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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 15.

Survey of French physician practices in treatment and control of transmission of smear-positive tuberculosis
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Méchaï, F.Figoni, J.Wyplosz, B.Aoun, O.Bouchaud, O.Robert, J. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Serum drug concentrations of INH and RMP predict 2-month sputum culture results in tuberculosis patients
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mah, A.Kharrat, H.Ahmed, R.Gao, Z.Der, E.Hansen, E.Long, R.Kunimoto, D.Cooper, R. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Market assessment of tuberculosis diagnostics in South Africa, 2012–2013
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: TB Diagnostics Market Analysis Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Quality of life of a migrant population with tuberculosis in West China
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gao, X-F.Rao, Y. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Tuberculosis misclassification among resettled refugees in Buffalo, New York, USA
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Evans, T. B.Mador, M. J.Glick, M.Ahmad, I. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Tuberculosis patients learning about second-hand smoke (TBLASS): results of a pilot randomised controlled trial
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Safdar, N.Zahid, R.Shah, S.Fatima, R.Cameron, I.Siddiqi, K. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Occupational exposures associated with severe exacerbation of asthma
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Henneberger, P. K.Liang, X.Lillienberg, L.Dahlman-Höglund, A.Torén, K.Andersson, E. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Breaking down barriers to adherence to standards of tuberculosis care
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Deshmukh, Rajesh Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Mass treatment to eliminate tuberculosis from an island population
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Konstantinos, Anastasios Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

The Spirit of the Journal of Pulmonology
(Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

 Predicting survival in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: are we getting any better?
(Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Profile of patients bearers of Mycobacterium sp.
(Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Haste may not make waste
(Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Lung disease caused by Mycobacterium kansasii
CONCLUSIONS: Mycobacteriosis due to M. kansasii was found only rarely and may be attributable to the characteristics of our patients. Therapy with isoniazid, rifampin and pyrazinamide with eventual replacement of the latter by ethambutol was shown to be effective. (Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Factors associated with inadequate treatment in a group of patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis
CONCLUSION: In the study, the authors observed that factors related to inadequate treatment are wide-ranging. An attempt at better control of the disease is warranted, especially in those patients with pronounced cavitation or bilateral lesions in chest X-rays. And those with 2 or more previous treatments. (Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Delay in the diagnosis and surgical treatment of lung cancer
CONCLUSIONS: The results show that patients waited too long before seeking medical assistance and that medical treatment of lung cancer was further delayed when patients were examined in an outpatient setting. (Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Profile and follow-up of patients with Mycobacterium sp. at the Hospital das Clínicas da Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
CONCLUSION: Patients failed to receive treatment not due to lack of diagnosis, but to inadequate structure, low awareness levels of all parties, and lack of tuberculosis control organization at the hospital level. Due to the high number of HIV-positive patients, the number of patients cured was lower than that required by the National Health Ministry. Deaths were attributed to HIV infection and lack of knowledge about the disease. In order to identify and address the problems associated with clinical laboratory practice, laboratory professionals must work in concert with their clinical counterparts when carrying out operat...
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Histological features and survival in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
CONCLUSION: Semiquantitative analysis of lung biopsies yields relevant prognostic information regarding patients with usual interstitial pneumonia. (Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Influence of oral L-carnitine supplementation combined with physical training on exercise tolerance in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
CONCLUSION: Oral L-carnitine supplementation combined with physical training may improve tolerance to physical exertion in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. (Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Interference of nail polish colors and time on pulse oximetry in healthy volunteers
CONCLUSION: Despite the difference found with the red color, all the SpO2 values achieved were inside the normal range for a healthy individual. Pulse oximeter readings are not significantly affected by the color of nail polish in relation to time. (Source: Jornal de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Idiopathic bronchocentric granulomatosis in a nonasthmatic young woman
Granulomatose broncocêntrica é um achado histopatológico descritivo, caracterizado pela inflamação granulomatosa necrosante, centrada em brônquios e bronquíolos, e que ocorre associada a doenças infecciosas, imunológicas e neoplásicas, ou de forma idiopática. Este trabalho relata o caso de uma jovem não asmática de 26 anos com dor torácica, febre e tosse produtiva havia um mês, que apresentou consolidação e cavitação em segmento lingular, observadas na radiografia e na tomografia computadorizada de tórax. Punção aspirativa transbrônquica evidenciou lesão inflamatória inespecífica, sem etiologia id...
