Medicine RSS Search Engine

Disability and Rehabilitation Disability and Rehabilitation RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader, such as GoogleReader, or to display this data on your own website or blog.subscribe with FeedlySubscribe to this data using Feedly.

This page shows you the latest items in this publication.

Socioeconomic disparities in work performance following mild stroke.
Conclusions: Individuals from low socioeconomic backgrounds have more difficulty returning to work following mild stroke than individuals from higher socioeconomic backgrounds. Future work is needed to identify factors that can increase long-term work success and quality of work performance following a mild stroke that specifically targets the needs of individuals who have a lower socioeconomic status. Implications for Rehabilitation Many persons, especially those of low socioeconomic status (SES), have decreased work productivity following mild stroke despite having no physical impairments and receiving little to no post-...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 18, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Brey JK, Wolf TJ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Effectiveness of preventive and corrective surgical intervention on hip disorders in severe cerebral palsy: a systematic review.
Conclusions: There is insufficient evidence for the effectiveness of soft tissue surgery to stabilize the hip, due to insufficient quality of the retrospective observational studies. This review shows indicative findings (provided by consistent, statistically significant findings on outcome and/or process measures in at least two Observational Studies with sufficient quality) for an effect of bony surgery in stabilizing the hip. Timing of the procedure remains an issue. Multicenter trials could shed further light on this complicated subject. Implications for Rehabilitation There is insufficient evidence for soft tissue sur...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 14, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Bouwhuis CB, van der Heijden-Maessen HC, Boldingh EJ, Bos CF, Lankhorst GJ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

From physical and functional to continuity with pre-stroke self and participation in valued activities: A qualitative exploration of stroke survivors', carers' and physiotherapists' perceptions of physical activity after stroke.
Conclusions: Individualised interventions that account for social and environmental influences on behaviour appear vital to enabling survivors to participate in meaningful physical activities. Such interventions should facilitate development of shared perspectives among physiotherapists, carers and survivors of PA and related outcomes and provide tailored strategies to facilitate PA participation. Implications for Rehabilitation Physical activity after stroke rehabilitation is important for fitness, health, functioning and well-being. Reasons for survivors participating or not in physical activity after stroke are complex ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 3, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Morris JH, Oliver T, Kroll T, Joice S, Williams B Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Gender differences in the importance of participation associated with injured workers/persons perceived barriers to returning to work in the context of vocational rehabilitation.
Conclusion: Understanding gender differences in participation, and the association to hindrances for RTW, can enhance the rehabilitation counsellor's ability to work collaboratively with the clients. Implications for Rehabilitation Participation is a value and context driven process which influences the process of vocational rehabilitation. Understanding the driving forces for participation in important domains of life can illuminate gender differences in the process and outcome of vocational rehabilitation. Understanding gender differences in importance of participation, and the association to perceived hindrances to retu...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 3, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kvam L, Eide AH Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Conservative treatment or surgery for shoulder impingement: systematic review and meta-analysis.
Conclusion: Based on the review of seven RCTs, the evidence on effectiveness of surgical or conservative treatment of shoulder impingement was found to be limited. There was, however, moderate evidence that surgical treatment is not more effective than active exercises on reducing pain intensity caused by shoulder impingement. Implications for Rehabilitation Based on the review of seven RCTs, the evidence on effectiveness of surgical or conservative treatment of shoulder impingement was found to be limited. There was moderate evidence that surgical treatment is not more effective than active exercises on reducing pain inte...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 2, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Saltychev M, Aärimaa V, Virolainen P, Laimi K Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors relating to perioperative experience of older persons undergoing joint replacement surgery: an integrative literature review.
Conclusion: There is a need to conduct further research to examine the perioperative experience of older persons undergoing joint replacement surgery, in particular, the lived perioperative experience of a diverse race, ethnicity and culture in an Asian population. Implications for Rehabilitation Healthcare services should remain focused on reducing waiting time as prolonged waiting time for joint replacement surgery was detrimental to patients' HRQOL. Healthcare professionals need to identify strategies to improve the perioperative pain experience through patient education on pain management and positive social support to...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Tay Swee Cheng R, Klainin-Yobas P, Hegney D, Mackey S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

