Medicine RSS Search Engine

Respiratory Medicine Respiratory Medicine RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 7.

Occupational Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Danish Population-Based Study
COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Ahead of Print. (Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Non-Invasive Ventilation (NIV) and Homeostatic Model Assessment (HOMA) Index in Stable Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients with Chronic Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure: A Pilot Study
COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Ahead of Print. (Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Prevalence of Co-morbidities and severity of COPD
COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Ahead of Print. (Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Efficiency of gas transfer in venovenous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: analysis of 317 cases with four different ECMO systems
Conclusion Our analysis suggests that patients with severe hypoxemia and need for high flow ECMO benefit more from the PLS/CH or Hilite 7000 LT system. The ECC.05 system is advisable for patients with moderate hypoxemia and/or hypercapnia. (Source: Intensive Care Medicine)
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - November 21, 2014 Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research

The Effect of Aging on Pulmonary Function: Implications for Monitoring and Support of the Surgical and Trauma Patient
Age-related anatomic, physiologic, and immunologic changes to the pulmonary system, as well as a high prevalence of chronic pulmonary diseases, puts the geriatric patient at an especially high risk for postoperative pulmonary complications. Successful perioperative respiratory care of the geriatric patient relies on careful risk assessment and optimization of pulmonary function and support. The success of such efforts aimed at preventing and/or mitigating pulmonary complications in the geriatric patient depends on a thorough, individualized, yet standardized and evidence-based approach to the care of every patient. (Source...
Source: Surgical Clinics of North America - November 21, 2014 Category: Surgery Authors: Elie Ramly, Haytham M.A. Kaafarani, George C. Velmahos Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Comparison of clinical management of young and elderly asthmatics by respiratory specialists and general practitioners
Journal of Asthma, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Evaluation of proteasomal gene polymorphisms in Lithuanian patients with asthma
Journal of Asthma, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Efficacy of high-dose vitamin D in pediatric asthma: a systematic review and meta-analysis
Journal of Asthma, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Factors associated with length of stay for pediatric asthma hospitalizations
Journal of Asthma, Ahead of Print. (Source: Journal of Asthma)
Source: Journal of Asthma - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Morbidity in relation to feeding mode in African HIV-exposed, uninfected infants during the first 6 mo of life: the Kesho Bora study.
Conclusions: Not breastfeeding was associated with increased risk of serious infections especially between 0 and 2.9 mo of age. The randomized controlled trial component of the Kesho Bora study was registered at Current Controlled Trials (www.controlled-trials.com) as ISRCTN71468401. PMID: 25411291 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition)
Source: The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition - November 21, 2014 Category: Nutrition Authors: Bork KA, Cournil A, Read JS, Newell ML, Cames C, Meda N, Luchters S, Mbatia G, Naidu K, Gaillard P, de Vincenzi I Tags: Am J Clin Nutr Source Type: research

UA Researchers Connect Insomnia, Higher Death Risk
Chronic lack of sleep and an increased risk of death have been connected by a UA research team led by two Arizona Respiratory Center faculty members. (Source: The University of Arizona: Health)
Source: The University of Arizona: Health - November 21, 2014 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Jean Spinelli, AHSC Office of Public Affairs Source Type: research

Cardiorespiratory fitness in older adult women: relationships with serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D
The objectives of this study were to determine whether serum 25(OH)D is related to cardiovascular fitness (VO2max) in sedentary women ages ≥60 years and to determine whether these associations differ between African Americans (AA) and European Americans (EA). A secondary aim was to determine whether serum 25(OH)D is correlated with respiratory quotient (RQ) during submaximal exercise. This cross-sectional analysis included 67 AA and EA women ages 60–74 years. VO2max was measured by a modified Bruce graded treadmill protocol, and measurements were adjusted for percent fat and lean body mass assessed by air displacemen...
Source: Endocrine - November 21, 2014 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

Diabetes mellitus among outpatients with COPD attending a university hospital
Abstract Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a common comorbidity of COPD, but there are still many doubts about the relation among diabetes and COPD. We retrospectively collected data from patients afferent to our Respiratory Diseases outpatient clinic at the Tor Vergata University Hospital between 2010 and 2012. The study population was analyzed by clusters of age, gender, body mass index (BMI), smoking status, lung function, concomitant pharmacologic therapies and comorbidities. The values of the association between variables were expressed as odds ratio. Data were adjusted for gender, age and possible confounding var...
Source: Acta Diabetologica - November 21, 2014 Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

A Retrospective Assessment of the Incidence of Respiratory Depression After Neuraxial Morphine Administration for Postcesarean Delivery Analgesia
(Anesth Analg. 2013;117(6):1368–1370) (Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest)
Source: Obstetric Anesthesia Digest - November 21, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Anesthesia and Analgesia: Postoperative Analgesia Source Type: research

