Medicine RSS Search Engine

American Journal of Human Biology American Journal of Human Biology RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader, such as GoogleReader, or to display this data on your own website or blog.subscribe with FeedlySubscribe to this data using Feedly.

This page shows you the latest items in this publication.

Differentiating maturational influence on training‐induced strength and endurance adaptations in prepubescent children
ConclusionsThese data suggest that more biologically mature prepubescent children seem to have no advantage in training‐induced strength and endurance adaptations compared with their less mature peers. Additionally, gender did not affect the training‐induced changes in strength or aerobic fitness. These results are meaningful for the development of optimized well‐rounded training programs in prepubertal children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 3, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Carlos C. Marta, Daniel A. Marinho, Mikel Izquierdo, Mário C. Marques Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Collecting women's reproductive histories
ABSTRACT The importance of women's reproductive histories for scientific questions mandates rigor in collecting data. Unfortunately, few studies say much about how histories were constructed and validated. The aim of this report, therefore, is to illustrate the elements of a rigorous system of data collection. It focuses particularly on potential sources of inaccuracy in collecting reproductive histories and on options for avoiding them and evaluating the results. A few studies are exemplary in their description of methods of data collection and evaluation of data quality because they clearly address the main issues of asc...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Cynthia M. Beall, Paul W. Leslie Tags: Methods Series Source Type: research

Human Identity and Identification. By Rebecca Gowland and Tim Thompson. 225 pp. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2013. $120.00 (cloth), $45.00 (paper), $36.00 (ebook).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Chelsey Juarez Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Anthropology of Race: Genes, Biology, and Culture. Edited by John Hartigan. x + 246 pp. Santa Fe: School for Advanced Research Press. 2013. $34.95 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: John H. Relethford Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and clustered cardiometabolic risk in 10‐ to 12‐year‐old school children: The REACH Y6 study
ConclusionsThis study highlights the importance of children achieving 60 min MVPA daily and provides further evidence surrounding the importance of CRF for health. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 6, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Lynne M. Boddy, Marie H. Murphy, Conor Cunningham, Gavin Breslin, Lawrence Foweather, Rebecca Gobbi, Lee E.F. Graves, Nicola D. Hopkins, Marcus K.H. Auth, Gareth Stratton Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Stunting, adiposity, and the individual‐level “dual burden” among urban lowland and rural highland peruvian children
ConclusionsLowland and rural highland children differ in their patterns of stunting, BMI, and WCHtR. These contrasts likely reflect environmental differences and overall environmental stress exposure. Tibia length or knee height can be used to assess the influence of measurement error in height on the relationship between stature and BMI or WCHtR. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Emma Pomeroy, Jay T. Stock, Sanja Stanojevic, J. Jaime Miranda, Tim J. Cole, Jonathan C.K. Wells Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Estradiol concentrations in young healthy US versus Chinese men
ConclusionsEstradiol, and free and Bio E concentrations are much lower in young healthy Chinese men than US men. However, these findings based on comparison between the two assays in the two different locations need further confirmation. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Lin Xu, Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Sushma Kavikondala, Catherine Mary Schooling Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Age at death and linear enamel hypoplasias: Testing the effects of childhood stress and adult socioeconomic circumstances in premature mortality
ConclusionsThe results indicate that although early life stressors, identified as LEH, seem strongly associated with premature mortality, adulthood socioeconomic circumstances accounts for most of the decreased longevity. This suggests that either macroscopically identified LEH in the permanent canine do not measure stressors early in life, or that a cumulative adversity model is a more adequate explanation. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Alexandra Amoroso, Susana J. Garcia, Hugo F.V. Cardoso Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Digit ratio (2D:4D) in Chinese women with breast cancer
ConclusionsDigit ratio (2D:4D) may correlate with the increased risk of breast cancer. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Lu Hong, Ma Zhan‐Bing, Shi Zhi‐Yun, Song Xiao‐Xia, Zhao Jun‐Li, Huo Zheng‐Hao Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Molecular polymorphism of the ABO blood group: A study in Poland, Spain, and Andorra
ConclusionsThe results obtained contribute to the knowledge of the molecular European ABO map, and are discussed in regard to the allelic frequency reported by other Caucasian and Asian populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Miriam Umbria, Jordi Cantons, Carmina Bruguera, Alina Minias, Chantal Backes Duró, Giulio Catalano, Cristina Santos, Ramon Nogués, Maria Pilar Aluja Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

