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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 20.

Neutrophil-derived Exosomes: A New Mechanism Contributing to Airway Smooth Muscle Remodeling.
CONCLUSION: Upon stimulation of LPS, neutrophils derived-exosomes can enhance the proliferation of ASM and therefore could play an important role in the progression of asthma and promoting airway remodeling in severe and corticosteroid-insensitive asthmatic patients. PMID: 27105177 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol...)
Source: Am J Respir Cell Mol... - April 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vargas A, Roux-Dalvai F, Droit A, Lavoie JP Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research

Patient selection criteria for outpatient joint arthroplasty
Conclusion Based on the current literature, the presented patient selection criteria provide a basis for outpatient joint arthroplasty and can be useful when selecting patients. Together with a change in mindset, a multidisciplinary approach and literature-based protocols, outpatient joint arthroplasty can be applied in daily orthopaedic practice while ensuring patients’ safety. Level of evidence Clinical review, Level III. (Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy)
Source: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy - April 22, 2016 Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research

Antenatal manifestations of inborn errors of metabolism: autopsy findings suggestive of a metabolic disorder
Abstract This review highlights the importance of performing an autopsy when faced with fetal abortion or termination of pregnancy with suspicion of an inborn error of metabolism. Radiological, macroscopic and microscopic features found at autopsy as well as placental anomalies that can suggest such a diagnosis are detailed. The following metabolic disorders encountered in fetuses are discussed: lysosomal storage diseases, peroxisomal disorders, cholesterol synthesis disorders, congenital disorders of glycosylation, glycogenosis type IV, mitochondrial respiratory chain disorders, transaldolase deficiency, generali...
Source: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease - April 22, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

[Lung Function in Childhood and Adolescence: Influence of Prematurity and Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia].
Conclusion: Infants born before 32 weeks of gestational age in the surfactant era still carry an increased risk to suffer an impaired pulmonary function in childhood and adolescence, particularly if they survived with BPD. Long term pulmonary care for these patients should take place in specialized centers. PMID: 27104655 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie)
Source: Zeitschrift fur Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie - April 22, 2016 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Authors: Segerer FJ, Speer CP Tags: Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol Source Type: research

Endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition in lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury drives a progenitor cell-like phenotype.
Abstract Pulmonary vascular endothelial function may be impaired by oxidative stress in endotoxemia-derived acute lung injury. Growing evidence suggests that endothelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EndMT) could play a pivotal role in various respiratory diseases; however, it remains unclear whether EndMT participates in the injury/repair process of septic acute lung injury. Here, we analyzed lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated mice whose total number of pulmonary vascular endothelial cells (PVECs) transiently decreased after production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), while the population of EndMT-PVECs significantly ...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - April 22, 2016 Category: Cytology Authors: Suzuki T, Tada Y, Nishimura R, Kawasaki T, Sekine A, Urushibara T, Kato F, Kinoshita T, Ikari J, West JD, Tatsumi K Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research

Electroencephalographic detection of respiratory-related cortical activity in humans: from event-related approaches to continuous connectivity evaluation
The presence of a respiratory-related cortical activity during tidal breathing is abnormal and a hallmark of respiratory difficulties, but its detection requires superior discrimination and temporal resolution. The aim of this study was to validate a computational method using EEG covariance (or connectivity) matrices to detect a change in brain activity related to breathing. In 17 healthy subjects, EEG was recorded during resting unloaded breathing (RB), voluntary sniffs, and breathing against an inspiratory threshold load (ITL). EEG were analyzed by the specially developed covariance-based classifier, event-related poten...
Source: Journal of Neurophysiology - April 22, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Hudson, A. L., Navarro-Sune, X., Martinerie, J., Pouget, P., Raux, M., Chavez, M., Similowski, T. Tags: Control Of Movement Source Type: research

Empirical antimicrobial therapy for late-onset sepsis in a neonatal unit with high prevalence of coagulase-negative Staphylococcus.
CONCLUSIONS: Modification of the empiric treatment regimen for neonatal late-onset sepsis with use of oxacillin showed a significant reduction in S. aureus infections, as well as a reduction in the frequency of infections with major organ system involvement and mortality due to infection with this microorganism. As a result, oxacillin can be considered as an effective treatment for late-onset sepsis, making it possible to avoid broad-spectrum antibiotics. PMID: 27112033 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Jornal de Pediatria)
Source: Jornal de Pediatria - April 22, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Romanelli RM, Anchieta LM, Bueno E Silva AC, de Jesus LA, Rosado V, Clemente WT Tags: J Pediatr (Rio J) Source Type: research

