Psychiatry Research This is an OPML file. It can be used to export all the MedWorm RSS feeds on this topic into your personal RSS reader (usually you have to save this file to your own computer before clicking on an Import OPML command in your own feed reader to upload the file which will then import all the feeds) or it can be used by webmasters to integrate MedWorm feeds with their own website. This is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader, such as GoogleReader, or to display this data on your own website or blog. Subscribe to this data using MyMedWorm.Subscribe to this data using GoogleReader.Subscribe to this data using Bloglines.Subscribe to this data using MyYahoo.
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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 31.
Psychopathy and behavior problems: A comparison of incarcerated male and female juvenile delinquents.
The objective of the present study was to compare incarcerated male and female juvenile offenders regarding psychopathic traits, behavior problems, psychopathy taxon, conduct disorder, self-reported delinquent behavior, and crime seriousness. Within a total forensic sample of 261 detainee participants, subdivided in a male group (n=217) and a female group (n=44), statistically significant differences were found. Female juvenile offenders show less callous-unemotional traits, more emotional symptoms, more prosocial behaviors, less self-reported delinquent behavior, and lower crime seriousness. Conduct disorder prevalence wa...
Source: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Medical Law Authors: Pechorro PS, Vieira DN, Poiares CA, Vieira RX, Marôco J, Neves S, Nunes C Tags: Int J Law Psychiatry Source Type: research
Misinformation can influence memory for recently experienced, highly stressful events.
Abstract A large body of research has demonstrated that exposure to misinformation can lead to distortions in human memory for genuinely experienced objects or people. The current study examined whether misinformation could affect memory for a recently experienced, personally relevant, highly stressful event. In the present study we assessed the impact of misinformation on memory in over 800 military personnel confined in the stressful, mock POW camp phase of Survival School training. Misinformation introduced after the negatively affected memory for the details of the event (such as the presence of glasses or weap...
Source: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Medical Law Authors: Morgan CA, Southwick S, Steffian G, Hazlett GA, Loftus EF Tags: Int J Law Psychiatry Source Type: research
Attitudes among judiciary and junior clerks toward the survivors of childhood sexual abuse.
Abstract Childhood sexual abuse is a growing concern throughout the world, although the legal sequelae of this phenomenon are frequently neglected. We aimed to reveal and compare the attitudes of judiciary and junior clerks toward sexually abused children that might contribute to these sequelae. We divided 302 study participants into two groups of judiciary members and junior clerks. All the participants were asked to anonymously complete a questionnaire about stigmatization, including questions assessing social distance, dangerousness and skillfulness. In their responses, 51.2% of the judiciary and 64.0% of the ju...
Source: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Medical Law Authors: Berber G, Karapirli M, Kantarci N, Kandemir E, Varkal MD, Sahin E, Emül M Tags: Int J Law Psychiatry Source Type: research
Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Can diminished responsibility diminish criminal behaviour?
Abstract This text examines how current scientific knowledge has the potential of fulfilling one of the major functions of the criminal justice system. Scientific knowledge should be used to ensure that the criminal justice system's functioning results in maximizing societal protection and crime reduction. Abnormal states of the mind contribute to criminal behaviour and are considered in exculpatory defences. The failure of the long standing insanity defence and its utility among cognitively impaired offenders, provided impetus to this work. In estimating the success rates (or lack thereof) of raised defences for t...
Source: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Medical Law Authors: Mela M, Luther G Tags: Int J Law Psychiatry Source Type: research
Five years after implementation: A review of the Irish Mental Health Act 2001.
CONCLUSIONS: The MHA 2001 has brought the practice of involuntary admission further into line with international standards. However, five years after the implementation of the Act international guidelines and practice have highlighted areas in need of further reform, including capacity legislation and consideration of advance directives and community treatment orders. Further research is also lacking on caregivers' or family members' perceptions of the MHA 2001. PMID: 23274178 [PubMed - in process]
Source: International Journal of Law and Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Medical Law Authors: Ramsay H, Roche E, O'Donoghue B Tags: Int J Law Psychiatry Source Type: research
Systematic meta‐analysis of the risk factors for deliberate self‐harm before and after treatment for first‐episode psychosis
ConclusionEarlier treatment of first‐episode psychosis and successful treatment of depression and substance use could prevent some episodes of DSH and might reduce suicide mortality in early psychosis.
