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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Excursions out‐of‐lane versus standard deviation of lateral position as outcome measure of the on‐the‐road driving test
ConclusionsExcursions out‐of‐lane are neither a suitable measure to demonstrate driving impairment nor is this measure sufficiently sensitive to differentiate adequately between differences in magnitude of driving impairment. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental)
Source: Human Psychopharmacology: Clinical and Experimental - April 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Joris C. Verster, Thomas Roth Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Possible delayed effect of unemployment on suicidal rates: the case of Hungary
DiscussionThe current findings from Hungary suggest that unemployment might be associated with suicidality in the general population only after 3-5 years. It is possible that the distressing environment of the economic crisis increases suicidality in the general population rather than specifically in unemployed people. (Source: Annals of General Psychiatry)
Source: Annals of General Psychiatry - April 23, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Konstantinos FountoulakisXenia GondaPeter DomePavlos TheodorakisZoltan Rihmer Source Type: research

Perceived Discrimination and Physical, Cognitive, and Emotional Health in Older Adulthood.
CONCLUSIONS: The detrimental effect of discrimination on physical and emotional health is not limited to young adulthood but continues to contribute to health and well-being in old age. These effects were driven primarily by discrimination based on personal characteristics that change over time (e.g., age, weight) rather than discrimination based on more stable characteristics (e.g., race, sex). PMID: 24745563 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

Delirium Diagnosis Methodology Used in Research: A Survey-Based Study.
CONCLUSION: Significant variability exists in reference standard methods for delirium diagnosis in published research. Increasing standardization by documenting inter-rater reliability, using standardized cognitive and delirium detection tools, incorporating diagnostic expert consensus panels, and using all available information in patients declining or unable to participate with formal testing may help advance delirium research by increasing consistency of case detection and improving generalizability of research results. PMID: 24745562 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

Anxiety Is Not Associated with the Risk of Dementia or Cognitive Decline: The Rotterdam Study.
CONCLUSION: Our findings do not offer evidence for an association between anxiety symptoms or anxiety disorders with the risk of dementia or with cognition. This suggests that anxiety is not a risk factor nor a prodrome of dementia in an elderly, community-dwelling population. PMID: 24745561 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

Factors Associated with Fear of Falling and Associated Activity Restriction in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review.
CONCLUSION: Only few risk factors identified were robustly associated across all FOF-related constructs and should be included in future studies on FOF. Some newer factors have to be tested again in different cohorts. The comprehensive overview might assist in the conceptualization of future studies. PMID: 24745560 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

Miami Thrives: Weaving a Poverty Reduction Coalition.
This study also highlights the utility of an action research approach to organizational learning about coalition-building in such a way that informs decision making. PMID: 24748284 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Community Psychology)
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Collaborative Measurement Development as a Tool in CBPR: Measurement Development and Adaptation within the Cultures of Communities.
Authors: Gonzalez J, Trickett EJ Abstract This paper describes the processes we engaged into develop a measurement protocol used to assess the outcomes in a community based suicide and alcohol abuse prevention project with two Alaska Native communities. While the literature on community-based participatory research (CBPR) is substantial regarding the importance of collaborations, few studies have reported on this collaboration in the process of developing measures to assess CBPR projects. We first tell a story of the processes around the standard issues of doing cross-cultural work on measurement development relate...
Source: American Journal of Community Psychology - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Community Psychol Source Type: research

Meaning, grounding, and the construction of social reality
This article reports the current state of play of a research program that takes cultural dynamics as its central question. In this approach, humans are construed as meaning making animals that create, recreate, and exchange information, and turn it into a meaningful basis for action. The locus of meaning making and remaking is an everyday joint activity. The grounding model of cultural transmission describes how cultural information is deliberately or inadvertently transmitted in a joint activity. As we go about our business of living our daily lives, we ground information to our common ground, and construct a social reali...
Source: Asian Journal Of Social Psychology - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yoshihisa Kashima Tags: LEAD ARTICLE Source Type: research

Major depression and first-time hospitalization with ischemic heart disease, cardiac procedures and mortality in the general population: A retrospective Danish population-based cohort study
Conclusion Clinical depression leading to hospitalization was a risk factor for new cardiac complications independent of somatic comorbidity in the magnitude of other cardiac risk factors, particularly in individuals between 15–59 years of age and during the first weeks following psychiatric admission. Our findings support recent cardiovascular disease prevention guidelines on assessing depression among other psychosocial factors in patients at increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk. (Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology)
Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology - April 22, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Gasse, C., Laursen, T. M., Baune, B. T. Tags: Original scientific papers Source Type: research

Psychiatric staff on the wards does not share attitudes on aggression
Conclusions: Psychiatric staff on the wards does not share attitudes on aggression. As each staff member has his/her own opinion about aggression, training for dealing with aggression or violent incidents should be done, at least partly, on an individual level. We also suggest caution in using the concept of ward culture as an explanation for the use of restrictive measures on psychiatric wards. (Source: BioMed Central)
Source: BioMed Central - April 22, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Tero LaihoNina LindbergGrigori JoffeHanna PutkonenAnja HottinenRaija KontioEila Sailas Source Type: research

