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European Journal of Psychological Assessment

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Correction to Preckel, 2013.
Reports an error in "Assessing need for cognition in early adolescence: Validation of a German adaption of the Cacioppo/Petty Scale" by Franzis Preckel (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 2014, Vol 30[1], 65-72). On page 8, the note to the table in Appendix A should read as follows: Note. Values present the mean value of the means of all 15 subtests; items of these subtests were scored with either 0 or 1. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2013-30600-001.) Need for cognition (NFC) refers to “the (enduring) tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy effortful analytic acti...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Correction to Ruch et al., 2013.
Reports an error in "Character strengths in children and adolescents: Reliability and initial validity of the German Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth (German VIA-Youth)" by Willibald Ruch, Marco Weber, Nansook Park and Christopher Peterson (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 2014, Vol 30[1], 57-64). On page 3, in the ‘‘Method’’ section (right column, 3rd paragraph) the last sentence of the paragraph should read as follows: "Most of them (78.9%) attended secondary school (highest education level), 12.2% attended secondary school (medium education level), and 8.9% attended secondary school...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

A farewell, a welcome, and an unusual exchange.
In this editorial, the journal's Editor-in-Chief, Mathias Ziegler, announces some changes within the Editorial Board of this journal and thanks some people for supporting the Editorial Board over the course of the last few years. Iris Engelhard, Lena Lämmle, Martin Bäckström, Stephan Dilchert, and Samuel Greiff are welcomed as new action editors. Zielger then shares some passages from an interesting, challenging, and—he believes—inspiring e-mail exchange he had with Stéphane Vautier, one of the consulting editors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Vautier, Stéphane Source Type: research

MMPI-2 in child custody litigation: A comparison between genders.
In recent years, several studies have addressed the issue of positive self-presentation bias in assessing parents involved in postdivorce child custody litigations. The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 (MMPI-2) is widely used in forensic assessments and is able to evaluate positive self-presentation through its Superlative Self-Presentation S scale. We investigated the existence of a gender effect on positive self-presentation bias in an Italian sample of parents involved in court evaluation. Participants were 391 divorced parents who completed the full 567-item Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory-2 du...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Roma, Paolo; Ricci, Federica; Kotzalidis, Georgios D.; Abbate, Luigi; Lavadera, Anna Lubrano; Versace, Giorgia; Pazzelli, Floriana; Togliatti, Marisa Malagoli; Girardi, Paolo; Ferracuti, Stefano Source Type: research

Comments on item selection procedures.
Over the last 12 months the author has had the pleasure to read some extraordinarily good papers that were submitted to the European Journal of Psychological Assessment. Oftentimes, his overly positive impression was mirrored by the reviews obtained for these papers. However, sometimes the submissions are not only impressive and sound; sometimes the potential of a paper is visible but buried beneath methodological and analytical problems. From time to time the author would like to use the editorial pages and provide an overview of issues often raised by reviewers and used as reasons to criticize or even reject a submission...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - January 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

The effect of client case complexity on clinical decision making.
In this study, we tested whether the complexity of client problems influences case formulation quality and we investigated to what extent case formulations explain treatment decisions for simple and complex client problems. Results show that case formulations for complex problems were of lower quality than those for simple problems. Also, we found that case formulations are only weakly associated with treatment decisions, for both types of problems. We conclude that clinicians give higher quality case formulations when these may be least needed, that is: for simple cases, for which an empirically supported treatment is ava...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 18, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Groenier, Marleen; Pieters, Jules M.; Witteman, Cilia L. M.; Lehmann, Souja R. S. Source Type: research

Validation of the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) in an Italian sample and invariance across gender and mode of administration.
About 7–12% of individuals experience high dental anxiety and it represents a barrier to dental care. The Modified Dental Anxiety Scale (MDAS) is a brief measure of dental anxiety which is widely used in clinical practice as well as in research. The principal aims of this study were to create and validate an Italian version of the MDAS and to determine whether its validity was influenced by gender and different methods of data collection (on paper or electronically). A secondary objective was to collect further evidence of criterion validity and reliability of the scale. A self-report battery of standardized psychologica...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 18, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gremigni, Paola; Mobilio, Nicola; Casu, Giulia; Catapano, Santo Source Type: research

