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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 16.

Dimethylacetamide-induced occupational toxic hepatitis with a short term recurrence: a rare case report.
Authors: Gong W, Liu X, Zhu B Abstract In recent years, N,N-dimethylacetamide (DMAc) is widely used in the textile and plastics industry as a solvent alternative to more toxic N,N-dimethylformamide (DMF). At home and abroad, sporadic group case reports have revealed that DMAc could cause toxic hepatitis and symptoms or signs indicative of liver involvement among workers exposed to DMAc, with severe cases leading to death. This paper reports a rare case of severe acute toxic hepatitis with a short term recurrence induced by occupational contact with DMAc in a polyimide film factory, as well as in-depth analysis via ...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Pitfalls in oncology: a unique case of thoracic splenosis mimicking malignancy in a patient with resected breast cancer.
We report a case of thoracic mass associated with pleural nodules mimicking malignancy in a patient with resected breast cancer for whom a diagnosis of TS was made early by using non-invasive methods. Briefly, we review the literature data on TS, comment concisely the possible implications of using invasive procedures and describe the current non-invasive techniques available. Furthermore, we highlight the importance of an accurate medical history collection, the role of the multidisciplinary board and their impact on treatment decision making. Finally, we conclude that clinical information and imaging would be the discrim...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Delayed iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia after thoracoscopic lobectomy.
We present a 55-year-old female patient who developed an iatrogenic diaphragmatic hernia with gastric perforation several months after VATS (video-assisted thoracic surgery) left upper lobectomy with systematic lymphadenectomy. During the readmission, urgent laparotomy was performed. Intraoperatively, the choledochoscopy was introduced into left thoracic cavity through the diaphragmatic defect for dissecting the secondary inflammatory adhesions and achieving satisfactory hemostasis. It appears to be an efficient and feasible approach for the patients who have been diagnosed as delayed diaphragmatic hernia concomitant with ...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Pulmonary migratory infiltrates due to mycoplasma infection: case report and review of the literature.
We report here a case of PMI attributed to Mycoplasma pneumonia (Mp) infection. The patient's past medical history was characterized by fleeting and/or relapses of patchy opacification or infiltrates of parenchyma throughout the whole lung field except for left lower lobe radiographically. Serological assays revealed an elevation of IgG antibody specific to Mp and its fourfold increase in convalescent serum. Histopathological findings showed polypoid plugs of fibroblastic tissue filling and obliterating small air ways and interstitial infiltrates of mononuclear inflammatory cells in the vicinal alveolar septa. The patient ...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Nuss procedure for surgical stabilization of flail chest with horizontal sternal body fracture and multiple bilateral rib fractures.
We report a case of a 33-year-old man who fell from a high place with fail chest due to multiple rib fractures bilaterally and horizontal sternal fracture. The conventional surgical stabilization using metal plates by access to the front of the sternum could not provide stability of the flail segment because the fracture surface was obliquely upward and there were multiple bilateral rib fractures adjacent the sternum. The Nuss procedure was performed for supporting the flail segment from the back. Flail chest was resolved immediately after the surgery. The patient was weaned from the mechanical ventilation on third postope...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Dynamic 3D printed titanium copy prosthesis: a novel design for large chest wall resection and reconstruction.
In this report, we present a forward step in prosthesis design based on tridimensional titanium-printed technology. An exact copy of the resected chest wall was made, even endowing simulated sternochondral articulations, to achieve the most exact adaptation and best functional results, with a view to minimize postoperative complications. This novel design, may constitute an important step towards the improvement of the functional postoperative outcomes compared to the other prosthesis, on the hope, to reduce postoperative complications. PMID: 27293863 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Localized malignant pleural sarcomatoid mesothelioma misdiagnosed as benign localized fibrous tumor.
In conclusion, malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) can present with typical radiologic finding similar to a BLFT, and has a wide histopathologic presentation in biopsy specimen. A thorough pathologic investigation should be attempted even when a pleural mass resembles benign, localized, and small on radiologic studies. PMID: 27293862 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Tumor-to-tumor metastasis: an unusual case of breast cancer metastatic to a solitary fibrous tumor.
