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Respiratory Medicine

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 17.

[Yellow nail syndrome: Two pediatric case reports].
CONCLUSION: Yellow dystrophic nails in children may be associated with lymphedema and respiratory tract involvement, as in adults, and this condition should therefore be investigated in cases of YNS. PMID: 25288066 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annales de Dermatologie et de Cenereologie)
Source: Annales de Dermatologie et de Cenereologie - October 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Dessart P, Deries X, Guérin-Moreau M, Troussier F, Martin L Tags: Ann Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research

[Immunoallergic skin manifestations associated with new pets: Three cases].
DISCUSSION: While the most common allergies are respiratory, allergic skin reactions, both immediate and delayed, may also result from contact with these new allergens. The animal itself or its environment may be the cause. PMID: 25288061 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annales de Dermatologie et de Cenereologie)
Source: Annales de Dermatologie et de Cenereologie - October 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Brajon D, Valois A, Waton J, Schmutz JL, Barbaud A Tags: Ann Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research

[New pets, allergens and allergic dermatitis].
Abstract The number of household pets increased greatly during the twentieth century, with the numbers of new pets (NP, i.e. any pet other than cats and dogs) rising especially sharply over the last decade. Contact with such animals, whose owners do not always know how to look after them properly, expose the population to new risks such as trauma, infection and allergy. While the most common allergies are respiratory, allergic skin reactions, both immediate and delayed, may also result from contact with these new allergens. The animal itself or its environment may be the cause. Herein, we review NPs and reports of ...
Source: Annales de Dermatologie et de Cenereologie - October 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Brajon D, Waton J, Schmutz JL, Barbaud A Tags: Ann Dermatol Venereol Source Type: research

Lesson of the month 1: Pericardial mass and cardiac tamponade associated with Mycoplasma pneumoniae.
We present a unique case of a pericardial mass and cardiac tamponade associated with a Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia. This required emergency pericardial fenestration. The patient improved dramatically postoperatively on antibiotics and there was no recurrence of the pericardial effusion on follow up. This case highlights the often forgotten invasive properties of a common respiratory tract pathogen and emphasises the need to consider this easily treatable entity in the differential diagnosis of idiopathic pericardial effusions. PMID: 25301923 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Medicine)
Source: Clinical Medicine - October 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Sawhney V, Maksunova O, Ahsan S, Ozkor M, Westwood M Tags: Clin Med Source Type: research

Impact of kidney function and urinary protein excretion on pulmonary function in Japanese patients with chronic kidney disease
Conclusion This study suggests that decreased eGFR is associated with decreased %DLCO in proteinuric patients. (Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology - October 1, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

An instructional video enhanced bag mask ventilation quality during simulated newborn resuscitation
ConclusionA self‐instructional video significantly improved bag mask PPV performance in inexperienced providers but did not improve mask leak in a model of neonatal resuscitation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - October 1, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Philipp Deindl, Jens Schwindt, Angelika Berger, Georg M. Schmölzer Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Histological characterization and biochemical analysis of paraspinal muscles in neuromuscularly healthy subjects
We examined multifidii muscle biopsies from 20 neuromuscularly healthy subjects with routine histological stains and biochemical analyses of respiratory chain enzymes. Results: Staining showed incomplete myopathic features, such as increased variability in fiber size, type 1 hypertrophy, rounded fiber shape, endomysial fibrosis, and replacement by adipose tissue. Acid phosphatase reaction was positive in up to 35% of the selected muscle fibers. Mitochondrial changes were obvious but revealed no selective age‐dependence. Reduced complex I, cytochrome c oxidase (COX), and citrate synthase (CS) could be observed. Discussion...
Source: Muscle and Nerve - October 1, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Claudia Zimmermann, Rajakiran Kalepu, Matthias Ponfick, Heiko Reichel, Balkan Cakir, Stephan Zierz, Hans‐Jürgen Gdynia, Jan Kassubek, Albert. C. Ludolph, Angela Rosenbohm Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Retrospective observational study of patients who present to Australian rural emergency departments with undifferentiated chest pain.
CONCLUSIONS: This study has provided information on the characteristics and processes of care for patients presenting to Australian rural EDs with undifferentiated chest pain that will inform service planning and further research to evaluate the effectiveness of care for these patients. PMID: 25303414 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The Australian Journal of Rural Health)
Source: The Australian Journal of Rural Health - October 1, 2014 Category: Rural Health Authors: Roche T, Gardner G, Lewis P Tags: Aust J Rural Health Source Type: research

