Medicine RSS Search Engine

Urology & Nephrology Urology & Nephrology RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 12.

Diagnostic value of quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for early detection of renal hyperperfusion in diabetic kidney disease.
CONCLUSION: Renal microvascular hyperperfusion may be responsible for overt proteinuria until decline of renal filtration in DKD. AUC2 could be an early and sensitive marker for early renal injury and renal microvascular hyperperfusion in DKD. PMID: 25712236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Nephrology)
Source: Journal of Nephrology - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Wang L, Wu J, Cheng JF, Liu XY, Ma F, Guo LH, Xu JM, Wu T, Mohan C, Peng A, Xu HX, Song YX Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

Renal diseases in adults with cystic fibrosis: a 40 year single centre experience.
CONCLUSIONS: A range of cystic fibrosis independent and attributable diseases has been identified but no cystic fibrosis specific disease. In contrast to other cystic fibrosis centres no increased prevalence of renal stones was found. PMID: 25712235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Nephrology)
Source: Journal of Nephrology - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Wilcock MJ, Ruddick A, Gyi KM, Hodson ME Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

Diagnostic value of quantitative contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) for early detection of renal hyperperfusion in diabetic kidney disease.
CONCLUSION: Renal microvascular hyperperfusion may be responsible for overt proteinuria until decline of renal filtration in DKD. AUC2 could be an early and sensitive marker for early renal injury and renal microvascular hyperperfusion in DKD. PMID: 25712236 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Nephrology)
Source: Journal of Nephrology - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Wang L, Wu J, Cheng JF, Liu XY, Ma F, Guo LH, Xu JM, Wu T, Mohan C, Peng A, Xu HX, Song YX Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

How to balance risks and benefits in the management of CKD patients with coronary artery disease.
Abstract Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is associated with a high burden of coronary artery disease (CAD), which remains the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in CKD patients. Although the management of CAD is more challenging in patients with CKD than in the general population, and coupled with concerns about further deterioration of renal function and therapy-related toxic effects, CKD patients and those receiving dialysis have not traditionally been included in randomized trials evaluating either medical or revascularization therapies. Thus, only scant data from small prospective studies or retrospectiv...
Source: Journal of Nephrology - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Marenzi G, Cosentino N, Guastoni C Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

Adult Living-Donor Liver Transplantation for a Recipient With a High Preoperative 1, 3-Beta--Glucan Level and Positive Test Result for Aspergillus Antigen
The patient was a 45-year-old man with underlying alcoholic liver cirrhosis. Two years prior, he was repeatedly hospitalized for liver failure symptoms and requested a living-donor liver transplantation (LDLT) because of end-stage cirrhosis. A pretransplantation blood test revealed a high 1, 3-beta-d-glucan (BDG) value of 102.0 pg/mL (reference value  (Source: Transplantation Proceedings)
Source: Transplantation Proceedings - February 25, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: K. Takano, M. Shimazu, N. Chiba, H. Iwamoto, Y. Nakamura, O. Konno, T. Sano, T. Fujii, H. Serizawa, S. Kawachi Source Type: research

Liver steatosis and the risk of albuminuria: the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis.
CONCLUSIONS: Hepatic attenuation is associated with prevalent and incident albuminuria, an early, potent risk factor for renal risk in a population not clearly at risk for future renal failure. PMID: 25712234 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Nephrology)
Source: Journal of Nephrology - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Shah RV, Allison MA, Lima JA, Abbasi SA, Mongraw-Chaffin M, Jerosch-Herold M, Ding J, Budoff MJ, Murthy VL Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

Effects of acid‐base variables and the role of carbonic anhydrase on oxalate secretion by the mouse intestine in vitro
Abstract Hyperoxaluria is a major risk factor for calcium oxalate kidney stones and the intestine is recognized as an important extra‐renal pathway for eliminating oxalate. The membrane‐bound chloride/bicarbonate (Cl−/) exchangers are involved in the transcellular movement of oxalate, but little is understood about how they might be regulated. , CO2, and pH are established modulators of intestinal NaCl cotransport, involving Na+/H+ and Cl−/ exchange, but their influence on oxalate transport is unknown. Measuring 14C‐oxalate and 36Cl fluxes across isolated, short‐circuited segments of the mouse distal ileum and ...
Source: Physiological Reports - February 25, 2015 Category: Physiology Authors: Jonathan M. Whittamore, Susan C. Frost, Marguerite Hatch Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Eculizumab in pregnancy-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome: insights for optimizing management.
Abstract Pregnancy-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a systemic disease associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, caused by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway, leading to uncontrolled complement activation resulting in thrombotic microangiopathy. This condition can be effectively treated by anti-C5 therapy, which controls complement activation. Treatment can be safely discontinued after complete remission and resolution of the precipitating cause, especially in patients with a low-risk genetic profile. PMID: 25712233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Nephrology)
Source: Journal of Nephrology - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: De Sousa Amorim E, Blasco M, Quintana L, Sole M, de Cordoba SR, Campistol JM Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

