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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 5.
The inevitable Hajj cough: surveillance data in French pilgrims, 2012-2014
Respiratory tract infections are the most common infection affecting Hajj pilgrims, and the ‘‘Hajj cough’’ is considered by pilgrims almost de rigueur. (Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease)
Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease - October 2, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Philippe Gautret, Samir Benkouiten, Karolina Griffiths, Shruti Sridhar Source Type: research
Prostaglandin E Mediates Cardiorespiratory Disturbances during Infection in Neonates
To determine whether infection, with associated eicosanoid release, is a main cause of respiratory disruption in neonates, by measuring levels of prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and its metabolite (PGEM) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). (Source: The Journal of Pediatrics)
Source: The Journal of Pediatrics - October 2, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Veronica Siljehav, Annika M. Hofstetter, Kristin Leifsdottir, Eric Herlenius Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome after Orthotopic Liver Transplantation
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a devastating complication with substantial mortality. The aims of this study were to identify the incidence, preoperative and intraoperative risk factors, and impact of ARDS on outcomes in patients after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). (Source: Journal of Critical Care)
Source: Journal of Critical Care - October 2, 2015 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Wei Zhao, Xupeng Ge, Kai Sun, Vatche G. Agopian, Yuelan Wang, Min Yan, Ronald W. Busuttil, Randolph H. Steadman, Victor W. Xia Source Type: research
Osteogenesis imperfecta associated with dendriform pulmonary ossification.
PMID: 26431159 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - October 2, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Morikawa M, Fukuda Y, Terasaki Y, Itoh H, Demura Y, Sasaki M, Imamura Y, Honjo C, Umeda Y, Anzai M, Ameshima S, Ishizaki T, Ishizuka T Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Proteomics analysis of liver tissues from C57BL/6J mice receiving low-dose (137)Cs radiation.
Abstract Differentially expressed proteins in liver tissues of C57BL/6J mice receiving low-dose (137)Cs radiation were examined by proteomics analysis. Compared with the control group, 80 proteins were differentially expressed in the irradiated group. Among the 40 randomly selected proteins used for peptide mass fingerprinting analysis and bioinformatics, 24 were meaningful. These proteins were related to antioxidant defense, amino acid metabolism, detoxification, anti-tumor development, amino acid transport, anti-peroxidation, and composition of respiratory chain. Western blot analysis showed that catalase (CAT), ...
Source: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International - October 2, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Yi L, Li L, Yin J, Hu N, Li G, Ding D Tags: Environ Sci Pollut Res Int Source Type: research
Abstract B09: Association between cardiorespiratory fitness and quality of life in breast cancer survivors
Conclusion: In summary, QOL and CRF were weakly related, which differs from the stronger association between CRF and QOL in healthy and diabetic populations. However, this association between CRF and QOL was stronger in postmenopausal BCS, thus it may be valuable to further investigate the effect of menopausal status on CRF and QOL. Both CRF and QOL values were average and above average, respectively, in our sample which may explain the weak-moderate association between CRF and QOL. Nonetheless, due to the possible association between CRF and QOL, it may be necessary to consider investigating this association in a larger s...
Source: Cancer Prevention Research - October 2, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Dieli-Conwright, C. M., Orozco, B., Mortimer, J., Tripathy, D., Spicer, D., Bernstein, L. Tags: Quality of Life/Late Effects/Survivorship: Poster Presentations - Proffered Abstracts Source Type: research
Abstract A11: Airway gene expression indicates an increase in oxidative phosphorylation in the field of injury of individuals with premalignant lesions
Lung squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) claims the lives of approximately 50,000 individuals in the United States annually due to late stage diagnosis and lack of effective treatment options. Lung SCC arises in the epithelial layer of the bronchial airways and is preceded by the development of premalignant lesions (PMLs). The molecular events involved in the progression of PMLs to lung SCC are not clearly understood as not all PMLs that develop go on to form carcinoma. Our group is now using high-throughput genomic techniques to characterize the process of premalignant progression by examining PMLs and non-lesion areas in the a...
