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Respiratory Medicine

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 4.

Care of the Critically Ill and Injured During Disasters and Pandemics: The Ground-breaking Results from the Task Force on Mass Critical Care.
PMID: 25144140 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chest)
Source: Chest - August 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sandrock C Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Oral GS-5806 Activity in a Respiratory Syncytial Virus Challenge Study
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 371, Issue 8, Page 711-722, August 2014. (Source: New England Journal of Medicine)
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

[Ventilator-associated pneumonia and other infections].
Abstract One of the fundamental elements of therapy in patients hospitalised in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) is mechanical ventilation (MV). MV enables sufficient gas exchange in patients with severe respiratory insufficiency, thus preserving the proper functioning of organs and systems. However, clinical and experimental studies show that mechanical ventilation may cause severe complications, e.g. lung injury (VALI, VILI), systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS), and, on rare occasions, multiple organ failure (MOF). Mechanical ventilation and especially endotracheal intubation are associated also with high...
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bobik P, Siemiątkowski A Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

[Exercise-induced urticaria and angioedema - case report].
Abstract Urticaria is a heterogeneous group of disorders, with various clinical manifestations and intensity of symptoms. Urticaria can be induced with a wide variety of environmental stimuli, such as cold, pressure, vibration, sunlight, exercise, temperature changes, heat, and water. In a select group of patients, exercise can induce a spectrum of urticaria symptoms, ranging from cutaneous pruritus and warmth, generalised urticaria, angioedema, and the appearance of such additional manifestations as collapse, upper respiratory distress, and anaphylaxis. Specific provocation tests should be carried out on an indivi...
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Stelmach I, Sztafińska A, Lechańka J, Balcerak J, Jerzyńska J Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

[Pneumocystis pneumonia in HIV-infected patients with cytomegalovirus co-infection. Two case reports and a literature review].
Abstract Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) is one of the infectious lung diseases diagnosed in HIV-infected patients. The pathogen responsible for the development of this opportunistic infection is an atypical fungus called Pneumocystis jiroveci. PCP remains the most common disorder diagnosed at the onset of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), especially in individuals not aware of their HIV infection. The most important risk factor of PCP development in HIV-infected person is the decrease of T CD4+ cell number below 200/mcL. Clinical symptoms consist of: chronic cough, dyspnoea and weakness. Arterial blood gas a...
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Polaczek MM, Zych J, Oniszh K, Szopiński J, Grudny J, Roszkowski-Śliż K Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's granulomatosis) with hard palate and bronchial perforations treated with rituximab - a case report.
We present a case of a 57-year-old woman suffering from granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA), who in the seventh months of immunosuppressive treatment (cyclophosphamide) progressed with new pulmonary changes and perforations of the hard palate and bronchi. Rituximab was introduced resulting in B-cell depletion and disappearance of anti-PR3 antibody. Palatal holes have substantially diminished and all bronchial perforations disappeared, covered by fibrous tissue. In the fourth month after rituximab administration, large scarring obstruction of the right main bronchus with upper and middle lobes atelectasis emerged. Becaus...
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kosałka J, Bazan-Socha S, Zugaj A, Ignacak M, Zuk J, Sokołowska B, Musiał J Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Immediate hypersensitivity reaction with mango.
We report a 50-year-old man with immediate type I hypersensitivity to mango, who developed cough, wheezing dyspnoea, generalised itching and abdominal discomfort after ingestion of mango. Life threatening event can also happen making it imperative to diagnose on time, so as to prevent significant morbidity and potential mortality. PMID: 25133813 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Shah A, Gera K Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

