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Respiratory Medicine

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 16.

SMOKE IT! Promoting a change of opiate consumption pattern - from injecting to inhaling
Conclusions: Targeted media and personal intervention in association with the dispensation of attractive drug use equipment can motivate opiate users to change their method of drug use. The main reason for inhalative use is that it is significantly less dangerous, measured by the indicators 'overdose' and 'viral infections'. All drop-in centres should expand their syringe-exchange services to include the dispensation of smoking foils. (Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations)
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - June 27, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Heino Johann StöverDirk Schäffer Source Type: research

Health hazards associated with nanomaterials
Nanotechnology is a major scientific and economic growth area and presents a variety of hazards for human health and environment. It is widely believed that engineered nanomaterials will be increasingly used in biomedical applications (as therapeutics and as diagnostic tools). However, before these novel materials can be safely applied in a clinical setting, their toxicity needs to be carefully assessed. Nanoscale materials often behave different from the materials with a larger structure, even when the basic material is same. Many mammals get exposed to these nanomaterials, which can reach almost every cell of the mammali...
Source: Toxicology and Industrial Health current issue - June 27, 2014 Category: Toxicology Authors: Pattan, G., Kaul, G. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Rhodovulum mangrovi sp. nov., a phototrophic alphaproteobacterium isolated from a sediment sample of Coringa mangrove forest, India.
Abstract A novel Gram-staining negative purple non-sulfur bacterium, AK41T, was isolated from a sediment sample collected from Coringa mangrove forest, Andhra Pradesh, India. A red-brownish coloured culture was obtained on modified Pfennig medium after enrichment with 2% NaCl and 0.3% pyruvate under 2000 lux of illumination. Individual cell is ovoid-rod shaped and non motile. Bacteriochlorophyll a and carotenoids of the spheroidene series were present as photosynthetic pigments. Strain AK41T was halophilic and grew photoheterotrophically with a number of organic compounds as carbon source and electron donor. It was...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - June 27, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nupur N, Srinivas TN, Takaichi S, Anil Kumar P Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Blood pressure is maintained during dehydration by hypothalamic PVN driven tonic sympathetic nerve activity.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 24973410 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Physiology)
Source: The Journal of Physiology - June 27, 2014 Category: Physiology Authors: Holbein WW, Bardgett ME, Toney GM Tags: J Physiol Source Type: research

Pelagibaca abyssi sp. nov., of the family Rhodobacteraceae, isolated from deep-sea water.
Abstract A Gram-stain negative, oval-shaped, aerobic, catalase and oxidase-positive bacterium, designated JLT2014(T), was isolated from a deep-seawater sample (obtained at a 2,000 m depth) of the Southeastern Pacific Ocean. The dominant fatty acids were identified as C18:1ω7c/C18:1ω6c, C16:0 and C10:0 3-OH, which altogether represented 60.1 % of the total. The predominant respiratory quinone was identified as Q-10. The G+C content of genomic DNA was determined to be 66.4 mol %. The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine and diphosphatidylglycerol. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S...
Source: Antonie van Leeuwenhoek - June 27, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lin Y, Tang K, Li S, Liu K, Sun J, Jiao N Tags: Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek Source Type: research

Experience with the Avalon® bicaval double-lumen veno-venous cannula for neonatal respiratory ECMO.
CONCLUSIONS: The Avalon(®) dual-lumen veno-venous cannula can be used for respiratory ECMO in the neonatal population. However, as the incidence of right atrial perforation is not negligible, we suspended its used in this group of patients. PMID: 24972812 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Perfusion)
Source: Perfusion - June 27, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Speggiorin S, Robinson S, Harvey C, Westrope C, Faulkner G, Kirkland P, Peek G Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research

Antigen-Pulsed Bone Marrow-Derived and Pulmonary Dendritic Cells Promote Th2 Cell Responses and Immunopathology in Lungs during the Pathogenesis of Murine Mycoplasma Pneumonia.
Abstract Mycoplasmas are a common cause of pneumonia in humans and animals, and attempts to create vaccines have not only failed to generate protective host responses, but they have exacerbated the disease. Mycoplasma pulmonis causes a chronic inflammatory lung disease resulting from a persistent infection, similar to other mycoplasma respiratory diseases. Using this model, Th1 subsets promote resistance to mycoplasma disease and infection, whereas Th2 responses contribute to immunopathology. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the capacity of cytokine-differentiated dendritic cell (DC) populations to ...
Source: Journal of Immunology - June 27, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Dobbs NA, Zhou X, Pulse M, Hodge LM, Schoeb TR, Simecka JW Tags: J Immunol Source Type: research