Effects of Captopril on Cardiovascular Reflexes and Respiratory Mechanisms in Rats Submitted to Monocrotaline-Induced Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension
Conclusions The present study demonstrates that MCT-induced PAH induces compensatory respiratory responses, dysautonomia, and baroreflex dysfunction and increases chemoreflex responses. The data also indicate that CPT was effective in reversing these cardio-respiratory disorders, suggesting that ACEi could be a potential therapeutic target for PAH. (Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics)
Source: Pulmonary Pharmacology and Therapeutics - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Inflammation of the frontal intersinus septal air cell as a cause of headaches
Conclusion In the case of inflammatory changes in the frontal intersinus septal air cell without concomitant frontal or ethmoid sinusitis, surgery via the external approach appears to be an effective method for the radical removal of pathological changes. (Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports)
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - November 21, 2014 Category: Surgery Source Type: research

Peroxidase Activation of Cytochrome c by Tocopherol Analogues [Metabolism]
Cytochrome c is a multifunctional hemoprotein in the mitochondrial intermembrane space whereby its participation in electron shuttling between respiratory complexes III and IV is alternative to its role in apoptosis as a peroxidase activated by interaction with cardiolipin (CL), and resulting in selective CL peroxidation. The switch from electron transfer to peroxidase function requires partial unfolding of the protein upon binding of CL, whose specific features combine negative charges of the two phosphate groups with four hydrophobic fatty acid residues. Assuming that other endogenous small molecule ligands with a hydrop...
Source: Journal of Biological Chemistry - November 21, 2014 Category: Chemistry Authors: Yanamala, N., Kapralov, A. A., Djukic, M., Peterson, J., Mao, G., Klein-Seetharaman, J., Stoyanovsky, D. A., Stursa, J., Neuzil, J., Kagan, V. E. Tags: Metabolism Source Type: research

Infantile Systemic Hyalinosis Complicated with Right Atrial Thrombus and Pericardial Effusion in an Infant
In conclusion, this case report highlights that severe and life-threatening morbidities and complications can be encountered in ISH, to which some management options can be applied. (Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology)
Source: Pediatrics and Neonatology - November 21, 2014 Category: Perinatology & Neonatology Source Type: research

Characterization of Mannheimia haemolytica biofilm formation in vitro
Publication date: Available online 20 November 2014 Source:Veterinary Microbiology Author(s): Ismail Boukahil , Charles J. Czuprynski Mannheimia haemolytica is the primary bacterial agent in the bovine respiratory disease complex. It is thought that M. haemolytica colonizes the tonsillar crypts of cattle as a commensal and subsequently descends into the lungs to cause disease. Many bacterial species persist in the host as biofilms. There is limited information about the ability of M. haemolytica to form biofilms. The aim of this study was to develop an in vitro model for M. haemolytica biofilm formation. We found that M....
Source: Veterinary Microbiology - November 21, 2014 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Investigational tests and treatments performed in terminal stage cancer patients in two weeks before death: Turkish oncology group (TOG) study
Abstract Although more palliative care is necessary for terminally ill cancer patients, excess investigational tests, invasive procedures, and treatments are given instead. Between November 2009 and December 2013, six hundred and twenty-four patients with end-stage cancer who were died at inpatient setting evaluated retrospectively. Patients’ characteristics, sites of tumor and metastasis, tests and invasive procedures, treatments performed in the last 2 weeks before death were collected from the hospital files and analyzed. Median age of 624 patients was 58 (range 16–96) years. More than half of the pat...
Source: Medical Oncology - November 21, 2014 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

Successful use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation in a human immunodeficiency virus infected patient with severe acute respiratory distress Syndrome
Conclusion: HIV infected patients with ARDS and MDR bacterial VAP whose HIV replication is controlled by ART could be successfully managed with ECMO. (Source: AIDS Research and Therapy)
Source: AIDS Research and Therapy - November 21, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Robertas SamalaviciusMindaugas SerpytisDonata RingaitieneDaiva GrazulyteRuta BertasiuteBernardas RimkusRaimonda MatulionyteRuta AmbrazaitieneJurate SipylaiteTomas KacergiusLaimonas Griskevicius Source Type: research

Imported cases of Middle East respiratory syndrome: An update
(Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease)
Source: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease - November 21, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Shruti Sridhar, Philippe Brouqui, Philippe Parola, Philippe Gautret Source Type: research

Saffold virus respiratory infection in children and immunocompromised patients in Spain
(Source: Journal of Infection)
Source: Journal of Infection - November 21, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Patricia Brañas, Monica García, Columbiana Prieto, Lola Folgueira Source Type: research

