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A Rosetta stone for epidemiology: genomic risk profile scores contain clues related to modifiable risk factors.
Authors: McGrath JJ PMID: 25338514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Moving Beyond Community Mental Health: Public Mental Health as an Emerging Focus for Psychiatry Residency Training.
Authors: Roberts LW, Beresin EV, Coverdale JH, Balon R, Louie AK, Kim JP, Ohayon MM PMID: 25339288 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Going to Sea: Psychiatric Education in an Era of Accountability : Shein Lecture, American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training, March, 2014.
Authors: Summergrad P PMID: 25339287 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Indicated prevention with long‐chain polyunsaturated omega‐3 fatty acids in patients with 22q11DS genetically at high risk for psychosis. Protocol of a randomized, double‐blind, placebo‐controlled treatment trial
ConclusionsThis is the protocol of a planned study that aims to test the efficacy of PUFAs in the prodromal phase of FEP, in a specific syndrome where there is strong evidence that a high genetic load is involved in the disorder. (Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry)
Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marco Armando, Franco De Crescenzo, Stefano Vicari, Maria Cristina Digilio, Maria Pontillo, Francesco Papaleo, G. Paul Amminger Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Unusual complications of deep brain stimulation
In this report, we examine the occurrence of unusual complications after DBS with emphasis on surgical, hardware, and stimulation-related complications. (Source: Neurosurgical Review)
Source: Neurosurgical Review - October 24, 2014 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Basal ganglia anatomy and schizophrenia: the role of antipsychotic treatment.
Authors: Zampieri E, Bellani M, Crespo-Facorro B, Brambilla P Abstract Progressive enlargement of basal ganglia volume has been observed in schizophrenia individuals, potentially being sustained by chronic administration of antipsychotic drugs. Here we briefly summarise the state of the art of the role of antipsychotic in leading to increased basal ganglia in schizophrenia, particularly focusing on the caudate nucleus. PMID: 25335548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

The achievements of community psychiatry - a commentary and some reflections from Australia.
Authors: Meadows GN PMID: 25335511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Agomelatine-induced liver injury in a patient with choledocholithiasis.
CONCLUSIONS: It is hypothesized that choledocholithiasis could theoretically increase a risk of developing agomelatine-induced hepatotoxicity in this patient. Any pre-existing liver disease should be a contraindication for treatment with agomelatine. PMID: 25335994 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica)
Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research

Formal plan for self‐disclosure enhances supported employment outcomes among young people with severe mental illness
ConclusionsA formal PMPI has promising predictive validity with respect to job seekers not opposed to pragmatic forms of self‐disclosure. Further research is needed to examine other properties of this decision‐making tool. (Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry)
Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ellie McGahey, Geoffrey Waghorn, Chris Lloyd, Shirley Morrissey, Philip Lee Williams Tags: Early Intervention in the Real World Source Type: research

Obesity and gambling: neurocognitive and clinical associations
ConclusionObesity was associated with decision making and sustained attention impairments in gamblers, along with greater monetary loss due to gambling. Future work should use longitudinal designs to examine the temporal relationship between these deficits, weight, other impulsive behaviour, and functional impairment. (Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J. E. Grant, K. Derbyshire, E. Leppink, S. R. Chamberlain Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Risk of dementia in elderly patients with the use of proton pump inhibitors
Abstract Drugs that modify the risk of dementia in the elderly are of potential interest for dementia prevention. Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) are widely used to reduce gastric acid production, but information on the risk of dementia is lacking. We assessed association between the use of PPIs and the risk of dementia in elderly people. Data were derived from a longitudinal, multicenter cohort study in elderly primary care patients, the German Study on Aging, Cognition and Dementia in Primary Care Patients (AgeCoDe), including 3,327 community-dwelling persons aged ≥75 years. From follow-up 1 to follow-up 4 (fol...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - October 24, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

