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Neuropsychology and socioeconomic aspects of Klinefelter syndrome: new developments
Purpose of review: To summarize recent important studies on neuropsychology and epidemiology of Klinefelter syndrome. PubMed was searched for ‘Klinefelter’, ‘Klinefelter's’ and ‘XXY’ in titles and abstracts. Relevant studies were obtained and reviewed, as well as other articles selected by the authors. Recent findings: Klinefelter syndrome is the most common sex-chromosome disorder in humans, affecting one in 660 men. The key findings in Klinefelter syndrome are small testes, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism and cognitive impairment. Klinefelter syndrome scores significantly below education matched controls on a ...
Source: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes and Obesity - April 24, 2015 Category: Endocrinology Tags: ANDROGENS: Edited by David Handelsman Source Type: research

iPad Speech Game for Children With Cleft Palate
This study describes development of an iPad-based speech therapy game to improve speech accuracy in children with cleft lip and palate. (Source: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery)
Source: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery - April 16, 2015 Category: Cosmetic Surgery Source Type: research

Tabby Talks: an automated tool for the assessment of childhood apraxia of speech
Publication date: Available online 9 April 2015 Source:Speech Communication Author(s): Mostafa Shahin , Beena Ahmed , Avinash Parnandi , Virendra Karappa , Jacqueline McKechnie , Kirrie J. Ballard , Ricardo Gutierrez-Osuna Children with developmental disabilities such as childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) require repeated intervention sessions with a speech therapist, sometimes extending over several years. Technology-based therapy tools offer the potential to reduce the demanding workload of speech therapists as well as time and cost for families. In response to this need, we have developed “Tabby Talks,” a multi-tie...
Source: Speech Communication - April 10, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Description of a New Rapid-Access Clinic for Parkinson's Disease Patients: the Navigator Model (P7.287)
CONCLUSIONS This review describes for the first time a navigation program for PD patients. This model helps improve accessibility to a MDC for PD-suspected patients and offers a proactive approach to provide early intervention for PD daily issues and better access to the interdisciplinary team.Disclosure: Dr. Gros has nothing to disclose. Dr. Hamad has nothing to disclose. Dr. Lachance has nothing to disclose. Dr. Doran has nothing to disclose. Dr. Lafontaine has nothing to disclose. (Source: Neurology)
Source: Neurology - April 8, 2015 Category: Neurology Authors: Gros, P., Hamad, D., Lachance, L., Doran, J., Lafontaine, A.-L. Tags: Movement Disorders: Miscellaneous Source Type: research

An acoustic feature-based similarity scoring system for speech rehabilitation assistance.
Abstract The purpose of this study is to develop a tool to assist speech therapy and rehabilitation, which focused on automatic scoring based on the comparison of the patient's speech with another normal speech on several aspects including pitch, vowel, voiced-unvoiced segments, strident fricative and sound intensity. The pitch estimation employed the use of cepstrum-based algorithm for its robustness; the vowel classification used multilayer perceptron (MLP) to classify vowel from pitch and formants; and the strident fricative detection was based on the major peak spectral intensity, location and the pitch existen...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology. - April 7, 2015 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Syauqy D, Wu CM, Setyawati O Tags: Disabil Rehabil Assist Technol Source Type: research

The Health Professions: developments in legislation and training, from student application to employment.
CONCLUSIONS: The drop in applications for places would appear to be linked to the fall in employment in the last six years, from 86% in 2007 to 62% in 2012. Although the health sector is still in first place among all the other sectors, careful reflection would seem to be warranted on the part of the Regions and the Ministries of Health and University Education when defining the annual training requirements for each of the 22 Health Professions. PMID: 25835768 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Acta Bio-Medica : Atenei Parmensis)
Source: Acta Bio-Medica : Atenei Parmensis - April 5, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Mastrillo A Tags: Acta Biomed Source Type: research

