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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 3.

School attendance and daily respiratory symptoms in children: influence of moisture damage
ConclusionsSymptoms were less frequent and/or severe during summer holiday and weekends. This pattern was stronger among children attending moisture damaged schools, suggesting potential improvement of moisture damage related symptoms.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Indoor Air)
Source: Indoor Air - May 25, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Lidia Casas, Ana Espinosa, Juha Pekkanen, Arja Asikainen, Alícia Borràs‐Santos, José Jacobs, Esmeralda Krop, Martin Täubel, Anne Hyvärinen, Dick Heederik, Jan‐Paul Zock Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Should Oral Contrast Be Omitted in Patients with Suspected Appendicitis?
Conclusions The use of oral contrast is not necessary for an accurate diagnosis of appendicitis and may be associated with higher complication rates, longer hospital stays, and poor outcomes. (Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery)
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - May 25, 2016 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Effect of Intermittent Hypoxic Training Followed by Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure on Aerobic Capacity of Long Distance Runners
In conclusion, IHT induced further aerobic improvements than NT. These additional IHT adaptations were maintained for 4 weeks post-IHT, regardless of IHE. (Source: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research)
Source: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research - May 25, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effects of Cycling vs. Running Training on Endurance Performance in Preparation for Inline Speed Skating
Abstract: Stangier, C, Abel, T, Hesse, C, Claßen, S, Mierau, J, Hollmann, W, and Strüder, HK. Effects of cycling vs. running training on endurance performance in preparation for inline speed skating. J Strength Cond Res 30(6): 1597–1606, 2016—Winter weather conditions restrict regular sport-specific endurance training in inline speed skating. As a result, this study was designed to compare the effects of cycling and running training programs on inline speed skaters' endurance performance. Sixteen (8 men, 8 women) high-level athletes (mean ± SD 24 ± 8 years) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups (running and cycli...
Source: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research - May 25, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Mometasone furoate nasal spray for the treatment of asthma.
Authors: Meteran H, Vibeke B Abstract INTRODUCTION: Asthma is a common respiratory disease characterized by airway inflammation, bronchoconstriction and airway hyperresponsiveness and symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Allergic rhinitis is a common comorbidity in asthma and glucocorticoids are the key stone in the treatment of both diseases. Mometasone furoate is a potent synthetic steroid with a very high receptor affinity and a low bioavailability and shown to be superior compared to other inhaled corticosteroids. It is not clear whether the use of mometasone furoate nas...
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - May 25, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research

Extracorporeal circuit for Panton-Valentine leukocidin-producing Staphylococcus aureus necrotizing pneumonia.
CONCLUSION: PVL-SA pneumonia is characterized by extensive parenchymal injuries, including necrotic and hemorrhagic complications. ECMO may be used as a salvage treatment without any associated hemorrhagic complication, provided anticoagulant therapy is carefully monitored, and may lead to complete pulmonary recovery at six months. PMID: 27210282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - May 25, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Evaluating antibiotic therapies prescribed to adult patients in the emergency department.
CONCLUSION: Antibiotic prescriptions written to outpatients in the emergency department are often inadequate. Enhancing prescribers' training and handing out guidelines is therefore necessary. The quality of these prescriptions should then be re-assessed. PMID: 27210280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - May 25, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Clinical, Laboratory, and Placental Findings in Perinatal Listeriosis.
In conclusion, perinatal listeriosis is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Clinical and laboratory findings are highly heterogeneous, but extreme leukocyte left shift seems to be a common feature. PMID: 27212240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology)
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - May 25, 2016 Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the efficacy of atosiban in pregnant women with threatened preterm labor associated with assisted reproductive technology.
CONCLUSIONS: Administration of atosiban has a comparatively better effect than that of ritodrine on pregnant women who underwent ART and is safe and effective at preventing immediate preterm birth. Atosiban is significantly better than ritodrine at reducing the rates of perinatal mortality and neonatal pneumonia, and the perinatal outcomes for those who began to use atosiban at a gestational age of fewer than 28 weeks were even better. PMID: 27212183 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - May 25, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

Optimizing the use of intravenous magnesium sulfate for acute asthma treatment in children
ConclusionsWe suggest that optimized dosing regimens could be developed using a linked pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic modeling and simulation approach. We propose the factors that should be considered in future clinical trial design in order to better understand the use of IV MgSO4 in pediatric acute asthma. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016; 9999:XX–XX. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Xiaoxi Liu, Tian Yu, Joseph E. Rower, Sarah C. Campbell, Catherine M.T. Sherwin, Michael D. Johnson Tags: Review Source Type: research

