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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 11.

Benefit of Early Initiation of Influenza Antiviral Treatment to Pregnant Women Hospitalized With Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza
Conclusions. Early initiation of influenza antiviral treatment to pregnant women hospitalized with influenza may reduce the length of stay, especially among those with severe influenza. Influenza during pregnancy is associated with maternal and infant morbidity, and annual influenza vaccination is warranted. (Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases - July 21, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Oboho, I. K., Reed, C., Gargiullo, P., Leon, M., Aragon, D., Meek, J., Anderson, E. J., Ryan, P., Lynfield, R., Morin, C., Bargsten, M., Zansky, S. M., Fowler, B., Thomas, A., Lindegren, M. L., Schaffner, W., Risk, I., Finelli, L., Chaves, S. S. Tags: VIRUSES Source Type: research

Robust Cytokine and Chemokine Response in Nasopharyngeal Secretions: Association With Decreased Severity in Children With Physician Diagnosed Bronchiolitis
Conclusions. The cytokines and chemokines significantly associated with decreased bronchiolitis severity are classified in a wide range of functional groups (T-helper 1 and 2, regulatory, and chemoattractant). The involvement of these functional groups suggest that a broadly overlapping cytokine/chemokine response is required for control of virus-mediated respiratory disease in young children. (Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases - July 21, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Nicholson, E. G., Schlegel, C., Garofalo, R. P., Mehta, R., Scheffler, M., Mei, M., Piedra, P. A. Tags: PATHOGENESIS AND HOST RESPONSE Source Type: research

Distinguishing the associations between daily mortality and hospital admissions and nitrogen dioxide from those of particulate matter: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions The association between short-term exposure to NO2 and adverse health outcomes is largely independent of PM mass. Further studies should attempt to investigate whether this is a generic PM effect or whether it is modified by the source and physicochemical characteristics of PM. This finding strengthens the argument for NO2 having a causal role in health effects. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - July 21, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Mills, I. C., Atkinson, R. W., Anderson, H. R., Maynard, R. L., Strachan, D. P. Tags: Open access, Epidemiology, Occupational and environmental medicine, Public health Research Source Type: research

A Comprehensive Review of Common Respiratory Infections Encountered in Urgent and Primary Care: A Reference Guide for Judicious Antibiotic Use with Complementary Therapies
Concern about antibiotic overuse has become heightened as bacterial resistance to antibiotics continues to increase. Patients experiencing respiratory symptoms frequently present to urgent/emergent care settings such as fast-track emergency care departments and primary care retail settings with the expectation that they will be prescribed antibiotics. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reports that approximately 2 million people will become ill with bacteria that are resistant to at least one antibiotic, approximately 23,000 people die as a direct result of these infections, and many others die as a resul...
Source: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN - July 21, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Courtney Beam, Joyce Fuss, Wendy Stoelting-Gettelfinger Tags: Clinical Source Type: research

Central neural control of the cardiovascular system: current perspectives
This brief review, which is based on a lecture presented at the American Physiological Society Teaching Refresher Course on the Brain and Systems Control as part of the Experimental Biology meeting in 2015, aims to summarize current concepts of the principal mechanisms in the brain that regulate the autonomic outflow to the cardiovascular system. Such cardiovascular regulatory mechanisms do not operate in isolation but are closely coordinated with respiratory and other regulatory mechanisms to maintain homeostasis. The brain regulates the cardiovascular system by two general means: 1) feedforward regulation, often referred...
Source: AJP: Advances in Physiology Education - July 21, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Dampney, R. A. L. Tags: REFRESHER COURSE Source Type: research

First-year medical students' naïve beliefs about respiratory physiology
The present study explored the nature and frequency of physiology naïve beliefs by investigating novices' understanding of the respiratory system. Previous studies have shown considerable misconceptions related to physiology but focused mostly on specific physiological processes of normal respiration. Little is known about novices' broader understanding of breathing in a clinical context. Our study hypothesized that naïve beliefs could hamper participants' ability to understand the interrelatedness of respiratory structures and functions related to breathing during a clinical complication. The study entaile...
Source: AJP: Advances in Physiology Education - July 21, 2016 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Badenhorst, E., Mamede, S., Abrahams, A., Bugarith, K., Friedling, J., Gunston, G., Kelly-Laubscher, R., Schmidt, H. G. Tags: HOW WE TEACH: CLASSROOM AND LABORATORY RESEARCH PROJECTS Source Type: research

