Medicine RSS Search Engine

Respiratory Medicine Respiratory Medicine RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 10.

We should prohibit warfarin in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
PMID: 25876206 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Alagha K, Secq V, Pahus L, Sofalvi T, Palot A, Bourdin A, Chanez P Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Rural electrification and respiratory health: an empirical approach in peru.
PMID: 25876205 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Accinelli RA, López LM, Aguirre JC Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

To boldly go where no bronchoscope has gone before.
PMID: 25876204 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yserbyt J, Dupont L, Ninane V, Dooms C Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

An unusual presentation of malignant melanoma metastatic to the lungs and bronchi. Bilateral ground-glass opacities with a "crazy paving" component.
PMID: 25876203 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kalchiem-Dekel O, Maimon N, Shack AR, Smoliakov A, Shaco-Levy R, Fruchter O, Fox BD, Kramer MR, Galante O Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Exercise limitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The o'donnell threshold.
PMID: 25876202 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Casaburi R, Rennard SI Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

A Reader's Guide to the Bactericidal Activity of Pyrazinamide and Clofazimine Alone and in Combinations with Pretomanid and Bedaquiline.
PMID: 25876201 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Grosset J, Vernon A Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Lung microbiomes: new frontiers?
PMID: 25876200 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: DeRiemer K, Thompson G Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Searching for red shirts. Emphysema as a lung cancer screening criterion?
PMID: 25876199 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Arenberg D Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Regulatory T cells in cystic fibrosis lung disease. More answers, more questions.
PMID: 25876198 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: McGuire JK Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Higher volumes, better outcomes: the end or just the beginning of the story for extracorporeal membrane oxygenation?
PMID: 25876197 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fan E, Brodie D Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Calcium channel blocker reduces airway remodeling-or does it?
PMID: 25876196 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sumino K, Sheshadri A, Castro M Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Loss of Lung Health from Young Adulthood and Cardiac Phenotypes in Middle Age.
CONCLUSIONS: Patterns of loss of lung health are associated with specific cardiovascular phenotypes in middle age. Decline in FEV1/FVC ratio is associated with under-filling of the left heart and low cardiac output. Decline in FVC with preserved FEV1/FVC ratio is associated with LV hypertrophy and diastolic dysfunction. Cardiopulmonary interactions apparent with common complex heart and lung diseases evolve concurrently from early adulthood forward. PMID: 25876160 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cuttica MJ, Colangelo LA, Shah S, Lima J, Kishi S, Arynchyn A, Jacobs DR, Thyagarajan B, Liu K, Lloyd-Jones D, Kalhan R Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Ryanodine Receptor Sensitization Results in Abnormal Calcium Signaling in Airway Smooth Muscle Cells.
Abstract Intracellular Ca2+ dynamics of airway smooth muscle cells (ASMCs) are believed to play a major role in airway hyper-responsiveness and remodeling in asthma. Prior studies have underscored a prominent role for IP3 receptors (IPRs) in normal agonist-induced Ca2+ oscillations, while ryanodine receptors (RyRs) appear to remain closed during such Ca2+ oscillations, which mediate ASMC contraction. Nevertheless, RyRs have been hypothesized to play a role in hyper-responsive Ca2+ signaling. This could be explained by RyRs being "sensitized" to open more frequently by certain compounds. We investigate the implicati...
Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol... - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Croisier H, Tan X, Chen J, Sneyd J, Sanderson MJ, Brook BS Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research

Statins Enhance Cellular Resistance Against Bacterial Pore-forming Toxins in Airway Epithelial Cells.
Abstract Statins are widely used to prevent cardiovascular disease. In addition to their inhibitory effects on cholesterol synthesis, statins have beneficial effects in septic and pneumonia patients, although molecular mechanisms have mostly remained unclear. Using human airway epithelial cells as a proper in vitro model, we show that prior exposure to physiological nanomolar serum concentrations of simvastatin (ranging from 10nM to 1000nM) confers significant cellular resistance to the cytotoxicity of pneumolysin, a pore-forming toxin and the main virulence factor of Streptococcus pneumoniae. This protection could...
Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol... - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Statt S, Ruan JW, Hung LY, Chang CY, Huang CT, Lim JH, Li JD, Wu R, Kao CY Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research

