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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 2.

Sleep Stage Coordination of Respiration and Swallowing: A Preliminary Study
This study suggests that the coordination between respiration and swallowing as a defense mechanism against aspiration was impaired during sleep. Our results supported physiologically the fact that healthy adult individuals aspirate pharyngeal secretions during sleep. (Source: Dysphagia)
Source: Dysphagia - June 23, 2016 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Partial Comparison of the NxTAG Respiratory Pathogen Panel Assay with the Luminex xTAG Respiratory Panel Fast Assay V2 and Singleplex Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction for Detection of Respiratory Pathogens
In this study, 185 nasopharyngeal swabs were tested to compare the sensitivity and specificity of the Luminex NxTAG (NxTAG) Respiratory Pathogen Panel (RPP) Assay with those of the Luminex Respiratory Virus Panel (RVP) Fast Assay v2 and singleplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR). The NxTAG Assay identified at least one infectious agent in 164 (88.7%) of the swabs. In 91 (6.2%) tests with negative results with the RVP Fast Assay v2, a virus was identified by the NxTAG (p < 0.001). With the NxTAG Assay, the detection rates were significantly higher for respiratory syncytial virus (p = 0.003), human metapneumovirus ...
Source: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease - June 23, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Susanna Esposito, Alessia Scala, Sonia Bianchini, Maria Lory Presicce, Alessandro Mori, Calogero Sathya Sciarrabba, Giulia Fior, Nicola Principi Source Type: research

Comparison of host genetic factors influencing pig response to infection with two North American isolates of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus.
CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that the KS06 PRRSV isolate is less virulent than NVSL but that genetic selection for increased resistance to either of these genetically distinct isolates is expected to increase resistance to the other isolate. PMID: 27324857 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Genet Sel Evol)
Source: Genet Sel Evol - June 22, 2016 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Hess AS, Islam Z, Hess MK, Rowland RR, Lunney JK, Doeschl-Wilson A, Plastow GS, Dekkers JC Tags: Genet Sel Evol Source Type: research

International Liver Transplant Society Practice Guidelines: Diagnosis and Management of Hepatopulmonary Syndrome and Portopulmonary Hypertension
Abstract: Two distinct pulmonary vascular disorders, hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) and portopulmonary hypertension (POPH) may occur as a consequence of hepatic parenchymal or vascular abnormalities. HPS and POPH have major clinical implications for liver transplantation. A European Respiratory Society Task Force on Pulmonary-Hepatic Disorders convened in 2002 to standardize the diagnosis and guide management of these disorders. These International Liver Transplant Society diagnostic and management guidelines are based on that task force consensus and should continue to evolve as clinical experience dictates. Based on a re...
Source: Transplantation - June 22, 2016 Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Reviews Source Type: research

Lipid extraction mediates aggregation of carbon nanospheres in pulmonary surfactant monolayers
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2016, Accepted ManuscriptDOI: 10.1039/C6CP01957A, PaperTongtao Yue, Yan Xu, Shixin Li, Xianren Zhang, Fang HuangIncreasing evidence indicates that carbon nanoparticles (CNPs), which mainly originate from incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, have adverse impact on respiratory system. Recent in vivo experiments have shown that the...The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry (Source: RSC - Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. latest articles)
Source: RSC - Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. latest articles - June 22, 2016 Category: Chemistry Authors: Tongtao Yue Source Type: research

Trauma team discord and the role of briefing
CONCLUSIONS: Discordant perceptions of patient care goals was frequently observed. Structured physician-led briefing seemed to improve interprofessional team concordance, leadership, and task completion in simulated trauma resuscitations. (Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care)
Source: The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care - June 22, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

