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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 9.

Clinical preparedness for severe pneumonia with highly pathogenic avian influenza A (H5N1): Experiences with cases in Vietnam
Conclusions Understanding local H5N1 poultry outbreaks and chest radiography assist early diagnosis and initiation of antiviral treatment. Developing a network among local and tertiary care hospitals can reduce the time to initiation of treatment. CHDF and PMX hemoperfusion are possible candidates for effective treatment of ARDS with H5N1 if applied earlier. (Source: Respiratory Investigation)
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Why do we need an official journal in English?
Publication date: September 2012 Source:Respiratory Investigation, Volume 50, Issue 3 Author(s): Masaharu Nishimura (Source: Respiratory Investigation)
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

New COPD assessment tool: The last work of Professor Aizawa
Publication date: June 2012 Source:Respiratory Investigation, Volume 50, Issue 2 Author(s): Masakazu Ichinose (Source: Respiratory Investigation)
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

The launch of Respiratory Investigation and its scope
Publication date: March 2012 Source:Respiratory Investigation, Volume 50, Issue 1 Author(s): Toshihiro Nukiwa (Source: Respiratory Investigation)
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Utility of KL-6/MUC1 in the clinical management of interstitial lung diseases
Publication date: March 2012 Source:Respiratory Investigation, Volume 50, Issue 1 Author(s): Nobuhisa Ishikawa , Noboru Hattori , Akihito Yokoyama , Nobuoki Kohno Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) are a diverse group of pulmonary disorders characterized by various patterns of inflammation and fibrosis in the interstitium of the lung. Because injury and/or regeneration of type II pneumocytes are prominent histological features of ILDs, substances derived from type II pneumocytes have been the focus of research investigating potential biomarkers for ILD. One important biomarker for ILD is the high-molecular-weight glycopro...
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Nationwide survey on the 2005 Guidelines for the Management of Community-Acquired Adult Pneumonia: Validation of severity assessment
Conclusions Determining severity on the basis of JRS 2005 can resolve nearly all the problems encountered with JRS 2000; these criteria were found to be useful and rapidly and easily applicable in clinical practice. (Source: Respiratory Investigation)
Source: Respiratory Investigation - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

COPD staging with GOLD: the newer the better?
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2015 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Afroditi K Boutou (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Pricing of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine challenged
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2015 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Talha Khan Burki (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Mortality prediction in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease comparing the GOLD 2007 and 2011 staging systems: a pooled analysis of individual patient data
Publication date: Available online 17 May 2015 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Joan B Soriano , Bernd Lamprecht , Ana S Ramírez , Pablo Martinez-Camblor , Bernhard Kaiser , Inmaculada Alfageme , Pere Almagro , Ciro Casanova , Cristobal Esteban , Juan J Soler-Cataluña , Juan P de-Torres , Marc Miravitlles , Bartolome R Celli , Jose M Marin , Milo A Puhan , Patricia Sobradillo , Peter Lange , Alice L Sternberg , Judith Garcia-Aymerich , Alice M Turner , MeiLan K Han , Arnulf Langhammer , Linda Leivseth , Per Bakke , Ane Johannessen , Nicolas Roche , Don D Sin Background There is no universal consensus o...
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Decision Aids in Serious Illness
Shared decision making is often challenging and never entirely rational. Even seemingly simple decisions, such as taking antibiotics for an upper respiratory tract infection or repairing a fractured bone, may encompass trade-offs, are influenced by cognitive biases, and can be clouded by emotion. Serious illness amplifies these biases and their effects. Decision making is even more complicated in the setting of advance care planning, when patients are trying to decide for their future selves rather than their current selves. (Source: JAMA Internal Medicine)
Source: JAMA Internal Medicine - May 18, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research

MICOS coordinates with respiratory complexes and lipids to establish mitochondrial inner membrane architecture
The conserved MICOS complex functions as a primary determinant of mitochondrial inner membrane structure. We address the organization and functional roles of MICOS and identify two independent MICOS subcomplexes: Mic27/Mic10/Mic12, whose assembly is dependent on respiratory complexes and the mitochondrial lipid cardiolipin, and Mic60/Mic19, which assembles independent of these factors. Our data suggest that MICOS subcomplexes independently localize to cristae junctions and are connected via Mic19, which functions to regulate subcomplex distribution, and thus, potentially also cristae junction copy number. MICOS subunits ha...
Source: eLife - May 18, 2015 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Friedman, J. R., Mourier, A., Yamada, J., McCaffery, J. M., Nunnari, J. Tags: Cell biology Source Type: research

