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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 10.

Crowding of white shrimp Litopenaeus vananmei depresses their immunity to and resistance against Vibrio alginolyticus and white spot syndrome virus
Publication date: July 2015 Source:Fish & Shellfish Immunology, Volume 45, Issue 1 Author(s): Yong-Chin Lin , Jiann-Chu Chen , Yu-Yuan Chen , Su-Tuen Yeh , Li-Li Chen , Chien-Lun Huang , Jen-Fang Hsieh , Chang-Che Li Immunity parameters and the expression levels of several immune-related proteins, including lipopolysaccharide and β-glucan binding protein (LGBP), peroxinectin (PX), intergin β (IB), prophenoloxidase (proPO) I, proPO II, α2-macroglobulin (α2-M), cytosolic mangangese superoxide dismutase (cytMnSOD), mitochondria manganese superoxide dismutase (mtMnSOD), catalase, glutathione peroxidase (GPx), lys...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - May 17, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Aloe vera bathing improved physical and humoral protection in breeding stock after induced spawning in matrinxã (Brycon amazonicus)
In this study, we show that induced spawning causes stress, an intense loss of epithelia and immunosuppression, decreasing physical and humoral protection in fish, effects that were prevented or improved in fish bathed with Aloe vera. A. vera has several medicinal properties, including wound healing and immunostimulatory effects, which we observed in this study. Fish bathed with A. vera had a higher number of epidermal goblet cells and, in general, an improved wound healing rate compared with the control after induced spawning. These effects might be related to (1) the stimulation of leukocyte activity, represented here ...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - May 17, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Risk factors for levofloxacin resistance in Stenotrophomonas maltophilia from respiratory tract in a regional hospital
Conclusion Piperacillin/tazobactam treatment is associated with subsequent isolation of levofloxacin-resistant S. maltophilia from the respiratory tract. (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - May 17, 2015 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Dissemination of parasites by animal movements in small ruminant farms
Publication date: Available online 8 May 2015 Source:Veterinary Parasitology Author(s): N.G.C. Vasileiou , G.C. Fthenakis , E. Papadopoulos The present paper discusses the spread of parasites by animal movements in small ruminant farms; it focuses in dissemination of parasitic forms that would lead to subsequent infection of sheep or goats. Systems of small ruminant production involve a component of animal movement (e.g., grazing) as part of routine husbandry, which favours spread of parasitic forms; that refers mainly to parasites of the digestive system (nematodes, trematodes, cestodes, protozoa), as well as helminthes...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - May 17, 2015 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Impact of Pulmonary Function Measurements on Long-Term Survival After Lobectomy for Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer
Conclusions Survival after lobectomy for patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer is impacted by lower Dlco, which can be used in the risk and benefit assessment when choosing therapy. (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 17, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs Noninvasive Ventilation for Respiratory Failure
Postoperative respiratory failure is a common indication for invasive mechanical ventilation, accounting for more than 20% of all patients receiving ongoing ventilatory support. Therefore, strategies aimed at liberating patients from ventilation more quickly following surgery or preventing postextubation respiratory failure in this setting have the potential to have major clinical importance. (Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association)
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - May 17, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Postsurgical High-Flow Nasal Oxygen vs Noninvasive Positive Airway Pressure
In this randomized clinical trial, the investigators tested 2 approaches to prevent or resolve acute respiratory failure and found that high-flow nasal oxygen therapy was not inferior to bilevel positive airway pressure in patients with hypoxemia after cardiothoracic surgery. (Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association)
Source: JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association - May 17, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Reduced survival in microscopic polyangiitis patients with pulmonary fibrosis in a respiratory referral centre
(Source: Clinical Rheumatology)
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - May 17, 2015 Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research