Behavior Problems and Post-traumatic Stress Symptoms in Children Beginning School: A Comparison of Pre- and Post-Earthquake Groups
Conclusions This is the first study to report behavior problems and PTS symptoms among children who had lengthy experience of earthquakes and post-disaster stressors during early childhood as compared to a demographically similar group from similar and nearby neighborhoods who did not experience the disaster. The major finding showed that there were significantly more behaviour problems and post-traumatic stress symptoms in the children who entered school after the earthquakes. The rate of PTS symptoms in the Pre-EQ Group is comparable to rates in non-disaster exposed communities.2,4 The rate of children with high PTS scor...
Source: PLOS Currents Disasters - June 22, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Kathleen Liberty Source Type: research

Lack of Mimivirus Detection in Patients with Respiratory Disease, China
X. Zhang et al. (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - June 22, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

LACE1 interacts with p53 and mediates its mitochondrial translocation and apoptosis.
Authors: Cesnekova J, Spacilova J, Hansikova H, Houstek J, Zeman J, Stiburek L Abstract p53 is a major cellular tumor suppressor that in addition to its nuclear, transcription-dependent activity is also known to function extranuclearly. Cellular stressors such as reactive oxygen species can promote translocation of p53 into mitochondria where it acts to protect mitochondrial genome or trigger cell death via transcription-independent manner. Here we report that the mammalian homologue of yeast mitochondrial Afg1 ATPase (LACE1) promotes translocation of p53 into mitochondria. We further show that LACE1 exhibits signi...
Source: Oncotarget - June 22, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncotarget Source Type: research

Can state ownership of the tobacco industry really advance tobacco control?
Could state-owned tobacco industries help take us towards the tobacco end-game? The thought that the tobacco industry be put to work to advance progressive tobacco control policies is usually anathema for tobacco control experts and advocates. After all, the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) is based on the premise that there is an irreconcilable conflict between the tobacco industry and public health. However, this is what Hogg et al1 ask us to consider in their recent paper on whether state-ownership of the tobacco industry is in fact a fundamental conflict of interest, or a ‘tremendous opportunity...
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pratt, A. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

State-ownership of tobacco industry: a 'fundamental conflict of interest or a 'tremendous opportunity for tobacco control?
Despite state-owned tobacco companies (SOTCs) accounting for over 40% of global production, the significance of state-ownership for tobacco control strategies has received limited academic and policy attention. The complex interests associated with SOTCs present diverse challenges for tobacco control policy, particularly in implementing Article 5.3 of WHO's Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). Based on a review of existing literature, this paper examines current challenges and potential opportunities presented by governmental participation in the tobacco industry, identifying three contrasting perspectives from ...
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hogg, S. L., Hill, S. E., Collin, J. Tags: Special communication Source Type: research

Worldwide news and comment
All articles written by Marita Hefler unless otherwise attributed. Ideas and items for News Analysis should be sent to: marita.hefler@menzies.edu.au USA/ASIA: US-BASED THINK-TANK TRIES TO INTIMIDATE REGIONAL TOBACCO CONTROL GROUP Tobacco control advocates are familiar with the "scream test" – the litmus test for an effective measure that hurts the tobacco industry and causes it to protest. Recently, a regional tobacco control group, the Southeast Asia Tobacco Control Alliance (SEATCA) received a 36-page letter from Dr Gary Johns on behalf of the International Tax and Investment Center (ITIC) which shows the industry ...
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: TC News analysis Source Type: research

Beyond excise taxes: a systematic review of literature on non-tax policy approaches to raising tobacco product prices
Conclusions Price-focused evaluations of well-implemented non-tax price policies are needed to determine whether they can deliver on their promise to raise prices, reduce price dispersion and serve as an important complement to excise taxes. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Golden, S. D., Smith, M. H., Feighery, E. C., Roeseler, A., Rogers, T., Ribisl, K. M. Tags: Open access, Editor's choice Review Source Type: research

