Medicine RSS Search Engine

Psychiatry

This page shows you the 20 most read items in the past 30 days within this specialty in the MedWorm directory.

Addiction-related genes in gambling disorders: new insights from parallel human and pre-clinical models
amp; J L Kennedy (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - September 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: D S S LoboL AleksandrovaJ KnightD M CaseyN el-GuebalyJ N NobregaJ L Kennedy Source Type: research

Visual height intolerance and acrophobia: clinical characteristics and comorbidity patterns.
Authors: Kapfhammer HP, Huppert D, Grill E, Fitz W, Brandt T Abstract The purpose of this study was to estimate the general population lifetime and point prevalence of visual height intolerance and acrophobia, to define their clinical characteristics, and to determine their anxious and depressive comorbidities. A case-control study was conducted within a German population-based cross-sectional telephone survey. A representative sample of 2,012 individuals aged 14 and above was selected. Defined neurological conditions (migraine, Menière's disease, motion sickness), symptom pattern, age of first manifestation, prec...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - September 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The Third Wave of CBT
Conclusion Thirty years ago the cognitive behavioral approach to therapy was limited to the treatment of major depressive disorder and a very limited treatment for some anxiety disorders. Most practitioners at that time viewed this approach as rather simplistic, but admittedly effective for a small range of problems. The “deeper” and more “challenging” cases would be the focus for “depth” therapies of various kinds. Although those “depth” therapies provided little evidence of any effectiveness, they were seen as addressing the “real underlying problems.” Psychothe...
Source: Psych Central - September 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Beppe Micallef-Trigona, MD, MSc Tags: Borderline Personality Cognitive-Behavioral Psychology Psychotherapy Treatment Acceptance And Commitment Therapy Cbt Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Empirically Supported Therapies Exposure Therapy Research Standard cognitive therapy Source Type: news

Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of ADHD: A Review
This review covers an introduction of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), focusing on the traditional theoretic basis from the perspective of TCM regarding ADHD’s cause, pathogenesis, methods of syndrome differentiation, and rationale for treatment. The authors present commonly accepted and successfully practiced clinical procedures used in China for diagnosis and treatment of ADHD by TCM clinicians along with the supportive clinical evidence. The authors hope to inspire more research to better understand the mechanisms underlying the therapies and to promote ap...
Source: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America - September 12, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Xinqiang Ni, Yanli Zhang-James, Xinmin Han, Shuang Lei, Jichao Sun, Rongyi Zhou Tags: Interventions With Patients Source Type: research

Issues about the use of subjective cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease research.
Authors: Canevelli M, Blasimme A, Vanacore N, Bruno G, Cesari M PMID: 25248820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Comparative study of cost of care of outpatients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: Costs for outpatients with bipolar disorder are similar to the cost of outpatients with schizophrenia. Costs are higher in patients of bipolar disorder with lower level of functioning. Findings of the study suggests that reducing the number of visits to the hospital by providing care at the doorsteps, focusing on reduction of substance use and improving the level of functioning of the patients can reduce the cost of care of bipolar disorder. PMID: 25246322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

The developmental trajectory of bipolar disorder.
Authors: Chenard-Poirier MP, Paris J PMID: 25252322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of the mu-opioid receptor antagonist GSK1521498 on hedonic and consummatory eating behaviour: a proof of mechanism study in binge-eating obese subjects
Richards, P C Fletcher & E T Bullmore (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - September 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H ZiauddeenS R ChamberlainP J NathanA KochK MaltbyM BushW X TaoA NapolitanoA L SkeggsA C BrookeL ChekeN S ClaytonI Sadaf FarooqiS O'RahillyD WaterworthK SongL HoskingD B RichardsP C FletcherE T Bullmore Source Type: research

