Respiratory Medicine research This is an OPML file. It can be used to export all the MedWorm RSS feeds on this topic into your personal RSS reader (usually you have to save this file to your own computer before clicking on an Import OPML command in your own feed reader to upload the file which will then import all the feeds) or it can be used by webmasters to integrate MedWorm feeds with their own website. This is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader, such as GoogleReader, or to display this data on your own website or blog. Subscribe to this data using MyMedWorm.Subscribe to this data using GoogleReader.Subscribe to this data using Bloglines.Subscribe to this data using MyYahoo.
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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 2.
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome: does the current definition need revisiting?
Obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS) has been conventionally (and to some extent arbitrarily) defined by the combination of obesity (body mass index (BMI) >30 kg/m2), daytime hypercapnia (arterial partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PaCO2) ≥45 mm Hg or 6 kPa) during wakefulness, and usually (but not always) the presence of ‘sleep disordered breathing’, such as obstructive sleep apnoea, rapid eye movement sleep hypoventilation or both.1 The survival curve for untreated OHS is significantly reduced compared with the non-obese,2 and so early identification and treatment for these patien...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hart, N., Mandal, S., Manuel, A., Mokhlesi, B., Pepin, J.-L., Piper, A., Stradling, J. R. Tags: PostScript Source Type: research
Mesenchymal cystic hamartoma? A revised diagnosis after 23 years
In 1994, we published a rare case report of a left sided pneumothorax caused by a mesenchymal cystic hamartoma (MCH) in this journal (Thorax 1994;49:1175–6).1 After a follow-up of 23 years, the same patient was referred for a left sided pain and thoracic mass at age 36 years. At age 14 years, a left sided thoracotomy was performed for recurrent pneumothorax followed by lobectomy of the left lower lobe in which a MCH was diagnosed.1 Now his symptoms started almost 1 year before referral. Analysis showed an inhomogeneous mass in the lower left thoracic cavity with metabolic activity on the F-18-fluorodeoxyglu...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: van der Heijden, E. H. F. M., Kaal, S. E. J., Hassing, H. H. M., Verhagen, A. F. T. M., Looijen-Salamon, M. Tags: PostScript Source Type: research
Trainee concerns regarding the Specialty Certificate Examination: results of a British Thoracic Society national survey
As aspiring respiratory physicians are aware, The Federation of Royal Colleges of Physicians of the UK (FRCPUK) has introduced Specialty Certificate Examinations (SCEs) to complement workplace-based assessments. Successful completion of the SCE in Respiratory Medicine is a prerequisite for Certificate of Completion of Training for all UK respiratory trainees whose specialist training began during or after August 2007. The SCE comprises two papers, each lasting 3 h and containing 100 questions in a ‘best of five’ format. Delivery and marking of the examination is computer-based. The FRCPUK has worked in par...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Patterson, C. M., Carter, R. I., Dodd, J. W., Collins, A. Tags: PostScript Source Type: research
Uptake of neonatal BCG vaccination in England: performance of the current policy recommendations
BCG uptake among infants in England has not been measured since targeted infant vaccination replaced universal schoolchildren vaccination in 2005, mainly because of the challenges in defining denominators. We estimated uptake between 2006 and 2008 by dividing number of BCG doses administered to infants by number of all live births (where BCG vaccination is universal) or ethnic minority/Eastern Europeans live births (where infant-BCG vaccination is selective). Weighted average uptake was 68% (95% CI 65% to 71%), slightly higher in primary care trusts with universal (72% (95% CI 64% to 80%)) than selective (66% (95% CI 61% t...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nguipdop-Djomo, P., Mangtani, P., Pedrazzoli, D., Rodrigues, L. C., Abubakar, I. Tags: General practice / family medicine, Drugs: infectious diseases, Vaccination / immunisation, Child health, Infant health, Neonatal health Chest clinic Source Type: research
The circadian clock and asthma
It is characteristic of asthma that symptoms worsen overnight, particularly in the early hours of the morning. Nocturnal symptoms in asthma are common and are an important indicator for escalation of treatment. An extensive body of research has demonstrated that nocturnal symptoms of cough and dyspnea are accompanied by circadian variations in airway inflammation and physiologic variables, including airflow limitation and airways hyper-responsiveness. The molecular apparatus that underpins circadian variations, controlled by so called ‘clock’ genes, has recently been characterised. Clock genes control circadian...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Durrington, H. J., Farrow, S. N., Loudon, A. S., Ray, D. W. Tags: Molecular genetics, Inflammation, Asthma Chest clinic Source Type: research
