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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 7.

Friday night ventilation: a safety starting tool kit for mechanically ventilated patients.
Authors: Gattinoni L, Carlesso E, Brazzi L, Cressoni M, Rosseau S, Kluge S, Kalenka A, Bachmann M, Toepfer L, Wrigge H, Redaelli F, Vetter C, Wysocki M Abstract We wish to report here a practical approach to an acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patient as devised by a group of intensivists with different expertise. The referral scenario is an intensive care unit of a Community Hospital with limited technology, where a young doctor, alone, must deal with this complicate syndrome during the night. The knowledge of pulse oximetry at room air and at 100% oxygen allows to estimate the PaO2 and the cause of hypo...
Source: Minerva Anestesiologica - November 16, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Minerva Anestesiol Source Type: research

NIH consensus development conference: Inhaled nitric oxide therapy for premature infants.
CONCLUSIONS: (1) Taken as a whole, the available evidence does not support use of inhaled nitric oxide in early routine, early rescue, or later rescue regimens in the care of premature infants <34 weeks gestation who require respiratory support. (2) There are rare clinical situations, including pulmonary hypertension or hypoplasia, that have been inadequately studied in which inhaled nitric oxide may have benefit in infants <34 weeks gestation. In such situations, clinicians should communicate with families regarding the current evidence on its risks and benefits as well as remaining uncertainties. (3) Basic research...
Source: NIH Consensus and State of the Science Statements - November 16, 2014 Category: American Health Tags: NIH Consens State Sci Statements Source Type: research

NIH State-of-the-Science Conference Statement on cesarean delivery on maternal request.
CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of cesarean delivery without medical or obstetric indications is increasing in the United States, and a component of this increase is cesarean delivery on maternal request. Given the tools available, the magnitude of this component is difficult to quantify. There is insufficient evidence to evaluate fully the benefits and risks of cesarean delivery on maternal request as compared to planned vaginal delivery, and more research is needed. Until quality evidence becomes available, any decision to perform a cesarean delivery on maternal request should be carefully individualized and consistent with e...
Source: NIH Consensus and State of the Science Statements - November 16, 2014 Category: American Health Tags: NIH Consens State Sci Statements Source Type: research

Isolation of mononuclear cells from tonsillar tissue.
Authors: Johnston A, Sigurdardottir SL, Ryon JJ Abstract Located on the inside of the throat, the paired palatine tonsils form part of the first major barrier protecting the digestive and respiratory tracts from potentially invading microorganisms. The tonsils have a surface of stratified squamous epithelium that extends into deep and branched crypts lined by reticulated epithelium, which in parts may only be one cell thick. Organized in the sub-epithelial space are B cell rich lymphoid follicles. T cells are mostly located in the extra-follicular spaces with a very high CD4:CD8 T cell ratio. In addition to the T a...
Source: Current Protocols in Immunology - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Curr Protoc Immunol Source Type: research