[Methodological recommendations for the diagnostics of EGFR gene mutations and ALK gene rearrangement in the selection of non-small-cell lung cancer patients to molecularly targeted therapies].
We present Polish methodological recommendations for molecular analysis of EGFR and ALK genetic abnormalities. Recommendations specify clinical indications for testing, sample types and handling, as well as requirements for laboratories performing molecular diagnostics. PMID: 25133812 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Krawczyk P, Chorostowska-Wynimko J, Dziadziuszko R, Jassem J, Krzakowski M, Langfort R, Puacz E, Wasąg B, Wojas-Krawczyk K Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Detecting Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex DNA, based on post-mortem examination of hilar lymph nodes with real-time PCR: initial study.
CONCLUSIONS: Real-time PCR Xpert MTB/RIF was capable of detecting M. tuberculosis complex DNA in a patient with tuberculosis recognised on autopsy. In the remaining patients, no M. tuberculosis complex DNA was found, in accordance with negative results of histological examination. Since the technology of cartridges has changed, it is no longer possible to use real-time PCR Xpert MTB/RIF (Cepheid USA) on post-mortem material. PMID: 25133811 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rzechorzek W, Szańkowska M, Szczepankiewicz B, Cyran-Chlebicka A, Safianowska A Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Prognostic value of serum C-reactive protein (CRP) and cytokeratin 19 fragments (Cyfra 21-1) but not carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) in surgically treated patients with non-small cell lung cancer.
CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, concerning surgically treated NSCLC patients, preoperative CRP > 10 mg/L and Cyfra 21-1 > 2 ng/mL were the only negative prognostic indicators, while pT and p-stage were significant postoperative prognostic indicators. PMID: 25133810 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Szturmowicz M, Rudziński P, Kacprzak A, Langfort R, Bestry I, Broniarek-Samson B, Orłowski T Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Stratification of patients with COPD according to the 2011 GOLD report.
CONCLUSIONS: The COPD population is heterogeneous in reference to the symptoms, value of FEV1, and susceptibility to exacerbations. Clinical symptoms assessed using validated questionnaires characterized COPD patients better than the value of spirometric parameters (which are necessary for diagnosis of this disease). Some patients were difficult to classify, especially those belonging to category C. PMID: 25133809 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Grzelewska-Rzymowska I, Patora-Mikołajczyk J, Górski P Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Bronchoscopy in immediate diagnosis of smear negative tuberculosis.
CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study suggests an important place of bronchoscopy in immediate diagnosis of suspected smear negative tuberculosis, thus avoiding inadvertent delays in diagnosing and instituting appropriate treatment. PMID: 25133808 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kumar R, Singh M, Gupta N, Goel N Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Epidemiological situation of tuberculosis in Poland: Part II. What are the causes of the different epidemiological situation in various regions of Poland?
CONCLUSIONS: In conclusion, the greater number of patients lost from observation, together with the higher density of population in the regions from Group I in comparison with those from Group II, seems to be partly responsible for the difference in the epidemiological situation in the two regions. It is also possible that some patients from Group I are more susceptible to infection and disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis due to their ancestors, who lived in the east of Europe. PMID: 25133807 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rowińska-Zakrzewska E, Korzeniewska-Koseła M, Roszkowski-Śliż K Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

[Changes in the newest recommendations on Asthma Management and Prevention - GINA Report 2014. What should we pay attention to?].
PMID: 25133806 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska)
Source: Pneumonologia i Alergologia Polska - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kupryś-Lipińska I, Kuna P Tags: Pneumonol Alergol Pol Source Type: research

Pain and cardiorespiratory responses of children during physiotherapy after heart surgery
Conclusion: Manipulation after the beginning of physiotherapy seems to be accompanied by significant pain and by important associated cardiovascular changes. Apparent analgesia and improved respiratory function were observed after respiratory physiotherapy. Objetivo: O objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar as ocorrências de dor e as alterações na pressão arterial, frequência cardíaca, frequência respiratória, saturação arterial de oxigênio associadas à fisioterapia em crianças no pós-operatório de cirurgia cardíaca. Métodos: Em dezoito crianças entubadas, foram avaliadas a dor pela escala face, pernas, ativi...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - August 20, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