An unusual cause of haemoptysis in a smoker
Case description A 33-year-old Caucasian male smoker presented to our rapid access lung cancer clinic with a single episode of moderate haemoptysis and no other respiratory or systemic symptoms. There was no relevant past medical history. As an adopted child he was unaware of any significant family history. The only finding on clinical examination was decreased air entry on the right side. Laboratory tests were all normal. Chest x-ray demonstrated a small right hemithorax with marked mediastinal displacement to the right, increased soft tissue opacity adjacent to the right side of the mediastinum causing widening of the ri...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: McDonnell, M. J., Garvey, J., Lohan, D. G., O'Sullivan, G. J., Redmond, K., Jackson, J. E., Rutherford, R. M. Tags: Hemoptysis, Lung infection, Lung neoplasms, TB and other respiratory infections, Lung cancer (oncology), Screening (oncology), Child health, Lung cancer (respiratory medicine), Cardiothoracic surgery, Radiology (diagnostics), Health education, Smoking, He Source Type: research
Against all odds: anti-IgE for intrinsic asthma?
For many years, pathogenetic concepts and the results of clinical trials supported the view that anti-IgE treatment is specifically effective in allergic asthma. However, there is now growing clinical and mechanistic evidence suggesting that treatment with the anti-IgE antibody omalizumab can be effective in patients with intrinsic asthma. Therefore, large and well-controlled clinical trials with anti-IgE are urgently warranted in patients with intrinsic asthma. In addition, there is a need to find new biomarkers which can identify patients with asthma who respond to anti-IgE treatment. (Source: Thorax)
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lommatzsch, M., Korn, S., Buhl, R., Virchow, J. C. Tags: Open access, Asthma Chest clinic Source Type: research
Dendriform pulmonary ossification: unusual cause of spontaneous pneumothorax
A 53-year-old man was admitted to our hospital with a recurrence of spontaneous pneumothorax. He had no history of other diseases including chronic lung diseases. A month prior to this admission, he had a first pneumothorax and was treated with 4 days of intercostal drainage. CT scan showed no bulla, but revealed multiple small polygonal lesions consistent with fibrotic lesions mainly in the right lower lobe (figure 1). We performed right thoracotomy and found that air leakage arose from torn visceral pleura which had been pierced by a drumstick-shaped bony structure (figure 2A). Some other solid flat lesions were pal...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abe, J., Oura, H., Niikawa, H., Yaegashi, H., Kondo, T. Tags: Images in Thorax, Journalology, Open access, Heart failure, Screening (oncology), Interstitial lung disease, Cardiothoracic surgery, Radiology (diagnostics), Ethics Chest clinic Source Type: research
C Stevens, S Sithamparanathan, T O'Shaughnessy. Are we under using diagnostic investigations in the management of abdominal tuberculosis (tb) in high endemic areas of london? Thorax 2013;68(Suppl 3):A87. doi:10.1136/thoraxjnl-2013-204457.180. In the results section of this abstract, the sentence should read: ‘Thus, 34% of patients were treated on the basis of clinical symptoms and radiological image findings alone.’ (Source: Thorax)
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Correction Source Type: research
Gabapentin for refractory chronic cough
This randomised controlled trial from Australia reported on the efficacy of gabapentin in chronic refractory cough and investigated its role in modulating central sensitisation (CS) of the cough reflex. Recruitment of 62 patients was conducted over 2 years. Fifty-two patients completed the trial. All were non-smokers with a cough of more than 8 weeks’ duration and had negative investigation and trials of treatment for asthma, rhinitis, gastro-oesophageal reflux and respiratory tract infection. Participants were randomised to placebo or gabapentin for a 12-week period, with objective serial assessments of co...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: MacKenzie, A. M. Tags: Miscellanea Source Type: research
What's hot the other lot got
Wouldn't it be useful? We are now testing for EGFR mutations in order to aid the oncological treatment of lung cancer. This sometimes involves a need to obtain further tissue in order to test for the EGFR mutation. In this paper from Amsterdam the authors describe testing sputum for the EGFR mutation (Lung Cancer 2013;82:38–43). Sputum was tested in 10 patients with EGFR positive proven lung cancer and 10 patients with COPD, using DNA PCR. EGFR mutations were seen in 30–50% of the sputum samples of those with EGFR mutations. Anti-inflammatories or antibiotics for discoloured sputum in acute bronchitis? In this ...
