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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 9.

In vivo effects of Aphanizomenon flos-aquae DC-1 aphantoxins on gas exchange and ion equilibrium in the zebrafish gill
Publication date: August 2016 Source:Aquatic Toxicology, Volume 177 Author(s): Delu Zhang, Siyi Liu, Jing Zhang, Jian Kong Zhang, Chunxiang Hu, Yongding Liu Aphantoxins, neurotoxins or paralytic shellfish poisons (PSPs) generated by Aphanizomenon flos-aquae, are a threat to environmental safety and human health in eutrophic waters worldwide. The molecular mechanisms of neurotoxin function have been studied; however, the effects of these neurotoxins on oxidative stress, ion transport, gas exchange, and branchial ultrastructure in fish gills are not fully understood. Aphantoxins extracted from A. flos-aquae DC-1 were...
Source: Aquatic Toxicology - July 16, 2016 Category: Toxicology Source Type: research

Evaluations of thyme extract effects in human normal bronchial and tracheal epithelial cell lines and in human lung cancer cell line
Publication date: 25 August 2016 Source:Chemico-Biological Interactions, Volume 256 Author(s): Marinelli Oliviero, Iannarelli Romilde, Morelli Maria Beatrice, Valisi Matteo, Nicotra Giovanna, Amantini Consuelo, Cardinali Claudio, Santoni Giorgio, Maggi Filippo, Nabissi Massimo Thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is used traditionally to prepare herbal remedies possessing expectorant, mucolytic, antitussive and antispasmodic properties. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of a standardized hydroalcoholic extract of thyme on primary human airway (bronchial/tracheal) epithelial cell lines in a model of...
Source: Chemico Biological Interactions - July 16, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Use of Bayesian Belief Network techniques to explore the interaction of biosecurity practices on the probability of porcine disease occurrence in Canada
Publication date: 1 September 2016 Source:Preventive Veterinary Medicine, Volume 131 Author(s): Ruth Cox, Crawford W. Revie, Daniel Hurnik, Javier Sanchez Identification and quantification of pathogen threats need to be a priority for the Canadian swine industry so that resources can be focused where they will be most effective. Here we create a tool based on a Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) to model the interaction between biosecurity practices and the probability of occurrence of four different diseases on Canadian swine farms. The benefits of using this novel approach, in comparison to other methods, is that it ena...
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - July 16, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

Ocfentanil overdose fatality in the recreational drug scene
Ocfentanil is a synthetic opioid and structure analogue of fentanyl. Ocfentanil (also called A-3217) was developed in the early 1990s in the attempt to obtain an analgesic opioid with less cardiovascular and respiratory effects. The activity of ocfentanil was studied in human volunteers, showing that ocfentanil is similar in action to fentanyl, given effective analgesia at 1μg/kg and being approximately 2 times as potent as fentanyl. Nausea, itching and dose-dependent potentially life-threatening respiratory depression are reported side effects of fentanyl and analogues [1–5]. (Source: Forensic Science International)
Source: Forensic Science International - July 16, 2016 Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Coopman Vera, Cordonnier Jan, Marc De Leeuw, Vincent Cirimele Source Type: research

Catheter-Based Palliation in an Infant with Obstructed Cor Triatriatum
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2016 Source:Canadian Journal of Cardiology Author(s): Michael Khoury, Juan Pablo Sandoval, Lars Grosse-Wortmann, Edgar Jaeggi, Rajiv R. Chaturvedi A 33 day-old with obstructed cor triatriatum sinister and partial anomalous pulmonary venous drainage presented with respiratory distress and fever. Her suprasystemic pulmonary hypertension was relieved by opening the connection to the right atrium by balloon atrial septoplasty and septostomy, and to the inferior chamber by balloon dilation of a fenestration in the dividing membrane. This enabled extubation and discharge, with el...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - July 16, 2016 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Individualized therapy for treating obstructive sleep apnea in pediatric Crouzon syndrome patients
Conclusion Thus, based on adequate clinical evaluations and patients’ conditions including age, disease severity, and esthetic considerations, individualized therapy should be made and performed carefully to obtain optimized results in treating OSA for pediatric Crouzon syndrome patients. (Source: Sleep and Breathing)
Source: Sleep and Breathing - July 16, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

