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Respiratory Medicine

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 3.

Trial suggests yoga and exercise lead to modest improvements in menopause-related quality of life: longer term studies are needed
Commentary on: Reed SD, Guthrie KA, Newton KM, et al.. Menopausal quality of life: RCT of yoga, exercise, and omega-3 supplements. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2014;210:244.e1–11. Context Since publication of the Women's Health Initiative Study, the potential benefits of non-pharmacological therapies for menopause-related symptoms have gained increased interest among midlife women, clinicians and researchers.1 Interventions requiring behavioural change have yielded mixed outcomes, owing to small sample sizes, a variety of outcome measures, lack of control groups and limited follow-up.2–4 Methods To assess the effects of...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Woods, N. F. Tags: Pain (neurology), Sleep disorders (neurology), Stroke, Menopause (including HRT), Anxiety disorders (including OCD and PTSD), Mood disorders (including depression), Sleep disorders, Sleep disorders (respiratory medicine) Therapeutics Source Type: research

For patients with chronic asthma not controlled with inhaled corticosteroids alone, long-acting {beta}-agonists are associated with fewer exacerbations than leukotriene receptor agonists
Commentary on: Chauhan BF, Ducharme FM. Addition to inhaled corticosteroids of long-acting beta-agonists versus anti-leukotrienes for chronic asthma. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2014;1:CD003137. Context Outside of a clinical trial setting, most patients with asthma have poorly controlled asthma.1 2 Inadequate control of asthma in the community may reflect poor adherence to controller medications; however, the GOAL trial demonstrated that low-to-medium dose inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) were unsuccessful in achieving asthma control in a large proportion of patients with asthma, even with close supervision of care.3 Asthma ma...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Colice, G. Tags: Clinical trials (epidemiology), Immunology (including allergy), Asthma, Drugs: respiratory system Therapeutics Source Type: research

Delayed prescribing for respiratory tract infections in primary care results in lower antibiotic use
Commentary on: Little P, Moore M, Kelly J, et al.. Delayed antibiotic prescribing strategies for respiratory tract infections in primary care: pragmatic, factorial, randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2014;348:g1606. Context Eighty to 90% of all antibiotics are prescribed in primary care, mostly by general practitioners (GPs). Around 60% of these are prescribed for acute respiratory tract infections (RTIs), prescriptions which in many cases are unnecessary as most RTIs are either self-limiting bacterial conditions or of viral origin. A clear relationship between total antibiotic prescribing and development of resistance has b...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Lindbaek, M. Tags: EBM Quality improvement, Clinical trials (epidemiology), General practice / family medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence of Diarrhea among Children Less Than 36 Months of Age in Rural Western China in 2001 and 2005.
Abstract We collected for rural western China data for 14,658 children less than 36 months of age in 2001 and for 14,112 children in 2005. A generalized estimated equation log-binomial model was used to identify the determinants of childhood diarrhea. In 2005, prevalence of diarrhea was approximately 7.4%, which compared with that for 2001, had decreased by 8.7%. The generalized estimated equation analysis showed that region affected the prevalence of childhood diarrhea significantly. Age was negatively associated with childhood diarrhea. Although childhood upper respiratory infections increased the risk of diarrhe...
Source: The American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene - September 15, 2014 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Gao W, Liu X, Yan H Tags: Am J Trop Med Hyg Source Type: research

Rapid viral diagnosis for acute febrile respiratory illness in children in the Emergency Department.
CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to support routine rapid viral testing to reduce antibiotic use in pediatric EDs. Rapid viral testing may or may not reduce rates of antibiotic use, and other investigations (urine and blood testing); these studies do not provide enough power to resolve this question. However, rapid viral testing does reduce the rate of chest X-rays in the ED. An adequately powered trial with antibiotic use as an outcome is needed. PMID: 25222468 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews)
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - September 15, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Doan Q, Enarson P, Kissoon N, Klassen TP, Johnson DW Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Pulmonary Hypertension in Cystic Fibrosis with Advanced Lung Disease.
Conclusions: The manifestation of PH is associated with significantly increased risk for death in CF patients with advanced lung disease. PMID: 25222938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hayes Jr D, Tobias JD, Mansour HM, Kirkby S, McCoy KS, Daniels CJ, Whitson BA Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

What Is Allergic Bronchopulmonary Aspergillosis (ABPA)?
Authors: PMID: 25221892 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

