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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 16.

Sealing Effect of Cross-Linked Gelatin Glue in the Rat Lung Air Leak Model.
CONCLUSIONS: The sealing effect of gelatin glue was superior to that of fibrin glue, with or without a polyglycolic acid sheet. In addition, the gelatin glue only caused mild inflammation of the lung and was absorbed without any adverse foreign body response. These findings suggest that gelatin glue may be a therapeutically effective biomaterial for sealing lung wounds and restoring respiratory function. PMID: 27209616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 18, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Kawai N, Suzuki S, Naito H, Kushibe K, Tojo T, Ikada Y, Taniguchi S Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Descending Aortic Translocation for Relief of Distal Tracheal and Proximal Bronchial Compression.
CONCLUSIONS: A midline descending aorta can cause compression of the tracheal carina and proximal bronchi, with debilitating symptoms. Translocation of the descending aorta is a reliable procedure that relieves the compression and results in long-term resolution of symptoms. PMID: 27209610 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 18, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: McKenzie ED, Roeser ME, Thompson JL, De León LE, Adachi I, Heinle JS, Mery CM, Fraser CD Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

The Use of Hypothermic Circulatory Arrest During Heart Transplantation Does Not Worsen Posttransplant Survival.
CONCLUSIONS: The need for HCA during heart transplantation is rare but, when required, it is frequently a life-saving adjunct to cardiopulmonary bypass. However, patients who require HCA have higher rates of postoperative complications. Risk factors for needing HCA during transplantation include congenital heart disease and more than one prior sternotomies. PMID: 27209609 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery)
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - May 18, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Sorabella RA, Guglielmetti L, Bader A, Gomez A, Takeda K, Chai PJ, Takayama H, Bacha EA, Naka Y, George I Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Lack of Sphingosine Causes Susceptibility to Pulmonary Staphylococcus Aureus Infections in Cystic Fibrosis
Conclusions: Our data indicate that the imbalance between ceramide and sphingosine in the CF respiratory tract prevents killing of S. aureus and causes the high susceptibility of CF mice to pulmonary S. aureus infections.Cell Physiol Biochem 2016;38:2094-2102 (Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry)
Source: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry - May 17, 2016 Category: Cytology Source Type: research

[Plasmodium falciparum malaria: evaluation of three imported cases].
In this report, three cases, who have admitted to our hospital with three different clinical presentations of falciparum malaria, and all shared common history of travelling to Africa were presented. First case was a 27 years old, male patient who returned from Malawi seven days ago where he stayed for two weeks. He admitted to our hospital with the complaints of sensation of cold, shivering and fever. In physical examination his body temperature was 37.9°C, C-reactive protein level was high, and the other systemic results were normal. The second case was a 25 years old, male patient who returned from Gambia two weeks ago...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - May 17, 2016 Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

[Investigation of adenovirus isolation frequency from the stool samples of patients suspected with acute flaccid paralysis].
Authors: Bayrakdar F, Coşgun Y, Salman Atak T, Karademir H, Korukluoğlu G Abstract Although adenoviruses (AdVs) generally cause upper respiratory tract infections, conjunctivitis/epidemic keratoconjunctivitis, gastroenteritis and pneumonia, they can lead to the involvement of central nervous system. Acute flaccid paralysis (AFP) is a type of seizure, characterized by rapid and sudden onset of extreme weakness in hands and feet, including (less frequently) weakness of respiratory and swallowing, representing with decreased muscle tone, especially in children below 15-year-old. The major viral cause of AFP is polio...
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - May 17, 2016 Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research

Prevalence of Anxiety and Depression in Pulmonary Hypertension and Changes during Therapy
Conclusion: Mood disorders remain underdiagnosed in PH. The higher prevalence of anxiety/depression in incident versus prevalent patients and the improvement over time may indicate an amelioration of mood disorders after PH diagnosis and treatment.Respiration (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Long-Term Outcomes in Critically Ill Septic Patients Who Survived Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation*
Conclusion: The long-term outcome was worse in ICU survivors of sepsis who received in-hospital cardiopulmonary resuscitation than in those who did not, but this increased risk of mortality diminished at 2 years after discharge. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Following Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation*
Conclusions: Acute respiratory distress syndrome is a frequent complication following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, dramatically influencing patient-important outcomes. Most cases of acute respiratory distress syndrome following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation do not meet criteria for a more specific post-transplantation pulmonary syndrome. These findings highlight the need to better understand the risk factors underlying acute respiratory distress syndrome in this population, thereby facilitating the development of effective prevention strategies. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

