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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 18.

Shared Decision Making in Intensive Care Units: Executive Summary of the American College of Critical Care Medicine and American Thoracic Society Policy Statement.
PMID: 27097019 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - April 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kon AA, Davidson JE, Morrison W, Danis M, White DB Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Flavobacterium tyrosinilyticum sp. nov., isolated from the rhizosphere of wild strawberry.
Abstract A Gram-stain-negative, facultatively anaerobic, motile and rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated as THG-DN8.8T, was isolated from the rhizosphere of a wild strawberry plant, located on Gyeryong Mountain, Daejeon, Republic of Korea. According to the 16S rRNA gene sequence comparisons, the isolate was identified as a member of the genus Flavobacterium and is most closely related to Flavobacterium banpakuense 15F3T (97.7 % sequence similarity), Flavobacterium ginsenosidimutans THG-01T (97.3 %), Flavobacterium ginsengiterrae DCY55T (96.9 %), and Flavobacterium chungbukense (96.7 %). Catalase and oxidase test...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - April 20, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Du J, Yi TH Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Kordia ulvae sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from the surface of green marine algae Ulva sp.
Abstract A novel bacterial strain SC2T was isolated from Ulva sp. a green marine algae. Strain SC2T was Gram-negative, aerobic, rod-shaped and had no flagellum. Oxidase and catalase were positive. Strain SC2T can degrade skim milk, agar, soluble starch, Tween 20 and Tween 80. The optimal salinity and temperature of strain SC2T were 2% and 30 °C, respectively. Phylogenetic analysis based on the 16S rRNA gene indicated that strain SC2T was affiliated to the genus Kordia, with highest sequence similarity to Kordia algicida OT-1T (97.23%), Kordia antarctica IMCC3317T (97.23%) and Kordia jejudonensis SSK3-3T (97.02%); ...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - April 20, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Qi F, Huang Z, Lai Q, Li D, Shao Z Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Oral quercetin administration transiently protects respiratory function in dystrophin deficient mice.
This study evaluated the capacity of orally administered quercetin (0.2%) in 2 month old mdx mice to improve respiratory function and end point functional and histological outcomes in the diaphragm following 12 months of treatment. Respiratory function was protected for the first 4-6 months of treatment though appeared to become insensitive to quercetin thereafter. Consistent with this, end point functional measures were decreased and histopathological measures were more severe in dystrophic muscle compared to C57 and similar between control-fed and quercetin-fed mdx mice. To better understand the transient nature of impro...
Source: The Journal of Physiology - April 20, 2016 Category: Physiology Authors: Selsby JT, Ballmann CG, Spaulding HR, Ross JW, Quindry JC Tags: J Physiol Source Type: research

Nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (NFE2L2, Nrf2) mediates exercise-induced mitochondrial biogenesis and antioxidant response in mice.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 27094017 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The Journal of Physiology)
Source: The Journal of Physiology - April 20, 2016 Category: Physiology Authors: Merry TL, Ristow M Tags: J Physiol Source Type: research

Use of predictive algorithms in-home monitoring of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma: A systematic review.
This article provides a systematic review of existing algorithms and the factors associated with their performance in detecting exacerbations and supporting clinical decisions in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) or asthma. An electronic literature search in Medline, Scopus, Web of Science and Cochrane library was conducted to identify relevant articles published between 2005 and July 2015. A total of 20 studies (16 COPD, 4 asthma) that included research about the use of algorithms in telemonitoring interventions in asthma and COPD were selected. Differences on the applied definition of exacerbatio...
Source: Chronic Respiratory Disease - April 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sanchez-Morillo D, Fernandez-Granero MA, Leon-Jimenez A Tags: Chron Respir Dis Source Type: research

[Health for refugees - the Bremen model].
Abstract The Bremen model recognizes that refugee health care has to go beyond merely checking for the prevalence of contagious diseases. Elementary health care offered in the reception centre and transitory facilities is based on voluntary acceptance by the refugees. At the same time, legal requirements for the medical reception of refugees are observed. In addition, doctors performing the initial medical examination are enabled to cover acute care on the spot. During the preliminary phase of immigration refugees are allowed to see a doctor in their facility repeatedly. After a certain time, they are provided wit...
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - April 20, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Mohammadzadeh Z, Jung F, Lelgemann M Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research

