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Early changes in muscle atrophy and muscle fiber type conversion after spinal cord transection and peripheral nerve transection in rats
Conclusion: In the conclusion, spinal cord transection diminished the expression of sMHC protein and PGC-1alpha protein in the soleus muscle. On the other hand, sciatic nerve transection enhanced the expression of sMHC protein and PGC-1alpha protein in the soleus muscle. (Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation - May 20, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kosaku HigashinoTetsuya MatsuuraKatsuyoshi SuganumaKiminori YukataToshihiko NishishoNatsuo Yasui Source Type: research
Development of new measurement system of thoracic excursion with biofeedback: reliability and validity
Conclusion: The novel measurement system, BREATH, has high intra- and inter-evaluator reliabilities and validity; therefore it can lead us more effective respiratory exercise. Using its biofeedback data, this system may help patients with respiratory disease to do exercises more efficiently and clinicians to assess the respiratory exercise more accurately. (Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation - May 20, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yukiko NishigakiHiroko MizuguchiEriko TakedaTomokazu KoikeTakeshi AndoKazuya KawamuraTakuro ShimboHidetoshi IshikawaMasashi FujimotoIkuko SaotomeReiko OdoKazuko OmodaShohei YamashitaTomoko YamadaToshihito OmiYuya MatsushitaManami TakedaSawako SekiguchiSak Source Type: research
The Use of a Bone-Anchored Device as a Hard-Wired Conduit for Transmitting EMG Signals From Implanted Muscle Electrodes
The use of a bone-anchored device to transmit electrical signals from internalized muscle electrodes was studied in a sheep model. The bone-anchored device was used as a conduit for the passage of a wire connecting an internal epimysial electrode to an external signal-recording device. The bone-anchored device was inserted into an intact tibia and the electrode attached to the adjacent M. peroneus tertius. “Physiological” signals with low signal-to-noise ratios were successfully obtained over a 12-week period by walking the sheep on a treadmill. Reliable transmission of multiple muscle signals across the skin...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - May 18, 2013 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
Imprisonment for non-intentional transmission of HIV: can it be supported using established principles for justifying criminal sentencing?
In England, Wales and Scotland, those who unintentionally transmit HIV through sexual intercourse are at risk of criminal prosecution, and furthermore may be at risk of imprisonment under the Offences Against the Person Act 1861. These sentences have ranged between 1 and 10 years. There has been a long debate on whether this is an acceptable use of the law, and indeed whether those who transmit HIV in this manner should be subjected to legal proceedings. Previous debate has embraced the rhetoric of shared responsibility and public health. In this paper, we wished instead to apply traditional justifications for sentenc...
Source: Sexually Transmitted Infections - May 17, 2013 Category: Sexual Medicine Authors: Phillips, M., Sukthankar, A. Tags: Drugs: infectious diseases, HIV/AIDS, HIV / AIDS, HIV infections, Health education Behaviour Source Type: research
Electric shocks to brain help students solve maths problems, scientists say
Psychologists find students do puzzles 27% faster after non-invasive procedure than those who had no treatmentPeople who struggle with maths problems might fare better after a course of gentle electric shocks to the brain, scientists have claimed.Psychologists at Oxford University found that students scored higher on mental arithmetic tasks after a five-day course of brain stimulation.If future studies prove that it works – and is safe – the cheap and non-invasive procedure might be used routinely to boost the cognitive power of those who fall behind in maths, the scientists said. Researchers led by Roi Cohen Kadosh za...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - May 16, 2013 Category: Science Authors: Ian Sample Tags: University of Oxford Psychology News guardian.co.uk Mathematics Higher education UK news Science Source Type: news
Kenya: HIV Blamed for Street Children
[The Star]A survey done by Hope Street Children's Rehabilitation Centre found that HIV/aids, alcoholism and poor parenting are the major causes of the increasing number of street children's in Thika town. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 16, 2013 Category: African Health Source Type: news
Can the quality of high-risk violent prisoners' release plans predict recidivism following intensive rehabilitation? A comparison with risk assessment instruments - Dickson SR, Polaschek DLL, Casey AR.
