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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 2.

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis)
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - December 18, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

In the current internet era, with easy and rapid access to medical information on our smart-phones, one might question the relevance of medical textbooks. Yet, then comes along something that reminds me of the power of a book, one that is highly readable and provides me with that old-fashioned tactile pleasure. I admit it; I prefer to read off of paper to a screen. I had the recent pleasure of reading the newly published ERS Monograph on Cystic Fibrosis, edited by Marcus A. Mall and J. Stuart Elborn, a timely and comprehensive update of a similar monograph published in 2006. (Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis)
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - December 18, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Patrick Flume Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Successful Early Rituximab Treatment in a Case of Systemic Lupus Erythematosus with Potentially Fatal Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage
We describe a SLE patient who presented with acute respiratory failure due to DAH without other active organ involvement. This condition was dramatically improved with RTX without cyclophosphamide.Respiration (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - December 18, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Non-communicable diseases in the Asia-Pacific region: Prevalence, risk factors and community-based prevention
Abstract Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) lead to substantial mortality and morbidity worldwide. The most common NCDs are cardiovascular diseases (CVD), diabetes, cancer and chronic respiratory diseases. With the rapid increase in NCD-related deaths in Asia Pacific countries, NCDs are now the major cause of deaths and disease burden in the region. NCDs hamper achievement of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG). People in the low socio-economic group are most affected by NCDs as they have poor access to policies, legislations, regulations and healthcare services meant to combat NCDs. This results in loss of produ...
Source: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health - December 18, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research

A review of the pharmacology and clinical application of alfaxalone in cats
Publication date: Available online 16 December 2014 Source:The Veterinary Journal Author(s): Leon N. Warne , Thierry Beths , Ted Whittem , Jennifer E. Carter , Sébastien H. Bauquier Alfaxalone-2-hydroxpropyl-β-cyclodextrin (alfaxalone-HPCD) was first marketed for veterinary use in Australia in 2001 and has since progressively became available throughout the world, including the USA, where in 2012 Food and Drug Administration (FDA) registration was granted. Despite the growing body of published works and increasing global availability of alfaxalone-HPCD, the accumulating evidence for its use in cats has not been thoroug...
Source: The Veterinary Journal - December 18, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Is low serum albumin associated with postoperative complications in patients undergoing oesophagectomy for oesophageal malignancies?
A best evidence topic was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was: in patients undergoing oesophagectomy for oesophageal malignancy, is low serum albumin associated with postoperative complications? Altogether, 87 papers were found using the reported search, of which 16 demonstrated the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. This paper includes 2 level 2 papers, 12 level 3 papers and 2 level 4 papers. All the papers compared either all ...
Source: Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery - December 18, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Goh, S. L., De Silva, R. P., Dhital, K., Gett, R. M. Tags: Cardiac - physiology, Esophagus - cancer, Esophagus - other Thoracic Source Type: research

Does concomitant tricuspid annuloplasty increase perioperative mortality and morbidity when correcting left-sided valve disease?
In conclusion, there is good evidence to support that tricuspid annuloplasty is a low-risk procedure and concomitant TV repair does not significantly increase the perioperative mortality and morbidity when correcting left-sided valve disease. (Source: Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery)
Source: Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery - December 18, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Zhu, T.-Y., Wang, J.-G., Meng, X. Tags: Basic research vascular Adult Cardiac Source Type: research

Respiratory epithelial cells orchestrate pulmonary innate immunity
Nature Immunology 16, 27 (2015). doi:10.1038/ni.3045 Authors: Jeffrey A Whitsett & Theresa Alenghat (Source: Nature Immunology)
Source: Nature Immunology - December 18, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Jeffrey A WhitsettTheresa Alenghat Tags: Review Source Type: research

