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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory.

Posthospitalization outcomes for psychiatric sex offenders: comparing two treatment protocols - Stinson JD, McVay LA, Becker JV.
This study evaluates the effectiveness of safe offender strategies (SOS) in comparison with relapse prevention (RP) in a sample of 91 inpatient males in a secure psychiatric setting. All men evidenced a history of violent sexual offending and were diagnose... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Personality disorders and the DSM-5: scientific and extra-scientific factors in the maintenance of the status quo - Gøtzsche-Astrup O, Moskowitz A.
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to review and discuss the evidence for dimensional classification of personality disorders and the historical and sociological bases of psychiatric nosology and research. METHOD: Categorical and dimensional conc... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Association between social integration and suicide among women in the United States - Tsai AC, Lucas M, Kawachi I.
IMPORTANCE: Suicide is one of the top 10 leading causes of mortality among middle-aged women. Most work in the field emphasizes the psychiatric, psychological, or biological determinants of suicide. OBJECTIVE: To estimate the association between so... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Evaluation of psychiatric and genetic risk factors among primary relatives of suicide completers in Delhi NCR region, India - Pasi S, Singh PK, Pandey RK, Dikshit PC, Jiloha RC, Rao VR.
Suicide as a public health problem is studied worldwide and association of psychiatric and genetic risk factors for suicidal behavior are the point of discussion in studies across different ethnic groups. The present study is aimed at evaluating psychiatri... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Effect of drugs of abuse on social behaviour: a review of animal models - Blanco-Gandía MC, Mateos-García A, García-Pardo MP, Montagud-Romero S, Rodriguez-Arias M, Miñarro J, Aguilar MA.
Social behaviour is disturbed in many substance abuse and psychiatric disorders. Given the consensus that social behaviours of lower mammals may help to understand some human emotional reactions, the aim of the present work was to provide an up-to-date rev... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news

On deployment and military suicide risk - Bryan CJ.
The study by Reger et al published in JAMA Psychiatry [72(6):561-569] reported that deployment history was not associated with suicide death among military personnel who had deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan. Their results converge with several previously... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - August 1, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Commentary Source Type: news

Secrets from the Eating Lab: The Science of Weight Loss
“The truth,” researcher Traci Mann writes, “is that diets do not work and may be bad for you, and obesity is not going to kill you.” That might surprise a lot of readers. We have been taught to think that diets can be successful if you simply have enough willpower, and that obesity is the ultimate enemy of health. But as Mann writes, even if willpower works in some domains, there’s a reason it routinely fails us when it comes to food. A social psychologist who has studied eating for a long time, Mann has found that your supposed lack of willpower is not about you: it is about your circumstances. And, even wo...
Source: Psych Central - August 1, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Bella DePaulo Tags: Book Reviews Eating Disorders General Genetics Healthy Living Psychology Self-Help Weight Loss bad diets dessert dieting Eating Habits eating studies food craving food studies healthful eating healthy eating lack of willp Source Type: news

Expert advice: How to help an addicted friend or family member get help
    Experts understand that addiction isn’t a weakness or moral failing; it’s an illness, much like cancer or heart disease. And It often falls to family members and friends to convince their addicted loved one to seek help. The task can feel like negotiating an emotional minefield with anger, obfuscation and denial among the likely outcomes. How do you know if there’s a problem, when do you intervene and how? Dr. Timothy Fong, associate clinical professor of psychiatry and director of the UCLA Addiction Medicine Clinic, provided guidance in the July 2015 issue of UCLA Magazine. An edited version of the article fo...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - August 1, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Cohen's Brain Bits: American Psycho-Social
(MedPage Today) -- Time to reassess options for treating mental health and substance abuse (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - August 1, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Assisted Suicide for Mental Illness Gaining GroundAssisted Suicide for Mental Illness Gaining Ground
'Unbearable, untreatable suffering' in psychiatric illness is seen as valid as physical illness in justifying euthanasia in some European countries. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - August 1, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Mess: One Man’s Struggle to Clean Up His House & His Act
Barry Yourgrau isn’t willing to own the label of “hoarder” despite the chaos and filth of his apartment. It is crammed with his “collections” — not only of books and souvenirs from his world travels but also of empty cardboard boxes, plastic bags, and junk heaps of paper. The kitchen counters are buried, the refrigerator is “a morgue locker of stains and ancient grubby jars and bottles,” the bathroom faucets have leaked for years. He spends most nights and eats most meals at his girlfriend’s house, and also refuses to permit anyone into his own. But when his girlfriend, who has forgotten her keys, shows...
Source: Psych Central - July 31, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Sophia Dembling Tags: Addictions Book Reviews General Healthy Living Motivation and Inspiration Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder Personal Stories Personality Psychology Relationships & Love am i a hoarder barry yourgrau cleaning Clutter clutterers anon Source Type: news