On the inappropriateness of using items to calculate total scale score reliability via coefficient alpha for multidimensional scales.
Researchers have the implicit option of calculating internal consistency reliability (coefficient α) for total scale scores derived from multidimensional inventories based on either the inter-item correlation matrix (item unit-level) or the inter-subscale correlation matrix (subscale unit-level). It is demonstrated that item unit-level and subscale unit-level reliability estimates often diverge substantially in practice. Specifically, the item unit-level reliability estimation is often larger than the corresponding subscale unit-level estimate. It is recommended that if researchers calculate total scale score reliability ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 18, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gignac, Gilles E. Source Type: research

An examination of the structure and stability of early maladaptive schemas by means of the Young Schema Questionnaire-3.
This study examines the structure, consistency, stability, and concurrent validity of the YSQ-3 in a sample of Spanish students (n = 971, 54% females). The participants completed the YSQ-3 together with measures of depression, social anxiety, and hostility. A subsample of 351 was followed up 6 months later. The results support the structure of 18 EMS for the YSQ-3. However, the results for the second-order structure are mixed. Whereas the disconnection and rejection and the impaired autonomy domains are well supported, evidence for the other domains is limited, and results suggest that these domains may be integrated into ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Calvete, Esther; Orue, Izaskun; González-Diez, Zahira Source Type: research

Self-reported functional status: An important predictor of mental health outcomes among chronic dialysis patients.
This study investigates the relationship of functional status to mental health and health perceptions among patients undergoing hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. A sample of 144 patients was recruited, consisting of 84 patients undergoing hemodialysis (HD) and 60 patients in peritoneal dialysis (PD). Measurements were conducted with the following instruments: the World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument (WHOQOL-BREF), the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-28), the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI 1/STAI 2), the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D), and the Multidimensional Health Loc...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Theofilou, Paraskevi Source Type: research

Assessing individual differences in basic computer skills: Psychometric characteristics of an interactive performance measure.
A definition of basic computer skills (BCS) is proposed and the psychometric properties of a newly developed BCS scale are investigated. BCS is defined as the ability and speed of performing basic actions in graphical user interfaces of computers to access, collect, and provide information. BCS is thus considered a basic component skill of the much broader construct of ICT literacy. Data from the German PISA 2009 field trial was used to determine the factor structure of the BCS scale as well as convergent and discriminant validity. The latent factor structure underlying the BCS scale was investigated by testing confirmator...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Goldhammer, Frank; Naumann, Johannes; Keßel, Yvonne Source Type: research

Detection of malingered neurocognitive dysfunction among patients with acquired brain injuries: A Word Memory Test study.
The Word Memory Test (WMT) is one of the most sensitive forced-choice tests available designed to evaluate negative response bias (NRB). Presently there is no valid verbal test designed to evaluate NRB for Hebrew-speaking patients. The aims of the present study were to validate the response bias measures of the WMT among Hebrew-speaking patients with acquired brain injuries and to reveal the malingering base rate among Israeli patients involved in compensation-seeking. Participants were 112 patients. The Test of Memory Malingering (TOMM) was used for convergent validity and injury related variables were used for concurrent...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hegedish, Omer; Hoofien, Dan Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire.
This research investigated the psychometric properties and the convergent and divergent validity of the Romanian version of the Zuckerman-Kuhlman Personality Questionnaire (ZKPQ) at the factor-level. The ZKPQ assesses the five basic factors of Zuckerman’s alternative five-factor model (AFFM). Study 1 (n = 449) assessed the psychometric properties of the Romanian version of the ZKPQ and verified its factorial structure. The factors reliability ranged from .69 to .88, and gender differences were similar to those found in the Spanish, French, and Chinese samples. Exploratory factor analysis supported the replicability of th...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sârbescu, Paul; Neguţ, Alexandra Source Type: research