Preoperative therapy restores ventilatory parameters and reduces length of stay in patients undergoing myocardial revascularization
Conclusion: Physical therapy plays an important role in the preoperative period, so that individuals in the intervention group more readily restored the parameters evaluated before surgery, in addition, there was a decrease in the time of the postoperative hospital stay. Thus, it is thought the cost-effectiveness of a program of preoperative physiotherapy. Introdução: Procedimentos cirúrgicos aumentaram progressivamente nas últimas décadas, inclusive a revascularização do miocárdio(RM). Objetivos: Demonstrar a importância da fisioterapia no préoperatório de cirurgia cardíaca, em relação à redução do tempo...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular - August 20, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Source Type: research

The psychometric properties of the St George’s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a literature review
Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) is particularly important in patients with progressive and incurable diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The St George?s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) has frequently been used to measure HRQL in patients with IPF, but it was developed for patients with obstructive lung diseases. The aim of this review was to examine published data on the psychometric performance of the SGRQ in patients with IPF. A comprehensive search was conducted to identify studies reporting data on the internal consistency, construct validity, test-retest reliability, and interpre...
Source: BioMed Central - August 20, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Jeffrey J SwigrisDirk EsserCraig S ConoscentiKevin K Brown Source Type: research

In this issue of Occupational Medicine
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hobson, J. Tags: In This Issue Source Type: research

Consent for release of confidential information--ethics in context?
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lloyd, S. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Tom Roberts, Shearing the Rams 1890
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: McKiernan, M. Tags: Art and occupation Source Type: research

Factors influencing return to work after hip and knee replacement
Conclusions There is a need for further qualitative work on how and why these factors influence employment outcomes. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Malviya, A., Wilson, G., Kleim, B., Kurtz, S. M., Deehan, D. Tags: Rheumatological disorders, The young worker In-depth review Source Type: research

Occupational Medicine Calendar
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Calendar Source Type: research

Workaholism: are physicians at risk?
Conclusions WA especially affects professors, who have the highest status amongst doctors in the hospital hierarchy. This study highlights the importance of constraints and workload, which are consistent with individual vulnerability factors. These factors may help identify ways of preventing and managing this type of addiction, through improvement of working conditions and organizational structures. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rezvani, A., Bouju, G., Keriven-Dessomme, B., Moret, L., Grall-Bronnec, M. Tags: Mental health Original Paper Source Type: research

Self-reported and employer-recorded sickness absence in doctors
Conclusions Doctors’ sickness absence was significantly under-recorded in this study population. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Murphy, I. J. Tags: Healthcare workers Original Paper Source Type: research

Cancer incidence and mortality in serving whole-time Scottish firefighters 1984-2005
Conclusions These results are generally consistent with other studies of firefighters. The most common tumours were generally those associated with young and middle-aged men. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ide, C. W. Tags: Occupational cancers, Renal and urological disorders, Fire and rescue service Original Paper Source Type: research

Duty-related risk of sudden cardiac death among young US firefighters
Conclusions The performance of strenuous emergency duties is strongly associated with an increased risk of SCD among young firefighters, particularly among those with a history of cardiovascular disease. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Farioli, A., Yang, J., Teehan, D., Baur, D. M., Smith, D. L., Kales, S. N. Tags: Fire and rescue service Original Paper Source Type: research

Effect of unemployment on cardiovascular risk factors and mental health
Conclusions The patterns of major cardiovascular risk factors differed between unemployed and employed individuals in Poland. Our observations suggest employment status is a predictor of specific disease risk profiles; consequently, specific preventive measures are needed in unemployed individuals. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Zagozdzon, P., Parszuto, J., Wrotkowska, M., Dydjow-Bendek, D. Tags: Mental health Original Paper Source Type: research

Health and safety legislation
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gibson, M. Tags: Filler Source Type: research

Pneumoconiosis in dental technicians: HRCT and pulmonary function findings
Conclusions Pneumoconiosis identified by HRCT was present in almost half of DPTs surveyed. Appropriate education and workplace protection should be given to DPTs in order to prevent exposure to hazardous materials in dental prosthetics laboratories. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kahraman, H., Koksal, N., Cinkara, M., Ozkan, F., Sucakli, M. H., Ekerbicer, H. Tags: Respiratory Disorders Original Paper Source Type: research

