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Stop and state your intentions!: Let’s not forget the ABC of test construction.
In this editorial Ziegler focuses on the very beginnings of the test construction process. The reason is that more and more papers are using impressive and sophisticated statistical methods, large data sets or data sets from different countries, or new technical approaches to measurement. All of this is important and contributes to advancing the field. However, the solid base for all of these papers needs to be a sound test construction strategy. Unfortunately, there are numerous papers being submitted and eventually rejected that could also be regarded as examples for the positive attributes stated above. What those paper...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

Evaluating the construct validity of objective personality tests using a multitrait-multimethod-multioccasion-(MTMM-MO)-approach.
In this study, we examined the convergent and discriminant validity of objective (personality) tests, Implicit Association Tests (IATs), and self-report measures for the assessment of conscientiousness and intelligence. Moreover, the convergent and discriminant validity of these measures was assessed on the trait (stable) and occasion specific (momentary) level by using the multimethod latent state-trait (MM-LST) model proposed by Courvoisier, Nussbeck, Eid, and Cole (2008) which allows for the decomposition of different sources of variance. Data from 367 students assessed on three different measurement occasions was incor...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Koch, Tobias; Ortner, T. M.; Eid, M.; Caspers, J.; Schmitt, M. Source Type: research

The tendency to fall for distracting information while making judgments: Development and validation of the Objective Heuristic Thinking Test.
Conclusions are drawn regarding possible future applications of the OHTT as a promising tool for studying the origins of heuristic thinking processes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jasper, Fabian; Ortner, Tuulia M. Source Type: research

Advances and continuing challenges in objective personality testing.
The use of objective behavioral indicators instead of self-reported behaviors and self-ratings has a long history in personality assessment. The basic idea of objective personality tests (OPTs) can be traced back to James McKeen Cattell’s proposal of mental tests in 1890. At present, there is a very large and diverse collection of OPTs available. More recent developments in OPTs have been inspired and facilitated by the availability of digital technologies that have become more powerful and affordable at the same time. All OPTs share as a common principle the use of observable behavior on performance tasks or other highl...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ortner, Tuulia M.; Schmitt, Manfred Source Type: research

Correction to Preckel, 2013.
Reports an error in "Assessing need for cognition in early adolescence: Validation of a German adaption of the Cacioppo/Petty Scale" by Franzis Preckel (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 2014, Vol 30[1], 65-72). On page 8, the note to the table in Appendix A should read as follows: Note. Values present the mean value of the means of all 15 subtests; items of these subtests were scored with either 0 or 1. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2013-30600-001.) Need for cognition (NFC) refers to “the (enduring) tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy effortful analytic acti...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Correction to Ruch et al., 2013.
Reports an error in "Character strengths in children and adolescents: Reliability and initial validity of the German Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth (German VIA-Youth)" by Willibald Ruch, Marco Weber, Nansook Park and Christopher Peterson (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 2014, Vol 30[1], 57-64). On page 3, in the ‘‘Method’’ section (right column, 3rd paragraph) the last sentence of the paragraph should read as follows: "Most of them (78.9%) attended secondary school (highest education level), 12.2% attended secondary school (medium education level), and 8.9% attended secondary school...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

A farewell, a welcome, and an unusual exchange.
In this editorial, the journal's Editor-in-Chief, Mathias Ziegler, announces some changes within the Editorial Board of this journal and thanks some people for supporting the Editorial Board over the course of the last few years. Iris Engelhard, Lena Lämmle, Martin Bäckström, Stephan Dilchert, and Samuel Greiff are welcomed as new action editors. Zielger then shares some passages from an interesting, challenging, and—he believes—inspiring e-mail exchange he had with Stéphane Vautier, one of the consulting editors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Vautier, Stéphane Source Type: research