Freezing effects on the acute myeloid leukemia cell proteome and phosphoproteome revealed using optimal quantitative workflows.
Abstract MS-based proteomic studies aiming for the discovery of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) biomarkers require sample processing that can assure an optimal proteome coverage and identification of PTMs. We evaluated different in-solution and filter-aided sample preparation (FASP) proteomic workflows and different enrichment strategies of phosphorylated peptides. The FASP protocols in the label-free and SILAC (stable isotope labelling with amino acids in cell culture) approaches were selected for producing the highest number of quantified proteins with reduced number of missed cleavages. The IMAC method was selected...
Source: Journal of Proteomics - April 20, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Aasebø E, Mjaavatten O, Vaudel M, Farag Y, Selheim F, Berven F, Bruserud Ø, Hernandez-Valladares M Tags: J Proteomics Source Type: research

Detection and characterization of viruses as field and vaccine strains in feedlot cattle with bovine respiratory disease.
This study investigated viruses in bovine respiratory disease (BRD) cases in feedlots, including bovine herpesvirus-1 (BoHV-1), bovine viral diarrhea virus (BVDV), bovine respiratory syncytial virus (BRSV), bovine coronaviruses (BoCV) and parainfluenza-3 virus (PI3V). Nasal swabs were collected from 114 cattle on initial BRD treatment. Processing included modified live virus (MLV) vaccination. Seven BRD necropsy cases were included for 121 total cases. Mean number of days on feed before first sample was 14.9 days. Swabs and tissue homogenates were tested by gel based PCR (G-PCR), quantitative-PCR (qPCR) and quantitative re...
Source: Vaccine - April 20, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Fulton RW, d'Offay JM, Landis C, Miles DG, Smith RA, Saliki JT, Ridpath JF, Confer AW, Neill JD, Eberle R, Clement TJ, Chase CC, Burge LJ, Payton ME Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Neuroprotective effects of pyrroloquinoline quinone against rotenone injury in primary cultured midbrain neurons and in a rat model of Parkinson's disease.
In this study, we aimed to investigate the neuroprotective effects of PQQ against rotenone injury in primary cultured midbrain neurons and in a rat model of Parkinson's disease. Pre-treatment with PQQ prevented cultured midbrain neurons from rotenone-induced apoptosis, restored mitochondrial membrane potential, inhibited intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production, and affected microtubule depolymerization. On the other hand, intraperitoneal administration of PQQ exerted protective effects on rats that had received rotenone injection into the medial forebrain bundle through decreasing the apomorphine-evoked rota...
Source: Neuropharmacology - April 20, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Zhang Q, Chen S, Yu S, Qin J, Zhang J, Cheng Q, Ke K, Ding F Tags: Neuropharmacology Source Type: research

Respiratory Failure Associated with Diaphragmatic Paralysis: Just a Ventilation/Perfusion Problem?
PMID: 27107666 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia)
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - April 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Benito-González T, Díez-Fernández F, Pérez de Prado A Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research