Changes in allergen sensitization over the last 30 years in Korea respiratory allergic patients: a single-center.
CONCLUSIONS: In light of the above results, we revealed the changes in skin reactivity to inhalant allergens that have occurred in Korean allergic patients over the past three decades. Since outdoor environmental factors such as the amount of pollen, global warming and plant distribution causes the changes in skin reactivity, further study and continuous close observation will be needed. PMID: 25229001 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Small airways dysfunction in asthma: evaluation and management to improve asthma control.
Authors: Usmani OS Abstract The small airways have been neglected for many years, but interest in the topic has been rekindled with recent advances in measurement techniques to assess this region and also the ability to deliver therapeutics to the distal airways. Current levels of disease control in asthmatic patients remain poor and there are several contributory factors including; poor treatment compliance, heterogeneity of asthma phenotypes and associated comorbidities. However, the proposition that we may not be targeting all the inflammation that is present throughout the whole respiratory tree may also be an ...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Perinatal Immunization With Vaccine-Grade Listeria monocytogenes Provides Protection Against Murine Th2 Airway Inflammation.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight the promise of early life Lm-based immunomodulatory interventions as a prophylactic strategy for allergic asthma. PMID: 24991458 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Influence of chronic sinusitis and nasal polyp on the lower airway of subjects without lower airway diseases.
CONCLUSIONS: CT findings suggesting chronic sinusitis and nasal polyp were associated with subclinical lower airway flow limitation even in the absence of underlying lung disease. PMID: 24991454 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Laryngeal spasm mimicking asthma and vitamin d deficiency.
We present a woman with heterozygous carnitine palmitoyl transferase 2 (CPT-2) deficiency who in the last 6 months suffered from episodic dyspnea and choking. Symptoms could not be attributed to her muscular energy defect, since heterozygous CPT-2 deficiency is usually asymptomatic or causes only mild muscle fatigability. Myopathy is usually triggered by concurrent factors, either genetic (additional muscle enzymes defects) or acquired (metabolic stress). The patient was referred to our respiratory clinic for suspect bronchial asthma. Spirometry showed mild decrease in inspiratory flows. Methacholine challenge was negative...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

The Prevalence of Serum Specific IgE to Superantigens in Asthma and Allergic Rhinitis Patients.
In conclusion, the present study suggested that IgE responses to staphylococcal superantigens are prevalent in the sera of both BAwAR and AR patients. This may contribute to an augmented IgE response to indoor allergens and eosinophilic inflammation. PMID: 24843803 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Clinical characteristics of gastroallergic anisakiasis and diagnostic implications of immunologic tests.
CONCLUSIONS: Among patients presenting acute gastric anisakiasis-like symptoms, a diagnosis of gastroallergic anisakiasis may be strongly supported by a high Anisakis-specific IgE titer. PMID: 24843798 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

A nationwide survey of inhalant allergens sensitization and levels of indoor major allergens in Korea.
CONCLUSIONS: The most important inhalant allergens in Korea are house dust mites followed by cockroach, mugwort, oak, Japanese hop, and dog dander in indoor environment, in which The dominant species of house dust mites were different according to region. PMID: 24843797 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Cross-reactivity to Acetaminophen and Celecoxib According to the Type of Nonsteroidal Anti-inflammatory Drug Hypersensitivity.
CONCLUSIONS: Acetaminophen and celecoxib may induce adverse reactions in a non-negligible portion of aspirin/NSAID-sensitive patients. Physicians should be aware of the possible cross-reactions of these alternative drugs and consider an oral challenge test to confirm their tolerability. PMID: 24587953 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Effects of fungi and eosinophils on mucin gene expression in rhinovirus-infected nasal epithelial cells.
CONCLUSIONS: RV-16, airborne fungi, and eosinophils may exacerbate the inflammatory process in nasal mucosal diseases by enhancing mucin gene expression. PMID: 24587952 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Polymorphisms of ATF6B Are Potentially Associated With FEV1 Decline by Aspirin Provocation in Asthmatics.
CONCLUSIONS: Although further functional and replication studies are needed, our preliminary findings suggest that ATF6B may be related to obstructive phenotypes in response to aspirin exposure in adult asthmatics. PMID: 24587951 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

A case of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome presenting with acute respiratory distress syndrome.
Authors: Lim KS, Ko J, Lee SS, Shin B, Choi DC, Lee BJ Abstract Although idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome(IHES) commonly involves the lung, it is rarely associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Here we describe a case of IHES presented in conjunction with ARDS. A 37-year-old male visited the emergency department at Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea, with a chief complaint of dyspnea. Blood tests showed profound peripheral eosinophilia and thrombocytopenia. Patchy areas of consolidation with ground-glass opacity were noticed in both lower lung zones on chest radiography. Rapid progression ...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

