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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 15.
Authors' reply [Correspondence]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Xenitidis, K., Campbell, C., Kelleher, I., Cannon, M. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
Psychotic experience: things to consider [Correspondence]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Xenitidis, K., Campbell, C., Kostic, M. V., Jovanovic, N., Munjiza, A., Pesic, D., Repac, A. Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
Impact of the physical environment of psychiatric wards on the use of seclusion [PAPERS]
Conclusions A number of design features had an effect on the use of seclusion and restraint. The study highlighted the need for a greater focus on the impact of the physical environment on patients, as, along with other interventions, this can reduce the need for seclusion and restraint.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van der Schaaf, P. S., Dusseldorp, E., Keuning, F. M., Janssen, W. A., Noorthoorn, E. O. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research
Internet-delivered cognitive-behavioural therapy v. conventional guided self-help for bulimia nervosa: long-term evaluation of a randomised controlled trial [PAPERS]
Conclusions Internet-based guided self-help for bulimia nervosa was not superior compared with bibliotherapy, the gold standard of self-help. Improvements remain stable in the long term.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Wagner, G., Penelo, E., Wanner, C., Gwinner, P., Trofaier, M.-L., Imgart, H., Waldherr, K., Wober-Bingol, C., Karwautz, A. F. K. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research
Cognitive analytic therapy for personality disorder: randomised controlled trial [PAPERS]
Conclusions Cognitive analytic therapy is more effective than TAU in improving outcomes associated with personality disorder. More elaborate and controlled evaluations of CAT are needed in the future.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Clarke, S., Thomas, P., James, K. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research
Cost-effectiveness analyses for mirtazapine and sertraline in dementia: randomised controlled trial [PAPERS]
Conclusions In terms of reducing depression, mirtazapine and sertraline were not cost-effective for treating depression in dementia. However, mirtazapine does appear likely to have been cost-effective if costing includes the impact on unpaid carers and with quality of life included in the outcome. Unpaid (family) carer costs were lower with mirtazapine than sertraline or placebo. This may have been mediated via the putative ability of mirtazapine to ameliorate sleep disturbances and anxiety. Given the priority and the potential value of supporting family carers of people with dementia, further research is warranted to inve...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Romeo, R., Knapp, M., Hellier, J., Dewey, M., Ballard, C., Baldwin, R., Bentham, P., Burns, A., Fox, C., Holmes, C., Katona, C., Lawton, C., Lindesay, J., Livingston, G., McCrae, N., Moniz-Cook, E., Murray, J., Nurock, S., O'Brien, J., Poppe, M., Thomas, Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research
Socioeconomic inequalities in common mental disorders and psychotherapy treatment in the UK between 1991 and 2009 [PAPERS]
Conclusions The use of publicly provided psychotherapy has improved between 1991 and 2009 among those with low socioeconomic status, although social inequalities in common mental disorders remain.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jokela, M., Batty, G. D., Vahtera, J., Elovainio, M., Kivimaki, M. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research
Risk of psychopathology in adolescent offspring of mothers with psychopathology and recurrent depression [PAPERS]
Conclusions The burden of co-occurring psychopathology among mothers with recurrent depression indexes increased risk of future onset of psychiatric disorder for offspring. This knowledge can be used in targeting preventive measures in children at high risk of psychiatric disorder.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sellers, R., Collishaw, S., Rice, F., Thapar, A. K., Potter, R., Mars, B., Harold, G. T., Smith, D. J., Owen, M. J., Craddock, N., Thapar, A. Tags: PAPERS Source Type: research
