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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 14.
[Perspectives] The fractured self
How is a novelist like a neuroscientist? Sebastian Faulks's novel A Possible Life proposes one or two answers: because a writer is fascinated by connections and disconnections between things, rather like an analyst of the brain; but also because creating fictional characters involves identifying with them, and the condition in which selves seem to fuse together is of interest to students of human consciousness.
Source: LANCET - January 17, 2013 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Terry Eagleton Tags: Perspectives Source Type: research
[Comment] The progress of nations: what we can learn from Taiwan
If we are to judge national progress by conventional measures, Taiwan is a tremendous success. It sustained high levels of economic growth of around 10% per annum in the 1960s and 1970s, and about 4% annually thereafter. This achievement led it to be dubbed an economic miracle. Taiwan also escaped relatively unscathed from both the 1997 east Asian financial crisis and the global economic turmoil of the late 2000s. Politically, it made a successful transition from dictatorship to multiparty democracy.
Source: LANCET - January 17, 2013 Category: Journals (General) Authors: David Stuckler, Martin McKee Tags: Comment Source Type: research
Health Education Materials for Arab Patients: Content and Design Preferences
Med Princ Pract (DOI:10.1159/000346276)
Source: Medical Principles and Practice : Last 20 articles - January 17, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
To the Ends of the Earth: The Heroic Age of Polar Exploration
Editor’s note: On January 20, 2013, an expedition called the Shackleton Epic will begin an attempt to be the first team to authentically re-create Sir Ernest Shackleton’s voyage of survival crossing 800 nautical miles of the treacherous southern ocean, from Elephant Island to South Georgia, and the climb over it. You can follow the group’s exploits online. [More]
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - January 17, 2013 Category: Science Tags: More Science,Science Education,History of Science Source Type: research
Funding renewed for University of Hawaii Hilo family planning clinic
A three-year federal grant for the University of Hawaii Hilo’s Student Health and Wellness Programs was recently renewed. The renewal means that the university will be awarded an additional $282,500 with a federal Title X grant for its family planning clinic, university officials said in a statement. The clinic provides a variety of services ranging from testing and treatment for sexually-transmitted diseases to routine health exams. “Often times the barrier to preventative medicine is access…
Source: bizjournals.com Health Care:Physician Practices headlines - January 17, 2013 Category: American Health Source Type: research
Toxicity of Nanoparticles
to Brine Shrimp: An Introduction
to Nanotoxicity and Interdisciplinary Science
Journal of Chemical EducationDOI: 10.1021/ed3005424
Source: Journal of Chemical Education - January 17, 2013 Category: Chemistry Authors: Melissa A. Maurer-Jones, Sara A. Love, Sharon Meierhofer, Bryce J. Marquis, Zhen Liu and Christy L. Haynes Source Type: research
Feeling Threatened Makes Us Nicer
The way we behave when threatened sometimes goes against conventional wisdom: we soften up. Andrew White, a PhD student at Arizona State University, and his colleagues analyzed data from 54 nations and found that the more a nation spent on its military (presumably a good index of perceived threat), the higher its people scored on self-report measures of how agreeable they were to others. [More]
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - January 17, 2013 Category: Science Tags: Mind & Brain,Psychology,Thought Cognition,Society Policy Source Type: research
Communication Competence, Social Support, and Depression Among College Students: A Model of Facebook and Face-to-Face Support Network Influence
Source: Journal of Health Communication - January 17, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Wright, Kevin B.Rosenberg, JennyEgbert, NicolePloeger, Nicole A.Bernard, Daniel R.King, Shawn Source Type: research
Insulin-Like Growth Factor-1 as a Predictive Biomarker for Metastatic Uveal Melanoma in Humans [Anatomy and Pathology]
Conclusions. IGF-1 levels in 10-years' disease-free UM patients were significantly lower than those in healthy subjects and were even lower in metastatic patients. IGF-1 levels decreased toward the diagnosis of metastases. Therefore, serum IGF-1 level may be used as a predictive biomarker for metastatic UM when measured repeatedly.