A Case of Codeine Induced Anaphylaxis via Oral Route.
Authors: Yoo HS, Yang EM, Kim MA, Hwang SH, Shin YS, Ye YM, Nahm DH, Park HS Abstract Codeine is widely prescribed in clinical settings for the relief of pain and non-productive coughs. Common adverse drug reactions to codeine include constipation, euphoria, nausea, and drowsiness. However, there have been few reports of serious adverse reactions after codeine ingestion in adults. Here, we present a case of severe anaphylaxis after oral ingestion of a therapeutic dose of codeine. A 30-year-old Korean woman complained of the sudden onset of dyspnea, urticaria, chest tightness, and dizziness 10 minutes after taking a...
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Effects of Methylprednisolone Pulse Therapy on Refractory Mycoplasma pneumoniae Pneumonia in Children.
CONCLUSIONS: Three-day methylprednisolone pulse therapy could be applied to treatment of refractory M. pneumoniae pneumonia despite appropriate antibiotic therapy and appeared to be efficacious and well-tolerated. PMID: 24404389 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Effect of cholesterol depletion on interleukin-8 production in human respiratory epithelial cells.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that inflammatory responses are increased in cholesterol-depleted epithelial cells via the MAPK signaling system, predominantly by the ERK pathway. We conclude that the lipid components of airwayepithelial cells may play a role in the inflammatory process. PMID: 24179688 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

IL-4 Receptor α Polymorphisms May Be a Susceptible Factor for Work-Related Respiratory Symptoms in Bakery Workers.
CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that the IL-4Rα Ile75Val and Gln576Arg polymorphisms may be associated with work-related respiratory symptom development. PMID: 24179683 [PubMed] (Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research)
Source: Allergy, Asthma and Immunology Research - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Allergy Asthma Immunol Res Source Type: research

Transient childhood psychosis after upper respiratory infection.
Authors: Tzang RF, Li TC, Chang SW, Chang YC, Leung KC, Lee WK Abstract Two cases of psychosis after upper respiratory infection were reported. New mental illness among children was substantiated after analyzing the cause of psychosis during the past 10 years of practice. It is confirmed that there is an association between psychosis and upper respiratory infection. PMID: 24922173 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences)
Source: Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences - November 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Neuropsychiatry Clin Neurosci Source Type: research

Non-antibacterial tetracycline formulations: clinical applications in dentistry and medicine.
Authors: Gu Y, Walker C, Ryan ME, Payne JB, Golub LM Abstract In 1983, it was first reported that tetracyclines (TCs) can modulate the host response, including (but not limited to) inhibition of pathologic matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) activity, and by mechanisms unrelated to the antibacterial properties of these drugs. Soon thereafter, strategies were developed to generate non-antibacterial formulations (subantimicrobial-dose doxycycline; SDD) and compositions (chemically modified tetracyclines; CMTs) of TCs as host-modulating drugs to treat periodontal and other inflammatory diseases. This review focuses on the ...
Source: Journal of Oral Microbiology - November 16, 2014 Category: Microbiology Tags: J Oral Microbiol Source Type: research

Respiratory disease and the role of oral bacteria.
Authors: Gomes-Filho IS, Passos JS, Seixas da Cruz S Abstract The relationship between oral health and systemic conditions, including the association between poor oral hygiene, periodontal disease, and respiratory disease, has been increasingly debated over recent decades. A considerable number of hypotheses have sought to explain the possible role of oral bacteria in the pathogenesis of respiratory diseases, and some clinical and epidemiological studies have found results favoring such an association. This review discusses the effect of oral bacteria on respiratory disease, briefly introduces the putative biologic...
Source: Journal of Oral Microbiology - November 16, 2014 Category: Microbiology Tags: J Oral Microbiol Source Type: research

