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Psychiatry

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Neurocognitive predictors of substance use disorders and nicotine dependence in ADHD probands, their unaffected siblings, and controls: a 4‐year prospective follow‐up
ConclusionsCold executive functions, motor functioning, and IQ did not predict the elevated risk of SUDs and ND in ADHD. Future studies should target ‘hot’ executive functions such as reward processing as risk factors for SUDs or ND. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - August 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Annabeth P. Groenman, Jaap Oosterlaan, Corina U. Greven, Pieter Jelle Vuijk, Nanda Rommelse, Barbara Franke, Catharina A. Hartman, Pieter J. Hoekstra, Joseph Sergeant, Stephen V. Faraone, Jan Buitelaar Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Acute interventions and referral of patients with bipolar disorder by the psychiatric consultation liaison service in a general hospital in Germany: a retrospective analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Psychiatric consultations are not frequently requested for bipolar patients compared to those with other psychiatric disorders. However, more than half of the bipolar patients needed further psychiatric treatment in a psychiatric hospital. This finding emphasizes the importance of psychiatric consultations in a general hospital for bipolar patients. The administration of benzodiazepines as an acute treatment seems to be the standard pharmacologic procedure, not a specific pharmacotherapy like mood stabilizers. PMID: 25133062 [PubMed] (Source: Primary Care)
Source: Primary Care - August 19, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Anderson C, Quante A Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research

A survey of patients' knowledge about lithium therapy in the elderly.
CONCLUSIONS: The survey results highlight the need for patients to be given comprehensive information about lithium prior to commencement of treatment and a refresher educational program during lithium therapy. PMID: 25133060 [PubMed] (Source: Primary Care)
Source: Primary Care - August 19, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Enudi W, Lawlor B, O'Connell HP Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research

Negative rumor: contagion of a psychiatric department.
This article presents case vignettes of rumors spread in psychiatric hospitals and the impact on team cohesion and morale among the staff implicated in these, too often, neglected occurrences. Dynamic aspects with particular focus on rumors in psychiatric units and suggestions for remedy and treatment are presented. PMID: 25133051 [PubMed] (Source: Primary Care)
Source: Primary Care - August 19, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Novac A, McEwan S, Bota RG Tags: Prim Care Companion CNS Disord Source Type: research

Effects of negative stressors on DNA methylation in the brain: Implications for mood and anxiety disorders
Stress is a major contributor to anxiety and mood disorders. The recent discovery of epigenetic changes in the brain resulting from stress has enhanced our understanding of the mechanism by which stress is able to promote these disorders. Although epigeneticses encompasses chemical modifications that occur at both DNA and histones, much attention has been focused on stress‐induced DNA methylation changes on behavior. Here, we review the effect of stress‐induced DNA methylation changes on physiological mechanisms that govern behavior and cognition, dysregulation of which can be harmful to mental health. A literature rev...
Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics - August 19, 2014 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Benjamin Hing, Caleb Gardner, James B. Potash Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Diagnosis and Management of Bipolar Disorder in Primary Care: A DSM-5 Update
This review discusses the diagnosis and detection of bipolar disorder in the primary care population with recent changes introduced by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition and the pharmacotherapy and psychosocial management of this psychiatric condition. (Source: Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - August 19, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Carolyn J. Brenner, Stanley I. Shyn Source Type: research

Psychopharmacology
This article reviews mechanisms of action, indications, dosing, side effects, medication interactions, and general management considerations for common medications used to treat psychiatric conditions encountered in the primary care setting. (Source: Medical Clinics of North America)
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - August 19, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: L. Renata Thronson, Genevieve L. Pagalilauan Source Type: research

Major Depression
Major depression is a common, disabling condition seen frequently in primary care practices. Non-psychiatrist ambulatory providers are increasingly responsible for diagnosing, and primarily managing patients suffering from major depressive disorder (MDD). The goal of this review is to help primary care providers to understand the natural history of MDD, identify practical tools for screening, and a thoughtful approach to management. Clinically challenging topics like co-morbid conditions, treatment resistant depression and pharmacotherapy selection with consideration to side effects and medication interactions, are also co...
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - August 19, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Susan M. Bentley, Genevieve L. Pagalilauan, Scott A. Simpson Source Type: research

