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The association between economic development, lifestyle differentiation, and C‐reactive protein concentration within rural communities in Hainan Island, China
ConclusionGiven that CRP concentration is a marker of future CVD risk, this study suggests that within these previously homogenous rural communities, economic development might have stratified people into population subgroups with a different CVD risk. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Yosuke Inoue, Andrew Stickley, Aki Yazawa, Dandan Li, Jianwei Du, Yuming Jin, Yan Chen, Chiho Watanabe Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Dental health and alimentation among the Quintana Roo Mayas: Coastal and inland sites of the classic–postclassic periods
ConclusionsThe analyzed indicators are in accord with the general tendency reported in the literature. The results revealed a general trend whereby the Classic inland sites display poorer life conditions than the Classic coastal sites. In the Postclassic period, this pattern changed because the frequencies of all stress indicators increased. The explanations regarding this tendency are related to the differential access to food resources between regions; coastal people had a varied diet and better sources of protein, taking into account the culture of alimentation, the type, and the sources (in general, fish) that have an ...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 21, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Allan Ortega‐Muñoz Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Genetic structure of the Kuwaiti population revealed by paternal lineages
ConclusionOverall, we have revealed that the Kuwaiti population has experienced significant gene flow from neighboring populations like Saudi Arabia, Iran, and East Africa. Therefore, we have confirmed that the population of Kuwait is genetically coextensive with those of the Middle East. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 21, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Soumaya Triki‐Fendri, Paula Sánchez‐Diz, Danel Rey‐González, Suad Alfadhli, Imen Ayadi, Riadh Ben Marzoug, Ángel Carracedo, Ahmed Rebai Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 12, 2015 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Disasters in Field Research: Preparing for and Coping with Unexpected Events. By Gillian H. Ice, Darna L. Dufour, and Nancy J. Stevens. 230 pp. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield. 2015. $85.00 (cloth), $30.00 (paper), $29.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Felicia C. Madimenos Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Do Fathers Matter? What Science Is Telling Us About the Parent We've Overlooked. By Paul Raeburn. 288 pp. New York: Scientific American / Farrar, Straus and Giroux. 2015. $26.00 (cloth), $15.00 (paper), $9.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Lee T. Gettler Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Advances in Fetal and Neonatal Physiology. Edited by Lubo Zhang and Charles A. Ducsay. 245 pp. New York: Springer. 2014. $199.00 (cloth), $159.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Daniel Malleske Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The Parasite‐Stress Theory of Values and Sociality: Infectious Disease, History and Human Values Worldwide. By Randy Thornhill and Corey L. Fincher. 449 pp. New York: Springer. 2014. $209.00 (cloth), $159.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Michael Gurven Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Body mass index and waist circumference are not good surrogate indicators of adiposity in psychogeriatric patients
ConclusionsOur results indicate that it is necessary to establish age and sex‐specific BMI and WC cutoffs, and also highlight the importance of focusing on body composition analysis to ensure an accurate nutritional diagnosis in older‐adults and in psychogeriatric patients. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 16, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Ma Alicia Camina Martín, Beatriz De Mateo Silleras, Alberto Miján De La Torre, Sara Barrera Ortega, Luis Domínguez Rodríguez, Ma Paz Redondo Del Río Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Differential impact of consanguineous marriages on autosomal recessive diseases in Tunisia
ConclusionsThis study reveals a variation in the excess risk linked to consanguinity according to the type of disorder, suggesting the potential of cryptic population substructure to contribute to disease incidence in populations with complex social structure like Tunisia. It also emphasizes the role of other health and demographic aspects such as mutation frequency and reproductive replacement in diseases etiology. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 16, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Nizar Ben Halim, Sana Hsouna, Khaled Lasram, Insaf Rejeb, Asma Walha, Faten Talmoudi, Habib Messai, Ahlem Sabrine Ben Brick, Houyem Ouragini, Wafa Cherif, Majdi Nagara, Faten Ben Rhouma, Ibtissem Chouchene, Farah Ouechtati, Yosra Bouyacoub, Mariem Ben Rek Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Sibling effects on nutritional status: Intersections of cooperation and competition across development