Vitamin D deficiency and depression in adults: systematic review and meta-analysis [Review articles]
Conclusions Our analyses are consistent with the hypothesis that low vitamin D concentration is associated with depression, and highlight the need for randomised controlled trials of vitamin D for the prevention and treatment of depression to determine whether this association is causal.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Anglin, R. E. S., Samaan, Z., Walter, S. D., McDonald, S. D. Tags: Review articles Source Type: research
Prevalence of experiences of domestic violence among psychiatric patients: systematic review [Review articles]
Conclusions Psychiatric patients experience a high prevalence of domestic violence but there is limited information on family (non-partner) domestic violence, the prevalence of emotional abuse and the extent of risk compared with non-psychiatric controls.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Oram, S., Trevillion, K., Feder, G., Howard, L. M. Tags: Review articles Source Type: research
When the drugs don't work: the potential of glutamatergic antipsychotics in schizophrenia [Reappraisal]
Currently available antipsychotic drugs target dopaminergic neurotransmission. Many patients do not respond fully to these treatments, and there has been considerable effort to investigate alternative targets. Here we summarise the rationale and recent evidence supporting efforts to develop glutamatergic antipsychotic drugs.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Papanastasiou, E., Stone, J. M., Shergill, S. Tags: Reappraisal Source Type: research
Effectiveness of cognitive analytic therapy for personality disorders [EDITORIALS]
Personality disorders affect up to 50% of psychiatric out-patients. Most treatment studies have been performed in patients with borderline personality disorder. Structured psychosocial interventions for people with borderline personality disorders appear to have similar efficacy. There is some evidence that non-structured, non-specialised treatments offered by psychiatric general services might be ineffective and possibly harmful in patients with personality disorders. Cognitive analytic therapy is a time-limited, integrative psychotherapy, which appears to be effective for a range of personality disorders and superior to ...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mulder, R., Chanen, A. M. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research
Vsevolod Mikhailovich Garshin -- fallen stars [Extras]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cavanaugh, R. Tags: Extras Source Type: research
Socioeconomic disadvantage and psychotherapy [EDITORIALS]
In this edition of the Journal, findings presented by Jokela and colleagues suggest some improvements in the equity of service provision of psychotherapies in the UK. This is encouraging, however, further work would be necessary to exclude other forms of inequity. For instance, people with equivalent need in different areas might find their needs are responded to with different durations of treatment.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Meadows, G. N., Tylee, A. T. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research
Parental depression and the challenge of preventing mental illness in children [EDITORIALS]
Parental depression is a risk factor for psychiatric problems in children and adolescents. Exciting scientific developments have elucidated potential early mechanisms of intergenerational risk transmission and new models of intervention may help to prevent some childhood problems. However, caution is needed in interpreting such associations as causal and in targeting interventions appropriately.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Ramchandani, P. G., Murphy, S. E. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research
Karl Jaspers, General Psychopathology -- reflection [Extras]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Goldberg, D. Tags: Extras Source Type: research
A call for a new positive psychiatry of ageing [EDITORIALS]
We propose a new model for geriatric psychiatry to help meet the needs of a rapidly growing population of older adults. This positive old age psychiatry would focus on recovery, promotion of successful ageing, neuroplasticity, prevention, and interventions to enhance positive psychological traits such as resilience, social engagement and wisdom.
