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Respiratory Medicine

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 17.

Personality change associated with chronic diseases: pooled analysis of four prospective cohort studies.
CONCLUSIONS: These results support the hypothesis that chronic diseases influence personality development in adulthood. PMID: 25055176 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Psychological Medicine)
Source: Psychological Medicine - July 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Jokela M, Hakulinen C, Singh-Manoux A, Kivimäki M Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research

Neurotization of the phrenic nerve with accessory nerve for high cervical spinal cord injury with respiratory distress: an anatomic study.
CONCLUSION: The accessory nerve and the phrenic were similar in width, thickness and the number of motor nerve fibers. And the lengths of accessory nerve were long enough for neuritisation with phrenic nerve. PMID: 25050670 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Turkish Neurosurgery)
Source: Turkish Neurosurgery - July 27, 2014 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Wang C, Zhang Y, Nicholas T, Wu G, Shi S, Bo Y, Wang X, Zhou X, Yuan W Tags: Turk Neurosurg Source Type: research

Efficacy of a multivalent modified-live virus vaccine containing a Mannheimia haemolytica toxoid in calves challenge exposed with Bibersteinia trehalosi.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-Administration of a multivalent MLV vaccine containing M haemolytica toxoid protected calves against challenge exposure with virulent B trehalosi by reducing the mortality rate, lung lesion scores, and clinical scores for respiratory disease. PMID: 25061709 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 27, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Bowersock TL, Sobecki BE, Terrill SJ, Martinon NC, Meinert TR, Leyh RD Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research

Effects of clopidogrel on horses with experimentally induced endotoxemia.
Conclusions and Clinical Relevance-In this study, administration of LPS did not induce platelet hyperreactivity in horses on the basis of measures of platelet adhesion, aggregation, degranulation, and procoagulant activity. Administration of clopidogrel was associated with variable platelet antiaggregatory activity and attenuated some clinical signs of endotoxemia. PMID: 25061708 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research)
Source: American Journal of Veterinary Research - July 27, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Watts AE, Ness SL, Divers TJ, Fubini SL, Frye AH, Stokol T, Cummings KJ, Brooks MB Tags: Am J Vet Res Source Type: research

A new look at cerebrospinal fluid movement
Brinker et al. extensively reviewed recent findings about CSF circulation in a recent article: "A new look at cerebrospinal circulation", but did not analyze some important available data in sufficient detail. For example, our findings as well as some clinical data and experimental results obtained from different animal species, do not support unidirectional CSF circulation but strongly suggest that there are cardiac cycle-dependent systolic-diastolic to-and-fro cranio-spinal CSF movements. These are based on: a) physiological oscillations of arterial and venous blood during cranio-spinal blood circulation; b) respiratory ...
Source: Cerebrospinal Fluid Research - July 27, 2014 Category: Neurology Authors: Darko Ore¿kovi¿Marijan Klarica Source Type: research

Slit2 is decreased after spontaneous labour in myometrium and regulates pro-labour mediators
Premature birth is the most significant problem facing contemporary clinical obstetrics in the developed world. Potential sequelae include fetal respiratory distress and neonatal sepsis. The problems are not limited to the perinatal period, as those babies who do survive may have long-term problems related to contracture deformities, brain damage and learning disabilities (Wood et al., 2000, Marlow et al., 2005, Saigal and Doyle, 2008). Approximately 20% of preterm deliveries are iatrogenic (e.g. (Source: Journal of Reproductive Immunology)
Source: Journal of Reproductive Immunology - July 27, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Ratana Lim, Stella Liong, Gillian Barker, Martha Lappas Source Type: research

PM10 size distribution of metals and environmental-sanitary risk analysis in the city of Torino.
Abstract The mechanisms responsible for negative biological effects due to airborne particulate matter (PM) exposure are still being studied, however the interactions between metals and biologic systems seem to be of primary importance. The aim of the study was to estimate a healthy risk linked to exposure to airborne PM10 metals by means of an environmental-sanitary risk assessment. Metals PM10 size distribution analysis was carried out in a central site of Torino city - Italy, then the Target Hazard Quotient (THQ) and the Cancer Risk (CR) were applied, according to standard EPA methods. All sampled metals were pr...
Source: Chemosphere - July 26, 2014 Category: Chemistry Authors: Romanazzi V, Casazza M, Malandrino M, Maurino V, Piano A, Schilirò T, Gilli G Tags: Chemosphere Source Type: research

