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Corrigendum to “Oxytocin administration enhances controlled social cognition in patients with schizophrenia” [Psychoneuroendocrinology 47 (2014) 116–125]
We acknowledge that this work was supported by Career Development Award # CX000758 from the United States Department of Veterans Affairs, Office of Research and Development, Clinical Science Research and Development program. (Source: Psychoneuroendocrinology)
Source: Psychoneuroendocrinology - November 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: J.D. Woolley, B. Chuang, O. Lam, W. Lai, A. O’Donovan, K.P. Rankin, D.H. Mathalon, S. Vinogradov Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging)
Source: Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging - November 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Meanings Associated with the Core Component of Clubhouse Life: The Work-Ordered Day
Abstract Despite the clubhouse model’s 60-year existence internationally, the central nature of its core program, the “work-ordered day” (WOH) (Beard et al. in Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal 5:47–53, 1982), is not well understood; hence, the primary focus of the present study was to explore members’ experiences of the nature and meaning of the WOH. The study drew on qualitative interview data collected in 2009–2013 through open-ended questions and probes with 102 members and 24 staff from 5 Clubhouse International-certified clubhouses (2 US and 3 Finnish). Participant observation supplemented the ...
Source: Psychiatric Quarterly - November 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Identifying the gaps between science, policies, services, and the needs of youths affected by mental disorders
(Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Manualized Psychosocial Treatment Versus Standard Care in Opioid Maintenance Treatment: Results of a Randomized Clinical Trial and Follow-up Study
In this study, the hypothesis was that manualized psychosocial treatment was more effective than psychosocial treatment as usual. Moreover, the question was to find subgroups of patients who do not need or benefit from enhanced psychosocial treatment. The study design contains two manualized treatment groups and a control group of treatment as usual. There are two randomizations: (1) From the beginning, all patients were randomized to methadone or buprenorphine. (2) After having finished the control group treatment-as-usual, the subsequent patients were in addition randomly allocated to basic treatment or indicative treatm...
Source: Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation and Mental Health - November 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

"What is strange is that we don't have more children coming to us": A habitography of child psychiatrists and scholastic pressure in Kolkata, India
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2014 Source:Social Science & Medicine Author(s): Stefan Ecks , Christine Kupfer The mental health of Indian school children could be expected to be a major topic of research. More people below 15 years are living in India than in any other country in the world, and India has undergone rapid social, economic, and demographic changes that have greatly increased the pressures on children to do well in school. Yet there is a striking dearth of research in this field. In this article we present the first-ever study focused on child psychiatrists in India. Based on long-te...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - November 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

“Why is everyone always angry with me?!”: When thinking ‘why’ leads to generalization
Conclusions These results suggest that abstract thought may underlie the generalization of bad/failure/angry feelings toward the self (‘Everyone is always angry with me’) and of good feelings towards other people (‘Everyone is always nicer to other people’) that is often seen in depression and social anxiety disorder. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Problems in remembering to carry out future actions in first-episode schizophrenia: primary or secondary impairment?
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2014 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research Author(s): Simon S.Y. Lui , Ya Wang , Tian-xiao Yang , Amy C.Y. Liu , William W.H. Chui , Hera K.H. Yeung , Zhi Li , David L. Neumann , David H.K. Shum , Eric F.C. Cheung , Raymond C.K. Chan Prospective memory (PM) is the ability to remember to carry out intended actions in the future. Empirical evidence suggests that PM deficits exist in individuals with chronic schizophrenia. However, it is unclear whether PM deficits in first-episode schizophrenia exist independently from other neuropsychological deficits. Moreover, prior resear...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - November 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Delusions and Responsibility for Action: Insights from the Breivik Case
Abstract What factors should be taken into account when attributing criminal responsibility to perpetrators of severe crimes? We discuss the Breivik case, and the considerations which led to holding Breivik accountable for his criminal acts. We put some pressure on the view that experiencing certain psychiatric symptoms or receiving a certain psychiatric diagnosis is sufficient to establish criminal insanity. We also argue that the presence of delusional beliefs, often regarded as a key factor in determining responsibility, is neither necessary nor sufficient for criminal insanity. (Source: Neuroethics)
Source: Neuroethics - November 22, 2014 Category: Medical Ethics Source Type: research