Source: Cancer Prevention Research - October 2, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Mazzilli, S. A., Liu, G., Zhang, X., Si, H., Lam, S., Lenburg, M., Spira, A., Beane, J. E. Tags: Biomarkers of Cancer Susceptibility: Poster Presentations - Proffered Abstracts Source Type: research
Therapeutic potential of soluble guanylate cyclase modulators in neonatal chronic lung disease.
Abstract Supplemental oxygen after premature birth results in aberrant airway, alveolar and pulmonary vascular development with an increased risk for bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD), and development of wheeze and asthma, pulmonary hypertension and COPD in survivors. Although stimulation of the nitric oxide (NO)-soluble guanylate cyclase (sGC)-cyclic GMP (cGMP) signal transduction pathway has significant beneficial effects on disease development in animal models, so far this could not be translated to the clinic. Oxidative stress reduces the NO-sGC-cGMP pathway by oxidizing heme-bound sGC, resulting in inactivation...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - October 2, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Wagenaar GT, Hiemstra PS, Gosens R Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
ncRNA regulated immune response and its role in inflammatory lung diseases.
Abstract Despite the greatly expanded knowledge on the regulation of immune response by protein molecules, there is increasing understanding that non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) are also an integral component of this regulatory network. Abnormal immune response serves a central role in the initiation, progression and exacerbation of inflammatory lung diseases, such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), cystic fibrosis (CF) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)/acute lung injury (ALI). Dysregulation of ncRNAs has been linked to various immunopathologies. In this review, we highlighted the role o...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - October 2, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Xie N, Liu G Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Homeostasis and its Disruption in the Lung Microbiome.
Abstract The disciplines of physiology and ecology are united by the shared centrality of the concept of homeostasis: the stability of a complex system via internal mechanisms of self-regulation, resilient to external perturbation. In the past decade, these fields of study have been bridged by the discovery of the lung microbiome. The respiratory tract, long considered sterile, is in fact a dynamic ecosystem of microbiota, intimately associated with the host inflammatory response, altered in disease states. If the microbiome is a "newly discovered organ," ecology is the language we use to explain how it establishes...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - October 2, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Dickson RP, Erb-Downward JR, Huffnagle GB Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Pharmacological targeting of VEGFR signaling with axitinib inhibits Tsc2-null lesion growth in the mouse model of lymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM).
Abstract Pulmonary Iymphangioleiomyomatosis (LAM), a rare progressive lung disease associated with mutations of the Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (Tsc2) tumor suppressor gene, manifests by neoplastic growth of LAM cells, induction of cystic lung destruction and respiratory failure. LAM severity correlates with up-regulation in serum of the prolymphangiogenic vascular endothelial growth factor D (VEGF-D) that distinguishes LAM from other cystic diseases. The goal of our study was to determine whether Tsc2-deficiency up-regulates VEGF-D and whether axitinib, the FDA-approved small molecule inhibitor of VEGFR signaling, ...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - October 2, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Atochina-Vasserman EN, Abramova E, James ML, Rue R, Liu AY, Ersumo NT, Guo CJ, Gow AJ, Krymskaya VP Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Imatinib attenuates inflammation and vascular leak in a clinically relevant two-hit model of acute lung injury.
Abstract Acute Lung Injury/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ALI/ARDS), an illness characterized by life-threatening vascular leak, is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Recent preclinical studies and clinical observations have suggested a potential role for the chemotherapeutic agent imatinib in restoring vascular integrity. Our prior work demonstrates differential effects of imatinib in mouse models of ALI: attenuation of LPS-induced lung injury, but exacerbation of ventilator-induced lung injury (VILI). Due to the critical role of MV in the care of ARDS patients, in the...
Source: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology - October 2, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Rizzo AN, Sammani S, Esquinca AE, Jacobson JR, Garcia JG, Letsiou E, Dudek SM Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research
Role of mitochondrial oxidative stress on lymphocyte homeostasis in patients diagnosed with extra-pulmonary tuberculosis.
