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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 13.
Sleep-disordered Breathing, Hypoxemia, and Cancer Mortality.
PMID: 23378442 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Miller YE, Karoor V, Dempsey EC, Fagan KA Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Inducible intrapulmonary arteriovenous shunt in a patient with beriberi heart.
PMID: 23378443 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nakano S, Sujino Y, Tanno J, Ariyama M, Muramatsu T, Senbonmatsu T, Nishimura S, Tamura Y, Fukuda K Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Pneumomediastinum leading to respiratory compromise as a complication of acute severe asthma.
PMID: 23378444 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jones MG, Rae W, Lwin AA, Kurukulaaratchy RJ Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Comparative Effectiveness of Noninvasive Ventilation vs Invasive Mechanical Ventilation in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Patients With Acute Respiratory Failure
CONCLUSIONSAlthough NIV use is increasing in US hospitals, its adoption remains low and varies widely between hospitals. Our observational study suggests NIV appears to be more effective and safer than IMV for AECOPD in the real‐world setting. Journal of Hospital Medicine 2013. © 2013 Society of Hospital Medicine
Source: Journal of Hospital Medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Hospital Management Authors: Chu‐Lin Tsai, Wen‐Ya Lee, George L. Delclos, Nicola A. Hanania, Carlos A. Camargo Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Clinical report: Two patients with atelosteogenesis type I caused by missense mutations affecting the same FLNB residue
We present two patients with Atelosteogenesis Type I (AO type I) caused by two novel Filamin B (FLNB) mutations affecting the same FLNB residue: c.542G > A, predicting p.Gly181Asp and c.542G > C, predicting p.Gly181Arg. Both children had typical manifestations of AO type I, with severe rhizomelic shortening of the extremities, limited elbow and knee extension with mild webbing, pectus excavatum, broad thumbs with brachydactyly that was most marked for digits 3–5, dislocated hips and bilateral talipes equinovarus. Facial features included proptosis, hypertelorism, downslanting palpebral fissures, cleft palat...
Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part A - February 1, 2013 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Ben C. Li, Jacob Hogue, Meg Eilers, Pavni Mehrotra, James Hyland, Tara Holm, Tracy Prosen, Anne M. Slavotinek Tags: Clinical Report Source Type: research
Common WU polyomavirus infection in a Beijing population indicated by surveillance for serum IgG antibody against capsid protein VP2.
CONCLUSIONS: The high prevalence of IgG against WU polyomavirus in Beijing-based study population indicates that WU virus infection is common in Beijing. WU virus may be responsible for some pediatric ARI cases, and primary infection of this virus may occur mostly in childhood. PMID: 23389332 [PubMed - in process]
Source: World Journal of Pediatrics : WJP - February 1, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Zhang NN, Zhao LQ, Qian Y, Zhu RN, Deng J, Wang F, Sun Y, Liu LY Tags: World J Pediatr Source Type: research
Expression and distribution of sialic acid influenza virus receptors in wild birds.
Abstract Avian influenza (AI) viruses have been detected in more than 105 wild bird species from 12 different orders but species-related differences in susceptibility to AI viruses exist. Expression of α2,3-linked (avian-type) and α2,6-linked (human-type) sialic acid (SA) influenza virus receptors in tissues is considered one of the determinants of the host range and tissue tropism of influenza viruses. We investigated the expression of these SA receptors in 37 wild bird species from 11 different orders by lectin histochemistry. Two isoforms of Maackia amurensis (MAA) lectin, MAA1 and MAA2, were used to detect α...
Source: Avian Pathology - February 1, 2013 Category: Pathology Authors: França M, Stallknecht DE, Howerth EW Tags: Avian Pathol Source Type: research
Whole‐Heart Coronary MRA with 3D Affine Motion Correction Using 3D Image‐Based Navigation
ConclusionWe demonstrate that 3D‐NAV and 3D affine correction can be used to acquire Cartesian whole‐heart 3D coronary artery images with 100% scan efficiency with similar image quality as with the state‐of‐the‐art gated and corrected method with approximately 50% scan efficiency. Magn Reson Med, 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Radiology Authors: Markus Henningsson, Claudia Prieto, Amedeo Chiribiri, Ghislain Vaillant, Reza Razavi, René M Botnar Tags: Full Paper Source Type: research
Evaluation of an Electromagnetic Image-Fusion Navigation System for Biopsy of Small Lesions: Assessment of Accuracy in an In Vivo Swine Model
Conclusions: A combined image-fusion/EM tracking platform can provide a high degree of needle placement accuracy (
Source: Academic Radiology - February 1, 2013 Category: Radiology Authors: Liat Appelbaum, Luigi Solbiati, Jacob Sosna, Yzhak Nissenbaum, Nathalie Greenbaum, S. Nahum Goldberg Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research
Lobar torsion after lung transplantation.