Editorial: from perfume oils to discovering and making new molecules: an international chemical biology journey.
Abstract It is well accepted and hopefully understood that a global crisis is looming on the horizon to do mainly with the decline and limitation of our current drug arsenal to fight existing and newly diagnosed diseases. An example would be the ongoing Ebola epidemic in West Africa leaving doctors unsure on how to stop this deadliest outbreak; and governments, especially in Europe and America, even more concerned about the virus and its likely possibility of making it to their shores - no arsenal is available today, unfortunately. Another one is the newly discovered single-stranded RNA species of the genus Betacor...
Source: Combinatorial Chemistry and High Throughput Screening - July 26, 2014 Category: Chemistry Authors: Djaballah H Tags: Comb Chem High Throughput Screen Source Type: research

[Editorial] The real meaning of US hospital rankings
On July 15, the US News & World Report, in association with the research organisation RTI International, published its 25th annual ranking of the nation's best hospitals for 2014–15. These national rankings name the top 50 or so hospitals in key specialties, including cancer, cardiology, and respiratory medicine. Much attention in the report focuses on the top-ranked hospitals, which include the Mayo Clinic, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Johns Hopkins. Some of the best hospitals are located in the wealthiest American states, such as California, Massachusetts, and New York. (Source: LANCET)
Source: LANCET - July 26, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: The Lancet Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Inert fluorinated gas MRI: a new pulmonary imaging modality
Fluorine‐19 (19F) MRI of the lungs using inhaled inert fluorinated gases can potentially provide high quality images of the lungs that are similar in quality to those from hyperpolarized (HP) noble gas MRI. Inert fluorinated gases have the advantages of being nontoxic, abundant, and inexpensive compared with HP gases. Due to the high gyromagnetic ratio of 19F, there is sufficient thermally polarized signal for imaging, and averaging within a single breath‐hold is possible due to short longitudinal relaxation times. Therefore, the gases do not need to be hyperpolarized prior to their use in MRI. This eliminates the need...
Source: NMR in Biomedicine - July 26, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: Marcus J. Couch, Iain K. Ball, Tao Li, Matthew S. Fox, Alexei V. Ouriadov, Birubi Biman, Mitchell S. Albert Tags: Special issue review article Source Type: research

Rapid and robust pulmonary proton ZTE imaging in the mouse
Pulmonary MRI is challenging because of the low proton density and rapid transverse relaxation in the lung associated with microscopic magnetic field inhomogeneities caused by tissue–air interfaces. Therefore, low signal is obtained in gradient and spin echo proton images. Alternatively, non‐proton MRI using hyperpolarized gases or radial techniques with ultrashort or zero TE have been proposed to image the lung. Also with the latter approach, the general challenge remains to provide full coverage of the lung at sufficient spatial resolution, signal‐to‐noise ratio (SNR) and image quality within a reasonable scan ti...
Source: NMR in Biomedicine - July 26, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: Markus Weiger, Mingming Wu, Moritz C. Wurnig, David Kenkel, Wolfgang Jungraithmayr, Andreas Boss, Klaas P. Pruessmann Tags: Rapid communication Source Type: research

Pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of xylazine administered by the intravenous or intra‐osseous route in adult horses
In certain situations, an alternate route for parenteral drug administration in horses may be useful. The intra‐osseous (IO) route may provide a safe alternative to the intravenous (i.v.) route for administration of sedatives to horses when the i.v. route is inaccessible or undesirable. Six adult horses were administered xylazine i.v. or IO in a block‐randomized crossover design. For the i.v. trial, both jugular veins were catheterized, and one was used for xylazine administration, while the other was used for blood collection. For the IO trial, one jugular vein was catheterized for blood collection and an intra‐osse...
Source: Journal of Veterinary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - July 26, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: A. Santonastaso, J. Hardy, N. Cohen, V. Fajt Tags: Scientific Paper Source Type: research