A rehabilitation unit at night: environmental characteristics of patient rooms.
Conclusions: Our results indicated that the patients are at risk of disturbed sleep for the duration of their stay in rehabilitation unit. Exposure to generally high noise levels, as well as the sudden increases of noise and light intensities can prevent reaching restful night-time sleep and may negatively impact on rehabilitation process due to impaired memory, learning and well-being. Implications for Rehabilitation Standards for ward based hospital environments to minimize sleep disturbance exist and can be used to examine the environmental characteristics of patients' rooms in different healthcare settings including re...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - April 1, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yelden K, Duport S, Kempny A, Playford ED Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment of postural stabilization in three task oriented movements in people with multiple sclerosis.
Abstract Abstract Purpose: In accordance with the Task Oriented Approach, clinicians need assessment procedures providing information on the execution of multiple tasks. Instrumented task assessment can add information regarding sensory-motor strategies, difficult to assess purely by clinical observation. It has been shown that People with Multiple Sclerosis (PwMS) have difficulties in maintaining upright balance, but little is known about their ability to achieve a stable posture after the execution of tasks related to activities of daily living. The aim of the present study was to assess postural stabilization in...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 29, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cattaneo D, Rabuffetti M, Bovi G, Mevio E, Jonsdottir J, Ferrarin M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Validity of the single limb heel raise test to predict lower extremity disablement in patients with sporadic inclusion body myositis.
Conclusion: The SLHR test demonstrates adequate discriminative and predictive validity as a screening tool for lower extremity disablement in patients with sIBM. Implications for Rehabilitation The SLHR test has adequate reliability and validity to screen for the presence of lower extremity disablement in patients with sIBM. Results of this rapid field test may be used to guide the need for rehabilitation services to mitigate the effects of slow gait speeds in patients with sIBM. PMID: 24678993 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 29, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Davenport TE, Shrader JA, McElroy B, Rakocevic G, Dalakas M, Harris-Love MO Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Using EFA and FIM rating scales could provide a more complete assessment of patients with acquired brain injury.
Conclusions: In rehabilitation centers with diverse patient groups and outcomes, the FIM and EFA scale could be used to characterize the heterogeneity of function in patients with acquired brain injury. The EFA/FIM scale could be used concurrently in certain patients providing a more complete view of patients throughout the rehabilitation process. Implications for Rehabilitation Rehabilitation scales can be administered on multiple occasions to track the progress of a patient throughout the rehabilitation process; however, a lot of popular scales (such as the FIM®) are limited containing ceiling and floor effects for high...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 28, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Stubbs PW, Pallesen H, Pedersen AR, Nielsen JF Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Exploring the experience of facilitating self-management with minority ethnic stroke survivors: a qualitative study of therapists' perceptions.
Conclusions: This study indicates that ethnicity should not be considered a limitation to the use of an individualized stroke specific self-management programme. However, it highlights potential facilitators and barriers, many of which relate to the capacity of the professional to effectively navigate cultural and ethnic differences. Implications for Rehabilitation Stroke therapists suggest that ethnicity should not be considered a barrier to successful engagement with a stroke specific self-management programme. Health, illness and recovery beliefs along with religion and the specific role of the family do however need to...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 27, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Norris M, Jones F, Kilbride C, Victor C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