Assessment with microworlds using MicroDYN: Measurement invariance and latent mean comparisons: Psychometric properties across several student samples and blue-collar workers.
In this study measurement invariance and latent means of the MicroDYN measure, a computer-based assessment instrument containing an entire set of dynamic microworlds, were examined in four German subsamples of junior high school students in 8th–10th grade (n = 309), senior high school students in 11th–13th grade (n = 484), university students (n = 222), and blue-collar workers (n = 181). The findings support satisfactory measurement invariance of a two-dimensional structure of the MicroDYN measure with the dimensions knowledge acquisition and knowledge application across all samples, and yield meaningful comparisons be...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Greiff, Samuel; Wüstenberg, Sascha Source Type: research

Usefulness of the Social and Communication Disorders Checklist (SCDC) for the assessment of social cognition in preschoolers.
This study provides data on the usefulness of the Spanish version of the Social and Communication Disorders Checklist (SCDC; Skuse et al., 1997), in terms of the validity and reliability of derived scores. Data were obtained from parents’ interviews and parents’ and teachers’ questionnaires that measured different psychological variables from a community sample of 579 (291 boys and 288 girls), 5-year-old children. These children were tested to assess their intellectual capacity. Confirmatory factor analyses yield a one-dimensional structure invariant across sex within each informant (parents or teachers), with neglig...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: de la Osa, Nuria; Granero, Roser; Penelo, Eva; Ezpeleta, Lourdes Source Type: research

The Psychological Inflexibility in Pain Scale (PIPS): Exploration of psychometric properties in a heterogeneous chronic pain sample.
This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Psychological Inflexibility in Pain Scale (PIPS), measuring “avoidance” and “cognitive fusion” with pain, in a heterogeneous clinical sample of 428 chronic pain patients from four rehabilitation centers. Furthermore, the relationship between the PIPS and mindfulness (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, FFMQ) as a theoretically related measure within ACT is explored. Confirmatory factor analyses replicated acceptable/good model fit and internal consistencies. In a subsample from two rehabilitation centers (n = 237), the PIPS showed moderate to high relatio...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Trompetter, Hester R.; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; van Baalen, Bianca; Kleen, Marco; Köke, Albère; Reneman, Michiel; Schreurs, Karlein M. G. Source Type: research

An alternative to self-reports of trait and state affect: The Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test (IPANAT).
Self-report measures for the assessment of trait or state affect are typically biased by social desirability or self-delusion. The present work provides an overview of research using a recently developed measure of automatic activation of cognitive representation of affective experiences, the Implicit Positive and Negative Affect Test (IPANAT). In the IPANAT, participants judge the extent to which nonsense words from an alleged artificial language express a number of affective states or traits. The test demonstrates appropriate factorial validity and reliabilities. We review findings that support criterion validity and, ad...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Quirin, Markus; Bode, Regina C. Source Type: research

MMPI-2 in child custody litigation: A comparison between genders.
In recent years, several studies have addressed the issue of positive self-presentation bias in assessing parents involved in postdivorce child custody litigations. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is widely used in forensic assessments and is able to evaluate positive self-presentation through its Superlative Self-Presentation S scale. We investigated the existence of a gender effect on positive self-presentation bias in an Italian sample of parents involved in court evaluation. Participants were 391 divorced parents who completed the full 567-item Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 du...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Roma, Paolo; Ricci, Federica; Kotzalidis, Georgios D.; Abbate, Luigi; Lavadera, Anna Lubrano; Versace, Giorgia; Pazzelli, Floriana; Togliatti, Marisa Malagoli; Girardi, Paolo; Ferracuti, Stefano Source Type: research

Comments on item selection procedures.
Over the last 12 months the author has had the pleasure to read some extraordinarily good papers that were submitted to the European Journal of Psychological Assessment. Oftentimes, his overly positive impression was mirrored by the reviews obtained for these papers. However, sometimes the submissions are not only impressive and sound; sometimes the potential of a paper is visible but buried beneath methodological and analytical problems. From time to time the author would like to use the editorial pages and provide an overview of issues often raised by reviewers and used as reasons to criticize or even reject a submission...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - January 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