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S Challis, O Nielssen, A Harris, M Large Tags: Meta‐analysis Source Type: research
LET'S GET PHYSICAL: A CONTEMPORARY REVIEW OF THE ANXIOLYTIC EFFECTS OF EXERCISE FOR ANXIETY AND ITS DISORDERS
Research over the past few decades has focused on the therapeutic effects of physical exercise among those affected by mood disorders. Only recently has attention turned to maladaptive and persistent expressions of anxiety, with a growing body of evidence indicating promise for exercise as an effective treatment for some of the anxiety disorders. The current review provides a comprehensive account of contemporary research examining the anxiolytic effects of exercise for anxiety disorders. We synthesize pertinent research regarding the effects of various types of exercise within the different anxiety disorders, consider imp...
Source: Depression and Anxiety - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gordon J. G. Asmundson, Mathew G. Fetzner, Lindsey B. DeBoer, Mark B. Powers, Michael W. Otto, Jasper A. J. Smits Tags: Review article Source Type: research
Differential susceptibility to prevention: GABAergic, dopaminergic, and multilocus effects
Conclusions: This study is unique in combining data from two large prevention trials to test hypotheses regarding genetic main effects and gene × prevention interactions. Focusing on gene systems purported to confer risk for alcohol use and abuse, the study demonstrated that participation in efficacious prevention programs can moderate genetic risk. The results also support the differential susceptibility hypothesis that some youths, for genetic reasons, are more susceptible than others to both positive and negative contextual influences.
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Gene H. Brody, Yi‐fu Chen, Steven R. H. Beach Source Type: research
Sleep Disturbance in Family Caregivers of Individuals With Dementia: A Review of the Literature
PurposeThis paper will review published evidence regarding health outcomes and factors associated with caregivers' sleep disturbance. Design and MethodsSearches were conducted on CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, and PsycINFO using various keywords. FindingsWe evaluated 138 abstracts and reviewed 18 articles. Depression is the most reported factor influencing caregivers' sleep. Additional factors are caregivers' psychological distress, demographic, and care recipients' characteristics. Health outcomes of sleep disturbance include poor mental and physical health, reduced quality of life, and elevated coagulation and inflammation lev...
Source: Perspectives In Psychiatric Care - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hsi‐Ling Peng, Yu‐Ping Chang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Variation in oral health parameters between older people with and without mental disorders
This study investigated the variation in the oral examination findings and the subjective oral complaints between older people with and without mental disorders. An interview and an oral investigation were performed in a group of older patients with mental disorders with a mean age of 71.9 years and in a group of older people without mental disease with a mean age of 70.2 years. The analysis did not reveal any statistically significant differences in the dental status of the participants and in the prevalence of oral ulcers and stomatitis. However xerostomia, burning mouth, dysgeusia, and oral malodor complaints were more ...
Source: Special Care in Dentistry - January 1, 2013 Category: Dentistry Authors: Anastasia Kossioni, Georges E. Kossionis, Argy Polychronopoulou Tags: Article Source Type: research
Treating Pediatric Psychogenic Dizziness with a Japanese Herbal Medicine
Conclusions: This report is the first to describe the beneficial effects of YKCH in the treatment of pediatric psychogenic dizziness. We conclude that administration of YKCH may be a suitable complementary therapy for pediatric psychogenic dizziness.
Source: Explore - January 1, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: Fumiyuki Goto, Noriko Morimoto, Hidenobu Taiji, Tomoko Tsutumi, Kaoru Ogawa Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research
Current status of co-occurring mood and substance use disorders: a new therapeutic target.
