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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 16.

A pilot study of less invasive surfactant administration in very preterm infants in a Chinese tertiary center
Conclusions: LISA in spontaneously breathing infants on nCPAP is an alternative therapy for PS delivery, avoiding intubation with an endotracheal tube. The method is feasible and potentially effective, and deserves further clinical trials.Trial registrationCurrent Controlled Trials ChiCTR-ICR-15006001. Registered 20 February 2015. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - March 14, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yingying BaoGuolian ZhangMingyuan WuLixin MaJiajun Zhu Source Type: research

Physical Medicine Interventions as Alternatives to Invasive Airway Tubes
This article describes the use of physical medicine noninvasive inspiratory and expiratory muscle aids to prevent ventilatory/respiratory failure and to permit the extubation and tracheostomy tube decannulation of patients with little or no autonomous ability to breathe (i.e., who are “unweanable” from ventilator support). Noninvasive airway pressure aids can provide up to continuous ventilatory support and effective cough flows for patients with severely dysfunctional respiratory muscles. (Source: PM and R)
Source: PM and R - March 14, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: John R. Bach, Selorm L. Takyi Source Type: research

Cigarette smoke inhibits BAFF expression and mucosal immunoglobulin A responses in the lung during influenza virus infection
Conclusions: Our findings indicate that CS may hinder early mucosal IgA responses in the lung during influenza virus infection through oxidative inhibition of BAFF, which might contribute to the increased incidence and severity of viral infections in smokers. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - March 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jianmiao WangQinghai LiJungang XieYongjian Xu Source Type: research

The cell envelope of tubercle bacilli
The envelope of tubercle bacilli and of other mycobacteria is important for the bacterial physiology since inhibition of the production of some of its constituents kills the cells. It consists of a plasma membrane, which is apparently homologous to plasma membranes of other bacteria, surrounded by a complex wall of carbohydrate and lipid, which is in turn surrounded by an outermost layer, called ‘capsule’ in the case of pathogenic species. The wall possesses a fundamental, covalently linked ‘cell-wall skeleton’ composed of peptidoglycan covalently linked to arabinogalactan esterified by very long-chain (up to C90) ...
Source: Tuberculosis - March 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mamadou Daffé Source Type: research

MadR1, a cell cycle stress response protein that is a member of a widely conserved protein class of prokaryotic, eukaryotic and archaeal origin
Stress-induced molecular programs designed to stall division progression are nearly ubiquitous in bacteria, with one well-known example being the participation of the SulA septum inhibiting protein in the SOS DNA damage repair response. Mycobacteria similarly demonstrate stress-altered growth kinetics, however no such regulators have been found in these organisms. We therefore set out to identify SulA-like regulatory proteins in Mycobacterium tuberculosis. A bioinformatics modeling-based approach led to the identification of rv2216 as encoding for a protein with weak similarity to SulA, further analysis distinguished this ...
Source: Tuberculosis - March 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rebecca Crew, Melissa V. Ramirez, Kathleen England, Richard A. Slayden Tags: Molecular Aspects Source Type: research

Bi-level positive airway pressure ventilation for patients with stable hypercapnic chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Conclusions NPPV is well tolerated and can improve blood gas levels, dyspnea and quality of life parameters in patients with stable hypercapnic COPD. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - March 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Platelet count and level of paCO2 are predictors of CAP prognosis
Conclusion Patients with abnormality in platelet count and levels of paCO2 were associated with an increase in ICU admission and higher 30day mortality. They should be considered for inclusion in future severity criteria to identify patients who are in need for a higher level of care. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - March 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

MDR-TB recurrence after successful treatment: additional studies using molecular genotyping are needed
This article is currently available as a free download on ingentaconnect (Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - March 14, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yim, Jae-JoonKoh, Won-Jung Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Identification of unexpected respiratory abnormalities in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis through electromyographic analysis using intramuscular electrodes implanted for therapeutic diaphragmatic pacing
Conclusions Multiple abnormalities of respiratory control can be seen in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patients using dEMG through therapeutic DP electrodes. DP is used to overcome instability of respiratory control when there are intact diaphragm motor units leading to improved survival. (Source: The American Journal of Surgery)
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - March 14, 2015 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Esophageal Complications: What are the Real Results?
Dr. Molena and colleagues query the NSQIP database for the incidence of and risk factors for respiratory complications after esophagectomy. 23% of the patients had respiratory complications which were associated with higher mortality. NSQIP provides validated, standardized data which can serve as benchmarks for surgeons to compare outcomes after esophagectomy. (Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - March 14, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: R. Taylor Ripley, Emily S. Reardon Source Type: research