The Type D construct: Is social inhibition more than social fear?
The interaction of negative affectivity (NA) and social inhibition (SI), known as the Type D personality, is associated with a worse prognosis in cardiac patients. Until now, causal models have been speculative, and this is partly due to a lack of clarity related to the validity of SI, its role in emotion regulation, and the postulated independence of social and emotional functioning. To examine the construct validity of the Type D personality, we analyzed associations of NA and SI with different measures of affectivity, social anxiety, and social competencies in a German population-based representative sample (n = 2,495)....
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 23, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Grande, Gesine; Romppel, Matthias; Michal, Matthias; Brähler, Elmar Source Type: research

Effects of communication between judges on consensus and accuracy in judgments of people’s intelligence.
We investigated how consensus and accuracy in judgments of people’s intelligence are affected by different procedures for obtaining group judgments. Watching videos of previously unacquainted targets reading a brief text, 65 triads of 3 judges judged the intelligence of 54 targets. The targets’ actual intelligence was assessed via tests of verbal and nonverbal cognitive abilities. In Condition 1, each triad member judged each target’s intelligence independently, and then the individual judgments were averaged. In Condition 2, two members of a triad revealed their judgments, and the third member then heralded the grou...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 23, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Borkenau, Peter; Leising, Daniel; Fritz, Ulrike Source Type: research

The assessment of multicultural strength: Design and validation of an Openness to the Other Affective Domain Inventory.
The classification of character strengths and virtues by Peterson and Seligman (2004) includes 24 strengths and 6 virtues. Although the development of this classification was inspired by diverse cultural traditions, no one strength or virtue centrally focused on cultural aspects. Fowers and Davidov (2006) have proposed a new multicultural strength or virtue termed as openness to the other. We developed the Openness to the Other Affective Domain Inventory (OADI), a new 6-item measurement instrument to assess affective attraction to the other, that is, fascination with or attraction to culturally diverse others, and affectiv...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 23, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: César Cosentino, Alejandro; Castro Solano, Alejandro Source Type: research

A differential item functioning analysis of the German Academic Self-Regulation Questionnaire for Adolescents.
The German Academic Self-Regulation Questionnaire (SRQ-A[G]) for adolescents assesses four regulatory styles within Deci and Ryan’s (1985) self-determination theory: intrinsic, identified, introjected, and external regulation. The study on N = 2,123 students (1,057 girls) from secondary schools in Austria analyzes the effects of differential item functioning (DIF) on individual and group-level estimates of the latent regulatory styles. The scale demonstrated small DIF for sex and the ages from 10 to 17. The DIF items favored, if anything, younger students and lead to a slight overestimation of their introjected motivatio...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 23, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gnambs, Timo; Hanfstingl, Barbara Source Type: research

Personality in action: Can brief behavioral personality tests predict children’s academic and social adjustment across the transition to secondary school?
Personality research has mainly relied on self-report measures, more than on behavioral assessments. In the present study, brief behavioral personality tests were developed to measure behavior that is prototypical for the Big Five traits of conscientiousness and agreeableness. A longitudinal study (N = 322; mean age = 12.2 years) examined the predictive value of these newly developed personality tests on changes in academic and social adjustment across the transition to secondary school. Conscientiousness and agreeableness were measured before the transition to secondary school using both the behavioral personality tests a...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 23, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Poorthuis, Astrid M. G.; Thomaes, Sander; Denissen, Jaap J. A.; van Aken, Marcel A. G.; Orobio de Castro, Bram Source Type: research

Economic games: A performance-based assessment of fairness and altruism.
The psychometric properties of behaviors in economic games as indicators of stable latent dispositions of altruism and fairness were tested in two studies. Using latent state-trait analyses, we explored the factor structure of offers in the dictator game, rejection decisions in the ultimatum game, and altruistic punishment and altruistic compensation in a three-person game. Results showed that four distinct but intercorrelated latent dispositions best described the interindividual differences in these behaviors. The reliabilities and stabilities of these behaviors across 6 weeks were generally moderate to high. Correlation...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 18, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Baumert, Anna; Schlösser, Thomas; Schmitt, Manfred Source Type: research

