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GSTM1, GSTP1, and GSTT1 genetic variability in Turkish and worldwide populations
ConclusionsThis study provides novel data about GSTM1 positive/null, GSTT1 positive/null, GSTP1*I105V, and GSTP1*A114V variants in the Turkish population, and other functional variants that may affect GSTM1, GSTT1, and GSTP1 functions among worldwide populations. This information can assist in the design of future genetic association studies investigating oxidative stress‐related diseases. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 16, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Sefayet Karaca, Mehmet Karaca, Tomris Cesuroglu, Sema Erge, Renato Polimanti Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 16, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

The mitochondrial DNA history of a former native American village in northern Uruguay
ConclusionsThe data support the existence of a relationship between the historic and present inhabitants of the extreme northwest Uruguay, with a strong contribution of Native Americans to the mitochondrial DNA diversity observed there. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - December 3, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Mónica Sans, Pablo Mones, Gonzalo Figueiro, Isabel Barreto, Josefina M.B. Motti, Michael D. Coble, Claudio M. Bravi, Pedro C. Hidalgo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Early Life Conditions and Rapid Demographic Changes in the Developing World: Consequences for Older Adult Health. By Mary McEniry. 216 pp. Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer Science and Business Media. 2014. $129.00 (cloth), $99.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Douglas E. Crews, Anthony J. Lawson Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

The Drunken Monkey: Why We Drink and Abuse Alcohol. By Robert Dudley. 184 pp. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2014. $34.95 (cloth or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Roger J. Sullivan Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Missing Microbes: How the Overuse of Antibiotics is Fueling our Modern Plagues. By Martin J. Blaser. 288 pp. New York: Henry Holt and Company. 2014. $28.00 (cloth), $16.00 (paper), $14.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gautam Dantas Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Relationship between submaximal oxygen uptake, detailed body composition, and resting energy expenditure in overweight subjects
ConclusionFFM is a determinant of both VO2submax and REE. Modeling either REE or VO2submax from individual components of FFM, about 77.1% of variance in REE (by muscle, liver and kidneys mass) and 34.8% of variance in VO2submax (by skeletal muscle mass) could be explained. FM explained additional variance in REE, whereas SAT of extremities added to the variance in VO2submax only. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Maryam Pourhassan, Benjamin Eggeling, Britta Schautz, Maike Johannsen, Dieter Kiosz, Claus‐Christian Glüer, Anja Bosy‐Westphal, Manfred James Müller Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Origins of marronage: Mitochondrial lineages of Jamaica's Accompong Town Maroons
ConclusionsOur data suggested that the maternal ancestry of contemporary Accompong Town Maroons is predominantly African and, despite claims to suggest otherwise, also indigenous American. Our study complemented Maroon oral histories, archeological data, and illuminated how colonization shaped human genetic variation within the Caribbean. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 13, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Nicole Madrilejo, Holden Lombard, Jada Benn Torres Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Hormonal evidence of selection in utero revisited
ConclusionThis more accurate test found similar results to those originally reported. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 8, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: R.A. Catalano, R.J. Currier, D. Steinsaltz Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Applying the community partnership approach to human biology research
This article describes a partnership‐based, 20 year relationship between community members of the Akwesasne Mohawk Nation and researchers at the University at Albany. As with many communities facing health disparity issues, research with Native Americans and indigenous peoples generally is inherently politicized. For Akwesasne, the contamination of their lands and waters is an environmental justice issue in which the community has faced unequal exposure to, and harm by environmental toxicants. As human biologists engage in more partnership‐type research, it is important to understand the long term goals of the communit...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 7, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Julia Ravenscroft, Lawrence M. Schell, Tewentahawihtha Cole Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Repositioning the Cobb human archive: The merger of a skeletal collection and its texts
This article outlines the process of constructing an improved study sample for biocultural analysis by merging skeletal remains from the collection with their associated texts. The merging allows for the inclusion of individuals from the original series for whom we no longer have skeletons. We argue that this step is necessary to construct a data set that reflects the demographic breadth (age, ethnicity, social class) of the original collection, taking into account a substantial number of skeletons lost during storage and disuse. The mechanics of this process were informed by a critical and humanistic orientation toward hu...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 7, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Rachel Watkins, Jennifer Muller Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Prenatal hormones in first‐time expectant parents: Longitudinal changes and within‐couple correlations
ConclusionsThe current study represents one of the most extensive investigations to date of prenatal hormones in expectant couples. It is also the first study to demonstrate prenatal testosterone changes in expectant fathers and within‐couple correlations in progesterone. We discuss implications of these findings for parental behavior and adjustment. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Robin S. Edelstein, Britney M. Wardecker, William J. Chopik, Amy C. Moors, Emily L. Shipman, Natalie J. Lin Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Validation and modification of dried blood spot‐based glycosylated hemoglobin assay for the longitudinal aging study in India
ConclusionsThe DBS‐based HbA1c values are highly correlated with venous results. The pre‐treatment of filter paper does not appear to be necessary. The poor results from the first pretest are probably due to factors unrelated to the protocol, such as problems with the chemistry analyzer or assay reagents. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Peifeng Hu, Michael Edenfield, Alan Potter, Varsha Kale, Arun Risbud, Sharon Williams, Jinkook Lee, David E. Bloom, Eileen Crimmins, Teresa Seeman Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Animal Body Size: Linking Pattern and Process across Space, Time, and Taxonomic Group. Edited by Felisa A. Smith and S. Kathleen Lyons. 280 pp. Chicago, IL: The University of Chicago Press. 2013. $50.00 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Stephen R. Frost Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Childhood Obesity in America: Biography of an Epidemic. By Laura Dawes. 320 pp. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2014. $45.00 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Amanda L. Thompson Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Segmental fat‐free and fat mass measurements by bioelectrical impedance analysis in 2,224 healthy spanish women aged 18–85 years
ConclusionsOur results indicate that age‐related increases in weight were at least partially due to increased adiposity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Juan D. Pedrera‐Zamorano, Raul Roncero‐Martin, Jesus M. Lavado‐Garcia, Julian F. Calderon‐Garcia, Purificacion Rey‐Sanchez, Vicente Vera, Mariana Martinez, Jose M. Moran Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Testosterone and male cognitive performance in Tsimane forager‐horticulturalists
ConclusionTsimane men show positive associations between testosterone and cognitive performance, particularly for recall and visual scanning, despite higher immune burden. Testosterone may help motivate both physical and cognitive capacities that were essential for extracting the difficult‐to‐acquire, high‐quality resources upon which humans relied over evolutionary history. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Benjamin C. Trumble, Jonathan Stieglitz, Melissa Emery Thompson, Eric Fuerstenberg, Hillard Kaplan, Michael Gurven Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

