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Exercise barriers and preferences among women and men with multiple sclerosis.
Conclusion: Women and men with MS differed very little on exercise barriers and current exercise routines, perceived health and depressive symptoms. Even though MS is generally considered a woman's disease, this study did not find a strong need to develop gender specific exercise or physical activity interventions for this population. [Box: see text]. PMID: 23347461 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 3, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Asano M, Duquette P, Andersen R, Lapierre Y, Mayo NE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Comparison of body segmental kinematic characteristics between children with cerebral palsy performing sit-to-stand with and without a walker.
Abstract The study investigated how the subjects, 18 children with spastic diplegia aged 7-14 years, attained sit-to-stand (STS). The children were divided into two groups and three STS conditions: 1) those who could attain STS independently (I-STS), 2) those who could not attain STS independently (D-STS), and 3) subjects from the D-STS condition who could successfully attain STS with the walker (W-STS). The results showed that I-STS had more mean maximum horizontal location of the upper body and knee than the hip. All body segments of D-STS followed the same model as the I-STS condition, but they moved with less m...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - February 3, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Thanapan P, Prasertsukdee S, Vachalathiti R Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
The effect of thoracic spine manipulation on pain and disability in patients with non-specific neck pain: a systematic review.
Conclusions: TSM has a therapeutic benefit to some patients with neck pain, when compared to the effect of interventions such as electrotherapy/thermal programme, infrared radiation therapy, spinal mobilization and exercises. However, in comparison to cervical spine manipulation, no evidence is found that TSM is more effective in reducing pain and disability. Implications for Rehabilitation TSM is often used in the treatment of non-specific neck pain, which is a major health problem in the Western society. There is insufficient evidence that TSM is more effective in reducing pain and disability than control treatment...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 23, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Huisman PA, Speksnijder CM, de Wijer A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Correlation of Paraspinal Atrophy and Denervation in Back Pain and Spinal Stenosis Relative to Asymptomatic Controls
Conclusions: Symptomatic spinal stenosis results in greater paraspinal muscle atrophy than low back pain alone. The extent of paraspinal atrophy was not significantly explained by the extent of denervation, thus, it may be reversible, and the role of paraspinal muscle rehabilitation in patients with spinal stenosis deserves further study. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - January 1, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: John A. Yarjanian, April Fetzer, Karen S. Yamakawa, Henry C. Tong, Matthew Smuck, Andrew Haig Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
A cluster randomised controlled trial on the efficacy of client-centred occupational therapy in multiple sclerosis: good process, poor outcome.
Conclusion: Because the client-centred intervention resulted in no effects on the primary outcomes and small but negative effects on the secondary functional outcomes, we should seriously reconsider the application of client-centred practice. Implications for Rehabilitation An increasing number of interventions claim to incorporate client-centred practice. Client-centred practice is associated with improved satisfaction but the effects on functional health-related outcomes have not been fully evaluated. The findings of this study show that the process outcomes of therapy were in favour of the client-centred intervent...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 24, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Eyssen IC, Steultjens MP, de Groot V, Steultjens EM, Knol DL, Polman CH, Dekker J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Person-Centred Rehabilitation Counselling: Revisiting the Legacy of Carl Rogers
This article explores the relevance of Carl Rogers' person-centred approach (PCA) to rehabilitation counselling. His major theoretical contribution concerning the primacy of the client's actualising tendency and the six `core conditions' of the counsellor-client relationship deserves greater recognition in vocational rehabilitation. The most widely known and researched core conditions have focused upon the proverbial triad: congruence (genuineness), unconditional positive regard and empathy. However, all six core conditions are discussed with emphasis placed on recent refinements to Rogers' original theory and their import...
Source: Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling - July 25, 2011 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ross Crisp Source Type: research
Construction of an artifact to the suitability of sitting posture in children with cerebral palsy and multiple disabilities.