Successful Term Pregnancy in an Intestine-Pancreas Transplant Recipient With Chronic Graft Dysfunction and Parenteral Nutrition Dependence: A Case Report
Pregnancy after solid organ transplantation is becoming more common, with the largest recorded numbers in renal and liver transplant recipients. Intestinal transplantation is relatively new compared to other solid organs, and reports of successful pregnancy are far less frequent. All pregnancies reported to date in intestinal transplant recipients have been in women with stable graft function. The case reported here involves the first reported successful term pregnancy in an intestine-pancreas transplant recipient with chronic graft dysfunction and dependence on both transplant immunosuppression and parenteral nutrition (P...
Source: Transplantation Proceedings - February 25, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: E.A. Marcus, L.J. Wozniak, R.S. Venick, S.M. Ponthieux, E.Y. Cheng, D.G. Farmer Source Type: research

Donor Transmission Intestinal Carcinoma After Kidney Transplantation: Case Report
Tumor transmission is a rare complication of organ transplantation. Despite several improvements in excluding donor malignant disease, there continue to be reports of unknown tumors in the donors. The risk of having a donor with an undetected malignancy ranges between 1.3% and 2%. The cases of two kidney transplant recipients who had intestinal carcinoma transmitted from the same deceased donor are described. The clinical presentation, previous data, and management options are discussed. As a result of the increase in the overall donor pool, using extended criteria donors, donors of extreme ages, donors with prolonged inte...
Source: Transplantation Proceedings - February 25, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: K.G.R. Yamaçake, I.M. Antonopoulos, A.C. Piovesan, H. Kanashiro, R.B. Kato, W.C. Nahas, D.S.R. David Source Type: research

[Researchers network kick-off GeSRU Academics.]
PMID: 25707619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A)
Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Borgmann H, Salem J Tags: Urologe A Source Type: research

Circulating MicroRNAs Associate With Diabetic Nephropathy and Systemic Microvascular Damage and Normalize After Simultaneous Pancreas–Kidney Transplantation
Because microvascular disease is one of the most important drivers of diabetic complications, early monitoring of microvascular integrity may be of clinical value. By assessing profiles of circulating microRNAs (miRNAs), known regulators of microvascular pathophysiology, in healthy controls and diabetic nephropathy (DN) patients before and after simultaneous pancreas–kidney transplantation (SPK), we aimed to identify differentially expressed miRNAs that associate with microvascular impairment. Following a pilot study, we selected 13 candidate miRNAs and determined their circulating levels in DN (n = 21), SPK‐patien...
Source: American Journal of Transplantation - February 25, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: R. Bijkerk, J. M. G. J. Duijs, M. Khairoun, C. J. H. ter Horst, P. van der Pol, M. J. Mallat, J. I. Rotmans, A. P. J. de Vries, E. J. de Koning, J. W. de Fijter, T. J. Rabelink, A. J. van Zonneveld, M. E. J. Reinders Tags: Brief Communication Source Type: research

[Researchers network kick-off GeSRU Academics.]
PMID: 25707619 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A)
Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Borgmann H, Salem J Tags: Urologe A Source Type: research

[Nation-wide questionnaire of cathether use in Germany.]
CONCLUSION: The response rate of 34% to the survey indicates that there is an interest in this topic. The results of the survey suggest that patient care involving a urinary catheter in Germany is subject to heterogeneous indications and standards of care. The management of patients with urinary catheters continues to be a responsibility of the urologist. PMID: 25707618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A)
Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: von Rundstedt FC, Roth S, Degener S, Lazica D, Schroeder A, Mathers MJ Tags: Urologe A Source Type: research