We present a case of a 64-year-old woman with history of right breast cancer treated six years previously and who presents with a left pulmonary SFT containing metastatic invasive ductal breast carcinoma as well as a synchronous contralateral primary adenocarcinoma of the lung. The literature on tumor-to-tumor metastasis is then reviewed. PMID: 27293861 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Lung B-line artefacts and their use.
CONCLUSIONS: BLA is useful to monitor clinical response, and may become crucial in directing the diagnostic process. Further research is warranted to clarify technical adjustments, different probe and machine factors that influence the visualization of BLA. PMID: 27293860 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Chest wall reconstruction after resection using hernia repair piece.
Authors: Wu Y, Zhang G, Zhu Z, Chai Y Abstract Reconstruction of chest wall tumor is very important link of chest wall tumor resection. Many implants have been reported to be used to reconstruct the chest wall, such as steelwire, titanium mesh and polypropylene mesh. It is really hard for clinicians to decide which implant is the best one to replace the chest wall. We herein report a 68-year-old man who had underwent a chest wall reconstruction with a hernia repair piece and a Dacron hernia repair piece. The patient has maintained an excellent cosmetic and functional outcome since surgery, which proves that the her...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Video-assisted thoracoscopic superior segmentectomy of the right lower lobe.
Authors: Pan X, Zhang Y, Ren S, Ding Z, Li X, Zhu D, Zhang C, Zhao J Abstract A 61-year-old male patient was referred to the thoracic surgery department due to repeated hemoptysis for more than one year. The computed tomography revealed a 5.2 cm × 3.1 cm mass in the right lower lobe and the nature of the mass was confirmed to be chronic inflammation by trans percutaneous lung biopsy. Bronchiectasis of the right lower lobe was considered based on the symptoms, signs, and imaging findings. Surgery for bronchiectasis is used only as part of a multimodality treatment approach. After the adequate pretreatment with a ta...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Complex uniportal video-assisted thoracoscopic sleeve lobectomy during live surgery broadcasting.
Authors: Yang Y, Guerrero WG, Algitmi I, Gonzalez-Rivas D Abstract The uniportal approach for major pulmonary resections began in 2010 with the first case being performed by González-Rivas and colleagues in La Coruña. Since then a number of teams around the world had being performing hundreds of cases, applying it to more advance and complex cases recently. The technique has been reported to be feasible and reliable with similar results to that obtained in early stage lung cancer lobectomies. The case presented in this article is an example of an extreme condition: very obese patient, strong adhesions, fused lowe...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Right upper lobectomy performed as dividing posterior ascending artery-bronchus-pulmonary vessels is alternative to primary indolent scar carcinomas.
We describe a case of pulmonary indolent malignancy requiring a strategic surgery and introduce an alternative technique of right upper lobectomy via video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) for primary lung cancer patients. A 42-year-old male non-smoker was referred to the hospital following the detection of an opacity with a cystic airspace in the right upper lobe during a routine physical examination. During a regular follow-up over 3.5 years, the solid component enlarged and the cystic wall thickened. Based on a suspicion of indolent scar carcinoma, a right upper lobectomy was performed using VATS. The preoperative diagn...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of empyema after pulmonary resection using pedicle skeletal muscle plombage, thoracoplasty, and continuous cavity ablution procedures: a report on three cases.
We present three cases of postoperative empyema after pulmonary resection: case 1, acute empyema without fistula after lobectomy and chest wall resection; case 2, continuing empyema with fistula and total left residual lung abscess after upper divisionectomy; and case 3, chronic empyema with middle lobe bronchopleural fistula after lower lobectomy. Pedicle skeletal muscle plombage into the cavity, thoracoplasty, and continuous cavity ablution with 24-h instillation of minocycline and saline solution through drains were used for treatment. In case 2, a completion extrapleural left pneumonectomy was concurrently performed. I...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Successful extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in two pediatric heart transplant patients with extreme donor/recipient size mismatch.
