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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Announcements
(Source: General Hospital Psychiatry)
Source: General Hospital Psychiatry - August 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Clinician Participation in TF-CBT Post-workshop Training Components
Abstract For proficiency in an evidence-based treatment (EBT), mental health professionals (MHPs) need training activities extending beyond a one-time workshop. Using data from 178 MHPs participating in a statewide TF-CBT dissemination project, we used five variables assessed at the workshop, via multiple and logistic regression, to predict participation in three post-workshop training components. Perceived in-workshop learning and client-treatment mismatch were predictive of consultation call participation and case presentation respectively. Attitudes toward EBTs were predictive of trauma assessment utilization, ...
Source: Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research - August 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Addiction Psychiatry Fellowship Forum.
Authors: PMID: 26307226 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal on Addictions)
Source: American Journal on Addictions - August 29, 2015 Category: Addiction Tags: Am J Addict Source Type: research

Are we there yet?
PMID: 26310794 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Boyce P Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Depolarising bipolarity: Clinical considerations.
PMID: 26310795 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Malhi GS, Berk M Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research

The mixed features of DSM-5.
PMID: 26310796 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Malhi GS, Das P, Gessler D, Outhred T, Fritz K Tags: Aust N Z J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors of smoking reduction outcomes in a sample of 287 patients with schizophrenia spectrum disorders.
Authors: Wu BJ, Lan TH Abstract Many studies have investigated whether a type of antipsychotics or type of adjuvant is associated with smoking reduction in patients with schizophrenia. However, there has been no study exploring a comprehensive range of factors related to smoking reduction in schizophrenia patients. We analyzed a dataset of 287 smoking patients with schizophrenia who participated in an 8-week open-label study with high- (n = 90) or low-dose nicotine dermal patches (n = 132) or bupropion (n = 65). A logistic regression model and a linear mixed model were used to explore factors associated with ...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The efficacy and acceptability of psychological interventions for depression: where we are now and where we are going.
Authors: Hollon SD Abstract Depression is an eminently treatable disorder, although estimates of treatment efficacy have been inflated by publication bias. Patients with less severe depressions respond to even nonspecific interventions, whereas patients with more severe depressions require treatments that mobilize specific mechanisms. The cognitive and behavior therapies can be as efficacious as medications in the treatment of severe depression and have an enduring effect that medications lack. Medications may interfere with those enduring effects when added in combination and may prolong the life of the underlying...
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Impaired neural reward processing in children and adolescents with reactive attachment disorder: A pilot study.
Authors: Mizuno K, Takiguchi S, Yamazaki M, Asano M, Kato S, Kuriyama K, Watanabe Y, Sadato N, Tomoda A Abstract Reactive attachment disorder (RAD) is characterized by markedly disturbed and developmentally inappropriate social relatedness due to parental maltreatment. RAD patients often display a high number of comorbid attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, and certain RAD symptoms are difficult to discriminate from ADHD. One of the core characteristics of ADHD is a decrease in neural reward processing due to dopamine dysfunction. The aim of the present study was to determine whether the brain ...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

Demographic and Personal Characteristics of Male and Female Chairs in Academic Psychiatry.
CONCLUSION: Academic institutions must incorporate programs to decrease barriers and work to achieve equitable representation of women in upper-level leadership positions. Moreover, academic medicine must evolve to cultivate a family-friendly environment that successfully supports both genders. PMID: 26307364 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preparing and Training the College Mental Health Workforce.
Authors: Riba M, Kirsch D, Martel A, Goldsmith M PMID: 26307363 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exploring the Impact of a Culturally Tailored Short Film in Modifying Dementia Stigma Among Chinese Americans: A Pilot Study.
CONCLUSION: Chinese Americans still perceive severe dementia stigma. Nevertheless, a culturally tailored short film demonstrated promising impact in modifying stigma toward dementia. PMID: 26307362 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Medication Reconciliation With a Twist (or Dare We Say, a Patch?)
An 80-year-old woman with a history of dementia was admitted with abdominal pain, and bowel obstruction secondary to colon cancer was diagnosed. She underwent an uncomplicated surgical resection for colon cancer. Postoperatively, she developed confusion and agitation consistent with acute delirium. A geriatric psychiatry consulting service conducted the evaluation of the patient, including review of current and prior medications, to determine optimal treatment for postoperative delirium. Consultation with family members revealed that the patient was on a “memory medicine,” but the medication reconciliation list did no...
Source: AORN Journal - August 29, 2015 Category: Nursing Tags: Column Source Type: research