Effects of heat stress on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism in growing pigs
Abstract Heat stress (HS) jeopardizes human and animal health and reduces animal agriculture productivity; however, its pathophysiology is not well understood. Study objectives were to evaluate the direct effects of HS on carbohydrate and lipid metabolism. Female pigs (57 ± 5 kg body weight) were subjected to two experimental periods. During period 1, all pigs remained in thermoneutral conditions (TN; 20°C) and were ad libitum fed. During period 2, pigs were exposed to: (1) constant HS conditions (32°C) and fed ad libitum (n = 7), or (2) TN conditions and pair‐fed (PFTN; n = 10) to minimize the confounding effe...
Source: Physiological Reports - February 25, 2015 Category: Physiology Authors: M. Victoria Sanz Fernandez, Jay S. Johnson, Mohannad Abuajamieh, Sara K. Stoakes, Jacob T. Seibert, Lindsay Cox, Stanislaw Kahl, Theodore H. Elsasser, Jason W. Ross, S. Clay Isom, Robert P. Rhoads, Lance H. Baumgard Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Effects of mesenchymal stem cells in renovascular hypertension
In this report, we discuss the beneficial effects of mesenchymal stem cells on the reconstruction of the renal parenchyma of the stenotic kidney to improve vascular rarefaction and fibrosis. Mesenchymal stem cell therapy prevented the progressive increase in systolic arterial pressure, reduced sympathetic hyperactivity, improved renal morphology, induced neovascularization and reduced fibrosis in stenotic kidneys. Although this therapy may be a promising strategy to treat renovascular hypertension and its renal consequences, further studies are necessary to improve the efficiency of mesenchymal stem cells. (Source: Experimental Physiology)
Source: Experimental Physiology - February 25, 2015 Category: Physiology Authors: Elizabeth B. Oliveira‐Sales, Vanessa A. Varela, Cassia T. Bergamaschi, Ruy R. Campos, Mirian A. Boim Tags: Symposium Report Source Type: research

[Nation-wide questionnaire of cathether use in Germany.]
CONCLUSION: The response rate of 34% to the survey indicates that there is an interest in this topic. The results of the survey suggest that patient care involving a urinary catheter in Germany is subject to heterogeneous indications and standards of care. The management of patients with urinary catheters continues to be a responsibility of the urologist. PMID: 25707618 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A)
Source: Der Urologe. Ausg. A - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: von Rundstedt FC, Roth S, Degener S, Lazica D, Schroeder A, Mathers MJ Tags: Urologe A Source Type: research

Maternal fructose intake-induced renal programming in adult male offspring
We examined potential key genes and pathways that are associated with HF-induced renal programming using whole-genome RNA next-generation sequencing (NGS) to quantify the abundance of RNA transcripts in kidneys from 1 day, 3 week, and 3 month old male offspring. (Source: The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry)
Source: The Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry - February 25, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Authors: You-Lin Tain, Kay L.H. Wu, Wei-Chia Lee, Steve Leu, Julie Y.H. Chan Source Type: research

Eculizumab in pregnancy-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome: insights for optimizing management.
Abstract Pregnancy-associated atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome is a systemic disease associated with high morbidity and mortality rates, caused by dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway, leading to uncontrolled complement activation resulting in thrombotic microangiopathy. This condition can be effectively treated by anti-C5 therapy, which controls complement activation. Treatment can be safely discontinued after complete remission and resolution of the precipitating cause, especially in patients with a low-risk genetic profile. PMID: 25712233 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Journal of Nephrology)
Source: Journal of Nephrology - February 25, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: De Sousa Amorim E, Blasco M, Quintana L, Sole M, de Cordoba SR, Campistol JM Tags: J Nephrol Source Type: research

Successful use of hepatitis B surface antigen-positive liver grafts - an effective source for donor organs in endemic areas: a single-center experience.
Conclusions In endemic areas, HBsAg-positive donor organs can clearly be used effectively under viral immunoprophylaxis. HBV disease reactivation does not appear to be a threat even with hepatitis B immunoglobulin (HBIG)-free antiviral monoprophylaxis regimen. This study thus proves the safety and feasibility of the option of using HBsAg-positive grafts in high-prevalence areas. PMID: 25703063 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Annals of Transplantation)
Source: Annals of Transplantation - February 24, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Jeng LB, Thorat A, Yang HR, Yeh CC, Chen TH, Hsu CH, Hsu SC, Poon KS, Li PC, Lai HC, Su WP, Peng CY Tags: Ann Transplant Source Type: research