A Spanish adaptation of the Emotion Regulation Questionnaire.
The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ; Gross & John, 2003) is widely used to assess individual differences in reappraisal and suppression. The present study tests the psychometric properties, reliability, and validity of a Spanish adaptation of the ERQ on a broad sample of participants of Spanish nationality aged 18–80 years (38% males, 62% females). Results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed the expected two-factor structure. Results also indicated adequate internal consistency, test-retest reliability, and convergent and discriminant validity. In terms of affective functioning, reappraisal use was positivel...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cabello, Rosario; Salguero, José M.; Fernández-Berrocal, Pablo; Gross, James J. Source Type: research

News within the European Journal of Psychological Assessment: Never change a running system, or change it?
The European Journal of Psychological Assessment (EJPA) is one of the prime outlets for research aimed at new insights into assessment-related issues (Alonso-Arbiol & van de Vijver, 2010). The topics covered range from work on the nomological net of cognitive and noncognitive traits (Beauducel & Kersting, 2002) to classic topics such as social desirability (Bäckström, 2007) or new assessment techniques such as implicit association tests (Schmukle & Egloff, 2005). The breadth and timeliness of issues presented within the EJPA has attracted a large readership and guaranteed high citations. Impact factors of 2.53 (2011) and...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Bensch, Doreen Source Type: research

Psychopathy and violent reoffending in German-speaking countries: A meta-analysis.
The Psychopathy Checklist-Revised (PCL-R) and its screening version, the PCL:SV, are clinical assessment instruments for the observer rating of psychopathic personality in offenders. Given the link between PCL-R/SV total scores and violent offending, these instruments have been incorporated into various risk assessment protocols in forensic psychology. The purpose of the present study was to examine the predictive validity of the PCL-R/SV instruments in German-speaking countries. We collated data from 11 published studies (total-N = 2,412 offenders). Based on suitable diagnostic cutscores for prototypical psychopathy, the ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 7, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mokros, Andreas; Vohs, Knut; Habermeyer, Elmar Source Type: research

Screening for posttraumatic stress disorder: Comparison of the diagnostic efficiency of two self-rating measures.
Symptom-based self-rating measures were established to detect individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) after specific traumatic events. The aim of the present study was to compare the diagnostic efficiency of the German version of the Trauma Screening Questionnaire (TSQ), the Posttraumatic Diagnostic Scale (PDS), and an 8-item subset of the PDS. Receiver-operating-characteristic analyses are determined in a treatment-seeking outpatient sample (N = 208) with mixed trauma type. The areas under the curve (AUC) for all measures were found to be moderate (AUC = 0.77–0.81); hence, measures did not differ in terms ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 7, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kröger, Christoph; Kliem, Sören Source Type: research

The Dutch version of the Emotion Reactivity Scale: Validation and relation with various behaviors in a sample of high school students.
In the present study we investigated the psychometric properties of the Dutch version of the Emotion Reactivity Scale (ERS; Nock, Wedig, Holmberg, & Hooley, 2008). A sample of 615 high school students completed the ERS, together with the Adult Temperament Questionnaire, the Utrecht Coping List, the Self-Injury Questionnaire, and the Eating Disorder Inventory-2. Confirmatory factor analyses confirmed the one- and the three factor structure of the ERS. Both solutions showed stability across sex. However, given the high correlations between the three ERS subscales (ranging from r = .87 to r = .94), the more parsimonious 1-fac...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Claes, Laurence; Smits, Dirk; Bijttebier, Patricia Source Type: research

Assessing need for cognition in early adolescence: Validation of a German adaption of the Cacioppo/Petty Scale.
Need for cognition (NFC) refers to “the (enduring) tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy effortful analytic activity” (Cacioppo & Petty, 1982, p. 116). Yet, NFC has predominantly been assessed in adults. I present a 19-item German NFC scale for children of 10 years and older. 745 secondary-school students were assessed three times in grades 5 and 6 with measures of NFC, intelligence, achievement, and motivational variables. The scale showed good psychometric properties, validity, and suitability for longitudinal research. Confirmatory factor analyses supported a one-dimensional conceptualization of NFC and ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Preckel, Franzis Source Type: research

