Medicine RSS Search Engine

Respiratory Medicine

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 17.

The Evolution of Respiratory Cryptosporidiosis: Evidence for Transmission by Inhalation.
Abstract SUMMARY: The protozoan parasite Cryptosporidium infects all major vertebrate groups and causes significant diarrhea in humans, with a spectrum of diseases ranging from asymptomatic to life-threatening. Children and immunodeficient individuals are disproportionately affected, especially in developing countries, where cryptosporidiosis contributes substantially to morbidity and mortality in preschool-age children. Despite the enormous disease burden from cryptosporidiosis, no antiprotozoal agent or vaccine exists for effective treatment or prevention. Cryptosporidiosis involving the respiratory tract has bee...
Source: Clinical Microbiology Reviews - July 1, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sponseller JK, Griffiths JK, Tzipori S Tags: Clin Microbiol Rev Source Type: research

Limited efficacy of Fever Tag(®) temperature sensing ear tags in calves with naturally occurring bovine respiratory disease or induced bovine viral diarrhea virus infection.
Abstract Temperature sensing ear tags were tested in 1) auction-derived calves with 50% incidence of bovine respiratory disease, and 2) specific pathogen-free calves infected with bovine virus diarrhea virus. There were no false positives, but tag placement, probe displacement, and a high threshold for activation all contributed to failure to reliably detect sick calves. PMID: 24982523 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal)
Source: The Canadian Veterinary Journal - July 1, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: McCorkell R, Wynne-Edwards K, Windeyer C, Schaefer A, UCVM Class of 2013 Tags: Can Vet J Source Type: research

The clinical spectrum of isolated peripheral motor dysfunction
DISCUSSION: Only half of patients were diagnosed with MND. A significant minority have treatable conditions. Cognitive involvement, frontal release signs, and bulbar or respiratory symptoms are strongly suggestive of MND. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Muscle and Nerve)
Source: Muscle and Nerve - July 1, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Alan B. Sanderson, W. David Arnold, Bakri Elsheikh, John T. Kissel Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Reoperative lung transplantation for donor-derived pulmonary mucormycosis.
Abstract A 64-year-old male with end-stage lung disease underwent right orthotopic lung transplantation. After doing well initially, he developed acute hypoxemic respiratory failure with allograft pneumonia. Donor operative cultures demonstrated mold of the Mucor species, which were corroborated by donor endobronchial cultures obtained near the right mainstem bronchial anastomosis. The patient was treated with reoperative bilateral orthotopic lung transplantation in combination with antifungal agents. The operation was performed successfully, using lungs donated after cardiac death and treated with ex vivo lung ...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 1, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Rajagopal K, Watkins AC, Gibber M, Kon ZN, Sanchez PG, Iacono AT, Griffith BP Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Massive pulmonary embolism with liver injury associated with chest compressions during cardiac resuscitation.
Abstract A 34-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of sudden respiratory failure caused by massive pulmonary embolism. After arrival in the hospital, the patient experienced cardiopulmonary arrest, and we promptly initiated percutaneous cardiopulmonary support, in addition to sternal compressions for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. Computed tomography revealed massive pulmonary embolisms and intraperitoneal bleeding due to liver injury. After interventional hemostasis of the hepatic arteries, we performed emergent pulmonary embolectomy and hemostasis of the liver with gauze packing. Absence of further i...
Source: The Annals of Thoracic Surgery - July 1, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Yamasaki M, Misumi H, Abe K, Kuwauchi S, Ito J, Kawazoe K Tags: Ann Thorac Surg Source Type: research

Pediatric Respiratory Infectious Emergencies
Abstract: The review questions that are featured in each of the issues of the JEN are based upon the Emergency Nursing Core Curriculum and other pertinent resources to emergency nursing practice, pediatric and adult. These questions offer emergency nurses an opportunity to test their knowledge about their practice. These questions appear both in print and online. (Source: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN)
Source: Journal of Emergency Nursing: JEN - July 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Scott DeBoer, Michael Seaver Tags: Online-Only Articles: Source Type: research

