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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 5.

Usefulness of US imaging in overhydrated nephropathic patients
In conclusion, assessment of hydration status based on blood pressure and central venous pressure can be considered reliable only in patients without signs of heart failure. (Source: Journal of Ultrasound)
Source: Journal of Ultrasound - December 12, 2014 Category: Radiology Source Type: research

Immune responses to airborne fungi and non-invasive airway diseases
Abstract Inhalation of fungal particles is a ubiquitous way of exposure to microorganisms during human life; however, this exposure may promote or exacerbate respiratory diseases only in particular exposure conditions and human genetic background. Depending on the fungal species and form, fungal particles can induce symptoms in the lung by acting as irritants, aeroallergens or pathogens causing infection. Some thermophilic species can even act in all these three ways (e.g. Aspergillus, Penicillium), mesophilic species being only involved in allergic and/or non-allergic airway diseases (e.g. Cladosporium, Alternari...
Source: Seminars in Immunopathology - December 12, 2014 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

[A case of clinically diagnosed eosinophilic bronchiolitis].
Authors: Miura Y, Tomizawa Y, Kuwako T, Tomizawa M, Takahashi G, Yoshii A, Saito R, Yamada M Abstract A 71-year-old man was referred to our hospital because of an intractable productive cough. Although he was treated for bronchial asthma, the symptom did not improve. Furthermore, since he developed progressive dyspnea and hypoxemia, he was admitted to our hospital. Marked eosinophilia in a blood test and sputum, poorly defined centrilobular nodules throughout the bilateral lung fields in a chest CT scan, and mixed ventilatory impairment in a spirometric test were revealed. Thoracoscopic lung biopsy and bronchoalveo...
Source: Allergology International - December 12, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Arerugi Source Type: research

Cardiac Sympathetic Dominance and Systemic Inflammation in COPD
COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Ahead of Print. (Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Epidemical features of HAdV-3 and HAdV-7 in pediatric pneumonia in Chongqing, China
Abstract Human adenoviruses (HAdV) of species B, C, and E (HAdV-B, -C, -E) are frequent causative agents of acute respiratory infections worldwide. No specific analysis has been done on the epidemiological and clinical features of HAdV in pediatric pneumonia in China. Nasopharyngeal aspirates were collected from hospitalized children with pneumonia from June 2009 to May 2014. All samples that tested positive for HAdV were typed by sequencing the hexon and fiber genes. From a total of 3089 samples, 208 (6.7 %) were positive for HAdV, identified as belonging to HAdV-B (186, 89.4 %), HAdV-C (9, 4.3 %) and HAdV-E (...
Source: Archives of Virology - December 12, 2014 Category: Virology Source Type: research

The gene expression profile of porcine alveolar macrophages infected with a highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus indicates overstimulation of the innate immune system by the virus
Abstract Since the highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) variant emerged in 2006, it has caused death in more than 20 million pigs in China and other Southeast Asian countries, making it the most destructive swine pathogen currently in existence. To characterize the cellular responses to HP-PRRSV infection, the gene expression profile of porcine alveolar macrophage (PAM) cells, the primary target cells of PRRSV, was analyzed in HP-PRRSV-infected and uninfected PAMs by suppression subtractive hybridization. After confirmation by Southern blot, genes that were differentiall...
Source: Archives of Virology - December 12, 2014 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Intrathecal opioids and respiratory depression: Is it myth in obstetrics?
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2014 Source:Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology Author(s): Pedro José Herrera Gómez , Juan Federico Garzón The addition of opioids to bupivacaine for spinal anesthesia has been shown to improve quality of anesthesia by the action of fentanyl, and extend postoperative analgesia by the effect of morphine. Side effects, particularly respiratory depression, have prevented their widespread use. Studies are not consistent regarding the incidence of respiratory depression due to the variety of definitions of this complication and the doses of opioids used. Low dose regimens curr...
Source: Colombian Journal of Anesthesiology - December 12, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Inhaled PGE1 in neonates with hypoxemic respiratory failure: two pilot feasibility randomized clinical trials
The objective of this study was to evaluate the feasibility of a randomized controlled trial (RCT) of inhaled PGE1 (IPGE1) in NHRF. Methods: Two pilot multicenter phase II RCTs are included in this report. In the first pilot, late preterm and term neonates with NHRF, who had an oxygenation index (OI) of >=15 and (Source: Trials)
Source: Trials - December 12, 2014 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Beena SoodMartin KeszlerMeena GargJonathan KleinRobin OhlsNamasivayam AmbalavananC CottenMonica MalianPablo SanchezSatyan LakshminrusimhaLeif NelinKrisa Van MeursRebecca BaraShampa SahaAbhik DasDennis WallaceRosemary HigginsSeetha Shankaran Source Type: research

