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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 4.

The effects of cardiopulmonary bypass on pulmonary function during robotic cardiac surgery.
CONCLUSIONS: In robotic cardiac surgery under the conditions of OLV and carbon dioxide pneumothorax, CPB worsened pulmonary function and tolerance to OLV and carbon dioxide pneumothorax. PMID: 25784166 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Perfusion)
Source: Perfusion - March 20, 2015 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Wang G, Xiao S, Gao C Tags: Perfusion Source Type: research

The effect of rapid palatal expansion on sleep bruxism in children
Conclusion Most bruxers (65 %) reduced their RMMA episode index after expansion, but sleep and respiratory variables remained unchanged. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - March 20, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Mechanical ventilation modes for respiratory distress syndrome in infants: a systematic review and network meta-analysis
Conclusion: Compared with the SIMV + PSV ventilation mode, the TCPL, HFOV, SIMV + VG and V-C ventilation modes are associated with lower mortality. (Source: Critical Care)
Source: Critical Care - March 20, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Changsong WangLibo GuoChunjie ChiXiaoyang WangLei GuoWeiwei WangNana ZhaoYibo WangZhaodi ZhangEnyou Li Source Type: research

Validation of overnight oximetry to diagnose patients with moderate to severe obstructive sleep apnea
This study evaluates validity of overnight pulse oximetry as a diagnostic tool for moderate to severe OSA patients. Methods: A total of 699 patients with possible OSA were recruited for overnight oximetry and PSG examination at the Sleep Center of a University Hospital from Jan. 2004 to Dec. 2005. By excluding 23 patients with poor oximetry recording, poor EEG signals, or respiratory artifacts resulting in a total recording time less than 3 hours; 12 patients with total sleeping time (TST) less than 1 hour, possibly because of insomnia; and 48 patients whose ages less than 20 or more than 85 years old, data of 616 patie...
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - March 20, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Liang-Wen HangHsiang-Ling WangJen-Ho ChenJiin-Chyr HsuHsuan-Hung LinWei-Sheng ChungYung-Fu Chen Source Type: research

[In Depth] MERS surges again, but pandemic jitters ease
The number of infections of the deadly Middle East respiratory syndrome virus surges again in Saudi Arabia, but scientists are less worried that the virus will cause a pandemic than they were 3 years ago. Still, many details about the virus discovered in 2012 and harbored by camels are unclear. New research suggests that many more people than previously thought may have been infected with no or little symptoms. The best way to protect people may be a camel vaccine, and experiments to test two candidate vaccines in camels have just been finished in the United States and Europe. Author: Kai Kupferschmidt (Source: Science: Current Issue)
Source: Science: Current Issue - March 20, 2015 Category: Science Authors: Kai Kupferschmidt Tags: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

In ovo delivery of toll-like receptor 2 ligand, lipoteichoic acid induces pro-inflammatory mediators reducing post-hatch infectious laryngotracheitis virus infection
In this study, we investigated whether in ovo LTA delivery leads to the induction of antiviral responses against post-hatch infectious laryngotracheitis virus (ILTV) infection. We first delivered the LTA into embryo day (ED)18 eggs via in ovo route so that the compound is available at the respiratory mucosa. Then the LTA treated and control ED18 eggs were allowed to hatch and the hatched chicken was infected with ILTV intratracheally on the day of hatch. We found that in ovo delivered LTA reduces ILTV infection post-hatch. We also found that in ovo delivery of LTA significantly increases mRNA expression of pro-inflammatory...
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - March 20, 2015 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

