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American Journal of Human Biology

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Body symmetry and physical strength in human males
ConclusionsWe conclude that in males, body symmetry and physical strength are correlated such that symmetric individuals tend to develop higher strength, which may contribute to their success in inter‐ and intra‐sexual selection. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Bernhard Fink, Bettina Weege, John T. Manning, Robert Trivers Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Differential circadian catecholamine and cortisol responses between healthy women with and without a parental history of hypertension
ConclusionThese findings suggest that there may be genetically linked mechanisms which elevate tonic epinephrine levels and nocturnal cortisol levels that contribute to elevating circadian BP. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gary D. James, Alexandria S. Alfarano, Helene M. van Berge‐Landry Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The relationship between BMI and dietary intake of primary school children from a rural area of South Africa: The Ellisras longitudinal study
ConclusionThis study supports previous findings about BMI and dietary trends in rural areas of South Africa. Despite low fat intake of the subjects, this macronutrient appeared to predict BMI most strongly. More research is needed; however, to further examine how healthy their lifestyle is nowadays with respect to diet and into what extent the nutrition transition has reached this area. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: C. Ende, J.W.R. Twisk, K.D. Monyeki Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Contribution of body composition components and soft‐tissue biochemical factors to genetic variation of body mass index (BMI) in an ethnically homogeneous population
ConclusionsThis study clearly suggests that FM and FFM contributed almost equally to BMI variation, and provides evidence that this contribution is caused by common genetic as well as shared environmental and metabolic factors. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - July 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Tasbulat Dosaev, Jai Prakash, Gregory Livshits Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Haplotype and nucleotide variation in the exon 3‐VNTR of the DRD4 gene from indigenous and urban populations of Mexico
ConclusionsA differentiation in the DRD4‐VNTR of global relevance occurs between northern and southern populations of Mexico suggesting that the Mexican Trans‐volcanic Belt has been a major frontier for human dispersion in the Americas. Ancient trespass of this barrier appears thus related to a major change in the population structure of the DRD4‐VNTR. Distinctive and independent patterns of DRD4‐VNTR diversity occur among the two Mexican indigenous populations by a still undefined combination of drift and selection. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 30, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Ana Julia Aguirre‐Samudio, Carlos Sabás Cruz‐Fuentes, Blanca Zoila González‐Sobrino, Verónica Gutiérrez‐Pérez, Luis Medrano‐González Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Further observations on associations between the ADA gene and past malaria morbidity in Sardinia
ConclusionsThe ADA gene shows other polymorphic sites further studies on their role in human adaptation to malaria could be rewarding. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 26, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Fulvia Gloria‐Bottini, Patrizia Saccucci, Gianfranco Meloni, Egidio Bottini Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Change in Height, Weight, and body mass index: Longitudinal data from Austria
ConclusionsWeight is strongly related to aging. In older individuals height loss affects BMI and masks weight loss to some degree. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Raphael Simon Peter, Ella Fromm, Jochen Klenk, Hans Concin, Gabriele Nagel Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Postnatal growth velocity and overweight in early adolescents: A comparison of rural and urban African boys and girls
ConclusionHigh weight and height growth velocity in infancy, independent of size at birth, is highly associated with overweight in early adolescence. However, the long term effects of rapid growth in infancy may be dependent on a particular population's socio‐economic status and level of urbanization. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 The Authors American Journal of Human Biology Published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: E.D. Chirwa, P. Griffiths, K. Maleta, P. Ashorn, J.M. Pettifor, S.A. Norris Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Parental perceptions of neighborhood environments, BMI, and active behaviors in girls aged 7–9 years
