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Respiratory Medicine

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 9.

The interaction between C5a and sphingosine-1-phosphate in neutrophils for antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody mediated activation
Conclusions: S1P triggered by C5a-primed neutrophils could further activate neutrophils. Blocking S1P could attenuate C5a-induced activation of neutrophils by ANCA. The interaction between S1P and C5a plays an important role in neutrophils for ANCA-mediated activation. (Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy)
Source: Arthritis Research and Therapy - July 7, 2014 Category: Rheumatology Authors: Jian HaoYi-Min HuangMing-Hui ZhaoMin Chen Source Type: research

In this issue of Occupational Medicine
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Williams, N. Tags: In This Issue Source Type: research

The Lewis-Prusik test. Time to say goodbye to an old friend?
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Cooke, R. Tags: Vibration Editorial Source Type: research

Occupational cancer: key challenges and opportunities for change
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rushton, L. Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

All tied up
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hobson, J. Tags: Filler Source Type: research

Kazimir Malevich, The Knife Grinder (The Glittering Edge) 1912-13
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: McKiernan, M. Tags: Art and occupation Source Type: research

Engineered nanoparticles at the workplace: current knowledge about workers' risk
Conclusions A precautionary approach is recommended for workplace exposure to ENPs, until health-based OELs are developed and released by official regulatory agencies. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pietroiusti, A., Magrini, A. Tags: Dusts and particles In-depth review Source Type: research

Health and safety implications of recruitment payments in migrant construction workers
Conclusions The mechanisms linking labour recruiter payments to adverse safety and health outcomes warrant investigation with a view to developing interventions to erode these links. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Hassan, H. A., Houdmont, J. Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research

Biopsychosocial incapacity assessments: a survey of occupational physicians' opinions
Conclusions While consensus in this group was generally high, it is unclear whether these results would be replicated in other OP groups. Although the speciality in the UK is looking to speak with one voice, it is unclear whether there is a current consensus within it on forming opinions on cases in which complex biopsychosocial factors apply. Additionally, speciality training does not yet address biopsychosocial concepts. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vivian, C. T. B. Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research

The burden of influenza-like illness in the US workforce
Conclusions Our results indicate that the disease burden associated with ILIs in the working population is not trivial and deserves attention from policymakers and health care professionals to design effective strategies to reduce this burden. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tsai, Y., Zhou, F., Kim, I. K. Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research

Healthcare workers' attitude towards influenza vaccination after the 2009 pandemic
Conclusions Future influenza vaccination campaigns should consider using different approaches depending on the gender and occupational mix of the target population, rather than adopting a ‘one-size’ fits all approach. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lewthwaite, P., Campion, K., Blackburn, B., Kemp, E., Major, D., Sarangi, K. Tags: Healthcare workers Original Paper Source Type: research

Occupational Medicine Calendar
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Calendar Source Type: research

On-call work and physicians' well-being: testing the potential mediators
Conclusions According to our results, one way to attenuate on-call work’s negative ramifications is to make it easier for on-call physicians to connect work and family lives and develop work arrangements to promote better sleep and protected sleep time. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Heponiemi, T., Puttonen, S., Elovainio, M. Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research

Cobalt asthma in metalworkers from an automotive engine valve manufacturer
Conclusions We have described a series of 14 workers with cobalt asthma from the automotive manufacturing industry, with objective evidence for sensitization. Health care workers should remain vigilant for cobalt asthma in the automotive manufacturing industry. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Walters, G. I., Robertson, A. S., Moore, V. C., Burge, P. S. Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research

Neurological memories
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Seaton, A. Tags: Filler Source Type: research

The HSE Management Standards Indicator Tool: concurrent and construct validity
Conclusions Our findings consolidated the HSE-MS IT validity and showed the specific sensitivity of its scales to assess different aspects of work-related distress, including self-perception of stress at work. These results can have practical implications for the occupational well-being of employees. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Marcatto, F., Colautti, L., Larese Filon, F., Luis, O., Ferrante, D. Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research

Psycho-behavioural risks of low back pain in railway workers
Conclusions The high prevalence of LBP and its significant associations with physical and psychological stress factors in railway workers points to an urgent need for preventive measures, particularly among workers in high-risk occupations. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ganasegeran, K., Perianayagam, W., Nagaraj, P., Al-Dubai, S. A. R. Tags: Original Paper Source Type: research

The interactions between pain, pain-related fear of movement and productivity
Conclusions Despite the fact that musculoskeletal pain increases the risk of reduced work ability significantly, musculoskeletal pain and pain-related fear of movement were associated with low productivity only among employees with good work ability. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sell, L., Lund, H. L., Holtermann, A., Sogaard, K. Tags: The older worker, Chronic disease Original Paper Source Type: research

