Medicine RSS Search Engine

Urology & Nephrology Urology & Nephrology RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.

This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 12.

Prediction of biochemical recurrence after robot‐assisted radical prostatectomy: Analysis of 784 Japanese patients
ConclusionsThe prostate‐specific antigen density, pathological T stage, pathological Gleason score and positive surgical margin were independent prognostic factors for biochemical recurrence. The risk stratification model developed using these four factors could help clinicians identify patients with a poor prognosis who might be good candidates for clinical trials of alternative management strategies. (Source: International Journal of Urology)
Source: International Journal of Urology - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Takeshi Hashimoto, Kunihiko Yoshioka, Go Nagao, Yoshihiro Nakagami, Yoshio Ohno, Yutaka Horiguchi, Kazunori Namiki, Jun Nakashima, Masaaki Tachibana Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Obligatory information that a patient diagnosed of prostate cancer and candidate for an active surveillance protocol must know
Conclusions It should be mandatory to have the exact knowledge of the local data of each center in order to objectively inform patients about prostate biopsy efficiency, and if percentages of infrastaging, subgrading and prediction of insignificant PCa are in accordance with the literature. At 3 years, we reproduced the results of the longest series of AS, so we have ascertained that our AS protocol can be implemented with increasingly more patients. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Comparative study of retrograde intrarenal surgery and micropercutaneous nephrolithotomy in the treatment of intermediate-sized kidney stones
Conclusions Microperc is a minimally invasive method that is emerging as an effective and safe treatment for intermediate-sized kidney stones. Studies are needed to better evaluate its cost-effectiveness, the need for complementary treatments and its possible complementarity with RIRS when working with patients in the supine position. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Flexible ureteroscopy for renal stones
Conclusions The treatment of renal stones with flexible ureteroscopy using the ureteral access sheath shows a high successful rate with a low complication rate. In order to define its indication more precisely, randomized studies comparing RIRS with minimally invasive percutaneous nephrolithotomy procedures (miniperc and microperc) would be necessary. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Optimizing D’Amico risk groups in radical prostatectomy through the addition of magnetic resonance imaging data
Conclusion MRI data significantly improve the predictive capacity of BPFS when using the D’Amico model data. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Secondary malignant transformation of testicular teratomas: Case series and literature review
Conclusion The transformation of germ cell tumors to somatic type malignancies is rare. The malignant component can originate from any of the three germ lines. These tumors are resistant to standard chemotherapy for a germ cell tumor and the clinical stage is the most important prognostic factor. At our institution, the malignant component that appeared most frequently was chondrosarcoma. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Fragmentation of sperm DNA using the TUNEL method
Conclusions The TUNEL assay is a valid test for clinical use. DNA fragmentation is a factor independent from traditional semen tests. We found a greater susceptibility to damage generated in the laboratory procedures in the samples with lower quality. The sample of choice for evaluating DNA fragmentation will depend on whether the clinician is treating a natural or assisted fertilization. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Diagnostic usefulness of the cytological study of the transport buffer in transrectal prostate core biopsies
Conclusions This study shows that whilst specificity was maintained in 98%, sensitivity, and positive and negative predictive values significantly improved in high grade and high volume adenocarcinomas. Our findings confirm that the cytological study of the transport buffer may complement the histology in the diagnosis of prostate adenocarcinoma. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

DNA repair genes and prognosis in sporadic forms of urothelial carcinoma of the upper urinary tract
Conclusion In our experience, the inactivation of hPMS2 or hMLH1 is an independent marker of good prognosis and occurs in a quarter of sporadic UTUC cases. The immunohistochemical study of these patients can be used to assess the screening of hidden forms of Lynch syndrome. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

One of the greatest; the death of Francesc Xavier Solé Balcells (1924–2014)
Publication date: Available online 6 October 2014 Source:Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition) Author(s): L.Á. Rioja Sanz (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