Abstract Mood and substance use disorders commonly co-occur, yet there is little evidence-based research to guide the pharmacologic management of these comorbid disorders. The authors review the existing empirical findings, some of which may call into question current clinical pharmacotherapy practices for treating co-occurring mood and substance use disorders. The authors also highlight knowledge gaps that can serve as a basis for future research. The specific mood disorders reviewed are bipolar and major depressive disorders (either one co-occurring with a substance use disorder). Overall, findings from the relat...
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pettinati HM, O'Brien CP, Dundon WD Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Defense Mechanisms Reported by Patients With Borderline Personality Disorder and Axis II Comparison Subjects Over 16 Years of Prospective Follow-Up: Description and Prediction of Recovery.
CONCLUSIONS Taken together, these results suggest that the longitudinal defensive functioning of borderline patients is distinct and improves substantially over time. They also suggest that immature defenses are the best predictor of time to recovery. PMID: 23223866 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Zanarini MC, Frankenburg FR, Fitzmaurice G Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Bipolar mixed States: an international society for bipolar disorders task force report of symptom structure, course of illness, and diagnosis.
CONCLUSIONS The definitions and properties of mixed states have generated controversy, but the stability of their characteristics over a range of clinical definitions and diagnostic methods shows that the concept of mixed states is robust. Distinct characteristics related to the course of illness emerge at relatively modest opposite polarity symptom levels in depressive or manic episodes. PMID: 23223893 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Swann AC, Lafer B, Perugi G, Frye MA, Bauer M, Bahk WM, Scott J, Ha K, Suppes T Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
The Initial Field Trials of DSM-5: New Blooms and Old Thorns.
PMID: 23288382 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Freedman R, Lewis DA, Michels R, Pine DS, Schultz SK, Tamminga CA, Gabbard GO, Gau SS, Javitt DC, Oquendo MA, Shrout PE, Vieta E, Yager J Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Contingency management for patients with serious mental illness and stimulant dependence.
PMID: 23288383 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Weiss RD Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
A simple question answered: adding moderate-dosage lithium does not help patients with bipolar disorder.
PMID: 23288384 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Dunlop BW, Rakofsky JJ, Rapaport MH Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Complex challenges in treating depression during pregnancy.
Abstract The treatment of depression during pregnancy can be challenging for patients and providers alike. An increasing attention to perinatal mood disorders has led to an expanding literature that is often difficult for providers to navigate. It can be a challenge for providers to feel comfortable reviewing the broad scope of the risks and benefits of treatments in the context of the limitations of the literature. Women who are depressed during pregnancy have been found to have an elevated risk of poor obstetrical outcomes, although studies of the relationship between depression and outcomes are limited. Women wh...
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Chaudron LH Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Drawings During Neuropsychiatric Recovery From Anti-NMDA Receptor Encephalitis.
PMID: 23288386 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Esseveld MM, van de Riet EH, Cuypers L, Schieveld JN Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Lithium Treatment Moderate-Dose Use Study (LiTMUS) for Bipolar Disorder: A Randomized Comparative Effectiveness Trial of Optimized Personalized Treatment With and Without Lithium.
CONCLUSIONS In this pragmatic comparative effectiveness study, a moderate but tolerated dosage of lithium plus OPT conferred no symptomatic advantage when compared with OPT alone, but the lithium-plus-OPT group had less exposure to second-generation antipsychotics. Only about one-quarter of patients in both groups achieved sustained remission of symptoms. These findings highlight the persistent and chronic nature of bipolar disorder as well as the magnitude of unmet needs in its treatment. PMID: 23288387 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nierenberg AA, Friedman ES, Bowden CL, Sylvia LG, Thase ME, Ketter T, Ostacher MJ, Leon AC, Reilly-Harrington N, Iosifescu DV, Pencina M, Severe JB, Calabrese JR Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Deciphering the neural signature of conversion blindness.
PMID: 23288388 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Becker B, Scheele D, Moessner R, Maier W, Hurlemann R Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Altered functional and structural connectivity in a schizophrenia patient with complete agenesis of the corpus callosum.
PMID: 23288389 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rane S, Kose S, Gore JC, Heckers S Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
All We Have to Fear: Psychiatry's Transformation of Natural Anxieties Into Mental Disorders.