The relationship between facial shape asymmetry and attractiveness in Mexican students
ConclusionsAsymmetry was a prevalent feature in the present sample, and preferences for symmetric faces were not operating in the studied population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Arodi Farrera, María Villanueva, Mirsha Quinto‐Sánchez, Rolando González‐José Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Increasing parental age at childbirth is associated with greater insulin sensitivity and more favorable metabolic profile in overweight adult male offspring
ConclusionsIncreasing parental age at childbirth was associated with a more favorable metabolic phenotype in overweight middle‐aged males. However, it is unknown whether the effect was maternal, paternal, or both. Future studies on the effects of parental age at childbirth on the metabolism of males and females across the BMI range are required. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Benjamin B. Albert, Martin De Bock, José G.B. Derraik, Christine M. Brennan, Janene B. Biggs, Paul L. Hofman, Wayne S Cutfield Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Scaling of adult regional body mass and body composition as a whole to height: Relevance to body shape and body mass index
ConclusionsAdult human body shape and relative composition are a function of body size as represented by stature, a finding that reveals a previously unrecognized phenotypic heterogeneity as defined by BMI. These observations provide new pathways for exploring mechanisms governing the interrelations between adult stature, body morphology, biomechanics, and metabolism. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: John M. Schuna, Courtney M. Peterson, Diana M. Thomas, Moonseong Heo, Sangmo Hong, Woong Choi, Steven B. Heymsfield Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Designing mental health interventions informed by child development and human biology theory: A social ecology intervention for child soldiers in Nepal
ABSTRACT The anthropological study of human biology, health, and child development provides a model with potential to address the gap in population‐wide mental health interventions. Four key concepts from human biology can inform public mental health interventions: life history theory and tradeoffs, redundancy and plurality of pathways, cascades and multiplier effects in biological systems, and proximate feedback systems. A public mental health intervention for former child soldiers in Nepal is used to illustrate the role of these concepts in intervention design and evaluation. Future directions and recommendations for a...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Brandon A. Kohrt, Mark J.D. Jordans, Suraj Koirala, Carol M. Worthman Tags: Feature Article (invited only) Source Type: research