Responsiveness and Minimally Important Difference of the 6-Minute Stepper Test in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Conclusion: The 6MST appears to be as responsive as the 6MWT in assessing functional improvement during PR in patients with COPD. The 6MST is a low-cost assessment and requires limited space.Respiration 2016;91:367-373 (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

A Review of the Ultrasound Assessment of Diaphragmatic Function in Clinical Practice
Ultrasonography is the only non-invasive, non-ionizing imaging technique widely available to directly assess diaphragmatic function. Two different sonographic approaches permit the assessment of muscle thickening in the zone of apposition and excursion of the dome of the diaphragm. Thanks to the new hand-held ultrasound instruments, the morphology and function of the diaphragm can be assessed in different settings, such as outpatient clinic, pulmonary function test laboratory, hospital department and intensive care unit, and under different conditions. Despite the existence of different acoustic views and several codified ...
Source: Respiration - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Intranasal Inactivated Influenza Vaccines: a Reasonable Approach to Improve the Efficacy of Influenza Vaccine?
Abstract Influenza is a contagious, acute respiratory disease caused by the influenza virus. The mucosal lining in the host respiratory tract is not only the site of virus infection, but also the site of defense; it is at this site that the host immune response targets the virus and protects against reinfection. One of the most effective methods to prevent influenza is to induce specific antibody (Ab) responses in the respiratory tract by vaccination. Two types of influenza vaccines, intranasal live attenuated influenza virus (LAIV) vaccines and parenteral (injectable) inactivated vaccines, are currently used world...
Source: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases - May 25, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tamura S, Ainai A, Suzuki T, Kurata T, Hasegawa H Tags: Jpn J Infect Dis Source Type: research

Multimodality Peak Ictal Vital Signs during Video-EEG Monitoring
Conclusion The inverse relationship between ictal HR and ictal SaO2 in ES suggests a neurobiological difference, and the concept of intrinsic cardio-respiratory dysfunction in patients with epilepsy. The significantly raised peak elevations in ictal HR and ictal systolic BP during PNES demonstrates the potential for serious adverse outcomes if attacks are prolonged. (Source: Seizure)
Source: Seizure - May 25, 2016 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology classification for pulmonary specimens: an overview
Abstract The Papanicolaou Society of Cytopathology has formulated guidelines for respiratory cytology which include a classification scheme. The recommended classification scheme is based on the expertise of the committee members, extensive review of the literature and feedback from presentations at national and international meetings. Each category of the classification system is closely defined and link to a known risk for malignancy. The classification contains six categories designated as: 1) Non‐diagnostic; 2) Negative for Malignancy; 3) Atypical; 4) Neoplastic (Benign and low grade cancer); 5) Suspicious for Malign...
Source: Cytopathology - May 25, 2016 Category: Pathology Authors: L. J. Layfield Tags: Review Source Type: research

Highly efficient nonrigid motion‐corrected 3D whole‐heart coronary vessel wall imaging
ConclusionThe feasibility of a highly efficient motion correction framework for simultaneous whole‐heart coronary lumen and vessel wall has been demonstrated. Magn Reson Med, 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine)
Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine - May 25, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Gastão Cruz, David Atkinson, Markus Henningsson, Rene M. Botnar, Claudia Prieto Tags: Full Paper Source Type: research

Crystal structures of the transpeptidase domain of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis penicillin‐binding protein PonA1 reveal potential mechanisms of antibiotic resistance
Mycobacterium tuberculosis is a human respiratory pathogen that causes the deadly disease tuberculosis. The rapid global spread of antibiotic‐resistant M. tuberculosis makes tuberculosis infections difficult to treat. To overcome this problem new effective antimicrobial strategies are urgently needed. One promising target for new therapeutic approaches is PonA1, a class A penicillin‐binding protein, which is required for maintaining physiological cell wall synthesis and cell shape during growth in mycobacteria. Here, crystal structures of the transpeptidase domain, the enzymatic domain responsible for penicillin bindin...
Source: FEBS Journal - May 25, 2016 Category: Research Authors: Ekaterina V. Filippova, Karen J. Kieser, Chi‐Hao Luan, Zdzislaw Wawrzak, Olga Kiryukhina, Eric J. Rubin, Wayne F. Anderson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

