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Normal growth, altered growth? Study of the relationship between harris lines and bone form within a post‐medieval plague cemetery (Dendermonde, Belgium, 16th Century)
ConclusionsThe results suggest that HLs can have a certain impact on shape parameters. The underlying causes can be various, especially for the early formed HLs. However, HLs deposited around puberty are more likely to be physiological lines reflecting hormonal secretions. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 24, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Alexandra Boucherie, Dominique Castex, Caroline Polet, Sacha Kacki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic analysis of novel Alu insertion polymorphisms in selected indian populations
ConclusionThe overall results show that these Indian samples, though displaying significant genetic variation and differences among themselves, form an Indian cluster, which as expected, is distinct from the European sample (Russian). As Alus are easily analyzed and quantified by standard and cost‐effective methodologies, this finding further reinforces their utility as effective population genetic markers. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Susie Laybourn, Elizabeth Claire Akam, Nick Cox, Puneetpal Singh, Sarabjit S. Mastana Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Lifestyle mediates seasonal changes in metabolic health among the yakut (sakha) of northeastern siberia
ConclusionsWhile seasonal changes in anthropometric dimensions were modest, Yakut men and women experienced significant increases in total cholesterol and HDL cholesterol from summer to winter. These results also suggest that while Yakut individuals with greater subsistence participation are more buffered from adverse seasonal changes in cholesterol levels, they may be at a greater risk for winter increases in blood pressure. Furthermore, the interactions between lifestyle and seasonal change in metabolic health appear to differ between Yakut women and men. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Stephanie B. Levy, William R. Leonard, Larissa A. Tarskaia, Tatiana M. Klimova, Valentina I. Fedorova, Marina E. Baltakhinova, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dissecting mitochondrial dna variability of balearic populations from the bronze age to the current era
ConclusionWe characterized five Balearic necropolises in the context of their geographic and cultural characteristics. The similarity between ancient Balearic and ancient Catalan gene pools reinforces their known historic interactions, while the lack of a consistent genetic continuity with Ancient Sardinians suggests that Talaiotic and Nuragic cultures arose in differentiated populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 13, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Marc Simón, Nancy Díaz, Eduvigis Solórzano, Rafael Montiel, Paolo Francalacci, Assumpció Malgosa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic heritage of Croatians in the Southeastern European gene pool—Y chromosome analysis of the Croatian continental and Island population
DiscussionThe analyses of the dominant and autochthonous I2a1b‐M423 lineage (>30%) suggest that SEE had a significant role in the Upper Paleolithic, the R1a1a1b1a*‐M558 lineage (19%) represents a signal from present day Slavic populations of Central Europe in the Croatian population, and the phylogeography of the E1b1b1a1b1a‐V13 clade (around 9%) implies cultural diffusion of agriculture into Europe via the Balkan Peninsula. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 9, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jelena Šarac, Tena Šarić, Dubravka Havaš Auguštin, Natalija Novokmet, Nenad Vekarić, Mate Mustać, Blaženka Grahovac, Miljenko Kapović, Branimir Nevajda, Anton Glasnović, Saša Missoni, Siiri Rootsi, Pavao Rudan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Directional asymmetry of upper limbs in a medieval population from Poland: A combination of linear and geometric morphometrics
ConclusionsThe studied population, perhaps due to a high level of activity, exhibited slightly greater upper‐limb bone bilateral asymmetry than other agricultural populations. Results suggest that the upper limbs were involved in similar activity patterns in both sexes but were characterized by different habitual behaviors. To obtain comprehensive results, studies should be based on sophisticated methods such as geometric morphometrics as well as standard measurements. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Anna Maria Kubicka, Przemysław Lubiatowski, Jan Dawid Długosz, Leszek Romanowski, Janusz Piontek Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Spatial variation of dental caries in late holocene samples of Southern South America: A geostatistical study
ConclusionThe large variation in frequencies of dental caries in populations located in the center of the distribution could be explained by their subsistence strategies, characterized either by the consumption of wild cariogenic plants or cultigens (obtained locally or by exchange), a reliance on fishing, or the incorporation of plants rich in starch rather than carbohydrates. It is suggested that dental caries must be considered a multifactorial disease which results from the interaction of cultural practices and environmental factors. This can change how we understand subsistence strategies as well as how we interpret d...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Lumila Paula Menéndez Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The interaction of cultural consonance and a polymorphism in the 2A serotonin receptor in relation to depression in Brazil: failure to replicate previous findings
ConclusionThe previously identified gene‐environment interaction was not replicated. Limitations of the study are discussed. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 30, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: William W. Dressler, Mauro C. Balieiro, Luiza Ferreira de Araújo, Wilson A. Silva, José ERNESTO dos Santos Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Ethnic differences in inter‐ and intra‐situational blood pressure variation: Comparisons among African‐American, Hispanic‐American, Asian‐American, and European‐American women
ConclusionsAfrican‐American and Asian‐American women have an attenuated proportional BP decline from waking environments to sleep compared to European‐American and Hispanic‐American women. Asian‐American nocturnal BP may be elevated relative to all other groups. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Dana H. Bovbjerg, Leah A. Hill Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Patterns of directional asymmetry in the pelvis and pelvic canal
ConclusionsThe varying patterns of asymmetry uncovered here accord with prior work and may indicate that loading from the trunk and legs place differing stresses on the pelvis and canal, yielding these unequal asymmetries. However, this is speculative and the possible influence of genetics, biomechanics, and nutritional status on the development of pelvic and canal asymmetries presents a rich area for future study. Additionally, the potential influence of pelvic canal asymmetry on obstetric measures of pelvic capacity merits future research. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 25, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Victoria A. Tobolsky, Helen K. Kurki, Jay T. Stock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 28, Issue 3, May/June 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 20, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Why Sex Matters: A Darwinian Look at Human Behavior (revised edition). By Bobbi S. Low. 432 pp. Princeton: Princeton University Press. 2015. $35.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher D. Lynn Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

