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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 17.
Tuberculosis therapy in Mumbai: Critical importance of drug-susceptibility testing
Amrita Daftary, Madhukar PaiLung India 2016 33(3):251-252 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Amrita DaftaryMadhukar Pai Source Type: research
Possible impact of the standardized Category IV regimen on multidrug-resistant tuberculosis patients in Mumbai
Conclusion: Our study shows that a high proportion of patients will have resistance to a number of the first- and second-line drugs. Local epidemiology must be factored in to avoid amplification of resistance. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Zarir F UdwadiaJai Bharat MullerpattanKushal D ShahCamilla S Rodrigues Source Type: research
Relationship of epidermal growth factor receptor activating mutations with histologic subtyping according to International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society 2011 adenocarcinoma classification and their impact on overall survival
Conclusions: Histologic subtyping of ADC performed on small biopsies is independently associated with EGFR AM and with better OS. EGFR AM presence is a positive prognostic factor for OS. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Venkata Nagarjuna MaturuNavneet SinghAmanjit BalNalini GuptaAshim DasDigambar Behera Source Type: research
Management of chronic empyema with unexpandable lung in poor surgical risk patients using an empyema tube
Conclusion: A strategy of empyema tube drainage with staged removal is an option in appropriately selected patients with chronic empyema, unexpandable lung, and poor surgical candidacy. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abhishek BiswasMichael A JantzAndrea M PenleyHiren J Mehta Source Type: research
A randomized, double-blind study comparing the efficacy and safety of a combination of formoterol and ciclesonide with ciclesonide alone in asthma subjects with moderate-to-severe airflow limitation
Conclusions: FC provides better improvement than C alone in terms of lung function and symptoms without increased risk of adverse events in asthma patients. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sundeep S SalviAbhijit J VaidyaRahul R KodguleJaideep A Gogtay Source Type: research
Clinical profile, etiology, and management of hydropneumothorax: An Indian experience
Conclusion: Most patients presented with symptoms and signs of cardiorespiratory distress along with cough, anorexia, and weight loss. Extensive pleural fluid analysis is essential in establishing etiological diagnosis. TB is the most common etiology. ICD for long duration with antimicrobial chemotherapy is the management. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vasunethra KasargodNilkanth Tukaram Awad Source Type: research
Comparison of oral montelukast with oral zileuton in acute asthma: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study
Conclusion: Zileuton is better than montelukast as an additional drug in acute asthma and results in significant improvement in lung function, and reduction in the need for rescue medications. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rahul MagazineHameed Aboobackar ShahulBharti ChogtuAsha Kamath Source Type: research
Bronchoalveolar lavage cellular analyses in conjunction with high-resolution computed tomography imaging as a diagnostic intervention for patients with suspected interstitial lung disease
Ammaiyappan Chockalingam, Ranganathan Duraiswamy, Madhavan JagadeesanLung India 2016 33(3):287-291Background: Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) has gained acceptance for diagnosis of Interstitial lung disease (ILD). The advent of high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) has reduced the clinical utility of BAL. This work has utilized the recommendations of the American Thoracic Society (ATS) to optimize BAL and the findings have been associated with clinical examination and HRCT to precisely narrow down the cause of ILD. Materials and Methods: BAL was performed on ILD suspects at the target site chosen based on HRCT. The proce...
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ammaiyappan ChockalingamRanganathan DuraiswamyMadhavan Jagadeesan Source Type: research
Imaging of spaces of neck and mediastinum by endoscopic ultrasound
This article combines the baseline anatomy of the spaces with the actual imaging during EUS. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Malay SharmaAmit PathakAbid ShoukatPiyush Somani Source Type: research
Postcorrective surgery improvement of nocturnal hypoxemia in a case of partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection and aberrant hepatic vein drainage
Abhinav Agrawal, Atul V Palkar, Sonu Sahni, Sheel K Vatsia, Rakesh D Shah, Arunabh TalwarLung India 2016 33(3):306-309Partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection (PAPVC) is a rare congenital anomaly that leads to an anatomical left-to-right shunt. Termination of the intrahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC) with its azygos continuation associated with the hepatic venous connection to the left atrium (LA) is also a rare congenital anomaly that results in an anatomical right-to-left shunt. A 65-year-old male presented with severe dyspnea on exertion and pedal edema. He was further diagnosed at our clinic and was found to have ...
