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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 13.

Grape seed procyanidin B2 ameliorates mitochondrial dysfunction and inhibits apoptosis via the AMP-activated protein kinase-silent mating type information regulation 2 homologue 1-PPARγ co-activator-1α axis in rat mesangial cells under high-dose glucosamine.
Abstract Grape seed procyanidin B2 (GSPB2), an antioxidative and anti-inflammatory polyphenol in grape seed, has been found to have protective effects on diabetic nephropathy. Based on its favourable biological activities, in the present study, we aimed to investigate whether GSPB2 could inhibit apoptosis in rat mesangial cells treated with glucosamine (GlcN) under high-dose conditions. The results showed that the administration of GSPB2 (10 μg/ml) significantly increased the viability of mesangial cells treated with GlcN at a dose of 15 mm. We found that GSPB2 inhibited apoptosis in mesangial cells using termin...
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - November 18, 2014 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bao L, Cai X, Zhang Z, Li Y Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research

Comparison of Cardiorespiratory Responses During Aquatic and Land Treadmill Exercise in Patients With Coronary Artery Disease.
CONCLUSIONS:: This study demonstrated that aquatic treadmill exercise elicits similar peak cardiorespiratory responses compared with land treadmill exercise, suggesting that aquatic treadmill exercise may be effective for CAD patients in cardiac rehabilitation. PMID: 25407597 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention)
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention - November 18, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Choi JH, Kim BR, Joo SJ, Han EY, Kim SY, Kim SM, Lee SY, Yoon HM Tags: J Cardiopulm Rehabil Prev Source Type: research

Cardiocirculatory Monitoring during Immediate Fetal-to-Neonatal Transition: A Systematic Qualitative Review of the Literature.
Conclusion: Routine HR monitoring using electrocardiography or pulse oximetry is used to evaluate adequate hemodynamic transition, and reference ranges have been established. Measuring blood pressure noninvasively though noncontinuously might be of some value in future, considering that the normative data have been established recently. Echocardiographic monitoring during the immediate transition period will improve the knowledge about cardiac function changes, but introduction in clinical routine remains questionable. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 25412794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neonatology)
Source: Neonatology - November 18, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Baik N, Urlesberger B, Schwaberger B, Freidl T, Schmölzer GM, Pichler G Tags: Neonatology Source Type: research

Dissection of the genus Actinobaculum: Reclassification of Actinobaculum schaalii Lawson et al. 1997 and Actinobaculum urinale Hall et al. 2003 as Actinotignum schaalii gen. nov., comb. nov. and Actinotignum urinale comb. nov., description of Actinotignum sanguinis sp. nov. and emended description of the genus Actinobaculum. Re-examination of Actinobaculum massiliense culture deposited as CCUG 47753T (=DSM 19118T) revealed that it does not represent a strain of this species.
Abstract The remarkable host specificity of Actinobaculum species directed our attention to recharacterize these species by a polyphasic approach. A comparative chemotaxonomic study including analysis of whole-cell sugars, amino acid composition of the peptidoglycan, fatty acid methyl esters, respiratory quinones and polar lipids reveals significant differences that, in combination with molecular data, support a dissection of the genus Actinobaculum. The proposals of this study include the reclassification of Actinobaculum schaalii and Actinobaculum urinale as Actinotignum schaalii gen. nov., comb. nov. (type strai...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - November 18, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yassin AA, Sproeer C, Pukall R, Sylvester M, Siering C, Schumann P Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Cardiocirculatory Monitoring during Immediate Fetal-to-Neonatal Transition: A Systematic Qualitative Review of the Literature
Conclusion: Routine HR monitoring using electrocardiography or pulse oximetry is used to evaluate adequate hemodynamic transition, and reference ranges have been established. Measuring blood pressure noninvasively though noncontinuously might be of some value in future, considering that the normative data have been established recently. Echocardiographic monitoring during the immediate transition period will improve the knowledge about cardiac function changes, but introduction in clinical routine remains questionable.Neonatology 2015;107:100-107 (Source: Neonatology)
Source: Neonatology - November 17, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Longitudinal associations between temperament and socioemotional outcomes in young children: The moderating role of RSA and gender
ABSTRACT Temperament is an important predictor of socioemotional adjustment, such as externalizing and internalizing symptoms. However, there is not a one‐to‐one correspondence between temperamental predispositions and these outcomes, implying that other factors also contribute to the development of internalizing and externalizing problems. Self‐regulation is believed to interact with temperament, and has been studied as a predictor for later socioemotional outcomes. Respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) is a psychophysiological measure of self‐regulation that has been studied as a moderator of risk. The primary aim o...
Source: Developmental Psychobiology - November 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Santiago Morales, Charles Beekman, Alysia Y. Blandon, Cynthia A. Stifter, Kristin A. Buss Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Breast-Feeding and Health Consequences in Early Childhood: Is There an Impact of Time-Dependent Confounding?
Conclusions: In two cohort studies, there was little evidence of time-dependent confounding by weight, length, rash, respiratory illness or day care attendance of the effects of breast-feeding on early childhood health.Ann Nutr Metab 2014;65:139-148 (Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism)
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - November 17, 2014 Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