Antibody-dependent SARS coronavirus infection is mediated by antibodies against spike proteins.
Abstract The severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV) still carries the potential for reemergence, therefore efforts are being made to create a vaccine as a prophylactic strategy for control and prevention. Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) is a mechanism through which dengue viruses, feline coronaviruses, and HIV viruses take advantage of anti-viral humoral immune responses to infect host target cells. Here we describe our observations of SARS-CoV using ADE to enhance the infectivity of a HL-CZ human promonocyte cell line. Quantitative-PCR and immunofluorescence staining results indicate that SA...
Source: Biochemical and Biophysical Research communications - July 26, 2014 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Wang SF, Tseng SP, Yen CH, Yang JY, Tsao CH, Shen CW, Chen KH, Liu FT, Liu WT, Chen YM, Huang JC Tags: Biochem Biophys Res Commun Source Type: research

The clinical and integrated management of COPD. An official document of AIMAR (Interdisciplinary Association for Research in Lung Disease), AIPO (Italian Association of Hospital Pulmonologists), SIMER (Italian Society of Respiratory Medicine), SIMG (Italian Society of General Medicine).
This article is being simultaneously published in Sarcoidosis Vasc Diffuse Lung Dis 2014, 31(Suppl. 1);3-21. PMID: 25057359 [PubMed] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - July 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bettoncelli G, Blasi F, Brusasco V, Centanni S, Corrado A, De Benedetto F, De Michele F, Di Maria GU, Donner CF, Falcone F, Mereu C, Nardini S, Pasqua F, Polverino M, Rossi A, Sanguinetti CM Tags: Multidiscip Respir Med Source Type: research

The challenge of objective confirmation of asthma diagnosis in primary care.
We present a case highlighting the challenge of objective confirmation of asthma diagnosis in primary care and provide a critical review of the diagnostic approaches highlighted above. Our aim is to provide a pragmatic interpretation of the available literature with a view to assisting clinicians in selecting the diagnostic test best suited for individualised patient encounters. PMID: 25056516 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - July 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kaicker J, Dang W, D'Urzo A Tags: NPJ Prim Care Respir Med Source Type: research

Little agreement in GOLD category using CAT and mMRC in 450 primary care COPD patients in New Zealand.
PMID: 25056446 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - July 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Holt S, Sheahan D, Helm C, Tofield C, Corin A, Kocks JW Tags: NPJ Prim Care Respir Med Source Type: research

Asthma and respiratory physiology: Putting lung function into perspective
Abstract Bronchial asthma is a chronic disease characterized by airway hyperresponsiveness, airway inflammation and remodelling. The hypothesis that the illness is inflammatory in nature has recently been challenged by studies showing that airway smooth muscle (ASM) plays a more important role than previously thought. For example, it is now known that in asthma patients, ASM proliferates more and faster than in healthy subjects, carries intrinsic defects and exhibits impaired relaxation, increased velocity of shortening, plastic adaptation to short length and perturbed equilibrium of actin‐to‐myosin during cycling. Sim...
Source: Respirology - July 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Giuseppe Francesco Sferrazza Papa, Giulia Michela Pellegrino, Riccardo Pellegrino Tags: Invited Review Series: Respiratory Disease: Using Lung Function Measurements to Greater Advantage Source Type: research

Mast Cells Protect against Pseudomonas aeruginosa-Induced Lung Injury.
Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa, an opportunistic pathogen, is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in immune-compromised individuals. Maintaining the integrity of the respiratory epithelium is critical for an effective host response to P. aeruginosa. Given the close spatial relationship between mast cells and the respiratory epithelium, and the importance of tightly regulated epithelial permeability during lung infections, we examined whether mast cells influence airway epithelial integrity during P. aeruginosa lung infection in a mouse model. We found that mast cell-deficient Kit(W-sh)/Kit(W-sh) mice di...
Source: The American Journal of Pathology - July 25, 2014 Category: Pathology Authors: Junkins RD, Carrigan SO, Wu Z, Stadnyk AW, Cowley E, Issekutz T, Berman J, Lin TJ Tags: Am J Pathol Source Type: research