Lung cancer at the intensive care unit: the era of targeted therapy
Lung cancer is the most common solid tumor that requires admission to an intensive care unit (ICU): it accounts for 16% of all cancer-related admissions to these units [1]. The most common reason is acute respiratory failure, and the need for mechanical ventilation during the ICU stay is associated with a poorer prognosis [2]. Although recent studies have shown a clear trend toward improved survival of lung cancer patients admitted to the ICU [3], the overall perception about the value of ICU admission for this patient population remains negative, given the poor overall prognosis of patients with advanced lung cancer. (Source: Lung Cancer)
Source: Lung Cancer - May 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Valerie Adam, Christophe Dooms, Johan Vansteenkiste Source Type: research

Protocol for the CHEST Australia Trial: a phase II randomised controlled trial of an intervention to reduce time-to-consult with symptoms of lung cancer
Introduction Lung cancer is the most common cancer worldwide, with 1.3 million new cases diagnosed every year. It has one of the lowest survival outcomes of any cancer because over two-thirds of patients are diagnosed when curative treatment is not possible. International research has focused on screening and community interventions to promote earlier presentation to a healthcare provider to improve early lung cancer detection. This paper describes the protocol for a phase II, multisite, randomised controlled trial, for patients at increased risk of lung cancer in the primary care setting, to facilitate early presentation ...
Source: BMJ Open - May 18, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Murray, S. R., Murchie, P., Campbell, N., Walter, F. M., Mazza, D., Habgood, E., Kutzer, Y., Martin, A., Goodall, S., Barnes, D. J., Emery, J. D. Tags: Open access, Communication, General practice / Family practice, Medical education and training, Oncology, Public health, Smoking and tobacco Protocol Source Type: research

Cardiovascular Causes of Pediatric Airway Compression: A Pictorial Review
Airways compression by vascular structures is one of the important comorbidities of congenital heart disease with incidence of approximately 1%-2% in children. Airways compression is a consequence of abnormal configuration of the great vessels producing a vascular ring with enlargement of normal structures (pulmonary arteries or cardiac chambers) or because of surgery. A high index of suspicion for vascular airway compression is important in children with recurrent respiratory complaints. Early diagnosis and management are essential, as chronic airway compression causes significant morbidity. (Source: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology)
Source: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology - May 18, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Manphool Singhal, Pankaj Gupta, Rana Sandip Singh, Manoj Kumar Rohit, Kushaljit Singh Sodhi, Niranjan Khandelwal Source Type: research

Optical differentiation between malignant and benign lymphadenopathy by EBUS using grey scale texture analysis – Reply
(Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Andrew R.L. Medford, Anthony J. Edey Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research

Diagnosis of biopsy verified Usual Interstitial Pneumonia by computed tomography
To identify the combination of clinical data and high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) features that best identified biopsy verified usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP). (Source: Respiratory Medicine CME)
Source: Respiratory Medicine CME - May 18, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vidar Søyseth, Trond Mogens Aaløkken, Georg Mynarek, Anne Naalsund, Erik H. Strøm, Helge Scott, Alf Kolbenstvedt Source Type: research

The effects of porcine pulmonary surfactant on smoke inhalation injury
Our previous study, consistent with others, demonstrated that administering an exogenous surfactant was a potential therapy for acute lung injury (ALI) and acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, the underlying mechanisms remain largely unknown. In present study, we investigated the effect of instilled porcine pulmonary surfactant (PPS) on rat inhalation injury model induced by smoke and the possible mechanism. (Source: Journal of Surgical Research)
Source: Journal of Surgical Research - May 18, 2015 Category: Surgery Authors: Yu Sun, Xiaochen Qiu, Guosheng Wu, Junjie Wang, Jiahui Li, Hao Tang, Zhaofan Xia Source Type: research

Obstructive apnea with pseudo-Cheyne–Stokes breathing
• A 48-year-old man with a history of Parkinson's disease presented with obstructive sleep apnea.• A waxing and waning pattern of respiratory effort was observed during periods of absent airflow.• Pseudo-Cheyne–Stokes breathing can be observed in patients with obstructive apnea. (Source: Sleep Medicine)
Source: Sleep Medicine - May 18, 2015 Category: Sleep Medicine Authors: Kwang Ik Yang, Doh-Eui Kim, Brian B. Koo Tags: Images in Sleep Medicine Source Type: research