Resolution of alcohol-induced respiratory symptoms following aspirin desensitization in aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease
An enigmatic disease process, aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) continues to exhibit new facets as the understanding of this condition evolves. First described by Beers and Samter in 1968, the prevalence of AERD is estimated to be 5% to 10% of adults with asthma.1 The pathogenesis of AERD remains incompletely understood as does its emerging association with alcohol-induced respiratory reactions. The earliest cases of alcohol-induced respiratory reactions were described in a controlled challenge study that described severe bronchospasm in patients with asthma after ingestion of sulfite-containing red wine in 19...
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - March 14, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Charles J. Calais, Taylor A. Banks Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Association of polymorphisms with eosinophil and platelet activation in patients with aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease
The overproduction of cysteinyl leukotrienes triggered by aspirin (acetylsalicylic acid [ASA]) or other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs is a hallmark of aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD).1 (Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology)
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - March 14, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Purevsuren Losol, Nami Shrestha Palikhe, Ji Won Lee, Sailesh Palikhe, Mi-Ae Kim, Eun-Mi Yang, Hyunna Choi, Gil-Soon Choi, Seung-Hyun Kim, Hae-Sim Park Tags: Letter Source Type: research

Olodaterol: A Review of Its Use in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Abstract Olodaterol (Striverdi® Respimat®) is an inhaled long-acting β2-adrenoceptor agonist (LABA) indicated as a once-daily maintenance bronchodilator therapy in adults with COPD. Several well-designed phase III trials have assessed use of the drug over 6 or 48 weeks in this patient population. In these studies, once-daily olodaterol improved lung function relative to placebo over 48 weeks of treatment, with such improvements being achieved and maintained within the 24-h dosage interval, supporting its once-daily administration. In addition, combined analyses of 48-week trials indicated that olodaterol redu...
Source: Drugs - March 14, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

The Temporal Dynamics of Emotional Acceptance: Experience, Expression, and Physiology.
Abstract Emotional acceptance has begun to attract considerable attention from researchers and clinicians alike. It is not yet clear, however, what effects emotional acceptance has on early emotion response dynamics. To address this question, participants (N=37) were shown emotional pictures and cued either to simply attend to them, or to accept or suppress their emotional responses. Continuous measures of emotion experience, expressive behavior, and autonomic responses were obtained. Results indicated that compared to no regulation, acceptance led to more positive emotions, transiently enhanced expressivity, and l...
Source: Biological Psychology - March 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dan-Glauser ES, Gross JJ Tags: Biol Psychol Source Type: research

The Association between Heart Rate Reactivity and Fluid Intelligence in Children.
This study aimed to examine (a) whether findings of increased cardiovascular reactivity in relation to cognitive ability seen in infants, young adults and the elderly can be extended to middle childhood, and (b) which specific aspect(s) of intelligence is related to cardiovascular reactivity. We examined cardiovascular activity in 340 8- and 9-year-old children during a number judgment task and measured fluid and crystalized IQ using the WISC-IV (Wechsler, 2003). Regression analyses revealed that heart rate (HR) reactivity was positively associated with fluid intelligence and perceptual reasoning in particular, after contr...
Source: Biological Psychology - March 14, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gao Y, Borlam D, Zhang W Tags: Biol Psychol Source Type: research

Editorial Commentary: Esophageal Complications: What are the Real Results?
Dr Molena and colleagues query the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program to determine the incidence of and the risk factors for respiratory complications after esophagectomy. They report that 23% (687 of 2945) of patients had respiratory complications of pneumonia (5.9%), unplanned intubation (9.9%), and ventilator dependency >48 hours (13.8%). They compared the groups with or without these complications and found higher mortality, morbidity, reoperative rates, and length of stay in the patients with respiratory compromise. (Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - March 14, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: R. Taylor Ripley, Emily S. Reardon Tags: EDITORIAL COMMENTARY Source Type: research