HIF-1-Dependent TGM1 Expression is Associated with Maintenance of Airway Epithelial Junction Proteins
Conclusion Herein we report that TGM1 is a HIF-1-regulated gene that is associated with the upregulation of airway epithelial junction proteins, supporting a protective role for HIF-1 in the lung. Interventions that augment the expression of TGM1 may provide useful therapeutic strategies for maintaining pulmonary epithelial integrity during lung injury. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - July 16, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Decreased TGF-β 1 and VEGF Release in Cystic Fibrosis Platelets: Further Evidence for Platelet Defects in Cystic Fibrosis
Conclusion Platelet release is not a source of the elevated blood proinflammatory cytokines TGF-β1 and VEGF in CF, as platelets from CF patients actually release less of these cytokines. These data provide further evidence for platelet defects in CF. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - July 16, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Accuracy of CT Pulmonary Artery Diameter for Pulmonary Hypertension in End-Stage COPD
Conclusion A small PA diameter and PA:A make the presence of PH unlikely but cannot exclude its presence in end-stage COPD. A large PA diameter and PA:A maybe used to detect PH early. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - July 16, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Child pneumonia in the western pacific region
Worldwide, pneumonia is the leading cause of death in infants and young children (aged 75%) of pneumonia deaths occurred in six countries; Cambodia, China, Laos, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines and Viet Nam. (Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews)
Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - July 16, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: T.K.P. Nguyen, T.H. Tran, C. Robert, S.M. Graham, B.J. Marais Source Type: research

Exercise inducible laryngeal obstruction: diagnostics and management
Obstruction of the central airways is an important cause of exercise-induced inspiratory symptoms (EIIS) in young and otherwise healthy individuals. This is a large, heterogeneous and vastly understudied group of patients. The symptoms are too often confused with those of asthma. Laryngoscopy performed as symptoms evolve during increasing exercise is pivotal, since the larynx plays an important role in symptomatology for the majority. Abnormalities vary between patients, and laryngoscopic findings are important for correct treatment and handling. (Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews)
Source: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews - July 16, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ola Drange Røksund, John-Helge Heimdal, Hege Clemm, Maria Vollsæter, Thomas Halvorsen Source Type: research

The impact of sedation type on diagnostic yield of EBUS ‐TBNA: Looking from another point of view
(Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal)
Source: The Clinical Respiratory Journal - July 16, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Seyfettin Gumus, Hatice Kaya, Ufuk Turhan, Tuncer Ozkisa, Ergun Tozkoparan Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Long-term outcomes of patients with ground-glass opacities detected using computed tomography.
CONCLUSION: A higher CTR and an increase in the CTR during the follow-up were associated with invasive cancer. A follow-up period of 3 years is considered to be adequate for judging tumor growth in patients with a CTR >0, while a longer follow-up period might be needed for patients with a CTR =0. PMID: 27435815 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Chest)
Source: Chest - July 16, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sawada S, Yamashita N, Sugimoto R, Ueno T, Yamashita M Tags: Chest Source Type: research

Oxidative stress in duckweed (Lemna minor L.) induced by glyphosate: Is the mitochondrial electron transport chain a target of this herbicide?
Abstract We investigated the physiological responses of Lemna minor plants exposed to glyphosate. The deleterious effects of this herbicide on photosynthesis, respiration, and pigment concentrations were related to glyphosate-induced oxidative stress through hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) accumulation. By using photosynthetic and respiratory electron transport chain (ETC) inhibitors we located the primary site of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production in plants exposed to 500 mg glyphosate l(-1). Inhibition of mitochondrial ETC Complex I by rotenone reduced H2O2 concentrations in glyphosate-treated plants. Complex I...
Source: Environmental Pollution - July 16, 2016 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Gomes MP, Juneau P Tags: Environ Pollut Source Type: research

Acute Response to Cigarette Smoking Assessed in Exhaled Breath Condensate in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease and Healthy Smokers.
Authors: Maskey-Warzęchowska M, Nejman-Gryz P, Osinka K, Lis P, Malesa K, Górska K, Krenke R Abstract The effect of acute exposure to cigarette smoke (CS) on the respiratory system has been less extensively studied than the long term effects of smoking. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the acute response to CS in smokers suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and in healthy smokers. Nineteen stable COPD patients and 19 young healthy smokers were enrolled. Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), IL-1β, and malondialdehyde (MDA) were measured in exhaled breath condensate (EBC) before...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research

Differential Effects of Intraoperative Positive End-expiratory Pressure (PEEP) on Respiratory Outcome in Major Abdominal Surgery Versus Craniotomy
Conclusions: The protective effects of PEEP are procedure specific with meaningful effects observed in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. Our data suggest that default mechanical ventilator settings should include PEEP of 5–10 cmH2O during major abdominal surgery. (Source: Annals of Surgery)
Source: Annals of Surgery - July 15, 2016 Category: Surgery Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research