The P7C3 class of neuroprotective compounds exerts antidepressant efficacy in mice by increasing hippocampal neurogenesis
Eisch, A A Pieper & J M Zigman (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A K WalkerP D RiveraQ WangJ-C ChuangS TranS Osborne-LawrenceS J EstillR StarwaltP HuntingtonL MorlockJ NaidooN S WilliamsJ M ReadyA J EischA A PieperJ M Zigman Source Type: research

Prenatal stress and inhibitory neuron systems: implications for neuropsychiatric disorders
Stevens (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: R FineJ ZhangH E Stevens Source Type: research

Contributions of the social environment to first-onset and recurrent mania
& R H Perlis (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S E GilmanM Y NiE C DunnJ BreslauK A McLaughlinJ W SmollerR H Perlis Source Type: research

Depression and Anxiety Issue Information
(Source: Depression and Anxiety)
Source: Depression and Anxiety - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

The efficacy of metacognitive therapy for anxiety and depression: a meta‐analytic review
ConclusionsResults suggest that MCT is effective in treating disorders of anxiety and depression and is superior compared to waitlist control groups and CBT, although the latter finding should be interpreted with caution. The implications of these findings are limited by small sample sizes and few active control conditions. Future studies should include larger sample sizes and also include comparisons of MCT with other empirically supported therapies. (Source: Depression and Anxiety)
Source: Depression and Anxiety - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nicoline Normann, Arnold A. P. Emmerik, Nexhmedin Morina Tags: Review Source Type: research

Risking it for Love: Romantic Relationships and Early Pubertal Development Confer Risk for Later Disruptive Behavior Disorders in African-American Girls Receiving Psychiatric Care.
Abstract Disruptive behavior problems (DBP) represent a growing concern for young women (e.g., Snyder and Sickmund, 2006), but gender-specific investigations have been traditionally underrepresented in this area. The purpose of this study is to examine the associations among gender-relevant risk factors for DBP among 217 African American girls in psychiatric care. African American girls, 12-16 years old (M = 14.6; SD = 1.2), and their primary female caregivers (N = 254) were recruited from outpatient mental health clinics and reported on girls' DBP, heterosexual dating experiences (romantic and sexual)...
Source: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Javdani S, Rodriguez EM, Nichols SR, Emerson E, Donenberg GR Tags: J Abnorm Child Psychol Source Type: research

Intact Facial Adaptation in Autistic Adults
Adaptation paradigms seek to bias subsequently viewed stimuli through prolonged exposure to an adapting stimulus, thereby giving rise to an aftereffect. Recent experiments have found that children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) show reduced facial aftereffects, prompting some researchers to speculate that all individuals with ASD exhibit deficient facial adaptation. However, caution is required when generalizing findings from samples of children with ASD to the wider ASD population. The reduced facial aftereffects seen in child samples may instead reflect delayed or atypical developmental trajectories, whereby indivi...
Source: Autism Research - April 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Richard Cook, Rebecca Brewer, Punit Shah, Geoffrey Bird Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Psychiatry Research)
Source: Psychiatry Research - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Fifty years' development and future perspectives of psychiatric register research
ConclusionFuture register research can go in the direction of big is beautiful collecting data from all possible sources creating giga‐registers. In that case, low data quality will still be an unsolved problem. Or it can take the direction of smaller local clinical databases which has many advantages, for example, integrating clinical knowledge and experience into register research. However, in that case, registers will not be able to deal with rare conditions and diseases. (Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: P. Munk‐Jørgensen, N. Okkels, D. Golberg, M. Ruggeri, G. Thornicroft Tags: Clinical Overview Source Type: research

On the translation of DSM-5 into Turkish.
PMID: 24738155 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Turkish Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Turkish Journal of Psychiatry - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Öztürk MO Tags: Turk Psikiyatri Derg Source Type: research

Science, psychiatry, and thinking outside of the DSM: the Johns Hopkins approach.
PMID: 24738153 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Turkish Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Turkish Journal of Psychiatry - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Çamsarı UM Tags: Turk Psikiyatri Derg Source Type: research

An Overview of Depression among Transgender Women.
Authors: Hoffman B Abstract Rates of depression are higher in transgender women than in the general population, warranting an understanding of the variables related to depression in this group. Results of the literature review of depression in transgender women reveal several variables influencing depression, including social support, violence, sex work, and gender identity. The theoretical constructs of minority stress, coping, and identity control theory are explored in terms of how they may predict depression in transgender women. Depression and depressive symptoms have been used to predict high-risk sexual beha...
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Psychosocial Functioning in Depressive Patients: A Comparative Study between Major Depressive Disorder and Bipolar Affective Disorder.
Conclusion. Bipolar depression causes higher global psychosocial impairment than unipolar depression. PMID: 24744917 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

