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This page shows you the 20 most read items in the past 30 days within this specialty in the MedWorm directory.

Genetic Effects, Categorical Disorders, and Quantitative Traits
The relation between categorical disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and quantitative trait measurements, such as inattention, hyperactivity-impulsivity, and emotional lability, continues to be an area of active research and debate. Indeed, the relevance of dimensions of psychopathology to clinical diagnostic categories is at the heart of the Research Domain Criteria, which have become a strong platform for a trans-diagnostic understanding of causal risk factors and neuropathologic processes underlying mental health disorders. (Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - August 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Philip Asherson, Paul F. O'Reilly Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Impact of lithium alone or in combination with haloperidol on oxidative stress parameters and cell viability in SH-SY5Y cell culture.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of our study may indicate that lithium possess neuroprotective properties that may be partly due to antioxidative effects. The combination of lithium and haloperidol may generate increased oxidative stress. PMID: 26286703 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica)
Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica - August 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research

Association between alcohol and substance use disorders and all-cause and cause-specific mortality in schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, and unipolar depression: a nationwide, prospective, register-based study
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2015 Source:The Lancet Psychiatry Author(s): Carsten Hjorthøj, Marie Louise Drivsholm Østergaard, Michael Eriksen Benros, Nanna Gilliam Toftdahl, Annette Erlangsen, Jon Trærup Andersen, Merete Nordentoft Background People with severe mental illness have both increased mortality and are more likely to have a substance use disorder. We assessed the association between mortality and lifetime substance use disorder in patients with schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or unipolar depression. Methods In this prospective, register-based cohort study, we obtained data for all ...
Source: The Lancet Psychiatry - August 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

School-Based Behavioral Health Service Use and Expenditures for Children With Autism and Children With Other Disorders.
CONCLUSIONS: Medicaid represents an important source of in-school and out-of-school care for children with ASD and their families. States that expand Medicaid under the Affordable Care Act should give careful consideration to covering school-based mental health services for children with ASD. PMID: 26278232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - August 19, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research

A Shared Molecular and Genetic Basis for Food and Drug Addiction
This article focuses on the shared molecular and neurogenetics of food and drug addiction tied to the understanding of reward deficiency syndrome. Reward deficiency syndrome describes a hypodopaminergic trait/state that provides a rationale for commonality in approaches for treating long-term reduced dopamine function across the reward brain regions. The identification of the role of DNA polymorphic associations with reward circuitry has resulted in new understanding of all addictive behaviors. (Source: The Psychiatric Clinics of North America)
Source: The Psychiatric Clinics of North America - August 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mark S. Gold, Rajendra D. Badgaiyan, Kenneth Blum Source Type: research

Neuroprogression and Cognitive Functioning in Bipolar Disorder: A Systematic Review
Abstract Bipolar disorder (BD) has been associated with impairments in a range of cognitive domains including attention, verbal learning, and mental flexibility. These deficits are increased during the acute phases of the illness and worsen over the course of BD. This review will examine the literature in relation to potential mechanisms associated with cognitive decline in BD. Scopus (all databases), Pubmed, and Ovid Medline were systematically searched with no language or year restrictions, up to January 2015, for human studies that collected cross-sectional and longitudinal cognitive data in adults with BD and...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - August 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Altered pain threshold sensitivity and frontoparietal-cingulate network in anorexia nervosa: the role of disgust sensitivity - Author response.
Authors: Bär KJ, Wagner G PMID: 26290066 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience)
Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - August 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research

Relative absence of studies in bipolar depression
No abstract available (Source: International Clinical Psychopharmacology)
Source: International Clinical Psychopharmacology - August 5, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Method of Attempted Suicide Predicts Completed SuicideMethod of Attempted Suicide Predicts Completed Suicide
A Swedish study shows the risk for a completed suicide is increased among those with bipolar disorder or depression and whose previous attempts were by hanging or self-injury. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - August 12, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Altered pain threshold sensitivity and frontoparietal-cingulate network in anorexia nervosa: the role of disgust sensitivity.
Authors: Mario Vicario C PMID: 26290065 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience)
Source: Journal of Psychiatry and Neuroscience - August 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Psychiatry Neurosci Source Type: research

Genetics of long-term treatment outcome in bipolar disorder
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2015 Source:Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry Author(s): Chiara Fabbri, Alessandro Serretti Bipolar disorder (BD) shows one of strongest genetic predisposition among psychiatric disorders and the identification of reliable genetic predictors of treatment response could significantly improve the prognosis of the disease. The present study investigated genetic predictors of long-term treatment-outcome in 723 patients with BD type I from the STEP-BD (Systematic Treatment Enhancement Program for Bipolar Disorder) genome-wide dataset. BD I patients wi...
Source: Progress in Neuro Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry - August 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Psychosocial Treatment of Bipolar Disorder: Clinician Knowledge, Common Approaches, and Barriers to Effective Treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinicians would benefit from additional training in effective therapeutic approaches for bipolar disorder as well as information about pharmacotherapy and supporting individuals with comorbid substance use problems. PMID: 26325453 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Psychiatric Services)
Source: Psychiatric Services - September 3, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research

