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American Journal of Human Biology

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Do physical activity and sedentary behavior relate to cardio‐metabolic risk factor clustering in indigenous Siberian adults?
ConclusionsObjectively measured physical activity was related to lower risk of cardio‐metabolic risk factor clustering within this sample of Yakut men, but not women. SB was not related to cardio‐metabolic indicators. Physical activity may contribute to a reduction in clustering of metabolic risk factors within indigenous circumpolar populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Hannah J. Wilson, William R. Leonard, Larissa A. Tarskaia, Tatiana M. Klimova, Vadim G. Krivoshapkin, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

To swaddle, or not to swaddle? paleoepidemiology of developmental dysplasia of the hip and the swaddling dilemma among the indigenous populations of North America
ConclusionsThe etiology of DDH suggests that components of both genetic predisposition and swaddling practices have combined to create a high‐risk environment for the development of DDH, contributing to high prevalence within archaeological populations, like Buffalo, and modern Indigenous groups of North America. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Samantha H. Blatt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Examining the utility of thresholds for aerobic fitness related to resting blood pressure and BMI in portuguese children
ConclusionsThis study suggests that the Ruiz et al. cut‐points are valid in distinguishing between children with higher and lower BMI and resting BP values. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 8, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Clarice Martins, Gustavo Silva, José Carlos Ribeiro, José Oliveira, Andreia Pizarro, Jorge Mota, Luisa Aires Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Local trends in diet in urban Colombia, 1990–1995 to 2008: Little evidence of a nutrition transition among low‐income women
ConclusionsThe changes in diet among low‐income women in Cali, Colombia between 1990–1995 and 2008 partially match national‐level trends in food supply and the theoretical expectations of a nutrition transition, but are nonetheless a localized phenomenon. They do not help explain concurrent changes in body size. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Darna L. Dufour, Richard L. Bender, Julio C. Reina Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Parental childhood growth and offspring birthweight: Pooled analyses from four birth cohorts in low and middle income countries
ConclusionsMaternal and paternal birthweight and growth from birth to 2 year each predict offspring birthweight. Maternal growth from MC‐adulthood, relative weight from 2‐MC and MC‐adulthood also predict offspring birthweight. These findings suggest that shared genes and/or adequate nutrition during early life for both parents may confer benefits to the next generation, and highlight the importance of maternal height and weight prior to conception. The stronger matrilineal than patrilineal relationships with offspring birth weight are consistent with the hypothesis that improving the early growth conditions of young ...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: O.Y. Addo, A.D. Stein, C.H.D Fall, D.P. Gigante, A.M. Guntupalli, B.L. Horta, C.W. Kuzawa, N. Lee, S.A. Norris, C. Osmond, P. Prabhakaran, L.M. Richter, H.P.S. Sachdev, R. Martorell, Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Trends and correlates of overweight and Obesity among adolescents from 2002 to 2010: A three‐cohort study based on a representative sample of Portuguese adolescents
ConclusionThe prevalence of overweight/obesity is still high, but seems to have stabilized. Physical activity, for boys, and perception of health, for girls, are factors associated with a lower likelihood of being overweight or obese. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Adilson Marques, Margarida Gaspar De Matos Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Could salivary cortisol predict preterm delivery? A biochemical evaluation
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Mehmet Agilli, Fevzi Nuri Aydin, Yasemin Gulcan Kurt, Tuncer Cayci Tags: Letter to Editor Source Type: research

The influence of relative body breadth on the diaphyseal morphology of the human lower limb
ConclusionsRelative body breadth is correlated with the periosteal geometry of the lower limb bones, particularly towards the proximal end of the femur diaphysis, but correlations in other regions also suggest integration of the diaphyseal geometry with epiphyseal dimensions. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Thomas G. Davies, Jay T. Stock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Response to Agilli et al.
