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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 5.

Long-term trends in cardiovascular disease mortality and association with respiratory disease
Research Articles A. J. MERCER, Epidemiology & Infection, Volume 144 Issue 04, pp 777-786Abstract (Source: Epidemiology and Infection)
Source: Epidemiology and Infection - February 2, 2016 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Shelter crowding and increased incidence of acute respiratory infection in evacuees following the Great Eastern Japan Earthquake and tsunami
Research Articles T. KAWANO, Y. TSUGAWA, K. NISHIYAMA, H. MORITA, O. YAMAMURA, K. HASEGAWA, Epidemiology & Infection, Volume 144 Issue 04, pp 787-795Abstract (Source: Epidemiology and Infection)
Source: Epidemiology and Infection - February 2, 2016 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

RT-PCR detection of exotoxin genes expression in multidrug resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Authors: Tartor YH, El-Naenaeey EY Abstract Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) is an opportunistic pathogen responsible for causing a wide variety of acute and chronic infections with significant levels of morbidity and mortality. These infections are very hard to eradicate because of the expression of numerous virulence factors and the intrinsic resistance against antibiotics. Herein, this study analyzed antimicrobial susceptibility of PA isolated from broiler chickens and cattle as well as expression of five significant exotoxin genes (exoU, exoS, toxA, lasB, and phzM) and ecfX as internal control. Genomic DNA was ampli...
Source: Cellular and Molecular Biology - February 2, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Cell Mol Biol (Noisy-le-grand) Source Type: research

Nutritional practices and postnatal growth restriction in preterm newborns
Conclusion: improving nutritional practices in the NICU can reduce the growth deficit in premature infants of very low birth weight.RESUMO Objetivo: avaliar as práticas nutricionais em unidade de cuidados intensivos neonatais (UCIN) associadas a déficit de crescimento em recém-nascidos pré-termo (RNPT). Métodos: estudo retrospectivo de RNPT com peso entre 500 e 1.499 g internados em UCIN. Analisaram-se: evolução do crescimento e práticas de nutrição parenteral (NP) e enteral (NE). Resultados: dentre 184 RNPT divididos em G1 (500 a 990 g; n=63) e G2 (1.000 a 1.499 g; n=121), 169 receberam NP (G1=63; G2=106). Compa...
Source: Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira - February 2, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Source Type: research

Efficacy and adverse events of early high-frequency oscillatory ventilation in adult burn patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome
Conclusions Early HFOV therapy is effective in improving oxygenation in burn patients with ARDS, but it failed to reduce hospital mortality. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Anaesthesia - February 2, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research

Supplementation with coenzyme Q10 reduces plasma lipoprotein(a) concentrations but not other lipid indices: a systematic review and meta-analysis
In conclusion, CoQ10 supplementation, in the tested range of doses, reduces plasma Lp(a) concentrations, particularly in patients with Lp(a)≥30mg/dL. Other lipid indices were not altered by CoQ10 supplementation. Graphical abstract (Source: Pharmacological Research)
Source: Pharmacological Research - February 2, 2016 Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