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jeste, D. V., Palmer, B. W. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research
Highlights of this issue [Highlights of this issue]
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry - February 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dean, K. Tags: Highlights of this issue Source Type: research
Neurological and intellectual disabilities among adolescents within a custodial institution in South‐West Nigeria
Accessible summary The findings from this study reveal a significantly higher prevalence of neurological and intellectual disabilities as well as epilepsy among adolescents residing in a social welfare/juvenile justice institution in Nigeria compared with a cohort of school going adolescents. Epilepsy and neurological deficits was particularly prevalent among adolescents admitted into the institution as victims of neglect compared with those brought in as offenders. Stigmatization of and social prejudices against children with neuro‐psychiatric disabilities and epilepsy as well as lack of support for their caregivers in ...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing - January 31, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: O. Atilola, O. Omigbodun, T. Bella‐Awusah, I. Lagunju, P. Igbeneghu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Gender differences in completed suicides in Istanbul, Turkey
Conclusion: This finding suggests that suicides should be investigated by an expert team and not by the police and victims' relatives only to determine whether they are really suicides or not.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Şafak Taktak, İbrahim Uzun, İbrahim Balcıoğlu Tags: Preliminary Communication Source Type: research
A randomized, controlled, pilot study of dialectical behavior therapy skills in a psychoeducational group for individuals with bipolar disorder
Conclusions: There is preliminary evidence that DBT skills reduce depressive symptoms, improve affective control, and improve mindfulness self-efficacy in BD. Its application warrants further evaluation in larger studies.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Sheri Van Dijk, Janet Jeffrey, Mark R. Katz Tags: Preliminary Communication Source Type: research
Clinical and demographic features associated with the detection of early warning signs in bipolar disorder
Conclusion: These findings provide useful clinical data pertinent to psychological interventions for bipolar disorder. Longitudinal studies are needed to further examine how the ability to recognise early warning signs may be associated with longer term outcome.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Tania Perich, Philip B. Mitchell, Colleen Loo, Dusan Hadzi-Pavlovic, Gloria Roberts, Andrew Frankland, Phoebe Lau, Adam Wright Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research
Chronic fatigue and affective disorders in older adults: Evidence from the 2007 British National Psychiatric Morbidity Survey
Conclusion: The prevalence rate of chronic fatigue in our sample is higher than a previous study. The psychiatric comorbidity of chronic fatigue supports the notion that chronic fatigue has a strong impact on quality of life in old age.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Kee-Lee Chou Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research
A review of physical activity correlates in patients with bipolar disorder
Conclusions: All significant correlates should be confirmed in prospective studies and interventions to improve the modifiable variables should be developed and evaluated. The reviewed data also demonstrate that validation studies on physical activity measurements are highly needed.
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Davy Vancampfort, Christoph U. Correll, Michel Probst, Pascal Sienaert, Sabine Wyckaert, Amber De Herdt, Jan Knapen, Dirk De Wachter, Marc De Hert Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
Obesity and suicide risk in adults—A systematic review
The objective of this systematic review is to elucidate this ambiguous research field, providing an overview of literature examining the relationship between obesity and risk of suicide in adults (>18 years).Methods: Literature searches of the databases PubMed/Medline, PsychInfo, and Web of Sciences were conducted. Fifteen studies concerning completed suicide, suicide attempts and suicidal ideation met the inclusion criteria (seven prospective and eight cross-sectional studies).Results: Eight studies evaluating completed suicide reported an inverse relationship between BMI and suicide, meaning that obese people are less li...
Source: Journal of Affective Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: G. Klinitzke, J. Steinig, M. Blüher, A. Kersting, B. Wagner Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
Stigmatizing attitudes toward mental illness among racial/ethnic older adults in primary care
ConclusionsRacial/ethnic differences exist among older adults with mental illness with respect to stigmatizing attitudes toward mental illness and mental health treatment. Results of this study could help researchers and clinicians educate racial/ethnic minority older adults about mental illness and engage them in much needed mental health services. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - January 31, 2013 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Daniel E. Jimenez, Stephen J. Bartels, Veronica Cardenas, Margarita Alegría Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Forthcoming Article: Mothers' and Fathers' Stress Associated with Parenting a Child with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Source: Autism Insights - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
IRRITABLE MOOD IN ADULT MAJOR DEPRESSIVE DISORDER: RESULTS FROM THE WORLD MENTAL HEALTH SURVEYS
ConclusionAlthough limited by the superficial assessment in this single question on irritability, results do not support expanding adult MDD criteria to include irritable mood.
Source: Depression and Anxiety - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Viviane Kovess‐Masfety, Jordi Alonso, Matthias Angermeyer, Evelyn Bromet, Giovanni de Girolamo, Peter de Jonge, Koen Demyttenaere, Silvia E. Florescu, Michael J. Gruber, Oye Gureje, Chiyi Hu, Yueqin Huang, Elie G. Karam, Robert Jin, Jean‐Pierre Lépin Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Gene expression alterations in bipolar disorder postmortem brains
Conclusions: These results support a hypothesis of synaptic and intercellular communication impairment in BD. The apparent normalization of expression patterns with exposure to antipsychotic medication may represent a physiological process that relates both to etiology and improvement patterns of the disorder.