An investigation into potential gender-specific differences in myocardial triglyceride content assessed by 1H-Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy at 3Tesla
Conclusions The study showed that 1H-MRS is a capable, noninvasive tool for acquisition of myocardial triglyceride metabolites. Myocardial triglyceride concentration was shown to be unrelated to gender in this group of healthy volunteers. (Source: Journal of International Medical Research)
Source: Journal of International Medical Research - May 25, 2016 Category: Research Authors: Petritsch, B., Köstler, H., Gassenmaier, T., Kunz, A. S., Bley, T. A., Horn, M. Tags: Research Reports Source Type: research

Inflammatory markers as exacerbation risk factors after asthma therapy switch from inhaled steroids to montelukast
Conclusions After switching treatment from a low-dose ICS, montelukast maintained control of asthma symptoms in 75% of patients. High sEos before the treatment change was the strongest exacerbation risk factor. In patients with asthma controlled by low-dose ICS and low inflammatory markers, treatment could be safely switched to montelukast. (Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics)
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Time-dependency of mice lung recovery after a 4-week exposure to traffic or biomass air pollutants
Publication date: August 2016 Source:Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology, Volume 230 Author(s): Flavia Mazzoli-Rocha, Vinícius Rosa Oliveira, Bárbara Chaves Barcellos, Dayse Kelly Molina Moreira, Paulo Hilário Nascimento Saldiva, Débora Souza Faffe, Walter Araújo Zin The time-dependency of lung recovery after 3 intranasal instillations per week during four weeks of distilled water (C groups) or particles (15μg) from traffic (U groups) or biomass burning (B groups) was observed in BALB/c mice. Lung mechanics [static elastance (Est), viscoelastic component of elastance (ΔE), lung resistive (ΔP1) an...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The Built Environment and Child Health: An Overview of Current Evidence
Abstract Urbanization and the shaping of the built environment have provided a number of socioeconomic benefits, but they have also brought unwanted side effects on health. We aimed to review the current epidemiological evidence of the associations between the built environment, closely related exposures, and child health. We focused on growth and obesity, neuropsychological development, and respiratory and immune health. We used existing review articles and supplemented these with relevant work published and not included in existing reviews. The present review shows that there is good evidence for an association ...
Source: Current Environmental Health Reports - May 25, 2016 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Sulfur Dioxide Contributes to the Cardiac and Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Rats
Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between sulfur dioxide (SO2) and an increase of morbidity and mortality of cardiovascular diseases, such as ischemic heart disease, heart failure, and arrhythmia. Mitochondrion is the most sensitive organelle in myocardium of animals exposed to SO2. Here we study the molecular characterization of mitochondrial dysfunction in cardiac muscles of rat after SO2 exposure. We found that the cytochrome c oxidase (COX) activity, mitochondrial membrane potential (m), ATP contents, mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) contents, and mRNA expression of complexes IV and V subunits encoded b...
Source: Toxicological Sciences - May 25, 2016 Category: Toxicology Authors: Qin, G., Wu, M., Wang, J., Xu, Z., Xia, J., Sang, N. Tags: Sulfur Dioxide and Cardiac Dysfunction Source Type: research

Proposed Mode of Action for Acrolein Respiratory Toxicity Associated with Inhaled Tobacco Smoke
This article presents a mode of action (MOA) analysis that identifies key mechanisms in the respiratory toxicity of inhaled acrolein and proposes key acrolein-related toxic events resulting from the inhalation of tobacco smoke. Smoking causes chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD) and acrolein has been previously linked to the majority of smoking-induced noncancer respiratory toxicity. In contrast to previous MOA analyses for acrolein, this MOA focuses on the toxicity of acrolein in the lower respiratory system, reflecting the exposure that smokers experience upon tobacco smoke inhalation. The key mechanisms of acro...
Source: Toxicological Sciences - May 25, 2016 Category: Toxicology Authors: Yeager, R. P., Kushman, M., Chemerynski, S., Weil, R., Fu, X., White, M., Callahan-Lyon, P., Rosenfeldt, H. Tags: Systematic Review of Acrolein Mode of Action from Tobacco Smoke Source Type: research

