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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 4.

Disseminated cryptococcosis presenting as mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy in an immunocompetent patient
Abstract We herein report a rare case of disseminated cryptococcosis presenting as mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy in a young immunocompetent man. A previously healthy 26‐year‐old man presented with persistent headache and nonproductive cough. Chest computed tomography indicated mediastinal and hilar lymphadenopathy. Cryptococcal lymphadenitis and meningitis was confirmed by endobronchial ultrasound‐guided transbronchial needle aspiration and central spinal fluid examination, respectively. He received liposomal amphotericin B and flucytosine followed by fluconazole and finally improved. We encountered a rare c...
Source: Respirology Case Reports - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yasushi Murakami, Masahide Oki, Hideo Saka, Shigehisa Kajikawa, Ayuka Murakami, Akane Ishida Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Functions of the placenta
Publication date: Available online 25 May 2016 Source:Anaesthesia & Intensive Care Medicine Author(s): Leo Donnelly, Gillian Campling The placenta is an ephemeral materno-fetal organ with chorionic (fetal) villi bathed in maternal blood spaces, which allows restricted transfer of metabolites and drugs across specialized transfer areas. The placenta develops respiratory, nutritive and excretory functions while the fetal organs mature, and is also an important endocrine organ. (Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine)
Source: Anaesthesia and intensive care medicine - May 26, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Sedation in children undergoing magnetic resonance imaging comparative study between dexmedetomidine and ketamine
Conclusion Dexmedetomidine provided adequate sedation in most of the children without hemodynamic or respiratory embarrassment, in comparison with ketamine which provided adequate sedation but with delayed discharge time and more side effects. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia - May 26, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Transcatheter Patent Ductus Arteriosus Occlusion in Small Infants
ConclusionsIn our cohort of symptomatic infants, transcatheter PDA occlusion was successful in most and a ratio of minimum PDA diameter/length of <0.4 was predictive of technical success. Using a surrogate for pulmonary support, the majority of patients were on less support 7 days after closure. (Source: Congenital Heart Disease)
Source: Congenital Heart Disease - May 26, 2016 Category: Cardiology Authors: Matthew C. Schwartz, David Nykanen, Lawrence H. Winner, Jose Perez, Michael McMahan, Hamish M. Munro, Sukumar Suguna Narasimhulu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Organic cation rhodamines for screening organic cation transporters in early stages of drug development
Publication date: Available online 26 May 2016 Source:Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods Author(s): Malachy C. Ugwu, Angus Oli, Charles O. Esimone, Remigius U. Agu The aim of this study was to investigate the suitability of rhodamine-123, rhodamine-6G and rhodamine B as non-radioactive probes for characterizing organic cation transporters in respiratory cells. Fluorescent characteristics of the compounds were validated under standard in vitro drug transport conditions (buffers, pH, and light). Uptake/transport kinetics and intracellular accumulation of the compounds were investigated. Uptake/transpo...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods - May 26, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

A case of a chlorine inhalation injury in an Ebola treatment unit
We present a 26-year-old male British military nurse, deployed to Sierra Leone to treat patients with Ebola virus disease at the military-run Kerry Town Ebola Treatment Unit. Following exposure to chlorine gas during routine maintenance procedures, the patient had an episode of respiratory distress and briefly lost consciousness after exiting the facility. Diagnoses of reactive airways disease, secondary to the chlorine exposure and a hypocapnic syncopal episode were made. The patient was resuscitated with minimal intervention and complete recovery occurred in less than 1 week. This case highlights the issues of using...
Source: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps - May 26, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Carpenter, A., Cox, A. T., Marion, D., Phillips, A., Ewington, I. Tags: Infectious diseases, Nursing Case report Source Type: research

Does continuous positive airway pressure for extubation in congenital tracheoesophageal fistula increase the risk of anastomotic leak? A retrospective cohort study
ConclusionThe use of CPAP in the immediate post‐extubation period after corrective surgery for TEF/EA appears to be safe and may not be associated with increased risk of AL or recurrence of the fistula. Information from other centres, surveys and large databases is needed to define the benefits and risks of use of CPAP in these infants. (Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health)
Source: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health - May 26, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Piyush S Shah, Parshotam Gera, Ian J Gollow, Shripada C Rao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

An innovative COPD early detection programme in general practice: evaluating barriers to implementation
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, Published online: 26 May 2016; doi:10.1038/npjpcrm.2016.29 (Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine)
Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine - May 26, 2016 Category: Primary Care Authors: Joseph AM DirvenAlbine MoserHuibert J TangeJean WM MurisOnno CP van Schayck Source Type: research

