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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 18.

Association of child health and household amenities in high focus states in India: a district-level analysis
Conclusions Although child healthcare services are important in addressing child health issues, they barely touch on the root of the problem. Building toilets and providing safe drinking water, clean cooking fuel and drainage facilities at the household level, may prevent a number of adverse child health issues and may reduce the burden on the healthcare system in India. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - May 11, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Gouda, J., Gupta, A. K., Yadav, A. K. Tags: Open access, Global health, Paediatrics, Public health, Research methods Source Type: research

Phaeodactylibacter luteus sp. nov., isolated from the oleaginous microalga Picochlorum sp.
Abstract A Gram-staining-negative, orange-pigmented, non-motile, aerobic bacterial strain, designated GYP20T, was isolated from a culture of the alga Picochlorum sp., a promising feedstock for biodiesel production, which was isolated from the India Ocean. Growth was observed at temperatures from 20 to 37 °C, at salinities from 0 to 3% and at pH from 5 to 9. Mg2+ and Ca2+ ions are required for growth. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequencing revealed that the strain was a member of the genus Phaeodactylibacter, which belongs to the family Saprospiraceae. Strain GYP20T was most closely related to Phae...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - May 11, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Lei X, Li Y, Wang G, Chen Y, Lai Q, Chen Z, Zhang J, Liao P, Zhu H, Zheng W, Zheng T Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Pitfalls in flow cytometric analyses of surfactant-exposed human leukocytes.
CONCLUSION: Reliable detection of intracellular cytokines by flow cytometry may be challenging in surfactant-exposed cell samples due to significant autofluorescence of aggregated phospholipid particles. This issue has been addressed for the first time and may be of high relevance for all types of surfactant research. We demonstrate that a methanol-based permeabilization approach completely removes interfering fluorescent surfactant micelles and allowes for correct evaluation of data. The successful removal of confounding surfactant phospholipids opens up a wide variety of multiparameter flow cytometry; a method that has n...
Source: Immunology Letters - May 11, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Glaser K, Fehrholz M, Seidenspinner S, Ottensmeier B, Wollny B, Kunzmann S Tags: Immunol Lett Source Type: research

The emerging role of Nrf2 in mitochondrial function.
Abstract The transcription factor NF-E2 p45-related factor 2 (Nrf2, gene name NFE2L2) allows adaptation and survival under conditions of stress by regulating the gene expression of diverse networks of cytoprotective proteins, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, detoxification enzymes as well as proteins which assist in repair or removal of damaged macromolecules. Nrf2 has a crucial role in the maintenance of the cellular redox homeostasis by regulating the biosynthesis, utilization and regeneration of glutathione, thioredoxin and NADPH, and by controlling production of reactive oxygen species by mitochondria ...
Source: Free Radical Biology and Medicine - May 11, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Dinkova-Kostova AT, Abramov AY Tags: Free Radic Biol Med Source Type: research

Malignant mesothelioma as an oxidative stress-induced cancer: An update.
Abstract Malignant mesothelioma (MM) is a relatively rare cancer that occurs almost exclusively following respiratory exposure to asbestos in humans. Its pathogenesis is closely associated with iron overload and oxidative stress in mesothelial cells. Upon fiber exposure, mesothelial cells accumulate fibers simultaneously with iron, which either performs physical scissor function or catalyzes free radical generation, leading to oxidative DNA damage such as strand breaks and base modifications, followed by activation of intracellular signaling pathways. Chrysotile, per se without iron, causes massive hemolysis and fu...
Source: Free Radical Biology and Medicine - May 11, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Chew SH, Toyokuni S Tags: Free Radic Biol Med Source Type: research

Admission neurophysiological abnormalities in Guillain–Barré syndrome: A single-center experience
Guillain–Barré syndrome (GBS) is a post-infectious disorder that usually occurs in otherwise healthy people. The main features of GBS are rapidly progressive bilateral and relatively symmetric weakness of the limbs. This may include the involvement of respiratory muscles or cranial nerve-innervated muscles [1–4]. (Source: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery)
Source: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery - May 11, 2015 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Marco Luigetti, Serenella Servidei, Anna Modoni, Paolo Maria Rossini, Mario Sabatelli, Mauro Lo Monaco Source Type: research

Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae in Sweden 2007–2013: Experiences from seven years of systematic surveillance and mandatory reporting
Carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE) are increasing worldwide, and are a major threat to healthcare systems. Recent European data support that many countries have interregional spread of CPE or an endemic situation. In Sweden mandatory laboratory reporting of CPE of both colonisation and infection has been practiced since 2007 and since 2012 also by treating physicians. Between 2007 and 2013, 94 cases of CPE were detected in Sweden, out of which 24 were considered to cause clinical infections (bloodstream infection (n=4), urinary tract infection (n=12), wound infection (n=4), respiratory tract infection (n=2) a...
Source: Drug Resistance Updates - May 11, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Sonja Löfmark, Karin Sjöström, Barbro Mäkitalo, Petra Edquist, Karin Tegmark Wisell, Christian G. Giske Source Type: research

Years of life lost and morbidity cases attributable to transportation noise and air pollution: A comparative health risk assessment for Switzerland in 2010.
CONCLUSIONS: YLL due to transportation related pollution in Switzerland is dominated by air pollution from road traffic, whereas consequences for morbidity and indicators of quality of life are dominated by noise. In terms of total external costs the burden of noise equals that of air pollution. PMID: 26003939 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health)
Source: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental health - May 11, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Vienneau D, Perez L, Schindler C, Lieb C, Sommer H, Probst-Hensch N, Künzli N, Röösli M Tags: Int J Hyg Environ Health Source Type: research

Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics
Persson PB (Source: International Journal of COPD)
Source: International Journal of COPD - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

An algorithm to diagnose influenza infection: evaluating the clinical importance and impact on hospital costs of screening with rapid antigen detection tests
Abstract Rapid antigen detection tests (RADTs) are immunoassays that produce results in 15 min or less, have low sensitivity (50 %), but high specificity (95 %). We studied the clinical impact and laboratory savings of a diagnostic algorithm for influenza infection using RADTs as a first-step technique during the influenza season. From January 15th to March 31st 2014, we performed a diagnostic algorithm for influenza infection consisting of an RADT for all respiratory samples received in the laboratory. We studied all the patients with positive results for influenza infection, dividing them into two groups: Gr...
Source: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - May 10, 2015 Category: Microbiology Source Type: research

Solid Fuel in Kitchen and Acute Respiratory Tract Infection Among Under Five Children: Evidence from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011
This study assessed the association between use of solid fuel in kitchen and ARI among under five children in Nepal. The latest data from the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011 were used. A total of 4,802 under 5 de-jure children were included in this analysis. Cough accompanied by short/rapid breath and chest problem within 2 weeks before survey was considered as the symptoms of ARI. Logistic regression analysis was performed to calculate the odds of being suffered from ARI among the children from households using solid fuel in comparison to the children from households using cleaner fuel. About 84.6 % of the fami...
Source: Journal of Community Health - May 10, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

Influence of a montmorency cherry juice blend on indices of exercise-induced stress and upper respiratory tract symptoms following marathon running—a pilot investigation
Background: Prolonged exercise, such as marathon running, has been associated with an increase in respiratory mucosal inflammation. The aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of Montmorency cherry juice on markers of stress, immunity and inflammation following a Marathon. Methods: Twenty recreational Marathon runners consumed either cherry juice (CJ) or placebo (PL) before and after a Marathon race. Markers of mucosal immunity secretory immunoglobulin A (sIgA), immunoglobulin G (IgG), salivary cortisol, inflammation (CRP) and self-reported incidence and severity of upper respiratory tract symptoms (URTS) were m...
Source: BioMed Central - May 10, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Lygeri DimitiouJessica A HillAhmed JehnaliJoe DunbarJames BrounerMalachy McHughGlyn Howatson Source Type: research