United Kingdom Approves 3-Person Babies
LONDON (AP) — Britain has become the first country in the world to allow the creation of human embryos from the DNA of three people, a technique intended to help mothers avoid passing on genetically degenerative diseases to their babies. The bill granting the controversial techniques was passed Tuesday by the House of Lords, after being approved earlier this month by the House of Commons. The methods involve altering an egg or embryo before it is transferred into a woman which had previously been forbidden by British law. They are intended to avoid passing on defects in the mother's mitochondria, which can ...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - February 24, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms of CXCL9-11 Chemokines Are Associated With Liver Fibrosis in HIV/HCV-Coinfected Patients
Conclusions: The homozygosity for the minor alleles CXCL9 rs10336 (T), CXCL10 rs3921 (G), and CXCL11 rs4619915 (A) is associated with the higher likelihood of significant liver fibrosis in HIV-infected patients coinfected with HCV-GT1. (Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes)
Source: JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes - February 24, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Basic and Translational Science Source Type: research

VEGF Inhibitors Disappoint in Adjuvant Renal Cell CarcinomaVEGF Inhibitors Disappoint in Adjuvant Renal Cell Carcinoma
Sorafenib and sunitinib do not prolong disease-free survival in patients with completely resected, locally advanced kidney cancer at high risk for recurrence. Medscape Medical News (Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines)
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - February 24, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Hematology-Oncology News Source Type: news

Prevalence and risk factors for biopsy‐proven NAFLD and NASH in a prospective cohort of adult patients with gallstones
ConclusionsPrevalence of NASH among patients with gallstones is lower than estimated previously, but NASH is frequent particularly in those patients with concurrent metabolic syndrome. The combination of an increased HOMA score with fatty liver on ultrasound has a good accuracy for predicting NASH in patients with gallstones.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Liver International)
Source: Liver International - February 24, 2015 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Carmelo García‐Monzón, Javier Vargas‐Castrillón, José Luís Porrero, María Teresa Alonso, Oscar Bonachía, María José Castillo, Alberto Marcos, Esther Quirós, Beatriz Ramos, Carlos Sánchez‐Cabezudo, Sol Villar, Alicia Sáez, Javier Rodrígu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Colonic Treg cells are associated with HCV pathogenesis and Liver Pathology
ConclusionColonic Treg cells are negatively correlated with liver inflammation and HCV viral load which suggests a strong linkage between gut‐derived Treg cell populations and HCV infection. (Source: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology)
Source: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology - February 24, 2015 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Helal F. Hetta, Mohamed A. Mekky, Nasr K. Khalil, Wegdan A. Mohamed, Mohamed A. El‐Feky, Shabaan H. Ahmed, Enas A. Daef, Mahmoud I. Nassar, Ahmed Medhat, Kenneth E. Sherman, Mohamed Tarek M. Shata Tags: Experimental Hepatology Source Type: research

Ultrasound assisted-deep eutectic solvent extraction of iron from sheep, bovine and chicken liver samples.
Abstract A green, novel and effective ultrasound assisted-deep eutectic solvent (DES) extraction (UA-DES-E) procedure was developed for extraction of iron from sheep, bovine and chicken liver samples. The analytical parameters including type and composition DES, volume of DES, ultrasonication time and ratio of sample to DES were optimized by using 50mg of the NIST SRM 1577b bovine liver certified reference material. The limit of detection (LOD) and the limit of quantification (LOQ) were found as 0.026µgmL(-1) and 0.085µgmL(-1), respectively. The relative standard deviation (RSD) as a result of 7 replicates of 50m...
Source: Talanta - February 24, 2015 Category: Chemistry Authors: Yilmaz E, Soylak M Tags: Talanta Source Type: research

