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Origins of marronage: Mitochondrial lineages of Jamaica's Accompong Town Maroons
ConclusionsOur data suggested that the maternal ancestry of contemporary Accompong Town Maroons is predominantly African and, despite claims to suggest otherwise, also indigenous American. Our study complemented Maroon oral histories, archeological data, and illuminated how colonization shaped human genetic variation within the Caribbean. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 13, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Nicole Madrilejo, Holden Lombard, Jada Benn Torres Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Hormonal evidence of selection in utero revisited
ConclusionThis more accurate test found similar results to those originally reported. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 8, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: R.A. Catalano, R.J. Currier, D. Steinsaltz Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Applying the community partnership approach to human biology research
This article describes a partnership‐based, 20 year relationship between community members of the Akwesasne Mohawk Nation and researchers at the University at Albany. As with many communities facing health disparity issues, research with Native Americans and indigenous peoples generally is inherently politicized. For Akwesasne, the contamination of their lands and waters is an environmental justice issue in which the community has faced unequal exposure to, and harm by environmental toxicants. As human biologists engage in more partnership‐type research, it is important to understand the long term goals of the communit...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 7, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Julia Ravenscroft, Lawrence M. Schell, Tewentahawihtha Cole Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Repositioning the Cobb human archive: The merger of a skeletal collection and its texts
This article outlines the process of constructing an improved study sample for biocultural analysis by merging skeletal remains from the collection with their associated texts. The merging allows for the inclusion of individuals from the original series for whom we no longer have skeletons. We argue that this step is necessary to construct a data set that reflects the demographic breadth (age, ethnicity, social class) of the original collection, taking into account a substantial number of skeletons lost during storage and disuse. The mechanics of this process were informed by a critical and humanistic orientation toward hu...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 7, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Rachel Watkins, Jennifer Muller Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The relationship between facial shape asymmetry and attractiveness in Mexican students
ConclusionsAsymmetry was a prevalent feature in the present sample, and preferences for symmetric faces were not operating in the studied population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Arodi Farrera, María Villanueva, Mirsha Quinto‐Sánchez, Rolando González‐José Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Increasing parental age at childbirth is associated with greater insulin sensitivity and more favorable metabolic profile in overweight adult male offspring
ConclusionsIncreasing parental age at childbirth was associated with a more favorable metabolic phenotype in overweight middle‐aged males. However, it is unknown whether the effect was maternal, paternal, or both. Future studies on the effects of parental age at childbirth on the metabolism of males and females across the BMI range are required. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Benjamin B. Albert, Martin De Bock, José G.B. Derraik, Christine M. Brennan, Janene B. Biggs, Paul L. Hofman, Wayne S Cutfield Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Scaling of adult regional body mass and body composition as a whole to height: Relevance to body shape and body mass index
ConclusionsAdult human body shape and relative composition are a function of body size as represented by stature, a finding that reveals a previously unrecognized phenotypic heterogeneity as defined by BMI. These observations provide new pathways for exploring mechanisms governing the interrelations between adult stature, body morphology, biomechanics, and metabolism. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: John M. Schuna, Courtney M. Peterson, Diana M. Thomas, Moonseong Heo, Sangmo Hong, Woong Choi, Steven B. Heymsfield Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Designing mental health interventions informed by child development and human biology theory: A social ecology intervention for child soldiers in Nepal
ABSTRACT The anthropological study of human biology, health, and child development provides a model with potential to address the gap in population‐wide mental health interventions. Four key concepts from human biology can inform public mental health interventions: life history theory and tradeoffs, redundancy and plurality of pathways, cascades and multiplier effects in biological systems, and proximate feedback systems. A public mental health intervention for former child soldiers in Nepal is used to illustrate the role of these concepts in intervention design and evaluation. Future directions and recommendations for a...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Brandon A. Kohrt, Mark J.D. Jordans, Suraj Koirala, Carol M. Worthman Tags: Feature Article (invited only) Source Type: research

Development, validation, and use of a semi‐quantitative food frequency questionnaire for assessing protein intake in Papua New Guinean Highlanders
