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This page shows you the 20 most read items in the past 30 days within this specialty in the MedWorm directory.

Distinguishing Bipolar Disorder From Other Psychiatric Disorders in Children
Abstract Pediatric onset bipolar disorder (BD) is a challenging diagnosis with potentially debilitating outcomes. This review aims to critically evaluate recently published literature relevant to the diagnosis of BD in youth, emphasizing interesting and important new findings characterizing pediatric BD and reporting updates in the diagnostic and statistical manual relevant to this disorder in youth. Challenges regarding the diagnosis of BD will be discussed, in addition to important distinctions with other childhood disorders, including other bipolar spectrum disorders; major depressive disorder; dysthymia; disr...
Source: Current Psychiatry Reports - October 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Addiction-related genes in gambling disorders: new insights from parallel human and pre-clinical models
amp; J L Kennedy (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - September 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: D S S LoboL AleksandrovaJ KnightD M CaseyN el-GuebalyJ N NobregaJ L Kennedy Source Type: research

Visual height intolerance and acrophobia: clinical characteristics and comorbidity patterns.
Authors: Kapfhammer HP, Huppert D, Grill E, Fitz W, Brandt T Abstract The purpose of this study was to estimate the general population lifetime and point prevalence of visual height intolerance and acrophobia, to define their clinical characteristics, and to determine their anxious and depressive comorbidities. A case-control study was conducted within a German population-based cross-sectional telephone survey. A representative sample of 2,012 individuals aged 14 and above was selected. Defined neurological conditions (migraine, Menière's disease, motion sickness), symptom pattern, age of first manifestation, prec...
Source: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience - September 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Antipsychotic exposure prior to acute myocardial infarction in patients with serious mental illness
ConclusionThese findings are consistent with a short‐term risk effect of antipsychotic exposure on risk of AMI and identify potentially vulnerable groups. Further research is required to clarify underlying biological mechanisms. (Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica - October 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: S.‐I. Wu, K.‐L. Kao, S.‐C. Chen, J. J. M. Juang, C.‐J. Lin, C.‐K. Fang, C.‐S. Wu, M. Dewey, M. J. Prince, R. Stewart Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Sleep in infancy and childhood: implications for emotional and behavioral difficulties in adolescence and beyond
Purpose of review: Extensive scientific efforts have been made in an attempt to identify early markers of behavioral and emotional problems. In this context, sleep has received considerable research attention, as it appears to be closely linked to developmental psychopathology. The present review synthesizes some of the most recent findings regarding the concurrent and longitudinal associations between psychopathology and behavioral manifestations of sleep in childhood and adolescence. Recent findings: Recent evidence suggests that compromised sleep is associated with both internalizing and externalizing problems in childh...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - October 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: SLEEP DISORDERS: Edited by Martica Hall Source Type: research

Issues about the use of subjective cognitive decline in Alzheimer's disease research.
Authors: Canevelli M, Blasimme A, Vanacore N, Bruno G, Cesari M PMID: 25248820 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association)
Source: The Journal of Alzheimers Association - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Alzheimers Dement Source Type: research

Can low-dose propranolol induce a manic syndrome? Case report of an unexpected side effect.
Conclusion Although depression is a better-known side effect of b-adrenergic antagonists, clinicians should take mania as a rare side effect into consideration as well. PMID: 25287473 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica)
Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica - October 9, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research

Comparative study of cost of care of outpatients with bipolar disorder and schizophrenia.
CONCLUSION: Costs for outpatients with bipolar disorder are similar to the cost of outpatients with schizophrenia. Costs are higher in patients of bipolar disorder with lower level of functioning. Findings of the study suggests that reducing the number of visits to the hospital by providing care at the doorsteps, focusing on reduction of substance use and improving the level of functioning of the patients can reduce the cost of care of bipolar disorder. PMID: 25246322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry)
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research

The developmental trajectory of bipolar disorder.
Authors: Chenard-Poirier MP, Paris J PMID: 25252322 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Effects of the mu-opioid receptor antagonist GSK1521498 on hedonic and consummatory eating behaviour: a proof of mechanism study in binge-eating obese subjects
Richards, P C Fletcher & E T Bullmore (Source: Molecular Psychiatry)
Source: Molecular Psychiatry - September 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: H ZiauddeenS R ChamberlainP J NathanA KochK MaltbyM BushW X TaoA NapolitanoA L SkeggsA C BrookeL ChekeN S ClaytonI Sadaf FarooqiS O'RahillyD WaterworthK SongL HoskingD B RichardsP C FletcherE T Bullmore Source Type: research

Duration of untreated psychosis as predictor of long-term outcome in schizophrenia: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusions The small but mostly consistent correlation between long DUP and poor outcome indicates that early intervention in psychosis may have at least subtle positive effects on the long-term course of illness. PMID: 25252316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science)
Source: The British Journal of Psychiatry for Mental Science - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Br J Psychiatry Source Type: research