Even when motivated to desist from crime, many high-risk offenders fail quickly following release from prison. One cause may be a lack of preparation for release. Recent research with child-sex offenders has demonstrated that men who avoided reconvictions ... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 16, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Jurisprudence, Laws, Legislation, Policies, Rules Source Type: news
Local metabolic rate during whole body vibration
Whole body vibration (WBV) platforms are currently used for muscle training and rehabilitation. However, the effectiveness of WBV training remains elusive, since scientific studies vary largely in the vibration parameters used. The origin of this issue may be related to a lack in understanding of the training intensity that is imposed on individual muscles by WBV. Therefore, this study evaluates the training intensity in terms of metabolic rate of two lower-extremity muscles during WBV under different vibration parameters. Fourteen healthy male subjects were randomly exposed to 0 (control)-, 10-, 17-, and 28-Hz vibrations ...
Source: Journal of Applied Physiology - May 16, 2013 Category: Physiology Authors: Friesenbichler, B., Nigg, B. M., Dunn, J. F. Tags: ARTICLES Source Type: research
Grant to help Envision expand vision-rehabilitation services for seniors
Envision is expanding the vision-rehabilitation services it provides to seniors with the help of a grant from the Kansas Department for Children and Families. Envision is one of five organizations across the state that will receive a portion of a $1.2 million grant. Envision says it will use its share to offer greater access to vision services for people 55 and older in Butler, Cowley, Harvey, Sedgwick and Sumner counties. Envision is expanding its “Focus” program by providing additional vision-rehabilitation… (Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines)
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Pharmaceuticals headlines - May 15, 2013 Category: Pharmaceuticals Authors: Josh Heck Source Type: research
Advances made in the treatment of thoracolumbar fractures: Current trends and future directions
Abstract: Thoracolumbar fractures are common injuries after blunt trauma and are accompanied with significant morbidity, including neurologic deficit. Parallel to the evolution of initial management during the past few years, efforts have been concentrated on determining clear indications for surgical treatment, as there is no agreement over superiority of conservative or operative treatment. Various classification systems have been used for identifying those injuries requiring surgical intervention. Moreover, novel trends in surgical techniques, including minimal invasive surgery, implants and rehabilitation protocols hav...
Source: Injury - May 15, 2013 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Spyros G. Pneumaticos, Georgios K. Triantafyllopoulos, Peter V. Giannoudis Tags: Reviews Source Type: research
Rehabilitation of Children With Traumatic Brain Injury: A Critical Review
Abstract: The purpose of this critical review of the English literature published between 1975 and 2009 was to assess the quality of the evidence for the efficacy of rehabilitation intervention after traumatic brain injury in children. “Evidence for intervention studies” was used to classify the research strength of design and report. Only a minority (16/439) of the published studies has been related to traumatic brain injury in children and has used a scientific or quasiscientific design. Only one study met the criteria of class I “evidence for intervention” studies. However, this study included adults, as well as...
Source: Pediatric Neurology - May 15, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Galit Tal, Emanuel Tirosh Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Termination Of Benefits Was Not Arbitrary, Capricious, 11th Circuit Holds
ATLANTA - A disability plan insurer did not violate the Employee Retirement Income Security Act by terminating long-term disability benefits because the insurer reasonably relied on the opinions of an independent medical examiner and a vocational rehabilitation consultant, the 11th Circuit U.S. Court of Appeals affirmed April 29 in an unpublished opinion (Patricia Herring v. Aetna Life Insurance Company, No. 12-15864, 11th Cir.; 2013 U.S. App. LEXIS 8667). (Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Disability Insurance Legal News)
Source: LexisNexis® Mealey's™ Disability Insurance Legal News - May 15, 2013 Category: Medical Law Source Type: news
A randomised trial of a simplified method for complete denture fabrication: patient perception and quality