Broad implications for respiratory sinus arrhythmia development: Associations with childhood symptoms of psychopathology in a community sample
ABSTRACT Replicating the group‐based developmental trajectory methodology from our prior study (Patriquin, Lorenzi, Scarpa, & Bell. 2014. Developmental Psychobiology, 56, 317‐326), the current study examines the development of baseline respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) across a new, larger cohort of typically developing children at 5, 10, 24, 36, and 48 months of age and examines the trajectory relationship with symptoms of childhood psychopathology. Group‐based developmental trajectory modeling replicated our prior findings of a two‐group model fit: a “High RSA” and “Low RSA” group. The “Low RSA” ...
Source: Developmental Psychobiology - December 12, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michelle A. Patriquin, Jill Lorenzi, Angela Scarpa, Susan D. Calkins, Martha Ann Bell Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Two separable mechanisms are responsible for mental stress effects on high frequency heart rate variability: An intra-individual approach in a healthy and a diabetic sample
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2014 Source:International Journal of Psychophysiology Author(s): Linn K. Kuehl , Christian E. Deuter , Steffen Richter , André Schulz , Heinz Rüddel , Hartmut Schächinger Central withdrawal of parasympathetic cardiac control and increased respiratory frequency represent two important determinants of reduced respiratory-related heart rate variability (HRV). However, studies are missing to disentangle their relative contribution during mental stress. Healthy subjects (n=10) and type 2 diabetic patients (n=8), the latter with evidence of cardiac autonomic neuropathy, partici...
Source: International Journal of Psychophysiology - December 12, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

Characterization of a sleep architectural phenotype in children with Down syndrome
Conclusions Children with DS exhibit altered sleep architecture when compared to non-DS children of similar age and OSA severity. Notably, reduced REM sleep and increased slow-wave sleep was seen independent of OSA in children with DS over 2 years. Amounts of both REM and non-REM sleep may have important implications for learning, memory, and behavior, all the more significant in this population with baseline neurocognitive impairment. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Toward evidence-based approac to deep venous thrombosis
Yaseen M ArabiAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2015 10(1):1-2 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Yaseen M Arabi Source Type: research

The Saudi clinical practice guideline for the diagnosis of the first deep venous thrombosis of the lower extremity
Fahad Al-Hameed, Hasan M Al-Dorzi, Abdulrahman Shamy, Abdulelah Qadi, Ebtisam Bakhsh, Essam Aboelnazar, Mohamad Abdelaal, Tarig AlKhuwaitir, Mohamed S Al-Moamary, Mohamed S Al-Hajjaj, Jan Brozek, Holger Schunemann, Reem Mustafa, Maicon FalavignaAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2015 10(1):3-15The diagnosis of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) may be challenging due to the inaccuracy of clinical assessment and diversity of diagnostic tests. On one hand, missed diagnosis may result in life-threatening conditions. On the other hand, unnecessary treatment may lead to serious complications. As a result of an initiative of the Ministry of ...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fahad Al-HameedHasan M Al-DorziAbdulrahman ShamyAbdulelah QadiEbtisam BakhshEssam AboelnazarMohamad AbdelaalTarig AlKhuwaitirMohamed S Al-MoamaryMohamed S Al-HajjajJan BrozekHolger SchunemannReem MustafaMaicon Falavigna Source Type: research