Aspirin or Other Nonsteroidal Inflammatory Agent Exacerbated Asthma
Publication date: November–December 2014 Source:The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, Volume 2, Issue 6 Author(s): Dennis K. Ledford , Sally E. Wenzel , Richard F. Lockey Aspirin-exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) is an asthma phenotype with a prevalence that ranges from 2% to 25% of the asthma population. The 2% prevalence applies to patients with mild and 25% to severe, persistent asthma. COX-1–inhibiting nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, including aspirin, aggravate the preexisting upper and lower respiratory disease, sometimes in a life-threatening manner. The upper airway disease i...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - December 18, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Infection-Related Asthma
This article will discuss host and environmental factors, common pathogens, clinical characteristic, and genetic influences associated with infection-related asthma. (Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice)
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - December 18, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Childhood Asthma-Predictive Phenotype
Publication date: November–December 2014 Source:The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, Volume 2, Issue 6 Author(s): Theresa W. Guilbert , David T. Mauger , Robert F. Lemanske Jr Wheezing is a fairly common symptom in early childhood, but only some of these toddlers will experience continued wheezing symptoms in later childhood. The definition of the asthma-predictive phenotype is in children with frequent, recurrent wheezing in early life who have risk factors associated with the continuation of asthma symptoms in later life. Several asthma-predictive phenotypes were developed retrospectively base...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - December 18, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Anti-staphylococcal, anti-HIV and cytotoxicity studies of four South African medicinal plants and isolation of bioactive compounds from Cassine transvaalensis (Burtt. Davy) codd
Conclusion: Data from this study reveals the use of these plant by traditional healers in the Eastern Cape. Furthermore, C. transvaalensis and C. gratissimus were found to be more active as against HIV-1iib. While C. transvaalensis was most active against the two Staphylococcus bacteria. (Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine)
Source: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine - December 18, 2014 Category: Complementary Medicine Authors: Ningy MthethwaBola OyedejiLarry ObiOlayinka Aiyegoro Source Type: research

Stemona tuberosa prevented inflammation by suppressing the recruitment and the activation of macrophages in vivo and in vitro
Conclusion These findings suggested that ST extract attenuated pulmonary inflammatory responses by inhibiting the expression of diverse inflammatory mediators in vivo and in vitro. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - December 18, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Traumatic aortic dissection presenting with respiratory arrest
Conclusion Blunt aortic injury is a major cause of death in blunt chest trauma. Signs and symptoms of this injury are nonspecific and other injuries often take precedence, which makes a relatively difficult diagnosis even more challenging. (Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: African Journal of Emergency Medicine - December 18, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research

Standards of suitability for the management of chronic obstructive respiratory diseases
Conclusions: The results of this Third Consensus Conference revealed some certainties and many doubts and diversities of view also on topics whose importance is well demonstrated in scientific literature. Thus, there is still a long distance to cover before reaching a suitable standardization of COPD management and such situation urges the need for improving not only the health professional's operativeness but also the organizational support by competent institutions. In this context some initiatives organized by AIMAR in cooperation with other respiratory scientific societies and patients' associations are going on. (Source: BioMed Central)
Source: BioMed Central - December 18, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Claudio M SanguinettiNicolino AmbrosinoFilippo AndòFernando De BenedettoClaudio F DonnerStefano NardiniMario PolverinoRoberto TorchioGuido VaghegginiAlberto Visconti Source Type: research

Interactive simulator for e-Learning environments: a teaching software for health care professionals
There is an established tradition of cardiovascular simulation tools, but the application of this kind of technology in the e-Learning arena is a novel approach. This paper presents an e-Learning environment aimed at teaching the interaction of cardiovascular and lung systems to health-care professionals. Heart-lung interaction must be analyzed while assisting patients with severe respiratory problems or with heart failure in intensive care unit. Such patients can be assisted by mechanical ventilatory assistance or by thoracic artificial lung."In silico" cardiovascular simulator was experimented during a training course gi...
Source: BioMed Central - December 18, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Claudio De LazzariIgino GenuiniDomenico M PisanelliAlessandra D¿AmbrosiFrancesco Fedele Source Type: research

