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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 4.

Do We Need Tailored Smoking Cessation Interventions for Smokers with COPD? A Comparative Study of Smokers with and without COPD Regarding Factors Associated with Tobacco Smoking
Conclusion: Smokers with COPD differ from smokers without COPD on several factors which are associated with tobacco smoking and quitting. Taking into account these differences may help to increase the effectiveness of smoking cessation treatments for the specific group of smokers with COPD.Respiration (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Is There a Relationship between Apolipoprotein E Genetic Variants and Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome? Consideration Needed from Evidence-Based Medicine
Respiration (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Outcome Predictors of Acute Stroke Patients in Need of Intensive Care Treatment
Conclusion: The stroke population in our study was associated with an increased early mortality; however, given the same conditions, it was old with a high percentage of patients requiring mechanical ventilation. This did not result in increased in-hospital mortality rates compared to younger and less severely affected cohorts. Thus, ICU management is a life-saving initiative even among the elderly. However, the functional outcome was poor in older patients, thus limiting the benefits of ICU care in these patients.Cerebrovasc Dis 2015;40:10-17 (Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases)
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - May 27, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Surveillance of Acute Respiratory Infections Using Community-Submitted Symptoms and Specimens for Molecular Diagnostic Testing
This study represents an advance with respect to the field of participatory public health surveillance systems. To-date, reports in the literature of online participatory studies have been limited to self-reported syndromic information only. Some studies have combined self-reported influenza symptoms with serology to understand attack rates in the population. However, linkage to symptoms has been limited in self-sampling studies, and although other studies have demonstrated that individuals can obtain a nasal swab specimen from themselves, we report here that individuals prefer saliva and initial results indicate that it c...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - May 27, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: chunara Source Type: research

Defining exacerbations in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, Volume 9, Issue 3, Page 277-286, June 2015. (Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine)
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Global transcriptome analysis of salt acclimated Prochlorococcus AS9601
Publication date: July 2015 Source:Microbiological Research, Volume 176 Author(s): Sumaya Al-Hosani , Mai M. Oudah , Andreas Henschel , Lina F. Yousef Molecular processes leading to salt stress acclimation in the model cyanobacterium Prochlorococcus are not known. To address this, we used RNA sequencing (RNAseq) to compare the global transcriptome of two exponential-phase populations of Prochlorococcus AS9601 cells – acclimated to high salt (5%, w/v) and normal seawater salt (3.8%, w/v). Experiments showed that salt acclimated cells exhibit slower growth rates with a doubling time almost twice as controls. Approximatel...
Source: Microbiological Research - May 27, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Congenital dacryocystoceles controlled by nCPAP via nasal mask in a neonate
Abstract Congenital dacryocystocele is a relatively rare type of nasolacrimal duct obstruction that may induce respiratory distress during the early neonatal period. We encountered a case of bilateral congenital dacryocystoceles with intranasal cysts in a premature infant delivered at 34 weeks of gestation. The patient developed symptoms of respiratory failure immediately after birth, but no ophthalmologic symptoms. Treatment with nasal continuous positive airway pressure via a nasal mask, instead of a nasal prong, effectively relieved the symptoms. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are critical for infants with ...
Source: Pediatrics International - May 27, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Toru Kuboi, Kaoru Okazaki, Takashi Kusaka, Aki Shimada Tags: Patient Report Source Type: research

Sore throat in primary care project: a clinical score to diagnose viral sore throat
Conclusion. The Mistik Score may be useful to diagnose viral sore throat. We suggest its use either alone or in combination with the Modified Centor Score. (Source: Family Practice)
Source: Family Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mistik, S., Gokahmetoglu, S., Balci, E., Onuk, F. A. Tags: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Pneumococcal lower respiratory tract infections in adults: an observational case-control study in primary care in Belgium
Conclusions: SP was responsible for approximately 5 % of SLRTIs observed in primary care in Belgium. Pneumococcal infection was associated with a significant increase in morbidity. Sixty-eight percent of serotypes causing SLRTI were potentially preventable by PCV13. (Source: BMC Family Practice)
Source: BMC Family Practice - May 27, 2015 Category: Primary Care Authors: Johan FlamaingWilfried De BackerYves Van LaethemStéphane HeijmansAnnick Mignon Source Type: research