Development, validation, and use of a semi‐quantitative food frequency questionnaire for assessing protein intake in Papua New Guinean Highlanders
ConclusionsThe newly developed 32‐item FFQ for PNG Highlanders is applicable for evaluation of protein intake at the individual level. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - November 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ayako Morita, Kazumi Natsuhara, Eriko Tomitsuka, Shingo Odani, Jun Baba, Kiyoshi Tadokoro, Katsura Igai, Andrew R. Greenhill, Paul F. Horwood, Kevin W. Soli, Suparat Phuanukoonnon, Peter M. Siba, Masahiro Umezaki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Reductions in urinary collection frequency for assessment of reproductive hormones provide physiologically representative exposure and mean concentrations when compared with daily collection
ConclusionsCompared with daily urinary collection, a reduced collection frequency of 5, 3, or 2 days each week provides accurate E1G and PdG profiles of collection periods of various lengths and types of menstrual function. Reduction of urinary sample collection frequency may enable researchers to reduce participant burden and costs, increase compliance, and study a wider range of study populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Heather C.M. Allaway, Nancy I. Williams, Rebecca J. Mallinson, Karsten Koehler, Mary Jane Souza Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Prevalence, trends, and determinants of menopause in India: NFHS 1992–93 to NFHS 2005–06
ConclusionsWomen of poor socio‐economic status have an earlier age at menopause and may be unable to utilize their full reproductive potential. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Arupendra Mozumdar, Praween K. Agrawal Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Prevalence of overweight and obesity in older Mexican adults and its association with physical activity and related factors: An analysis of the study on global ageing and adult health
ConclusionsThe study results contribute to the current understanding of obesity etiology in Mexico, and moreover confirm that overweight and obesity are current public health problems that must be addressed in specific subgroups of older adults. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 23, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gabriela Rivas‐Marino, Joel Negin, Arón Salinas‐Rodríguez, Betty Manrique‐Espinoza, Kirstin N. Sterner, Josh Snodgrass, Paul Kowal Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 23, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Translating human biology (introduction to special issue)
ConclusionsHuman biology has significant unmet potential to engage more fully in translation for the public good, through consideration of the topics we focus on, the processes of doing our science, and the way we present our domain expertise. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Alexandra A. Brewis, James J. Mckenna Tags: Review Source Type: research

Diurnal variation in salivary cortisol across age classes in Ache Amerindian males of Paraguay
ConclusionAche Amerindian men exhibit a flattening of the diurnal rhythm across age classes. Our results were able to capture both within‐ and between‐individual variations in cortisol levels, and reflected age‐related contrasts in daily cortisol fluctuations. The flattening of the diurnal rhythm with age among the Ache may reflect a common and shared aspect of male senescence across ecological contexts and lifestyles. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dorsa Amir, Peter T. Ellison, Kim R. Hill, Richard G. Bribiescas Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Paternal age predicts offspring chances of marriage and reproduction
ConclusionsAs marriage is a prerequisite of reproduction in this sample, we discuss that mate choice may provide a mechanism to prevent too high mutation load in the progeny. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Martin Fieder, Susanne Huber Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Comparison of total body and abdominal adiposity indexes to dual x‐ray absorptiometry scan in obese adolescents
ConclusionThe BAI initially developed in adults presented a better but still weak association with DXA‐%FM when compared with the BAIw and BAIp. The three indices thus do not provide better estimate of obese adolescents' adiposity than the widely used Body Mass Index. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: David Thivel, Grace O'Malley, Bruno Pereira, Pascale Duché, Julien Aucouturier Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The digit ratio (2D:4D) in China: A meta‐analysis
ConclusionsWe concluded that the sex differences in Chinese 2D:4D are consistent with the results from western studies, and that genetic pool differences rather than latitude‐related environmental variables affect the 2D:4D in China. In addition, 2D:4D measurements obtained by different digit measurement techniques should not be combined within one study, or used together in comparative studies. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 6, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Yin Xu, Yong Zheng Tags: Review Source Type: research