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Interstitial pneumonia in a patient undergoing treatment with leflunomide: drug-induced toxicity?
We report the case of a 33-year-old female patient who presented with chest pain, weight loss and pulmonary infectious syndrome during the fifth month of monotherapy with leflunomide for rheumatoid arthritis, which advanced to respiratory insufficiency in the sixth month. Radiologic findings revealed pulmonary intersticial infiltrates, as well as bilateral alveolar infiltrates (mainly in the upper and medium lobes) and scattered micronodules. However, no mediastinal abnormalities were detected. Leflunomide was suspended. After resolution of the infection, interstitial reticulonodular lesions persisted, predominantly in the...
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Alveolar hemorrhage associated with lupus nephritis
Hemorragia alveolar, como causa de insuficiência respiratória, é pouco freqüente, com diversas etiologias possíveis. Entre elas, o lúpus eritematoso sistêmico, que se apresenta geralmente como síndrome pulmão-rim, possui alta morbimortalidade. Acredita-se que a patogênese da microangiopatia, tanto renal como pulmonar, esteja associada ao depósito de imunocomplexos, que ativariam as vias de apoptose celular. Relatam-se dois casos de pacientes com nefrite lúpica que evoluíram com hemorragia alveolar associada à insuficiência respiratória necessitando de ventilação mecânica com evoluções totalmente distin...
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Phosphodiesterase inhibitors: new perspectives on an old therapy for asthma?
A asma é uma doença inflamatória crônica com níveis variados de obstrução ao fluxo aéreo e diferentes formas de apresentação. Seu tratamento vem sendo modificado com a evolução do conhecimento sobre sua patogenia. A inflamação das vias aéreas, que é modulada por determinantes genéticos e ambientais, resulta na alteração definitiva da arquitetura da via aérea (remodelamento). O padrão inflamatório da asma é de natureza multicelular, envolvendo mastócitos, neutrófilos, eosinófilos, linfócitos T, células musculares e epiteliais. Diversas citocinas e quimiocinas contribuem para a orquestração do p...
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Chronic cough in non-smokers
A tosse, como mecanismo fisiológico, tem fundamental importância na remoção das secreções respiratórias, constituindo, assim, um dos mecanismos de defesa pulmonar. No entanto, os quadros de tosse crônica constituem uma das principais causas de procura por assistência médica no mundo, o que ressalta o significado da correta identificação e tratamento dos fatores desencadeantes e/ou perpetuadores. Dentre os vários fatores relacionados aos quadros de tosse crônica, alguns assumem papel de relevada importância, tais como o refluxo gastroesofágico, a rinorréia posterior ou a asma, já que, isolada ou conjuntame...
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

What is the diagnosis
A tosse, como mecanismo fisiológico, tem fundamental importância na remoção das secreções respiratórias, constituindo, assim, um dos mecanismos de defesa pulmonar. No entanto, os quadros de tosse crônica constituem uma das principais causas de procura por assistência médica no mundo, o que ressalta o significado da correta identificação e tratamento dos fatores desencadeantes e/ou perpetuadores. Dentre os vários fatores relacionados aos quadros de tosse crônica, alguns assumem papel de relevada importância, tais como o refluxo gastroesofágico, a rinorréia posterior ou a asma, já que, isolada ou conjuntame...