Study protocol for two randomized controlled trials examining the effectiveness and safety of current weekend allied health services and a new stakeholder-driven model for acute medical/surgical patients versus no weekend allied health services
This study aims to determine the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness and safety of the current model of weekend allied health service and a new stakeholder-driven model of weekend allied health service delivery on acute medical and surgical wards compared to having no weekend allied health service.Methods/DesignTwo stepped wedge, cluster randomised trials of weekend allied health services will be conducted in six acute medical/surgical wards across two public metropolitan hospitals in Melbourne (Australia). Wards have been chosen to participate by management teams at each hospital. The allied health services to be investigat...
Source: Trials - April 2, 2015 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Terry HainesLisa O¿BrienDeb MitchellKelly-Ann BowlesRomi HaasDonna MarkhamSamantha PlumbTimothy ChiuKerry MayKathleen PhilipDavid LescaiFiona McDermottMitchell SarkiesMarcelle GhalyLeonie ShawGenevieve JujElizabeth Skinner Source Type: research

The details in the therapeutic process to the consonant clusters acquisition in the speech of children with phonological disorder
CONCLUSION: the variable 'severity' is very relevant to the success of the therapy as well as to the use of strategies to repair the problem. It was also observed that children who were under different kinds of therapies had different results to each of the therapies and had better performance using the phonetic therapy. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - April 1, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Comparison between the classification based on features and percentage of correct consonants in speech disorders
CONCLUSION: based on the results underscores the importance of joint evaluations, which combine qualitative with quantitative measures, especially for the differentiation and characterization of intermediate degrees of severity of phonological disorders. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - April 1, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

The use of electroglottography, electromyography, spectrography and ultrasound in speech research - theoretical review
O emprego de novas tecnologias na avaliação e terapia de fala a partir de uma revisão de artigos publicados nos últimos 5 anos é o tema deste estudo, que tem por objetivo realizar uma revisão bibliográfica dos estudos nacionais e internacionais que utilizaram os recursos: eletroglotografia, espectrografia, ultrassonografia e eletromiografia na avaliação e terapia das alterações de fala. Existe um crescente interesse da inserção desses recursos nos estudos de fala, contudo, os trabalhos existentes que os correlacionam ainda são escassos.The use of new technologies in the evaluation and speech therapy from a re...
Source: Revista CEFAC - April 1, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Insurers: Pay Attention to Efficacy Research on Stuttering Treatment
Molina Healthcare recently denied the initial claim for stuttering intervention and a subsequent appeal from one of our clients, stating that “there is limited data on the benefit of speech therapy for stuttering.” The family was determined to continue with therapy and eventually received coverage from a different provider. (Source: The ASHA Leader Online)
Source: The ASHA Leader Online - April 1, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Transcranial direct current stimulation combined with integrative speech therapy in a child with cerebral palsy: A case report
The aim of this study was to describe the results of the first case combining integrative speech therapy with anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) over Broca’s area in a child with cerebral palsy. The ABFW phonology test was used to analyze speech based on the Percentage of Correct Consonants (PCC) and Percentage of Correct Consonants - Revised (PCC-R). After treatment, increases were found in both PCC (Imitation: 53.63% to 78.10%; Nomination: 53.19% to 70.21%) and PPC-R (Imitation: 64.54% to 83.63%; Nomination: 61.70% to 77.65%). (Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies)
Source: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies - March 26, 2015 Category: Physiotherapy Authors: Vania L.C. Carvalho Lima, Luanda A. Collange Grecco, Valéria C. Marques, Felipe Fregni, Clara R. Brandão de Ávila Tags: Case Report Source Type: research

Rhinopharyngeal autologous fat injection for treatment of velopharyngeal insufficiency in patients with cleft palate
Abstract Patients with cleft palate are prone to velopharyngeal insufficiency. In minor cases or when hypernasal speech does not resolve after velopharyngoplasty, an augmentation pharyngoplasty with autologous fat can be proposed. The aim of the present study is to evaluate the short-term (within 2 months) and long-term efficiency (during the 24 months following the procedure) of our procedure in the setting of velopharyngeal insufficiency related to a cleft palate. Twenty-two patients with cleft palate related velopharyngeal insufficiency were included in this retrospective study. All patients were operate...
Source: European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - March 25, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research

Necklace and smartphone app developed at UCLA can help people track food intake
A sophisticated necklace developed by researchers at the UCLA Henry Samueli School of Engineering and Applied Science can monitor food and drink intake, which could help wearers track and improve their dietary habits.  The inventors of the WearSens device say it could help battle obesity, heart disease, diabetes and other problems related to nutrition. Majid Sarrafzadeh, a distinguished professor of computer science and co-director of UCLA’s Wireless Health Institute, led a team that created the device and an algorithm that translates data from the necklace, and tested it on 30 people who ate a variety of foods.   The ...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - March 12, 2015 Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news

