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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 4.

Antithrombin III for critically ill patients.
CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to support AT III substitution in any category of critically ill participants including the subset of patients with sepsis and DIC. We did not find a statistically significant effect of AT III on mortality, but AT III increased the risk of bleeding events. Subgroup analyses performed according to duration of intervention, length of follow-up, different patient groups, and use of adjuvant heparin did not show differences in the estimates of intervention effects. The majority of included trials were at high risk of bias (GRADE; very low quality of evidence for most of the analyses)...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - February 8, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Allingstrup M, Wetterslev J, Ravn FB, Møller AM, Afshari A Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Genotoxic properties of XLR-11, a widely consumed synthetic cannabinoid, and of the benzoyl indole RCS-4.
Abstract Aim of this study was the investigation of the genotoxic properties of XLR-11 [1-(5-fluoropentyl)-1H-indol-3-yl](2,2,3,3-tetramethylcyclopropyl)methanone, a widely consumed synthetic cannabinoid (SC), and of the benzoyl indole RCS-4 (4-methoxyphenyl)(1-pentyl-1H-indol-3-yl)methanone). We characterized the DNA-damaging properties of these drugs in different experimental systems. No evidence for induction of gene mutations was detected in bacterial (Salmonella/microsome) tests, but clear dose-dependent effects were found in in vitro single cell gel electrophoresis (SCGE) assays with human lymphocytes and wit...
Source: Archives of Toxicology - February 8, 2016 Category: Toxicology Authors: Ferk F, Gminski R, Al-Serori H, Mišík M, Nersesyan A, Koller VJ, Angerer V, Auwärter V, Tang T, Arif AT, Knasmüller S Tags: Arch Toxicol Source Type: research

Predictors of place of death in South West Scotland 2000-2010: Retrospective cohort study.
CONCLUSION: The proportion of people dying at home fell during our survey. Place of death was strongly associated with age, calendar year and cause of death. A mismatch remains between stated preference for place of death and where death occurs. PMID: 26857358 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Palliative Medicine)
Source: Palliative Medicine - February 8, 2016 Category: Palliative Care Authors: Black H, Waugh C, Munoz-Arroyo R, Carnon A, Allan A, Clark D, Graham F, Isles C Tags: Palliat Med Source Type: research

Tuberculosis prevention and control: we need to pay heed to diabetes care
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kapur, Anil Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Tobacco control in India: where are we?
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Singh, Rana JLal, Pranay Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

The challenge of personalised care for all in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fitting, Jean-William Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Drug-resistant tuberculosis clinical trials: proposed core research definitions in adults
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Furin, J.Alirol, E.Allen, E.Fielding, K.Merle, C.Abubakar, I.Andersen, J.Davies, G.Dheda, K.Diacon, A.Dooley, K. E.Dravnice, G.Eisenach, K.Everitt, D.Ferstenberg, D.Goolam-Mahomed, A.Grobusch, M. P.Gupta, R.Harausz, E.Harrington, M.Horsburgh, C. R.Lienhar Tags: PERSPECTIVES Source Type: research