The effect of client case complexity on clinical decision making.
In this study, we tested whether the complexity of client problems influences case formulation quality and we investigated to what extent case formulations explain treatment decisions for simple and complex client problems. Results show that case formulations for complex problems were of lower quality than those for simple problems. Also, we found that case formulations are only weakly associated with treatment decisions, for both types of problems. We conclude that clinicians give higher quality case formulations when these may be least needed, that is: for simple cases, for which an empirically supported treatment is ava...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 18, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Groenier, Marleen; Pieters, Jules M.; Witteman, Cilia L. M.; Lehmann, Souja R. S. Source Type: research

Validation of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) in an Italian sample and invariance across gender and mode of administration.
About 7–12% of individuals experience high dental anxiety and it represents a barrier to dental care. The Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) is a brief measure of dental anxiety which is widely used in clinical practice as well as in research. The principal aims of this study were to create and validate an Italian version of the MDAS and to determine whether its validity was influenced by gender and different methods of data collection (on paper or electronically). A secondary objective was to collect further evidence of criterion validity and reliability of the scale. A self-report battery of standardized psychologica...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 18, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gremigni, Paola; Mobilio, Nicola; Casu, Giulia; Catapano, Santo Source Type: research

On the inappropriateness of using items to calculate total scale score reliability via coefficient alpha for multidimensional scales.
Researchers have the implicit option of calculating internal consistency reliability (coefficient α) for total scale scores derived from multidimensional inventories based on either the inter-item correlation matrix (item unit-level) or the inter-subscale correlation matrix (subscale unit-level). It is demonstrated that item unit-level and subscale unit-level reliability estimates often diverge substantially in practice. Specifically, the item unit-level reliability estimation is often larger than the corresponding subscale unit-level estimate. It is recommended that if researchers calculate total scale score reliability ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 18, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gignac, Gilles E. Source Type: research

An examination of the structure and stability of early maladaptive schemas by means of the Young Schema Questionnaire-3.
This study examines the structure, consistency, stability, and concurrent validity of the YSQ-3 in a sample of Spanish students (n = 971, 54% females). The participants completed the YSQ-3 together with measures of depression, social anxiety, and hostility. A subsample of 351 was followed up 6 months later. The results support the structure of 18 EMS for the YSQ-3. However, the results for the second-order structure are mixed. Whereas the disconnection and rejection and the impaired autonomy domains are well supported, evidence for the other domains is limited, and results suggest that these domains may be integrated into ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Calvete, Esther; Orue, Izaskun; González-Diez, Zahira Source Type: research

Self-reported functional status: An important predictor of mental health outcomes among chronic dialysis patients.
This study investigates the relationship of functional status to mental health and health perceptions among patients undergoing hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. A sample of 144 patients was recruited, consisting of 84 patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and 60 patients in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Measurements were conducted with the following instruments: the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument (WHOQOL-BREF), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI 1/STAI 2), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Multidimensional Health Loc...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Theofilou, Paraskevi Source Type: research

Assessing individual differences in basic computer skills: Psychometric characteristics of an interactive performance measure.
A definition of basic computer skills (BCS) is proposed and the psychometric properties of a newly developed BCS scale are investigated. BCS is defined as the ability and speed of performing basic actions in graphical user interfaces of computers to access, collect, and provide information. BCS is thus considered a basic component skill of the much broader construct of ICT literacy. Data from the German PISA 2009 field trial was used to determine the factor structure of the BCS scale as well as convergent and discriminant validity. The latent factor structure underlying the BCS scale was investigated by testing confirmator...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Goldhammer, Frank; Naumann, Johannes; Keßel, Yvonne Source Type: research