A comparative study of the local cytokine response in the lungs of pigs experimentally infected with different PRRSV-1 strains: Upregulation of IL-1α in highly pathogenic strain induced lesions
In conclusion, the HP-PRRSV SU1-bel strain replicated more efficiently in the lung of infected animals and induced a higher expression of IL-1α than the other PRRSV-1-infected groups, which may have played a key role in the onset of the clinical signs and interstitial pneumonia. (Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology)
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - March 20, 2015 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Acute phase cytokines, TAC1, and toll-like receptor4 mRNA expression and health associated with group size in veal calves
In conclusion, the number of veal calves in a group, given the same space during the finishing period did not alter IL-1Ra, TNF-α, and TLR4 mRNA expression. However, housing of calves in groups of 8 was associated with greater expression of IL-1β and TAC1 mRNA in peripheral blood leukocytes, and coughing during the first 2 months after grouping. Therefore, housing of veal calves in larger groups may lead to greater susceptibility to respiratory disease and stress. (Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology)
Source: Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology - March 20, 2015 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Myasthenia Gravis Presenting as Persistent Unilateral Ptosis with Facial Droop
We describe an unusual case of MG presenting with an acute onset of persistent unilateral ptosis and ipsilateral facial droop without diurnal variation or other fluctuation in severity. (Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine)
Source: The Journal of Emergency Medicine - March 20, 2015 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Sean K. Golden, Chris J. Reiff, Chris J. Painter, Michael D. Repplinger Tags: Selected Topics: Neurological Emergencies Source Type: research

‘Curiouser and curiouser’: the role of vitamin D in the prevention of acute respiratory infection
(Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - March 20, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Adrian R. Martineau Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

A method for reporting and classifying acute infectious diseases in a prospective study of young children: TEDDY
Conclusions: The data reduction and categorization process developed by TEDDY enables analysis of single infectious agents as well as larger arrays of infectious agents or clinical disease entities. The preliminary descriptive analyses of the incidence of infections among TEDDY participants younger than 4 years fits well with general knowledge of infectious disease epidemiology. This protocol can be used as a template in forthcoming time-dependent TEDDY analyses and in other epidemiological studies. (Source: BMC Pediatrics)
Source: BMC Pediatrics - March 20, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Maria LönnrotKristian LynchHelena LarssonÅke LernmarkMarian RewersWilliam HagopianJin-Xiong SheOlli SimellAnette-G ZieglerBeena AkolkarJeffrey KrischerHeikki HyötyThe TEDDY study group Source Type: research

Lung Ultrasound: A Useful Tool for the Follow-Up of Neonatal Localized Interstitial Emphysema
A 33-week-old girl was admitted to the neonatal intensive care unit because of respiratory distress. A ground glass appearance and air bronchograms were seen on the chest radiograph (Figure, 1a). Lung ultrasound showed an alveolar interstitial syndrome pattern1: bilateral coalescent B-lines from the base to the apex and pleural thickness without spared areas (Figure, 1L and 1R). She required continuous positive airway pressure for 72 hours. (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - March 20, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Carla Balcells, Ruth del Río, Lucía Riaza, Mónica Rebollo, Javier Rodriguez-fanjul, Marta Camprubí Tags: Insights and Images Source Type: research

Clinical practice guidelines: Clinical approach to cough in children endorsed by the official statement of the Saudi Pediatric Pulmonology Association (SPPA)
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2015 Source:International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine Author(s): Haya Alsubaie , Abdullah Al-Shamrani , Adel S. Alharbi , Sami Alhaider Cough is the most common presenting symptom in primary care settings. Cough can impact a child's activity level and ability to sleep, play or attend school and is often a source of parental anxiety. Cough in children differs from that in adults in terms of presentation, etiology and management. The majority of cough attacks in children are related to previous upper respiratory tract infections and have a self-limited nature. C...
Source: International Journal of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine - March 20, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

Guillain-Barré Syndrome
Guillain-Barré syndrome and its clinical variants are a group of rapidly progressing, potentially debilitating neurologic disorders that may have significant morbidity/mortality if left unrecognized or untreated. The most common symptoms include ascending limb weakness and paralysis, which may progress to respiratory failure. Diagnosis is made clinically with laboratory testing. Several treatment options exist, including plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin administration. Most cases may resolve without sequelae, but those that do not may leave behind significant persistent debility. (Source: Primary Care: Clini...
Source: Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice - March 20, 2015 Category: Primary Care Authors: Vibhuti Ansar, Nojan Valadi Source Type: research

