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This page shows you the 20 most read items in the past 30 days within this specialty in the MedWorm directory.

Functional outcomes from a head-to-head, randomized, double-blind trial of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate and atomoxetine in children and adolescents with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and an inadequate response to methylphenidate
Abstract Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is associated with functional impairments in multiple domains of patients’ lives. A secondary objective of this randomized, active-controlled, head-to-head, double-blind, dose-optimized clinical trial was to compare the effects of lisdexamfetamine dimesylate (LDX) and atomoxetine (ATX) on functional impairment in children and adolescents with ADHD. Patients aged 6–17 years with an ADHD Rating Scale IV total score ≥28 and an inadequate response to methylphenidate treatment (judged by investigators) were randomized (1:1) to once-daily LDX or ATX for 9 ...
Source: European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - May 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Agomelatine or placebo as adjunctive therapy to a mood stabiliser in bipolar I depression: randomised double-blind placebo-controlled trial.
Conclusions Agomelatine adjunctive therapy was not superior to placebo adjunctive therapy for acute bipolar depression. PMID: 25999335 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and its association with substance use and substance use disorders in young men.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that adult ADHD is significantly associated with a propensity to experiment with licit and illicit substances, especially at earlier ages, to exhibit risky substance use patterns, and to subsequently develop SUDs. Preventive strategies that include early intervention and addressing co-morbidity with ASPD may be crucial to reducing substance use and the development of pathological substance use patterns in young men affected by ADHD and, thus, helping to prevent further illness burden later in life. PMID: 25989844 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences)
Source: Epidemiology and Psychiatric Sciences - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Epidemiol Psychiatr Sci Source Type: research

The validity of the mood disorder questionnaire for screening bipolar disorder: a meta‐analysis
We conducted a meta‐analysis to review the diagnostic accuracy of the Mood Disorder Questionnaire (MDQ) among patients with mood disorders. We used a bivariate random effects model to calculate summary sensitivity and specificity. Twenty‐one studies were included. At the standard or modified cutoff value of 7, summary sensitivity was .62 and summary specificity was .85. When we pooled 11 studies including both patients with bipolar disorder (BD) and those with unipolar depression, the summary sensitivity was .76 and summary specificity was .81. However, among the six studies that excluded patients with known BD, the su...
Source: Depression and Anxiety - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Hee Ryung Wang, Young Sup Woo, Hyeong Sik Ahn, Il Min Ahn, Hyun Jung Kim, Won‐Myong Bahk Tags: Review Source Type: research

Electroconvulsive Therapy–Induced Manic Episode for a Patient With Bipolar Depression: A Case Report
No abstract available (Source: The Journal of ECT)
Source: The Journal of ECT - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Electroconvulsive Therapy and Its Association With Demographic and Clinical Characteristics in Chinese Psychiatric Patients
Conclusions: In a major psychiatric center in China, the use of ECT was much more common than the figures reported from most countries around the world. Reasons for this difference and variances in outcomes between settings with higher and lower ECT use should be studied. (Source: The Journal of ECT)
Source: The Journal of ECT - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Perception and evaluation of women's bodies in adolescents and adults with anorexia nervosa.
Authors: Horndasch S, Heinrich H, Kratz O, Mai S, Graap H, Moll GH Abstract Body image disturbance in anorexia nervosa (AN) has been widely studied with regard to the patient's own body, but little is known about perception of or attitude towards other women's bodies in AN. The aim of the present study was to investigate how 20 girls aged 12-18 years and 19 adult women suffering from AN compared to 37 healthy adolescent girls and women estimate weight and attractiveness of women's bodies belonging to different BMI categories (BMI 13.8-61.3 kg/m²). Weight and attractiveness ratings of the participant's own body a...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Body of Truth: How Science, History & Culture Drive our Obsession with Weight
“Although we learned long ago to abandon magical thinking in connection with weather, crops, the care of animals, and other natural phenomena, it still has us in its grip when we think of diet.” So writes Ruth Gay in her 1976 American Scholar essay, “Fear of Food.” And if you are like me — like many people, many women — you might feel that grip. Simply asking what your relationship is to food reveals the disproportionately powerful role that eating plays, how what we consume intermingles with who we are and how we judge ourselves. We work under certain assumptions: that thin is beauty and health wrapped i...
Source: Psych Central - May 20, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Megan Riddle Tags: Anorexia Book Reviews Bulimia Eating Disorders General Healthy Living Motivation and Inspiration Weight Loss Women's Issues binge eating Body of Truth Harriet Brown obsession with weight Source Type: news

Hedonic and disgust taste perception in borderline personality disorder and depression.
Authors: Arrondo G, Murray GK, Hill E, Szalma B, Yathiraj K, Denman C, Dudas RB Abstract Depression and borderline personality disorder (BPD) are both thought to be accompanied by alterations in the subjective experience of environmental rewards. We evaluated responses in women to sweet, bitter and neutral tastes (juice, quinine and water): 29 with depression, 17 with BPD and 27 healthy controls. The BPD group gave lower pleasantness and higher disgust ratings for quinine and juice compared with the control group; the depression group did not differ significantly from the control group. Juice disgust ratings were r...
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