ConclusionsThe newly developed 32‐item FFQ for PNG Highlanders is applicable for evaluation of protein intake at the individual level. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ayako Morita, Kazumi Natsuhara, Eriko Tomitsuka, Shingo Odani, Jun Baba, Kiyoshi Tadokoro, Katsura Igai, Andrew R. Greenhill, Paul F. Horwood, Kevin W. Soli, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Peter M. Siba, Masahiro Umezaki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Reductions in urinary collection frequency for assessment of reproductive hormones provide physiologically representative exposure and mean concentrations when compared with daily collection
ConclusionsCompared with daily urinary collection, a reduced collection frequency of 5, 3, or 2 days each week provides accurate E1G and PdG profiles of collection periods of various lengths and types of menstrual function. Reduction of urinary sample collection frequency may enable researchers to reduce participant burden and costs, increase compliance, and study a wider range of study populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Heather C.M. Allaway, Nancy I. Williams, Rebecca J. Mallinson, Karsten Koehler, Mary Jane Souza Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Prevalence, trends, and determinants of menopause in India: NFHS 1992–93 to NFHS 2005–06
ConclusionsWomen of poor socio‐economic status have an earlier age at menopause and may be unable to utilize their full reproductive potential. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Arupendra Mozumdar, Praween K. Agrawal Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in older Mexican adults and its association with physical activity and related factors: An analysis of the study on global ageing and adult health
ConclusionsThe study results contribute to the current understanding of obesity etiology in Mexico, and moreover confirm that overweight and obesity are current public health problems that must be addressed in specific subgroups of older adults. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 23, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gabriela Rivas‐Marino, Joel Negin, Arón Salinas‐Rodríguez, Betty Manrique‐Espinoza, Kirstin N. Sterner, Josh Snodgrass, Paul Kowal Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 23, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Translating human biology (introduction to special issue)
ConclusionsHuman biology has significant unmet potential to engage more fully in translation for the public good, through consideration of the topics we focus on, the processes of doing our science, and the way we present our domain expertise. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Alexandra A. Brewis, James J. Mckenna Tags: Review Source Type: research

Diurnal variation in salivary cortisol across age classes in Ache Amerindian males of Paraguay
ConclusionAche Amerindian men exhibit a flattening of the diurnal rhythm across age classes. Our results were able to capture both within‐ and between‐individual variations in cortisol levels, and reflected age‐related contrasts in daily cortisol fluctuations. The flattening of the diurnal rhythm with age among the Ache may reflect a common and shared aspect of male senescence across ecological contexts and lifestyles. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dorsa Amir, Peter T. Ellison, Kim R. Hill, Richard G. Bribiescas Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Paternal age predicts offspring chances of marriage and reproduction
ConclusionsAs marriage is a prerequisite of reproduction in this sample, we discuss that mate choice may provide a mechanism to prevent too high mutation load in the progeny. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Martin Fieder, Susanne Huber Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Comparison of total body and abdominal adiposity indexes to dual x‐ray absorptiometry scan in obese adolescents
ConclusionThe BAI initially developed in adults presented a better but still weak association with DXA‐%FM when compared with the BAIw and BAIp. The three indices thus do not provide better estimate of obese adolescents' adiposity than the widely used Body Mass Index. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: David Thivel, Grace O'Malley, Bruno Pereira, Pascale Duché, Julien Aucouturier Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The digit ratio (2D:4D) in China: A meta‐analysis
ConclusionsWe concluded that the sex differences in Chinese 2D:4D are consistent with the results from western studies, and that genetic pool differences rather than latitude‐related environmental variables affect the 2D:4D in China. In addition, 2D:4D measurements obtained by different digit measurement techniques should not be combined within one study, or used together in comparative studies. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 6, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Yin Xu, Yong Zheng Tags: Review Source Type: research

Percentiles and regional distribution of skinfold thickness among children and adolescents in Shandong, China
ConclusionThe SFT level of children and adolescents is associated with regional SES in Shandong, China. This may be interpreted as a result of geographic variation between the districts in the process of urbanization, living standards, nutritional conditions, dietary patterns, and public health. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 3, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ying‐Xiu Zhang, Jin‐Shan Zhao, Zun‐Hua Chu Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Leptin, adiponectin, and heart rate variability among police officers
ConclusionsLeptin levels were inversely associated with LF HRV, especially among officers with increased adiposity. Increased leptin levels may be associated with CVD‐related health problems. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Luenda E. Charles, Cecil M. Burchfiel, Khachatur Sarkisian, Shengqiao Li, Diane B. Miller, Ja K. Gu, Desta Fekedulegn, John M. Violanti, Michael E. Andrew Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A mechanistic approach to tracing anthropometric charts: The extended mechanistic growth function method
