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Psychiatry

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Technology and behavioural health: an implementation challenge.
Authors: Drake RE, Bajraktari I, Tansella M PMID: 25068900 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - July 31, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

Circadian Rest-Activity Rhythms Predict Future Increases in Depressive Symptoms Among Community-Dwelling Older Men.
CONCLUSION: CAR disturbances are indicative of depressive symptomology. Low CAR robustness may independently contribute to the risk of worsening depression symptomology. PMID: 25066948 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - July 31, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

A comparison of neuropsychological performance between US and Russia: Preparing for a global clinical trial.
CONCLUSIONS: Sources of variation include cultural differences, health conditions, and exposure to test stimuli. Findings highlight the importance of local norms to interpret test performance. PMID: 25066497 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - July 31, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Outpatient Psychiatric Documentation Use by Primary Care Physicians Following De-Sensitization in the Electronic Medical Record.
CONCLUSIONS: Overall, PCPs reported that accessibility of outpatient psychiatric notes significantly enhanced their experience of caring for patients with mental illness. Future goals include increasing awareness and education about availability of psychiatric notes as well as optimizing communication between psychiatrists and PCPs. The authors recommend future studies focused on changes in perceptions among providers as a result of continued use of psychiatric documentation. PMID: 25069956 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training)
Source: The Journal of American Association of Directors of Psychiatric Residency Training - July 31, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acad Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mental disorders in Bangladesh: a systematic review
Conclusions: The burden of mental disorders is high in Bangladesh, yet a largely unrecognized and under-researched area. To improvise the mental health services in Bangladesh, further well-designed epidemiological and clinical research are needed. (Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - July 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mohammad HossainHelal AhmedWaziul ChowdhuryLouis NiessenDewan Alam Source Type: research

Frequent nocturnal awakening in children: prevalence, risk factors, and associations with subjective sleep perception and daytime sleepiness
Conclusion: FNA was associated with poor sleep and daytime sleepiness. Compared to sleep environment and family susceptibility, chronic health problems, poor psychosocial condition, and poor sleep hygiene had greater impact on FNA, indicating childhood FNA could be partly prevented by health promotion, by psychological intervention, and by improving sleep hygiene routine. (Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - July 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Liwen LiJiwei RenLei ShiXinming JinChonghuai YanFan JiangXiaoming ShenShenghui Li Source Type: research

Association of serum leptin and ghrelin with depressive symptoms in a Japanese working population: a cross-sectional study
Conclusions: Results suggest that lower leptin and higher ghrelin levels may be related to higher prevalence of depressive status among Japanese women. (Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - July 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shamima AkterNgoc PhamAkiko NanriKayo KurotaniKeisuke KuwaharaFelice JackaKazuki YasudaMasao SatoTetsuya Mizoue Source Type: research

Why do general practitioners prescribe antidepressants to their patients? A pilot study
Conclusion: AD prescription is related to complex contextual situations and multi-morbid patients. GPs use a bio psycho social approach, rather than a purely biological assessment. Awareness of these influences could improve prescription by GPs. (Source: BioPsychiSocial Medicine)
Source: BioPsychiSocial Medicine - July 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Alain MercierIsabelle Auger-AubinJean-Pierre LebeauMatthieu SchuersPascal BouletPaul Van RoyenLieve Peremans Source Type: research

A Psychosomatic Consideration to the Burning Mouth Syndrome
(Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - July 29, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Yao‐Tung Lee, Liang‐Yu Chen, Hsin‐Chien Lee Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The impact of psychiatric and extraintestinal comorbidity on quality of life and bowel symptom burden in functional GI disorders
Conclusions & InferencesPsychiatric and EIFD comorbidities are common in FGID, decrease HRQOL and are associated with greater GI symptom burdens; these factors were stronger predictors of HRQOL than GI symptoms in FGID patients. In functional GI disorder (FGID) patients, comorbidities (psychiatric and extraintestinal functional disorders [EIFD]) are common. These factors collectively were found to make greater contributions to the predictable variation in health related quality of life (HRQOL) than did GI symptoms among an FGID cohort. (Source: Neurogastroenterology and Motility)
Source: Neurogastroenterology and Motility - July 29, 2014 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: J. Vu, V. Kushnir, B. Cassell, C. P. Gyawali, G. S. Sayuk Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

[Effect of lacosamide on the quality of life of patients with epilepsy].
CONCLUSIONS. Lacosamide may improve anxiety, depression and quality of life of epileptic patients regardless of seizure control. Response to treatment, adherence and side effects are similar to previous studies. PMID: 25059264 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista de Neurologia)
Source: Revista de Neurologia - July 29, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Garcia-Escriva A, Lopez-Hernandez N, Llorca V, Alfaro A, Asensio-Asensio M, Garcia C, Lezcano-Rodas M, Medrano V, Palao S Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research