Anatomical characteristics of catathrenia (nocturnal groaning) in upper airway and orofacial structures
Conclusion Catathrenia patients present with a broad upper airway, yet protrusive upper incisors and flat mandibular angles. Anatomical characteristics of catathrenia are different from those associated with OSAS, namely a wide airway, large skeleton, and good occlusion. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Second harmonic generation microscopy reveals altered collagen microstructure in usual interstitial pneumonia versus healthy lung
Conclusions: Fibrillar collagen’s subresolution structure (i.e. “microstructure”) is altered in UIP versus COP and healthy lung, which may provide novel insights into the biological reasons why unlike COP, UIP is resistant to therapies, and demonstrates the ability of SHG microscopy to potentially distinguish treatable versus intractable pulmonary fibroses. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Robert KottmannJesse SharpKristina OwensPeter SalzmanGuang-Qian XiaoRichard PhippsPatricia SimeEdward BrownSeth Perry Source Type: research

A study on the role of rivaroxaban in management of venous thromboembolism
Conclusion and recommendation Rivaroxaban is a rapid onset of anticoagulant that can be given in fixed doses without routine monitoring. It can replace injectable anticoagulants as an initial treatment in management of patients with mild venous thromboembolism as it is suitable as regard the economic and the health status of the Egyptian patients. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Study of the characteristics and outcomes of patients on mechanical ventilation in the intensive care unit of EL-Mahalla Chest Hospital
Conclusion Survival among mechanically ventilated patients depended on the baseline characteristics at the start of MV, as well as on the development of complications and the management protocols in the ICU. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

2015 American Thoracic Society International Conference
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2015 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Rebecca Akkermans (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Measurement of levels of lung HIF-1α protein in response to tapering for 14- and 21-day with nigella sativa supplementation in maturing rat, with histological study
Abstract The aim of this study was to evaluate lung histology and the levels of HIF-1α protein in response to the reduction in training volume for 14 and 21 days with Nigella sativa (NS) supplementation. 60 three-week-old male Wistar rats (68 ± 9 g) were divided into 6 groups after 6 weeks of incremental interval training (IIT); IIT control and IIT groups, 2 groups of 14-day taper (with and without NS) and, similarly, 2 groups of 21-day taper. After 6 weeks, NS seed ethanol extract was fed daily by gavages to NS groups at 500 mg/kg. Finally, animals were euthanized and their lungs were removed, weighed an...
Source: Sport Sciences for Health - May 27, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

Mortality Attributable to Seasonal Influenza A and B Infections in Thailand, 2005-2009: A Longitudinal Study
Influenza epidemiology differs substantially in tropical and temperate zones, but estimates of seasonal influenza mortality in developing countries in the tropics are lacking. We aimed to quantify mortality due to seasonal influenza in Thailand, a tropical middle-income country. Time series of polymerase chain reaction–confirmed influenza infections between 2005 and 2009 were constructed from a sentinel surveillance network. These were combined with influenza-like illness data to derive measures of influenza activity and relationships to mortality by using a Bayesian regression framework. We estimated 6.1 (95% credib...
Source: American Journal of Epidemiology - May 27, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Cooper, B. S., Kotirum, S., Kulpeng, W., Praditsitthikorn, N., Chittaganpitch, M., Limmathurotsakul, D., Day, N. P. J., Coker, R., Teerawattananon, Y., Meeyai, A. Tags: RESEARCH-ARTICLE Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 12, Pages 5833-5845: Building-Related Symptoms among Office Employees Associated with Indoor Carbon Dioxide and Total Volatile Organic Compounds
In conclusion, the association between some SBS symptoms and the exposure to CO2 and total VOCs are moderate but may be independently significant. (Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health)
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - May 27, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Chung-Yen LuJia-Min LinYing-Yi ChenYi-Chun Chen Tags: Article Source Type: research

Involvement of mitochondrial proteins in calcium signaling and cell death induced by staurosporine in Neurospora crassa
Publication date: Available online 22 May 2015 Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics Author(s): A. Pedro Gonçalves , J. Miguel Cordeiro , João Monteiro , Chiara Lucchi , Paulo Correia-de-Sá , Arnaldo Videira Staurosporine-induced cell death in Neurospora crassa includes a well defined sequence of alterations in cytosolic calcium levels, comprising extracellular Ca2+ influx and mobilization of Ca2+ from internal stores. Here, we show that cells undergoing respiratory stress due to the lack of certain components of the mitochondrial complex I (like the 51kDa and 14kDa subunits) or the Ca2+-binding a...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics - May 27, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Solution structure of the NDH-1 complex subunit CupS from Thermosynechococcus elongatus
Publication date: Available online 13 May 2015 Source:Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) - Bioenergetics Author(s): Annika Korste , Hannes Wulfhorst , Takahisa Ikegami , Marc M. Nowaczyk , Raphael Stoll The cyanobacterial multi-subunit membrane protein complex NDH-1 is both structurally and functionally related to Complex I of eubacteria and mitochondria. In addition to functions in respiration and cyclic electron transfer around photosystem I (PSI), the cyanobacterial NDH-1 complex is involved in a unique mechanism for inorganic carbon concentration. Although the crystal structures of the similar respiratory Complex I ...
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics - May 27, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