Conclusion: The use of AT with physiotherapy treatment proved efficient in the postural alignment of children with CP children in a wheelchair. Implications for Rehabilitation Wheelchairs are manufactured in standard size, which makes difficult the adaptation of individuals with peculiar postures. Even the most sophisticated, with adjustments and special accessories, not always allow adjustments to shape up properly to deformities in children with cerebral palsy. It is hoped that this research will be useful in order to show rehabilitation professionals the ability to minimize the difficulties of keeping children wit...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - February 1, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Schewtschik AC, de Oliveira ES, de Vasconcelos Moreira I, Ribas CG, Cunha Loureiro AP Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Community-based rehabilitation in Jordan: challenges to achieving occupational justice.
Conclusion: Grounding CBR in an occupational justice framework offers justification and inspiration for occupational therapy in similar settings deprived of resources and opportunities wherein both individuals and communities could benefit. Implications for Rehabilitation Occupational deprivation, such as that seen in refugee camps, is associated with poor mental health and physical frailty. CBR in refugee camps can lead to both occupational justice and social justice for persons with disabilities. Disability laws and legislation must be implemented, not just stated on paper, in order to address the rights of pers...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 24, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Alheresh R, Bryant W, Holm M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Design and development of data glove based on printed polymeric sensors and Zigbee networks for Human-Computer Interface.
Abstract Current trends in Human-Computer Interface (HCI) have brought on a wave of new consumer devices that can track the motion of our hands. These devices have enabled more natural interfaces with computer applications. Data gloves are commonly used as input devices, equipped with sensors that detect the movements of hands and communication unit that interfaces those movements with a computer. Unfortunately, the high cost of sensor technology inevitably puts some burden to most general users. In this research, we have proposed a low-cost data glove concept based on printed polymeric sensor to make pressure and ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - February 3, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tongrod N, Lokavee S, Watthanawisuth N, Tuantranont A, Kerdcharoen T Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Effects of synchronous versus asynchronous mode of propulsion on wheelchair basketball sprinting.
Conclusions: SYN mode leads to better performance than ASY mode in terms of maximal propulsion velocity. However, ASY propulsion allows greater continuity of the hand-rim force application, reducing fluctuations in the velocity profile. The camber angle had no effect on ASY and SYN mean maximal velocity and push power output. Implications for Rehabilitation The study of wheelchair propulsion strategies is important for better understanding physiological and biomechanical impacts of wheelchair propulsion for individuals with disabilities. From a kinematical point of view, this study highlights synchronous mode of prop...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - January 25, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Faupin A, Borel B, Meyer C, Gorce P, Watelain E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Patterns of participation in school-related activities and settings in children with spina bifida.
Conclusion: Children with SB need support to become more actively involved, particularly in unstructured peer activities. The school staff need to be informed that not only the motor skills but also the process skills have an impact on the children's active participation. Implications for Rehabilitation The children with spina bifida (SB) showed a low level of active participation and involvement in school settings even though their frequency of participation was high. It is of highest importance to enable children with SB to be actively involved in peer-related and unstructured activities and to encourage them to pa...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 25, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Peny-Dahlstrand M, Krumlinde-Sundholm L, Gosman-Hedstom G Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Predicting non-isometric fatigue induced by electrical stimulation pulse trains as a function of pulse duration
Conclusion: Muscle fatigue in response to different stimulation pulse durations can be predicted during non-isometric repetitive contractions. (Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation - February 2, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: M MarionAnthony WexlerMaury Hull Source Type: research
Hamstring and psoas length of crouch gait in cerebral palsy: a comparison with induced crouch gait in age- and sex-matched controls
Conclusions: Normal controls mimicking crouch gait and cerebral palsy patients with crouch gait demonstrate similar muscle length patterns. However, mimicked crouch gait did not reproduce the excursion pattern shown by patients with crouch gait, which suggests that reduced hamstring and psoas excursion is an innate characteristic of pathologic crouch gait. (Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation - January 30, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tae-Yon RhieKi Hyuk SungMoon Seok ParkKyoung Min LeeChin Youb Chung Source Type: research
Variability in bimanual wheelchair propulsion: consistency of two instrumented wheels during handrim wheelchair propulsion on a motor driven treadmill
Conclusions: A good agreement between both measurement-wheels was found at the level of the power output. This indicates a high comparability of the measurement-wheels for the different propulsion parameters. Data from both wheels seem suitable to be used together or interchangeably in experiments on motor control and wheelchair propulsion performance. A high variability in forces and timing between the left and right side were found during the execution of this bimanual task , reflecting the human motor control process. (Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation)
Source: Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation - January 29, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Riemer VegterClaudine LamothSonja de GrootDirkjan VeegerLucas van der Woude Source Type: research
Meeting physical activity recommendations: Self-regulatory efficacy characterizes differential adherence during arthritis flares.