Uroplasty Announces Positive Coverage Decision For Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation By Cigna
MINNEAPOLIS, Feb. 24, 2015 -- (Healthcare Sales & Marketing Network) -- Uroplasty, Inc. (UPI), a medical device company that develops, manufactures and markets innovative proprietary products to treat voiding dysfunctions, today announced that Cigna has w... Devices, UrologyUroplasty, Percutaneous Tibial Nerve Stimulation, Urgent PC, Neuromodulation (Source: HSMN NewsFeed)
Source: HSMN NewsFeed - February 24, 2015 Category: Pharmaceuticals Source Type: news

Sunitinib, sorafenib of no benefit in ECOG-ACRIN renal cell trial
Philadelphia, Pa., February 23, 2015, 5:00 PM – Research results highlighted today at the press conference of a major medical meeting report no benefit from the use of either Sutent® (sunitinib) or Nexavar® (sorafenib) among patients with locally advanced renal cell carcinoma at high risk of recurrence... https://secure.kidneycancer.org/neon/resource/kca/files/ECOG-ACRIN_PressRelease_E2805_renal-cell-trial.pdf02/24/2015 (Source: Kidney Cancer Association)
Source: Kidney Cancer Association - February 24, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Wellcome Collection exhibition tracks murder from crime scene to courtroom
Glass jars of blow flies, dissecting table and doll’s house-size models on show in Forensics, at newly expanded museumStanding beside the liver of a Victorian girl and the six-inch knife with which her brother fatally stabbed her four times, Ken Arnold, head of exhibitions at the Wellcome Collection, says cheerfully: “No, I don’t think we’re going to have any fainters this time.”The more full-on exhibitions at Wellcome, including footage of open-heart surgery and vividly realistic wax models of appalling diseases, have acquired a reputation for causing sensitive visitors to be carried out feet first. Forensics, a...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - February 24, 2015 Category: Science Authors: Maev Kennedy Tags: Exhibitions Culture Forensic science UK news Art and design London Source Type: news

Blood Pressure Targets in CKD.
This article represents the view of the author and should not be construed as Panel endorsement. PMID: 25704345 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Adv Data)
Source: Adv Data - February 24, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Townsend RR Tags: Adv Chronic Kidney Dis Source Type: research

Novel Therapies for FSGS: Preclinical and Clinical Studies.
Abstract Focal segmental glomerulosclerosis (FSGS) is a rare but important cause of end-stage kidney disease in children and adults. Current therapy, consisting of corticosteroids and calcineurin inhibitors, fails to achieve a sustained remission in most patients. Therefore, there is a pressing need to develop new treatments for this glomerulopathy. Traditional approaches have focused on agents that modulate the immune system. In this review, we summarize preclinical and clinical data with newer agents that may ameliorate FSGS. We focus on drugs that inhibit immune injury or inflammation, such as abatacept, rituxim...
Source: Adv Data - February 24, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Malaga-Dieguez L, Bouhassira D, Gipson D, Trachtman H Tags: Adv Chronic Kidney Dis Source Type: research

Hypertension in Minority Populations: New Guidelines and Emerging Concepts.
Abstract Persistent disparities in hypertension, CKD, and associated cardiovascular disease have been noted in the United States among racial/ethnic minority groups. Overall, these disparities are largely mediated by social determinants of health. Yet, emerging data suggest additional biologic factors in racial/ethnic disparities in hypertension prevalence, complications, particularly CKD, and responses to treatment. Nevertheless, race is a social construct and not a physiologic concept, and ethnicity, federally defined as the binary "Hispanic/Latino" or "not Hispanic/Latino," is also imprecise. However, race/ethni...
Source: Adv Data - February 24, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Rodriguez F, Ferdinand KC Tags: Adv Chronic Kidney Dis Source Type: research