Effects of disability on pregnancy experiences among women with impaired mobility
ConclusionsIn addition to other pregnancy‐associated health risks, women with mobility disabilities appear to experience problems relating to their functional impairments. Pre‐conception planning and in‐depth discussions during early pregnancy could potentially assist women with mobility disabilities to anticipate and address these difficulties.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica)
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - November 21, 2014 Category: OBGYN Authors: Lisa I. Iezzoni, Amy J. Wint, Suzanne C. Smeltzer, Jeffrey L. Ecker Tags: Main Research Article Source Type: research

Protective effect of a low single dose inhaled steroid against exercise induced bronchoconstriction
ConclusionA low single dose ICS offers acute protection against EIB in the majority of asthmatic children not currently treated with inhaled corticosteroids. Pediatr Pulmonol. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Pediatric Pulmonology)
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: R. Visser, M. Wind, B. de Graaf, F. H. C. de Jongh, J. van der Palen, B. J. Thio Tags: Original Article: Asthma Source Type: research

Nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation versus nasal continuous positive airway pressure for preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome: A meta‐analysis and up‐date
ConclusionsAmong preterm infants with RDS, there was a significant decrease in the need for invasive ventilation in the NIPPV group as compared with NCPAP group, especially for the infants who received surfactant. However, NIPPV could not decrease the need for invasive ventilation both in the subgroup of infants whose GA ≤ 30 weeks or BW < 1,500 g and the subgroup of infants with BW of >30 weeks or BW > 1,500 g. It is limited to analysis the primary outcome generally. Larger trials of this intervention are needed to assess the difference in this primary outcome and the related complications betwe...
Source: Pediatric Pulmonology - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wang Li, Chen Long, Hu Zhangxue, Zhao jinning, Tang Shifang, Ma Juan, Li Renjun, Shi Yuan Tags: Review Source Type: research

Effects of controlled breathing exercises and respiratory muscle training in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: results from evaluating the quality of evidence in systematic reviews
Conclusions: Based on three high-quality SRs performing pooled data analyses, there is evidence that RMT has effect on breathlessness, fatigue and disease-specific QOL and PLB on breathlessness. There is also evidence that single studies on DB and YB has effect on disease-specific QOL. Few RCTs are available and the variable quality of the single RCTs in the SRs, seem to require more RCTs in particular for BCEs, but also RMT before conclusions regarding effects and high quality SRs can be written. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Christine BorgeKåre HagenAnne MengshoelErnst OmenaasTorbjørn MoumAstrid Wahl Source Type: research

Protective effects of intratracheally administered quercetin on lipopolysaccharide-induced acute lung injury
Conclusions: Our findings indicated that quercetin suppressed LPS-induced lung inflammation, and that an HO-1-dependent pathway mediated these cytoprotective effects. Intratracheal administration of quercetin will lead to new supportive strategies for cytoprotection in these serious lung conditions. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Koji TakashimaMiyoko MatsushimaKatsunori HashimotoHaruka NoseMitsuo SatoNaozumi HashimotoYoshinori HasegawaTsutomu Kawabe Source Type: research

Vitamin D regulating TGF-ß induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition
Conclusions: These data suggest that calcitriol inhibits both migration and invasion induced by TGF-?1 and TGF-?2 in human airway epithelial cells. However, the regulatory effect of vitamin D in epithelial-mesenchymal transition was more effective to TGF-?1-induced changes. Thus, calcitriol could be a potential therapeutic agent in the prevention and management of subepithelial fibrosis and airway remodeling. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kimberly FischerDevendra Agrawal Source Type: research

Deciphering the role of exosomes in tuberculosis
Exosomes were originally described as small vesicles released from reticulocytes during the maturation process. These 40 – 200 nm microvesicles were hypothesized to be a mechanism for the removal of membrane proteins in lieu of intracellular degradation [1, 2]. Exosomes can be distinguished from other extracellular vesicles (ectosomes, apoptotic blebs) based on their size and the protein indicators intercalated in their membrane (also, linking their derivation from the endocytic pathway) [3]. The exact role which exosomes play in cell-to-cell communication and immune modulation is a topic of intense study. (Source: Tuberculosis)
Source: Tuberculosis - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Nicole A. Kruh-Garcia, Lisa M. Wolfe, Karen M. Dobos Tags: Review Source Type: research

Molecular characteristics of non small cell lung cancer with reduced CHFR expression in The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) project
CHFR expression has previously been established as a powerful predictor for response to taxane based first-line chemotherapy in non-small cell lung cancer. It is currently unknown however, if reduced CHFR expression correlates with certain molecular subtypes of lung cancer. (Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Seth A. Brodie, Ge Li, Johann C. Brandes Source Type: research