"You plan, but you never know" - participation among people with different levels of severity of Parkinson's disease.
Conclusion: These findings are of importance to the development of rehabilitation interventions that support people with PD in maintaining their participation in everyday life, throughout the course of the disease. Implications for Rehabilitation PD severity and disease-specific problems (e.g. freezing of gait) need to be taken into account when tackling restrictions that affect participation. Interventions that aim to facilitate participation require different components and expertise depending on PD severity, as well as on individual preferences and needs. Structuring and planning everyday life might not facilitate parti...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 27, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Thordardottir B, Nilsson MH, Iwarsson S, Haak M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The impact of STRENGTH on the expected and actual transition to home experience.
Conclusions: People with stroke described the therapy they received in both the hospital and home as beneficial. The results support the addition of the home-based inpatient program, STRENGTH, to the current rehabilitation system, as it appeared to realign the expectations of people with stroke and better prepare them for their discharge home. Implications for Rehabilitation STRENGTH aids clinicians to identify difficulties in the home environment for people with stroke. STRENGTH improves the confidence of people with stroke while they transition home. Further research is warranted for psychological interventions that prep...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 27, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gustafsson LA, Hodson TJ, Fleming JM, Hoyle MF Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

A step activity monitoring program improves real world walking activity post stroke.
Conclusions: A goal centered step activity monitoring program can improve daily walking activity after stroke through increases in the amount of total time walking, and medium and long walking bouts. Implications for Rehabilitation Participation in a goal centered step activity monitoring program may be useful to promote increased activity outside of a clinical setting in individuals post-stroke. Encouraging patients to increase the amount of short, medium, and long bouts of walking, may facilitate an improvement in daily "real world" walking activity. Identifying and developing strategies for patients to overcome perceive...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 27, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Danks KA, Roos MA, McCoy D, Reisman DS Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Current knowledge and impressions of speech-language pathologists of the swallow of persons who are obese.
Conclusions: Results provide preliminary insight into the knowledge and impressions of SLPs working with dysphagia and highlight the need for future research to determine (1) if there is an increased incidence of dysphagia in the obese population, and (2) if obesity itself constitutes a risk factor for dysphagia or if any dysphagia observed in this population is related to other comorbidities. Implications for Rehabilitation Many healthcare professionals (i.e. speech-language pathologists [SLPs]) assess, diagnose and treat individuals for swallowing disorders who are obese in the absence of research or evidence-based medic...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 26, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Evitts PM, Kopf M, Kauffman M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Life changed existentially: a qualitative study of experiences at 6-8 months after mild stroke.
Conclusions: Mild-stroke rehabilitation should focus more strongly on basic concerns related to self-perceived health, self-perception, and body, since these dimensions seem to complicate daily activities and close relationships. Professionals should also be aware of patients who experience an uncertain situation and unresolved rehabilitation needs, which still can be present 6-8 months after the stroke. Implications for Rehabilitation When living with mild stroke, entrance to practical and social activities seemed founded on the patients' perception of the body and self as comprehensible or not. Comprehending their own ch...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 26, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Taule T, Råheim M Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Discharge destination of individuals with severe stroke undergoing rehabilitation: a predictive model.