Historical perspectives: a snapshot of women admitted to psychiatric facilities with psychosis or mania after childbirth in the late Victorian and inter‐war periods
ConclusionHistorical investigations of healthcare records provide legitimacy for current healthcare practices. (Source: Journal of Advanced Nursing)
Source: Journal of Advanced Nursing - August 29, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Diana Jefferies, Margaret Duff, Elaine Burns, Daniel Nicholls Tags: Original Research: Empirical Research – Qualitative Source Type: research

Quality of life and needs of hospitalized schizophrenic patients in the Czech Republic.
CONCLUSION: The results of our study should stimulate psychiatric nurses in their effort not only to detect but also address the problems of schizophrenic patients concerning quality of life and unfulfilled needs. This can be done via education, guidance towards a healthy lifestyle, or providing patients with adequate exercise. Overall this issue is of significant importance in the Czech Republic due to the fact that legislative reform of mental health care emphasizing community care and psychiatric nursing has just been implemented. PMID: 26313397 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters)
Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters - August 29, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Neuro Endocrinol Lett Source Type: research

Predictors of poor treatment response to additional CBT in real panic disorder patients: The role of DLPF, orbitofrontal cortex, parietal lobule, frontal eye field and amygdala in PD.
CONCLUSION: Despite several limitations, we found neuroimaging predictors of poor CBT response, under the conditions of standard clinical practice, in real PD patients. PMID: 26313395 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters)
Source: Neuroendocrinology Letters - August 29, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Tags: Neuro Endocrinol Lett Source Type: research

Long‐term Pharmacotherapy of Adults with Attention‐Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): A Literature Review and Clinical Study
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology)
Source: Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology - August 29, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Mats Fredriksen, Dawn E. Peleikis Tags: Mini‐Review Source Type: research

Total population-based study of the impact of substance use disorders on the overall survival of psychiatric inpatients
Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, Ahead of Print. (Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: article Source Type: research

Acceptance and commitment therapy program for distressed adults with a primary brain tumor: a case series study
Abstract Research has indicated that adults diagnosed with a primary brain tumor (BT) are susceptible to experiencing anxiety and depressive problems post-diagnosis. However, there is a notable paucity of psychological interventions which have been tested with adult BT patients. An acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)-based manualized program was developed for anxious and/or depressed BT patients. The preliminary efficacy of this program was initially tested using a proof-of-concept study design based on a case series of four clinically distressed BT patients. Three of the four participants no longer met crite...
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - August 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Involvement of supportive care professionals in patient care in the last month of life
Conclusion Supportive care professionals are involved in end-of-life care in about a quarter of all non-suddenly dying patients. Their involvement is related to the setting where patients die, to the patient’s characteristics and to complex ethical decision-making. (Source: Supportive Care in Cancer)
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - August 29, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Basic principles of transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and repetitive TMS (rTMS)
Publication date: Available online 28 August 2015 Source:Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine Author(s): Wanalee Klomjai, Rose Katz, Alexandra Lackmy-Vallée Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and repetitive TMS (rTMS) are indirect and non-invasive methods used to induce excitability changes in the motor cortex via a wire coil generating a magnetic field that passes through the scalp. Today, TMS has become a key method to investigate brain functioning in humans. Moreover, because rTMS can lead to long-lasting after-effects in the brain, it is thought to be able to induce plasticity. This tool appears to...
Source: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - August 29, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Source Type: research

Negative symptoms and therapy strategies in schizophrenia
(Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience)
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - August 29, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Cannabis use in early adolescence: Evidence of amygdala hypersensitivity to signals of threat
In this study, we used an fMRI affective face processing task to compare a large group (n=70) of 14-year olds with a history of cannabis use to a group (n=70) of never-using controls matched on numerous characteristics including IQ, SES, alcohol and cigarette use. The task contained short movies displaying angry and neutral faces. Results indicated cannabis users had greater reactivity in the bilateral amygdalae to angry faces than neutral faces, an effect that was not observed in their abstinent peers. In contrast, activity levels in the cannabis users in cortical areas including the right temporal-parietal junction and b...
Source: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - August 29, 2015 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Carers’ experiences of involvement in care planning: a qualitative exploration of the facilitators and barriers to engagement with mental health services
Conclusions: This qualitative study led by a researcher who was a carer herself has developed the understanding of the potential role of carers within the care planning process within mental health services, along with the facilitators and barriers to achieving optimal involvement. (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lindsey CreeHelen BrooksKathryn BerzinsClaire FraserKarina LovellPenny Bee Source Type: research