Freeze-drying of HI-6-loaded recombinant human serum albumin nanoparticles for improved storage stability.
Abstract Severe intoxications with organophosphates require the immediate administration of atropine in combination with acetyl cholinesterase (AChE) reactivators such as HI-6. Although this therapy regimen enables the treatment of peripheral symptoms, the blood-brain barrier (BBB) restricts the access of the hydrophilic antidotes to the central nervous system which could lead to a fatal respiratory arrest. Therefore, HI-6-loaded albumin nanoparticles were previously developed to enhance the transport across this barrier and were able to reactivate organophosphate- (OP)-inhibited AChE in an in vitro BBB model. Sinc...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics - July 1, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Dadparvar M, Wagner S, Wien S, Worek F, Briesen HV, Kreuter J Tags: Eur J Pharm Biopharm Source Type: research

D-Dimer Concentrations in Dogs with Pulmonary Embolism
The incidence of pulmonary embolism in dogs is unknown. Clinical signs are not specific for pulmonary embolism and mimic signs of other cardiopulmonary diseases. However, it has been reported in dogs and associated with immune-mediated hemolytic anemia, sepsis, neoplasia, protein-losing nephropathies, hyperadrenocorticism, and cardiac diseases. Pulmonary embolism is suspected in patients that develop respiratory difficulty in which no primary cardiac or respiratory disease can be confirmed and with concurrent diseases predisposing to thromboembolic complications. Antemortem confirmation of pulmonary embolism is rarely done...
Source: Advances in Small Animal Medicine and Surgery - July 1, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

[In Process Citation].
Abstract For people unaccustomed to high altitude, exposure to height often leads to Acute Mountain Sickness, with headaches, difficulty breathing and gastrointestinal symptoms. Nausea and loss of appetite may result in less calorie intake and weight loss. At altitudes greater than 4000 m about 50-80% of people are affected. After only short exposure, gastrointestinal mucosal lesions can occur, potentially leading to gastrointestinal bleeding and lessened hunger. Patients with inflammatory bowel disorders may develop an acute exacerbation. At high altitude, an induction of numerous metabolic processes can be observ...
Source: Praxis - July 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Frühauf H Tags: Praxis (Bern 1994) Source Type: research

Rhinovirus bronchiolitis: to be or not to be?
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - July 1, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Matti Korppi Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Oxygen enhanced lung MRI by simultaneous measurement of T1 and T2* during free breathing using ultrashort TE
ConclusionThe proposed method provides inherently coregistered, quantitative T1 and T2* maps in both expiration and inspiration from a single measurement acquired during free breathing and is thus well suited for clinical application.J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
Source: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging - July 1, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: Simon M.F. Triphan, Felix A. Breuer, Daniel Gensler, Hans‐Ulrich Kauczor, Peter M. Jakob Tags: Technical Note Source Type: research

Agitation onset, frequency, and associated temporal factors in critically ill adults.
CONCLUSIONS: Agitation was present in more than one-half of the patients in the sample, typically developed on the first day, and involved consecutive days. PMID: 24986170 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Critical Care)
Source: American Journal of Critical Care - July 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Burk RS, Grap MJ, Munro CL, Schubert CM, Sessler CN Tags: Am J Crit Care Source Type: research

Implementing non-invasive positive pressure ventilation approach to respiratory failure after cardiac surgery: devil is in the detail.
PMID: 24985600 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Chinese Medical Journal)
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - July 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Esquinas AM, De Santo LS Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research

Genetic environment of β-lactamase genes of extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Klebsiella pneumoniae isolates from patients with lower respiratory tract infection in China.
CONCLUSIONS: Perfective implementation of the genetic environment information of bgr;-lactamase gene needs to be further explored and supplemented. ISEcp1 and IS26 elements are widespread upstream of the blaCTX-M, blaSHV and blaTEM genes and contribute to horizontal transmission and genetic expression. PMID: 24985581 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Chinese Medical Journal)
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - July 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Liu L, Wang X, An S, Zhang X, Chen L, Li Y, Xu L, Zhang Y, Gao Z Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research

