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Respiratory Medicine

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 13.

Does inspiratory muscle dysfunction predict readmission after intensive care unit discharge?
PMID: 25084264 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Adler D, Dupuis-Lozeron E, Richard JC, Janssens JP, Brochard L Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

The antihypertensive effect of positive airway pressure on resistant hypertension of patients with obstructive sleep apnea: a randomized, double-blind, clinical trial.
PMID: 25084263 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Claudia de Oliveira A, Martinez D, Massierer D, Gus M, Cadaval Gonçalves S, Ghizzoni F, Maria Steinhorst A, Beltrami Moreira L, Costa Fuchs S, Fuchs FD Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Exhaled breath condensate in acute and chronic heart failure: new insights into the role of lung injury and barrier dysfunction.
PMID: 25084262 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pappas LK, Giannopoulos G, Loukides S, Gavrielatos G, Athanasopoulou E, Alexanian IP, Farmakis D, Korovesi I, Letsas KP, Parissis JT, Deftereos S, Pyrgakis VN, Kotanidou A, Kremastinos DT, Filippatos GS Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Tadpoles in the lungs. Cement pulmonary embolism complicating vertebroplasty of spinal metastasis.
PMID: 25084261 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chen CY, Cheng WE, Lin CH, Chen SC, Shih CM Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Pumping it up! Angiogenesis and muscle deconditioning in pulmonary hypertension.
PMID: 25084260 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: de Jesus Perez VA Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

As galactomannan disappoints, our quest for a feasible diagnostic standard for invasive aspergillosis continues.
PMID: 25084259 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vehreschild JJ Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

The nasopharyngeal microbiota: an important window of opportunity.
PMID: 25084258 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Berrington JE, Cummings SP, Embleton ND Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Phenotypes That Matter: Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Progression of Cystic Fibrosis Lung Disease.
PMID: 25084257 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sanders DB Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Understanding nocturnal asthma. The plot thickens.
PMID: 25084256 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mehra R Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

August Highlights/Papers by Junior Investigators/NIH News.
Authors: PMID: 25084368 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol...)
Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol... - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research

Accessory hemi diaphragm
Conclusions: If the AHD prevents proper aeration of the lung it should be excised. If vascular abnormalities coexist they should be treated along with the AHD. Asymptomatic patients may be observed after confirming the diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery)
Source: Journal of Pediatric Surgery - August 1, 2014 Category: Surgery Authors: Jayant Radhakrishnan, Jonathan Bean, David J. Piazza, Anthony C. Chin Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

The effects of health coaching on adult patients with chronic diseases: A systematic review
Chronic diseases, such as cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases, have a slow progression and last a long time. They account for more than 60% of all deaths in the world, and a large proportion of these deaths are for people under 60 years of age. Moreover, at least 2.8 million people die every year as a result of being overweight or obese. Economic transition, rapid urbanization and poor lifestyle choices such as tobacco use, unhealthy diet, insufficient physical activity and the harmful use of alcohol are among the risk factors contributing to the burden of chronic diseases [1]. (Sourc...
Source: Patient Education and Counseling - August 1, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Satu Elo, Helvi Kyngäs, Maria Kääriäinen, Kirsi Kivelä Source Type: research

Is auto-servoventilation unnecessary in patients with heart failure and apnoea?
PMID: 25082912 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jaffuel D, Combes N, Molinari N, Berdagué P, Jaber S Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis: one more walk on the wild side of drugs?
PMID: 25082907 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Camus P, von der Thüsen J, Hansell DM, Colby TV Tags: Eur Respir J Source Type: research

Association Between PRRSV ORF5 Genetic Distance and Differences in Space, Time, Ownership and Animal Sources Among Commercial Pig Herds
The objective of this study was to investigate associations between genetic distance of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) detected in Ontario swine herds, and the distance between the herds with respect to space, time, ownership and animal sources. PRRSV sequence data between September 2004 and August 2007 were obtained from the Animal Health Laboratory of the University of Guelph. Geographical coordinates were obtained from the Ontario Pork marketing board, and network information about ownership and animal suppliers was obtained using a telephone interview. The matrices of sequence, spatial, tem...
Source: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases - August 1, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: T. Rosendal, C. Dewey, R. Friendship, S. Wootton, B. Young, Z. Poljak Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cause-specific mortality among people previously hospitalized with opioid-related conditions: a retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSIONS: Mortality in this cohort was very high. Most excess deaths were not directly due to drug use, but many were from causes associated with the use of tobacco or alcohol. Mortality for cancers not linked to tobacco or alcohol was also elevated, suggesting that admission for opioid-related causes serves in part as a risk marker for preexisting disease. PMID: 25084705 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Epidemiology)
Source: Annals of Epidemiology - August 1, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Veldhuizen S, Callaghan RC Tags: Ann Epidemiol Source Type: research