Chryseobacterium solani sp. nov. isolated from field-grown eggplant rhizosphere soil.
Abstract Strain THG-EP9T, a Gram-negative, aerobic, motile, rod-shaped bacterium was isolated from field-grown eggplant (Solanum melongena) rhizosphere soil in Pyeongtaek, Gyeonggi-do, Republic of Korea. Based on 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, strain THG-EP9T had closely similarity with Chryseobacterium ginsenosidimutans THG 15T (97.3 %), Chryseobacterium soldanellicola PSD1-4T (97.2 %), Chryseobacterium zeae JM-1085T (97.2 %) and Chryseobacterium indoltheticum LMG 4025T (96.8 %). DNA-DNA hybridization showed 5.7 % and 9.1 % DNA re-association with Chryseobacterium ginsenosidimutans KACC 14527T and Chryseobact...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - April 15, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Du J, Ngo HT, Won K, Kim KY, Jin FX, Yi TH Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Vocal Cord Paralysis After Thoracic Aortic Surgery: Incidence and Impact on Clinical Outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: Vocal cord paralysis is a common complication in patients undergoing open surgery of the aortic arch and descending aorta, and is associated with significant morbidity. Further research may be warranted to determine if early fiberoptic examination and consideration of a vocal cord medialization procedure may mitigate the morbidity associated with VCP. PMID: 25886811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - April 15, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Lodewyks CL, White CW, Bay G, Hiebert B, Wu B, Barker M, Kirkpatrick I, Arora RC, Moon M, Pascoe E Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Effects of dietary vitamin C supplementation on lead-treated sea cucumbers, Apostichopus japonicus.
This study aimed to determine the effects of dietary supplementation with vitamin C (l-ascorbic acid, AsA) on lead (Pb) accumulation and toxicity in sea cucumber, Apostichopus japonicus. Three hundred sea cucumbers (10.02±0.02g) fed a basal diet containing 100mg Pb/kg were subjected to 5 levels of l-ascorbate-2-polyphosphate (LAPP) supplementation to achieve 5 AsA treatment levels of 0, 2727, 4630, 9171, 13,893mg AsA/kg. After 30 days, specific growth rate (SGR) and body weight gain (BWG) of supplementation groups were significantly (P<0.05) higher than the control group. Pb contents of the intestine significantly (P&l...
Source: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety - April 15, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Wang J, Ren T, Han Y, Zhao Y, Liao M, Wang F, Jiang Z Tags: Ecotoxicol Environ Saf Source Type: research

RIFM fragrance ingredient safety assessment, borneol, CAS registry number 507-70-0.
Abstract The use of this material under current use conditions is supported by the existing information. This material was evaluated for genotoxicity, repeated dose toxicity, developmental toxicity, reproductive toxicity, local respiratory toxicity, phototoxicity, skin sensitization potential as well as environmental assessment. Repeated Dose Toxicity was determined to have the most conservative systemic exposure derived NO[A]EL of 5.2 mg/kg/day, based on a dietary 90-day subchronic toxicity study conducted in rats, that resulted in a MOE of 852, considering 100% absorption from skin contact and inhalation. A MOE o...
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - April 15, 2015 Category: Food Science Authors: Api AM, Belsito D, Bhatia S, Bruze M, Calow P, Dagli ML, Dekant W, Fryer AD, Kromidas L, La Cava S, Lalko JF, Lapczynski A, Liebler DC, Miyachi Y, Politano VT, Ritacco G, Salvito D, Shen J, Schultz TW, Sipes IG, Wall B, Wilcox DK Tags: Food Chem Toxicol Source Type: research