A comparison of the health status and psychological distress of partners of patients with a left ventricular assist device versus an implantable cardioverter defibrillator: A preliminary study
Conclusion Caregivers of LVAD patients show higher distress levels compared to caregivers of ICD patients. LVAD partners may have a need for support beyond what is offered currently in clinical practice. (Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care)
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Intermittent positive pressure ventilation increases diastolic pulmonary arterial pressure in advanced COPD
Conclusions In severe COPD, IPPV increases dPAP and reduces pulmonary pulse pressure during inspiration. (Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care)
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Infections in people with diabetes
People with diabetes mellitus are at an increased risk of many common infections, such as urinary tract infections (UTIs), lower respiratory tract infections and skin/soft tissue infections. This is due to a combination of systemic and local host factors, and also specific organism characteristics. People with diabetes also tend to acquire more complex infections, such as emphysematous cholecystitis and emphysematous pyelonephritis. Some conditions, such as malignant otitis externa and rhinocerebral mucormycosis, occur almost exclusively in people with diabetes. (Source: Medicine)
Source: Medicine - November 21, 2014 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Fiona J. Cooke Tags: Other complications of diabetes Source Type: research

Respiratory allergy caused by house dust mites: What do we really know?
The house dust mite (HDM) is a major perennial allergen source and a significant cause of allergic rhinitis and allergic asthma. However, awareness of the condition remains generally low. This review assesses the links between exposure to HDM, development of the allergic response, and pathologic consequences in patients with respiratory allergic diseases. We investigate the epidemiology of HDM allergy to explore the interaction between mites and human subjects at the population, individual, and molecular levels. (Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology)
Source: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology - November 21, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Moisés A. Calderón, Allan Linneberg, Jörg Kleine-Tebbe, Frédéric De Blay, Dolores Hernandez Fernandez de Rojas, Johann Christian Virchow, Pascal Demoly Source Type: research

Performance of conventional and enhanced adaptive servoventilation (ASV) in heart failure patients with central sleep apnea who have adapted to conventional ASV.
CONCLUSIONS: Enhanced ASV is non-inferior to ASV with fixed EPAP in patients with chronic HF and CSR, with a trend towards better control of respiratory events. PMID: 25413958 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - November 21, 2014 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Oldenburg O, Spießhöfer J, Fox H, Prib N, Horstkotte D Tags: Sleep Breath Source Type: research

Fixed and dilated: the history of a classic pupil abnormality.
Abstract The aim of this study was to investigate the development of ideas about the nature and mechanism of the fixed dilated pupil, paying particular attention to experimental conditions and clinical observations in the 19th century. Starting from Kocher's standard review in 1901, the authors studied German, English, and French texts for historical information. Medical and neurological textbooks from the 19th and 20th centuries were reviewed to investigate when and how this information percolated through neurological and neurosurgical practices. Cooper experimented with intracranial pressure (ICP) in a dog in the...
Source: Journal of Neurosurgery - November 21, 2014 Category: Neurosurgery Authors: Koehler PJ, Wijdicks EF Tags: J Neurosurg Source Type: research

Smoking-Related "Interstitial" Lung Disease.
Conclusions .- Smokers demonstrate a wide range of lung injury at biopsy that defies simple placement within single categories, and the current categories do not adequately take into account the importance of alveolar wall and airway fibrosis. PMID: 25415179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine)
Source: Archives of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine - November 21, 2014 Category: Laboratory Medicine Authors: Franks TJ, Galvin JR Tags: Arch Pathol Lab Med Source Type: research

Nontuberculous Mycobacteria
Nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) represent over 160 separate species that vary greatly in their ability to cause disease in humans. Epidemiologic data from across the world have documented increasing prevalence of pulmonary NTM infections and, in some areas, prevalence rates are greater than those of tuberculosis. This issue is dedicated to NTM and reviews the pathogenesis, epidemiology, diagnosis, and management of these complex and difficult-to-treat infections. The issue begins with a review of the pathogenesis of NTM infections, highlighting the spectrum of host impairment associated with NTM disease. (Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine)
Source: Clinics in Chest Medicine - November 21, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gwen A. Huitt, Charles L. Daley Tags: Preface Source Type: research

Role of IGF-I, IGF-II and IGFBP-3 in lung function of males: the Caerphilly Prospective Study.
In this study of men, higher IGF molar ratio was associated with improved cross-sectional lung function, although these findings were not replicated prospectively. Further work is required with repeat IGF sampling during follow up to see if IGF levels play any role in predicting future lung function through the life course. PMID: 24959315 [PubMed] (Source: International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics)
Source: International Journal of Molecular Epidemiology and Genetics - November 20, 2014 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Int J Mol Epidemiol Genet Source Type: research