A Systematic Literature Review of Emotion Regulation Measurement in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder
We examined the types of methods (self‐report, informant report, naturalistic observation/ behavior coding, physiological, and open‐ended) and the ER constructs based on Gross and Thompson's modal model (situation selection, situation modification, attention deployment, cognitive change, and response modulation). Studies most often assessed ER using one type of method and from a unidimensional perspective. Across the 32 studies, we documented the types of measures used and found that 38% of studies used self‐report, 44% included an informant report measure, 31% included at least one naturalistic observation/behavior ...
Source: Autism Research - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan A. Weiss, Kendra Thomson, Lisa Chan Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

“Gamblefree Day,” A Community Project to Minimise Harm Caused by Gambling Disorder in New Zealand Chinese and Korean Communities: Formative Evaluation and Lessons Learnt
This article describes how Asian problem gambling services used “Gamblefree Day” (GFD) as a health promotion campaign to raise awareness of gambling harm in New Zealand Chinese and Korean communities. The nationwide GFD health promotion project consisted of an action group, song-writing competition, and discount restaurant dining, as well as the recruitment and training of volunteers specifically for the campaign. The formative evaluation of the campaign adopted a mixed method approach collecting survey data and qualitative feedback from campaign participants and volunteers over a period of three years. Formative evalu...
Source: Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health - October 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Surgery of Intradural Extramedullary Tumors: Retrospective Analysis of 107 Cases
CONCLUSION: Surgery for IDEMTs has a good outcome. Patients reported lower levels of pain and a drastic reduction in neurological symptoms 1 year after surgery. The quality of life is middle to high. It is influenced mainly by the neurological outcome. ABBREVIATIONS: EQ-5D VAS, EuroQol visual analog score GRS, Graphic Rating Scale IDEMT, intradural extramedullary tumor (Source: Neurosurgery)
Source: Neurosurgery - October 23, 2014 Category: Neurosurgery Tags: Research-Human-Clinical Studies Source Type: research

Return to Duty and Disability After Combat-Related Hindfoot Injury
Discussion: While RTD rates were higher for hindfoot reconstruction or ankle fusion compared with TTA, psychiatric conditions were more common among these patients. Although there were clear differences between both groups, the relationship between true functional outcomes and disability ratings remains unclear and both treatment groups seem to do poorly in terms of returning to active duty. Level of Evidence: Therapeutic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence. (Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma)
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma - October 23, 2014 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A double-edged sword: review of the interplay between physical health and mental health
Abstract It is widely acknowledged that there is interplay between physical and mental health, with causality in both directions. A common theme across countries is the uncertainty surrounding who should act as gatekeeper for physical health matters in psychiatry. Much of the metabolic monitoring is carried out by psychiatrists who often feel ill equipped to treat medical problems such as abnormal cholesterol or disturbances of glucose metabolism. However many patients do not attend primary care on a regular basis and may not be likely to follow through on referral to primary care. This review aims to examine the ...
Source: Irish Journal of Medical Science - October 23, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Giving the Brain a Buzz: The Ultimate in Self-Help or a Dangerous Distraction?
This blog is the fourth in a series of guest posts on technology and the brain to celebrate Scientific American Mind’s 10-year anniversary. -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com (Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed)
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - October 23, 2014 Category: Science Tags: More Science Biology Health Biotechnology Ethics Medical Technology Mind & Brain Addiction Recovery Language Linguistics Neurological Disorders Neuroscience Psychiatry Psychology Thought Cognition Consumer Electronics Source Type: research

Subsyndromal depression among older adults in the USA: prevalence, comorbidity, and risk for new‐onset psychiatric disorders in late life
ConclusionIn addition to the 13.7% of US older adults with lifetime MDD, an additional 13.8% have lifetime SSD, which is not a formally recognized diagnosis. In addition to its high prevalence, SSD is associated with elevated rates of comorbid mood, anxiety, and personality disorders, as well as the development of a new‐onset MDD and anxiety disorder. These results underscore the importance of dimensional approaches to assessing depressive symptoms in older persons, as diagnostic approaches that rely on rigorous categorical classifications may fail to identify a substantial proportion of at‐risk individuals. Copyright ...
Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - October 23, 2014 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Pilar Laborde‐Lahoz, Renée El‐Gabalawy, Jolene Kinley, Paul D. Kirwin, Jitender Sareen, Robert H. Pietrzak Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

