant variables (i.e., alienation, sense of community, and involvement in community organizations)...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging)
Source: Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Cognitive predictors of medical decision‐making capacity in mild cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease
ConclusionMultiple factors are involved in MDMC in subjects with cognitive impairment. The component of verbal knowledge was the best predictor of MDMC and Reading speed was the most important single cognitive test measurement, which assessed both rapid Reading and understanding of text. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - April 17, 2014 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Sara Stormoen, Ove Almkvist, Maria Eriksdotter, Erik Sundström, Ing‐Mari Tallberg Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Frequency and Severity of Semantic Deficits in a Consecutive Memory Clinic Cohort.
Conclusion: Short tests with semantic memory content are sensitive to changes in dementia and MCI, but impairments on such tests may also be found in other diseases, e.g. affective disorders. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24732647 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

Estrogen Receptor α Variants Affect Age at Onset of Alzheimer's Disease in a Multiethnic Female Cohort.
Conclusions: ESR1 polymorphisms affect age of onset of AD in women, and risk alleles vary by ethnicity. These effects are possibly due to different linkage disequilibrium patterns or differences in comorbid environmental or cultural risk factors mediating the SNP effect on risk for AD. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24732579 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

Present Status and Road Map to Achieve Inclusive and Holistic Care for Dementia in a Japanese Community: Analysis Using the Delphi Method.
Conclusion: Further effective collaboration to promote dementia care is required. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24732454 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

Thyroid Status and Cognitive Function in Euthyroid Patients with Early Parkinson's Disease.
Conclusions: This study supports a relationship between the thyroid status and cognitive function in euthyroid early PD patients, with higher concentrations of fT4 being associated with a poor performance of executive function. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24732425 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

The Potentially Protective Effect of Donepezil in Alzheimer's Disease.
Conclusion: Donepezil affects the relationship between hippocampal volume and cognitive function and may therefore have a pharmacologic effect as a disease modifier. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24732387 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

Long-Term Mortality in a Cohort of Home-Dwelling Elderly with Mild Alzheimer's Disease and Lewy Body Dementia.
Conclusion: Dementia patients had an increased mortality, particularly those with LBD. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24732348 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

Correlation between both Morphologic and Functional Changes and Anxiety in Alzheimer's Disease.
Conclusion: Our results suggest that anxiety in AD could overlap with the neural correlates of anxiety disorders, and that the specific degeneration associated with AD might be associated with anxiety. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24732302 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

Evaluation of the New Consensus Criteria for the Diagnosis of Primary Progressive Aphasia Using Fluorodeoxyglucose Positron Emission Tomography.
Conclusions: A high correlation with the diagnosis obtained using FDG-PET was found. However, an overdiagnosis of the logopenic variant was observed. These results support the use of the new criteria, but some modifications or complementary studies may still be necessary. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24732287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

A New Therapeutic Community: Development of a Compassion-Focussed and Contextual Behavioural Environment.
Authors: Veale D, Gilbert P, Wheatley J, Naismith I Abstract Social relationships and communities provide the context and impetus for a range of psychological developments, from genetic expression to the development of core self-identities. This suggests a need to think about the therapeutic changes and processes that occur within a community context and how communities can enable therapeutic change. However, the 'therapeutic communities' that have developed since the Second World War have been under-researched. We suggest that the concept of community, as a change process, should be revisited within mainstream sci...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

Authors' reply.
Authors: Moradveisi L, Huibers MJ, Renner F, Arasteh M, Arntz A PMID: 24734270 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Authors' reply.
Authors: Troquete N, van den Brink RH, Beintema H, Mulder T, van Os TW, Schoevers RA, Wiersma D PMID: 24734269 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Authors' reply.
Authors: Bracken P, Thomas P, Timimi S, Asen E, Behr G, Beuster C, Bhunnoo S, Browne I, Chhina N, Double D, Downer S, Evans C, Fernando S, Garland MR, Hopkins W, Huws R, Johnson B, Martindale B, Middleton H, Moldavsky D, Moncrieff J, Mullins S, Nelki J, Pizzo M, Rodger J, Smyth M, Summerfield D, Wallace J, Yeomans D PMID: 24734268 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of BDNF Promoter Methylation and Genotype with Suicidal Ideation in Elderly Koreans.
CONCLUSIONS: The BDNF hypothesis and the epigenetic origin of the suicidal behavior were supported, even in old age. BDNF promoter methylation status may be useful as a biological marker for suicidality in late life. PMID: 24731781 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association of Apolipoprotein E-e4 and Dementia Declines with Age.
CONCLUSIONS: The results support the reduction in association of APOE-e4 with dementia in extreme old age, consistent with a survivor effect model for successful cognitive aging. PMID: 24731780 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - April 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research