Psychiatric Diagnosis and Management in Primary Care
Mental illness is extremely common in the United States, with about 25% of the US population suffering from a diagnosable mental illness annually. Primary care physicians provide the majority of care for patients with mental illness in the Unites States and make the majority of psychiatric diagnoses. This issue of Medical Clinics of North America covers this important topic. Dr Pagalilauan has put together an issue that covers the common and challenging mental illness problems seen in primary care. Also included are articles on the ubiquitous problems of sleep disorders and addiction. I know that you will find this issue e...
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - August 19, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Douglas S. Paauw Source Type: research

Psychiatric Diagnosis and Management in Primary Care
This issue focuses on common psychiatric issues encountered in the primary care setting. Increasingly, patients are seeking care for psychiatric disorders from ambulatory primary care providers. In turn, there has been a marked increase in the number of prescriptions for antidepressants, anxiolytics, and antipsychotic medications by nonpsychiatrist primary care providers. However, based on a survey of accredited family medicine, internal medicine, obstetrics, and pediatric residency directors, the majority of program directors are dissatisfied with the psychiatric training in their programs (64% in family practice and 31% ...
Source: Medical Clinics of North America - August 19, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Genevieve L. Pagalilauan Source Type: research

Lovastatin as an adjuvant to lithium for treating manic phase of bipolar disorder: a 4-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.
Conclusions. Lovastatin neither exacerbated nor decreased the symptoms of mania in patients with bipolar disorder. Current results support that the combination of lovastatin with lithium is tolerated well in bipolar disorder. The trial was registered with the Iranian Clinical Trials Registry (IRCT201302203930N18). PMID: 25132988 [PubMed] (Source: Depression Research and Treatment)
Source: Depression Research and Treatment - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Depress Res Treat Source Type: research

Survival and early recourse to care for dementia: A population based study.
CONCLUSION: Neither recourse to a specialist nor recourse to GP improve survival of new dementia cases. Those who had consulted a specialist early in the disease course even reported a worse life expectancy than those who did not. PMID: 25130659 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Delphi definition of the EADC-ADNI Harmonized Protocol for hippocampal segmentation on magnetic resonance.
This study aimed to have international experts converge on a harmonized definition of whole hippocampus boundaries and segmentation procedures, to define standard operating procedures for magnetic resonance (MR)-based manual hippocampal segmentation. METHODS: The panel received a questionnaire regarding whole hippocampus boundaries and segmentation procedures. Quantitative information was supplied to allow evidence-based answers. A recursive and anonymous Delphi procedure was used to achieve convergence. Significance of agreement among panelists was assessed by exact probability on Fisher's and binomial tests. RESU...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Identification of preclinical Alzheimer's disease by a profile of pathogenic proteins in neurally derived blood exosomes: A case-control study.
CONCLUSIONS: Levels of P-S396-tau, P-T181-tau, and Aβ1-42 in extracts of neurally derived blood exosomes predict the development of AD up to 10 years before clinical onset. PMID: 25130657 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

A presenilin 1 mutation in the first case of Alzheimer's disease: Revisited.
CONCLUSION: Despite the wealth of data from Müller and co-workers, our results emphasize the requirement of more detailed analysis of Auguste D's DNA in future. PMID: 25130656 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

A joint history of the nature of genetic variation and the nature of schizophrenia
Molecular Psychiatry advance online publication, August 19 2014. doi:10.1038/mp.2014.94 Author: K S Kendler (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: K S Kendler Source Type: research

Re-development of mental health first aid guidelines for non-suicidal self-injury: a Delphi study
Conclusion: The re-development of the guidelines has resulted in more comprehensive guidance than the original version (98 versus 30 statements containing helping actions). This substantial increase in endorsed statements adds detail and depth to the guidelines, as well as covers additional ways of providing guidance and support. (Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anna RossClaire KellyAnthony Jorm Source Type: research