Subcarinal ventilation-assisted Y-shaped stent insertion under local anesthesia for patients with complex tracheobronchial stenosis: initial clinical experience.
CONCLUSION: Subcarinal ventilation-assisted Y-shaped stent insertion under local anesthesia can be an effective, simple, and safe method for lower tracheal-carinal-main bronchial complex stenosis. PMID: 24989715 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology : The Turkish Society of Radiology)
Source: Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology : The Turkish Society of Radiology - July 1, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: Fu YF, Wei N, Zhang K, Xu H Tags: Diagn Interv Radiol Source Type: research

Minimally Invasive Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass for Fundoplication Failure Offers Excellent Gastroesophageal Reflux Control.
Abstract Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) may represent a superior alternative to reoperative fundoplication in patients with symptomatic failure. Our goal was to assess early outcomes of patients after RYGB for failed fundoplication. Records of patients who underwent fundoplication takedown and RYGB from March 2007 to June 2013 were reviewed for demographics, comorbidities, operative findings, and perioperative outcomes. Data are reported as medians (range). Forty-five patients who had undergone 64 prior antireflux procedures (range, one to three fundoplications) were identified. Median patient age was 56 years (ra...
Source: The American Surgeon - July 1, 2014 Category: Surgery Authors: Kim M, Navarro F, Eruchalu CN, Augenstein VA, Heniford BT, Stefanidis D Tags: Am Surg Source Type: research

Nebulized Therapy. SEPAR Year.
Abstract Inhaled drugs are deposited directly in the respiratory tract. They therefore achieve higher concentrations with faster onset of action and fewer side effects than when used systemically. Nebulized drugs are mainly recommended for patients that require high doses of bronchodilators, when they need to inhale drugs that only exist in this form (antibiotics or dornase alfa) or when they are unable to use other inhalation devices. Technological development in recent years has led to new devices that optimize pulmonary deposits and reduce the time needed for treatment. In this review we focus solely on drugs cu...
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Olveira C, Muñoz A, Domenech A Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research

Treatment of Bronchus Intermedius Stenosis in Lung Transplantation With Montgomery T-tube Stent. A Novel Technique.
We present two cases of lung transplant recipients with bronchus intermedius stenosis treated with a Montgomery stent or T-stent, commonly used for tracheal stenosis, who showed positive clinical and functional response. PMID: 24997130 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia)
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pinillos Robles J, García Luján R, de Pablo Gafas A, de Miguel Poch E Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research

Use of fractional factorial design to study the compatibility of viral ribonucleoprotein gene segments of human H7N9 virus and circulating human influenza subtypes
Avian H7N9 influenza viruses may pose a further threat to humans by reassortment with human viruses, which could lead to generation of novel reassortants with enhanced polymerase activity. We previously established a novel statistical approach to study the polymerase activity of reassorted vRNPs (Influenza Other Respir Viruses. 2013;7:969‐78). Here, we report the use of this method to study recombinant vRNPs with subunits derived from human H1N1, H3N2, and H7N9 viruses. Our results demonstrate that some reassortant vRNPs with subunits derived from the H7N9 and other human viruses can have much higher polymerase activitie...
Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses - July 1, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Alex W. H. Chin, Chris K. P. Mok, Huachen Zhu, Yi Guan, Joseph S. M. Peiris, Leo L. M. Poon Tags: Short Article Source Type: research