Maternal and paternal beliefs, support and parenting as determinants of sport participation of adolescents with asthma
Journal of Asthma, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Impaired Hypercarbic and Hypoxic Responses from Developmental Loss of Cerebellar Purkinje Neurons: Implications for Sudden Infant Death Syndrome
Abstract Impaired responsivity to hypercapnia or hypoxia is commonly considered a mechanism of failure in sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). The search for deficient brain structures mediating flawed chemosensitivity typically focuses on medullary regions; however, a network that includes Purkinje cells of the cerebellar cortex and its associated cerebellar nuclei also helps mediate responses to carbon dioxide (CO2) and oxygen (O2) challenges and assists integration of cardiovascular and respiratory interactions. Although cerebellar nuclei contributions to chemoreceptor challenges in adult models are well descr...
Source: The Cerebellum - November 17, 2014 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Performance of the Simplexa™ Flu A/B & RSV Direct Kit on respiratory samples collected in saline solution
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 46, Issue 12, Page 825-831, December 2014. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases - November 17, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: article Source Type: research

Comparison of the FilmArray assay and in-house real-time PCR for detection of respiratory infection
Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Volume 46, Issue 12, Page 897-901, December 2014. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases - November 17, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: article Source Type: research

Efficacy and safety of three regimens for the prevention of malaria in young HIV-exposed Ugandan children: a randomized controlled trial
Objective:Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole prophylaxis is recommended for HIV-exposed infants until breastfeeding ends and HIV infection has been excluded. Extending prophylaxis with a focus on preventing malaria may be beneficial in high transmission areas. We investigated three regimens for the prevention of malaria in young HIV-exposed children. Design:An open-label, randomized controlled trial. Setting:Tororo, Uganda, a rural area with intense, year-round, malaria transmission. Participants:Two hundred infants aged 4–5 months enrolled and 186 randomized after cessation of breastfeeding and confirmed to be HIV uninfected...
Source: AIDS - November 17, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research

Anaphylactic Shock Secondary to Intravenous Iron Sucrose in Chronic Kidney Disease
We present a rare case in which iron sucrose was infused to a patient of CKD and resulted in severe anaphylaxis and cardiac arrest minutes after starting the infusion. He was aggressively resuscitated with adrenaline and other measures following which he recovered. The use of parenteral iron is associated with several adverse drug reactions (ADR) which were seen with preparations like iron dextran but became rare with the use of newer safe preparations like iron sucrose or gluconate. The ADR can be mild or can have severe life threatening features like syncope, cardiac arrhythmias, seizures, bronchospasm and rarely cardio ...
Source: Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion - November 17, 2014 Category: Hematology Source Type: research

The Enigma ML FluAB-RSV assay: a fully automated molecular test for the rapid detection of influenza A, B and respiratory syncytial viruses in respiratory specimens
Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics, Ahead of Print. (Source: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics)
Source: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics - November 17, 2014 Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Th2 cytokine-primed airway smooth muscle cells induce mast cell chemotaxis via secretion of ATP
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 997-1003, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Moderating effect of gender on the prospective relation of physical activity with psychosocial outcomes and asthma control in adolescents: a longitudinal study
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1049-1054, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Reduced asthma morbidity in endemic areas for helminth infections: a longitudinal ecological study in Brazil
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1022-1027, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Beyond co-pays and out-of-pocket costs: perceptions of health-related financial burden in managing asthma among African American women
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1083-1088, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

IFNG+874A/T polymorphisms and IFNG CA repeat polymorphism associated with asthma in Asian – a meta-analysis
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1014-1021, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Increasing use of non-invasive ventilation in asthma: a long-term analysis of the Portuguese national hospitalization database
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1068-1075, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Continuous terbutaline infusion in severe asthma in adults: a retrospective study of long-term efficacy and safety
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1076-1082, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Long-acting beta2-adrenergic agonist in pediatric and adolescent asthma patients, 2003–2011
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1061-1067, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Respiratory allergy to airborne fungi in São Luís – MA: clinical aspects and levels of IgE in a structured asthma program
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1028-1034, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Distribution of asthma by occupation: Washington State Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Data, 2006–2009
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1035-1042, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Association between quality of life in parents and components of asthma control in children
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1089-1095, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Trends in asthma readmissions among children and adolescents over time by age, gender and season
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1055-1060, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

A new index to identify risk of multi-trigger wheezing in infants with first episode of wheezing
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1043-1048, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Serum levels of IL-10, IL-17F and IL-33 in patients with asthma: a case–control study
Journal of Asthma, Volume 51, Issue 10, Page 1004-1013, December 2014. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