Abstract Lobar torsion is a rare complication after lung transplantation. Here we report a case of right middle lobe (RML) torsion after bilateral sequential lung transplantation (BLTx). This 30-year-old lady underwent BLTx for bronchiolitis obliterans due to paraneoplastic pemphigus. The right lower lobe of the donor lung was resected due to inflammatory change during procurement. The postoperative chest X-ray showed persisting RML infiltrates. Fever and leukocytosis were noted 1 week later. RML lobectomy was performed after the reconstructed chest computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis of RML torsion. Adult ...
Source: J Formos Med Assoc - February 1, 2013 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Lin MW, Huang SC, Kuo SW, Huang PM, Hsu HH, Lee YC Tags: J Formos Med Assoc Source Type: research
Pioglitazone acutely reduces energy metabolism and insulin secretion in rats.
In conclusion, pioglitazone acutely induces whole body metabolic slowing and reduces glucose-induced insulin secretion, the latter being largely independent from the insulin-sensitizing action of the drug. The results suggest that pioglitazone has direct metabolic deceleration effects on the β-cell that may contribute to its capacity to lower insulinemia, and anti-diabetic action. PMID: 23378607 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes - February 1, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Lamontagne J, Jalbert-Arsenault E, Pepin E, Peyot ML, Ruderman NB, Nolan CJ, Joly E, Madiraju SR, Poitout V, Prentki M Tags: Diabetes Source Type: research
Human metapneumovirus keeps dendritic cells from priming antigen-specific naive T cells.
Abstract Human metapneumovirus (hMPV) is the second cause of acute lower respiratory tract infections in children, causing significant public health burden worldwide. Given that hMPV can repeatedly infect the host without major antigenic changes, it has been suggested that hMPV may have evolved molecular mechanisms to impair host adaptive immunity and more specifically T-cell memory. Recent studies have shown that hMPV can interfere with super antigen-induced T cell activation by infecting conventional dendritic cells (DCs). Here, we show that hMPV infects mouse DCs in a restricted manner and induces, among others ...
Source: Immunology - February 1, 2013 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Céspedes PF, Gonzalez PA, Kalergis AM Tags: Immunology Source Type: research
Pulmonary function in children and young adults with ataxia telangiectasia
ConclusionIn children and young adults with A‐T, older females and people who required supplemental gamma globulin had significantly lower lung function by cross‐sectional analysis. Stable lung function is possible over a 2‐year period. Recognition of groups who are at higher risk for lower pulmonary function may help direct care and improve clinical outcomes in people with A‐T. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sharon A. McGrath‐Morrow, Howard M. Lederman, Angela D. Aherrera, Maureen A. Lefton‐Greif, Thomas O. Crawford, Timothy Ryan, Jennifer Wright, Joseph M. Collaco Tags: Original Article: Other Source Type: research
The role of hypoxia in pulmonary vascular diseases: a perspective.
Abstract From the discovery of hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction, responses to hypoxia have been considered as representative for the many alterations in lung vessels that occur in several chronic lung diseases, including pulmonary hypertension, interstitial pulmonary fibrosis, acute respiratory distress syndrome and COPD. An essential part of preclinical research to explain the pathobiology of these diseases has been centered around the exposure of small and large animals to hypoxia. This review aims to summarize pivotal results of clinical and preclinical research on hypoxia, which still have important implicati...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - February 1, 2013 Category: Cytology Authors: Voelkel NF, Mizuno S, Bogaard HJ Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Macrophage TNFα mediates parathion-induced airway hyperreactivity in guinea pigs.
Abstract Organophosphorus pesticides (OPs) are implicated in human asthma. We previously demonstrated that at concentrations that do not inhibit acetylcholinesterase activity, the OP parathion causes airway hyperreactivity in guinea pigs due to functional loss of inhibitory M2 muscarinic receptors on parasympathetic nerves. Since macrophages are associated with asthma, we investigated whether macrophages mediate parathion-induced M2 receptor dysfunction and airway hyperreactivity. Airway physiology was measured in guinea pigs 24 h after a subcutaneous injection of parathion. Pretreatment with liposome encapsulated ...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - February 1, 2013 Category: Cytology Authors: Proskocil BJ, Bruun DA, Jacoby DB, van Rooijen N, Lein PJ, Fryer AD Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Defining lung injury in animals.