Does a Primary Language Impairment Affect Both Languages in a Bilingual Child?
Discussion Internationally, bilingualism is the rule. Even in the US which many have considered the holdout for monolingualism, bilingualism is increasing with more than 18% of people (>5 years) speaking 2 languages and it is expected that by 2030 more than 40% of children will learn English as their second language (L2). Children learn two or more languages in different contexts. A child may learn two language with parents speaking two different languages at home since birth, may have one language spoken at home and another in the community (such as a daycare setting) since birth, or may learn one at home since birth ...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - March 9, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: pediatriceducationmin Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

Knowledge about voice and the importance of voice as an educational resource in the perspective of university professors
CONCLUSION: the participants' knowledge about voice was appropriate and it was evaluated as an essential educational resource. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 7, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Quality of life in total laryngectomy patients: an analysis of different assessment tools
CONCLUSION: the questionnaires and the semi-structured interview presented many specifications and their contribution for the assessment of the quality of life are different. The more appropriate choice depends on the goals of the research and the main factor for the assessment of the quality of life. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 7, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

The family's perception of speech therapy in an outpatient unit
CONCLUSION: respect for the singularities of each family group favors interaction between the family and the health professional and enriches the therapeutic process, allowing participants to develop their self-confidence and create a bond with the therapist, both of which are essential for family participation in the therapeutic process. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 7, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

The speech therapy health based on the institutionalized elderly speech
This study aims to present a case study that reveals the health speech profile of individuals living in a long stay institution for the elderly, located in a city in the south-central region of Paraná state in Brazil, based on the perception of its own residents. This is a case report from a qualitative research, conducted by means of a semi-structured interview made to 15 senior citizens. Upon examining the reports from the elderly, it can be affirmed that the institutional environment favors isolation. As for vocal health, most of the elderly report a non-perception of change in their voice with aging. Regarding the asp...
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 7, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Developing and evaluation of a website about children's language development: portal dos bebês - desenvolvimento da linguagem
CONCLUSION: the Portal dos Bebês website - Desenvolvimento da Linguage can be accessed by online address http://portaldosbebes.fob.usp.br, and its contents and technological resources were assessed as satisfactory to excellent by parents and / or caregivers participating. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - March 7, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

'It's the hearing that is last to go': a case of traumatic head injury.
This article explores the literature related to acquired brain injury (ABI) and is followed by a case study of one patient with ABI, which reflects how the evidence, when implemented by a team of health professionals, can have a positive impact on recovery. Gregor is a middle-aged Polish man who suffered traumatic ABI when knocked down by a car. He spent a number of years in a specialist neurosurgical unit, then a rehabilitation unit, and for the past several years has been cared for in a care home. For most of this time he was in a coma. He began to come out of his coma and during his time in the care home received intens...
Source: British Journal of Nursing - March 1, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Tapson K, Sierotowicz W, Marks-Maran D, Thompson TM Tags: Br J Nurs Source Type: research

Measurement of Voice Quality, Anxiety and Depression Symptoms After Speech Therapy
To verify changes in vocal behavior of dysphonia patients and components of anxiety and depression symptoms before and after voice therapy. (Source: Journal of Voice)
Source: Journal of Voice - February 28, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Chenia Caldeira Martinez, Mauriceia Cassol Source Type: research

Work-associated irritable larynx syndrome
Purpose of review: The purpose of this study is to review the relevant literature concerning work-associated irritable larynx syndrome (WILS), a hyperkinetic laryngeal disorder associated with occupational irritant exposure. Clinical symptoms are variable and include dysphonia, cough, dyspnoea and globus pharyngeus. WILS is a clinical diagnosis and can be difficult to differentiate from asthma. Treatment options for WILS include medical and behavioural therapy. Recent findings: Laryngeal-centred upper airway symptoms secondary to airborne irritants have been documented in the literature under a variety of diagnostic labels...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - February 27, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: OCCUPATIONAL DISEASE: Edited by Susan M. Tarlo and Piero Maestrelli Source Type: research