ConclusionsThe EMGF method represents a bridge to link cross‐sectional and longitudinal studies and allows us to identify milestones of the median growth in a population in the same way used for individual profiles. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Elena Spada, Giulio Gilli, Alessandra Coscia, Silvano Milani Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Scrambling for Africa: AIDS, Expertise, and the Rise of American Global Health Science. Edited by Johanna Tayloe Crane. 224 pp. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 2013. $89.95 (cloth), $27.95 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jeffrey Measelle Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

The Obesity Epidemic in North America: Connecting Biology and Culture. Edited by Anna Bellisari. 114 pp. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press. 2013. $15.50 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Peter J. Brown Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Lousy Sex: Creating Self in an Infectious World. By Gerald N. Callahan. 240 pp. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press. 2013. $19.95 (paper), $15.95 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Tara J. Cepon‐Robins Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Translating obesity: Navigating the front lines of the “war on fat”
ConclusionsTranslation of social science‐oriented obesity research for broader public good requires collaborative work across disciplines and fields, as well as between academics, professionals working in public health and medicine, policy makers, and other key stakeholders. Translation efforts must acknowledge and develop practical programs addressing the “obesity crisis,” but also are compelled to question core assumptions upon which obesity‐reduction interventions have thus far been based. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 24, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Sarah Trainer, Alexandra Brewis, Daniel Hruschka, Deborah Williams Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Relationships between digit ratio (2D:4D) and female competitive rowing performance
ConclusionsFemales with smaller 2D:4Ds rowed substantially faster than females with larger 2D:4Ds, with the 2D:4D possibly linked to underlying characteristics that have been optimized over time resulting in better rowing performance. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Melissa J. Hull, Natasha K. Schranz, John T. Manning, Grant R. Tomkinson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Relative leg length is associated with type 2 diabetes differently according to pubertal timing: The Brazilian longitudinal study of adult health
ConclusionsIn contemporary Brazilian adults, short legs relative to height is positively associated with diabetes independent of measures of intrauterine growth, pubertal timing, and young‐adult adiposity. This association is stronger in women with early menarche. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Noel T. Mueller, Bruce B. Duncan, Sandhi M. Barreto, Dora Chor, Alvaro Vigo, Estela M.L. Aquino, Ellen W. Demerath, Maria Inês Schmidt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Stable isotopes (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur), diet, and anthropometry in urban Colombian women: Investigating socioeconomic differences
ConclusionsStable isotope values revealed a difference between SES groups that was not explained by the dietary data. The relationship between diet and stable isotope composition is complex. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Richard L. Bender, Darna L. Dufour, Luciano O. Valenzuela, Thure E. Cerling, Matt Sponheimer, Julio C. Reina, James R. Ehleringer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Secular trends in physical fitness of Mozambican school‐aged children and adolescents
ConclusionsA negative secular trend among Mozambican children's PF was observed over the last two decades, suggesting that socio‐political, educational, and economical changes occurring during this period had a relevant effect on their PF. This negative trend suggests that development of intervention programs/strategies to improve PF among youth is warranted. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, António Prista, Thayse Natacha Queiroz Ferreira Gomes, Timóteo Daca, Aspacia Madeira, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, José António Ribeiro Maia Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Trading height for education in the marriage market
ConclusionsOur findings confirm that the physical characteristics that an individual brings to the marriage market influences the outcome in this market: physical attractiveness is exchanged in the marriage market for a higher educational attainment and the ability to earn a higher labor income. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michela Ponzo, Vincenzo Scoppa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

School day and weekend patterns of physical activity in urban 11‐year‐olds: A cross‐cultural comparison
ConclusionsWeekends seem to be an appropriate target when promoting PA in 11‐year‐olds in all the cities included in the study. Increasing vigorous activity on weekends seems to be of particular importance in Zagreb and Ljubljana. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gregor Jurak, Maroje Sorić, Gregor Starc, Marjeta Kovač, Marjeta Mišigoj‐Duraković, Katarina Borer, Janko Strel Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A Troublesome Inheritance: Genes, Race and Human History. Edited by Nicholas Wade. 288 pp. New York: Penguin Press. 2014. $27.95 (cloth), $17.00 (paper), $14.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher Irwin Smith Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Tracing Childhood: Bioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity. Edited by Jennifer L. Thompson, Marta P. Alfonso‐Durruty, and John J. Crandall. 288 pp. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 2014. $85.00 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gwen Robbins Schug Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Determining osteoporosis risk in older Colono adults from rural Amazonian Ecuador using calcaneal ultrasonometry