Source: Investigative Ophthalmology - January 17, 2013 Category: Opthalmology Authors: Frenkel, S., Zloto, O., Pe'er, J., Barak, V. Tags: Anatomy and Pathology Source Type: research
[Partial delegation to radiation therapists of the control by onboard imaging of patient positioning.]
CONCLUSION: Radiation therapists are able to do daily set up using kV/kV on the bony structures of patients with prostate cancer, with a risk of disagreement higher than 3mm less than 4%. The weekly set up controls (different primaries) can be delegated to the radiation therapists, subject to an accurate procedure using a medical alert for a given threshold. Training and competence certification are required to secure the process. PMID: 23333458 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cancer Radiotherapie - January 17, 2013 Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Loos G, Biau J, Bellière A, Toledano I, Chillès A, Lapeyre M Tags: Cancer Radiother Source Type: research
[Introduction of high-fidelity simulation on pregradued medical students.]
PMID: 23333119 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annales Francaises d'Anesthesie et de Reanimation - January 17, 2013 Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Le Guen M, Roulleau P, Cheisson G, Benhamou D, Fischler M Tags: Ann Fr Anesth Reanim Source Type: research
Factors Influencing Korean International Students' Preferences for Mental Health Professionals: A Conjoint Analysis.
Abstract Asian students comprise over half of all international students in the United States, yet little is known about their help-seeking behaviors and preferences for mental health professionals. The purpose of this study was to use conjoint analysis to examine characteristics of mental health professionals influencing Korean international students' preferences when choosing a mental health professional. Korean international students from three universities in the United States were recruited on a volunteer basis to participate in this study (N = 114). Results indicated that mental health professional characte...
Source: Community Mental Health Journal - January 17, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Lee EJ, Chan F, Ditchman N, Feigon M Tags: Community Ment Health J Source Type: research
Improved Estimation of Sweating Based on Electrical Properties of Skin.
Abstract Skin conductance (SC) has previously been reported to correlate strongly with sweat rate (Swr) within subjects, but weakly between subjects. Using a new solution for simultaneous recording of SC, skin susceptance (SS) and skin potential (SP) at the same skin site, the aim of this study was to assess how accurately sweat production can be estimated based on combining these electrical properties of skin. In 40 subjects, SC, SS, SP and Swr by skin water loss was measured during relaxation and mental stress. SC and Swr had high intraindividual correlations (median r = 0.77). Stepwise multilinear regression w...
Source: Annals of Biomedical Engineering - January 17, 2013 Category: Biomedical Engineering Authors: Tronstad C, Kalvøy H, Grimnes S, Martinsen OG Tags: Ann Biomed Eng Source Type: research
Eating beyond metabolic need: how environmental cues influence feeding behavior.
Abstract Animals use current, past, and projected future states of the organism and the world in a finely tuned system to control ingestion. They must not only deal effectively with current nutrient deficiencies, but also manage energy resources to meet future needs, all within the constraints of the mechanisms of metabolism. Many recent approaches to understanding the control of ingestive behavior distinguish between homeostatic mechanisms concerned with energy balance, and hedonic and incentive processes based on palatability and reward characteristics of food. In this review, I consider how learning about enviro...
Source: Trends in Neurosciences - January 17, 2013 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Johnson AW Tags: Trends Neurosci Source Type: research
Changing Views of the Interconnections Between the Oceans and Human Health in Europe.
Abstract Early steps in the emergence of the discipline of "Oceans and Human Health" are charted in the USA and discussed in relation to past and present marine environment and human health research activities in Europe. Differences in terminology are considered, as well as differences in circumstances related to the various seas of Europe and the intensity of human coastal activity and impact. Opportunities to progress interdisciplinary research are described, and the value of horizon scanning for the early identification of emerging issues is highlighted. The challenges facing researchers and policymakers address...
Source: Microbial Ecology - January 17, 2013 Category: Microbiology Authors: Depledge MH, Harvey AJ, Brownlee C, Frost M, Moore MN, Fleming LE Tags: Microb Ecol Source Type: research
Simulation Experience Enhances Physical Therapist Student Confidence in Managing a Patient in the Critical Care Environment.