On the Connection Between Autoimmunity, tic Disorders and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorders: A Meta-Analysis on Anti-Streptolysin O Titres
Abstract Anti-streptolysin O (ASO) titration is useful in the context of autoimmune pathologies, including specific cases of tic and obsessive-compulsive disorders occurring after streptococcal infections. There is currently a lack of consensus on the use of ASO titres; therefore we performed a meta-analysis to systematise available data and clarify the role of ASO titres in the context of neuropsychiatric disorders. A meta-analysis was performed on ASO titration in neuropsychiatric patients, including tic disorders and obsessive-compulsive disorders. Included studies reported numbers of positive subjects, depend...
Source: Journal of NeuroImmune Pharmacology - October 23, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

New aspects of cognition domains and psychopathological measures in psychiatry.
Authors: Reich-Erkelenz D, Schmitt A, Falkai P PMID: 25331428 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience)
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Teaching the Placebo Effect.
Authors: Garcia J PMID: 25332134 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Abstract Maternal depression, environmental factors linked to different trajectories of childhood irritability Family and cognitive therapy delivered via 12 manualized sessions effective for bipolar disorder Foster care intervention leads to reduction in psychotic symptoms College students’ daily use of marijuana at 30‐year high Lamotrigine found safe and effective in adolescent depression in retrospective chart review Inconclusive results for duloxetine treatment for MDD in children and adolescents Rescheduling prescription hydrocodone combination drug products (Source: The Brown University Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Update)
Source: The Brown University Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Update - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Beware of friends: The cultural psychology of relational mobility and cautious intimacy
Previous research has contrasted patterns of cautious or prevention‐oriented relationality in various West African settings with patterns of growth or promotion‐oriented relationality in many North American settings. The present research draws upon the concept of relational mobility to test the hypothesis that different patterns of relationality have their source in respective affordances for embedded interdependence or abstracted independence. Study 1 investigated the relationship between cautious intimacy and perception of relational mobility among a sample of Hong Kong students. Study 2 compared students in Hong Kon...
Source: Asian Journal Of Social Psychology - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liman Man Wai Li, Glenn Adams, Tuğçe Kurtiş, Takeshi Hamamura Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Anti‐N‐methyl‐d‐aspartate receptor encephalitis is an important differential diagnosis in acute psychiatric disease
(Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A. Jørgensen, B. S. Hansen, S. Stanislaus, S. Düring, M. B. Jørgensen, L. H. Pinborg, D. Kondziella Tags: Letter to the editor Source Type: research

Moving Beyond Community Mental Health: Public Mental Health as an Emerging Focus for Psychiatry Residency Training
(Source: Acadademic Psychiatry)
Source: Acadademic Psychiatry - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Going to Sea: Psychiatric Education in an Era of Accountability
(Source: Acadademic Psychiatry)
Source: Acadademic Psychiatry - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Acute tryptophan depletion reduces kynurenine levels: implications for treatment of impaired visuospatial memory performance in irritable bowel syndrome
Conclusions Manipulating peripheral tryptophan and kynurenine levels using ATD modulates hippocampal-mediated cognitive performance in irritable bowel syndrome but not healthy controls. These data may have important implications for reducing cognitive impairment in irritable bowel syndrome. (Source: Psychopharmacology)
Source: Psychopharmacology - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early improvement as a predictor of eventual antidepressant treatment response in severely depressed inpatients
Conclusion In the present study, although the sensitivity of early improvement was modest, based on the severity of clinical symptoms, a clinician treating a patient with severe major depression may seriously consider changing the treatment at an earlier stage than is presently customary. (Source: Psychopharmacology)
Source: Psychopharmacology - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Early abstinence of crack-cocaine is effective to attenuate oxidative stress and to improve antioxidant defences
Conclusions Taken together, these results suggest that drug rehabilitation treatment was effective in decreasing oxidative damage represented by the reduction in biological markers, which are closely related to the severity of withdrawal symptoms. (Source: Psychopharmacology)
Source: Psychopharmacology - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Association Between Bullous Pemphigoid and Neurologic Diseases: A Case-Control Study
Conclusions Patients with bullous pemphigoid have a higher frequency of neurologic conditions. (Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas)
Source: Actas Dermo-Sifiliograficas - October 23, 2014 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