Source: Bipolar Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Haiming Chen, Nulang Wang, Xin Zhao, Christopher A Ross, K Sue O’Shea, Melvin G McInnis Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
[Psychiatric disorders associated with montelukast: Data from the National Pharmacovigilance Database.]
The objective of this study was to take stock of the adverse events (AEs) related to montelukast reported in France. Cases of psychiatric disorders reported to regional pharmacovigilance centers (CRPV) and the literature data were analyzed. The 56psychiatric AEs account for 20% of all AEs reported in the montelukast CRPV: essentially sleep disorders, behavioral disorders and depression. This risk is also found in pharmacovigilance databases in other countries, especially in the North American database, which recorded a significant number of cases of "suicidality", including suicidal ideation, suicide attempts, and suicides...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - January 31, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marchand MS, Jonville-Béra AP, Autret-Leca E, Association française des centres régionaux de pharmacovigilance Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research
Increased distractor vulnerability but preserved vigilance in patients with schizophrenia: Evidence from a translational Sustained Attention Task
Conclusion: These results demonstrate specific input-selection control impairments in schizophrenia and suggest that patients' distraction-related impairments can be distinguished from general performance impairments and from deficits in other attentional processes (e.g., sustaining attention) evident in other groups.
Source: Schizophrenia Research - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elise Demeter, Sally K. Guthrie, Stephan F. Taylor, Martin Sarter, Cindy Lustig Tags: Neurocognition Source Type: research
Disordered gambling: a behavioral addiction.
This article describes recent advances in understanding the neurobiological basis of behavioral addiction, with a focus on pathological gambling as the prototypical disorder. We describe positron emission tomography (PET) studies characterizing dopaminergic transmission, and functional imaging studies of reward processing and gambling-related cognitive distortions. The current evidence not only indicates changes in pathological gamblers in core circuitry implicated in drug addiction, but also highlights some subtle differences. Behavioral addictions can also provide experimental traction on distinguishing vulnerability mar...
Source: Current Opinion in Neurobiology - January 31, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Clark L, Limbrick-Oldfield EH Tags: Curr Opin Neurobiol Source Type: research
Recovery from chronic fatigue syndrome after treatments given in the PACE trial.
CONCLUSIONS: This study confirms that recovery from CFS is possible, and that CBT and GET are the therapies most likely to lead to recovery. PMID: 23363640 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: White PD, Goldsmith K, Johnson AL, Chalder T, Sharpe M, PACE Trial Management Group Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Brief Report: The Autism Spectrum Quotient has Convergent Validity with the Social Responsiveness Scale in a High-Functioning Sample.
The objective of this study was to examine the convergent validity of the AQ using a well-established, published screening measure of autism: the Social Responsiveness Scale (SRS). Twenty-three high-functioning participants (aged 8-19) with ASD were administered both measures. Results indicated a significant correlation between the SRS and AQ ratings, providing evidence for convergent validity of the AQ with the SRS. PMID: 23371508 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Armstrong K, Iarocci G Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
Use of an iPad Play Story to Increase Play Dialogue of Preschoolers with Autism Spectrum Disorders.
Abstract An iPad play story was utilized to increase the pretend play skills of 4 preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders. The story utilized a series of video clips depicting toy figures producing scripted character dialogue, engaged in a pretend play vignette. A multiple baseline design across participants was utilized with play dialogue as the dependent variable. Three of the participants demonstrated increases in the target behavior with Nonoverlap of All Pairs analysis revealing moderate and strong effects across intervention phases. Effects were largely maintained during generalization opportunities with ...
Source: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Murdock LC, Ganz J, Crittendon J Tags: J Autism Dev Disord Source Type: research
The Excitations and Suppressions of the Times: Locating the Emotions in the Liver in Modern Chinese Medicine.