Market assessment of tuberculosis diagnostics in China in 2012
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: TB Diagnostics Market Analysis Consortium* Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Market assessment of tuberculosis diagnostics in India in 2013
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: TB Diagnostics Market Analysis Consortium* Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Validation of smear-positive tuberculosis diagnoses in Bangladesh
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Halim, K. S.Islam, M. Z.Fatema, N.Khan, M. D.Abul, K. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The role of macroscopic sputum quality assessments to optimise sputum testing for tuberculosis
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ho, J.Nguyen, P. T. B.Nguyen, T. A.Tran, H. K.Nguyen, V. S.Nhung, N. V.Hoa, N. B.Phong, T. N.Luu, B. K.Nguyen, T. M. H.Fox, G. J.Marks, G. B. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Direct tuberculosis drug susceptibility testing: time-saving and cost-effective in detecting MDR-TB
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Zhang, T.Lv, C-F.Wang, J.Zheng, W-BLu, L-Z.Liu, S-J.Bao, J. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Sensititre® MYCOTB MIC plate for drug susceptibility testing of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex isolates
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yu, X.Ma, Y-F.Jiang, G-L.Chen, S-T.Wang, G-R.Huang, H-R. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Remote monitoring of Xpert® MTB/RIF testing in Mozambique: results of programmatic implementation of GxAlert
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cowan, J.Michel, C.Manhiça, I.Mutaquiha, C.Monivo, C.Saize, D.Beste, J.Creswell, J.Codlin, A. J.Gloyd, S. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Risk factors for Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection in 2–4 year olds in a rural HIV-prevalent setting
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Khan, P. Y.Glynn, J. R.Fielding, K. L.Mzembe, T.Mulawa, D.Chiumya, R.Fine, P. E. M.Koole, O.Kranzer, K.Crampin, A. C. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Health care workers' gender bias in testing could contribute to missed tuberculosis among women in South Africa
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Smith, A.Burger, R.Claassens, M.Ayles, H.Godfrey-Faussett, P.Beyers, N. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Tuberculosis in native- and foreign-born populations in Portugal
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Paulino, J.Martins, A.Machado, M.Gomes, M.Gaio, A. R.Duarte, R. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Factors associated with extended treatment among tuberculosis patients at risk of relapse in California
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Qin, F.Barry, P. M.Pascopella, L. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Presumptive treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis in household contacts
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Parr, J. B.Rich, M. L.Keshavjee, S.Franke, M. F.Mitnick, C. D.Bayona, J.Becerra, M. C. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Does enhanced diabetes management reduce the risk and improve the outcome of tuberculosis?
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lo, H-Y.Yang, S-L.Lin, H-H.Bai, K-J.Lee, J-J.Lee, T-I.Chiang, C-Y. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Vitamin D and tuberculosis: review and association in three rural provinces of Afghanistan
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sarin, P.Duffy, J.Mughal, Z.Hedayat, E.Manaseki-Holland, S. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Risk factors for exacerbation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: a prospective study
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Montserrat-Capdevila, J.Godoy, P.Marsal, J. R.Barbé, F.Galván, L. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Risk factors for hospital readmission for COPD after implementation of the GOLD guidelines
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tsui, M. S. N.Lun, F. C. T.Cheng, L. S. L.Cheung, A. P. S.Chan, V. L.Leung, W-S.Chu, C-M. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Unsupervised learning technique identifies bronchiectasis phenotypes with distinct clinical characteristics
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Guan, W-J.Jiang, M.Gao, Y-H.Li, H-M.Xu, G.Zheng, J-P.Chen, R-C.Zhong, N-S. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

Compliance with tobacco control policies in India: an examination of facilitators and barriers
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Turner, M. M.Rimal, R. N.Lumby, E.Cohen, J.Surette, A.Roundy, V.Feighery, E.Shah, V. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

PM2.5 as a marker of exposure to tobacco smoke and other sources of particulate matter in Cairo, Egypt
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Loffredo, C. A.Tang, Y.Momen, M.Makambi, K.Radwan, G. N.Aboul-Foutoh, A. Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLES Source Type: research

The impact of mixed infections on the interpretation of molecular epidemiology studies of tuberculosis
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Shin, Sanghyuk S.Modongo, ChawangwaZetola, Nicola M. Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

In reply
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Merker, MatthiasCrudu, ValeriuNoroc, EcaterinaRomancenco, ElenaChesov, DumitruGünther, GunarNiemann, StefanLange, Christoph Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

Time for men to count, too
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Horton, Katherine C.Houben, Rein M. G. J.White, Richard G.Corbett, Elizabeth L. Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

In reply
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kosgei, Rose J.Sitienei, Joseph K.Kipruto, HillaryKimenye, KameneGathara, DavidOdawa, Francis XavierGichangi, PeterCallens, StevenTemmerman, MarleenSitienei, Jackline C.Kihara, Anne-BeatriceCarter, E. Jane Tags: CORRESPONDENCE Source Type: research