Evaluation of efficacy of non-invasive ventilation in Non-COPD and non-trauma patients with acute hypoxemic respiratory failure: A systematic review and meta-analysis
Marja A AlYami, Mohammed D AlAhmari, Hajed Alotaibi, Saad AlRabeeah, Ibrahim AlBalawi, Mohamed MubasherAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2015 10(1):16-24Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has been widely supported in the past two decades as an effective application in avoiding the need for endotracheal intubation (ETI) and reducing associated mortality in acute hypoxemic respiratory failure (AHRF) patients. However, the efficacy of NIV in AHRF patients, non-related to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and trauma is still controversial in the field of medical research. This retrospective study aimed to evaluate the efficac...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Marja A AlYamiMohammed D AlAhmariHajed AlotaibiSaad AlRabeeahIbrahim AlBalawiMohamed Mubasher Source Type: research

The effect of adding gender item to Berlin Questionnaire in determining obstructive sleep apnea in sleep clinics
Conclusion: The results showed that BQ-G is relatively better than BQ in determining moderate to severe OSA in sleep clinics where most of the patients are sleep apneic but both of the tests were found to have insufficient validities in defining moderate to severe OSA in sleep clinics. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Melike YuceegeHikmet FiratOzlem SeverAhmet DemirSadik Ardic Source Type: research

The effect of sand storms on acute asthma in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
Conclusion: Sand storms, even major ones, had no significant impact on acute asthma exacerbations in children in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The very high levels of PM, however, deserve further studying especially of their long-term effects. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Abdullah A AlangariMuhammad RiazMohamed Osman MahjoubNidal MalhisSaleh Al-TamimiAbdullah Al-Modaihsh Source Type: research

Impact of multimedia information on bronchoscopy procedure: is it really helpful?
Conclusion: Besides reducing the state anxiety, multimedia information can reduce the dose of sedation, shorten the processing duration and reduce the difficulties during bronchoscopy. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ersin GunayElif Dogan BakiSerdar KokuluSevinc Sarinc UlasliGurhan OzOlcay AkarErman BagciogluMehmet Unlu Source Type: research

Pirfenidone treatment in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis: A Saudi experience
Conclusion: Pirfenidone treatment preserves functional capacity, as reflected by the 6MWD. Adverse events associated with pirfenidone treatment were generally well tolerated by the patients. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Esam H Alhamad Source Type: research

Sonographic evaluation of intravascular volume status: Can internal jugular or femoral vein collapsibility be used in the absence of IVC visualization?
Conclusion: Despite small measurement biases, correlations between IVC-CI and FV-/IJV-CI are weak. These results indicate that IJ-CI and FV-CI should not be used as a primary intravascular volume assessment tool for clinical decision support in the ICU. The authors propose that IJV-CI and FV-CI be reserved for clinical scenarios where sonographic acquisition of both IVC-CI or subclavian collapsibility are not feasible, especially when trended over time. Sonographers should be aware that IJV-CI tends to overestimate collapsibility when compared to IVC-CI, and FV-CI tends to underestimates collapsibility relative to IVC-CI. ...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Alistair KentPrabhav PatilVictor DavilaJ Kevin BaileyChristian JonesDavid C EvansCreagh T BoulgerEric AdkinsJayaraj M BalakrishnanSebastian ValiyaveedanSagar C GalwankarDavid P BahnerStanislaw P Stawicki Source Type: research

Conventional transbronchial needle aspiration: From acquisition to precision
Conclusion: C-TBNA can be easily learned and the proficiency can be attained with <66 procedures. In selected patients, its exclusivity could exceed 35%. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Elif KupeliPinar SeyfettinMerih Demirel Tepeoglu Source Type: research

Status of respiratory care profession in Saudi Arabia: A national survey
Conclusions: We report the first insightful data on RC workforce in KSA. These data should be used by educational institutions and health policy makers to plan better RC coverage in the country. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ghazi Alotaibi Source Type: research