Phonological and morphophonological effects on grammatical development in children with specific language impairment.
CONCLUSIONS & IMPLICATIONS: The systematic effect of syllabicity across both verbal and nominal morphemes suggests morphophonological influences in the grammatical development of children with SLI that cannot be fully explained by syntactic deficits. Poorer performance in producing syllabic allomorphs can be accounted for by much lower overall frequency of these forms, and by the 'tongue-twisting' effect of producing similar segments in succession, as in added [aedəd], washes [wɒʃəz]. Interestingly, the greater acoustic salience of the syllabic allomorphs (an extra syllable) does not enhance children's abilities to...
Source: International Journal of Language and Communication Disorders - February 19, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Authors: Tomas E, Demuth K, Smith-Lock KM, Petocz P Tags: Int J Lang Commun Disord Source Type: research

Campos RJ, Maciel CT, Cesca MG, Leite IC. Voice analysis after cancer treatment with organ preservation. Head Neck Oncol. 2011 Apr 19;3:19.
Conclusions Chemio-radiation organ preservation protocols in the patients studied may leave the organ but with reduced function which brings communication sequelae. In such cases, voice assessment and quality of life protocols, as well as speech therapy rehabilitation, are important tools to preserve function, measure and treat alterations, and reintegrate patients into the community. (Source: Head and Neck Oncology)
Source: Head and Neck Oncology - February 13, 2015 Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

The Western Isles Stroke Telerehabilitation (Specialist Medical Consultation) Service – implementation and evaluation
Conclusions The Western Isles Stroke Telerehabilitation (Specialist Medical Consultation) Service is feasible and acceptable. Numbers in the project were small but the intervention may have a positive impact on length of hospital stay with associated cost savings. It is a model that could be relevant to other remote stroke services and to other specialty areas. (Source: European Research in Telemedicine)
Source: European Research in Telemedicine - February 8, 2015 Category: Information Technology Source Type: research

Inducible laryngeal obstruction during exercise: moving beyond vocal cords with new insights.
Authors: Olin JT, Clary MS, Deardorff EH, Johnston K, Morris MJ, Sokoya M, Staudenmayer H, Christopher KL Abstract Abstract Exercise as an important part of life for the health and wellness of children and adults. Inducible laryngeal obstruction (ILO) is a consensus term used to describe a group of disorders previously called vocal cord dysfunction, paradoxical vocal fold motion, and numerous other terms. Exercise--ILO can impair one's ability to exercise, can be confused with asthma, leading to unnecessary prescription of asthma controller and rescue medication, and results in increased healthcare resource utiliza...
Source: The Physician and Sportsmedicine Online - February 5, 2015 Category: Sports Medicine Tags: Phys Sportsmed Source Type: research

Combination benefit of cognitive rehabilitation plus donepezil for Alzheimer's disease patients
ConclusionThe combination of cognitive rehabilitation plus a choline esterase inhibitor donepezil showed a better effect for the cognitive function of AD patients than drug only therapy at 1 year. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2015; ●●: ●●–●●. (Source: Geriatrics and Gerontology International)
Source: Geriatrics and Gerontology International - February 5, 2015 Category: Geriatrics Authors: Kosuke Matsuzono, Nozomi Hishikawa, Yoshiki Takao, Yosuke Wakutani, Toru Yamashita, Kentaro Deguchi, Koji Abe Tags: Original Article: Epidemiology, Clinical Practice and Health Source Type: research

Negative dystonia of the palate: A novel entity and diagnostic consideration in hypernasal speech
ConclusionsThis is the first report of ND of the palate. Characteristic findings were task‐specific absent palatal movement with speech, despite normal movement on swallowing, coughing, and an intact gag reflex, as well as disorder‐specific decreased brain activation on functional MRI. A diagnosis of NDof the palate should be considered for patients who present with hypernasal speech. Level of Evidence4. Laryngoscope, 2015 (Source: The Laryngoscope)
Source: The Laryngoscope - February 3, 2015 Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Catherine F. Sinclair, Kristina Simonyan, Mitchell F. Brin, Andrew Blitzer Tags: General Otolaryngology Source Type: research