Point-process Nonlinear Autonomic Assessment of Depressive States in Bipolar Patients.
Conclusions: A significant pattern of instantaneous heartbeat features was found in depressive and euthymic states despite the inter-subject variability. The presented point-process Heart Rate Variability (HRV) nonlinear methodology provides a promising application in the field of mood assessment in bipolar patients. PMID: 24970591 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Methods of Information in Medicine)
Source: Methods of Information in Medicine - June 27, 2014 Category: Information Technology Authors: Valenza G, Citi L, Gentili C, Lanatá A, Scilingo EP, Barbieri R Tags: Methods Inf Med Source Type: research

Error signals as powerful stimuli for the operant conditioning-like process of the fictive respiratory output in a brainstem-spinal cord preparation from rats.
Abstract Respiratory neuromuscular activity needs to adapt to physiologic and pathologic conditions. We studied the conditioning effects of sensory fiber (putative Ia and II type from neuromuscular spindles) stimulation on the fictive respiratory output to the diaphragm, recorded from C4 phrenic ventral root, of in-vitro brainstem-spinal cord preparations from rats. The respiratory burst frequency in these preparations decreased gradually (from 0.26±0.02 to 0.09±0.003 bursts(-1)±SEM) as the age of the donor rats increased from zero to 4 days. The frequency greatly increased when the pH of the bath was lowered, a...
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - June 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Formenti A, Zocchi L Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research

Transcriptional responses in the rat nasal epithelium following subchronic inhalation of naphthalene vapor.
Abstract Male and female Fischer 344 rats were exposed to naphthalene vapors at 0 (controls), 0.1, 1, 10, and 30ppm for 6h/d, 5 d/wk, over a 90-day period. Following exposure, the respiratory epithelium and olfactory epithelium from the nasal cavity were dissected separately, RNA was isolated, and gene expression microarray analysis was conducted. Only a few significant gene expression changes were observed in the olfactory or respiratory epithelium of either gender at the lowest concentration (0.1ppm). At the 1.0ppm concentration there was limited evidence of an oxidative stress response in the respiratory epithel...
Source: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology - June 27, 2014 Category: Toxicology Authors: Clewell HJ, Efremenko A, Campbell JL, Dodd DE, Thomas RS Tags: Toxicol Appl Pharmacol Source Type: research

The effect of pre-existing medical conditions on heat stroke during hot weather in South Korea.
CONCLUSIONS: Pre-existing neuropsychiatric disorder was associated with an increased risk of heat stroke. National strategies and clinical guidance for such patients should be initiated to prevent fatal events. PMID: 24981822 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 27, 2014 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Kim SH, Jo SN, Myung HN, Jang JY Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Are children׳s asthmatic symptoms related to ambient temperature? A panel study in Australia.
CONCLUSIONS: High ambient temperature is a risk factor for respiratory symptoms in children with asthma. As ambient temperature increases, policies and strategies for rising temperatures will be necessary to protect asthmatic children. PMID: 24981821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Environmental Research)
Source: Environmental Research - June 27, 2014 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Li S, Baker PJ, Jalaludin BB, Guo Y, Marks GB, Denison LS, Williams GM Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Inhibition of influenza virus infection and hemagglutinin cleavage by the protease inhibitor HAI-2.
In this study, we demonstrate that HAI-2 is an effective inhibitor of cleavage of HA from the human-adapted H1 and H3 subtypes. HAI-2 inhibited influenza virus H1N1 infection in cell culture, and HAI-2 administration showed protection in a mouse model of influenza. HAI-2 has the potential to be an effective, alternative antiviral therapeutic for influenza. PMID: 24978308 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications)
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - June 27, 2014 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Hamilton BS, Chung C, Cyphers SY, Rinaldi VD, Marcano VC, Whittaker GR Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research