Source: Jornal de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

In memoriam - Affonso Berardinelli Tarantino
(Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Adding value to mechanical ventilation
(Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia)
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Brazilian recommendations of mechanical ventilation 2013. Part 2
Perspectives on invasive and noninvasive ventilatory support for critically ill patients are evolving, as much evidence indicates that ventilation may have positive effects on patient survival and the quality of the care provided in intensive care units in Brazil. For those reasons, the Brazilian Association of Intensive Care Medicine (Associação de Medicina Intensiva Brasileira - AMIB) and the Brazilian Thoracic Society (Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisiologia - SBPT), represented by the Mechanical Ventilation Committee and the Commission of Intensive Therapy, respectively, decided to review the literature and ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Level of asthma control and its relationship with medication use in asthma patients in Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that, in accordance with the established international criteria, asthma is uncontrolled in the vast majority of asthma patients in Brazil. Maintenance medications are still underutilized in Brazil, and patients with partially controlled or uncontrolled asthma are more likely to use rescue medications and oral corticosteroids. OBJETIVO: Avaliar pacientes asmáticos no Brasil em relação ao grau de controle da asma, a aderência ao tratamento de manutenção e o uso de medicação de alivio em pacientes asmáticos. MÉTODOS: Foram utilizados os dados de um inquérito latino-americano, obti...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Utility of the combination of serum highly-sensitive C-reactive protein level at discharge and a risk index in predicting readmission for acute exacerbation of COPD,
CONCLUSIONS: Serum hsCRP-D and GOLD classification are independent predictors of readmission for AECOPD, and their predictive value increases when they are used in combination. OBJETIVO: Reinternações frequentes por exacerbações agudas da DPOC (EADPOC) são um fator de risco independente para maior mortalidade e uso de recursos de saúde. A gravidade da doença e o nível de proteína C reativa (PCR) são preditores validados do prognóstico em longo prazo para tais pacientes. Investigamos a utilidade da combinação do nível sérico de PCR com a classificação de risco de exacerbação da Global Initiative for Chron...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Barriers associated with reduced physical activity in COPD patients
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with COPD are less active than are healthy adults of a comparable age. Physical inactivity and the barriers to performing ADL have immediate implications for clinical practice, calling for early intervention measures. OBJETIVO: Avaliar a capacidade de portadores de DPOC em realizar atividades de vida diária (AVD), identificar barreiras que impedem a sua realização, e correlacionar essas barreiras com gravidade da dispneia, teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6) e um escore de limitação de AVD. MÉTODOS: Nos pacientes com DPOC e controles saudáveis pareados por idade, o número de passos, a di...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of inhaler techniques employed by patients with respiratory diseases in southern Brazil: a population-based study
CONCLUSIONS: In this sample, the most common errors in the use of inhalers were not exhaling prior to inhalation, not performing a breath-hold after inhalation, and not shaking the MDI prior to use. Special attention should be given to education regarding inhaler techniques for patients of lower socioeconomic status and with less formal education, as well as for those of advanced age, because those populations are at a greater risk of committing errors in their use of inhalers. OBJETIVO: Conhecer os erros na técnica de uso de dispositivos inalatórios empregada por pacientes com doenças respiratórias no sul do Brasil e ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of Pilates mat exercises on muscle strength and on pulmonary function in patients with cystic fibrosis
CONCLUSIONS: Our results show that Pilates mat exercises have beneficial effects on respiratory muscle strength in CF patients. OBJETIVO: Analisar os efeitos do método Pilates em pacientes com fibrose cística (FC). MÉTODOS: Foi realizado um ensaio clínico, casuística de 19 pacientes com FC. Os pacientes foram recrutados no Ambulatório de FC do Hospital de Clínicas da Universidade Estadual de Campinas e no Instituto da Criança do Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo. Todos os pacientes foram submetidos a uma sessão semanal de Pilates de 60 min durante quatro meses. As vari...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Air stacking: effects on pulmonary function in patients with spinal muscular atrophy and in patients with congenital muscular dystrophy,
CONCLUSIONS: Routine daily air-stacking maneuvers with a manual resuscitator appear to increase UPCF and APCF in patients with NMD, especially in those without scoliosis. OBJETIVO: As complicações respiratórias são as principais causas de morbidade e mortalidade em pacientes com doenças neuromusculares (DNM). Os objetivos deste estudo foram determinar os efeitos que o treinamento diário domiciliar com manobras de empilhamento de ar tem na função respiratória de pacientes com amiotrofia espinhal (AE) e distrofia muscular congênita (DMC), e identificar possíveis associações entre deformidades na coluna vertebral...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Thoracic textilomas: CT findings