Cardiovascular safety of two bronchodilators' fixed-dose combination: indacaterol and glycopyrronium.
Abstract Combination therapy with anticholinergics and b2-agonists should be used in COPD patients after failure of previous monotherapy with one of these drugs. Synergistic effect of both mechanisms of bronchodilation can maximize the efficacy of separately administered drugs. The effectiveness of the combination of LABA and LAMA is already confirmed, nevertheless the question about the safety profile of this therapy is still remaining, particularly with regard to the cardiovascular system. The paper discusses the overall safety profile of the combined preparation compare to placebo as well as the active comparato...
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kozielski J Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Thixotropy of nasal medications - its role in clinical practice.
Abstract Optimal medication should be characterized by good bioavailability, rapid onset of action, a long period of therapeutic activity, with preserved high safety profile and the lowest possible risk of side effects. Therefore, in addition to traditional drug administration routes, such as oral or injection, novel methods for drug applications, for example in the form of a nasal application have been developed. Because of the anatomy of the nose, drugs administered intranasally can be rapidly absorbed and, depending on the nature of the active substance, may act locally on the mucosa or can have a significant sy...
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Koźmiński M, Kupczyk M Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Pulmonary artery stenosis due to embryonal carcinoma with primary mediastinal location.
Abstract A 29-year old man was admitted to the intensive care unit after losing consciousness. On physical examination, a loud systolic murmur over the heart was found. Echocardiography revealed narrowing of pulmonary artery with high pressure gradient. Computed tomography of the chest revealed the presence of large tumour localised in the upper anterior mediastinum. Due to the risk of total closure of the pulmonary artery, interventional mediastinotomy was performed and diagnosis of carcinoma embryonale was established. Subsequent chemotherapy (BEP regimen) has brought regression of tumour and significant improvem...
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Grzegorczyk F, Dybowska M, Kuca P, Czajka C, Burakowski J, Langfort R, Orłowski T, Tomkowski W Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis presenting as lobar or total lung collapse.
CONCLUSIONS: The present case series highlights the need for aggressive approach in diagnosing this treatable condition in cases presenting as segmental or total lung collapse. The condition has a good prognosis if detected early. PMID: 25754057 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kumar R, Poongadan MN, Singh M Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

"Saw-Tooth Sign" in upper airway disorders - a case report.
Abstract Spirometry flow-volume loop measurement is the screening test of choice to rule out obstructive lung diseases. Flow oscillations occasionally seen on flow volume loops, referred to as a "saw-tooth" sign, are thought to be due to an upper airway obstructive processes associated with upper airway collapsibility. Widely described in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome, flow oscillations have also been linked to many other upper airway pathologies. The mechanism by which flow oscillations occur is centered on the inspiratory and expiratory flow of air. It has been theorized that the mechanism of flow oscillations...
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sahni S, Blood A, Paulus S, Talwar A Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica - case report and literature review.
We present a case of a 50-year old man with chronic exertional dyspnoea and stenosis of the trachea visible in imaging tests, in whom the symptoms were caused by TBO. PMID: 25754055 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Porzezińska M, Janowicz A, Janowiak P, Cynowska B, Sternau A, Pęksa R, Słomiński JM, Jassem E Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Interferon gamma release assays based on M. tuberculosis- -specific antigens in sarcoidosis patients.
CONCLUSIONS: In sarcoidosis patients formerly BCG vaccinated, positive rate of IGRAs was 4.6% for QFT-GIT and 3.7% for T-SPOT. TB. We did not find the influence of the selected parameters of sarcoidosis on IGRAs results. PMID: 25754054 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kempisty A, Białas-Chromiec B, Borkowska D, Kuś J Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Correlation between hyperinflation defined as an elevated RV/TLC ratio and body composition and cytokine profile in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with hyperinflation have a lower FFMI, TBW and MMI and a higher proportion of fat tissue. Hyperinflation is associated with elevated concentrations of inflammatory markers what may be associated with more severe disease. Body compositions abnormality and higher activity of systemic inflammation could therefore be a negative prognostic factor in COPD patients. PMID: 25754053 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rubinsztajn R, Przybyłowski T, Paplińska-Goryca M, Karwat K, Nejman-Gryz P, Chazan R Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Lung cancer in Podkarpackie region in the years 2002-2011.
CONCLUSIONS: In the years 2002-2011 the values of incidence and mortality rates for men in Podkarpackie province were lower than the rates for Poland, in case of women the same rates for Podkarpackie were almost two times lower than the rates for Poland. In the years 2002-2011 the highest value of incidence and mortality rate out of all districts of Podkarpackie Province was observed in the district Lubaczów for men and in Przemyśl in case of women. PMID: 25754052 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Grądalska-Lampart M, Karczmarek-Borowska B, Radziszewska AU Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Occurrence of alert pathogens in patients hospitalised in the department of lung diseases.
CONCLUSIONS: Infections caused by alert pathogens were found in more than 4% of patients hospitalised in the department of lung diseases between 2007 and 2011. Their frequency was significantly higher in patients being qualified for lung transplantation than in other analysed groups. In all examined groups the most frequently isolated bacteria was P. aeruginosa (27% of all isolates). PMID: 25754051 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Zieliński M, Dworniczak S, Dworniczak A, Kozielski J Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Lung cancer: our blood, sweat and fears.
PMID: 25754050 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chorostowska-Wynimko J Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