Abstract This paper explores how doctors of Chinese medicine have borrowed from a long history of scholarship on the problem of "constraint" to develop treatments for modern emotion-related disorders, such as depression. I argue that this combining of medical practices was made possible by a complex sequence of events. First, doctors in the 1920 and 1930s were engaged in a critical reexamination of the entire corpus of Chinese medical knowledge. Spurred by the encounter with European imperialism, the sudden rise of Japan as a new power in East Asia, and the political struggles to establish a Chinese nation state, t...
Source: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Karchmer EI Tags: Cult Med Psychiatry Source Type: research
The Impact of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder on Blood Pressure and Heart Rate in a Veteran Population
Hyperarousal is a hallmark of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD has been associated with increased blood pressure (BP) and heart rate (HR) in veteran populations. We retrospectively identified male patients consulted to outpatient psychiatry at the Iowa City Veterans Affairs Healthcare System. Patients were divided into PTSD (n = 88) and non‐PTSD (n = 98) groups. All PTSD patients and a subset of non‐PTSD patients had documented blast exposure during service. The study investigated whether patients with PTSD had higher systolic blood pressure (SBP), diastolic blood pressure (DBP), and heart rate (HR) than pati...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Eric J. Paulus, Tami R. Argo, Jason A. Egge Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
"People like Numbers": a descriptive study of cognitive assessment methods in clinical practice for Aboriginal Australians in the Northern Territory
Conclusions: Cognitive tests developed specifically for Aboriginal people are urgently needed. In the absence of appropriate, validated tests, clinicians have relied on and modified a range of standardised and informal assessments, whilst recognising the severe limitations of these. Past clinical training has not prepared clinicians adequately for assessing Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients, and experience and clinical judgment were considered crucial for fair interpretation of test scores. Interpretation guidelines may assist inexperienced clinicians to consider whether they are achieving fair assessments of c...
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kylie DingwallJennifer PinkertonMelissa Lindeman Source Type: research
Guided online treatment in routine mental health care: an observational study on uptake, drop-out and effects
Conclusion: The results of this study show that the majority of patients prefer online guided online treatment instead of waiting for face-to-face treatment. Furthermore, online PST increases speed of recovery and can therefore be offered as a first step of treatment in mental healthcare.
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Robin KenterLisanne WarmerdamChristine Brouwer-DudokdewitPim CuijpersAnnemieke van Straten Source Type: research
A structured interview guide for global impressions: increasing reliability and scoring accuracy for CNS trials
Conclusion: We suggest that the SIGGI may improve the inter-rater reliability and scoring precision of the CGI-S and have broad applicability in CNS clinical trials.
Source: Annals of General Psychiatry - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steven TargumCeline HouserJoanne NorthcuttJessica LittleAndrew CutlerDavid Walling Source Type: research
A randomised controlled pilot study: The effectiveness of narrative exposure therapy with adult survivors of the Sichuan earthquake
Conclusions: NET is effective in treating post-earthquake traumatic symptoms in adult Chinese earthquake survivors. The findings help advance current knowledge in the management of PTSD after natural disasters and inform future research. Larger sample sizes are needed to extend the present findings.Trial registration: Chinese Clinical Trial Registry ChiCTR-TRC-12002473
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - January 31, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Yinyin ZangNigel HuntTom Cox Source Type: research
Managing psychiatric patients in the emergency room
Shweta Amin, MD; James Patterson, MD, PhD
Source: Pearls - January 30, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
[Where does the psychiatrist find knowledge?].
PMID: 23315690 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - January 30, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: van Harten PN Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
[The journal in 2012].
PMID: 23315691 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - January 30, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Spijker J, van Harten PN Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research
[The relationship between DSM-IV axis II and the anaclitic and introjective personality dimensions].
CONCLUSION: Results are consistent with and provide important empirical support for Blatt’s assumptions concerning an anaclitic and an introjective cluster of personality pathology. PMID: 23315692 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Tijdschrift voor Psychiatrie - January 30, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Descheemaeker M, Lowyck B, Verhaest Y, Luyten P, Vermote R Tags: Tijdschr Psychiatr Source Type: research