Medicine RSS Search Engine

American Journal of Human Biology

This page shows you the latest items in this publication.

Sleep duration, sleep quality, and obesity risk among older adults from six middle‐income countries: Findings from the study on global ageing and adult health (SAGE)
ConclusionsThis study documented an association between short sleep duration and increased obesity risk, which is important given the global increase of obesity‐related diseases. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Theresa E. Gildner, Melissa A. Liebert, Paul Kowal, Somnath Chatterji, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Ancient DNA evidence reveals that the Y chromosome haplogroup Q1a1 admixed into the Han Chinese 3,000 years ago
ConclusionsThe origins of the observed haplotypes and their distribution in present day Han Chinese and in the samples suggest that haplogroup Q1a1 was probably introduced into the Han Chinese population approximately 3,000 years ago. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Yong‐Bin Zhao, Ye Zhang, Hong‐Jie Li, Ying‐Qiu Cui, Hong Zhu, Hui Zhou Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The anthropometry of children and adolescents may be influenced by the prenatal smoking habits of their grandmothers: A longitudinal cohort study
ConclusionsThis study indicates that smoking in humans can have sex‐specific transgenerational effects. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jean Golding, Kate Northstone, Steven Gregory, Laura L. MILLER, Marcus Pembrey Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Over the sands and far away: Interpreting an Iberian mitochondrial lineage with ancient Western African origins
ConclusionsResults are concordant with a previously proposed Neolithic connection between Southern Europe and Western Africa, which might be key to the proper understanding of the ancient links between these two continents. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 11, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Antonio F. Pardiñas, José Luis Martínez, Agustín Roca, Eva García‐Vazquez, Belén López Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Area‐level socioeconomic disparities impact adult overweight and obesity risks of han ethnicity in China
ConclusionMen living in high SES areas as well as women living at the lowest SES areas were most likely to be at the highest risk of overweight and obesity in China. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dapeng Zhao, Lianbin Zheng, Yonglan Li, Keli Yu, Xinghua Zhang Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Dynamics of human biocultural diversity: A unified approach. By Elisa J. Sobo. 356 pp. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. 2012. $39.95 (paper), $39.95 (e‐book)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ivy L. Pike Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Evolution and medicine. By Robert L. Perlman. xi + 162 pp. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2013. $98.50 (hardcover), $44.95 (paperback)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher Kuzawa Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The effect of age on DNA concentration from whole saliva: Implications for the standard isolation method
ConclusionsAge determines, at least in part, the high variability observed in the concentration of DNA isolated from saliva samples. This fact should be taken into account for a better standardization of the DNA isolation to ensure DNA banking in large‐scale genetic studies involving children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Patricia Gassó, Mireia Pagerols, Itziar Flamarique, Josefina Castro‐Fornieles, Natalia Rodriguez, Sergi Mas, Sarah Curran, Katherine Aitchison, Paramala Santosh, Amalia Lafuente, Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Ethnic inequalities and sex differences in body mass index among tibet minorities in China: Implication for Overweight And Obesity Risks
Conclusion: One possible reason for ethnic disparity among Tibet minorities in the present study is special dietary elements. Measures to prevent and cope with the problem of overweight and obesity among Tibet minorities are urgently required. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 23, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dapeng Zhao, Yonglan Li, Lianbin Zheng Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Body symmetry and physical strength in human males
ConclusionsWe conclude that in males, body symmetry and physical strength are correlated such that symmetric individuals tend to develop higher strength, which may contribute to their success in inter‐ and intra‐sexual selection. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Bernhard Fink, Bettina Weege, John T. Manning, Robert Trivers Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Y‐chromosome analysis in a Northwest Iberian population: Unraveling the impact of Northern African lineages
ConclusionsNo differences between regions or sub‐structure due to geographical boundaries were detected. The specific Northwest African male lineages observed contrast with the mitochondrial DNA data, where the majority of African lineages were found to be sub‐Saharan. This work made it possible to study the impact of recent historical events in the male gene pool in the province of Zamora in Spain. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Luis Alvarez, Estela Ciria, Sofia L. Marques, Cristina Santos, Maria Pilar Aluja Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Evidence of inbreeding depression on height, weight, and body mass index: A population‐based child cohort study
ConclusionsOur results provide the evidence of inbreeding depression on height, weight, and BMI being important in context of child health. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Mohd Fareed, Mohammad Afzal Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Nutrient intakes associated with elevated serum C‐reactive protein concentrations in normal to underweight breastfeeding women in Northern Kenya
ConclusionsThe effects of specific dietary nutrients on inflammatory status may vary with BMI or, in women, reproductive status. Further research should investigate the role of dietary fats, fatty acids, and antioxidant vitamins across populations with a wide range of BMI, including postpartum women. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Masako Fujita, Eleanor Brindle, Yun‐jia Lo, Pamela Castro, Felipe Cameroamortegui Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A comparison of methods for assessing mortality