The IGRA tests: where are we now?
PMID: 25754049 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kwiatkowska S Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol; +16 new citations
16 new pubmed citations were retrieved for your search. Click on the search hyperlink below to display the complete search results: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol These pubmed results were generated on 2015/03/13PubMed comprises more than 24 million citations for biomedical literature from MEDLINE, life science journals, and online books. Citations may include links to full-text content from PubMed Central and publisher web sites. (Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol...)
Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol... - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Report Source Type: research

Clinical application of ET-Kyoto solution for lung transplantation
In this study, we retrospectively analyzed our results of lung transplantation using the ET-Kyoto solution. From 2002 to 2012, 26 patients underwent transplantation of lungs preserved with ET-Kyoto solution from brain-dead donors. We retrospectively reviewed the post-transplant pulmonary function and long-term survival. The graft performance was assessed by the PGD grading system. The mean graft ischemic time was 483.8 ± 19.0 min. The oxygenation capacity after reperfusion and recovery of respiratory function were both acceptable despite the long ischemic time. The survival rate at 5 years after transplantation was 85...
Source: Surgery Today - March 13, 2015 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Phospho-p38 MAPK Expression in COPD Patients and Asthmatics and in Challenged Bronchial Epithelium
Conclusion: p-p38 MAPK expression is similar in stable COPD and control subjects but increased in the bronchi of mild asthmatics compared to stable COPD patients. p38 MAPK mRNA is increased after bronchial epithelial challenges in vitro. These data together suggest a potential role for this MAPK in Th2 inflammation and possibly during COPD exacerbations.Respiration (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The effect of CPAP treatment on EEG of OSAS patients
Conclusions CPAP therapy had a significant influence on sleep EEG in patients with OSAHS, which lead to a more stable EEG pattern. This may be one of the mechanisms that CPAP could improve sleep quality and brain function of OSAS patients. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Molecular diagnosis of respiratory viruses
Summary: The increasing availability of nucleic acid amplification tests since the 1980s has revolutionised our understanding of the pathogenesis, epidemiology, clinical and laboratory aspects of known and novel viral respiratory pathogens. High-throughput, multiplex polymerase chain reaction is the most commonly used qualitative detection method, but utilisation of newer techniques such as next-generation sequencing will become more common following significant cost reductions. Rapid and readily accessible isothermal amplification platforms have also allowed molecular diagnostics to be used in a ‘point-of-care’ format...
Source: Pathology - March 13, 2015 Category: Pathology Tags: Molecular Diagnostics in Microbiology Source Type: research

Presentation of Severe Combined Immunodeficiency with Respiratory Syncytial Virus and Pneumocystis Co-infection
We report a case of a 4-month-old boy with co-infection by respiratory syncytial virus and Pneumocystis jiroveci infection that led to recognition of severe combined immunodeficiency. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - March 13, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Immunology Report Source Type: research

Epidemiology and Virology of Acute Respiratory Infections During the First Year of Life: A Birth Cohort Study in Vietnam
Background: Understanding viral etiology and age-specific incidence of acute respiratory infections in infants can help identify risk groups and inform vaccine delivery, but community-based data is lacking from tropical settings. Methods: One thousand four hundred and seventy-eight infants in urban Ho Chi Minh City and 981 infants in a semi-rural district in southern Vietnam were enrolled at birth and followed to 1 year of age. Acute respiratory infection (ARI) episodes were identified through clinic-based illness surveillance, hospital admissions and self-reports. Nasopharyngeal swabs were collected from infants with resp...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - March 13, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Acute Otorrhea in Children with Tympanostomy Tubes: Prevalence of Bacteria and Viruses in the Post-Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine Era
Conclusions: H. influenzae, S. aureus and P. aeruginosa are the most common microorganisms in children with untreated uncomplicated acute tympanostomy-tube otorrhea. Prevalence of S. pneumoniae has decreased since the introduction of PCV and most pneumococci are nonvaccine serotypes. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - March 13, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Seroprevalence of Pertussis in The Gambia: Evidence for Continued Circulation of Bordetella pertussis Despite High Vaccination Rates
Background: Bordetella pertussis can cause severe respiratory disease and death in children. In recent years, large outbreaks have occurred in high-income countries; however, little is known about pertussis incidence in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: We evaluated antibody responses to pertussis toxin (Ptx) from individuals aged between 2 and 90 years in rural Gambia. IgG-Ptx was measured using luminex xMAP technology. IgG-Ptx geometric mean concentrations (GMC) and their 95% confidence intervals were calculated. The proportion seropositive (>20 EU/mL or ≥62.5 EU/mL) and GMCs were compared by age, sex, ethnic group, vaccina...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - March 13, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