Character strengths in children and adolescents: Reliability and initial validity of the German Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth (German VIA-Youth).
The Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth (VIA-Youth) is a self-report inventory assessing 24 character strengths among people 10–17 years of age. This paper describes the adaptation and initial validation of a German version of this measure utilizing several samples (in total N = 2,110 self-reports of participants aged 10–17 years, 56.5% girls; N = 219 parent-reports) from Germany and Switzerland. The 24 scales yielded high reliability and exhibited stability over 4 months. Self-reports and parent-ratings of strengths converged well. An oblique five-factor solution was found to represent the data well. The...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ruch, Willibald; Weber, Marco; Park, Nansook; Peterson, Christopher Source Type: research

I will probably fail: Higher ability students’ motivational experiences during adaptive achievement testing.
We investigated the effects of computerized adaptive testing (CAT) versus computerized fixed item testing (FIT) of reasoning ability on current motivation in terms of situational fear of failure and subjective probability of success, as well as flow. A group of 174 students (aged 15–21) from two German secondary schools was presented either a CAT or a FIT version of a matrices test; motivational variables were assessed during a short break in testing. More situational fear of failure and less subjective probability of success were reported using CAT compared to FIT. Self-reported flow did not differ between test mode con...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ortner, Tuulia M.; Weißkopf, Eva; Koch, Tobias Source Type: research

Reliability and construct validity of a child self-report instrument: The Dominic Interactive.
This study examines these two psychometric aspects using a sample of 1,504 Dutch primary-school children aged 6–13 years. α was computed and compared with ω, an alternative index of reliability. CFA was conducted as was the measurement invariance at a configural, scalar, and metric level across both age and sex. The results showed that ω values were above .80, indicating good to high reliability for all scales. The DSM-IV factor structure was confirmed and proved to be identical across age groups and among both boys and girls in this sample. These findings lay the foundation for the meaningful use of the norms needed ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kuijpers, Rowella C. W. M.; Otten, Roy; Vermulst, Ad A.; Engels, Rutger C. M. E. Source Type: research

Agree or disagree? Influences on consensus in personality judgments.
Consensus obtained in personality judgments based on thin slices of behavior was examined by manipulating the shared meaning of the traits being judged, the accountability for the judgments, and the amount of target information. 160 judges rated a total of 60 teachers on the Big Five personality dimensions. Consensus was approached from a judge and from a target perspective. A shared meaning had a negative effect on consensus in Extraversion ratings. Accountability had a consistently negative effect across consensus perspectives. A positive effect for amount of target information was found for Neuroticism. Additionally, it...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pretsch, Johanna; Heckmann, Nina; Flunger, Barbara; Schmitt, Manfred Source Type: research

The empirical versus DSM-oriented approach of the Child Behavior Checklist: Similarities and dissimilarities.
The DSM-oriented approach of the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) is a relatively new classification of problem behavior in children and adolescents. Given the clinical and scientific relevance of the CBCL, this study examines similarities and dissimilarities between the empirical and the DSM-oriented approach of the CBCL. We used data from 7,852 children aged 5 and 6 years, whose parents completed the Dutch version of the CBCL/4–18. Spearman rank order correlations, kappas, and logistical regressions were used to examine the similarities and dissimilarities between empirical and DSM-oriented scales of the CBCL. For Total...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: de Wolff, Marianne S.; Vogels, Anton G. C.; Reijneveld, Sijmen A. Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the 44-item version of Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale.
This study examined the factorial validity and reliability (Ωw) of the nonreversed, 44-item version of Ryff’s Psychological Well-Being Scale (PWBS; Ryff, 1989) on a Romanian convenience sample of 664 participants from the general population. The results showed that the correlated six-factor model presented a relatively good fit, χ²(887) = 2922.85, p < .001, RMSEA = .059, RMSEA 90% CI = [.056; .062], SRMR = .048, CFI = .973, compared to single-factor and independent six-factor models. Based on the ΔCFI value, we found no significant differences between the correlated six-factor and the hierarchical model. Although the...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kállay, Éva; Rus, Claudia Source Type: research