How Long Does (S)He Have? Retrospective Analysis of Outcomes After Palliative Extubation in Elderly, Chronically Critically Ill Patients
Conclusions: Palliative extubation at end of life was an option selected by an ethnically diverse elderly population. Approximately three-fourths of subjects died in hospital, and one-fourth was discharged alive. Over 50% who died did so within 24 hours, making this useful information for counseling and anticipatory planning. Subjects with systolic blood pressure less than 90 and Charlson Comorbidity Index that is very low or very high had higher mortality. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

Transfusion of 35-Day Stored RBCs in the Presence of Endotoxemia Does Not Result in Lung Injury in Humans*
Conclusions: Transfusion of 35-day stored autologous RBCs in the presence of endotoxemia does not result in lung injury in humans. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Laboratory Investigations Source Type: research

Trials and Tribulations of Therapies for the Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
No abstract available (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Osteoectomy in Rhinoplasty: A New Concept in Nasal Bones Repositioning
Conclusions: Although this technique prolongs the operating time, it could offer considerable advantages in comparison with the classical techniques using osteotomies and hammer. This is because it offers a greater respect to the nasal respiratory function and gives a much better nasal base width control, resulting in more predictable results, less trauma, and therefore a lower risk of postoperative complications. (Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery)
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - May 17, 2016 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Aesthetic Surgery Source Type: research

Is The Mars Questionnaire A Reliable Measure Of Medication Adherence In Childhood Asthma?
CONCLUSIONS: Self-report using MARS-5 is too inaccurate to be a useful measure of adherence in children with asthma, both in clinical practice and in research. PMID: 27177241 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

Transferability of genome-wide associated loci for asthma in African Americans.
CONCLUSIONS: This study has successfully transferred four reported asthma-associated loci in an independent African American population. Identification of several asthma-associated SNPs in the upstream of the IL33, a gene previously implicated in allergic inflammation of asthmatic airway, supports the generalizability of this finding. PMID: 27177148 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

A Regional Cohort Study of the Treatment of Critically Ill Children with Bronchiolitis.
CONCLUSIONS: Even within a close geographic region, there is significant variation in the treatment provided to critically ill children with RSV bronchiolitis. None of these treatments were associated with shorter durations of hospitalization in this population and some, such as mechanical ventilation, were associated with longer ICU lengths of stay. PMID: 27177013 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

Berberine improves airway inflammation and inhibits NF-κB signaling pathway in an ovalbumin-induced rat model of asthma.
CONCLUSIONS: The findings suggested a therapeutic potential of berberine on OVA- induced airway inflammation. The ameliorative effects on the OVA-induced airway inflammation might be associated with the inhibition of the NF-κB signaling pathway. PMID: 27175622 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

Herbal medicine for adults with asthma: a systematic review.
CONCLUSIONS: Herbal medicines combined with routine pharmacotherapies improved asthma outcomes greater than pharmacotherapies alone. Included studies did not blind participants therefore more studies that address such weaknesses are warranted. PMID: 27172294 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Efficacy of a Web-Based Work-Related Asthma Educational Tool.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that the educational tool has a positive effect on WRA knowledge, and that knowledge may be retained long-term. Future studies are needed in non-tertiary care clinic populations which may possess less baseline knowledge of WRA. PMID: 27171247 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

Clinical features, comorbidity, and cognitive impairment in elderly bipolar patients
Conclusion: There was a high burden of physical comorbidities and cognitive impairment in late-life BD. Bipolar elderly might be under-recorded and undertreated in primary medical care, indicating that this group needs an adapted clinical assessment and specific clinical guidelines need to be established.Keywords: bipolar disorder, aged, comorbidity, cognition, impairment, treatment (Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment)
Source: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment - May 17, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Tags: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment Source Type: research