CME Accreditation Page
(Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Index
Note: Page numbers of article titles are in boldface type. (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Cystic Fibrosis
CLINICS IN CHEST MEDICINE (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jonathan L. Koff Source Type: research

Forthcoming Issues
Sepsis (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Contents
Jonathan L. Koff (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Contributors
JONATHAN L. KOFF, MD (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Copyright
ELSEVIER (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Lung Transplantation for Cystic Fibrosis
Lung transplantation is a viable option for many patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and end-stage lung disease. Criteria for transplant in patients with CF vary widely among transplant centers in terms of acceptable comorbidities; referral to multiple centers may be necessary to maximize patient opportunity for this potentially life-prolonging intervention. Early referral is critical to patient education and modification of risk factors associated with worse outcomes. If transplant evaluation has been completed, patients with CF and respiratory failure requiring mechanical ventilation and extracorporeal membrane oxygenatio...
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Matthew R. Morrell, Joseph M. Pilewski Source Type: research

The Approach to in Cystic Fibrosis
There is a high prevalence of Pseudomonas aeruginosa in patients with cystic fibrosis and clear epidemiologic links between chronic infection and morbidity and mortality exist. Prevention and early identification of infection are critical, and stand to improve with the advent of new vaccines and laboratory methods. Once the organism is identified, a variety of treatment options are available. Aggressive use of antipseudomonal antibiotics is the standard of care for acute pulmonary exacerbations in cystic fibrosis, and providers must take into account specific patient characteristics when making treatment decisions related ...
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jaideep S. Talwalkar, Thomas S. Murray Source Type: research

Epidemiology of Cystic Fibrosis
Improved quality of care and rapidly emerging therapeutic strategies to restore chloride transport profoundly impact the epidemiology and pathobiology of cystic fibrosis (CF) in the twenty-first century. CF now serves as a model for chronic illness management, continuous quality improvement via registry data, and a seamless link between basic science research, translational studies, clinical trials, and outcomes research to enable rapid expansion of treatment options. (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kimberly A. Spoonhower, Pamela B. Davis Source Type: research

Progress towards achieving global tuberculosis control: so near, yet so far
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - February 7, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Zumla, AlimuddinDavies, Peter D. O. Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

Human bronchial epithelial cell injuries induced by fine particulate matter from sandstorm and non-sandstorm periods: Association with particle constituents
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2016 Source:Journal of Environmental Sciences Author(s): Bin Wang, Ning Li, Furong Deng, Nicholas Buglak, George Park, Shu Su, Aiguo Ren, Guofeng Shen, Shu Tao, Xinbiao Guo Epidemiological studies have demonstrated the exacerbation of respiratory diseases following sandstorm-derived particulate matter (PM) exposure. The presence of anthropogenic and biological agents on the sandstorm PM and the escalation of PM<2.5μm (PM2.5) pollution in China have led to serious concerns regarding the health effects of PM2.5 during Asian sandstorms. We investigated how chan...
Source: Journal of Environmental Sciences - February 7, 2016 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