Tramadol can selectively manage moderate pain in children following European advice limiting codeine use
ConclusionTramadol appears to be safe in both pediatric inpatients and outpatients. It may be appropriate to limit the current use of tramadol to monitored settings in children with risk factors for respiratory depression, subject to further safety evidence.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - July 1, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pierluigi Marzuillo, Lorenzo Calligaris, Egidio Barbi Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Intrinsic chemosensitivity of RVLM sympathetic premotor neurons in the in situ arterially perfused preparation of rats
This study suggests that RVLM sympathetic premotor neurons can sustain high levels of neuronal discharge when oxygen is scarce. The intrinsic ability of RVLM sympathetic premotor neurons to maintain responsivity to brainstem hypoxia is an important mechanism ensuring adequate arterial pressure essential for maintaining cerebral perfusion in face of depressed ventilation and/or high cerebral vascular resistance. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - July 1, 2014 Category: Physiology Authors: Tadachika Koganezawa, Julian F.R. Paton Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Midazolam sedation
Young children who need multiple procedures often cannot be managed using local anesthesia alone, and general anesthesia can be accompanied by significant morbidity and expense. Sedation can help to manage behavior in pediatric patients, but its use is not supported by a strong base of evidence. Midazolam given orally has been shown to be effective in dental procedures for children and offers not only oral administration but also anxiolytic and anterograde amnesic effects while remaining short acting. Side effects with midazolam are related to dose, route of administration, and patient age. Minor side effects include trans...
Source: Dental Abstracts - July 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Tags: Pediatric Dentistry Source Type: research

Utility of snout wipe samples for influenza A virus surveillance in exhibition swine populations
ConclusionsViral recoveries from potential snout wipe materials ranged from 0·26 to 1·59 log10 TCID50/ml less than that of the positive control in which no substrate was included; rayon/polyester gauze performed significantly worse than the other materials. In the field, snout wipes and nasal swabs had high levels of agreement for both rRT‐PCR detection and virus isolation. Although further investigation and refinement of the sampling method is needed, results indicate that snout wipes will facilitate convenient and undisruptive IAV surveillance in pigs at agricultural fairs. (Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses)
Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses - July 1, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Jody L. Edwards, Sarah W. Nelson, Jeffrey D. Workman, Richard D. Slemons, Christine M. Szablewski, Jacqueline M. Nolting, Andrew S. Bowman Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

High flow nasal cannula for continuous positive airway pressure weaning in preterm neonates: A single‐centre experience
ConclusionsIntroduction of HFNC for weaning nasal CPAP seems to have a minimal effect on CLD rates. The effect of HFNC on long‐term outcomes needs to be further evaluated. (Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health)
Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health - July 1, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Arun Sasi, Atul Malhotra Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Increased epidermal growth factor in nasopharyngeal aspirates from infants with recurrent wheeze
Summary Airway remodeling is known to be a consequence of repeated injury and thought to be involved in early stage of asthma. We aimed to investigate the mediators associated with airway remodeling in recurrent early wheezers. Thirty‐three infants, aged 2 years or less, admitted with exacerbation of wheezing were enrolled. All of them had experienced three or more episodes of wheezing before admission. They were categorized into two groups: those who had been hospitalized two or more times for severe wheezing (N = 19) and those who had only once or never been hospitalized (N = 14). Epidermal growth factor (EGF),...
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hai Lee Chung, Eun Joo Lee, Hye Jin Park, Kye Hyang Lee Tags: Original Article: Asthma Source Type: research

Cardiolipin plays a role in KCN-induced Necrosis.
Abstract Cardiolipin (CL) is a unique anionic, dimeric phospholipid found almost exclusively in the inner mitochondrial membrane and is essential for the function of numerous enzymes that are involved in mitochondrial energy metabolism. While the role of cardiolipin in apoptosis is well established, its involvement in necrosis is enigmatic. In the present study, KCN-induced necrosis in U937 cells was used as an experimental model to assess the role of CL in necrosis. KCN addition to U937 cells induced reactive oxygen species (ROS) formation, while the antioxidants inhibited necrosis, indicating that ROS play a role...
Source: Chemistry and Physics of Lipids - July 1, 2014 Category: Lipidology Authors: Tsesin N, Khalfin B, Nathan I, Parola AH Tags: Chem Phys Lipids Source Type: research