Global, regional, and national age–sex specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality for 240 causes of death, 1990–2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013
Publication date: Available online 18 December 2014 Source:The Lancet Background Up-to-date evidence on levels and trends for age-sex-specific all-cause and cause-specific mortality is essential for the formation of global, regional, and national health policies. In the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) we estimated yearly deaths for 188 countries between 1990, and 2013. We used the results to assess whether there is epidemiological convergence across countries. Methods We estimated age-sex-specific all-cause mortality using the GBD 2010 methods with some refinements to improve accuracy applied to an updated ...
Source: The Lancet - December 18, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

First report on prevalence and risk factors of severe atypical pneumonia in Vietnamese children aged 1-15 years
Conclusions: Severe-ApCAP presented at a significant rate in Vietnamese children. More than 50% of severe-ApCAP cases were associated with pure atypical pathogen infection. M. pneumoniae appeared most frequently. The highest rate of severe-ApCAP was in children younger than two years. Younger age and co-infection with typical bacteria or viruses were the most significant risk factors, while respiratory/cardiac system malformation and neonatal pneumonia were additional potential risk factors, associated with severe-ApCAP in Vietnamese children. (Source: BMC Public Health)
Source: BMC Public Health - December 18, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Phan HuongPham HienNguyen LanTran BinhDao TuanDang Anh Source Type: research

Total Joint Arthroplasty in Cancer Patients
Increasing numbers of total joint arthroplasty (TJA) patients have a history, or an active diagnosis, of cancer. We aimed to evaluate the risk of early postoperative complications in these patients. In our series, a history of malignancy was associated with an elevated risk of ischemic cardiac events and postoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT), while active malignancy was associated with increased respiratory and renal complications, hematoma/seroma formation and early postoperative mortality. Both groups presented increased rates of overall in-hospital complications. (Source: The Journal of Arthroplasty)
Source: The Journal of Arthroplasty - December 18, 2014 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Joseph A. Karam, Ronald Huang, John A. Abraham, Javad Parvizi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Wheezing as a sign of cor triatriatum sinister culminating in multiple organ failure
Abstract Cardiac asthma or cardiac wheezing (CW) refers to a syndrome of dyspnea and wheezing that mimicks asthma clinically. Reported herein is the case of a 2‐month‐old boy who presented with refractory wheezing as a sign of cor triatriatum sinister (CTS) that culminated in overwhelming multiple organ failure in a short time. On the day of admission, oxygen saturation (SpO2) was <80%. Heart rate was 198 beats/min and respiratory rate 58 breaths/min. Chest radiogram showed pulmonary edema. Electrocardiogram showed right atrial enlargement and right ventricular hypertrophy. N‐terminal pro‐brain natriuretic p...
Source: Pediatrics International - December 18, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Meng‐Luen Lee, Ying‐Cheng Chen, Ming‐Sheng Lee, Jien‐Wen Chien Tags: Patient Report Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Requiring Intensive Care Among Children Admitted to Ward With Bronchiolitis
Conclusions In this multicenter study of children hospitalized with bronchiolitis, low birth weight and tachypnea were significantly associated with subsequent transfer to the ICU and/or use of mechanical ventilation. (Source: Academic Pediatrics)
Source: Academic Pediatrics - December 18, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Psychophysiological Predictors of Working Alliance Among Treatment‐Seeking Women With Complex Trauma Exposure
We examined symptoms and physiological responses in 27 women who had exposure to extreme interpersonal violence; all of whom were enrolled in therapy. All had symptoms consistent with a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder. Clients completed measures of working alliance and were assessed before and after treatment on measures of symptoms and autonomic arousal. Autonomic assessment included measures of skin conductance and respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA), taken during baseline, while viewing positive and then trauma‐related slides, and during recovery. Higher alliance ratings were predicted by lower pretherapy sk...
Source: Journal of Traumatic Stress - December 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ashley Doukas, Wendy D'Andrea, Jennifer Doran, Nnamdi Pole Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Cardiovascular disease risk factors and ventilatory function: a cross-sectional study in young adults
Conclusion: Many CVD risk factors are associated with poorer ventilatory function in young adults. Endeavours to understand better causality issues of such associations are warranted. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - December 18, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vanessa Garcia-LarsenPatricia BustosHugo AmigoJames PottsRoberto Rona Source Type: research