CONCLUSIONS: Incorporating a simulated, interprofessional critical care experience into a required clinical course improved physical therapist student confidence in technical, behavioral, and cognitive performance measures and was associated with high student satisfaction. Using simulation, students were introduced to the critical care environment, which may increase interest in working in this practice area. PMID: 23329555 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - January 17, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Ohtake PJ, Lazarus M, Schillo R, Rosen M Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research
Vestibular Rehabilitation for Unilateral Peripheral Vestibular Dysfunction.
This article focuses on an adult patient with unilateral peripheral vestibular hypofunction. Could a physical therapist-guided vestibular rehabilitation program decrease his symptoms and improve his function? PMID: 23329556 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - January 17, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Brodovsky JR, Vnenchak MJ Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research
Combined Statistical Analysis Method Assessing Fast Versus Slow Movement Training in a Single-Case With Cerebellar Stroke.
CONCLUSIONS: The combined statistical analysis method may assist researchers in assessing intervention effects in single-case stroke rehabilitation studies. PMID: 23329559 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Physical Therapy - January 17, 2013 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Deng H, Kimberley TJ, Durfee WK, Dressler BL, Steil C, Carey JR Tags: Phys Ther Source Type: research
A combined study of genetic association and brain imaging on the DAOA gene in schizophrenia
In conclusion, the DAOA gene may confer genetic risk of schizophrenia and associate with the altered ReHo in schizophrenia; genotype effect and its interaction with disease status may contribute to the altered ReHo, leading to specific ReHo in schizophrenic brain due to glutamatergic modulation. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Source: American Journal of Medical Genetics Part B: Neuropsychiatric Genetics - January 17, 2013 Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Jun Chen, Yong Xu, Juan Zhang, Zhifen Liu, Cheng Xu, Kerang Zhang, Yan Shen, Qi Xu Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
Histone acetylation: molecular mnemonics on the chromatin
Nature Reviews Neuroscience 14, 97 (2013). doi:10.1038/nrn3427 Authors: Johannes Gräff & Li-Huei Tsai Long-lasting memories require specific gene expression programmes that are, in part, orchestrated by epigenetic mechanisms. Of the epigenetic modifications identified in cognitive processes, histone acetylation has spurred considerable interest. Whereas increments in histone acetylation have consistently been shown to favour learning and memory, a lack
Source: Nature Reviews Neuroscience - January 17, 2013 Category: Neuroscience Authors: Johannes GräffLi-Huei Tsai Tags: Review Source Type: research
[Ten years' German Protection against Infection Act : Evaluation of the implementation of infection control visits in the ambulatory medical setting.]
[Ten years' German Protection against Infection Act : Evaluation of the implementation of infection control visits in the ambulatory medical setting.] Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz. 2013 Jan 17; Authors: Heudorf U, Eikmann T, Exner M Abstract In 2001, the German Protection against Infection Act came into force, implementing a variety of new regulations. For the first time, obligatory infection control visits of the public health departments in surgical ambulatory practices were implemented, as well as optional infection control visits in all medical, dental and paramedical pr...
Source: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz - January 17, 2013 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Heudorf U, Eikmann T, Exner M Tags: Bundesgesundheitsblatt Gesundheitsforschung Gesundheitsschutz Source Type: research
Influence of psychosocial risk factors on the trajectory of mental health problems from childhood to adolescence: a longitudinal study
Conclusions: The current study shows the importance of considering child/adolescent physical punishment and maternal anxiety/depression in intervention models and mental health care policies.
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - January 17, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Daniel FatoriIsabel BordinBartira CurtoCristiane de Paula Source Type: research
SrRietveld: a program for automating Rietveld refinements for high-throughput powder diffraction studies
SrRietveld is a highly automated software toolkit for Rietveld refinement. Compared to traditional refinement programs, it is more efficient to use and easier to learn. It is designed for modern high-throughput diffractometers and is capable of processing large numbers of data sets with minimal effort. The software currently uses conventional Rietveld refinement engines, automating GSAS and FullProf refinements. However, as well as automating and extending many tasks associated with these programs, it is designed in a flexible and extensible way so that in the future these engines can be replaced with new refinement engine...