PTSD Treatment Can Start Early Despite Addiction (CME/CE)
(MedPage Today) -- Soldiers with less than 90 days sobriety saw benefits from cognitive therapy. (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - May 18, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Types of adult attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD): baseline characteristics, initial response, and long-term response to treatment with methylphenidate
Abstract Much recent research describes the importance of emotional symptoms in ADHD. While there is no accepted system for including emotionality in diagnosing ADHD, the Wender–Reimherr Adult Attention Deficit Disorder Scale (WRAADDS) provides a tool to facilitate this. It assesses a range of adult ADHD symptoms which load on two factors: inattentive and emotional dysregulation. The consistently high inattentive factor was used to define significant elevation on the more variable emotional dysregulation factor (which contains four WRAADDS domains: hyperactivity/restlessness, temper, affective lability, and emot...
Source: ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders - May 19, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Many Parts to Solving Opioid Addiction Problem, Congress Told
(MedPage Today) -- Better interstate data exchange needed, according to state health officials. (Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry)
Source: MedPage Today Psychiatry - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

Impact of monoamine-related gene polymorphisms on hippocampal volume in treatment-resistant depression.
CONCLUSION: The results indicate that the volume of the hippocampus may be influenced by serotonin- and norepinephrine-related gene polymorphisms. The NET and 5-HT1A polymorphisms appear to have similar effects on hippocampal volume in patients and controls while the 5-HTTLPR polymorphism differentially affects hippocampal volume in the presence of depression. PMID: 25990886 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica)
Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research

2015 Alzheimer's disease facts and figures.
This report discusses the public health impact of Alzheimer’s disease (AD), including incidence and prevalence, mortality rates, costs of care and the overall effect on caregivers and society. It also examines the challenges encountered by health care providers when disclosing an AD diagnosis to patients and caregivers. An estimated 5.3 million Americans have AD; 5.1 million are age 65 years, and approximately 200,000 are age <65 years and have younger onset AD. By mid-century, the number of people living with AD in the United States is projected to grow by nearly 10 million, fueled in large part by the aging baby boo...
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - May 21, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Our schools are safe: Challenging the misperception that schools are dangerous places.
Massive public attention to school shootings has created the misperception that schools are dangerous places, even though crime statistics show that schools are one of the safest places in the United States. The fear of school shootings has caused many school systems to divert their budgets to excessive building security measures and adopt dubious crisis response plans. School disciplinary practices have shifted toward the criminalization of student misbehavior and a zero tolerance philosophy that fails to improve school safety and results in high rates of student suspensions and dropouts. The use of a threat assessment ap...
Source: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - May 18, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Cornell, Dewey Source Type: research

Anxiety UK to launch new Research Fund thanks to AUK Fundraisers
Anxiety UK is a user-led mental health charity established in 1970 that provides direct support services (including psychological therapies) to individuals affected by a range of anxiety disorders. We undertake a campaigning and awareness function; representing those with personal experience of anxiety in the UK. Over the years, the charity has supported researchers with a range […] (Source: ANXIETY UK News)
Source: ANXIETY UK News - May 22, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: news

ADHD in the US: New Facts and FiguresADHD in the US: New Facts and Figures
Minority children who lack health insurance are less likely to be diagnosed with ADHD, new research shows. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines)
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - May 20, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news

Is the prevalence of ADHD in Turkish elementary school children really high?
Conclusions Our results confirmed a substantially higher ADHD prevalence rate (more than double) than the suggested pooled worldwide prevalence, although similar to the one recently detected in a representative populational sample of children in the US (11 %). These findings, consistent with previous developmental epidemiology studies from Turkey, confirm that ADHD is highly prevalent in Turkish elementary school children. (Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology)
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Asymmetric dimethylarginine (ADMA) and treatment response relationship in male patients with first-episode schizophrenia: Author׳s reply
To the Editors: (Source: Psychiatry Research)
Source: Psychiatry Research - May 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Serkan Zincir Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The association between biological rhythms, depression, and functioning in bipolar disorder: a large multi‐center study
ConclusionOur study shows a dose‐dependent association between the severity of depressive symptoms and degree of biological rhythms disturbance. Biological rhythms disturbance was also an independent predictor of functional impairment. Although the directionality of this relationship remains unknown, our results suggest that stability of biological rhythms should be an important target of acute and long‐term management of bipolar disorder and may aid in the improvement of functioning. (Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - May 23, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: M. Pinho, M. Sehmbi, L. E. Cudney, M. Kauer‐Sant'anna, P. V. Magalhães, M. Reinares, C. M. Bonnín, R. B. Sassi, F. Kapczinski, F. Colom, E. Vieta, B. N. Frey, A. R Rosa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research