Conclusion: Age, admission FIM® and caregiver availability were significant predictors of post-rehabilitation discharge destination. Results of this study suggest that for individuals with severe stroke, discharge home is unlikely in the absence of an available caregiver. Implications for Rehabilitation Age, stroke severity at admission and the availability of a caregiver play an important role in determining post rehabilitation discharge destination of individuals with severe stroke. These factors must be considered to assist with appropriate goal setting and discharge planning during inpatient rehabilitation. PMID: ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 24, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pereira S, Foley N, Salter K, McClure JA, Meyer M, Brown J, Speechley M, Teasell R Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Factors impacting the household and recreation participation of older adults living in the community.
Conclusion: Screening for depression should be a key component of health assessments with older adults. Untreated depression may lead to lower participation rates in daily activities potentially resulting in social isolation. Fewer falls and restricted household participation were associated, but no association was observed between falls and recreational participation. Further studies are required to explore this association in more detail. Implications for Rehabilitation Depression is significantly correlated with the level of participation in daily activities for older adults. Health professionals need to screen for depr...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 24, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Pritchard E, Barker A, Day L, Clemson L, Brown T, Haines T Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Patients' view on health-related aspects of functioning and disability of joint contractures: a qualitative interview study based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF).
Conclusions: From the patients' perspective, joint contractures have an impact on multifaceted aspects of functioning and disability, mainly body functions, environmental factors and activities and participation. The results of this study will contribute to the development of a standard instrument for measuring functioning, disability and health-relevant aspects for patients with joint contractures. Implications for Rehabilitation Joint contractures are a major cause for the development of disability in older people. Patients' perspectives and their personal experiences have to be considered when assessing the impact of jo...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 13, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Fischer U, Bartoszek G, Müller M, Strobl R, Meyer G, Grill E Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Traumatic brain injury and cognitive impairment in men who are homeless.
Conclusions: A history of TBI was associated with generally poorer cognitive performance in the study sample. An improved awareness of TBI and cognitive dysfunction among service providers and routine TBI screening could improve treatment and service delivery for this population. Implications for Rehabilitation The prevalence of traumatic brain injury among homeless populations is greater than that observed in the general population. Validated screening measures are available to screen for a history of traumatic brain injury among individuals who are homeless. A history of traumatic brain injury among adult men in a long-t...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 13, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Andersen J, Kot N, Ennis N, Colantonio A, Ouchterlony D, Cusimano MD, Toplovec-Vranic J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Developing an ICF core set for sub-acute stages of spinal cord injury in Taiwan: a preliminary study.
Conclusion: The preliminary core set for sub-acute SCI offers a comprehensive system of disability assessment and verification after people have sustained an SCI. Further validation is required. Implication for Rehabilitation The preliminary core set for sub-acute SCI offers a comprehensive system for disability assessment related to SCI among Taiwanese patients. This core set reflected problems commonly encountered by patients with SCI. This core set reflects appropriate cultural and geographic perspectives in adjustment to SCI. PMID: 24597935 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 6, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Chen HC, Yen TH, Chang KH, Lin YN, Wang YH, Liou TH, Taiwan ICF Team Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