Microbiological Diagnosis of Nontuberculous Mycobacterial Pulmonary Disease
Pulmonary disease is by far the most frequent disease caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM). To diagnose NTM pulmonary disease (NTM-PD), patients should have symptoms and radiologic signs suggestive of NTM-PD, and cultures of multiple respiratory tract samples must grow the same NTM species. Thus, the microbiological laboratory has a central role in the diagnosis of NTM-PD. This review summarizes currently available data on techniques involved in the microbiological diagnosis of NTM-PD, and aims to provide a framework for optimal microbiological diagnosis. (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - December 18, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jakko van Ingen Source Type: research

Acknowledgement to Reviewers 2014
(Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis)
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - December 18, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

High Initial Tidal Volumes in ED Patients at Risk for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
Emergency department (ED) patients are at high risk for the acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Settings only 1mL/kg above recommended tidal volumes confers harm for these patients. The purpose of this study was to determine whether ED physicians routinely initiate mechanical ventilation with low tidal volumes in patients at risk for ARDS. (Source: Journal of Critical Care)
Source: Journal of Critical Care - December 18, 2014 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Michael G. Allison, Michael C. Scott, Kami M. Hu, Michael D. Witting, Michael E. Winters Source Type: research

Evidence for a carotid body homolog in the lizard Tupinambis merianae [Research Article]
Michelle N. Reichert, Deidre L. Brink, and William K. MilsomThe homolog to the mammalian carotid body has not yet been identified in lizards. Observational studies and evolutionary history provide indirect evidence for the existence of a chemoreceptor population at the first major bifurcation of the common carotid artery in lizards, but a chemoreceptive role for this area has not yet been definitively demonstrated. We explored this possibility by measuring changes in cardiorespiratory variables in response to focal arterial injections of the hypoxia mimic sodium cyanide (NaCN) into the carotid artery of 12 unanesthetized s...
Source: Journal of Experimental Biology - December 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Reichert, M. N., Brink, D. L., Milsom, W. K. Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Investigations of Mycoplasma pneumoniae Infections in the United States: Trends in Molecular Typing and Macrolide Resistance from 2006 to 2013 [Epidemiology]
We examined 199 M. pneumoniae-positive specimens collected during this time period in order to identify trends in antimicrobial resistance and circulating types. Overall, macrolide resistance was identified in approximately 10% of M. pneumoniae infections occurring during this time period. Typing of strains revealed cocirculation of multiple multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA) and P1 types throughout this period, including diversity in types detected within individual outbreaks. Three MLVA types (4572, 3562, and 3662) accounted for 97% of the infections during the study period. A systematic surveillanc...
Source: Journal of Clinical Microbiology - December 18, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Diaz, M. H., Benitez, A. J., Winchell, J. M. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Comparison of different commercial ELISAs for detection of antibodies against porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus in serum
Conclusions: All tested ELISAs were able to detect a PRRSV positive herd. The specificity and sensitivity of the tested commercial ELISAs, however, differed. ELISA II had the highest specificity and ELISA III had the highest sensitivity in comparison to the reference ELISA. ELISA IV had a lower sensitivity and specificity than the other ELISAs. (Source: BMC Veterinary Research)
Source: BMC Veterinary Research - December 18, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Tatjana SattlerEveline WodakSandra Revilla-FernándezFriedrich Schmoll Source Type: research