A woman with progressive dyspnea and multiple lung consolidative lesions.
PMID: 25221891 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lococo F, Rossi G, Filice A, Prandini N, Rapicetta C, Paci M Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Central Airway Narrowing during an Acute Asthma Attack.
PMID: 25221890 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gorbett D, Ghosh S, Boutsicaris C, Wood K, Magalang UJ Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Erratum: increased risk of asthma in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus.
PMID: 25221889 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Shen TC, Tu CY, Lin CL, Wei CC, Li YF Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Age of systemic lupus erythematosus onset and risk for asthma.
PMID: 25221888 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lin GM Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Reply: age of systemic lupus erythematosus onset and risk for asthma.
PMID: 25221887 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Shen TC, Tu CY, Lin CL, Wei CC, Li YF Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Reply: Trends in Infection Source and Mortality among Patients with Septic Shock.
PMID: 25221886 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Dodek P Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Trends in Infection Source and Mortality among Patients with Septic Shock.
PMID: 25221885 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Walkey AJ, Wiener RS Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Resurgence of a Debilitating and Entirely Preventable Respiratory Disease among Working Coal Miners.
PMID: 25221884 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Blackley DJ, Halldin CN, Laney AS Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Humidifier Disinfectant-associated Interstitial Lung Disease in an Animal Model Induced by Polyhexamethylene Guanidine Aerosol.
PMID: 25221883 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Park S, Lee K, Lee EJ, Lee SY, In KH, Kim HK, Kang MS Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

In-Flight Pneumothorax: Diagnosis May Be Missed because of Symptom Delay.
PMID: 25221882 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Postmus PE, Johannesma PC, Menko FH, Paul MA Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Lymphangioma presenting as hemoptysis in pregnancy.
PMID: 25221881 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Dhillon SS, Yendamuri S, Harris K, Roche C, Pokharel S Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Pirfenidone for idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, thrombocytosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations, and a longitudinal study on e-cigarettes.
PMID: 25221880 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jagpal S, Pistun O, Mikhail J Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Genome-wide Interrogation of Longitudinal FEV1 in Children with Asthma.
CONCLUSIONS: This study offers a strategy to explore the genetic determinants of longitudinal phenotypes, provide a comprehensive picture of disease pathophysiology, and suggest potential treatment targets. PMID: 25221879 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wu K, Gamazon ER, Im HK, Geeleher P, White SR, Solway J, Clemmer GL, Weiss ST, Tantisira KG, Cox NJ, Ratain MJ, Huang RS Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Decoding the growth advantage of hypoxia-sensitive lung cancer.
PMID: 25221878 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Liu Y, Mallampalli RK Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Volume-outcome relationships in critical care. Understanding the mechanism.
PMID: 25221877 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Dodek PM Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

IL1RN Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in Septic Shock: Can Genetics Clear the Fog of the Cytokine Storm?
PMID: 25221876 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wurfel MM, Mikacenic C Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

The Art of Making Predictions: Statistics versus Bedside Evaluation.
PMID: 25221875 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Amaral AC Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Searching for distinct mechanisms in eosinophilic and noneosinophilic airway inflammation.
PMID: 25221874 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kato A, Hulse KE Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Paradoxical use of tumor necrosis factor in treating pulmonary edema.
PMID: 25221873 [PubMed - in process] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - September 15, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sieck GC, Wylam ME Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Prenatal VOC exposure and redecoration are related to wheezing in early infancy.
Abstract Redecoration of dwellings is a common behavior of expecting parents. Former studies gave evidence that early childhood exposure to volatile organic compounds (VOC) resulting from renovation activities may increase the risk for wheeze in infants. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the impact of prenatal exposure on early wheeze and to identify sensitive time windows. Within the LINA birth cohort study data on renovation activities and respiratory outcomes were assessed via questionnaires during pregnancy and at children's age of one. At both timepoints, also indoor VOC concentratio...
Source: Environment International - September 15, 2014 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Franck U, Weller A, Röder SW, Herberth G, Junge KM, Kohajda T, von Bergen M, Rolle-Kampczyk U, Diez U, Borte M, Lehmann I, for the LiNA Study Group Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Cardiovascular and lung function in relation to outdoor and indoor exposure to fine and ultrafine particulate matter in middle-aged subjects.
Abstract This cross-sectional study investigated the relationship between exposure to airborne indoor and outdoor particulate matter (PM) and cardiovascular and respiratory health in a population-based sample of 58 residences in Copenhagen, Denmark. Over a 2-day period indoor particle number concentrations (PNC, 10-300nm) and PM2.5 (aerodynamic diameter<2.5μm) were monitored for each of the residences in the living room, and outdoor PNC (10-280nm), PM2.5 and PM10 (aerodynamic diameter<10μm) were monitored at an urban background station in Copenhagen. In the morning, after the 2-day monitoring period, we mea...
Source: Environment International - September 15, 2014 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Karottki DG, Bekö G, Clausen G, Madsen AM, Andersen ZJ, Massling A, Ketzel M, Ellermann T, Lund R, Sigsgaard T, Møller P, Loft S Tags: Environ Int Source Type: research

Inflammatory thresholds and the species-specific effects of colonising bacteria in stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Conclusions: Airway and systemic inflammation, as measured by fibrinogen, is greater in stable COPD patients with PPMs detected using the culture-independent qPCR technique. The airway, but not systemic inflammatory response, appears to have a total pathogen-load threshold and appears attributable to Haemophilus influenzae. However, discordance between inflammation and health status was observed. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - September 14, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Richa SinghAlex MackayAnant PatelDavinder GarchaBeverly KowlessarSimon BrillLouise DonnellyPeter BarnesGavin DonaldsonJadwiga Wedzicha Source Type: research