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Psychiatry

This page shows you the 20 most read items in the past 30 days within this specialty in the MedWorm directory.

The Israel Diabetes and Cognitive Decline (IDCD) study: Design and baseline characteristics.
CONCLUSIONS: Tracking cognition, with face-to-face evaluations, exploiting 15 years of historical detailed computerized, easily accessible, and validated T2D-related characteristics may provide novel insights into T2D-related dementia. PMID: 25150735 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Assessment of potential cardiovascular risks of methylphenidate in comparison with sibutramine: do we need a SCOUT (trial)?
Authors: Antel J, Albayrak O, Heusch G, Banaschewski T, Hebebrand J Abstract With the recent approval of methylphenidate (MPH) for treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in adults, the number of patients exposed will increase tremendously. The ongoing debate on the cardiovascular safety of MPH has triggered two large retrospective cohort studies in children and adolescents as well as in young to middle-aged adults. These studies looked into serious cardiovascular events (sudden cardiac death, acute myocardial infarction and stroke) as primary endpoints and concluded that MPH was safe after a mean ...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The clinical use of cerebrospinal fluid biomarker testing for Alzheimer's disease diagnosis: A consensus paper from the Alzheimer's Biomarkers Standardization Initiative.
CONCLUSIONS: Changes in Aβ1-42, T-tau, and P-tau181P allow diagnosis of AD in its prodromal stage. Conversely, having all three biomarkers in the normal range rules out AD. Intermediate conditions require further patient follow-up. PMID: 25150736 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

The Third Wave of CBT
Conclusion Thirty years ago the cognitive behavioral approach to therapy was limited to the treatment of major depressive disorder and a very limited treatment for some anxiety disorders. Most practitioners at that time viewed this approach as rather simplistic, but admittedly effective for a small range of problems. The “deeper” and more “challenging” cases would be the focus for “depth” therapies of various kinds. Although those “depth” therapies provided little evidence of any effectiveness, they were seen as addressing the “real underlying problems.” Psychothe...
Source: Psych Central - September 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Beppe Micallef-Trigona, MD, MSc Tags: Borderline Personality Cognitive-Behavioral Psychology Psychotherapy Treatment Acceptance And Commitment Therapy Cbt Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Empirically Supported Therapies Exposure Therapy Research Standard cognitive therapy Source Type: news

Traditional Chinese Medicine in the Treatment of ADHD: A Review
This review covers an introduction of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in treating attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), focusing on the traditional theoretic basis from the perspective of TCM regarding ADHD’s cause, pathogenesis, methods of syndrome differentiation, and rationale for treatment. The authors present commonly accepted and successfully practiced clinical procedures used in China for diagnosis and treatment of ADHD by TCM clinicians along with the supportive clinical evidence. The authors hope to inspire more research to better understand the mechanisms underlying the therapies and to promote ap...
Source: Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America - September 12, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Xinqiang Ni, Yanli Zhang-James, Xinmin Han, Shuang Lei, Jichao Sun, Rongyi Zhou Tags: Interventions With Patients Source Type: research

Happiness an Attainable Goal in SchizophreniaHappiness an Attainable Goal in Schizophrenia
Happiness may be an attainable goal for at least some patients with schizophrenia and is associated with positive psychosocial attributes that can be enhanced. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Change in Identity Diffusion and Psychopathology in a Specialized Inpatient Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: After a 12-week inpatient treatment, the findings indicate significant improvements in the DST group in typical affective borderline symptomatology and in the personality structure feature of identity diffusion. This highlights the significance of a short-term specific inpatient therapy for BPD. KEY PRACTITIONER MESSAGE: A structured, disorder-specific inpatient treatment of patients diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) combined a psychodynamic transference-focused psychotherapy treatment approach (focusing on pathological features in personality organization, particularly on non-integrated...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research

White matter integrity and late-life depression in community-dwelling individuals: diffusion tensor imaging study using tract-based spatial statistics.
Conclusions Reduced white matter integrity is associated with late-life depression and predicts future depressive symptoms whereas a history of depression is not related to white matter changes. Disruption to white matter integrity may be a biomarker to predict late-life depression. PMID: 25147370 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Gently restless: association of ADHD-like traits with response inhibition and interference control.
Authors: Polner B, Aichert D, Macare C, Costa A, Ettinger U Abstract Impairment of inhibition-related functions is one of the most pronounced cognitive deficits found in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Compelling evidence from studies of unaffected relatives of patients with ADHD and of ADHD-like traits in healthy subjects suggest the continuous distribution of ADHD symptoms in the population. A more subtle inhibitory deficit can also be found in healthy relatives of patients and in subjects with high ADHD-like traits. Here, we examined the relationship between inhibitory performance and ADHD-like ...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - September 12, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Prevalence of mental health symptoms in Dutch military personnel returning from deployment to Afghanistan: A 2-year longitudinal analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of mental health symptoms in military personnel increases after deployment, however, symptoms progression over time appears to be specific for various mental health symptoms. Comprehensive screening and monitoring for a wide range of mental health symptoms at multiple time-points after deployment is essential for early detection and to provide opportunities for intervention. DECLARATION OF INTEREST: This project was funded by the Dutch Ministry of Defence. PMID: 25195152 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Memory Profiles in Pathology or Biomarker Confirmed Alzheimer Disease and Frontotemporal Dementia.
CONCLUSIONS:: AD participants showed more rapid forgetting than bvFTD, and both groups showed more rapid forgetting than controls. In contrast, bvFTD did not conform to a more dysexecutive pattern of performance as patient groups committed similar number of intrusion errors and showed comparably low rates of improvement on cued recall and recognition trials. For patients with neuroimaging, there were no group differences in medial temporal volumes, which was the only significant predictor of consolidation for both dementia groups. PMID: 25203512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders)
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research