Effect of the Group Music Therapy on Brain Wave, Behavior, and Cognitive Function among Patients with Chronic Schizophrenia
Conclusion The group music therapy used in this study was an effective intervention for improving emotional relaxation, cognitive processing abilities along with positive behavioral changes in patients with chronic schizophrenia. Our results can be useful for establishing intervention strategies toward psychiatric rehabilitation for those who suffer from chronic mental illnesses. (Source: Asian Nursing Research)
Source: Asian Nursing Research - October 23, 2014 Category: Nursing Source Type: research

Violence prevention in inpatient psychiatric settings: Systematic review of studies about the perceptions of care staff and patients
Publication date: September–October 2014 Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 19, Issue 5 Author(s): Nutmeg Hallett , Jörg W. Huber , Geoffrey L. Dickens Primary and secondary violence prevention can reduce conflict in inpatient psychiatric settings. We aimed to review the empirical literature about how patients and staff in these settings perceive violence prevention. We conducted a systematic review using comprehensive terms to search multiple electronic databases. Thirty-seven studies were identified; all used either qualitative methods, quantitative cross-sectional surveys, or mixed method combinations. ...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

The absence of evidence is not the evidence of absence: The abusive personality as a disordered mental state
Publication date: September–October 2014 Source:Aggression and Violent Behavior, Volume 19, Issue 5 Author(s): Rebecca Brasfield Does the perpetration of domestic violence reflect a distinct mental disorder? This essay does not and cannot definitely answer that question. Rather it aims to prompt a discussion of the various indices for surmising a position on this issue. For example, batterer behavior and attitudes are associated with severe psychopathology. Batterers are treated in intervention programs for an unnamed condition. Ultimately, domestic violence is contextualized as abnormal behavior. This paper reviews re...
Source: Aggression and Violent Behavior - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Repeated positive fighting experience in male inbred mice
Nature Protocols 9, 2705 (2014). doi:10.1038/nprot.2014.156 Authors: Natalia N Kudryavtseva, Dmitry A Smagin, Irina L Kovalenko & Galina B Vishnivetskaya Repeated aggression is a frequent symptom of many psychiatric and neurological disorders, including obsessive-compulsive and attention deficit hyperactivity disorders, bipolar and post-traumatic stress disorders, epilepsy, autism, schizophrenia and drug abuse. However, repeated aggression is insufficiently studied because there is a lack of adequate models in (Source: Nature Protocols)
Source: Nature Protocols - October 23, 2014 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Natalia N KudryavtsevaDmitry A SmaginIrina L KovalenkoGalina B Vishnivetskaya Tags: Protocol Source Type: research

Positive Associations of Dispositional Mindfulness with Cardiovascular Health: the New England Family Study
Conclusion This study demonstrated preliminary cross-sectional evidence that dispositional mindfulness is positively associated with cardiovascular health, with the associations particularly driven by smoking, body mass index, fasting glucose, and physical activity. If in future research mindfulness-based practices are found to consistently improve cardiovascular disease risk factors, such interventions may have potential to strengthen effects of cardiovascular health promotion programs. (Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine)
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Screening tools for clinical high risk for psychosis
ConclusionsThe sensitivity of these scales ranged from 67% to 100% and the specificity ranged from 39% to 100%. The positive predictive value was less precise with scores ranging from 24% to 100%, and the negative predictive value ranging from 58% to 100%. There were several scales that might be useful for screening for individuals who are at increased risk for developing psychosis; however, the majority of measures are underexplored with poor validation. (Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry)
Source: Early Intervention in Psychiatry - October 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jean Addington, Jacqueline Stowkowy, Mark Weiser Tags: Review Article Source Type: research