Nasal NO as a biomarker: Don't say NO to the many challenges of translational medicine
Summary This editorial summarizes the challenges of exhaled breath biomarker research particularly for nasal NO. We also introduce a new focus for Pediatric Pulmonology, a section on Translational Medicine. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - October 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Judith A. Voynow, Alison J. Montpetit Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Measurement of eNO with portable analyzer might improve the management of persistent cough at primary care practice in Japan
ConclusionsMeasurement of eNO could be one of the management tools for persistent cough at primary care practice. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - October 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Keisuke Watanabe, Masaharu Shinkai, Masahiro Shinoda, Yu Hara, Nobuhiro Yamaguchi, Bruce K. Rubin, Yoshiaki Ishigatsubo, Takeshi Kaneko Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Lung Transplant for a Patient With Cystic Fibrosis and Active Burkholderia There was No Neath Attributable Burkholderia Pneumonia.
Abstract Lung transplant for cystic fibrosis has been considered contraindicated in patients who have Burkholderia Cenocepacia infection. A 24-year-old white woman who had cystic fibrosis presented with respiratory failure caused by B. Cenocepacia pneumonia. She was treated with broad-spectrum antibiotics and a double-lung transplant. The chest cavity and both bronchi were irrigated with 0.5% povidone-iodine solution. For immunosuppression, she received induction therapy with alemtuzumab (15 mg) and methylprednisolone and maintenance therapy with tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisone (5 mg daily). Posto...
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - October 1, 2014 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Salizzoni S, Pilewski J, Toyoda Y Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research

Human tracheal allotransplant with greater omentum for revascularization.
CONCLUSIONS: A 2-stage procedure for human tracheal transplant with greater omentum is a safe and effective technique for tracheal reconstruction. PMID: 25299372 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation)
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - October 1, 2014 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Xu L, Zhang S, Li J, Liu J, Liu H, Huang W, Shang X Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research

Bilateral versus single lung transplant for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Lung transplant is a safe and curative treatment for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. According to our results, unilateral lung transplant for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is an alternative to bilateral lung transplant and may affect the allocation process. PMID: 25299371 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation)
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - October 1, 2014 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Lehmann S, Uhlemann M, Leontyev S, Seeburger J, Garbade J, Merk DR, Bittner HB, Mohr FW Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research

Hyper‐dopaminergic ballismus and respiratory dyskinesia treated with intravenous haloperidol
(Source: Emergency Medicine Australasia)
Source: Emergency Medicine Australasia - October 1, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Stuart VB McLay, Stephen PJ MacDonald Tags: Case Letter Source Type: research

Accuracy of amplitude-based respiratory gating for PET/CT in irregular respirations
Conclusion Amplitude gating PET is considered to be more accurate than phase gating PET for examining unstable respiratory motion patterns, such as those involving a variable amplitude or changing baseline. (Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine)
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - October 1, 2014 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Oxygen Prescribing Practice at Waikato Hospital does not meet guideline recommendations
ConclusionCurrent oxygen prescription rates and practices in Waikato Hospital are not satisfactory and can in turn put patients at risk of oxygen toxicity. There is a significant discrepancy in prescribing practices between specialities. Better education of oxygen prescription is required to raise the awareness and to improve the prescribing practice across the hospital. (Source: Internal Medicine Journal)
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - October 1, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Ailsa Holbourn, Janice Wong Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The role of non-invasive ventilation in blunt chest trauma: systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusion This meta-analysis suggests that NIV is superior to both high-flow facemask oxygen or pre-emptive intubation and ventilation in patients with blunt chest trauma who have no contraindication to NIV. (Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery)
Source: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery - October 1, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Acute lung injury induced by H9N2 virus in mice.
CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that H9N2 viral infection induces a typical ALI in mice that resembles the common features of ALI. Our data may facilitate the future studies of potential avian H9N2 disease in humans. PMID: 25316232 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Chinese Medical Journal)
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - October 1, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Li Y, Shan Y, Chi Y, Wen T, Han X Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research