This study compared a simplified method for complete denture fabrication to a conventional protocol in terms of oral health‐related quality of life (OHRQoL), patient satisfaction and denture quality. Forty‐two edentulous patients requesting treatment with complete dentures were randomly allocated into two study groups. Group S received dentures fabricated by a simplified method and Group C received conventionally fabricated dentures. Before interventions and after three and 6 months following insertion, OHRQoL and patient satisfaction were analysed by specific instruments. A prosthodontist assessed denture quality 3 ...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - May 14, 2013 Category: Dentistry Authors: R. R. Regis, T. R. Cunha, M. P. Della Vecchia, A. B. Ribeiro, C. H. Silva‐Lovato, R. F. de Souza Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Prevention and rehabilitation slide resources from EuroPRevent now available
Acces the presentations from EuroPRevent 2013 in Rome on the topics of prevention and rehabilitation, health economics, sports cardiology, epidemiology, atherosclerosis/CAD, hypertension, heart failure, basic and translational science. Access is free. Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management, Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - May 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news
Dynamics of Health Debate Change in Arkansas (AP Analysis)
For the past three years, they've been the three dirtiest words in Arkansas politics. But the Affordable Care Act may get an image rehabilitation in time for next year's election. (Source: Arkansas Business - Health Care)
Source: Arkansas Business - Health Care - May 14, 2013 Category: American Health Source Type: news
Multidisciplinary outpatient rehabilitation following cardiac revascularization or valve surgery: patient-related factors for uptake
Conclusion: These results confirm the low rates of MDCR attendance found in a previous study performed by the European Association of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation. The study shows specific patient groups that should be targeted in priority, i.e. women, elderly, unemployed patients, disabled persons, and patients with a low socioeconomic status. (Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology)
Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology - May 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Strens, D., Colle, A., Vrijens, F., Paulus, D., Eyssen, M., Van Brabandt, H., Van Vlaenderen, I. Tags: Original scientific papers Source Type: research
Beyond resolutions? A randomized controlled trial of a self-regulation lifestyle programme for post-cardiac rehabilitation patients
Conclusion: This trial indicates that a relatively brief intervention based on self-regulation theory is capable of instigating and maintaining beneficial changes in lifestyle and risk factors after CR. (Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology)
Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology - May 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Janssen, V., De Gucht, V., van Exel, H., Maes, S. Tags: Original scientific papers Source Type: research
Aerobic exercise intensity assessment and prescription in cardiac rehabilitation: a joint position statement of the European Association for Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation, the American Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation and the Canadian Association of Cardiac Rehabilitation
Aerobic exercise intensity prescription is a key issue in cardiac rehabilitation, being directly linked to both the amount of improvement in exercise capacity and the risk of adverse events during exercise. This joint position statement aims to provide professionals with up-to-date information regarding the identification of different exercise intensity domains, the methods of direct and indirect determination of exercise intensity for both continuous and interval aerobic training, the effects of the use of different exercise protocols on exercise intensity prescription and the indications for recommended exercise training...
Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology - May 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Mezzani, A., Hamm, L. F., Jones, A. M., McBride, P. E., Moholdt, T., Stone, J. A., Urhausen, A., Williams, M. A. Tags: Policy statement Source Type: research
Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation: the Austrian model
Over the past decades undisputable evidence has accumulated identifying the panoply of beneficial effects of exercise training, smoking cessation, blood pressure lowering, glycaemic and lipid control, as well as psycho-social interventions on cardiovascular risk factors, the well-being, morbidity and mortality of patients with cardiac diseases with or without acute events. Nevertheless, despite all the evidence, insurance companies are more than hesitant to provide patients with an adequate infrastructure to allow outpatient cardiac rehabilitation in their community. Whereas some countries still favour in-hospital rehabili...