Impact of a bronchial genomic classifier on clinical decision making in patients undergoing diagnostic evaluation for lung cancer
Bronchoscopy is frequently used for the evaluation of suspicious pulmonary lesions found on computed tomography, but its sensitivity for detecting lung cancer is limited. Recently, a bronchial genomic classifi... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: J. Scott Ferguson, Ryan Van Wert, Yoonha Choi, Michael J. Rosenbluth, Kate Porta Smith, Jing Huang and Avrum Spira Source Type: research

Occupational and environmental risk factors for chronic rhinosinusitis in China: a multicentre cross-sectional study
Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is defined as a condition of inflammation in the paranasal sinus mucosa persisting for more than 12 weeks. We previously reported that the prevalence of CRS was about 8 % in China.... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wen-Xiang Gao, Chun-Quan Ou, Shu-Bin Fang, Yue-Qi Sun, Hua Zhang, Lei Cheng, Yan-Jun Wang, Dong-Dong Zhu, Wei Lv, Shi-Xi Liu, P. Z. Li, Geng Xu, Jianbo Shi and Qing-Ling Fu Source Type: research

The up-rise in e-cigarette use – friend or foe?
(Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bo Lundbäck, Paraskevi Katsaounou and Jan Lötvall Source Type: research

Electronic cigarettes: a survey of perceived patient use and attitudes among members of the British thoracic oncology group
Smoking cessation following lung cancer diagnosis has been found to improve several patient outcomes. Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use is now prevalent within Great Britain, however, use and practice amo... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Frances C. Sherratt, Lisa Newson and John K. Field Source Type: research

Knowledge about electronic cigarettes and its perception: a community survey, Egypt
Electronic cigarettes are promoted as safer products than traditional cigarettes and as smoking cessation devices. Awareness and perception are key elements for the adoption of new habits. Little is known abou... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Omaima I. Abo-Elkheir and Eman Sobh Source Type: research

Airway epithelial cell exposure to distinct e-cigarette liquid flavorings reveals toxicity thresholds and activation of CFTR by the chocolate flavoring 2,5-dimethypyrazine
The potential for adverse respiratory effects following exposure to electronic (e-) cigarette liquid (e-liquid) flavorings remains largely unexplored. Given the multitude of flavor permutations on the market, ... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cara L. Sherwood and Scott Boitano Source Type: research

Early Azithromycin Treatment to Prevent Severe LRTIs in Children
To the Editor The study by Dr Bacharier and colleagues found that using azithromycin in preschool children with a history of wheezing and respiratory tract infection (RTI) prevented progression to “severe” lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI). The authors defined severe LRTI as needing intensive rescue albuterol treatments; it was not defined as pneumonia, the classic definition of severe LRTI. Although azithromycin limited the need for intensive rescue albuterol, it did not prevent urgent care or emergency visits, hospitalizations, or future RTI episodes, arguably the most important prevention outcomes. (Source: JAMA)
Source: JAMA - May 17, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Lung function and associations with multiple dimensions of dental health: a prospective observational cross-sectional study
Epidemiological data suggest an association between respiratory diseases and periodontal health. However, the link between the overall dental status and single lung function measures, within a practical clinic... (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - May 17, 2016 Category: Research Authors: Christian Henke, Stephan Budweiser and Rudolf A. Jörres Source Type: research

Effectiveness of initiating extrafine-particle versus fine-particle inhaled corticosteroids as asthma therapy in the Netherlands
Most randomised clinical trials typically exclude a significant proportion of asthma patients, including those at higher risk of adverse events, with comorbidities, obesity, poor inhaler technique and adherenc... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Thys van der Molen, Dirkje S. Postma, Richard J. Martin, Ron M. C. Herings, Jetty A. Overbeek, Victoria Thomas, Cristiana Miglio, Richard Dekhuijzen, Nicolas Roche, Theresa Guilbert, Elliot Israel, Wim van Aalderen, Elizabeth V. Hillyer, Simon van Rysewyk Source Type: research

Microvascular reactivity is altered early in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is associated with vascular endothelial dysfunction. The resultant microvascular reactivity can be assessed non-invasively using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Diego Orbegozo Cortés, Lokmane Rahmania, Marian Irazabal, Carlos Santacruz, Vito Fontana, Daniel De Backer, Jacques Creteur and Jean-Louis Vincent Source Type: research

