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Application of Luminex Gastrointestinal Pathogen Panel to human stool samples from Côte d’Ivoire
Conclusions: Considering the burden of enteric infections in developing countries, particularly among children, and the high rate of co-infections in asymptomatic subjects, this study shows the need for diagnostic tools such as xTAG GPP to improve diagnosis and treatment of these infections in endemic areas. (Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries)
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - August 29, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Tropical and travel-associated norovirus: current concepts
Purpose of review: We highlight recent advances relevant to understanding norovirus infections in the tropics, both in populations living in developing settings and travelers to these regions. Recent findings: Because of the decrease in diarrheal disease associated with the global rollout of vaccines against rotavirus, norovirus is emerging as the predominant cause of diarrhea morbidity among children in the tropics, and evidence suggests that it contributes to adult disease in endemic populations and travelers. In addition to identifying potential target populations for preventive measures, we provide an update on norovir...
Source: Current Opinion in Infectious Diseases - August 29, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: TROPICAL AND TRAVEL-ASSOCIATED DISEASES: Edited by Joseph M. Vinetz and Yukari C. Manabe Source Type: research

Comparative Evaluation of Broad-Panel PCR Assays for the Detection of Gastrointestinal Pathogens in Pediatric Oncology Patients
Publication date: Available online 29 August 2015 Source:The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics Author(s): Zhengming Gu, Haiqing Zhu, Alicia Rodriguez, Mohammad Mhaissen, Stacey Schultz-Cherry, Elisabeth Adderson, Randall T. Hayden Broadly multiplexed molecular amplification assays offer an unprecedented ability to diagnose gastrointestinal infection in immunocompromised patients. However, little data are available to compare the performance of such systems in this population. A total of 436 stool samples were collected from 199 patients, predominantly immunocompromised pediatric oncology patients. Remnant samples w...
Source: The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics - August 29, 2015 Category: Pathology Source Type: research

Eating raw oysters carries risk of human norovirus
Stephen FellerSHANGHAI, Aug. 28 (UPI) -- Researchers found that many of the world's strains of human norovirus can be found in oysters, and suggest that people not eat them raw to prevent infection. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - August 28, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Oysters harbor, transmit human norovirus: Avoid raw ones
Oysters not only transmit human norovirus; they also serve as a major reservoir for these pathogens, according to newresearch. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - August 28, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Oysters harbor, transmit human norovirus: Avoid raw ones
(American Society for Microbiology) Oysters not only transmit human norovirus; they also serve as a major reservoir for these pathogens, according to research published Aug. 28 in Applied and Environmental Microbiology, a journal of the American Society for Microbiology. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 28, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Emergence of Norovirus GII.4 Variants in Acute Gastroenteritis Outbreaks in South Korea between 2006 and 2013
Noroviruses (NoVs) are the most predominant viral agent of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) outbreaks, being responsible for at least 50% of all AGE outbreaks worldwide [1]. NoVs can infect people of all ages and are extremely infectious [1,2]. In the USA, NoVs cause 19–21 million illnesses and lead to 56,000–70,000 hospitalizations and 570–800 deaths annually [3]. (Source: Journal of Clinical Virology)
Source: Journal of Clinical Virology - August 26, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Han-Gil Cho, Po-Hyun Park, Sung-Geun Lee, Ju-Eun Kim, Kyung-A Kim, Hyeun-Kyong Lee, Eun-Mi Park, Myong-Ki Park, Sun-Young Jung, Deog-Yong Lee, Mi-hye Yoon, Jong-Bok Lee, Soon-Young Paik Source Type: research

Lemon juice disinfects against human norovirus
Citric acid may prevent the highly contagious norovirus from infecting humans, scientists discovered. Therefore, lemon juice could be a potentially safe and practical disinfectant against the most common pathogen of severe gastrointestinal infections. (Source: ScienceDaily Headlines)
Source: ScienceDaily Headlines - August 25, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Lemon juice and human norovirus
(German Cancer Research Center (Deutsches Krebsforschungszentrum, DKFZ)) Citric acid may prevent the highly contagious norovirus from infecting humans, scientists discovered from the German Cancer Research Center. Therefore, lemon juice could be a potentially safe and practical disinfectant against the most common pathogen of severe gastrointestinal infections. (Source: EurekAlert! - Biology)
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - August 25, 2015 Category: Biology Source Type: news