[Schooling and care of mild intellectual disability children.]
Abstract Studies on mild intellectual disability (MID) are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe the educational and medical care trajectories and their determinants in children with MID. The study population concerned children born in 1997 and resident in a French county (Isère) in 2008. MID was defined as an overall IQ score between 50 and 69. For the present study, this definition was adjusted by integrating the IQ confidence intervals so that the risk of IQ measurement relativity and possible score discrepancy could be taken into account. Of the 267 children included, 180 (67%) were identified through...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - February 2, 2015 Category: Pediatrics Authors: David M, Billette de Villemeur A, Devillard F, Dieterich K, Jouk PS, Prado C, Descotes A, Guillon JL, Counillon J, Bloch J, Cans C Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Determining the effect of laser acupuncture in treating stutterers in comparison with speech therapy.
CONCLUSION: The results of the present study showed that using of laser acupuncture therapy accompanying by speech therapy has many effects on the treatment of stuttering and prevents the relapsing of stuttering that is very common. PMID: 25625114 [PubMed] (Source: Biomed Res)
Source: Biomed Res - January 29, 2015 Category: Research Authors: Shafiei B, Heshmatipour M, Tavakol S, Saghaei M, Ghayumi Z Tags: Adv Biomed Res Source Type: research

Speech therapy intervention for teachers of elementary school: experience report
CONCLUSION: The confirmation of our hypothesis that the amount of errors may not represent a good indicator as for the real mastery of writing, has brought a significant advantage for the teachers that when having access to this information, seized it for themselves, creating new teaching strategies from the discussed content. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - January 29, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

The clinical process of relactation and the adoption process merged with speech-language therapy: a report on a case study
Quando ocorre a morte materna de um recém-nascido, há a necessidade de alguém para substituir as funções da mãe. A equipe multiprofissional pode ajudar na escolha e na preparação da pessoa para tal finalidade. O fonoaudiólogo também tem papel fundamental neste processo, pois é responsável por desenvolver e aprimorar uma das principais funções do recém-nascido que é a sucção. Esse relato de caso tem por objetivo relatar a atuação fonoaudiológica no processo de adoção ocorrido em uma maternidade pública do estado de Alagoas. Trata-se de um relato de uma intervenção direcionada a um recém-nascido pr...
Source: Revista CEFAC - January 29, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Work, continuing education and income professional audiologist active in audiology
CONCLUSION: there was little integration of the speech therapist in the areas of expertise, central auditory processing test, vestibular rehabilitation, hearing conservation program and labyrinthine tests. The importance of continuing studies is emphasized to assist in employability on the labor market and improve professional skills. It is evident the need to integrate academic and professional training. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - January 29, 2015 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

[Monitoring network for vulnerable children in the Pays de la Loire ("Grandir ensemble" - Cohort LIFT): 10 years of activity 2003-2013.]
CONCLUSION: The Pays de la Loire monitoring network has met its initial objective, namely to detect disabilities early and provide practical help to parents in a population of vulnerable children. Benefits for professionals and other children not followed in the network were observed, with an increase in pediatricians' skills. The benefits of the evaluation results are more difficult to assess with the care than neonatal care in obstetrics. The sustainability of such a network seems assured for healthcare professionals, provided that funding is maintained by the health authorities. PMID: 25547193 [PubMed - as supplied ...
Source: Archives de Pediatrie - December 26, 2014 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Branger B, Rouger V, Berlie I, Beucher A, Flamant C, N'guyen The Tich S, Garcia J, Brossier J, Montcho Y, Hanf M, Roze J, les 160 médecins référents du réseau Tags: Arch Pediatr Source Type: research

Novel esophageal speech therapy method in total laryngectomized patients: biofeedback by intraesophageal impedance
In this study, MII was used for the first time in alaryngeal speech rehabilitation as a biofeedback method; an overall sufficient speech level was achieved by 68.4% at the end of therapy, whereas attendance was 90%. A statistically significant improvement was found in both groups in terms of ES level compared with the pretraining period although there was no significant difference between groups. Although we did not observe the expected difference between groups suggested by our hypothesis, MII may be used as an objective tool to show patients how to swallow and regurgitate air during training, and may thus expedite ES the...
Source: Diseases of the Esophagus - December 17, 2014 Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Şahin M., M. F. Ogut, R. Vardar, T. Kirazli, E. Z. Engin, S. Bor Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