Abstract Extra-pulmonary tuberculosis is often an underrated illness. Recent clinical studies have pointed out that lymphocyte homeostasis is dramatically disturbed as revealed through a series of signs and symptoms. Lymphocytes, the known effector cells of our immune system, play an important role in providing immunologic resistance against Mycobacterium infection. It is important to have quantitative insights into the lifespan of these cells; therefore, we aimed to study the precise effect of gastrointestinal tuberculosis infection on peripheral blood lymphocyte sub-populations and function. Our results indicated...
Source: Cell Biology International - October 2, 2015 Category: Cytology Authors: Bhargava A, Khare NK, Bunkar N, Lenka RK, Mishra PK Tags: Cell Biol Int Source Type: research
Genetic diversity of clinical Mycobacterium avium subsp. hominissuis and Mycobacterium intracellulare isolates causing pulmonary diseases recovered from different geographical regions.
Abstract Mycobacterium avium complex (MAC) infections are increasing annually in many countries. MAC strains are the most common nontuberculous mycobacterial pathogens isolated from respiratory samples and predominantly consist of two species, Mycobacterium avium and Mycobacterium intracellulare. The aim of this study was to analyze the molecular epidemiology and genetic backgrounds of clinical MAC isolates collected from The Netherlands, Germany, United States, Korea and Japan. Variable numbers of tandem repeats (VNTR) analysis was used to examine the genetic relatedness of clinical isolates of M. avium subsp. hom...
Source: Infection, Genetics and Evolution - October 2, 2015 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Ichikawa K, van Ingen J, Koh WJ, Wagner D, Salfinger M, Inagaki T, Uchiya KI, Nakagawa T, Ogawa K, Yamada K, Yagi T Tags: Infect Genet Evol Source Type: research
Bilateral Continuous Quadratus Lumborum Block for Acute Postoperative Abdominal Pain as a Rescue After Opioid-Induced Respiratory Depression
We present a case of acute postoperative abdominal pain after proctosigmoidectomy and colorectal anastomosis that was treated by bilateral continuous quadratus lumborum block. The block was performed in the lateral position under ultrasound guidance with a 15-mL bolus of 0.5% bupivacaine injected anterior to the quadratus lumborum muscle followed by bilateral catheter placement. Each catheter received a continuous infusion of 0.1% bupivacaine at 8 mL/h and an on-demand bolus 5 mL every 30 minutes. Sensory level was confirmed by insensitivity to cold from T7 through T12. The block was devoid of hemodynamic side effects ...
Source: A&A Case Reports - October 1, 2015 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Factors Associated With Reintubation in Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Conclusion: Sedative and analgesic drug use prior to extubation was associated with more frequent reintubation in patients with acute exacerbations of COPD. This study suggests that the judicious withdrawal of sedatives prior to extubation may reduce reintubations. (Source: Quality Management in Healthcare)
Source: Quality Management in Healthcare - October 1, 2015 Category: Health Management Tags: Qualty Management Initiatives in Top US Hospital Systems Source Type: research
Pan-Resistant Achromobacter xylosoxidans and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia Infection in Cystic Fibrosis Does Not Reduce Survival After Lung Transplantation
Conclusions: The CF patients with Achromobacter xylosoxidans and Stenotrophomonas maltophilia have similar posttransplant survival as compared to other CF patients, irrespective of their antibiotic susceptibility patterns. The presence of these organisms should not preclude lung transplantation. (Source: Transplantation)
Source: Transplantation - October 1, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Tags: Original Clinical Science-General Source Type: research
Management of Intracranial Pressure
Purpose of Review:: Intracranial pressure (ICP) can be elevated in traumatic brain injury, large artery acute ischemic stroke, intracranial hemorrhage, intracranial neoplasms, and diffuse cerebral disorders such as meningitis, encephalitis, and acute hepatic failure. Raised ICP is also known as intracranial hypertension and is defined as a sustained ICP of greater than 20 mm Hg. Recent Findings:: ICP must be measured through an invasive brain catheter, typically an external ventricular catheter that can drain CSF and measure ICP, or through an intraparenchymal ICP probe. Proper recognition of the clinical signs of elevated...