An 8-Month Systems Toxicology Inhalation/Cessation Study in Apoe-/- Mice to Investigate Cardiovascular and Respiratory Exposure Effects of a Candidate Modified Risk Tobacco Product, THS 2.2, Compared With Conventional Cigarettes
(Source: Toxicological Sciences)
Source: Toxicological Sciences - May 25, 2016 Category: Toxicology Authors: Phillips, B., Veljkovic, E., Boue, S., Schlage, W. K., Vuillaume, G., Martin, F., Titz, B., Leroy, P., Buettner, A., Elamin, A., Oviedo, A., Cabanski, M., De Leon, H., Guedj, E., Schneider, T., Talikka, M., Ivanov, N. V., Vanscheeuwijck, P., Peitsch, M. C Tags: Corrigendum Source Type: research

Antenatal Saireito (TJ‐114) Can Improve Pulmonary Hypoplasia and Pulmonary Vascular Remodeling in Nitrofen‐Induced Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia
Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) can induce lung hypoplasia and pulmonary hypertension and is associated with high mortality. The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy and safety of antenatal Saireito (TJ‐114), a traditional Japanese herbal medicine, in a rat CDH model. Sprague‐Dawley rats were exposed to an herbicide (nitrofen, 100 mg) on embryonic day 9 (E9) to induce CDH, and antenatal Saireito (2000 mg/kg/day) was orally administered from E10 to E20. On E21, fetuses were delivered. Antenatal Saireito significantly decreased the incidence of CDH (p < 0.01), increased lung volume (p <...
Source: Phytotherapy Research - May 25, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Shima Hirako, Hiroyuki Tsuda, Tomomi Kotani, Seiji Sumigama, Yukio Mano, Tomoko Nakano, Kenji Imai, Hua Li, Shinya Toyokuni, Fumitaka Kikkawa Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Mitochondrial complex I-linked disease
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Respiratory complex I, edited by Volker Zickermann and Ulrich Brandt. (Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics)
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics - May 25, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Remote respiratory monitoring system based on developing motion magnification technique
This study relied on amplifying motion resulting from movement of the chest caused by inhalation and exhalation. A motion magnification technique based on a wavelet decomposition and an elliptic filter was used to magnify breathing movement that is difficult to see with the naked eye. A novel measuring method based on motion detection was used to measure respiratory rate and its time parameters by detecting the fastest moving areas in the magnified video frame sequences. The video frames were converted into a corresponding logical matrix. The experimental results on several videos for the baby at different sleeping positio...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - May 25, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

Faba Bean Drought Responsive Genes Identification and Validation
This study was carried out to identify drought-responsive genes in a drought tolerant faba bean variety (Hassawi 2) using a suppressive subtraction hybridization approach (SSH). A total of 913 differentially expressed clones were sequenced from a differential cDNA library resulted in a total of 225 differentially expressed ESTs. The genes of mitochondrial and chloroplast origin were removed, and the remaining 137 EST sequences were submitted to the gene bank EST database (LIBEST_028448). A sequence analysis identified 35 potentially drought stress-related ESTs that regulate ion channels, kinases, and energy production and ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Acute myocardial infarction following electroconvulsive therapy in a Schizophrenic patient
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2016 Source:The Egyptian Heart Journal Author(s): Anish Hirachan, Arun Maskey Deaths due to acute coronary insufficiency have been reported during or following electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Various mechanisms related to ECT related deaths also include cerebral, and respiratory complications; however, cardiovascular complication remains the most common. Here, we describe a 55year old male with a longstanding psychiatric illness with multiple antipsychotics under regular follow-up and required repeated ECT therapy to have the disease symptoms under remission. This time he deve...
Source: The Egyptian Heart Journal - May 25, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Brodalumab for the Treatment of Psoriasis: A Review of Phase III Trials
Conclusion Use of brodalumab revealed prompt clinical improvement and a favorable short-term safety profile in phase III trials, although further extension studies are needed to assess long-term safety. Based on the results, brodalumab appears to be a potent therapeutic option for patients with moderate-to-severe plaque-type psoriasis. (Source: Dermatology and Therapy)
Source: Dermatology and Therapy - May 25, 2016 Category: Dermatology Source Type: research