Source: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology - May 14, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Niebauer, J., Mayr, K., Tschentscher, M., Pokan, R., Benzer, W. Tags: Review Source Type: research
CERAD test performance and cognitive impairment in Parkinson's disease
ConclusionsThe results indicate that mild cognitive impairment in PD is related to deficits in memory, executive functions, and visuospatial functions. The memory deficit is non‐amnestic and does not entail accelerated forgetting. CERAD shows promise in identifying PD patients with cognitive impairment and increased risk of dementia. (Source: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica - May 14, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: M. Karrasch, S. Laatu, K. Martikainen, R. Marttila Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Giving Paraplegic Women a New Lease on Life
Shaheen Begum receives skills training at the PPC paraplegic centre in Hayatabad in northern Pakistan. Credit: Ashfaq Yusufzai/IPSGul Shada thought it was the end of the road for her when she and her husband met with a road accident last year in the Nowshera district of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, one of the four provinces of Pakistan. Not only did the mishap leave Shada widowed at the relatively young age of 37, she also sustained an injury to her back that immobilised her. It was then that she came to the country’s sole paraplegic centre (PPC) at Hayatabad, to the southwest of Peshawar, the capital of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. And i...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - May 13, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Ashfaq Yusufzai Tags: Asia-Pacific Development & Aid Economy & Trade Editors' Choice Featured Gender Headlines Health Human Rights Labour Population Poverty & MDGs Regional Categories Women & Economy Women's Health Disabled persons Hayatabad Med Source Type: news
Commentary to Manfredini et al. J Oral Rehabil. 2012;39:463–71
(Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - May 13, 2013 Category: Dentistry Authors: G. M. Tartaglia, C. M. Felicio, C. Sforza Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Functional Outcomes by Age for Inpatient Cancer Rehabilitation: A Retrospective Chart Review
Cancer-related impairments result in disabilities similar to those typically encountered in inpatient rehabilitation settings; however, the use of rehabilitation services by cancer survivors is low. This is particularly important for older adults as they are at higher risk for cancer. This retrospective study collected data from medical records from 215 charts of patients admitted to an inpatient physical rehabilitation hospital, within a 5-year period, with a primary diagnosis of cancer. Mean age was 61 years (SD = 15.7) for 109 (51%) females and 106 (49%) males. Regardless of age, patients achieved significant functional...
Source: Journal of Applied Gerontology - May 13, 2013 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Hunter, E. G., Baltisberger, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
A survey of patients' quality of life and health‐care needs prior to undergoing total joint replacement surgery
This study used a cross‐sectional descriptive survey approach. Data were collected in 2007. The results for role limitations because of physical functioning were the lowest. Health‐care needs for exercise guidance were the highest. Male participants experienced superior QOL for the physical components (t = 2.379, P < .05). Participants who were single (F = 3.804; F = 4.539) and employed full time (F = 4.961; F = 3.994) had superior QOL for both the physical and mental components (P < .05). The predictive factors for physical components of QOL included occupational status, the previous ...
Source: International Journal of Nursing Practice - May 13, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: Yi‐Li Ko, Heng‐Fei Wu, Pi‐Chu Lin Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Asbestosis: Past voices from the Mumbai factory floor
Conclusion: Apart from the radical step of ban on asbestos, there is a need of community-based sustainable, affordable, and accessible rehabilitation program with a component of palliative care which will consider the different needs of this marginalized group. The need for such a program is intense as the number of asbestisis patients will keep on increasing till 30 to 40 years of asbestos ban. (Source: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - May 13, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Abhijeet V JadhavNobhojit Roy Source Type: research
Tanzania: Challenges of Delivering 230 Babies a Month
[Daily News]ROSE Kisanga began nursing her grandmother at the age of nine and has remained committed to caring ever since. Now a trained nurse and midwife, Rose recently participated in training provided by Comprehensive Community Based Rehabilitation in Tanzania (CCBRT), as part of the Regional Capacity Building Programme. (Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine)
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - May 12, 2013 Category: African Health Source Type: news
Correlation of previous experience, patient expectation and the number of post‐delivery adjustments of complete dentures with patient satisfaction in a Brazilian population
The objective of this study was to verify possible correlations between previous experience with dentures, patient expectation and the number of post‐delivery adjustments with patient satisfaction after treatment. One hundred patients (mean age 61·9 ± 10·3) rated their previous experiences with complete dentures and their expectations before and satisfaction after treatment on a visual analogue scale (VAS) using scores from 0 (worst results) to 10 (best results). The number of post‐delivery adjustments and other patient‐related clinical variables was also noted. Patient expectation scores were higher than previo...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - May 12, 2013 Category: Dentistry Authors: M. G. Gaspar, M. B. F. Dos Santos, J. F. F. Dos Santos, L. Marchini Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Prevalence, comorbidities, and correlates of challenging behavior among community-dwelling adults with severe traumatic brain injury: a multicenter study - Sabaz M, Simpson GK, Walker AJ, Rogers JM, Gillis I, Strettles B.
OBJECTIVE:: Investigate the prevalence, comorbidities, and correlates of challenging behaviors among clients of the New South Wales Brain Injury Rehabilitation Program. SETTING:: All community-based rehabilitation services of the statewide program. PARTICI... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 11, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
Vestibular rehabilitation following mild traumatic brain injury - Gurley JM, Hujsak BD, Kelly JL.