In Utero exposure to genistein enhanced intranasal house dust mite allergen-induced respiratory sensitization in young adult B6C3F1 mice.
Abstract Despite many hypothesized benefits of dietary isoflavone genistein (GEN) deriving from soy-based products, questions surrounding GEN's developmental immunotoxic effects are increasing. To understand how in utero GEN exposure may modulate postnatal respiratory sensitization, we conducted a time course study using a common household allergen (house dust mites: HDM; 10μg/mouse) following intranasal instillation, a physiological route of allergen exposure. GEN was administered to dams by gavage from gestational day 14 to parturition at a physiologically relevant dose (20mg/kg bw). Female and male offspring we...
Source: Toxicology Letters - April 22, 2016 Category: Toxicology Authors: Guo TL, Meng AH Tags: Toxicol Lett Source Type: research

[Exercise therapy in the treatment of idiopathic adolescent scoliosis: Is it useful?]
Abstract Many practitioners, pediatricians, and general practitioners prescribe physical therapy when tracking scoliosis. However, has physical therapy alone proved its efficacy in the care of the scoliosis to slow down progression? Our purpose is to report the results of a literature review on the effectiveness of rehabilitation in idiopathic scoliosis. No current study presents sufficient scientific proof to validate the efficacy of isolated exercise therapy in scoliosis. Learned societies recognize, however, the efficacy of combining conservative therapy (brace+physiotherapy) in idiopathic scoliosis. Should we t...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - April 22, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Porte M, Patte K, Dupeyron A, Cottalorda J Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Intrathoracic Rib; when to use tomography?
PMID: 27117166 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia)
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - April 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kuyumcu G, Shah P Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research

Tracheal Secondary Involvement by mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue Lymphoma - A Rare Diagnosis.
PMID: 27117165 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia)
Source: Archivos de Bronconeumologia - April 22, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Raimundo S, Alexandre A, Pinto C Tags: Arch Bronconeumol Source Type: research

Initial mechanical ventilator settings and lung protective ventilation in the ED
This study aims to characterize mechanically ventilated patients in the emergency department (ED), describe the initial ED ventilator settings, and assess for associations between lung protective ventilation strategies in the ED and outcomes. (Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - April 22, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Susan R. Wilcox, Jeremy B. Richards, Daniel F. Fisher, Jeffrey Sankoff, Todd A. Seigel Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research

Probiotic approach to prevent antibiotic resistance.
Authors: Ouwehand AC, Forssten S, Hibberd AA, Lyra A, Stahl B Abstract Probiotics are live microorganisms, mainly belonging to the genera Lactobacillus and Bifidobacterium, although also strain of other species are commercialized, that have a beneficial effect on the host. From the perspective of antibiotic use, probiotics have been observed to reduce the risk of certain infectious disease such as certain types of diarrhea and respiratory tract infection. This may be accompanied with a reduced need of antibiotics for secondary infections. Antibiotics tend to be effective against most common diseases, but increasing...
Source: Annals of Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research

Newer developments in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis in the era of anti-fibrotic medications.
Authors: Nair GB, Matela A, Kurbanov D, Raghu G Abstract Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is the most common interstitial lung disease with a fatal prognosis. Over the last decade, the concepts in pathobiology of pulmonary fibrosis have shifted from a model of chronic inflammation to dysregulated fibroproliferative repair in genetically predisposed patients. Although new breakthrough treatments are now available that slow the progression of the disease, several newer anti-inflammatory and anti-fibrotic drugs are under investigation. Patients with IPF often have coexistent conditions; prompt detection and inter...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research