A phase 1b study of placenta‐derived mesenchymal stromal cells in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis
ConclusionsIntravenous MSC administration is feasible and has a good short‐term safety profile in patients with moderately severe IPF. (Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Daniel C. Chambers, Debra Enever, Nina Ilic, Lisa Sparks, Kylie Whitelaw, John Ayres, Stephanie T. Yerkovich, Dalia Khalil, Kerry M. Atkinson, Peter M.A. Hopkins Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of interval and continous EXERCISE training on Autonomic cardiac function in COPD PATIENTS
ConclusionsBoth interval and continuous exercise training improve heart rate recovery and chronotropic response in COPD patients. These benefits could help to individualize exercise training. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Diego A. Rodríguez, Ane Arbillaga, Anael Barberan‐Garcia, Alba Ramirez‐Sarmiento, Yolanda Torralba, Jordi Vilaró, Elena Gimeno‐Santos, Joaquim Gea, Mauricio Orozco‐Levi, Josep Roca, Ester Marco Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Does breathing type influence electromyographic activity of obligatory and accessory respiratory muscles?
Summary Craniomandibular electromyographic (EMG) studies frequently include several parameters, e.g. resting, chewing and tooth‐clenching. EMG activity during these parameters has been recorded in the elevator muscles, but little is known about the respiratory muscles. The aim of this study was to compare EMG activity in obligatory and accessory respiratory muscles between subjects with different breathing types. Forty male subjects were classified according to their breathing type into two groups of 20 each: costo‐diaphragmatic breathing type and upper costal breathing type. Bipolar surface electrodes were placed on t...
Source: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation - July 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: M. F. Gutiérrez, S. Valenzuela, R. Miralles, C. Portus, H. Santander, A. D. Fuentes, I. Celhay Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Pizza makers' contact dermatitis.
CONCLUSIONS: Performing patch tests in pizza makers and food handlers affected by hand contact dermatitis is useful. We propose a specific series of haptens for this wide working category. PMID: 25000237 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Dermatitis)
Source: Dermatitis - July 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Lembo S, Lembo C, Patruno C, Balato A, Balato N, Ayala F Tags: Dermatitis Source Type: research

Spirometry screening for airway obstruction in asymptomatic smokers.
In this study, we evaluated the prevalence of airway obstruction in a cohort of asymptomatic smokers who underwent spirometry as part of a routine health maintenance examination. METHODS: The study cohort consisted of a consecutive sample of 386 asymptomatic smokers (≥5 pack-years) without a history of COPD or asthma, who completed spirometry testing as part of a routine health maintenance examination. RESULTS: Overall, 9 study subjects (2.3%, 95% confidence interval: 1.1-4.4%) had evidence of airway obstruction on spirometry. Univariate and multiple regression analyses showed that the risk of airway obstruction ...
Source: Australian Family Physician - July 1, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Wisnivesky J, Skloot G, Rundle A, Revenson TA, Neugut A Tags: Aust Fam Physician Source Type: research

Effects of acute administration of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors on sympathetic nerve activity.
In conclusion, acute peripheral administration of SSRIs caused early autonomic cardiovascular effects, particularly sympathoinhibition, as measured by RSNA. Although a peripheral action cannot be ruled out, such effects are presumably mostly central. PMID: 25003632 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Braz J Med Biol Res)
Source: Braz J Med Biol Res - July 1, 2014 Category: Research Authors: Tiradentes RV, Pires JG, Silva NF, Ramage AG, Santuzzi CH, Futuro Neto HA Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research