New studies of second and fourth digit ratio as a morphogenetic trait in subjects with congenital adrenal hyperplasia
ConclusionsThese finding support the idea that sexual dimorphism in skeletal development in early fetal life is associated with differences between the exposure to androgens in males and females, and significant differences associated with adrenal hyperplasia. Although the effects of prenatal androgens on skeletal developmental are supported by numerous studies, further investigation is yet required to clarify the disease and establish the digit ratio as a biomarker for CAH. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: M.P. Rivas, L.M.A. Moreira, L.D.E. Santo, A.C.S.S. Marques, C.N. El‐Hani, M.B.P. Toralles Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Reimagining Global Health: An Introduction. Edited by Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, Arthur Kleinman, and Matthew Basilico. xxiii + 478 pp. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2013. $90.00 (cloth), $39.95 (paper or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Kenneth C. Maes Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Oxytocin, Vasopressin and Related Peptides in the Regulation of Behavior. Edited by Elena Choleris, Donald W. Pfaff, and Martin Kavaliers. ix + 393 pp. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2013. $110.00 (cloth), $88.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Geert J. de Vries Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Blood cell telomere lengths and shortening rates of chimpanzee and human females
ConclusionsBased on the longevity differences, we initially hypothesized that telomere shortening rates would be faster in chimpanzees than in humans. Instead, it is shorter telomere length that appears to be the derived state in humans. This comparison indicates that better characterization of physiological aging in our closest living relatives will be indispensable for understanding the evolution of distinctive human longevity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Justin Tackney, Richard M. Cawthon, James E. Coxworth, Kristen Hawkes Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Early origins of health disparities: Material deprivation predicts maternal evening cortisol in pregnancy and offspring cortisol reactivity in the first few weeks of life
ConclusionsThese findings suggest that maternal SES experience impacts maternal cortisol in pregnancy and offspring cortisol reactivity soon after birth, with potential long‐term effects on offspring biology and health. Additional research is needed to clarify how biological and behavioral factors in both the prenatal and postnatal period facilitate this relationship. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Zaneta M. Thayer, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Correlates of urban children's leisure‐time physical activity and sedentary behaviors during school days
ConclusionsThis finding suggests that interventions should be considered to replace joint video game time with joint physical activity time. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Adilson Marques, James F. Sallis, João Martins, José Diniz, Francisco Carreiro Da Costa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Association of television viewing time with central obesity status in rural Asian Indian Women: Santiniketan women study
ConclusionIncreased leisure‐time activity was associated with central obesity status and warrant early intervention to prevent increasing incidences of cardiovascular disease in this population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Arnab Ghosh, Minakshi Bhagat Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Symptom perception in healthy menopausal women: Can we predict concordance between subjective and physiological measures of vasomotor symptoms?
ConclusionsJust over one third of physiologically recorded HF/NS were perceived as hot flushes; under‐reporting of symptoms was more common than over‐reporting. Interestingly, women who were more accurate in detecting physiological HF/NS tended to report more psychological and somatic symptoms and negative beliefs about HF/NS. Both measures should be included as outcomes of clinical trials. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 3, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Evgenia Stefanopoulou, Myra S. Hunter Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Endocrine responses, weight change, and energy sparing mechanisms during Ramadan among Gambian adolescent women
ConclusionsEven using energy sparing behaviors, adolescent women enter negative energy balance when Ramadan and the agricultural season co‐occur. Metabolic physiology shows a transient response to high glycemic index foods consumed at night. Older and larger individuals sustain greater losses during Ramadan. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 3, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Meredith W. Reiches, Sophie E. Moore, Andrew M. Prentice, Peter T. Ellison Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Seasonality updated in 28 European/Mediterranean countries: A continuing enigma
ConclusionsThere is no apparent explanation for the en masse transition of seasonality, particularly the abrupt change in seasonality for nine countries, The frequency of sexual intercourse might be a one determinant while another possibility might be the decadal changes in atmospheric clearness/quality. However, causal relationships cannot be inferred without further study and/or animal experimentation. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: David R. Cummings Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Analysis of 16 STRs of NOS gene regions and around in six sardinian populations (Italy)
ConclusionsThe peculiar allele distribution found for several NOS alleles could be due to malaria infection that may have contributed to their frequencies, but we cannot exclude that the peculiar allele distribution of NOS might also be due to genetic drift, emphasized by isolation and founder effect. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 27, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Valeria Bachis, Carla Maria Calò, Giuseppe Vona, Laura Corrias, Robert Carreras‐Torres, Pedro Moral Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Salivary estradiol and testosterone in filipino men: Diurnal patterns and relationships with adiposity
ConclusionsConsistent with past research, our results indicate that adipose tissue is a significant site of E2 production in males but differ from a limited number of prior studies of young men in that we did not find lower T with increasing adiposity. Given E2's role in male hypothalamic‐pituitary‐gonadal function and complex interfaces with the immune system, these results have important implications for models of male life history as rates of overweight and obesity rise in populations around the world. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 27, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Lee T. Gettler, Thomas W. McDade, Alan B. Feranil, Sonny S. Agustin, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Seasonal variation of peripheral blood leukocyte telomere length in Costa Rica: A population‐based observational study
ConclusionsThere are two possible explanations of our findings. First, there could be relatively rapid month‐to‐month changes in LTL. This conclusion would have implications for understanding the natural population dynamics of telomere length. Second, there could be seasonal differences in constituent cell populations. This conclusion would suggest that future studies of LTL use methods to account for the potential impact of constituent cell type. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: David H. Rehkopf, William H. Dow, Luis Rosero‐Bixby, Jue Lin, Elissa S. Epel, Elizabeth H. Blackburn Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Marrying kin in small‐scale societies
ConclusionIntensive kinship systems emerge in some intensive economies. This pattern may have favored a kin‐selected increase in more large‐scale cooperation and inequality occurring relatively recently in human history after the advent of domesticated plants and animals. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 23, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Robert S. Walker, Drew H. Bailey Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Seasonal variation in basal metabolic rates among the yakut (Sakha) of Northeastern Siberia
Conclusions: Among the Yakut, increased wintertime BMR was observed among younger but not older adults, whereas all adults showed sharp reductions in free thyroid hormone levels during the winter. Among men, greater participation in subsistence activities was associated with increased BMRs and greater fat oxidation. Among women, variation in food use had the strongest impact on metabolic function. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: W.R. Leonard, S.B. Levy, L.A. Tarskaia, T.M. Klimova, V.I. Fedorova, M.E. Baltakhinova, V.G. Krivoshapkin, J.J. Snodgrass Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Retraction: “Joined at the hip? A paleoepidemiological study of developmental dysplasia of the hip and its relation to swaddling practices among indigenous peoples of North America” by Samantha H. Blatt
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 19, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Errata Source Type: research