Adjuvant sorafenib and sunitinib do not improve outcomes in locally advanced kidney cancer
Findings from a federally funded study suggest that patients with locally advanced kidney cancer should not be treated with either adjuvant (post-surgery) sorafenib or sunitinib. The average period to disease recurrence was similar between those who received sorafenib or sunitinib after surgery (5.6 years) and those treated with placebo (5.7 years). (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - February 24, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Living donor liver transplantation from a heterozygous parent for classical maple syrup urine disease
Abstract MSUD is a hereditary metabolic disorder that is characterized by impaired activity of the BCKADC. Liver transplantation has been approved as a treatment for some MSUD cases in which the control of BCAAs is insufficient. Although there have been several reports about DDLT for MSUD, few LDLT cases have been reported. Because either of parents who are heterozygote of this disease usually applies to be a candidate of donor in LDLT, the impairment of BCKADC activity of graft liver should be concerned. We performed LDLT for 10 month‐old girl with a left lateral segment graft from her father. BCKADC activities of the ...
Source: Pediatric Transplantation - February 24, 2015 Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Masashi Kadohisa, Shirou Matsumoto, Hirotake Sawada, Masaki Honda, Takahiro Murokawa, Shintaro Hayashida, Yuki Ohya, Kwang‐Jong Lee, Hidekazu Yamamoto, Hiroshi Mitsubuchi, Fumio Endo, Yukihiro Inomata Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Cojoined Texas twins survive world-first operation to separate them
Conjoined twins Knatalye Hope and Adeline Faith, 10 months, were successfully separated at the Texas Children's Hospital despite sharing vital organs including lungs, liver intestines and colon. (Source: the Mail online | Health)
Source: the Mail online | Health - February 24, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

French firefighter mortality: Analysis over a 30‐year period
ConclusionWe observed lower all and leading‐cause mortality likely due to the healthy worker effect in this cohort, with diseases of the respiratory system considerably lower (SMR = 0.57). Non‐significant excesses for digestive neoplasms are notable, but should not be over‐interpreted at this stage. Am. J. Ind. Med. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Industrial Medicine)
Source: American Journal of Industrial Medicine - February 24, 2015 Category: Occupational Health Authors: Amadeo Brice, Marchand Jean‐Luc, Moisan Frédéric, Donnadieu Stéphane, Coureau Gaëlle, Mathoulin‐Pélissier Simone, Lembeye Christian, Imbernon Ellen, Brochard Patrick Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Seminal parameters of chronic male genital inflammation are associated with disturbed sperm DNA integrity
Summary Definition of chronic male genital tract inflammation and its impact on male infertility is still a matter of debate. In particular, DNA integrity has been reported to be disturbed in subfertile men. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate an association of DNA integrity to altered standard semen parameters as well as inflammatory parameters such as peroxidase‐positive cells, macrophages and seminal interleukin‐6 concentration. Macrophages were detected by CD18/HLA‐Dr staining, and DNA integrity was analysed by acridine orange staining using flow cytometry. Interleukin‐6 was detected by ELISA. Normal...
Source: Andrologia - February 24, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: F. Haidl, G. Haidl, I. Oltermann, J. P. Allam Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Here Are 6 Awesome Ways Dairy Foods Can Help Your Health
Just when you thought the news today would be bad, we're here to save the day. The chocolate milk that you’re craving? The Greek yogurt? The aromatic cheeses? Not only are they delicious (okay, you already knew that), but they can also help you reach your wellness goals. All is right in the world, for milk is more than just the perfect partner for your bowl of cereal. Along with its delicious dairy cousins cheese and yogurt, milk can form a crucial part of a balanced diet. While you may know that dairy foods can help build strong bones (more on this later), you probably didn't know that dairy consumption is also linked...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - February 24, 2015 Category: Consumer Health Advice Source Type: news

New health care delivery model for prostate cancer care results in better patient outcomes
(Kaiser Permanente) A comprehensive, population-based regional health care management program for men with prostate cancer who are members of Kaiser Permanente Southern California has led to improved outcomes, according to a Kaiser Permanente study published today in the journal Urology Practice. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Stellate cells in the liver control regeneration and fibrosis
(German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ)) Scientists from the German Cancer Research Center and the Medical Faculty in Mannheim at Heidelberg University are searching for new approaches to prevent liver fibrosis. They have identified a surface molecule on special liver cells called stellate cells as a potential target for interfering with this process. When the researchers turned off the receptor, this led to reduced liver fibrosis and improved regeneration of hepatic cells. (Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health)
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - February 24, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: news

Intercostal Artery Pseudoaneurysm After Ultrasound-Guided Liver Biopsy: A Case Report and Review of the Literature
We present a 58-year-old woman with a right intercostal artery pseudoaneurysm after percutaneous ultrasound (US)–guided liver biopsy. The patient presented 6 days after liver biopsy with a painful, pulsatile right-sided chest wall mass at the site of biopsy needle insertion. Intercostal artery pseudoaneurysm was diagnosed with color Doppler US. Successful treatment with percutaneous US-guided injection of thrombin resulted in complete thrombosis and closure of the pseudoaneurysm. Only 12 previous cases of intercostal artery pseudoaneurysm have been reported in the English-language literature, and this is the first report...
Source: Ultrasound Quarterly - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research