CONCLUSIONS: It is important to recognize the main tomographic aspects of thoracic textilomas in order to include this possibility in the differential diagnosis of chest pain and cough in patients with a history of heart or thoracic surgery, thus promoting the early identification and treatment of this postoperative complication. OBJETIVO: Analisar retrospectivamente os aspectos encontrados em TCs de tórax com textiloma torácico. MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo de 16 pacientes (11 homens e 5 mulheres) com diagnóstico de textiloma torácico confirmado cirurgicamente. As TCs de tórax foram avaliadas, de modo independente...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Spatial analysis of deaths from pulmonary tuberculosis in the city of São Luís, Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: The sociodemographic and operational characteristics of the deaths from pulmonary tuberculosis evaluated in this study, as well as the identification of priority areas for control and surveillance of the disease, could promote public health policies aimed at reducing health inequities, allowing the optimization of resources, as well as informing decisions regarding the selection of strategies and specific interventions targeting the most vulnerable populations. OBJETIVO: Caracterizar os óbitos por tuberculose pulmonar em São Luís (MA) segundo variáveis sociodemográficas e operacionais e descrever sua dist...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effects of prednisone on eosinophilic bronchitis in asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis,
CONCLUSIONS: In patients with moderate-to-severe eosinophilic bronchitis, treatment with prednisone caused a significant reduction in sputum eosinophil counts, as well as in the sputum levels of IL-5 and ECP. This reduction in the inflammatory response was accompanied by a significant increase in post-bronchodilator FEV1. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o tamanho do efeito do tratamento com prednisona oral na bronquite eosinofílica na asma por meio de revisão sistemática e meta-análise. MÉTODOS: Revisão sistemática de artigos nas bases de dados do Medline, Cochrane Controlled Trials Register, EMBASE e LILACS. Foram selecionados...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The electronic cigarette: the new cigarette of the 21st century?
The objective of this study was to describe electronic cigarettes and their components, as well as to review the literature regarding their safety; their impact on smoking initiation and smoking cessation; and regulatory issues related to their use.O cigarro eletrônico é um sistema eletrônico de liberação de nicotina que está gerando controvérsias, tanto entre a população quanto entre profissionais da saúde. O uso crescente do cigarro eletrônico é observado em tabagistas de diversos países, tanto para auxiliar na cessação do tabagismo quanto como substituto do cigarro convencional. Dados sobre a segurança d...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Chiari malformation and central sleep apnea syndrome: efficacy of treatment with adaptive servo-ventilation
This report demonstrates the efficacy of servo-ventilation in the treatment of central sleep apnea syndrome associated with alveolar hypoventilation in a CM-I patient with a history of decompressive surgery.A malformação de Chiari tipo I (MC-I) tem sido associada a distúrbios respiratórios do sono, sobretudo à síndrome de apneia central do sono. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino de 44 anos de idade com MC-I que foi encaminhada à nossa unidade de sono por suspeita de apneia do sono. A paciente havia sido submetida a cirurgia descompressiva 3 anos antes. A gasometria arterial mostrou hipercapnia. A ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Digital drainage system: how far can we go?
This report demonstrates the efficacy of servo-ventilation in the treatment of central sleep apnea syndrome associated with alveolar hypoventilation in a CM-I patient with a history of decompressive surgery.A malformação de Chiari tipo I (MC-I) tem sido associada a distúrbios respiratórios do sono, sobretudo à síndrome de apneia central do sono. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino de 44 anos de idade com MC-I que foi encaminhada à nossa unidade de sono por suspeita de apneia do sono. A paciente havia sido submetida a cirurgia descompressiva 3 anos antes. A gasometria arterial mostrou hipercapnia. A ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Battery ingestion: an unusual cause of mediastinitis
This report demonstrates the efficacy of servo-ventilation in the treatment of central sleep apnea syndrome associated with alveolar hypoventilation in a CM-I patient with a history of decompressive surgery.A malformação de Chiari tipo I (MC-I) tem sido associada a distúrbios respiratórios do sono, sobretudo à síndrome de apneia central do sono. Apresentamos o caso de uma paciente do sexo feminino de 44 anos de idade com MC-I que foi encaminhada à nossa unidade de sono por suspeita de apneia do sono. A paciente havia sido submetida a cirurgia descompressiva 3 anos antes. A gasometria arterial mostrou hipercapnia. A ...
Source: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia - January 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research