Procalcitonin as an Early Marker of the Need for Invasive Respiratory or Vasopressor Support in Adults with Community-Acquired Pneumonia.
CONCLUSIONS: Serum procalcitonin concentration was strongly associated with the risk of requiring IRVS among adults hospitalized with CAP and is potentially useful for guiding decisions about intensive care unit admission. PMID: 27107491 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chest)
Source: Chest - April 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Self WH, Grijalva CG, Williams DJ, Woodworth A, Balk RA, Fakhran S, Zhu Y, Courtney DM, Chappell J, Anderson EJ, Qi C, Waterer GW, Trabue C, Bramley AM, Jain S, Edwards KM, Wunderink RG Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Oral Low-Dose Theophylline on Top of Inhaled Fluticasone-Salmeterol Does Not Reduce Exacerbations in Patients with Severe COPD: A Pilot Clinical Trial.
CONCLUSIONS: The combination of low dose oral theophylline and ICS does not enhance the anti-inflammatory properties of ICS in vivo nor influence exacerbation rate. PMID: 27107490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chest)
Source: Chest - April 20, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cosío BG, Shafiek H, Iglesias A, Yanez A, Cordova R, Palou A, Rodriguez-Roisin R, Peces-Barba G, Pascual S, Gea J, Sibila O, Barnes PJ, Agusti A Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Saxagliptin and Tadalafil Differentially Alter Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (cGMP) Signaling and Left Ventricular Function in Aortic-Banded Mini-Swine [Heart Failure]
Conclusions Both saxagliptin and tadalafil prevented increased LV collagen deposition in a manner related to the attenuation of increased plasma neuropeptide Y levels. Saxagliptin appears superior for treating heart failure with preserved ejection fraction, considering its comprehensive effects on integrated LV systolic and diastolic function. (Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association)
Source: JAHA:Journal of the American Heart Association - April 20, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Hiemstra, J. A., Lee, D. I., Chakir, K., Gutierrez-Aguilar, M., Marshall, K. D., Zgoda, P. J., Cruz Rivera, N., Dozier, D. G., Ferguson, B. S., Heublein, D. M., Burnett, J. C., Scherf, C., Ivey, J. R., Minervini, G., McDonald, K. S., Baines, C. P., Krenz, Tags: Cell Signaling/Signal Transduction, Translational Studies, Heart Failure, Hypertrophy, Echocardiography Source Type: research

Factors associated with blood oxygen partial pressure and carbon dioxide partial pressure regulation during respiratory extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support: data from a swine model
Conclusion: In conclusion, elevations in blood and sweep gas flows in an apneic veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation model resulted in an increase in oxygen partial pressure and a reduction in carbon dioxide partial pressure 2, respectively. Furthermore, without the possibility of causal inference, oxygen partial pressure was negatively associated with pulmonary shunting and cardiac output, and carbon dioxide partial pressure was positively associated with cardiac output, core temperature and initial hemoglobin. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - April 19, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Metabolic acid-base adaptation triggered by acute persistent hypercapnia in mechanically ventilated patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
Conclusion: In this explanatory study, the results indicate that metabolic acid-base adaptation, which is triggered by acute persistent hypercapnia in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome, is complex. Furthermore, further rapid increases in the standard base excess of hypercapnic patients involve decreases in serum lactate and unmeasured anions and increases in the inorganic apparent strong ion difference by means of slight increases in serum sodium, magnesium, calcium, and potassium. Serum chloride is not reduced. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - April 19, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Lung hyperinflation by mechanical ventilation versus isolated tracheal aspiration in the bronchial hygiene of patients undergoing mechanical ventilation
Conclusion: In the studied sample, the MVH technique led to a greater amount of aspirated secretions, significant increases in dynamic compliance and expired tidal volume and a significant reduction in peak inspiratory pressure. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - April 19, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Postoperative complications and clinical outcomes among patients undergoing thoracic and gastrointestinal cancer surgery: A prospective cohort study
Conclusiones: Las complicaciones postoperatorias son trastornos frecuentes y asociados con malos resultados clínicos, por lo que se deben realizar cambios estructurales y de proceso para reducir la morbilidad y mortalidad postoperatorias.ABSTRACT Objective: This study sought to determine the influence of postoperative complications on the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent thoracic and gastrointestinal cancer surgery. Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted regarding 179 consecutive patients who received thorax or digestive tract surgery due to cancer and were admitted to an oncological intensive care u...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - April 19, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Pain assessment during blood collection from sedated and mechanically ventilated children
Conclusions: This study suggests that assessments of pain using standard scales, such as Face, Legs, Activity, Cry and Consolability score, and other physiological parameters should be consistently executed to optimize pain management in pediatric intensive care units. (Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva)
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - April 19, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Use of a dual lumen cannula for venovenous extra corporeal membrane oxygenation in a patient with acute respiratory distress syndrome and a previously inserted inferior vena cava filter: a case report
RESUMO A oxigenação por membrana extracorpórea é utilizada em casos de hipoxemia refratária em diversas condições clínicas. Pacientes vítimas de traumatismo torácico geralmente desenvolvem síndrome da angústia respiratória aguda. Em razão do elevado risco de sangramentos, as complicações trombóticas que se apresentam neste contexto são particularmente difíceis de tratar e, geralmente, demandam a inserção de um filtro na veia cava inferior, com a finalidade de prevenir a migração de êmbolos oriundos das veias distais para a circulação pulmonar. Neste artigo, apresentamos o caso de um paciente com t...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva - April 19, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Mitochondrial Coupling and Contractile Efficiency in Humans with High and Low V˙O2peaks
Conclusion: Together, these findings reveal that 1) mitochondrial and contractile efficiencies are unaltered by several years of endurance training in young adults, and 2) the training-induced improvement in mitochondrial energetic capacity appears to be independent from changes in mitochondrial coupling. (Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise)
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - April 19, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Basic Sciences Source Type: research