Decreased importance of environmental risk factors for childhood asthma from 1996 to 2006
Conclusions and Clinical RelevanceFrom 1996 to 2006 the non‐environmental risk factors parental asthma, allergic sensitisation and male sex had an increasing or constant importance for current asthma in 7‐8‐year‐old children. The importance of the environmental exposures damp home, respiratory infections and maternal smoking decreased. This counter‐balancing in risk factors may explain the level prevalence of current asthma.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy - October 1, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Anders Bjerg, Linnea Hedman, Matthew Perzanowski, Göran Wennergren, Bo Lundbäck, Eva Rönmark Tags: Original Article‐Epidemiology of Allergic Disease Source Type: research

How infectious disease outbreaks affect community-based primary care physicians: Comparing the SARS and H1N1 epidemics.
CONCLUSION: Serious community-based infectious diseases are a personal concern for GPs and FPs, and have considerable effects on their clinical practice. Further work examining the timely flow of relevant information through different health care sectors and government agencies still needs to be undertaken. PMID: 25316747 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien)
Source: Canadian Family Physician Medecin de Famille Canadien - October 1, 2014 Category: Primary Care Authors: Jaakkimainen RL, Bondy SJ, Parkovnick M, Barnsley J Tags: Can Fam Physician Source Type: research

Respiratory morbidity in children with profound intellectual and multiple disability
ConclusionThe overall respiratory morbidity in our sample of children with PIMD was lower than anticipated. While a subgroup of children are prone to recurrent severe airway problems, the majority of children did not experience severe airway infections. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - October 1, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: M. Proesmans, M. Vreys, E. Huenaerts, E. Haest, S. Coremans, F. Vermeulen, H. Feys Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Resistive Respiratory Muscle Training Improves Respiratory Muscle Strength, Exercise Duration and Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
To determine the effects of a 6-week resistive respiratory muscle training (RRMT) program on respiratory muscle strength, exercise duration and fatigue of Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients. (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Nadine M. Fisher, Abigail T. Romano, Andrew D. Ray Source Type: research

Correlates of Respiratory Function and Fatigue in Multiple Sclerosis
To examine the association between respiratory function and fatigue in individuals with mild-to-moderate disability Multiple Sclerosis (MS). (Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation)
Source: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation - October 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Andrew D. Ray, Martin C. Mahoney, Nadine M. Fisher Source Type: research

One shall become two: Separation of the esophagus and trachea from the common foregut tube
Abstract The alimentary and respiratory organ systems arise from a common endodermal origin, the anterior foregut tube. Formation of the esophagus from the dorsal region and the trachea from the ventral region of the foregut primordium occurs via a poorly understood compartmentalization process. Disruption of this process can result in severe birth defects, such as esophageal atresia and tracheoesphageal fistula (EA/TEF), in which the lumina of the trachea and esophagus remain connected. Here we summarize the signaling networks known to be necessary for regulating dorso‐ventral patterning within the common foregut tube a...
Source: Developmental Dynamics - October 1, 2014 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Katherine Kretovich Billmyre, Mary Hutson, John Klingensmith Tags: Review Source Type: research

Ribavirin: the need for exposure precautions.
This article examines ribavirin use among patients who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and have RSV-related pneumonia and explores safety considerations for staff. Nursing leaders on a hematopoietic stem cell transplantation unit addressed gaps in knowledge about ribavirin therapy, and completed a review of the hospital's ribavirin policy, which led to policy revisions, increased knowledge about the safe administration of ribavirin, and improvements in staff and patient education. PMID: 25253120 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing)
Source: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing - September 30, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Mooney K, Melvin M, Douglas T Tags: Clin J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research

