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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 13.

Is bronchoalveolar lavage a game changer in the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease?
Sheetu Singh, Virendra SinghLung India 2016 33(3):333-334 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sheetu SinghVirendra Singh Source Type: research

"Crazy-paving" pattern: A characteristic presentation of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and a review of the literature from India
Shekhar Kunal, Kamal Gera, Vikas Pilaniya, Sudhir Jain, Rajesh Gothi, Ashok ShahLung India 2016 33(3):335-342 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Shekhar KunalKamal GeraVikas PilaniyaSudhir JainRajesh GothiAshok Shah Source Type: research

Is there a role of immunosenescence in the pathogenesis of malignant mesothelioma? A case study
Abhishek BiswasLung India 2016 33(3):343-345 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abhishek Biswas Source Type: research

Young onset hemoptysis: A rare cause of pulmonary arterial aneurysm
Akhil Paul, Yasir Peringattuthodiyil, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher, Balamugesh ThangakunamLung India 2016 33(3):345-347 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Akhil PaulYasir PeringattuthodiyilDevasahayam Jesudas ChristopherBalamugesh Thangakunam Source Type: research

Scrub typhus presenting as pneumonia in a 12-year-old girl
Lalitha Munigangaiah, Rangan Srinivasaraghavan, Chandrasekaran Venkatesh, Reena Gulati, Ballambhattu Vishnu BhatLung India 2016 33(3):347-349 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lalitha MunigangaiahRangan SrinivasaraghavanChandrasekaran VenkateshReena GulatiBallambhattu Vishnu Bhat Source Type: research

A rare case of tubercular pansinusitis with orbital and intracranial extension
Deependra Kumar Rai, Subhash Kumar, Somesh ThakurLung India 2016 33(3):349-351 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Deependra Kumar RaiSubhash KumarSomesh Thakur Source Type: research

Latent tuberculosis
Ajaz Nabi KoulLung India 2016 33(3):352-353 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ajaz Nabi Koul Source Type: research

Response to transbronchial lung biopsy in diffuse parenchymal lung disease: Question still remains whether to go for surgical lung biopsy or not?
Rakhee Sodhi, Girish SindhwaniLung India 2016 33(3):353-354 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rakhee SodhiGirish Sindhwani Source Type: research

Noninvasive ventilation outside Intensive Care Unit in India: Too many problems to counter
Swetabh Purohit, Naveen Dutt, Lokesh Kumar Saini, Ashok KuwalLung India 2016 33(3):354-355 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Swetabh PurohitNaveen DuttLokesh Kumar SainiAshok Kuwal Source Type: research

Metabolic activity of neutrophils is elevated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Are we sure?
Baishakhi GhoshLung India 2016 33(3):356-356 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Baishakhi Ghosh Source Type: research

Response to Metabolic activity of neutrophils is elevated in COPD
Ashwin Vaidyanathan, Komala Sampath DamodarLung India 2016 33(3):357-358 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ashwin VaidyanathanKomala Sampath Damodar Source Type: research

Not cysticercosis
Hector H GarciaLung India 2016 33(3):358-358 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hector H Garcia Source Type: research

Exploring membrane respiratory chains
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled ‘EBEC 2016: 19th European Bioenergetics Conference, Riva del Garda, Italy, July 2–6, 2016’, edited by Prof. Paolo Bernardi. (Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics)
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics - April 21, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Mitochondrial physiology and reactive oxygen species production are altered by hypoxia acclimation in killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) [RESEARCH ARTICLE]
Sherry N. N. Du, Sajeni Mahalingam, Brittney G. Borowiec, and Graham R. Scott Many fish encounter hypoxia in their native environment, but the role of mitochondrial physiology in hypoxia acclimation and hypoxia tolerance is poorly understood. We investigated the effects of hypoxia acclimation on mitochondrial respiration, O2 kinetics, emission of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and antioxidant capacity in the estuarine killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus). Killifish were acclimated to normoxia, constant hypoxia (5 kPa O2) or intermittent diel cycles of nocturnal hypoxia (12 h:12 h normoxia:hypoxia) for 28–...
Source: Journal of Experimental Biology - April 21, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Du, S. N. N., Mahalingam, S., Borowiec, B. G., Scott, G. R. Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