ConclusionsClosely aged siblings do not always represent competitors. In this ecocultural context, those aged ≥5 years old appear to cooperate to improve their siblings' nutritional status. By evaluating the effects of siblings during specific risk periods, we offer a strategy to untangle the intersections of cooperation and competition. Our results add to the growing body of evidence showing benefits to allocare and further demonstrate that even children target their assistance toward vulnerable periods in development. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 16, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Courtney Helfrecht, Courtney L. Meehan Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Correlates of sports practice, occupational and leisure‐time physical activity in Brazilian adolescents
ConclusionsThe different domains of PA are related to specific variables in adolescence. This information may be helpful in formulating strategies for physical activity promotion, particularly in adolescents from low‐to‐middle income countries. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 16, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Danilo R.P. Silva, Rômulo A. Fernandes, David Ohara, Paul J. Collings, Mariana F. Souza, Crisieli M. Tomeleri, Enio R.V. Ronque, Luís B. Sardinha, Edilson S. Cyrino Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Quantitative physical activity assessment of children and adolescents in a rural population from Eastern Nepal
ConclusionsWe report child and adolescent physical activity patterns from the Jirel population of eastern Nepal. In this rural context, children and adolescents are more active than populations reported from Western contexts. This key finding has important biomedical implications for the maintenance of healthy body composition, skeletal health, and other health traits. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 16, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Kimberly D. Williams, Janardan Subedi, Bharat Jha, John Blangero, Sarah Williams‐Blangero, Bradford Towne Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Chest circumference and sitting height among children and adolescents from Lhasa, tibet compared to other high altitude populations
ConclusionsFindings from this study reinforce the conclusion that Tibetan and Andean populations have adapted differently to high altitude hypoxia. The physical features of each population may result from unique adaptation to hypoxia, as well as socio‐ecological factors, such as poor nutrition. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 8, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Huanjiu Xi, Zhao Chen, Wenhui Li, Youfeng Wen, Hailong Zhang, Yanjie Xiao, Suwei Liu, Linguo Pei, Meizhi Zhang, Po Lv, Fu Ren, Keqiang Huang, Liping Ye, Chunshan Li, Liguang Zhao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

On the threshold of adulthood: A new approach for the use of maturation indicators to assess puberty in adolescents from medieval England
ConclusionsThis research provides the first attempt to directly assess the age of pubertal development in adolescents during the 10th–17th centuries. Poor diet, infections, and physical exertion may have contributed to delayed development in the medieval adolescents, particularly for those living in the city of London. This study sheds new light on the nature of adolescence in the medieval period, highlighting an extended period of physical and social transition. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 8, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Mary Lewis, Fiona Shapland, Rebecca Watts Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Laboratory and field methods for stable isotope analysis in human biology
This article describes methods for SIA that may be usefully applied in studies of living humans, with emphasis placed on carbon and nitrogen. Some of the ecological, physiological, and evolutionary applications of stable isotope data among living humans are discussed. By incorporating SIA in research, human biologists facilitate a productive dialog with bioarchaeologists, who routinely use stable isotope evidence, mingling different perspectives on human biology and behavior. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 8, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Laurie J. Reitsema Tags: Human Biology Toolkit Source Type: research

A hierarchical bayesian analysis of parasite prevalence and sociocultural outcomes: The role of structural racism and sanitation infrastructure
ConclusionsWe conclude that best practices in biocultural modeling require examining more than one hypothesis, retaining individual‐level data and its associated variance whenever possible, and adopting multilevel techniques suited to the structuring of the data. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 8, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Cody T. Ross, Bruce Winterhalder Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Shifts in subsistence type and its impact on the human skull's morphological integration
ConclusionsThe transition to softer diets increased morphological variation across cranial regions that are more exposed to masticatory strains effects. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 30, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Carolina Paschetta, Soledad De Azevedo, Marina González, Mirsha Quinto‐Sánchez, Celia Cintas, Hugo Varela, Jorge Gómez‐Valdés, Gabriela Sánchez‐Mejorada, Rolando González‐José Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Synthetic growth reference charts