Erratum: Reliability of standard circumferences in domain‐related constitutional applications
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 19, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Errata Source Type: research

38th Annual Meeting: Human Biology Association
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 19, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: 2014 HBA Annual Meeting Program Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 19, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Engaging bodies in the public imagination: Bioarchaeology as social science, science, and humanities
ABSTRACT Bioarchaeology is the contextual analysis of biological remains from past societies. It is a young and growing discipline born during the latter half of the twentieth century from its roots in physical anthropology and archaeology. Although often associated with the study of ancient diet and disease, bioarchaeology leverages variable temporal scales and its global scope to provide a uniquely comparative perspective on human life that transcends traditional boundaries of the natural sciences, social sciences, and humanities. Here, we explore the public face of bioarchaeology and consider the trends in publication p...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 17, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher M. Stojanowski, William N. Duncan Tags: Review Source Type: research

Food and nutrition policy: A biological anthropologist's experiences from an academic platform
ConclusionsThe cumulative experience reveals the importance of a commitment to problem‐solving, a transdisciplinary orientation, intellectual and methodological dexterity, ongoing engagement with policy actors and openness to emergent research questions, new research settings, and nontraditional funding sources. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 17, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: David Pelletier Tags: Review Source Type: research

The effects of storage time and temperature on recovery of salivary secretory immunoglobulin A
Conclusionss‐IgA is stable at ambient temperatures in Zambia for at least 15 days, suggesting no need for cold chain handling before analysis in field‐based surveillance applications. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 17, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Elise Presser, Michelo Simuyandi, Joe Brown Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Functional variability of glutathione S‐transferases in basque populations
ConclusionsThis might account for epidemiological differences in the predisposition to diseases and drug response among Basques and could be used to design and interpret genetic association studies for this particular population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 17, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Andrea Iorio, Sara Piacentini, Renato Polimanti, Flavio Angelis, Rosario Calderon, Maria Fuciarelli Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Human body morphology, prevalence of nasopharyngeal potential bacterial pathogens, and immunocompetence handicap principal
ConclusionsWe confirmed our hypothesis only for BMI in males. This result and a higher WHR in non‐colonized females indicate higher immunocompetence of those who bear the costs of higher levels of testosterone, which according to previous studies is correlated negatively to BMI in males and positively to WHR in females. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 12, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Boguslaw Pawlowski, Judyta Nowak, BARBARA Borkowska, Zuzanna Drulis‐Kawa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Paleofantasy: What Evolution Really Tells Us about Sex, Diet, and How We Live. By Marlene Zuk. 328 pp. New York: W.W. Norton & Company. 2013. $27.95 (cloth), $16.95 (paper). The Paleo Manifesto: Ancient Wisdom for Lifelong Health. By John Durant. 359 pp. New York: Harmony Books. 2013. $25.00 (cloth), $12.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Bryce A. Carlson Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Fresh Fruit, Broken Bodies: Migrant Farmworkers in the United States. By Seth Holmes. 264 pp. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2013. $65.00 (cloth), $27.95 (paper or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: James Loucky Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Brazilian quilombos: A repository of Amerindian alleles