Progression-free survival, post-progression survival, and tumor response as surrogate markers for overall survival in patients with extensive small cell lung cancer
Conclusion: PPS is a potential surrogate for OS in patients with extensive SCLC. Our findings also suggest that subsequent treatment after disease progression following first-line chemotherapy may greatly influence OS. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hisao ImaiKeita MoriKazushige WakudaAkira OnoHiroaki AkamatsuTakehito ShukuyaTetsuhiko TairaHirotsugu KenmotsuTateaki NaitoKyoichi KairaHaruyasu MurakamiMasahiro EndoTakashi NakajimaNobuyuki YamamotoToshiaki Takahashi Source Type: research

Novel technique in managing bronchobiliary fistula in adults: Endobronchial embolization using silicone spigots in 2 cases
Kostas Kostopanagiotou, Robert S George, Emmanuel Kefaloyannis, Kostas PapagiannopoulosAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2015 10(1):67-68Bronchobiliary fistula (BBF) can complicate most hepatic pathologies. This is a challenging group of patients, especially when surgery is precluded. The bronchoscopic application of silicon spigots is a recognized technique for the treatment of massive hemoptysis and the management of patients with bronchopleural fistula following lung resection. Their role in the treatment of BBF has never been described. In this paper we report the successful embolization using silicon spigots in two patients...
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kostas KostopanagiotouRobert S GeorgeEmmanuel KefaloyannisKostas Papagiannopoulos Source Type: research

Two Qatari siblings with cystic fibrosis and apparent mineralocorticoid excess
This report draws attention to the importance of recognizing the possibility of two recessive disorders in the same child in complex consanguineous families. Moreover, it provides a unique opportunity to highlight the implications of the coexistence of two genetic disorders on patient care and genetic counseling of the family. (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Khalid ZahraldinIbrahim Ahmed JanahiTawfeg Ben-OmranReem AlsulaimanBajes HamadAbubakr Imam Source Type: research

Neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio, a possible diagnostic marker in clinical practice
Nesrin Ocal, Ramazan Ocal, Zeynep Arzu YeginAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2015 10(1):73-73 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nesrin OcalRamazan OcalZeynep Arzu Yegin Source Type: research

Author reply to the editor
Sinem Iliaz, Raim IliazAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2015 10(1):74-74 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sinem IliazRaim Iliaz Source Type: research

Cigarette price and smoking
Sim Sai Tin, Viroj WiwanitkitAnnals of Thoracic Medicine 2015 10(1):74-74 (Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine)
Source: Annals of Thoracic Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sim Sai TinViroj Wiwanitkit Source Type: research

The incidence of cardiovascular events after hospitalization due to CAP and their association with different inflammatory markers
In this study we aim to define new inflammatory markers associated with cardiovascular disease that could be helpful for the prognosis of CAP patients, by describing the distribution of a wide spectrum of inflammatory mediators and analyzing their association with the incidence of cardiovascular disease and mortality one year after release from hospital. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Olga RajasMaría Ortega GómezJosé Galván RománJosé CurbeloGuillermo Fernández JiménezLorena Vega PirisFrancisco Rodríguez SalvanesBelén ArnalichSergio Luquero BuenoAna Díaz LópezCarmen SuárezJulio AncocheaJavier Aspa Source Type: research