Irisin, a newly discovered myokine, is a novel biomarker associated with physical activity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
ConclusionsCirculating irisin could be used to evaluate physical activity in COPD patients and increased after an 8‐week exercise training. Serum irisin level may prove to be a valuable biomarker in clinical follow up of COPD. (Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - March 20, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Naoki Ijiri, Hiroshi Kanazawa, Kazuhisa Asai, Tetsuya Watanabe, Kazuto Hirata Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Host-pathogen interplay in the respiratory environment of cystic fibrosis
Significant advances have been made in the understanding of disease progression in cystic fibrosis (CF), revealing a complex interplay between host and pathogenic organisms. The diverse CF microbiota within the airway activates an aberrant immune response that is ineffective in clearing infection. An appreciation of how the CF host immune system interacts with these organisms is crucial to understanding the pathogenesis of CF pulmonary disease. Here we discuss the microbial complexity present in the lungs of individuals with CF, review emerging concepts of innate and adaptive immune responses to pathogens that chronically ...
Source: Journal of Cystic Fibrosis - March 20, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lael M. Yonker, Cristina Cigana, Bryan P. Hurley, Alessandra Bragonzi Tags: Review Source Type: research

Update on the pathogenesis and management of pneumonia in the elderly-roles of aspiration pneumonia
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2015 Source:Respiratory Investigation Author(s): Shinji Teramoto , Kazufumi Yoshida , Nobuyuki Hizawa Pneumonia in the elderly results in the highest mortality among cases of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). The pathophysiology of pneumonia in the elderly is primarily due to aspiration pneumonia (ASP). ASP comprises two pathological conditions: airspace infiltration with bacterial pathogens and dysphagia-associated miss-swallowing. The first-line therapy for the treatment of bacterial pneumonia in the elderly is a narrow spectrum of antibiotics, including sulbactam/ampicilli...
Source: Respiratory Investigation - March 20, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Esophageal atresia and transitional care—step 1: a systematic review and meta-analysis of the literature to define the prevalence of chronic long-term problems
Conclusions This is the first systematic review aiming to quantify the prevalence of the long-term problems associated with EA. The main active medical conditions (pooled estimated prevalence) identified were the following: dysphagia (50.3%), gastroesophageal reflux disease with (40.2%) or without (56.5%) histological esophagitis, recurrent respiratory tract infections (24.1%), doctor-diagnosed asthma (22.3%), persistent cough (14.6%), and wheeze (34.7%). The prevalence of Barrett's esophagus (6.4%) was 4 and 26 times higher than the adult (1.6%) and pediatric (.25%) general populations. Adult and pediatric practitioners s...
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - March 20, 2015 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Acute‐on‐chronic liver failure precipitated by hepatic injury is distinct from that precipitated by extra‐hepatic insults
Conclusions: ACLF patients precipitated by hepatic insults are distinct from those by extra‐hepatic insults in clinical presentation and prognosis. The iMELD score may be a better predictor for hepatic‐ACLF short‐term prognosis, while CLIF‐C‐ACLF for extra‐hepatic‐ACLF patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Hepatology)
Source: Hepatology - March 20, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Yu Shi, Ying Yang, Yaoren Hu, Wei Wu, Qiao Yang, Min Zheng, Shun Zhang, Zhaojun Xu, Yihua Wu, Huadong Yan, Zhi Chen Tags: Liver Failure, Cirrhosis and Portal Hypertension Source Type: research