Detection of malingered neurocognitive dysfunction among patients with acquired brain injuries: A Word Memory Test study.
The Word Memory Test (WMT) is one of the most sensitive forced-choice tests available designed to evaluate negative response bias (NRB). Presently there is no valid verbal test designed to evaluate NRB for Hebrew-speaking patients. The aims of the present study were to validate the response bias measures of the WMT among Hebrew-speaking patients with acquired brain injuries and to reveal the malingering base rate among Israeli patients involved in compensation-seeking. Participants were 112 patients. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) was used for convergent validity and injury related variables were used for concurrent...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hegedish, Omer; Hoofien, Dan Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire.
This research investigated the psychometric properties and the convergent and divergent validity of the Romanian version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) at the factor-level. The ZKPQ assesses the five basic factors of Zuckerman’s alternative five-factor model (AFFM). Study 1 (n = 449) assessed the psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the ZKPQ and verified its factorial structure. The factors reliability ranged from .69 to .88, and gender differences were similar to those found in the Spanish, French, and Chinese samples. Exploratory factor analysis supported the replicability of th...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sârbescu, Paul; Neguţ, Alexandra Source Type: research

A Spanish adaptation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire.
The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003) is widely used to assess individual differences in reappraisal and suppression. The present study tests the psychometric properties, reliability, and validity of a Spanish adaptation of the ERQ on a broad sample of participants of Spanish nationality aged 18–80 years (38% males, 62% females). Results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed the expected two-factor structure. Results also indicated adequate internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent and discriminant validity. In terms of affective functioning, reappraisal use was positivel...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cabello, Rosario; Salguero, José M.; Fernández-Berrocal, Pablo; Gross, James J. Source Type: research

News within the European Journal of Psychological Assessment: Never change a running system, or change it?
The European Journal of Psychological Assessment (EJPA) is one of the prime outlets for research aimed at new insights into assessment-related issues (Alonso-Arbiol & van de Vijver, 2010). The topics covered range from work on the nomological net of cognitive and noncognitive traits (Beauducel & Kersting, 2002) to classic topics such as social desirability (Bäckström, 2007) or new assessment techniques such as implicit association tests (Schmukle & Egloff, 2005). The breadth and timeliness of issues presented within the EJPA has attracted a large readership and guaranteed high citations. Impact factors of 2.53 (2011) and...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Bensch, Doreen Source Type: research

Assessment of psychopathy in Austria: Psychometric properties of the Psychopathy Checklist-Revised.
The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) is a clinician rating instrument for psychopathic personality disorder. Although the instrument is routinely used in forensic assessment in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland, data on its psychometric properties in German-speaking countries are lacking. Based on a national sample of adult male sexual offenders assessed at a federal evaluation unit in Austria (N = 1,046), reliability and factor structure were estimated. More specifically, measurement invariance was assessed with respect to the North American normative data of male offenders. In the sample, the PCL-R achieved similar ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 7, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mokros, Andreas; Habermeyer, Elmar; Neumann, Craig S.; Schilling, Frank; Hare, Robert D.; Eher, Reinhard Source Type: research

Psychopathy and violent reoffending in German-speaking countries: A meta-analysis.
The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) and its screening version, the PCL:SV, are clinical assessment instruments for the observer rating of psychopathic personality in offenders. Given the link between PCL-R/SV total scores and violent offending, these instruments have been incorporated into various risk assessment protocols in forensic psychology. The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictive validity of the PCL-R/SV instruments in German-speaking countries. We collated data from 11 published studies (total-N = 2,412 offenders). Based on suitable diagnostic cutscores for prototypical psychopathy, the ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 7, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mokros, Andreas; Vohs, Knut; Habermeyer, Elmar Source Type: research

Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder: Comparison of the diagnostic efficiency of two self-rating measures.
Symptom-based self-rating measures were established to detect individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after specific traumatic events. The aim of the present study was to compare the diagnostic efficiency of the German version of the Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ), the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS), and an 8-item subset of the PDS. Receiver-operating-characteristic analyses are determined in a treatment-seeking outpatient sample (N = 208) with mixed trauma type. The areas under the curve (AUC) for all measures were found to be moderate (AUC = 0.77–0.81); hence, measures did not differ in terms ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 7, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kröger, Christoph; Kliem, Sören Source Type: research