INTRODUCTION: Vertigo, dizziness, and imbalance are a symptom complex that is commonly found following concussion. Early metabolic changes following concussion may lead to worsening of the injury and symptoms in individuals not properly managed from the ou... (Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated))
Source: SafetyLit: All (Unduplicated) - May 11, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
In vitro chipping behaviour of all‐ceramic crowns with a zirconia framework and feldspathic veneering: comparison of CAD/CAM‐produced veneer with manually layered veneer
Summary The purpose of this in vitro study was to assess the breaking load of zirconia‐based crowns veneered with either CAD/CAM‐produced or manually layered feldspathic ceramic. Thirty‐two identical zirconia frameworks (Sirona inCoris ZI, mono L F1), 0·6 mm thick with an anatomically shaped occlusal area, were constructed (Sirona inLab 3.80). Sixteen of the crowns were then veneered by the use of CAD/CAM‐fabricated feldspathic ceramic (CEREC Bloc, Sirona) and 16 by the use of hand‐layered ceramic. The CAD/CAM‐manufactured veneer was attached to the frameworks by the use of Panavia 2.0 (Kuraray). Half of the ...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - May 11, 2013 Category: Dentistry Authors: M. Schmitter, D. Mueller, S. Rues Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Metacognitive programs focusing social cognition for the rehabilitation of schizophrenia: a systematic review
CONCLUSION: The great majority of papers have shown that their programs are effective in improving measures of psychopathology, SC and social functioning. Future research might clarify about safety, specificity and durability of such interventions. (Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Psiquiatria - May 10, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
An examination of factors influencing delayed discharge of older people from hospital
ConclusionPatient characteristics and especially the organisation of care in hospital and the provision of services on discharge are related to the likelihood of delayed discharge and LOS. Improved services and structures to systematically assess and treat patient needs in hospital, together with the timely provision of services providing post‐discharge services tailored to individual circumstances, are required. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. (Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry)
Source: International Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - May 10, 2013 Category: Geriatrics Authors: David Challis, Jane Hughes, Chengqiu Xie, David Jolley Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
EuroPRevent 2013 Award Winners
Congratulations to our 2013 award winners, Mr Yunpeng Ding, Dr Sabiha Gati, Dr Bernd Hewing, Mr Kentaro Kamiya, Dr Azzurra Marceca and Susan van DierenAccess the abstracts here Topics: Cardiovascular Disease Prevention - Risk Assessment and Management, Rehabilitation and Exercise Physiology (Source: ESC News and Press)
Source: ESC News and Press - May 10, 2013 Category: Cardiology Source Type: news
Clinical interpretation of a masticatory normative indicator analysis of masticatory function in subjects with different occlusal and prosthodontic status
Publication date: May 2013 Source:Journal of Dentistry, Volume 41, Issue 5 Author(s): Dick J. Witter , Alain Woda , Ewald M. Bronkhorst , Nico H.J. Creugers Objectives To analyse the masticatory function of subjects characterised by different occlusal and prosthodontic status. Using Optosil® as a test food, the masticatory normative indicator (MNIOPT) was used to differentiate between sufficient (‘normal’) and impaired masticatory function. Methods Outcomes of occlusal force and masticatory tests were aggregated from three earlier studies dealing with four denture groups and three natural dentition groups. The four...