Evaluating the wording effect and psychometric properties of the Kid-KINDL: Using the multitrait-multimethod approach.
Quality of life (QoL) instruments for children provide an important health index for school healthcare professionals to understand students’ overall health status. We investigated the psychometric properties of the Chinese version of the widely used Kid-KINDL and reported on the wording effect of its positively and negatively worded items. A convenience sample of 8- to 12-year-old students (n = 443) completed the Kid-KINDL; 89 of them completed it again 7–14 days later. The internal consistency was satisfactory in the total score (α = .87) and two subscales (α = .704 [emotional] and .853 [self-esteem]), but unsatisfa...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lin, Chung-Ying; Luh, Wei-Ming; Cheng, Chung-Ping; Yang, Ai-Lun; Ma, Hui-Ing Source Type: research

Measuring feedback from clients: The psychometric properties of the Dutch Outcome Rating Scale and Session Rating Scale.
This study investigates the validity and reliability of the Dutch ORS and SRS in a large sample of subjects (N = 587) drawn from the clients of an outpatient mental healthcare organization. The results are compared to those of previous Dutch and American studies. While both the ORS and the SRS exhibited adequate test-retest reliability and internal consistency, their concurrent validity was limited (more for the SRS than for the ORS). New standards are proposed for the Dutch ORS and SRS. The scores obtained with these standards are interpreted differently than those obtained using American standards. The clinical implicati...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Janse, Pauline; Boezen-Hilberdink, Liesbeth; van Dijk, Maarten K.; Verbraak, Marc J. P. M.; Hutschemaekers, Giel J. M. Source Type: research

Age differences and measurement invariance of working memory in 5- to 12-year-old children.
In this study, we investigated working memory structure and measurement invariance of working memory in children between 5 and 12 years. In a sample of 1,669 children, we administered a battery of 12 computer-based working memory subtests. We found the same tripartite structure of working memory with a phonological loop, a visual-spatial sketchpad, and a central executive in the age groups 5–6 years, 7–9 years, and 10–12 years; interrelations of the latent factors were invariant across the age groups. Only the relationships between the phonological loop and the central executive were weaker in the 5- to 6-year-olds t...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Michalczyk, Kurt; Malstädt, Nadine; Worgt, Maria; Könen, Tanja; Hasselhorn, Marcus Source Type: research

Validation of the German Version of the Exercise Dependence Scale.
This study evaluated the psychometric properties of the German version of the 21-item Exercise Dependence Scale (EDS-G), which was administered in a large representative German sample (N = 1,611). In order to examine convergent validity, we also asked participants to answer the Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q). To investigate the discriminant validity, clients of fitness centers (N = 129), sport students (N = 85), and medical students (N = 129) filled out the EDS-G. In this German population-based sample, the seven-factor structure suggested by the original authors as well as a higher-order model (7 + 1 fa...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Müller, Astrid; Claes, Laurence; Smits, Dirk; Gefeller, Olaf; Hilbert, Anja; Herberg, Antonia; Müller, Verena; Hofmeister, Dirk; de Zwaan, Martina Source Type: research

Reliability and validity of the German Version of the Young Schema Questionnaire-Short Form 3 (YSQ-S3).
To date, the psychometric properties of the German version of the Young Schema Questionnaire–Short Form 3 (YSQ-S3) have not yet been examined. We investigated the reliability and validity of the German version of the YSQ-S3. In a community sample of 1,150 participants and a clinical sample of 30 psychiatric inpatients, we performed reliability analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and correlation analyses, and tested for group differences using analysis of variance. The YSQ-S3 proved to be reliable and corresponded to the theoretically proposed 18-dimensional structure. Schema scores were positively associated with mea...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kriston, Levente; Schäfer, Janina; Jacob, Gitta A.; Härter, Martin; Hölzel, Lars P. Source Type: research

Self-efficacy in regulating positive and negative emotions: A validation study in Germany.
Perceived self-efficacy in emotion regulation facilitates various aspects of psychosocial adjustment. The Regulatory Emotional Self-Efficacy scale (RESE) by Caprara and Gerbino (2001) measures perceived capabilities to express positive emotions (POS) and to manage negative emotions, namely, despondency/distress (DES) and anger/irritation (ANG). The present research investigated the validity of the RESE scale in Germany. Study 1 investigated the factor structure and convergent validity of the scale in a sample of university students. In order to test the generalizability of findings from Study 1, in Study 2 we studied the f...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gunzenhauser, Catherine; Heikamp, Tobias; Gerbino, Maria; Alessandri, Guido; von Suchodoletz, Antje; Di Giunta, Laura; Caprara, Gian Vittorio; Trommsdorff, Gisela Source Type: research

