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Diurnal variation in salivary cortisol across age classes in Ache Amerindian males of Paraguay
ConclusionAche Amerindian men exhibit a flattening of the diurnal rhythm across age classes. Our results were able to capture both within‐ and between‐individual variations in cortisol levels, and reflected age‐related contrasts in daily cortisol fluctuations. The flattening of the diurnal rhythm with age among the Ache may reflect a common and shared aspect of male senescence across ecological contexts and lifestyles. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dorsa Amir, Peter T. Ellison, Kim R. Hill, Richard G. Bribiescas Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Paternal age predicts offspring chances of marriage and reproduction
ConclusionsAs marriage is a prerequisite of reproduction in this sample, we discuss that mate choice may provide a mechanism to prevent too high mutation load in the progeny. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Martin Fieder, Susanne Huber Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Comparison of total body and abdominal adiposity indexes to dual x‐ray absorptiometry scan in obese adolescents
ConclusionThe BAI initially developed in adults presented a better but still weak association with DXA‐%FM when compared with the BAIw and BAIp. The three indices thus do not provide better estimate of obese adolescents' adiposity than the widely used Body Mass Index. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: David Thivel, Grace O'Malley, Bruno Pereira, Pascale Duché, Julien Aucouturier Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The digit ratio (2D:4D) in China: A meta‐analysis
ConclusionsWe concluded that the sex differences in Chinese 2D:4D are consistent with the results from western studies, and that genetic pool differences rather than latitude‐related environmental variables affect the 2D:4D in China. In addition, 2D:4D measurements obtained by different digit measurement techniques should not be combined within one study, or used together in comparative studies. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 6, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Yin Xu, Yong Zheng Tags: Review Source Type: research

Percentiles and regional distribution of skinfold thickness among children and adolescents in Shandong, China
ConclusionThe SFT level of children and adolescents is associated with regional SES in Shandong, China. This may be interpreted as a result of geographic variation between the districts in the process of urbanization, living standards, nutritional conditions, dietary patterns, and public health. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 3, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ying‐Xiu Zhang, Jin‐Shan Zhao, Zun‐Hua Chu Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Leptin, adiponectin, and heart rate variability among police officers
ConclusionsLeptin levels were inversely associated with LF HRV, especially among officers with increased adiposity. Increased leptin levels may be associated with CVD‐related health problems. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Luenda E. Charles, Cecil M. Burchfiel, Khachatur Sarkisian, Shengqiao Li, Diane B. Miller, Ja K. Gu, Desta Fekedulegn, John M. Violanti, Michael E. Andrew Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A mechanistic approach to tracing anthropometric charts: The extended mechanistic growth function method
ConclusionsThe EMGF method represents a bridge to link cross‐sectional and longitudinal studies and allows us to identify milestones of the median growth in a population in the same way used for individual profiles. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - October 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Elena Spada, Giulio Gilli, Alessandra Coscia, Silvano Milani Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Scrambling for Africa: AIDS, Expertise, and the Rise of American Global Health Science. Edited by Johanna Tayloe Crane. 224 pp. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. 2013. $89.95 (cloth), $27.95 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jeffrey Measelle Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