A clinical prediction model to identify patients at high risk of death in the emergency department
Conclusions The use of the prediction model can facilitate the identification of ED patients with higher mortality risk. The model performs better than a non-systematic assessment and may facilitate more rapid identification and commencement of treatment of patients at risk of an unfavourable outcome. (Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - March 20, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Effects of a recruitment maneuver on plasma levels of soluble RAGE in patients with diffuse acute respiratory distress syndrome: a prospective randomized crossover study
Conclusions We report the first kinetics study of plasma sRAGE after RM in ARDS. Our findings reinforce the value of plasma sRAGE as a biomarker of ARDS. (Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - March 20, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Impaired respiratory function in MELAS-induced pluripotent stem cells with high heteroplasmy levels
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2015 Source:FEBS Open Bio Author(s): Masaki Kodaira , Hideyuki Hatakeyama , Shinsuke Yuasa , Tomohisa Seki , Toru Egashira , Shugo Tohyama , Yusuke Kuroda , Atsushi Tanaka , Shinichiro Okata , Hisayuki Hashimoto , Dai Kusumoto , Akira Kunitomi , Makoto Takei , Shin Kashimura , Tomoyuki Suzuki , Gakuto Yozu , Masaya Shimojima , Chikaaki Motoda , Nozomi Hayashiji , Yuki Saito , Yu-ichi Goto , Keiichi Fukuda Mitochondrial diseases are heterogeneous disorders, caused by mitochondrial dysfunction. Mitochondria are not regulated solely by nuclear genomic DNA but by mitochondrial DNA....
Source: FEBS Open Bio - March 20, 2015 Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research

Respiratory health status and its predictors: a cross-sectional study among coal-based sponge iron plant workers in Barjora, India
Conclusions Less than half of the coal-based sponge iron plant workers in Barjora have the best possible respiratory health status. The predictors of worse respiratory health status were identified. The study findings could be taken into consideration in future interventional studies aimed at improving the respiratory health status of these workers. (Source: BMJ Open)
Source: BMJ Open - March 20, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Chattopadhyay, K., Chattopadhyay, C., Kaltenthaler, E. Tags: Open access, Epidemiology, Global health, Occupational and environmental medicine, Public health Research Source Type: research

Effects of an anti-inflammatory VAP-1/SSAO inhibitor, PXS-4728A, on pulmonary neutrophil migration
Conclusions and implicationsThis study demonstrates that the endothelial cell ligand VAP-1/SSAO contributes to the migration of neutrophils during acute lung inflammation, pulmonary infection and airway hyperractivity. These results highlight the potential of inhibiting of VAP-1/SSAO enzymatic function, by PXS-4728A, as a novel therapeutic approach in lung diseases that are characterized by neutrophilic pattern of inflammation. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Heidi SchilterAdam CollisonRemo RussoJonathan FootTin YowAngelica VieiraLivia TavaresJoerg MattesMauro TeixeiraWolfgang Jarolimek Source Type: research

Cigarette smoke-promoted acquisition of bacterial pathogens in the upper respiratory tract leads to enhanced inflammation in mice
Conclusions: These findings demonstrate that exposure to CS impacts the ability of the host to control bacterial colonization of the upper airways, resulting in enhanced inflammation and susceptibility of the host to pathogens migrating into the lung. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - March 20, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Meike VossBodo WonnenbergAnja HoneckerAndreas KamyschnikowChristian HerrMarkus BischoffThomas TschernigRobert BalsChristoph Beisswenger Source Type: research

The effect of rapid palatal expansion on sleep bruxism in children.
CONCLUSION: Most bruxers (65 %) reduced their RMMA episode index after expansion, but sleep and respiratory variables remained unchanged. PMID: 25790946 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - March 20, 2015 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Bellerive A, Montpetit A, El-Khatib H, Carra MC, Remise C, Desplats E, Huynh N Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Increased Expression Of Neutrophil-Related Genes In Patients With Early Sepsis-Induced ARDS.
CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that several neutrophil-related pathways may be involved in the early pathogenesis of sepsis-related ARDS. In addition, identifiable gene expression differences occurring early in the course of sepsis-related ARDS may further elucidate understanding of the neutrophil-related mechanisms in progression to ARDS. PMID: 25795726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology)
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - March 20, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Kangelaris KN, Prakash A, Liu KD, Aouizerat B, Woodruff PG, Erle DJ, Rogers AJ, Seeley EJ, Chu J, Liu T, Osterberg-Deiss T, Zhuo H, Matthay MA, Calfee CS Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research