Norovirus Genotypes in Hospital Settings: Differences Between Nosocomial and Community-Acquired Infections
Conclusions. The majority of NoV infections in hospitalized patients were nosocomial. Nosocomial infection was mainly associated with older age but also with the specific genotype GII.4. The genotypes in community-acquired NoV infections were more heterogeneous than in nosocomial infections. (Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases)
Source: The Journal of Infectious Diseases - August 25, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Franck, K. T., Nielsen, R. T., Holzknecht, B. J., Ersboll, A. K., Fischer, T. K., Bottiger, B. Tags: VIRUSES Source Type: research

Vomit Machine Models Cruise-Ship Virus Spread
Using a simulated vomiting device, scientists determined that projectile vomiting can aerosolize norovirus-like particles, allowing the infection to spread short distances through the air.... -- Read more on ScientificAmerican.com (Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed)
Source: Scientific American - Official RSS Feed - August 22, 2015 Category: Science Tags: More Science Biology Health Biotechnology Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Tracing delays in infection control measures in a nosocomial norovirus outbreak
Publication date: Available online 22 August 2015 Source:Journal of Hospital Infection Author(s): V. Saegeman, L. Popleu, V. Cossey, A. Schuermans (Source: Journal of Hospital Infection)
Source: Journal of Hospital Infection - August 22, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Medical News Today: Vomiting machine reveals throwing up could send norovirus airborne
A machine developed specifically to simulate vomiting has revealed that throwing up could send enough virus particles airborne to transmit infection. (Source: Health News from Medical News Today)
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - August 21, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Infectious Diseases / Bacteria / Viruses Source Type: news

Vomit machine shows diseases can be shared in the air
Stephen FellerRALEIGH, N.C., Aug. 20 (UPI) -- Researchers created a "vomit machine" to confirm whether people can be infected with norovirus if they come in contact with a sick person's vomit. (Source: Health News - UPI.com)
Source: Health News - UPI.com - August 20, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Researchers Created A Machine That Pukes... For Science, Of Course
It's a study that's going viral... in every sense.  Researchers at North Carolina State University and Wake Forest University have created a machine that vomits to help show how norovirus spreads.  That's a fast-moving infection known for causing vomiting and diarrhea, and which can be severe and even deadly.  The new device is designed to help researchers better understand how the infection spreads when someone throws up. More importantly, the vomit machine shows how much of the virus becomes aerosolized and moves through the air, landing on nearby people and surfaces. The puking apparatus feature...
Source: Science - The Huffington Post - August 20, 2015 Category: Science Source Type: news

Norovirus Can Go Airborne When Infected Person Vomits: Study
Researchers say released particles can linger on surfaces for weeks, anyone who touches them at risk (Source: WebMD Health)
Source: WebMD Health - August 19, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Vomiting device offers direct evidence that vomit aerosolizes norovirus-like particles
(North Carolina State University) Using a vomiting device of their creation, researchers at North Carolina State University and Wake Forest University are reporting the first direct evidence that vomiting can aerosolize virus particles similar to human norovirus. (Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases)
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - August 19, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news

Fun, Friends, and Norovirus Down at the Good Old Swimming HoleFun, Friends, and Norovirus Down at the Good Old Swimming Hole
When a patient, his friends, and family members came down with a gastrointestinal illness after a picnic with swimming, it reminded Paul Auwaerter of a similar case in Oregon last summer. Medscape Infectious Diseases (Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines)
Source: Medscape Infectious Diseases Headlines - August 18, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Infectious Diseases Commentary Source Type: news