Transfers to hospital in planned home birth in four Nordic countries – A prospective cohort study
ConclusionsOne third of all nulliparous and 8.0% of multiparous women were transferred during labor or within 72 hours of the birth. The proportion of potentially urgent transfers was 3.8%.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - February 2, 2016 Category: OBGYN Authors: Ellen Blix, Merethe H. Kumle, Karen Ingversen, Anette S. Huitfeldt, Hanne K. Hegaard, Ólöf Á. Ólafsdóttir, Pål Øian, Helena Lindgren Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Is there a relationship between low vitamin D and rotaviral diarrhea?
ConclusionsLow vitamin D is associated with rotaviral diarrhea. This is the first study in the literature to show this, and this result needs to be repeated in larger controlled clinical studies. (Source: Pediatrics International)
Source: Pediatrics International - February 2, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Ibrahim Hakan Bucak, Agah Bahadır Ozturk, Habip Almis, Muhammer Özgür Cevik, Mehmet Tekin, Çapan Konca, Mehmet Turgut, Mehmet Bulbul Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prevalence of sputum smear positive pulmonary tuberculosis at Dargai, District Malakand, Pakistan: A four year retrospective study
This study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis sputum smear positive (PTB-SS+ve) among the suspected TB patients at Tehsil Head Quarter (THQ) Hospital Dargai, District Malakand Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan. A retrospective study was designed from January 2011 to December 2014. Out of 736 registered and suspected patients of TB, (40.08%) were PTB-SS+ve, (15.63%) were PTB-SS−ve whereas the remaining cases were diagnosed with extra-pulmonary TB, hence excluded from the study. The ratio of PTB-SS+ve cases was higher in females (57.63%) compared to males (42.37%). Furthermore, in the age group...
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Handicap status of exclusive narghile smokers compared to exclusive cigarette smokers: A case control-study
Conclusion Chronic exclusive narghile-use is less detrimental to PA and QOL than chronic exclusive cigarette smoking. (Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis)
Source: Egyptian Journal of Chest Diseases and Tuberculosis - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Interactive effects of hypoxia, carbon monoxide and acute lung injury on oxygen transport and aerobic capacity
This study determined how breathing hypoxic gas, reducing circulatory capacitance for O2 by breathing CO, and impairing pulmonary gas exchange by acutely injuring the lungs interact to limit cardiopulmonary O2 delivery, O2 extraction and maximal aerobic capacity (VO2max). Five goats ran on a treadmill at VO2max following oleic-acid induced acute lung injury that impaired pulmonary gas exchange, after partial recovery or with no acute lung injury. Goats breathed normoxic or hypoxic inspired gas fractions (FIO2 0.21 or 0.12) with and without small amounts of CO to maintain carboxyhemoglobin fractions (FHbCO) of 0.02 or 0.30....
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Blockade of dorsolateral pontine 5HT1A receptors destabilizes the respiratory rhythm in C57BL6/J wild-type mice.
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2016 Source:Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology Author(s): RR Dhingra, M Dutschmann, TE Dick The neurotransmitter serotonin (5HT) acting via 5HT1a receptors (5HT1aR) is a potent determinant of respiratory rhythm variability. Here, we address the 5HT1aR-dependent control of respiratory rhythm variability in C57BL6/J mice. Using the in situ perfused preparation, we compared the effects of systemic versus focal blockade of 5HT1aRs. Blocking 5HT1aRs in the Kölliker-Fuse nucleus (KFn) increased the occurrence of spontaneous apneas and accounted for the systemic effec...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sequential gas delivery provides precise control of alveolar gas exchange
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2016 Source:Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology Author(s): Joseph A. Fisher, Steve Iscoe, James Duffin Of the factors determining blood gases, only alveolar ventilation (A) is amenable to manipulation. However, current physiology text books neither describe how breath-by-breathA can be measured, nor how it can be precisely controlled in spontaneously breathing subjects. And such control must be effected independent of minute ventilation (E) and the pattern of breathing. Control ofA requires the deliberate partition of inhaled gas between the alveoli and the anato...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Diaphragmatic fatigue during inspiratory muscle loading in normoxia and hypoxia
Conclusion Progression of diaphragmatic fatigue during inspiratory muscle loading assessed by Pdi,tw differs between normoxia and normobaric hypoxia: in the former, Pdi,tw follows an exponential decay, whereas during hypoxia, Pdi,tw follows a linear decline. (Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology)
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Chronic pulmonary aspergillosis: help is on the way
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): The Lancet Respiratory Medicine (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Of mice and men—the curious tale of β blockers in asthma
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Brian Lipworth, Sunny Jabbal (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Treatment of cystic fibrosis in low-income countries
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Malena Cohen-Cymberknoh, David Shoseyov, Oded Breuer, Mahmoud Shamali, Michael Wilschanski, Eitan Kerem (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Knowledge gaps in therapeutic and non-therapeutic research on the Middle East respiratory syndrome
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Yaseen M Arabi, Rob Fowler, Rick A Bright, Maria D Van Kerkhove, Hanan H Balkhy (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Prevalence of sleep apnoea syndrome in the middle to old age general population
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Raphael Heinzer, Helena Marti-Soler, José Haba-Rubio (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Simple versus complex COPD: implications for health-care management
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Alvar Agusti (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Respiratory health in Poland
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Clare Sansom (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