31-year-old female shows marked improvement in depression, agitation, and panic attacks after genetic testing was used to inform treatment.
Authors: Lawrence S Abstract This case describes a 31-year-old female Caucasian patient with complaints of ongoing depression, agitation, and severe panic attacks. The patient was untreated until a recent unsuccessful trial of citalopram followed by venlafaxine which produced a partial response. Genetic testing was performed to assist in treatment decisions and revealed the patient to be heterozygous for polymorphisms in 5HT2C, ANK3, and MTHFR and homozygous for a polymorphism in SLC6A4 and the low activity (Met/Met) COMT allele. In response to genetic results and clinical presentation, venlafaxine was maintained a...
Source: Case Reports in Psychiatry - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Case Rep Psychiatry Source Type: research

Alzheimer's disease-related plaques in nondemented subjects.
Authors: Elobeid A, Rantakömi S, Soininen H, Alafuzoff I Abstract Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology was assessed in 587 nondemented subjects, with age at death at or more than 50 years. In 307 subjects, amyloid-β (Aβ) immunoreactive (IR) plaques were seen; in 192 subjects, neuritic plaques (NPs) stained with modified Bielschowsky silver stain (mBky) were observed. In 20% of the whole cohort and in 62% of the 192 subjects with NPs in mBky, hyperphosphorylated tau (HPtau) IR NPs were seen. In most cases in this nondemented cohort, the HPtau IR NPs were observed either sparsely or to a moderate extent. The correla...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Assessing Resident Performance on the Psychiatry Milestones.
Authors: Swing SR, Cowley DS, Bentman A PMID: 24743953 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Predictors of post‐traumatic psychological growth in the late years after lung transplantation
ConclusionsPTG exceeded levels observed in other chronic disease populations, suggesting that lung transplantation may uniquely foster positive psychological change in long‐term survivors. PTG occurs despite physical and psychiatric morbidities. Whether PTG promotes other positive post‐transplant psychosocial outcomes deserves attention. (Source: Clinical Transplantation)
Source: Clinical Transplantation - April 21, 2014 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Kristen R. Fox, Donna M. Posluszny, Andrea F. DiMartini, Annette J. DeVito Dabbs, Emily M. Rosenberger, Rachelle A. Zomak, Christian Bermudez, Mary Amanda Dew Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Neuro Psychiatry 1943: The Role of Documentary Film in the Dissemination of Medical Knowledge and Promotion of the U.K. Psychiatric Profession
In 1943, Basil Wright produced a documentary film about the treatment of servicemen and civilians with psychological disorders at Mill Hill Emergency Medical Service Hospital. Funded by the Ministry of Information, Neuro Psychiatry was shot to convince influential clinicians and policy makers in North America that the British had developed expertise in the management of psychiatric casualties. By emphasizing novel and apparently effective interventions and excluding severe or intractable cases from the film, Wright encouraged an optimistic sense of achievement. Filmed at a time when victory was considered an eventual outco...
Source: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences - April 21, 2014 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Jones, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Cost of War--Then and Now: Commentary on "Neuro Psychiatry 1943"
(Source: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences)
Source: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences - April 21, 2014 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Fangerau, H. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Therapeutic Revolutions: Medicine, Psychiatry, and American Culture, 1945-1970
(Source: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences)
Source: Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences - April 21, 2014 Category: History of Medicine Authors: Horwitz, A. V. Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Abstract MH Experts Divided on New Attention Disorder as a Separate Diagnosis Intervention Helps Reduce Racial, Ethnic Disparities in Mental Health Care Colo. Officials Addressing High MH Drug Use for Foster Children Bazelon Seeking End to Bias against Law Bar Applicants with MI Study Finds Effects of Childhood Bullying Linger into Midlife State News Coming up (Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mind the gap: Why many geneticists and psychological scientists have discrepant views about gene–environment interaction (G×E) research.
We describe the differences in perspective between psychiatric geneticists and psychological scientists that have contributed to a growing divide between the research cited and conducted by these two related disciplines. Finally, we outline a strategy for the future of research on gene–environment interactions that capitalizes on the relative strengths of each discipline. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: American Psychologist)
Source: American Psychologist - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Duncan, Laramie E.; Pollastri, Alisha R.; Smoller, Jordan W. Source Type: research

Interview with Frank Ochberg.
This interview is an intimate conversation between Frank Ochberg, M.D., presenter at the 2012 Erikson Institute Fall Conference at the Austen Riggs Center (Untold Stories, Hidden Wounds: War Trauma and its Treatment), and M. Gerard Fromm, the Conference Director. A founding father of modern psychotraumatology and editor of the first text on the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), Dr. Ochberg served on the committee that defined PTSD and has held several positions within the American Psychiatric Association and the National Institute for Mental Health, also advising the FBI, the US Secret Service, and the Nat...
Source: Psychoanalytic Psychology - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Fromm, M. Gerard Source Type: research

Posttraumatic stress disorder: Beyond best practices.
Traditional therapies for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and the many neuropsychiatric conditions associated with abuse, stress, and combat are effective in only half of patients, despite best efforts and practices. The 50% of patients who do not improve by responding to usual standards of care are labeled treatment resistant. I propose that comorbid medical illnesses and injuries affecting mental state and general health and the failures of the systems that treat them contribute to the so-called “resistance” of chronic PTSD, depression, and anxiety. Military veterans and victims of torture often manifest treatme...
Source: Psychoanalytic Psychology - April 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Xenakis, Stephen N. Source Type: research