The formation and function of tertiary lymphoid follicles in chronic pulmonary inflammation.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 27441396 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Immunology)
Source: Immunology - July 21, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Yadava K, Bollyky P, Lawson MA Tags: Immunology Source Type: research

Highly Immunogenic Trimethyl Chitosan-Based Delivery System for Intranasal Lipopeptide Vaccines against Group A Streptococcus.
Abstract Group A streptococcus (GAS) infections can led to a large variety of diseases in humans including the most common acute pharyngitis. If untreated, GAS infections lead to life- threatening conditions such as rheumatic heart diseases and post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. GAS primarily colonises the mucosal region of the upper respiratory tract, slowly leading to systemic infections. Thus, GAS-specific antibody responses are desirable at mucosal sites for early prevention against GAS colonisation. Although several GAS vaccines are currently in clinical trials, these vaccines aim to stimulate systemic imm...
Source: Current Drug Delivery - July 21, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Skwarczynski M, Abdulghaffar K, Giddam AK, Batzloff M, Good M, Toth I Tags: Curr Drug Deliv Source Type: research

Retrospective review of critical incidents in the post-anaesthesia care unit at a major tertiary hospital.
CONCLUSION: A wide spectrum of critical incidents occurs in the PACU, many of which were related to the cardiovascular and respiratory systems. Critical incidents have a major impact on healthcare utilisation and result in prolonged PACU stays and higher levels of postoperative care than initially anticipated. PMID: 27439784 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Singapore Medical Journal)
Source: Singapore Medical Journal - July 21, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Bruins SD, Leong PM, Ng SY Tags: Singapore Med J Source Type: research

Airborne virus detection by a sensing system using a disposable integrated impaction device
There are many respiratory infections such as influenza that cause epidemics. These respiratory infection epidemics can be effectively prevented by determining the presence or absence of infections in patients using frequent tests. We think that self-diagnosis may be possible using a system that can collect and detect biological aerosol particles in the patient ’s breath because breath sampling is easy work requiring no examiner. In this paper, we report a sensing system for biological aerosol particles (SSBAP) with a disposable device. Using the system and the device, someone with no medical knowledge or skills ca...
Source: Journal of Breath Research - July 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kei Takenaka, Shigenori Togashi, Ryo Miyake, Takemasa Sakaguchi and Michihiro Hide Source Type: research

Molecular hydrogen in human breath: a new strategy for selectively diagnosing peptic ulcer disease, non-ulcerous dyspepsia and Helicobacter pylori infection
The gastric pathogen Helicobacter pylori utilizes molecular hydrogen (H 2 ) as a respiratory substrate during colonization in the gastric mucosa. However, the link between molecular H 2 and the pathogenesis of peptic-ulcer disease (PUD) and non-ulcerous dyspepsia (NUD) by the enzymatic activity of H. pylori still remains mostly unknown. Here we provide evidence that breath H 2 excretion profiles are distinctly altered by the enzymatic activity of H. pylori for individuals with NUD and PUD. We subsequently unravelled the potential molecular mechanisms responsible for the alteration of H 2 in exhaled breath in associat...
Source: Journal of Breath Research - July 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abhijit Maity, Mithun Pal, Sanchi Maithani, Barnali Ghosh, Sujit Chaudhuri and Manik Pradhan Source Type: research

Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.
CONCLUSIONS: Hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are on the rise worldwide, and this trend is expected to continue. The major contributors to maternal mortality are failure to recognize HDP promptly or to treat the condition adequately. It is essential that anesthesiologists understand the disease process and acquire knowledge of the guidelines governing current obstetrical care in order to provide evidence-based multidisciplinary quality care to these patients. Anesthetic management helps prevent potentially deleterious maternal and fetal outcomes. PMID: 27443376 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian J...
Source: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia - July 21, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sjaus A, McKeen DM, George RB Tags: Can J Anaesth Source Type: research