Age and Sex as Moderators of the Placebo Response - An Evaluation of Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses across Medicine
Predictors of the placebo response (PR) in randomized controlled trials (RCT) have been searched for ever since RCT have become the standard for testing novel therapies and age and gender are routinely documented data in all trials irrespective of the drug tested, its indication, and the primary and secondary end points chosen. To evaluate whether age and gender have been found to be reliable predictors of the PR across medical subspecialties, we extracted 75 systematic reviews, meta-analyses, and meta-regressions performed in major medical areas (neurology, psychiatry, internal medicine) known for high PR rates. The liter...
Source: Gerontology - November 22, 2014 Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research

Diphenyl diselenide supplemented diet reduces depressive-like behavior in hypothyroid female rats
In this study, we evaluated the effect of diphenyl diselenide supplementation on depressive-like behavior triggered by methimazole exposure in female rats. Additionally, thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), reactive oxygen species (ROS) and non-protein thiol (NP-SH) levels were analyzed in cerebral cortex, hippocampus and striatum structures of rats. Monoamine oxidase (MAO) activity was evaluated in total brain. Firstly, female rats received methimazole (MTZ) 20mg/100ml in the drinking water for 30days and were evaluated in open-field and forced swimming tests (FST). In this set of experiments, the rats exposed...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - November 22, 2014 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

New era of pediatric ventricular assist devices: Let us go to school
Abstract As there is still a shortage of pediatric donor hearts, several techniques have been used to assist pediatric patients to survive until transplantation. VADs provide long‐term support and ability of mobilization for children before a suitable heart becomes available. Several devices such as paracorporeal pumps have been used for this purpose, with acceptable morbidity and mortality rates. However, discharge is not possible, as there is no mobile drive unit for these small‐sized pumps. The possible negative psychosocial impact of long‐term hospitalization, away from home and school, may cause some adjustment ...
Source: Pediatric Transplantation - November 22, 2014 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Mustafa Ozbaran, Tahir Yagdi, Cagatay Engin, Zulal Ulger, Burcu Ozbaran, Sezen Kose, Duygu Kacamak, Yaprak Engin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Reward processing in adolescent rodents
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2014 Source:Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience Author(s): Nicholas W. Simon , Bita Moghaddam Immaturities in adolescent reward processing are thought to contribute to poor decision making and increased susceptibility to develop addictive and psychiatric disorders. Very little is known; however, about how the adolescent brain processes reward. The current mechanistic theories of reward processing are derived from adult models. Here we review recent research focused on understanding of how the adolescent brain responds to rewards and reward-associated events. A critical aspe...
Source: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience - November 22, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Role of adult hippocampal neurogenesis in stress resilience
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2014 Source:Neurobiology of Stress Author(s): Brunno Rocha Levone , John F. Cryan , Olivia F. O’Leary There is a growing appreciation that adult hippocampal neurogenesis plays a role in emotional and cognitive processes related to psychiatric disorders. Although many studies have investigated the effects of stress on adult hippocampal neurogenesis, most have not focused on whether stress-induced changes in neurogenesis occur specifically in animals that are more resilient or more susceptible to the behavioural and neuroendocrine effects of stress. Thus in the present revie...
Source: Neurobiology of Stress - November 22, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

Sparse network-based models for patient classification using fMRI
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2014 Source:NeuroImage Author(s): Maria J. Rosa , Liana Portugal , Tim Hahn , Andreas J. Fallgatter , Marta I. Garrido , John Shawe-Taylor , Janaina Mourao-Miranda Pattern recognition applied to whole-brain neuroimaging data, such as functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI), has proved successful at discriminating psychiatric patients from healthy participants. However, predictive patterns obtained from whole-brain voxel-based features are difficult to interpret in terms of the underlying neurobiology. Many psychiatric disorders, such as depression and schizophrenia, are...
Source: NeuroImage - November 22, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research