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abhinav AgrawalAtul V PalkarSonu SahniSheel K VatsiaRakesh D ShahArunabh Talwar Source Type: research
Whistle lower-better late than never
Arjun Srinivasan, Mahadevan Sivaramakrishnan, Pattabhi Raman R Vallandramam, Pavan YadavLung India 2016 33(3):310-31216 years old boy with childhood history of chronic respiratory symptoms requiring several admissions presented with recent worsening of symptoms. Chest x-ray showed left lower lobe collapse and flexible bronchoscopy revealed stenosis of left main bronchus. Foreign body was seen beyond the stenosis, which was removed after dilatation of narrowed bronchus under general anesthesia using rigid bronchoscopy. Patient's father gave a history of aspiration of whistle 14 years ago, which had then been removed....
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Arjun SrinivasanMahadevan SivaramakrishnanPattabhi Raman R VallandramamPavan Yadav Source Type: research
Osler-Weber-Rendu disease: A rare cause of recurrent hemoptysis
Amir M Khoja, Rahul K Jalan, Dheeraj L Jain, Omkar V KajaleLung India 2016 33(3):313-316Osler-Weber-Rendu disease, also known as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia, is a rare autosomal dominant condition causing systemic fibrovascular dysplasia. It has an incidence of 1-2/100,000. Phenotypic variation is extreme ranging from asymptomatic to severely symptomatic, from cases with no or few mucocutaneous lesions to those with diffuse cutaneous telangiectasia. We discuss a case of Osler-Weber-Rendu disease causing diffuse cutaneous telangiectasia and hemoptysis. The patient presented with complaints of hemoptysis and was ex...
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Amir M KhojaRahul K JalanDheeraj L JainOmkar V Kajale Source Type: research
Congenital lobar emphysema: Pitfalls in diagnosis
We report a case of a 31/2-month-old infant who was initially diagnosed with pneumonia requiring multiple hospital admissions. After computed tomography of the thorax, a diagnosis on CLE was made. The child was planned for surgery in the next available routine operation theatre. However, suddenly in the evening, she developed respiratory distress and needed emergency surgical intervention. The child improved dramatically after surgery, and the postoperative period was uneventful. Early diagnosis and treatment in such cases can lead to dramatic results. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abhishek ChinyaPrince Raj PandeyShandip Kumar SinhaYogesh Kumar Sarin Source Type: research
Bronchocentric granulomatosis with extensive cystic lung disease in tuberculosis: An unusual presentation
We report a case of BCG with extensive cystic lung disease in a young female who presented with fever, weight loss, and recurrent pneumothoraces with respiratory failure. Early diagnosis and treatment are imperative, as appropriate therapy may be life-saving in such cases. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pallavi PeriwalArjun KhannaRajesh GothiDeepak Talwar Source Type: research
Delayed diagnosis of endobronchial mucoepidermoid carcinoma in a 29-year-old male
We report the case of a 29-year-old male patient wherein a clinico-radiological consideration of tuberculosis (TB) led to a prolonged treatment with anti-TB medications without response. Flexible bronchoscopic biopsy confirmed the diagnosis of MEC following that the patient underwent curative surgical resection. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Akanksha JainNeha Kawatra MadanSudheer AravaDurgatosh PandeyKaran Madan Source Type: research
A case of synchronous isolated thyroid metastasis from a primary lung cancer presenting as thyroid primary: Diagnostic challenge!
Narendra Hulikal, Ramana Reddy Naru, Revanth Gangasani, Rukmangadha Nandyala, Ananth Pai, Manickavasgam MeenakshisundaramLung India 2016 33(3):326-329The thyroid metastasis from any primary is rare, and usually is a late event and presents as a thyroid swelling. Further, the diagnosis of a metastatic lesion in a patient with no antecedent history of any malignancy can be very challenging. Recently, a patient presented to us with a history of diagnostic evaluation suggesting a primary thyroid malignancy with a synchronous lung primary. After surgery for the thyroid swelling, final histopathology revealed a metastatic lesion...