A Histomorphological Pattern Analysis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis in Lung Autopsy and Surgically Resected Specimens.
Conclusion. Histopathology remains one of the most important methods for diagnosing tuberculosis, especially in TB prevalent areas. It should be considered in the differential diagnosis of all respiratory diseases because of its varied clinical presentations and manifestations. PMID: 27088035 [PubMed] (Source: Pathology Research International)
Source: Pathology Research International - April 19, 2016 Category: Pathology Tags: Patholog Res Int Source Type: research

Case report: Non‐invasive neurally adjusted ventilatory assist in a newborn with unilateral diaphragmatic paralysis
Summary Diaphragmatic paralysis is a rare cause of respiratory distress in the newborn. In this paper, a patient with unilateral phrenic nerve injury after traumatic delivery is presented. The child inadequately responded to standard respiratory supportive measures. Non‐invasive neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NIV‐NAVA®), providing an optimally synchronized respiratory support proportional to the effort of the patient, resulted in prompt clinical and biological improvement of the patient's respiratory condition. NAVA is a relatively new mode of ventilation in neonatal care. In this case of unilateral diaphragmat...
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sander Roosens, Frank Derriks, Filip Cools Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

The Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid 1 (TRPV1) Antagonist Capsazepine Improves the Impaired Lung Mechanics during Endotoxemia
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology)
Source: Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology - April 19, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Layla D. M. Cabral, Alexandre Giusti‐Paiva Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Sleep Quality Among People Living With Chronic Noncancer Pain: Findings From the Pain and Opioids IN Treatment (POINT) Cohort
Conclusions: High levels of sleep problems were reported in this community sample of CNCP patients prescribed long-term opioids, and were associated with mental health problems and increased medication use. Nonmedication approaches to addressing sleep problems should be prioritized in this population. (Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain)
Source: The Clinical Journal of Pain - April 19, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Sleep disturbances in veterans with chronic war-induced PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder is related to a wide range of medical problems, with a majority of neurological, psychological, cardiovascular, respiratory, gastrointestinal disorders, diabetes, as well as sleep disorders. Although the majority of studies reveal the association between PTSD and sleep disturbances, there are few studies on the assessment of sleep disruption among veterans with PTSD. In this article, we attempt to study the sleep disorders including insomnia, nightmare, sleep-related breathing disorders, sleep-related movement disorders and parasomnias among veterans with chronic war-induced PTSD. It is an im...
Source: Journal of Injury and Violence Research - April 19, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

The association of lung function and St. George's respiratory questionnaire with exacerbations in COPD: a systematic literature review and regression analysis.
CONCLUSIONS: The regression analysis demonstrated a significant association between improvements in FEV1 and SGRQ score and lower risk for COPD exacerbations. Even in cases of non-significant relationships, results were in the expected direction with few exceptions. The results of this analysis offer health care providers and payers a broader picture of the relationship between exacerbations and mean change in FEV1 as well as SGRQ score, and will help inform clinical and formulary-making decisions while stimulating new research questions for future prospective studies. PMID: 27084761 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Martin AL, Marvel J, Fahrbach K, Cadarette SM, Wilcox TK, Donohue JF Tags: Respir Res Source Type: research

Respiratory morbidity in twins by birth order, gestational age and mode of delivery
Journal Name: Journal of Perinatal MedicineIssue: Ahead of print (Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Perinatal Medicine - April 19, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