112. Low frequency repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation in early phase of rehabilitation of patients with post-stroke aphasia
About 50% of post-stroke patients remain aphasic a condition that greatly impede their reintegration to society. Results of Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) as supplementary treatment for sub-acute post-stroke aphasia are controversial. We assessed the efficacy of inhibitory rTMS with conventional speech therapy to help recovery language performance in sub-acute stroke aphasia.In a randomised case-control double-blind study 12 non-fluent aphasic were consecutively enrolled. All patients suffered a first-ever stroke in the sub-acute stage defined as time since lesion onset from 1 month post-stroke. (Sourc...
Source: Clinical Neurophysiology - December 13, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Authors: R. Carrai, A. Grippo, A. Angelini, A. Vettori, T. Atzori, C. Falsini, M. Martini, A. Pizzi Source Type: research

The need of speech evaluation in protocol`s patients that are candidates for bariatric surgery
This study, a cross-sectional one, describes the records, assessment and speech therapy sessions from a male patient, age 36, 51 BMI, presenting comorbidities, submitted to FobiCapella bariatric surgery. According to a pre-planned protocol, the patient underwent a three month of pre and post-surgery clinical assessment of the stomatognathic system, which was recorded through photos of the dynamic structures, orofacial system film, orofacial measurements and palpation of the masticatory muscles and temporalis. After the first evaluation, the patient received prescribed instructions on chewing and oromiofunctional exercises....
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 11, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Research on fatigue in facial and jaw muscles: review of the literature
O objetivo deste estudo foi aprofundar os conhecimentos acerca da fadiga muscular dos músculos faciais e mastigatórios por meio da análise da literatura científica. A estratégia de pesquisa baseou-se nas indicações da Biblioteca Cochrane. Os artigos foram selecionados por meio da base de dados PubMed, utilizando-se o descritor "muscle fatigue" em conjunto com os seguintes descritores: "speech therapy", "facial muscles", "jaw muscles", "mastication", "chewing", "lip" e "clenching". Foram incluídos artigos dos últimos dez anos, independente de idioma. Os textos foram analisados inicialmente em seu abstract, sendo ex...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 11, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Use of elastic bandage associated with speech therapy in the control ofsialorrhea (hypersalivation)
CONCLUSION: the taping has shown to be effective in controlling sialorrhea during its use period, not being observed the permanence of the results after interruption of its application. (Source: Revista CEFAC)
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 11, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Musculoskeletal stress syndrome, extrinsic laryngeal muscles and body posture: theoretical considerations
O tema deste estudo é a Síndrome de tensão musculoesquelética, musculatura laríngea extrínseca e postura corporal. Tem como objetivo descrever, a partir de revisão de literatura,as características da musculatura extrínseca da laringe; postura corporal; Síndrome de tensão musculoesquelética e suas implicações vocais; avaliação e tratamento fisioterapêutico e fonoaudiológico. Foi realizado levantamento bibliográfico dos últimos 13 anos em que foram incluídos artigos cujo objetivo e/ou corpo do texto estivessem em consonância com os objetivos do estudo. A pesquisa foi realizada nos bancos de dados das ba...
Source: Revista CEFAC - December 11, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Exploring patient safety culture in primary care
Conclusions This study showed that patient safety culture in Dutch primary care professions on average is perceived positively. Also, it revealed variety between professions, indicating that a customized approach per profession group might contribute to successful implementation of safety strategies. (Source: International Journal for Quality in Health Care)
Source: International Journal for Quality in Health Care - December 9, 2014 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Verbakel, N. J., Van Melle, M., Langelaan, M., Verheij, T. J. M., Wagner, C., Zwart, D. L. M. Tags: Papers Source Type: research

Axis I anxiety and mental health disorders among stuttering adolescents
This study also sought to determine whether any differences in psychological status were evident between younger and older adolescents. Method Participants were 37 stuttering adolescents seeking stuttering treatment. We administered the Computerized Voice Version of the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children, and five psychometric tests. Participants were classified into younger (12–14 years; n =20) and older adolescents (15–17 years; n =17). Results Thirty-eight percent of participants attained at least one diagnosis of a mental disorder, according to the diagnostic criteria of the Diagnostic and Statistical Man...
Source: Journal of Fluency Disorders - December 8, 2014 Category: Speech Therapy Source Type: research

Auditory cortical activation and plasticity after cochlear implantation measured by PET using fluorodeoxyglucose.
Authors: Lukaszewicz-Moszyńska Z, Lachowska M, Niemczyk K Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible relationships between duration of cochlear implant use and results of positron emission tomography (PET) measurements in the temporal lobes performed while subjects listened to speech stimuli. Other aspects investigated were whether implantation side impacts significantly on cortical representations of functions related to understanding speech (ipsi- or contralateral to the implanted side) and whether any correlation exists between cortical activation and speech therapy results. Objective cortical ...
Source: Functional Neurology - December 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research