Luteolibacter arcticus sp. nov., isolated from high Arctic tundra soil, and emended description of the genus Luteolibacter.
Abstract A pale-yellow, Gram-reaction-negative, non-motile, aerobic bacterium, designated MC 3726T, was isolated from a tundra soil near Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard Archipelago, Norway (78°N). Growth occurred at 4-37℃ (optimum 25-30℃) and at pH 5.0-9.0 (optimum pH 8.0). Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that strain MC 3726T belonged to the genus Luteolibacter in the family Verrucomicrobiaceae. The 16S rRNA gene sequence of this strain showed 93.18, 92.54 and 92.44 % sequence similarity, respectively, with those of the type strains of Luteolibacter cuticulihirudinis E 100T, Luteolibacte...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - March 20, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Kim M, Pak S, Rim S, Ren L, Jiang F, Chang X, Liu P, Zhang Y, Fang C, Zheng C, Peng F Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Halobacillus andaensis sp. nov., a moderately halophilic bacterium isolated from saline and alkaline soil.
Abstract A Gram-stain-positive, endospore-forming, moderately halophilic bacterial strain, NEAU-ST10-40T, was isolated from a saline and alkaline soil in Anda City, China. It was strictly aerobic, rod-shaped and motile by peritrichous flagella. It formed light yellow colonies and grew at NaCl concentrations of 3-15 % (w/v) (optimum, 8 % w/v), at pH 7.0-9.0 (optimum, pH 8.0) and at 4-60 °C (optimum, 30 °C). It contained meso-diaminopimelic acid in the cell-wall peptidoglycan. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that it belonged to the genus Halobacillus. The 16S rRNA gene sequence simi...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - March 20, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Wang K, Zhang L, Yang Y, Pan Y, Meng L, Liu H, Hong S, Huang H, Jiang J Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

The capsule biosynthesis locus of Haemophilus influenzae show conspicuous similarity to the corresponding locus in Haemophilus sputorum and may have been recruited from this species by horizontal gene transfer.
Abstract The newly described species Haemophilus sputorum has been cultured from the upper respiratory tract of humans and appears to have little pathogenic potential. The species encode a capsular biosynthesis locus of approximately 12 kb composed of three distinct regions. Region I and III genes, involved in export and processing of the capsular material, show high similarity to the corresponding genes in capsulate lineages of the pathogenic species Haemophilus influenzae; indeed, standard bexA and bexB PCRs for detection of capsulated strains of H. influenzae give positive results with strains of H. sputorum. Th...
Source: Microbiology - March 20, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Nielsen SM, de Gier C, Dimopoulou C, Gupta V, Hansen LH, Nørskov-Lauritsen N Tags: Microbiology Source Type: research