[Manual airway clearance techniques in adults and adolescents: What level of evidence?]
CONCLUSION: The 1994 consensus conference summary table classifying airway clearance techniques according to physical mechanism provides an interesting tool for assessment, grouping together techniques having identical mechanisms of action. From the findings of the present systematic review, it appears that only ELTGOL, autogenic drainage and ACBT present levels of evidence "B". All other techniques have lower levels of evidence. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II. PMID: 27086120 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires)
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

[Haut Conseil de la Santé publique (HCSP). Guidance on the benefits and risks of the electronic cigarette or e-cigarette in the general population (February, 22, 2016)].
Authors: Haut Conseil de la santé publique PMID: 27079863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires)
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research

Strategies to optimize respiratory muscle function in ICU patients
Respiratory muscle dysfunction may develop rapidly in critically ill ventilated patients and is associated with increased morbidity, length of intensive care unit stay, costs, and mortality. This review briefl... (Source: Critical Care)
Source: Critical Care - April 19, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Willem-Jan M. Schellekens, Hieronymus W. H. van Hees, Jonne Doorduin, Lisanne H. Roesthuis, Gert Jan Scheffer, Johannes G. van der Hoeven and Leo M. A. Heunks Source Type: research

Appropriateness in allergic respiratory diseases health care in Italy: definitions and organizational aspects
In a historical period in which sustainability of the National Health Service is mandatory because of the international economical situation, the limited available resources at national level and the tendency ... (Source: Clinical and Molecular Allergy)
Source: Clinical and Molecular Allergy - April 19, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Carlo Lombardi, Eleonora Savi, Maria Teresa Costantino, Enrico Heffler, Manlio Milanese, Giovanni Passalacqua and Giorgio Walter Canonica Source Type: research

Lung complications are common in intensive care treated patients with pelvis fractures: a retrospective cohort study
The incidence of severe respiratory complications in patients with pelvis fractures needing intensive care have not previously been studied. Therefore, the aims of this registry study were to 1) determine the ... (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - April 19, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Joakim Engström, Henrik Reinius, Jennie Ström, Monica Frick Bergström, Ing-Marie Larsson, Anders Larsson and Tomas Borg Source Type: research

Age of asthma onset and vulnerability to ambient air pollution: an observational population-based study of adults from Southern Taiwan
Late-onset asthma (onset > 12 years) is pathologically distinct from early-onset asthma. The mechanism of air pollution is not a classic allergic inflammation and could have differential effect on late-onset a... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tsung-Ju Wu, Chang-Fu Wu, Bing-Yu Chen, Yungling Leo Lee and Yue Leon Guo Source Type: research

Mean pulmonary arterial pressure as a prognostic indicator in connective tissue disease associated with interstitial lung disease: a retrospective cohort study
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) can develop in connective tissue disease associated interstitial lung disease (CTD-ILD), and contributes to increased morbidity and mortality. However, except for systemic sclerosis... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kota Takahashi, Hiroyuki Taniguchi, Masahiko Ando, Koji Sakamoto, Yasuhiro Kondoh, Naohiro Watanabe, Tomoki Kimura, Kensuke Kataoka, Atsushi Suzuki, Satoru Ito and Yoshinori Hasegawa Source Type: research

Mediating effects of loneliness on the gratitude-health link
Publication date: August 2016 Source:Personality and Individual Differences, Volume 98 Author(s): Brenda H. O'Connell, Deirdre O'Shea, Stephen Gallagher The empirical study of gratitude has experienced unprecedented growth in the past decade. As such there is now a growing body of research showing the emotional, social and psychological health benefits of being grateful. More recently, emerging research is indicating that being grateful may also positively impact physical health. However, the underlying mechanisms explaining this effect are yet to be fully explored. This research examines the relationship between disp...
Source: Personality and Individual Differences - April 19, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Tracheobronchopathia Osteochondroplastica: a rare case report of a non-smoker and non-atopic patient, with a long history of wheezing since childhood
Conclusion TBPO is a rare disease characterized by wheezing, cough, hemoptysis, and recurrent pulmonary infections, with typical onset during adulthood. In the case reported, the symptoms began in childhood, although they had been misinterpreted as asthma. Even if childhood-onset is not reported in literature, it is likely that small changes occur in the first few years of life and become more evident in adulthood. The involvement of segmental and sub-segmental bronchi, usually spared in TBPO, could explain the presence of wheezing and non-productive cough reported by our patient since childhood. (Source: Multid...
Source: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine - April 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Climate Change and Health: A Position Paper of the American College of Physicians.
Abstract Climate change could have a devastating effect on human and environmental health. Potential effects of climate change on human health include higher rates of respiratory and heat-related illness, increased prevalence of vector-borne and waterborne diseases, food and water insecurity, and malnutrition. Persons who are elderly, sick, or poor are especially vulnerable to these potential consequences. Addressing climate change could have substantial benefits to human health. In this position paper, the American College of Physicians (ACP) recommends that physicians and the broader health care community through...
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - April 19, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Crowley RA, Health and Public Policy Committee of the American College of Physicians Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research