A case of elderly patient who developed hallucinations upon administration of oseltamivir
(Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - July 29, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Nobutomo Yamamoto, Toshiya Inada Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Open prospective study of ziprasidone in patients with schizophrenia with depressive symptoms: A multicenter study
ConclusionsZiprasidone was effective for improving depressive symptom scores and was well tolerated. Switching to ziprasidone is a good strategy in patients with schizophrenia who are experiencing depressive symptoms. (Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - July 29, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Woo‐Young Jung, Sung‐Gon Kim, Jin‐Seong Lee, Dong‐Ho Kang, Bong‐Joo Jung, Dong‐Hun Shin, Young‐Min Lee, Sang‐Heon Choi Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

In utero gene therapy rescues microcephaly caused by Pqbp1-hypofunction in neural stem progenitor cells
, F Matsuzaki, A Bonni, V M Kalscheuer & H Okazawa (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - July 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H ItoH ShiwakuC YoshidaH HommaH LuoX ChenK FujitaL MusanteU FischerS G M FrintsC RomanoY IkeuchiT ShimamuraS ImotoS MiyanoS-i MuramatsuT KawauchiM HoshinoM SudolA ArumughanE E WankerT RichC SchwartzF MatsuzakiA BonniV M KalscheuerH Okazawa Source Type: research

Determinants of telomere attrition over 1 year in healthy older women: stress and health behaviors matter
mp; E S Epel (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - July 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: E PutermanJ LinJ KraussE H BlackburnE S Epel Source Type: research

D1R/GluN1 complexes in the striatum integrate dopamine and glutamate signalling to control synaptic plasticity and cocaine-induced responses
D1R/GluN1 complexes in the striatum integrate dopamine and glutamate signalling to control synaptic plasticity and cocaine-induced responses Molecular Psychiatry advance online publication, July 29 2014. doi:10.1038/mp.2014.73 Authors: E Cahill, V Pascoli, P Trifilieff, D Savoldi, V Kappès, C Lüscher, J Caboche & P Vanhoutte (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - July 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: E CahillV PascoliP TrifilieffD SavoldiV KappèsC LüscherJ CabocheP Vanhoutte Source Type: research

Oxytocin’s neurochemical effects in the medial prefrontal cortex underlie recovery of task-specific brain activity in autism: a randomized controlled trial
Oxytocin’s neurochemical effects in the medial prefrontal cortex underlie recovery of task-specific brain activity in autism: a randomized controlled trial Molecular Psychiatry advance online publication, July 29 2014. doi:10.1038/mp.2014.74 Authors: Y Aoki, T Watanabe, O Abe, H Kuwabara, N Yahata, Y Takano, N Iwashiro, T Natsubori, H Takao, Y Kawakubo, K Kasai & H Yamasue (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - July 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Y AokiT WatanabeO AbeH KuwabaraN YahataY TakanoN IwashiroT NatsuboriH TakaoY KawakuboK KasaiH Yamasue Source Type: research

Dietary patterns and cognitive decline in an Australian study of ageing
J B Keogh, N Scarmeas & R N Martins (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - July 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S L GardenerS R Rainey-SmithM B BarnesH R SohrabiM WeinbornY Y LimK HarringtonK TaddeiY GuA RembachC SzoekeK A EllisC L MastersS L MacaulayC C RoweD AmesJ B KeoghN ScarmeasR N Martins Source Type: research

Broad Institute To Receive Donation For Psychiatry R&D
Philanthropy: $650 million gift could accelerate neuroscience drug development (Source: Chemical and Engineering News)
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - July 28, 2014 Category: Chemistry Authors: Lisa M. Jarvis Source Type: research