Outcomes of Haematology/Oncology patients admitted to Intensive Care Unit (ICU) at The Canberra Hospital (TCH)
ConclusionShort‐term outcomes were similar to contemporary studies from a general tertiary hospital setting and better than historical data. 62% of patients were alive 30 days post‐ICU admission, with a significant minority alive at 12 months, confirming some patients achieved worthwhile outcomes. Further research is needed to ensure appropriate patient selection and to explore quality of life post ICU. (Source: Internal Medicine Journal)
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - August 1, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Sagun Parakh, Anna Piggin, Terry Neeman, Imogen Mitchell, Philip Crispin, Alison Davis Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Neptunomonas acidivorans sp. nov., isolated from a sediment of the Daebu-Island, Korea and emended description of the genus Neptunomonas.
Abstract A gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped (1.2-1.6 μm × 0.6-0.8 μm), flagellated and motile marine bacterium, designated as MEBiC06243T was isolated from a sediment collected at the Daebu-Island of the Yellow Sea (126° 41'; E, 37° 20'; N), Korea. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis revealed that strain MEBiC06243T showed high similarity with the Neptunomonas naphthovorans NAG-2N-126T (96.3 %). Growth was observed at 10-39 °C (optimum 29 °C), at pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum pH7) and with 0-7% (optimum 2.5%) NaCl. The predominant cellular fatty acids were C10:0 3-OH (6.1%), C12:0 (5.8%), C16:0 (30.5%), C18:1ω7c (2...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - August 1, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Yang SH, Seo HS, Lee JH, Kim SJ, Kwon KK Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

A 3D MR-acquisition scheme for nonrigid bulk motion correction in simultaneous PET-MR.
CONCLUSIONS: A MR acquisition scheme which yields both high resolution 3D anatomical data and highly accurate nonrigid motion information without an increase in scan time is presented. The proposed method leads to a strong improvement in both MR and PET image quality and ensures an accurate assessment of tracer uptake. PMID: 25086553 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Physics)
Source: Medical Physics - August 1, 2014 Category: Physics Authors: Kolbitsch C, Prieto C, Tsoumpas C, Schaeffter T Tags: Med Phys Source Type: research

Physiologically gated microbeam radiation using a field emission x-ray source array.
CONCLUSIONS: The CNT field emission x-ray source array can be synchronized to physiological signals for gated delivery of x-ray radiation to minimize motion-induced beam blurring. Gated MRT reduces valley dose between lines during long-time radiation of a moving object. The technique allows for more precise MRT treatments and makes the CNT MRT device practical for extended treatment. PMID: 25086515 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Physics)
Source: Medical Physics - August 1, 2014 Category: Physics Authors: Chtcheprov P, Burk L, Yuan H, Inscoe C, Ger R, Hadsell M, Lu J, Zhang L, Chang S, Zhou O Tags: Med Phys Source Type: research

A critical evaluation of automated blood gas measurements in comparative respiratory physiology.
In this study we review the effects of temperature on blood gases and pH and evaluate the performance of an automated blood gas analyzer (GEM Premier 3500). Whole blood obtained from pythons and freshwater turtles was equilibrated in rotating Eschweiler tonometers to a variety of known PO2's and PCO2's in gas mixtures prepared by Wösthoff gas mixing pumps and blood samples were measured immediately on the GEM Premier 3500. The pH measurements were compared to measurements using a Radiometer BMS glass capillary pH electrode kept and calibrated at the experimental temperature. We show that while the blood gas analyzer provi...
Source: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology. Part A, Molecular and integrative physiology. - August 1, 2014 Category: Physiology Authors: Malte CL, Jakobsen SL, Wang T Tags: Comp Biochem Physiol A Mol Integr Physiol Source Type: research

