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Anthropometrically ‐predicted visceral adipose tissue and mortality among men and women in the third national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES III)
ConclusionsThese data provide evidence that apVAT is associated with all‐cause and cause‐specific mortality in a large population‐based sample of men and women of European descent. These results support the use of apVAT to risk‐stratify individuals for premature mortality when imaging data are not available such as in routine clinical practice or in large clinical trials. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 17, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Justin C. Brown, Michael O. Harhay, Meera N. Harhay Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Sociodemographic factors related to handgrip strength in children and adolescents in a middle income country: The SALUS study
ConclusionsWhile age and gender specific HG strength values were substantially lower than contemporary data from high income countries, we found that within this middle income population indicators of higher socioeconomic status were associated with lower HG strength. This analysis also suggests that in countries undergoing rapid nutrition transition, improvements in socioeconomic conditions may be accompanied by reduction in muscle strength. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 17, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Johanna Otero, Daniel Dylan Cohen, Victor Mauricio Herrera, Paul Anthony Camacho, Oscar Bernal, Patricio López‐Jaramillo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Androgen receptor CAG repeat polymorphism and hypothalamic ‐pituitary‐gonadal function in Filipino young adult males
ConclusionsOur results both support and differ from previous findings in this area, and study parameters that differ between our study and others, such as participant age, sample time, and the role of other hormones should be considered when interpreting our findings. While our data point to a modest effect of AR‐CAGn on HPG regulation at best, the AR‐CAGn may still affect somatic traits by regulating androgenic activity at peripheral tissues. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Calen P. Ryan, Thomas W. McDade, Lee T. Gettler, Dan T. A. Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M. Geoffey Hayes, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dual energy X ‐ray absorptiometry spine scans to determine abdominal fat in postmenopausal women
ConclusionsThe strong correlation between spine fat fraction and DXA abdominal fat measures make it suitable for further development in postmenopausal chronic disease risk prediction models. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: J.W. Bea, R.M. Blew, S.B. Going, C. ‐H. Hsu, M.C. Lee, V.R. Lee, B.J. Caan, M.L. Kwan, T.G. Lohman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Bioarchaeology: Interpreting Behavior from the Skeleton (2nd edition). By Clark Spencer Larsen. 654 pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2015. $149.99 (cloth), $64.99 (paper), $52.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Sharon N. DeWitte Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

A History of Human Anatomy (2nd edition). By T.V.N. Persaud, Marios Loukas, R. Shane Tubbs. 404 pp. Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas. 2014. $74.95 (cloth or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Valerie Burke DeLeon Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Food Insecurity and Public Health. Edited by Louise C. Ivers. 232 pp. New York: CRC Press. 2015. $72.95 (cloth), $51.07 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Craig Hadley Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 28, Issue 4, July/August 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Assessment of cardiovascular risk factors in a Roma community from Southwestern France
ConclusionAlthough our sample was of limited size, our data suggest that French Manouches express a high‐risk profile regarding cardiovascular disease, as has been reported for Roma from various countries. Both intrinsic and environmental factors may explain this. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Catherine Papon, Nicolas Delarche, Christophe Le Borgne, Frédéric Bauduer Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Androgen receptor CAG repeat polymorphism and hypothalamic‐pituitary‐gonadal function in Filipino young adult males
ConclusionsOur results both support and differ from previous findings in this area, and study parameters that differ between our study and others, such as participant age, sample time, and the role of other hormones should be considered when interpreting our findings. While our data point to a modest effect of AR‐CAGn on HPG regulation at best, the AR‐CAGn may still affect somatic traits by regulating androgenic activity at peripheral tissues. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 15, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Calen P. Ryan, Thomas W. McDade, Lee T. Gettler, Dan T. A. Eisenberg, Margarita Rzhetskaya, M. Geoffey Hayes, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Biocultural research in global mental health: mapping idioms of distress onto blood pressure in a population survey
ConclusionsSubjective reports of fishar map onto physiological blood pressure more robustly than other conceptualizations of mental distress related to anxiety, dysphoria, negative affect, or aggression. Our results point to the utility of mapping biological and cultural measures of stress and distress, advancing biopsychosocial understandings of wellbeing in global mental health surveys. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Amelia Sancilio, Mark Eggerman, Catherine Panter‐Brick Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Anthropometrically‐predicted visceral adipose tissue and mortality among men and women in the third national health and nutrition examination survey (NHANES III)