Expression of a single siRNA against a conserved region of NP gene strongly inhibits in vitro replication of different Influenza A virus strains of avian and swine origin
In conclusion, these findings reveal new siRNA sequences able to inhibit Influenza A virus replication and provide a basis for the development of siRNAs as prophylaxis and therapy for influenza infection both in humans and animals. (Source: Antiviral Therapy)
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 17, 2015 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Post-operative pulmonary and shoulder function after sternal reconstruction for patients with chest wall sarcomas
Conclusions Among patients undergoing sternal resection, post-operative shoulder function was excellent. Pulmonary function was slightly restricted, but not sufficiently so to interfere with the activities of daily living (ADL). Paradoxical breathing is a slight concern for non-rigid reconstruction. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Oncology - May 17, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Periostin: its role in asthma and its potential as a diagnostic or therapeutic target
Accumulating evidence shows that periostin, a matricellular protein, is involved in many fundamental biological processes such as cell proliferation, cell invasion, and angiogenesis. Changes in periostin expression are commonly detected in various cancers and pre-cancerous conditions, and periostin may be involved in regulating a diverse set of cancer cell activities that contribute to tumorigenesis, cancer progression, and metastasis. Periostin has also been shown to be involved in many aspects of allergic inflammation, such as eosinophil recruitment, airway remodeling, development of a Th2 phenotype, and increased expres...
Source: Respiratory Research - May 17, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wei LiPeng GaoYue ZhiWei XuYanfeng WuJinzhi YinJie Zhang Source Type: research

Concordance and limits between transcutaneous and arterial carbon dioxide pressure in emergency department patients with acute respiratory failure: a single-center prospective observational study
Conclusions: In patients admitted in emergency unit for acute respiratory failure, there is a significant correlation between PaCO 2 and PtCO 2, mainly for values below 60 mm Hg. The two limiting factors of use are hyperthermia and users training. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - May 17, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Xavier BobbiaPierre-Géraud ClaretLudovic PalmierMichaël RobertRomain GrandpierreClaire RogerPatrick RayMustapha SebbaneLaurent MullerJean-Emmanuel La Coussaye Source Type: research

Intraabdominal pressure, cardiac index and vascular resistance during hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy - a prospective observational study.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased intraabdominal pressure during HIPEC was comparable to pneumoperitoneum. Haemodynamic changes however were opposed with a decrease in SVRI and a compensative increase in CI. Current guidelines for anaesthetic management in patients undergoing HIPEC are mainly based on findings from laparoscopic surgery and should therefore be reconsidered critically. PMID: 25971283 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Minerva Anestesiologica)
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - May 16, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research

Pathogenic Bacterial Nasopharyngeal Colonization and Its Impact on Respiratory Diseases in the First Year of Life: The PATCH Birth Cohort Study
Conclusions: Bacterial interactions may result in differing pathogen prevalence in the first year of life. In addition, nasopharyngeal pneumococcal colonization may have an effect on the risk of infant wheeze. The result could help clinicians to clarify the relation between bacterial colonization and respiratory illnesses in infancy. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - May 16, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Pathogenesis and Host Response Source Type: research

Pentoxifylline Therapy for Late-Onset Sepsis in Preterm Infants: A Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: PTX has a beneficial adjuvant effect to antibiotic therapy in preterm infants with LOS without significant impact on neonatal mortality and morbidity. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - May 16, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Economic Analysis of Rapid and Sensitive Polymerase Chain Reaction Testing in the Emergency Department for Influenza Infections in Children
Conclusions: Our model identifies scenarios in which identification of influenza in the emergency department using rapid multiplex PCR testing is a cost-effective strategy for infants and children 3 months through 18 years. Including detection of other respiratory viruses in the analysis would further improve cost-effectiveness. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - May 16, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

European Respiratory Monograph: Community-Acquired Pneumonia
No abstract available (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 16, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Book Reviews Source Type: research

New Classification of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: Not So Convincing
No abstract available (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 16, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Effects of Proanthocyanidins on Adhesion, Growth, and Virulence of Highly Virulent Extraintestinal Pathogenic Escherichia coli Argue for Its Use to Treat Oropharyngeal Colonization and Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia
Conclusion: Cranberry proanthocyanidins exhibit potent effects on growth, adhesion, and virulence of oropharyngeal and lung isolates of E. coli, suggesting that cranberry proanthocyanidin could be of clinical interest to reduce oropharyngeal colonization and prevent lung infection. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 16, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Laboratory Investigations Source Type: research

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome: The Need for Better Evidence in Severe Respiratory Viral Infections*
No abstract available (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 16, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Editorials Source Type: research