ConclusionThe study found some significant relationships between parental perceptions of the environment and BMI and habitual PA of Portuguese girls, especially related to security for walking and unpleasant neighborhoods, and access to destinations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Aristides M. Machado‐Rodrigues, Ana Santana, Augusta Gama, Isabel Mourão, Helena Nogueira, Victor Rosado, Cristina Padez Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Atherosclerosis in mummified human remains from Vilnius, Lithuania (18th–19th centuries AD): A computed tomographic investigation
ConclusionsIn accordance with recent, significant data, this study further demonstrates the antiquity of this disease. Documentary and ethnographic data suggest that lifestyle may have played a role in the onset of atherosclerosis in these individuals. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Dario Piombino‐Mascali, Rimantas Jankauskas, Algirdas Tamošiūnas, Ramūnas Valančius, Randall C. Thompson, Stephanie Panzer Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Intergenerational effects of early life nutrition: Maternal leg length predicts offspring placental weight and birth weight among women in rural Luzon, Philippines
ConclusionMaternal leg length is the component of stature that most strongly predicts offspring placental weight and BW in this sample. These findings suggest that fetal nutrition and growth in the present generation are influenced, in part, by the mother's own early life growth conditions. Our results add to evidence that fetal nutrition tracks the mother's past nutritional experiences, while also suggesting that ensuring favorable growth conditions during infancy and early childhood may benefit not only the present generation, but future offspring. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: America...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Green C. Chung, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Common variants in BDNF, FAIM2, FTO, MC4R, NEGR1, and SH2B1 show association with obesity‐related variables in Spanish Roma population
ConclusionsThe results of this study suggest that SNPs in or near six genes (BDNF, FAIM2, FTO, MC4R, NEGR1, and SH2B1) are significantly associated with body fat accumulation and distribution in Roma people. However, the association observed among variants in the first intron of FTO and obesity in European derived populations is not evident in the analyzed Roma sample. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Alaitz Poveda, María Eugenia Ibáñez, Esther Rebato Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Anthropometric and lifestyle characteristics of active and inactive saudi and british adolescents
ConclusionThe present study identifies crosscultural differences and similarities in lifestyle habits in adolescents from Britain and Saudi Arabia. Activity status (active vs. inactive) appears to play an important role in other lifestyle related behaviors, with active adolescent more likely to engage in healthy dietary behavior than their inactive peers, irrespective of country of origin. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 17, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Michael J. Duncan, Hazzaa M. Al‐hazzaa, Yahya Al‐Nakeeb, Hana I. Al‐Sobayel, Nada A. Abahussain, Abdulrahman O. Musaiger, Mark Lyons, Peter Collins, Alan Nevill Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Exploring secular changes in the association between BMI and waist circumference in Mexican‐Origin and white women: A comparison of Mexico and the United States
ConclusionWC for the same BMI has increased in Mexican‐American, white, and Mexican women of reproductive age. These patterns may have implications for future cardio‐metabolic burden in Mexico and the US. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 11, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Sandra S. Albrecht, Simon Barquera, Barry M. Popkin Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Interrelations between anthropometric and fitness changes during mid‐adolescence in boys: A 2‐year longitudinal study
ConclusionMotor and physical fitness improved significantly from 13 to 15 years, showing definite interrelationships with anthropometric growth during the mid‐adolescence period. Awareness and education about these changes are recommended as it can have significant effects on the sport performance and fitness training of boys during mid‐adolescence. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 10, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Barend P. Gerber, Anita E. Pienaar, Ankebe Kruger, Suria Ellis Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Socio‐environmental variables associated with malnutrition and intestinal parasitoses in the child population of Misiones, Argentina