Evaluation of immunomodulatory effect of recombinant human granulocyte‐macrophage colony‐stimulating factor on polymorphonuclear cell from dogs with cancer in vitro
The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of recombinant human granulocyte‐macrophage colony‐stimulating factor (rhGM‐CSF) on polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) function in dogs with cancer. PMNs were harvested from dogs with naturally developing cancer as a pre‐clinical model to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of rhGM‐CSF on PMN phagocytic and cytotoxic functions, cytokine production and receptor expression. Some aspects of cancer‐related PMN dysfunction in dogs with cancer were restored following incubation with rhGM‐CSF including PMN phagocytosis, respiratory burst a...
Source: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology - April 21, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Y. Zhang, S. Axiak‐Bechtel, C. Friedman Cowan, J. Amorim, K. Tsuruta, A. E. DeClue Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Correction
DATA presented in the box ‘Bovine respiratory disease, 2014 to 2015' published in the SAC C VS disease surveillance report for June 2015 (VR, October 3, 2015, vol 177, pp 333-336) were incorrect. The correct data are presented below. The error is regretted. Bovine respiratory disease 2014 to 2015 In the 12 months to July 2015 SAC C VS recorded 422 diagnoses of bovine respiratory disease. There were 72 diagnoses where pneumonia was confirmed at gross examination, but no definitive cause was identified. Thirty-nine diagnoses of lungworm were recorded. These were all submitted between July and December, with a peak in S...
Source: Veterinary Record - April 21, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Correction Source Type: research

Diabetes and Prediabetes and Risk of Hospitalization: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
CONCLUSIONS Persons with diagnosed diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, and prediabetes are at a significantly elevated risk of hospitalization compared with those without diabetes. Substantial excess rates of hospitalizations in persons with diagnosed diabetes were for endocrine, infection, and iatrogenic/injury causes, which may be preventable with improved diabetes care. (Source: Diabetes Care)
Source: Diabetes Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Schneider, A. L. C.; Kalyani, R. R.; Golden, S.; Stearns, S. C.; Wruck, L.; Yeh, H. C.; Coresh, J.; Selvin, E. Tags: Epidemiology/Health Services Research Source Type: research

Epithelial cysts associated with alloplastic implants after repair of orbital fractures: a systematic review and four new cases
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2016 Source:British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Author(s): Yun Su, Jing Sun, Xianqun Fan An epithelial cyst is a rare and often late complication of long-term alloplastic implants, which has the potential to lead to further complications and harm to patients. We made a systematic review of papers published during the past 30 years about the mechanisms and clinical characteristics formation of epithelial cysts after repair of an orbital fracture by searching PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science to collect all related case reports and series published in the Engli...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - April 21, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Inhaler technique: facts and fantasies. A view from the Aerosol Drug Management Improvement Team (ADMIT)
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, Published online: 21 April 2016; doi:10.1038/npjpcrm.2016.17 (Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine)
Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mark L LevyP N R DekhuijzenP J BarnesM BroedersC J CorriganB L ChawesL CorbettaJ C DubusTh HausenF LavoriniN RocheJ SanchisOmar S UsmaniJ ViejoW VinckenTh VoshaarG K CromptonSoren Pedersen Source Type: research

Surgical management of oesophageal atresia
There have been major advances in the surgery for oesophageal atresia (OA) and trachea-oesophageal fistula(TOF) with survival now exceeding 90%. The standard open approach to OA and distal TOF has been well described and essentially unchanged for the last 60 years. Improved survival in recent decades is most attributable to advances in neonatal anaesthesia and perioperative care. Recent surgical advances include the use of thoracoscopic surgery for the repair of OA/TOF and in some centres isolated OA, thereby minimising the long term musculo-skeletal morbidity associated with open surgery. (Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews)
Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Warwick J. Teague, Jonathan Karpelowsky Tags: Mini-symposium Source Type: research

Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: Children are not little Adults
During a child's development, several important developmental physiological sleep processes occur, and, occasionally, pathological disorders are manifested, which results in differences between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in adults and children. There are major differences in sleep and respiratory physiology as well as OSA symptoms and treatment options between children and adults. Many practitioners do not realize these differences, which results in delays in the diagnosis and treatment of OSA in children. (Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews)
Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Haya Alsubie, Ahmed S. BaHammam Tags: Review Source Type: research

The benefits of newborn screening for cystic fibrosis: The Canadian experience
The impact of newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) on early indicators of long-term health was evaluated in the context of government-sponsored healthcare and access to current therapies. (Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis)
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: D.Y.F. Mak, J. Sykes, A.L. Stephenson, L.C. Lands Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Ultra-deep and quantitative saliva proteome reveals dynamics of the oral microbiome
Conclusion Rapid shotgun and robust technology can now simultaneously characterize the human and microbiome contributions to the proteome of a body fluid and is therefore a valuable complement to genomic studies. This opens new frontiers for the study of host–pathogen interactions and clinical saliva diagnostics. (Source: Genome Medicine)
Source: Genome Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research