ConclusionsMethods for quantifying biological risk provide important approaches to improving our understanding of the causes and consequences of changes in physiological function and dysregulation. Biological Age offers an alternative and, in some cases a more accurate summary approach to the traditionally used methods, such as Allostatic Load and Framingham Risk Score. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Morgan E. Levine, Eileen M. Crimmins Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Prenatal testosterone of progenitors could be involved in the etiology of both anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorders of their offspring
ConclusionsOur data partially support the view of high prenatal masculinization as a potential intermediate phenotype to the development of these disorders in their offspring. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ángel Romero‐Martínez, Luis Moya‐Albiol Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Analytical strategies in human growth research
This article provides an overview of the key analytical strategies available to human biologists in increasing order of complexity, starting with a review on how to express cross‐sectional measurements of size, before covering growth (conditional regression models, regression with conditional growth measures), growth curves (individual growth curves, mixed effects growth curves, latent growth curves), and patterns of growth (growth mixture modeling). The article is not a statistical treatise and has been written by a human biologist for human biologists; as such, it should be accessible to anyone with training in at leas...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: William Johnson Tags: Methods Series (invited only) Source Type: research

Reconstructing obesity: The meaning of measures and the measure of meanings. Edited by Megan McCullough and Jessica Hardin. 256 pp. New York: Berghahn Books. 2013. $90.00 (cloth and e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: David Himmelgreen Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Some evidence for health‐related marriage selection
ConclusionsThe results provide evidence for direct health‐related marriage selection in men between 25 and 60 years of age. Poor health status reduces the likelihood of marriage. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Anna Lipowicz Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Differential circadian catecholamine and cortisol responses between healthy women with and without a parental history of hypertension
ConclusionThese findings suggest that there may be genetically linked mechanisms which elevate tonic epinephrine levels and nocturnal cortisol levels that contribute to elevating circadian BP. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Alexandria S. Alfarano, Helene M. van Berge‐Landry Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The relationship between BMI and dietary intake of primary school children from a rural area of South Africa: The Ellisras longitudinal study
ConclusionThis study supports previous findings about BMI and dietary trends in rural areas of South Africa. Despite low fat intake of the subjects, this macronutrient appeared to predict BMI most strongly. More research is needed; however, to further examine how healthy their lifestyle is nowadays with respect to diet and into what extent the nutrition transition has reached this area. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: C. Ende, J.W.R. Twisk, K.D. Monyeki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Contribution of body composition components and soft‐tissue biochemical factors to genetic variation of body mass index (BMI) in an ethnically homogeneous population
ConclusionsThis study clearly suggests that FM and FFM contributed almost equally to BMI variation, and provides evidence that this contribution is caused by common genetic as well as shared environmental and metabolic factors. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Tasbulat Dosaev, Jai Prakash, Gregory Livshits Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Haplotype and nucleotide variation in the exon 3‐VNTR of the DRD4 gene from indigenous and urban populations of Mexico
ConclusionsA differentiation in the DRD4‐VNTR of global relevance occurs between northern and southern populations of Mexico suggesting that the Mexican Trans‐volcanic Belt has been a major frontier for human dispersion in the Americas. Ancient trespass of this barrier appears thus related to a major change in the population structure of the DRD4‐VNTR. Distinctive and independent patterns of DRD4‐VNTR diversity occur among the two Mexican indigenous populations by a still undefined combination of drift and selection. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ana Julia Aguirre‐Samudio, Carlos Sabás Cruz‐Fuentes, Blanca Zoila González‐Sobrino, Verónica Gutiérrez‐Pérez, Luis Medrano‐González Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Further observations on associations between the ADA gene and past malaria morbidity in Sardinia
ConclusionsThe ADA gene shows other polymorphic sites further studies on their role in human adaptation to malaria could be rewarding. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Fulvia Gloria‐Bottini, Patrizia Saccucci, Gianfranco Meloni, Egidio Bottini Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Change in Height, Weight, and body mass index: Longitudinal data from Austria
ConclusionsWeight is strongly related to aging. In older individuals height loss affects BMI and masks weight loss to some degree. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Raphael Simon Peter, Ella Fromm, Jochen Klenk, Hans Concin, Gabriele Nagel Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Postnatal growth velocity and overweight in early adolescents: A comparison of rural and urban African boys and girls
ConclusionHigh weight and height growth velocity in infancy, independent of size at birth, is highly associated with overweight in early adolescence. However, the long term effects of rapid growth in infancy may be dependent on a particular population's socio‐economic status and level of urbanization. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: E.D. Chirwa, P. Griffiths, K. Maleta, P. Ashorn, J.M. Pettifor, S.A. Norris Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Parental perceptions of neighborhood environments, BMI, and active behaviors in girls aged 7–9 years
