Respiratory Medicine Respiratory Medicine RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 5.

Effects of acute hemorrhage on intrapulmonary shunt in a pig model of acute respiratory distress-like syndrome
In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), gas exchange and respiratory system mechanics (compliance) are severely impaired. Besides ventilatory parameters, the degree of respiratory abnormality can be inf... (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nils Siegenthaler, Raphael Giraud, Delphine S. Courvoisier, Claes U. Wiklund and Karim Bendjelid Source Type: research

Household air pollution and under-five mortality in India (1992–2006)
Household air pollution (HAP) - predominantly from cooking fuel is a major public health hazard and one of the leading causes of respiratory illness and deaths among children under-five years in India. This st... (Source: Environmental Health)
Source: Environmental Health - April 26, 2016 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Sabrina Naz, Andrew Page and Kingsley Emwinyore Agho Source Type: research

Respiratory Syncytial Virus-associated hospitalization in premature infants who did not receive palivizumab prophylaxis in Italy: a retrospective analysis from the Osservatorio Study
Due to different social and epidemiological factors, the eligibility criteria to receive palivizumab prophylaxis may be different between countries, especially in “otherwise healthy” late preterm infants. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - April 26, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Michela Silvestri, Francesca Marando, Anna Maria Costanzo, Umberto di Luzio Paparatti and Giovanni A. Rossi Source Type: research

Advanced glycation endproducts and their receptor in different body compartments in COPD
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a chronic lung disease characterized by chronic airway inflammation and emphysema, and is caused by exposure to noxious particles or gases, e.g. cigarette smoke.... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Susan J. M. Hoonhorst, Adèle T. Lo Tam Loi, Simon D. Pouwels, Alen Faiz, Eef D. Telenga, Maarten van den Berge, Leo Koenderman, Jan-Willem J. Lammers, H. Marike Boezen, Antoon J. M. van Oosterhout, Monique E. Lodewijk, Wim Timens, Dirkje S. Postma and Ni Source Type: research

Allergen extract vs. component sensitization and airway inflammation, responsiveness and new‐onset respiratory disease
ConclusionMeasurement of IgE sensitization to cat allergen components would seem to have a higher clinical value than extract‐based measurement, as it related better to airway inflammation and responsiveness and had a higher prognostic value for the development of asthma and rhinitis over a 12‐year period. (Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy - April 26, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: A. Patelis, M. Gunnbjornsdottir, K. Alving, M. P. Borres, M. Högman, C. Janson, A. Malinovschi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Expression of CysLTR1 and 2 in Maturating Lymphocytes of Hyperplasic Tonsils Compared to Peripheral Cells in Children
The objectives of this study are to compare CysLTRs expression in peripheral blood lymphocytes with expression in maturating lymphocytes of hyperplasic tonsil and to check the influence of respiratory allergies in this process. Leukocytes of peripheral blood (PL) and hyperplasic tonsils of children were immunostained for CysLTR1, CysLTR2, CD3 (T cells), and CD19 (B cells) and read in flow cytometer. Lymphocyte of tonsils were divided in differentiating small cells (SC) and mitotic large cells (LC); percentage of B and T cells expressing CysLTRs was determined, and comparison was done using ANOVA and Tukey’s tests. Data w...
Source: Inflammation - April 26, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Effect of isoorientin on intracellular antioxidant defence mechanisms in hepatoma and liver cell lines
Publication date: July 2016 Source:Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Volume 81 Author(s): Li Yuan, Jing Wang, Wanqiang Wu, Qian Liu, Xuebo Liu Isoorientin (ISO) is considered one of the most important flavonoid-like compounds responsible for health benefits, including the prevention of liver damage as well as antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-nociceptive activities. Our previous study showed that ISO inhibited the proliferation of hepatoma cells through increasing intracellular ROS levels. Interestingly, ISO protects rat liver cells against hydrogen peroxide-induced oxidation stress by decreasing intrace...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - April 26, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Significant upregulation of cytokine secretion from T helper type 9 and 17 cells in a NC/Nga mouse model of ambient chemical exposure-induced respiratory allergy
Publication date: July–August 2016 Source:Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, Volume 80 Author(s): Risako Nishino, Tomoki Fukuyama, Yuko Watanabe, Yoshimi Kurosawa, Tadashi Kosaka, Takanori Harada It has been reported that ambient chemical exposure is closely associated with respiratory allergies. We attempted to develop an original protocol for detecting ambient chemical exposure-induced respiratory allergy in different strains of mice. In the process of comparing allergic potency of these mice, we observed that NC/Nga mice showed significant upregulation of respiratory allergic symptoms as wel...
Source: Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods - April 26, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

The presentation and management of granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Wegener's Granulomatosis) in the pediatric airway
ConclusionsThere is a higher prevalence of GPA of the airway in children when compared to adults. Biopsy of the airway lesion may not be necessary and has lower diagnostic yield compared to other GPA subsites. Medical management includes induction therapy followed by maintenance therapy once the disease is in remission. Most patients will require a surgical intervention to maintain the airway. Level of EvidenceNA Laryngoscope, 2016 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - April 26, 2016 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Pui Y. Lee, Eelam A. Adil, Alexandria L. Irace, Laura Neff, Mary Beth F. Son, Edward Y. Lee, Antonio Perez‐Atayde, Reza Rahbar Tags: Pediatrics Source Type: research

