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Psychiatry

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Frontal hypometabolism in elderly breast cancer survivors determined by [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography (PET): a pilot study
ConclusionBreast cancer survivors treated with chemotherapy may manifest long‐term changes in brain glucose metabolism indicative of subtle frontal hypometabolism, a finding consistent with results from neuropsychological testing and other imaging modalities. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Laura L. Boles Ponto, Yusuf Menda, Vincent A. Magnotta, Torricia H. Yamada, Natalie L. Denburg, Susan K. Schultz Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

New from CPD Online [CPD Online]
(Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment)
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: CPD Online Source Type: research

Haloperidol versus low-potency first-generation antipsychotic drugs for schizophrenia [Cochrane Corner]
(Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment)
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tardy, M., Huhn, M., Kissling, W., Engel, R. R., Leucht, S. Tags: Cochrane Corner Source Type: research

Infertility and mental health [Articles]
The World Health Organization (WHO) has indicated that 8–12% of couples worldwide experience infertility, and in recent years the number seeking treatment has dramatically increased. The diagnosis and therapy put a heavy psychological and physical burden on most patients, female and male. The incidence of depression in couples presenting for infertility treatment is significantly higher than in comparable fertile couples. Anxiety is significantly higher in infertile couples than in the general population. Professionals have become aware of the importance of providing educational interventions to address patients&rsqu...
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Doyle, M., Carballedo, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Alcohol and cognitive impairment [Articles]
We present what is known about cognitive impairment associated with alcohol use/misuse, covering the spectrum from mild and subtle cognitive change through to severe alcohol-related brain damage, including Wernicke–Korsakoff syndrome. We highlight aids to the diagnosis and management of these conditions, and emphasise the benefits of prompt treatment on outcome. We also review progress in understanding their neurobiology. Suggestions for possible service configuration based on both our clinical practice and national guidelines are given. (Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment)
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jauhar, S., Marshall, E. J., Smith, I. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Medication management following first-episode psychosis in young people: a developmental approach [Articles]
This article considers the complexity surrounding medication management after the initial recovery from psychosis. The discussion focuses particularly on the medical treatments, developmental considerations and roles of psychiatrists in improving outcomes for this group of patients. (Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment)
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Richards, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Community-based psychodynamic group psychotherapy for treatment-resistant schizophrenia [Articles]
We describe the work of a psychodynamic psychotherapy group for individuals affected by chronic schizophrenia in our community-based rehabilitation and recovery service. Despite presenting with negative symptoms, over time patients made good use of the psychodynamic setting: they attended, expressed emotions, made connections and reflected within the group on their personal experience of mental ill health. We discuss the rationale and indications for psychodynamic psychotherapy for individuals with severe and enduring mental illnesses. We also reflect on the challenges we faced working psychodynamically with psychosis and ...
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Aiello, G., Ahmad, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Atypical early-onset eating disorders [Articles]
This article reviews the recent changes to the DSM diagnostic classification of feeding and eating disorders with particular reference to children and adolescents. The common clinical presentations of the ‘atypical’ feeding and eating problems of middle childhood and early adolescence are reviewed using clinical case vignettes, and the limited evidence base regarding management is summarised. There are many gaps in the evidence base and this is likely to be an area of rapid development for the field subsequent on the new terminology outlined in DSM-5. (Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment)
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nicholls, D., Barrett, E., Huline-Dickens, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Psychosocial interventions for dementia: from evidence to practice [Articles]
This article presents evidence for the efficacy of psychosocial interventions for people with dementia and their carers. The evidence base is not yet robust enough to clearly suggest which interventions are most suited for which environment. However, from our literature review there appears to be reason to use music therapy, aromatherapy, life story work, animal-assisted therapy and post-diagnosis/carer support work. We focus on both the traditional outcome measures of behavioural and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) and the more difficult to measure, but equally important, person-centred outcomes of non-pharmacol...
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Patel, B., Perera, M., Pendleton, J., Richman, A., Majumdar, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The interface between general and forensic psychiatry: a historical perspective [Articles]
Mental disorder and criminality are separate entities but some people with a mental disorder commit criminal offences and some criminals have a mental disorder. Before 1800 there was no separate category of mentally disordered offenders (referred to as criminal lunatics until 1948) in UK legislation. The provision of facilities for mentally disordered offenders in Britain and Ireland overlapped with, but was also separate from, provision for the mentally ill generally. The interface between general and forensic psychiatry is an area of tension and of collaboration. To understand how contemporary general and forensic psychi...
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gordon, H., Khosla, V. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The interface between general and forensic psychiatry: the present day [Articles]
This article focuses on the interface between general and forensic psychiatry in England and Wales. The pattern of mental health services in England and Wales differs to an extent from those in Scotland, Northern Ireland and in the Republic of Ireland. Consequently, the interface between general and forensic psychiatry is subject to varying influences. Important interface issues include: the definition of a ‘forensic patient’; the remit and organisation of services; resources; clinical responsibility; and care pathways. This article also discusses a general overview of how to improve collaboration between foren...
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Khosla, V., Davison, P., Gordon, H., Joseph, V. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Correction [Correction]
(Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment)
Source: Advances in Psychiatric Treatment - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Highlights of this issue [Highlights of this issue]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shergill, S. S. Tags: Highlights of this issue Source Type: research