ConclusionThe study found some significant relationships between parental perceptions of the environment and BMI and habitual PA of Portuguese girls, especially related to security for walking and unpleasant neighborhoods, and access to destinations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Aristides M. Machado‐Rodrigues, Ana Santana, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourão, Helena Nogueira, Victor Rosado, Cristina Padez Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Atherosclerosis in mummified human remains from Vilnius, Lithuania (18th–19th centuries AD): A computed tomographic investigation
ConclusionsIn accordance with recent, significant data, this study further demonstrates the antiquity of this disease. Documentary and ethnographic data suggest that lifestyle may have played a role in the onset of atherosclerosis in these individuals. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dario Piombino‐Mascali, Rimantas Jankauskas, Algirdas Tamošiūnas, Ramūnas Valančius, Randall C. Thompson, Stephanie Panzer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Intergenerational effects of early life nutrition: Maternal leg length predicts offspring placental weight and birth weight among women in rural Luzon, Philippines
ConclusionMaternal leg length is the component of stature that most strongly predicts offspring placental weight and BW in this sample. These findings suggest that fetal nutrition and growth in the present generation are influenced, in part, by the mother's own early life growth conditions. Our results add to evidence that fetal nutrition tracks the mother's past nutritional experiences, while also suggesting that ensuring favorable growth conditions during infancy and early childhood may benefit not only the present generation, but future offspring. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: America...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Green C. Chung, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Common variants in BDNF, FAIM2, FTO, MC4R, NEGR1, and SH2B1 show association with obesity‐related variables in Spanish Roma population
ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that SNPs in or near six genes (BDNF, FAIM2, FTO, MC4R, NEGR1, and SH2B1) are significantly associated with body fat accumulation and distribution in Roma people. However, the association observed among variants in the first intron of FTO and obesity in European derived populations is not evident in the analyzed Roma sample. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Alaitz Poveda, María Eugenia Ibáñez, Esther Rebato Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Anthropometric and lifestyle characteristics of active and inactive saudi and british adolescents
ConclusionThe present study identifies crosscultural differences and similarities in lifestyle habits in adolescents from Britain and Saudi Arabia. Activity status (active vs. inactive) appears to play an important role in other lifestyle related behaviors, with active adolescent more likely to engage in healthy dietary behavior than their inactive peers, irrespective of country of origin. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 17, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Hazzaa M. Al‐hazzaa, Yahya Al‐Nakeeb, Hana I. Al‐Sobayel, Nada A. Abahussain, Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Mark Lyons, Peter Collins, Alan Nevill Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Exploring secular changes in the association between BMI and waist circumference in Mexican‐Origin and white women: A comparison of Mexico and the United States
ConclusionWC for the same BMI has increased in Mexican‐American, white, and Mexican women of reproductive age. These patterns may have implications for future cardio‐metabolic burden in Mexico and the US. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 11, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Sandra S. Albrecht, Simon Barquera, Barry M. Popkin Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Interrelations between anthropometric and fitness changes during mid‐adolescence in boys: A 2‐year longitudinal study
ConclusionMotor and physical fitness improved significantly from 13 to 15 years, showing definite interrelationships with anthropometric growth during the mid‐adolescence period. Awareness and education about these changes are recommended as it can have significant effects on the sport performance and fitness training of boys during mid‐adolescence. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Barend P. Gerber, Anita E. Pienaar, Ankebe Kruger, Suria Ellis Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Socio‐environmental variables associated with malnutrition and intestinal parasitoses in the child population of Misiones, Argentina
ConclusionsThe similarity between rural and middle urban groups in stunting prevalence reveals that cities are not healthier than rural environments. On the contrary, the fact that the rural group presents the lowest prevalence of overweight reaffirms that poverty and malnutrition are progressively moving from rural to urban areas, and that rural children have still more diverse and healthy diets favored by the consumption of homemade products (i.e., orchards, animal husbandry, etc.), placing them at an earlier stage of the nutrition transition. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Jou...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 9, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: María L. Zonta, Evelia E. Oyhenart, Graciela T. Navone Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Height, its components, and coagulability among older Chinese: The Guangzhou biobank cohort study
ConclusionsFor the first time we provide anthropometric evidence for the different roles of prepubertal and pubertal influences in relation to Hct and HGB. Whether factors that promote leg growth but reduce growth of sitting height may help to prevent cardiovascular events, via effects on hypercoagulability or viscosity, overall or in specific subgroups, remains to be determined. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 7, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Y. Zhong, C.Q. Jiang, K.K. Cheng, W.S. Zhang, B. Liu, Y.L. Jin, T.H. Lam, G.M. Leung, C.M. Schooling Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Preterm delivery as a predictor of diurnal cortisol profiles in adulthood: Evidence from Cebu, Philippines
ConclusionsThese findings point to potential long‐term effects of having been born preterm on adult HPA‐axis function, and add to evidence from this and other populations for sex differences in the biological and health impacts of prenatal stress exposure. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: James Lee, Ruby Fried, Zaneta Thayer, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 4, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Age and size at maturity in Indonesian women: A norm of reaction?