SYNE1 ataxia is a common recessive ataxia with major non-cerebellar features: a large multi-centre study
Mutations in the synaptic nuclear envelope protein 1 (SYNE1) gene have been reported to cause a relatively pure, slowly progressive cerebellar recessive ataxia mostly identified in Quebec, Canada. Combining next-generation sequencing techniques and deep-phenotyping (clinics, magnetic resonance imaging, positron emission tomography, muscle histology), we here established the frequency, phenotypic spectrum and genetic spectrum of SYNE1 in a screening of 434 non-Canadian index patients from seven centres across Europe. Patients were screened by whole-exome sequencing or targeted panel sequencing, yielding 23 unrelated familie...
Source: Brain - April 26, 2016 Category: Neurology Authors: Synofzik, M., Smets, K., Mallaret, M., Di Bella, D., Gallenmüller, C., Baets, J., Schulze, M., Magri, S., Sarto, E., Mustafa, M., Deconinck, T., Haack, T., Züchner, S., Gonzalez, M., Timmann, D., Stendel, C., Klopstock, T., Durr, A., Tranc Tags: Genetics Original Articles Source Type: research

Respiratory Syncytial Virus-associated hospitalization in premature infants who did not receive palivizumab prophylaxis in Italy: a retrospective analysis from the Osservatorio Study
Conclusions The hospitalized-to-not-hospitalized ratios and RSV+ frequency in the first 12 months of age in infants born prematurely confirm the vulnerability of these children for clinically important RSV infection, most notably in the <32 wGA category. (Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: Italian Journal of Pediatrics - April 26, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research

The effect of audiovisual distraction on the tolerability of flexible bronchoscopy: A randomized trial
Conclusions: Our findings showed that audiovisual distraction had a positive effect on the tolerability of FB. This method has important potential as a simple and practical approach in reducing discomfort during invasive diagnostic and treatment procedures. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: A Navidian, N Muolai, E Ebrahimi Tabs, S Solaymani Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Long-term improvement during tadalafil therapy in a patient with pulmonary hypertension secondary to pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2016 Source:Respiratory Medicine Case Reports Author(s): Kenji Nemoto, Shuji Oh-ishi, Toshihide Inui, Mariko Nakazawa, Kentaro Hyodo, Masayuki Nakajima, Jun Kanazawa, Yukiko Miura, Takio Takaku, Yuko Minami, Kenji Hayashihara, Takefumi Saito, Yoshinori Kawabata Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) secondary to pulmonary Langerhans cell histiocytosis (PLCH) is known to be a relatively common complication and is associated with a poor prognosis. However, the optimal therapeutic approach for these cases remains to be established. A 57-year-old man visited our hospita...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Smoke screen
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Why we need pneumococcal vaccine effectiveness studies
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): Katherine L O'Brien (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Challenges in estimating RSV-associated mortality rates
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): Stella M Zanone, L Kendall Krause, Shabir A Madhi, Quique Bassat, Prabhat Jha, Eric A F Simões, Niteen Wairagkar, Fernando P Polack (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Improved risk stratification for clinical trials of delirium
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): Jorge I F Salluh, Vicente Cés de Souza-Dantas, Dimitri Gusmao-Flores (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Improved risk stratification for clinical trials of delirium – Authors' reply
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): Dale M Needham, Victor D Dinglas, Catherine L Hough, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Ramona O Hopkins (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Are the ICSD-3 criteria for sleep apnoea syndrome too inclusive?
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): Robert Adams, Sarah Appleton, Anne Taylor, Doug McEvoy, Gary Wittert (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Partial restoration of pancreatic function in a child with cystic fibrosis
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): Ciara Howlett, Nicola J Ronan, Muireann NiChroinin, David Mullane, Barry J Plant (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The Dutch National Program for Respiratory Research
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): Dirkje S Postma, Peter J Wijkstra, Pieter S Hiemstra, Barbro N Melgert, Gert-Jan Braunstahl, Machteld N Hylkema, Peter J Sterk (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Conversation piece (happen)
Publication date: May 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 5 Author(s): Jayne Wilton (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Prevention and care of respiratory failure in obese patients
We describe the physiological effect of obesity on the respiratory system mainly in terms of respiratory mechanics, respiratory drive, and patency of the upper airways. Particular attention is given to the prevention and the clinical management of respiratory failure in obese patients with a main focus on invasive and NIV in intensive care during the perioperative period and long-term use of NIV on return home. We also address other aspects of care of obese patients, including antibiotic dosing and catheter-related infections. (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

E-cigarettes and smoking cessation
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Peter Hajek, Hayden McRobbie, Chris Bullen (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