MAP1B and NOS1 genes are associated with working memory in youths with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder.
Authors: Salatino-Oliveira A, Wagner F, Akutagava-Martins GC, Bruxel EM, Genro JP, Zeni C, Kieling C, Polanczyk GV, Rohde LA, Hutz MH Abstract Diverse efforts have been done to improve the etiologic understanding of mental disorders, such as attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). It becomes clear that research in mental disorders needs to move beyond descriptive syndromes. Several studies support recent theoretical models implicating working memory (WM) deficits in ADHD complex neuropsychology. The aim of this study was to examine the association between rs2199161 and rs478597 polymorphisms at MAP1B and N...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - August 4, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

The Doubt-Certainty Continuum in Psychopathology, Lay Thinking, and Science
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2015 Source:Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry Author(s): Omri Ron, Ela Oren, Reuven Dar This paper presents a theoretical model suggesting that doubt and certainty are two extremes of a continuum. Different people can be located in different locations on this continuum, according to how much they tend to seek refutation vs. confirmation. In both ends of the continuum lay mental disorders, which can be seen as extreme deviations from the usual relatively stable equilibrium between the two thinking processes. One end is defined by excessive skepticism an...
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - August 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Кафе 3 в 1 Лактера Вива - пробиотик с кафе
Инстантна напитка - уникална комбинация от патентовани пробиотици и разтворимо кафе; Задоволява и стимулира енергийните нужди на организма; Изцяло натурални съставки; Експортен продукт - регистриран в FDA; Натурални уникални пробиотични щамове от изворна вода в България; Състав на Кафе 3 в 1 Лактера Вива Съдържание в 14 гр: 4 гр нисколактозна про...
Source: MedWire News - Bipolar Disorder - August 11, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Хранителни добавки / Пробиотик и синбиотик Source Type: news

Development and Implementation of an Ambulatory Integrated Care Pathway for Major Depressive Disorder and Alcohol Dependence.
Authors: Awan S, Samokhvalov AV, Aleem N, Hendershot CS, Irving JA, Kalvik A, Lefebvre L, Le Foll B, Quilty L, Voore P Abstract Integrated care pathways (ICPs) provide an approach for delivering evidence-based treatment in a hospital setting. This column describes the development and pilot implementation in a clinical setting of an ICP for patients with concurrent major depressive disorder and alcohol dependence at the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), an academic tertiary care hospital, in Toronto, Canada. The ICP methodology includes evidence reviews, knowledge translation, process reengineering, and...
Source: Psychiatric Services - August 19, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatr Serv Source Type: research

Developmental emergence of an obsessive-compulsive phenotype and binge behavior in rats
Conclusions OCD-like behaviors are emerging during adolescence, but sucrose consumption and fat bingeing in CMI-treated animals significantly precedes the appearance of anxiety and perseveration. This OCD-like phenotype emerges fully during adulthood, suggesting that eating may likely serve as a coping strategy in these animals. (Source: Psychopharmacology)
Source: Psychopharmacology - August 12, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Recent Advances in the Study of Sleep in the Anxiety Disorders, Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder, and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder
This article reviews recent advances in understanding the mechanisms of the sleep disturbances in these disorders and discusses the implications for developing improved treatments. (Source: The Psychiatric Clinics of North America)
Source: The Psychiatric Clinics of North America - August 31, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Elaine M. Boland, Richard J. Ross Source Type: research

Methylomic analysis of salivary DNA in childhood ADHD identifies altered DNA methylation in VIPR2
ConclusionsAlthough it is unknown to what extent CpG methylation seen in peripheral tissue reflect transcriptomic changes in the brain, these initial results indicate that peripheral DNA methylation markers in ADHD may be promising and suggest targeted hypotheses for future study in larger samples. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - August 25, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Beth Wilmot, Rebecca Fry, Lisa Smeester, Erica D. Musser, Jonathan Mill, Joel T. Nigg Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prevalence of substance use disorders in psychiatric patients: a nationwide Danish population-based study
Conclusions The study was the most comprehensive of its kind so far to estimate the prevalence of SUDs in an unselected population-based cohort, and it revealed remarkably high prevalence among the psychiatric patients. The results should encourage continuous focus on possible comorbidity of psychiatric patients, as well as specialised and integrated treatment along with increased support of patients with comorbid disorders. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - August 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research