To our mentor and friend, Professor Solé-Balcells
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition), Volume 38, Issue 8 Author(s): H. Villavicencio (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Advances in Uro-oncology «OncoForum»: The Best of 2013
Conclusions Localized renal and non-muscle invasive bladder of high-risk tumors, should be assessed according to comorbidities or oncologic risk factors, to determinate the adequate treatment options. New data from metastatic prostate cancer clinical trials have shown promising results in the control of the disease. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Are active surveillance criteria sufficient for predicting advanced stage prostate cancer patients?
Conclusions Decreasing the cutoff values for PSAD and max% in positive cores should be considered for AS inclusion criteria. If we could calculate the tumor volume before RP, we can minimize the treatment failures (over or undertreatment) of PCa. Perhaps new biopsy protocols, tissue biomarkers, and molecular imaging technology may refine AS criteria. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Impact of p53, MIB-1 and PECAM-1 expression on the prognosis of urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis
Conclusion Histological grade, tumor growth pattern and p53 overexpression were established as the primary predictors of prognosis for primary TCC-UUT of the renal pelvis. The independent value of MIB-1 observed in other studies was not reproduced in this study. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Docetaxel based chemotherapy in the treatment of patients with castration resistant prostate cancer
Conclusion Administration of standard 3-weekly docetaxel is well tolerated in this relatively old cohort of Turkish CRPC patients and weekly administration can be a reasonable alternative in frail patients not only to prolong survival but also to palliate disease symptoms. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Nephrometry scores: Interobserver reproducibility and perioperative factors prediction
Conclusions Nephrometry scores can be a useful tool to plan the surgical technique or approach. However, it is not clear if they are really predictors of surgical or pathologic parameters. The correlation between the urologist and radiologist seems to be sufficient to recommend their use by both specialties. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Use of health care resources and associated costs in non-institutionalized vulnerable elders with overactive bladder treated with antimuscarinic agents in the usual medical practice
Conclusions Despite the potential limitations of the study, the vulnerable elderly non institutionalized patients with OAB treated with fesoterodine, compared to solifenacin or tolterodine were associated with lower resource utilization and healthcare costs. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Predicting results of daily-practice cystoscopies
Conclusion In a cost containment environment, our prediction model could be used to space out cystoscopies in patients with previous, low grade tumors, resulting in a more efficient use of resources in the healthcare system. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Treatment for long bulbar urethral strictures with membranous involvement using urethroplasty with oral mucosa graft
Conclusion The repair of long bulbar urethral strictures with membranous involvement using urethroplasty with free oral mucosa grafts represents a viable alternative for patients with nontraumatic etiology and little fibrosis. The dilation of the urethral lumen achieves good results with minimum failure rates and little probability of complications. For many of these patients, the length of the stricture is too long to perform the tension-free anastomosis technique. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Native ureteropyelostomy in the treatment of obstructive uropathy in adult renal transplant. Experience and technical alternatives
Conclusions The initial percutaneous nephrostomy followed by open surgical repair using native ureter represents a definitive, valid and optimal alternative in terms of safety and preservation of renal function. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Upper urinary tract tumors associated to Lynch syndrome: A case report
Publication date: October 2014 Source:Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition), Volume 38, Issue 8 Author(s): M. de Arriba-Alonso , M.Á. Alonso-Prieto , J.A. Flores-Carbajal , A. Sanz-Ruiz (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Non-metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CPRCM0), an old scenario with renewed clinical interest
Publication date: September 2014 Source:Actas Urológicas Españolas (English Edition), Volume 38, Issue 7 Author(s): J. Morote , J. Planas , X. Maldonado , J. Carles (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Preservation of the internal vesical sphincter and proximal urethra during retropubic radical prostatectomy may improve earlier recovery of continence in selected patients
Conclusions Our modified technique of RP with preservation of smooth muscular internal sphincter as well as of the proximal urethra during bladder neck dissection resulted in significantly increased early urinary continence at 3, 7, 30 days and 3 months after catheter removal. The technique does not increase the rate of positive margins and the duration of the procedure. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Wine polyphenols exert antineoplasic effect on androgen resistant PC-3 cell line through the inhibition of the transcriptional activity of COX-2 promoter mediated by NF-κβ
Conclusions Polyphenols inhibit transcriptional activity of COX-2 promoter mediated by NF-κβ. This effect could explain, at least in part, the induction of apoptosis in vitro by these substances in castration resistant PCa. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

Prostate anatomy in motheaten viable (mev) mice with mutations in the protein tyrosine phosphatase SHP-1
Conclusions The prostate of me v /me v mice exhibits signs of aberrant differentiation and the resulting phenotype may be related to the loss of function of SHP-1. Prostatic anomalies in these mice affect, together with defects in sperm maturation, their sterility. These data suggest that SHP-1 plays an important role in prostate epithelial morphogenesis. (Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas)
Source: Actas Urologicas Espanolas - October 22, 2014 Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research