Source: Journal of Applied Crystallography - January 17, 2013 Category: Physics Authors: Tian, P.Zhou, W.Liu, J.Shang, Y.Farrow, C.L.Juhás, P.Billinge, S.J.L. Tags: Rietveld refinement SrRietveld computer programs Source Type: research
The prolific polytypism of silicon carbide
A worked example of polytypism is presented, aimed at assisting undergraduates in the learning and instructors in the teaching of this topic. In particular, this crystallography concept, not necessarily obvious for beginners, is illustrated pedagogically using to that end the model case of the prolific polytypism of silicon carbide (SiC). On the basis of concepts that are easily assimilated by students (i.e. simple topological constraints) this article first presents a unified description of the polytypism phenomenon in SiC that allows one to understand without difficulty the existence of its numerous polytypic variants an...
Source: Journal of Applied Crystallography - January 17, 2013 Category: Physics Authors: Ortiz, A.L.Sánchez-Bajo, F.Cumbrera, F.L.Guiberteau, F. Tags: silicon carbide polytypism polytypes teaching and education Source Type: research
Ethics policy review: a case study in quality improvement
Policy work is often cited as one of the primary functions of Hospital Ethics Committees (HECs), along with consultation and education. Hospital policies can have far reaching effects on a wide array of stakeholders including, care providers, patients, families, the culture of the organisation and the community at large. In comparison with the wealth of information available about the emerging practice of ethics consultation, relatively little attention has been paid to the policy work of HECs. In this paper, we hope to advance the development of best practices in HEC policy work by describing the quality improvement proce...
Source: Journal of Medical Ethics - January 17, 2013 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Frolic, A. N., Drolet, K., The HHS Policy Working Group Tags: Research and publication ethics Clinical ethics Source Type: research
Photographing human subjects in biomedical disciplines: an Islamic perspective
This article begins with a discussion on the general rules associated with visual recording in Islam, followed by modesty issues in biomedical recording and issues of informed consent and confidentiality. In order to be deemed ethical from the Islamic perspective, all the aforementioned criteria must conform to, or not contradict, Islamic teaching.
Source: Journal of Medical Ethics - January 17, 2013 Category: Medical Ethics Authors: Saidun, S. Tags: Confidentiality, Informed consent, Legal and forensic medicine Clinical ethics Source Type: research
Junior doctor training in pleural procedures: a quality survey
This study was conducted to ascertain the level of junior doctor (physician‐in‐training) training, knowledge and supervision in the management of pleural effusion. The information was collected with the help of a proforma, from 49 junior medical doctors working in a metropolitan health service. All the doctors who participated in the survey had come across pleural effusion in their practice, but only 67% of doctors had any experience with the procedure of diagnostic thoracentesis. Sixty‐seven percent of doctors conveyed that they will refer the majority of cases (75–100%) for radiological‐guided thoracentesis. Th...
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - January 17, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: V. Aiyappan, A. Munawar, F. Thien Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research
Clinical model for ethical cardiopulmonary resuscitation decision‐making
ConclusionsApplying ethical principles commonly used in medicine, a model for ethical CPR decision‐making has been developed that identifies four patient groups, each with a different discussion aim. This approach simplifies the complexities of the CPR decision, providing a structured way to teach CPR decision‐making to doctors and thereby achieve greater consistency in the decisions made.