The Development of Sleep Medicine: A Historical Sketch
For centuries the scope of sleep disorders in medical writings was limited to those disturbances which were either perceived by the sleeper him- or herself as troublesome, such as insomnia, or which were recognized by an observer as strange behavioral acts during sleep, such as sleepwalking or sleep terrors. Awareness of other sleep disorders, which are caused by malfunction of a physiological system during sleep, such as sleep-related respiratory disorders, were widely unknown or ignored before sleep monitoring techniques became available, mainly in the second half of the 20th century. Finally, circadian sleep-wake disord...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - July 15, 2016 Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis and Niemann Pick disease type B: An unexpected combination.
CONCLUSIONS: In spite of the patient's symptoms being consistent with NPD type of lung involvement, clinical findings raised the suspicion of an underlying disorder, which surprisingly proved to be PAP. The detection of anti-GM-CSF autoantibodies in our patient allowed the initiation of inhaled GM-CSF treatment, which is likely to prove more beneficial in her prognosis than repeated lung lavages. PMID: 27408787 [PubMed] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sideris GA, Josephson M Tags: Respir Med Case Rep Source Type: research

Acute respiratory distress syndrome due to severe pulmonary tuberculosis treated with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation: A case report and review of the literature.
We report on a-48-year-old man with ARDS due to severe pulmonary tuberculosis who was rescued by extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO). He was initially hospitalized in the intensive care unit and noninvasive positive-pressure ventilation started. He was also administered anti-tuberculosis drugs and received systemic corticosteroid therapy. Six days later, further deterioration of gas exchange prompted the decision to intubate. However, he experienced progressive deterioration of arterial oxygenation despite conventional ventilatory support. We therefore decided to administer ECMO on day 9. After initiation of these t...
Source: Respiratory Care - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Omote N, Kondoh Y, Taniguchi H, Kimura T, Kataoka K, Hasegawa R, Hasegawa Y Tags: Respir Med Case Rep Source Type: research

Relative impact of COPD and comorbidities on generic health-related quality of life: a pooled analysis of the COSYCONET patient cohort and control subjects from the KORA and SHIP studies.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared with control subjects, the considerable reduction of HRQL in patients with COPD was mainly due to respiratory limitations, but observed comorbidities added linearly to this effect. Younger COPD patients showed a greater loss of HRQL and may therefore be in specific need of comprehensive disease management. TRIAL REGISTRATION: NCT01245933. PMID: 27405652 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Respiratory Care)
Source: Respiratory Care - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Wacker ME, Jörres RA, Karch A, Koch A, Heinrich J, Karrasch S, Schulz H, Peters A, Gläser S, Ewert R, Baumeister SE, Vogelmeier C, Leidl R, Holle R, COSYCONET study group Tags: Respir Res Source Type: research

Weakly acidic pH reduces inflammatory cytokine expression in airway epithelial cells
Aspiration lung disease (ALD) is a common cause of respiratory morbidity in children and adults with severe neurodisability (sND). Recent studies suggest that chronic microaspiration of gastric contents is ass... (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: A. P. Hackett, R. E. Trinick, K. Rose, B. F. Flanagan and P. S. McNamara Source Type: research

Molecular modeling of major tobacco alkaloids in mainstream cigarette smoke
Consensus of opinion in literature regarding tobacco research has shown that cigarette smoke can cause irreparable damage to the genetic material, cell injury, and general respiratory landscape. The alkaloid f... (Source: Chemistry Central Journal)
Source: Chemistry Central Journal - July 15, 2016 Category: Chemistry Authors: Caren Kurgat, Joshua Kibet and Peter Cheplogoi Source Type: research