Fructose supplementation worsens the deleterious effects of short‐term high‐fat feeding on hepatic steatosis and lipid metabolism in adult rats
In conclusion, short‐term consumption of a Western diet, rich in saturated fats and fructose, is more conducive to the development of liver steatosis and deleterious to glucose homeostasis than a high‐fat diet. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - July 25, 2014 Category: Physiology Authors: Raffaella Crescenzo, Francesca Bianco, Paola Coppola, Arianna Mazzoli, Margherita Tussellino, Rosa Carotenuto, Giovanna Liverini, Susanna Iossa Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research

Heat-related thermal sensation, comfort and symptoms in a northern population: the National FINRISK 2007 study
Conclusions: A large percentage of this northern European population suffers from heat-related complaints. Information on these is an aid in assessing the burden of summer heat on population health and is a prerequisite for any rational planning of pre-emptive measures. (Source: The European Journal of Public Health)
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - July 25, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Nayha, S., Rintamaki, H., Donaldson, G., Hassi, J., Jousilahti, P., Laatikainen, T., Jaakkola, J. J. K., Ikaheimo, T. M. Tags: Environmental health Source Type: research

National, regional, state, and selected local area vaccination coverage among adolescents aged 13-17 years - United States, 2013.
This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which show that from 2012 to 2013, coverage increased for each of the vaccines routinely recommended for adolescents: from 84.6% to 86.0% for ≥1 Tdap dose; from 74.0% to 77.8% for ≥1 MenACWY dose; from 53.8% to 57.3% for ≥1 HPV dose among females, and from 20.8% to 34.6% for ≥1 HPV dose among males. Coverage varied by state and local jurisdictions and by U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) region. Healthy People 2020 vaccination targets for adolescents aged 13-15 years were reached in 42 states for ≥1 Tdap dose, 18 for ≥1 MenACWY dose, and 11 f...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - July 25, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Elam-Evans LD, Yankey D, Jeyarajah J, Singleton JA, Curtis RC, MacNeil J, Hariri S, Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Human papillomavirus vaccination coverage among adolescents, 2007-2013, and postlicensure vaccine safety monitoring, 2006-2014 - United States.
Abstract Since mid-2006, a licensed human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine has been available and recommended by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) for routine vaccination of adolescent girls at ages 11 or 12 years. Two vaccines that protect against HPV infection are currently available in the United States. Both the quadrivalent (HPV4) and bivalent (HPV2) vaccines protect against HPV types 16 and 18, which cause 70% of cervical cancers; HPV4 also protects against HPV types 6 and 11, which cause 90% of genital warts. In 2011, the ACIP also recommended HPV4 for the routine vaccination of adolescent ...
Source: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkl... - July 25, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Stokley S, Jeyarajah J, Yankey D, Cano M, Gee J, Roark J, Curtis RC, Markowitz L, Immunization Services Division, National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases, CDC Tags: MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep Source Type: research

Predictive Value of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer/American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society Classification of Lung Adenocarcinoma in Tumor Recurrence and Patient Survival [Thoracic Oncology]
Conclusion In lung adenocarcinoma, the IASLC/ATS/ERS classification system has significant prognostic and predictive value regarding death and recurrence. Solid-predominant adenocarcinoma was also a significant predictor in patients undergoing adjuvant chemotherapy. Prognostic and predictive information is important for stratifying patients for aggressive adjuvant chemoradiotherapy. (Source: Journal of Clinical Oncology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Oncology - July 25, 2014 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Hung, Yeh, Jeng, Wu, Huang, Wu, Chou, Hsu Tags: Surgery, Chemotherapy, Pathology Thoracic Oncology Source Type: research