The Dutch version of the Emotion Reactivity Scale: Validation and relation with various behaviors in a sample of high school students.
In the present study we investigated the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Emotion Reactivity Scale (ERS; Nock, Wedig, Holmberg, & Hooley, 2008). A sample of 615 high school students completed the ERS, together with the Adult Temperament Questionnaire, the Utrecht Coping List, the Self-Injury Questionnaire, and the Eating Disorder Inventory-2. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the one- and the three factor structure of the ERS. Both solutions showed stability across sex. However, given the high correlations between the three ERS subscales (ranging from r = .87 to r = .94), the more parsimonious 1-fac...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Claes, Laurence; Smits, Dirk; Bijttebier, Patricia Source Type: research

Assessing need for cognition in early adolescence: Validation of a German adaption of the Cacioppo/Petty Scale.
Need for cognition (NFC) refers to “the (enduring) tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy effortful analytic activity” (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982, p. 116). Yet, NFC has predominantly been assessed in adults. I present a 19-item German NFC scale for children of 10 years and older. 745 secondary-school students were assessed three times in grades 5 and 6 with measures of NFC, intelligence, achievement, and motivational variables. The scale showed good psychometric properties, validity, and suitability for longitudinal research. Confirmatory factor analyses supported a one-dimensional conceptualization of NFC and ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Preckel, Franzis Source Type: research

Character strengths in children and adolescents: Reliability and initial validity of the German Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth (German VIA-Youth).
The Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth (VIA-Youth) is a self-report inventory assessing 24 character strengths among people 10–17 years of age. This paper describes the adaptation and initial validation of a German version of this measure utilizing several samples (in total N = 2,110 self-reports of participants aged 10–17 years, 56.5% girls; N = 219 parent-reports) from Germany and Switzerland. The 24 scales yielded high reliability and exhibited stability over 4 months. Self-reports and parent-ratings of strengths converged well. An oblique five-factor solution was found to represent the data well. The...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ruch, Willibald; Weber, Marco; Park, Nansook; Peterson, Christopher Source Type: research

I will probably fail: Higher ability students’ motivational experiences during adaptive achievement testing.
We investigated the effects of computerized adaptive testing (CAT) versus computerized fixed item testing (FIT) of reasoning ability on current motivation in terms of situational fear of failure and subjective probability of success, as well as flow. A group of 174 students (aged 15–21) from two German secondary schools was presented either a CAT or a FIT version of a matrices test; motivational variables were assessed during a short break in testing. More situational fear of failure and less subjective probability of success were reported using CAT compared to FIT. Self-reported flow did not differ between test mode con...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ortner, Tuulia M.; Weißkopf, Eva; Koch, Tobias Source Type: research

Reliability and construct validity of a child self-report instrument: The Dominic Interactive.
This study examines these two psychometric aspects using a sample of 1,504 Dutch primary-school children aged 6–13 years. α was computed and compared with ω, an alternative index of reliability. CFA was conducted as was the measurement invariance at a configural, scalar, and metric level across both age and sex. The results showed that ω values were above .80, indicating good to high reliability for all scales. The DSM-IV factor structure was confirmed and proved to be identical across age groups and among both boys and girls in this sample. These findings lay the foundation for the meaningful use of the norms needed ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kuijpers, Rowella C. W. M.; Otten, Roy; Vermulst, Ad A.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E. Source Type: research

Agree or disagree? Influences on consensus in personality judgments.
Consensus obtained in personality judgments based on thin slices of behavior was examined by manipulating the shared meaning of the traits being judged, the accountability for the judgments, and the amount of target information. 160 judges rated a total of 60 teachers on the Big Five personality dimensions. Consensus was approached from a judge and from a target perspective. A shared meaning had a negative effect on consensus in Extraversion ratings. Accountability had a consistently negative effect across consensus perspectives. A positive effect for amount of target information was found for Neuroticism. Additionally, it...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pretsch, Johanna; Heckmann, Nina; Flunger, Barbara; Schmitt, Manfred Source Type: research