The Obesity Epidemic in North America: Connecting Biology and Culture. Edited by Anna Bellisari. 114 pp. Long Grove, IL: Waveland Press. 2013. $15.50 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Peter J. Brown Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Lousy Sex: Creating Self in an Infectious World. By Gerald N. Callahan. 240 pp. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press. 2013. $19.95 (paper), $15.95 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Tara J. Cepon‐Robins Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Translating obesity: Navigating the front lines of the “war on fat”
ConclusionsTranslation of social science‐oriented obesity research for broader public good requires collaborative work across disciplines and fields, as well as between academics, professionals working in public health and medicine, policy makers, and other key stakeholders. Translation efforts must acknowledge and develop practical programs addressing the “obesity crisis,” but also are compelled to question core assumptions upon which obesity‐reduction interventions have thus far been based. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 24, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Sarah Trainer, Alexandra Brewis, Daniel Hruschka, Deborah Williams Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Relationships between digit ratio (2D:4D) and female competitive rowing performance
ConclusionsFemales with smaller 2D:4Ds rowed substantially faster than females with larger 2D:4Ds, with the 2D:4D possibly linked to underlying characteristics that have been optimized over time resulting in better rowing performance. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Melissa J. Hull, Natasha K. Schranz, John T. Manning, Grant R. Tomkinson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Relative leg length is associated with type 2 diabetes differently according to pubertal timing: The Brazilian longitudinal study of adult health
ConclusionsIn contemporary Brazilian adults, short legs relative to height is positively associated with diabetes independent of measures of intrauterine growth, pubertal timing, and young‐adult adiposity. This association is stronger in women with early menarche. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Noel T. Mueller, Bruce B. Duncan, Sandhi M. Barreto, Dora Chor, Alvaro Vigo, Estela M.L. Aquino, Ellen W. Demerath, Maria Inês Schmidt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Stable isotopes (carbon, nitrogen, sulfur), diet, and anthropometry in urban Colombian women: Investigating socioeconomic differences
ConclusionsStable isotope values revealed a difference between SES groups that was not explained by the dietary data. The relationship between diet and stable isotope composition is complex. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Richard L. Bender, Darna L. Dufour, Luciano O. Valenzuela, Thure E. Cerling, Matt Sponheimer, Julio C. Reina, James R. Ehleringer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Secular trends in physical fitness of Mozambican school‐aged children and adolescents
ConclusionsA negative secular trend among Mozambican children's PF was observed over the last two decades, suggesting that socio‐political, educational, and economical changes occurring during this period had a relevant effect on their PF. This negative trend suggests that development of intervention programs/strategies to improve PF among youth is warranted. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Fernanda Karina Dos Santos, António Prista, Thayse Natacha Queiroz Ferreira Gomes, Timóteo Daca, Aspacia Madeira, Peter T. Katzmarzyk, José António Ribeiro Maia Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Trading height for education in the marriage market
ConclusionsOur findings confirm that the physical characteristics that an individual brings to the marriage market influences the outcome in this market: physical attractiveness is exchanged in the marriage market for a higher educational attainment and the ability to earn a higher labor income. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michela Ponzo, Vincenzo Scoppa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

School day and weekend patterns of physical activity in urban 11‐year‐olds: A cross‐cultural comparison
ConclusionsWeekends seem to be an appropriate target when promoting PA in 11‐year‐olds in all the cities included in the study. Increasing vigorous activity on weekends seems to be of particular importance in Zagreb and Ljubljana. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gregor Jurak, Maroje Sorić, Gregor Starc, Marjeta Kovač, Marjeta Mišigoj‐Duraković, Katarina Borer, Janko Strel Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A Troublesome Inheritance: Genes, Race and Human History. Edited by Nicholas Wade. 288 pp. New York: Penguin Press. 2014. $27.95 (cloth), $17.00 (paper), $14.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher Irwin Smith Tags: Book Reviews Source Type: research

Tracing Childhood: Bioarchaeological Investigations of Early Lives in Antiquity. Edited by Jennifer L. Thompson, Marta P. Alfonso‐Durruty, and John J. Crandall. 288 pp. Gainesville: University Press of Florida. 2014. $85.00 (cloth).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gwen Robbins Schug Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Determining osteoporosis risk in older Colono adults from rural Amazonian Ecuador using calcaneal ultrasonometry
ConclusionsLow bone density and osteoporosis prevalence are expected to increase in this and other economically transitioning populations, yet infrastructure to monitor this changing epidemiological landscape is almost non‐existent. Human biologists are uniquely positioned to contribute data from remote populations, a critical step toward initiating increased resource allocation for diagnosis and prevention. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Felicia C. Madimenos, Melissa A. Liebert, Tara J. Cepon‐Robins, J. Josh Snodgrass, Lawrence S. Sugiyama Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Do physical activity and sedentary behavior relate to cardio‐metabolic risk factor clustering in indigenous Siberian adults?
ConclusionsObjectively measured physical activity was related to lower risk of cardio‐metabolic risk factor clustering within this sample of Yakut men, but not women. SB was not related to cardio‐metabolic indicators. Physical activity may contribute to a reduction in clustering of metabolic risk factors within indigenous circumpolar populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Hannah J. Wilson, William R. Leonard, Larissa A. Tarskaia, Tatiana M. Klimova, Vadim G. Krivoshapkin, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