PMID: 23288390 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Kendler KS Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Comprehensive care of schizophrenia: a textbook of clinical management, 2nd edition.
PMID: 23288391 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pallanti S Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Suicide: Global Perspectives From the WHO World Mental Health Surveys.
PMID: 23288392 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Nakimuli-Mpungu E Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
The bipolar brain: integrating neuroimaging and genetics.
PMID: 23288393 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Belmaker RH Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
Disclosure of financial relationships.
Authors: PMID: 23288394 [PubMed - in process]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research
What does it mean to have enough evidence?
PMID: 23249756 [PubMed - in process]
Source: J Psychiatry Neurosc... - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Macqueen G Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research
SSRIs in a case of selective mutism.
PMID: 23249757 [PubMed - in process]
Source: J Psychiatry Neurosc... - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Manassis K, Avery D Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research
A review and meta‐analysis of the patient factors associated with psychiatric in‐patient aggression
ConclusionBy comparing aggressive with non‐aggressive patients, important differences between the two populations may be highlighted. These differences may help staff improve predictions of which patients might become aggressive and enable steps to be taken to reduce an aggressive incident occurring using actuarial judgements. However, the associations found between these actuarial factors and aggression were small. It is therefore important for staff to consider dynamic factors such as a patient's current state and the context to reduce in‐patient aggression.
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: C. Dack, J. Ross, C. Papadopoulos, D. Stewart, L. Bowers Tags: Review Source Type: research
Positive attitudes towards psychiatry among Chinese medical students.
CONCLUSIONS: Chinese medical students reported positive attitudes towards psychiatry, openness with regard to psychiatric services, and respect for psychiatric patients. Learning about a broad spectrum of psychiatric diagnoses and greater clinical contact with patients may improve overall attitudes of Chinese medical students towards psychiatry and their ability to make accurate diagnoses. PMID: 23283749 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Williams JA, Liu N, Afzal K, Cooper B, Sherer R, Morgan I, Dong H Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research
Violent deaths among Russian and EU male older adults.
CONCLUSIONS: The European region is characterized by great inequalities in rates of violent deaths among the elderly. PMID: 23283750 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Innamorati M, Serafini G, Lester D, Amore M, Girardi P, Pompili M Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research
Research Review: Emanuel Miller Memorial Lecture 2012 – Neuroscientific studies of intervention for language impairment in children: interpretive and methodological problems
Conclusion: In our current state of knowledge, it would be better to spend research funds doing well‐designed trials of behavioural treatment to establish which methods are effective, rather than rushing headlong into functional imaging studies of unproven treatments.
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - January 1, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: D. V. M. Bishop Source Type: research
Adolescent ADHD and Adult Physical and Mental Health, Work Performance, and Financial Stress
There are a few longitudinal studies that suggest that attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adolescence is associated with later psychiatric disorders, substance use disorders, and impaired work performance. Adolescent ADHD is associated with a variety of internal and external stresses in adulthood. Consequently, it is essential to focus intervention efforts on adolescents with ADHD to prevent or alleviate adult difficulties in functioning. (Read the full article)
Source: PEDIATRICS - January 1, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Pediatrics Digest Summary Source Type: research
Homozygosity mapping of depressive disorder in a large family from Pakistan: Significant linkage on chromosome 6 and 9
Abstract A large family with a high prevalence of recurrent major depression and high average inbreeding coefficient was ascertained from rural Pakistan. Subjects were interviewed and diagnosed by a trained psychiatrist, 370 microsatellite markers were genotyped and the program FEstim was used for homozygosity mapping. Significant linkage was found on Chromosome 9 and Chromosome 6 after fine mapping. These regions on Chromosome 6 and 9 may harbor genes which predispose to depression. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics - January 1, 2013 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Muhammad Ayub, Muhammad Irfan, Alan Maclean, Farooq Naeem, Douglas Blackwood Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
The value of living donor liver transplantation.