An automated phenotype-based microscopy screen to identify pro-longevity interventions acting through mitochondria in C. elegans
This article is part of a Special Issue entitled: Mitochondrial Dysfunction in Aging. Graphical abstract (Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics)
Source: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta (BBA) Bioenergetics - May 27, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Serological Evidence and Risk Factors for Swine Influenza Infections among Chinese Swine Workers in Guangdong Province
by Mengmeng Ma, Benjamin D. Anderson, Tao Wang, Yingan Chen, Dingmei Zhang, Gregory C. Gray, Jiahai Lu During July to September 2014, we performed a controlled, cross-sectional, seroepidemiologic study among 203 swine workers and 115 control subjects in Guangdong Province. Sera were tested using a hemagglutination inhibition assay against locally-isolated swine H3N2 and H1N1 viruses and commercially-obtained human influenza viral antigens. We found swine workers had a greater prevalence and odds of seropositivity against the swine H3N2 virus (17.3% vs. 7.0%; adjusted OR, 3.4; 95% CI, 1.1 -10.7). Younger age, self-report o...
Source: PLoS One - May 27, 2015 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Mengmeng Ma et al. Source Type: research

Gammaherpesvirus infection modulates the temporal and spatial expression of SCGB1A1 (CCSP) and BPIFA1 (SPLUNC1) in the respiratory tract
le & James P Stewart (Source: Laboratory Investigation)
Source: Laboratory Investigation - May 27, 2015 Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Gail H LeemingAnja KiparDavid J HughesLynne BingleElaine BennettNathifa A MoyoRalph A TrippAlison L BigleyColin D BingleJeffery T SampleJames P Stewart Source Type: research

Cutaneous plasmacytosis: a clinicopathologic study of 12 cases in Taiwan revealing heterogeneous underlying causes
ConclusionsOur study suggests that the so‐called “cutaneous plasmacytosis” has heterogeneous underlying causes with or without systemic involvement and may be associated with clonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangements and IgG4‐related lymphadenopathy. No effective treatment is available for this condition. (Source: International Journal of Dermatology)
Source: International Journal of Dermatology - May 27, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Pei‐Hsuan Lu, Lee‐Yun Shih, Chih‐Hsun Yang, Tseng‐tong Kuo Tags: Report Source Type: research

Analytical and Clinical Performance of Abbott RealTie MTB, an assay for detection of in pulmonary specimens
Nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)-based assays provide fast and sensitive results compared to conventional TB tests. The performance of the new Abbott Molecular MTB assay for the qualitative detection of MTB complex using the automated m2000TM system or manual sample preparation is summarized in this paper. The assay detects eight MTB complex subspecies. The observed limit of detection (LOD) when used to test an MTB H37Rv panel was 2.45 colony forming units (cfu)/mL, while the claimed assay LOD with this MTB strain is 17 cfu/mL. (Source: Tuberculosis)
Source: Tuberculosis - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ning Tang, Andrea Frank, Vihanga Pahalawatta, John Lampinen, Anke Coblenz-Korte, Chad Dunn, Cheng Li, Gavin Cloherty, Klara Abravaya, Gregor Leckie Tags: Diagnostics Source Type: research

Validity and reproducibility of a novel method for time‐course evaluation of diet‐induced thermogenesis in a respiratory chamber
We report that the novel method did not have superior reproducibility compared with that of the traditional method. However, our results suggested that the novel method may be better for evaluating inter‐individual differences in DIT than the traditional method and also has the ability to evaluate the time‐course of DIT. (Source: Physiological Reports)
Source: Physiological Reports - May 27, 2015 Category: Physiology Authors: Chiyoko Usui, Takafumi Ando, Kazunori Ohkawara, Rieko Miyake, Yoshitake Oshima, Masanobu Hibi, Sachiko Oishi, Kumpei Tokuyama, Shigeho Tanaka Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