High Dietary Fiber Lowers Systemic Inflammation: Potential Utility in COPD and Lung Cancer
We describe why a diet high in fiber also might confer benefits in smoking-related lung disease and suggest that respiratory outcomes be correlated with fiber in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey cohort. (Source: The American Journal of Medicine)
Source: The American Journal of Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Robert P. Young, Raewyn J. Hopkins Tags: Letters Source Type: research

Electrical activity of the diaphragm during neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in pediatric patients
ConclusionsOptimizing the level of support during NAVA by aiming at a peak Edi between 5 and 15 µV was an applicable strategy in our pediatric population. Relatively high post‐extubation Edi signal levels were seen in patients recovering from respiratory distress. Information revealed by the Edi signal could be used to find patients with a potential risk of extubation failure. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Merja Kallio, Outi Peltoniemi, Eija Anttila, Ulla Jounio, Tytti Pokka, Tero Kontiokari Tags: Original Article: Other Source Type: research

Open label study of inhaled aztreonam for eradication in children with cystic fibrosis: The ALPINE study
Consensus guidelines recommend early treatment to eradicate newly acquired Pseudomonas aeruginosa (Pa) infection in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients although there is no single preferred regimen. Aztreonam for inhalation solution (AZLI) significantly reduces sputum Pa density in CF patients with chronic Pa infection and has been well tolerated in the pediatric population. This single-arm, open-label Aztreonam Lysine for Pseudomonas Infection Eradication (ALPINE) study was conducted to evaluate the safety and efficacy of a 28-day treatment course of AZLI to eradicate newly acquired Pa infection in pediatric CF patients. (Sourc...
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: H.A.W.M. Tiddens, K. De Boeck, J.P. Clancy, M. Fayon, Arets H.G.M., M. Bresnik, A. Derchak, S.A. Lewis, C.M. Oermann, for the ALPINE study investigators Source Type: research

The effectiveness of influenza vaccination in preventing hospitalizations in children in Hong Kong, 2009-2013.
CONCLUSIONS: Vaccine effectiveness against hospitalization in children varied from year to year, but was moderate to high overall even in an area with influenza activity throughout the year. PMID: 25092636 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Vaccine)
Source: Vaccine - August 1, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Cowling BJ, Chan KH, Feng S, Chan EL, Lo JY, Peiris JS, Chiu SS Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Performance of an Apnea Test for Brain Death Determination in a Patient Receiving Venoarterial Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
EXTRACORPOREAL MEMBRANE OXYGENATION (ECMO) is an important therapeutic intervention that has been used extensively in the pediatric and neonatal patient population and increasingly is being used in adult patients suffering from refractory cardiac or respiratory failure or patients who undergo cardiopulmonary resuscitation but fail to have circulation restored. Brain death determination classically relies on a clinical neurologic evaluation, which includes the performance of a formal apnea test. Apnea testing may be perceived as challenging in patients receiving ECMO because carbon dioxide removal is performed, to a large e...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - August 1, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Sumedh S. Hoskote, Jennifer E. Fugate, Eelco F.M. Wijdicks Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

An Unexpected Finding Complicating Pericardial Effusion and Tamponade
A 69-YEAR-OLD WOMAN with a history of diabetes, diffuse joint pain, and previous left anterior descending coronary artery angioplasty was admitted to a community hospital with low-grade fever (37.5°C) and vague chest pain associated with respiratory movements. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein were both elevated. The cardiac enzymes were normal. The electrocardiogram showed 1.5-mm ST-segment elevation in leads I, aVL, and V3 to V6. An initial transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) showed a small pericardial effusion (0.8 cm). Suspecting an inflammatory pericarditis, the patient was treated with indomet...
Source: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia - August 1, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Gianluca Santise, Sergio Sciacca, Cettina Ruperto, Giovanni Gentile, Giovanna Panarello, Fabrizio Follis Tags: Diagnostic Dilemmas Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Unusual multisystemic involvement and a novel
Conclusions: We conclude that extraskeletal symptoms frequently occur in MFM, particularly cardiac and respiratory involvement, polyneuropathy and/or deafness. BAG3 mutations should be considered even in cases with a mild phenotype or an adult onset. We identified a genetic defect in one of the known genes in less than half of the MFM patients, indicating that more causative genes are still to be found. Next generation sequencing techniques should be helpful in achieving this aim. (Source: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases)
Source: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases - August 1, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Anna-Lena SemmlerSabrina SacconiJ BachClaus LiebeJan BürmannRudolf KleyAndreas FerbertRoland AnderheidenPeter Van den BerghJean-Jacques MartinPeter De JongheEva Neuen-JacobOliver MüllerMarcus DeschauerMarkus BergmannJ SchröderMatthias VorgerdJörg Schu Source Type: research