The factor structure and psychometric properties of the Greek version of the Eating Disorders Examination Questionnaire (EDE-Q).
This study investigates the latent structure and the psychometric characteristics of the attitudinal subscales of the Greek translation of the EDE-Q (G-EDE-Q) using two samples. The first sample consisted of 500 university female students and tested the latent structure of the G-EDE-Q. The second sample consisted of 164 female psychology students and examined the internal consistency as well as the concurrent, convergent, and discriminant validity of the G-EDE-Q. The results from confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) showed that a three-factor solution fit the data better than the other models examined, providing evidence to ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Giovazolias, Theodoros; Tsaousis, Ioannis; Vallianatou, Christina Source Type: research

The MMPI-2-Restructured Form and the Standard MMPI-2 Clinical scales in relation to DSM-IV.
In a Dutch sample of psychiatric outpatients (N = 94), we linked the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory–2 (MMPI-2; Butcher et al., 2001) Clinical scales and MMPI-2-Restructured Form (MMPI-2-RF; Ben-Porath & Tellegen, 2008) Higher-Order (H-O) scales, Restructured Clinical (RC) scales and Specific Problem scales to the Structured Clinical Interview for the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV, 4th ed.; American Psychiatric Association, 1994) by First, Spitzer, Gibbon, and Williams (1995). Overall, the H-O scales, RC scales, and Specific Problem scales display meaningful relationships to Ax...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: van der Heijden, Paul T.; Egger, Jos I. M.; Rossi, Gina M. P.; Grundel, Gitte; Derksen, Jan J. L. Source Type: research

Development and validation of the German Test for (Highly) Intelligent Kids—T(H)INK.
Discussion: Implications of the findings and ideas for future research and development of the test are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Baudson, Tanja Gabriele; Preckel, Franzis Source Type: research

Framing work competencies through personality traits: The Big Five Competencies grid.
The present study investigated the construct validity and reliability of the Big Five Competencies grid (BFC grid), an instrument framed and validated within a well-established conceptual model, the Five Factor Model (FFM) of personality. A first sample of 1,307 employees (65% males) in a variety of job types completed the BFC grid and a list of Big Five prototypical adjectives. Exploratory structural equation modeling attested a six-factor competencies structure corresponding to four broad traits (Extraversion, Agreeableness, Emotional stability, Openness) and two facets of conscientiousness. The six scales showed adequat...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Consiglio, Chiara; Alessandri, Guido; Borgogni, Laura; Piccolo, Ronald F. Source Type: research

Getting entangled in the nomological net: Thoughts on validity and conceptual overlap.
The authors aimed to outline problems related to construct validity and suggest research lines to solve them. In this Editorial the authors wanted to raise awareness concerning some of the problems the authors believe to have been identified regarding convergent and discriminant validation efforts. Summarizing the thoughts outlined above, the authors stress three aspects that papers reporting validation studies should follow: (1) The trait to be measured should be clearly defined and embedded within a nomological network. (2) Besides convergent validity, discriminant validity is important in order to gain a more complete p...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Booth, Tom; Bensch, Doreen Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory Short Form among divorced adults.
The aim of this study was to develop and validate a Portuguese version of the Short Form of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory (PTGI-SF). Using an online convenience sample of Portuguese divorced adults (N = 482), we confirmed the oblique five-factor structure of the PTGI-SF by confirmatory factor analysis. The results demonstrated the measurement invariance across divorce initiator status groups. Total score and factors of PTGI-SF showed good internal consistency, with the exception of the New Possibilities factor, which revealed an acceptable reliability. The Portuguese PTGI-SF showed a satisfactory convergent validity. ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lamela, Diogo; Figueiredo, Bárbara; Bastos, Alice; Martins, Helena Source Type: research