Source: CONTINUUM - October 1, 2015 Category: Neurology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Acute Neuromuscular Respiratory Failure
This article reviews the general evaluation of neuromuscular respiratory failure, discusses its differential diagnosis, and provides practical advice on the management of its most common causes. Recent Findings:: Determining the cause of acute neuromuscular respiratory failure is crucial because functional prognosis is poor in patients for whom the cause cannot be defined. The differential diagnosis is extensive, but the first step is to discriminate between cases related to a primary neurologic disease (primary neuromuscular respiratory failure) and those provoked by systemic disease, most often critical illness from seps...
Source: CONTINUUM - October 1, 2015 Category: Neurology Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research
Cardiac Arrest in Children: Long-Term Health Status and Health-Related Quality of Life*
Conclusions: Considering the impact of cardiac arrest, the overall outcome after cardiac arrest in childhood is reasonably good. Prospective long-term outcome research in large homogeneous groups is needed. (Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - October 1, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Feature Articles Source Type: research
Outcomes of Preterm Neonates Transferred Between Tertiary Perinatal Centers
Conclusions: Neonatal transfer between tertiary-level centers does not impact on clinical outcomes, if performed under optimal conditions. (Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - October 1, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Neonatal Intensive Care Source Type: research
Pediatric Out-of-Hospital Critical Procedures in the United States*
Conclusion: Despite the broad range of pediatric conditions seen in the prehospital setting, pediatric critical procedures are infrequently performed. These data highlight factors that are associated with successful completion of critical pediatric procedures. (Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine)
Source: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine - October 1, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Tags: Online Clinical Investigations Source Type: research
Maternal Effects of Respiratory Syncytial Virus Infection during Pregnancy
S. M. Wheeler et al. (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases Journal - October 1, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
TRP Channels in Respiratory Pathophysiology: the Role of Oxidative, Chemical Irritant and Temperature Stimuli.
Abstract There is rapidly growing evidence indicating multiple and important roles of Ca(2+)- permeable cation TRP channels in the airways, both under normal and disease conditions. The aim of this review was to summarize the current knowledge of TRP channels in sensing oxidative, chemical irritant and temperature stimuli by discussing expression and function of several TRP channels in relevant cell types within the respiratory tract, ranging from sensory neurons to airway smooth muscle and epithelial cells. Several of these channels, such as TRPM2, TRPM8, TRPA1 and TRPV1, are discussed in much detail to show that ...
Source: Current Neuropharmacology - October 1, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Zholos AV Tags: Curr Neuropharmacol Source Type: research
Deciphering Subtype-Selective Modulations in TRPA1 Biosensor Channels.
Abstract The transient receptor potential (TRP) proteins are a family of ion channels that act as cellular sensors. Several members of the TRP family are sensitive to oxidative stress mediators. Among them, TRPA1 is remarkably susceptible to various oxidants, and is known to mediate neuropathic pain and respiratory, vascular and gastrointestinal functions, making TRPA1 an attractive therapeutic target. Recent studies have revealed a number of modulators (both activators and inhibitors) that act on TRPA1. Endogenous mediators of oxidative stress and exogenous electrophiles activate TRPA1 through oxidative modificati...