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Narendra HulikalRamana Reddy NaruRevanth GangasaniRukmangadha NandyalaAnanth PaiManickavasgam Meenakshisundaram Source Type: research
Idiopathic bilateral diaphragmatic dysfunction as a cause of dyspnea
We present a case of bilateral diaphragmatic paralysis with no identifiable etiology. Our patient is a 73-year-old female with a history of smoking who presented with dyspnea and orthopnea. She was treated for obstructive lung disease with no improvement in dyspnea despite adequate therapy. She had pulmonary function tests (PFTs) that revealed marked decrease in vital capacity and was unable to perform lung volume maneuvers supine due to marked dyspnea. The maximal inspiratory pressure was 37 in the upright position and decreased to 27 in the supine position. She was given a presumptive diagnosis of idiopathic bilateral di...
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: D MacBruceS SafdarK KatpallyHamid ShaabanM Adelman Source Type: research
Is bronchoalveolar lavage a game changer in the diagnosis of interstitial lung disease?
Sheetu Singh, Virendra SinghLung India 2016 33(3):333-334 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sheetu SinghVirendra Singh Source Type: research
"Crazy-paving" pattern: A characteristic presentation of pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and a review of the literature from India
Shekhar Kunal, Kamal Gera, Vikas Pilaniya, Sudhir Jain, Rajesh Gothi, Ashok ShahLung India 2016 33(3):335-342 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Shekhar KunalKamal GeraVikas PilaniyaSudhir JainRajesh GothiAshok Shah Source Type: research
Is there a role of immunosenescence in the pathogenesis of malignant mesothelioma? A case study
Abhishek BiswasLung India 2016 33(3):343-345 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abhishek Biswas Source Type: research
Young onset hemoptysis: A rare cause of pulmonary arterial aneurysm
Akhil Paul, Yasir Peringattuthodiyil, Devasahayam Jesudas Christopher, Balamugesh ThangakunamLung India 2016 33(3):345-347 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Akhil PaulYasir PeringattuthodiyilDevasahayam Jesudas ChristopherBalamugesh Thangakunam Source Type: research
Scrub typhus presenting as pneumonia in a 12-year-old girl
Lalitha Munigangaiah, Rangan Srinivasaraghavan, Chandrasekaran Venkatesh, Reena Gulati, Ballambhattu Vishnu BhatLung India 2016 33(3):347-349 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lalitha MunigangaiahRangan SrinivasaraghavanChandrasekaran VenkateshReena GulatiBallambhattu Vishnu Bhat Source Type: research
A rare case of tubercular pansinusitis with orbital and intracranial extension
Deependra Kumar Rai, Subhash Kumar, Somesh ThakurLung India 2016 33(3):349-351 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Deependra Kumar RaiSubhash KumarSomesh Thakur Source Type: research
Response to transbronchial lung biopsy in diffuse parenchymal lung disease: Question still remains whether to go for surgical lung biopsy or not?
Rakhee Sodhi, Girish SindhwaniLung India 2016 33(3):353-354 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rakhee SodhiGirish Sindhwani Source Type: research
Noninvasive ventilation outside Intensive Care Unit in India: Too many problems to counter
Swetabh Purohit, Naveen Dutt, Lokesh Kumar Saini, Ashok KuwalLung India 2016 33(3):354-355 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Swetabh PurohitNaveen DuttLokesh Kumar SainiAshok Kuwal Source Type: research
Metabolic activity of neutrophils is elevated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: Are we sure?