Prevalence Comparisons of Somatic and Psychiatric Symptoms Between Community Nonpatients Without Pain, Acute Pain Patients, and Chronic Pain Patients
ConclusionsCPPs are characterized to a significantly greater extent than comparison groups by somatic/psychiatric symptoms that are highly intercorrelated. This has implications for clinical practice and future research. (Source: Pain Medicine)
Source: Pain Medicine - August 19, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: David A. Fishbain, Jinrun Gao, John E. Lewis, Daniel Bruns, Laura J. Meyer, John Mark Disorbio Tags: Brief Research Report Source Type: research

The Prevalence of ADHD: Its Diagnosis and Treatment in Four School Districts Across Two States
Conclusions: Our ADHD estimates are at the upper end of those from previous studies. The identification of a large proportion of comparison children taking ADHD medication suggests that our estimates may be conservative; these children were not included as cases in the case definition, although some might be effectively treated. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wolraich, M. L., McKeown, R. E., Visser, S. N., Bard, D., Cuffe, S., Neas, B., Geryk, L. L., Doffing, M., Bottai, M., Abramowitz, A. J., Beck, L., Holbrook, J. R., Danielson, M. Tags: Current Perspectives Source Type: research

Mild Traumatic Brain Injury and ADHD: A Systematic Review of the Literature and Meta-Analysis
Conclusion: The literature documents a significant association between mTBI and ADHD. Further clarification of the relationship and direction of effect between mTBI and ADHD and treatment implications could have large clinical, scientific, and public health implications. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Adeyemo, B. O., Biederman, J., Zafonte, R., Kagan, E., Spencer, T. J., Uchida, M., Kenworthy, T., Spencer, A. E., Faraone, S. V. Tags: Literature Review Source Type: research

Viewing the Viewers: How Adults With Attentional Deficits Watch Educational Videos
Conclusion: There were measurable and significant differences between the video-viewing habits of the ADHD and non-ADHD students. This provides a new perspective on how adults cope with attention deficits and suggests a novel means of early screening for ADHD. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hassner, T., Wolf, L., Lerner, A., Leitner, Y. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Do Firstborn Children Have an Increased Risk of ADHD?
Conclusion: birth order can be an ADHD risk factor in clinical samples. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Marin, A. M., Seco, F. L., Serrano, S. M., Garcia, S. A., Gaviria Gomez, A. M., Ney, I. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

ADHD Symptoms Are Differentially Related to Specific Aspects of Quality of Life
Conclusion: Inattentiveness and hyperactivity/impulsivity were differentially related to specific quality-of-life domains. Inattentiveness was significantly predicting vitality and role-emotional outcomes, and hyperactivity/impulsivity predicted social function and mental health outcomes. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gjervan, B., Torgersen, T., Rasmussen, K., Nordahl, H. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

ADHD Predominantly Inattentive Subtype With High Sluggish Cognitive Tempo: A New Clinical Entity?
Conclusion: This study supports revising subtype’s criteria and further studying the hypothesis that ADHD with high SCT constitutes a separate clinical entity. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Capdevila-Brophy, C., Artigas-Pallares, J., Navarro-Pastor, J. B., Garcia-Nonell, K., Rigau-Ratera, E., Obiols, J. E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Task Dissociation in Prospective Memory Performance in Individuals With ADHD
Conclusion: Findings suggest a task-specific impairment in PM functioning and are discussed in an executive control framework of neurocognitive functioning in ADHD. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Altgassen, M., Kretschmer, A., Kliegel, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Latent Inhibition in ADHD Adults On and Off Medication: A Preliminary Study
Conclusion: The attenuated LI of the on-medication ADHD group is attributable to drug action that reduces attentional resources allocated to distractors. (Source: Journal of Attention Disorders)
Source: Journal of Attention Disorders - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lubow, R. E., Kaplan, O., Manor, I. Tags: Research Brief Source Type: research