Source: Internal Medicine Journal - January 17, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: B. Hayes Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
The association between proton pump inhibitor use and hip fracture cannot be explained by differences in dietary and lifestyle choices
Context There are currently over a dozen published manuscripts evaluating the relationship between proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) and the occurrence of osteoporotic fractures, in particular, fractures of the hip.1 In the majority of instances, a modest yet significant association between PPI use and hip fracture was detected. However, many of the previous studies were not able to control for potentially relevant confounders, including dietary intake of calcium and vitamin D, smoking and alcohol use, body mass index (BMI) and level of physical activity. Methods Khalili et al detail their analysis of 79 899 postmenopausal fem...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - January 17, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Targownik, L. E. Tags: EBM Aetiology, Smoking and tobacco, Diet, Musculoskeletal syndromes, Osteoporosis, Health education, Injury, Smoking Source Type: research
Closure of a patent foramen ovale with a device does not offer a greater benefit than medical therapy alone for the prevention of recurrent cerebrovascular events
Commentary on: Furlan AJ, Reisman M, Massaro J, et al.. CLOSURE I Investigators. Closure or medical therapy for cryptogenic stroke with patent foramen ovale. N Engl J Med 2012;366:991–9. Context Stroke can rarely be caused by paradoxical emboli passing from the right side of the circulatory system to the left side. Case reports have shown that the most common site of right to left shunt is the patent foramen ovale (PFO), and case control studies have shown a higher prevalence of PFO in patients with cryptogenic stroke as compared to stroke victims with a known cause or non-stroke controls. Therefore, the question ari...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - January 17, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Mattle, H. P., Mono, M.-L. Tags: Smoking and tobacco, Epidemiologic studies, Drugs: cardiovascular system, Stroke, Hypertension, Lipid disorders, Arrhythmias, Health education, Smoking Therapeutics Source Type: research
Acupuncture prophylaxis of migraine no better than sham acupuncture for decreasing frequency of headaches
Commentary on: Li Y, Zheng H, Witt CM, et al. Acupuncture for migraine prophylaxis: a randomized controlled trial. Can Med AJ 2012;184:401–10. Context Migraine is a frequent and often disabling condition, in particular when migraine attacks occur frequently. Preventive therapy is recommended for patients with frequent attacks and related disability. Migraine prophylaxis can be performed with medications such as beta-blockers, flunarizine, amitriptyline and anti-epileptics such as valproic acid or topiramate.1 Non-drug treatment includes education, behavioural therapy and exercise. Acupuncture is popular in many Weste...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - January 17, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Diener, H.-C. Tags: Clinical trials (epidemiology), Headache (including migraine), Pain (neurology), Drugs: psychiatry, Complementary medicine, Ethics Therapeutics Source Type: research
Principles for high-quality, high-value testing
A survey of doctors working in two large NHS hospitals identified over 120 laboratory tests, imaging investigations and investigational procedures that they considered not to be overused. A common suggestion in this survey was that more training was required. And, this prompted the development of a list of core principles for high-quality, high-value testing. The list can be used as a framework for training and as a reference source. The core principles are: (1) Base testing practices on the best available evidence. (2) Apply the evidence on test performance with careful judgement. (3) Test efficiently. (4) Consider the va...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - January 17, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Power, M., Fell, G., Wright, M. Tags: Open access, Editor's choice Primer Source Type: research
Tai chi improves balance in people with Parkinson's disease
Commentary on: Li F, Harmer P, Fitzgerald K, et al.. Tai chi and postural stability in patients with Parkinson's disease. N Engl J Med 2012;366:511–19. Context The study by Li et al used tai chi (TC) to treat postural instability in people with Parkinson's disease. Methods Participants, aged 40–85 years, with mild to moderate Parkinson's disease, were randomised into three groups: TC, resistance-training or stretching. All groups met for 60 min twice per week for 24 weeks. The TC programme consisted of six distinct forms that focused on balance and locomotion. The resistance programme focused on the lower extre...
Source: Evidence-Based Medicine - January 17, 2013 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Venglar, M. Tags: Electronic pages Source Type: research
Pattern and predictors for respiratory illnesses and symptoms and lung function among textile workers in Karachi, Pakistan
Conclusions This study highlights the burden of respiratory illnesses and symptoms, and a low prevalence of asthma among textile workers in Karachi. Work in the spinning section, lack of education, prolonged duration of work and Sindhi ethnicity, were identified as important risk factors.
Source: Occupational and Environmental Medicine - January 17, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Nafees, A. A., Fatmi, Z., Kadir, M. M., Sathiakumar, N. Tags: Respiratory Workplace Source Type: research
Lymphoma risk and occupational exposure to pesticides: results of the Epilymph study
Conclusions Our results provide limited support to the hypothesis of an increase in risk of specific lymphoma subtypes associated with exposure to pesticides.