Vitamin D metabolism genes in asthma and atopy.
Abstract Asthma and allergy are complex diseases influenced by poorly understood environmental and genetic factors. The innate and adaptive immune systems play an important role in the pathogenesis of these diseases. Many genes involved in inflammation and immunoregulation pathways have been related to asthma and allergy susceptibility. Among the diverse extra-skeletal actions of vitamin D, growing evidence indicates that vitamin D is an important modulator of the immune system response and may influence the development of asthma and allergy susceptibility through different mechanisms. The vitamin D pathway is unde...
Source: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry - May 18, 2015 Category: Chemistry Authors: Morales E, Sanchez-Solis M, Garcia-Marcos L Tags: Mini Rev Med Chem Source Type: research

Pseudomonas salina sp. nov., isolated from a salt lake in Qaidam basin, China.
Abstract A Gram-staining-negative, facultative aerobic bacterium, strain XCD-X85T, was isolated from Xiaochaidan Lake, a salt lake (salinity 9.9 %, w/w) in Qaidam basin, Qinghai province, China. Its taxonomic position was determined by using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain XCD-X85T were non-endospore-forming rods, 0.4-0.6 µm wide and 1.0-1.6 µm long, and motile by means of a single polar flagellum. Strain XCD-X85T was catalase- and oxidase-positive. Growth was observed in the presence of 0-12.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 1.0-2.0 %) and at 4-35 °C (optimum, 25-30 °C) and pH 6.5-10.5 (optimum, pH 8.0-8.5). Str...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - May 18, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Zhong ZP, Liu Y, Hou TT, Liu HC, Zhou YG, Wang F, Liu ZP Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Sphingomonas morindae sp. nov., isolated from Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) branch.
Abstract Two yellow-colored bacterial strains, designated as NBD5T and NBD8, isolated from Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.) branch were investigated using a polyphasic taxonomic approach. The cells were Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-spore-forming, non-motile and short rod-shaped. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that the strain was recognized as a species of the genus Sphingomonas, to which seven closest neighbours being Sphingomonas oligoaromativorans SY-6T (96.9% similarity), Sphingomonas polyaromaticivorans B2-7T (95.8%), Sphingomonas yantingensis 1007T (94.9%), Sphingomonas sanguini...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - May 18, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Liu Y, Yao S, Lee YJ, Cao Y, Zhai L, Zhang X, Su J, Ge Y, Kim SG, Cheng C Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Marinobacter halophilus sp. nov., a new halophilic bacterium isolated from a salt lake.
Abstract A Gram-staining-negative bacterium, strain XCD-X12T, was isolated from Xiaochaidan Lake, a salt lake (salinity 9.9 %, w/w) in Qaidam basin, Qinghai Province, China. Its taxonomic position was determined by using a polyphasic approach. Cells of strain XCD-X12T were non-spore-forming rods, 0.4-0.7 µm wide, 2.1-3.2 µm long and motile with a single polar flagellum. Strain XCD-X12T was strictly aerobic, catalase- and oxidase-positive. Growth was observed in the presence of 0-20.0 % (w/v) NaCl (optimum, 4.0-8.0 %), and at 4-35 °C (optimum, 30 °C) and pH 6.5-10.5 (optimum, pH 8.5). It contained Q-9 as predomi...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - May 18, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Zhong ZP, Liu Y, Liu HC, Wang F, Zhou YG, Liu ZP Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Impact of cancer and chemotherapy on autonomic nervous system function and cardiovascular reactivity in young adults with cancer: a case-controlled feasibility study
Conclusions: Results from our feasibility assessment suggest that the investigation of ANS function in young adult cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy is possible. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study to report CASS-based evidence of ANS impairment and sudomotor dysfunction in any cancer population. Moreover, we provide evidence of cancer- and chemotherapy-related parasympathetic dysfunction – as a possible contributor to the pathogenesis of CV disease in cancer survivors. (Source: BMC Cancer)
Source: BMC Cancer - May 18, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Scott AdamsRonald SchondorfJulie BenoitRobert Kilgour Source Type: research

Contact-free physiological monitoring using a markerless optical system.
CONCLUSION: Contact-free monitoring of human subjects to obtain cardiac and respiratory information is feasible using a small camera and light emitting diode mounted on the head coil of an MRI scanner. Magn Reson Med, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. PMID: 25982242 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine)
Source: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine - May 18, 2015 Category: Radiology Authors: Maclaren J, Aksoy M, Bammer R Tags: Magn Reson Med Source Type: research