One‐year follow‐up study of PTSD and depression in elderly aboriginal people in Taiwan after Typhoon Morakot
ConclusionAlthough PTSD and depression were separate consequences of trauma, they emerged and deteriorated people's mental health together. We documented the courses of PTSD and depression among elderly aboriginal people and possible effects of demographic, symptomatology, and adverse life stressors were discussed. (Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - July 28, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Yi‐Lung Chen, Wen‐Yau Hsu, Chung‐Sheng Lai, Tze‐Chun Tang, Peng‐Wei Wang, Yi‐Chung Yeh, Mei‐Feng Huang, Cheng‐Fang Yen, Cheng‐Sheng Chen Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Seizure threshold and the half‐age method in bilateral electroconvulsive therapy in Japanese patients
ConclusionSeizure thresholds in Japanese patients were equal to or slightly higher than those previously reported in other ethnic groups, which might be attributable, at least in part, to frequent and large dose of benzodiazepine prescription. Higher ages, being male, no history of electroconvulsive therapy, and medication with benzodiazepines were related to higher seizure thresholds. The half‐age method was especially useful in females and subjects without benzodiazepine medication. (Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - July 28, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Kazuyuki Yasuda, Kaoru Kobayashi, Masayasu Yamaguchi, Koichi Tanaka, Tomokazu Fujii, Yuichi Kitahara, Toshio Tamaoki, Yutaka Matsushita, Akihiko Nunomura, Nobutaka Motohashi Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Two‐year outcomes in initial survivors with acute liver failure: results from a prospective, multicentre study
ConclusionsTwo‐year outcomes in initial survivors of ALF are generally good but non‐APAP patients have a significantly lower survival which may relate to pre‐existing medical comorbidities. Spontaneous survivors with APAP overdose experience substantial morbidity during follow‐up from ongoing psychiatric and substance abuse issues. (Source: Liver International)
Source: Liver International - July 28, 2014 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Robert J. Fontana, Caitlyn Ellerbe, Valerie E. Durkalski, Amol Rangnekar, Rajender K. Reddy, Todd Stravitz, Brendan McGuire, Timothy Davern, Adrian Reuben, Iris Liou, Oren Fix, Daniel R. Ganger, Raymond T. Chung, Mike Schilsky, Steven Han, Linda S. Hynan, Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Interrater reliability of the Observer Rating of Medication Taking scale in an inpatient mental health facility
This study investigated the interrater reliability of an inpatient behavioural observation scale of patient engagement with medication: the Observer Rating of Medication Taking (ORMT) scale. Eight mental health nurses working in a psychiatric hospital inpatient setting were trained in the use of the ORMT using video‐based vignettes. Working in pairs, staff then independently rated adherence behaviours of 13 inpatients in a rehabilitation unit (total of 160 ratings) over a 1‐week period. Concurrently, two expert raters also undertook independent ratings of patient medication‐taking behaviour using the ORMT. Interrater...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing - July 28, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Mitchell K. Byrne, Frank P. Deane, Ganapathi Murugesan, Elizabeth Connaughton Tags: Feature Article Source Type: research

When reduction strategies are put in place and mental health consumers are still secluded: An analysis of clinical and sociodemographic characteristics
Abstract Internationally, seclusion practices continue to be the subject of intense clinical health service and academic scrutiny. Despite extensive efforts to reduce and eliminate this controversial practice, seclusion remains a clinical intervention widely used in contemporary mental health service settings. Early identification of people who are at risk for seclusion and the timely application of alternative evidence‐based interventions are critical for reducing incidents of seclusion in real‐world practice settings. This retrospective study aimed to determine the relationship between sociodemographic and clinical c...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health Nursing - July 28, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Rebecca Bullock, Brian McKenna, Teresa Kelly, Trentham Furness, Mark Tacey Tags: Feature Article Source Type: research

Academy, partners work to prevent, treat toxic stress in children [NEWS AND FEATURES]
(Source: AAP News)
Source: AAP News - July 28, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Korioth, T. Tags: Psychiatry/Psychology NEWS AND FEATURES Source Type: research

Studies of psychiatry products in children result in 30 labeling changes [FDA UPDATE]
(Source: AAP News)
Source: AAP News - July 28, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Food and Drug Administration Office of Pediatric Therapeutics, Pediatric & Maternal Health Staff, Division of Psychiatry Products Tags: FDA Update, Psychiatry/Psychology Source Type: research

Dissociation and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: A Latent Profile Analysis
In this study the PTSD dissociative subtype was examined using latent profile analysis in a sample of 541 trauma‐exposed college students. Items from the PTSD Checklist and Multiscale Dissociation Inventory were used as latent class indicators. Results supported a 3‐class solution including a well‐adjusted class, a PTSD class, and a PTSD/dissociative class characterized by elevated symptoms of PTSD, depersonalization, and derealization. Significant class differences were found on a number of measures of related psychopathology with Cohen's d effect size estimates ranging from 0.04 to 1.86. Diagnostic and treatment im...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Christy A. Blevins, Frank W. Weathers, Tracy K. Witte Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Group Trauma‐Informed Treatment for Adolescent Psychiatric Inpatients: A Preliminary Uncontrolled Trial
Despite high rates of trauma exposure (46%‐96%) and significant posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD; 21%–29%) symptoms in adolescent psychiatric inpatients, there is a dearth of research on effective interventions delivered in inpatient settings. The current report describes the development of Brief STAIR‐A, a repeatable 3‐module version of skills training in affective and interpersonal regulation (STAIR) developed for adolescents in inpatient care. An uncontrolled design was used to conduct a preliminary examination of the group intervention's effectiveness. Adolescent psychiatric inpatients (N = 38; ages 12 years...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Omar G. Gudiño, J. Rebecca Weis, Jennifer F. Havens, Emily A. Biggs, Ursula N. Diamond, Mollie Marr, Christie Jackson, Marylene Cloitre Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