Snus use and rejection in the USA
Conclusions The low rate of adoption of snus suggests that neither the hopes nor the fears surrounding this new product are likely to be realised in the USA with the current marketing patterns. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Biener, L., Roman, A. M., Mc Inerney, S. A., Bolcic-Jankovic, D., Hatsukami, D. K., Loukas, A., O'Connor, R. J., Romito, L. Tags: Editor's choice Research paper Source Type: research

Warning about the harms of tobacco use in 22 countries: findings from a cross-sectional household survey
Conclusions Antismoking media messages appear effective for warning the public about the harms from tobacco use in all 22 countries, while warning labels are effective in the majority of these countries. Our findings suggest opportunities to motivate smoking cessation globally. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chiosi, J. J., Andes, L., Asma, S., Palipudi, K., McAfee, T., GATS Regional and Country Authors; On behalf of the GATS Collaborative Group Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The association of point-of-sale cigarette marketing with cravings to smoke: results from a cross-sectional population-based study
Conclusions Recalled exposure to POS cigarette marketing is associated with cravings to smoke as predicted by laboratory studies on the effects of smoking cues on cigarette craving. Policies that reduce or eliminate POS cigarette marketing could reduce cigarette cravings and might attenuate impulse buying of cigarettes. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Siahpush, M., Shaikh, R. A., Cummings, K. M., Hyland, A., Dodd, M., Carlson, L., Kessler, A. S., Meza, J., Wan, N., Wakefield, M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The added value of accounting for activity space when examining the association between tobacco retailer availability and smoking among young adults
Conclusions This study adds to the sparse literature on contextual correlates of smoking among young adults, and illustrates the added value of considering individuals’ activity space in contextual studies of smoking. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Shareck, M., Kestens, Y., Vallee, J., Datta, G., Frohlich, K. L. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Application of the Abridged SimSmoke model to four Eastern Mediterranean countries
Conclusions The Abridged SimSmoke model has been used to show the number of deaths from smoking and how MPOWER policies can be used to reach the WHO non-communicable deaths voluntary target for cigarette use reduction in four countries. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Levy, D. T., Fouad, H., Levy, J., Dragomir, A. D., El Awa, F. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Unpacking commercial sector opposition to European smoke-free policy: lack of unity, 'fear of association and harm reduction debates
Conclusions The comparatively limited opposition to EU smoke-free policy contrasts with previous accounts of tobacco industry resistance to tobacco control. While context-specific factors can partially explain these differences, the paper indicates that the sector's diminished credibility and lack of unity hampered political engagement and alliance building. Industry efforts to emphasise the benefits of smokeless tobacco during smoke-free policy debates highlight the potential of harm reduction as a gateway for tobacco companies to re-enter the political arena. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Weishaar, H., Amos, A., Collin, J. Tags: Open access Research paper Source Type: research

"Gone are the days of mass-media marketing plans and short term customer relationships": tobacco industry direct mail and database marketing strategies
Conclusions Database marketing is an important and increasingly sophisticated tobacco marketing strategy. Additional research is needed on the prevalence of receipt and exposure to direct mail items and their influence on receivers’ perceptions and smoking behaviours. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lewis, M. J., Ling, P. M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Perceived effectiveness of text and pictorial health warnings for smokeless tobacco packages in Navi Mumbai, India, and Dhaka, Bangladesh: findings from an experimental study
Conclusions Pictorial warnings are more effective than text-only messages. Pictorial warnings depicting graphic health effects may have the greatest impact, consistent with research from high-income countries on cigarette warnings. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mutti, S., Reid, J. L., Gupta, P. C., Pednekar, M. S., Dhumal, G., Nargis, N., Hussain, A. G., Hammond, D. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

A study of pyrazines in cigarettes and how additives might be used to enhance tobacco addiction
Conclusions Cigarette additives and ingredients with chemosensory effects that promote addiction by acting synergistically with nicotine, increasing product appeal, easing smoking initiation, discouraging cessation or promoting relapse should be regulated by the US Food and Drug Administration. Current models of tobacco abuse liability could be revised to include more explicit roles with regard to non-nicotine constituents that enhance abuse potential. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Alpert, H. R., Agaku, I. T., Connolly, G. N. Tags: Open access, Press releases Research paper Source Type: research