Authors: Li P, Dong N, Zhao Y, Gao S Abstract Here we report two cases of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) support in pediatric patients following orthotopic heart transplantation due to low cardiac output and inability to separate from cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Both patients had significant donor/recipient size mismatch: ratios were 0.71 and 1.73. Cannulation was via the right atrium to ascending aorta using Maquet ECMO kits to achieve veno-arterial ECMO (VA-ECMO) configuration. Activated clotting time (ACT) was maintained at 150-170 seconds. Systemic blood pressure goals were a mean arterial pressur...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Complete response of myeloid sarcoma with cardiac involvement to radiotherapy.
We present a rare case of intracardiac myeloid sarcoma (MS) of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and who responds completely well to low-dose radiotherapy. This 19-year-old young man initially presented with AML and received standard chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). However, he developed intracardiac isolated MS relapse with the presentation of exertional dyspnea and superior vena cava (SVC) syndrome 3 years later. He then received radiotherapy with 24 Gy at a 12 daily fractions using forward "field in field" intensity modulated radiotherapy technique. He dramatically had impro...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Mycoplasma pneumoniae and Streptococcus pneumoniae caused different microbial structure and correlation network in lung microbiota.
Authors: Wang H, Dai W, Qiu C, Li S, Wang W, Xu J, Li Z, Wang H, Li Y, Yang Z, Feng X, Zhou Q, Han L, Li Y, Zheng Y Abstract Pneumonia is one of the most serious diseases for children, with which lung microbiota are proved to be associated. We performed 16S rDNA analysis on broncho-alveolar lavage fluid (BALF) for 32 children with tracheomalacia (C group), pneumonia infected with Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) (D1 group) or Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) (D2 group). Children with tracheomalacia held lower microbial diversity and accumulated Lactococcus (mean ± SD, 45.21%±5.07%, P value <0.05),...
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies in children with bronchiolitis obliterans.
CONCLUSIONS: Detection of MPO- and PR3-ANCA can help diagnosis of childhood BO. PMID: 27293851 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Effects of common polymorphisms in miR-146a and miR-196a2 on lung cancer susceptibility: a meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The rs2910164 in miR-146a and the rs11614913 in miR-196a2 are likely to be associated with LC risks. PMID: 27293850 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Comparison of treatment outcomes between single-port video-assisted thoracoscopic anatomic segmentectomy and lobectomy for non-small cell lung cancer of early-stage: a retrospective observational study.
CONCLUSIONS: S-VATS segmentectomy is as safe and effective as S-VATS lobectomy. Patients who undergo S-VATS segmentectomy seem to recover faster. PMID: 27293849 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis: analysis of 14 patients and literature review.
CONCLUSIONS: PLCH is still an orphan disease and maybe related to smoking. Clinical symptoms such as cough and exertional dyspnea are non-specific. We shall pay attention to recurrent pneumothorax as clinically it is associated with PLCH. The characteristic radiological manifestation is cystic or nodular shadow in the lungs, which plays crucial roles in diagnosing PLCH. PMID: 27293848 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Lower diffusing capacity with chronic bronchitis predicts higher risk of acute exacerbation in chronic obstructive lung disease.
CONCLUSIONS: In this COPD cohort, patients showed distinct clinical characteristics and outcomes according to the presence of CB and degree of DLCO. CB and low DLCO were associated with the risk of acute exacerbation. PMID: 27293847 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Prognostic significance of FoxM1 expression in non-small cell lung cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: FoxM1 overexpression indicates a poor prognosis for patients with NSCLC. PMID: 27293846 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Co-morbid psychological dysfunction is associated with a higher risk of asthma exacerbations: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Co-morbid PD adversely affects AE, and there are differential effects of depression and anxiety. Asthmatic subjects with PD may benefit from more attention when establishing a treatment regimen in clinical practice. PMID: 27293845 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Neuroendocrine carcinoma of the esophagus: clinical characteristics and prognostic evaluation of 49 cases with surgical resection.