Invasive candidiasis presenting multiple pulmonary cavitary lesions on chest computed tomography
Abstract We herein report a case of invasive candidiasis presenting rare findings on chest computed tomography (CT). The chest CT scan showed multiple small cavitary lesions and nodules with surrounding ground-glass opacity, and also bilateral pleural effusion. Although this CT finding is thought as specific for pulmonary aspergillosis, two sets of blood culture specimens were drawn which yielded Candida albicans in our case. Antifungal therapy was started and the chest CT findings showed a remarkable improvement. To our knowledge, this is the first case report describing multiple pulmonary cavitary lesions in in...
Source: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine - March 20, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Mental distress and effort to engage an image-guided navigation system in the surgical training of endoscopic sinus surgery: a prospective, randomised clinical trial
Abstract The use of image-guided navigation systems in the training of FESS is discussed controversy. Many experienced sinus surgeons report a better spatial orientation and an improved situational awareness intraoperatively. But many fear that the navigation system could be a disadvantage in the surgical training because of a higher mental demand and a possible loss of surgical skills. This clinical field study investigates mental and physical demands during transnasal surgery with and without the aid of a navigation system at an early stage in FESS training. Thirty-two endonasal sinus surgeries done by eight di...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - March 19, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Comparative Safety and Tolerability of Endothelin Receptor Antagonists in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Abstract Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a condition that leads to progressive right heart failure and death unless recognized and treated early. Endothelin, a potent endogenous vasoconstrictor, has been identified as an important mediator of PAH. Endothelin receptor antagonists (ERAs) have been associated with an improvement in exercise capacity and time to clinical worsening in patients with Group 1 PAH, and three different ERAs are currently approved for use in this population: bosentan, ambrisentan, and macitentan. While all three ERAs are generally well-tolerated, they each have important adverse eff...
Source: Drug Safety - March 19, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Study of cardiovascular disease biomarkers among tobacco consumers. Part 3: evaluation and comparison with the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey
Inhalation Toxicology, Ahead of Print. (Source: Inhalation Toxicology)
Source: Inhalation Toxicology - March 19, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Study of cardiovascular disease biomarkers among tobacco consumers, part 2: biomarkers of biological effect
Inhalation Toxicology, Ahead of Print. (Source: Inhalation Toxicology)
Source: Inhalation Toxicology - March 19, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Study of cardiovascular disease biomarkers among tobacco consumers, part 1: biomarkers of exposure
Inhalation Toxicology, Ahead of Print. (Source: Inhalation Toxicology)
Source: Inhalation Toxicology - March 19, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Association of vitamin D deficiency with acute lower respiratory tract infections in newborns
The Journal of Maternal-Fetal & Neonatal Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine)
Source: Journal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine - March 19, 2015 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Tags: article Source Type: research

The aetiology of community associated pneumonia in children in Nanjing, China and aetiological patterns associated with age and season.
CONCLUSIONS: The results show there were 4 main viral and atypical bacterial pathogens causing CAP in our study. Some pathogens were found to be associated with age and season. M. pneumoniae was the most predominant pathogen among these 9 pathogens. It is necessary to take preventative measures in order to prevent the spread of these pathogens in susceptible age groups during peak season. PMID: 25778142 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Adv Data)
Source: Adv Data - March 19, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Chen K, Jia R, Li L, Yang C, Shi Y Tags: BMC Public Health Source Type: research

Distance-dependent Association of Affect with Pacing Strategy in Cycling Time Trials
Conclusion: A significant association between affect and power output distribution suggests that affective responses are task dependent even in self-paced exercise, and a greater association is demonstrated in higher intensity, 16.1 km TT. Furthermore, physical perceptions of exertion are not clearly differentiated from the sense of effort in self-paced exercise. (Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise)
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - March 19, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Applied Sciences Source Type: research

Training-Related Risk of Common Illnesses in Elite Swimmers over a 4-yr Period
Conclusion: Particular attention must be paid to illness prevention strategies during periods of intensive training, particularly in the winter months or in case of the recent medical episode. (Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise)
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - March 19, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

The Effects of Inspiratory Muscle Training in Older Adults
Conclusion: These novel data indicate that in healthy older adults, IMT elicits some positive changes in inspiratory muscle function and structure but neither attenuates systemic inflammation and oxidative stress nor improves exercise performance, PAL, or QoL. (Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise)
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - March 19, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Clinical Sciences Source Type: research

Should Age Be Part of Multidimensional Indices of Risk in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Respiration (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - March 19, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Impacts of Comorbidities on the Association between Arterial Stiffness and Obstructive Sleep Apnea in the Elderly
Conclusion: We conclude that OSA is associated with increased arterial stiffness in an otherwise healthy elderly population, although the association was obviated by comorbidities and medications perhaps due to ceiling effects.Respiration (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - March 19, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Invasive Home Mechanical Ventilation: Living Conditions and Health-Related Quality of Life
Conclusions: Patients undergoing invasive HMV primarily following unsuccessful weaning reported an individual HRQL which, when taken together, was highly heterogeneous and ranged from very good to extremely bad. Older patients with COPD and more comorbidities are likely to have a worse HRQL than neuromuscular patients, while the living situation does not influence the HRQL.Respiration (Source: Respiration)
Source: Respiration - March 19, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research