Expression of VEGF in neonatal urinary obstruction: does expression of VEGF predict hydronephrosis?
CONCLUSIONS The pressure due to congenital urogenital obstruction resulting in mechanical stress in cells did not increase the expression of VEGF in young children in our study. To find a correlation between urogenital tract obstruction and increased expression of VEGF, we need to perform more examinations because the connection may be of therapeutic significance. PMID: 25951999 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Science Monitor)
Source: Medical Science Monitor - May 10, 2015 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

Analgesia and Respiratory Function after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy in Patients receiving Ultrasound-Guided Bilateral Oblique Subcostal Transversus Abdominis Plane Block: A Randomized Double-Blind Study.
CONCLUSIONS After laparoscopic cholecystectomy, OSTAP block can provide significant improvement in respiratory function and better pain relief with lower opioid requirement. PMID: 25948166 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Medical Science Monitor)
Source: Medical Science Monitor - May 10, 2015 Category: Research Tags: Med Sci Monit Source Type: research

Vitamin D supplementation: a comprehensive review on supplementation for tuberculosis prophylaxis
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine)
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Dysregulated cholinergic network as a novel biomarker of poor prognostic in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
Background: In airways, a proliferative effect is played directly by cholinergic agonists through nicotinic and muscarinic receptors activation. How tumors respond to aberrantly activated cholinergic signalling is a key question in smoking-related cancer. This research was addressed to explore a possible link of cholinergic signalling changes with cancer biology. Methods: fifty-seven paired pieces of head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) and adjacent non-cancerous tissue (ANCT) were compared for their mRNA levels for ACh-related proteins and ACh-hydrolyzing activity. Results: The measurement in ANCT of acetylcholin...
Source: BMC Cancer - May 10, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Ana Castillo-GonzálezSusana Nieto-CerónJuan Pelegrín-HernándezMaría MontenegroJosé NogueraMaría López-MorenoJosé Rodríguez-LópezCecilio VidalDiego Hellín-MeseguerJuan Cabezas-Herrera Source Type: research

New insights on the role of the insular cortex and habenula in OSA
Conclusions The Ic may be an important region in the development of OSA. Altered activity in the limbic system and its related structures could also be associated with OSA. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Effect of APAP and heated humidification with a heated breathing tube on adherence, quality of life, and nasopharyngeal complaints
Conclusion HH showed a tendency to improve APAP adherence. The adherence in both groups was quite high, and for that reason, it is difficult to show a statistically significant effect. A differentiation into NPC risk groups before starting PAP treatment is useful. HH reduces side effects and sleepiness and improves quality of life in an NPC risk group. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sleep disorders in pregnancy and their association with pregnancy outcomes: a prospective observational study
Conclusions Snoring and high-risk MBQ in pregnant women are strong risk factors for GH and CS. In view of the significant morbidity and health care costs, simple screening of pregnant women with questionnaires such as MBQ may have clinical utility. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

What can impulse oscillometry and pulmonary function testing tell us about obstructive sleep apnea: a case-control observational study?
Conclusions FRC is significantly decreased in overweight or obese patients with OSA compared with those without OSA, which may be attributed to an increase in lung elastic recoil. The stronger correlation between Xrs5 and OSA severity might indicate upper airway stenosis, and abnormally increased lung elastic recoil may contribute to OSA. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Poor sleep quality associated with obesity in men
Conclusion Sleep quality was negatively associated with overweight/obesity in Chinese men but not in women. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Evaluating the effects of protective ventilation on organ-specific cytokine production in porcine experimental postoperative sepsis
Conclusions: Variation between organs in cytokine output was observed during experimental sepsis. We see no implication from cytokine levels for initiating protective ventilation before endotoxemia. However, during endotoxemia protective ventilation attenuates hepatic inflammatory cytokine output contributing to a reduced total inflammatory burden. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jesper SperberMiklós LipcseyAnders LarssonAnders LarssonJan SjölinMarkus Castegren Source Type: research

Reproducibility of biomarkers in induced sputum and in serum from chronic smokers
Conclusion Serum Pulmonary Surfactant Associated Protein D proved to be a biomarker that fulfilled the criteria for reproducibility in both study groups. (Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics)
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - May 10, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