Oceanisphaera psychrotolerans sp. nov., isolated from coastal sediment samples of Bohai Sea.
Abstract A novel aerobic, Gram-staining-negative bacterium, designated strain LAM-WHM-ZCT, was isolated from coastal sediment samples of the Bohai Sea, near Yantai, China. Cells of LAM-WHM-ZCT were non-motile, short-rod or coccoid shaped. The temperature and pH ranges for growth were 4 to 40 C (optimum: 20 to 33 C) and 5 to 9 (optimum: 7.5). The strain did not require NaCl for growth but tolerated up to 10 % NaCl (w/v). The major fatty acids of strain LAM-WHM-ZCT were summed feature 3 (24.5 %), C12:0 (16.2 %), C16:0 (15.9 %), summed feature 2 (11.9 %) and summed feature 8 (9.9 %). The predominant respiratory ...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - May 18, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: Zhou S, Wang H, Wang Y, Ma K, He M, Chen X, Kong D, Guo X, Ruan Z, Zhao B Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Heart rate variability during carbachol-induced REM sleep and cataplexy.
In conclusion, there were differences in the HRV during naturally-occurring REM sleep compared to REMc. In addition, in spite of the same muscle atonia, the HRV was different during REMc and CA. Therefore, the neuronal network that controls the HRV during REM sleep can be dissociated from the one that generates the muscle atonia during this state. PMID: 25997581 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Behavioural Brain Research)
Source: Behavioural Brain Research - May 18, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Torterolo P, Castro-Zaballa S, Cavelli M, Velasquez N, Brando V, Falconi A, Chase MH, Migliaro ER Tags: Behav Brain Res Source Type: research

Experimental evidence that bioenergetics disruption is not mainly involved in the brain injury of glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficient mice submitted to lysine overload.
Abstract Bioenergetics dysfunction has been postulated as an important pathomechanism of brain damage in glutaric aciduria type I, but this is still under debate. We investigated activities of citric acid cycle (CAC) enzymes, lactate release, respiration and membrane potential (ΔΨm) in mitochondrial preparations from cerebral cortex and striatum of 30-day-old glutaryl-CoA dehydrogenase deficient (Gcdh-/-) and wild type mice fed a baseline or a high lysine (Lys, 4.7%) chow for 60 or 96h. Brain histological analyses were performed in these animals, as well as in 90-day-old animals fed a baseline or a high Lys chow ...
Source: Brain Research - May 18, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Amaral AU, Cecatto C, Seminotti B, Augusto Ribeiro C, Lagranha VL, Pereira CC, de Oliveira FH, de Souza DG, Goodman S, Woontner M, Wajner M Tags: Brain Res Source Type: research

Stimulating basal mitochondrial respiration decreases doxorubicin apoptotic signaling in H9c2 cardiomyoblasts.
Abstract Doxorubicin (DOX) is currently used in cancer chemotherapy, however, its use often results in adverse effects highlighted by the development of cardiomyopathy and ultimately heart failure. Interestingly, DOX cardiotoxicity is decreased by resveratrol or by physical activity, suggesting that increased mitochondrial activity may be protective. Conversely, recent studies showed that troglitazone, a PPARγ agonist, increases the cytotoxicity of DOX against breast cancer cells by up-regulating mitochondrial biogenesis. The hypothesis for the current investigation was that DOX cytotoxicity in H9c2 cardiomyoblast...
Source: Toxicology - May 18, 2015 Category: Toxicology Authors: Deus CM, Zehowski C, Nordgren K, Wallace KB, Skildum A, Oliveira PJ Tags: Toxicology Source Type: research

Urinary metabolites of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Saudi Arabian schoolchildren in relation to sources of exposure.
This study aimed to quantify the relationship between exposures to phenanthrene and pyrene from atmospheric and dietary sources with the excretion of 1-hydroxypyrene and hydroxyphenanthrenes in urine as biomarkers of exposure. The study population consisted of 204 male schoolchildren attending three schools in different parts of Jeddah, Saudi Arabia who provided urine samples on each of three consecutive days. Outdoor air measurements of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons were made at the schools and the children provided information on diet, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke and incense, and various lifestyle factors ...
Source: Environmental Research - May 18, 2015 Category: Environmental Health Authors: Alghamdi MA, Alam MS, Stark C, Mohammed N, Harrison RM, Shamy M, Khoder MI, Shabbaj II, Göen T Tags: Environ Res Source Type: research

Chemical and pharmacological profiles of Echinacea complex.
Abstract Echinacea purpurea has a long history in traditional medicine. To verify the pharmacological efficacy of active principles, a polysaccharide-phenolic-protein complex has been isolated from flowering parts of herb by alkaline extraction. It showed on GPC and HPLC one peak of molecular mass around 10kDa. Chemical and spectroscopic analyses revealed carbohydrate, phenolic and protein contents in Echinacea complex. Pharmacological tests have shown its marked cough suppressing and bronchodilatory effects. The antitussive effect of Echinacea was similar to the narcotic drug codeine and the bronchodilatory effect...
Source: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules - May 18, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Capek P, Šutovská M, Kocmálová M, Fraňová S, Pawlaczyk I, Gancarz R Tags: Int J Biol Macromol Source Type: research