ConclusionsThese data provide evidence that apVAT is associated with all‐cause and cause‐specific mortality in a large population‐based sample of men and women of European descent. These results support the use of apVAT to risk‐stratify individuals for premature mortality when imaging data are not available such as in routine clinical practice or in large clinical trials. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Justin C. Brown, Michael O. Harhay, Meera N. Harhay Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Dual energy X‐ray absorptiometry spine scans to determine abdominal fat in postmenopausal women
ConclusionsThe strong correlation between spine fat fraction and DXA abdominal fat measures make it suitable for further development in postmenopausal chronic disease risk prediction models. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: J.W. Bea, R.M. Blew, S.B. Going, C.‐H. Hsu, M.C. Lee, V.R. Lee, B.J. Caan, M.L. Kwan, T.G. Lohman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Normal growth, altered growth? Study of the relationship between harris lines and bone form within a post‐medieval plague cemetery (Dendermonde, Belgium, 16th Century)
ConclusionsThe results suggest that HLs can have a certain impact on shape parameters. The underlying causes can be various, especially for the early formed HLs. However, HLs deposited around puberty are more likely to be physiological lines reflecting hormonal secretions. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 24, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Alexandra Boucherie, Dominique Castex, Caroline Polet, Sacha Kacki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dose –response between pedometer assessed physical activity, functional fitness, and fatness in healthy adults aged 50–80 years
ConclusionsThis study shows a positive dose–response trend whereby as an individual undertakes more daily steps (based on previously established step‐count groups), multiple aspects of functionality increase and anthropometric markers of overweight and obesity decrease. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 20, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Giseli Minatto, Sheila Leddington Wright Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic analysis of novel Alu insertion polymorphisms in selected indian populations
ConclusionThe overall results show that these Indian samples, though displaying significant genetic variation and differences among themselves, form an Indian cluster, which as expected, is distinct from the European sample (Russian). As Alus are easily analyzed and quantified by standard and cost‐effective methodologies, this finding further reinforces their utility as effective population genetic markers. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Susie Laybourn, Elizabeth Claire Akam, Nick Cox, Puneetpal Singh, Sarabjit S. Mastana Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Lifestyle mediates seasonal changes in metabolic health among the yakut (sakha) of northeastern siberia
ConclusionsWhile seasonal changes in anthropometric dimensions were modest, Yakut men and women experienced significant increases in total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol from summer to winter. These results also suggest that while Yakut individuals with greater subsistence participation are more buffered from adverse seasonal changes in cholesterol levels, they may be at a greater risk for winter increases in blood pressure. Furthermore, the interactions between lifestyle and seasonal change in metabolic health appear to differ between Yakut women and men. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Stephanie B. Levy, William R. Leonard, Larissa A. Tarskaia, Tatiana M. Klimova, Valentina I. Fedorova, Marina E. Baltakhinova, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dissecting mitochondrial dna variability of balearic populations from the bronze age to the current era
ConclusionWe characterized five Balearic necropolises in the context of their geographic and cultural characteristics. The similarity between ancient Balearic and ancient Catalan gene pools reinforces their known historic interactions, while the lack of a consistent genetic continuity with Ancient Sardinians suggests that Talaiotic and Nuragic cultures arose in differentiated populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Marc Simón, Nancy Díaz, Eduvigis Solórzano, Rafael Montiel, Paolo Francalacci, Assumpció Malgosa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic heritage of Croatians in the Southeastern European gene pool —Y chromosome analysis of the Croatian continental and Island population
DiscussionThe analyses of the dominant and autochthonous I2a1b‐M423 lineage (>30%) suggest that SEE had a significant role in the Upper Paleolithic, the R1a1a1b1a*‐M558 lineage (19%) represents a signal from present day Slavic populations of Central Europe in the Croatian population, and the phylogeography of the E1b1b1a1b1a‐V13 clade (around 9%) implies cultural diffusion of agriculture into Europe via the Balkan Peninsula. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 9, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jelena Šarac, Tena Šarić, Dubravka Havaš Auguštin, Natalija Novokmet, Nenad Vekarić, Mate Mustać, Blaženka Grahovac, Miljenko Kapović, Branimir Nevajda, Anton Glasnović, Saša Missoni, Siiri Rootsi, Pavao Rudan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic heritage of Croatians in the Southeastern European gene pool—Y chromosome analysis of the Croatian continental and Island population