A novel non-invasive sampling method using buccal mucosa cells for determination of coenzyme Q10.
Abstract Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is an important cofactor in the mitochondrial respiratory chain and a potent endogenous antioxidant. CoQ10 deficiency is often associated with numerous diseases, and patients can benefit from CoQ10 supplementation, being more effective when diagnosed and treated early. Due to the increased interest in CoQ10 deficiency, several methods for CoQ10 analysis from plasmatic, muscular, fibroblast, and platelet matrices have been developed. These sampling techniques are not only highly invasive but also too traumatic for periodic clinical monitoring. In the present work, we describe the develo...
Source: Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry - May 10, 2015 Category: Chemistry Authors: Martinefski M, Samassa P, Lucangioli S, Tripodi V Tags: Anal Bioanal Chem Source Type: research

Metabolic decoupling in daily life in patients with panic disorder and agoraphobia
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2015 Source:Journal of Psychiatric Research Author(s): Monique C. Pfaltz , Vitaliy Kolodyazhniy , Jens Blechert , Jürgen Margraf , Paul Grossman , Frank H. Wilhelm Various studies have assessed autonomic and respiratory underpinnings of panic attacks, yet the psychophysiological functioning of panic disorder (PD) patients has rarely been examined under naturalistic conditions at times when acute attacks were not reported. We hypothesized that emotional activation in daily life causes physiologically demonstrable deviations from efficient metabolic regulation in PD patients. Metab...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - May 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Hospital discharges for fever and neutropenia in pediatric cancer patients: United States, 2009
Conclusion: FN represents a common precipitant for hospitalizations among pediatric cancer patients. SLOS admissions are rarely associated with serious infections, but contribute substantially to the burden of hospitalization for pediatric FN. (Source: BMC Cancer)
Source: BMC Cancer - May 10, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Emily MuellerKelly WalkovichRajen ModyAchamyeleh GebremariamMatthew Davis Source Type: research

The psychophysiology of mixed emotional states: Internal and external replicability analysis of a direct replication study
Abstract The replicability of emotion‐related physiological changes constitutes a fundamental issue in affective science. We undertook a direct replication of the physiological differentiation of amusement, disgust, and a mixed emotional state as previously reported (Kreibig, Samson, & Gross, 2013). In the current study, 48 women watched 54 amusing, disgusting, and mixed emotional film clips while cardiovascular, electrodermal, and respiratory measures were obtained. Primary analyses indicated physiological differentiation of the mixed emotional state from amusement and disgust. We evaluated (a) the probability that ...
Source: Psychophysiology - May 10, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Sylvia D. Kreibig, Andrea C. Samson, James J. Gross Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Preventing non-communicable diseases through structural changes in urban environments
The primary determinants of disease are mainly economic and social, and therefore its remedies must also be economic and social. Medicine and politics cannot and should not be kept apart. Rose1 To achieve [a reduction in overweight and obesity] is perhaps the major public health and societal challenge of the century. Potential strategies include [....] redesign of built environments to promote physical activity, changes in food systems, restrictions on aggressive promotion of unhealthy drinks and foods to children and economic strategies such as taxation. Willet2 Non-communicable diseases (NCDs)—mainly cancers, cardi...
Source: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health - May 10, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Franco, M., Bilal, U., Diez-Roux, A. V. Tags: Epidemiologic studies, Mortality and morbidity, Health education, Obesity (public health), Health promotion, Sociology Editorials Source Type: research

Carbon monoxide poisoning and risk of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism: a nationwide retrospective cohort study
Conclusion Risk of DVT is significantly higher in patients with CO poisoning than in the general population. (Source: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health)
Source: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health - May 10, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Chung, W.-S., Lin, C.-L., Kao, C.-H. Tags: Epidemiologic studies, Cohort studies, Occupational and environmental medicine Research reports Source Type: research