Mode of anesthesia and clinical outcomes of patients undergoing Cesarean delivery for invasive placentation: a retrospective cohort study of 50 consecutive cases.
CONCLUSION: Having safely performed two-thirds of our cases of CHyst under RA, our study suggests that RA, when compared with GA, is associated with no differences in blood loss or blood transfusion, superior neonatal outcome, and fewer respiratory complications. This suggests that RA can be considered a primary mode of anesthesia for such cases. PMID: 27443374 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia)
Source: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia - July 21, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Nguyen-Lu N, Carvalho JC, Kingdom J, Windrim R, Allen L, Balki M Tags: Can J Anaesth Source Type: research

TBDRUGS – Database of drugs for tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a major killer disease worldwide, though it can be cured completely. Emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) has made TB treatment a complex one, demanding intake of medicine for about 2 years versus 6 months for drug-sensitive tuberculosis. Further, the success rate of treatment of DR-TB is reported to be very poor (48%) as compared to drug-sensitive new TB cases (around 90%) [1]. However, the recent approval of bedaquiline and delamanid for use against drug resistant tuberculosis, and the prospect of several candidate drugs in the pipeline with demonstrated activity against DR-T...
Source: Tuberculosis - July 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jagadish Chandrabose Sundaramurthi, Luke Elizabeth Hanna, Sriram Selvarajulu, Sridharan Brindha, J. Joel Gnanadoss, Savariar Vincent, Harpreet Singh, Soumya Swaminathan Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Innovative Tuberculosis Symposium held during Cuba Salud 2015
The Tuberculosis (TB) Symposium, held during the Cuba Salud 2015 International Convention, highlighted advancements in research on tuberculosis (TB) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) by interdisciplinary teams from academic and federal institutions in Cuba, Colombia, Mexico, and the Dominican Republic. Delegates focused on the targets presented in the World Health Organization End TB Strategy for 2016 –2035 and elaborated on four primary themes: 1) attention to vulnerable populations such as immunocompromised individuals, health care workers, and residents of long-term institutions such as prisons and nursing homes; 2...
Source: Tuberculosis - July 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Helena J. Chapman, Luisa Armas P érez Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Safety and immunogenicity of the M72/AS01E candidate tuberculosis vaccine in adults with tuberculosis: A phase II randomised study
Previous studies have shown that the M72/AS01E candidate tuberculosis vaccine is immunogenic with a clinically acceptable safety profile in healthy and Mycobacterium tuberculosis-infected adults. This phase II, observer-blind, randomised study compared the safety, reactogenicity, and immunogenicity of M72/AS01E in 3 cohorts: tuberculosis-na ïve adults (n = 80), adults previously treated for tuberculosis (n = 49), and adults who have completed the intensive phase of tuberculosis treatment (n = 13). (Source: Tuberculosis)
Source: Tuberculosis - July 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Paul Gillard, Pan-Chyr Yang, Manfred Danilovits, Wei-Juin Su, Shih-Lung Cheng, Lea Pehme, Anne Bollaerts, Erik Jongert, Philippe Moris, Opokua Ofori-Anyinam, Marie-Ange Demoiti é, Marcela Castro Tags: Immunological Aspects Source Type: research

TBDRUGS – Database of drugs for tuberculosis
Tuberculosis (TB) continues to be a major killer disease worldwide, though it can be cured completely. Emergence of drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) has made TB treatment a complex one, demanding intake of medicine for about 2 years versus 6 months for drug-sensitive tuberculosis. Further, the success rate of treatment of DR-TB is reported to be very poor (48%) as compared to drug-sensitive new TB cases (around 90%) [1]. However, the recent approval of bedaquiline and delamanid for use against drug resistant tuberculosis, and the prospect of several candidate drugs in the pipeline with demonstrated activity against DR-T...
Source: Tuberculosis - July 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jagadish Chandrabose Sundaramurthi, Luke Elizabeth Hanna, Sriram Selvarajulu, Sridharan Brindha, J. Joel Gnanadoss, Savariar Vincent, Harpreet Singh, Soumya Swaminathan Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Allergy in urban elderly population living in Campania region (Southern Italy). A multicenter study.
In conclusion, the prevalence and clinical significance of airway allergic sensitization in the elderly living in Campania region is more significant than expected in latter stages of life. Physicians should not neglect the role of atopy as a risk factor for the onset of allergic respiratory symptoms even in elderly patients. PMID: 27425174 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology)
Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - July 20, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol Source Type: research