To swaddle, or not to swaddle? paleoepidemiology of developmental dysplasia of the hip and the swaddling dilemma among the indigenous populations of North America
ConclusionsThe etiology of DDH suggests that components of both genetic predisposition and swaddling practices have combined to create a high‐risk environment for the development of DDH, contributing to high prevalence within archaeological populations, like Buffalo, and modern Indigenous groups of North America. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Samantha H. Blatt Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Examining the utility of thresholds for aerobic fitness related to resting blood pressure and BMI in portuguese children
ConclusionsThis study suggests that the Ruiz et al. cut‐points are valid in distinguishing between children with higher and lower BMI and resting BP values. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 8, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Clarice Martins, Gustavo Silva, José Carlos Ribeiro, José Oliveira, Andreia Pizarro, Jorge Mota, Luisa Aires Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Local trends in diet in urban Colombia, 1990–1995 to 2008: Little evidence of a nutrition transition among low‐income women
ConclusionsThe changes in diet among low‐income women in Cali, Colombia between 1990–1995 and 2008 partially match national‐level trends in food supply and the theoretical expectations of a nutrition transition, but are nonetheless a localized phenomenon. They do not help explain concurrent changes in body size. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Darna L. Dufour, Richard L. Bender, Julio C. Reina Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Parental childhood growth and offspring birthweight: Pooled analyses from four birth cohorts in low and middle income countries
ConclusionsMaternal and paternal birthweight and growth from birth to 2 year each predict offspring birthweight. Maternal growth from MC‐adulthood, relative weight from 2‐MC and MC‐adulthood also predict offspring birthweight. These findings suggest that shared genes and/or adequate nutrition during early life for both parents may confer benefits to the next generation, and highlight the importance of maternal height and weight prior to conception. The stronger matrilineal than patrilineal relationships with offspring birth weight are consistent with the hypothesis that improving the early growth conditions of young ...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - September 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: O.Y. Addo, A.D. Stein, C.H.D Fall, D.P. Gigante, A.M. Guntupalli, B.L. Horta, C.W. Kuzawa, N. Lee, S.A. Norris, C. Osmond, P. Prabhakaran, L.M. Richter, H.P.S. Sachdev, R. Martorell, Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Trends and correlates of overweight and Obesity among adolescents from 2002 to 2010: A three‐cohort study based on a representative sample of Portuguese adolescents
ConclusionThe prevalence of overweight/obesity is still high, but seems to have stabilized. Physical activity, for boys, and perception of health, for girls, are factors associated with a lower likelihood of being overweight or obese. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Adilson Marques, Margarida Gaspar De Matos Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Could salivary cortisol predict preterm delivery? A biochemical evaluation
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Mehmet Agilli, Fevzi Nuri Aydin, Yasemin Gulcan Kurt, Tuncer Cayci Tags: Letter to Editor Source Type: research

The influence of relative body breadth on the diaphyseal morphology of the human lower limb
ConclusionsRelative body breadth is correlated with the periosteal geometry of the lower limb bones, particularly towards the proximal end of the femur diaphysis, but correlations in other regions also suggest integration of the diaphyseal geometry with epiphyseal dimensions. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Thomas G. Davies, Jay T. Stock Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Response to Agilli et al.
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: James Lee, Ruby Fried, Zaneta Thayer, Christopher Kuzawa Tags: Letter to the Editor Source Type: research