The empirical versus DSM-oriented approach of the Child Behavior Checklist: Similarities and dissimilarities.
The DSM-oriented approach of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is a relatively new classification of problem behavior in children and adolescents. Given the clinical and scientific relevance of the CBCL, this study examines similarities and dissimilarities between the empirical and the DSM-oriented approach of the CBCL. We used data from 7,852 children aged 5 and 6 years, whose parents completed the Dutch version of the CBCL/4–18. Spearman rank order correlations, kappas, and logistical regressions were used to examine the similarities and dissimilarities between empirical and DSM-oriented scales of the CBCL. For Total...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: de Wolff, Marianne S.; Vogels, Anton G. C.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A. Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the 44-item version of Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale.
This study examined the factorial validity and reliability (Ωw) of the nonreversed, 44-item version of Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS; Ryff, 1989) on a Romanian convenience sample of 664 participants from the general population. The results showed that the correlated six-factor model presented a relatively good fit, χ²(887) = 2922.85, p < .001, RMSEA = .059, RMSEA 90% CI = [.056; .062], SRMR = .048, CFI = .973, compared to single-factor and independent six-factor models. Based on the ΔCFI value, we found no significant differences between the correlated six-factor and the hierarchical model. Although the...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kállay, Éva; Rus, Claudia Source Type: research

Evaluating the wording effect and psychometric properties of the Kid-KINDL: Using the multitrait-multimethod approach.
Quality of life (QoL) instruments for children provide an important health index for school healthcare professionals to understand students’ overall health status. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the widely used Kid-KINDL and reported on the wording effect of its positively and negatively worded items. A convenience sample of 8- to 12-year-old students (n = 443) completed the Kid-KINDL; 89 of them completed it again 7–14 days later. The internal consistency was satisfactory in the total score (α = .87) and two subscales (α = .704 [emotional] and .853 [self-esteem]), but unsatisfa...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lin, Chung-Ying; Luh, Wei-Ming; Cheng, Chung-Ping; Yang, Ai-Lun; Ma, Hui-Ing Source Type: research

Measuring feedback from clients: The psychometric properties of the Dutch Outcome Rating Scale and Session Rating Scale.
This study investigates the validity and reliability of the Dutch ORS and SRS in a large sample of subjects (N = 587) drawn from the clients of an outpatient mental healthcare organization. The results are compared to those of previous Dutch and American studies. While both the ORS and the SRS exhibited adequate test-retest reliability and internal consistency, their concurrent validity was limited (more for the SRS than for the ORS). New standards are proposed for the Dutch ORS and SRS. The scores obtained with these standards are interpreted differently than those obtained using American standards. The clinical implicati...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Janse, Pauline; Boezen-Hilberdink, Liesbeth; van Dijk, Maarten K.; Verbraak, Marc J. P. M.; Hutschemaekers, Giel J. M. Source Type: research

Age differences and measurement invariance of working memory in 5- to 12-year-old children.
In this study, we investigated working memory structure and measurement invariance of working memory in children between 5 and 12 years. In a sample of 1,669 children, we administered a battery of 12 computer-based working memory subtests. We found the same tripartite structure of working memory with a phonological loop, a visual-spatial sketchpad, and a central executive in the age groups 5–6 years, 7–9 years, and 10–12 years; interrelations of the latent factors were invariant across the age groups. Only the relationships between the phonological loop and the central executive were weaker in the 5- to 6-year-olds t...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michalczyk, Kurt; Malstädt, Nadine; Worgt, Maria; Könen, Tanja; Hasselhorn, Marcus Source Type: research