Near fatal asthma: treatment and prevention.
Authors: D'Amato G, Vitale C, Lanza M, Sanduzzi A, Molino A, Mormile M, Vatrella A, Bilò MB, Antonicelli L, Bresciani M, Micheletto C, Vaghi A, D'Amato M Abstract Near-fatal asthma (NFA) is described as acute asthma associated with a respiratory arrest or arterial carbon dioxide tension greater than 50 mmHg, with or without altered consciousness, requiring mechanical ventilation. Risk factors for near fatal asthma have not been fully elucidated. In 80-85% of all fatal events, a phenotype, characterized by eosinophilic inflammation associated with gradual deterioration occurring in patients with severe and poorly c...
Source: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - July 20, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Eur Ann Allergy Clin Immunol Source Type: research

Historical ambient airborne asbestos concentrations in the United States.
Authors: Finkelstein MM PMID: 27427157 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Inhalation Toxicology)
Source: Inhalation Toxicology - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Inhal Toxicol Source Type: research

Maternal Near Miss According to World Health Organization Classification Among Women with a Hydatidiform Mole: Experience at the New England Trophoblastic Disease Center, 1994-2013.
CONCLUSION: We observed a low rate of PLTC and no cases of MNMs or maternal deaths related to molar pregnancy, likely due to earlier diagnosis at the NETDC in recent years. PMID: 27424360 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Reproductive Medicine)
Source: Journal of Reproductive Medicine - July 20, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Tags: J Reprod Med Source Type: research

Abediterol, a novel long-acting β2-agonist: bronchodilation, safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetic results from a single-dose, dose-ranging, active-comparator study in patients with COPD
Abediterol is a novel, once-daily long-acting β2-agonist in development for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma in combination with an anti-inflammatory agent. This Phase IIa,... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jutta Beier, Helena Pujol, Beatriz Seoane, Eulalia Jimenez, Carol Astbury, Eric Massana, Sandrine Ruiz and Gonzalo de Miquel Source Type: research

Measurement of lipocalin-2 and syndecan-4 levels to differentiate bacterial from viral infection in children with community-acquired pneumonia
In this study, we evaluated the lipocalin-2 (LIP2) and syndecan-4 (SYN4) levels in children who were hospitalized for radiologically confirmed CAP in order to differentiate bacterial from viral infection. The ... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Susanna Esposito, Sonia Bianchini, Monia Gambino, Barbara Madini, Giada Di Pietro, Giulia Umbrello, Maria Lory Presicce, Luca Ruggiero, Leonardo Terranova and Nicola Principi Source Type: research

Novel biomarkers for pulmonary arterial hypertension
Pulmonary arterial hypertension is a deadly disease characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressures leading to right ventricular hypertrophy and failure. The confirmatory gold standard test is the invas... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Anjum Anwar, Gregoire Ruffenach, Aman Mahajan, Mansoureh Eghbali and Soban Umar Source Type: research

Effects of the open lung concept following ARDSnet ventilation in patients with early ARDS
Ventilation with low tidal volume (VT) is well recognized as a protective approach to patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), but the optimal level of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) rem... (Source: BMC Anesthesiology)
Source: BMC Anesthesiology - July 20, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Vivian Rotman, Alysson Roncally Carvalho, Rosana Souza Rodrigues, Denise Machado Medeiros, Eduardo Costa Pinto, Fernando Augusto Bozza and Carlos Roberto Ribeiro Carvalho Source Type: research