Sewage surveillance reveals the presence of canine GVII norovirus and canine astrovirus in Uruguay
This study shows the occurrence of a canine NoV GVII strain for the first time in the American continent and also warns about possible zoonotic infection, since canine strains were detected in domestic sewage. (Source: Archives of Virology)
Source: Archives of Virology - August 18, 2015 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Treatment of norovirus particles with citrate.
In this study, we showed that norovirus virus-like particles (VLPs) treated with citrate buffer caused the particles to alter their morphology, including increased diameters associated with a new ring-like structure. We also found that epitopes on the protruding (P) domain on these particles were more readily accessible to antibodies after the citrate treatment. These results suggested that citrate had a direct effect on the norovirus particles. Using X-ray crystallography, we showed that the P domain bound citrate from lemon juice and a disinfectant containing citric acid. Importantly, citrate binds at the histo-blood gro...
Source: Virology - August 18, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Koromyslova AD, White PA, Hansman GS Tags: Virology Source Type: research

Recent Advances in the Discovery of Norovirus Therapeutics
Journal of Medicinal ChemistryDOI: 10.1021/acs.jmedchem.5b00762 (Source: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry)
Source: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry - August 17, 2015 Category: Chemistry Authors: Yunjeong Kim, Anushka C. Galasiti Kankanamalage, Kyeong-Ok Chang and William C. Groutas Source Type: research

Differences in Norovirus-Associated Hospital Visits Between Jewish and Bedouin Children in Southern Israel
Population-based surveillance during 2006–2013 showed that norovirus hospitalization rates among Bedouin (low-middle income settings) children (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - August 14, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Transmission of Norovirus Within Households in Quininde, Ecuador
We studied the transmission of norovirus infection in households in Quininde, Ecuador. Among household contacts of norovirus positive children with diarrhea, norovirus negative children with diarrhea and asymptomatic controls, infection attack rates were 33%, 8% and 18%, respectively (N = 45, 36, 83). Infection attack rates were higher when index children had a higher viral load. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - August 14, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Brief Reports Source Type: research

Your NEJM Group Today: Surprising Cause of Cough, Norovirus in the Air, Maine Gastroenterology Opportunity (FREE)
By the Editors NEJM Group offers so many valuable resources for practicing clinicians. Here's what we chose for you today:NEJM Clinical Practice Center: Clinical Problem-Solving: A 63-year-old nonsmoking man presented to the clinic with … (Source: Physician's First Watch current issue)
Source: Physician's First Watch current issue - August 12, 2015 Category: Primary Care Source Type: news

Norovirus immunology: Of mice and mechanisms
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: European Journal of Immunology)
Source: European Journal of Immunology - August 10, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Kira L Newman, Juan S Leon Tags: Mini‐Review Source Type: research

Norovirus immunology: Of mice and mechanisms.
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 26256101 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: European Journal of Immunology)
Source: European Journal of Immunology - August 10, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Newman KL, Leon JS Tags: Eur J Immunol Source Type: research

Efficacy of common disinfectant/cleaning agents in inactivating murine norovirus and feline calicivirus as surrogate viruses for human norovirus
Conclusions AHP and QUAT products were less effective than sodium hypochlorite for the inactivation of MNV-1 and FCV. (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - August 7, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

First detection of Papillomaviruses and Polyomaviruses in swimming pool waters: unrecognized recreational water‐related pathogens?
ConclusionResults show that a variety of non‐enteric viruses may be discharged in pool waters by various secretions and excretions from infected individuals or asymptomatic carriers.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology)
Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology - August 6, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: G La Rosa, S Della Libera, S Petricca, M Iaconelli, R Briancesco, R Paradiso, M Semproni, P Di Bonito, L Bonadonna Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Artifact-free Quantification and Sequencing of Rare Recombinant Viruses Using Drop-based microfluidics.
Abstract Recombination is an important driver in the evolution of viruses and thus is key for understanding viral epidemics and improving strategies to prevent future outbreaks. Characterization of rare recombinant subpopulations remains technically challenging due to artifacts such as artificial recombinants, known as chimeras, and amplification biases. To overcome this, we develop a high-throughput microfluidic technique with a second verification step to amplify and sequence single recombinant viruses with high fidelity using pico-liter drops. We obtain the first artifact-free estimate of in vitro recombination ...
Source: Chembiochem - August 6, 2015 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tao Y, Rotem A, Zhang H, Cockrell SK, Koehler S, Chang CB, Ung LW, Cantalupo P, Ren Y, Lin JS, Feldman AB, Wobus CE, Pipas JM, Weitz D Tags: Chembiochem Source Type: research