DiscussionThe analyses of the dominant and autochthonous I2a1b‐M423 lineage (>30%) suggest that SEE had a significant role in the Upper Paleolithic, the R1a1a1b1a*‐M558 lineage (19%) represents a signal from present day Slavic populations of Central Europe in the Croatian population, and the phylogeography of the E1b1b1a1b1a‐V13 clade (around 9%) implies cultural diffusion of agriculture into Europe via the Balkan Peninsula. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 9, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jelena Šarac, Tena Šarić, Dubravka Havaš Auguštin, Natalija Novokmet, Nenad Vekarić, Mate Mustać, Blaženka Grahovac, Miljenko Kapović, Branimir Nevajda, Anton Glasnović, Saša Missoni, Siiri Rootsi, Pavao Rudan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

MtDNA and Y ‐chromosomal diversity in the Chachapoya, a population from the northeast Peruvian Andes‐Amazon divide
ConclusionThe high level of diversity in the Chachapoya, the lack of evidence of drift in the past, and genetic affinities with a broad range of populations in the Americas reflects an intricate population history in the region. The new genetic data from the Chachapoya indeed seems to point to a genetic complexity that is not yet resolved but beginning to be elucidated. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Evelyn K. Guevara, Jukka U. Palo, Sonia Guill én, Antti Sajantila Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Malnutrition and body composition in urban and rural schoolchildren: A cross ‐sectional study in San Rafael, Mendoza (Argentina)
ConclusionChildren from San Rafael presented differences in nutritional condition and body composition associated with pronounced socio‐environmental heterogeneity. Thus, we could observe a gradient from the “high urban” group, with better social, economic, and sanitation conditions and at the same time a more obesogenic environment to the “impoverished urban” and “rural” groups, whose vulnerability reflected a higher prevalence of child undernutrition and the association with excess weight and reduced muscle mass. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Mariela Garraza, Mar ía F. Cesani, Graciela T. Navone, Evelia E. Oyhenart Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Directional asymmetry of upper limbs in a medieval population from Poland: A combination of linear and geometric morphometrics
ConclusionsThe studied population, perhaps due to a high level of activity, exhibited slightly greater upper‐limb bone bilateral asymmetry than other agricultural populations. Results suggest that the upper limbs were involved in similar activity patterns in both sexes but were characterized by different habitual behaviors. To obtain comprehensive results, studies should be based on sophisticated methods such as geometric morphometrics as well as standard measurements. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Anna Maria Kubicka, Przemysław Lubiatowski, Jan Dawid Długosz, Leszek Romanowski, Janusz Piontek Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Spatial variation of dental caries in late holocene samples of Southern South America: A geostatistical study
ConclusionThe large variation in frequencies of dental caries in populations located in the center of the distribution could be explained by their subsistence strategies, characterized either by the consumption of wild cariogenic plants or cultigens (obtained locally or by exchange), a reliance on fishing, or the incorporation of plants rich in starch rather than carbohydrates. It is suggested that dental caries must be considered a multifactorial disease which results from the interaction of cultural practices and environmental factors. This can change how we understand subsistence strategies as well as how we interpret d...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Lumila Paula Menéndez Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The interaction of cultural consonance and a polymorphism in the 2A serotonin receptor in relation to depression in Brazil: failure to replicate previous findings
ConclusionThe previously identified gene‐environment interaction was not replicated. Limitations of the study are discussed. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: William W. Dressler, Mauro C. Balieiro, Luiza Ferreira de Araújo, Wilson A. Silva, José ERNESTO dos Santos Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in inter ‐ and intra‐situational blood pressure variation: Comparisons among African‐American, Hispanic‐American, Asian‐American, and European‐American women
ConclusionsAfrican‐American and Asian‐American women have an attenuated proportional BP decline from waking environments to sleep compared to European‐American and Hispanic‐American women. Asian‐American nocturnal BP may be elevated relative to all other groups. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Dana H. Bovbjerg, Leah A. Hill Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in inter‐ and intra‐situational blood pressure variation: Comparisons among African‐American, Hispanic‐American, Asian‐American, and European‐American women
ConclusionsAfrican‐American and Asian‐American women have an attenuated proportional BP decline from waking environments to sleep compared to European‐American and Hispanic‐American women. Asian‐American nocturnal BP may be elevated relative to all other groups. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Dana H. Bovbjerg, Leah A. Hill Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Patterns of directional asymmetry in the pelvis and pelvic canal