Synchrony of physiological activity during mother–child interaction: moderation by maternal history of major depressive disorder
ConclusionsThese results provide preliminary evidence that physiological synchrony is disrupted in families with a history of maternal MDD and may be a potential risk factor for the intergenerational transmission of depression. (Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry - April 19, 2016 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Mary L. Woody, Cope Feurer, Effua E. Sosoo, Paul D. Hastings, Brandon E. Gibb Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Respiratory Tract Infection and Risk of Hospitalization in Children with Congenital Heart Defects During Season and Off-Season: A Swedish National Study
This study aims to assess the relative risk of hospitalization due to RTI in winter and summer seasons for different types of CHD. All children born in Sweden and under the age of two, in 2006–2011, were included. Heart defects were grouped according to type. Hospitalization rates for respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection and RTI in general were retrieved from the national inpatient registry. The relative risk of hospitalization was calculated by comparing each subgroup to other types of CHD and otherwise healthy children. The relative risk of hospitalization was increased for all CHD subgroups, and there was a gre...
Source: Pediatric Cardiology - April 19, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Yamamoto New Scalp Acupuncture, Applied Kinesiology, and Breathing Exercises for Facial Paralysis in a Young Boy Caused by Lyme Disease—A Case Report
Publication date: Available online 2 March 2016 Source:EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing Author(s): Friedrich Molsberger, C. Raak, M. Teuber The case study reports on the effect of pharmacological, complementary, and alternative medicine including YNSA, Applied Kinesiology, and respiratory exercises in a 9-year-old boy with facial paralysis. The boy suffered from borreliosis and one-sided facial paralysis that occurred 3.5 weeks after being bitten by a tick and persisted despite 4 weeks of medication with antibiotics. In the first treatment, muscle function as assessed by the coachman׳s test was normalized,...
Source: EXPLORE: The Journal of Science and Healing - April 19, 2016 Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research

Porcelain lung: calcification in severe Bordetella pertussis infection
An unimmunised 5-week-old, term male infant presented to the intensive care unit with cardiorespiratory failure and peripheral lymphocytosis. The infant deteriorated despite intubation, ventilation, vasoactive drug infusions and exchange transfusion. Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) was started. Infection with Bordetella pertussis was subsequently confirmed. The lungs remained radiologically opacified and tidal volumes were poor despite lung recruitment manoeuvres, resulting in a prolonged ECMO run. A speckled density consistent with calcification became visible within the left lung field by day 29. ...
Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood - April 19, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ganeshalingham, A., Anderson, B. J., Zuccollo, J., Davies-Payne, D., Beca, J. Tags: Miscellanea Source Type: research

Congenital laryngomalacia is related to exercise-induced laryngeal obstruction in adolescence
Conclusions CLM had left footprints that increased the risk of later exercise-induced symptoms and laryngeal obstruction. The findings underline the heterogeneity of childhood respiratory disease and the importance of considering early life factors. (Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood)
Source: Archives of Disease in Childhood - April 19, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Hilland, M., Roksund, O. D., Sandvik, L., Haaland, O., Aarstad, H. J., Halvorsen, T., Heimdal, J.-H. Tags: Surgery, Epidemiologic studies, Open access, Surgical diagnostic tests Original article Source Type: research