The impact of a low glycaemic index (GI) diet on simultaneous measurements of blood glucose and fat oxidation: A whole body calorimetric study
Conclusions Consumption of LGI meals was capable of attenuating 24-hour blood glucose profiles and decreasing postprandial glucose excursions in healthy Asian males. Additionally, LGI mixed meals were able to promote fat oxidation over carbohydrate oxidation when compared to HGI mixed meals. The consumption of low GI meals may be a strategic approach in improving overall glycaemia and increasing fat oxidation in Asians consuming a high carbohydrate diet. (Source: Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology)
Source: Journal of Clinical and Translational Endocrinology - May 25, 2016 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Loxoprofen-induced interstitial pneumonia: a case report
Conclusions The findings in this case report reveal an association between treatment with a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug and pneumonia. This rare case was diagnosed after accidental retreatment with loxoprofen. This is the first report of loxoprofen-induced pneumonia. (Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports)
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - May 25, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Acid–base balance, serum electrolytes and need for non-invasive ventilation in patients with hypercapnic acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease admitted to an internal medicine ward
Conclusions Our study shows that in hypercapnic respiratory acidosis due to AECOPD, differently from previous studies, the metabolic alkalosis is not a negative prognostic factor neither determines greater NIV support need, whereas the metabolic acidosis in addition to respiratory acidosis is an unfavourable element, since it determines an increased need of NIV and invasive mechanical ventilation support. (Source: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine)
Source: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Undiagnosed chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in hospitalized patients with pneumonia in Japan
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2016 Source:Respiratory Investigation Author(s): Eisuke Mochizuki, Toshihiro Shirai, Ichiro Hayashi, Rie Noguchi, Shogo Sakurai, Mika Saigusa, Akito Yamamoto, Yuichiro Shishido, Takefumi Akita, Satoru Morita, Kazuhiro Asada, Masato Fujii (Source: Respiratory Investigation)
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Author׳s reply: Old age may influence features of pleuroparenchymal fibroelastosis (PPFE): Lessons from a donkey model for PPFE
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2016 Source:Respiratory Investigation Author(s): Satoshi Watanabe, Yuko Waseda, Kazuo Kasahara (Source: Respiratory Investigation)
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

A new diagnostic approach for bilious pleural effusion
Conclusions This study demonstrates the high diagnostic yield for bilious pleural effusion using a combination of two test criteria; a ratio of pleural total bilirubin to serum total bilirubin greater than 1 and the presence of pleural glycoholic acid. (Source: Respiratory Investigation)
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Cellular senescence and autophagy in the pathogenesis of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF)
Publication date: Available online 24 May 2016 Source:Respiratory Investigation Author(s): Kazuyoshi Kuwano, Jun Araya, Hiromichi Hara, Shunsuke Minagawa, Naoki Takasaka, Saburo Ito, Kenji Kobayashi, Katsutoshi Nakayama Aging is associated with impairments in homeostasis. Although aging and senescence are not equivalent, the number of senescent cells increases with aging. Cellular senescence plays important roles in tissue repair or remodeling, as well as embryonic development. Autophagy is a process of lysosomal self-degradation that maintains a homeostatic balance between the synthesis, degradation, and recycli...
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Immunoglobulin G4–related pleuritis – A case report
We report a rare case of a 58-year-old man with IgG4-related pleural disease without other systemic manifestations. The diagnosis was based on characteristic changes on PET-CT and typical histopathology in a pleural specimen. The patient's condition improved following immunosuppressive therapy. (Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports)
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Association of influenza with severe pneumonia/empyema in the community, hospital, and healthcare-associated setting
We presented three cases of influenza-related severe pneumonia/empyema that occurred in one season. Case 1 A 76-year-old diabetic man, developed empyema as a result of severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) secondary to Haemophilus influenzae, as confirmed on sputum culture. Nasal swab was positive for influenza A antigen. After drainage of empyema, intravenous peramivir and piperacillin/tazobactam were administered for 3 days and 2 weeks, respectively, followed by oral levofloxacin for 2 weeks. Eventually, he recovered. In this case, the isolated H. influenzae was non-typeable and negative for beta-lactamase. Case 2 ...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of high flow nasal oxygen therapy with conventional oxygen therapy and non-invasive ventilation in adult patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: A meta-analysis and systematic review
Role of high flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) therapy in adult patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure is controversial. (Source: Journal of Critical Care)
Source: Journal of Critical Care - May 25, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Souvik Maitra, Anirban Som, Sulagna Bhattacharjee, Mahesh K. Arora, Dalim K. Baidya Source Type: research

Randomized Controlled Trial of the Effect of Inspiratory Muscle Training and Incentive Spirometry on Respiratory Muscle Strength, Chest Wall Expansion, and Lung Function in Elderly Adults
(Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society)
Source: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society - May 25, 2016 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Gregory Reychler, Sophie Delacroix, Donatienne Dresse, Thierry Pieters, Giuseppe Liistro Tags: Letters to the Editor Source Type: research