Table of Contents
Abstract S.F. County Vote to Implement Laura's Law Reignites Forced Treatment Debate Kentucky CMHC's Bankruptcy Process has Encountered Numerous Obstacles Final Rule Implements TRICARE MH Counselor Provider Type Financial Pledge, Research Hold Promise for SMI Treatment Mental Health First Aid Reaching Faith‐Based Communities State News Business News Names in the News Coming up (Source: Mental Health Weekly)
Source: Mental Health Weekly - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Inseparable Nature of Love and Aggression: Clinical and Theoretical Perspectives by Otto F. Kernberg. Published by American Psychiatric Publishing, 2012; 420 pp; £39.00 paperback
(Source: British Journal of Psychotherapy)
Source: British Journal of Psychotherapy - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hilary Dewing Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

World Health Organization's Comprehensive Mental Health Action Plan 2013–2020
(Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - July 28, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Shekhar Saxena, Yutaro Setoya Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Predictors for readmissions after video-EEG monitoring
Conclusions: In addition to the presence of intractable epilepsy and shorter LOS, mental health comorbidities and the presence of NES were important risk factors for 30-day readmissions and ED visits in the epilepsy population. Therefore, proactively addressing mental health comorbidities may decrease urgent health care utilization after VEEG monitoring. (Source: Neurology)
Source: Neurology - July 28, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Caller, T. A., Chen, J. J., Harrington, J. J., Bujarski, K. A., Jobst, B. C. Tags: All Psychiatric disorders, All Epilepsy/Seizures, Video/ EEG use in epilepsy, Nonepileptic seizures ARTICLE Source Type: research

Prognosis of schizophrenia in persons with and without a history of cannabis use.
CONCLUSIONS: Schizophrenia patients with a history of cannabis use had a significantly higher burden of lifetime in-patient care than non-cannabis users. Not only does cannabis increase the risk of schizophrenia, but also our findings indicate that the course and prognosis of schizophrenia may be more severe than schizophrenia cases in general. PMID: 25055170 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Manrique-Garcia E, Zammit S, Dalman C, Hemmingsson T, Andreasson S, Allebeck P Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Cannabis use and transition to psychosis in people at ultra-high risk.
CONCLUSIONS: In people at UHR for psychosis, lifetime cannabis use was common but not related to outcome. Among cannabis users, frequent use, early-onset use and continued use after clinical presentation were associated with transition to psychosis. PMID: 25055169 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Valmaggia LR, Day FL, Jones C, Bissoli S, Pugh C, Hall D, Bhattacharyya S, Howes O, Stone J, Fusar-Poli P, Byrne M, McGuire PK Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Smoking cessation is associated with lower rates of mood/anxiety and alcohol use disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: There is no support in our data for the concern that smoking cessation would result in smokers' increased risk of some mental disorders. To the contrary, our data suggest that smoking cessation is associated with risk reduction for mood/anxiety or alcohol use disorder, even among smokers who have had a pre-existing disorder. PMID: 25055171 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cavazos-Rehg PA, Breslau N, Hatsukami D, Krauss MJ, Spitznagel EL, Grucza RA, Salyer P, Hartz SM, Bierut LJ Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Common versus psychopathology-specific risk factors for psychotic experiences and depression during adolescence.
CONCLUSIONS: The argument that PEs are valid markers for studying the aetiology of schizophrenia, made simply on the basis that they share risk factors in common, is not well supported. PEs seem to be a weak index of genetic and environmental risk for schizophrenia; however, studies disentangling aetiological pathways to PEs from those impacting upon co-morbid psychopathology might provide important insights into the aetiology of psychotic disorders. PMID: 25055173 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kounali D, Zammit S, Wiles N, Sullivan S, Cannon M, Stochl J, Jones P, Mahedy L, Gage SH, Heron J, Lewis G Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

The causal nature of the association between neighborhood deprivation and drug abuse: a prospective national Swedish co-relative control study.
CONCLUSIONS: Across three cohorts, controlling for individual SES and confounding familial factors, SD prospectively predicted risk for incident DA registration. These results support the hypothesis that the SD-DA association is in part causal and unlikely to result entirely from personal attributes, which both increase risk for DA and cause selection into high SD environments. At least part of the SD-DA association arises because exposure to SD causes an increased risk of DA. PMID: 25055172 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kendler KS, Ohlsson H, Sundquist K, Sundquist J Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Personality change associated with chronic diseases: pooled analysis of four prospective cohort studies.
CONCLUSIONS: These results support the hypothesis that chronic diseases influence personality development in adulthood. PMID: 25055176 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jokela M, Hakulinen C, Singh-Manoux A, Kivimäki M Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research