ConclusionsOur results lend support to McIntyre and Kacerosky's explanation as to why the relationship between age at menarche and height switches from negative to positive as the society industrializes. Furthermore, our results imply that the model (the Day and Rowe model) and theory (life history theory) on which this explanation is based are plausible. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Kitae Sohn Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Is there an influence of modern life style on skeletal build?
ConclusionsThe present investigation confirms the decline in relative elbow breadth in recent decades. Analogue, but even more pronounced changes were detected in pelvic breadth that coincides with the modern decline in upright locomotion. The findings underscore the phenotypic plasticity of humans while adapting to new environmental conditions. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 21, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christiane Scheffler, Michael Hermanussen Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality. By Helen E. Longino. 256 pp. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. 2013. $75.00 (cloth), $25.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Frances J. White Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Non‐linear associations between stature and mate choice characteristics for American men and their spouses
ConclusionsShorter men faced a double disadvantage with respect to both their own mate quality and that of their spouses. Scores of taller men were only marginally higher than those of average height men, suggesting that being tall is less important than not being short. Although effect sizes were small, our results may partly explain why shorter and taller men have lower fertility than those of average stature. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 12, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gert Stulp, Melinda Mills, Thomas V. Pollet, Louise Barrett Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The association between cardiovascular risk factors and high blood pressure in adolescents: A school‐based study
ConclusionsThe number of cardiovascular risk factors was found to be related to high blood pressure in adolescents. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Diego G.D. Christofaro, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Arli R. Oliveira, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Mauro V.G. Barros, Raphael M. Ritti‐Dias Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Revisiting the daily human birth pattern: Time of delivery at casa de maternidad in Madrid (1887–1892)
ConclusionsThe results confirm that non‐intervened human birth has a clear diurnal cycle, with a higher incidence of deliveries in the early morning or morning. The shift in distribution during the winter and summer solstices seems to confirm the effect of light on the labor process. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 2, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Carlos Varea, Susana Fernández‐Cerezo Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

The nutrition transition in the Venezuelan Amazonia: Increased overweight and obesity with transculturation
ConclusionsTransculturation in these Amerindian populations is associated with an increase in overweight and obesity coexisting with undernourished children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: G. Hidalgo, E. Marini, W. Sanchez, M. Contreras, I. Estrada, O. Comandini, R. Buffa, M. Magris, M.G. Dominguez‐Bello Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Human Evolutionary Genetics (2nd edition). By Mark Jobling, Edward Hollox, Matthew Hurles, Toomas Kivisild, and Chris Tyler‐Smith. 650 pp. New York: Garland Science. 2013. $130.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Abigail W. Bigham Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

IL‐6(−572/−597) polymorphism and expression in HBV disease chronicity in an Indian population
ConclusionsThese preliminary findings indicate a potential role of IL‐6(−572/−597) genotypes in HBV disease pathogenesis in an Indian population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Roli Saxena, Yogesh Kumar Chawla, Indu Verma, Jyotdeep Kaur Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The Story of the Human Body: Evolution, Health, and Disease. By Daniel E. Lieberman. xii + 460 pp. New York: Pantheon Books. 2013. $27.95 (cloth), $11.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Wenda Trevathan Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of facial morphology between Okinawa Islanders and mainland Japanese using three‐dimensional images
ConclusionsThis study quantitatively identified differences in the facial morphology between Okinawa Islanders and mainland Japanese using 3D digital images, with special emphases on the differences in the nasal height and the prominence of the glabella and nasal root. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Eri Miyazato, Kyoko Yamaguchi, Hitoshi Fukase, Hajime Ishida, Ryosuke Kimura Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Syndemic Suffering: Social Distress, Depression, and Diabetes among Mexican Immigrant Women. By Emily Mendenhall. 145 pp. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. 2012. $94.00 (cloth), $29.95 (paper or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jason A. DeCaro Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Testing hypothesized predictors of immune activation in tanzanian infants and children: Community, household, caretaker, and child effects
ConclusionsAmong children in Tanzania, a single elevated CRP does not predict poor growth functioning. Elevated CRP is associated with individual, caretaker, household, and community‐level variables. Future work should strive to measure local biologies in more nuanced ways. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Craig Hadley, Jason A. Decaro Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research