More targeted tuberculosis screening for immigrants?
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Bryant Furlow (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Integrated Care Pathways for Airway Diseases
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Diana Stanley (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Take a deep breath in
Publication date: February 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine, Volume 4, Issue 2 Author(s): Jayne Wilton (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Initial evaluation and management of the critical burn patient
Publication date: January–February 2016 Source:Medicina Intensiva (English Edition), Volume 40, Issue 1 Author(s): C. Vivó, R. Galeiras, Mª D.P. del Caz The major improvement in burn therapy is likely to focus on the early management of hemodynamic and respiratory failures in combination with an aggressive and early surgical excision and skin grafting for full-thickness burns. Immediate burn care by first care providers is important and can vastly alter outcomes, and it can significantly limit burn progression and depth. The goal of prehospital care should be to cease the burning process as well as prevent future ...
Source: Medicina Intensiva - February 2, 2016 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

Design and Methods of a Social Network Isolation Study for Reducing Respiratory Infection Transmission: The eX-FLU Cluster Randomized Trial
Conclusions/Significance We identified a feasible study design for testing the impact of isolation from social networks in a university setting. These data provide an unparalleled opportunity to address questions about isolation and infection transmission, as well as insights into social networks and behaviors among college-aged students. Several important lessons were learned over the course of this project, including feasible isolation durations, the need for extensive organizational efforts, as well as the need for specialized programmers and server space for managing survey and smartphone data. (Source: Epidemics)
Source: Epidemics - February 2, 2016 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Enterovirus D68 receptor requirements [Microbiology]
Enterovirus D68 (EV-D68) is an emerging pathogen that can cause severe respiratory disease and is associated with cases of paralysis, especially among children. Heretofore, information on host factor requirements for EV-D68 infection is scarce. Haploid genetic screening is a powerful tool to reveal factors involved in the entry of pathogens.... (Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences)
Source: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - February 2, 2016 Category: Science Authors: Baggen, J., Thibaut, H. J., Staring, J., Jae, L. T., Liu, Y., Guo, H., Slager, J. J., de Bruin, J. W., van Vliet, A. L. W., Blomen, V. A., Overduin, P., Sheng, J., de Haan(Xander), C. A. M., de Vries, E., Meijer, A., Rossmann, M. G., Brummelkamp, T. R., v Tags: Biological Sciences Source Type: research