Association of sleep-disordered breathing with decreased cognitive function among patients with dementia.
In this study, a type-4 sleep recorder was used to evaluate respiratory function during sleep in 111 patients with dementia, and data suggesting a possible relationship with cognitive function levels were examined. Multivariate logistic regression was used to investigate the association of severity of dementia with sleep-disordered breathing, age, diabetes, dyslipidaemia and hypertension. It was found that the respiratory disturbance index was associated with severity of cognitive dysfunction in our subjects. Furthermore, patients younger than 80 years were more susceptible to lower cognitive function associated with slee...
Source: Journal of Sleep Research - June 27, 2014 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Aoki K, Matsuo M, Takahashi M, Murakami J, Aoki Y, Aoki N, Mizumoto H, Namikawa A, Hara H, Miyagawa M, Kadotani H, Yamada N Tags: J Sleep Res Source Type: research

Analysis of the local and systemic inflammatory response in hospitalized infants with respiratory syncitial virus bronchiolitis.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that RSV triggers an inflammatory response fundamentally at the respiratory level, with scant systemic repercussion. This local response is characterized by an increase in Th1 and Th2 cytokines, although with a relative predominance of Th1. The determination upon patient admission of IL-6 and MIP-1β levels in NPA, and of MIP-1β in PB could help predict severe forms and the need for oxygenotherapy. PMID: 24985791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Allergologia et Immunopathologia)
Source: Allergologia et Immunopathologia - June 27, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Moreno-Solís G, Torres-Borrego J, de la Torre-Aguilar MJ, Fernández-Gutiérrez F, Llorente-Cantarero FJ, Pérez-Navero JL Tags: Allergol Immunopathol (Madr) Source Type: research

Giant Thymolipoma: Case Report of an Unusual Mediastinal Tumor.
Abstract Thymolipoma is an uncommon benign neoplasm of the thymus composed of mature adipose and thymic tissue. The diagnosis of thymolipoma should be considered in the case of a mediastinal mass with fat density, especially if it is interspersed with strands of soft tissue attenuation on computed tomography scans. However, it is sometimes difficult to differentiate radiologically between a thymolipoma and other mediastinal fatty tumors. Here we present a patient with a huge mediastinal mass that proved to be a thymolipoma. PMID: 24985048 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia)
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - June 27, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Obeso Carillo GA, García Fontán EM, Cañizares Carretero MA Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research

Feasibility and Practical Considerations for Heating and Humidifying Gases during Newborn Stabilisation: An in vitro Model.
Conclusion: Rapid gas conditioning for newborn stabilisation is feasible using the experimental set-up, ≥20 ml H2O and a flow of 10 l/min. The circuit could be used immediately once switched on. Without power, conditioning is quickly lost. Investigation of the clinical effects of gas conditioning is warranted. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel. PMID: 24993671 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Neonatology)
Source: Neonatology - June 27, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Owen LS, Dawson JA, Middleburgh R, Buttner S, McGrory L, Davis PG Tags: Neonatology Source Type: research

Excluding infection through procalcitonin testing improves outcomes of congestive heart failure patients presenting with acute respiratory symptoms: Results from the randomized ProHOSP trial
(Source: International Journal of Cardiology)
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - June 27, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Philipp Schuetz, Alexander Kutz, Eva Grolimund, Sebastian Haubitz, Désirée Demann, Alaadin Vögeli, Fabienne Hitz, Mirjam Christ-Crain, Robert Thomann, Claudine Falconnier, Claus Hoess, Christoph Henzen, Robert J. Marlowe, Werner Zimmerli, Beat Mueller, Source Type: research

One Fifth of U.K. Kids with Persistent Coughs May Have Pertussis
A booster vaccination may be warranted for adolescents in England to help diminish the spread of this highly contagious respiratory disease -- Read more on (Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed)
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - June 26, 2014 Category: Science Tags: Biology Society & Policy Health Infectious Diseases Pharmaceuticals Source Type: research

Pediatric Pit Crew CPR
A reader asks, “Does your Pit Crew CPR process work for pediatrics?” See also: Pit Crew CPR – The Explicit Details The answer is, “Yes!” with some minor modifications. We are developing a class for Pediatric Pit Crew CPR. It has not yet been implemented so consider this a beta version. I hate to give a disclaimer but you should have your Medical Director review this Pediatric Pit Crew CPR concept and the accuracy of our airway chart before using it. Some things to keep in mind: Pediatric cardiac arrest is more likely to be respiratory / asphyxial so there is less emphasis on “patient&#...
Source: EMS 12-Lead - June 26, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Tom Bouthillet Tags: ems-topics patient-management pediatrics Pediatric Pit Crew CPR Source Type: research