Severity of Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in haematology patients: long‐term impact and early predictive factors
Summary Severe forms of acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients with haematological diseases expose clinicians to specific medical and ethical considerations. We prospectively followed 143 patients with haematological malignancies, and whose lungs were mechanically ventilated for more than 24 h, over a 5‐y period. We sought to identify prognostic factors of long‐term outcome, and in particular to evaluate the impact of the severity of acute respiratory distress syndrome in these patients. A secondary objective was to identify the early (first 48 h from ICU admission) predictive factors for acute respiratory dis...
Source: Anaesthesia - July 15, 2016 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: D. Lagier, L. Platon, L. Chow‐Chine, A. Sannini, M. Bisbal, J.‐P. Brun, J.‐L. Blache, M. Faucher, D. Mokart Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Staphylococcus aureus Community-acquired Pneumonia: Prevalence, Clinical Characteristics, and Outcomes
Conclusions. Despite very low prevalence of S. aureus and, specifically, MRSA, nearly one-third of adults hospitalized with CAP received anti-MRSA antibiotics. The clinical presentation of MRSA CAP overlapped substantially with pneumococcal CAP, highlighting the challenge of accurately targeting empirical anti-MRSA antibiotics with currently available clinical tools and the need for new diagnostic strategies. (Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases)
Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases - July 15, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Self, W. H., Wunderink, R. G., Williams, D. J., Zhu, Y., Anderson, E. J., Balk, R. A., Fakhran, S. S., Chappell, J. D., Casimir, G., Courtney, D. M., Trabue, C., Waterer, G. W., Bramley, A., Magill, S., Jain, S., Edwards, K. M., Grijalva, C. G. Tags: ARTICLES AND COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

Extensive Viable Middle East Respiratory Syndrome (MERS) Coronavirus Contamination in Air and Surrounding Environment in MERS Isolation Wards
Conclusions. These data provide experimental evidence for extensive viable MERS-CoV contamination of the air and surrounding materials in MERS outbreak units. Thus, our findings call for epidemiologic investigation of the possible scenarios for contact and airborne transmission, and raise concern regarding the adequacy of current infection control procedures. (Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases)
Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases - July 15, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Kim, S.-H., Chang, S. Y., Sung, M., Park, J. H., Bin Kim, H., Lee, H., Choi, J.-P., Choi, W. S., Min, J.-Y. Tags: ARTICLES AND COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

Relationship between costovertebral joint kinematics and lung volume in supine humans
This study investigates the relationship between the motion of the first ten costovertebral joints (CVJ) and lung volume over the inspiratory capacity (IC) using detailed kinematic analysis in a sample of 12 asymptomatic subjects. Retrospective codified spiral-CT data obtained at total lung capacity (TLC), middle of inspiratory capacity (MIC) and at functional residual capacity (FRC) were analysed. CVJ 3D kinematics were processed using previously-published methods. We tested the influence of the side, CVJ level and lung volume on CVJ kinematics. In addition, the correlations between anthropologic/pulmonary variables and C...
Source: Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Ostreopsis cf. ovata from western Mediterranean Sea: Physiological responses under different temperature and salinity conditions
In this study, the physiological effects of changes in water temperature and salinity were analyzed, and their interaction through a multi-factorial experiment using two strains of O. cf. ovata in culture that had been isolated from the western Mediterranean Sea. In order to perform an accurate and reliable estimation of cell abundance, hydrochloric acid and sodium-ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid treatments were evaluated for the purpose of disaggregating cell clumps, with the former providing lower counting errors, especially after the stationary phase. Results of the physiological study showed that growth was inhibited a...
Source: Harmful Algae - July 15, 2016 Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research

Cardiac cytochrome c and cardiolipin depletion during anthracycline-induced chronic depression of mitochondrial function
Conclusions Contrary to our hypothesis, impaired mitochondrial respiration could not be explained by intrinsic differences in respiratory complexes reserves among tissues or, by alterations in mitochondrial thresholds after treatment. Instead, we propose that loss of cytochrome c and cardiolipin are responsible for the depressed mitochondrial respiration observed after chronic DOX treatment. Moreover, cardiac cytochrome c and cardiolipin depletion decreases metabolic network buffering, hindering cardiac ability to respond to increased workload, accelerating cardiac aging. (Source: Mitochondrion)
Source: Mitochondrion - July 15, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research

Fan-based device for non-invasive measurement of respiratory impedance: Identification, calibration and analysis
Publication date: September 2016 Source:Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 30 Author(s): Oscar Olarte, Robin De Keyser, Clara M. Ionescu The paper addresses the development and performance-analysis of a lung function device for non-invasive forced oscillatory technique (FOT). The applied identification methodology allows estimating the level of noise and the level of non-linearities generated by the device and correct their influence on the patient's excitation signal. The repeatability of the system is assessed under different experiments using respiratory extensions and a calibration structure. The dev...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - July 15, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research

