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Blood pressure and the capacity‐load model in 8‐year‐old children from Nepal: Testing the contributions of kidney size and intergenerational effects
ConclusionsOur data provide support for the capacity‐load model of blood pressure in Nepalese children. Fetal and postnatal growth and kidney dimensions all contribute to metabolic capacity. Maternal phenotype contributed to offspring capacity and load, but these associations did not propagate to blood pressure. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 5, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jonathan C.K. Wells, Delan Devakumar, Carlos S. Grijalva‐Eternod, Dharma S. Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Is the twin‐singleton difference in BMI related to the difference in birth weight? A register‐based birth cohort study of Norwegian males
ConclusionsMale twins born in Norway during 1967 to 1984 had lower BMI at the military conscription than had singletons, and a part of this difference may probably be attributed to lower intrauterine growth rate among twins. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 22, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Willy Eriksen, Kristian Tambs Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 4, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

C‐reactive protein increases with gestational age during pregnancy among Chinese women
ConclusionWe concluded that CRP increased with gestational age among healthy Chinese women who delivered healthy infants. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Zuguo Mei, Hongtian Li, Mary K. Serdula, RAFAEL C. Flores‐Ayala, Linlin Wang, Jian‐Meng Liu, Laurence M. Grummer‐Strawn Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Disentangling the associations between parental BMI and offspring body composition using the four‐component model
ConclusionsWe found variable associations between parental BMI and offspring body composition. Associations were generally stronger for maternal than paternal BMI, and paternal associations appeared to differ between sons and daughters. In this cohort, the mother's BMI was statistically significantly associated with her child's body composition but the father's BMI was only associated with the body composition of his sons. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Delan Devakumar, Carlos Grijalva‐Eternod, Mario Cortina‐Borja, Jane Williams, Mary Fewtrell, Jonathan Wells Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Heterogeneity identified at birth and blood pressure in adulthood
ConclusionsThese associations are much stronger than those identified using conventional methods. CDDmr is likely to be useful for studying the dynamics of developmental programming particularly in large cohort studies where birth weight is often the only indicator of programming available. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Timothy B. Gage, Furrina F. Lee, Erin K. O'Neill, JEFF Napierala, Gregory Dirienzo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Assessment of cardiovascular disease risk factors in a genetically homogenous population of Parsi Zoroastrians in the United States: A pilot study
ConclusionThese preliminary data show significant additive genetic effects on CVD‐related phenotypes in this population. Our findings represent the first epidemiological data in Parsi Zoroastrians in the United States and offer excellent promise for future genetic studies in this population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Itzel Vazquez‐Vidal, Geetha Chittoor, Sandra Laston, Sobha Puppala, Zeeba Kayani, Kaizeen Mody, Anthony G. Comuzzie, Shelley A. Cole, V. Saroja Voruganti Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Reduced morning cortisol concentration in saliva was associated with obesity: Evidence from community‐dwelling adults in papua new guinea
ConclusionsPapua New Guinean adults with increased accumulation of body fat showed reduced cortisol concentration in morning saliva. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Ayako Morita, Kazumi Natsuhara, Gwendalyn Vengiau, Cindy Chia‐Jung Chen, Shingo Odani, Tsukasa Inaoka, Kiyoshi Tadokoro, Kazuhiro Suda, Takuro Furusawa, Peter Siba, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Masahiro Umezaki Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Salivary but not blood cortisol excretion is associated with metabolic biomarkers in healthy young women
ConclusionsTriglycerides, HDL, and especially HbA1c were associated with salivary cortisol secretor status but not with DBS cortisol concentrations. These results suggest that blood and saliva cortisol measures might provide different health outcome information, and that salivary cortisol secretor status may provide additional information on health status. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Shoko Konishi, Kathleen A. O'Connor Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Cardiorespiratory fitness is related to metabolic risk independent of physical activity in boys but not girls from Southern Brazil
ConclusionWe conclude that CRF is independently and inversely related to metabolic risk in boys, but physical activity either mediates or confounds the association between CRF and metabolic risk in girls. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Danilo Silva, André O. Werneck, Paul Collings, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, RôMulo A. Fernandes, Enio Ronque, Danielle Venturini, Décio S. Barbosa, Manuel J. Coelho‐E‐Silva, Luís B. Sardinha, Edilson S. Cyrino Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