ConclusionsLow bone density and osteoporosis prevalence are expected to increase in this and other economically transitioning populations, yet infrastructure to monitor this changing epidemiological landscape is almost non‐existent. Human biologists are uniquely positioned to contribute data from remote populations, a critical step toward initiating increased resource allocation for diagnosis and prevention. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Felicia C. Madimenos, Melissa A. Liebert, Tara J. Cepon‐Robins, J. Josh Snodgrass, Lawrence S. Sugiyama Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Do physical activity and sedentary behavior relate to cardio‐metabolic risk factor clustering in indigenous Siberian adults?
ConclusionsObjectively measured physical activity was related to lower risk of cardio‐metabolic risk factor clustering within this sample of Yakut men, but not women. SB was not related to cardio‐metabolic indicators. Physical activity may contribute to a reduction in clustering of metabolic risk factors within indigenous circumpolar populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Hannah J. Wilson, William R. Leonard, Larissa A. Tarskaia, Tatiana M. Klimova, Vadim G. Krivoshapkin, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

To swaddle, or not to swaddle? paleoepidemiology of developmental dysplasia of the hip and the swaddling dilemma among the indigenous populations of North America
ConclusionsThe etiology of DDH suggests that components of both genetic predisposition and swaddling practices have combined to create a high‐risk environment for the development of DDH, contributing to high prevalence within archaeological populations, like Buffalo, and modern Indigenous groups of North America. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Samantha H. Blatt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Examining the utility of thresholds for aerobic fitness related to resting blood pressure and BMI in portuguese children
ConclusionsThis study suggests that the Ruiz et al. cut‐points are valid in distinguishing between children with higher and lower BMI and resting BP values. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 8, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Clarice Martins, Gustavo Silva, José Carlos Ribeiro, José Oliveira, Andreia Pizarro, Jorge Mota, Luisa Aires Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Local trends in diet in urban Colombia, 1990–1995 to 2008: Little evidence of a nutrition transition among low‐income women
ConclusionsThe changes in diet among low‐income women in Cali, Colombia between 1990–1995 and 2008 partially match national‐level trends in food supply and the theoretical expectations of a nutrition transition, but are nonetheless a localized phenomenon. They do not help explain concurrent changes in body size. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Darna L. Dufour, Richard L. Bender, Julio C. Reina Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Parental childhood growth and offspring birthweight: Pooled analyses from four birth cohorts in low and middle income countries
ConclusionsMaternal and paternal birthweight and growth from birth to 2 year each predict offspring birthweight. Maternal growth from MC‐adulthood, relative weight from 2‐MC and MC‐adulthood also predict offspring birthweight. These findings suggest that shared genes and/or adequate nutrition during early life for both parents may confer benefits to the next generation, and highlight the importance of maternal height and weight prior to conception. The stronger matrilineal than patrilineal relationships with offspring birth weight are consistent with the hypothesis that improving the early growth conditions of young ...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: O.Y. Addo, A.D. Stein, C.H.D Fall, D.P. Gigante, A.M. Guntupalli, B.L. Horta, C.W. Kuzawa, N. Lee, S.A. Norris, C. Osmond, P. Prabhakaran, L.M. Richter, H.P.S. Sachdev, R. Martorell, Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Trends and correlates of overweight and Obesity among adolescents from 2002 to 2010: A three‐cohort study based on a representative sample of Portuguese adolescents
ConclusionThe prevalence of overweight/obesity is still high, but seems to have stabilized. Physical activity, for boys, and perception of health, for girls, are factors associated with a lower likelihood of being overweight or obese. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Adilson Marques, Margarida Gaspar De Matos Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Could salivary cortisol predict preterm delivery? A biochemical evaluation
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Mehmet Agilli, Fevzi Nuri Aydin, Yasemin Gulcan Kurt, Tuncer Cayci Tags: Letter to Editor Source Type: research

The influence of relative body breadth on the diaphyseal morphology of the human lower limb
ConclusionsRelative body breadth is correlated with the periosteal geometry of the lower limb bones, particularly towards the proximal end of the femur diaphysis, but correlations in other regions also suggest integration of the diaphyseal geometry with epiphyseal dimensions. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Thomas G. Davies, Jay T. Stock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Response to Agilli et al.