Parenting Experts Explain Why We Should Focus On Our Babies, Not Our Screens
No matter how many different ways we ask the question, the answer from child development experts remains the same: humans under age 2 learn best from people, not screens.  "The real emphasis shouldn't be on the taking away of screens," Dr. Claire McCarthy, a pediatrician at Boston Children's Hospital, recently said on HuffPost Live. "The emphasis should be on interacting with kids." (function(){var src_url="https://spshared.5min.com/Scripts/PlayerSeed.js?playList=518973428&height=381&width=570&sid=577&origin=SOLR&videoGroupID=155847&relatedNumOfResults=100&responsive=false&relatedMode=2&relatedBottomHeight=60&com...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - July 31, 2015 Category: Consumer Health Advice Source Type: news

Borderline personality disorder and military sexual trauma: analysis of previous traumatization and current psychiatric presentation - Williams R, Holliday R, Clem M, Anderson E, Morris EE, Surís A.
Military sexual trauma (MST) increases vulnerability for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Sexual trauma is also associated with increased risk for developing borderline personality disorder (BPD). Research has also documented a significant link betwee... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 31, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Correlates of suicide-related ideations and attempts in patients with acute and transient psychotic disorder - Rajkumar RP.
INTRODUCTION: Acute and transient psychotic disorder (ATPD) is a brief, self-limiting psychiatric disorder commonly seen in developing countries. This condition is associated with an elevated risk of suicide, but data on this association is lacking in deve... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 31, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Suicide and Self-Harm Source Type: news

Adolescent eating disorders predict psychiatric, high-risk behaviors and weight outcomes in young adulthood - Micali N, Solmi F, Horton NJ, Crosby RD, Eddy KT, Calzo JP, Sonneville KR, Swanson SA, Field AE.
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether anorexia nervosa (AN), bulimia nervosa (BN), binge eating disorder (BED), and other specified feeding and eating disorders (OSFED), including purging disorder (PD), subthreshold BN, and BED at ages 14 and 16 years, are pro... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 31, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

The association of vitamin D deficiency with psychiatric distress and violence behaviors in Iranian adolescents: the CASPIAN-III study - Ataie-Jafari A, Qorbani M, Heshmat R, Ardalan G, Motlagh ME, Asayesh H, Arzaghi SM, Tajadini MH, Nejatinamini S, Poursafa P, Kelishadi R.
BACKGROUND: Subtle effects of vitamin D deficiency on behavior have been suggested. We investigated the association of vitamin D status with mental health and violence behaviors in a sample of Iranian adolescents. METHODS: This nationwide study was... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 31, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news

Young adults with autism show improved social function following UCLA skills program
Researchers at the Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior at UCLA have found that a social skills program for high-functioning young adults with autism spectrum disorder significantly improved the participants’ ability to engage with their peers. In the study, the largest randomized controlled trial to show improved social functioning in young adults with autism, the participants’ advances continued to be seen 16 weeks after the program’s conclusion, and were even augmented by other improvements such as increased empathy and greater responsibility. The study (PDF), which builds on previous findings show...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - July 31, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

APA, AMA Join Forces to Combat Opioid Abuse CrisisAPA, AMA Join Forces to Combat Opioid Abuse Crisis
The American Psychiatric Association has joined forces with the American Medical Association and more than two dozen other medical organizations to address the growing epidemic of opioid abuse. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - July 31, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Cholinesterase Inhibitors for Parkinson's DiseaseCholinesterase Inhibitors for Parkinson's Disease
Cholinesterase inhibitors have shown promise for some symptoms of Parkinson's disease, but are associated with significant adverse effects. Do the benefits outweigh the risks? Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry (Source: Medscape Today Headlines)
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - July 31, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery Journal Article Source Type: news

No Time for Tears: Coping with Grief in a Busy World
I truly believe that people are well-meaning. But when it comes to helping others through their loss, some of us just don’t have the skills to aid a grieving individual. We are often uncomfortable around those who have had a loved one die, and say things that are not helpful. And we often want to rush the other person through their grief, as it is difficult to sit in sadness. In No Time for Tears: Coping with Grief in a Busy World, Judy Heath addresses a number of different aspects when it comes to loss, especially when it comes to responding to a person who is grieving and taking note of what they are going through...
Source: Psych Central - July 31, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paula Lopez Tags: Book Reviews Depression General Grief and Loss Holiday Coping Self-Help after a funeral after a pet dies Bereavement Coping With Death Coping With Grief coping with grief in a busy world coping with loss death of a friend death Source Type: news