Middle East Respiratory Syndrome: Knowledge to Date*
Conclusions: This syndrome has raised global public health concerns about the dissemination of an emerging infectious disease and highlights the need for a coordinated global response to contain such a disease threat. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 16, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Hospitals With the Highest Intensive Care Utilization Provide Lower Quality Pneumonia Care to the Elderly*
Conclusions: Quality of care was lower among hospitals with the highest rates of ICU admission for elderly patients with pneumonia; such hospitals were less likely to deliver pneumonia processes of care and had worse outcomes for patients with pneumonia. High pneumonia-specific ICU admission rates for elderly patients identify a group of hospitals that may deliver inefficient and poor-quality pneumonia care and may benefit from interventions to improve care delivery. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 16, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

The role of rhinovirus in children hospitalized for acute respiratory disease, Santa Fe, Argentina
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Journal of Medical Virology)
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - May 16, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Juan Manuel Rudi, Fabiana Molina, Rocío Díaz, Virginia Bonet, Lucila Ortellao, Diego Cantarutti, Alejandra Gómez, Judith Pierini, Raquel Cociglio, Gabriela Kusznierz Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Variation in the physiological costs and benefits of rumination and distraction: The moderating effect of habitual thought suppression
Publication date: October 2015 Source:Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 85 Author(s): Catherine A. McGreevy , George A. Bonanno , Wendy D’Andrea Whereas traditional theories of emotion regulation have differentiated between categorically adaptive and maladaptive strategies, contemporary research has emphasized the role of context in strategy efficacy. The current study sought to determine whether the effects of rumination, which is typically considered to be a maladaptive strategy, and the effects of distraction, which is typically considered to be an adaptive strategy, are moderated by trait thought suppr...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - May 16, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Respiratory gated PET/CT of the liver: A novel method and its impact on the detection of colorectal liver metastases
Conclusion Combination of PET/CT and rgPET/CT improved the sensitivity significantly for CRLM. However, high patient compliance is mandatory to achieve optimal performance and further improvements are needed to overcome these limitations. The diagnostic performance of the evaluated new method for rgPET/CT was comparable to earlier reported technically more complex and expensive methods. (Source: European Journal of Radiology)
Source: European Journal of Radiology - May 16, 2015 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

A community-based participatory research methodology to address, redress, and reassess disparities in respiratory health among First Nations
Conclusions: The information from this project will assist in addressing and redressing many of the issues involved including the provision of adequate housing, health lifestyle practices, and in planning for health service delivery. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - May 16, 2015 Category: Research Authors: Punam PahwaSylvia AbonyiChandima KarunanayakeDonna RennieBonnie JanzenShelley KirychukJoshua LawsonTarun KatapallyKathleen McMullinJeremy SeeseequasisArnold NaytowhowLouise HagelRoland DyckMark FentonAmbikaipakan SenthilselvanVivian RamsdenMalcolm KingNie Source Type: research