A meta‐analysis of pica and micronutrient status
ConclusionPica is significantly associated with increased risk for anemia and low Hb, Hct, and plasma Zn. Although the direction of the causal relationship between pica and micronutrient deficiency is unknown, the magnitude of these relationships is comparable to other well‐recognized causes of micronutrient deficiencies. Pica warrants greater public health attention; specifically the potential physiological mechanisms underpinning the relationship between pica and micronutrient deficiencies merit further study. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Diana Miao, Sera L. Young, Christopher D. Golden Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Daily environmental differences in blood pressure and heart rate variability in healthy premenopausal women
ConclusionsHR variability follows the expected variability pattern with behavior and activity, whereas BP does not. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Dana H. Bovbjerg, Leah A. Hill Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Continuous decrease of consanguineous marriages among arabs in israel
ConclusionsThe rates of consanguineous marriages among Israeli Arabs are decreasing but still high. Because consanguineous marriages are widely acceptable, the role of public health professionals and primary care personnel is to provide comprehensive information about the potential genetic risks of consanguinity on offspring health and to increase the accessibility of premarital and preconception counseling services. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Wasef Na'amnih, Orly Romano‐Zelekha, Ahmed Kabaha, Liza Pollack Rubin, Natalya Bilenko, Lutfi Jaber, Mira Honovich, Tamy Shohat Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Salivary cortisol and α‐amylase responses to repeated bouts of downhill running
ConclusionThe 24 h period group effect for salivary α‐amylase suggested an adaptation in the sympathoadrenal system that may alter the systemic inflammatory response to exercise‐induced muscle damage but may also reflect enhanced mucosal immunity. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Andrew J. Mckune, Christopher W. Bach, Stuart J. Semple, Barry J. Dyer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Normalization of elevated cardiac, kidney, and hemolysis plasma markers within 48 h in Mexican Tarahumara runners following a 78 km race at moderate altitude
ConclusionsAltered cardiac, renal, and hemolysis plasma markers were normalized after 48 h following 78 km of running, suggesting that the impact of exercise‐induced cardiac and kidney damage as well as hemolysis in the Mexican Tarahumara is low. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dirk L. Christensen, Diana Espino, Rocío Infante‐Ramírez, Soren Brage, Dijana Terzic, Jens P. Goetze, Jesper Kjaergaard Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Mood, behavior, testosterone, cortisol, and interleukin‐6 in adults during immune activation: A pilot study to assess sickness behaviors in humans
ConclusionOur results, while generally confirming previous research on sickness behavior and hormone changes during infection, are suggestive, but not statistically significant and so neither confirm nor contradict our hypotheses. We attribute this lack of significance to both the small sample size, as well as possible confounding factors, including the psychosocial stress of entering an intensive study program. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 22, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Eric C. Shattuck, Michael P. Muehlenbein Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Sleep duration, sleep quality, and obesity risk among older adults from six middle‐income countries: Findings from the study on global ageing and adult health (SAGE)
ConclusionsThis study documented an association between short sleep duration and increased obesity risk, which is important given the global increase of obesity‐related diseases. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Theresa E. Gildner, Melissa A. Liebert, Paul Kowal, Somnath Chatterji, J. Josh Snodgrass Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Ancient DNA evidence reveals that the Y chromosome haplogroup Q1a1 admixed into the Han Chinese 3,000 years ago
ConclusionsThe origins of the observed haplotypes and their distribution in present day Han Chinese and in the samples suggest that haplogroup Q1a1 was probably introduced into the Han Chinese population approximately 3,000 years ago. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Yong‐Bin Zhao, Ye Zhang, Hong‐Jie Li, Ying‐Qiu Cui, Hong Zhu, Hui Zhou Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The anthropometry of children and adolescents may be influenced by the prenatal smoking habits of their grandmothers: A longitudinal cohort study
ConclusionsThis study indicates that smoking in humans can have sex‐specific transgenerational effects. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jean Golding, Kate Northstone, Steven Gregory, Laura L. MILLER, Marcus Pembrey Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 18, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Over the sands and far away: Interpreting an Iberian mitochondrial lineage with ancient Western African origins
ConclusionsResults are concordant with a previously proposed Neolithic connection between Southern Europe and Western Africa, which might be key to the proper understanding of the ancient links between these two continents. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 11, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Antonio F. Pardiñas, José Luis Martínez, Agustín Roca, Eva García‐Vazquez, Belén López Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