Percentiles and regional distribution of skinfold thickness among children and adolescents in Shandong, China
ConclusionThe SFT level of children and adolescents is associated with regional SES in Shandong, China. This may be interpreted as a result of geographic variation between the districts in the process of urbanization, living standards, nutritional conditions, dietary patterns, and public health. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 3, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ying‐Xiu Zhang, Jin‐Shan Zhao, Zun‐Hua Chu Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Leptin, adiponectin, and heart rate variability among police officers
ConclusionsLeptin levels were inversely associated with LF HRV, especially among officers with increased adiposity. Increased leptin levels may be associated with CVD‐related health problems. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Luenda E. Charles, Cecil M. Burchfiel, Khachatur Sarkisian, Shengqiao Li, Diane B. Miller, Ja K. Gu, Desta Fekedulegn, John M. Violanti, Michael E. Andrew Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A mechanistic approach to tracing anthropometric charts: The extended mechanistic growth function method
ConclusionsThe EMGF method represents a bridge to link cross‐sectional and longitudinal studies and allows us to identify milestones of the median growth in a population in the same way used for individual profiles. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Elena Spada, Giulio Gilli, Alessandra Coscia, Silvano Milani Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Scrambling for Africa: AIDS, Expertise, and the Rise of American Global Health Science. Edited by Johanna Tayloe Crane. 224 pp. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 2013. $89.95 (cloth), $27.95 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jeffrey Measelle Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

The Obesity Epidemic in North America: Connecting Biology and Culture. Edited by Anna Bellisari. 114 pp. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press. 2013. $15.50 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Peter J. Brown Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Lousy Sex: Creating Self in an Infectious World. By Gerald N. Callahan. 240 pp. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press. 2013. $19.95 (paper), $15.95 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Tara J. Cepon‐Robins Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Translating obesity: Navigating the front lines of the “war on fat”
ConclusionsTranslation of social science‐oriented obesity research for broader public good requires collaborative work across disciplines and fields, as well as between academics, professionals working in public health and medicine, policy makers, and other key stakeholders. Translation efforts must acknowledge and develop practical programs addressing the “obesity crisis,” but also are compelled to question core assumptions upon which obesity‐reduction interventions have thus far been based. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 24, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Sarah Trainer, Alexandra Brewis, Daniel Hruschka, Deborah Williams Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Relationships between digit ratio (2D:4D) and female competitive rowing performance
ConclusionsFemales with smaller 2D:4Ds rowed substantially faster than females with larger 2D:4Ds, with the 2D:4D possibly linked to underlying characteristics that have been optimized over time resulting in better rowing performance. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Melissa J. Hull, Natasha K. Schranz, John T. Manning, Grant R. Tomkinson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Relative leg length is associated with type 2 diabetes differently according to pubertal timing: The Brazilian longitudinal study of adult health
ConclusionsIn contemporary Brazilian adults, short legs relative to height is positively associated with diabetes independent of measures of intrauterine growth, pubertal timing, and young‐adult adiposity. This association is stronger in women with early menarche. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Noel T. Mueller, Bruce B. Duncan, Sandhi M. Barreto, Dora Chor, Alvaro Vigo, Estela M.L. Aquino, Ellen W. Demerath, Maria Inês Schmidt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Stable isotopes (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur), diet, and anthropometry in urban Colombian women: Investigating socioeconomic differences
ConclusionsStable isotope values revealed a difference between SES groups that was not explained by the dietary data. The relationship between diet and stable isotope composition is complex. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Richard L. Bender, Darna L. Dufour, Luciano O. Valenzuela, Thure E. Cerling, Matt Sponheimer, Julio C. Reina, James R. Ehleringer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Secular trends in physical fitness of Mozambican school‐aged children and adolescents
ConclusionsA negative secular trend among Mozambican children's PF was observed over the last two decades, suggesting that socio‐political, educational, and economical changes occurring during this period had a relevant effect on their PF. This negative trend suggests that development of intervention programs/strategies to improve PF among youth is warranted. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, António Prista, Thayse Natacha Queiroz Ferreira Gomes, Timóteo Daca, Aspacia Madeira, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, José António Ribeiro Maia Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Trading height for education in the marriage market
ConclusionsOur findings confirm that the physical characteristics that an individual brings to the marriage market influences the outcome in this market: physical attractiveness is exchanged in the marriage market for a higher educational attainment and the ability to earn a higher labor income. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michela Ponzo, Vincenzo Scoppa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