Commentary: Getting fathers into parenting programmes – a reflection on Panter‐Brick et al. (2014)
Abstract Research, policy and clinical practice focussed on engaging and working with fathers and their children often seems to oscillate between extremes. Where policy documents relating to children's health and wellbeing do include fathers it is often in a restricted way, and similarly discussions about the role of fathers in the media are often one‐dimensional. It is sometimes hard to escape a feeling of despondency at the continuing exchanges, too often made ignoring or misinterpreting years of research regarding the importance of co‐parenting and the involvement of fathers and other carers. One of the great contri...
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - August 19, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paul Ramchandani, Jane Iles Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Abstract Antipsychotics found to increase risk of type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents Parents with mood episodes biased in reporting their children's psychopathology Bipolar disorder not necessarily a lifetime chronic condition: Researchers find four subtypes PCP screening and intervention for drugs a failure Underage drinking combined with drugs associated with more serious health outcomes than drinking alone Regular marijuana use harmful for teens' brains: APA CRAN RFI released A warning on the limitations of abuse deterrence (Source: The Brown University Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Update)
Source: The Brown University Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology Update - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Power of Resilience
Disappointment can be crippling, but only if the individual allows himself or herself to be emotionally conquered by the defeat. This can be particularly devastating in the young. As an alternate path, I recommend finding refuge in the power of resilience. Psychiatric theorists define resilience as the “ability to bounce back from adversity and successfully adapt to the demands of stressful situations” (1). Studies have shown that highly resilient participants appraised stressful tasks as less threatening, compared with participants with little resilience, and highly resilient individuals appraise difficult situations ...
Source: Journal of the American College of Cardiology: Cardiovascular Interventions - August 18, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Cyber victimization and adolescent self‐esteem: The role of communication with parents
Internet use has increased rapidly in recent years, and has inevitably led to some negative outcomes, notably cyber bullying and cyber victimization. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of cyber victimization and parent–adolescent communication on self‐esteem, and the moderating role of parent–adolescent communication in the relationship between cyber victimization and self‐esteem among Turkish adolescents. The participants were 337 adolescents with a mean age of 16.37, (SD = 0.89). The results of hierarchical regression analysis reveal that self‐esteem was predicted negatively by cyber victi...
Source: Asian Journal Of Social Psychology - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yalçın Özdemir Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Homotopic connectivity in drug‐naïve, first‐episode, early‐onset schizophrenia
ConclusionsOur findings provide novel neurodevelopmental evidence for the disconnection hypothesis of schizophrenia and suggest that these alterations occur early in the course of the disease and are independent of medication status. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hui‐Jie Li, Yong Xu, Ke‐Rang Zhang, Matthew J. Hoptman, Xi‐Nian Zuo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
PMID: 25115026 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie)
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Richards JS Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
PMID: 25115024 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie)
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Van Nierop M Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research

Prevalence of depression morbidity among Brazilian adults: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION: Depression morbidity was common among Brazilian adults, and affects more women than men. Inconsistencies across studies highlight the need for standardization of future research. Clinicians should routinely investigate for the presence of depression morbidity in this population. PMID: 25119639 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Silva MT, Galvao TF, Martins SS, Pereira MG Tags: Rev Bras Psiquiatr Source Type: research

Looking beyond the prevalence of depression in Brazil: are we prepared to go further?
PMID: 25119638 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Andrade LH, Wang YP Tags: Rev Bras Psiquiatr Source Type: research

Neuroprogression and staging in psychiatry: historical considerations.
PMID: 25119637 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kapczinski F, Streb LG Tags: Rev Bras Psiquiatr Source Type: research

Will the DSM-5 changes in criteria for premenstrual dysphoric disorder impact clinical practice?
PMID: 25119640 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cirillo PC, Passos RB, López JR, Nardi AE Tags: Rev Bras Psiquiatr Source Type: research

Obsessive-compulsive disorder in fathers during pregnancy and postpartum.
PMID: 25119641 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Coelho FM, da Silva RA, Quevedo Lde Á, Souza LD, Pinheiro KA, Pinheiro RT Tags: Rev Bras Psiquiatr Source Type: research

Developmental disability in schoolchildren from four Brazilian regions.
PMID: 25119642 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lowenthal R, Zaqueu L, Rohde LA, Mari J, Paula CS Tags: Rev Bras Psiquiatr Source Type: research

Mental health of refugees: report of a successful case in Brazil.
PMID: 25119643 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Medeiros GC, Sampaio D, Sampaio S, Lotufo-Neto F Tags: Rev Bras Psiquiatr Source Type: research

Corrigendum
(Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: P. Munk‐Jørgensen Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research