Obesity and asthma: The chicken or the egg?
Asthma and obesity have increased in prevalence over the past 2 decades, reaching epidemic proportions. Obesity is a common comorbidity to asthma and has been associated with not only the development of asthma but also less control of asthma symptoms and increased risk for hospitalization.1 Recent prospective evidence supports the notion that increased body weight precedes asthma development, but there is ongoing debate as to whether obesity directly increases this risk or whether patients first experience asthma and then become overweight or obese, potentially because of respiratory constraints and reduced physical activi...
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - December 18, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: David R. Stukus Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Genotype shift in human coronavirus OC43 and emergence of a novel genotype by natural recombination
Human coronavirus (HCoV) OC43 is the most prevalent HCoV in respiratory tract infections. Its molecular epidemiological characterization, particularly the genotyping, was poorly addressed. (Source: Journal of Infection)
Source: Journal of Infection - December 18, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Yue Zhang, Jianguo Li, Yan Xiao, Jing Zhang, Ying Wang, Lan Chen, Gláucia Paranhos-Baccalà, Lili Ren, Jianwei Wang Source Type: research

Current level and determinants of inappropriate admissions to township hospitals under the new rural cooperative medical system in China: a cross-sectional study
Conclusions: Township hospitals have a high rate of inappropriate admissions. Explicit diagnostic criteria and a standardized supervision system should be developed to reduce this. (Source: BMC Health Services Research)
Source: BMC Health Services Research - December 18, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Yan ZhangYingchun ChenXiang ZhangLiang Zhang Source Type: research

Risk factors for acute exacerbations of COPD in a primary care population: a retrospective observational cohort study
Conclusions Primary care-managed patients with COPD at the highest risk of exacerbations can be identified by exploring medical history for the presence of prior exacerbations, greater COPD disease severity and co-occurrence of other medical conditions. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - December 18, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Mullerova, H., Shukla, A., Hawkins, A., Quint, J., Grieve Tags: Open access, Epidemiology, Respiratory medicine Research Source Type: research

The Functional Copy Number Variation-67048 in WWOX Contributes to Increased Risk of COPD in Southern and Eastern Chinese
COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Ahead of Print. (Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - December 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

The role of 12 lead ECG in Pediatric Pulmonary Hypertension
A 10 year old male presents to the Emergency Department with complaint of substernal chest pain, 6/10, unable to describe the sensation but non-radiating, which started during a basketball game, while running. Primary assessment: Patent airway Adequate respiratory effort with no signs of distress skin is pink, warm and dry, with no signs of hypoperfusion Pertinent medical Hx: Chronic Interstitial Lung Diseases secondary to Human T-cell Lymphotropic Virus (HTLV) Secondary Pulmonary Hypertension No allergies reported Medications: Acetaminophen PRN furosemide  20mg Flovent Baseline vital signs: Heart rate: 112 bea...
Source: EMS 12-Lead - December 17, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Ivan Rios Tags: 12 lead ecg pediatrics pulmonary hypertension Source Type: research

Alveolar NF-κB signaling regulates endotoxin-induced lung inflammation
Experimental Lung Research, Ahead of Print. (Source: Experimental Lung Research)
Source: Experimental Lung Research - December 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Phenotypic Characteristics of Nasal Mast Cells in a Mouse Model of Allergic Rhinitis
Conclusion: In the setting of AR, MCs in mouse NOM exhibit the same subset, protease and IgE-binding phenotypes as MCs in mouse NRM.ORL 2014;76:303-313 (Source: ORL)
Source: ORL - December 17, 2014 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Extracorporeal Co2 Removal in Hypercapnic Patients At Risk of Noninvasive Ventilation Failure: A Matched Cohort Study With Historical Control*
Conclusions: These data provide the rationale for future randomized clinical trials that are required to validate extracorporeal CO2 removal in patients with hypercapnic respiratory failure and respiratory acidosis nonresponsive to noninvasive ventilation. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - December 17, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

The Unmet Need for Addressing Cardiac Issues in Intensive Care Research*
Conclusions: These findings highlight the relative paucity of cardiac-specific research in the intensive care setting relative to the high prevalence of acute cardiac diseases and comorbidities. This observed disparity warrants timely attention and should lead to meaningful research opportunities aimed at improving the outcomes of critically ill cardiac patients. (Source: Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Critical Care Medicine - December 17, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Clinical Investigations Source Type: research