A pre-operative group rehabilitation programme provided limited benefit for people with severe hip and knee osteoarthritis.
Conclusions: A pre-operative water-based exercise and educational programme did not improve arthritis self-efficacy, self-reported pain and activity limitation, and health-related quality of life for people with hip and knee osteoarthritis who were candidates for joint replacement. While there was a significant increase in one measure of activity performance (walking speed), these findings suggest the current programme may be of little value. Implications for Rehabilitation This pre-operative group rehabilitation programme for people with severe hip and knee osteoarthritis did not change arthritis self-efficacy, pain, acti...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 6, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Wallis JA, Webster KE, Levinger P, Fong C, Taylor NF Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Social participation post stroke: a meta-ethnographic review of the experiences and views of community-dwelling stroke survivors.
Conclusion: The ability of the person to accept their stroke-related problems and adapt their behaviour and attitude by using active decision-making and self-management skills are central factors to social participation post stroke. This synthesis contributes an important addition to the conceptual understanding of social participation relevant to people with stroke within the UK. Implications for Rehabilitation Social participation post stroke appears to be a dynamic, complex and continuous individual process, and a personalised longer term approach to rehabilitation would be beneficial. Rehabilitation should be focussed ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 6, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Woodman P, Riazi A, Pereira C, Jones F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Using intersectionality to explore experiences of disability and HIV among women and men in Zambia.
Conclusions: Intersectionality offers a complementary approach for examining the complex interrelationship among HIV, disability, gender and time among PWD living with HIV. Findings illustrate directions for improved services and policies for this important group. Implications for Rehabilitation Rehabilitation services need to take a cross-disability (multiple disabilities) approach working with people living with HIV and disability. Rehabilitation, as illustrated by a CBR approach, needs to include services that will facilitate not only health, but education, jobs and housing for people living with HIV and disability. Reh...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 6, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Yoshida K, Hanass-Hancock J, Nixon S, Bond V Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The Spanish lower extremity functional scale: A reliable, valid and responsive questionnaire to assess musculoskeletal disorders in the lower extremity.
Conclusions: The Spanish version of the LEFS has been shown to be a valid and reliable tool to assess musculoskeletal dysfunction in the lower extremity that could be used with Spanish speaker population. Implications for Rehabilitation Cross-cultural adaptation of a self-reported questionnaire to evaluate musculoskeletal lower extremity disorders in the Spanish population. To provide Spanish clinicians and physiotherapists a useful tool to assess the lower extremity function. To provide Spanish researchers a valid tool for research on lower extremity function: patient's improvement due to treatment, compare results obtain...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 5, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Cruz-Díaz D, Lomas-Vega R, Osuna-Pérez MC, Hita-Contreras F, Fernández AD, Martínez-Amat A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Referrer and service provider beliefs and attitudes towards rehabilitation in the home; factors related to utilisation of Early Supported Discharge.
Conclusions: This study provides evidence that there was a level of uncertainty amongst referrers and RITH service providers regarding issues directly and indirectly related to patient eligibility and RITH service capability. This uncertainty needs to be explored in future research. Implications for Rehabilitation Differences in views held by referrers and ESD service providers were identified in this study that could lead to inconsistencies in patient selection for, and under-utilization of, ESD services. Improved communication between referrers and ESD service providers, for instance attendance of RITH staff at inpatient...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 4, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Kraut JC, Singer BJ, Singer KP Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Strategies that facilitate participation in family activities of children and adolescents with profound intellectual and multiple disabilities: parents' and personal assistants' experiences.
Conclusions: Children and adolescents with PIMD are dependent on support obtained through their environment. The identified strategies, individually adapted through awareness and knowledge by the parents and the personal assistants, provide important evidence to assist our understanding in gaining understanding about how to improve participation in family activities of children and adolescents with PIMD. Implications for Rehabilitation Participation-facilitating strategies related to the child/adolescent and his or her proximal environments are identified to improve participation in children and adolescents with profound i...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 4, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Axelsson AK, Imms C, Wilder J Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Domestic accidents and multiple sclerosis: an exploratory study of occurrence and possible causes.