School day and weekend patterns of physical activity in urban 11‐year‐olds: A cross‐cultural comparison
ConclusionsWeekends seem to be an appropriate target when promoting PA in 11‐year‐olds in all the cities included in the study. Increasing vigorous activity on weekends seems to be of particular importance in Zagreb and Ljubljana. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gregor Jurak, Maroje Sorić, Gregor Starc, Marjeta Kovač, Marjeta Mišigoj‐Duraković, Katarina Borer, Janko Strel Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A Troublesome Inheritance: Genes, Race and Human History. Edited by Nicholas Wade. 288 pp. New York: Penguin Press. 2014. $27.95 (cloth), $17.00 (paper), $14.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher Irwin Smith Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Tracing Childhood: Bioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity. Edited by Jennifer L. Thompson, Marta P. Alfonso‐Durruty, and John J. Crandall. 288 pp. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 2014. $85.00 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gwen Robbins Schug Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Determining osteoporosis risk in older Colono adults from rural Amazonian Ecuador using calcaneal ultrasonometry
ConclusionsLow bone density and osteoporosis prevalence are expected to increase in this and other economically transitioning populations, yet infrastructure to monitor this changing epidemiological landscape is almost non‐existent. Human biologists are uniquely positioned to contribute data from remote populations, a critical step toward initiating increased resource allocation for diagnosis and prevention. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Felicia C. Madimenos, Melissa A. Liebert, Tara J. Cepon‐Robins, J. Josh Snodgrass, Lawrence S. Sugiyama Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Do physical activity and sedentary behavior relate to cardio‐metabolic risk factor clustering in indigenous Siberian adults?
ConclusionsObjectively measured physical activity was related to lower risk of cardio‐metabolic risk factor clustering within this sample of Yakut men, but not women. SB was not related to cardio‐metabolic indicators. Physical activity may contribute to a reduction in clustering of metabolic risk factors within indigenous circumpolar populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Hannah J. Wilson, William R. Leonard, Larissa A. Tarskaia, Tatiana M. Klimova, Vadim G. Krivoshapkin, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

To swaddle, or not to swaddle? paleoepidemiology of developmental dysplasia of the hip and the swaddling dilemma among the indigenous populations of North America
ConclusionsThe etiology of DDH suggests that components of both genetic predisposition and swaddling practices have combined to create a high‐risk environment for the development of DDH, contributing to high prevalence within archaeological populations, like Buffalo, and modern Indigenous groups of North America. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Samantha H. Blatt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Examining the utility of thresholds for aerobic fitness related to resting blood pressure and BMI in portuguese children
ConclusionsThis study suggests that the Ruiz et al. cut‐points are valid in distinguishing between children with higher and lower BMI and resting BP values. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 8, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Clarice Martins, Gustavo Silva, José Carlos Ribeiro, José Oliveira, Andreia Pizarro, Jorge Mota, Luisa Aires Tags: Short Report Source Type: research