Source: Journal of Dentistry - May 10, 2013 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
Test-retest reliability and sensitivity of the 20-meter walk test among patients with knee osteoarthritis
Conclusions: Practice trials and a standardized protocol should be used in administration of the 20-meter walk test. Changes in walk time between -1.59 seconds (walking slower) and 0.15 seconds (walking faster) should be considered within the range of normal variability of 20-meter walking speed. The primary limitation of our study was a small sample size, which may influence the generalizability of our findings. (Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders)
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders - May 10, 2013 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Jillian MotylJeffrey DribanErica McAdamsLori PriceTimothy McAlindon Source Type: research
Simultaneous bilateral rupture of achilles tendon asymptomatic postendinopathy
Discussion Simultaneous and spontaneous rupture of bilateral Achilles tendons in patients without pathological factors is really unusual. 25% of the healthy population above 30 years of age has degenerative structural changes in the Achilles tendon that increase the risk of rupture depending on the patient's activity level. Both percutaneous and open surgical treatments on young and active patients provide an appropriate alternative. The open surgical treatment allows the possibility of tendon reinforcement techniques and a more complete visualisation of the damage. The postsurgical rehabilitation management is an imp...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - May 10, 2013 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Martinez, L. A., Vicente, I. G., Contreras, E. A., Jaramillo, C. R., Jaen, T. F. Tags: Asthma Abstracts from the 2nd International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (Vancouver, 2012) Source Type: research
Functional recovery and re-introduction to sport, after repair of distal biceps tear by two-incision technique mayo
The objective of this study is the evaluation of the functional outcome and sport re-introduction in patients operated on for rupture of distal biceps tendon after rehabilitation. Methods A retrospective study was done with 12 patients with a mean age of 46.41 years, who suffered biceps distal tendon tear treated by early surgery with the two incision of Mayo technique. Rehabilitation treatment was performed and functional outcomes were assessed from the sixth month of the intervention, using the Mayo Elbow Score (MES). The range of movement was measured by manual goniometer, and the force with medical research counc...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - May 10, 2013 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Leon, R. A. F., Ibanez, E. I., Mont, R. N., Jaen, T. F. Tags: Tendon rupture, Health education Abstracts from the 2nd International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (Vancouver, 2012) Source Type: research
Use of platelet rich plasma for the treatment of bicipital tendinopathy in spinal cord injury: a pilot study
Discussion The initial pilot data from this study demonstrates a significant effect of PRP using relevant and standardised measures compared to the opposite extremity as a control. While the study sample is admittedly small, a non-parametric analysis demonstrates convincing data on the overall positive effect of PRP in the treatment of biceps tendinopathy in the spinal cord injury population. Given the study results, further investigation is warranted including a randomised control trial. (Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine)
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - May 10, 2013 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Ibrahim, V. M., Groah, S. L., Libin, A., Ljungberg, I. H., Aufiero, D., Patel, K., Sampson., S. Tags: Procedures, Basketball, Rugby, Trauma CNS / PNS, Degenerative joint disease, Musculoskeletal syndromes, Osteoarthritis, Trauma, Injury Abstracts from the 2nd International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (Vancouver, 2012) Source Type: research
Tendinopathy: more questions than answers
Tendinopathy is a big problem for athletes, ordinary people and clinicians. At present neither the aetiology and pathology, nor the rehabilitations is well understood, and good evidence is lacking within all these areas. During the last 10 years substantial research has been performed. New data indicate that in the chronic state, tendinopathy in humans is characterised by focal changes in the expression of matrix proteins, increased collagen turnover, smaller collagen fibrils and increased microvascular volume. These changes are attenuated with increased loading as during running. Despite this new knowledge, models fo...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - May 10, 2013 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Langberg, H. Tags: Abstracts from the 2nd International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (Vancouver, 2012) Source Type: research
Rehabilitation of tendinopathy: where to from here?
The exercise or loading approaches to treatment of tendinopathy have been at the forefront of treatment options for the last 30 years. Prior to that, the predominance of the inflammatory model prescribed that rest, ice and anti-inflammatory medication was the only suitable approach. This approach was overwhelmingly unsuccessful; failure to recover and recurrence were common. In the 70's Curwin and Stanish reported that eccentric loading was beneficial for tendinopathy, and although this received some notice in the clinical world, the Alfredson paper in 1995 resulted in an explosion of interest in eccentric load for te...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - May 10, 2013 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Cook, J. L. Tags: Drugs: musculoskeletal and joint diseases Abstracts from the 2nd International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (Vancouver, 2012) Source Type: research
Ultrasound tissue characterisation, an innovative technique for injury-prevention and monitoring of tendinopathy
Ultrasonography (US) is used to visualise tendon structure. However, its capacity to detect early disintegration, to reproducibly monitor progress of pathology or repair, and to objectively evaluate effect of therapies and exercise is poor. Furthermore, US is not able to reliably assess tissue integrity as its limits of resolution means that every US image is a mixture of reflections (of relatively large structures like secondary tendon bundles, fasciculi) and interfering echoes (generated by smaller entities like fibrils and cells) that cannot be discriminated by the eye. Therefore, a method for computerised ‘ultras...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - May 10, 2013 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: van Schie, H. T. M., Docking, S. I., Daffy, J., Praet, S. E., Rosengarten, S., Cook., J. L. Tags: Abstracts from the 2nd International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (Vancouver, 2012) Source Type: research
The location of pathology in patellar tendinopathy
This study confirms that patellar tendinopathy is not restricted to the proximal pole. Although the proximal pole was the most commonly involved location, distal pole involvement was common occurring in 38% of scans. The vast majority of previous studies have concentrated on proximal disease to the neglect of distal disease. Involvement of the mid patellar tendon was less common and when it did occur it almost always occurred in conjunction with pathology of either the proximal and/or distal poles. Isolated involvement of the middle portion of the patellar tendon was very rare (occurring in only one scan). As a result of t...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - May 10, 2013 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Rees, J. D., Houghton, J., Srikanthan, A., West, A. Tags: Jumper's knee, Physiotherapy, Physiotherapy Abstracts from the 2nd International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (Vancouver, 2012) Source Type: research
Genetic biomarkers and exercise-related injuries: current clinical applications?