The drugs work: the truth about statins and SSRIs
Pharmacology can get a bad rap in the press. Professors George Davey Smith and David Nutt fight the case for statins and SSRIs.In a public lecture hosted by the British Association for Psychopharmacology and Bristol’s MRC Integrative Epidemiology Unit (where I work), Professors George Davey Smith and David Nutt stripped away the sensationalisation and misinformation around statins and SSRIs. They come from very different fields, George is an epidemiologist and David a psychiatrist, but both fields can help us understand the efficacy and safety of drug treatments.George took on the topic of statins. George is a perfect ex...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - July 31, 2015 Category: Science Authors: Suzi Gage Tags: Science Drugs Mental health Statins Society Source Type: news

Blog Post » The Brain’s Critical Balance
The BRAIN Initiative is supporting scientists aiming to understand how the 86 billion neurons in the brain act together to enable consciousness and behavior. Dr. Insel gives a snapshot of recent work and its implications for understanding normal and disordered brain function. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - July 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Thomas Insel Source Type: news

Boston-Based Apps Help People Recovering from Addiction
BOSTON (CBS) – Drug addiction is a public health crisis in Massachusetts and across the country. Now two Boston-based start-ups are using technology to try to make a difference. “At 18, I was a stone cold, strung out, homeless, heroin addict,” says Jack Kelly who has been sober for eleven years. “I know how hard it is to go through it and how difficult it is to achieve sobriety,” says Kelly. “I’ve lost a lot of people close to myself who have died because of an overdose. So I guess on one hand, I’ve made it but a lot people haven’t.” Hoping to change that, Kelly developed a smartphone a...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - July 30, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: deanreddington Tags: Health Local News Seen On WBZ-TV Syndicated Local Dr. Mallika Marshall Drug Addiction iRecover Sober Grid Source Type: news

Psychiatry Facing Severe Manpower CrisisPsychiatry Facing Severe Manpower Crisis
The demand for psychiatrists has hit an all-time high, rivalling that for internists, says recruiting firm Merritt Hawkins. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - July 30, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Moderate Drinking May Ease Disability from Chronic Pain (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Greatest benefit reported by those who consumed three to five drinks daily (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - July 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

FDA Warns of Brintellix, Brilinta Name ConfusionFDA Warns of Brintellix, Brilinta Name Confusion
Some prescribing errors have occurred when clinicians type the first three letters of either name in computerized physician order entry systems and both names pop up as options, the FDA said. News Alerts (Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines)
Source: Medscape Cardiology Headlines - July 30, 2015 Category: Cardiology Tags: Psychiatry News Alert Source Type: news

IOM Report on Noninvasive Neuromodulation: State of the ArtIOM Report on Noninvasive Neuromodulation: State of the Art
The Institute of Medicine has released a report on a workshop focusing on regulatory, ethical, safety, and other issues surrounding the growing use of noninvasive neuromodulation devices. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - July 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news

This Device Can Zap Your Brain Into A State Of Zen. Is That A Good Thing?
What if you could zap your brain into a state of calm or energy with only the push of a button? It may sound like the stuff of sci-fi, but it's now the promise of a new class of tech wearables created by teams of Silicon Valley entrepreneurs and neuroscientists. Several devices have come onto the market claiming to use brain stimulation to alter an individual's mental state. One of the latest is Thync Vibes ($299), a stick-on device that delivers low-grade electrical pulses ("vibes") into the scalp to cause a change in automatic nervous system activity.  How does it actually work? Those who are brave en...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - July 30, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

School Shooters: Understanding High School, College & Adult Perpetrators
If we make assumptions about the type of person who becomes a school shooter, we may miss real warning signs. As Peter Langman writes in his new book, School Shooters: Understanding High School, College, and Adult Perpetrators, not all perpetrators are bullied. Not all of them are on the periphery of social peer groups, and not all of them are male. Langman is a psychologist who has assessed psychiatric patients and mass-murder risk, and who has published a previous book on school shooters. He has one of the largest online collections of materials related to these acts of mass violence, and has trained law enforc...
Source: Psych Central - July 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Paula Lopez Tags: Abuse Anger Book Reviews Children and Teens General Personality Psychological Assessment Psychology PTSD Schizophrenia Students Suicide columbine mass murder mass murderers mass violence peter langman psychosis and violen Source Type: news