Multiplex real-time RT-PCR for the simultaneous detection and quantification of GI, GII and GIV noroviruses.
This study describes the development and evaluation of a one tube, real time RT-PCR assay for the simultaneous detection and quantification of GI, GII and GIV noroviruses, including both GIV.1 (human) and GIV.2 (animal) strains. Assay performance was evaluated on a panel of norovirus positive clinical samples by comparison of monoplex and multiplex standard curves and Ct values. The multiplex assay demonstrated equal sensitivity and specificity to the monoplex assays and was able to detect all GI, GII and GIV noroviruses with Ct values equal to that of the monoplex assays. The multiplex assay described in this study will b...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - August 3, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Farkas T, Singh A, Le Guyader FS, La Rosa G, Saif L, McNeal M Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research

Evaluation of the updated RIDA(®)QUICK (Version N1402) immunochromatographic assay for the detection of norovirus in clinical specimens.
Abstract The sensitivity and specificity of the R-Biopharm RIDA(®)QUICK (N1402) immunochromatography assay for norovirus detection was examined using fecal material from Australian gastroenteritis incidents. The study involved the analysis of 3 groups of specimens; group 1 comprised 100 norovirus open reading frame (ORF) 1 RT-PCR positive specimens; group 2 comprised 100 ORF 1 RT-PCR norovirus negative specimens and group 3 comprised 12 specimens containing common gastroenteritis viruses other than norovirus. The RIDA(®)QUICK (N1402) assay detected both GI and GII norovirus and had an overall sensitivity of 87%. ...
Source: Journal of Virological Methods - August 3, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Bruggink LD, Dunbar NL, Marshall JA Tags: J Virol Methods Source Type: research

Clinical and Epidemiologic Features of Severe Viral Gastroenteritis in Children: A 3-Year Surveillance, Multicentered Study in Taiwan With Partial Rotavirus Immunization
Abstract: The global epidemiological landscape of childhood acute gastroenteritis (AGE) is changing after the introduction of 2 effective rotavirus vaccines in 2006. A comprehensive evaluation for viral etiology of childhood AGE in Taiwan, where rotavirus vaccination was provided by the private sector since 2006, is lacking. From 2009 to 2011, children younger than 5 years of age with AGE who were hospitalized at 3 sentinel hospitals were enrolled in this surveillance study. Stool specimens were tested for rotavirus, norovirus, enteric adenovirus, and astrovirus. The epidemiologic and clinical information was collected by ...
Source: Medicine - August 1, 2015 Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research

A norovirus oyster-related outbreak in a nursing home in France, January 2012
Research Articles P. LOURY, F. S. LE GUYADER, J. C. LE SAUX, K. AMBERT-BALAY, P. PARROT, B. HUBERT, Epidemiology & Infection, Volume 143 Issue 12, pp 2486-2493Abstract (Source: Epidemiology and Infection)
Source: Epidemiology and Infection - July 31, 2015 Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research

Norovirus prevention and the prevalence of asymptomatic norovirus infection in kindergartens and primary schools in Changzhou, China: Status of the knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and requirements
Conclusions The results of this study emphasize the need for training of primary schools and suburban schools about norovirus prevention. Asymptomatic norovirus infection should receive more attention. (Source: American Journal of Infection Control)
Source: American Journal of Infection Control - July 31, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Detection and molecular characterization of zoonotic viruses in swine fecal samples in Italian pig herds
In this study, the prevalence of astrovirus (AstV), group A rotavirus (RVA), norovirus (NoV) and hepatitis E virus (HEV) infections in pigs was investigated. During 2012-2014, 242 fecal samples were collected from pigs at different production stages (5 to 220 days old) on eight swine farms located in northern, central and southern Italy. Seven out of eight farms analyzed were positive for AstV, which was detected in 163 out of 242 (67.4 %) samples and was the most prevalent virus; 61 of the 163 AstV-positive animals (37.4 %) had diarrhea. HEV was detected on six farms and in 45 (18.6 %) of the 242 samples analyzed. Twen...
Source: Archives of Virology - July 29, 2015 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Human norovirus genogroup II recombinants in Thailand, 2009–2014
Abstract Norovirus (NoV) is a major cause of nonbacterial acute gastroenteritis worldwide. New strains emerge partly due to viral recombination. In Thailand, there is a lack of data on NoV recombinants among clinical isolates. We screened stool samples from pediatric diarrheal patients for norovirus by RT-PCR and found GII.4 to be the most prevalent genotype. Phylogenetic and SimPlot analyses detected seven intra-genogroup recombinant strains: three GII.21/GII.3, two GII.12/GII.3, and two GII.12/GII.1 recombinants. Maximum chi-square analysis indicated that all had similar breakpoints near the ORF1/ORF2 junction (...
Source: Archives of Virology - July 29, 2015 Category: Virology Source Type: research