A resting-state functional connectivity study in patients at high risk for sudden unexpected death in epilepsy
Conclusions This investigation is the first to use neuroimaging methods in research on the mechanism of SUDEP and demonstrates the abnormally decreased resting-state FC in the ACC–thalamus–brainstem circuit in patients at high risk for SUDEP. These findings highlight the need to understand the fundamental neural network dysfunction in SUDEP, which may fill the missing link between seizure-related cardiorespiratory dysfunction and SUDEP, and provide a promising neuroimaging biomarker for risk prediction of SUDEP. (Source: Epilepsy and Behavior)
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - November 17, 2014 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Safety and efficacy of adjunctive lacosamide among patients with partial-onset seizures in a long-term open-label extension trial of up to 8years
Publication date: December 2014 Source:Epilepsy & Behavior, Volume 41 Author(s): William Rosenfeld , Nathan B. Fountain , Gintaras Kaubrys , Elinor Ben-Menachem , Cindy McShea , Jouko Isojarvi , Pamela Doty Long-term (up to 8years of exposure) safety and efficacy of the antiepileptic drug lacosamide was evaluated in this open-label extension trial (SP615 [ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00552305]). Patients were enrolled following participation in a double-blind trial or one of two open-label trials of adjunctive lacosamide for partial-onset seizures. Dosage adjustments of lacosamide (100–800mg/day) and/or co...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - November 17, 2014 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Telemedicine, the effect of nurse‐initiated telephone follow up, on health status and health‐care utilization in COPD patients: A randomized trial
ConclusionsThis telemedicine model of initiated phone calls by a health‐care provider had a negative effect on health status and resource use in primary and secondary care, in comparison with usual care and therefore cannot be recommended in COPD patients in its current form. (Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Farida F. Berkhof, Jan W.K. Berg, Steven M. Uil, Huib A.M. Kerstjens Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Harmful effects of particulate air pollution: Identifying the culprits
(Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Matthew Loxham Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Aortic stiffness increases in proportion to the severity of apnea‐hypopnea index in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome
ConclusionsAortic stiffness is associated both with the presence and the severity of OSA. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mustafa Çörtük, Selahattin Akyol, Ahmet Oytun Baykan, Kemal Kiraz, Hakan Uçar, Murat Çaylı, Hayati Kandiş Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Calcified Shadow of Hilus Pulmonis Followed with Finger‐in‐glove Sign of Lingular Bronchus on the left side
Abstract Tracheobronchial aspiration of foreign body (FB) in adults is not as common as in children. The clinical manifestations are highly variable under different circumstances,considering the state of the patient, the influence of the FB and incipient medical intervention,etc. The lodgement of FB in adults ,as in almost all the reports around the world, is dominantly in the right bronchial tree ,especially the intermediate and the basal bronchus due to the anatomical reasons. In this case we reported, a 75‐year old female with a dental piece in her lingular bronchus,not the right side as usual, for at least 10 years ,...
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mengmei Wang, Meng Liu, Ke Hu Tags: Other Source Type: research

Clinical features and treatment of drug fever caused by antituberculosis drugs
ConclusionDrug fever is an allergic reaction, the resolution of which depends on whether it was accompanied by liver damage and/or rash or not. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yong Fang, Heping Xiao, Shenjie Tang, Li Liang, Wei Sha, Yuanyuan Fang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Optoelectronic plethysmography: Intra-rater and inter-rater reliability in healthy subjects
Publication date: 1 December 2013 Source:Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, Volume 189, Issue 3 Author(s): Danielle S.R. Vieira , Mariana Hoffman , Danielle A.G. Pereira , Raquel R. Britto , Verônica F. Parreira Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) has been used to measure changes in chest wall volume and its compartments. However, literature lacks research on its reliability. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the intra-rater and inter-rater reliability of OEP. Thirty-two healthy subjects were evaluated at rest and during submaximal exercise on a cycle ergometer. The following variables were assessed...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Oleanolic acid improves pulmonary morphofunctional parameters in experimental sepsis by modulating oxidative and apoptotic processes
Publication date: 1 December 2013 Source:Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, Volume 189, Issue 3 Author(s): Raquel Souza Santos , Pedro Leme Silva , Gisele Pena de Oliveira , Cintia Lourenço Santos , Fernanda Ferreira Cruz , Edson Fernandes de Assis , Hugo Caire de Castro-Faria-Neto , Vera Luiza Capelozzi , Marcelo Marcos Morales , Paolo Pelosi , Cerli Rocha Gattass , Patricia Rieken Macedo Rocco We compared the effects of oleanolic acid (OA) vs. dexamethasone on lung mechanics and histology, inflammation, and apoptosis in lung and distal organs in experimental sepsis. Seventy-eight BALB/c mice were randomly ...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Impact of Bacillus Calmette–Guérin Moreau vaccine on lung remodeling in experimental asthma
In conclusion, BCG-Moreau prevented lung remodeling in the present model of allergic asthma, regardless of administration route and time of vaccination. These beneficial effects may be related to the increase in regulatory T cells and to IL-10 production in tandem with decreased Th2 cytokines (IL-4, IL-5, and IL-13). (Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology)
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Life behind the mask: the patient experience of NIV
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2014 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Tracy A Smith , Patricia M Davidson , Christine R Jenkins , Jane M Ingham (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Poor housing quality linked to asthma flare ups
Publication date: Available online 17 November 2014 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Roxanne Nelson (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - November 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research