[Care for patients with altered states of consciousness in a hospital for chronic and long-stay patients].
CONCLUSIONS: Medical attention in UWS or MCS is complex and requires multidisciplinary care. Almost half of the patients improved their cognitive situation, which justifies a proactive attitude that attempts to improve the quality of life of both patients and their families. PMID: 25760719 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Revista de Neurologia)
Source: Revista de Neurologia - March 13, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Mas-Sese G, Sanchis-Pellicer MJ, Tormo-Mico E, Vicente-Mas J, Vallalta-Morales M, Rueda-Gordillo D, Conejo-Alba A, Berbegal-Serra J, Martinez-Aviles P, Oltra-Masanet JA, Femenia-Perez M Tags: Rev Neurol Source Type: research

Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis by HPV: review of the literature and update on the use of cidofovir.
In conclusion, combination of surgical removal and injection of cidofovir is associated with good response in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis. PMID: 25762828 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica)
Source: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica - March 13, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Acta Otorhinolaryngol Ital Source Type: research

Lung abscess as a complication of bronchial thermoplasty
Journal of Asthma, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - March 13, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Steroidal Sapogenins and Glycosides from the Fibrous Roots of Ophiopogon japonicus and Liriope spicata var. prolifera with Anti-inflammatory Activity.
Abstract Two new steroidal glycosides (1 and 2), together with 15 known compounds (3-17) were isolated from the fibrous roots of Ophiopogon japonicus, and three new steroidal glycosides (18-20), together with 14 known compounds (21-34) were isolated from the fibrous roots of Liriope spicata var. prolifera. The structures of the new compounds were elucidated on the basis of extensive one-dimensional (1D)- and 2D-NMR spectroscopic analyses and mass spectrometry. The isolated compounds were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activity in vitro. Most of these steroidal glycosides showed significant inhibitory activit...
Source: Chemical and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - March 13, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Qi J, Hu ZF, Zhou YF, Hu YJ, Yu BY Tags: Chem Pharm Bull (Tokyo) Source Type: research

Why Not Use a Surfactant Test for Respiratory Distress Syndrome?
Neonatology 2015;107:312 (Source: Neonatology)
Source: Neonatology - March 13, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Deaths Associated with Respiratory Syncytial and Influenza Viruses among Persons ≥5 Years of Age in HIV-Prevalent Area, South Africa, 1998–20091
S. Tempia et al. (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - March 13, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Respiratory tract infections among children younger than 5 years: current management in Australian general practice.
CONCLUSION: GP management of paediatric RTIs in Australia varied according to the clinical problem and with age and sex of the GP. Further research into parents' and health professionals' attitudes and practices regarding the role of antibiotics, over-the-counter medications, and hygiene will help maintain favourable management practices. PMID: 25758698 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Journal of Australia)
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - March 13, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research

Fast-track Ivor Lewis esophageal resection
Conclusions The fast-track goal was reached in almost two-thirds of patients undergoing Ivor Lewis resection. Multimodal measures reduce pulmonary complication and pneumonia rate without increasing surgical morbidity. (Source: European Surgery)
Source: European Surgery - March 13, 2015 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Prediction of Physiological Responses and Performance at Altitude Using the 6-Minute Walk Test in Normoxia and Hypoxia
Conclusions The 6MWT is a simple, time-efficient tool for predicting physiological responses to simulated and actual altitude, which are comparable. The 6MWT is effective at monitoring elements of acclimatization to moderate altitude. (Source: Wilderness and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Wilderness and Environmental Medicine - March 13, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Viral aetiology of acute respiratory infections among children and associated meteorological factors in southern China
Conclusions: This study reports high viral detection and co-detection rates in pediatric ARI cases mainly due to EV and HRV. Many viruses circulated throughout the year with similar seasonal trends in association with temperature, humidity, and wind velocity. Statistically significant associations were present among the viruses. Understanding the polyviral etiology and viral interactions in the cases with multiple viruses warrants further studies. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - March 13, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Binglin CuiDangui ZhangHui PanFan ZhangJeremy FarrarFrieda LawH van DoornBeiyan WuWilliam Ba-Thein Source Type: research