E-cigarettes and smoking cessation – Authors' reply
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Sara Kalkhoran, Stanton A Glantz (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - April 26, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Dermatomyositis and Polymyositis in the Intensive Care Unit: A Single-Center Retrospective Cohort Study of 102 Patients
Conclusions The outcome of IIM patients admitted to the ICU was extremely poor. A diagnosis of DM/CADM, the presence and severity of ARF, and the lymphocyte counts at ICU admission were shown to be valuable for predicting outcome. Opportunistic infections and rapidly progressive interstitial lung disease warrant concern in treating these patients. (Source: PLoS One)
Source: PLoS One - April 26, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Jin-Min Peng Source Type: research

Dangerous Pressurization and Inappropriate Alarms during Water Occlusion of the Expiratory Circuit of Commonly Used Infant Ventilators
Conclusions This study found a potential for significant adverse ventilator response due to complete or near complete expiratory limb occlusion in CPAP mode. (Source: PLoS One)
Source: PLoS One - April 26, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Murray Hinder Source Type: research

Prone Positioning in Cardiac Surgery: For Many, But Not for Everyone
Prone positioning is a therapeutic maneuver to improve arterial oxygenation in patients with acute lung injury that is not implemented in most centers performing adult cardiac surgery. The aim of this study was to review our experience with prone positioning to assess the effects of this maneuver in patients with postoperative acute respiratory failure. (Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - April 26, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Che von Wardenburg, Martin Wenzl, Angelo M. Dell’Aquila, Axel Junger, Theodor Fischlein, Giuseppe Santarpino Source Type: research

Diseases Neglected by the Media in Espírito Santo, Brazil in 2011–2012
Conclusions Media visibility acts as a strategy for legitimising priorities and contextualizing various realities. Therefore, we propose that the health problems identified should enter the public agenda and begin to be recognized as legitimate demands. (Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases)
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - April 26, 2016 Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Aline Guio Cavaca Source Type: research

Anesthesia complications of pediatric radiation therapy
Conclusions Rates of anesthetic complications encountered in pediatric radiation therapy are similar, if not lower, than rates reported in controlled operating room settings, implying that anesthesia for pediatric radiation therapy is safe, with low complication rates periprocedurally. Propofol infusion and oxygen delivery via nasal cannula offer the lowest immediate anesthetic complication rates and are hence most recommended for use. Though the long-term neurocognitive consequences of multiple anesthetics in pediatric patients have yet to be clearly defined, health care providers should be cognizant of the potentially se...
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - April 26, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Four-dimensional computed tomography prediction of inter- and intrafractional upper gastrointestinal tumor motion during fractionated stereotactic body radiation therapy
Conclusions Comparison of 4D-CT with real-time fiducial tracking demonstrated significant inter- and intrafractional discrepancies, particularly in the SI direction, which could result in compromise of target coverage when planning with a single free-breathing 4D-CT. (Source: Practical Radiation Oncology)
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - April 26, 2016 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Interpreting diaphragmatic movement with bedside imaging, review article
Publication date: August 2016 Source:Journal of Critical Care, Volume 34 Author(s): K. Haji, A. Royse, C. Green, J. Botha, D. Canty, C. Royse The diaphragm is the most important muscle of respiration. At equilibrium, the load imposed on the diaphragmatic muscles from transdiaphragmatic pressure balances the force generated by diaphragmatic muscles. However, procedural and nonprocedural thoracic and abdominal conditions may disrupt this equilibrium and impair diaphragmatic function. Diaphragmatic dysfunction is associated with respiratory insufficiency and poor outcome. Therefore, rapid diagnosis and early intervent...
Source: Journal of Critical Care - April 26, 2016 Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

The alternative pathway of complement and the thrombotic microangiopathies
Thrombotic microangiopathies (TMA) are disorders defined by microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, non-immune thrombocytopenia and have multi-organ involvement including the kidneys, brain, gastrointestinal, respiratory tract and skin. Emerging evidence points to the central role of complement dysregulation in leading to microvascular endothelial injury which is crucial for the development of TMAs. This key insight has led to the development of complement-targeted therapy. Eculizumab is an anti-C5 monoclonal antibody which has revolutionised the treatment of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome. (Source: Transfusion and Apheresis Science)
Source: Transfusion and Apheresis Science - April 26, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Chia Wei Teoh, Magdalena Riedl, Christoph Licht Tags: Review Source Type: research

Protecting Our Front-liners: Occupational Tuberculosis Prevention Through Infection Control Strategies
This article will discuss each of these levels of TBIC, and review the available data on the implementation of each in sub-Saharan African countries. In addition, we review the attitudes and motivation of HCWs regarding TBIC measures, and the impact of stigma on infection control practices and implementation. After summarizing the challenges facing effective TBIC implementation, we will discuss possible solutions and recommendations. Last, we present a case study of how a clinic effectively addressed some of the challenges of TBIC implementation. (Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases)
Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases - April 26, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Verkuijl, S., Middelkoop, K. Tags: HEALTHCARE WORKERS AND TUBERCULOSIS PREVENTION Source Type: research