The bifactor model of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire.
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a frequently used instrument developed for screening childhood mental health problems. The aim of this study is to clarify the structure of the Hungarian version of SDQ, to test previous measurement models, and to propose an alternative bifactor model. Data were collected from a community sample of 8–13-year-old children. We conducted a series of confirmatory factor analyses on parent (n = 383) and teacher ratings (n = 391). The classic five-factor, an alternative three-factor, and a bifactor model were estimated. In the bifactor model, specific components refer to th...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kóbor, Andrea; Takács, Ádám; Urbán, Róbert Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of a new measure of parental self-efficacy for promoting healthy physical activity and dietary behaviors in children.
This study developed a new measure of PSE for promoting healthy physical activity and dietary behaviors in children and assessed its psychometric properties. Participants were mothers (n = 2,232) with 3-year-old first-born children living in Stockholm, Sweden. The mothers responded to questionnaires measuring PSE, locus of control, and self-esteem. Exploratory factor analysis yielded a three-factor structure, interpreted as PSE for promoting healthy dietary behaviors in children (Factor 1), PSE for limit-setting of unhealthy dietary or physical activity behaviors in children (Factor 2), and PSE for promoting healthy physic...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bohman, Benjamin; Ghaderi, Ata; Rasmussen, Finn Source Type: research

French adaptation of the Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI): Confirmatory factor analysis in a sample of young French-speaking Belgian children.
Thorell and Nyberg (2008) recently developed the Childhood Executive Functioning Inventory (CHEXI), a new rating instrument for executive functioning in day-to-day life which can be divided into four subscales: working memory, planning, inhibition, and regulation. Using an exploratory factor analysis on data from young Swedish children attending kindergarten, Thorell and Nyberg (2008) found a two-factor solution that taps working memory and inhibition. In the present study, we explored the psychometric characteristics of the French adaptation of the CHEXI. A group of 95 parents of 5- and 6-year-old children completed the C...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Catale, Corinne; Lejeune, Caroline; Merbah, Sarah; Meulemans, Thierry Source Type: research

ICAT: Development of an Internet-based data collection method for ecological momentary assessment using personal cell phones.
Rapid advances in mobile data-transfer technologies offer new possibilities in the use of cell phones to conduct assessments of a person’s natural environment in real time. This paper describes features of a new Internet-based, cell phone-optimized assessment technique (ICAT), which consists of a retrospective baseline assessment combined with text messages sent to the participants’ personal cell phones providing a hyperlink to an Internet-stored cell phone-optimized questionnaire. Two participation conditions were used to test variations in response burden. Retention rates, completion rates, and response times in diff...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kuntsche, Emmanuel; Labhart, Florian Source Type: research

Validating the Polish adaptation of the 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale.
The aim of this study was to translate into Polish and establish the psychometric properties of the 11-item De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale (DJGLS). The translation process followed the recent guidelines for the crosscultural adaptation of questionnaires and was tested through analysis of differential item functioning (DIF) by the use of the Poly-SIBTEST method and bilingual groups. The essential unidimensionality was checked by bifactor analysis. Reliability was assessed by internal consistency and homogeneity analysis, and external construct validity by correlation with several external scales. The research indicated n...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Grygiel, Pawel; Humenny, Grzegorz; Rebisz, Slawomir; Świtaj, Piotr; Sikorska, Justyna Source Type: research

Examining the psychometric properties of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test: Findings from an Eastern European culture.
Based on four samples and more than 2,000 participants, the authors examined the structural equivalence, discriminant validity as well as criterion and incremental validity of the Romanian version of the Mayer-Salovey-Caruso Emotional Intelligence Test (MSCEIT), an ability-based measure of emotional intelligence. Results suggest that the Romanian version of the MSCEIT has a very good structural equivalence and good discriminant validity compared with measures of cognitive ability, personality (Big Five), and empathy. Also, the Romanian MSCEIT has incremental validity over personality when predicting job performance. Based ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Iliescu, Dragos; Ilie, Alexandra; Ispas, Dan; Ion, Andrei Source Type: research