Purinergic and Cholinergic Drugs Mediate Hyperventilation in Zebrafish: Evidence from a Novel Chemical Screen
by Saman Rahbar, Wen Pan, Michael G. Jonz A rapid test to identify drugs that affect autonomic responses to hypoxia holds therapeutic and ecologic value. The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a convenient animal model for investigating peripheral O2 chemoreceptors and respiratory reflexes in vertebrates; however, the neurotransmitters and receptors involved in this process are not adequately defined. The goals of the present study were to demonstrate purinergic and cholinergic control of the hyperventilatory response to hypoxia in zebrafish, and to develop a procedure for screening of neurochemicals that affect respiration. Zebr...
Source: PLoS One - April 21, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Saman Rahbar Source Type: research

Diphtheria: it is still prevalent!!!
Diphtheria is a respiratory infectious disease of childhood. It is a fatal disease and may cause complications if not recognised early and treated properly. Despite availability of effective vaccination it continues to be reported from many parts of the world particularly developing countries. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 21, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Avani Jain, Sunil Samdani, Vinod Meena, Man Prakash Sharma Source Type: research

Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: the added value of cytology.
We report the case of a 2 year-old boy hospitalized into the emergency room for influenza pneumonia infection. The evolution was marked by a respiratory distress syndrome, a severe hemolytic anemia, associated with thrombocytopenia and kidney failure. First, a diagnosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) has been judiciously suggested due to the classical triad: kidney failure, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. But, strikingly, blood smears do not exhibit schizocytes, but instead ghosts and hemighosts, some characteristic features of a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Our hypothesis has been confirmed by ...
Source: Annales de Biologie Clinique - April 21, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Roelens M, Dossier C, Fenneteau O, Couque N, Da Costa L Tags: Ann Biol Clin (Paris) Source Type: research

Pharyngeal collapsibility during sleep is elevated in insulin-resistant females with morbid obesity.
Abstract Insulin resistance is associated with sleep apnoea, leading us to hypothesise that it is also associated with elevations in pharyngeal collapsibility, even in the absence of sleep apnoea.90 bariatric patients were characterised for sleep apnoea, pharyngeal collapsibility and insulin resistance. Patients with a respiratory disturbance index (RDI) >10 events·h(-1), diabetes mellitus, tonsillar hypertrophy and pulmonary disease were excluded. The remaining 14 females underwent collapsibility measurements (passive critical pressure, ITALIC! Pcritp ) during non-rapid eye movement sleep. The homeostasis mo...
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Llanos OL, Galiatsatos P, Guzmán-Vélez E, Patil SP, Smith PL, Magnuson T, Schweitzer M, Steele K, Polotsky VY, Schwartz AR Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Multilobar bilateral and unilateral chest radiograph involvement: implications for prognosis in hospitalised community-acquired pneumonia.
PMID: 27103390 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Liapikou A, Cillóniz C, Gabarrús A, Amaro R, De la Bellacasa JP, Mensa J, Sánchez M, Niederman M, Torres A Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Prognostic assessment in COPD without lung function: the B-AE-D indices.
a C, Esteban C, Soler-Cataluña JJ, de Torres JP, Miravitlles M, Celli BR, Tamm M, Stolz D Abstract Several composite markers have been proposed for risk assessment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, choice of parameters and score complexity restrict clinical applicability. Our aim was to provide and validate a simplified COPD risk index independent of lung function.The PROMISE study (n=530) was used to develop a novel prognostic index. Index performance was assessed regarding 2-year COPD-related mortality and all-cause mortality. External validity was tested in stable and exacerbated COPD pa...
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Boeck L, Soriano JB, Brusse-Keizer M, Blasi F, Kostikas K, Boersma W, Milenkovic B, Louis R, Lacoma A, Djamin R, Aerts J, Torres A, Rohde G, Welte T, Martinez-Camblor P, Rakic J, Scherr A, Koller M, van der Palen J, Marin JM, Alfageme I, Almagro P, Casano Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Insulin resistance modifies the association between obesity and current asthma in adults.
Abstract Insulin resistance potentiates the association between obesity and childhood asthma, but this relationship appears inconsistent in relatively small studies of adults. We investigated effect modification in adults using the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2012, a large, nationally representative database.Insulin resistance and a history of physician-diagnosed current asthma were obtained from 12 421 adults, ages 18-85 years. We used logistic regression to determine associations between obesity and current asthma, adjusting for age, sex, race/ethnicity, poverty income ratio and smok...
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cardet JC, Ash S, Kusa T, Camargo CA, Israel E Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Characterisation of patients with interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features.
Abstract Patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD) may have features of connective tissue disease (CTD), but lack findings diagnostic of a specific CTD. A recent European Respiratory Society/American Thoracic Society research statement proposed criteria for patients with interstitial pneumonia with autoimmune features (IPAF).We applied IPAF criteria to patients with idiopathic interstitial pneumonia and undifferentiated CTD-ILD (UCTD). We then characterised the clinical, serological and morphological features of the IPAF cohort, compared outcomes to other ILD cohorts and validated individual IPAF domains using ...
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Oldham JM, Adegunsoye A, Valenzi E, Lee C, Witt L, Chen L, Husain AN, Montner S, Chung JH, Cottin V, Fischer A, Noth I, Vij R, Strek ME Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Should lymphangioleiomyomatosis patients be permitted to donate blood?
PMID: 27103385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Eder AF, Ryu JH, Moss J Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Beryllium-induced lung disease exhibits expression profiles similar to sarcoidosis.
Abstract A subset of beryllium-exposed workers develop beryllium sensitisation (BeS) which precedes chronic beryllium disease (CBD). We conducted an in-depth analysis of differentially expressed candidate genes in CBD.We performed Affymetrix GeneChip 1.0 ST array analysis on peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from 10 CBD, 10 BeS and 10 beryllium-exposed, nondiseased controls stimulated with BeSO4or medium. The differentially expressed genes were validated by high-throughput real-time PCR in this group and in an additional group of cases and nonexposed controls. The functional roles of the top candidate gene...
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Li L, Silveira LJ, Hamzeh N, Gillespie M, Mroz PM, Mayer AS, Fingerlin TE, Maier LA Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Unfavourable effects of medically indicated oral anticoagulants on survival in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
Abstract Procoagulant and antifibrinolytic activity has been associated with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF); however, investigation of anticoagulant therapy in IPF has suggested deleterious effects. This ITALIC! post hocanalysis evaluated the effect of medically indicated anticoagulation on mortality and other clinical outcomes in IPF.Patients randomised to placebo (n=624) from three controlled trials in IPF were analysed by oral anticoagulant use. End-points included all-cause and IPF-related mortality, disease progression, hospitalisation, and adverse events, over 1 year.At baseline, 32 (5.1%) patients ran...
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kreuter M, Wijsenbeek MS, Vasakova M, Spagnolo P, Kolb M, Costabel U, Weycker D, Kirchgaessler KU, Maher TM Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