In EXOG‐depleted cardiomyocytes cell death is marked by a decreased mitochondrial reserve capacity of the electron transport chain
In conclusion, endo/exonuclease G‐like plays an essential role in cardiomyocyte physiology. Loss of endo/exonuclease G‐like results in diminished adaptation to pathological stress. The decline in maximal respiration and reserve capacity is the first sign of mitochondrial dysfunction that determines subsequent cell death. Mitochondrial Endonuclease G‐like‐1 (EXOG) modulates mitochondrial respiration and hypertrophy in cardiomyocytes. Here we show that pathological stimulation of EXOG depleted cardiomyocytes results in a diminished mitochondrial reserve capacity, which marks subsequent cell death. EXOG is therefore ...
Source: BioEssays - July 15, 2016 Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Wardit Tigchelaar, Anne Margreet De Jong, Wiek H. Gilst, Rudolf A. De Boer, Herman H. W. Silljé Tags: Primary Research Source Type: research

Effects of predator odour on antipredator responses of Nile tilapia
Publication date: 15 October 2016 Source:Physiology & Behavior, Volume 165 Author(s): Caio Akira Miyai, Fábio Henrique Carretero Sanches, Cândido Ferreira Pinho-Neto, Rodrigo Egydio Barreto Several fish species exhibit antipredator responses when exposed to chemicals which indicate risk of predation. One such substance is the scent of a predator (a kairomone) that may induce defensive responses in a potential prey. In the present study, we show that chemical cues (odour) from predator fish induce antipredator and stress responses in Nile tilapia. When exposed to predator odour, Nile tilapia decreased activi...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - July 15, 2016 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Funding boost for small animal surveillance project
THE Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council has awarded £700,000 to the Small Animal Veterinary Surveillance Network (SAVSNET) to help it expand its database of UK pet health records and support more ‘big data’ research into animal and human diseases. SAVSNET was established in 2011 and is a partnership between the University of Liverpool and the British Small Animal Veterinary Association (BSAVA). It gathers data from small animal practices across the UK and currently hosts two large data resources – one containing more than 900,000 pet health records and the other containing 40 mill...
Source: Veterinary Record - July 15, 2016 Category: Veterinary Research Tags: News section Source Type: research

Change in Diaphragmatic Thickness During the Respiratory Cycle Predicts Extubation Success at Various Levels of Pressure Support Ventilation
Conclusions Diaphragm US is a valid predictor of extubation success at some but not all PS settings. Using a ∆tdi% of 20 % on PS levels up to 10/5 cm of H2O may reduce both unnecessarily prolonged intubations and prevent emergent reintubations. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Asthma control in patients treated with inhaled corticosteroids and long-acting beta agonists: A population-based analysis in Germany
The prevalence and the characteristics of poor asthma control among adults treated with combinations of inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and long-acting beta-agonists (LABA) are not completely understood. (Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Anke Kondla, Thomas Glaab, Riccardo Pedersini, Marek Lommatzsch Source Type: research

Clinical features and outcomes of interstitial lung disease in anti-Jo-1 positive antisynthetase syndrome
Interstitial lung disease (ILD) is a common extra-muscular manifestation of antisynthetase (AS) syndrome. ILD prevalence is higher with anti-Jo-1 antibody positivity. Data on long-term outcomes in these patients are lacking. (Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ana C. Zamora, Sumedh S. Hoskote, Beatriz Abascal-Bolado, Darin White, Christian W. Cox, Jay H. Ryu, Teng Moua Tags: Clinical trial paper Source Type: research

Systemic haemodynamics and regional tissue oxygen saturation after bidirectional cavopulmonary shunt: positive pressure ventilation versus spontaneous breathing
CONCLUSIONS The lower values of cerebral oxygen saturation before extubation indicated that the cerebral blood flow was less satisfactory. During the early period of extubation, despite the increase in cardiac index, the mesenteric oxygen saturation is lower than that at 12 h after extubation, suggesting that the obligatory increase in respiratory muscle perfusion and the increase in cerebral oxygen saturation have utilized most of the flow from the increased cardiac index. The increase in mesenteric oxygen saturation 12 h after extubation suggests a gradual improvement in microcirculation and macrocirculation. (Source: In...
Source: Interactive CardioVascular and Thoracic Surgery - July 15, 2016 Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Huang, J., Zhou, Y., Zhu, D. Tags: Electrophysiology - arrhythmias, Extracorporeal circulation, History Congenital Source Type: research

Tracheostomy in Adults.
Authors: PMID: 27420366 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research

Reply: Why Pregnant Women Should Avoid Any Form of Nicotine during Pregnancy: An Elastin-based Perspective.
PMID: 27420365 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine - July 15, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Spindel ER, McEvoy CT Tags: Am J Respir Crit Care Med Source Type: research