Conclusions: This study provides the first data on the occurrence of domestic accidents and possible causes in MS patients. It encourages further studies on the topic, with the final goal of designing preventive and rehabilitation strategies. Implications of Rehabilitation Domestic accidents can cause further suffering, disability and decreased productivity and increased economic burden to MS patients. Our study evidenced that, within DA, bumps occur more frequently in MS patients compared to healthy controls. A highly significant difference was also found between the two groups for number of near falls. These results shou...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 4, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Argento O, Incerti CC, Pisani V, Magistrale G, Di Battista G, Romano S, Ferraro E, Caltagirone C, Nocentini U Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Walking activity of children with cerebral palsy and children developing typically: a comparison between the Netherlands and the United States.
Conclusion: The absence of differences in walking activity between Dutch and American TDC, and the presence of differences in walking activity between Dutch and American children with CP suggest that between-country differences affect walking activity differently in children with CP. Implications for Rehabilitation Physical activity of children with CP should be promoted in both the United States and the Netherlands. The between-country differences in walking activity illustrate that apart from the severity of the CP walking activity seems to be influenced by environmental aspects. In the promotion of physical activity, pr...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 3, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Van Wely L, Dallmeijer AJ, Balemans AC, Zhou C, Becher JG, Bjornson KF Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Coping strategies in individuals after traumatic brain injury: associations with health-related quality of life.
Conclusion: Two coping factors were identified, which were differentially associated with HRQoL. Maladaptive coping strategies play a particularly important role, and less reliance on such strategies is associated with better HRQoL; use of adaptive strategies should correspondingly be fostered. Implications for Rehabilitation This study highlights the relationship of coping strategies and HRQoL after TBI. For the assessment of HRQoL a novel disease-specific instrument was applied, that provides in detail TBI-relevant aspects of well-being and HRQoL. Individuals after TBI use two main sets of coping strategies that are diff...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 3, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Sasse N, Gibbons H, Wilson L, Martinez R, Sehmisch S, von Wild K, von Steinbüchel N Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The applicability of four clinical methods to evaluate arm and hand function in all stages of spinal muscular atrophy type II.
Conclusion: At the impairment level, MMT is the superior measure of muscle function in very weak patients in whom HHD cannot reflect capacity. At the activity level, the EK 2 represents daily activities whereas the MFM D3 measures motor functions. In differentiating among SMA II patients of all ages and in all stages of the disease, the ability of abbreviated versions of scales targeting upper limb function is superior to unabridged versions of these scales. Implications for Rehabilitation Evaluation of upper limb function in spinal muscular atrophy II Even very weak patients with SMA II have some residual upper limb funct...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - March 3, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Werlauff U, Fynbo Steffensen B Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Recovery of golfing ability in someone with an incomplete spinal cord injury: a case report.
Conclusions: This individual was able to return to golf following an intense rehabilitation program even though he required an assistive device to walk. Implications for Rehabilitation Individuals with spinal cord injury often have impairments which make participation in leisure activities more difficult. Participation in leisure activities has been associated with better subjective well being and quality of life. Rehabilitation therapists should consider creating leisure goals with their patients. PMID: 24575716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 28, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Moriello G, Cole RE, Ryan BP, Schuck AR, Swift SR Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The therapeutic role of motor imagery on the functional rehabilitation of a stage II shoulder impingement syndrome.
Conclusion: MI intervention seems to alleviate pain and enhance mobility, this is probably due to changes in muscle control and consequently in joint amplitude. MI might contribute to postpone or even protect from passing to stage III that may require surgery. Implications for Rehabilitation Adding motor imagery training to classical physical therapy in a stage II impingement syndrome: Helps in alleviating pain Enhances shoulder mobility Motor imagery is a valuable technique that can be used as a preventive tool before the stage III of the impingement syndrome. PMID: 24575717 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 28, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hoyek N, Di Rienzo F, Collet C, Hoyek F, Guillot A Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