Implications of revised AASM rules on scoring apneic and hypopneic respiratory events in heart failure patients with nocturnal Cheyne-Stokes respiration.
PMID: 25060193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - July 25, 2014 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Schiza SE, Mermigkis C, Bouloukaki I Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Surgical outcomes and natural history of intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations: a single-center series and meta-analysis of individual patient data.
Conclusions Intramedullary spinal cord cavernous malformations tend to be clinically progressive. The authors' findings support an operative management plan for patients with a symptomatic ISCCM. Surgical goals include gross-total resection through a more minimally invasive hemilaminectomy approach within 3 months of presentation. PMID: 25062285 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine)
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery.Spine - July 25, 2014 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Badhiwala JH, Farrokhyar F, Alhazzani W, Yarascavitch B, Aref M, Algird A, Murty N, Kachur E, Cenic A, Reddy K, Almenawer SA Tags: J Neurosurg Spine Source Type: research

Recalcitrant Rhinosinusitis, Innate Immunity, and Mannose-Binding Lectin.
CONCLUSION: Mannose-binding lectin, an important component of the lectin complement pathway and innate immunity, is possibly associated with recalcitrant adult rhinosinusitis. Steroid/antibiotic irrigations appear to benefit patients with recalcitrant rhinosinusitis and possibly those with MBL deficiency. Given that the prevalence of MBL deficiency in this case series is 4 times that seen in the normal population, additional investigations are warranted to further elucidate the role of MBL deficiency in rhinosinusitis. PMID: 25063683 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology)
Source: The Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology - July 25, 2014 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Justice JM, Sleasman JW, Lanza DC Tags: Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol Source Type: research

Position Paper for the Organization of Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation Programs for Acute Respiratory Failure in Adult Patients.
nternational ECMO Network (ECMONet) Abstract The use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for severe acute respiratory failure (ARF) in adults is growing rapidly given recent advances in technology, even though there is controversy regarding the evidence justifying its use. Since ECMO is a complex, high risk, and costly modality, at present it should be conducted in centers with sufficient experience, volume and expertise to ensure it is used safely. This position paper represents the consensus opinion of an international group of physicians and associated healthcare workers, who have expertise in therapeu...
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - July 25, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Combes A, Brodie D, Bartlett R, Brochard L, Brower R, Conrad S, De Backer D, Fan E, Ferguson N, Fortenberry J, Fraser J, Gattinoni L, Lynch W, MacLaren G, Mercat A, Mueller T, Ogino M, Peek G, Pellegrino V, Pesenti A, Ranieri M, Slutsky A, Vuylsteke A, Th Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Acute Acepromazine Overdose: Clinical Effects and Toxicokinetic Evaluation.
CONCLUSION: This case highlights the unique toxicity of acepromazine in demonstrating rapid improvement of severe toxicity within 8 h consistent with a short elimination half-life. PMID: 25059809 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Medical Toxicology)
Source: Journal of Medical Toxicology - July 25, 2014 Category: Toxicology Authors: Algren DA, Ashworth A Tags: J Med Toxicol Source Type: research

A Computational Physiology Approach to Personalized Treatment Models: The Beneficial Effects of Slow Breathing on the Human Cardiovascular System.
This study used a computational physiology approach to dynamically model the human cardiovascular system at rest and during resonance breathing. Noninvasive measurements of heart period, beat-to-beat systolic and diastolic blood pressure, and respiration period were obtained from 24 healthy young men and women. A model with respiration as input was parameterized to better understand how the cardiovascular processes that control variability in heart period and blood pressure change from rest to resonance breathing. The cost function used in model calibration corresponded to the difference between the experimental data and m...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology - July 25, 2014 Category: Physiology Authors: Fonoberova M, Mezic I, Buckman JF, Fonoberov VA, Mezic A, Vaschillo E, Mun EY, Vaschillo B, Bates ME Tags: Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol Source Type: research

Population-based incidence of community-acquired pneumonia hospitalization in Hong Kong children younger than 5 years before universal conjugate pneumococcal immunization.
CONCLUSION: This study provided a reliable baseline estimate of the hospitalization burden of pneumococcal pneumonia in Hong Kong children before the advent of universal conjugate pneumococcal vaccination. PMID: 25070281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection)
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 25, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chiu SS, Ho PL, Khong PL, Ooi C, So LY, Wong WH, Chan EL Tags: J Microbiol Immunol Infect Source Type: research