Source: Thorax - December 12, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Lung neoplasms, Drugs: infectious diseases, Pneumonia (infectious disease), TB and other respiratory infections, Lung cancer (oncology), Adult intensive care, Asthma, Bronchitis, Lung cancer (respiratory medicine), Pneumonia (respiratory medicine) Chest Source Type: research
Mapping of the receptor-binding domain and amino acids critical for attachment in the spike protein of avian coronavirus infectious bronchitis virus.
In this study we identified the receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the spike of the prototype IBV strain M41. By analyzing the ability of recombinantly expressed chimeric and truncated spike proteins to bind to chicken tissues, we demonstrate that the N-terminal 253 amino acids of the spike are both required and sufficient for binding to chicken respiratory tract in an α-2,3-sialic acid-dependent manner. Critical amino acids for attachment of M41 spike are present within the N-terminal residues 19-69, which overlap with a hypervariable region in the S1 gene. Our results may help to understand the differences between IBV S1 ...
Source: Virology - December 11, 2013 Category: Virology Authors: Promkuntod N, van Eijndhoven RE, de Vrieze G, Gröne A, Verheije MH Tags: Virology Source Type: research
Pandemic H1N1 influenza A directly induces a robust and acute inflammatory gene signature in primary human bronchial epithelial cells downstream of membrane fusion.
Abstract Pandemic H1N1 influenza A (H1N1pdm) elicits stronger pulmonary inflammation than previously circulating seasonal H1N1 influenza A (sH1N1), yet mechanisms of inflammatory activation in respiratory epithelial cells during H1N1pdm infection are unclear. We investigated host responses to H1N1pdm/sH1N1 infection and virus entry mechanisms in primary human bronchial epithelial cells in vitro. H1N1pdm infection rapidly initiated a robust inflammatory gene signature (3h post-infection) not elicited by sH1N1 infection. Protein secretion inhibition had no effect on gene induction. Infection with membrane fusion defi...
Source: Virology - December 11, 2013 Category: Virology Authors: Paquette SG, Banner D, Chi le TB, Leόn AJ, Xu L, Ran L, Huang SS, Farooqui A, Kelvin DJ, Kelvin AA Tags: Virology Source Type: research
Usefulness of cerebral NIRS in detecting the effects of pediatric sleep apnea
ConclusionConsistent with the ability of NIRS to detect tissue hypoxia, we found that the AHI calculated with rSO2 was greater than that using SpO2. We conclude that NIRS has potential as a valuable adjunct to PSG in evaluating patients for sleep apnea and warrants further investigation for this purpose. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - December 11, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nachman Ullman, Nick G. Anas, Estela Izaguirre, Wendy Haugen, Heather Ortiz, Oscar Arguello, Bruce Nickerson, Richard B. Mink Tags: Original Article: Sleep and Breathing Source Type: research
The cystic fibrosis gender gap: Potential roles of estrogen
Summary Cystic fibrosis (CF) is a complex, multi‐system, autosomal recessive disease predominantly affecting Caucasians that leads to vigorous airway inflammation and chronic respiratory infection, commonly with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. A variety of factors significantly modify the progression and severity of CF lung disease and the timing of the resulting mortality. We summarize here data indicating that there is in CF a female disadvantage in survival and morbidity, called the “CF gender gap”. Although controversy exists regarding the nature and relative importance of the various contributing mechanisms involved, ge...