Infliximab for Treatment of Granulomatous Disease in Patients with Common Variable Immunodeficiency
Conclusion In our series, infliximab (5 mg/kg monthly) was an effective treatment for cutaneous and visceral granulomas in patients with CVID. (Source: Journal of Clinical Immunology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Immunology - September 30, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Novel personalized therapy for cystic fibrosis: treating the basic defect in all patients
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Internal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Internal Medicine - September 30, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Margarida D. Amaral Tags: Review‐Symposium Source Type: research

Inception cohort study of workers exposed to toluene diisocyanate at a polyurethane foam factory: Initial one‐year follow‐up
ConclusionsThe findings suggest possible early TDI‐related health effects in a modern polyurethane production plant. These findings also highlight the need for further longitudinal evaluation of these workers and the challenges of studying workers at risk for isocyanate asthma. Am. J. Ind. Med. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Industrial Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Industrial Medicine - September 30, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Wei Gui, Adam V. Wisnewski, Iulia Neamtiu, Eugen Gurzau, Judith A. Sparer, Meredith H. Stowe, Jian Liu, Martin D. Slade, Olivia A. Rusu, Carrie A. Redlich Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Aging exacerbates damage and delays repair of alveolar epithelia following influenza viral pneumonia
The mechanisms of aging increase susceptibility of the distal lung epithelium to influenza infection and delay the emergence progenitor cells during the lung repair process contributing to the severity of the infection in the elderly. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lu YinDahai ZhengGino LimmonNicola LeungShuoyu XuJagath RajapakseHanry YuVincent ChowJianzhu Chen Source Type: research

A case of acute kidney injury and disseminated intravascular coagulation associated with influenza B viral infection
Abstract There are few reports of acute kidney injury (AKI) associated with influenza viral infection. We treated a case of AKI that developed after an influenza B viral infection. A 35-year-old man visited a local physician for a fever and was diagnosed with influenza B. He was prescribed laninamivir, then returned to the physician 5 days later with dyspnea and was referred to Hospital A. Upon admission, respiratory arrest developed, for which he received tracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. AKI was noted after admission and the patient was transferred to our hospital the next day. AKI and disseminate...
Source: CEN Case Reports - September 30, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Bordetella pertussis: an underreported pathogen in pediatric respiratory infections, a prospective cohort study
Conclusions: Pertussis in children sometimes mimics viral respiratory tract infections. If pertussis diagnostics are based on clinical suspicion alone, about 1 in 5 cases (19%) is missed. Despite widely accepted clinical criteria, paroxysmal cough is not a good predictor of pertussis. To prevent spreading, physicians should include B. pertussis in routine diagnostics in respiratory tract infections. (Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations)
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - September 30, 2014 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Gertrude van den BrinkJérôme O WishauptJacob C DoumaNico G HartwigFlorens GA Versteegh Source Type: research

The Clinical Utilisation of Respiratory Elastance Software (CURE Soft): a bedside software for real-time respiratory mechanics monitoring and mechanical ventilation management
Conclusion: CURE Soft enables real-time calculation of model-based respiratory mechanics for mechanically ventilated patients. Results showed that the system is able to provide detailed, previously unavailable information on patient-specific respiratory mechanics and response to therapy in real-time. The additional insight available to clinicians provides the potential for improved decision-making, and thus improved patient care and outcomes. (Source: BioMedical Engineering OnLine)
Source: BioMedical Engineering OnLine - September 30, 2014 Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Akos SzlaveczYeong ChiewDaniel RedmondAlex BeatsonDaniel GlassenburySimon CorbettVincent MajorChristopher PrettyGeoffrey ShawBalazs BenyoThomas DesaiveJ Chase Source Type: research

A new twist in the pediatric difficult airway
Summary Difficult intubation of a 2.4 kg ex premature, suspected Pierre Robin Sequence with upper airway obstruction causing respiratory failure. Multiple failed intubation attempts by an experienced pediatric anesthetist using described techniques and adjuncts. A description of a simple new maneuvre using a GlideScope and a stylet. By twisting the stylet into a spiral shape, the endotracheal tube was given improved maneuverability that allowed the intubator to place the endotracheal tube tip to the glottis opening. Then by rotating the tube in a clockwise direction it could be manipulated past the vocal cords into the tr...
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - September 30, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Edwardina M.M.A. Lillie, Louise Harding, Mark Thomas Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Association of OPRM1 A118G variant with risk of morphine-induced respiratory depression following spine fusion in adolescents
mp; S Sadhasivam (Source: The Pharmacogenomics Journal)
Source: The Pharmacogenomics Journal - September 30, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: V ChidambaranJ MaviH EsslingerV PilipenkoL J MartinK ZhangS Sadhasivam Source Type: research