Occupational exposures among personnel working near combined burn pit and incinerator operations at Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan.
The objective of the investigation was to quantify inhalation exposures of workers near the disposal facility. Occupational air sample analytes included total particulates not otherwise specified (PNOS), respirable PNOS, acrolein and polyaromatic hydrocarbons (PAH). Exposures were measured for four SF job specialties. Thirty 12-hour shifts were monitored from November 2011 to March 2012. The geometric means for respirable particulate matter and PAH for all job specialties were below the 12-hour adjusted American Conference of Governmental Industrial Hygienists threshold limit value time weighted averages (TLV-TWA). The geo...
Source: Inhalation Toxicology - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Inhal Toxicol Source Type: research

Effect of high-fructose and high-fat diets on pulmonary sensitivity, motor activity, and body composition of brown Norway rats exposed to ozone.
Authors: Gordon CJ, Phillips PM, Johnstone AF, Beasley TE, Ledbetter AD, Schladweiler MC, Snow SJ, Kodavanti UP Abstract Diet-induced obesity has been suggested to lead to increased susceptibility to air pollutants such as ozone (O3); however, there is little experimental evidence. Thirty day old male and female Brown Norway rats were fed a normal, high-fructose or high-fat diet for 12 weeks and then exposed to O3 (acute - air or 0.8 ppm O3 for 5 h, or subacute - air or 0.8 ppm O3 for 5 h/d 1 d/week for 4 weeks). Body composition was measured non-invasively using NMR. Ventilatory parameters and exploratory ...
Source: Inhalation Toxicology - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Inhal Toxicol Source Type: research

Differential innate immune cell signatures and effects regulated by toll-like receptor 4 during murine lung tumor promotion.
Authors: Alexander CM, Xiong KN, Velmurugan K, Xiong J, Osgood RS, Bauer AK Abstract Tumor promotion is an early and critical stage during lung adenocarcinoma (ADC). We previously demonstrated that Tlr4 mutant mice were more susceptible to butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)-induced pulmonary inflammation and tumor promotion in comparison to Tlr4-sufficient mice. Our study objective was to elucidate the underlying differences in Tlr4 mutant mice in innate immune cell populations, their functional responses, and the influence of these cellular differences on ADC progenitor (type II) cells following BHT-treatment. BALB (T...
Source: Experimental Lung Research - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Exp Lung Res Source Type: research

Involvement of CapG in proliferation and apoptosis of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells and in hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension rat model.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study indicated that CapG participated in the pathogenesis of pulmonary vascular remodeling in HPH rats, which was probably mediated by promoting the proliferation and inhibiting the apoptosis of PASMCs. We proposed CapG modulating protective effects of pulmonary hypertension. PMID: 27093378 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Experimental Lung Research)
Source: Experimental Lung Research - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Exp Lung Res Source Type: research

Role of inflammatory cells and adenosine in lung ischemia reoxygenation injury using a model of lung donation after cardiac death.
CONCLUSION: This model showed that lymphocytes increased the inflammatory response and the histological lesions after 4 h of warm ischemia and that adenosine could have an anti-inflammatory role with potential reconditioning action when used in the pneumoplegia solution. PMID: 27093377 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Experimental Lung Research)
Source: Experimental Lung Research - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Exp Lung Res Source Type: research

Prior hypoxia prevents downregulation of ACE-2 by hyperoxia in fetal human lung fibroblasts.
CONCLUSIONS: Hypoxia prior to hyperoxic exposure of fetal lung fibroblasts prevented ACE-2 downregulation and decreased ADAM17/TACE protein and mRNA. αSMA, N-cadherin, and β-catenin were also significantly decreased under these conditions. PMID: 27093376 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Experimental Lung Research)
Source: Experimental Lung Research - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Exp Lung Res Source Type: research

Feasibility of a worksheet for facilitating self-management in children with asthma.
CONCLUSIONS: A worksheet designed for self-management support of children is brief, feasible and acceptable in the clinical environment. This tool captures unique patient-centered preferences for behavior change, and shows promise for facilitating goal-setting and self-management education in the routine clinical care of pediatric asthma. PMID: 27096548 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

Asthma in Asia: Physician perspectives on control, inhaler use and patient communications.
CONCLUSION: Physicians and patients have different views of 'well-controlled' asthma. While physicians informed patients about asthma and inhaler usage, they overestimated actual usage and patients' knowledge was sub-optimal. Physician-patient interactions can be augmented with understanding of patient attitudes, visual aids and ancillary support to perform physical demonstrations to improve treatment outcomes. PMID: 27096388 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research