Duration of untreated psychosis as predictor of long-term outcome in schizophrenia: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusions The small but mostly consistent correlation between long DUP and poor outcome indicates that early intervention in psychosis may have at least subtle positive effects on the long-term course of illness. PMID: 25252316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gently restless: association of ADHD-like traits with response inhibition and interference control.
Authors: Polner B, Aichert D, Macare C, Costa A, Ettinger U Abstract Impairment of inhibition-related functions is one of the most pronounced cognitive deficits found in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Compelling evidence from studies of unaffected relatives of patients with ADHD and of ADHD-like traits in healthy subjects suggest the continuous distribution of ADHD symptoms in the population. A more subtle inhibitory deficit can also be found in healthy relatives of patients and in subjects with high ADHD-like traits. Here, we examined the relationship between inhibitory performance and ADHD-like ...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - September 12, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Prevalence of mental health symptoms in Dutch military personnel returning from deployment to Afghanistan: A 2-year longitudinal analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of mental health symptoms in military personnel increases after deployment, however, symptoms progression over time appears to be specific for various mental health symptoms. Comprehensive screening and monitoring for a wide range of mental health symptoms at multiple time-points after deployment is essential for early detection and to provide opportunities for intervention. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: This project was funded by the Dutch Ministry of Defence. PMID: 25195152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Memory Profiles in Pathology or Biomarker Confirmed Alzheimer Disease and Frontotemporal Dementia.
CONCLUSIONS:: AD participants showed more rapid forgetting than bvFTD, and both groups showed more rapid forgetting than controls. In contrast, bvFTD did not conform to a more dysexecutive pattern of performance as patient groups committed similar number of intrusion errors and showed comparably low rates of improvement on cued recall and recognition trials. For patients with neuroimaging, there were no group differences in medial temporal volumes, which was the only significant predictor of consolidation for both dementia groups. PMID: 25203512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders)
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research

Patterns of Hippocampal Tau Pathology Differentiate Neurodegenerative Dementias.
Conclusion: Our data demonstrate disease-specific AT8 immunoreactivity patterns and hot spots in the hippocampus even in tauopathies, which primarily do not affect the hippocampus. These hot spots can be shifted to other regions by the co-occurrence of tauopathies like AGD. Our observations support the notion that globular glial tauopathies and tau-astrogliopathy of the elderly are distinct entities. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 25195847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

Differential associations of early callous‐unemotional, oppositional, and ADHD behaviors: multiple domains within early‐starting conduct problems?
ConclusionsConsistent with theory, dimensions of CU, ADHD, and oppositional behavior demonstrated separable nomological networks representing separable facets within early‐starting CP. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rebecca Waller, Luke W. Hyde, Adam S. Grabell, Martha L. Alves, Sheryl L. Olson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Concordance Between Clinical Diagnosis and Medicare Claims of Depression Among Older Primary Care Patients.
CONCLUSION: Investigators using Medicare data to study depression must recognize that diagnoses of depression from Medicare data may be biased by patient ethnicity and the presence of medical comorbidity. PMID: 25256215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - September 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

Preventive Strategies for Borderline Personality Disorder in Adolescents
Opinion statement Personality disorder has been shown to be common in adolescence and most notable for its continuity with and similarities to adult personality disorder. This has legitimized the diagnosis of personality disorder, particularly borderline personality disorder, in adolescence. The first wave of indicated prevention (targeting those showing early signs and symptoms) and early intervention (those with full-syndrome disorder) studies for borderline personality disorder in adolescence are notable for challenging fears about diagnosing and treating borderline personality disorder in young people, and dem...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - September 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Multimodal Imaging in Autism: an Early Review of Comprehensive Neural Circuit Characterization
Abstract There is accumulating evidence that the neurobiology of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) is linked to atypical neural communication and connectivity. This body of work emphasizes the need to characterize the function of multiple regions that comprise neural circuits rather than focusing on singular regions as contributing to deficits in ASD. Multimodal neuroimaging — the formal combination of multiple functional and structural measures of the brain — is extremely promising as an approach to understanding neural deficits in ASD. This review provides an overview of the multimodal imaging approach, and t...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - September 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

The Clinical Utility of the Cornell Scale for Depression in Dementia as a Routine Assessment in Nursing Homes.
CONCLUSION: When administered by nursing home staff the clinical utility of the CSDD is highly questionable in identifying depression. The complexity of the scale, the time required for collecting relevant information, and staff skills and knowledge of assessing depression in older people must be considered when using the CSDD in nursing homes. PMID: 25256214 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - September 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

The impact of co-morbid personality disorder on use of psychiatric services and involuntary hospitalization in people with severe mental illness
Conclusions In SMI patients, co-morbidity with PD is robustly associated with both high use of inpatient psychiatric services and an increased likelihood of involuntary hospitalization. Patients with SMI and co-morbid PD are likely to require tailored interventions that target both the underlying personality pathology as well as the Axis I disorder. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Mid-life Cardiovascular Risk Impacts Memory Function: The Framingham Offspring Study.
CONCLUSIONS:: Middle-aged healthy adults with cardiovascular risk factors including diabetes, history of smoking, and ApoE4 positivity were found to have greater later-life memory impairments. PMID: 25187219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders)
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - September 5, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research