Content and quality of websites supporting self-management of chronic breathlessness in advanced illness: a systematic review
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, Published online: 26 May 2016; doi:10.1038/npjpcrm.2016.25 (Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine)
Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine - May 26, 2016 Category: Primary Care Authors: Tim LuckettRebecca DislerAnnmarie HosieMiriam JohnsonPatricia DavidsonDavid CurrowAnthony SumahJane Phillips Source Type: research

Inhaler technique: facts and fantasies. A view from the Aerosol Drug Management Improvement Team (ADMIT)
npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine, Published online: 26 May 2016; doi:10.1038/npjpcrm.2016.28 (Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine)
Source: npj Primary Care Respiratory Medicine - May 26, 2016 Category: Primary Care Authors: Mark L LevyPNR DekhuijzenPJ BarnesM BroedersCJ CorriganBL ChawesL CorbettaJC DubusTh HausenF LavoriniN RocheJ SanchisOmar S UsmaniJ ViejoW VinckenTh VoshaarGK CromptonSoren Pedersen Source Type: research

IL‐10 gene polymorphism is associated with preschool atopy and early‐life recurrent wheezing after bronchiolitis in infancy
ConclusionsIL‐10 polymorphisms at rs1800871, rs1800872, rs1800890, and rs1800896 seem to be associated with elevated allergies and/or recurrent wheezing risk in later childhood, after early‐life bronchiolitis. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016; 9999:XX–XX. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Matti Korppi, Kirsi Nuolivirta, Eero Lauhkonen, Annukka Holster, Johanna Teräsjärvi, Juho Vuononvirta, Merja Helminen, Qiushui He, Petri Koponen Tags: Original Article: Asthma Source Type: research