Dependence of bronchoconstrictor and bronchodilator responses on thoracic gas compression volume
ConclusionsBronchoconstrictor and bronchodilator responses are overestimated by standard spirometry in subjects with larger lungs because of TGCV. (Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Riccardo Pellegrino, Andrea Antonelli, Emanuele Crimi, Carlo Gulotta, Roberto Torchio, Luca Dutto, Ole F. Pedersen, Vito Brusasco Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The effectiveness of quarter turn from prone in maintaining respiratory function in premature infants
ConclusionThis study demonstrated that quarter turn from prone had an immediate positive positional effect on the RR of premature infants. The position of quarter turn from prone was comparable with prone in the maintenance of lung function and had a superior effect over supine on RR. These findings support the view that a quarter turn from prone can be confidently used in neonatal nurseries to manage premature infants. (Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health)
Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health - July 1, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Karly Montgomery, Nancy L Choy, Michael Steele, Judith Hough Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The role of non‐invasive biomarkers in detecting acute respiratory effects of traffic related air pollution
In conclusion, this survey of current literature displays the complexity of this research field, highlights the significance of short‐term studies on traffic pollution and gives important tips when planning studies to detect acute respiratory effects of air pollution in a non‐invasive way. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy - July 1, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Maria C. Scarpa, Neeta Kulkarni, Piero Maestrelli Tags: Invited Review Source Type: research

Obesity and bronchial obstruction in impulse oscillometry at age 5–7 years in a prospective post‐bronchiolitis cohort
ConclusionsPreliminary evidence was found that obesity may be associated with airway obstruction, but not with bronchial hyper‐reactivity. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Eero Lauhkonen, Petri Koponen, Kirsi Nuolivirta, Marita Paassilta, Jyri Toikka, Antti Saari, Matti Korppi Tags: Original Article: Pulmonary Physiology Source Type: research

Diabetes mellitus and mortality from all-causes, cancer, cardiovascular and respiratory disease: evidence from the Health Survey for England and Scottish Health Survey cohorts
(Source: Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications)
Source: Journal of Diabetes and Its Complications - July 1, 2014 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Vanessa L.Z. Gordon-Dseagu, Nicola Shelton, Jennifer Mindell Source Type: research

Asthma‐like symptoms as a presentation of antiphospholipid syndrome
Summary We herein report a case of antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) primarily presenting with asthma‐like symptoms that had been misdiagnosed as severe asthma. Patients presenting with severe asthma symptoms along with systemic thrombosis should be systematically evaluated for APS. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: J. Veskitkul, R. Ruangchira‐urai, S. Charuvanij, B. Pongtanakul, K. Udomittipong, P. Vichyanond Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Invasive primary aspergillosis of the larynx presenting as hoarseness and a chronic nonhealing laryngeal ulcer in an immunocompetent host: A rare entity.
We report the case of an immunocompetent 42-year-old man who presented with hoarseness and a laryngeal ulcer of fairly long duration. A malignancy was initially suspected clinically, but a laryngoscopic biopsy led to a diagnosis of invasive primary laryngeal aspergillosis. No other focus of aspergillosis was found on x-ray and computed tomography. After identification of Aspergillus niger on culture, inquiries revealed no exposure to steroids, cytotoxic drugs, or irradiation, and workups for malignancy, human immunodeficiency virus infection, tuberculosis, and diabetes were negative. Although isolated laryngeal involvement...
Source: Ear, Nose and Throat Journal - July 1, 2014 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gangopadhyay M, Majumdar K, Bandyopadhyay A, Ghosh A Tags: Ear Nose Throat J Source Type: research

Developing an international register of clinical prediction rules for use in primary care: a descriptive analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: Many clinical prediction rules have been derived, but only about half have been validated and few have been assessed for clinical impact. This lack of thorough evaluation for many rules makes it difficult to retrieve and identify those that are ready for use at the point of patient care. We plan to develop an international web-based register of clinical prediction rules and computer-based clinical decision support systems. PMID: 25024245 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Family Medicine)
Source: Annals of Family Medicine - July 1, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Keogh C, Wallace E, O'Brien KK, Galvin R, Smith SM, Lewis C, Cummins A, Cousins G, Dimitrov BD, Fahey T Tags: Ann Fam Med Source Type: research