Socially Active Women Have Lower Suicide Risk (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Indirect evidence of a protective effect for social integration (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - July 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Seniors prescribed twice the mental health drugs as younger adults
Stephen FellerANN ARBOR, Mich., July 30 (UPI) -- Older adults are prescribed twice as many mental health drugs as younger adults and get mental health care from psychiatrists at half the rate. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - July 30, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Trauma-Sensitive Yoga in Therapy: Bringing the Body Into Treatment
Therapy is about exploring the interior world, often with an expert who is trained to guide and assess and help us make sense of our responses to experiences. Therapy is rarely about seeing the client as the expert. But where trauma is concerned, there is no better person equipped to understand the pain, suffering, and anguish than the client herself. This makes treatment for trauma especially challenging. For example, studies have shown that rape is far more psychologically traumatizing that most modern military combat. However, rape, despite the profound distress, appears to be easier to recover from than combat trauma. ...
Source: Psych Central - July 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: K.M. McCann, PhD Tags: Book Reviews General Healthy Living Professional Psychiatry Psychology Psychotherapy PTSD body awareness Breathing Bringing the Body Into Treatment Combat Trauma David Emerson Jennifer West Mindfulness Rape Sexual Assault Source Type: news

Leave Your Anxiety Behind on Your Family's...
Tis the season of the family vacation, but if you struggle with anxiety, then you know that it’s often hard to leave your worries behind. (Source: About.com Generalized Anxiety)
Source: About.com Generalized Anxiety - July 30, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: health Source Type: news

Minnesota multiphasic personality inventory as related factor for post traumatic stress disorder symptoms according to job stress level in experienced firefighters: 5-year study - Chung IS, Lee MY, Jung SW, Nam CW.
OBJECTIVES: As first responders to an increasing number of natural and manmade disasters, active-duty firefighters are at increased risk for physical and psychiatric impairment as reflected by high rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Because lit... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Burns, Electricity, Explosions, Fire, Scalds Source Type: news

A meta-analysis of perceptions of defeat and entrapment in depression, anxiety problems, posttraumatic stress disorder, and suicidality - Siddaway AP, Taylor PJ, Wood AM, Schulz J.
BACKGROUND: There is a burgeoning literature examining perceptions of being defeated or trapped in different psychiatric disorders. The disorders most frequently examined to date are depression, anxiety problems, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and s... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

The relations between violence exposure, posttraumatic stress symptoms, secondary traumatization, vicarious post traumatic growth and illness attribution among psychiatric nurses - Zerach G, Shalev TB.
This study examined posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms (PTSD), secondary traumatization (ST) and vicarious posttraumatic growth (VG) among Israeli psychiatric nurses (PN) who were compared to community nurses (CN). Furthermore, we examined the contribu... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news

Depression and dementia in Parkinson's disease - Sinanovic O, Hudić J, Zukić S, Kapidzic A, Zonić L, Vidovic M.
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a neurodegenerative disorder causing not only motor dysfunction but also cognitive, psychiatric, autonomic and sensory disturbances. Depression is the most common psychiatric disturbance identified in patients with PD and has be... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Epigenetic dysregulation in the prefrontal cortex of suicide completers - Schneider E, El Hajj N, Müller F, Navarro B, Haaf T.
The epigenome is thought to mediate between genes and the environment, particularly in response to adverse life experiences. Similar to other psychiatric diseases, the suicide liability of an individual appears to be influenced by many genetic factors of s... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Hitler's parkinsonism - Boettcher LB, Bonney PA, Smitherman AD, Sughrue ME.
Of the multitude of medical and psychiatric conditions ascribed to Hitler both in his lifetime and since his suicide in April 1945, few are more substantiated than Parkinsonism. While the timeline of the development of this condition, as well as its etiolo... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Ergonomics, Human Factors, Anthropometrics, Physiology Source Type: news

Risk of criminal victimisation in outpatients with common mental health disorders - Meijwaard SC, Kikkert M, de Mooij LD, Lommerse NM, Peen J, Schoevers RA, Van R, de Wildt W, Bockting CL, Dekker JJ.
BACKGROUND: Crime victimisation is a serious problem in psychiatric patients. However, research has focused on patients with severe mental illness and few studies exist that address victimisation in other outpatient groups, such as patients with depression... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Suicide attempts and personal need for structure among ex-offenders - Majer JM, Beasley C, Jason LA.
Suicide attempts were examined in relation to sociodemographic (age, gender, ethnicity), psychopathological (prior psychiatric hospitalizations, physical and sexual abuse histories), and cognitive (personal need for structure) variables among a sample of e... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news

Trends in use of seclusion and restraint in response to injurious assault in psychiatric units in U.S. hospitals, 2007-2013 - Staggs VS.
This study assessed trends in use of seclusion and restraint in response to injurious assault, including trends in percentage of assaults involving seclusion or restraint; average duration of seclusion; average duration of restraint using device... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - July 29, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news