PMID: 23378486 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology - February 1, 2013 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Zarogiannis SG, Matalon S Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
Erratum: asthmatic airway epithelium is intrinsically inflammatory and mitotically dyssynchronous.
Authors: PMID: 23378487 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology - February 1, 2013 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
February Highlights/Papers by Junior Investigators/NIH News.
Authors: PMID: 23378488 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology - February 1, 2013 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
Beyond pulmonary hypertension: sildenafil for chronic lung disease of prematurity.
PMID: 23378489 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology - February 1, 2013 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Steinhorn RH, Kinsella JP, Abman SH Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
Volumetric late gadolinium‐enhanced myocardial imaging with retrospective inversion time selection
Conclusion:The 3D LGE‐MRI technique demonstrated in this study is a promising alternative for the assessment of myocardial viability in patients who have difficulty sustaining breath‐holds for the clinical standard 2D LGE‐MRI. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2013;. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging - February 1, 2013 Category: Radiology Authors: Steve Kecskemeti, Kevin Johnson, Christopher J. François, Mark L. Schiebler, Orhan Unal Tags: Technical Note Source Type: research
Effects of inspired oxygen concentration on ventilation, ventilatory rhythm, and gas exchange in isoflurane-anesthetized horses.
Conclusion and Clinical Relevance-Use of 50% inspired oxygen did not improve the ventilatory rhythm or gas exchange and increased the risk of hypoxemia in spontaneously breathing horses during isoflurane anesthesia. Use of both inspired oxygen fractions requires adequate monitoring and the capacity for mechanical ventilation. PMID: 23363340 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - February 1, 2013 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Crumley MN, McMurphy RM, Hodgson DS, Kreider SE Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research
Effects of topical ocular administration of high doses of human recombinant interferon alpha-2b and feline recombinant interferon omega on naturally occurring viral keratoconjunctivitis in cats.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-In cats with naturally occurring viral keratoconjunctivitis, bilateral ocular administration of high doses of FelFN or HulFN twice daily for 14 days did not improve clinical disease or virus shedding, compared with treatment with saline solution. PMID: 23363355 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - February 1, 2013 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Slack JM, Stiles J, Leutenegger CM, Moore GE, Pogranichniy RM Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research
Evaluation of economic and performance outcomes associated with the number of treatments after an initial diagnosis of bovine respiratory disease in commercial feeder cattle.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Differences in economic net returns and performance outcomes for feedlot cattle were determined on the basis of number of treatments after an initial diagnosis of BRD; the analysis accounted for the season of arrival, sex, and weight class. PMID: 23363358 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - February 1, 2013 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Cernicchiaro N, White BJ, Renter DG, Babcock AH Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research
Precision and accuracy of clinical illness scores, compared with pulmonary consolidation scores, in Holstein calves with experimentally induced Mycoplasma bovis pneumonia.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Agreement among observers assigning CISs to calves was low; the accuracy of the CIS system in relation to that of pulmonary consolidation scoring varied with the severity of consolidation considered to represent bovine respiratory disease. PMID: 23363359 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - February 1, 2013 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Amrine DE, White BJ, Larson R, Anderson DE, Mosier DA, Cernicchiaro N Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research
Effect of calf age and administration route of initial multivalent modified-live virus vaccine on humoral and cell-mediated immune responses following subsequent administration of a booster vaccination at weaning in beef calves.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-SC administration of an MLV vaccine to 70-day-old calves significantly increased BVDV1 antibody titers before weaning. PMID: 23363363 [PubMed - in process]
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - February 1, 2013 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Woolums AR, Berghaus RD, Berghaus LJ, Ellis RW, Pence ME, Saliki JT, Hurley KA, Galland KL, Burdett WW, Nordstrom ST, Hurley DJ Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research
Temporary tracheostomy tubes complications
Tracheostomy tubes are used to provide a temporary patent airway in cases with upper respiratory tract obstruction; to allow conscious ventilation when neurological or respiratory function is compromised; to improve surgical access to the mouth or pharynx during anesthesia; or to allow repeated access to diseased lungs. Complications of tracheostomy are reported to occur in 43 to 87% of dogs and cats with either tube or permanent tracheostomy during hospitalization. The reported mortality rate of either tube or permanent tracheostomy in dogs and cats is up to 39%, caused by asphyxiation after tube obstruction or dislodgeme...