Source: Occupational and Environmental Medicine - January 17, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Cocco, P., Satta, G., Dubois, S., Pili, C., Pilleri, M., Zucca, M., 't Mannetje, A. M., Becker, N., Benavente, Y., de Sanjose, S., Foretova, L., Staines, A., Maynadie, M., Nieters, A., Brennan, P., Miligi, L., Ennas, M. G., Boffetta, P. Tags: Workplace Source Type: research
The Upper Midwest Health Study: gliomas and occupational exposure to chlorinated solvents
Conclusions We observed no associations of glioma risk and chlorinated solvent exposure. Large pooled studies are needed to explore the interaction of genetic pathways and environmental and occupational exposures in glioma aetiology.
Source: Occupational and Environmental Medicine - January 17, 2013 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Ruder, A. M., Yiin, J. H., Waters, M. A., Carreon, T., Hein, M. J., Butler, M. A., Calvert, G. M., Davis-King, K. E., Schulte, P. A., Mandel, J. S., Morton, R. F., Reding, D. J., Rosenman, K. D., Stewart, P. A., the Brain Cancer Collaborative Study Group Tags: Editor's choice, Other exposures Workplace Source Type: research
UA Explores Promoting Teen Health Via Text Message
A new UA study, published in the Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, looks at the use of text messaging to send nutrition and physical activity information to teenagers. The study found that while teens would be receptive to receiving the educational texts, the messages should be tailored in a way that's teen friendly.
Source: The University of Arizona: Health - January 17, 2013 Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Alexis Blue Source Type: research
A prospective investigation of injury incidence and injury risk factors among army recruits in military police training
Conclusion: The present investigation was the first to identify injury rates and identify specific factors increasing injury risk during MP training.
Source: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders - January 17, 2013 Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Joseph KnapikBria GrahamJacketta CobbsDiane ThompsonRyan SteelmanBruce Jones Source Type: research
Human Computation as a New Method for Evidence-Based Knowledge Transfer in Web-Based Guideline Development Groups: Proof of Concept Randomized Controlled Trial
Conclusions: Overall, the use of the IC method was appropriate as long as the evidence supported participants’ beliefs or usual practice, or when the availability of the evidence was sparse. However, when some controversy about the evidence existed, the HC method outperformed the IC method. The findings of our study illustrate the importance of the choice of the consensus method in guideline development. Human computation could be an acceptable methodology for guideline development specifically for scenarios in which the evidence shows no resonance with participants’ beliefs. Future research is needed t...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - January 17, 2013 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Annemie HeselmansBert AertgeertsPeter DonceelStijn Van de VeldePeter VanbrabantDirk Ramaekers Source Type: research
Healthcare-seeking behavior, treatment delays and its determinants among pulmonary tuberculosis patients in rural Nigeria: a cross-sectional study
Background: Nigeria ranks fourth among 22 high tuberculosis (TB) burden countries. Although it reached 99% DOTS coverage in 2008, current case detection rate is 40%. Little is known about delays before the start of TB therapy and health-seeking behaviour of TB patients in rural resource-limited settings. We aimed to: 1) assess healthcare-seeking behaviour and delay in treatment of pulmonary TB patients, 2) identify the determinants of the delay in treatment of pulmonary TB. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study of adult new pulmonary TB patients notified to the National Tuberculosis Control Programme (NTP) by three...
Source: BMC Health Services Research - January 17, 2013 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Kingsley UkwajaIsaac AlobuChibueze NwekeEphraim Onyenwe Source Type: research
Continuing Medical Education (CME) questions: NOTCH1 and SF3B1 mutations in CLL
Source: Blood - January 17, 2013 Category: Hematology Tags: CME article Continuing Medical Education (CME) questions Source Type: research
Sustaining a Creative Community-Based Diabetes Education Program: Motivating Texans With Type 2 Diabetes to Do Well With Diabetes Control
Conclusions The CWWD program provided a short-term impact of knowledge gain, and the adoption of healthy cooking practices was observed among program participants. A pattern of healthy eating should lead to a reduction of blood glucose levels and hemoglobin A1C. The relatively short time between pretest and posttest was not sufficient to realize and measure such reductions.