Auditory cortical activation and plasticity after cochlear implantation measured by PET using fluorodeoxyglucose.
Authors: Lukaszewicz-Moszyńska Z, Lachowska M, Niemczyk K Abstract The purpose of this study was to evaluate possible relationships between duration of cochlear implant use and results of positron emission tomography (PET) measurements in the temporal lobes performed while subjects listened to speech stimuli. Other aspects investigated were whether implantation side impacts significantly on cortical representations of functions related to understanding speech (ipsi- or contralateral to the implanted side) and whether any correlation exists between cortical activation and speech therapy results. Objective cortical ...
Source: Functional Neurology - December 2, 2014 Category: Neurology Tags: Funct Neurol Source Type: research

Surgery for velopharyngeal insufficiency.
Authors: Capra G, Brigger MT Abstract Velopharyngeal inadequacy may be learned, neurologic, or anatomic in origin. Velopharyngeal insufficiency specifically refers to an anatomic deficiency, which subsequently impairs resonant control of speech and intraoral pressure for orally directed speech sounds. Preoperative speech therapy is useful, and in some children may provide definitive treatment. However, surgery is the foundation of effective treatment in most patients with anatomic defects and, when used appropriately, has been shown to result in resolution of velopharyngeal insufficiency in 62-98% of cases. In this...
Source: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - December 2, 2014 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Adv Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

Vocal fold injection medialization laryngoplasty.
Authors: Modi VK Abstract Unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) can cause glottic insufficiency that can result in hoarseness, chronic cough, dysphagia, and/or aspiration. In rare circumstances, UVFP can cause airway obstruction necessitating a tracheostomy. The treatment options for UVFP include observation, speech therapy, vocal fold injection medialization laryngoplasty, thyroplasty, and laryngeal reinnervation. In this chapter, the author will discuss the technique of vocal fold injection for medialization of a UVFP. PMID: 22472236 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE] (Source: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology)
Source: Advances in Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - December 2, 2014 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Adv Otorhinolaryngol Source Type: research

[Duration of speech therapy in patients with or without velopharyngeal insufficency after palatoplasty.]
CONCLUSIONS: The duration of speech therapy in VPI patients is longger than that in patients without VPI after palatoplasy, but individualized treatment is necessary. PMID: 25619289 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Shanghai Journal of Stomatology)
Source: Shanghai Journal of Stomatology - December 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Yang Y, Jiang L, Liu Q, Wang G, Chen Y, Wan T Tags: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue Za Zhi Source Type: research

Non-fluent aphasia and neural reorganization after speech therapy: insights from human sleep electrophysiology and functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Authors: Sarasso S, Santhanam P, Määtta S, Poryazova R, Ferrarelli F, Tononi G, Small SL Abstract Stroke is associated with long-term functional deficits. Behavioral interventions are often effective in promoting functional recovery and plastic changes. Recent studies in normal subjects have shown that sleep, and particularly slow wave activity (SWA), is tied to local brain plasticity and may be used as a sensitive marker of local cortical reorganization after stroke. In a pilot study, we assessed the local changes induced by a single exposure to a therapeutic session of IMITATE (Intensive Mouth Imitation and Tal...
Source: Archives Italiennes de Biologie - November 25, 2014 Category: Neuroscience Tags: Arch Ital Biol Source Type: research

Roles of BMP signaling pathway in lip and palate development.
Authors: Parada C, Chai Y Abstract Cleft lip with or without cleft palate (CLP) and cleft palate only (CP) are severe disruptions affecting orofacial structures. Patients with orofacial clefts require complex interdisciplinary care, which includes nursing, plastic surgery, maxillofacial surgery, otolaryngology, speech therapy, audiology, psychological and genetic counseling, orthodontics and dental treatment, among others. Overall, treatment of clefts of the lip and palate entails a significant economic burden for families and society. Therefore, prevention is the ultimate objective and this will be facilitated by ...
Source: Frontiers of Oral Biology - November 25, 2014 Category: ENT & OMF Tags: Front Oral Biol Source Type: research