The origin of chronic inflammatory systemic diseases and their sequelae. by Rainer H. Straub. 390 pp. Waltham, MA: Academic Press. 2015. $140.00 (paper or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Katherine Wander Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Global aging: Comparative perspectives on aging and the life course. by Suzanne R. Kunkel,J. Scott Brown, and Frank J. Whittington. 328 pp. New York: Springer Publishing Company. 2014. $90.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Theresa E. Gildner Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

A study of the molecular variants associated with lactase persistence in different Ecuadorian ethnic groups
ConclusionsThe presence of the T‐13910 polymorphism in the Ecuadorian population suggested that LP was a trait introduced by European migration and inherited by admixture that occurred during the colonization of South America. This variant was not fixed in a population with a history of admixture, and its allele frequency was proportional to the ancestry proportion of each Ecuadorian ethnic group. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: César Paz‐Y‐Miño, Germán Burgos, Andrés López‐Cortés, Camilo Herrera, Anibal Gaviria, Eduardo Tejera, Alejandro Cabrera‐Andrade Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Inverse associations between cardiometabolic risk factors and 25‐hydroxyvitamin D in obese American children and adolescents
ConclusionVitamin D deficiency is prevalent in obese American children. There was evidence that some cardiometabolic risk factors including lipid levels and oxidized LDL levels were significantly inversely associated with 25(OH)D concentration in our sample. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 2, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Miryoung Lee, James R. Ebert, Madhavi P. Kadakia, Jin Zhang, Stefan A. Czerwinski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Population variation of LIN28B in the Mediterranean: Novel markers for microgeographic discrimination
ConclusionThe population differentiation and the structuring of the genetic variance, in agreement with previous studies, indicate that the SNPs in question are good tools for the study of human populations, even at a microgeographic level. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Miguel M. Álvarez‐Álvarez, Robert Carreras‐Torres, Daniela Zanetti, Esteban Vegas, Pedro Moral Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dose–response between pedometer assessed physical activity, functional fitness, and fatness in healthy adults aged 50–80 years
ConclusionsThis study shows a positive dose–response trend whereby as an individual undertakes more daily steps (based on previously established step‐count groups), multiple aspects of functionality increase and anthropometric markers of overweight and obesity decrease. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Giseli Minatto, Sheila Leddington Wright Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Patterns of morphological integration in the dental arches of individuals with malocclusion
ConclusionsThis study provides evidence for patterns of variation in dental arch shape found in individuals with Class II and Class III malocclusions. Moreover, differences in integration found between malocclusion types have ramifications for how such conditions should be studied and treated. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Steven F. Miller, Kaci C. Vela, Steven M. Levy, Thomas E. Southard, David G. Gratton, Lina M. Moreno Uribe Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Improvement in the biological standard of living in 20th century Korea: Evidence from age at menarche
ConclusionsAge at menarche is an appropriate index of change in the general standard of living in South Korea over the 20th century. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Kitae Sohn Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Gene frequency and haplotype distribution of hemoglobin E among seven minority groups of Yunnan, China
ConclusionsNatural selection based on the presence of malaria, ethnic origin, and epistatic interactions may be factors of varying importance for the remarkable variation in HbE frequency among these minority groups. In addition, there appears to be a common origin of the βE ‐globin gene in populations from Yunnan and Southeast Asia. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Hongxian Liu, Kai Huang, Shuyuan Liu, Hao Sun, Keqin Lin, Xiaoqin Huang, Jiayou Chu, Zhaoqing Yang Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