Epidural abscess caused by Veillonella parvula: Case report and review of the literature.
Abstract Veillonella parvula, an anaerobic, Gram-negative coccus is part of the normal flora of the oral, gastrointestinal, respiratory, and genitourinary tracts in humans and animals. We herein present a case of epidural abscess caused by V. parvula in a 68-year-old man with sinus squamous cell carcinoma who presented with a 3-week history of low back pain. Blood and pus cultures were positive for Veillonella spp. After sequencing of the 16S ribosomal DNA, the pathogen was identified as V. parvula. Surgical debridement was performed following which the patient received intravenous administration of amoxicillin/cla...
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - July 25, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Chen YC, Ko PH, Yang CJ, Chen YC, Lay CJ, Tsai CC, Hsieh MH Tags: J Microbiol Immunol Infect Source Type: research

Evidence-Based Nurse-Driven Interventions for the Care of Newborns With Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome.
Abstract Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) is a growing problem in the United States, related to increased maternal substance use and abuse, and a set of drug withdrawal symptoms that can affect the central nervous system and gastrointestinal and respiratory systems in the newborn when separated from the placenta at birth. Infants with NAS often require a significant length of stay in the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU). Pharmacologic treatments and physician-directed interventions are well researched, but nursing-specific interventions and recommendations are lacking. A thorough review and analysis of the lit...
Source: Advances in Neonatal Care - July 25, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Casper T, Arbour M Tags: Adv Neonatal Care Source Type: research

Health and disease: Exploring the relation between parasitic infections, child nutrition status, and markets
This article demonstrates the challenge of identifying associations between nutritional and disease stress when individual and household factors are nested in a larger context of socioeconomic and environmental change. Increased collaboration between bioarchaeology and human biology should continue to examine the connections between stress and disease across time. Am J Phys Anthropol, 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Physical Anthropology)
Source: American Journal of Physical Anthropology - July 24, 2014 Category: Physiology Authors: Susan Tanner, Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Geometry and Respiratory-Induced Deformation of Abdominal Branch Vessels Following Complex EVAR
(Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery)
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery - July 24, 2014 Category: Surgery Authors: Brant W. Ullery, Ga-Young Suh, Jason T. Lee, Brian Liu, Robert Stineman, Ronald L. Dalman, Christopher P. Cheng Tags: Abstracts from the 2014 Western Vascular Society Annual Meeting Source Type: research

Feasibility of automated slope III and Scond analysis in children
ConclusionsAutomated Scond calculation is feasible and produces robust results comparable to the standard manual way of Scond calculation. This algorithm provides a valid, fast and objective tool for regular use, even in children. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - July 24, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Anja Bigler, Sophie Yammine, Florian Singer, Thomas Riedel, Philipp Latzin Tags: Original Article: Pulmonary Physiology Source Type: research

Pre‐flight assessment in patients with obesity hypoventilation syndrome
ConclusionsOHS is a risk factor for severe hypoxaemia during air travel even if the ventilatory failure is well controlled. An HCT before air travel is advisable in all OHS patients. Those with positive HCT may use NIV or have oxygen on‐board as per BTS recommendation. (Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - July 24, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Masood Ali, Ian E. Smith, Atul Gulati, John M. Shneerson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Ciprofloxacin Dry Powder for Inhalation in Cystic Fibrosis: A Phase I, Randomized, Single-Dose, Dose-Escalation Study
Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery , Vol. 0, No. 0. (Source: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery)
Source: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery - July 24, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Concurrent oral human papilloma virus infection in patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis: A preliminary study
ConclusionRecent data suggest that less than 7% of the general population is HPV positive in the oral cavity. Our data suggest that the oral colonization rate is much higher in patients with AO‐RRP. Additionally, long‐term sexual partners of patients with RRP had a much higher rate of HPV positivity. These preliminary data may have implications for viral transmission and provide a framework for enhanced patient education as well as further investigation. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2014 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - July 24, 2014 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Hayley Born, Ryan Ruiz, Avanti Verma, Salvatore Taliercio, Stratos Achlatis, Michael Pitman, Sonate Gandonu, Renjie Bing, Milan R. Amin, Ryan C. Branski Tags: Laryngology Source Type: research