Type 2 diabetes affects sleep quality by disrupting the respiratory function
ConclusionsBlood gas, respiratory functions and sleep quality, which need to be evaluated as a whole, were affected in patients with diabetes. Assessment of sleep and its quality requires special attention in patients with diabetes. (Source: Journal of Diabetes)
Source: Journal of Diabetes - September 30, 2014 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Gulcan Colbay, Mustafa Cetin, Mehmet Colbay, Dilek Berker, Serdar Guler Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Distal peripheral nerve blockade for patients undergoing hand surgery: a pilot study
Conclusions Forearm blocks are viable alternatives to proximal blockade and are effective as a primary anesthetic technique in patients undergoing hand surgery. Compared to the more proximal approaches, these blocks have the benefits of not causing respiratory compromise, the ability to be performed bilaterally, and may be safer in anticoagulated patients. (Source: Hand)
Source: Hand - September 30, 2014 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Effects of Intratesticular and Incisional Local Anesthetic Administration for Castration of Alpacas Anesthetized with Intramuscular Ketamine–Xylazine–Butorphanol
ConclusionIntratesticular local anesthetic blunts autonomic response and facilitates castration in alpacas anesthetized with BKX with minimal negative effects. Bupivacaine may have some benefit for local anesthesia during castration compared with lidocaine. (Source: Veterinary Surgery)
Source: Veterinary Surgery - September 30, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Jordan Nickell, Linda S. Barter, Julie E. Dechant Tags: Original Article ‐ Clinical Source Type: research

Wireless Ambulatory Esophageal pH Monitoring in Dogs with Clinical Signs Interpreted as Gastroesophageal Reflux
Conclusion and Clinical ImportanceDespite evidence of increased GER in some dogs, the clinical sign‐reflux association remained poor. Future investigation should focus on dogs with esophagitis. (Source: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine - September 30, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: P.H. Kook, J. Kempf, M. Ruetten, C.E. Reusch Tags: Standard Article Source Type: research

Prehospital Noninvasive Ventilation for Acute Respiratory Failure: Systematic Review, Network Meta‐analysis, and Individual Patient Data Meta‐analysis / Ventilación No Invasiva Extrahospitalaria en la Insuficiencia Respiratoria Aguda: Revisión Sistemática, Metanálisis en Red y Metanálisis de Datos de Paciente Individual
ConclusionsPrehospital CPAP can reduce mortality and intubation rates compared to standard care, while the effectiveness of prehospital BiPAP is uncertain. Resumen ObjetivosEl objetivo de este metaanálisis fué determinar la efectividad de la CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) y BiPAP (bi‐level inspiratory positive airway pressure) extrahospitalaria en la insuficiencia respiratoria aguda. MetodologíaSe buscó en 14 bases de datos electrónicas y registros de investigación desde el inicio hasta agosto de 2013. Se seleccionaron y compararon con un comparador relevante ensayos clínicos controlados aleatorizados...
Source: Academic Emergency Medicine - September 30, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Steve Goodacre, John W. Stevens, Abdullah Pandor, Edith Poku, Shijie Ren, Anna Cantrell, Vincent Bounes, Arantxa Mas, Didier Payen, David Petrie, Markus Soeren Roessler, Gunther Weitz, Laurent Ducros, Patrick Plaisance Tags: Progressive Clinical Practice Source Type: research