MtDNA and Y‐chromosomal diversity in the Chachapoya, a population from the northeast Peruvian Andes‐Amazon divide
ConclusionThe high level of diversity in the Chachapoya, the lack of evidence of drift in the past, and genetic affinities with a broad range of populations in the Americas reflects an intricate population history in the region. The new genetic data from the Chachapoya indeed seems to point to a genetic complexity that is not yet resolved but beginning to be elucidated. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Evelyn K. Guevara, Jukka U. Palo, Sonia Guillén, Antti Sajantila Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic modulators of sickle cell disease in French Guiana: Markers of the slave trade
ConclusionsThe results highlight the genetic diversity of the Guianese population and are concordant with historical data on the slave trade showing a West African origin for Noir Marron and a Central African origin for Haitians, while Guianese Creoles are highly admixed. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Simonnet Christine, Elanga Narcisse, Joly Philippe, Vaz Tania, Nacher Mathieu Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Exploring the mitochondrial DNA variability of the Amazonian Yanomami
ConclusionsAmong the Yanomami samples studied to date, the Santa Isabel Yanomami show a higher genetic heterogeneity. This could be due to gene flow with non‐Yanomami populations, as well as to the introduction of new mitochondrial haplotypes by gold miners. In both cases, the geographic location of Santa Isabel might have made this Yanomami village less isolated than the others, suggesting that the Rio Negro played a central role in increasing its genetic variability. On the whole, the Yanomami were quite genetically diversified, probably mirroring their great linguistic heterogeneity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 W...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Sara Varano, Gabriele Scorrano, Cristina Martínez‐Labarga, Andrea Finocchio, Cesare Rapone, Andrea Berti, Olga Rickards Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Malnutrition and body composition in urban and rural schoolchildren: A cross‐sectional study in San Rafael, Mendoza (Argentina)
ConclusionChildren from San Rafael presented differences in nutritional condition and body composition associated with pronounced socio‐environmental heterogeneity. Thus, we could observe a gradient from the “high urban” group, with better social, economic, and sanitation conditions and at the same time a more obesogenic environment to the “impoverished urban” and “rural” groups, whose vulnerability reflected a higher prevalence of child undernutrition and the association with excess weight and reduced muscle mass. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Mariela Garraza, María F. Cesani, Graciela T. Navone, Evelia E. Oyhenart Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Association between summer temperature and body weight in Japanese adolescents and children: An ecological analysis
ConclusionsSummer temperatures may reduce the proportion of children who are overweight and contribute to geographical differences in body weight in Japanese adolescents and children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Masana Yokoya, Yukito Higuchi Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The association between low blood lead levels and the prevalence of prehypertension among nonhypertensive adults in Korea
ConclusionsOur large, cross‐sectional, nationwide study revealed that blood lead levels below the threshold for the harmful effects of lead were significantly associated with prehypertension. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 28, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Wanhyung Lee, Jin‐ha Yoon, Jaehoon Roh, Seunghyun Lee, Hongdeok Seok, June‐hee Lee, Pil Kyun Jung, Jeongbae Rhie, Jong‐uk Won Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Association between sedentary behavior time and waist‐to‐height ratio in preschool children
ConclusionsOur data suggested that boys classified as having higher SB were more likely to having more central obesity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 17, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jorge Mota, Sandra Silva Dos Santos, Amanda Santos, André Seabra, Susana Vale Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Author/Session Index
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 16, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Review Source Type: research