Moxifloxacin plus standard first-line therapy in the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis: A meta-analysis
The fluoroquinolone moxifloxacin has potent activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and has been recommended by the guidelines for the treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis (TB). Monotherapy is not recommended by the guidelines and only a few studies have evaluated the efficacy and safety of moxifloxacin plus standard first-line therapy in treating TB. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to further investigate the efficacy and safety of moxifloxacin plus standard therapy compared with standard therapy alone in treating patients with pulmonary TB. (Source: Tuberculosis)
Source: Tuberculosis - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Zhi Chen, Jian-Qin Liang, Jin-He Wang, Shi-Sheng Feng, Guang-Yu Zhang Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Adaptive motion mapping in pancreatic SBRT patients using Fourier transforms.
CONCLUSION: Our Fourier-based approach differentiates between consistent and inconsistent motion characteristics of respiration and correlates with daily motion deviations from pre-treatment 4DCT. The feasibility of an SC-based adaptive protocol was demonstrated, and this patient-specific respiratory information was used to improve target dosimetry by expanding coverage in inconsistent breathers while shrinking treatment volumes in consistent breathers. PMID: 25890573 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology)
Source: Radiotherapy and Oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology - April 15, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Jones BL, Schefter T, Miften M Tags: Radiother Oncol Source Type: research

Research on psychosocial aspects of asthma in the Arab world: a literature review
Abstract The importance of psychosocial factors in the management of bronchial asthma has long been recognized. This paper offers a review of research published in the English language related to psychosocial aspects of bronchial asthma in Arab countries. Several databases (PubMed, Science Direct, Springer Link, ERIC, and PsychInfo) were searched using the following keywords: bronchial asthma, Arab countries, Algiers, Bahrain, Comoros, Djibouti, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Oman, Palestine (West Bank, Gaza), Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, Tunisia, Sudan, Somalia; United Arab Emir...
Source: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of inhaled hydrosoluble curcumin on inflammatory markers in broncho-alveolar lavage fluid of horses with LPS-induced lung neutrophilia
Conclusions Results show that, although not reducing neutrophil recruitment, NDS27 largely abolishes LPS-induced neutrophil degranulation. Reduced levels of ELT and MPO, as well as reduced MPO activity may have beneficial effects via a reduced production of reactive oxygen species implicated in chronic inflammation and airway remodeling. (Source: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine)
Source: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine - April 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical, morphological, biochemical, imaging and outcome parameters in 21 individuals with mitochondrial maintenance defect related to FBXL4 mutations
In conclusion, a clinical pattern of early-onset encephalopathy, persistent lactic acidosis, profound muscular hypotonia and typical facial dysmorphism should prompt initiation of molecular genetic analysis of FBXL4. Establishment of the diagnosis permits genetic counselling, prevents patients undergoing unhelpful diagnostic procedures and allows for accurate prognosis. (Source: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease)
Source: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease - April 14, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

A pilot study of change in fracture risk in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
Conclusions: Patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome demonstrated early and rapid bone demineralisation with associated increase in fracture risk. (Source: Critical Care)
Source: Critical Care - April 14, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Jaikitry RawalMark McPhailGamumu RatnayakePearl ChanJohn MoxhamStephen HarridgeNicholas HartHugh MontgomeryZudin Puthucheary Source Type: research