Duchenne muscular dystrophy.
Abstract BACKGROUND Duchenne muscular dystrophy is one of the most severe muscle diseases to affect children. In the last twenty years, treatments have been established that have significantly improved patients' quality of life and life expectancy. The purpose of this article is to outline the main features of the disease and its treatment, and to examine possible future treatment options.METHOD The article is based on a literature search in PubMed, current international guidelines and our own clinical experience.RESULTS Close monitoring by an interdisciplinary rehabilitation team forms the basis of treatment. Trea...
Source: Tidsskrift for den Norske Laegeforening - August 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Annexstad EJ, Lund-Petersen I, Rasmussen M Tags: Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen Source Type: research

A quality assessment of respiratory auscultation material on YouTube.
This study assessed the quality of respiratory auscultation videos contained in YouTube. Videos were searched for using the terms 'breath sounds', 'respiratory sounds', 'respiratory auscultation' and/or 'lung sounds'. In total, 6,022 videos were located, 36 of which were considered suitable for scoring for video accuracy, comprehensiveness and quality. The average score was 3.32/6 (55.3% ± 1.30). Video score correlated with time-adjusted YouTube metadata: hits per day (0.496, p=0.002) and likes per day (0.534, p=0.001). Video score also correlated with the first search page on which the video was located in the 'breath so...
Source: Clinical Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Sunderland N, Camm CF, Glover K, Watts A, Warwick G Tags: Clin Med Source Type: research

Intensive care medicine is 60 years old: the history and future of the intensive care unit.
Abstract Intensive care is celebrating its 60th anniversary this year. The concept arose from the devastating Copenhagen polio epidemic of 1952, which resulted in hundreds of victims experiencing respiratory and bulbar failure. Over 300 patients required artificial ventilation for several weeks. This was provided by 1,000 medical and dental students who were employed to hand ventilate the lungs of these patients via tracheostomies. By 1953, Bjorn Ibsen, the anaesthetist who had suggested that positive pressure ventilation should be the treatment of choice during the epidemic, had set up the first intensive care uni...
Source: Clinical Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Kelly FE, Fong K, Hirsch N, Nolan JP Tags: Clin Med Source Type: research

Differential implementation of special society pleural guidelines according to craft-group: impetus toward cross-specialty guidelines?
We examined the effects of a programme to improve adherence to British Thoracic Society pleural procedure guidelines at our institution. Following a baseline audit, we performed an intervention to enhance adherence to these guidelines. We then performed a postintervention audit. At baseline, there were different levels of guideline adherence depending on the specialty of the clinician inserting chest tubes. Interventions to improve adherence were hampered by limited access to non-respiratory teams. Thus, improvements in response to intervention were also specialty specific. Overall, procedures performed by respiratory medi...
Source: Clinical Medicine - August 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Lafontaine N, Joosten SA, Steinfort D, Irving L, Hew M Tags: Clin Med Source Type: research

Chronic Cough in Children.
Abstract Cough is probably the most common cause of seeking medical care in pediatric practice. Most acute cough is caused by infection and usually resolves within less than 4 weeks. If it lasts longer, it is considered chronic and deserves investigation to identify the underlying cause, which can be almost any of a wide variety of illnesses of the respiratory tract and certain extrathoracic conditions. This review provides an optimal approach for diagnosis through a skillful history taking, physical examination, and selection of appropriate tests. [Pediatr Ann. 2014;43(8):e176-e183.]. PMID: 25102487 [PubMed - ...
Source: Pediatric Annals - August 1, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Acosta R, Bahna SL Tags: Pediatr Ann Source Type: research

CT Scan Procedure for Lung Cancer Screening in Asbestos-Exposed Workers.
PMID: 25091781 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Chest)
Source: Chest - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ollier M, Garcier JM, Naughton G, Chamoux A, Pereira B, Dutheil F Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Efficacy and Safety of Indacaterol and Glycopyrronium in COPD: An Update.
PMID: 25091780 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Chest)
Source: Chest - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rodrigo GJ, Plaza V Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Response.
PMID: 25091779 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Chest)
Source: Chest - August 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sta Cruz JP Tags: Chest Source Type: research