Outbreak of Gastroenteritis in Adults Due to Rotavirus Genotype G12P[8]
Conclusions. Rotavirus outbreaks can occur among adults, including young adults. Health professionals should consider rotavirus as a cause of acute gastroenteritis in adults. (Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases)
Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases - July 29, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Pacilli, M., Cortese, M. M., Smith, S., Siston, A., Samala, U., Bowen, M. D., Parada, J. P., Tam, K. I., Rungsrisuriyachai, K., Roy, S., Esona, M. D., Black, S. R. Tags: ELECTRONIC ARTICLES Source Type: research

Evaluation of immunochromatography tests for detection of novel GII.17 norovirus in stool samples.
PMID: 26212141 [PubMed - in process] (Source: Euro Surveill)
Source: Euro Surveill - July 28, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Khamrin P, Thongprachum A, Takanashi S, Okitsu S, Maneekarn N, Hayakawa S, Ushijima H Tags: Euro Surveill Source Type: research

Immunogenicity and protective efficacy of the norovirus P particle-M2e chimeric vaccine in chickens.
In this study, we tested immune response and protective efficacy of a chimeric norovirus P particle containing the avian M2e protein against challenges with three avian influenza (AI) viruses (H5N2, H6N2, H7N2) in chickens. Two-week-old specific pathogen free chickens were vaccinated 3 times with an M2e-P particle (M2e-PP) vaccine via the subcutaneous (SQ) route with oil adjuvant, and transmucosal routes (intranasal, IN; eye drop, ED; microspray, MS) without adjuvant. M2e-PP vaccination via the SQ route induced significant IgG antibody responses which were increased by each booster vaccination. In groups vaccinated via IN,...
Source: Vaccine - July 28, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Elaish M, Kang KI, Xia M, Ali A, Shany SA, Wang L, Jiang X, Lee CW Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research

Physicochemical stability profile of Tulane virus: a human norovirus surrogate
ConclusionsTulane virus is likely a suitable surrogate to study HuNoV thermal stability as well as ethanol tolerance below 90%. Tulane virus also is a promising surrogate to study HuNoV pH stability and chlorine tolerance. Significance and Impact of the StudyBased on current work, in vitro studies demonstrate that TV is an overall more conservative and suitable surrogate for the study of HuNoV physicochemical properties. (Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology)
Source: Journal of Applied Microbiology - July 25, 2015 Category: Microbiology Authors: S.E. Arthur, K.E. Gibson Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Comparison of the antiviral activity of flavonoids against murine norovirus and feline calicivirus
Publication date: February 2016 Source:Food Control, Volume 60 Author(s): Dong Joo Seo, Su Been Jeon, Hyejin Oh, Bog-Hieu Lee, Sook-Young Lee, Seung Hyun Oh, Ji Youn Jung, Changsun Choi Antiviral effect of 10 flavonoids against feline calicivirus (FCV) and murine norovirus (MNV) was investigated on Crandell-Reese feline kidney (CRFK) cells and RAW 264.7 cells. Each cells infected with FCV or MNV was treated with different flavonoids at concentrations between 50 and 300 μM. A 200 μM dose of kaempferol and daidzein significantly reduced the FCV titer by 69.76 ± 8.71 and 63.47 ± 9.82%, respectively. A 300...
Source: Food Control - July 25, 2015 Category: Food Science Source Type: research