Abstract Living donor liver transplantation (LDLT) is a very successful procedure that develops liver resources in case of worldwide shortages. As the technology has developed so much in the past 2 decades, LDLT has the same good prognosis as DDLT. However, LDLT still has lots of ethical & technical problems. It causes great psychiatric, physical and psychosocial harm to donors. Also, it has some negative effects on society by providing a platform for organ trade. Therefore, there is much controversy about the social value of LDLT. After review of recent papers, we find much progress can be made in inspiring th...
Source: Annals of Transplantation - December 31, 2012 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Yang X, Gong J, Gong J Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research
Attitudes toward menstruation in females with schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorders in Taiwan.
Conclusion This is one of the first studies to explore the relationship between psychotic symptoms and attitudes toward menstruation. The findings provide more support for the assumption that attitudes toward menstruation are derived from a woman's perception of her bodily experience rather than a psychiatric disorder. PMID: 23205628 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Climacteric - December 31, 2012 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Liang HY, Lee LW, Kelsen BA, Hsu SC, Liu CY, Chen CY Tags: Climacteric Source Type: research
Relevant issues in pharmacotherapy of psycho-cutaneous disorders
Sreyoshi Ghosh, Rishikesh V Behere, PSVN Sharma, S SavithaIndian Journal of Dermatology 2013 58(1):61-64Psychiatric disorders frequently co-occur with dermatological conditions and psychotropic agents may be indicated in treating the underlying psychiatric symptoms. Use of psychotropics can be associated with significant cutaneous adverse effects as well as drug interactions with pharmacological agents used in treatment of the dermatological conditions. Knowledge of indication, contraindication, side effects, and interactions of psycho-tropics is essential for the practicing dermatologist in managing psycho-dermatological ...
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - December 31, 2012 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sreyoshi GhoshRishikesh V BeherePSVN SharmaS Savitha Source Type: research
Our experience in a psychodermatology liaison clinic at Manipal, India
Shrutakirthi D Shenoi, Smitha Prabhu, B Nirmal, Shailee PetrolwalaIndian Journal of Dermatology 2013 58(1):53-55Psychodermatology is an emerging specialty in dermatology which deals with the interactions between mind and skin. Psychocutaneous diseases can be either primary psychiatric or primary cutaneous, with various degrees of associations between psyche and skin. Unless the dermatologist cultivates a special interest in this field, many an invisible mental disorder may be missed leading to sub optimal treatment of the visible skin condition. Though Dermatology Psychiatry liaison clinics are common in Europe and other w...
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - December 31, 2012 Category: Dermatology Authors: Shrutakirthi D ShenoiSmitha PrabhuB NirmalShailee Petrolwala Source Type: research
Delusions of parasitosis
Jillian W Wong, John YM KooIndian Journal of Dermatology 2013 58(1):49-52Patients with delusions of parasitosis (DOP) are more commonly recognized in dermatology practices today. However, dermatologists may feel uncomfortable treating these patients because of the psychiatric nature of their disorder. As a result of the fact that DOP patients strongly prefer to seek treatment from dermatologists rather than mental health professionals, it is important for dermatologists to be well equipped with a basic understanding of the disorder and with tools to assist this patient population. In this review, we discuss the epidemiolog...
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - December 31, 2012 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jillian W WongJohn YM Koo Source Type: research
Primary psychiatric conditions: Dermatitis artefacta, trichotillomania and neurotic excoriations
Jillian W Wong, Tien V Nguyen, John YM KooIndian Journal of Dermatology 2013 58(1):44-48Primary psychiatric conditions encountered in dermatology include dermatitis artefacta, trichotillomania (TTM) and neurotic excoriations. For these disorders, the primary pathologic condition involves the psyche; therefore, any cutaneous findings are self-induced. Herein, we review common primary psychiatric conditions in dermatology - dermatitis artefacta, neurotic excoriations and TTM - and examine their epidemiology, clinical presentation, differential diagnosis and treatment strategies. For all primary psychiatric disorders, the mos...