ConclusionsThe similarity between rural and middle urban groups in stunting prevalence reveals that cities are not healthier than rural environments. On the contrary, the fact that the rural group presents the lowest prevalence of overweight reaffirms that poverty and malnutrition are progressively moving from rural to urban areas, and that rural children have still more diverse and healthy diets favored by the consumption of homemade products (i.e., orchards, animal husbandry, etc.), placing them at an earlier stage of the nutrition transition. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Jou...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 9, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: María L. Zonta, Evelia E. Oyhenart, Graciela T. Navone Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Height, its components, and coagulability among older Chinese: The Guangzhou biobank cohort study
ConclusionsFor the first time we provide anthropometric evidence for the different roles of prepubertal and pubertal influences in relation to Hct and HGB. Whether factors that promote leg growth but reduce growth of sitting height may help to prevent cardiovascular events, via effects on hypercoagulability or viscosity, overall or in specific subgroups, remains to be determined. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 7, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Y. Zhong, C.Q. Jiang, K.K. Cheng, W.S. Zhang, B. Liu, Y.L. Jin, T.H. Lam, G.M. Leung, C.M. Schooling Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Preterm delivery as a predictor of diurnal cortisol profiles in adulthood: Evidence from Cebu, Philippines
ConclusionsThese findings point to potential long‐term effects of having been born preterm on adult HPA‐axis function, and add to evidence from this and other populations for sex differences in the biological and health impacts of prenatal stress exposure. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: James Lee, Ruby Fried, Zaneta Thayer, Christopher W. Kuzawa Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 4, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Age and size at maturity in Indonesian women: A norm of reaction?
ConclusionsOur results lend support to McIntyre and Kacerosky's explanation as to why the relationship between age at menarche and height switches from negative to positive as the society industrializes. Furthermore, our results imply that the model (the Day and Rowe model) and theory (life history theory) on which this explanation is based are plausible. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - June 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Kitae Sohn Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Is there an influence of modern life style on skeletal build?
ConclusionsThe present investigation confirms the decline in relative elbow breadth in recent decades. Analogue, but even more pronounced changes were detected in pelvic breadth that coincides with the modern decline in upright locomotion. The findings underscore the phenotypic plasticity of humans while adapting to new environmental conditions. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 21, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Christiane Scheffler, Michael Hermanussen Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Studying Human Behavior: How Scientists Investigate Aggression and Sexuality. By Helen E. Longino. 256 pp. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. 2013. $75.00 (cloth), $25.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 19, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Frances J. White Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Non‐linear associations between stature and mate choice characteristics for American men and their spouses
ConclusionsShorter men faced a double disadvantage with respect to both their own mate quality and that of their spouses. Scores of taller men were only marginally higher than those of average height men, suggesting that being tall is less important than not being short. Although effect sizes were small, our results may partly explain why shorter and taller men have lower fertility than those of average stature. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 12, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Gert Stulp, Melinda Mills, Thomas V. Pollet, Louise Barrett Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The association between cardiovascular risk factors and high blood pressure in adolescents: A school‐based study
ConclusionsThe number of cardiovascular risk factors was found to be related to high blood pressure in adolescents. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 5, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Diego G.D. Christofaro, Rômulo A. Fernandes, Arli R. Oliveira, Ismael Forte Freitas Júnior, Mauro V.G. Barros, Raphael M. Ritti‐Dias Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Revisiting the daily human birth pattern: Time of delivery at casa de maternidad in Madrid (1887–1892)
ConclusionsThe results confirm that non‐intervened human birth has a clear diurnal cycle, with a higher incidence of deliveries in the early morning or morning. The shift in distribution during the winter and summer solstices seems to confirm the effect of light on the labor process. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 2, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Carlos Varea, Susana Fernández‐Cerezo Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