What could you do with 400 years of biological history on african americans? Evaluating the potential scientific benefit of systematic studies of dental and skeletal materials on African Americans from the 17th through 20th centuries
ConclusionsThe 4Cs dataset is ideal for interdisciplinary “next generation” science research and these data represent a unique step toward the accumulation of historically contextualized Big Data on an underrepresented group known to have experienced differential survival over time. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Fatimah Jackson, Latifa Jackson, Christopher Cross, Cameron Clarke Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Residential context, institutional alloparental care, and child growth in Jamaica
ConclusionsYounger children who lived with family members had better growth measurements than their peers living in institutional settings. However, improved growth measures for children living in one home were correlated to nonconventional counseling practices, and nutritional policies that mirror some aspects of familial care. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 17, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Robin G. Nelson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Birth weight predicted baseline muscular efficiency, but not response of energy expenditure to calorie restriction: An empirical test of the predictive adaptive response hypothesis
ConclusionsBirth size did not influence the sensitivity of metabolic demands to fasting—neither at rest nor during activity. Moreover, small birth size predicted a reduction in the efficiency with which muscles convert energy expended into work accomplished. These results do not support the ascription of adaptive function to phenotypes associated with small birth size. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 17, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Megan Workman, Jack Baker, Jane B. Lancaster, Christine Mermier, Joe Alcock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

BaAka women's health and subsistence practices in transitional conservation economies: Variation with age, household size, and food security
ConclusionsHere, we identify older BaAka women, caring for their own children and grandchildren, as particularly vulnerable to economic changes and food insecurity. We found older women, especially those in a community with greater restrictions on access to forest resources to have more dependents, reduced market integration, and low BMI relative to younger women in the population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 17, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Carolyn A. Jost Robinson, Melissa J. Remis Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Girls’ physical activity and sedentary behaviors: Does sexual maturation matter? A cross‐sectional study with HBSC 2010 Portuguese survey
ConclusionSpecific interventions should be designed for girls to increase their physical activity participation and decrease time spent on the computer, for post‐menarcheal girls in particular. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Adilson Marques, Cátia Branquinho, Margarida Gaspar De Matos Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Adiponectin, hemoglobin, and cardiovascular risk in an indigenous siberian population
ConclusionsThis investigation provides some support for the involvement of hypoxia‐related dysregulation of adiponectin associated with obesity and potentially cardiovascular disease. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 23, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Elizabeth A. Streeter, Erica C. Squires, William R. Leonard, Larissa A. Tarskaia, Tatiana M. Klimova, Valentina I. Fedorova, Marina E. Baltakhinova, Vadim G. Krivoshapkin, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