Abstracts
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 16, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Review Source Type: research

Human Biology association: Program of the 41st Annual Meeting to be held in Atlanta, GA Marriott Marquis Hotel April 13–14, 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 16, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Review Source Type: research

Proceedings of the Human Biology Association 40th Annual Meeting, Hilton St. Louis at the Ballpark, St. Louis, MO, March 25‐26, 2015
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 16, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

American Journal Of Human Biology, Volume 28, Issue 2, March/April 2016
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 16, 2016 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

The influence of birth season on mortality in the United States
ConclusionsThese results were consistent with those for some developed countries, but not entirely with those for contemporary developing countries and developed countries of the past. Simple mechanisms based on the perinatal environment cannot account for the inconsistent results. We suggest that family background may play some, but not an exhaustive, role in the relationship between birth season and mortality. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Kitae Sohn Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Y chromosome diversity in a linguistic isolate (Mirandese, NE Portugal)
ConclusionsMirandese speakers display a Y chromosome gene pool that shows a subtle differentiation from neighboring populations, mainly attributable to the assimilation of lineages ascribed to be of Jewish ancestry. Although not revealing signs of geographic/linguistic isolation, no clear affinities with other Astur–Leonese populations were detected. The results suggest that in Miranda language sharing is not accompanied by significant gene flow between populations from both sides of the political border. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Sofia L. Marques, Leonor Gusmão, Antonio Amorim, Maria João Prata, Luis Alvarez Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Changes in the mandibular angle during adulthood in South Africans
ConclusionsTooth loss and not aging is associated with an increase in the mandibular angle. Masculinity and being from African ancestry provided some protection against an increase in the mandibular angle with tooth loss. The accentuated increase in the mandibular angle when an even occlusion pattern was disturbed supports the notion that an uneven loss of teeth was indeed associated with inefficient mastication. The unexpected decrease in angle noted in females with aging but limited tooth loss may be indicative of constructive changes beyond puberty. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: Ameri...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Anna C. Oettlé, René Ehlers, Maryna Steyn Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Cardiovascular fitness, physical activity, and metabolic syndrome risk factors among adolescent estonian boys: A longitudinal study
ConclusionsThe results of the study indicate that CVF has a stronger longitudinal prediction value compared to moderate to vigorous physical activity in terms of metabolic risk factors in adolescent boys. Fitness remained a significant predictor if the influence of body fatness was removed from the analysis. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Evelin Lätt, Jarek Mäestu, Triin Rääsk, Toivo Jürimäe, Jaak Jürimäe Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Aboriginal populations: Social, demographic, and epidemiological perspectives. Edited by Frank Trovato and Anatole Romaniuk. 550 pp. Edmonton: University of Alberta Press. 2014. $60.00 (paper) or $47.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Susan Chatwood Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Inadequate gestational weight gain increases risk of small‐for‐gestational‐age term birth in girls in Japan: A population‐based cohort study
ConclusionsPrepregnancy BMI and GWG significantly influence SGA risk in female babies. GWG may be influenced by physicians’ recommendations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Melissa K. Melby, Goro Yamada, Pamela J. Surkan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Disappearing seasonality in birthweight
ConclusionsWhatever causes the seasonality has lost its influence in Korea. Replication studies can determine whether other countries exhibit the same patterns. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Kitae Sohn Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Maternal phenotype, independent of family economic capital, predicts educational attainment in lowland nepalese children
ConclusionsOur analysis demonstrates that, independent of broader indices of family capital such as land or material assets, children's educational attainment is associated with factors embodied in maternal phenotype. Both somatic and educational maternal capital appeared important. A composite index of maternal capital could provide a new measurable proxy, prior to school entry, for identifying children at risk of completing fewer years of schooling. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Akanksha A. Marphatia, Delan Devakumar, Jonathan C.K. Wells, Naomi Saville, Alice Reid, Anthony Costello, Dharma S Manandhar, David Osrin Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Automated quantification of abdominal adiposity by magnetic resonance imaging
ConclusionThe fully‐automated algorithm presented in the paper provides an accurate and reliable assessment of abdominal fat without human intervention. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jingjing Sun, Bugao Xu, Jeanne Freeland‐Graves Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Leukocyte changes across menstruation, ovulation, and mid‐luteal phase and association with sex hormone variation
ConclusionsPeripheral leukocyte changes taking place in the second half of the cycle are already observable on the day of ovulation and they are associated with sex hormone variation. We speculate that these changes may lead to increased immune protection against pathogens at a time when fertilization and implantation typically occur. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Judyta Nowak, Barbara Borkowska, Boguslaw Pawlowski Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