Morphological characterization and immunohistochemical detection of the proinflammatory cytokines IL-1β, IL-17A, and TNF-α in lung lesions associated with contagious bovine pleuropneumonia
Abstract Contagious bovine pleuropneumonia (CBPP), a severe respiratory disease, is characterized by massive inflammation of the lung especially during the acute clinical stage of infection. Tissue samples from cattle, experimentally infected with Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides Afadé, were subjected to histopathological and immunohistochemical examination in order to provide insight into innate immune pathways that shape inflammatory host responses. Lung lesions were characterized by vasculitis, necrosis, and increased presence of macrophages and neutrophils, relative to uninfected animals. The presence of t...
Source: Tropical Animal Health and Production - February 2, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Bayesian evaluation of clinical diagnostic test characteristics of visual observations and remote monitoring to diagnose bovine respiratory disease in beef calves
The objective of this research is to employ Bayesian methodology to elicit diagnostic characteristics of conventional VO compared to remote early disease identification (REDI) to diagnose BRD. Data from previous literature on the accuracy of VO were combined with trial data consisting of direct comparison between VO and REDI for BRD in two populations. No true gold standard diagnostic test exists for BRD; therefore, estimates of diagnostic characteristics of each test were generated using Bayesian latent class analysis. Results indicate a 90.0% probability that the sensitivity of REDI (median 81.3%; 95% probability interva...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effects of exposure to Bovine viral diarrhoea virus 1 on risk of bovine respiratory disease in Australian feedlot cattle
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2016 Source:Preventive Veterinary Medicine Author(s): K.E. Hay, R.C.K. Ambrose, J.M. Morton, P.F. Horwood, J.L. Gravel, S. Waldron, M.A. Commins, E.V. Fowler, A.C.A. Clements, T.S. Barnes, T.J. Mahony Viruses play a key role in the complex aetiology of bovine respiratory disease (BRD). Bovine viral diarrhoea virus 1 (BVDV-1) is widespread in Australia and has been shown to contribute to BRD occurrence. As part of a prospective longitudinal study on BRD, effects of exposure to BVDV-1 on risk of BRD in Australian feedlot cattle were investigated. A total of 35,160 an...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - February 2, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Effects of oral administration of caffeine on some physiological parameters and maternal behaviour of sows at farrowing
In conclusion, although the present study was carried out with a limited number of sows, administration of caffeine to parturient sows has the potential for reducing the number of stillborn. (Source: Research in Veterinary Science)
Source: Research in Veterinary Science - February 2, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Encephalitozoon hellem infection in aviary passerine and psittacine birds in Spain
Publication date: Available online 1 February 2016 Source:Veterinary Parasitology Author(s): J. Rosell, M. Máinez, E.S. Didier, L.C. Bowers, A. Marco, C. Juan-Sallés A European goldfinch (Carduelis carduelis), a canary (Serinus canaria), and a lovebird (Agapornis roseicollis) captive-bred at three different private aviaries in Spain were submitted for necropsy with a history of weakness and ruffled feathers, weight loss associated with glossitis, and respiratory disease, respectively. Microscopically, enterocytes in the jejunum and ileum contained colonies of gram- and Stamp-positive, oval to elliptical microorga...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - February 2, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Relative sensitivity of immunohistochemistry, multiple reaction monitoring mass spectrometry, hybridization and PCR to detect Coxsackievirus B1 in A549 cells
Enterovirus1 (EV) infections are common in all age groups. They are usually asymptomatic or cause only mild respiratory symptoms, but can also lead to more severe illness including hand, foot and mouth disease, myocarditis, meningitis, encephalitis, pancreatitis, systemic infection in newborns and paralysis. EV infections may also play a role in the pathogenesis of chronic diseases such as dilated cardiomyopathy [1], chronic fatigue syndrome [2] and type 1 diabetes2 (T1D) [3–5]. (Source: Journal of Clinical Virology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Virology - February 2, 2016 Category: Virology Authors: Jutta E. Laiho, Maarit Oikarinen, Sarah J. Richardson, Gun Frisk, Julius Nyalwidhe, Tanya C. Burch, Margaret A. Morris, Sami Oikarinen, Alberto Pugliese, Francesco Dotta, Martha Campbell-Thompson, Jerry Nadler, Noel G. Morgan, Heikki Hyöty, JDRF nPOD-Vir Source Type: research

Prospective assessment of clinical symptoms associated with Enterovirus and Parechovirus genotypes in a multicenter study in Dutch children
Human non-polio enterovirus (EV) and human parechovirus (HPeV) are major causes of viral infection and aseptic meningitis, especially in neonates and young infants [1–4]. The clinical spectrum of EV and HPeV infections varies from fever to severe systemic disease, including sepsis and meningoencephalitis, which may result in severe neuropsychological sequelae [5–7]. Recently several clusters of severe respiratory illness resulting in intensive care admissions and fatal outcomes have been attributed to EV type 68 infections across the US [8]. (Source: Journal of Clinical Virology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Virology - February 2, 2016 Category: Virology Authors: S.C.M. de Crom, J.W.A. Rossen, R.A. de Moor, E.J.M. Veldkamp, A.M. van Furth, C.C. Obihara Source Type: research