ConclusionsThe varying patterns of asymmetry uncovered here accord with prior work and may indicate that loading from the trunk and legs place differing stresses on the pelvis and canal, yielding these unequal asymmetries. However, this is speculative and the possible influence of genetics, biomechanics, and nutritional status on the development of pelvic and canal asymmetries presents a rich area for future study. Additionally, the potential influence of pelvic canal asymmetry on obstetric measures of pelvic capacity merits future research. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Victoria A. Tobolsky, Helen K. Kurki, Jay T. Stock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 28, Issue 3, May/June 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 20, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Inadequate gestational weight gain increases risk of small ‐for‐gestational‐age term birth in girls in Japan: A population‐based cohort study
ConclusionsPrepregnancy BMI and GWG significantly influence SGA risk in female babies. GWG may be influenced by physicians’ recommendations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Melissa K. Melby, Goro Yamada, Pamela J. Surkan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Why Sex Matters: A Darwinian Look at Human Behavior (revised edition). By Bobbi S. Low. 432 pp. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2015. $35.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher D. Lynn Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

The origin of chronic inflammatory systemic diseases and their sequelae. by Rainer H. Straub. 390 pp. Waltham, MA: Academic Press. 2015. $140.00 (paper or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Katherine Wander Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Global aging: Comparative perspectives on aging and the life course. by Suzanne R. Kunkel,J. Scott Brown, and Frank J. Whittington. 328 pp. New York: Springer Publishing Company. 2014. $90.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Theresa E. Gildner Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

A study of the molecular variants associated with lactase persistence in different Ecuadorian ethnic groups
ConclusionsThe presence of the T‐13910 polymorphism in the Ecuadorian population suggested that LP was a trait introduced by European migration and inherited by admixture that occurred during the colonization of South America. This variant was not fixed in a population with a history of admixture, and its allele frequency was proportional to the ancestry proportion of each Ecuadorian ethnic group. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: César Paz‐Y‐Miño, Germán Burgos, Andrés López‐Cortés, Camilo Herrera, Anibal Gaviria, Eduardo Tejera, Alejandro Cabrera‐Andrade Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Inverse associations between cardiometabolic risk factors and 25 ‐hydroxyvitamin D in obese American children and adolescents
ConclusionVitamin D deficiency is prevalent in obese American children. There was evidence that some cardiometabolic risk factors including lipid levels and oxidized LDL levels were significantly inversely associated with 25(OH)D concentration in our sample. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Miryoung Lee, James R. Ebert, Madhavi P. Kadakia, Jin Zhang, Stefan A. Czerwinski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Inverse associations between cardiometabolic risk factors and 25‐hydroxyvitamin D in obese American children and adolescents
ConclusionVitamin D deficiency is prevalent in obese American children. There was evidence that some cardiometabolic risk factors including lipid levels and oxidized LDL levels were significantly inversely associated with 25(OH)D concentration in our sample. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Miryoung Lee, James R. Ebert, Madhavi P. Kadakia, Jin Zhang, Stefan A. Czerwinski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association of ADIPOQ, LEP, and FTO gene polymorphisms with large for gestational age infants
ConclusionsThis study showed that the GG genotype of the LEP polymorphism rs7799039 is a risk factor for LGA infants. The exact role and mechanism of action of the GG genotype of this polymorphism in weight status control remain to be elucidated, and more studies are needed. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Caroline Kroll, Silmara S.B.S. Mastroeni, Paul J. Veugelers, Marco F. Mastroeni Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Sex difference in attractiveness perceptions of strong and weak male walkers
ConclusionsMale physical strength is conveyed not only through facial and body morphology, but also through body movements. We discuss our findings with reference to studies suggesting that physical strength provides information about male quality in contexts of inter‐ and intrasexual selection. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Bernhard Fink, Selina André, Johanna S. Mines, Bettina Weege, Todd K. Shackelford, Marina L. Butovskaya Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Growth patterns among indigenous Qom children of the Argentine Gran Chaco
CONCLUSIONAmong the Qom, low HAZ and high WAZ scores during the early years of development allow for the attainment of a relatively high adult stature. Their adaptive life‐history strategy seems to be to divert energy toward body mass during early development, and catch‐up with linear growth at a later stage of development. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Marta P. Alfonso‐Durruty, Claudia R. Valeggia Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Population variation of LIN28B in the Mediterranean: Novel markers for microgeographic discrimination
ConclusionThe population differentiation and the structuring of the genetic variance, in agreement with previous studies, indicate that the SNPs in question are good tools for the study of human populations, even at a microgeographic level. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Miguel M. Álvarez‐Álvarez, Robert Carreras‐Torres, Daniela Zanetti, Esteban Vegas, Pedro Moral Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dose–response between pedometer assessed physical activity, functional fitness, and fatness in healthy adults aged 50–80 years