The 5 Things You Need to Know about Statistics: Quantification in Ethnographic Research. By William W. Dressler. 176 pp. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. 2015. $99.00 (cloth), $26.95 (paper or e‐book) .
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 20, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Jeremy M. Koster Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Measuring Happiness: The Economics of Well‐Being. By Joachim Weimann, Andreas Knabe, and Ronnie Schöb. Translated by Brian Browne. 224 pp. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press. 2015. $27.95 (cloth), $19.95 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 20, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The Shape of Thought: How Mental Adaptations Evolve. By H. Clark Barrett. 416 pp. New York: Oxford University Press. 2015. $99.00 (cloth), $29.95 (paper) .
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 20, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Peter B. Gray Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Applied Evolutionary Anthropology: Darwinian Approaches to Contemporary World Issues. Edited by Mhairi A. Gibson and David W. Lawson. 299 pp. New York: Springer. 2014. $129.00 (cloth), $99.00 (e‐book) .
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 20, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Adam H. Boyette Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Developmental patterns of bilateral asymmetry in ancestral puebloans
ConclusionsOur findings support the hypothesis that BA in long bones is influenced by environmental stressors that impact an individual's ability to produce symmetric morphological traits over the lifespan. Right‐biased BA in the upper limb bones indicates that this variation from a symmetric ideal is strongly influenced by handedness resulting from habitual manual activities. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 14, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Erin B. Waxenbaum, Kendra A. Sirak Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Physical fitness differences between rural and urban children from western Kenya
ConclusionsAlthough differences in endurance and body composition are marked between urban and rural groups, strength and flexibility are not always correlated with overall activity levels. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Eric R. Castillo, Meshack K. Sang, Timothy K. Sigei, Heather L. Dingwall, Paul Okutoyi, Robert Ojiambo, Erik R. Otárola‐Castillo, Yannis Pitsiladis, Daniel E. Lieberman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Digit ratio (2D:4D): Is it possible to use it for the sex determination in the study of human skeletal remains?
ConclusionOur results suggest that the 2D:4D ratio cannot be used as an appropriate trait for the sex determination of human skeletal remains. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Varvara Yu. Bakholdina, Alla A. Movsesian, Irina M. Sineva Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Biological aging and physical fitness in men aged 20–70 years from Kraków, Poland
ConclusionsThe selected morphological variables represent a set of characteristics useful for the determination of the biological age. The existing relationship between physical activity and biological age indicates that physical activity may contribute to the inhibition of involutional changes, even if it had only been performed regularly in the past. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Stanisław Gołąb, Agnieszka Woronkowicz, Łukasz Kryst Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Analysis of the population genetic structure of Hb D‐Los Angeles [β121 (GH4) Glu→Gln GAA→CAA] in Denizli, Turkey; genetic diversity, historical demography and estimation of the mutation rates based on haplotype variation
ConclusionsOur data suggest that the Hb D‐Los Angeles population originated within the normal population in Denizli, Turkey. Our results support the hypothesis that the Hb D‐Los Angeles mutation may have originated in the Mediterranean area, independent from other populations such as India and China. The evaluation of such data may contribute valuable information to anthropological, paleoclimatic, archaeological, and phylogeographical approaches to human biology throughout the historical period. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Onur Ozturk, Sanem Arikan, Ayfer Atalay, Erol O. Atalay Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Beyond catecholamines: Measuring autonomic responses to psychosocial context
This article reviews three alternative approaches for measuring autonomic responses: salivary α‐amylase as a nonspecific autonomic marker, respiratory sinus arrhythmia as a specific parasympathetic marker, and the pre‐ejection period as a specific sympathetic marker. Study design considerations are discussed in detail, including ambulatory sampling protocols that permit the evaluation of autonomic responses to everyday life. Researchers interested in how culture and social experience “get under the skin,” as well as those concerned with the evolution of social engagement, can benefit from these well‐validated bi...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Jason A. DeCaro Tags: Methods Series (invited only) Source Type: research

Does human ejaculate quality relate to phenotypic traits?
ABSTRACT A given man's phenotype embodies cues of his ancestral ability to effectively defend himself and his kin from harm, to survive adverse conditions, and to acquire status and mating opportunities. In this review, we explore the hypothesis that a man's phenotype also embodies cues to fertility or the probability that an ejaculate will fertilize ova. Female mate choice depends on the ability to discern the quality of a male reproductive partner through his phenotype, and male fertility may be among the traits that females have evolved to detect. A female who selects as mates males that deliver higher quality ejaculate...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Austin John Jeffery, Michael N. Pham, Todd K. Shackelford, Bernhard Fink Tags: Review Source Type: research