Voice disorders in Nigerian primary school teachers
Conclusions Nigerian primary school teachers were at risk for dysphonia. Important environment and personal factors were upper respiratory infection, the need to frequently raise the voice when teaching and regular intake of caffeinated drinks. Dysphonia was not associated with age or years of teaching. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Akinbode, R., Lam, K. B. H., Ayres, J. G., Sadhra, S. Tags: Civil service, central government and education establishments Original Paper Source Type: research

Fifty years ago: 'The medical officer of health and the small workplace'
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Filler Source Type: research

Systemic lupus erythematosus complicating simple silicosis
We report a case of SLE, a disease which usually affects young females, arising in a male former stonemason with simple silicosis. Epidemiological and clinical literature on the association of silica exposure and development of SLE are briefly reviewed. This case report and literature review highlight the link between occupational silica exposure and autoimmune disease including SLE, establishes that even simple silicosis appears linked to development of autoimmunity and emphasizes the importance of an occupational history, especially in male patients who develop SLE. (Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lucas, C. D., Amft, N., Reid, P. T. Tags: Respiratory Disorders, Dusts and particles Case Report Source Type: research

The gender-neutral timed obstacle course: a valid test of police fitness?
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Blacker, S., Wilkinson, D., Rayson, M., Richmond, V. Tags: Police service Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

Mental health issues and university student dropouts
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Kawada, T. Tags: Military - Mental Health Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

The Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Stern, A. F. Tags: Questionnaire Review Source Type: research

STEPS to Safety Culture Excellence
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Scott, A. Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Epidemiology and Disease Prevention: A Global Approach
(Source: Occupational Medicine)
Source: Occupational Medicine - July 7, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gration, J. Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Rhodoligotrophos jinshengii sp. nov., a bacterium isolated from activated sludge.
Abstract A Gram-negative, non-spore-forming, non-motile, oval-shaped, aerobic bacterial strain , designated BUT-3T, was isolated from activated sludge of one herbicides-manufacturing wastewater treatment facility in Kunshan city, Jiangsu province, China. Strain BUT-3T grew between 15 and 40 °C, with optimum growth at 30 °C. The pH range for growth was between 5.0 and 10.0 (optimum of approximately pH 7.0). The range of NaCl concentration allowing growth of strain BUT-3T was between 0 and 7.0 %, with an optimum of 1.5-3.0 %. A phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis showed that strain BUT-3T clo...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - July 7, 2014 Category: Microbiology Authors: Deng SK, Chen GQ, Chen Q, Cai S, Yao L, He J, Li SP Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Effect of physical training on ventilatory patterns during exercise in patients with heart disease.
CONCLUSION: Exercise training improved the rapidness and depth of breathing during exercise. Therefore, improvement of abnormal ventilatory patterns is correlated with exercise tolerance. PMID: 25012061 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Cardiology)
Source: Journal of Cardiology - July 7, 2014 Category: Cardiology Authors: Taguchi T, Adachi H, Hoshizaki H, Oshima S, Kurabayashi M Tags: J Cardiol Source Type: research

Impact of clinical decision support on receipt of antibiotic prescriptions for acute bronchitis and upper respiratory tract infection.
CONCLUSIONS: The overall effect of decision support suggests an important role for technology in reducing non-indicated prescriptions. Decision support alone may not be sufficient to eliminate non-indicated prescriptions given secular trends. PMID: 25002458 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association)
Source: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association - July 7, 2014 Category: Information Technology Authors: McCullough JM, Zimmerman FJ, Rodriguez HP Tags: J Am Med Inform Assoc Source Type: research

Portopulmonary hypertension and hepatopulmonary syndrome.
Abstract Portopulmonary hypertension (POPH) and hepatopulmonary syndrome (HPS) are two frequent complications of liver disease, with prevalence among liver transplant candidates of 6% and 10%, respectively. Both conditions result from a lack of hepatic clearance of vasoactive substances produced in the splanchnic territory. Subsequently, these substances cause mainly pulmonary vascular remodeling and some degree of vasoconstriction in POPH with resulting elevated pulmonary pressure and right ventricular dysfunction. In HPS the vasoactive mediators cause intrapulmonary shunts with hypoxemia. Medical treatment is dis...
Source: World Journal of Gastroenterology : WJG - July 7, 2014 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Aldenkortt F, Aldenkortt M, Caviezel L, Waeber JL, Weber A, Schiffer E Tags: World J Gastroenterol Source Type: research