Bronchiolitis: Analysis of 10 consecutive epidemic seasons
Summary Bronchiolitis is the leading cause of hospitalization in infants under 12 months. Our aims were to analyze epidemiological characteristics of infants with bronchiolitis over 10 consecutive seasons and to evaluate whether there are any clinical differences between infants hospitalized for bronchiolitis during epidemic peak months and infants in non‐peak months. We enrolled consecutive enrolled 723 previously healthy term infants hospitalized at the Paediatric Emergency Department, “Sapienza” University of Rome over the period 2004–2014. Fourteen respiratory viruses were detected from nasopharyngeal aspirates...
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Giulia Cangiano, Raffaella Nenna, Antonella Frassanito, Melania Evangelisti, Ambra Nicolai, Carolina Scagnolari, Alessandra Pierangeli, Guido Antonelli, Paola Papoff, Laura Petrarca, Paolo Capocaccia, Corrado Moretti, Fabio Midulla Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The burden of community‐managed acute respiratory infections in the first 2‐years of life
ConclusionsARIs are a common cause of morbidity in the first 2‐years of life, with children experiencing 13 discrete ARI episodes and almost 5‐months of respiratory symptoms. Most ARIs are managed in the community by parents and family physicians. Antibiotic prescribing remains common for ARIs in young children. Secular societal changes, including greater use of childcare in early childhood, may have maintained the high ARI incidence in this age‐group. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016; 9999:XX–XX. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mohinder Sarna, Robert S. Ware, Theo P. Sloots, Michael D. Nissen, Keith Grimwood, Stephen B. Lambert Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cardiopulmonary exercise performance is reduced in congenital diaphragmatic hernia survivors
ConclusionMore than half of CDH survivors continue to have chronic pulmonary disease. CDH survivors had lower aerobic exercise capacity than controls. Self‐reporting information on daily activities may identify CDH patients with low who may benefit from physical training. Pediatr Pulmonol.. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Katarina Bojanić, Ruža Grizelj, Daniel Dilber, Dalibor Šarić, Jurica Vuković, Paolo T. Pianosi, David J. Driscoll, Toby N. Weingarten, Ena Pritišanac, Darrell R. Schroeder, Juraj Sprung Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Accuracy of clinical swallowing evaluation for diagnosis of dysphagia in children with laryngomalacia or glossoptosis
ConclusionsDysphagia was highly prevalent in this sample. The sensitivity of clinical evaluation to detect laryngeal penetration and tracheal aspiration was low, as the majority of aspiration events were silent. The videofluoroscopic study is important in order to determine a safest method to feed the patient. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Marisa Gasparin, Cláudia Schweiger, Denise Manica, Antônio Carlos Maciel, Gabriel Kuhl, Deborah Salle Levy, Paulo José Cauduro Marostica Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Blunted blood pressure response during hyperpnoea in endurance runners
Publication date: August 2016 Source:Respiratory Physiology &amp; Neurobiology, Volume 230 Author(s): Yuka Itoh, Keisho Katayama, Erika Iwamoto, Kazushige Goto, Yasuhiro Suzuki, Toshiyuki Ohya, Kenji Takao, Koji Ishida The purpose of this study was to elucidate the cardiovascular response during hyperpnoea in endurance-trained runners compared to sedentary controls. Twelve runners and ten sedentary individuals participated in this study. A maximal respiratory endurance test (MRET) was performed as follows: target minute ventilation was initially set at 30% of maximal voluntary ventilation (MVV12) and was incr...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The hypometabolic response to repeated or prolonged hypoxic episodes in the chicken embryo
Publication date: August 2016 Source:Respiratory Physiology &amp; Neurobiology, Volume 230 Author(s): Ryoji Ide, Satoko Tomita Ide, Jacopo P. Mortola Hypoxia (hx) in embryos causes a drop in oxygen consumption ( V ˙ O 2 ) that rapidly recovers upon return to normoxia. We asked whether or not this pattern varies with the embryo's hypoxic history. The V ˙ O 2 of chicken embryos in the middle (E12) or at end-incubation (E19) was measured by an open-flow methodology during 15-min epochs of moderate (15% O2) or severe hx (10% O2). Each hx-epoch was repeated or alternated with air by various modalities (ai...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Changes in vagal afferent drive alter tracheobronchial coughing in anesthetized cats
Publication date: August 2016 Source:Respiratory Physiology &amp; Neurobiology, Volume 230 Author(s): Michal Simera, Ivan Poliacek, Marcel Veternik, Lucia Babalova, Zuzana Kotmanova, Jan Jakus Unilateral cooling of the vagus nerve (&lt;5°C, blocking mainly conductivity of myelinated fibers) and unilateral vagotomy were employed to reduce cough afferent drive in order to evaluate the effects of these interventions on the temporal features of the cough reflex. Twenty pentobarbitone anesthetized, spontaneously breathing cats were used. Cough was induced by mechanical stimulation of the tracheobronchial airway...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Interleukin-1β and interleukin-6 enhance thermal prolongation of the LCR in decerebrate piglets
We examined the effects of intraperitoneal (I.P.) injections of 0.3mg/Kg IL-1β with or without I.P. 10mg/Kg indomethacin pretreatment on the duration of the LCR, and in the same animals we also examined the duration of the LCR when body temperature was elevated approximately 2°C. We found that IL-1β significantly increased the duration of the LCR even when body temperature was held constant. There was a significant multiplicative effect when elevated body temperature was combined with IL-1β treatment: prolongation of the LCR was significantly greater than the sum of independent thermal and IL-1β-induced prolongations ...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Diffuse Alveolar Hemorrhage Secondary to Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibody–Associated Vasculitis: Predictors of Respiratory Failure and Clinical Outcomes
ConclusionOur findings indicate that the most important predictor of respiratory failure in patients with DAH secondary to AAV is the degree of hypoxemia upon presentation. No clear benefit of the addition of PE to standard remission induction therapy was demonstrated. Complete remission by 6 months was achieved at a higher rate with rituximab than with cyclophosphamide in patients with DAH secondary to AAV, including those needing mechanical ventilation. (Source: Arthritis and Rheumatism)
Source: Arthritis and Rheumatism - May 26, 2016 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Rodrigo Cartin‐Ceba, Luis Diaz‐Caballero, Mazen O. Al‐Qadi, Stavros Tryfon, Fernando C. Fervenza, Steven R. Ytterberg, Ulrich Specks Tags: Vasculitis Source Type: research

Alkaline phosphatase activity in airway fluid obtained by tracheal wash from adult horses
ConclusionsDetermining tracheal wash ALP activity is a simple, inexpensive and safe technique that can be used to facilitate the early diagnosis of equine respiratory disease, since it is higher in asymptomatic adult horses with a TW cytology profile consistent with LRT inflammation than in healthy adult horses with a normal TW cytology profile. (Source: Veterinary Clinical Pathology)
Source: Veterinary Clinical Pathology - May 26, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Authors: Vanessa Viscardi, Maria Luisa L. A. Jorge, Katia M. Silva, Eliene P. Sad, Ana Beatriz M. Fonseca, Nayro X. Alencar, Daniel Augusto B. Lessa Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Impaired antibody response and phagocytosis in goats fed a diet low in cobalt
Publication date: Available online 26 May 2016 Source:Small Ruminant Research Author(s): Eugene H. Johnson, Khalid Al-Habsi, Rashid Al-Busaidi, Mohammed Al-Abri Cobalt (Co) is utilized by rumen microflora to produce vitamin B12. The aim of the present study was to determine whether feeding newly-weaned goats a diet containing low levels of Co results in impairment of neutrophil function, antibody production and/or lymphocyte proliferative responses. Forty, ten week old goats were fed a commercially-prepared concentrate (150g/day) and Rhodesgrass hay ad libitum. This diet contained Co at &lt;0.1mg/kg dry matter. T...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - May 26, 2016 Category: Zoology Source Type: research