Usefulness of gender and abnormal blood count for predicting pneumonia outcome in children
Conclusion Sex of the patient and data from complete blood count are very useful for the prediction of pneumonia outcome. Anaemia, thrombocytosis, thrombocytopaenia, and leucopaenia are considered as predictors of bad prognosis. Females are more vulnerable to pulmonary complications while maleness is associated with sepsis and determination of these indicators highlights suspicion of pneumonia prognosis and allows application of early appropriate interventions. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Study of the relationship of dyspnea with depression and functional status in patients with interstitial lung disease
Conclusion Dyspnea is common in ILD and is strongly correlated with functional status and psychiatric disorders. Dyspnea score, functional status and psychiatric disorders are more affected in ILD with PHTN than in ILD without PHTN. Accordingly, routine screening for mental disorders is recommended for patients with ILD, and should be accompanied by accurate assessment of patient’s symptoms, particularly in patients with high levels of functional impairment. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Management of airway foreign body using flexible bronchoscopy: Experience with 80 cases during 2011–2013
Conclusions Flexible bronchoscopy is successful in retrieving airway foreign bodies (88.8%). With skilled personnel and perfect equipments, flexible bronchoscopy could be considered as the first choice for the removal of airway foreign body. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The usefulness of the DECAF score in predicting hospital mortality in Acute Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Conclusion The DECAF score is a powerful score to predict in-hospital mortality from eCOPD. Most of the predictors in the score make sense as to why they might predict mortality in eCOPD, meaning largely objective and reliable. The modified DECAF score is more sensitive and specific in predicting in-hospital mortality in eCOPD than the DECAF score. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Anatomical and histopathological airway abnormalities detected during fiberoptic bronchoscopy in patients with mediastinal lymphadenopathy
Conclusion The best diagnostic yield was obtained by combination of bronchial mucosal biopsy and TBNA techniques. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Concordance between hypoxic challenge testing and predictive equations for hypoxic flight assessment in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients prior to air travel
Conclusions The present study supports on-HCT as a reliable, on-invasive and continuous methods determining the requirement for in-flight O2 are relatively constant. Predictive equations considerably overestimate the need for in-flight O2 compared to hypoxic inhalation test. Predictive equations are cheap, readily available methods of flight assessment, but this study shows poor agreement between their predictions and the measured individual hypoxic responses during HCT. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Essential medicines for chronic respiratory diseases: can people breathe easily in low-income countries?
(Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease)
Source: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease - December 12, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bissell, Karen Tags: EDITORIALS Source Type: research

A study of respiratory function among the workers engaged in ginning processes
Conclusions: Studies on cotton textile workers have shown both cross-shift and chronic decline of values. In this study on ginning workers, chronic effect only is observed. This difference of observation may be explained by different nature of exposure in case of ginning. This study recommends regular periodic clinical examination, lung function test and monitoring of dust, gram-negative bacteria and endotoxins in such workplaces. (Source: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine)
Source: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Asim SahaPankaj B DoctorLakho J BhagiaPrabhat K MajumdarBhupendra D Patel Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 11, Pages 12927-12937: Histological Changes in Gills of Two Fish Species as Indicators of Water Quality in Jansen Lagoon (São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil)
Water quality of the Jansen Lagoon (São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil) was assessed through histological biomarkers and microbiological parameters. To this end, 29 fish specimens (11 Centropomus undecimalis and 18 Sardinella sp) and eight water samples were collected during the rainy and dry periods of 2013. The lagoon water showed thermotolerant coliform indices above the limit set forth in CONAMA Resolution 357/2005. Histological changes observed in the gills were: lifting of the respiratory epithelium, hyperplasia of the lamellar epithelium, incomplete and complete fusion of several lamellae, disorganization of the la...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 12, 2014 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Débora SantosMércia MeloDenise MendesIolanda RochaJakeline SilvaSildiane CantanhêdePaulo Meletti Tags: Article Source Type: research

IJERPH, Vol. 11, Pages 12915-12926: Rat Lung Response to PM2.5 Exposure under Different Cold Stresses
Ambient particulate matters and temperature were reported to have additive effects over the respiratory disease hospital admissions and deaths. The purpose of this study is to discuss the interactive pulmonary toxicities of cold stress and fine particulate matter (PM2.5) exposure by estimating inflammation and oxidative stress responses. 48 Wistar male rats, matched by weight and age, were randomly assigned to six groups, which were treated with cold stress alone (0 °C, 10 °C, and 20 °C (Normal control)) and cold stresses plus PM2.5 exposures respectively. Cold stress alone groups were intratracheal instillation of 0.25...
Source: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health - December 12, 2014 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Bin LuoHongxia ShiLina WangYanrong ShiCheng WangJingli YangYaxiong WanJingping Niu Tags: Article Source Type: research