What can impulse oscillometry and pulmonary function testing tell us about obstructive sleep apnea: a case-control observational study?
CONCLUSIONS: FRC is significantly decreased in overweight or obese patients with OSA compared with those without OSA, which may be attributed to an increase in lung elastic recoil. The stronger correlation between Xrs5 and OSA severity might indicate upper airway stenosis, and abnormally increased lung elastic recoil may contribute to OSA. PMID: 25957616 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 10, 2015 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Abdeyrim A, Li N, Shao L, Heizhati M, Wang Y, Yao X, Abulikemu S, Zhang D, Chang G, Yin T, Li C, Meng J, Zhao M, Zhou L, Hong J, Zhang Y Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

3-M syndrome: a novel CUL7 mutation associated with respiratory distress and a good response to GH therapy.
We report four Emirati siblings with the condition. The index case is a 10-year-old boy with characteristic features, including prenatal and postnatal growth failure, a triangular face, a long philtrum, full lips and prominent heels. Genetic testing confirmed a novel mutation (p.val88Ala) in the CUL7 gene. The parents are healthy, first-degree cousins with nine children, of whom two died in the first year of life with respiratory failure. Both had low birth weight and growth retardation. The boy's older sibling reached an adult height of 117 cm (-6.71 SDS). She was never treated with GH. He was started on GH treatment ...
Source: Diabetes Metab - May 9, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Deeb A, Afandi O, Attia S, Fatih AE Tags: Endocrinol Diabetes Metab Case Rep Source Type: research

Tuberculosis infection control measures in diabetes clinics in China: a rapid assessment of ten hospitals
ConclusionInfection control measures to prevent airborne transmission in DM clinics are inadequate. More work is needed to better understand and determine the risk of TB infection in DM clinics and to improve their TB infection control practices.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health)
Source: Tropical Medicine and International Health - May 9, 2015 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Yan Lin, Anthony D. Harries Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effects of Moderate Hyperbilirubinemia on Nutritive Swallowing and Swallowing-Breathing Coordination in Preterm Lambs
Background: Hyperbilirubinemia (HB) occurs in 90% of preterm newborns. HB induces acute neurological disorders (somnolence, abnormal tone, feeding difficulties, auditory dysfunction) and alterations in respiratory control. These findings suggest brainstem neurotoxicity that could also affect swallowing centers. Objective: To test the hypothesis that HB impairs nutritive swallowing (NS) and swallowing-breathing coordination. Methods: Two groups of preterm lambs (born 14 days prior to term), namely control (n = 6) and HB (n = 5), were studied. On day 5 of life (D0), moderate HB (150-250 µmol/l) was induced during 17 h in th...
Source: Neonatology - May 9, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Antibiotic exposure in the first year of life and later treated asthma, a population based birth cohort study of 143,000 children
We examined this controversial issue in a population-based birth cohort. Using administrative data, we identified 143,163 children born in 1995–2011 in Friuli-Venezia Giulia (Italy) (median follow-up 5.25 years, 927,350 person-years). Antibiotic prescriptions in the first year of life and subsequent treated asthma (defined as ≥2 anti-asthmatic drug prescriptions within a 12-month period) were retrieved from drug prescription records. We estimated incidence rate ratios (IRR) using Poisson regression models, adjusted for perinatal variables and for hospitalizations for infections in the first year of life. We identified...
Source: European Journal of Epidemiology - May 9, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Academic detailing of general practitioners by a respiratory physician for diagnosis and management of refractory breathlessness: a randomised pilot study
Conclusion: AD was acceptable and feasible to participating GPs. This pilot supports proceeding to a fully powered study. (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Source: BMC Health Services Research - May 9, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Aileen CollierDebra RowettPeter AllcroftAine GreeneDavid Currow Source Type: research

Low pulmonary function is related with a high risk of sarcopenia in community-dwelling older adults: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (KNHANES) 2008–2011
Conclusions Using nationally representative data from the 2008–2011 KNHANES, low pulmonary function was found to be associated with low muscle mass in community-dwelling older Korean adults. (Source: Osteoporosis International)
Source: Osteoporosis International - May 9, 2015 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Relationship between daily physical activity and aerobic fitness in adults with cystic fibrosis
Conclusions: In adult CF patients daily PA positively correlated with aerobic capacity. PA measurements are a valuable tool in the assessment of exercise performance in an adult CF population and could be used for interventional exercise trials to optimize exercise performance and health status. PA levels and parameters obtained at submaximal exercise are similar in CF and in healthy controls. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - May 9, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Daniela SaviMarcello Di PaoloNicholas SimmondsPaolo OnoratiMattia InternulloSerena QuattrucciBanya WinstonPierantonio LavenezianaPaolo Palange Source Type: research