Extended total arch replacement via the L-incision approach: single-stage repair for extensive aneurysms of the aortic arch
CONCLUSIONS A combination of left anterior thoracotomy and upper median sternotomy can be applied to the single-stage repair of extended aneurysms with acceptable results in appropriately selected patients. (Source: Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery)
Source: Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery - May 26, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tokuda, Y., Oshima, H., Narita, Y., Abe, T., Mutsuga, M., Fujimoto, K., Terazawa, S., Ito, H., Hibino, M., Uchida, W., Komori, K., Usui, A. Tags: Pericardium Adult Cardiac Source Type: research

Abstract A12: Regulation of the mitochondrial stress response and metabolism by the intraperitoneal tumor environment during ovarian cancer transcoelomic metastasis
Transcoelomic metastasis represents one of the routes by which ovarian cancer cells colonize the omental tissues of the intraperitoneal (IP) cavity. Large quantities of viable tumor cells and spheroid aggregates can be isolated from ascites of advanced stage ovarian cancer patients, suggesting that cancer cells spend some time in anchorage independence under the physical and chemical influence of the IP tumor environment. Using ovarian cancer cell lines and patient ascites-derived tumor cells we demonstrate that levels of the mitochondrial stress response proteins, superoxide dismutase 2 (Sod2) and the deacetylase sirtuin ...
Source: Cancer Research - May 26, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Shin, D.-H., Jones, V., Shimko, S., Dier, U., Shepherd, T., Patrick, T., Hempel, N. Tags: Systemic Influences in Tumor Metastasis Source Type: research

Impact of delirium on weaning from mechanical ventilation in medical patients
(Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Alejandro Ubeda, Laura Alonso, Antonio Esquinas Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Is obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in children season dependent?
Conclusion In this study, season does not appear to affect the rate of diagnosis of significant OSA in children. Re-evaluation during a different season is unlikely to provide different results and may postpone surgery unnecessarily. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The association between ophthalmologic diseases and obstructive sleep apnea: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Conclusions Our results suggest significant associations between OSA and glaucoma, NAION, CSR, and FES. Screening for OSA should be considered in patients with glaucoma, NAION, CSR, or FES. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - May 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Assessment of the contribution of cocoa-derived strains of Acetobacter ghanensis and Acetobacter senegalensis to the cocoa bean fermentation process through a genomic approach.
Abstract Acetobacter ghanensis LMG 23848(T) and Acetobacter senegalensis 108B are acetic acid bacteria that originate from a spontaneous cocoa bean heap fermentation process and that have been characterised as strains with interesting functionalities through metabolic and kinetic studies. As there is currently little genetic information available for these species, whole-genome sequencing of A. ghanensis LMG 23848(T) and A. senegalensis 108B and subsequent data analysis was performed. This approach not only revealed characteristics such as the metabolic potential and genomic architecture, but also allowed to indi...
Source: Food Microbiology - May 25, 2016 Category: Food Science Authors: Illeghems K, Pelicaen R, De Vuyst L, Weckx S Tags: Food Microbiol Source Type: research