CONCLUSIONS: Esophageal NEC has a poor prognosis. The 2009 AJCC TNM staging system for esophageal squamous cell carcinoma may also fit for esophageal NEC. Surgery combined with adjuvant therapy may be a good option for treating limited disease stage esophageal NEC. Further prospective studies defining the optimum therapeutic regimen for esophageal NEC are needed. PMID: 27293844 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Effect of small body habitus on peri-operative outcomes after robotic-assisted pulmonary lobectomy: retrospective analysis of 208 consecutive cases.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with BSA ≤1.65 m(2) have similar perioperative outcomes and complication risks as patients with larger BSA. Patients with BSA ≤1.65 m(2) have a higher overall conversion rate to thoracotomy, but similar conversion rate for bleeding as patients with larger BSA. Robotic-assisted pulmonary lobectomy is feasible and safe in patients with small body habitus. PMID: 27293843 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Long term complications following 54 consecutive lung transplants.
CONCLUSIONS: Infection and rejection remain the most common complications following LuTx with many other events to be considered. PMID: 27293842 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

For non-small cell lung cancer with T3 (central) disease, sleeve lobectomy or pneumonectomy?
CONCLUSIONS: SL does not compromise survival for NSCLC with T3 central disease compared with PN. It is an adequate oncologic resection and should be treated as the first line intervention whenever complete resection can be achieved. PMID: 27293841 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Nm23-H1 was involved in regulation of KAI1 expression in high-metastatic lung cancer cells L9981.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggested that nm23-H1 was involved in the KAI1-regulated inhibition of metastasis in lung cancer cells. More insights into the relationship between KAI1 and other metastasis suppressors will pave the way for the elucidation of anti-metastasis mechanism in lung cancer. PMID: 27293840 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

A new LigaSure technique for the formation of segmental plane by intravenous indocyanine green fluorescence during thoracoscopic anatomical segmentectomy.
CONCLUSIONS: In the formation of segmental plane during thoracoscopic segmentectomy, a combination of ICG fluorescence and LigaSure may be beneficial for patients. As a new operative instrument, LT constitutes, in our opinion, a feasible and easy alternative to other thoracoscopic techniques. PMID: 27293839 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

The reliability analysis of Xpert-positive result for smear-negative and culture-negative specimen collected from bone and joint tuberculosis suspects.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that Xpert could be trusted for BJTB diagnosis even when no supporting bacteriological evidence is available in high TB prevalence settings. Our results will alleviate the confusion among clinicians in such scenarios. PMID: 27293838 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Surgical treatment of synchronous multiple primary lung cancers: a retrospective analysis of 122 patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Surgical treatment is a safe approach for patients with SMPLC; pneumonectomy should be avoided as far as possible given the poor prognosis. Mutational status of EGFR and KRAS may be advocated as a diagnostic criteria of synchronous lung cancer rather metastasis mainly in case of adenocarcinoma histology. PMID: 27293837 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Abnormal bone mineral density and bone turnover marker expression profiles in patients with primary spontaneous pneumothorax.
CONCLUSIONS: It had lower bone mineral density in PSP patients. Bone formation marker PINP, N-MID and bone resorption marker b-CTX, TRACP5b were upregulated in PSP patients. 25-OH VD expression was relatively low in this population of PSP patients. Age, height, weight, and expression levels of TRACP5b and 25-OH VD may be risk factors for PSP. PMID: 27293836 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Noninferiority of Shanghai Cingular biotech's bovine pericardial valve preclinical study in juvenile ovine model.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrated that the SCBC valve can exhibit similar mid-term satisfactory safety and efficacy compared with the CE Perimount(TM) valve in the mitral position of juvenile sheep model. PMID: 27293835 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Physiologic assessment before video thoracoscopic resection for lung cancer in patients with abnormal pulmonary function.
CONCLUSIONS: FEV1 but not DLCO was a significant predictor of pulmonary complications after VATS pulmonary resection despite a low rate of severe morbidity. Incremental exercise testing seems more discriminating. Further investigation is required in a larger patient population to change current pre-operative threshold in a new era of minimally invasive surgery. PMID: 27293834 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Evaluation of surgeon's muscle fatigue during thoracoscopic pulmonary lobectomy using interoperative surface electromyography.