Trends in annual sales and current use of cigarettes, cigars, roll-your-own tobacco, pipes, and smokeless tobacco among US adults, 2002-2012
Conclusions The increase in non-cigarette tobacco consumption is a public health concern because all tobacco products are harmful. Eliminating imbalances in tax structure and regulations between cigarettes and non-cigarette tobacco products may help reduce aggregate tobacco consumption. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Agaku, I. T., Alpert, H. R. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The impact of an increase in excise tax on the retail price of tobacco in New Zealand
Conclusions Tobacco companies do not appear to be increasing the RRPs of budget brands in line with tobacco excise tax increases. The increasing price differential between budget brands, and mainstream and premium brands may undermine cessation and impede realisation of New Zealand's Smokefree 2025 goal. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Marsh, L., Cameron, C., Quigg, R., Hoek, J., Doscher, C., McGee, R., Sullivan, T. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Quitting smoking before and after varenicline: a population study based on two representative samples of US smokers
Conclusions Addition of varenicline to the list of approved cessation aids has mainly led to displacement of other therapies. As a result, there was no meaningful change in population cessation rate despite a remarkable increase in varenicline use. The population impact of a new therapy is a function of more than efficacy or reach of the therapy. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Zhu, S.-H., Cummins, S. E., Gamst, A. C., Wong, S., Ikeda, T. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The smoking population in the USA and EU is softening not hardening
Conclusions Consistent with prior research using different data and methods, these population-level results reject the hypothesis of hardening as smoking prevalence drops, instead supporting softening of the smoking population as prevalence declines. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kulik, M. C., Glantz, S. A. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Price-related promotions for tobacco products on Twitter
Conclusions This study demonstrates that the vast majority of tweets offering price promotions focus on e-cigarettes. Future studies should examine the extent to which Twitter users, particularly youth, notice or engage with these price promotion tweets. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jo, C. L., Kornfield, R., Kim, Y., Emery, S., Ribisl, K. M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Portrayal of tobacco in Mongolian language YouTube videos: policy gaps
Conclusions Given the popularity of Mongolian YouTube videos that promote smoking, policy changes are urgently required to control this medium, and more effectively protect youth and young adults from insidious tobacco marketing. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tsai, F.-J., Sainbayar, B. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Investment incentives and the implementation of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: evidence from Zambia
Conclusions Much of the struggle Zambia has experienced in implementing the FCTC can be attributed to misalignments between the economic and health sectors. Zambia's development agenda seeks to bolster agricultural processing and manufacturing. Tobacco control proponents must recognise and work within this context in order to foster productive strategies with those working on tobacco supply issues. These findings are broadly applicable to the global context. It is important that the Ministry of Health monitors the tobacco policy of and engages with these sectors to find ways of harmonising FCTC implementation. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lencucha, R., Drope, J., Labonte, R., Zulu, R., Goma, F. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

When a ban really is not a ban: internet loopholes and Djarum flavoured cigarettes in the USA
This study describes: (A) online consumer interest4 in, and (B) promotion and availability of Djarum cigarettes, and their cigar replacements, before and after the USA banned flavoured cigarettes in 2009. Methods Google searches originating in the USA including ‘Djarum’ in combination with ‘cigarette/s’ versus ‘Djarum’ in combination with ‘cigar/s’ (eg, ‘Djarum cigarettes’ would be pooled in the cigarette trend) were monitored (google.com/trends), then regressed on time (eg, 2008–2014). The top 50 Google search results between 29 August 2013 and 28 November ...
Source: Tobacco Control - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Allem, J.-P., Ayers, J. W., Althouse, B. M., Williams, R. Tags: Research letter Source Type: research