Clinical Hemodynamic Parameters Do Not Accurately Reflect Systemic Oxygen Transport in Neonates after the Norwood Procedure
ConclusionsRoutine clinical hemodynamic parameters do not accurately reflect oxygen transport after the Norwood procedure, except for SvO2, which does not differentiate between VO2 and DO2. Higher heart rate and SAP are correlated with a worse balance of oxygen transport. The results of clinical hemodynamic monitoring should be interpreted with caution. Direct measurements of oxygen transport parameters are important in the care of neonates after the Norwood procedure. (Source: Congenital Heart Disease)
Source: Congenital Heart Disease - June 26, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Santokh Dhillon, Xiaoyang Yu, Gencheng Zhang, Sally Cai, Jia Li Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Lung recruitment and endotracheal suction in ventilated preterm infants measured with electrical impedance tomography
ConclusionsETT suction in non‐muscle‐relaxed and ventilated preterm infants with RDS results in significant lung volume increase that is maintained for at least 90 min. Regional differences in distribution of ventilation with ETT suction suggest that the behaviour of the lung is heterogeneous in nature. (Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health)
Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health - June 26, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Judith L Hough, Andrew D Shearman, Helen Liley, Caroline A Grant, Andreas Schibler Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates in severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: characterization and risk factors
Conclusions: The main risk factors for P. aeruginosa isolation in severe COPD were the extent of bronchiectasis and exposure to antibiotics. Over 10% of these patients fulfilled criteria for chronic colonization by P. aeruginosa and showed clonal persistence, independently of the presence of bronchiectasis. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Miguel GallegoXavier PomaresMateu EspasaEva CastañerMar SoléDavid SuárezEduard MonsóConcepción Montón Source Type: research

Developmental lung expression and transcriptional regulation of Claudin-6 by TTF-1, Gata-6, and FoxA2
Conclusions: These data revealed for the first time that Cldn6 might be an important tight junctional component expressed by pulmonary epithelium during lung organogenesis. Furthermore, Cldn6-mediated aspects of cell differentiation may describe mechanisms of lung perturbation coincident with impaired cell junctions and abnormal membrane permeability. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Felix JimenezJoshua LewisSamuel BelgiqueTyler WoodPaul Reynolds Source Type: research

Impact of early daycare on healthcare resource use related to upper respiratory tract infections during childhood: prospective WHISTLER cohort study
Children attending daycare in the first year of life have greater risk of upper respiratory tract infections than non-attendees, suggesting that improved prevention strategies are required to reduce infection rates in daycare facilities. (Source: BMC Medicine)
Source: BMC Medicine - June 26, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Marieke LA de HoogRoderick VenekampCornelis van der EntAnne SchilderElisabeth SandersRoger DamoiseauxDebby BogaertCuno UiterwaalHenriette SmitPatricia Bruijning-Verhagen Source Type: research

Obesity, COPD, NIV and reverse epidemiology
(Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fergal J. O'Donoghue, Mark E. Howard Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Addressing ethnic disparity in asthma trials
(Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Naghmeh Radhakrishna, Mark Hew Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Diagnostic properties of the methacholine and mannitol bronchial challenge tests: A comparison study
ConclusionsThe present study demonstrated overall similar diagnostic properties of two diagnostic tests, but also suggested their intercomplementary roles for asthma.The clinical trial registration number at is NCT02104284. (Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Min‐Hye Kim, Woo‐Jung Song, Tae‐Wan Kim, Hyun‐Jung Jin, You‐Seob Sin, Young‐Min Ye, Sang‐Heon Kim, Heung‐Woo Park, Byung‐Jae Lee, Hae‐Sim Park, Ho‐Joo Yoon, Dong‐Chull Choi, Kyung‐Up Min, Sang‐Heon Cho Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Lung function testing in children: importance of race and ethnic-specific reference equations.
Abstract Marked differences in lung function occur between children of different racial and ethnic backgrounds even when all known confounders including socioeconomic circumstances have been taken into account. Use of ethnic-specific equations, such as those recently published by the Global Lung Function Initiative, help to minimize such differences, thereby improving the accuracy with which lung disease can be identified and treated during childhood, as well as enabling the true impact of adverse environmental or socioeconomic exposures to be assessed, irrespective of ethnic background. In future, incorporation of...
Source: Respiratory Care - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Stocks J, Sonnappa S, Lum S Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research