What does the mean menarcheal age mean?—An analysis of temporal pattern in variability in a historical swiss population from the 19th and 20th centuries
ConclusionThis study provided evidence for a secular trend in various statistical parameters for age at menarche since the 19th century. Furthermore, the results of the analysis of temporal pattern in variability revealed that the secular trend in menarcheal age happened in two phases. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Andreas Lehmann, Christiane Scheffler Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The potential role of irisin in the thermoregulatory responses to mild cold exposure in adults
ConclusionsMild cold exposure increased vasoconstriction with a drop in IET and these were related. Greater irisin was related to a greater fasting fat oxidation in the absence of shivering. A potential gender bias in thermoregulation was noted. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Emily K. Calton, Mario J. Soares, Anthony P. James, Richard J. Woodman Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the relative accuracy of anthropometric indicators to assess body fatness as measured by air displacement plethysmography in Indian women
ConclusionsBMI and AC were the best performing indicators of adiposity among the indicators studied. AC, being a single measurement, is practical and a good choice. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 19, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Deethu Sara Varghese, S. Sreedhar, N. Balakrishna, Y. Venkata Ramana Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Families and Child Health. Edited by Nancy S. Landale, Susan M. McHale, and Alan Booth. 232pp. New York: Springer. 2013. $149.00 (cloth), $109.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 12, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Heather H. McClure Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Evolutionary medicine. By Stephen C. Stearns and Ruslan Medzhitov. 280 pp. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates. 2016. $68.95 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 12, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Daniel E. Lieberman Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Ancestors in our genome: The new science of human evolution. By Eugene E. Harris. 248 pp. New York: Oxford University Press. 2015. $29.95 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 12, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Kirstin N. Sterner Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Blood pressure and the capacity‐load model in 8‐year‐old children from Nepal: Testing the contributions of kidney size and intergenerational effects
ConclusionsOur data provide support for the capacity‐load model of blood pressure in Nepalese children. Fetal and postnatal growth and kidney dimensions all contribute to metabolic capacity. Maternal phenotype contributed to offspring capacity and load, but these associations did not propagate to blood pressure. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2016. © 2016 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 5, 2016 Category: Biology Authors: Jonathan C.K. Wells, Delan Devakumar, Carlos S. Grijalva‐Eternod, Dharma S. Manandhar, Anthony Costello, David Osrin Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research