The developmental effects of media-ideal internalization and self-objectification processes on adolescents’ negative body-feelings, dietary restraint, and binge eating
Abstract Despite accumulated experimental evidence of the negative effects of exposure to media-idealized images, the degree to which body image, and eating related disturbances are caused by media portrayals of gendered beauty ideals remains controversial. On the basis of the most up-to-date meta-analysis of experimental studies indicating that media-idealized images have the most harmful and substantial impact on vulnerable individuals regardless of gender (i.e., “internalizers” and “self-objectifiers”), the current longitudinal study examined the direct and mediated links posited in objectification ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Institutionalization of deinstitutionalization: a cross-national analysis of mental health system reform
Conclusions: It can be inferred late adopters are motivated to implement deinstitutionalization for technical efficiency rather than legitimacy reasons. (Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems)
Source: International Journal of Mental Health Systems - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gordon ShenLonnie Snowden Source Type: research

In double trouble for eating pathology? An experimental study on the combined role of perfectionism and body dissatisfaction
Conclusions The results suggest that the combination of perfectionism and body dissatisfaction is particularly detrimental and predictive of risk for eating disorder symptoms. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fear conditioning with film clips:A complex associative learning paradigm
Conclusions The fear conditioning paradigm as presented in the negative-relevant context condition holds considerable promise for the study of complex associative fear memories and therapeutic interventions for such memories. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Temporal Estimation of Threatening Stimuli in Social Anxiety Disorder: Investigation of the Effects of State Anxiety and Fearfulness
Conclusions These results may be relevant for the understanding of the etiology and maintenance of SAD and potentially for the development of novel intervention methods. (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Prevalence of childhood obsessive-compulsive personality Traits in Adults with Obsessive Compulsive Disorder versus Obsessive Compulsive Personality Disorder
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2014 Source:Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders Author(s): Anthony Pinto , Ashley L. Greene , Eric A. Storch , H. Blair Simpson Identifying risk factors of psychopathology has been an important research challenge. Prior studies examining the impact of childhood temperament on adult disorder have largely focused on undercontrolled and inhibited presentations, with little study of overcontrolled traits such as obsessive-compulsive personality traits (OCPTs). We compared rates of childhood OCPTs in adults with OCD (without OCPD) (n=28) to adults with OCPD (wit...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Letter to the Editor: Commentary on a study of the prevalence of mental disorders by Breslau et al
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2014 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research Author(s): Michael AP. Bloomfield , Sameer Jauhar , Sean Froudist-Walsh , Ilaria Bonoldi , Oliver D. Howes (Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research)
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Dimensional structure of DSM-5 posttraumatic stress symptoms: Support for a hybrid Anhedonia and Externalizing behaviors model
Publication date: Available online 22 November 2014 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research Author(s): Cherie Armour , Jack Tsai , Tory A. Durham , Ruby Charak , Tracey L. Biehn , Jon D. Elhai , Robert H. Pietrzak Several revisions to the symptom clusters of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have been made in the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5). Central to the focus of this study was the revision of PTSD’s tripartite structure in DSM-IV into four symptom clusters in DSM-5. Emerging confirmatory factor analytic (CFA) studies have suggested that DSM-5 PTSD symptoms may b...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Sodium butyrate and mood stabilizers block ouabain-induced hyperlocomotion and increase BDNF, NGF and GDNF levels in brain of Wistar rats
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2014 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research Author(s): Roger B. Varela , Samira S. Valvassori , Jéssica Lopes-Borges , Edemilson Mariot , Gustavo C. Dal-Pont , Rafaela T. Amboni , Guilherme Bianchini , João Quevedo Bipolar Disorder (BD) is one of the most severe psychiatric disorders. Despite adequate treatment, patients continue to have recurrent mood episodes, residual symptoms, and functional impairment. Some preclinical studies have shown that histone deacetylase inhibitors may act on manic-like behaviors. Neurotrophins have been considered important mediators in the p...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Emotional intelligence and impulsive aggression in intermittent explosive disorder
Publication date: Available online 21 November 2014 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research Author(s): Emil F. Coccaro , Oscar Solis , Jennifer Fanning , Royce Lee Emotional Intelligence (EI) relates to one’s ability to recognize and understand emotional information and then, to use it for planning and self-management. Given evidence of abnormalities of emotional processing in impulsively aggressive individuals, we hypothesized that EI would be reduced in subjects with Intermittent Explosive Disorder (IED: n = 43) compared with healthy (n = 44) and psychiatric (n = 44) controls. The Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intell...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Exercise and severe major depression: Effect on symptom severity and quality of life at discharge in an inpatient cohort
Conclusion Add-on exercise is an efficacious treatment for severely depressed inpatients, improving their depressive symptoms and QoL. Initial acceptance of exercise remains a challenge. (Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research)
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of the center for epidemiologic studies-depression scale in screening for depression among HIV-infected and -uninfected pregnant women attending antenatal services in northern Uganda: a cross-sectional study
Conclusions: The CES-D is a suitable instrument for screening for probable major depression among pregnant women of mixed HIV status attending antenatal services in northern Uganda. (Source: BMC Psychiatry)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Barnabas NatambaJane AchanAngela ArbachThomas OyokShibani GhoshSaurabh MehtaRebecca StoltzfusJeffrey GriffithsSera Young Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Mental Illness in Homeless Children: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis
The numbers of children experiencing homelessness have increased. To develop responsive interventions, we must understand their mental health/behavioral needs. The purpose of this systematic review was to update the evidence base by identifying, appraising, and summarizing studies on the prevalence of mental health issues among homeless children, comparing them to low-income housed children, and discussing research, practice, and policy implications. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ellen L. Bassuk, Molly K. Richard, Alexander Tsertsvadze Tags: Review Source Type: research