Validation of the German Version of the Exercise Dependence Scale.
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the German version of the 21-item Exercise Dependence Scale (EDS-G), which was administered in a large representative German sample (N = 1,611). In order to examine convergent validity, we also asked participants to answer the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q). To investigate the discriminant validity, clients of fitness centers (N = 129), sport students (N = 85), and medical students (N = 129) filled out the EDS-G. In this German population-based sample, the seven-factor structure suggested by the original authors as well as a higher-order model (7 + 1 fa...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Müller, Astrid; Claes, Laurence; Smits, Dirk; Gefeller, Olaf; Hilbert, Anja; Herberg, Antonia; Müller, Verena; Hofmeister, Dirk; de Zwaan, Martina Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of the German Version of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form 3 (YSQ-S3).
To date, the psychometric properties of the German version of the Young Schema Questionnaire–Short Form 3 (YSQ-S3) have not yet been examined. We investigated the reliability and validity of the German version of the YSQ-S3. In a community sample of 1,150 participants and a clinical sample of 30 psychiatric inpatients, we performed reliability analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and correlation analyses, and tested for group differences using analysis of variance. The YSQ-S3 proved to be reliable and corresponded to the theoretically proposed 18-dimensional structure. Schema scores were positively associated with mea...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kriston, Levente; Schäfer, Janina; Jacob, Gitta A.; Härter, Martin; Hölzel, Lars P. Source Type: research

Self-efficacy in regulating positive and negative emotions: A validation study in Germany.
Perceived self-efficacy in emotion regulation facilitates various aspects of psychosocial adjustment. The Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy scale (RESE) by Caprara and Gerbino (2001) measures perceived capabilities to express positive emotions (POS) and to manage negative emotions, namely, despondency/distress (DES) and anger/irritation (ANG). The present research investigated the validity of the RESE scale in Germany. Study 1 investigated the factor structure and convergent validity of the scale in a sample of university students. In order to test the generalizability of findings from Study 1, in Study 2 we studied the f...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gunzenhauser, Catherine; Heikamp, Tobias; Gerbino, Maria; Alessandri, Guido; von Suchodoletz, Antje; Di Giunta, Laura; Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Trommsdorff, Gisela Source Type: research

The factor structure and psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q).
This study investigates the latent structure and the psychometric characteristics of the attitudinal subscales of the Greek translation of the EDE-Q (G-EDE-Q) using two samples. The first sample consisted of 500 university female students and tested the latent structure of the G-EDE-Q. The second sample consisted of 164 female psychology students and examined the internal consistency as well as the concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity of the G-EDE-Q. The results from confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that a three-factor solution fit the data better than the other models examined, providing evidence to ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Giovazolias, Theodoros; Tsaousis, Ioannis; Vallianatou, Christina Source Type: research

The MMPI-2-Restructured Form and the Standard MMPI-2 Clinical scales in relation to DSM-IV.
In a Dutch sample of psychiatric outpatients (N = 94), we linked the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–2 (MMPI-2; Butcher et al., 2001) Clinical scales and MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008) Higher-Order (H-O) scales, Restructured Clinical (RC) scales and Specific Problem scales to the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV, 4th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) by First, Spitzer, Gibbon, and Williams (1995). Overall, the H-O scales, RC scales, and Specific Problem scales display meaningful relationships to Ax...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: van der Heijden, Paul T.; Egger, Jos I. M.; Rossi, Gina M. P.; Grundel, Gitte; Derksen, Jan J. L. Source Type: research

Development and validation of the German Test for (Highly) Intelligent Kids—T(H)INK.
Discussion: Implications of the findings and ideas for future research and development of the test are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Baudson, Tanja Gabriele; Preckel, Franzis Source Type: research

Framing work competencies through personality traits: The Big Five Competencies grid.
The present study investigated the construct validity and reliability of the Big Five Competencies grid (BFC grid), an instrument framed and validated within a well-established conceptual model, the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality. A first sample of 1,307 employees (65% males) in a variety of job types completed the BFC grid and a list of Big Five prototypical adjectives. Exploratory structural equation modeling attested a six-factor competencies structure corresponding to four broad traits (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Emotional stability, Openness) and two facets of conscientiousness. The six scales showed adequat...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Consiglio, Chiara; Alessandri, Guido; Borgogni, Laura; Piccolo, Ronald F. Source Type: research