Source: Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery - February 1, 2013 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Aquihabitans daechungensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a novel actinobacterium isolated from Daechung Reservoir.
Abstract A novel Gram-positive bacterium, strain CH22-21(T), was isolated from a water sample taken from Daechung Reservoir, Republic of Korea, during the late-blooming period of cyanobacteria. The cells of strain CH22-21(T) were short rods and non-motile with cilia, and formed creamy-white colonies on a half-strength modified R2A agar. The chemotaxonomic results showed menaquinone MK-9(H(6)) as the predominant respiratory menaquinone, diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), phosphatidylinositol (PI), and phosphatidylinositolmannoside (PIM) as major polar lipids, 16 : 1 ω5c, 16 : 0, 17 : 1 ω8c, and 18 : 1 ω9c as the major...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - February 1, 2013 Category: Microbiology Authors: Jin L, Huy H, Kim KK, Lee HG, Kim HS, Ahn CY, Oh HM Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research
Skeletal muscle mitochondrial dysfunction during chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Central actor and therapeutic target
Abstract Muscle dysfunction is a common complication and an important prognostic factor in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). As therapeutic strategies are still needed to treat this complication, gaining more insight into the process that leads to skeletal muscle decline in COPD appears an important issue. This review will focus on mitochondrial involvement in limb skeletal muscle alterations (decreased muscle mass, strength, endurance to work, power and increased fatigue) in COPD. Indeed, mitochondria are the main energy source of the cells, are involved in reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and activ...
Source: Experimental Physiology - February 1, 2013 Category: Physiology Authors: Alain Meyer, Joffrey Zoll, Anne Laure Charles, Anne Charloux, Frédéric de Blay, Pierre Diemunsch, Jean Sibilia, François Piquard, Bernard Geny Source Type: research
Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedules for Persons Aged 0 Through 18 years and Adults Aged 19 Years and Older - United States, 2013.
Abstract Each year, recommendations for routine use of vaccines in children, adolescents, and adults in the United States are developed by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP). This year, for the first time, recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 years and adults aged 19 years and older are being published together. PMID: 23364301 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MMWR Surveill Summ - February 1, 2013 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC Tags: MMWR Surveill Summ Source Type: research
Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedule for Persons Aged 0 Through 18 Years - United States, 2013.
Abstract Each year, the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) reviews the current recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 years to ensure that the schedule reflects current recommendations for licensed vaccines. In October 2012, ACIP approved the recommended immunization schedules for persons aged 0 through 18 years for 2013, which includes several changes from 2012. PMID: 23364302 [PubMed - in process]
Source: MMWR Surveill Summ - February 1, 2013 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Akinsanya-Beysolow I, Jenkins R, Meissner HC, Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC Tags: MMWR Surveill Summ Source Type: research
Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) Recommended Immunization Schedule for Adults Aged 19 Years and Older - United States, 2013.
Abstract Vaccines are recommended for adults on the basis of age, prior vaccinations, health conditions, lifestyle, occupation, and travel. Current levels of vaccination coverage among adults are low. Health-care providers should be aware of the importance of routinely assessing patients' vaccination histories and recommending and providing routinely recommended vaccines. A strong recommendation from a health-care provider is associated with increased uptake of vaccines. Other interventions shown to increase vaccine uptake, such as implementation of reminder/recall systems and standing orders, have been summarized ...
Source: MMWR Surveill Summ - February 1, 2013 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Bridges CB, Woods L, Coyne-Beasley T, Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC Tags: MMWR Surveill Summ Source Type: research
Breathlessness and cough
Abstract: Breathlessness is a common presentation for a wide range of mainly cardiorespiratory conditions. It can present as a symptom of a life-threatening emergency. In the acute medical setting, the priority is to recognize those patients who are critically unwell and who require emergency treatment. In this group, rapid initial assessment and treatment are essential. However, at some stage, a more thorough assessment is required in all patients to ensure the diagnosis is correct and that on-going treatment and investigations are planned effectively.Cough is a common respiratory symptom that is troublesome for the patie...