Successful In Utero Intervention for Bilateral Renal Agenesis.
CONCLUSION:: Serial amnioinfusion appears to have mitigated the severe pulmonary compromise that has, in the past, led to the death of newborns with bilateral renal agenesis. PMID: 25004316 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - July 7, 2014 Category: OBGYN Authors: Bienstock JL, Birsner ML, Coleman F, Hueppchen NA Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Babesiosis in Pregnancy.
CONCLUSION:: Diagnosis of babesiosis in pregnancy requires a high index of suspicion to ensure early treatment and optimal pregnancy outcomes. PMID: 25004307 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - July 7, 2014 Category: OBGYN Authors: Luckett R, Rodriguez W, Katz D Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Depression Drug Treatment Outcomes in Pregnancy and the Postpartum Period: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
CONCLUSION:: Evidence about the comparative benefits and harms of pharmacologic treatment of depression in pregnant and postpartum women was largely inadequate to allow informed decisions about treatment. Considering the prevalence of depression, filling this gap is essential. PMID: 25004304 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology)
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - July 7, 2014 Category: OBGYN Authors: McDonagh MS, Matthews A, Phillipi C, Romm J, Peterson K, Thakurta S, Guise JM Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research

Macitentan for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension.
Abstract Macitentan is a novel dual endothelin receptor antagonist recently approved for the treatment of symptomatic pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Compared to other endothelin receptor antagonists, in vitro and in vivo studies have demonstrated that macitentan has improved tissue targeting, a longer duration of action and an improved safety profile. Macitentan is available as a once daily oral medication and has been well tolerated in clinical trials. The recently published Study with an Endothelin Receptor Antagonist in PAH to Improve cliNical Outcomes (SERAPHIN), which was the first event-driven trial e...
Source: Respiratory Care - July 6, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: DuBrock HM, Channick RN Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research

Spatial-temporal excess mortality patterns of the 1918-1919 influenza pandemic in Spain
Conclusions: A substantial fraction of the variability in excess mortality rates across Spanish provinces remained unexplained, which suggests that other unidentified factors such as comorbidities, climate and background immunity may have affected the 1918-19 pandemic mortality rates. Further archeo-epidemiological research should concentrate on identifying settings with combined availability of local historical mortality records and information on the prevalence of underlying risk factors, or patient-level clinical data, to further clarify the drivers of 1918 pandemic influenza mortality. (Source: BMC Infectious Diseases)
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - July 5, 2014 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Gerardo ChowellAnton ErkorekaCécile ViboudBeatriz Echeverri-Dávila Source Type: research

Predicting treatment failure in patients with community acquired pneumonia: a case-control study
Conclusions: There was a good correlation of IL-6 levels and CAP failure and IL-6 & PCT with late CAP failure. Pleural effusion and multilobar involvement were simple clinical predictors of early and late failure, respectively.Trial registration: IRB Register: 2009/5451. (Source: Respiratory Research)
Source: Respiratory Research - July 5, 2014 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ignacio Martin-LoechesXavier VallesRosario MenendezOriol SibilaBeatriz MontullCatia CillonizAntonio ArtigasAntoni Torres Source Type: research

Influenza A infection enhances antigen‐induced airway inflammation and hyper‐responsiveness in young but not aged mice
ConclusionWith increased age in a mouse model, viral infection prior to antigen sensitization affects the airway and systemic allergic response differently. These differences may reflect distinct phenotypic features of allergic inflammation in older patients with asthmaThis article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Allergy - July 5, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Janette M. Birmingham, Virginia L. Gillespie, Kamal Srivastava, Xiu‐Min Li, Paula J. Busse Tags: Original Article‐Experimental Models of Allergic Disease Source Type: research

Low birth weight and environmental tobacco smoke increases the risk of wheezing in adolescents: a retrospective cohort study
Conclusions: ETS and LBW each has been related to increasing public health risk for respiratory symptoms among adolescents. Furthermore, LBW may aggravate the risk among those exposed to ETS. LBW, ETS and associated respiratory impairments may deserve special attention as part of a comprehensive environmental health risk assessment directed toward prevention and intervention. (Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles)
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - July 5, 2014 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Meng-Hung LinJames CaffreyYu-Sheng LinPau-Chung ChenChing-Chun LinWen-Chao HoTrong-Neng WuRuey-Shiung Lin Source Type: research

Antibiotic treatment following a dog bite in an immunocompromized patient in order to prevent Capnocytophaga canimorsus infection: a case report
Conclusion: Severe Capnocytophaga canimorsus sepsis may be complicated by life-threatening nosocomial infection in immunocompromized patients. The prophylactic application of antibiotics after a dog bite should be considered in high-risk individuals with immune deficiency in order to prevent both Capnocytophyga canimorsus sepsis and serious nosocomial complications. (Source: BMC Research Notes)
Source: BMC Research Notes - July 5, 2014 Category: Research Authors: Ondrej HlochDana MokraJan MasopustJan HasaJiri Charvat Source Type: research