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: James Lee, Ruby Fried, Zaneta Thayer, Christopher Kuzawa Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A meta‐analysis of pica and micronutrient status
ConclusionPica is significantly associated with increased risk for anemia and low Hb, Hct, and plasma Zn. Although the direction of the causal relationship between pica and micronutrient deficiency is unknown, the magnitude of these relationships is comparable to other well‐recognized causes of micronutrient deficiencies. Pica warrants greater public health attention; specifically the potential physiological mechanisms underpinning the relationship between pica and micronutrient deficiencies merit further study. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Diana Miao, Sera L. Young, Christopher D. Golden Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Daily environmental differences in blood pressure and heart rate variability in healthy premenopausal women
ConclusionsHR variability follows the expected variability pattern with behavior and activity, whereas BP does not. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Dana H. Bovbjerg, Leah A. Hill Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Continuous decrease of consanguineous marriages among arabs in israel
ConclusionsThe rates of consanguineous marriages among Israeli Arabs are decreasing but still high. Because consanguineous marriages are widely acceptable, the role of public health professionals and primary care personnel is to provide comprehensive information about the potential genetic risks of consanguinity on offspring health and to increase the accessibility of premarital and preconception counseling services. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Wasef Na'amnih, Orly Romano‐Zelekha, Ahmed Kabaha, Liza Pollack Rubin, Natalya Bilenko, Lutfi Jaber, Mira Honovich, Tamy Shohat Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Salivary cortisol and α‐amylase responses to repeated bouts of downhill running
ConclusionThe 24 h period group effect for salivary α‐amylase suggested an adaptation in the sympathoadrenal system that may alter the systemic inflammatory response to exercise‐induced muscle damage but may also reflect enhanced mucosal immunity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Andrew J. Mckune, Christopher W. Bach, Stuart J. Semple, Barry J. Dyer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Normalization of elevated cardiac, kidney, and hemolysis plasma markers within 48 h in Mexican Tarahumara runners following a 78 km race at moderate altitude
ConclusionsAltered cardiac, renal, and hemolysis plasma markers were normalized after 48 h following 78 km of running, suggesting that the impact of exercise‐induced cardiac and kidney damage as well as hemolysis in the Mexican Tarahumara is low. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dirk L. Christensen, Diana Espino, Rocío Infante‐Ramírez, Soren Brage, Dijana Terzic, Jens P. Goetze, Jesper Kjaergaard Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Mood, behavior, testosterone, cortisol, and interleukin‐6 in adults during immune activation: A pilot study to assess sickness behaviors in humans
ConclusionOur results, while generally confirming previous research on sickness behavior and hormone changes during infection, are suggestive, but not statistically significant and so neither confirm nor contradict our hypotheses. We attribute this lack of significance to both the small sample size, as well as possible confounding factors, including the psychosocial stress of entering an intensive study program. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Eric C. Shattuck, Michael P. Muehlenbein Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Sleep duration, sleep quality, and obesity risk among older adults from six middle‐income countries: Findings from the study on global ageing and adult health (SAGE)
ConclusionsThis study documented an association between short sleep duration and increased obesity risk, which is important given the global increase of obesity‐related diseases. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Theresa E. Gildner, Melissa A. Liebert, Paul Kowal, Somnath Chatterji, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Ancient DNA evidence reveals that the Y chromosome haplogroup Q1a1 admixed into the Han Chinese 3,000 years ago
ConclusionsThe origins of the observed haplotypes and their distribution in present day Han Chinese and in the samples suggest that haplogroup Q1a1 was probably introduced into the Han Chinese population approximately 3,000 years ago. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Yong‐Bin Zhao, Ye Zhang, Hong‐Jie Li, Ying‐Qiu Cui, Hong Zhu, Hui Zhou Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The anthropometry of children and adolescents may be influenced by the prenatal smoking habits of their grandmothers: A longitudinal cohort study
ConclusionsThis study indicates that smoking in humans can have sex‐specific transgenerational effects. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jean Golding, Kate Northstone, Steven Gregory, Laura L. MILLER, Marcus Pembrey Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Over the sands and far away: Interpreting an Iberian mitochondrial lineage with ancient Western African origins
ConclusionsResults are concordant with a previously proposed Neolithic connection between Southern Europe and Western Africa, which might be key to the proper understanding of the ancient links between these two continents. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 11, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Antonio F. Pardiñas, José Luis Martínez, Agustín Roca, Eva García‐Vazquez, Belén López Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A comparison of methods for assessing mortality risk