CD133+ cells in pulmonary arterial hypertension.
In conclusion, circulating CD133(+)progenitor cells are elevated in PAH and consist of phenotypically different subpopulations that may be up- or downregulated. This may explain the inconsistent results in the literature. CD133(+)type 2 pneumocytes in the lung tissue are not associated with circulating CD133(+)mononuclear cells. PMID: 27103380 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Foris V, Kovacs G, Marsh LM, Bálint Z, Tötsch M, Avian A, Douschan P, Ghanim B, Klepetko W, Olschewski A, Olschewski H Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Influenza activity in Kenya, 2007-2013: timing, association with climatic factors, and implications for vaccination campaigns.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study broadens understanding of the relationships between seasonal influenza activity and meteorological factors in the Kenyan context. While rainfall is frequently thought to be associated with influenza circulation in the tropics, the present findings suggest low humidity is more important in Kenya. If annual vaccination were a component of a vaccination strategy in Kenya, the months of April to June are proposed as optimal for associated campaigns. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 27100128 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Emukule GO, Mott JA, Spreeuwenberg P, Viboud C, Commanday A, Muthoka P, Munywoki PK, Nokes DJ, van der Velden K, Paget JW Tags: Influenza Other Respir Viruses Source Type: research

Risk factors associated with provoked pulmonary embolism.
Conclusions: Protein S activity and presence of infection were important factors associated with provoked PE. We should pay attention to the presence of infection in patients with provoked PE. PMID: 27097772 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine)
Source: The Korean Journal of Internal Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Gjonbrataj E, Kim JN, Gjonbrataj J, Jung HI, Kim HJ, Choi WI Tags: Korean J Intern Med Source Type: research

Acute impact of tobacco versus electronic cigarette smoking on oxidative stress and vascular function.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that both cigarettes have unfavorable effects on markers of oxidative stress and FMD after single use, although E-cigarette appeared to have a lesser impact. Future studies are warranted to clarify the chronic vascular effects of E-cigarette smoking. PMID: 27108682 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chest)
Source: Chest - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Carnevale R, Sciarretta S, Violi F, Nocella C, Loffredo L, Perri L, Peruzzi M, Marullo AG, De Falco E, Chimenti I, Valenti V, Biondi-Zoccai G, Frati G Tags: Chest Source Type: research