Amlodipine poisoning revisited: Acidosis, acute kidney injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome
We report the case of an 18-year-old girl presenting with shock following ingestion of 85 mg of amlodipine and 850 mg of atenolol with suicidal intent. Subsequently, the patient developed severe metabolic acidosis, acute kidney injury, and acute respiratory distress syndrome, which were managed conservatively. The patient ultimately made a full recovery. Given the popularity of amlodipine and atenolol as antihypertensive drugs in this part of the world, it is likely that more such cases will be encountered in the future. Physicians should be aware of the severe complications that can develop with amlodipine overdose. (Sour...
Source: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine - July 5, 2014 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Kushal NahaJ SuryanarayanaRiffat Abdul AzizBarkur Ananthakrishna Shastry Source Type: research

Anesthetic management of patients with Joubert syndrome: a retrospective analysis of a single‐institutional case series
ConclusionAlpha‐2 agonist based anesthetic technique appears to be most suitable for sedation during MRI study in patients with JS with respect to adverse events and outcome. (Source: Pediatric Anesthesia)
Source: Pediatric Anesthesia - July 5, 2014 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Kamath Sriganesh, Byrappa Vinay, Sritam Jena, Venkataramaiah Sudhir, Jitender Saini, Ganne S. Umamaheswara Rao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Rapid Response Team Activations Within 24 Hours of Admission From the Emergency Department: An Innovative Approach for Performance Improvement / Las Activaciones del Equipo de Respuesta Rápida en las Primeras 24 Horas del Ingreso desde el Servicio de Urgencias: Una Aproximación Novedosa para la Mejora del Rendimiento
ConclusionsThe review of RRT activations within 24 hours of admission from the ED significantly supplemented the typical ad hoc referral system for peer review of cases, highlighting cases that likely would not have received attention within the ED. This novel and unique case review process revealed opportunities for education and performance improvement. This and other systematic approaches to case detection may be useful adjuncts to traditional case referrals for review. Resumen ObjetivosLos programas de mejora del rendimiento (MR) en Medicina de Urgencias y Emergencias (MUE) han evolucionado mas allá de las revisione...
Source: Academic Emergency Medicine - July 5, 2014 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Paris B. Lovett, Richard J. Massone, Michael N. Holmes, Ronald V. Hall, Bernard L. Lopez Tags: Original Contribution Source Type: research

Central regulation of heart rate and the appearance of Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia: new insights from mathematical modeling.
Abstract A minimal model for the neural control of heart rate (HR) has been developed with the aim of better understanding respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) - a modulation of HR at the frequency of breathing. This model consists of two differential equations and is integrated into a previously-published model of gas exchange. The heart period is assumed to be affected primarily by the parasympathetic signal, with the sympathetic signal taken as a parameter in the model. We include the baroreflex, mechanical stretch-receptor feedback from the lungs, and central modulation of the cardiac vagal tone by the respirator...
Source: Mathematical Biosciences - July 5, 2014 Category: Statistics Authors: Ben-Tal A, Shamailov SS, Paton JF Tags: Math Biosci Source Type: research

Enforced expression of miR-125b attenuates LPS-induced acute lung injury.
Abstract The acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), a severe form of acute lung injury (ALI) in humans, is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in critically ill patients. Despite decades of research, few therapeutic strategies for clinical ARDS have emerged. Recent evidence implicated a potential role of miR-125b in development of ALI. Here we evaluated the miR-125b-based strategy in treatment of ARDS using the murine model of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI. We found that up-regulation of miR-125b expression maintained the body weight and survival of ALI mice, and significantly reduced LPS-induced...
Source: Immunology Letters - July 5, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Guo Z, Gu Y, Wang C, Zhang J, Shan S, Gu X, Wang K, Han Y, Ren T Tags: Immunol Lett Source Type: research

The association between age and the development of respiratory syncytial virus neutralising antibody responses following natural infection in infants.
Abstract To determine the age at which infants mount significant neutralising antibody responses to both natural RSV infection and live vaccines that mimic natural infection, RSV-specific neutralising antibodies in the acute and convalescent phase sera of infants with RSV infection were assayed. Age-specific incidence estimates for hospitalisation with severe RSV disease were determined and compared to age-specific neutralising antibody response patterns. Disease incidence peaked at between 2 and 3.9 months of life. Following natural infection, relative to the mean acute phase antibody titre, the mean convalescent ...
Source: Vaccine - July 5, 2014 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Sande CJ, Cane PA, Nokes DJ Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research