ConclusionsThis study shows a positive dose–response trend whereby as an individual undertakes more daily steps (based on previously established step‐count groups), multiple aspects of functionality increase and anthropometric markers of overweight and obesity decrease. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Giseli Minatto, Sheila Leddington Wright Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Patterns of morphological integration in the dental arches of individuals with malocclusion
ConclusionsThis study provides evidence for patterns of variation in dental arch shape found in individuals with Class II and Class III malocclusions. Moreover, differences in integration found between malocclusion types have ramifications for how such conditions should be studied and treated. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Steven F. Miller, Kaci C. Vela, Steven M. Levy, Thomas E. Southard, David G. Gratton, Lina M. Moreno Uribe Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Improvement in the biological standard of living in 20th century Korea: Evidence from age at menarche
ConclusionsAge at menarche is an appropriate index of change in the general standard of living in South Korea over the 20th century. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Kitae Sohn Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Gene frequency and haplotype distribution of hemoglobin E among seven minority groups of Yunnan, China
ConclusionsNatural selection based on the presence of malaria, ethnic origin, and epistatic interactions may be factors of varying importance for the remarkable variation in HbE frequency among these minority groups. In addition, there appears to be a common origin of the βE ‐globin gene in populations from Yunnan and Southeast Asia. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Hongxian Liu, Kai Huang, Shuyuan Liu, Hao Sun, Keqin Lin, Xiaoqin Huang, Jiayou Chu, Zhaoqing Yang Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

MtDNA and Y‐chromosomal diversity in the Chachapoya, a population from the northeast Peruvian Andes‐Amazon divide
ConclusionThe high level of diversity in the Chachapoya, the lack of evidence of drift in the past, and genetic affinities with a broad range of populations in the Americas reflects an intricate population history in the region. The new genetic data from the Chachapoya indeed seems to point to a genetic complexity that is not yet resolved but beginning to be elucidated. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Evelyn K. Guevara, Jukka U. Palo, Sonia Guillén, Antti Sajantila Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic modulators of sickle cell disease in French Guiana: Markers of the slave trade
ConclusionsThe results highlight the genetic diversity of the Guianese population and are concordant with historical data on the slave trade showing a West African origin for Noir Marron and a Central African origin for Haitians, while Guianese Creoles are highly admixed. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Simonnet Christine, Elanga Narcisse, Joly Philippe, Vaz Tania, Nacher Mathieu Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Exploring the mitochondrial DNA variability of the Amazonian Yanomami
ConclusionsAmong the Yanomami samples studied to date, the Santa Isabel Yanomami show a higher genetic heterogeneity. This could be due to gene flow with non‐Yanomami populations, as well as to the introduction of new mitochondrial haplotypes by gold miners. In both cases, the geographic location of Santa Isabel might have made this Yanomami village less isolated than the others, suggesting that the Rio Negro played a central role in increasing its genetic variability. On the whole, the Yanomami were quite genetically diversified, probably mirroring their great linguistic heterogeneity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 W...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Sara Varano, Gabriele Scorrano, Cristina Martínez‐Labarga, Andrea Finocchio, Cesare Rapone, Andrea Berti, Olga Rickards Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Malnutrition and body composition in urban and rural schoolchildren: A cross‐sectional study in San Rafael, Mendoza (Argentina)
ConclusionChildren from San Rafael presented differences in nutritional condition and body composition associated with pronounced socio‐environmental heterogeneity. Thus, we could observe a gradient from the “high urban” group, with better social, economic, and sanitation conditions and at the same time a more obesogenic environment to the “impoverished urban” and “rural” groups, whose vulnerability reflected a higher prevalence of child undernutrition and the association with excess weight and reduced muscle mass. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Mariela Garraza, María F. Cesani, Graciela T. Navone, Evelia E. Oyhenart Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Association between summer temperature and body weight in Japanese adolescents and children: An ecological analysis
ConclusionsSummer temperatures may reduce the proportion of children who are overweight and contribute to geographical differences in body weight in Japanese adolescents and children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Masana Yokoya, Yukito Higuchi Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The association between low blood lead levels and the prevalence of prehypertension among nonhypertensive adults in Korea
ConclusionsOur large, cross‐sectional, nationwide study revealed that blood lead levels below the threshold for the harmful effects of lead were significantly associated with prehypertension. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 28, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Wanhyung Lee, Jin‐ha Yoon, Jaehoon Roh, Seunghyun Lee, Hongdeok Seok, June‐hee Lee, Pil Kyun Jung, Jeongbae Rhie, Jong‐uk Won Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research