The nutrition transition in the Venezuelan Amazonia: Increased overweight and obesity with transculturation
ConclusionsTransculturation in these Amerindian populations is associated with an increase in overweight and obesity coexisting with undernourished children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: G. Hidalgo, E. Marini, W. Sanchez, M. Contreras, I. Estrada, O. Comandini, R. Buffa, M. Magris, M.G. Dominguez‐Bello Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Human Evolutionary Genetics (2nd edition). By Mark Jobling, Edward Hollox, Matthew Hurles, Toomas Kivisild, and Chris Tyler‐Smith. 650 pp. New York: Garland Science. 2013. $130.00 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Abigail W. Bigham Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

IL‐6(−572/−597) polymorphism and expression in HBV disease chronicity in an Indian population
ConclusionsThese preliminary findings indicate a potential role of IL‐6(−572/−597) genotypes in HBV disease pathogenesis in an Indian population. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Roli Saxena, Yogesh Kumar Chawla, Indu Verma, Jyotdeep Kaur Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

The Story of the Human Body: Evolution, Health, and Disease. By Daniel E. Lieberman. xii + 460 pp. New York: Pantheon Books. 2013. $27.95 (cloth), $11.99 (e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Wenda Trevathan Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Comparative analysis of facial morphology between Okinawa Islanders and mainland Japanese using three‐dimensional images
ConclusionsThis study quantitatively identified differences in the facial morphology between Okinawa Islanders and mainland Japanese using 3D digital images, with special emphases on the differences in the nasal height and the prominence of the glabella and nasal root. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Eri Miyazato, Kyoko Yamaguchi, Hitoshi Fukase, Hajime Ishida, Ryosuke Kimura Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Syndemic Suffering: Social Distress, Depression, and Diabetes among Mexican Immigrant Women. By Emily Mendenhall. 145 pp. Walnut Creek, CA: Left Coast Press. 2012. $94.00 (cloth), $29.95 (paper or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Jason A. DeCaro Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Testing hypothesized predictors of immune activation in tanzanian infants and children: Community, household, caretaker, and child effects
ConclusionsAmong children in Tanzania, a single elevated CRP does not predict poor growth functioning. Elevated CRP is associated with individual, caretaker, household, and community‐level variables. Future work should strive to measure local biologies in more nuanced ways. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Craig Hadley, Jason A. Decaro Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

When and for whom are relative age effects important? evidence from a simple test of cardiorespiratory fitness
ConclusionsResults imply that RAEs are likely to be of relatively minor concern when people are graded or ranked but can produce substantial inequities and misclassifications when people with extremely high or extremely low ability levels undergo selection. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Scott Veldhuizen, Terrance J. Wade, John Cairney, John A. Hay, Brent E. Faught Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Prevalence of adiposity and associated cardiometabolic risk factors in the samoan genome‐wide association study
ConclusionsThe phenotypic characteristics of this sample provide evidence of a continuation of previously reported temporal trends toward obesity and its associated disorders. Attention must be paid to the critical NCD situation in Samoa. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Nicola L. Hawley, Ryan L. Minster, Daniel E. Weeks, Satupaitea Viali, Muagututia Sefuiva Reupena, Guangyun Sun, Hong Cheng, Ranjan Deka, Stephen T. Mcgarvey Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Forty‐five year trends in overweight and obesity in an indigenous arctic inuit society in transition and spatiotemporal trends
ConclusionsOverweight and obesity rates rise with time and with societal transition in Greenland. Settlements and town are catching up with the city where the rate of increase is diminishing, although there were gender differences. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Stig Andersen, Karsten Fleischer Rex, Paneeraq Noahsen, Hans Christian Florian Sørensen, Nicolai Hardenberg Larsen, Gert Mulvad, Peter Laurberg Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Interrelationships between anthropometric variables and overweight in childhood and adolescence
ConclusionThe interrelationships between BMI SDS and five standardized overweight related anthropometric variables were dependent on age, being weakest in the youngest age group. Independent of sex and age, WC SDS was in this study superior to other anthropometric variables in contributing to variation in BMI SDS during childhood. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - May 1, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Bente Brannsether, Geir Egil Eide, Mathieu Roelants, Robert Bjerknes, Pétur Benedikt Júlíusson Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Issue Information
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 23, 2014 Category: Biology Tags: Issue Information Source Type: research

Differentiating maturational influence on training‐induced strength and endurance adaptations in prepubescent children
ConclusionsThese data suggest that more biologically mature prepubescent children seem to have no advantage in training‐induced strength and endurance adaptations compared with their less mature peers. Additionally, gender did not affect the training‐induced changes in strength or aerobic fitness. These results are meaningful for the development of optimized well‐rounded training programs in prepubertal children. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - April 3, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Carlos C. Marta, Daniel A. Marinho, Mikel Izquierdo, Mário C. Marques Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Collecting women's reproductive histories
ABSTRACT The importance of women's reproductive histories for scientific questions mandates rigor in collecting data. Unfortunately, few studies say much about how histories were constructed and validated. The aim of this report, therefore, is to illustrate the elements of a rigorous system of data collection. It focuses particularly on potential sources of inaccuracy in collecting reproductive histories and on options for avoiding them and evaluating the results. A few studies are exemplary in their description of methods of data collection and evaluation of data quality because they clearly address the main issues of asc...
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 25, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Cynthia M. Beall, Paul W. Leslie Tags: Methods Series Source Type: research