Meta‐analysis and Systematic Review of Procalcitonin‐Guided Treatment in Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Conclusion: Results from this meta‐analysis suggest PCT‐guided treatment can safely reduced antibiotic overuse in patients with AECOPD. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Qiyuan Pang, Changyang Lin Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Oki Stent application in different indications: Six cases
Conclusions: Oki stents can safely be used for many clinical conditions. Patients benefit greatly from stenting, however, two of our cases died due to infection, and one case died due to malignancy. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mehmet Akif Özgül, Erdoğan Çetinkaya, Mustafa Çörtük, Elif Tanrıverdi O, Binnaz Zeynep Yıldırım, Merih Balci Kalamanoğlu, Adamu Issaka, Güler Özgül Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association of eNOS, ACE gene polymorphisms and plasma nitric oxide with risk of Non‐small cell lung cancer in South India
Conclusions: We report for the first time that polymorphisms in the eNOS ‘A/A'(homozygous mutant) and ACE ‘I/D' genotypes might contribute to the increased risk of NSCLC in the South Indian population. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vidyullatha Peddireddy, Siva Prasad Badabagni, Sandhya Devi Gundimeda, Hema Prasad Mundluru Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Effect of perioperative systemic steroid treatment on patients with obstructive lung disease undergoing elective abdominal surgery
Conclusion: In our retrospective study we showed that those treated with steroids had better outcomes. However, future prospective and randomized controlled trials are needed. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hyun Woo Lee, Jung Kyu Lee, Sohee Oh, Deog Kyeom Kim, Hee Soon Chung, Eun Young Heo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Response of exhaled nitric oxide to inhaled corticosteroids in patients with stable COPD: A systematic review and meta‐analysis
Conclusion Our findings indicate that FeNO levels significantly decreased with corticosteroid treatment in ex‐smokers with COPD. Additional studies are required to evaluate whether concurrent smoking has significant effect on FeNO response to inhaled corticosteroids. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chor‐Shen Lim, Fauzi Abdul Rani, Lan‐Eng Tan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Biallelic Mutations in DNM1L are Associated with a Slowly Progressive Infantile Encephalopathy
In conclusion, we described a recessive disease caused by DNM1L mutations, with a clinical phenotype resembling mitochondrial disorders but without any biochemical features typical of these syndromes (lactic acidosis, respiratory chain complex deficiency) or indicating a peroxisomal disorder. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Human Mutation)
Source: Human Mutation - June 22, 2016 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Alessia Nasca, Andrea Legati, Enrico Baruffini, Cecilia Nolli, Isabella Moroni, Anna Ardissone, Paola Goffrini, Daniele Ghezzi Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 13, Pages 621: Coarse Fraction Particle Matter and Exhaled Nitric Oxide in Non-Asthmatic Children
Coarse particle matter, PMcoarse, is associated with increased respiratory morbidity and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between short-term changes in PMcoarse and sub-clininal airway inflammation in children. Healthy children aged 11 years from two northern Swedish elementary schools underwent fraction of exhaled nitrogen oxide (FENO) measurements to determine levels of airway inflammation twice weekly during the study period from 11 April–6 June 2011. Daily exposure to PMcoarse, PM2.5, NO2, NOx, NO and O3 and birch pollen was estimated. Multiple linear regression was used. Personal c...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - June 22, 2016 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Hanne CarlsenPeter BomanBodil BjörAnna-Carin OlinBertil Forsberg Tags: Article Source Type: research