Inhibition of cellular and systemic inflammation cues in human bronchial epithelial cells by melanocortin-related peptides: mechanism of KPV action and a role for MC3R agonists.
CONCLUSION: KPV and γMSH respectively suppress NFκB signalling in airway epithelium by: i) inhibition of p65RelA nuclear import and, ii) epithelial MC3R activation. Melanocortin peptides therefore provide a robust mechanism for targeting airway inflammation in lung disease. PMID: 22837805 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology)
Source: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology - November 16, 2014 Category: Physiology Tags: Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol Source Type: research

Gene expression profile in the diaphragm following contractile inactivity during thoracic surgery.
Conclusions. Two hours of thoracic surgery result in rapid and profound changes in expression of inflammatory response and apoptotic genes in the diaphragm. The apoptotic response was stronger in the diaphragm than in the latissiums dorsi. These findings suggest that the development of selective diaphragm muscle fiber weakness in these patients might be related to an exaggerated apoptotic response. PMID: 21941608 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology)
Source: International Journal of Physiology, Pathophysiology and Pharmacology - November 16, 2014 Category: Physiology Tags: Int J Physiol Pathophysiol Pharmacol Source Type: research

Keratoconus is associated with increased copy number of mitochondrial DNA.
CONCLUSIONS: Increased mtDNA content in patients with KC may indicate mitochondrial respiratory chain defects and thus mitochondrial-abnormality involvement. PMID: 25221426 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Molecular Vision)
Source: Molecular Vision - November 16, 2014 Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Vis Source Type: research

Odors from sewage sludge and livestock: associations with self-reported health.
CONCLUSIONS: Reported odors from TSS and livestock were associated with some acute symptoms. Health departments should monitor land applications of human and animal wastes and conduct surveillance of health problems reported by neighbors. PMID: 25364052 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Drug overdose surveillance using hospital discharge data.
CONCLUSION: The ISW7 drug overdose definition using any drug poisoning diagnosis/E-code (Definition 3) is potentially the highest sensitivity definition for counting drug overdose hospitalizations, including by intent and drug type(s) involved. As the states enact policies and plan for adequate treatment resources, standardized drug overdose definitions are critical for accurate reporting, trend analysis, policy evaluation, and state-to-state comparison. PMID: 25177055 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Public Health Reports)
Source: Public Health Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Nitazoxanide: A first-in-class broad-spectrum antiviral agent
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Antiviral Research, Volume 110 Author(s): Jean-François Rossignol Originally developed and commercialized as an antiprotozoal agent, nitazoxanide was later identified as a first-in-class broad-spectrum antiviral drug and has been repurposed for the treatment of influenza. A Phase 2b/3 clinical trial recently published in The Lancet Infectious Diseases found that oral administration of nitazoxanide 600mg twice daily for five days reduced the duration of clinical symptoms and reduced viral shedding compared to placebo in persons with laboratory-confirmed influenza. The same study also...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - November 16, 2014 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Crystal structure of the papain-like protease of MERS coronavirus reveals unusual, potentially druggable active-site features
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Antiviral Research, Volume 109 Author(s): Jian Lei , Jeroen R. Mesters , Christian Drosten , Stefan Anemüller , Qingjun Ma , Rolf Hilgenfeld The Middle-East Respiratory Syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes severe acute pneumonia and renal failure. The MERS-CoV papain-like protease (PLpro) is a potential target for the development of antiviral drugs. To facilitate these efforts, we determined the three-dimensional structure of the enzyme by X-ray crystallography. The molecule consists of a ubiquitin-like domain and a catalytic core domain. The catalytic domain displays an extende...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - November 16, 2014 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Clinical management and infection control of SARS: Lessons learned
Publication date: November 2013 Source:Antiviral Research, Volume 100, Issue 2 Author(s): Vincent C.C. Cheng , Jasper F.W. Chan , Kelvin K.W. To , K.Y. Yuen The outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003 was the first emergence of an important human pathogen in the 21st century. Responding to the epidemic provided clinicians with extensive experience in diagnosing and treating a novel respiratory viral disease. In this article, we review the experience of the SARS epidemic, focusing on measures taken to identify and isolate patients, prevent the transmission of infection to healthcare workers and develo...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - November 16, 2014 Category: Virology Source Type: research