Conclusion/Implication: During flares, individuals with greater self-regulatory efficacy to manage disease barriers and plan their physical activity were more adherent to disease-specific public health activity recommendations. This study was the first to demonstrate differences in social cognitions that characterize adherence to recommended activity among people challenged by arthritis flares. Findings support the theoretical position that self-regulatory efficacy is related to better adherence in the face of challenging disease-related circumstances. The importance of studying individual characteristics of people who suc...
Source: Rehabilitation Psychology - February 25, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gyurcsik, Nancy C.; Brawley, Lawrence R.; Spink, Kevin S.; Sessford, James D. Source Type: research
Effect of Topical Anesthetics on Needle Insertion Pain During Botulinum Toxin Type A Injections for Limb Spasticity
Abstract: Fung S, Phadke CP, Kam A, Ismail F, Boulias C. Effect of topical anesthetics on needle insertion pain during botulinum toxin type A injections for limb spasticity. Objective: To compare pain perception using 3 anesthetics (eutectic mixture of local anesthetics [EMLA], vapocoolant spray, and ice) compared with a control (no anesthetic) during botulinum toxin type A (BTX-A) injections for lower limb spasticity. Design: A placebo-controlled, single-blinded study where each study patient served as their own control. Setting: Spasticity clinic. Participants: Subjects (N=30) with ankle spasticity who visited t...
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - March 26, 2012 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sharon Fung, Chetan P. Phadke, Alice Kam, Farooq Ismail, Chris Boulias Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
A qualitative study of adult AAC users' experiences communicating with medical providers.
Conclusions: The participants' stories highlight important barriers they experience when communicating with medical providers. These barriers bring attention to the need for education for physicians, caregivers and patients with communication disabilities, along with increased research to improve patient--provider communication. Implications for Rehabilitation Patients with communication disabilities face multiple barriers to communicating with medical care providers. Patients, caregivers, and medical care providers all play a role in effective and ineffective communication during appointments. Education for medic...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - January 28, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Morris MA, Dudgeon BJ, Yorkston K Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research
Identifying employees at risk for job loss during sick leave.
Conclusions: Job loss during sick leave is associated with medical, work-related, organizational and socio-demographic factors. The findings of this study might help the OHP or other health professionals involved in the management of employees on sick leave to identify those employees who are at risk for job loss during sick leave, and might help policymakers to decide on priorities in prevention and treatment. Future studies should have a longitudinal, prospective design and include information about the type of contract, possible causes for job loss, severity and treatment of the disorder causing the sick leave. Implica...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - January 25, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Flach PA, Groothoff JW, Bültmann U Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research
Energy metabolism during activity-promoting video games practice in subjects with spinal cord injury: evidences for health promotion.
Conclusion: These considerable results suggest that physical exertion during APVG practice in subjects with SCI could contribute to health promotion as well as caloric balance control, especially when boxing is considered. This can be safely achieved at home with regular activity. Clinical rehabilitation impact: These findings substantiate the potential for novel exercise modalities to counteract deconditioning due to inactivity in subjects with SCI by promoting physical activity through implementation of APVG exercise programs. PMID: 23370043 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Physical an...
Source: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gaffurini P, Bissolotti L, Calza S, Calabretto C, Orizio C, Gobbo M Tags: Eur J Phys Rehabil Med Source Type: research
Predictors of adherence to home rehabilitation exercises following anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction.
Conclusions: Day-to-day variations in negative mood and stress may contribute to adherence to prescribed home exercises. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Rehabilitation Psychology)
Source: Rehabilitation Psychology - February 25, 2013 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Brewer, Britton W.; Cornelius, Allen E.; Van Raalte, Judy L.; Tennen, Howard; Armeli, Stephen Source Type: research