ConclusionsMethods for quantifying biological risk provide important approaches to improving our understanding of the causes and consequences of changes in physiological function and dysregulation. Biological Age offers an alternative and, in some cases a more accurate summary approach to the traditionally used methods, such as Allostatic Load and Framingham Risk Score. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Morgan E. Levine, Eileen M. Crimmins Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Area‐level socioeconomic disparities impact adult overweight and obesity risks of han ethnicity in China
ConclusionMen living in high SES areas as well as women living at the lowest SES areas were most likely to be at the highest risk of overweight and obesity in China. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dapeng Zhao, Lianbin Zheng, Yonglan Li, Keli Yu, Xinghua Zhang Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Dynamics of human biocultural diversity: A unified approach. By Elisa J. Sobo. 356 pp. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. 2012. $39.95 (paper), $39.95 (e‐book)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ivy L. Pike Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Evolution and medicine. By Robert L. Perlman. xi + 162 pp. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2013. $98.50 (hardcover), $44.95 (paperback)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher Kuzawa Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The effect of age on DNA concentration from whole saliva: Implications for the standard isolation method
ConclusionsAge determines, at least in part, the high variability observed in the concentration of DNA isolated from saliva samples. This fact should be taken into account for a better standardization of the DNA isolation to ensure DNA banking in large‐scale genetic studies involving children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Patricia Gassó, Mireia Pagerols, Itziar Flamarique, Josefina Castro‐Fornieles, Natalia Rodriguez, Sergi Mas, Sarah Curran, Katherine Aitchison, Paramala Santosh, Amalia Lafuente, Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Ethnic inequalities and sex differences in body mass index among tibet minorities in China: Implication for Overweight And Obesity Risks
Conclusion: One possible reason for ethnic disparity among Tibet minorities in the present study is special dietary elements. Measures to prevent and cope with the problem of overweight and obesity among Tibet minorities are urgently required. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 23, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dapeng Zhao, Yonglan Li, Lianbin Zheng Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Body symmetry and physical strength in human males
ConclusionsWe conclude that in males, body symmetry and physical strength are correlated such that symmetric individuals tend to develop higher strength, which may contribute to their success in inter‐ and intra‐sexual selection. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Bernhard Fink, Bettina Weege, John T. Manning, Robert Trivers Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Y‐chromosome analysis in a Northwest Iberian population: Unraveling the impact of Northern African lineages
ConclusionsNo differences between regions or sub‐structure due to geographical boundaries were detected. The specific Northwest African male lineages observed contrast with the mitochondrial DNA data, where the majority of African lineages were found to be sub‐Saharan. This work made it possible to study the impact of recent historical events in the male gene pool in the province of Zamora in Spain. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Luis Alvarez, Estela Ciria, Sofia L. Marques, Cristina Santos, Maria Pilar Aluja Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Evidence of inbreeding depression on height, weight, and body mass index: A population‐based child cohort study
ConclusionsOur results provide the evidence of inbreeding depression on height, weight, and BMI being important in context of child health. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Mohd Fareed, Mohammad Afzal Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Nutrient intakes associated with elevated serum C‐reactive protein concentrations in normal to underweight breastfeeding women in Northern Kenya
ConclusionsThe effects of specific dietary nutrients on inflammatory status may vary with BMI or, in women, reproductive status. Further research should investigate the role of dietary fats, fatty acids, and antioxidant vitamins across populations with a wide range of BMI, including postpartum women. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Masako Fujita, Eleanor Brindle, Yun‐jia Lo, Pamela Castro, Felipe Cameroamortegui Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A comparison of methods for assessing mortality
ConclusionsMethods for quantifying biological risk provide important approaches to improving our understanding of the causes and consequences of changes in physiological function and dysregulation. Biological Age offers an alternative and, in some cases a more accurate summary approach to the traditionally used methods, such as Allostatic Load and Framingham Risk Score. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Morgan E. Levine, Eileen M. Crimmins Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Prenatal testosterone of progenitors could be involved in the etiology of both anorexia nervosa and autism spectrum disorders of their offspring