A treatment for and vaccine against the deadly Hendra and Nipah viruses
Publication date: October 2013 Source:Antiviral Research, Volume 100, Issue 1 Author(s): Christopher C. Broder , Kai Xu , Dimitar B. Nikolov , Zhongyu Zhu , Dimiter S. Dimitrov , Deborah Middleton , Jackie Pallister , Thomas W. Geisbert , Katharine N. Bossart , Lin-Fa Wang Hendra virus and Nipah virus are bat-borne paramyxoviruses that are the prototypic members of the genus Henipavirus. The henipaviruses emerged in the 1990s, spilling over from their natural bat hosts and causing serious disease outbreaks in humans and livestock. Hendra virus emerged in Australia and since 1994 there have been 7 human infections with 4 ...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - November 16, 2014 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Comparison of the protection of ferrets against pandemic 2009 influenza A virus (H1N1) by 244 DI influenza virus and oseltamivir
Publication date: December 2012 Source:Antiviral Research, Volume 96, Issue 3 Author(s): Nigel J. Dimmock , Brian K. Dove , Bo Meng , Paul D. Scott , Irene Taylor , Linda Cheung , Bassam Hallis , Anthony C. Marriott , Miles W. Carroll , Andrew J. Easton The main antivirals employed to combat seasonal and pandemic influenza are oseltamivir and zanamivir which act by inhibiting the virus-encoded neuraminidase. These have to be deployed close to the time of infection and antiviral resistance to the more widely used oseltamivir has arisen relatively rapidly. Defective interfering (DI) influenza virus is a natural antiviral t...
Source: Antiviral Therapy - November 16, 2014 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Potent anti-respiratory syncytial virus activity of a cholestanol-sulfated tetrasaccharide conjugate
Publication date: January 2012 Source:Antiviral Research, Volume 93, Issue 1 Author(s): Anna Lundin , Tomas Bergström , Carla R. Andrighetti-Fröhner , Loubna Bendrioua , Vito Ferro , Edward Trybala A number of different viruses including respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) initiate infection of cells by binding to cell surface glycosaminoglycans and sulfated oligo- and polysaccharide mimetics of these receptors exhibit potent antiviral activity in cultured cells. We investigated whether the introduction of different lipophilic groups to the reducing end of sulfated oligosaccharides would modulate their anti-RSV activity....
Source: Antiviral Therapy - November 16, 2014 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Examining the latent class structure of CO2 hypersensitivity using time course trajectories of panic response systems
Conclusions Two classes potentially representing different risk pathways were observed. Implications of results will be discussed in the context of panic risk research. Graphical abstract (Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry)
Source: Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry - November 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research

Long-term survival with a stentless free-hand Batista pericardial aortic valve prosthesis: a case report
Conclusion Replacement of the aortic valve with a free-hand Batista pericardial valve is a feasible option in a suitable and carefully-selected patient. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - November 16, 2014 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

ISAV infection promotes apoptosis of SHK-1 cells through a ROS/p38 MAPK/Bad signaling pathway
Publication date: Available online 15 November 2014 Source:Molecular Immunology Author(s): Víctor H. Olavarría , Pablo Recabarren , Fernanda Fredericksen , Melina Villalba , Alejandro Yáñez The impact that the infectious salmon anemia virus (ISAV) has on the immune response of Salmo salar, from the perspective of activating/inactivating cellular processes, is currently unknown. Therefore, the present study evaluated this interaction and found that SHK-1 cells infected with ISAV resulted in respiratory burst activation and the induction of a strong pro-apoptotic imbalance through an increased expression of the Bad pro...
Source: Molecular Immunology - November 16, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Data review of an ongoing telehealth programme in a tertiary paediatric hospital
The Royal Children's Hospital (RCH) in Melbourne has been providing teleconsultations since 2011 using web-based videoconferencing. We reviewed telehealth activity over the first 30 months of the programme. The average consultation rate was 14 per month in 2012, 39 in 2013 and 49 per month in the first half of 2014. One-third of all activity (265 out of 852 consultations) was provided by only two departments: neurology and respiratory medicine. By June 2014, 92% of departments (n = 34) had provided one or more video-consultations. Most telehealth activity was provided by just a few clinicians. A review of actual and billed...
Source: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare - November 16, 2014 Category: Information Technology Authors: Jury, S. C., Kornberg, A. J. Tags: RESEARCH/Original articles Source Type: research