Source: Current Neuropharmacology - October 1, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Kozai D, Sakaguchi R, Ohwada T, Mori Y Tags: Curr Neuropharmacol Source Type: research
Maternal Folic Acid Supplementation During Pregnancy and Early Childhood Asthma
Conclusion: Timing of folic acid-containing prescription filling during pregnancy was associated with childhood asthma. Our findings contribute to understanding of the role of prenatal nutritional supplements on child respiratory health. (Source: Epidemiology)
Source: Epidemiology - October 1, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Nutritional Epidemiology Source Type: research
Review Article: The Fraction of Influenza Virus Infections That Are Asymptomatic: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Conclusions: Estimates of the asymptomatic fraction are affected by the study design, and the definitions of infection and symptomatic illness. Considerable differences between the asymptomatic fraction of infections confirmed by virologic versus serologic testing may indicate fundamental differences in the interpretation of these two indicators. (Source: Epidemiology)
Source: Epidemiology - October 1, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Infectious Disease Source Type: research
Estimating Disease Duration in Cross-sectional Surveys
Conclusion: The proposed method allows estimating the mean duration of disease episodes in cross-sectional studies and is applicable to large demographic and health surveys in low-income settings that routinely collect data on diarrhea and respiratory illness. The method may further be used for the calculation of the duration of infectiousness if test results are available for two consecutive days, such as paired throat swabs for influenza. (Source: Epidemiology)
Source: Epidemiology - October 1, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Infectious Disease Source Type: research
Ambient Ammonia Exposures in an Agricultural Community and Pediatric Asthma Morbidity
Conclusions: Ammonia concentrations were elevated in this community and strongly predicted by proximity to animal feeding operations. Ammonia’s association with acute lung function decrements in children with asthma in the surrounding community may be causal or, alternatively, ammonia may be a marker for other pollutants from animal feeding operations associated with respiratory effects. (Source: Epidemiology)
Source: Epidemiology - October 1, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Tags: Environmental Epidemiology Source Type: research
Biomarkers and severe asthma: a critical appraisal
Severe asthma (SA) is a clinically and etiologically heterogeneous respiratory disease which affects among 5–10 % of asthmatic patients. Despite high-dose therapy, a large patients percentage is not fully controlled and has a poor quality of life. In this review, we describe the biomarkers actually known in scientific literature and used in clinical practice for SA assessment and management: neutrophils, eosinophils, periostin, fractional exhaled nitric oxide, exhaled breath condensate and galectins. Moreover, we give an overview on clinical and biological features characterizing severe asthma, paying special attention ...
Source: Clinical and Molecular Allergy - October 1, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Alessandra ChiapporiLaura De FerrariChiara FolliPierluigi MauriAnna RiccioGiorgio Canonica Source Type: research
Retinol binding protein and vitamin D associations with serum antibody isotypes, serum influenza virus‐specific neutralizing activities, and airway cytokine profiles
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical and Experimental Immunology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Immunology - October 1, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: BG Jones, CM Oshansky, R Bajracharya, L Tang, Y Sun, SS Wong, R Webby, PG Thomas, JL Hurwitz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
Prevalence, diagnosis, and disease course of pertussis in adults with acute cough: a prospective, observational study in primary care.
CONCLUSION: Pertussis infection plays a limited role among adults presenting with acute cough in primary care, but GPs should acknowledge the possibility of pertussis in uncomplicated lower respiratory tract infection. As in children, pertussis also causes prolonged symptoms in adults. However, pertussis is difficult to discern from other acute cough syndromes in adults at first presentation. PMID: 26412843 [PubMed - in process] (Source: The British Journal of General Practice)
Source: The British Journal of General Practice - October 1, 2015 Category: Primary Care Authors: Teepe J, Broekhuizen BD, Ieven M, Loens K, Huygen K, Kretzschmar M, de Melker H, Butler CC, Little P, Stuart B, Coenen S, Goossens H, Verheij TJ, GRACE consortium Tags: Br J Gen Pract Source Type: research
Infectious diseases: Vaccine for Middle East respiratory syndrome
Nature Reviews Drug Discovery 14, 678 (2015). doi:10.1038/nrd4746 Author: Katie Kingwell Infection with Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) is associated with severe morbidity and mortality, and is not treatable with currently available antiviral therapies. A recent study has shown that a DNA vaccine that targets the spike (S) protein of MERS-CoV is protective against infection (Source: Nature Reviews Drug Discovery)
Source: Nature Reviews Drug Discovery - October 1, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Katie Kingwell Tags: Research Highlight Source Type: research
Successful Treatment of Aluminium Phosphide Poisoning by Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
Abstract Aluminium phosphide (ALP) is one of the most commonly used pesticides worldwide with high mortality rates. Cellular damage and cardiorespiratory failure are the most common causes of mortality and morbidity after poisoning. It is supposed that giving enough time to the patient to survive, the most critical hours after exposure may help the cardiovascular system to recover itself and save the patient's life. During a training workshop for medical extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a 28‐year‐old ALP‐poisoned male was referred to us. Fifty minutes after admission, he developed hypotension and bradycard...