ConclusionsOur data partially support the view of high prenatal masculinization as a potential intermediate phenotype to the development of these disorders in their offspring. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ángel Romero‐Martínez, Luis Moya‐Albiol Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Analytical strategies in human growth research
This article provides an overview of the key analytical strategies available to human biologists in increasing order of complexity, starting with a review on how to express cross‐sectional measurements of size, before covering growth (conditional regression models, regression with conditional growth measures), growth curves (individual growth curves, mixed effects growth curves, latent growth curves), and patterns of growth (growth mixture modeling). The article is not a statistical treatise and has been written by a human biologist for human biologists; as such, it should be accessible to anyone with training in at leas...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: William Johnson Tags: Methods Series (invited only) Source Type: research

Reconstructing obesity: The meaning of measures and the measure of meanings. Edited by Megan McCullough and Jessica Hardin. 256 pp. New York: Berghahn Books. 2013. $90.00 (cloth and e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: David Himmelgreen Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Some evidence for health‐related marriage selection
ConclusionsThe results provide evidence for direct health‐related marriage selection in men between 25 and 60 years of age. Poor health status reduces the likelihood of marriage. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Anna Lipowicz Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Differential circadian catecholamine and cortisol responses between healthy women with and without a parental history of hypertension
ConclusionThese findings suggest that there may be genetically linked mechanisms which elevate tonic epinephrine levels and nocturnal cortisol levels that contribute to elevating circadian BP. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Alexandria S. Alfarano, Helene M. van Berge‐Landry Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The relationship between BMI and dietary intake of primary school children from a rural area of South Africa: The Ellisras longitudinal study
ConclusionThis study supports previous findings about BMI and dietary trends in rural areas of South Africa. Despite low fat intake of the subjects, this macronutrient appeared to predict BMI most strongly. More research is needed; however, to further examine how healthy their lifestyle is nowadays with respect to diet and into what extent the nutrition transition has reached this area. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: C. Ende, J.W.R. Twisk, K.D. Monyeki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Contribution of body composition components and soft‐tissue biochemical factors to genetic variation of body mass index (BMI) in an ethnically homogeneous population
ConclusionsThis study clearly suggests that FM and FFM contributed almost equally to BMI variation, and provides evidence that this contribution is caused by common genetic as well as shared environmental and metabolic factors. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Tasbulat Dosaev, Jai Prakash, Gregory Livshits Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Haplotype and nucleotide variation in the exon 3‐VNTR of the DRD4 gene from indigenous and urban populations of Mexico
ConclusionsA differentiation in the DRD4‐VNTR of global relevance occurs between northern and southern populations of Mexico suggesting that the Mexican Trans‐volcanic Belt has been a major frontier for human dispersion in the Americas. Ancient trespass of this barrier appears thus related to a major change in the population structure of the DRD4‐VNTR. Distinctive and independent patterns of DRD4‐VNTR diversity occur among the two Mexican indigenous populations by a still undefined combination of drift and selection. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ana Julia Aguirre‐Samudio, Carlos Sabás Cruz‐Fuentes, Blanca Zoila González‐Sobrino, Verónica Gutiérrez‐Pérez, Luis Medrano‐González Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Further observations on associations between the ADA gene and past malaria morbidity in Sardinia
ConclusionsThe ADA gene shows other polymorphic sites further studies on their role in human adaptation to malaria could be rewarding. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Fulvia Gloria‐Bottini, Patrizia Saccucci, Gianfranco Meloni, Egidio Bottini Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Change in Height, Weight, and body mass index: Longitudinal data from Austria
ConclusionsWeight is strongly related to aging. In older individuals height loss affects BMI and masks weight loss to some degree. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Raphael Simon Peter, Ella Fromm, Jochen Klenk, Hans Concin, Gabriele Nagel Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Postnatal growth velocity and overweight in early adolescents: A comparison of rural and urban African boys and girls
ConclusionHigh weight and height growth velocity in infancy, independent of size at birth, is highly associated with overweight in early adolescence. However, the long term effects of rapid growth in infancy may be dependent on a particular population's socio‐economic status and level of urbanization. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: E.D. Chirwa, P. Griffiths, K. Maleta, P. Ashorn, J.M. Pettifor, S.A. Norris Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Parental perceptions of neighborhood environments, BMI, and active behaviors in girls aged 7–9 years