ICF-based functional components and contextual factors as correlates of perceived quality of life for youth with chronic conditions.
Conclusions: This study provides preliminary evidence of factors upon which services aimed at improving perceived QOL of youth with chronic conditions could be based. Implications for Rehabilitation This study supports the utility of clinicians assessing the QOL of youth with chronic conditions in terms of youths' and their families' perspectives. This is the first study to identify key factors that impact perceived QOL at one point in time across a group of youth with chronic conditions, offering clinicians a main starting-point for considering youths' strengths and needs and the supportiveness of the environment. Finding...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 28, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: McDougall J, Wright V, Dewit D, Miller L Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

An exploratory study of how sports and recreation industry personnel perceive the barriers and facilitators of physical activity in children with disability.
Conclusions: Sports industry personnel share a similar perspective to families of potential barriers and facilitators to engagement by children with disability in physical activity and community sports. Policy change was not considered as a facilitator of physical activity, even though four of the top five facilitators identified could be implemented through local policy change. Implications for Rehabilitation There are multiple factors that interact with each other which influence the participation by children with disability in physical activity and community sports. The sports and recreation industry should consider pol...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 27, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Shields N, Synnot AJ Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Lost in translation: exploring therapists' experiences of providing stroke rehabilitation across a language barrier.
Conclusions: Therapists perceive that rehabilitation is affected by a language barrier. The conceptual model illustrates the interrelationship between factors affecting rehabilitation provision when there is a language barrier. Subtle communication was found to be an important therapeutic tool which was lost across a language barrier, and may have broader relevance to therapeutic relationships in the field of rehabilitation. Further research is needed to gain insights into experiences of individuals receiving rehabilitation across a language barrier and to identify how to enhance the efficacy of rehabilitation for them. Im...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 25, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Taylor E, Jones F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Parallels and problems of normalization in rehabilitation and universal design: enabling connectivities.
Conclusion: In exploring the potential of enhancing creative assemblages and multiple dependencies, space opens up in UD and rehabilitation for acknowledging, developing, and promoting a multiplicity of bodily forms and modes of mobility. Implications for Rehabilitation Universal design and rehabilitation both risk perpetuating particular ideas about what disabled people should be, do, and value, that privilege a limited range of particular bodily forms. The notion of "assemblages" provides a conceptual tool for rethinking negative views of dependence and taken for granted independence goals. In exploring the potential of ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 25, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Gibson BE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Health behaviour change theories: contributions to an ICF-based behavioural exercise therapy for individuals with chronic diseases.
Conclusion: The current paper highlights the usefulness of theory-based integrative research in the field of exercise therapy, offers explicit methods and contents for physical therapists to promote PA behaviour, and introduces the ICF-based conceptual idea of a BET. Implications for Rehabilitation Irrespective of the clients' indication, therapeutic exercise programmes should incorporate effective, theory-based approaches to promote physical activity. Central determinants of physical activity behaviour are a number of personal factors: individuals' attitudes, skills, emotions, beliefs and knowledge. Clinicians implementin...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 25, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Geidl W, Semrau J, Pfeifer K Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Representations of disability and normality in rehabilitation technology promotional materials.
Conclusions: Normalization discourses construct childhood disability through texts and images. These discourses reinforce pervasive negative messages about disability that are taken up by children and families and have ethical implications for clinical practice. Rehabilitation has largely focused on "fixing" the individual, whereas broadening the clinical gaze to the social dimensions of disablement may lead to a more sensitive and informed approach within family-clinician discussions surrounding these advanced technologies and the use they make of promotional materials. Implications for Rehabilitation Awareness of the pot...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 25, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Phelan SK, Wright V, Gibson BE Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Religious faith and self-efficacy among stroke patients in Kuwait: health professionals' views.
Conclusions: It is known that patients' self-efficacy in rehabilitation can be strengthened through a number of strategies such as goal-setting and feedback. This study suggests that for Muslim patients in Kuwait, health professionals also need to be mindful of their need for religious empowerment. Implications for Rehabilitation Muslim religious beliefs may influence self-efficacy in stroke patients in the Kuwaiti context. Patients who regard themselves as working in partnership with their God may feel empowered and more confident to achieve goals in rehabilitation. Patients who regard their stroke as a divine punishment ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 25, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Omu O, Reynolds F Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Weather, disability, vulnerability, and resilience: exploring how youth with physical disabilities experience winter.
Conclusions: Youth who use a mobility device are vulnerable to health and safety risks and isolation during the winter, but they also display signs of resilience. Implications for Rehabilitation Clinicians should ensure that youth who are new to using their mobility device are properly trained in how to use it. Service providers should offer a winter survival guide to youth who use a mobility device. Clinicians should be taught to recognize signs of loneliness, isolation and depression, and provide a list of local resources and activities during the winter. Rehabilitation engineers should focus their efforts on adapting mo...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 25, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Lindsay S, Yantzi N Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Energy expenditure during everyday activities - a study comparing people with varying mobility limitations due to multiple sclerosis and healthy controls.
Conclusions: People with MS do not use more energy than healthy controls during everyday activities at a self-selected pace. People with MS take significantly fewer steps during activities of daily living's. People who use bilateral support for gait have greater energy cost per step for walking and stairs activities. Implications for Rehabilitation This study found that the energy cost of movement is greater for people with MS with significant disability. Energy expenditure is an important consideration when prescribing physical activity and structured exercise for people with disability. It may be more appropriate to have...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 24, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Coote S, O'Dwyer C Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