ConclusionGenerating synthetic growth reference charts by incorporating information from a large set of reference growth studies seems suitable for populations with no autochthonous references at hand yet. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 30, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Michael Hermanussen, Karol Stec, Christian Aßmann, Christof Meigen, Stef Van Buuren Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Physical growth of the shuar: Height, Weight, and BMI references for an indigenous amazonian population
ConclusionsProviding a detailed reference of growth for the Shuar and other Amazonian populations, this study possesses direct clinical application and affords valuable insight into childhood health and the ecology of human growth. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 30, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Samuel S. Urlacher, Aaron D. Blackwell, Melissa A. Liebert, Felicia C. Madimenos, Tara J. Cepon‐Robins, Theresa E. Gildner, J. Josh Snodgrass, Lawrence S. Sugiyama Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Skin pigmentation variation among populations of West Maharashtra, India
ConclusionsOur results suggest that various factors may have contributed to pigmentation diversity across the Indian subcontinent. The lack of correlation between UVR and MI suggests that natural selection may not have played a significant role in shaping pigmentation variation across the subcontinent. We discuss other possible explanations, including metabolic conservation and cultural factors such as traditional social hierarchies and strict endogamy that have led to the development of population structure. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 30, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Manjari Jonnalagadda, Shantanu Ozarkar, Richa Ashma, Shaunak Kulkarni Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Impact of commercial farming on household reproductive strategies in Calakmul, Campeche, Mexico
ConclusionsFertility reductions in households that practice commercial versus those that practice subsistence agriculture were significant. Also, a “frontier” effect was observed that increased fertility over all, but HCA households were not as influenced by it. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 22, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Francisco D. Gurri, Allan Ortega‐Muñoz Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Osteocalcin and type 2 diabetes risk in Latinos: A life course approach.
ConclusionsOC was inversely associated with T2D risk in Latino adults; however, this pattern was not observed in children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Zoe M. González‐García, Iftikhar J. Kullo, Dawn K. Coletta, Lawrence J. Mandarino, Gabriel Q. Shaibi Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Intergenerational changes in knee height among Maya mothers and their adult daughters from Merida, Mexico
ConclusionsThe relative increase in KH between mothers and daughters represents a portion of the expected change in growth in a group that has experienced few substantial improvements in their living conditions. Some improvements in childhood living conditions resulting from the intergenerational transition from rural to urban environments seem to be linked to a modest, but statistically significant intergenerational increase in KH among Maya women in Merida. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Hugo Azcorra, Luis RodrÍguez, Maria inês Varela‐Silva, Sudip Datta Banik, Federico Dickinson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Socioeconomic status and sex ratios at birth in Sweden: No evidence for a trivers–willard effect for a wide range of status indicators
ConclusionsWe conclude that no substantive relationship between socioeconomic status and sex ratios exists for the population and period of our study. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Martin Kolk, Sebastian Schnettler Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Hemoglobin levels and blood pressure are associated in rural black africans
ConclusionsB‐hgb is associated with BP in rural black Africans. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Jon B. Rasmussen, David L. Mwaniki, Lydia U. Kaduka, Mike K. Boit, Knut Borch‐Johnsen, Henrik Friis, Dirk L. Christensen Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Analysis of locus D9S1120 and its genetic admixture correlation in seven argentina native american ethnic groups
ConclusionsAutosomal‐based genetic admixture showed that the studied communities have considerable European and Native America contributions. Our results concerning D9S1120 further contribute to a better understanding of the admixture process between Sub Saharan African, Native American, and European individuals that shaped the genetic background of Argentinean extant population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Mariela Caputo, Daniel Corach Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

High‐protein meal challenge reveals the association between the salivary cortisol response and metabolic syndrome in police officers
ConclusionsReduced cortisol response to a high‐protein meal challenge may be associated with MetSyn. Future longitudinal studies could provide useful evidence for planning intervention studies on cardiovascular risk among police officers. Am. J. Hum. Biol. 00:000–000, 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Penelope Baughman, Michael E. Andrew, Cecil M. Burchfiel, Desta Fekedulegn, Tara A. Hartley, John M. Violanti, Diane B. Miller Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Maya paleodemographics: What do we know?