The relation between physical activity, fitness, and fatness in adolescents: A mediation analysis
ConclusionPhysical activity is associated with VO2max in 18‐year‐old adolescents but a little over a third of that association is mediated by %Fat. Regardless of fatness, PA is important for fitness in this age group. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015.© 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Sigurbjörn Árni Arngrímsson, Anna SigríĐur Ólafsdóttir Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Household‐level predictors of maternal mental health and systemic inflammation among infants in Mwanza, Tanzania
ConclusionsMaternal mental health should be considered alongside nutritional status, pathogen exposure, and education as a potential driver of very early innate immune system development. Proximal mechanisms warrant further investigation. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Jason A. Decaro, Mange Manyama, Warren Wilson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Maternal maya ancestry and birth weight in Yucatan, Mexico
ConclusionsThe lower mean birth weights of Maya infants are consistent with studies reporting poor growth and nutritional status of Maya children from Yucatan. Historically adverse socioeconomic conditions experienced by the Maya population are probably linked to the relatively lower birth weights of their infants. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Hugo Azcorra, Adriana Vázquez‐Vázquez, Nina Mendez, Juan Carlos Salazar, Sudip Datta‐Banik Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Accelerometer‐measured physical activity among older adults in urban India: Results of a study on global AGEing and adult health substudy
ConclusionsThis study illustrates the utility of accelerometry for quantifying activity levels in aging populations in non‐Western nations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: J. Josh Snodgrass, Melissa A. Liebert, Tara J. Cepon‐Robins, Tyler M. Barrett, Arvind Mathur, Somnath Chatterji, Paul Kowal Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Modeling longitudinal changes in hypertensive and waist phenotype: The oporto growth, health, and performance study
ConclusionsBoys showed higher HWP values compared to girls from 10 to 18 years of age. Adolescents who were more biologically mature had a more adverse HWP. Longitudinal increases in TPA and PF predicted annual decreases in HWP across the adolescence years. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 30, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Michele Souza, Joey Eisenmann, Fernanda Santos, Thayse Gomes, Sara Pereira, Claudia Forjaz, José Maia Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Biosocial correlates and spatial distribution of consanguinity in South America
ConclusionsThis study demonstrates that consanguinity in the South American continent is strongly associated with a greater magnitude of poverty in the area of high consanguinity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 30, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Ruben Bronberg, Juan Gili, Lucas Gimenez, Jose Dipierri, Jorge Lopez Camelo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in the consistency and accuracy of perceived exertion
ConclusionsPhysiologic effort and perceived exertion contributed independently to the racial differences in APE, and APE may be an important trait to evaluate before planning an exercise intervention. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 30, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: S. Katherine Sweatt, Jane Roy, Paula Chandler‐Laney, Gordon Fisher, David Brock, Gary Hunter Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Predictive validity of the body adiposity index in costa rican students
ConclusionsBAI presented low agreement with BF% measured by DXA; therefore, BAI is not recommended for BF% prediction in this Central American sample studied. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 28, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Elizabeth Carpio‐Rivera, Jessenia Hernández‐Elizondo, Alejandro Salicetti‐Fonseca, Andrea Solera‐Herrera, José Moncada‐Jiménez Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 14, 2015 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

FTO polymorphism, cardiorespiratory fitness, and obesity in Brazilian youth
ConclusionsThis study demonstrated that the rs9939609 (FTO) polymorphism showed a relationship with obesity in the population studied and an interaction with CRF. Students with low levels of CRF and the AA genotype have a higher risk of being overweight/obese. This association was not found in students with higher levels of CRF. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 12, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Cézane Priscila Reuter, Andréia Rosane De Moura Valim, Anelise Reis Gaya, Tássia Silvana Borges, Elisa Inês Klinger, Lia Gonçalves Possuelo, Silvia Isabel Rech Franke, Lívia Kmetzsch, Marilene Henning Vainstein, Daniel Prá, Miria Suzana Burgos Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The allocation and interaction model: A new model for predicting total energy expenditure of highly active humans in natural environments
ConclusionsThis analysis demonstrated that AIM is more accurate than the Factorial Method for predicting TEE across a range of climates and physical activity levels. This suggests that AIM should be used in place of the Factorial Method for estimating human TEE. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 12, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Cara Ocobock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