Sojourn in excessively high oxygen saturation ranges in individual, very low‐birthweight neonates
ConclusionMeasures to improve compliance with targeted SpO2 ranges should be applied universally although further improvement may be achieved by specifically targeting babies receiving supplemental oxygen via nasal cannula. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - November 16, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Jenda Arawiran, JeanneMarie Curry, Lorna Welde, Gad Alpan Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research

Magnetic resonance imaging of vein wall thickness in patients with Behçet's syndrome.
CONCLUSIONS: MR imaging can detect increased vein wall thickness in BS subjects compared to healthy controls. Variable response to the metronome-guided breathing requires further development. PMID: 25268665 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - November 15, 2014 Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research

The Influence of Particulate Matter on Respiratory Morbidity and Mortality in Children and Infants.
Authors: Jakubiak-Lasocka J, Lasocki J, Badyda AJ Abstract Air pollution is the most important environmental health risk leading to premature mortality, respiratory and other health problems. The aim of this study was to quantify its impact on infants and children in Warsaw (Poland), following the principles of Health Impact Assessment method. Particulate matter (PM2.5 and PM10) was considered as the indicator of air pollution. Exposure-response functions between air pollution and health impacts were employed based on the literature. According to the calculations, around 5,201 asthma symptoms and 234 hospital respi...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - November 15, 2014 Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

Respiratory Infections in Travelers Returning from the Tropics.
Authors: Korzeniewski K, Nitsch-Osuch A, Lass A, Guzek A Abstract Respiratory tract infections (RTIs), beside diarrheas, skin lesions, and fevers of unknown origin, are one of the most common health problems acquired by travelers going to tropical and subtropical countries. Visitors to African, Asian, or South American destinations, typically characterized by harsh environmental conditions and poor sanitation standards, are at risk of exposure to a large number of pathogens causing infectious diseases. The infections are transmitted from contaminated food and water, through the air, direct contact, or by insects. T...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - November 15, 2014 Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

Editors’ choice
(Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal)
Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal - November 15, 2014 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Exciting times ahead: a partnership with Nature Group
Paul Stephenson, Aziz Sheikh (Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal)
Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal - November 15, 2014 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Vitamin D and the HLA locus help to explain the relationship between autoimmune and allergic diseases
Scott Weiss (Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal)
Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal - November 15, 2014 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Comorbidity in asthma is important and requires a generalist approach
Stewart Mercer (Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal)
Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal - November 15, 2014 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

A golden goal in 2010, and another GOLD in 2014 in primary care, or vice versa
Joan Soriano, Miguel Rodríguez (Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal)
Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal - November 15, 2014 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

National cohort data from Sweden to the National COPD audit in England and Wales: grand designs for quality improvement
Rupert Jones, Michael Roberts (Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal)
Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal - November 15, 2014 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

On Goldilocks, care coordination, and palliative care: making it ‘just right’
Thomas LeBlanc, David Currow, Amy Abernethy (Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal)
Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal - November 15, 2014 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research

Predicting the outcome of early childhood wheeze: mission impossible
Paul Brand (Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal)
Source: Primary Care Respiratory Journal - November 15, 2014 Category: Primary Care Source Type: research