Introduction As a sport and exercise physician, my clinical work includes the prevention, diagnosis, treatment, rehabilitation and determining prognosis of exercise-related injuries (ERI). These components of clinical care are not only confined to dealing with ERI in elite athletes but also as important for recreational athletes and patients who are given an exercise prescription as part of a lifestyle intervention programme for the primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of the chronic disease of lifestyle. For the clinician, the basis of any assessment of an ERI is a good clinical history and physical examination. In ...
Source: British Journal of Sports Medicine - May 10, 2013 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Schwellnus, M. P. Tags: Editorials Source Type: research
Ten principles of good interdisciplinary team work
Conclusions: We propose competency statements that an effective interdisciplinary team functioning at a high level should demonstrate. (Source: Human Resources for Health)
Source: Human Resources for Health - May 10, 2013 Category: Health Management Authors: Susan NancarrowAndrew BoothSteven ArissTony SmithPam EnderbyAlison Roots Source Type: research
Success rates of prosthetic restorations on endodontically treated teeth; a systematic review after 6 years
Summary The aims of this systematic review were to investigate the success rates of prosthetic restorations on endodontically treated teeth and their manner of failure. PubMed and hand literature searches were conducted on studies published until June 2012. Only clinical studies on human subjects referring to the success rates of prosthetic restorations on endodontically treated teeth with a follow‐up period of at least 6 years were reviewed. A total of four studies were identified. Meta‐analysis showed the success rate to be 92% (CI 82–98%) for single crowns on endodontically treated teeth and 79% (72–86%) for fi...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - May 10, 2013 Category: Dentistry Authors: A. Ploumaki, A. Bilkhair, T. Tuna, S. Stampf, J. R. Strub Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
Why give birth in health facility? Users' and providers' accounts of poor quality of birth care in Tanzania
Conclusions: There was a consensus among women who have suffered serious birth injuries and nurse midwives staffing both BEmOC and CEmOC maternity wards that the quality of care offered to women in birth was inadequate. While the birth accounts of women pointed to failure of care, the nurses described a situation of disempowerment. The bad birth care experiences of women undermine the reputation of the health care system, lower community expectations of facility birth, and sustain high rates of home deliveries. The only way to increase the rate of skilled attendance at birth in the current Tanzanian context is to make faci...
Source: BMC Health Services Research - May 10, 2013 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Lilian MselleKaren MolandAbu MvungiBjorg Evjen-OlsenThecla Kohi Source Type: research
Applications for New Awards; Rehabilitation Services Administration-Centers for Independent Living
This program from the Department of Education provides support for planning, conducting, administering, and evaluating centers for independent living. (Source: Federal Register updates via the Rural Assistance Center)
Source: Federal Register updates via the Rural Assistance Center - May 9, 2013 Category: Rural Health Source Type: news
Internet Access and Use in Adults With Hearing Loss
Conclusions: We conclude that the use of computers and the Internet overall is at least at the same level for people with hearing loss as for the general age-matched population in Sweden, but that this use is even higher in specific age groups. These results are important for the future work in developing and evaluating rehabilitative educational online tools for adults with hearing loss. (Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research)
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - May 9, 2013 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Elisabet Sundewall ThorénMarie ÖbergGunilla WänströmGerhard AnderssonThomas Lunner Source Type: research