Decreased cough sensitivity and aspiration in parkinson's disease.
Conclusions:UTC ratings may be important in understanding the mechanism underlying morbidity related to aspiration pneumonia in people with PD and dysphagia. Further understanding decreased UTC in people with PD and dysphagia will be essential for the development of strategies and treatments to address deficits of airway protection in this population. Background: Aspiration pneumonia is a leading cause of death in persons with Parkinson's disease (PD). The pathogenesis of these infections is largely attributed to the presence of dysphagia with silent aspiration, or aspiration without an appropriate cough response. The ...
Source: Chest - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Troche MS, Brandimore AE, Okun MS, Davenport PW, Hegland KW Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Rapid Detection of Mycobacterium Tuberculosis Using a Novel Ultra-Fast Chip-Type Real-Time PCR System.
Conclusions:The NBS LabChip G2-3 system may have potential as an ultra-fast, cost-effective diagnostic tool for pulmonary TB with high sensitivity and specificity. Background: NBS LabChip G2-3 is a novel ultra-fast, chip-type portable real-time PCR system. We conducted this study to evaluate the clinical usefulness of this system in detecting pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) and to assess its diagnostic performance as compared with a conventional tube-type PCR system. Methods: A total of 247 sputum samples were collected from the patients who were suspected of having pulmonary TB. After the decontamination process, thes...
Source: Chest - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lee SH, Kim SW, Lee S, Kim E, Kim DJ, Park S, Lee EJ, Lee SY, Lee JS, Lim CS, Kim WK, In KH Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Long-term effects of a program to increase physical activity in smokers.
Conclusions:In smokers with normal lung function, improvements in daily physical activity, exercise capacity, anxiety and depression obtained through a 5-month program aimed at increasing physical activity are sustained one year after completion of the program. Furthermore, such a program can contribute to smoking cessation in this population. Background: Programs aimed at increasing physical activity in daily life (PADL) have generated growing interest in order to prevent the deleterious effects of physical inactivity. Recent literature has shown that a short-term protocol using pedometers increased PADL in smokers wi...
Source: Chest - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mantoani LC, Furlanetto KC, Kovelis D, Proença M, Zabatiero J, Bisca G, Morita A, Pitta F Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Respiratory modulation of cardiac vagal tone in Lyme disease.
CONCLUSION: Respiratory modulation of cardiac vagal tone is impaired in Lyme disease, which suggests that Lyme disease may directly affect the vagus nerve or the brainstem. PMID: 24976922 [PubMed] (Source: World Journal of Cardiology)
Source: World Journal of Cardiology - June 26, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Puri BK, Shah M, Monro JA, Kingston MC, Julu PO Tags: World J Cardiol Source Type: research

Schisantherin A protects lipopolysaccharide-induced acute respiratory distress syndrome in mice through inhibiting NF-κB and MAPKs signaling pathways.
Abstract Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is characterized by polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) adhesion, activation, sequestration and inflammatory damage to alveolar-capillary membrane. Schisantherin A, a dibenzocyclooctadiene lignan isolated from the fruit of Schisandra sphenanthera, has been reported to have anti-inflammatory properties. In the present study, we aimed to investigate the protective effects of schisantherin A on LPS-induced mouse ARDS. The pulmonary injury severity was evaluated 7h after LPS administration and the protective effects of schisantherin A on LPS-induced mouse ARDS were a...
Source: International Immunopharmacology - June 26, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Zhou E, Li Y, Wei Z, Fu Y, Lei H, Zhang N, Yang Z, Xie G Tags: Int Immunopharmacol Source Type: research

The Debate on Continuous Home Oxygen Therapy.
Abstract Two studies published in the early 80s, namely the Nocturnal Oxygen Therapy Trial (NOTT) and the Medical Research Council Trial (MRC), laid the foundations for modern home oxygen therapy. Since then, little progress has been made in terms of therapeutic indications, and several prescription-associated problems have come to light. Advances in technology have gone hand in hand with growing disregard for the recommendations in clinical guidelines on oxygen therapy. The introduction of liquid oxygen brought with it a number of technical problems, clinical problems related to selecting candidate patients for po...
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - June 26, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Díaz Lobato S, García González JL, Mayoralas Alises S Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research