ConclusionsThese results identify two living African–Brazilian populations that carry unique and important genetic information regarding Amerindian history. These populations will be extremely valuable in future investigations into American pre‐history and Native American evolutionary dynamics. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Carolina Carvalho Gontijo, Carlos Eduardo Guerra Amorim, Neide Maria Oliveira Godinho, Rafaela Cesare Parmezan Toledo, Adriana Nunes, Wellington Silva, Maria Manuela Fonseca Moura, José Carlos Coutinho Oliveira, Rubiani C. Pagotto, Maria Nazaré Klautau Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A Companion to Paleoanthropology. Edited by David R. Begun. xxviii + 620 pp. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley‐Blackwell. 2013. $199.95 (cloth), $159.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Kieran McNulty Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Neuroculture: On the Implications of Brain Science. By Edmund T. Rolls. 432 pp. New York: Oxford University Press. 2012. $59.95 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - February 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Joan Y. Chiao Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Helminths and human ancestral immune ecology: What is the evidence for high helminth loads among foragers?
ConclusionsThese findings, coupled with the modern forager literature, raise questions as to whether helminths were prevalent enough in Paleolithic humans to be a unique evolutionary selective force in human physiology. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Douglas London, Daniel Hruschka Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Skeletal robustness and bone strength as measured by anthropometry and ultrasonography as a function of physical activity in young adults
ConclusionThese results are discussed in the context of generally decreasing physical activity, the outcomes of prevention programs as well as evolutionary adaptation of human phenotypic plasticity in a changing environment. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christiane Scheffler, Birgit Gniosdorz, Kaspar Staub, Frank Rühli Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Short‐term heat acclimation is effective and may be enhanced rather than impaired by dehydration
Conclusions: Short‐term (5‐day) heat acclimation induced effective adaptations, some of which were more pronounced after fluid‐regulatory strain from permissive dehydration, and not attributable to dehydration effects on body temperature. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: A.T. Garrett, N.G. Goosens, N.J. Rehrer, M.J. Patterson, J. Harrison, I. Sammut, J.D. Cotter Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Correlation of 2D:4D digit ratio and craniofacial shape in prepubertal children
ConclusionsAs several factors might be involved in the development and growth of both the craniofacial complex and fingers, the 2D:4D ratio, a putative proxy for fetal sex‐hormone levels, is probably unable to impose a measurable effect within the variation of a normal population. Future research needs to examine an adult sample for potential covariation arising after the pubertal growth spurt. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Kalliopy Valla, Demetrios J. Halazonetis Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Increased efficiency in geographic ancestry assignment and human identification by combining lineage profiles: The case of the iranians
ConclusionsWhen combined, the forensic efficiency of routinely used panels of lineage markers can be largely sufficient to resolve cases of geographic ancestry and human identification even in genetically homogeneous populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Sergio Tofanelli, Stefania Bertoncini, Shirin Farjadian, Abbas Ghaderi, Gianmarco Ferri, Giovanni Romeo, Donata Luiselli Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Birth weight and overweight or obesity risk in children under 3 years in China
ConclusionsHigher levels of birth weight were associated with an increased risk of overweight or obesity among Chinese children from 6 months to 3 years of age. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Nan Li, Enquing Liu, Shurong Sun, Jia Guo, Lei Pan, Ping Wang, Jin Liu, Linglin Tan, Gongshu Liu, Gang Hu Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Mitochondrial variation among the aymara and the signatures of population expansion in the central Andes
ConclusionThe mtDNA data suggests that the central Andeans experienced population expansion, most likely because of rapid demographic expansion after introduction of intensive agriculture, but roles of female gene flow need to be further explored. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ken Batai, Sloan R. Williams Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Body composition assessment in the infant
Abstract Body composition assessment provides a sharper picture of the human biological response to genetic and environmental influences than measures of body size and weight. Infant body composition is particularly important as a marker of fetal adaptation and developmental programming of subsequent health and disease, but until recently, the range of options for measuring infant body composition was relatively narrow. The purpose of this Toolkit: Methods in Human Biology review is to provide a comprehensive overview of methods of body composition methods currently used in infants 0 to 2 years of age, including anthropome...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ellen W. Demerath, David A. Fields Tags: Methods Series Source Type: research