Altered Inhibitory Function of the E-Type Prostanoid Receptor 4 in Eosinophils and Monocytes from Aspirin-Intolerant Patients
In this study, we investigated whether the responsiveness of eosinophils and monocytes to PGE2 and EP4 receptor activation is altered in AERD patients. While the expression of the EP4 receptor in eosinophils was unaltered in AERD patients, inhibition of eosinophil chemotaxis by PGE2 or the EP4 agonist CAY10598 was less pronounced in AERD patients as compared to healthy control subjects. In monocytes, we found no changes in basal or lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated PGE2 synthesis, but the response to EP4 receptor activation with respect to inhibition of LPS-induced tumor necrosis factor-α release was reduced in AERD pat...
Source: Pharmacology - December 17, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Symptomatic Thoracic Arachnoid Cyst with Coexisting Tick Paralysis: Case Report and Review of the Literature
We present a case of a child presenting with weakness of the lower extremities and frequent falls who was found to have a compressive thoracic arachnoid cyst and a large distal syrinx. After surgical decompression, the patient made significant improvement in her leg strength, but quickly developed an ascending quadriparesis, followed by respiratory depression. Subsequent imaging and physical examination revealed an engorged tick embedded in her scalp. The tick was removed, and the patient made a rapid and complete clinical recovery. We present a unique case of concomitant tick paralysis and a symptomatic spinal intradural ...
Source: Pediatric Neurosurgery - December 17, 2014 Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research

Unpredictable drug reaction in a child with Cornelia de Lange syndrome
Conclusion In our opinion midazolam should be avoided in patients with Cornelia de Lange Syndrome, which we enforced after first unpredictable reaction. (Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy)
Source: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy - December 17, 2014 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Influence of respiratory motion correction on quantification of myocardial perfusion SPECT
Conclusion We proposed a new approach for respiratory and cardiac-gated SPECT to eliminate respiratory motion artifacts. RC-GSPECT is a feasible method in MPI studies and may play an important role to improve the quality of MPI images, particularly in the inferior wall. (Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology)
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - December 17, 2014 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Hepatic arterial spin labelling MRI: an initial evaluation in mice
This study shows that preclinical HASL is feasible and exhibits good repeatability and reproducibility. Mean estimated liver perfusion was 2.2 ± 0.8 mL/g/min (mean ± standard error, n = 10), which agrees well with previous measurements using invasive approaches. Estimates of the variation gave a within‐session coefficient of variation (CVWS) of 7%, a between‐session coefficient of variation (CVBS) of 9% and a between‐animal coefficient of variation (CVA) of 15%. The within‐session Bland–Altman repeatability coefficient (RCWS) was 18% and the between‐session repeatability coefficient (RCBS) was 2...
Source: NMR in Biomedicine - December 17, 2014 Category: Radiology Authors: R. Ramasawmy, A. E. Campbell‐Washburn, J. A. Wells, S. P. Johnson, R. B. Pedley, S. Walker‐Samuel, M. F. Lythgoe Tags: Research article Source Type: research

Comparison of Midterm Outcomes between Surgical Treatment and Endovascular Reconstruction for Chronic Infrarenal Aortoiliac Occlusion
Conclusions AIS for chronic infrarenal aortoiliac occlusion is associated with a shorter hospital stay and lower postoperative morbidity rates. Although midterm primary patency rate was lower than for traditional open surgery, AIS appears to be a safe, minimally invasive, and reliable procedure for patients with chronic infrarenal aortoiliac occlusion. (Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology)
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - December 17, 2014 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

The Effect of Different Comorbidities on Survival of Non-small Cells Lung Cancer Patients
Conclusion Our study shows the importance of cardiovascular disease in lung cancer. Diabetes, cerebrovascular disorders, and COPD also have a significant impact on survival of NSCLC patients. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - December 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of Spirometry and Impulse Oscillometry in Relation to Asthma Control
Conclusion Spirometry or IOS measurements were equally useful as potential markers of asthma control in persistent asthmatic patients. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - December 17, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research