Implementation of a COPD Screening Questionnaire in an Outpatient HIV Clinic.
Authors: Lambert AA, Drummond MB, Kisalu A, Moxley J, Keruly J, Moore RD, Wise RA, Kirk GD Abstract Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is associated with increased risk for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD); yet substantial under-recognition of COPD exists. We administered a patient-completed, physician-reviewed COPD screening tool in an outpatient HIV clinic to determine whether screening is feasible or possible. Patients attending nonacute, routine HIV care visits were provided a brief COPD screening tool, which included three questions focused on age, respiratory symptoms, and smoking history. Provide...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research

Influenza activity in Kenya, 2007‐2013: timing, association with climatic factors, and implications for vaccination campaigns
ConclusionsOur study broadens understanding of the relationships between seasonal influenza activity and meteorological factors in the Kenyan context. While rainfall is frequently thought to be associated with influenza circulation in the tropics, the present findings suggest low humidity is more important in Kenya. If annual vaccination were a component of a vaccination strategy in Kenya, the months of April to June are proposed as optimal for associated campaigns.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses)
Source: Influenza and Other Respiratory Viruses - April 21, 2016 Category: Virology Authors: Gideon O. Emukule, Joshua A. Mott, Peter Spreeuwenberg, Cecile Viboud, Alexander Commanday, Philip Muthoka, Patrick K. Munywoki, D. James. Nokes, Koos van der Velden, John W. Paget Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Non‐pharmacological treatments for COPD
Abstract Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) affects roughly 10% of the global population and is growing in prevalence annually. COPD is characterized by progressive non‐reversible narrowing of airways mainly due to cigarette smoking. Therapeutic interventions aimed at altering this progressive disease course can largely be grouped into pharmacological or non‐pharmacological therapies. The focus of this paper is on the non‐pharmacological aspects of COPD management, reviewing the current literature to provide an evidence‐based management approach. Non‐pharmacological therapies reviewed in this article in...
Source: Respirology - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Patrick Mulhall, Gerard Criner Tags: Invited Review Series: Unravelling the Many Faces of COPD to Optimize Its Care and Outcomes Source Type: research

Discovery of Piperazinylquinoline Derivatives as Novel Respiratory Syncytial Virus Fusion Inhibitors
ACS Medicinal Chemistry LettersDOI: 10.1021/acsmedchemlett.5b00234 (Source: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters)
Source: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters - April 21, 2016 Category: Chemistry Authors: Xiufang Zheng, Lisha Wang, Baoxia Wang, Kun Miao, Kunlun Xiang, Song Feng, Lu Gao, Hong C. Shen and Hongying Yun Source Type: research

Treatment outcomes for patients with Middle Eastern Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS CoV) infection at a coronavirus referral center in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
We describe the clinical features and treatment outcomes of patients with laboratory confirme... (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - April 21, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Mohammed Al Ghamdi, Khalid M. Alghamdi, Yasmeen Ghandoora, Ameera Alzahrani, Fatmah Salah, Abdulmoatani Alsulami, Mayada F. Bawayan, Dhananjay Vaidya, Trish M. Perl and Geeta Sood Source Type: research

Lifestyle factors and contact to general practice with respiratory alarm symptoms—a population-based study
This study aims to determine the proportion of individuals in the g... (Source: BMC Family Practice)
Source: BMC Family Practice - April 21, 2016 Category: Primary Care Authors: Lisa Maria Falk Sele, Sandra Elnegaard, Kirubakaran Balasubramaniam, Jens Søndergaard and Dorte Ejg Jarbøl Source Type: research

Effects of a 12-month multi-faceted mentoring intervention on knowledge, quality, and usage of spirometry in primary care: a before-and-after study
Asthma is among the most common chronic diseases in adults. International guidelines have emphasized the importance of regular spirometry for asthma control evaluation. However, spirometry use in primary care ... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Samir Gupta, Dilshad Moosa, Ana MacPherson, Christopher Allen and Itamar E. Tamari Source Type: research

Dynamic assessment of exposure to air pollution using mobile phone data
Exposure to air pollution can have major health impacts, such as respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Traditionally, only the air pollution concentration at the home location is taken into account in healt... (Source: International Journal of Health Geographics)
Source: International Journal of Health Geographics - April 21, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Bart Dewulf, Tijs Neutens, Wouter Lefebvre, Gerdy Seynaeve, Charlotte Vanpoucke, Carolien Beckx and Nico Van de Weghe Source Type: research