Lower hemoglobin levels in first time mothers from Cebu, Philippines
ConclusionsLow hemoglobin levels of primiparous women in this sample might indicate increased nutritional stress associated with first pregnancy. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jessica Yoon, Rubabin Tooba, Judith Borja, Fe Largado, E.A. Quinn Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Correlation analysis of genetic admixture and social identification with body mass index in a Native American Community
ConclusionsTaken together, these results suggest that genetic and cultural environmental factors, rather than socioeconomic factors, account for a substantial proportion of variation in BMI in this population. Further, significant correlations between degree of NA ancestry and BMI suggest that admixture mapping may be appropriate to identify loci associated with BMI in this population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Trina M. Norden‐Krichmar, Ian R. Gizer, Ondrej Libiger, Kirk C. Wilhelmsen, Cindy L. Ehlers, Nicholas J. Schork Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Ontogenetic changes in intralimb proportions in a Romano‐Christian period sample from the Dakhleh Oasis, Egypt
ConclusionsThe shifting pattern in intralimb proportions during development in the Kellis 2 sample is similar to that previously reported from globally diverse samples, which likely reflects the differential growth acceleration of proximal and distal intralimb skeletal elements during ontogeny. The brachial index may be more responsive to climatic conditions while the crural index may be more conserved due to functional demands. The data indicate that Kellis 2 juveniles were under strong selective pressures from climatic factors. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2013. © 2013 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - January 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michele M. Bleuze, Sandra M. Wheeler, lana J. Williams, Tosha L. Dupras Tags: Original Article Source Type: research