ConclusionsThere are indications of a demographic change between the Late‐Terminal Classic and Post‐Classic periods. Life expectancies are lower than 30 years, a high infant mortality and low adult survival after 50 years is shown. The Post‐Classic period is characterized by population rearrangements and mobility. Results obtained for both Chac Mool series showed deterioration in health and reduced life expectancy and fertility levels from one period to another. El Meco and Xcambó series showed differences with Chac Mool's due to higher growth rates. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: ...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Patricia Olga Hernández Espinoza, Lourdes Márquez Morfín Tags: Review Source Type: research

Developmental trajectories of aggressive behavior in children from ages 8 to 10: The role of sex and hormones
ConclusionsOur results highlight the importance of studying aggressive behavior from a longitudinal perspective, taking into account sex differences and biological measures. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Aitziber Azurmendi, Eider Pascual‐Sagastizabal, Ana I. Vergara, Jose M. Muñoz, Paloma Braza, Rosario Carreras, Francisco Braza, José R. Sánchez‐Martín Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Crossing the peninsula: The role of Noh Bec, Yucatán, in ancient Maya Classic Period population dynamics from an analysis of dental morphology and Sr isotopes
ConclusionsDental morphology and 87Sr/86Sr ratios indicate intense population dynamics in the peninsula during the Maya Classic period. Despite the different nature of the dental and isotopic indicators, results agree with archaeological evidence and with proposed trade routes in the peninsula. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Andrea Cucina, T. Douglas Price, Evelia Magaña Peralta, Thelma Sierra Sosa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 11, 2015 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Blind spot: How neoliberalism infiltrated global health. By Salmaan Keshavjee, Foreword by Paul Farmer. 288 pp. Oakland: University of California Press. 2014. $65.00 (cloth), $29.95 (paper or e‐book)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 2, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Kristin E. Yarris Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Mestizo Genomics: Race Mixture, Nation, and Science in Latin America. Edited by Peter Wade, Carlos López Beltrán, Eduardo Restrepo, and Ricardo Ventura Santos. 320 pp. Durham: Duke University Press. 2014. $94.95 (cloth), $25.95 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 2, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Mónica Sans Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Association between age at menarche and autistic traits in Turkish university students
ConclusionThese findings suggest that there may be a common developmental mechanism between delayed menarche and autistic traits, possibly through elevated levels of prenatal androgens. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 20, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Arzu Hergüner, Sabri Hergüner Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Household environment and behavioral determinants of respiratory tract infection in infants and young children in northern bangladesh
ConclusionsIn environments with a heavy reliance on solid biomass fuels, the amount of time a child spends near the stove during cooking may be an important risk for RTI. These novel findings from Bangladesh warrant further investigation of mother‐infant behaviors during cooking in relation to child health, to ascertain whether the association is likely to be causal. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 20, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: S. Pieta K. Nasanen‐Gilmore, Subir Saha, Izaz Rasul, Emily K. Rousham Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Bioarchaeological and Forensic Perspectives on Violence: How Violent Death is Interpreted from Skeletal Remains. Edited by Debra L. Martin and Cheryl P. Anderson. 329 pp. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 2014. $99.00 (cloth), $79.00 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Margaret A. Judd Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Romania's Abandoned Children: Deprivation, Brain Development, and the Struggle for Recovery. By Charles A. Nelson, Nathan A. Fox, and Charles H. Zeanah. 416 pp. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. 2014. $29.95 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Melissa A. Liebert Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

High prevalence of cannabis use among Aka foragers of the Congo Basin and its possible relationship to helminthiasis
ConclusionsThe prevalence of cannabis use among adult Aka men was high when compared to most global populations. THCA levels were negatively correlated with parasite infection and reinfection, supporting the self‐medication hypothesis. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Casey J. Roulette, Mirdad Kazanji, Sébastien Breurec, Edward H. Hagen Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Timing of birth: Parsimony favors strategic over dysregulated parturition