KatG and KatE confer Acinetobacter resistance to hydrogen peroxide but sensitize bacteria to killing by phagocytic respiratory burst
Publication date: Available online 6 February 2016 Source:Life Sciences Author(s): Daqing Sun, Sara A. Crowell, Christian M. Harding, P. Malaka De Silva, Alistair Harrison, Dinesh M. Fernando, Kevin M. Mason, Estevan Santana, Peter C. Loewen, Ayush Kumar, Yusen Liu Aims Catalase catalyzes the degradation of H2O2. Acinetobacter species have four predicted catalase genes, katA, katE, katG, and katX. The aims of the present study seek to determine which catalase(s) plays a predominant role in determining the resistance to H2O2, and to assess the role of catalase in Acinetobacter virulence. Main methods Mutants o...
Source: Life Sciences - February 7, 2016 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Antimicrobial drug use and risk factors associated with treatment incidence and mortality in Swiss veal calves reared under improved welfare conditions
Publication date: Available online 5 February 2016 Source:Preventive Veterinary Medicine Author(s): M. Lava, G. Schüpbach-Regula, A. Steiner, M. Meylan Ninety-one Swiss veal farms producing under a label with improved welfare standards were visited between August and December 2014 to investigate risk factors related to antimicrobial drug use and mortality. All herds consisted of own and purchased calves, with a median of 77.4% of purchased calves. The calves’ mean age was 29±15days at purchasing and the fattening period lasted at average 120±28 days. The mean carcass weight was 125±12kg. A mean of 58±33 calves...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Ethnomedicinal survey of a maroon community in Brazil's Atlantic tropical forest
Conclusion The Salamina maroon community maintains considerable knowledge of the medicinal value of the local flora. However, little of this knowledge is derived from the surrounding old-growth tropical forests. Their pharmacopoeia is a hybrid mix of wild and cultivated species, natives and exotics. Among those species representing the community's isolation and African ancestry, most are associated with spiritual and magical medicine. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology)
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - February 7, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Primary care clinician antibiotic prescribing decisions in consultations for children with RTIs: a qualitative interview study.
CONCLUSION: Prognostic uncertainty remains an important driver of HCPs' antibiotic prescribing. Experience and training in recognising severe RTIs, together with more evidence to help HCPs identify the children at risk of future illness deterioration, may support HCPs' identification of the children most and least likely to benefit from antibiotics. PMID: 26852795 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of General Practice)
Source: The British Journal of General Practice - February 7, 2016 Category: Primary Care Authors: Horwood J, Cabral C, Hay AD, Ingram J Tags: Br J Gen Pract Source Type: research

Unintended consequences of an 'all-clear' diagnosis for potential cancer symptoms: a nested qualitative interview study with primary care patients.
CONCLUSION: An all-clear diagnosis can influence help seeking for months or even years in case of new or recurrent alarm symptoms. Considering the increasing number of people undergoing investigations and receiving an all-clear, it is paramount to limit unintended consequences by providing appropriate information and support. Specific issues are identified that could be addressed. PMID: 26852794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The British Journal of General Practice)
Source: The British Journal of General Practice - February 7, 2016 Category: Primary Care Authors: Renzi C, Whitaker KL, Winstanley K, Cromme S, Wardle J Tags: Br J Gen Pract Source Type: research

Comparison of peripheral near-infrared spectroscopy low-frequency oscillations to other denoising methods in resting state functional MRI with ultrahigh temporal resolution.
CONCLUSION: LFOs collected using NIRS in the periphery contain distinct temporal and spatial information about the LFOs in BOLD fMRI that is not contained in current low-frequency denoising methods derived from respiration and cardiac pulsation. Magn Reson Med 000:000-000, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID: 26854203 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine)
Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine - February 7, 2016 Category: Radiology Authors: Hocke LM, Tong Y, Lindsey KP, de B Frederick B Tags: Magn Reson Med Source Type: research

Aging augments the impact of influenza respiratory tract infection on mobility impairments, muscle-localized inflammation, and muscle atrophy.
Abstract Although the influenza virus only infects the respiratory system, myalgias are commonly experienced during infection. In addition to a greater risk of hospitalization and death, older adults are more likely to develop disability following influenza infection; however, this relationship is understudied. We hypothesized that upon challenge with influenza, aging would be associated with functional impairments, as well as upregulation of skeletal muscle inflammatory and atrophy genes. Infected young and aged mice demonstrated decreased mobility and altered gait kinetics. These declines were more prominent in h...
Source: Aging - February 7, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Bartley JM, Pan SJ, Keilich SR, Hopkins JW, Al-Naggar IM, Kuche GA, Haynes L Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research