T-SPOT®.TB Interferon-Gamma Release Assay (IGRA) Performance in Healthcare Worker Screening at 19 US Hospitals.
CONCLUSIONS: The high concordance and test completion rates in this study suggest that the T-SPOT.TB test is a reliable tool for healthcare worker serial screening. As expected, the observed positivity rates were lower compared to the tuberculin skin test, likely reflecting the higher specificity of this test. Further, the observed rates of conversion were low and significantly correlated with the geographic incidence of tuberculosis. Our findings suggest that the T-SPOT.TB test is an accurate and reliable way to screen healthcare workers. PMID: 26017193 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of ...
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: King TC, Upfal M, Gottlieb A, Adamo P, Bernacki E, Kadlecek CP, Jones JG, Humphrey-Carothers F, Rielly AF, Drewry P, Murray K, DeWitt M, Matsubara J, O'Dea L, Balser J, Wrighton-Smith P Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Ozone, Fine Particulate Matter and Chronic Lower Respiratory Disease Mortality in the United States.
CONCLUSIONS: This is the first national study that links air pollution exposure data with CLRD mortality for 3109 contiguous U.S. counties. Ambient ozone may be associated with increased rate of death from CLRD in the contiguous United States. PMID: 26017067 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hao Y, Balluz L, Strosnider H, Wen XJ, Li C, Qualters JR Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Hospitalization Type Predicts Risk of Subsequent Severe Sepsis.
CONCLUSIONS: There is a strong dose-response relationship between events known to result in dysbiosis and subsequent severe sepsis hospitalization that is not present for re-hospitalization for non-sepsis diagnoses. PMID: 26016947 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Prescott HC, Dickson RP, Rogers MA, Langa KM, Iwashyna TJ Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

LVRS Improves Endothelial Function and Blood Pressure in Patients with COPD: A Randomized-controlled Trial.
CONCLUSION: Endothelial function and blood pressure are improved 3 months after LVRS in patients with severe COPD and emphysema. LVRS may therefore have beneficial effects on cardiovascular outcomes. Clinical trial registration available at, ID NCT01020344. PMID: 26016823 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - May 27, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Clarenbach CF, Sievi NA, Brock M, Schneiter D, Weder W, Kohler M Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Bizionia arctica sp. nov., isolated from Arctic fjord seawater and emended description of the genus Bizionia.
Abstract A Gram-negative, yellow-colored, aerobic, non-flagellated, non-gliding bacterial strain, designated SM1203T, was isolated from surface seawater of Kongsfjorden, Svalbard. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain SM1203T was affiliated with the genus Bizionia in the family Flavobacteriaceae. The strain shared the highest 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity (>96 %) with type strains of Formosa spongicola (96.8 %), Bizionia paragorgiae (96.3 %), B. saleffrena (96.3 %) and B. echini (96.1 %) and 95.4~95.7 % sequence similarities with type strains of other known Bizionia spec...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - May 27, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Li H, Zhang XY, Liu C, Liu A, Qin QL, Su HN, Shi M, Zhou BC, Chen XL, Zhang YZ, Xie BB Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Specially trained registered nurses can safely manage epidural analgesia infusion in laboring patients.
CONCLUSION: Specially trained RNs can safely initiate continuous infusions and increase the basal rate of epidural analgesia infusions or PCEA doses administered to laboring women, after insertion and confirmation of correct catheter placement by a qualified anesthesia provider, without adversely affecting maternal and fetal/neonatal outcomes. PMID: 26003767 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing)
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - May 26, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Charles LA, Korejwa E, Kent DC, Raniero D Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Promoting the use of capnography in acute care settings: an evidence-based practice project.
Abstract Opioid-induced respiratory depression (OIRD) is a life-threatening complication of opioid analgesia. End-tidal carbon dioxide monitoring (capnography) has been shown to detect early signs of OIRD earlier than other commonly used monitoring methods. The goal of this evidence-based practice project was to promote the standardized use of capnography to reduce the incidence of OIRD. The project included an updated nursing protocol, an electronic order trigger, improved access to capnography monitors, and staff education about OIRD risk assessment and the use of capnography. A survey of registered nurses was al...
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - May 26, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Carlisle H Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

The Michigan Opioid Safety Score (MOSS): A Patient Safety and Nurse Empowerment Tool.
Abstract Safely treating postsurgical pain continues to be a challenge, despite more than a decade of focus on its appropriate management. Overuse of opioids and undertreatment of pain continues, as does insufficient monitoring of patients at risk for opioid and pain-related complications. It is clear that relying only on numeric subjective pain scores is inadequate when treating pain. Appropriate bedside evaluation should also include measures of respiration and sedation. Furthermore, assessment of risk should be done with initial pain assessment and continued throughout the pain management course. The recently de...
Source: Journal of Perianesthesia Nursing - May 26, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Soto R, Yaldou B Tags: J Perianesth Nurs Source Type: research