Performance of the Revised Children’s Manifest Anxiety Scale in a sample of children and adolescents from poor urban communities in Cape Town.
This study assessed the basic psychometric properties of the RCMAS using data collected in a large study examining the mental health of children and adolescents living in poor urban communities around Cape Town. Reliability of the full-scale was good, and the predicted relationships between anxiety, depression, PTSD, delinquency, age, sex, and somaticism scores offered evidence of construct validity. However, the reliabilities for the physiological, worry/oversensitivity, and concentration subscales were low, and confirmatory factor analysis revealed the hypothesized three-factor model did not adequately fit the data. Expl...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Boyes, Mark E.; Cluver, Lucie D. Source Type: research

Adaptation and initial validation of the German version of the Students’ Life Satisfaction Scale (German SLSS).
The present research describes the adaptation and initial validation of a brief measure of global life satisfaction, the Students’ Life Satisfactions Scale (SLSS), for German-speaking children and adolescents aged 10–17 years. Study 1 investigated the responses of 286 Swiss students (aged 12–17 years) administering paper-pencil questionnaires (e.g., Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire) during class on two occasions (interval 4 months). Study 2 investigated the responses of a heterogeneous sample composed of 3,407 Austrian, German, and Swiss students (aged 10–17 years), administering questionnaires online (e.g....
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Weber, Marco; Ruch, Willibald; Huebner, E. Scott Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the parent-rated SDQ in preschoolers.
This study confirmed that the parent-rated SDQ is a reliable and useful instrument for preschoolers and is recommended for screening purposes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Klein, Annette M.; Otto, Yvonne; Fuchs, Sandra; Zenger, Markus; von Klitzing, Kai Source Type: research

A validation and replication study of the patient-generated measure PSYCHLOPS on an Icelandic clinical population.
PSYCHLOPS (Psychological Outcome Profiles; Ashworth et al., 2004) is a patient-generated outcome measure developed to be a sensitive indicator of change after therapy. It requires the patient to choose which symptoms or problems are most important to measure over the course of therapy. The present study replicates previous findings for the original version and validates the Icelandic version. The psychometric properties of PSYCHLOPS were investigated by comparing it to an established nomothetic outcome measure, CORE-OM. Icelandic versions of both questionnaires were administered to patients attending cognitive behavior gro...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Héðinsson, Helgi; Kristjánsdóttir, Hafrún; Ólason, Daníel Þór; Sigurðsson, Jón Friðrik Source Type: research

A psychometric investigation of the Georgian version of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire.
The current study presents the results of the adaptation of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire (TEIQue; Petrides, 2009) to the Georgian population. Nine hundred twenty two individuals participated in the standardization of the instrument (267 male and 655 female participants, from 17 to 70 years). Results from exploratory factor analyses indicate that the factor structure of the British TEIQue is broadly replicated in the Georgian translation. The Georgian Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire comprises 15 primary facets and four higher-order factors: Emotionality, Sociability, Self-Control, and Well-Being...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martskvishvili, Khatuna; Arutinov, Luiza; Mestvirishvili, Maia Source Type: research

Lost in translation: Thoughts regarding the translation of existing psychological measures into other languages.
Over the last decades, psychological science has become more and more international (Alonso-Arbiol & van de Vijver, 2010). In order to be able to compare research findings from different countries and in different languages, it is important to ensure the comparability of the assessment methods used. Thus, translations of standard measures have now appeared in a multitude of different languages. The increased availability of different language versions of the same measurement tools would seemingly create a need to internationally publish articles introducing these versions. An often-heard argument is that, in order for the ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 15, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Bensch, Doreen Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of the UK and Italian versions of the HSE Stress Indicator Tool: A crosscultural investigation.
The Health and Safety Executive Stress Indicator Tool is a short questionnaire developed in the UK for the screening of common psychosocial risk factors leading to work-related stress. Previous research showed that in both the UK and Italy this test fits the same seven-factor solution. Building upon previous findings and by using multiple-group confirmatory factor analysis we investigated the degree of measurement equivalence of the Italian version of the test with its original UK version. Furthermore, we advanced the validation of the tool in Italy by exploring the correlations of its subscales with stress-related outcome...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 4, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Toderi, Stefano; Balducci, Cristian; Edwards, Julian A.; Sarchielli, Guido; Broccoli, Marco; Mancini, Gianpiero Source Type: research