Source: The Diabetes Educator - January 17, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Bielamowicz, M. K., Pope, P., Rice, C. A. Tags: Features Source Type: research
Transforming Community Members Into Diabetes Cultural Health Brokers: The Neighborhood Health Talker Project
Conclusions The training was successful in increasing trainee knowledge and confidence about diabetes prevention and self-management. Participants not only developed proficiency in discussing diabetes, they also made important lifestyle changes that demonstrated their commitment to the cause and the project. Low-cost initiatives like this are easily reproducible in other communities of color and could be modified to meet the needs of other communities as well.
Source: The Diabetes Educator - January 17, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Cadzow, R. B., Craig, M., Rowe, J., Kahn, L. S. Tags: Features Source Type: research
Effect of Poor Sleep Quality and Excessive Daytime Sleepiness on Factors Associated With Diabetes Self-Management
Conclusions Impaired sleep quality and daytime sleepiness are associated with decreased diabetes self-management in adults with T2DM.
Source: The Diabetes Educator - January 17, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Chasens, E. R., Korytkowski, M., Sereika, S. M., Burke, L. E. Tags: Features Source Type: research
Barriers to Insulin Progression Among Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: A Systematic Review
Conclusions Patient and physician experience with insulin and diabetes/insulin education were associated with fewer perceived barriers to insulin progression. Future studies should use multilevel longitudinal designs to quantify the relative impact of potential patient, provider, and health system factors on progression and health outcomes.
Source: The Diabetes Educator - January 17, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Polinski, J. M., Smith, B. F., Curtis, B. H., Seeger, J. D., Choudhry, N. K., Connolly, J. G., Shrank, W. H. Tags: Features Source Type: research
Facilitating Healthy Coping in Patients With Diabetes: A Systematic Review
Conclusions Healthy coping in diabetes has received substantial attention in the past 5 years. A variety of approaches show positive results. Research is needed to compare the effectiveness of different approaches in different populations and determine how to overcome barriers to intervention dissemination and implementation.
Source: The Diabetes Educator - January 17, 2013 Category: Endocrinology Authors: Thorpe, C. T., Fahey, L. E., Johnson, H., Deshpande, M., Thorpe, J. M., Fisher, E. B. Tags: Features Source Type: research
Willingness and acceptability of cervical cancer screening among HIV positive Nigerian women
Conclusions: Majority (79.8%) of the respondents in this study accepted to take cervical cancer screening/test. Integrating cervical cancer screening will only strengthen rather than disrupt existing services.
Source: BMC Public Health - Latest articles - January 17, 2013 Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Oliver EzechiChidinma Gab-OkaforPer Olof OstergrenKaren Odberg Pettersson Source Type: research
A greater number of somatic pain sites is associated with poor mental health in adolescents: a cross-sectional study
Conclusions: Simple reporting methods for assessing the number of pain sites may be a feasible indicator of poor mental health in adolescents. Professionals working with adolescents should consider the possibility of poor mental health, especially when students report multiple somatic pains.
Source: BMC Psychiatry - Latest articles - January 17, 2013 Category: Psychiatry Authors: Shuntaro AndoSyudo YamasakiShinji ShimoderaTsukasa SasakiNorihito OshimaToshi FurukawaNozomu AsukaiKiyoto KasaiYoshio MinoShimpei InoueYuji OkazakiAtsushi Nishida Source Type: research
The efficacy of thymosin alpha 1 for severe sepsis (ETASS): a multicenter, single-blind, randomized and controlled trial
Conclusions: The use of Talpha1 therapy in combination with conventional medical therapies may be effective in improving clinical outcomes in a targeted population of severe sepsis.Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00711620.
Source: Critical Care - January 17, 2013 Category: Intensive Care Authors: Jianfeng WuLixin ZhouJiyun LiuGang MaQiuye KouZhijie HeJuan ChenBin Ou-YangMinying ChenYinan LiXiaoqin WuBaochun GuLei ChenZijun ZouXinhua QiangYuanyuan ChenAihua LinGuanrong ZhangXiangdong Guan Source Type: research