Reliability Analysis of Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Ultrasound Imaging With Virtual Touch Tissue Quantification: Ex Vivo Ox Liver
Abstract: The effect of scanning angle and region of interest (ROI) depth on shear-wave velocity (SWV) was investigated in this study. Shear-wave velocity of ox liver ex vivo was measured with different approaches. Region of interest was set underneath the liver capsule at depths of 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 cm. Three groups of measurements were performed at different scanning angles. One group of measurement was conducted with a scanning angle of 0 to 15 degrees from the midline, and the other 2 groups were performed with scanning angles of 15 to 30 degrees and 30 to 45 degrees. The data on SWV from different scan angles and ROI ...
Source: Ultrasound Quarterly - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

Ultrasound and Doppler Features of Budd-Chiari Syndrome in Pediatric Population
Abstract: Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) occurs as a result of hepatic venous outflow obstruction. In the pediatric population, the etiologies vary as compared with the adult population. Decompensation can occur faster in this set of patients. Ultrasound and Doppler represent important imaging modalities for diagnosing BCS in children. The imaging features differ depending upon the level of obstruction, acuteness of the condition, and secondary decompensation. Caudate lobe hypertrophy is a salient feature. Obstruction at the level of hepatic veins may be manifested by ostial narrowing, echogenic thrombus, and altered flow patt...
Source: Ultrasound Quarterly - February 24, 2015 Category: Radiology Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Liver transplantation nearly normalizes brain spontaneous activity and cognitive function at 1 month: a resting-state functional MRI study
This study found that, at 1 month after LT, spontaneous brain activity of most brain regions with decreased ReHo in pre-LT was substantially improved and nearly normalized, while spontaneous brain activity of some brain regions with increased ReHo in pre-LT continuously increased. ReHo may provide information on the neural mechanisms of LT’ effects on brain function. (Source: Metabolic Brain Disease)
Source: Metabolic Brain Disease - February 24, 2015 Category: Neurology Source Type: research

Prevalence of human papillomavirus in penile malignant tumors: viral genotyping and clinical aspects
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of HPV-DNA in penile cancers in São Luís, Brazil and to correlate the virus presence to histopathological factors. Methods: Tumor paraffin samples of 76 patients with penile carcinoma were tested in order to establish the prevalence and distribution of genotypic HPV using PCR/Nested and automated sequencing. To evaluate the association between HPV types and other clinical and morphological variables, a nonparametric ANOVA was performed using a Kruskal Wallis test, and statistical significance was determined to a value of p  (Source: BMC Urology)
Source: BMC Urology - February 24, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Isaura de SousaFlávia VidalJoão Branco VidalGeorge de MelloMaria do Desterro Soares Brandão NascimentoLuciane Brito Source Type: research

Hyperphosphatemia is associated with patency loss of arteriovenous fistula after one year of hemodialysis
Conclusions Various factors were associated with the development of patency loss of AVF as hemodialysis duration differed and a preventive role of hyperphosphatemia control in AVF survival will need more clinical study. (Source: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice)
Source: Kidney Research and Clinical Practice - February 24, 2015 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Phosphate fertilizer is a main source of arsenic in areas affected with chronic kidney disease of unknown etiology in Sri Lanka
Chronic Kidney Disease of unknown etiology (CKDu) has escalated into an epidemic in North Central Province (NCP) and adjacent farming areas in the dry zone of Sri Lanka. Studies have shown that this special type of CKD is a toxic nephropathy and arsenic may play a causative role along with a number of other heavy metals. We investigated the hypothesis that chemical fertilizers and pesticide could be a source of arsenic. 226 samples of Fertilizers and 273 samples of pesticides were collected and analyzed using atomic absorption spectrometry and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry for arsenic and other heavy metals ...
Source: Epidemiologic Perspectives and Innovations - February 24, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Authors: Channa JayasumanaSaranga FonsekaAshvin FernandoKumudika JayalathMala AmarasingheSisira SiribaddanaSarath GunatilakePriyani Paranagama Source Type: research