Spontaneous Retropharyngeal and Mediastinal Emphysema.
Authors: Cho DY, Aaron GP, Shepard KG Abstract A 14-year-old girl with no significant medical history presented at Emergency Department with sore throat and odynophagia after one episode of nonviolent coughing. She denied any respiratory distress, voice change, foreign body ingestion, retching, substance abuse, dental procedures, or trauma. She was afebrile with normal oxygen saturation and physical examination including the head and neck was unremarkable with the exception of bilateral neck crepitus without tenderness on palpation. Fiberoptic laryngoscopy revealed a patent laryngeal airway with normal vocal fold m...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology - April 21, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Clin Exp Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Towards more effective FDA premarket review of new tobacco products
Until the enactment of the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act of 2009 (Tobacco Control Act or TCA), the tobacco industry was not required to inform the public or any governmental agency when it introduced new products, changed old products or made changes to the design of products, even when the new or modified products were more deadly, more addictive or appealed to children. The tobacco industry was free to introduce new products and make changes in secret without regard to the public health impact of its actions. The implications for public health have been devastating. Today's cigarettes carry an even gr...
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Myers, M. L. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Rethinking therapeutic and recreational nicotine products: a commentary on Hatsukami et al
The paper by Hatsukami et al1 in this issue of the journal shows that nicotine gum is at least as effective as snus as a cessation treatment. This result may surprise many, especially those exploring additional benefits of low-toxin tobacco products over pure nicotine as cessation aids. We think it raises two important issues: First, that a product containing only medicinal nicotine could do at least as well as a product with all the attributes of tobacco strongly suggests that the other ingredients in tobacco, such as minor alkaloids, that many have hypothesised as being important may not play much if any role in treating...
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Borland, R., Gartner, C. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

FDA's misplaced priorities: premarket review under the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act
Among other key objectives, the 2009 Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act was designed to end an era of constant product manipulation by the tobacco industry that had led to more addictive and attractive products. The law requires new tobacco products to undergo premarket review by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before they can be sold. To assess FDA's implementation of its premarket review authorities, we reviewed FDA actions on new product applications, publicly available data on industry applications to market new products, and related FDA guidance documents and public statements. We conclude tha...
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jenson, D., Lester, J., Berman, M. L. Tags: Editor's choice Special communication Source Type: research

Assessment of the European Union's illicit trade agreements with the four major Transnational Tobacco Companies
To address the illicit cigarette trade, the European Union (EU) has signed agreements with the four major Transnational Tobacco Companies (TTCs) that involve establishing extensive systems of cooperation. All agreements foresee two types of payments: annual payments (totalling US$ 1.9 billion over 20 years) and supplementary seizure payments, equivalent to 100% of the evaded taxes in the event of seizures of their products. While limited by the fundamental lack of transparency in this area, our analysis suggests that these agreements have served largely to secure the TTCs’ interests and are threatening progress ...
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Joossens, L., Gilmore, A. B., Stoklosa, M., Ross, H. Tags: Open access, Press releases Special communication Source Type: research

A call to include people with mental illness and substance use disorders alongside 'regular smokers in smoking cessation research
This commentary points out that smoking is increasingly concentrated among people with psychiatric problems and other substance use disorders (eg, alcohol use disorder), and argues that for clinical, ethical and efficiency reasons, such individuals should be routinely enrolled in smoking cessation research. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lembke, A., Humphreys, K. Tags: Commentary Source Type: research

Worldwide news and comment
All articles written by Marita Hefler unless otherwise attributed. Ideas and items for News Analysis should be sent to: marita.hefler@menzies.edu.au The power of cigarette packs as a marketing device is well recognised, and comprehensively addressed by measures outlined in Articles 11 and 13 of the World Health Organization Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) and their guidelines. The theme of World No Tobacco Day 2016 – Get ready for plain packaging – supports these aims. The encouragement to policy makers is sorely needed: it is a telling indication of the tobacco industry's success in hijacking go...
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: TC News analysis Source Type: research