Source: Basic and Clinical Pharmacology and Toxicology - October 1, 2015 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Hossein Hassanian‐Moghaddam, Nasim Zamani, Mitra Rahimi, Mohammadreza Hajesmaeili, Maryam Taherkhani, Roxana Sadeghi Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Predictors of Airway Intervention in Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme Inhibitor-Induced Angioedema
Conclusion This is the largest patient series to date of AIIA patients evaluated with flexible laryngoscopy. Physicians should be aware of certain risk factors that will require a higher acuity level of care, including (1) presentation within 4 hours of symptom onset, (2) symptoms such as drooling and respiratory distress, (3) and involvement of the tongue, soft palate, and larynx. (Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - October 1, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Kieu, M. C. Q., Bangiyev, J. N., Thottam, P. J., Levy, P. D. Tags: General Otolaryngology Source Type: research
Using Polysomnography and Airway Evaluation to Predict Successful Decannulation in Children
Conclusion Airway evaluation by microlaryngoscopy and bronchoscopy is an essential tool in the assessment of decannulation readiness. Polysomnography is an important additional tool for children with complex airway problems. Our results indicate that certain polysomnographic parameters such as Apnea Hypopnea Index and maximal end-tidal CO2 are valuable in predicting successful tracheostomy decannulation. (Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery)
Source: Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery - October 1, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Gurbani, N., Promyothin, U., Rutter, M., Fenchel, M. C., Szczesniak, R. D., Simakajornboon, N. Tags: Pediatric Otolaryngology Source Type: research
Adenovirus infection in children with acute lower respiratory tract infections in Beijing, China, 2007 to 2012
Conclusions: During the study period, HAdV-B7 and HAdV-B3 were the predominant types identified in pediatric ALRTIs. HAdV-B7 infection tends to have more severe clinical consequences. The presence of newly emerging types or variants and co-infection with different types of HAdV highlights the need for constant and close surveillance of HAdV infection. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - October 1, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Chunyan LiuYan XiaoJing ZhangLili RenJianguo LiZhengde XieBaoping XuYan YangSuyun QianJianwei WangKunling Shen Source Type: research
Protection from Radiation-Induced Pulmonary Fibrosis by Peripheral Targeting of Cannabinoid Receptor-1.
Abstract Radiation-induced pulmonary fibrosis (RIF) is a severe complication of thoracic radiotherapy that limits its dose, intensity, and duration. The contribution of the endocannabinoid signaling system in pulmonary fibrogenesis is not known. Using a well-established mouse model of RIF, we assessed the involvement of cannabinoid receptor-1 (CB1) in the onset and progression of pulmonary fibrosis. Female C57BL/6 mice and CB1 knockout mice generated on C57BL/6 background received 20 Gy (2 Gy/min) single-dose thoracic irradiation that resulted in pulmonary fibrosis and animal death within 15 to 18 weeks. Some C57BL...
Source: Respiratory Care - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bronova I, Smith B, Aydogan B, Weichselbaum RR, Vemuri K, Erdelyi K, Makriyannis A, Pacher P, Berdyshev EV Tags: Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol Source Type: research
What is Lung Transplantation?
Authors: PMID: 26426794 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Continuous Positive Airway Pressure-Emergent Protracted Central Apneas with Profound Oxygen Desaturation.
PMID: 26426793 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nigam G, Riaz M, Schotland HM, Eiser AS Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Reply: Understanding the Anatomic Basis for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Adolescents: How to Proceed?
PMID: 26426792 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Schwab RJ, Marcus CL, all of the study authors Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Understanding the Anatomic Basis for Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Adolescents: How to Proceed?
PMID: 26426791 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Verhulst SL Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research
Reply: The Lung Immune Response to Bacteria in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease.
PMID: 26426790 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - October 1, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sze MA, Hogg JC Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research