CONCLUSIONS: During thoracoscopic lobectomy, muscle fatigue was observed in muscles related to a static posture, such as the bilateral SC, UT, and ES. Further studies are required to investigate the ergonomic adjustments needed to reduce muscle fatigue in these static muscles. PMID: 27293833 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Gross tumor volume is the prognostic factor for squamous cell esophageal cancer patients treated with definitive radiotherapy.
CONCLUSIONS: GTV may serve as a good prognostic factor for ESCC patients treated with definitive radiotherapy. Larger prospective studies are needed to validate these findings. PMID: 27293832 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Experience of endovascular repair of thoracic aortic dissection after blunt trauma injury in a district general hospital.
CONCLUSIONS: Endovascular repair is a rapid and minimally invasive therapy for patients with traumatic aortic injury and is associated with favorable technical results. PMID: 27293831 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Survival impact of locoregional metachronous malignancy in survival of lung cancer patients who received curative treatment.
CONCLUSIONS: Metachronous malignancy is also seen in the lung cancer population and may be identified before or after diagnosis of lung cancer. Locoregional metachronous malignancy has no survival impact on lung cancer patients who receive curative treatment. Anatomic resection with regional lymph node (LN) dissection is recommended if different tumor cell type and resectable disease are confirmed. PMID: 27293830 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Safety and feasibility of prolonged bronchoscopy involving diagnosis of lung cancer, systematic nodal staging, and fiducial marker placement in a high-risk population.
CONCLUSIONS: Although it results in lengthy procedures, a single bronchoscopy obtaining diagnosis of peripheral lung nodules, systematic nodal staging, and FM placement can be safely performed in high-risk patients. Our "all-in-one" strategy could potentially expedite treatment, decrease complications, and reduce costs. Further prospective studies are needed to corroborate our findings. PMID: 27293829 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Different characteristics associated with intensive care unit transfer from the medical ward between patients with acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with and without pneumonia.
CONCLUSIONS: The characteristics associated with ICU transfer differed between the pneumonic and non-pneumonic AECOPD groups, and systemic corticosteroids use was associated with lower rate of ICU transfer in both groups. PMID: 27293828 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis patients according to their smoking status.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, never-smoking IPF patients developed AE more often and showed poor prognosis compared with smoking IPF patients. The 1-year mMRC breathlessness scale was an important predictor of mortality at our hospital. PMID: 27293827 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

High concordance of ALK rearrangement between primary tumor and paired metastatic lymph node in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.
CONCLUSIONS: High concordant rate of ALK rearrangement between primary tumors and paired metastatic lymph nodes were found in this study. The authors concluded that specimens from metastatic lesions and primary tumors are equally suitable for detection ALK rearrangement. PMID: 27293826 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Epidemiology, incidence and mortality of lung cancer and their relationship with the development index in the world.
CONCLUSIONS: The highest MIR for lung cancer was for medium human development countries. Linear regression analysis showed a reverse significant relationship between MIR and HDI. PMID: 27293825 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Management of post-operative pain by placement of an intraoperative intercostal catheter after single port video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery: a propensity-score matched study.
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, in patients post single port VATS, continual intercostal nerve block with levobupivacaine infusion appears to be a safe, effective and promising technique in our study, associated with a shorter hospital stay and less post-operative pain. Further prospective trials are needed to determine the long term outcomes. PMID: 27293824 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Single-port thoracoscopic surgery for pneumothorax under two-lung ventilation with carbon dioxide insufflation.
CONCLUSIONS: The anesthetic strategy of single-lumen intubation with carbon dioxide gas insufflation can be a safe and feasible option for single-port thoracoscopic bulla resection as it represents the least invasive surgical option with the potential advantages of reducing operative time and one-lung ventilation-related complications without diminishing surgical outcomes. PMID: 27293823 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research

Role of interleukin-17A in early graft rejection after orthotopic lung transplantation in mice.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicate that IL-17A is important in the pathophysiology of allograft rejection, and neutralization of IL-17A is a potential therapeutic strategy to preventing lung transplant rejection. PMID: 27293822 [PubMed] (Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease)
Source: Journal of Thoracic Disease - June 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Thorac Dis Source Type: research