School attendance and daily respiratory symptoms in children: influence of moisture damage
ConclusionsSymptoms were less frequent and/or severe during summer holiday and weekends. This pattern was stronger among children attending moisture damaged schools, suggesting potential improvement of moisture damage related symptoms.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Indoor Air)
Source: Indoor Air - May 25, 2016 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Lidia Casas, Ana Espinosa, Juha Pekkanen, Arja Asikainen, Alícia Borràs‐Santos, José Jacobs, Esmeralda Krop, Martin Täubel, Anne Hyvärinen, Dick Heederik, Jan‐Paul Zock Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Should Oral Contrast Be Omitted in Patients with Suspected Appendicitis?
Conclusions The use of oral contrast is not necessary for an accurate diagnosis of appendicitis and may be associated with higher complication rates, longer hospital stays, and poor outcomes. (Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery)
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - May 25, 2016 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Effect of Intermittent Hypoxic Training Followed by Intermittent Hypoxic Exposure on Aerobic Capacity of Long Distance Runners
In conclusion, IHT induced further aerobic improvements than NT. These additional IHT adaptations were maintained for 4 weeks post-IHT, regardless of IHE. (Source: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research)
Source: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research - May 25, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effects of Cycling vs. Running Training on Endurance Performance in Preparation for Inline Speed Skating
Abstract: Stangier, C, Abel, T, Hesse, C, Claßen, S, Mierau, J, Hollmann, W, and Strüder, HK. Effects of cycling vs. running training on endurance performance in preparation for inline speed skating. J Strength Cond Res 30(6): 1597–1606, 2016—Winter weather conditions restrict regular sport-specific endurance training in inline speed skating. As a result, this study was designed to compare the effects of cycling and running training programs on inline speed skaters' endurance performance. Sixteen (8 men, 8 women) high-level athletes (mean ± SD 24 ± 8 years) were randomly assigned to 1 of 2 groups (running and cycli...
Source: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research - May 25, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Mometasone furoate nasal spray for the treatment of asthma.
Authors: Meteran H, Vibeke B Abstract INTRODUCTION: Asthma is a common respiratory disease characterized by airway inflammation, bronchoconstriction and airway hyperresponsiveness and symptoms such as coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath and chest tightness. Allergic rhinitis is a common comorbidity in asthma and glucocorticoids are the key stone in the treatment of both diseases. Mometasone furoate is a potent synthetic steroid with a very high receptor affinity and a low bioavailability and shown to be superior compared to other inhaled corticosteroids. It is not clear whether the use of mometasone furoate nas...
Source: Expert Opinion on Investigational Drugs - May 25, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Investig Drugs Source Type: research

Extracorporeal circuit for Panton-Valentine leukocidin-producing Staphylococcus aureus necrotizing pneumonia.
CONCLUSION: PVL-SA pneumonia is characterized by extensive parenchymal injuries, including necrotic and hemorrhagic complications. ECMO may be used as a salvage treatment without any associated hemorrhagic complication, provided anticoagulant therapy is carefully monitored, and may lead to complete pulmonary recovery at six months. PMID: 27210282 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - May 25, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Evaluating antibiotic therapies prescribed to adult patients in the emergency department.
CONCLUSION: Antibiotic prescriptions written to outpatients in the emergency department are often inadequate. Enhancing prescribers' training and handing out guidelines is therefore necessary. The quality of these prescriptions should then be re-assessed. PMID: 27210280 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses)
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - May 25, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research

Clinical, Laboratory, and Placental Findings in Perinatal Listeriosis.
In conclusion, perinatal listeriosis is still associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Clinical and laboratory findings are highly heterogeneous, but extreme leukocyte left shift seems to be a common feature. PMID: 27212240 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology)
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - May 25, 2016 Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research

Evaluation of the efficacy of atosiban in pregnant women with threatened preterm labor associated with assisted reproductive technology.
CONCLUSIONS: Administration of atosiban has a comparatively better effect than that of ritodrine on pregnant women who underwent ART and is safe and effective at preventing immediate preterm birth. Atosiban is significantly better than ritodrine at reducing the rates of perinatal mortality and neonatal pneumonia, and the perinatal outcomes for those who began to use atosiban at a gestational age of fewer than 28 weeks were even better. PMID: 27212183 [PubMed - in process] (Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences)
Source: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences - May 25, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci Source Type: research

Optimizing the use of intravenous magnesium sulfate for acute asthma treatment in children
ConclusionsWe suggest that optimized dosing regimens could be developed using a linked pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic modeling and simulation approach. We propose the factors that should be considered in future clinical trial design in order to better understand the use of IV MgSO4 in pediatric acute asthma. Pediatr Pulmonol. 2016; 9999:XX–XX. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Xiaoxi Liu, Tian Yu, Joseph E. Rower, Sarah C. Campbell, Catherine M.T. Sherwin, Michael D. Johnson Tags: Review Source Type: research

Responsiveness and Minimally Important Difference of the 6-Minute Stepper Test in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Conclusion: The 6MST appears to be as responsive as the 6MWT in assessing functional improvement during PR in patients with COPD. The 6MST is a low-cost assessment and requires limited space.Respiration 2016;91:367-373 (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

A Review of the Ultrasound Assessment of Diaphragmatic Function in Clinical Practice
Ultrasonography is the only non-invasive, non-ionizing imaging technique widely available to directly assess diaphragmatic function. Two different sonographic approaches permit the assessment of muscle thickening in the zone of apposition and excursion of the dome of the diaphragm. Thanks to the new hand-held ultrasound instruments, the morphology and function of the diaphragm can be assessed in different settings, such as outpatient clinic, pulmonary function test laboratory, hospital department and intensive care unit, and under different conditions. Despite the existence of different acoustic views and several codified ...
Source: Respiration - May 25, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research