Patterns of Hippocampal Tau Pathology Differentiate Neurodegenerative Dementias.
Conclusion: Our data demonstrate disease-specific AT8 immunoreactivity patterns and hot spots in the hippocampus even in tauopathies, which primarily do not affect the hippocampus. These hot spots can be shifted to other regions by the co-occurrence of tauopathies like AGD. Our observations support the notion that globular glial tauopathies and tau-astrogliopathy of the elderly are distinct entities. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 25195847 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders)
Source: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Source Type: research

DSM-5 Made Easy: The Clinician’s Guide to Diagnosis
I had just come off my first overnight shift. From 8pm to 8am, I was the go-to resident for any issues that arose on any of the three psychiatry units, along with any emergent psychiatric consults from anywhere in the hospital. A psych patient couldn’t sleep? My pager went off. Another fell while getting himself a midnight snack? It’s my pager again. A patient on surgery mentioned that he couldn’t take this anymore and just wanted to end it all? Yup, that’s me, too. Someone admitted to the ICU after throwing himself from a moving car? You get the picture. By morning, we’ll just say I was getting a little tired ...
Source: Psych Central - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Megan Riddle Tags: Book Reviews Disorders Dual Diagnosis General Professional Psychiatry Psychological Assessment Dsm 5 dsm 5 made easy dsm5 mental disorder diagnosis morrison Source Type: news

Psychotic experiences co‐occur with sleep problems, negative affect and mental disorders in preadolescence
ConclusionsPsychotic experiences are particularly prevalent in the context of affective dysregulation and sleep disturbance, increase with onset of puberty and represent a trans‐diagnostic marker of psychopathology. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Pia Jeppesen, Lars Clemmensen, Anja Munkholm, Martin K. Rimvall, Charlotte U. Rask, Torben Jørgensen, Janne T. Larsen, Liselotte Petersen, Jim Os, Anne M. Skovgaard Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Mid-life Cardiovascular Risk Impacts Memory Function: The Framingham Offspring Study.
CONCLUSIONS:: Middle-aged healthy adults with cardiovascular risk factors including diabetes, history of smoking, and ApoE4 positivity were found to have greater later-life memory impairments. PMID: 25187219 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders)
Source: Alzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders - September 5, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimer Dis Assoc Disord Source Type: research

Science News » New grants fund cross-lifespan services research for autism spectrum disorder
NIH-funded projects aim at improving access, timeliness of interventions. (Source: National Institute of Mental Health)
Source: National Institute of Mental Health - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: NIMH Press Office Source Type: news

Atherosclerotic calcification is related to a higher risk of dementia and cognitive decline.
CONCLUSIONS: Atherosclerosis, in particular in the extracranial carotid arteries, is related to a higher risk of dementia and cognitive decline. PMID: 25150731 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Glutathione deficit impairs myelin maturation: relevance for white matter integrity in schizophrenia patients
ran, P Hagmann, P Conus & K Q Do (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: A MoninP S BaumannA GriffaL XinR MekleM FournierC ButticazM KlaeyJ H CabungcalP SteulletC FerrariM CuenodR GruetterJ P ThiranP HagmannP ConusK Q Do Source Type: research

Imaging Genetics Approaches to Identify Mechanisms in Severe Mental Illness
Schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and major depressive disorders are heritable serious mental illnesses (SMI). What does this heritability mean? What are the underlying mechanisms? Large genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified both shared and unique genetic risk variants for these disorders; however, causal risk variants, their molecular mechanisms, and their effects on brain circuitry are mostly unknown. Targeted, possibly individualized, therapies addressing underlying mechanisms offer the promise of improved functioning and well-being for patients. (Source: Biological Psychiatry)
Source: Biological Psychiatry - August 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Steven G. Potkin, Fabio Macciardi, Theo G.M. van Erp Tags: Commentaries Source Type: research

Antidepressants and Psychological Therapies in IBSAntidepressants and Psychological Therapies in IBS
Is it time to consider psychological approaches to irritable bowel syndrome an important component of care? Medscape Psychiatry (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - August 26, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry Commentary Source Type: news