How does childhood socioeconomic hardship affect reproductive strategy? Pathways of development
ConclusionsWhile there are some links between childhood adversity and child health, we find little evidence that physiological pathways, such as child health and growth, link early childhood adversity to reproductive outcomes in this relatively well‐nourished population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Paula Sheppard, Mark S. Pearce, Rebecca Sear Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Women's facial attractiveness is related to their body mass index but not their salivary cortisol
ConclusionsOur results suggest that the types of health information reflected in women's faces include qualities that are indexed by BMI but do not necessarily include qualities that are indexed by cortisol. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Chengyang Han, Amanda C. Hahn, Claire I. Fisher, Lisa M. Debruine, Benedict C. Jones Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Cultures of milk: The biology and meaning of dairy products in the United States and India. By Andrea S. Wiley. 208 pp. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2014. $39.95 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Elizabeth M. Miller Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The myth of race: The troubling persistence of an unscientific idea. By Robert Wald Sussman. 384 pp. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2014. $35.00 (cloth or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Jeffrey C. Long Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Global mental health: Anthropological perspectives. Edited by Brandon A. Kohrt and Emily Mendenhall. 389 pp. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. 2015. $110.00 (cloth), $44.95 (paper), $44.95 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Kral Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Chronic medical disease and cognitive aging: Toward a healthy body and brain. Edited by Kristine Yaffe. 314 pp. New York: Oxford University Press. 2013. $79.00 (cloth), $77.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Paul Kowal Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Anthropometric measurement standardization in the US‐affiliated pacific: Report from the Children's Healthy Living Program
ConclusionsStandardization based on comparison with a single expert ensured the comparability of measurements from the 49 trainees who passed the criteria. The anthropometric standardization process and protocols followed by CHL resulted in 49 standardized field anthropometrists and have helped build capacity in the health workforce in the Pacific Region. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Fenfang Li, Lynne R. Wilkens, Rachel Novotny, Marie K. Fialkowski, Yvette C. Paulino, Randall Nelson, Andrea Bersamin, Ursula Martin, Jonathan Deenik, Carol J. Boushey Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The rs387907171 SNP in TYRP1 is not associated with blond hair color on the Island of Bougainville
ConclusionsThe rs387907171 SNP exhibits strong allele frequency differences among islands in Northern Island Melanesia. Its absence from Bougainville, as well as the weak association with decreased hair color, indicates that additional alleles contribute to the blondism phenotype. Its geographic distribution suggests that a Lapita‐mediated model for the dispersal of the derived allele at rs387907171 remains a viable evolutionary scenario. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Heather L. Norton, Megan Hanna, Elizabeth Werren, Jonathan Friedlaender Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Comparative study of reproductive skew and pair‐bond stability using genealogies from 80 small‐scale human societies
ConclusionsSibling counts from genealogies provide a convenient method to simultaneously investigate the reproductive skew and pair‐bond stability dimensions of human mating systems cross‐culturally. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Ryan M. Ellsworth, Mary K. Shenk, Drew H. Bailey, Robert S. Walker Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Plasma amino acid profiles in healthy East Asian subpopulations living in Japan
ConclusionThe study results indicate that the contributions of subpopulation within East Asia to PFAA profiles are small, particularly relative to the contributions provided by sex. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015.© 2015 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Hidehiro Nakamura, Natsumi Nishikata, Nobuhiro Kawai, Akira Imaizumi, Hiroshi Miyano, Maiko Mori, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Yasushi Noguchi Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Physical anthropology of living and skeletal populations from the Yucatan Peninsula (introduction to special issue)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Francisco D. Gurri, Allan Ortega‐Muñoz Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

A panel data analysis of the probability of childbirth in a Japanese sample: New evidence of the two‐child norm
ConclusionsThe total fertility rates in modern developed societies are quite low and couples prefer having two children. This trend is known as the two‐child norm, but it is a paradoxical phenomenon in terms of fitness maximization. Our result provided new quantitative evidence of this norm. This study revealed that the number of existing children being less than two was one of the factors associated with further childbearing in our Japanese sample. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Masahito Morita, Hisashi Ohtsuki, Mariko Hiraiwa‐Hasegawa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research