International classification of functioning, disability and health categories for spinal cord injury nursing in China.
Conclusions: A set of ICF categories that cover the SCI nursing practice in China was identified. It reflects the main issues that Chinese nurses focus on in caring SCI patients. These categories can facilitate Chinese nurses to use the ICF in multidisciplinary teamwork and improve the participation of nurses in the team. Implications for Rehabilitation In China, nurses lack of an effective model or tool to communicate with the other health professionals in the rehabilitation team for spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) is a tool for multidisciplinary ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 24, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Li K, Yan T, You L, Li R, Ross AM Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

A narrative analysis of a speech pathologist's work with Indigenous Australians with acquired communication disorders.
Conclusions: Individual, detailed narratives are useful in exposing the challenges and clinical reasoning behind culturally sensitive practice. Implications for Rehabilitation Speech pathologists (SPs) can learn from hearing the clinical stories of colleagues with experience of providing rehabilitation in culturally diverse contexts, as well as from ongoing training in culturally competent and safe practices. Such stories help bridge understanding from the general to the particular. SPs working with Indigenous Australians with acquired communication disorders post-stroke and brain injury may find it helpful to consider how...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 24, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Hersh D, Armstrong E, Bourke N Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

"Strong and steady": a community-based strength and balance exercise group for children with cerebral palsy.
Conclusion: This feasibility study translated research into sustainable practice, showing that a community-based, low dose, group exercise program can improve the balance and strength of children with CP within current funding capacity. Implications for Rehabilitation It has been known that strength and balance training in the clinical research setting with specialized equipment is effective for children with CP, but this study demonstrates the translation of research into clinical practice in a low-cost, low-dose group program. Significant gains in both muscle strength and balance can be achieved in an eight-week communit...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 24, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Auld ML, Johnston LM Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

List of Reviewers.
Authors: PMID: 24555684 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Disability and Rehabilitation)
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 21, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

Assessment and rehabilitation of driver skills: subjective experiences of people with multiple sclerosis and health professionals.
Conclusions: The results of this study highlight the need for ongoing support in relation to driving for people with MS, ranging from support for self-management, driving assessment and retraining, and preparation for loss of license. Standardised information needs to be developed and health professionals and licensing authorities require knowledge and skills to ensure driver assessment and rehabilitation processes and resources can better meet the needs of people with MS. Implications for Rehabilitation There is a need for health professionals to examine driving in people with MS in a holistic manner taking into account t...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 21, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Archer C, Morris L, George S Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

The role of social support in anxiety and depression among Parkinson's disease patients.
Conclusion: PD patients experience the positive influence of social support differently according to age. In the younger group, disease duration plays the primary role regarding anxiety. In the older group, poor social support especially from friends is associated with more depression after controlling for the relevant variables. Implications of Rehabilitation PD is a disease of older age with a neurodegenerative character and treatment should focus on increasing quality of life. Anxiety and depression are common co-morbidities in PD patients. The support network should also be screened regularly and involved in enhancing ...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 18, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ghorbani Saeedian R, Nagyova I, Krokavcova M, Skorvanek M, Rosenberger J, Gdovinova Z, Groothoff JW, van Dijk JP Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

"If I can do it I will do it, if I can't, I can't": a study of adaptive self-regulatory strategies following lower limb amputation.
Conclusions: The findings point towards key assimilative/goal pursuit and accommodative/goal adjustment strategies that may be adaptive following lower limb amputation. The study highlights the potential usefulness of the dual-process model in understanding how individuals adapt to functional disability, while bringing to light issues warranting further explication within this framework. Implications for Rehabilitation People adopt specific adaptive goal pursuit and goal adjustment strategies in response to goal disruptions following limb loss. Being aware of the processes involved in regulating goals in response to challe...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 18, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Dunne S, Coffey L, Gallagher P, Desmond D Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research

How are cognitive impairment, fatigue and signs of depression related to participation in daily life among persons with multiple sclerosis?
Conclusions: Increasing participation is an important outcome of rehabilitation. The results of this study suggest a multifactorial approach to intervention that considers physical, mental and emotional component to maximize participation among persons with MS. Implications for Rehabilitation Rehabilitation for persons living with multiple sclerosis (MS) should incorporate careful evaluation of physical disability, cognitive impairment and depression and their impact on participation. Clinicians need to evaluate participation in a variety of daily activities, including activities within and outside of the home, and leisure...
Source: Disability and Rehabilitation - February 14, 2014 Category: Rehabilitation Authors: Ben Ari Shevil E, Johansson S, Ytterberg C, Bergström J, von Koch L Tags: Disabil Rehabil Source Type: research