Effect of an Anti-Reflux Medical Device in the Control of Deflation Cough: a Placebo-Controlled Comparative Study with an Antacid Drug in Chronic Coughers
Conclusions Pre-treatment with anti-reflux agents with a substantially different composition are equally effective in inhibiting DC. The liking of the two compounds used in the present experiments differed considerably and may be important to improve adherence to treatment in patients undergoing long-term therapy for reflux-related symptoms. (Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics)
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - May 16, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Iatrogenic “Buffalo Chest” Bilateral Pneumothoraces Following Unilateral Transbronchial Lung Biopsies in A Bilateral Lung Transplant Recipient
We present a 54 year old male patient who had a bilateral lung transplant sixteen years ago for Alpha-1 Antitrypsin Deficiency-related emphysema. He was referred for flexible bronchoscopy with transbronchial biopsies to evaluate new mild exertional dyspnea and worsening of his FEV1. Eight transbronchial biopsies were done from the right middle lobe and the right lower lobe. Post procedure he developed bilateral pneumothoces that required emergent bilateral pleural ‘pigtail’ catheters. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of bilateral pneumothoraces that developed after a unilateral procedure in a bilateral...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - May 16, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage caused by exposure to organic dust
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2015 Source:Respiratory Medicine Case Reports Author(s): Yuzo Suzuki , Shiro Imokawa , Fumiya Nihashi , Tomohiro Uto , Jun Sato , Takafumi Suda Diffuse alveolar hemorrhage, a life-threatening disease, can complicate various conditions. We herein describe, for the first time, a patient with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage caused by exposure to organic dust. A 49-year-old woman who worked as a cantaloupe farmer in a greenhouse was referred to our hospital for sudden onset of dyspnea 3 hours after exposure to organic dust. A chest X-ray and computed tomography scan performed on admissio...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - May 16, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Oncostatin M-dependent Mcl-1 induction mediated by JAK1/2-STAT1/3 and CREB contributes to bioenergetic improvements and protective effects against mitochondrial dysfunction in cortical neurons
In conclusion, our findings indicated that OSM induces Mcl-1 expression via activation of ERK1/2, JAK1/2, STAT1/3, and CREB; furthermore, OSM-mediated Mcl-1 induction contributes to bioenergetic improvements and neuroprotective effects against 3-NP toxicity in cortical neurons. OSM may thus serve as a novel neuroprotective agent against mitochondrial dysfunction commonly associated with pathogenic mechanisms underlying neurodegeneration. (Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Cell Research)
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Molecular Cell Research - May 16, 2015 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Viral and atypical bacterial aetiologies of infection in hospitalised patients admitted with clinical suspicion of influenza in Thailand, Vietnam and Indonesia
ConclusionRespiratory viruses were the most commonly detected pathogens in patients hospitalized with a clinical suspicion of influenza. Rhinovirus was the most frequently detected virus, and M. pneumoniae the most common atypical bacterium. The low number of detected influenza viruses demonstrate a low benefit for empirical oseltamivir therapy, unless during an influenza outbreak.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses)
Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses - May 16, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Heiman F.L. Wertheim, Behzad Nadjm, Sherine Thomas, Agustiningsih Agustiningsih, Suhud Malik, Nguyen Ngoc Thi Diep, Tien Viet Dung Vu, Nguyen Van Kinh, Nguyen Vinh Van Chau, Nguyen Thanh Liem, Tran Thi Sinh, Bich Thi Phung Thuy, Nguyen Vu Trung, Tran Tinh Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Renal failure and its treatment
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2015 Source:Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine Author(s): Andrew Martin , John MacDonald , John Moore Kidney disease can be defined as acute or chronic kidney injury. Acute kidney injury is measured directly via glomerular filtration rate and indirectly via urea and electrolyte levels. Acute kidney injury can be classified via the RIFLE criteria. Chronic kidney injury is a progressive and irreversible condition, which is defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of less than 60 ml/minute/1.73 m2 or the presence of one or more markers of chronic kidney d...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - May 16, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Pulmonary Complications of Cardiopulmonary Bypass
Publication date: Available online 23 April 2015 Source:Best Practice & Research Clinical Anaesthesiology Author(s): Julie L. Huffmyer , Danja S. Groves Pulmonary complications after use of extracorporeal circulation are common and range from transient hypoxemia with altered gas exchange to Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS), with variable severity. Similar to other end organ dysfunction after cardiac surgery with extracorporeal circulation, pulmonary complications are attributed to the inflammatory response, ischemia-reperfusion injury and reactive oxygen species liberated as a result of cardiopulmonary ...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Anaesthesiology - May 16, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Unanticipated hospital admissions during or soon after radiation therapy: Incidence and predictive factors
Conclusions Unplanned admissions are relatively common during or soon after radiation therapy in our patient series. Additional work is needed to gather data from other centers and to better understand, and hopefully reduce, these unplanned admissions. (Source: Practical Radiation Oncology)
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - May 16, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Increasing prevalence of asthma, respiratory symptoms, and allergic diseases: Four repeated surveys from 1993-2014
Published data shows different prevalence trends depending on the region of Europe. (Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - May 16, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Grzegorz Brozek, Joshua Lawson, Dawid Szumilas, Jan Zejda Source Type: research