Source: Medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Joanna Loveridge, Veronica White Tags: Common medical presentations Source Type: research
Anaesthesia for patients with sickle cell disease (and other haemoglobinopathies)
Abstract: Sickle cell disease is a common inherited disorder of haemoglobin associated with significant morbidity and mortality. It arises from a mutation in chromosome 11, where valine is substituted for glutamic acid, producing an abnormal β globin chain. Under adverse conditions these chains undergo polymerization, leading to deformation of red cells and subsequent sickling crises.Individuals with sickle cell disease have multisystem problems including anaemia, respiratory disease, cardiomegaly, cerebrovascular accident, painful bone disease and renal impairment. Sickle crises may be precipitated by hypoxia, venous sta...
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - February 1, 2013 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Moira O'Meara, Gillian Davies Tags: Blood Source Type: research
The Promise and Perils of BiPAP: Devising Effective Clinical Practice Guidelines for ALS Patients (FR420)
Outline the natural course of respiratory decline in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients and the options for treating respiratory symptoms in patients with ALS.
Source: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management - February 1, 2013 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Robert Kaiser, Marshall Balish, Kathleen Bixby, Douglas Tillman Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research
Distribution of Collagen Fiber Orientation in the Human Lung
Collagen fiber, a major component of the extracellular matrix in the human lung, is crucial in maintaining the lung structure mechanically. It is necessary to study the collagen fiber orientation which the mechanical function is closely related to. In the present study the collagen fiber orientation in the lung was quantitatively measured by Osaki's microwave method. We succeeded in preparing sheet samples cut in a coronal direction from the lung for the measurements. It was found that the collagen fibers were, on average, orientated parallel to the longitudinal axis of the spine. The void spaces in the lung sample observe...
Source: The Anatomical Record Part A: Discoveries in Molecular, Cellular, and Evolutionary Biology - February 1, 2013 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Koichi Tomoda, Hiroshi Kimura, Shigeyoshi Osaki Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research
Major variations in Aspergillus fumigatus arising within aspergillomas in chronic pulmonary aspergillosis
Summary Aspergillomas develop from progressive layers of mycelial growth on the walls of pulmonary cavities over months. Aspergillomas are characteristic of chronic pulmonary aspergillosis and are a risk factor for azole resistance. We investigated genotypic and phenotypic alterations in Aspergillus fumigatus recovered from aspergillomas. Aspergillomas were removed from three patients (two at surgery, one at autopsy) and dissected. Overall 92 colonies of A. fumigatus were isolated. Microsatellite typing was conducted to determine genetic type. Itraconazole, voriconazole and posaconazole susceptibilities were performed. The...
Source: Mycoses - February 1, 2013 Category: Research Authors: S. J. Howard, A. C. Pasqualotto, M. J. Anderson, H. Leatherbarrow, A. M. Albarrag, E. Harrison, L. Gregson, P. Bowyer, D. W. Denning Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Tracheostomy tube change before day 7 is associated with earlier use of speaking valve and earlier oral intake.
CONCLUSIONS: Tracheostomy tube change before day 7 is associated with earlier ability to tolerate speaking valve and oral intake. In this series, early tracheostomy tube change was not associated with an increased rate of complications. PMID: 23359724 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Respiratory Care - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fisher DF, Kondili D, Williams J, Hess DR, Bittner EA, Schmidt UH Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Noninvasive CPAP With Face Mask: Comparison Among New Air-Entrainment Masks and the Boussignac Valve.
CONCLUSIONS: High-flow air-entrainment mask showed the best performance in human subjects. During high flow demand, the Boussignac valve delivered lower than expected F(IO(2)) and showed higher dynamic hyper-pressurization than the air-entrainment masks. PMID: 23359725 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Respiratory Care - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mistraletti G, Giacomini M, Sabbatini G, Pinciroli R, Mantovani ES, Umbrello M, Palmisano D, Formenti P, Destrebecq AL, Iapichino G Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
AARC Clinical Practice Guideline. Surfactant Replacement Therapy: 2013.
Abstract We searched the MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases for English-language randomized controlled trials, systematic reviews, and articles investigating surfactant replacement therapy published between January 1990 and July 2012. By inspection of titles, references having no relevance to the clinical practice guideline were eliminated. The update of this clinical practice guideline is based on 253 clinical trials and systematic reviews, and 12 articles investigating surfactant replacement therapy. The following recommendations are made following the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Developme...