ConclusionThe study found some significant relationships between parental perceptions of the environment and BMI and habitual PA of Portuguese girls, especially related to security for walking and unpleasant neighborhoods, and access to destinations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Aristides M. Machado‐Rodrigues, Ana Santana, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourão, Helena Nogueira, Victor Rosado, Cristina Padez Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Atherosclerosis in mummified human remains from Vilnius, Lithuania (18th–19th centuries AD): A computed tomographic investigation
ConclusionsIn accordance with recent, significant data, this study further demonstrates the antiquity of this disease. Documentary and ethnographic data suggest that lifestyle may have played a role in the onset of atherosclerosis in these individuals. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dario Piombino‐Mascali, Rimantas Jankauskas, Algirdas Tamošiūnas, Ramūnas Valančius, Randall C. Thompson, Stephanie Panzer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Intergenerational effects of early life nutrition: Maternal leg length predicts offspring placental weight and birth weight among women in rural Luzon, Philippines
ConclusionMaternal leg length is the component of stature that most strongly predicts offspring placental weight and BW in this sample. These findings suggest that fetal nutrition and growth in the present generation are influenced, in part, by the mother's own early life growth conditions. Our results add to evidence that fetal nutrition tracks the mother's past nutritional experiences, while also suggesting that ensuring favorable growth conditions during infancy and early childhood may benefit not only the present generation, but future offspring. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: America...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Green C. Chung, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Common variants in BDNF, FAIM2, FTO, MC4R, NEGR1, and SH2B1 show association with obesity‐related variables in Spanish Roma population
ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that SNPs in or near six genes (BDNF, FAIM2, FTO, MC4R, NEGR1, and SH2B1) are significantly associated with body fat accumulation and distribution in Roma people. However, the association observed among variants in the first intron of FTO and obesity in European derived populations is not evident in the analyzed Roma sample. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Alaitz Poveda, María Eugenia Ibáñez, Esther Rebato Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Anthropometric and lifestyle characteristics of active and inactive saudi and british adolescents
ConclusionThe present study identifies crosscultural differences and similarities in lifestyle habits in adolescents from Britain and Saudi Arabia. Activity status (active vs. inactive) appears to play an important role in other lifestyle related behaviors, with active adolescent more likely to engage in healthy dietary behavior than their inactive peers, irrespective of country of origin. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 17, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Hazzaa M. Al‐hazzaa, Yahya Al‐Nakeeb, Hana I. Al‐Sobayel, Nada A. Abahussain, Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Mark Lyons, Peter Collins, Alan Nevill Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Exploring secular changes in the association between BMI and waist circumference in Mexican‐Origin and white women: A comparison of Mexico and the United States
ConclusionWC for the same BMI has increased in Mexican‐American, white, and Mexican women of reproductive age. These patterns may have implications for future cardio‐metabolic burden in Mexico and the US. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 11, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Sandra S. Albrecht, Simon Barquera, Barry M. Popkin Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Interrelations between anthropometric and fitness changes during mid‐adolescence in boys: A 2‐year longitudinal study
ConclusionMotor and physical fitness improved significantly from 13 to 15 years, showing definite interrelationships with anthropometric growth during the mid‐adolescence period. Awareness and education about these changes are recommended as it can have significant effects on the sport performance and fitness training of boys during mid‐adolescence. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Barend P. Gerber, Anita E. Pienaar, Ankebe Kruger, Suria Ellis Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Socio‐environmental variables associated with malnutrition and intestinal parasitoses in the child population of Misiones, Argentina
ConclusionsThe similarity between rural and middle urban groups in stunting prevalence reveals that cities are not healthier than rural environments. On the contrary, the fact that the rural group presents the lowest prevalence of overweight reaffirms that poverty and malnutrition are progressively moving from rural to urban areas, and that rural children have still more diverse and healthy diets favored by the consumption of homemade products (i.e., orchards, animal husbandry, etc.), placing them at an earlier stage of the nutrition transition. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Jou...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 9, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: María L. Zonta, Evelia E. Oyhenart, Graciela T. Navone Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research