Baishakhi GhoshLung India 2016 33(3):356-356 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Baishakhi Ghosh Source Type: research
Response to Metabolic activity of neutrophils is elevated in COPD
Ashwin Vaidyanathan, Komala Sampath DamodarLung India 2016 33(3):357-358 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ashwin VaidyanathanKomala Sampath Damodar Source Type: research
Exploring membrane respiratory chains
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled ‘EBEC 2016: 19th European Bioenergetics Conference, Riva del Garda, Italy, July 2–6, 2016’, edited by Prof. Paolo Bernardi. (Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics)
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics - April 21, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Mitochondrial physiology and reactive oxygen species production are altered by hypoxia acclimation in killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus) [RESEARCH ARTICLE]
Sherry N. N. Du, Sajeni Mahalingam, Brittney G. Borowiec, and Graham R. Scott Many fish encounter hypoxia in their native environment, but the role of mitochondrial physiology in hypoxia acclimation and hypoxia tolerance is poorly understood. We investigated the effects of hypoxia acclimation on mitochondrial respiration, O2 kinetics, emission of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and antioxidant capacity in the estuarine killifish (Fundulus heteroclitus). Killifish were acclimated to normoxia, constant hypoxia (5 kPa O2) or intermittent diel cycles of nocturnal hypoxia (12 h:12 h normoxia:hypoxia) for 28–...
Source: Journal of Experimental Biology - April 21, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Du, S. N. N., Mahalingam, S., Borowiec, B. G., Scott, G. R. Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research
Evaluation of immunomodulatory effect of recombinant human granulocyte‐macrophage colony‐stimulating factor on polymorphonuclear cell from dogs with cancer in vitro
The objective of this in vitro study was to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of recombinant human granulocyte‐macrophage colony‐stimulating factor (rhGM‐CSF) on polymorphonuclear cell (PMN) function in dogs with cancer. PMNs were harvested from dogs with naturally developing cancer as a pre‐clinical model to evaluate the immunomodulatory effects of rhGM‐CSF on PMN phagocytic and cytotoxic functions, cytokine production and receptor expression. Some aspects of cancer‐related PMN dysfunction in dogs with cancer were restored following incubation with rhGM‐CSF including PMN phagocytosis, respiratory burst a...
Source: Veterinary and Comparative Oncology - April 21, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Y. Zhang, S. Axiak‐Bechtel, C. Friedman Cowan, J. Amorim, K. Tsuruta, A. E. DeClue Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
DATA presented in the box ‘Bovine respiratory disease, 2014 to 2015' published in the SAC C VS disease surveillance report for June 2015 (VR, October 3, 2015, vol 177, pp 333-336) were incorrect. The correct data are presented below. The error is regretted. Bovine respiratory disease 2014 to 2015 In the 12 months to July 2015 SAC C VS recorded 422 diagnoses of bovine respiratory disease. There were 72 diagnoses where pneumonia was confirmed at gross examination, but no definitive cause was identified. Thirty-nine diagnoses of lungworm were recorded. These were all submitted between July and December, with a peak in S...
Source: Veterinary Record - April 21, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Correction Source Type: research
Diabetes and Prediabetes and Risk of Hospitalization: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study
CONCLUSIONS Persons with diagnosed diabetes, undiagnosed diabetes, and prediabetes are at a significantly elevated risk of hospitalization compared with those without diabetes. Substantial excess rates of hospitalizations in persons with diagnosed diabetes were for endocrine, infection, and iatrogenic/injury causes, which may be preventable with improved diabetes care. (Source: Diabetes Care)
Source: Diabetes Care - April 21, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Schneider, A. L. C.; Kalyani, R. R.; Golden, S.; Stearns, S. C.; Wruck, L.; Yeh, H. C.; Coresh, J.; Selvin, E. Tags: Epidemiology/Health Services Research Source Type: research
Epithelial cysts associated with alloplastic implants after repair of orbital fractures: a systematic review and four new cases
Publication date: Available online 17 April 2016 Source:British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Author(s): Yun Su, Jing Sun, Xianqun Fan An epithelial cyst is a rare and often late complication of long-term alloplastic implants, which has the potential to lead to further complications and harm to patients. We made a systematic review of papers published during the past 30 years about the mechanisms and clinical characteristics formation of epithelial cysts after repair of an orbital fracture by searching PubMed, Medline, and Web of Science to collect all related case reports and series published in the Engli...