Source: Respiratory Care - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Walsh BK, Daigle B, Diblasi RM, Restrepo RD Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Noninvasive carbon monoxide detection: insufficient evidence for broad clinical use.
PMID: 23359727 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Respiratory Care - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wilcox SR, Richards JB Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Additional evidence to support the use of noninvasive ventilation in asthma exacerbation.
PMID: 23359728 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Respiratory Care - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Op't Holt TB Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Incomplete Network for Survivors of Catastrophic Illness After Release From ICUs.
PMID: 23359729 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Respiratory Care - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vitacca M, Nava S Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Expiratory reserve volume maneuver may be the preferred method for some patients during spirometry testing.
PMID: 23359730 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Respiratory Care - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Haynes JM, Borg BM, Thompson BR, Girault C, Esquinas AM, Nicolas T, Berg KM, Donnino MW Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Successful use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a hematopoietic stem cell transplant patient with idiopathic pneumonia syndrome.
We report the case of an adult patient with idiopathic pneumonia syndrome following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, which was successfully managed with venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and immunosuppressive therapy. A 30-year-old man with precursor B cell acute lymphocytic leukemia had received chemotherapy 10 years previously, with complete remission. He underwent allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation 4 months prior to enrollment, owing to leukemia relapse. One hundred thirty days post-transplant the patient developed shortness of breath, nonproductive cough, and low-g...
Source: Respiratory Care - February 1, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Liao WI, Tsai SH, Chiu SK Tags: Respir Care Source Type: research
Effect of singing training on total laryngectomees wearing a tracheoesophageal voice prosthesis.
CONCLUSION: Singing training seems to have a favorable effect on the quality of tracheoesophageal phonation and on singing voice. PMID: 23370925 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - February 1, 2013 Category: Surgery Authors: Onofre F, Ricz HM, Takeshita-Monaretti TK, Prado MY, Aguiar-Ricz LN Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research
Cesarean delivery for life-threatening status asthmaticus.
CONCLUSION: : In cases of life-threatening status asthmaticus refractory to standard medical and ventilatory therapies in the third trimester, cesarean delivery should be considered as a final effort to increase tidal volumes and improve maternal gas exchange. PMID: 23344396 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - February 1, 2013 Category: OBGYN Authors: Lo JO, Boltax J, Metz TD Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Recurrent Severe Oligohydramnios and Fetal Pulmonary Hypoplasia Associated With ErbB4 Mutation.
CONCLUSION: : ErbB4 may have important effects on placental development and hydramnios that also may affect neonatal pulmonary hypoplasia. PMID: 23344421 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - February 1, 2013 Category: OBGYN Authors: Kamath-Rayne BD, Saal H, Lang S, Habli M Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
Effect of contrasted levels of habitual physical activity on metabolic flexibility
The factors regulating the body's ability to switch from fat to carbohydrate oxidation in response to fuel availability changes, or metabolic flexibility (MF), are currently intensively investigated in the context of metabolic diseases. Although numerous metabolic diseases are associated with sedentary behaviors and metabolic inflexibility, the effect of habitual physical activity level (PAL) on MF regulation is surprisingly poorly known. We investigated how PAL affects MF in cross-sectional and interventional studies. MF was assessed in 44 subjects: normal-weight and overweight sedentary men submitted to 2 mo of exercise ...
Source: Journal of Applied Physiology - February 1, 2013 Category: Physiology Authors: Bergouignan, A., Antoun, E., Momken, I., Schoeller, D. A., Gauquelin-Koch, G., Simon, C., Blanc, S. Tags: ARTICLES Source Type: research
Mitochondria express enhanced quality as well as quantity in association with aerobic fitness across recreationally active individuals up to elite athletes
Changes in skeletal muscle respiratory capacity parallel that of aerobic fitness. It is unknown whether mitochondrial content, alone, can fully account for these differences in skeletal muscle respiratory capacity. The aim of the present study was to examine quantitative and qualitative mitochondrial characteristics across four different groups (n = 6 each), separated by cardiorespiratory fitness. High-resolution respirometry was performed on muscle samples to compare respiratory capacity and efficiency in active, well-trained, highly trained, and elite individuals. Maximal exercise capacity (ml O2·min–1&middo...
Source: Journal of Applied Physiology - February 1, 2013 Category: Physiology Authors: Jacobs, R. A., Lundby, C. Tags: ARTICLES Source Type: research