Expression of a single siRNA against a conserved region of NP gene strongly inhibits in vitro replication of different Influenza A virus strains of avian and swine origin.
In conclusion, these findings reveal new siRNA sequences able to inhibit Influenza A virus replication and provide a basis for the development of siRNAs as prophylaxis and therapy for influenza infection both in humans and animals. PMID: 25986248 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Antiviral Research)
Source: Antiviral Research - May 16, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Stoppani E, Bassi I, Dotti S, Lizier M, Ferrari M, Lucchini F Tags: Antiviral Res Source Type: research

Comparative ventilatory strategies of acclimated rats and burrowing plateau pika (Ochotona curzoniae) in response to hypoxic-hypercapnia.
The objective of this study was to compare the different ventilatory strategies that helps in coping with hypoxic-hypercapnia environment among two species: use acclimated rats and plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae) that live in Tibetan plateaus, and have been well adjusted to high altitude. Arterial blood samples taken at 4100m of elevation in acclimatized rats and adapted pikas revealed inter-species differences with lower haemoglobin and hematocrit and higher blood pH in pikas. A linear and significant increase in minute ventilation was observed in pikas, which help them to cope with hypoxic-hypercapnia. Pikas also disp...
Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular and integrative physiology. - May 16, 2015 Category: Physiology Authors: Pichon A, Voituron N, Bai Z, Jeton F, Tana W, Marchant D, Jin G, Richalet JP, Ge RL Tags: Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol Source Type: research

Impact of Pulmonary Function Measurements on Long-Term Survival After Lobectomy for Stage I Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: Survival after lobectomy for patients with stage I non-small cell lung cancer is impacted by lower Dlco, which can be used in the risk and benefit assessment when choosing therapy. PMID: 25986099 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 16, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Berry MF, Jeffrey Yang CF, Hartwig MG, Tong BC, Harpole DH, D'Amico TA, Onaitis MW Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Thymic hyperplasia and chylothorax
(Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - May 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kimberly M. Hartzell, Kathryn C. Hines, Wynton C. Hoover Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Gene and Protein Expression of Fibronectin and Tenascin-C in Lung Samples from COPD Patients
Conclusions An enhanced lung gene expression of Fn was observed in COPD subjects compared to non-COPD subjects. No differences were found in Fn protein expression or in TnC gene or protein expression among groups. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Use of Activated Factor VII in Patients with Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage: A 10 Years Institutional Experience
Conclusion Activated Factor VII can achieve hemostasis in patients with diffuse alveolar hemorrhage. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Incidental Lung Volume Reduction Following Fulminant Pulmonary Hemorrhage in a Patient with Severe Emphysema
Abstract Endoscopic lung volume reduction is an emerging technique meant to improve lung function parameters, quality of life, and exercise tolerance in patients with severe lung emphysema. This is the first report of lung volume reduction by autologous blood in a patient with non-bullous lung emphysema. A 74-year-old woman with heterogeneous lung emphysema developed accidentally diffuse lobar bleeding immediately after valve placement. Due to persistent hemorrhage, the valves had to be removed shortly thereafter. Despite extraction of the valves, respiratory function of the patient improved rapidly indicated als...
Source: Lung - May 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The Impact of Chronic Cough: A Cross-Sectional European Survey
Conclusions Chronic cough has a negative impact on quality of life. Further work is needed to raise awareness, promote management strategies, develop effective treatments and consider the educational and support needs of patients with chronic cough. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Kinetics of microRNA Expression in Bronchoalveolar Lavage Fluid Samples
Abstract Levels of microRNAs (miRNAs) are increasingly assessed in biological fluids, for example, in samples obtained by bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL). “Post-collection kinetics” of miRNA expression levels, however, have not been investigated to date. In these experiments, we analyzed the dynamic expression profile of 5 different miRNAs (miR-17, miR-19b, miR-20b, miR-125a, and miR-223-3p) in BAL within the first 24 h following collection by routine bronchoscopy. miRNAs were quantified 0, 1, 4, 8, and 24 h after collection in samples that were kept at 4 °C or at room temperature. The expression of all five...
Source: Lung - May 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Clinical Outcomes in Patients with Acute Eosinophilic Pneumonia Not Treated with Corticosteroids
Conclusion AEP-associated symptoms and radiographic abnormalities were resolved completely within 2 weeks after diagnosis even when corticosteroid treatment was not initiated. However, these findings might be limited to relatively mild cases of AEP. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - May 15, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research