Human metapneumovirus uses endocytosis pathway for host cell entry
In this study, we focused on hMPV cell entry using two kinds of cell lines (Vero E6 and LLC-MK2), which are most commonly used for isolating and propagating for hMPV, and we used fluorescent dyes to label the virus particles and monitored how they enter the host cell in real time. We found that endocytosis was the predominant pathway by which hMPV entered host cells. When the virus particles were traced inside host cells, we found that a low intracellular pH was needed for intracellular fusion in LLC-MK2 cells. (Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes)
Source: Molecular and Cellular Probes - June 22, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Clinical characterization of influenza A and human respiratory syncytial virus among patients with influenza like illness
ConclusionH1N1and RSV were co‐circulated and have common clinical symptoms particularly in lower age group. Therefore, laboratory confirmation is necessary for further disease prognosis. Age was an important risk factor that affects the positivity of influenza A, H1N1 and RSV. Different clinical manifestation of H1N1 and RSV will be helpful for early and accurate diagnosis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Journal of Medical Virology)
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - June 22, 2016 Category: Virology Authors: Swati Saxena, Dharamveer Singh, Amreen Zia, Jyoti Umrao, Naveen Srivastava, Ankita Pandey, Sushma Singh, Piyali Bhattacharya, Reema Kumari, Ramawadh Kushwaha, T. N. Dhole Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures in the post-anesthesia recovery unit
Discussion Psychogenic non-epileptic seizures mimic shivering, and should be considered early in the differential diagnosis of postoperative shaking, as they may be more likely than epilepsy in this setting. Pseudoseizure patterns include asynchronous convulsive episodes lasting more than 90s, forced eye closure with resistance to opening, and retained pupillary responses. Autonomic manifestations such as tachycardia, cyanosis and incontinence are usually absent. A psychiatric background is common. Knowledge and correct diagnosis of pseudoseizures is of great importance for anesthesiologists to prevent morbidity and iatrog...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - June 22, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Atopy patch test with house dust mite in Chinese patients with atopic dermatitis
ConclusionThis study identified house dust mite induced cutaneous hypersensitivity in Chinese patients with AD by APT, especially in air‐exposed distribution patterns or adolescent and adult patients. Both intrinsic and extrinsic AD patients showed positive APT reactions to house dust mite. (Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology)
Source: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology - June 22, 2016 Category: Dermatology Authors: X. Dou, J. Kim, C.Y. Ni, Y. Shao, J. Zhang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Children with Down syndrome: Clinical course and mortality‐associated factors in a French medical paediatric intensive care unit
ConclusionsThe mortality rate in critically ill DS children admitted for medical reasons is high and is predominantly associated with respiratory conditions. (Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health)
Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health - June 22, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Christelle Joffre, Fabrice Lesage, Olivier Bustarret, Philippe Hubert, Mehdi Oualha Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Understanding the role of the microbiome in COPD: Principles, Challenges and Future Directions
In the past several years, advances in sequencing platforms and bioinformatics have transformed our understanding of the relationship between microbial ecology and human health. Both the normal and diseased lung are host to hundreds of bacterial genera, blurring the lines between “colonization” and “infection”. However whereas in health the respiratory microbiome is determined primarily by the dynamic balance of immigration and elimination, in chronic disease conditions become much more favorable for the reproduction of resident bacteria. (Source: Translational Research)
Source: Translational Research - June 22, 2016 Category: Research Authors: Yvonne J. Huang, John R. Erb-Downward, Robert Dickson, Jeffrey L. Curtis, Gary B. Huffnagle, MeiLan K. Han Source Type: research

Pulmonary hypertension specific treatment in infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia
ConclusionTreatment of BPD complicated by PH with PH‐specific medications, mainly sildenafil, is associated with improvement in both clinical and hemodynamic parameters and a low mortality rate. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016; 9999:1–7. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gili Kadmon, Ofer Schiller, Tamir Dagan, Elchanan Bruckheimer, Einat Birk, Tommy Schonfeld Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Increased dead space in face mask continuous positive airway pressure in neonates
ConclusionsOur study indicates that face mask CPAP leads to an increase in dead space and a decrease in ventilation efficiency under certain circumstances. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016; 9999:XX–XX. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - June 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kenji Hishikawa, Hideshi Fujinaga, Yushi Ito Tags: Original Article Source Type: research