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: James Lee, Ruby Fried, Zaneta Thayer, Christopher Kuzawa Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A meta‐analysis of pica and micronutrient status
ConclusionPica is significantly associated with increased risk for anemia and low Hb, Hct, and plasma Zn. Although the direction of the causal relationship between pica and micronutrient deficiency is unknown, the magnitude of these relationships is comparable to other well‐recognized causes of micronutrient deficiencies. Pica warrants greater public health attention; specifically the potential physiological mechanisms underpinning the relationship between pica and micronutrient deficiencies merit further study. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Diana Miao, Sera L. Young, Christopher D. Golden Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Daily environmental differences in blood pressure and heart rate variability in healthy premenopausal women
ConclusionsHR variability follows the expected variability pattern with behavior and activity, whereas BP does not. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Dana H. Bovbjerg, Leah A. Hill Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Continuous decrease of consanguineous marriages among arabs in israel
ConclusionsThe rates of consanguineous marriages among Israeli Arabs are decreasing but still high. Because consanguineous marriages are widely acceptable, the role of public health professionals and primary care personnel is to provide comprehensive information about the potential genetic risks of consanguinity on offspring health and to increase the accessibility of premarital and preconception counseling services. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Wasef Na'amnih, Orly Romano‐Zelekha, Ahmed Kabaha, Liza Pollack Rubin, Natalya Bilenko, Lutfi Jaber, Mira Honovich, Tamy Shohat Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Salivary cortisol and α‐amylase responses to repeated bouts of downhill running
ConclusionThe 24 h period group effect for salivary α‐amylase suggested an adaptation in the sympathoadrenal system that may alter the systemic inflammatory response to exercise‐induced muscle damage but may also reflect enhanced mucosal immunity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Andrew J. Mckune, Christopher W. Bach, Stuart J. Semple, Barry J. Dyer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Normalization of elevated cardiac, kidney, and hemolysis plasma markers within 48 h in Mexican Tarahumara runners following a 78 km race at moderate altitude
ConclusionsAltered cardiac, renal, and hemolysis plasma markers were normalized after 48 h following 78 km of running, suggesting that the impact of exercise‐induced cardiac and kidney damage as well as hemolysis in the Mexican Tarahumara is low. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dirk L. Christensen, Diana Espino, Rocío Infante‐Ramírez, Soren Brage, Dijana Terzic, Jens P. Goetze, Jesper Kjaergaard Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Mood, behavior, testosterone, cortisol, and interleukin‐6 in adults during immune activation: A pilot study to assess sickness behaviors in humans
ConclusionOur results, while generally confirming previous research on sickness behavior and hormone changes during infection, are suggestive, but not statistically significant and so neither confirm nor contradict our hypotheses. We attribute this lack of significance to both the small sample size, as well as possible confounding factors, including the psychosocial stress of entering an intensive study program. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Eric C. Shattuck, Michael P. Muehlenbein Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Sleep duration, sleep quality, and obesity risk among older adults from six middle‐income countries: Findings from the study on global ageing and adult health (SAGE)
ConclusionsThis study documented an association between short sleep duration and increased obesity risk, which is important given the global increase of obesity‐related diseases. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Theresa E. Gildner, Melissa A. Liebert, Paul Kowal, Somnath Chatterji, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research