Genome of Emerging Norovirus GII.17, United States, 2014.
Abstract To determine whether the norovirus strain GII.17 recently detected in Maryland, USA, (Hu/GII.17/Gaithersburg/2014/US) is spreading globally, we characterized the genome. High similarity with the norovirus GII.17 that caused recent outbreaks in Asia indicates that the same strain was present in the United States during the 2014-15 norovirus season (winter). PMID: 26196235 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases)
Source: Emerging Infectious Diseases - July 24, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Parra GI, Green KY Tags: Emerg Infect Dis Source Type: research

Norovirus is not just on cruise ships
(Source: CNN.com - Health)
Source: CNN.com - Health - July 23, 2015 Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

Aerosol-Transmitted Infections—a New Consideration for Public Health and Infection Control Teams
This article reviews the evidence and characteristics of some of the accepted (tuberculosis, measles, chickenpox, whooping cough) and some of the more opportunistic (influenza, Clostridium difficile, norovirus) aerosol-transmitted infectious agents and outlines methods of detecting and quantifying transmission. (Source: Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases)
Source: Current Treatment Options in Infectious Diseases - July 22, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Pathogen-specific burdens of community diarrhoea in developing countries: a multisite birth cohort study (MAL-ED)
Publication date: Available online 19 July 2015 Source:The Lancet Global Health Author(s): James A Platts-Mills, Sudhir Babji, Ladaporn Bodhidatta, Jean Gratz, Rashidul Haque, Alexandre Havt, Benjamin JJ McCormick, Monica McGrath, Maribel Paredes Olortegui, Amidou Samie, Sadia Shakoor, Dinesh Mondal, Ila FN Lima, Dinesh Hariraju, Bishnu B Rayamajhi, Shahida Qureshi, Furqan Kabir, Pablo P Yori, Brenda Mufamadi, Caroline Amour, J Daniel Carreon, Stephanie A Richard, Dennis Lang, Pascal Bessong, Esto Mduma, Tahmeed Ahmed, Aldo AAM Lima, Carl J Mason, Anita KM Zaidi, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Margaret ...
Source: The Lancet Global Health - July 20, 2015 Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research

GII.4 Sydney_2012 norovirus infection in immunocompromised patients in Beijing and its rapid evolution in vivo
ConclusionsGII.4 Sydney_2012 strain tends to undergo stable mutations during the asymptomatic shedding phase and may generate new variants in chronic diarrhea patients. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Journal of Medical Virology)
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - July 18, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Huan Mai, Yan Gao, Xu Cong, Hui Wang, Ning Liu, Xiaojun Huang, Lanping Xu, Yuhong Chen, Lai Wei Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of immunochromatography tests for detection of novel GII.17 norovirus in stool samples
(Source: Eurosurveillance)
Source: Eurosurveillance - July 16, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

Detection and Quantification of Airborne Norovirus During Outbreaks in Healthcare Facilities
Conclusions. Norovirus genomes are frequently detected in the air of healthcare facilities during outbreaks, even outside patients' rooms. In addition, in vitro models suggest that this virus may withstand aerosolization. (Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases)
Source: Clinical Infectious Diseases - July 15, 2015 Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Bonifait, L., Charlebois, R., Vimont, A., Turgeon, N., Veillette, M., Longtin, Y., Jean, J., Duchaine, C. Tags: ARTICLES AND COMMENTARIES Source Type: research

Genetic characterization of norovirus strains in hospitalized children from Pakistan
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved (Source: Journal of Medical Virology)
Source: Journal of Medical Virology - July 14, 2015 Category: Virology Authors: Amna Alam, Sohail A. Qureshi, Jan Vinjé, Anita Zaidi Tags: Research Article Source Type: research

Human norovirus infection and the acute serum cytokine response
This study presents the first comprehensive description of the acute cytokine response to GI.1 NoV in humans. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Clinical and Experimental Immunology)
Source: Clinical and Experimental Immunology - July 14, 2015 Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Kira L Newman, Christine L Moe, Amy E Kirby, W. Dana Flanders, Charles A Parkos, Juan S Leon Tags: Original Article Source Type: research