Psychopathology as the basic science of psychiatry [EDITORIALS]
We argue that psychopathology, as the discipline that assesses and makes sense of abnormal human subjectivity, should be at the heart of psychiatry. It should be a basic educational prerequisite in the curriculum for mental health professionals and a key element of the shared intellectual identity of clinicians and researchers in this field. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Stanghellini, G., Broome, M. R. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

The psychiatric ward as a therapeutic space: systematic review [REVIEW ARTICLES]
Conclusions Data on the impact of design on treatment outcomes are inconclusive. Rigorous randomised controlled trials, qualitative studies and novel methods are called for. Different stakeholders’ responses to the ward as a symbolic environment merit further investigation. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Papoulias, C., Csipke, E., Rose, D., McKellar, S., Wykes, T. Tags: REVIEW ARTICLES Source Type: research

Discharges to prison from medium secure psychiatric units in England and Wales [PAPERS]
Conclusions Findings suggest that alternative models of prison mental healthcare should be considered to reduce risks to the patient and the public. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Doyle, M., Coid, J., Archer-Power, L., Dewa, L., Hunter-Didrichsen, A., Stevenson, R., Wainwright, V., Kallis, C., Ullrich, S., Shaw, J. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Cancer incidence in people with affective disorder: nationwide cohort study in Taiwan, 1997-2010 [PAPERS]
Conclusions Elevated cancer risk was found in patients who had received in-patient care for affective disorders. They require holistic approaches to lifestyle behaviours and associated cancer risks. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hung, Y.-N., Yang, S.-Y., Huang, M.-C., Lung, F.-W., Lin, S.-K., Chen, K.-Y., Kuo, C.-J., Chen, Y.-Y. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Behavioural and psychiatric symptoms in people with dementia admitted to the acute hospital: prospective cohort study [PAPERS]
Conclusions We found that BPSD are very common in older people admitted to an acute hospital. Patients and staff would benefit from more specialist psychiatric support. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sampson, E. L., White, N., Leurent, B., Scott, S., Lord, K., Round, J., Jones, L. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Mental and physical illness in caregivers: results from an English national survey sample [PAPERS]
Conclusions We found strong evidence that caregiving affects the mental health of caregivers. Distress frequently reaches clinical thresholds, particularly in those providing most care. Strategies for maintaining the mental health of caregivers are needed, particularly as demographic changes are set to increase involvement in caregiving roles. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Smith, L., Onwumere, J., Craig, T., McManus, S., Bebbington, P., Kuipers, E. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Functional connectivity and grey matter volume of the striatum in schizophrenia [PAPERS]
Conclusions Present results suggest a disruption in striatal functional connectivity that is closely linked to grey matter morphometry of the striatum. Decreased connectivity between the striatum and psychopathologically relevant networks may explain the emergence of negative symptoms. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Koch, K., Rus, O. G., Reess, T. J., Schachtzabel, C., Wagner, G., Schultz, C. C., Sorg, C., Schlosser, R. G. M. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

On Bereavement: Studies of Grief in Adult Life by Colin Murray Parkes - reflection [Extras]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Oyebode, J. Tags: Extras Source Type: research

Starting lithium prophylaxis early v. late in bipolar disorder [PAPERS]
Conclusions Starting lithium treatment early following first psychiatric contact or a single manic/mixed episode is associated with increased probability of lithium response. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kessing, L. V., Vradi, E., Andersen, P. K. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

To L.H.B. (1894-1915) - poem [Extras]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mansfield, K. Tags: Extras Source Type: research

Suspicious young minds: paranoia and mistrust in 8- to 14-year-olds in the UK and Hong Kong [PAPERS]
Conclusions Mistrust may exist as a quantitative trait in children, which, as in adults, is associated with elevated risks of internalising and externalising problems. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wong, K. K., Freeman, D., Hughes, C. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research

Arjuna and Job: depression relieved by submission to gods - psychiatry and sacred texts [Extras]
(Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Price, J. S., Gardner, R. Tags: Extras Source Type: research

Impact of the diagnostic changes to post-traumatic stress disorder for DSM-5 and the proposed changes to ICD-11 [PAPERS]
Conclusions The diagnostic systems performed in different ways in terms of current prevalence rates and levels of comorbidity with depression, but on other broad key indicators they were relatively similar. There was overlap between those with PTSD diagnosed by ICD-11 and DSM-5 but a substantial portion met one but not the other set of criteria. This represents a challenge for research because the phenotype that is studied may be markedly different according to the diagnostic system used. (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: O'Donnell, M. L., Alkemade, N., Nickerson, A., Creamer, M., McFarlane, A. C., Silove, D., Bryant, R. A., Forbes, D. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research