Electronic Health Records for Intervention Research: A Cluster Randomized Trial to Reduce Antibiotic Prescribing in Primary Care (eCRT Study).
CONCLUSIONS: Cluster randomized trials may be implemented efficiently in large samples from routine care settings by using primary care electronic health records. Future studies should develop and test multicomponent methods for remotely delivered intervention. PMID: 25024243 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Family Medicine)
Source: Annals of Family Medicine - July 1, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Gulliford MC, van Staa T, Dregan A, McDermott L, McCann G, Ashworth M, Charlton J, Little P, Moore MV, Yardley L Tags: Ann Fam Med Source Type: research

Air Transport of Patients with Pneumothorax: Is Tube Thoracostomy Required Before Flight?
Conclusions: In shit series, 6% of patients with PTX deteriorated as result of AMT without TT, yet all patients were managed successfully with NT. Routine placement of TT in patients with PTX before RW AMT may not be necessary. Further prospective evaluation is warranted. (Source: Air Medical Journal)
Source: Air Medical Journal - July 1, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Darren Braude, Dominic Tutera, Issac Tawil, Gregory Pirkl Tags: Features Source Type: research

Epithelium dependent profibrotic milieu in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: current status and future directions
ConclusionsEpithelium‐dependent profibrotic milieu formation and mesenchymal activation is the current view on the pathogenesis of IPF. New evidence from more analogous animal models may emerge and shift our thinking to a new and more faithful concept in the future. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - July 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Xuefeng Xu, Huaping Dai, Chen Wang Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Comparison of Manual and Suction Pump Aspiration Techniques for Performing Bronchoalveolar Lavage in 18 Dogs with Respiratory Tract Disease
Conclusions and Clinical ImportanceSuction pump aspiration, compared to MA, improved BALF retrieval, but did not significantly affect the rate of diagnostic success of bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) in dogs with pulmonary disease. (Source: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine - July 1, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: K.S. Woods, A.M.N. Defarges, A.C.G. Abrams‐Ogg, L. Viel, B.A. Brisson, D. Bienzle Tags: Standard Article Source Type: research

Staff and parents are discriminators for outcomes in neonatal intensive care units
ConclusionStaff and parents were discriminators for neonatal outcomes through perceptions of work characteristics and the relationship between staff and parents, respectively. Respiratory support and nutrition measures were particularly sensitive. This research has prompted a nationwide, multi‐centre study of 66 NICUs.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - July 1, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Verena Pick, Katrin Halstenberg, Anja Demel, Valerie Kirchberger, Rainer Riedel, Rolf Schlößer, Caroline Wollny, Christiane Woopen, Ludwig Kuntz, Bernhard Roth Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Effects of continuous rate infusion of butorphanol in isoflurane-anesthetized calves.
CONCLUSION: The continuous rate infusion did not produce clinically relevant changes in hemodynamic or bispectral index values compared to baseline in mechanically ventilated and unstimulated calves anesthetized at 1.4% isoflurane. PMID: 25054878 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira)
Source: Acta Cirurgica Brasileira - July 1, 2014 Category: Surgery Authors: Araújo MA, Albuquerque VB, Deschk M, Trein TA, Frazílio Fde O, Santos PS Tags: Acta Cir Bras Source Type: research

A preliminary trial of the sedation induced by intranasal administration of midazolam alone or in combination with dexmedetomidine and reversal by atipamezole for a short‐term immobilization in pigeons
Conclusions and clinical relevanceMID alone, given INS had minimal side effects on vital functions but caused inadequate immobilization of pigeons for restraint in dorsal recumbency. MID‐DXM caused an effective degree of immobilization from 20 to 30 minutes after administration, at which time birds tolerated postural changes without resistance. Atipamezole antagonized both side effects and sedation, but complete recovery had not occurred within 10 minutes after its application. (Source: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia)
Source: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia - July 1, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Slavomir Hornak, Tomas Liptak, Valent Ledecky, Rudolf Hromada, Jan Bilek, David Mazensky, Vladimir Petrovic Tags: Short Communication Source Type: research