Human Identity and Identification. By Rebecca Gowland and Tim Thompson. 225 pp. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press. 2013. $120.00 (cloth), $45.00 (paper), $36.00 (ebook).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Chelsey Juarez Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Anthropology of Race: Genes, Biology, and Culture. Edited by John Hartigan. x + 246 pp. Santa Fe: School for Advanced Research Press. 2013. $34.95 (paper).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 20, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: John H. Relethford Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and clustered cardiometabolic risk in 10‐ to 12‐year‐old school children: The REACH Y6 study
ConclusionsThis study highlights the importance of children achieving 60 min MVPA daily and provides further evidence surrounding the importance of CRF for health. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 6, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Lynne M. Boddy, Marie H. Murphy, Conor Cunningham, Gavin Breslin, Lawrence Foweather, Rebecca Gobbi, Lee E.F. Graves, Nicola D. Hopkins, Marcus K.H. Auth, Gareth Stratton Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Amazonian societies on the brink of extinction
Conclusions: An active remote surveillance program is urgently needed to track the movements and demographic health of isolated peoples in hopes of improving their dire chances for long‐term survival. They need protected areas that are large enough to mitigate against external threats. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Robert S. Walker, Marcus J. Hamilton Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Stunting, adiposity, and the individual‐level “dual burden” among urban lowland and rural highland peruvian children
ConclusionsLowland and rural highland children differ in their patterns of stunting, BMI, and WCHtR. These contrasts likely reflect environmental differences and overall environmental stress exposure. Tibia length or knee height can be used to assess the influence of measurement error in height on the relationship between stature and BMI or WCHtR. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Emma Pomeroy, Jay T. Stock, Sanja Stanojevic, J. Jaime Miranda, Tim J. Cole, Jonathan C.K. Wells Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Estradiol concentrations in young healthy US versus Chinese men
ConclusionsEstradiol, and free and Bio E concentrations are much lower in young healthy Chinese men than US men. However, these findings based on comparison between the two assays in the two different locations need further confirmation. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Lin Xu, Shiu Lun Au Yeung, Sushma Kavikondala, Catherine Mary Schooling Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Age at death and linear enamel hypoplasias: Testing the effects of childhood stress and adult socioeconomic circumstances in premature mortality
ConclusionsThe results indicate that although early life stressors, identified as LEH, seem strongly associated with premature mortality, adulthood socioeconomic circumstances accounts for most of the decreased longevity. This suggests that either macroscopically identified LEH in the permanent canine do not measure stressors early in life, or that a cumulative adversity model is a more adequate explanation. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Alexandra Amoroso, Susana J. Garcia, Hugo F.V. Cardoso Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research

Digit ratio (2D:4D) in Chinese women with breast cancer
ConclusionsDigit ratio (2D:4D) may correlate with the increased risk of breast cancer. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Lu Hong, Ma Zhan‐Bing, Shi Zhi‐Yun, Song Xiao‐Xia, Zhao Jun‐Li, Huo Zheng‐Hao Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Molecular polymorphism of the ABO blood group: A study in Poland, Spain, and Andorra
ConclusionsThe results obtained contribute to the knowledge of the molecular European ABO map, and are discussed in regard to the allelic frequency reported by other Caucasian and Asian populations. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Miriam Umbria, Jordi Cantons, Carmina Bruguera, Alina Minias, Chantal Backes Duró, Giulio Catalano, Cristina Santos, Ramon Nogués, Maria Pilar Aluja Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

New studies of second and fourth digit ratio as a morphogenetic trait in subjects with congenital adrenal hyperplasia
ConclusionsThese finding support the idea that sexual dimorphism in skeletal development in early fetal life is associated with differences between the exposure to androgens in males and females, and significant differences associated with adrenal hyperplasia. Although the effects of prenatal androgens on skeletal developmental are supported by numerous studies, further investigation is yet required to clarify the disease and establish the digit ratio as a biomarker for CAH. Am. J. Hum. Biol., 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. (Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: M.P. Rivas, L.M.A. Moreira, L.D.E. Santo, A.C.S.S. Marques, C.N. El‐Hani, M.B.P. Toralles Tags: Short Report Source Type: research

Reimagining Global Health: An Introduction. Edited by Paul Farmer, Jim Yong Kim, Arthur Kleinman, and Matthew Basilico. xxiii + 478 pp. Berkeley: University of California Press. 2013. $90.00 (cloth), $39.95 (paper or e‐book).
(Source: American Journal of Human Biology)
Source: American Journal of Human Biology - March 4, 2014 Category: Biology Authors: Kenneth C. Maes Tags: Book Review Source Type: research