Bipolar I and II versus unipolar depression: Clinical differences and impulsivity/aggression traits.
CONCLUSION: Our findings comport with major previous findings on differences between bipolar and unipolar depression. As for trait characteristics, bipolar I and II depressed patients had more life-time impulsivity and aggression/hostility than unipolar patients. In addition, bipolar I and II patients also differed on these trait characteristics. PMID: 25280430 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - October 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Circadian rhythms and sleep in bipolar disorder: implications for pathophysiology and treatment
Purpose of review: Multiple lines of evidence support the conceptualization of bipolar disorder as a disorder of circadian rhythms. Considering bipolar disorder in the framework of circadian disturbances also helps understand the clinical phenomenology pointing toward a multisystemic involvement. Recent findings: Patients with bipolar disorder show altered rhythmicity in body temperature and melatonin rhythms, high day-to-day variability in activity and sleep timing, persistent disturbances of sleep or wake cycles, including disturbances of sleep continuity. The internal clocks are, indeed, responsible for regulating a var...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - October 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: SLEEP DISORDERS: Edited by Martica Hall Source Type: research

Cultural trends and eating disorders
This study highlights recent trends that reflect the changing landscape of culture and eating disorders: stabilization of the incidence of anorexia nervosa and possibly lower incidence rates of bulimia nervosa in Caucasian North American and Northern European groups; increasing rates of eating disorders in Asia; increasing rates of eating disorders in the Arab region; and increasing rates of binge eating and bulimia nervosa in Hispanic and Black American minority groups in North America. Summary: The changing face of eating disorders calls for a new conceptualization of culture in both the emergence and spread of eating di...
Source: Current Opinion in Psychiatry - October 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: EATING DISORDERS: Edited by Hans W. Hoek Source Type: research

Differential associations of early callous‐unemotional, oppositional, and ADHD behaviors: multiple domains within early‐starting conduct problems?
ConclusionsConsistent with theory, dimensions of CU, ADHD, and oppositional behavior demonstrated separable nomological networks representing separable facets within early‐starting CP. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - September 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Rebecca Waller, Luke W. Hyde, Adam S. Grabell, Martha L. Alves, Sheryl L. Olson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Preventive Strategies for Borderline Personality Disorder in Adolescents
Opinion statement Personality disorder has been shown to be common in adolescence and most notable for its continuity with and similarities to adult personality disorder. This has legitimized the diagnosis of personality disorder, particularly borderline personality disorder, in adolescence. The first wave of indicated prevention (targeting those showing early signs and symptoms) and early intervention (those with full-syndrome disorder) studies for borderline personality disorder in adolescence are notable for challenging fears about diagnosing and treating borderline personality disorder in young people, and dem...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - September 30, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

A further assessment of decision-making in anorexia nervosa.
CONCLUSION: These results tend to confirm an impaired decision making-process in people with AN and suggest that various cognitive processes such as inhibition to risk-taking or intolerance of uncertainty may underlie this condition Furthermore, these impairments seem unrelated to the potential co-occurent major depressive disorders. PMID: 25266757 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists)
Source: Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists - October 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Eur Psychiatry Source Type: research

Treating Nonsuicidal Self-Injury
Opinion statement Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) evaluation and treatment are critical for comprehensive patient care. A thorough assessment of nonsuicidal self-injury(NSSI) following DSM-5-proposed criteria is critical in understanding and treating NSSI and should be informed based upon past and current self-harm behaviors, including self-injury methods, frequency, severity, and intent, along with a comprehensive suicide risk assessment. After NSSI is diagnosed, patients should be offered proper management of co-occurring psychiatric illnesses, if applicable, enhanced by an 8 – 12 week trial of cognitive behavi...
Source: Current Treatment Options in Psychiatry - October 2, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Concordance Between Clinical Diagnosis and Medicare Claims of Depression Among Older Primary Care Patients.
CONCLUSION: Investigators using Medicare data to study depression must recognize that diagnoses of depression from Medicare data may be biased by patient ethnicity and the presence of medical comorbidity. PMID: 25256215 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - September 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research

Ebola and Politics
Socialism or family life is like an MC Esher print. It has areas or blocks of equal properties which fit together and then there is an edge in which the properties of the spaces change. The unseen disharmony of the same spaces can be covered over in an unseen way by some of the spaces until an edge. The failure of the CDC or simply its lack of effectiveness represents Obama's inability to cover an unseen disharmony. The U.S. is at risk from West African travelers. To allow the CDC to acknowledge this risk suggests that steps which disproportionately affect black people might be appropriate. That contradicts the internal do...
Source: a psychiatrist who learned from veterans - October 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: blogs