Randomised clinical trial of snus versus medicinal nicotine among smokers interested in product switching
Conclusions Snus performed similarly to nicotine gum in cigarette smokers who were interested in completely switching to these products, but was associated with less satisfaction and greater toxicant exposure than nicotine gum. Trial registration number NCT: 00710034. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hatsukami, D. K., Severson, H., Anderson, A., Vogel, R. I., Jensen, J., Broadbent, B., Murphy, S. E., Carmella, S., Hecht, S. S. Tags: Open access Research Source Type: research

Cigarette brands with flavour capsules in the filter: trends in use and brand perceptions among smokers in the USA, Mexico and Australia, 2012-2014
Conclusions Results indicate that use of cigarettes with flavour capsules is growing, is associated with misperceptions of relative harm, and differentiates brands in ways that justify regulatory action. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Thrasher, J. F., Abad-Vivero, E. N., Moodie, C., O'Connor, R. J., Hammond, D., Cummings, K. M., Yong, H.-H., Salloum, R. G., Czoli, C., Reynales-Shigematsu, L. M. Tags: Open access Research Source Type: research

Public support for raising the age of sale for tobacco to 21 in the United States
Conclusions This national study demonstrates broad public support for raising the sales age of tobacco to 21 and will help facilitate wide dissemination of initiatives to increase the legal purchase age at national, state and local levels. Increasing public awareness about the susceptibility and rapid addiction of youth to nicotine may further increase public support for raising the tobacco sale age to 21. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Winickoff, J. P., McMillen, R., Tanski, S., Wilson, K., Gottlieb, M., Crane, R. Tags: Research Source Type: research

Compliance with minimum price and legal age for cigarette purchase laws: evidence from NYC in advance of raising purchase age to 21
Conclusions Variation in compliance with existing laws suggests that more active monitoring of compliance with the new minimum legal purchase age will be required in order to realise the new law's public health potential. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Silver, D., Bae, J. Y., Jimenez, G., Macinko, J. Tags: Research Source Type: research

Gender equality and smoking: a theory-driven approach to smoking gender differences in Spain
Conclusions Gender inequality fell significantly in Spain over the past 50 years. This process was accompanied by converging trends in smoking prevalence for men and women. Smoking prevalence patterns varied greatly by birth cohort and education levels. Countries in earlier stages of the tobacco epidemic should consider gender-sensitive tobacco control measures and policies. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bilal, U., Beltran, P., Fernandez, E., Navas-Acien, A., Bolumar, F., Franco, M. Tags: Research Source Type: research

A comparison of two methods for assessing awareness of antitobacco television advertisements
Conclusions The methodology used to assess recall matters. Campaigns may exaggerate the successes or failures of their media campaigns, depending on the approach they employ and how they compare it to other media campaign evaluations. When incorporating streaming video, researchers should consider accessibility and report possible response bias. Researchers should fully define the measures they use, specify any viewing accessibility issues, and make ad comparisons only when using comparable methods. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Luxenberg, M. G., Greenseid, L. O., Depue, J., Mowery, A., Dreher, M., Larsen, L. S., Schillo, B. Tags: Research Source Type: research

Exposure to secondhand smoke in the home and mental health in children: a population-based study
Conclusions Among children, SHS exposure in the home during ≥1 h/day is associated with a higher frequency of mental disorder. This association was mostly due to the impact of SHS on ADHD. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Padron, A., Galan, I., Garcia-Esquinas, E., Fernandez, E., Ballbe, M., Rodriguez-Artalejo, F. Tags: Research Source Type: research

SEATCA Tobacco Industry Interference Index: a tool for measuring implementation of WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control Article 5.3
Conclusions This Tobacco Industry Interference Index, based on the WHO FCTC Article 5.3 Guidelines, is a useful advocacy tool for identifying both progress and gaps in national efforts at implementing WHO FCTC Article 5.3. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Assunta, M., Dorotheo, E. U. Tags: Open access Research Source Type: research

An intervention to reduce the number of convenience stores selling tobacco: feasibility study
Conclusions Substantially reducing the availability of tobacco in communities is likely to require legislative approaches, underpinned by sustained community pressure and support for convenience store owners who are willing to change their business model. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - April 21, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Paynter, J., Glover, M., Bullen, C., Sonia, D. Tags: Research Source Type: research