The Ontario Workplace Health Champions Program
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Holness, D. L., Liss, G. Tags: Filler Source Type: research

Epilepsy, diabetes mellitus and accidental injury at work
Conclusions No evidence was found that diabetes or epilepsy are important contributors to workplace injury in Britain. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Palmer, K. T., D'Angelo, S., Harris, E. C., Linaker, C., Coggon, D. Tags: Neurological disorders, Endocrine disorders Original Paper Source Type: research

The raincoat sign
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hobson, J. Tags: Filler Source Type: research

Neurodegenerative disease and magnetic field exposure in UK electricity supply workers
Conclusions There is no convincing evidence that UK electricity generation and transmission workers have suffered elevated risks from neurodegenerative diseases as a consequence of exposure to magnetic fields. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sorahan, T., Mohammed, N. Tags: Neurological disorders Original Paper Source Type: research

Fitness, obesity and risk of heat illness among army trainees
Conclusions This study demonstrated that fitness and body fat are independently associated with incident EHI, and the effect of both was substantially higher. Those with low fitness levels and/or obesity should be evaluated further before engaging in intense physical activity, especially in warmer months. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bedno, S. A., Urban, N., Boivin, M. R., Cowan, D. N. Tags: Heat Original Paper Source Type: research

Fifty years ago: 'Occupational health: An employer's view'
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Filler Source Type: research

Chronic paronychia in a hairdresser
We report an unusual case of chronic paronychia in a female hairdresser which occurred as a consequence of a hair shaft penetrating beneath the nail fold. Personal hygiene with thorough removal of any hairs that have penetrated the epidermis and wearing clean gloves can prevent the condition. We suggest that clinicians should be aware of the types of occupation and mechanisms involved in patients developing chronic paronychia. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Allouni, A., Yousif, A., Akhtar, S. Tags: Biological/occupational infections Case Report Source Type: research

Sensitization to pets in pet shop workers
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Liccardi, G., Steinhilber, G., Meriggi, A., Sapio, C., D'Amato, G. Tags: Respiratory Disorders, Women at work, Dusts and particles Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Reply
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yilmaz, I., Oner Erkekol, F., Secil, D., Misirligil, Z., Mungan, D. Tags: Respiratory Disorders Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Bronchiolitis obliterans
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Guidotti, T. L. Tags: Respiratory Disorders, Gases Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The CAGE questionnaire
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Williams, N. Tags: Mental health Questionnaire Review Source Type: research

The Oxford Handbook of Health Communication, Behavior Change, and Treatment Adherence
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Williams, N. Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Untitled
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is characterized by expiratory flow limitation, causing air trapping and lung hyperinflation. Hyperinflation leads to reduced exercise tolerance and poor quality of life in COPD patients. Total lung capacity (TLC) is an indicator of hyperinflation particularly in subjects with moderate-to-severe airflow obstruction. The aim of our study was to identify genetic variants associated with TLC in COPD. Methods: We performed genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in white subjects from three cohorts: the COPDGene Study; the Evaluation of COPD Longitudinally to Identify Pr...
Source: Respiratory Research - August 20, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jin LeeMerry-Lynn McDonaldMichael ChoEmily WanPeter CastaldiGary HunninghakeNathaniel MarchettiDavid LynchJames CrapoDavid LomasHarvey CoxsonPer BakkeEdwin SilvermanCraig Hersh Source Type: research

The psychometric properties of the St George¿s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: a literature review
Assessment of health-related quality of life (HRQL) is particularly important in patients with progressive and incurable diseases such as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The St George?s Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ) has frequently been used to measure HRQL in patients with IPF, but it was developed for patients with obstructive lung diseases. The aim of this review was to examine published data on the psychometric performance of the SGRQ in patients with IPF. A comprehensive search was conducted to identify studies reporting data on the internal consistency, construct validity, test-retest reliability, and interpre...
Source: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes - August 20, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Jeffrey SwigrisDirk EsserCraig ConoscentiKevin Brown Source Type: research