Grey matter networks in people at increased familial risk for schizophrenia
Grey matter brain networks are disrupted in schizophrenia, but it is still unclear at which point during the development of the illness these disruptions arise and whether these can be associated with behavioural predictors of schizophrenia. We investigated if single-subject grey matter networks were disrupted in a sample of people at familial risk of schizophrenia.Single-subject grey matter networks were extracted from structural MRI scans of 144 high risk subjects, 32 recent-onset patients and 36 healthy controls. (Source: Schizophrenia Research)
Source: Schizophrenia Research - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Betty M. Tijms, Emma Sprooten, Dominic Job, Eve C. Johnstone, David G.C. Owens, David Willshaw, Peggy Seriès, Stephen M. Lawrie Source Type: research

Growing in Times of Grief: Attachment Modulates Bereaved Adults' Posttraumatic Growth after Losing a Family Member to Cancer
This study explored whether attachment moderated the relationship between grief and posttraumatic growth. A total of 240 Chinese adults who have lost a family member to cancer reported on their grief (Prolonged Grief Questionnaire-13; PG-13), posttraumatic growth (Posttraumatic Growth Inventory; PTGI) and attachment (Experiences in Close Relationships; ECR). The results suggested that bereaved individuals who scored high on attachment anxiety showed a substantial and positive relationship between grief and posttraumatic growth, while their less anxiously attached counterparts showed no such association. (Source: Psychiatry Research)
Source: Psychiatry Research - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wei Xu, Zhongfang Fu, Li He, Dominik Schoebi, Jianping Wang Source Type: research

Response to the Letter to the Editor
(Source: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback)
Source: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Is a specific phobia of vomiting part of the obsessive compulsive and related disorders?
Conclusions The results have implications for future research into the nosology and treatment of a SPOV. Clinicians should assess for repetitive behaviors in a SPOV and include them in a formulation and treatment plan. Future research should conduct prospective studies to determine which aspects of the phenomenology of a SPOV might best fit under OC and related disorders. (Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders)
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Clinical Psychiatry: Recent Advances and Future Directions
Publication date: September 2015 Source:Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Volume 38, Issue 3 Author(s): David A. Baron, Lawrence S. Gross (Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America)
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Where Are We, and Where Are We Going? An Insider’s View…
Publication date: September 2015 Source:Psychiatric Clinics of North America, Volume 38, Issue 3 Author(s): David A. Baron, Lawrence S. Gross (Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America)
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Development of New Psychopharmacological Agents for Depression and Anxiety
This article reviews novel current programs for developing depressants and anxiolytics. Biological bases are discussed for these, as are recent results. Problems encountered are reviewed. Recently announced failed programs for other antidepressants are then discussed with an eye toward uncovering possible common elements that may explain their failures. Lastly, possible solutions for improving the likelihood of the success of antidepressant/anxiolytic agents are discussed. (Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America)
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A Shared Molecular and Genetic Basis for Food and Drug Addiction
This article focuses on the shared molecular and neurogenetics of food and drug addiction tied to the understanding of reward deficiency syndrome. Reward deficiency syndrome describes a hypodopaminergic trait/state that provides a rationale for commonality in approaches for treating long-term reduced dopamine function across the reward brain regions. The identification of the role of DNA polymorphic associations with reward circuitry has resulted in new understanding of all addictive behaviors. (Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America)
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Next Big Thing in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
This article reviews 4 preventative interventions: 1) The use of structural brain imaging to identify children at risk for familial depression who are most likely to benefit from preventative cognitive behavioral therapy 2) The Good Behavior Game, a school based program that, when implemented in 1st grade classrooms, cut the incidence of substance use disorders in students in half when those students were 19 years old, 3) The SPARX video game, which has the potential to be an accessible, appealing, and cost-effective treatment for the thousands of teens affected by mild to moderate depressive disorders, and 4) Intensive ps...
Source: Psychiatric Clinics of North America - August 29, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research