ConclusionsStrategic parturition explains observed data for which the dysregulated parturition narrative offers no prediction—the timing of birth among gestations stressed at term. Our narrative may help explain why findings from studies examining associations between population‐ and/or individual‐level stressors and preterm birth are generally mixed. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Ralph Catalano, Julia Goodman, Claire Margerison‐Zilko, April Falconi, Alison Gemmill, Deborah Karasek, Elizabeth Anderson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Short‐term reproducibility and variability of the pupillographic sleepiness test
ConclusionsWe conclude that recordings of the PST have a good reproducibility and low intra‐ and inter‐individual variability compared to subjective scales of sleepiness or the Multiple Sleep Latency Test. The PST is thus a viable method to measure daytime sleepiness objectively. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Barbara Wilhelm, Evelyn Bittner, Anna Hofmann, Andreas Koerner, Tobias Peters, Holger Lüdtke, Helmut Wilhelm Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Impact of modernization on adult body composition on five islands of varying economic development in vanuatu
ConclusionsWe conclude that Vanuatu is undergoing an uneven and rapid health transition resulting in increased prevalence of obesity, and that women are at greatest risk for developing obesity‐related chronic diseases in urbanized areas in Vanuatu. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Kathryn M. Olszowy, Alysa Pomer, Kelsey N. Dancause, Cheng Sun, Harold Silverman, Gwang Lee, Chim W. Chan, Len Tarivonda, Ralph Regenvanu, Akira Kaneko, Charles A. Weitz, J. Koji Lum, Ralph M. Garruto Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Surname‐Inferred andean ancestry is associated with child stature and limb lengths at high altitude in Peru, but not at sea level
ConclusionsGreater Andean ancestry is associated with shorter stature and limb measurements at high but not low altitude. Gene‐environment interactions between high altitude and Andean ancestry may exacerbate the trade‐off between chest dimensions and stature that was proposed previously, though we could not test this directly. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Emma Pomeroy, Jonathan C.K. Wells, Sanja Stanojevic, J. Jaime Miranda, Lorna G. Moore, Tim J. Cole, Jay T. Stock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Breastfeeding over two years is associated with longer birth intervals, but not measures of growth or health, among children in Kilimanjaro, TZ
ConclusionsWe suggest that these relationships may support the recently rekindled birth spacing hypothesis, positing selection for longer interbirth intervals, rather than, or in addition to, more direct health benefits associated with breastfeeding for 2 or more years. Our results may indicate attenuating health benefits associated with longer breastfeeding. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Siobhán M. Mattison, Katherine Wander, Katie Hinde Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Relationship between maternal and newborn endothelial function and oxidative stress
ConclusionStudy findings suggest that under physiological conditions, enhanced endothelial function and/or oxidative stress in the mother may impact on normal fetal development. Future studies are recommended, employing larger sample sizes, a more extensive set of markers of oxidative stress, and comparisons of complicated versus normal pregnancies. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Isabella Echeverri, José Guillermo Ortega–Ávila, Mildrey Mosquera, Andrés Castillo, Eliécer Jiménez, Milton Fabian Suárez‐Ortegon, Julio Cesar Mateus, Cecilia Aguilar‐de Plata Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Is the area of the orbital opening in humans related to climate?
ConclusionsThese data may support the hypothesized association between size of the orbital opening and adaptation to different climatic conditions, but only in males. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 6, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Agnieszka Tomaszewska, Barbara Kwiatkowska, Rimantas Jankauskas Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Molar morphology and the expression of Carabelli's trait in 45,X females
ConclusionsThe shortage of one X chromosome in females has an influence on the morphology of the lingual cingulum region of the maxillary first permanent molar during tooth crown development. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 18, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Mitsuko Nakayama, Raija Lähdesmäki, Ahti Niinimaa, Lassi Alvesalo Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Erratum
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 18, 2015 Category: Biology Tags: Erratum Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 18, 2015 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Self‐reported aggressiveness is not related to developmental instability
ConclusionsOur findings for people living in Turkey did not support the hypothesis that aggressiveness, as a signal of evolutionary fitness, is related to developmental instability. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2015. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 18, 2015 Category: Biology Authors: Barış Özener, Derya Atamtürk, İzzet Duyar Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research