Human mesenchymal stem cells attenuate early damage in a ventilated pig model of acute lung injury
Publication date: Available online 12 May 2016 Source:Stem Cell Research Author(s): Yuben Moodley, Marian Sturm, Kathryn Shaw, Chiko Shimbori, Dino B.A. Tan, Martin Kolb, Ruth Graham Acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) is a major cause of global morbidity and mortality. Mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) have shown promise in treating inflammatory lung conditions. We hypothesised that human MSC (hMSC) can improve ALI/ARDS through their anti-inflammatory actions. We subjected pigs (n=6) to intravenous oleic acid (OA) injury, ventilation and hMSC infusion, while the controls (n=5) had intraven...
Source: Stem Cell Research - May 17, 2016 Category: Stem Cells Source Type: research

Bile acids induce activation of alveolar epithelial cells and lung fibroblasts through farnesoid X receptor‐dependent and independent pathways
ConclusionBile acid microaspiration may promote the development of pulmonary fibrosis by inducing activation of AECs and lung fibroblasts via FXR‐dependent and independent pathways. (Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bi Chen, Hou‐Rong Cai, Shan Xue, Wen‐Jie You, Bin Liu, Han‐Dong Jiang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

E-cigarettes classified as tobacco products in the USA
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Hannah Cagney (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Respiratory medicine: a call for papers
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Emma Grainger, Sabine Kleinert (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Pilot evaluation of ivacaftor for chronic bronchitis
Publication date: Available online 16 May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): George M Solomon, Heather Hathorne, Bo Liu, S Vamsee Raju, Ginger Reeves, Edward P Acosta, Mark T Dransfield, Steven M Rowe (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Multidimensional analysis of the effect of occupational exposure to organic solvents on lung cancer risk: the ICARE study
Conclusions Organic solvents do not appear to be substantial contributors to the occupational risk of lung cancer for the occupations known to be at risk. (Source: Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Occupational and Environmental Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Mattei, F., Liverani, S., Guida, F., Matrat, M., Cenee, S., Azizi, L., Menvielle, G., Sanchez, M., Pilorget, C., Lapotre-Ledoux, B., Luce, D., Richardson, S., Stücker, I., ICARE Study Group, ICARE Study Group, Guizard, Danzon, Woronoff, Michel, Bu Tags: Open access, Other exposures Workplace Source Type: research

Occupations associated with COPD risk in the large population-based UK Biobank cohort study
Conclusions Selected occupations are associated with increased COPD risk in a large cross-sectional population-based UK study. Further analyses should confirm the extent to which these associations reflect exposures still of concern and where strengthened preventive action may be needed. (Source: Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Occupational and Environmental Medicine - May 17, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Authors: De Matteis, S., Jarvis, D., Hutchings, S., Darnton, A., Fishwick, D., Sadhra, S., Rushton, L., Cullinan, P. Tags: Workplace Source Type: research

The Italian LGMD registry: Relative frequency, clinical features, and differential diagnosis
Conclusion: Detailed clinical characterization combined with muscle tissue analysis is fundamental to guide differential diagnosis and to address molecular tests. NGS is useful for diagnosing forms without specific biomarkers, although, at least in our study cohort, several LGMD disease mechanisms remain to be identified. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Muscle and Nerve)
Source: Muscle and Nerve - May 17, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Francesca Magri, Vincenzo Nigro, Corrado Angelini, Tiziana Mongini, Marina Mora, Isabella Moroni, Antonio Toscano, Maria Grazia D'Angelo, Giuliano Tomelleri, Gabriele Siciliano, Giulia Ricci, Claudio Bruno, Stefania Corti, Olimpia Musumeci, Giorgio Tasca, Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Cyclopiazonic acid, an inhibitor of calcium-dependent ATPases with antiviral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2016 Source:Antiviral Research Author(s): Rui Cui, Yizhuo Wang, Liu Wang, Guiming Li, Ke Lan, Ralf Altmeyer, Gang Zou Human respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a common cause of lower respiratory tract infections in infants and young children worldwide, yet no vaccine or effective antiviral treatment is available. To search for new anti-RSV agents, we developed a cell-based assay that measures inhibition of RSV-induced cytopathic effect (CPE) and identified cyclopiazonic acid (CPA), an intracellular calcium ATPase inhibitor as a RSV inhibitor (EC50 values 4.13 μM) by sc...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - May 17, 2016 Category: Virology Source Type: research