Three cases of suprachoroidal hemorrhage associated with chest compression or asphyxiation and detected using postmortem computed tomography
We report 3 cases of suprachoroidal hemorrhage (SCH) found to be triggered by increased intrathoracic pressure and detected using postmortem computed tomography (PMCT). Case 1 was a man aged in his 50s who was found dead at a landslide site. The autopsy showed clogging of the upper respiratory tract with soil debris from the landslide. The cause of death was determined to be asphyxia. PMCT showed SCH in both eyes, which was believed to be caused by chest compression or choking on the soil debris from the landslide. (Source: Legal Medicine)
Source: Legal Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Toru Oshima, Hiroshi Yoshikawa, Maki Ohtani, Sohtaro Mimasaka Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Incidence and risk Factors for respiratory Complications in Patients undergoing esophagectomy for malignancy: A NSQIP analysis
Respiratory complications are the most frequent adverse events in patients undergoing esophagectomy for cancer and their occurrence may negatively affect postoperative recovery and outcomes. We queried the ACS-NSQIP dataset to study the rate and influence of pneumonia, unplanned intubation and ventilator dependency >48hours on the early outcomes after esophagectomy and risk factors for their development. (Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery)
Source: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - December 12, 2014 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Daniela Molena, Benedetto Mungo, Miloslawa Stem, Anne O. Lidor Source Type: research

Functional and Developmental Identification of a Molecular Subtype of Brain Serotonergic Neuron Specialized to Regulate Breathing Dynamics
Publication date: Available online 11 December 2014 Source:Cell Reports Author(s): Rachael D. Brust , Andrea E. Corcoran , George B. Richerson , Eugene Nattie , Susan M. Dymecki Serotonergic neurons modulate behavioral and physiological responses from aggression and anxiety to breathing and thermoregulation. Disorders involving serotonin (5HT) dysregulation are commensurately heterogeneous and numerous. We hypothesized that this breadth in functionality derives in part from a developmentally determined substructure of distinct subtypes of 5HT neurons each specialized to modulate specific behaviors. By manipulating de...
Source: Cell Reports - December 12, 2014 Category: Cytology Source Type: research

Expression of the Receptor for Advanced Glycation End Products, a Target for High Mobility Group Box 1 Protein, and its Role in Chronic Recalcitrant Rhinosinusitis with Nasal Polyps
Abstract A receptor for advanced glycation end products (RAGE) and its ligand high mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) protein has been linked to several chronic diseases, and acts as a trigger for inflammation signaling. Here, we study RAGE and HMGB1 expression in chronic, recalcitrant rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) to determine its potential clinical significance, i.e., disease recurrence and severity. RAGE and HMGB1 expression in CRSwNP was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in epithelial cells of fresh sinonasal mucosa samples obtained from the patients diagnosed with recalcitrant CRSwNP (n = 25) and norm...
Source: Archivum Immunologiae et Therapiae Experimentalis - December 12, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

The caval index: an adequate non-invasive ultrasound parameter to predict fluid responsiveness in the emergency department?
Conclusionss: In spontaneously breathing patients with signs of shock in the emergency department, a high caval index (>36.5%) does not reliably predict fluid responsiveness in our study, while a low caval index ( (Source: BMC Anesthesiology)
Source: BMC Anesthesiology - December 12, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Silke de ValkTycho OlgersMirjam HolmanFarouq IsmaelJack LigtenbergJan ter Maaten Source Type: research

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in near-drowning patients with cardiac or pulmonary failure
Conclusions: ECMO was safe and effective for patients with ongoing cardiac arrest or ARDS after a near-drowning incident and can be used as a resuscitative strategy in near-drowning patients with cardiac or pulmonary failure resistant to conventional ventilator therapy. (Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine)
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine - December 12, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Kun KimWon LeeHyoung KimJae JeongHo Ko Source Type: research

Massive Plexiform Neurofibroma of the Neck and Larynx
Conclusion Massive neck plexiform neurofibroma with supraglottic part was found in a child with neurofibromatosis type 1; it should be included in differential diagnosis of stridor and neck mass in children. It was diagnosed and removed in early in childhood without recurrence.[...]Thieme Publicações Ltda Rio de Janeiro, BrazilArticle in Thieme eJournals:Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text (Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology)
Source: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology - December 12, 2014 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Mobashir, Mohammad KamalMohamed, Abd ElRaof SaidEl-Anwar, Mohammad WaheedEl Sayed, Ahmad EbrahimFouad, Mouhamad A. Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research