High-Flow Oxygen through Nasal Cannula in Acute Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure
New England Journal of Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: New England Journal of Medicine)
Source: New England Journal of Medicine - May 17, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

Guillain-Barré Syndrome.
Abstract Guillain-Barré syndrome and its clinical variants are a group of rapidly progressing, potentially debilitating neurologic disorders that may have significant morbidity/mortality if left unrecognized or untreated. The most common symptoms include ascending limb weakness and paralysis, which may progress to respiratory failure. Diagnosis is made clinically with laboratory testing. Several treatment options exist, including plasma exchange and intravenous immunoglobulin administration. Most cases may resolve without sequelae, but those that do not may leave behind significant persistent debility. PMID: 2...
Source: Primary Care - May 17, 2015 Category: Primary Care Authors: Ansar V, Valadi N Tags: Prim Care Source Type: research

Mitochondrial modulators in experimental Huntington's disease: reversal of mitochondrial dysfunctions and cognitive deficits.
Abstract Huntington's disease (HD) is a chronic neurodegenerative condition involving impaired mitochondrial functions. The present study evaluates the therapeutic potential of combined administration of mitochondrial modulators: alpha-lipoic acid and acetyl-l-carnitine on mitochondrial dysfunctions in 3-NP-induced HD. Our results reveal 3-NP administration resulted in compromise of mitochondrial functions in terms of: (1) impaired activity of mitochondrial respiratory chain enzymes, altered cytochrome levels, reduced histochemical staining of complex-II and IV, reduced in-gel activity of complex-I to V, and reduce...
Source: Neurobiology of Aging - May 17, 2015 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Mehrotra A, Kanwal A, Banerjee SK, Sandhir R Tags: Neurobiol Aging Source Type: research

Oxygen therapy in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine, Ahead of Print. (Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine)
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - May 17, 2015 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: article Source Type: research

A novel cause of acute coronary syndrome due to dynamic extrinsic coronary artery compression by a rib exostosis – multimodality imaging diagnosis
We report a case of acute coronary syndrome secondary to intermittent extrinsic compression of the left anterior descending coronary artery (LAD) by inward-pointing rib exostosis in an 18 year-old woman during forceful repeated expiration in labour. The diagnosis was achieved by multi-modality non-invasive cardiac imaging. In particular, we demonstrate the novel role of expiratory-phase cardiac computed tomography at confirming the anatomical relationship of the bony exostosis to the LAD. The case reminds us the heart and mediastinum move dynamically, relative to the bony thorax, throughout the respiratory cycle and that c...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - May 17, 2015 Category: Cardiology Source Type: research

Growth, immune responses and intestinal morphology of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) supplemented with commercial probiotics
Publication date: July 2015 Source:Fish & Shellfish Immunology, Volume 45, Issue 1 Author(s): M.A. Ramos , J.F.M. Gonçalves , S. Batista , B. Costas , M.A. Pires , P. Rema , R.O.A. Ozório The influence of two commercial probiotics on the growth, innate immune parameters and intestinal morphology of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) juveniles (initial weight: 16.4 ± 0.4 g) was evaluated. Two probiotic types: A, multi-species (Bacillus sp., Pedicoccus sp., Enterococcus sp., Lactobacillus sp.) and B, mono-species (Pediococcus acidilactici) were tested at two levels each (A1: 1.5 g kg−1, 8.6 × 105 CFU...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - May 17, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Modulation of innate immune response, mucosal parameters and disease resistance in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) upon synbiotic feeding
Publication date: July 2015 Source:Fish & Shellfish Immunology, Volume 45, Issue 1 Author(s): Seyed Hossein Hoseinifar , Alireza Mirvaghefi , Mohammad Ali Amoozegar , Maryam Sharifian , M. Ángeles Esteban The present study investigates the effects of dietary supplements of galactooligosaccharides (GOS), Pediococcus acidilactici and P. acidilactici + GOS on innate immune response, skin mucus as well as disease resistance of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) fingerlings (15.04 ± 0.52 g). After 8 weeks of feeding, several innate immune (lysozyme, alternative complement and respiratory burst activities) and...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - May 17, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research

Dietary supplementation of Avicennia marina extract on immune protection and disease resistance in Amphiprion sebae against Vibrio alginolyticus
This study reports that in clownfish challenged with V. alginolyticus, dietary administration of the 1% or 4% of A. marina extract improved the immune status and survival rate. (Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology)
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - May 17, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: research