A comparison of methods for assessing mortality risk
ConclusionsMethods for quantifying biological risk provide important approaches to improving our understanding of the causes and consequences of changes in physiological function and dysregulation. Biological Age offers an alternative and, in some cases a more accurate summary approach to the traditionally used methods, such as Allostatic Load and Framingham Risk Score. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Morgan E. Levine, Eileen M. Crimmins Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Area‐level socioeconomic disparities impact adult overweight and obesity risks of han ethnicity in China
ConclusionMen living in high SES areas as well as women living at the lowest SES areas were most likely to be at the highest risk of overweight and obesity in China. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - August 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dapeng Zhao, Lianbin Zheng, Yonglan Li, Keli Yu, Xinghua Zhang Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Dynamics of human biocultural diversity: A unified approach. By Elisa J. Sobo. 356 pp. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. 2012. $39.95 (paper), $39.95 (e‐book)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ivy L. Pike Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Evolution and medicine. By Robert L. Perlman. xi + 162 pp. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2013. $98.50 (hardcover), $44.95 (paperback)
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 29, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christopher Kuzawa Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

The effect of age on DNA concentration from whole saliva: Implications for the standard isolation method
ConclusionsAge determines, at least in part, the high variability observed in the concentration of DNA isolated from saliva samples. This fact should be taken into account for a better standardization of the DNA isolation to ensure DNA banking in large‐scale genetic studies involving children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 28, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Patricia Gassó, Mireia Pagerols, Itziar Flamarique, Josefina Castro‐Fornieles, Natalia Rodriguez, Sergi Mas, Sarah Curran, Katherine Aitchison, Paramala Santosh, Amalia Lafuente, Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Ethnic inequalities and sex differences in body mass index among tibet minorities in China: Implication for Overweight And Obesity Risks
Conclusion: One possible reason for ethnic disparity among Tibet minorities in the present study is special dietary elements. Measures to prevent and cope with the problem of overweight and obesity among Tibet minorities are urgently required. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 23, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dapeng Zhao, Yonglan Li, Lianbin Zheng Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Body symmetry and physical strength in human males
ConclusionsWe conclude that in males, body symmetry and physical strength are correlated such that symmetric individuals tend to develop higher strength, which may contribute to their success in inter‐ and intra‐sexual selection. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Bernhard Fink, Bettina Weege, John T. Manning, Robert Trivers Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Y‐chromosome analysis in a Northwest Iberian population: Unraveling the impact of Northern African lineages
ConclusionsNo differences between regions or sub‐structure due to geographical boundaries were detected. The specific Northwest African male lineages observed contrast with the mitochondrial DNA data, where the majority of African lineages were found to be sub‐Saharan. This work made it possible to study the impact of recent historical events in the male gene pool in the province of Zamora in Spain. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Luis Alvarez, Estela Ciria, Sofia L. Marques, Cristina Santos, Maria Pilar Aluja Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Evidence of inbreeding depression on height, weight, and body mass index: A population‐based child cohort study
ConclusionsOur results provide the evidence of inbreeding depression on height, weight, and BMI being important in context of child health. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Mohd Fareed, Mohammad Afzal Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Nutrient intakes associated with elevated serum C‐reactive protein concentrations in normal to underweight breastfeeding women in Northern Kenya
ConclusionsThe effects of specific dietary nutrients on inflammatory status may vary with BMI or, in women, reproductive status. Further research should investigate the role of dietary fats, fatty acids, and antioxidant vitamins across populations with a wide range of BMI, including postpartum women. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Masako Fujita, Eleanor Brindle, Yun‐jia Lo, Pamela Castro, Felipe Cameroamortegui Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research