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - December 11, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Neil B. Sweezey, Felix Ratjen Tags: State of the Art Source Type: research
(Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - December 11, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cristiano do Amaral de Leon, Sérgio Luís Amantéa, Diogo André Pilger, Vlademir Cantarelli Tags: Response to Letter Source Type: research
GeneXpert MTB/RIF on bronchoalveolar lavage samples in children with suspected complicated intrathoracic tuberculosis: A pilot study
ConclusionBAL Xpert resulted in additional diagnostic yield and also in the rapid detection of drug resistance in children with complicated intrathoracic TB. The clinical impact of this modality should be further evaluated in children. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - December 11, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Elisabetta Walters, Pierre Goussard, Corne Bosch, Anneke C. Hesseling, Robert P. Gie Tags: Original Article: Respiratory Infections Source Type: research
Long‐term recovery after parapneumonic empyema in children
ConclusionsThe long‐term recovery of children with parapneumonic empyema is good, since most patients subsequently have normal lung function, chest radiograph, and clinical recovery. Half of the patients reported subjective respiratory symptoms and most patients had minor lung abnormalities, mostly pleural scars, detected in the MRI many years after empyema. However, as long‐term impairment of lung function was rarely found, the clinical significance of the anatomical residues seen in the lung MRI seems to be minor. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - December 11, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Maria Honkinen, Elina Lahti, Erkki Svedström, Tuomas Jartti, Raimo Virkki, Ville Peltola, Olli Ruuskanen Tags: Original Article: Respiratory Infections Source Type: research
Inflammatory cytokines in exhaled breath condensate in children with inflammatory bowel diseases
ConclusionsElevated concentration of pro‐inflammatory cytokines in EBC in children with IBD may suggest the presence of asymptomatic inflammation in the lower airways. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - December 11, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: K. Krenke, J. Peradzyńska, J. Lange, A. Banaszkiewicz, I. Łazowska‐Przeorek, K. Grzela, A. Radzikowski, M. Kulus Tags: Original Article: Other Source Type: research
Pneumonia in pediatric acute neuromuscular respiratory failure
(Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - December 11, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Massimiliano Don Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Lung function in African infants: A pilot study
ConclusionIn this study we demonstrate that unsedated infant lung function measures of tidal breathing, MBW, and eNO are feasible in a semi‐rural African setting with rates comparable to those reported from high income countries. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2013 The Authors. Pediatric Pulmonology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - December 11, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: D.M. Gray, L. Willemse, A. Alberts, S. Simpson, P.D. Sly, G.L. Hall, H.J. Zar Tags: Original Article: Other Source Type: research
Dynamic Cerebral Autoregulation in Pregnancy and the Risk of Preeclampsia [Pregnancy]
In conclusion, DCA is well preserved during late midterm pregnancy, even in women with disturbed uterine blood flow. Yet, pregnant women with preeclampsia in a previous pregnancy seem to have poorer DCA. Although limited in statistical power, this study does not support DCA as a strong early risk marker of preeclampsia. (Source: Hypertension)
Source: Hypertension - December 11, 2013 Category: Cardiology Authors: Janzarik, W. G., Ehlers, E., Ehmann, R., Gerds, T. A., Schork, J., Mayer, S., Gabriel, B., Weiller, C., Prompeler, H., Reinhard, M. Tags: Pregnancy Source Type: research
Neural network connectivity differences in children who stutter
We examined how synchronized brain activity occurring among brain areas associated with speech production, and white matter tracts that interconnect them, differ in young children who stutter (aged 3–9 years) compared with age-matched peers. Results showed that children who stutter have attenuated connectivity in neural networks that support timing of self-paced movement control. The results suggest that auditory-motor and basal ganglia-thalamocortical networks develop differently in stuttering children, which may in turn affect speech planning and execution processes needed to achieve fluent speech motor control. Th...
Source: Brain - December 11, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Chang, S.-E., Zhu, D. C. Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Vagal regulation and internalizing psychopathology among adolescents exposed to childhood adversity
ABSTRACT Childhood adversity (CA) is strongly associated with youth psychopathology. Identifying factors that reduce vulnerability following CA is critical for developing preventive interventions. Vagal tone and vagal reactivity following psychosocial stressors might influence psychopathology among youths exposed to CA. We acquired heart period and impedance cardiography data to calculate respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) and preejection period (PEP) from 157 adolescents aged 13–17 years at rest and during the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST). Internalizing and externalizing symptoms and multiple forms of CA were assesse...