Assessment of the time-dependent need for stay in a high dependency unit (HDU) after major surgery by using data from an anesthesia information management system
Abstract Admittance to a high dependency unit (HDU) is expensive. Patients who receive surgical treatment with ‘low anterior resection of the rectum’ (LAR) or ‘abdominoperineal resection of the rectum’ (APR) at our hospital are routinely treated in an HDU the first 16–24 h of the postoperative (PO) period. The aim of this study was to describe the extent of HDU-specific interventions given. We included patients treated with LAR or APR at the St. Olav University Hospital (Trondheim, Norway) over a 1-year period. Physiologic data and HDU-interventions recorded during the PO-period were obtained from t...
Source: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing - May 26, 2015 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Monte-Carlo Simulation and Automated Test Bench for Developing a Multichannel NIR-Based Vital-Signs Monitor
Unobtrusive, long-term monitoring of cardiac (and respiratory) rhythms using only non-invasive vibration sensors mounted in beds promises to unlock new applications in home and low acuity monitoring. This paper presents a novel concept for such a system based on an array of near infrared (NIR) sensors placed underneath a regular bed mattress. We focus on modeling and analyzing the underlying technical measurement principle with the help of a 2D model of a polyurethane foam mattress and Monte-Carlo simulations of the opto-mechanical interaction responsible for signal genesis. Furthermore, a test rig to automatically and rep...
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Circuits and Systems - May 26, 2015 Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

Identification of lung adenocarcinoma mutation status based on histologic subtype: Retrospective analysis of 269 patients
ConclusionsIn China, there are significant differences between lung adenocarcinoma histologic subtypes. The presence of well‐differentiated components in lung adenocarcinoma indicates higher EGFR mutation rates; the presence of solid or mucinous components indicates higher KRAS mutation rates. Serum CEA levels are associated with histologic subtype and EGFR exon mutations. (Source: Thoracic Cancer)
Source: Thoracic Cancer - May 26, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Fangliang Lu, Shaolei Li, Bin Dong, Shanyuan Zhang, Chao Lv, Yue Yang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Risk factors for bronchiolitis hospitalization during the first year of life in a multicenter Italian birth cohort
Background: Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) is one of the main causes of respiratory infections during the first year of life. Very premature infants may contract more severe diseases and ‘late preterm infants’ may also be more susceptible to the infection.The aim of this study is to evaluate the risk factors for hospitalization during the first year of life in children born at different gestational ages in Italy. Methods: A cohort of 33-34 weeks gestational age (wGA) newborns matched by sex and age with two cohort of newborns born at 35-37 wGA and > 37 wGA were enrolled in this study for a three-year period (200...
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - May 26, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Marcello LanariFederica PrinelliFulvio AdorniSimona Di SantoSilvia VandiniMichela SilvestriMassimo Musiccoand the Study Group of Italian Society of Neonatology on Risk Factors for RSV Hospitalization Source Type: research

Lung transplantation for pulmonary hypertension: management of pulmonary hypertension on the waiting list
Abstract Despite the apparent improvement in outcomes for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) with current medical therapy, for many patients, lung transplantation remains as an important therapeutic option. Such patients are at high risk for clinical deterioration while awaiting lung transplantation. Thus, the medical management is crucial to keep these tenuous patients acceptable on the waitlist. This includes optimization of PAH-targeted therapy and adjunctive therapies. For select patients, atrial septostomy may further expand the transplant window. Clinical deterioration of PAH, usually in the form of decom...
Source: Current Respiratory Care Reports - May 26, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Airway scleromas and their extensions
ConclusionScleroma begins in the nose and when not arrested, extends causing obstruction to the airway and cosmetic deformity which requires surgical intervention. (Source: ANZ Journal of Surgery)
Source: ANZ Journal of Surgery - May 26, 2015 Category: Surgery Authors: Charles P. Molumi, Siba P. Dubey Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Changing mortality patterns in kimberley aborigines
ConclusionsThis study has documentedthe heavy burden of mortality in West Kimberley Aborigines compared with the pattern found in non‐Aboriginal people living in the same region. (Source: Internal Medicine Journal)
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - May 26, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Michael Gracey, Wenxing Sun, Peter Somerford Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Antibiotic Prescribing in Direct-to-Consumer Telemedicine Visits
This study uses health plan claims to assess antibiotic prescribing rates for acute respiratory infection, comparing between a direct-to-consumer telemedicine company vs physician offices. (Source: JAMA Internal Medicine)
Source: JAMA Internal Medicine - May 26, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research