Source: British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - April 21, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Inhaler technique: facts and fantasies. A view from the Aerosol Drug Management Improvement Team (ADMIT)
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, Published online: 21 April 2016; doi:10.1038/npjpcrm.2016.17 (Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine)
Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mark L LevyP N R DekhuijzenP J BarnesM BroedersC J CorriganB L ChawesL CorbettaJ C DubusTh HausenF LavoriniN RocheJ SanchisOmar S UsmaniJ ViejoW VinckenTh VoshaarG K CromptonSoren Pedersen Source Type: research
Surgical management of oesophageal atresia
There have been major advances in the surgery for oesophageal atresia (OA) and trachea-oesophageal fistula(TOF) with survival now exceeding 90%. The standard open approach to OA and distal TOF has been well described and essentially unchanged for the last 60 years. Improved survival in recent decades is most attributable to advances in neonatal anaesthesia and perioperative care. Recent surgical advances include the use of thoracoscopic surgery for the repair of OA/TOF and in some centres isolated OA, thereby minimising the long term musculo-skeletal morbidity associated with open surgery. (Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews)
Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Warwick J. Teague, Jonathan Karpelowsky Tags: Mini-symposium Source Type: research
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea: Children are not little Adults
During a child's development, several important developmental physiological sleep processes occur, and, occasionally, pathological disorders are manifested, which results in differences between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) in adults and children. There are major differences in sleep and respiratory physiology as well as OSA symptoms and treatment options between children and adults. Many practitioners do not realize these differences, which results in delays in the diagnosis and treatment of OSA in children. (Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews)
Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Haya Alsubie, Ahmed S. BaHammam Tags: Review Source Type: research
The benefits of newborn screening for cystic fibrosis: The Canadian experience
The impact of newborn screening (NBS) for cystic fibrosis (CF) on early indicators of long-term health was evaluated in the context of government-sponsored healthcare and access to current therapies. (Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis)
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: D.Y.F. Mak, J. Sykes, A.L. Stephenson, L.C. Lands Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Ultra-deep and quantitative saliva proteome reveals dynamics of the oral microbiome
Conclusion Rapid shotgun and robust technology can now simultaneously characterize the human and microbiome contributions to the proteome of a body fluid and is therefore a valuable complement to genomic studies. This opens new frontiers for the study of host–pathogen interactions and clinical saliva diagnostics. (Source: Genome Medicine)
Source: Genome Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Purinergic and Cholinergic Drugs Mediate Hyperventilation in Zebrafish: Evidence from a Novel Chemical Screen
by Saman Rahbar, Wen Pan, Michael G. Jonz A rapid test to identify drugs that affect autonomic responses to hypoxia holds therapeutic and ecologic value. The zebrafish (Danio rerio) is a convenient animal model for investigating peripheral O2 chemoreceptors and respiratory reflexes in vertebrates; however, the neurotransmitters and receptors involved in this process are not adequately defined. The goals of the present study were to demonstrate purinergic and cholinergic control of the hyperventilatory response to hypoxia in zebrafish, and to develop a procedure for screening of neurochemicals that affect respiration. Zebr...
Source: PLoS One - April 21, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Saman Rahbar Source Type: research
Diphtheria: it is still prevalent!!!
Diphtheria is a respiratory infectious disease of childhood. It is a fatal disease and may cause complications if not recognised early and treated properly. Despite availability of effective vaccination it continues to be reported from many parts of the world particularly developing countries. (Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology - April 21, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Avani Jain, Sunil Samdani, Vinod Meena, Man Prakash Sharma Source Type: research
Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency: the added value of cytology.
We report the case of a 2 year-old boy hospitalized into the emergency room for influenza pneumonia infection. The evolution was marked by a respiratory distress syndrome, a severe hemolytic anemia, associated with thrombocytopenia and kidney failure. First, a diagnosis of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) has been judiciously suggested due to the classical triad: kidney failure, hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia. But, strikingly, blood smears do not exhibit schizocytes, but instead ghosts and hemighosts, some characteristic features of a glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency. Our hypothesis has been confirmed by ...
Source: Annales de Biologie Clinique - April 21, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Roelens M, Dossier C, Fenneteau O, Couque N, Da Costa L Tags: Ann Biol Clin (Paris) Source Type: research