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - December 31, 2012 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jillian W WongTien V NguyenJohn YM Koo Source Type: research
Psychiatric evaluation in dermatology: An overview
Sreyoshi Ghosh, Rishikesh V Behere, PSVN Sharma, K SreejayanIndian Journal of Dermatology 2013 58(1):39-43Psychodermatology is an exciting field which deals with the close relationship that exists between dermatological and psychiatric disorders. A combined bio-psycho-social approach is essential for effective evaluation and treatment of these conditions. This review aims to give the practicing clinician an overview of psychiatric evaluation in patients with dermatological conditions.
Source: Indian Journal of Dermatology - December 31, 2012 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sreyoshi GhoshRishikesh V BeherePSVN SharmaK Sreejayan Source Type: research
Psychiatric Home Health Care Skilled Nursing Services
Skilled psychiatric nursing services can be an integral component of Medicare certified home health care agencies. Medicare will reimburse home health care agencies for psychiatric nursing home visits on an intermittent basis for qualified psychiatric clients who are under the care of a psychiatrist, have psychiatric diagnoses, and are homebound secondary to psychological or medical problems. Clients’ diagnosed psychiatric disorders may include dementia, schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and substance abuse. Nursing services are provided under a plan of care that is developed and signed by a psych...
Source: Home Health Care Management - December 31, 2012 Category: Nursing Authors: Thobaben, M. Tags: Psychosocial Source Type: research
The Death of Specificity in Psychiatry: cheers or tears?
Abstract Abstract:During the past five decades, psychiatry has pursued two goals, one being specificity of diagnosis and treatment, and the other a series of all-inclusive diagnostic manuals that paradoxically emphasized the absence of definite boundaries between disorders, and the absence of definite boundaries between disorders and normality (although normality was never defined). Leaders in the field continue to emphasize that diagnoses must be validated by the pathogenesis, course, and response to treatment of specific disorders. However, many current genetic and family studies have failed to su...
Source: Perspectives in Biology and Medicine - December 30, 2012 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Dean CE Tags: Perspect Biol Med Source Type: research
Treating Emotion-Related Disorders in Japanese Traditional Medicine: Language, Patients and Doctors.
Abstract This paper analyses how the conceptual and therapeutic formation of Japanese traditional medicine (Kampo) has been socially constructed through interactions with popular interpretations of illness. Taking the example of emotion-related disorders, this paper focuses on the changing meaning of constraint (utsu) in Kampo medicine. Utsu was once a name for one of the most frequently cited emotion-related disorders and pathological concerns during the Edo period. With the spread of Western medicine in the Meiji period, neurasthenia replaced utsu as the dominant emotion-related disorder in Japanese society. As a...
Source: Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry - December 30, 2012 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Daidoji K Tags: Cult Med Psychiatry Source Type: research
Source: Perspectives In Psychiatric Care - December 30, 2012 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jonathan S. Dowben, Joan S. Grant, Norman L. Keltner Tags: Column Source Type: research
The effect of music therapy compared with general recreational activities in reducing agitation in people with dementia: a randomised controlled trial
ConclusionsBoth music therapy and recreational activities lead to a short‐term decrease in agitation, but there was no additional beneficial effect of music therapy over general activities. More research is required to provide insight in the effects of music therapy in reducing agitation in demented older people. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - December 29, 2012 Category: Geriatrics Authors: A. C. Vink, M. Zuidersma, F. Boersma, P. Jonge, S. U. Zuidema, J. P. J. Slaets Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
3D PET image reconstruction including both motion correction and registration directly into an MR or stereotaxic spatial atlas.
Abstract This work explores the feasibility and impact of including both the motion correction and the image registration transformation parameters from positron emission tomography (PET) image space to magnetic resonance (MR), or stereotaxic, image space within the system matrix of PET image reconstruction. This approach is motivated by the fields of neuroscience and psychiatry, where PET is used to investigate differences in activation patterns between different groups of participants, requiring all images to be registered to a common spatial atlas. Currently, image registration is performed after image reconstru...
Source: Physics in Medicine and Biology - December 29, 2012 Category: Physics Authors: Gravel P, Verhaeghe J, Reader AJ Tags: Phys Med Biol Source Type: research