Source: Developmental Psychobiology - December 11, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Katie A. McLaughlin, Sonia Alves, Margaret A. Sheridan Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Unidirectional pulmonary airflow patterns in the savannah monitor lizard
Nature advance online publication 11 December 2013. doi:10.1038/nature12871 Authors: Emma R. Schachner, Robert L. Cieri, James P. Butler & C. G. Farmer The unidirectional airflow patterns in the lungs of birds have long been considered a unique and specialized trait associated with the oxygen demands of flying, their endothermic metabolism and unusual pulmonary architecture. However, the discovery of similar flow patterns in the lungs of crocodilians indicates that this character is probably ancestral for all archosaurs—the group that includes extant birds and crocodilians as well as their extinct relatives, suc...
Source: Nature AOP - December 11, 2013 Category: Research Authors: Emma R. SchachnerRobert L. CieriJames P. ButlerC. G. Farmer Tags: Letter Source Type: research
Hemodialysis does not alter in vitro hepatic CYP3A4 and CYP2D6 metabolic activity in uremic serum
Decker BS, O’Neill KD, Chambers MA, Slaven JE, Yu Z, Jones DR, Moe SM (Source: International Journal of COPD)
Source: International Journal of COPD - December 10, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Mortality in the coronary care unit
ConclusionThis study provides additional mortality information for the modern-day CCU and should help identify factors that may predict survival. (Source: Coronary Artery Disease)
Source: Coronary Artery Disease - December 10, 2013 Category: Cardiology Tags: Original Research Source Type: research
Target‐controlled infusion of propofol versus intermittent bolus of a sedative cocktail regimen in deep sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy: Comparison of cardiovascular and respiratory parameters
ConclusionTCI with propofol produced less cardiovascular and respiratory suppression than intermittent bolus of a sedative cocktail regimen in deep sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopy. (Source: Chinese Journal of Digestive Diseases)
Source: Chinese Journal of Digestive Diseases - December 10, 2013 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Wei‐Hung Chan, Shih‐Lun Chang, Ching‐Shuan Lin, Mei‐Jyh Chen, Shou‐Zen Fan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Characteristics of invasive Staphylococcus aureus infections in three regions of Korea, 2009-2011: a multi-center cohort study
Conclusions: Our data provide important information about the clinical characteristics of ISA infections. We estimate that over 21,000 ISA infections and 13,000 invasive MRSA infections occurred in Korea in 2010. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - December 10, 2013 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kyoung-Ho SongEu Suk KimHye-yun SinKyung-Hwa ParkSook-In JungNara YoonDong-Min KimChang Seop LeeHee-Chang JangYoonseon ParkKkot Sil LeeYee Gyung KwakJae Hoon LeeSeong Yeon ParkMinkyo SongSue K ParkYeong-Seon LeeHong Bin Kim Source Type: research
Tramadol versus fentanyl during propofol‐based deep sedation for uterine dilatation and curettage: A prospective study
ConclusionTramadol provides similar analgesic efficacy to fentanyl. Furthermore, tramadol may provide better respiratory stability in patients undergoing a D&C procedure. (Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research)
Source: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research - December 10, 2013 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ayca Tas, Veli Mıstanoglu, Sevtap Darcın, Melahat Kececioglu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Leukocytes and systemic inflammatory response syndrome as prognostic factors in pulmonary embolism patients
Conclusions: Leukocytosis and SIRS are important factors in determining short-term outcomes in PE patients. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles - December 10, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jun JoMi LeeJi LeeByung RhoWon-Il Choi Source Type: research
"Causes of death in asthma, COPD and non-respiratory hospitalized patients: a multicentric study"
Conclusions: Cardiovascular disease is the most frequent cause of death among hospitalized asthma patients. The specific causes of death differ between asthma and COPD patients. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles - December 10, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jose Soto-CamposVicente PlazaJoan SorianoCarlos Cabrera-LópezCarlos Almonacid-SánchezRosa VazquezolivaJose SerranoAitor Ballaz-QuincocesAlicia GaloVanessa Santos Source Type: research