Airway-centered interstitial fibrosis: etiology, clinical findings and prognosis
Conclusions: ACIF is an interstitial lung disease with a better survival when compared with IPF. The main etiologies are HP and GERD. The oxygen saturation at rest, the presence of cough and some histological findings are predictors of survival. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - May 9, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lilian KuranishiKevin LeslieRimarcs FerreiraEster ColettaKarin StorrerMaria SoaresCarlos de Castro Pereira Source Type: research

Hemogram values in community acquired pneumonia
Conclusion On assessment of CAP patients at admission; platelet count could be considered to be a valuable indicator of severity and outcome on evaluating hemogram (CBC) values than the more commonly used leukocyte count. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - May 9, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Multidisciplinary rehabilitation in ventilator-dependent patients: Call for action in specialized inpatient facilities
Publication date: Available online 8 May 2015 Source:Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia (English Edition) Author(s): J. Winck , R. Camacho , N. Ambrosino The numbers of patients needing prolonged mechanical ventilation are growing. The rehabilitation programs to be implemented in specialized inpatient facilities are ill defined. There is a clear need to establish guidelines to define the optimal rehabilitation program in this setting. In this article we review the current evidence and propose some guidance. (Source: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia)
Source: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia - May 9, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Solithromycin to treat community-acquired pneumonia?
Publication date: Available online 8 May 2015 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Ammara Mushtaq (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - May 9, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Giant Right Atrium Due To Rheumatic Tricuspid Valve Stenosis
A 65 year old female with a known history of rheumatic heart disease refered to our cardiology department to progressive dispne, lower extremities edema and palpitation. Physical examination revealed mild respiratory distress with 25 breaths/minute. Her pulse rate was 110 beats per minute, blood pressure 90/45 mmHg, oxygen saturation 85% while he was breathing ambiant air. Her neck veins were distended with raised jugular venous pressure. Cardiac oscultation revealed a diastolic heart murmur over the right sternal borders. (Source: International Journal of Cardiology)
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - May 9, 2015 Category: Cardiology Authors: Uğur Aksu, Selim Topcu Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research

Emergency visits among end-of-life cancer patients in Taiwan: a nationwide population-based study
Conclusions: Our study provided population-based evidence related to ED utilization. An understanding of the reasons for such visits could be useful in preventing overuse of ED visits to improve the quality of end-of-life care. (Source: BMC Palliative Care)
Source: BMC Palliative Care - May 9, 2015 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Yi-Hui LeeDachen ChuNan-Ping YangChien-Lung ChanShun-Ping ChengJih-Tung PaiNien-Tzu Chang Source Type: research

Systematic review and meta-analysis of the impact of depression on subsequent smoking cessation in patients with chronic respiratory conditions
To systematically review the impact of depression on subsequent smoking cessation in prospective studies of chronic respiratory patients. (Source: General Hospital Psychiatry)
Source: General Hospital Psychiatry - May 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shu Ying Ho, Nora Alnashri, Daniela Rohde, M.L.I.S. Paul Murphy, Frank Doyle Source Type: research

Early postnatal respiratory viral infection induces structural and neurochemical changes in the neonatal piglet brain
Publication date: Available online 9 May 2015 Source:Brain, Behavior, and Immunity Author(s): Matthew S. Conrad , Bradley P. Sutton , Ryan Larsen , William G. Van Alstine , Rodney W. Johnson Infections that cause inflammation during the postnatal period are common, yet little is known about their impact on brain development in gyrencephalic species. To address this issue, we investigated brain development in domestic piglets which have brain growth and morphology similar to human infants, after experimentally infecting them with porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) to induce an interstitial pneumon...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - May 9, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research