Correction: Respiratory viral pathogens among Singapore military servicemen 2009 ¿ 2012: epidemiology and clinical characteristics
No description available (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - July 24, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Xin TanXiahong ZhaoVernon LeeJin LohBoon TanWee Hong KohSock NgMark I-Cheng ChenAlex Cook Source Type: research

Correction: Respiratory viral pathogens among Singapore military servicemen 2009 – 2012: epidemiology and clinical characteristics
No description available (Source: BioMed Central)
Source: BioMed Central - July 24, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Xin TanXiahong ZhaoVernon J LeeJin LohBoon TanWee Hong KohSock NgMark I-Cheng ChenAlex Cook Source Type: research

Complications after subpectoral biceps tenodesis using a dual suture anchor technique
Conclusions: Subpectoral biceps tenodesis utilizing a dual suture anchor technique has a low early complication rate with no ruptures or deep infections. The complication rate is comparable to those previously reported for interference screw subpectoral tenodesis and should be considered as a reasonable alternative to interference screw fixation. Level of Evidence: Level IV-Retrospective Case Series (Source: Table of Contents : International Journal of Shoulder Surgery : 2007 - 1(1))
Source: Table of Contents : International Journal of Shoulder Surgery : 2007 - 1(1) - July 24, 2014 Category: Surgery Authors: Amir M AbtahiErin K GrangerRobert Z Tashjian Source Type: research

Prenatal imaging of a fetus with the rare combination of a right congenital diaphragmatic hernia and a giant omphalocele
We present images of a fetus diagnosed with this rare combination of anomalies. Early neonatal death occurred immediately after the full‐term birth due to severe respiratory insufficiency. In this case, disturbance of chest wall development due to the omphalocele rather than the diaphragmatic hernia was considered as the main cause of lung hypoplasia. Our experience suggests that caution should be exercised for severe respiratory insufficiency in a neonate with an omphalocele and diaphragmatic hernia, even in the absence of an intra‐thoracic liver, one of the indicators of poor outcome for congenital diaphragmatic hern...
Source: Congenital Anomalies - July 24, 2014 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Ayasa Nonaka, Nobuhiro Hidaka, Saki Kido, Kotaro Fukushima, Kiyoko Kato Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Health impact of the 2008 cold spell on mortality in subtropical China: the climate and health impact national assessment study (CHINAs)
Conclusions: The 2008 cold spell increased mortality in subtropical China, which was mainly attributable to the low temperature rather than the sustained duration of the cold spell. The cold effects were spatially heterogeneous and modified by individual-specific characteristics such as gender and age. (Source: Environmental Health)
Source: Environmental Health - July 24, 2014 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Mai ZhouLi WangTao LiuYong ZhangHua LinYuan LuoJian XiaoWei ZengYe ZhangXiao WangXin GuShannon RutherfordCordia ChuWen Ma Source Type: research

Causation of Cigarette Smoke-induced Emphysema by p-Benzoquinone and its Prevention by Vitamin C.
Abstract ABSTRACT Cigarette smoke (CS) is the strongest risk factor of emphysema. However, the mechanism of the disease is not clear. One reason is that each puff of CS is a complex mixture of about 4000 chemicals and it is yet to be known which of these chemical(s) are directly involved in the pathogenesis of lung injury in emphysema. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate that p-benzoquinone produced in the lungs of CS-exposed guinea pigs is a causative factor for destruction of alveolar cells resulting in emphysema that is prevented by vitamin C. Vitamin C-restricted guinea pigs were subjected to whole body...
Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol... - July 24, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ghosh A, Ganguly S, Dey N, Banerjee S, Das A, Chattopadhyay DJ, Chatterjee IB Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research