Guillain-Barre syndrome as a cause of acute flaccid paralysis in Iraqi children: a result of 15 years of nation-wide study
Conclusions: The incidence, age and gender distribution, and seasonality of GBS among Iraqi children is similar to those reported from other previous studies. It is the most important cause of AFP, especially in those between the age of 1 to 4 years living in rural areas. (Source: BMC Neurology)
Source: BMC Neurology - December 10, 2013 Category: Neurology Authors: Jagar JasemKawa MarofAdnan NawarYosra KhalafSirwan AswadFaisal HamdaniMonirul IslamAndre Kalil Source Type: research
Preoperative physical therapy reduces risk of postoperative atelectasis and pneumonia in people undergoing elective cardiac surgery
Commentary on: Hulzebos EH, Smit Y, Helders PP, et al.. Preoperative physical therapy for elective cardiac surgery patients. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2012;11:CD010118. Implications for practice and research Cardiac surgery patients are at risk of postoperative pulmonary complications. The incidence of postoperative pulmonary complications varies in the literature, because of inconsistent definitions for postoperative pulmonary complication. More large-scale randomised controlled trials are needed to determine the value of preoperative physical therapy in cardiac surgery patients. Context Postoperative pulmonary complica...
Source: Evidence-Based Nursing - December 10, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: Westerdahl, E., Tenling, A. Tags: Adult nursing, Pneumonia (infectious disease), TB and other respiratory infections, Pain (neurology), Interventional cardiology, Pain (palliative care), Pain (anaesthesia), Mechanical ventilation, Mechanical ventilation, Pneumonia (respiratory medicine), Source Type: research
Having a greater proportion of registered nurses in a respiratory care centre is associated with fewer urinary infections and increased successful ventilator weaning
This study explored the impact of skill mix model changes on patient outcomes in a critical care environment, specifically, a respiratory care centre based in a southern Taiwan medical centre. It identified that the cost of ventilator-dependent patients in Taiwan in 1999 was 3.5 billion New Taiwan dollars, equivalent to US$ 121... (Source: Evidence-Based Nursing)
Source: Evidence-Based Nursing - December 10, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: Twigg, D. Tags: Editor's choice, Nursing issues, TB and other respiratory infections, Urinary tract infections, Childhood nutrition, Adult intensive care, Mechanical ventilation, Mechanical ventilation, Dermatology, Urinary tract infections Source Type: research
Poractant alfa versus beractant in the treatment of preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome
(Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health)
Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health - December 10, 2013 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Evrim Alyamaç Dizdar, Fatma Nur Sari, Serife Suna Oguz, Ugur Dilmen Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research
Effect of dynamic random leaks on the monitoring accuracy of home mechanical ventilators: a bench study
Conclusions: In a bench model, the presence of unintentional random leaks may be a source of error in the measurement of VT and leaks provided by the software of home ventilators. Analyzing leaks during inspiration and expiration separately may reduce this source of error. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Latest articles - December 10, 2013 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ana SogoJaume MontanyàEduard MonsóLluís BlanchXavier PomaresManel Lujàn Source Type: research
Growth of the extremophilic Deinococcus geothermalis DSM 11302 using co-substrate fed-batch culture.
Abstract Deinococcus geothermalis metabolism has been scarcely studied to date, although new developments on its utilization for bioremediation have been carried out. So, large-scale production of this strain and a better understanding of its physiology are required. A fed-batch experiment was conducted to achieve a high cell density non-limiting culture of D. geothermalis DSM 11302. A co-substrate nutritional strategy using glucose and yeast extract was carried out in a 20-L bioreactor in order to maintain a non-limited growth at a maximal growth rate of 1 h(-1) at 45 °C. Substrate supplies were adjusted by mo...
Source: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology - December 10, 2013 Category: Microbiology Authors: Bornot J, Molina-Jouve C, Uribelarrea JL, Gorret N Tags: Appl Microbiol Biotechnol Source Type: research