Accuracy of different oxygenation indices in estimating intrapulmonary shunting at increasing infusion rates of dobutamine in horses under general anaesthesia
Publication date: Available online 9 April 2015 Source:The Veterinary Journal Author(s): A. Briganti , D.A. Portela , S. Grasso , M. Sgorbini , H. Tayari , J.R. Fusar Bassini , V. Vitale , M.S. Romano , A. Crovace , G. Breghi , F. Staffieri The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation of commonly used oxygenation indices with venous admixture (Qs/Qt) in anaesthetised horses under different infusion rates of dobutamine. Six female horses were anaesthetised with acepromazine, xylazine, diazepam, ketamine, and isoflurane, and then intubated and mechanically ventilated with 100% O2. A Swan-Ganz catheter was introduc...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - April 14, 2015 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Stability of colistimethate sodium in a disposable elastomeric infusion device
Publication date: 30 May 2015 Source:International Journal of Pharmaceutics, Volume 486, Issues 1–2 Author(s): Alan Abdulla , Roelof W.F. van Leeuwen , Aurelia H.M. de Vries Schultink , Birgit C.P. Koch Infections of the respiratory tract with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cystic fibrosis patients are frequently treated with colistimethate sodium (CMS). For the intravenous administration of CMS a disposable elastomeric pump is a convenient option. To date, there are no data available on the chemical stability of CMS solutions stored in elastomeric pumps. We evaluated the chemical stability of 0.8mg/mL solutions of CMS by m...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - April 14, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Pneumonia cases following an EF-5 tornado
Discussion The number of pneumonia cases may increase following tornadoes. Although current guidelines recommend narrow-spectrum antibiotics for community-acquired pneumonia, results of this study suggest the possible need for broader antimicrobial coverage after tornadoes. (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - April 14, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

A multi-channel acoustics monitor for perioperative respiratory monitoring: preliminary data
This study pertains to a six-channel acoustic monitoring system for use in patient monitoring during or after surgery. The base hardware consists of a USB data acquisition system, a custom-built six-channel amplification system, and a series of microphones of various designs. The software is based on the MATLAB platform with data acquisition drivers installed. The displayed information includes: time domain signals, frequency domain signals, and tools to aid in the detection of endobronchial intubation. We hypothesize that the above mentioned arrangement may be helpful to the anesthesiologist in recognizing clinical condit...
Source: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing - April 14, 2015 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

IL-5, IL-8 and MMP -9 levels in exhaled breath condensate of atopic and nonatopic asthmatic children
Asthma is a heterogeneous disease, and a great majority of pediatric patients with asthma demonstrate atopic characteristics and develop a Th2 type cytokine response. Nonatopic asthma, on the other hand, is seen more rarely. (Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - April 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ahmet Turkeli, Ozge Yilmaz, Fatma Taneli, Gonul Dinc Horasan, Esra Toprak Kanik, Metehan Kizilkaya, Ceyhun Gozukara, Hasan Yuksel Source Type: research

Prevalence and Nature of Dyspnea in Patients with Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia (HHT)
Hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT) is a vascular disorder associated with pulmonary AVMs (PAVMs), present in about 30-50% of patients. Dyspnea is frequently reported by about one-half of patients with PAVMs and has been related to the degree of right to left shunting. However, many HHT patients with PAVMs remain asymptomatic and those without PAVMs have been observed to have dyspnea, the cause of which has not been characterized. The study objectives were to determine the prevalence of dyspnea and its etiology in the HHT population. (Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - April 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Dmitry Rozenberg, Eva Leek, Marie E. Faughnan Source Type: research

Airway epithelial cytokine responses in childhood wheeze are independent of atopic status
Airway epithelial cells (AEC) are key contributors to immune function in the lungs but little is known about their role and function in children. (Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - April 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Catherine M. McDougall, Peter J. Helms, Garry M. Walsh Source Type: research

The updates of overlapping syndrome: asthma and COPD
Abstract Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are highly prevalent chronic diseases in the general population. Both are characterized by heterogeneous chronic airway inflammation and airway obstruction. Airway obstruction is typically intermittent and reversible in asthma but is progressive and largely irreversible in COPD. However, there is a considerable pathologic and functional overlap between these two heterogeneous disorders, particularly among the elderly, who may have components of both diseases (asthma–COPD overlap syndrome, ACOS). A new chapter about ACOS is written in Global Initiat...
Source: Current Respiratory Care Reports - April 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research