High-flow nasal cannula: recommendations for daily practice in pediatrics
High-flow nasal cannula (HFNC) is a relatively new device for respiratory support. In pediatrics, HFNC use continues to increase as the system is easily set up and is well tolerated by patients. The use of nasal cannula adapted to the infant?s nares size to deliver heated and humidified gas at high flow rates has been associated with improvements in washout of nasopharyngeal dead space, lung mucociliary clearance, and oxygen delivery compared with other oxygen delivery systems. HFNC may also create positive pharyngeal pressure to reduce the work of breathing, which positions the device midway between classical oxygen deliv...
Source: Annals of Intensive Care - September 30, 2014 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Christophe MilésiMathilde BoubalAurélien JacquotJulien BaleineSabine DurandMarti OdenaGilles Cambonie Source Type: research

Selenite activates the alternative oxidase pathway and alters primary metabolism in Brassica napus roots: evidence of a mitochondrial stress response
Conclusion: Collectively, the data indicate that selenite necessitates the reconfiguration of metabolic pathways to overcome the consequences of mitochondrial oxidative stress in root tissue. Efforts to mitigate the detrimental effects of selenite-induced oxidative stress may ultimately improve selenium tolerance and accumulation in crops. (Source: BMC Plant Biology - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Plant Biology - Latest articles - September 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Aleksandar DimkovikjDoug Van Hoewyk Source Type: research

Actibacter haliotis sp. nov., isolated from the gut of an abalone, Haliotis discus hannai , and emended description of the genus Actibacter.
Abstract A novel strain, designated as strain W113T, was isolated from the gut of an abalone, Haliotis discus hannai, which was collected from the northern coast of Jeju in Korea. The isolate was a Gram-staining-negative, facultatively anaerobic, non-motile, yellow-to-orange carotenoid-type pigmented, and rod-shaped bacterium. The 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that the isolate belonged to the genus Actibacter in the family Flavobacteriaceae and it shared the highest sequence similarity with the type strain of Actibacter sediminis (98.8 % similarity). Optimal growth occurred at 25 °C, at pH 7, and with 2 %...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - September 30, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Hyun DW, Kim JY, Kim MS, Shin NR, Kim HS, Lee JY, Bae JW Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Acuticoccus yangtzensis gen. nov., sp. nov., a Novel Member in the Family Rhodobacteraceae, Isolated from the Surface Water of the Yangtze Estuary.
Abstract A novel bacterium, strain JL1095(T), was isolated from the surface water of the Yangtze Estuary, China (31° N, 122° E). Cells were Gram negative, aerobic, oval-shaped with one peak end and motile by gliding. Cells divided by binary fission. Growth occurred at 15-50 °C (optimum at 35 °C), 2-10 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum at ~3 %) and pH 6.0-9.0 (optimum at pH ~ 7.6). Strain JL1095(T) was able to utilize various sole-carbon-source, such as Tween 40, Tween 80, acetic acid, L-arabinose, D,L-lactic acid, urocanic acid, methyl-pyruvate, α-hydroxy butyric acid, β-hydroxy butyric acid, and γ-hydroxy butyric...
Source: Current Microbiology - September 30, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Hou L, Zhang Y, Sun J, Xie X Tags: Curr Microbiol Source Type: research

Sequential Stenting for Extensive Malignant Airway Stenosis.
Conclusion: Because the initial disease was advanced and aggressive, the prognosis after sequential airway stent placement was significantly poor. However, because respiratory distress decreased after the treatment in most patients, this treatment may be acceptable for selected patients with extensive malignant airway stenosis. PMID: 25273272 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: Annals of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - September 30, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tsukioka T, Takahama M, Nakajima R, Kimura M, Tei K, Yamamoto R Tags: Ann Thorac Cardiovasc Surg Source Type: research

Aging exacerbates damage and delays repair of alveolar epithelia following influenza viral pneumonia
The mechanisms of aging increase susceptibility of the distal lung epithelium to influenza infection and delay the lung repair process contributing to the severity of the infection in the elderly. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lu YinDahai ZhengGino LimmonNicola LeungShuoyu XuJagath RajapakseHanry YuVincent ChowJianzhu Chen Source Type: research

Uncommon Ectopic Parathyroid Adenoma.
PMID: 25278216 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia)
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - September 30, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: El Oueriachi F, Arsalane A, Kabiri EH Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research