Treatment Moderators of Child- and Family-Focused Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy for Pediatric Bipolar Disorder
Prior work has demonstrated the efficacy of child- and family-focused cognitive-behavioral therapy (CFF-CBT) versus enhanced treatment as usual (TAU; unstructured psychotherapy) for pediatric bipolar disorder (PBD). The current study builds on primary findings by examining baseline child, parent, and family characteristics as moderators of symptom response trajectories. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sally M. Weinstein, David Henry, Andrea Katz, Amy T. Peters, Amy E. West Source Type: research

Risk-taking in schizophrenia and controls with and without cannabis dependence
This study examined measures of risk-taking and decision-making in people with and without schizophrenia and/or cannabis dependence. (Source: Schizophrenia Research)
Source: Schizophrenia Research - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bernard A. Fischer, Robert P. McMahon, Deanna L. Kelly, Heidi J. Wehring, Walter A. Meyer, Stephanie Feldman, William T. Carpenter, David A. Gorelick Source Type: research

The effect of lifetime adversities on resistance to antipsychotic treatment in schizophrenia patients
The aim of this study is to examine whether there is an association between cumulative life adversities and treatment-resistant schizophrenia. (Source: Schizophrenia Research)
Source: Schizophrenia Research - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ahmed N. Hassan, Vincenzo De Luca Source Type: research

Central executive network in young people with familial risk for psychosis — The Oulu Brain and Mind Study
The central executive network controls and manages high-level cognitive functions. Abnormal activation in the central executive network has been related to psychosis and schizophrenia but it is not established how this applies to people with familial risk for psychosis (FR). (Source: Schizophrenia Research)
Source: Schizophrenia Research - November 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tuomas Jukuri, Vesa Kiviniemi, Juha Nikkinen, Jouko Miettunen, Pirjo Mäki, Sari Mukkala, Jenni Koivukangas, Tanja Nordström, Juha Parkkisenniemi, Irma Moilanen, Jennifer H. Barnett, Peter B. Jones, Graham K. Murray, Juha Veijola Source Type: research