Pulmonary interstitial emphysema due to respiratory syncytial virus infection
We report a case of PIE in a 22‐month‐old girl who had severe respiratory distress due to respiratory syncytial virus infection. Chest computed tomography showed cystic lung lesions mimicking congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation. The cystic lesions spontaneously resolved after conservative treatment. Based on the clinical course and the chronological changes on imaging, the cystic lung lesions were diagnosed as localized persistent PIE. (Source: Pediatrics International)
Source: Pediatrics International - July 20, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tsubasa Aiyoshi, Kouji Masumoto, Toko Shinkai, Yasunari Tanaka, Shunsuke Fujii, Takato Sasaki, Fumiko Chiba, Naoya Sakamoto, Chikashi Gotoh, Yasuhisa Urita, Makoto Nakao, Hajime Takayasu, Hideaki Tanaka, Hironori Imai Tags: Patient Report Source Type: research

High frequency spinal cord stimulation—New method to restore cough
Publication date: October 2016 Source:Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, Volume 232 Author(s): K.E. Kowalski, J.R. Romaniuk, S. Brose, M.A. Richmond, T. Kowalski, A.F. DiMarco Spinal cord stimulation (SCS, 50Hz) is a useful method to restore an effective cough in persons with spinal cord injury (SCI). However, high stimulus amplitudes and potential activation of pain fibers, significantly limits this application. It is our hypothesis that high frequency SCS (HF-SCS), with low stimulus amplitudes may provide the same level of expiratory muscle activation. In 6 dogs, the effects of SCS, with varying stimu...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Mutations in TFAM, encoding mitochondrial transcription factor A, cause neonatal liver failure associated with mtDNA depletion
In this report, for the first time, we associate a homozygous variant in TFAM with a novel mtDNA depletion syndrome. (Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism)
Source: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism - July 20, 2016 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Mitral valve plasty using left antero-axillary thoracotomy for a patient with pulmonary hypoplasia [CASE REPORT]
We present the case of a 62-year old female who presented with dyspnoea caused by severe mitral valve regurgitation. Preoperative evaluation revealed unilateral primary pulmonary hypoplasia of the left lung. Mitral valve plasty was successfully performed without postoperative respiratory complications, using a left antero-axillary thoracotomy approach resulting in excellent exposure of the mitral valve. (Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery - July 20, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Shimamura, J., Yamamoto, S., Oshima, S., Sasaguri, S. Tags: Basic research vascular CASE REPORT Source Type: research

Non‐allergic rhinitis and lower airway disease
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Allergy)
Source: Allergy - July 20, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Carmen Rondón, Gador Bogas, Esther Barrionuevo, Miguel Blanca, Maria J Torres, Paloma Campo Tags: Review Source Type: research

Immunotherapy in allergic rhinitis and lower airway outcomes
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Allergy)
Source: Allergy - July 20, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Victoria Cardona, Olga Luengo, Moises Labrador Tags: Review Source Type: research

Effects of anaesthesia on paediatric lung function
Respiratory adverse events are one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in paediatric anaesthesia. Aside from predisposing conditions associated with an increased risk of respiratory incidents in children such as concurrent infections and chronic airway irritation, there are adverse respiratory events directly attributable to the impact of anaesthesia on the respiratory system. Anaesthesia can negatively affect respiratory drive, ventilation/perfusion (V/Q) matching and tidal breathing, all resulting in potentially devastating hypoxaemia. Understanding paediatric respiratory physiology and its changes during anae...
Source: British Journal of Anaesthesia - July 20, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Trachsel, D., Svendsen, J., Erb, T. O., von Ungern-Sternberg, B. S. Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Reliability of transpulmonary pressure–time curve profile to identify tidal recruitment/hyperinflation in experimental unilateral pleural effusion
Abstract The stress index (SI) is a parameter that characterizes the shape of the airway pressure–time profile (P/t). It indicates the slope progression of the curve, reflecting both lung and chest wall properties. The presence of pleural effusion alters the mechanical properties of the respiratory system decreasing transpulmonary pressure (Ptp). We investigated whether the SI computed using Ptp tracing would provide reliable insight into tidal recruitment/overdistention during the tidal cycle in the presence of unilateral effusion. Unilateral pleural effusion was simulated in anesthetized, mechanically ventilat...
Source: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing - July 20, 2016 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