Paradoxical respiratory sinus arrhythmia due to a large thoracic empyema in an ambulatory patient.
In conclusion, to the best of our knowledge, this is the first documented report of paradoxical respiratory sinus arrhythmia in an ambulatory, non-anesthetized spontaneously breathing patient. PMID: 24999275 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Autonomic Neuroscience)
Source: Autonomic Neuroscience - June 26, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Assir MZ, Faheem MM, Brenes-Salazar JA, Waseem T Tags: Auton Neurosci Source Type: research

The authors reply
(Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - June 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: John Massie, Lynn Gillam Tags: Response to Letter Source Type: research

Using lung function measurements to greater advantage in patients with lung disease: Which test and when?
(Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - June 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Graham L. Hall, Charles G. Irvin Tags: Series Editorial: A Prologue Source Type: research

Evaluation of an improved sustained-release buprenorphine formulation for use in mice.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-BUP-SR administration resulted in antinociception effects for 48 hours. Results of this study indicated that the improved BUP-SR formulation could be safely administered SC and conferred superior analgesia, compared with that for BUP-HCl, in mice. PMID: 24959727 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - June 25, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Healy JR, Tonkin JL, Kamarec SR, Saludes MA, Ibrahim SY, Matsumoto RR, Wimsatt JH Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research

Outbreak of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae bloodstream infections at an outpatient chemotherapy center
Conclusions: Improper preparation and handling of injectable medications likely caused the outbreak. Increased infection control oversight of oncology clinics is critical to prevent similar outbreaks. (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - June 25, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Thomas E. Dobbs, Alice Y. Guh, Peggy Oakes, Mary Jan Vince, Joseph C. Forbi, Bette Jensen, Heather Moulton-Meissner, Paul Byers Tags: Major Articles Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Tuberculosis)
Source: Tuberculosis - June 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Corrigendum to “Mycobacterium tuberculosis pili (MTP), a putative biomarker for a tuberculosis diagnostic test” [Tuberculosis 94 (3) (May 2014) 338–345]
(Source: Tuberculosis)
Source: Tuberculosis - June 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Natasha Naidoo, Saiyur Ramsugit, Manormoney Pillay Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Respiratory self‐gating for free‐breathing magnetization transfer MRI of the abdomen
ConclusionRSG approaches may offer to improve the utility of MT‐weighted imaging methods for the assessment of fibrotic diseases and tumor desmoplasia in abdominal organs. Magn Reson Med, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine)
Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine - June 25, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: Weiguo Li, Zhuoli Zhang, Kangan Li, Ning Jin, Yue Zhang, Tianjing Zhang, Frank H. Miller, Andrew C. Larson Tags: Note Source Type: research

Impact of preceding respiratory viral infections on the clinical severity of patients with pneumococcal pneumonia
ConclusionThis study suggests that preceding RVIs might be one of the risk factors affecting the clinical severity of pneumococcal pneumonia. (Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses)
Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses - June 25, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Young Kyung Yoon, Kyung Sook Yang, Jang Wook Sohn, Chang Kyu Lee, Min Ja Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Trends in Sri Lankan cause-specific adult mortality 1950-2006
Conclusions: Significant disparities are demonstrated in Sri Lankan cause-specific adult mortality by sex and age group for 1950-2006. Female mortality progressively declined while male mortality demonstrated periods of increase and stagnation. Among males aged 15-34 years this coincides with periods of civil conflict over 1970-2000. Among males aged 35-64 years the increased mortality from non-communicable disease and external causes are the main reasons for stagnation in all-cause mortality since the 1970's. (Source: BioMed Central)
Source: BioMed Central - June 25, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Chiranthika VithanaChristine LinhartRichard TaylorStephen MorrellSyed Azim Source Type: research

Procedural sedation with dexmedetomidine during ablation of atrial fibrillation: a randomized controlled trial
Conclusion Procedural sedation with dexmedetomidine may assure safety and patient immobility during AF ablation, and therefore may be a potential alternative for that with GABAergic anaesthetics. (Source: Europace)
Source: Europace - June 25, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Sairaku, A., Yoshida, Y., Hirayama, H., Nakano, Y., Ando, M., Kihara, Y. Tags: Ablation for atrial fibrillation Source Type: research