A Cloud-based Mobile System to Improve Respiratory Therapy Services at Home
Publication date: Available online 5 July 2016 Source:Journal of Biomedical Informatics Author(s): Nicolas A. Risso, Andrés Neyem, Jose I. Benedetto, Marie J. Carrillo, Angélica Farías, Macarena J. Gajardo, Oscar Loyola Chronic respiratory diseases are one of the most prevalent health problems in the world. Treatment for these kind of afflictions often take place at home, where the continuous care of a medical specialist is frequently beyond the economical means of the patient, therefore having to rely on informal caregivers (family, friends, etc.). Unfortunately, these treatments require a deep involvement on ...
Source: Journal of Biomedical Informatics - July 20, 2016 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Peritoneal malignant mesothelioma (PMM), and primary peritoneal serous carcinoma (PPSC) and reactive mesothelial hyperplasia (RMH) of the peritoneum. Immunohistochemical and fluorescence in situ hybridisation (FISH) analyses
Conclusions Calretinin and BerEP4 may be the best positive markers for differentiating PMM from PPSC. EMA, in combination with IMP3 and desmin, is useful, and homozygous deletion of 9p21 may be helpful, for differentiating PMM from RMH. (Source: Journal of Clinical Pathology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Pathology - July 20, 2016 Category: Pathology Authors: Kawai, T., Tominaga, S., Hiroi, S., Ogata, S., Nakanishi, K., Kawahara, K., Sonobe, H., Hiroshima, K. Tags: Immunology (including allergy), Respiratory cancer Original article Source Type: research

The effect of CPAP treatment for obstructive sleep apnea on asthma control—study limitations
(Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of CPAP treatment for obstructive sleep apnea on asthma control—study limitations—author’s response
(Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and hypothyroidism to intima-media thickness of carotid artery
Conclusion We suggest, physicians should be alert for hypothyroidism comorbidity in OSAS, and suspected subjects with OSAS should be screened for hypothyroidism considering the potential cardiovascular complications. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Diagnostic yield of electromagnetic navigational bronchoscopy
Conclusion: In our cohort, diagnostic yield was 60% with a 6% pneumothorax rate. A suggestive trend for the presence of bronchus sign on computed tomography scan, albeit statistically nonsignificant, as a predictor for improved diagnostic yield needs to be validated in a larger cohort. (Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease)
Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Al-Jaghbeer, M., Marcus, M., Durkin, M., McGuire, F. R., Iftikhar, I. H. Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Development of a novel image-based program to teach narrow-band imaging
Conclusions: The overall class average normalized gain of 32% shows our test can be used to improve trainees’ competency in analyzing NBI Images. The testing method (and tool) can be used to measure the follow up 4 weeks later. Better follow-up test results would be expected with more frequent practice by trainees after the course. (Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease)
Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Dumas, C., Fielding, D., Coles, T., Good, N. Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Emergency management for congenital tracheal stenosis with endoluminal stenting in pediatric intensive care units
Conclusion: Airway stenting may provide an important therapeutic option in infants with CTS. (Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease)
Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Xu, X., Ding, H., Liu, X., Zhu, B., Feng, Z. Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Aspirin use and the risk of bleeding complications after therapeutic bronchoscopy
Conclusion: Aspirin use was not associated with increased risk of bleeding or procedure-related complications after therapeutic bronchoscopy. (Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease)
Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Harris, K., Kebbe, J., Modi, K., Alraiyes, A. H., Kumar, A., Attwood, K., Dhillon, S. S. Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

A 12-week open-label, randomized, controlled trial and 24-week extension to assess the efficacy and safety of fluticasone propionate/formoterol in children with asthma
Conclusions: FP/FORM improved lung function and measures of asthma control with comparable efficacy to FP/SAL, and demonstrated a favourable safety and tolerability profile in children aged 4–12 years. (Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease)
Source: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease - July 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Emeryk, A., Klink, R., McIver, T., Dalvi, P. Tags: Original Research Source Type: research