European Journal of Psychological Assessment European Journal of Psychological Assessment RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.

This page shows you the latest items in this publication.

"Diagnostic concordance between categorical and dimensional instruments to assess personality disorder in chronic fatigue sydrome": Correction to Calvo et al., 2015.
Reports an error in "Diagnostic Concordance Between Categorical and Dimensional Instruments to Assess Personality Disorder in Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: PDQ-4+ and TCI-R" by Natalia Calvo, Naia Sáez-Francàs, Sergi Valero, Jesús Castro-Marrero, José Alegre Martín and Miquel Casas (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Aug 28, 2015, np). The correct author affiliations are present in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2015-42715-001.) Abstract. The study examines the relationship between a categorical and a dimensional personality assessmen...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - January 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Testing the unidimensionality of items: Pitfalls and loopholes.
Constructing a test, an interview, or a behavior observation often aims at deriving scores that are interpreted as manifestations of a trait. In order to test whether such an interpretation is feasible, different psychometric criteria have been suggested. Within this editorial we want to put the spotlight onto an often neglected aspect, relevant to the interpretation of test scores—the dimensionality of the underlying items. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - January 14, 2016 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Hagemann, Dirk Source Type: research

“F*** you, I won’t do what you told me!”—Response biases as threats to psychological assessment.
An overwhelming number of papers in the European Journal of Psychological Assessment focus on what Cattell (1958) called Q-data. More specifically, Cattell described three methods to assess personality: L-, T-, and Q-data. Regarding Q-data he wrote, "Observations of personality which come to the psychologist in terms of introspective, verbal, self-record and self-evaluation...." Ever since questionnaire data have been used, there has been a seemingly never-ending discussion regarding their shortcomings. There is ample empirical evidence that Q-data are valid predictors of human behavior in such diverse areas as scholastic ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - August 10, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

Correction to Coroiu et al., 2014.
Reports an error in "Brief Form of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ-15): Development and Preliminary Validation With a German Population Sample" by Adina Coroiu, Alexandra Meyer, Carlos A. Gomez-Garibello, Elmar Brähler, Aike Hessel and Annett Körner (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, Advanced Online Publication, Dec 10, 2014, np). The article contained an error on the title page. The list of authors and their affiliations are present in the erratum. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-55403-001.) The Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ) developed by ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Discovering the second side of the coin: Integrating situational perception into psychological assessment.
Within the last editorials, several issues directly related to manuscript rejections have been discussed. To this end, issues of validity (Ziegler, Booth, & Bensch, 2013; Ziegler & Vautier, 2014), item selection (Ziegler, 2014b), and the test construction process itself (Ziegler, 2014c; Ziegler & Bensch, 2013; Ziegler, Kemper, & Lenzner, 2015) were addressed. The goal of these endeavors was to influence the content and quality of the papers being submitted to the journal by providing general guidelines to authors. This editorial has a different goal. It sets out to demonstrate how research on situational perception affects...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 8, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Horstmann, Kai Source Type: research

Development of the Fear of Intimacy Components Questionnaire (FICQ): Embracing a dependence component.
We developed a new instrument designed to measure fear of intimacy in romantic relationships. We suggest assessing fear of intimacy through two dimensions: self-revelation and dependence. The Fear of Intimacy Components Questionnaire (FICQ) was validated across three studies in which a 10-item solution systematically emerged. Consistently with a two component perspective, a two-factor solution fitted data the best: fear of losing the self (FLS) and fear of losing the other (FLO). Qualitative analyses verified content validity. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses tested the factor structure. Multigroup analyses sup...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pedro Sobral, Maria; Emília Costa, Maria Source Type: research

A reliability generalization study for a multidimensional loneliness scale: The Loneliness and Aloneness Scale for Children and Adolescents.
Research on the average reliability and factors that affect the reliability of loneliness scales has been restricted to unidimensional measures. A reliability generalization (RG) study was conducted for a multidimensional loneness measure, that is, the Loneliness and Aloneness Scale for Children and Adolescents (LACA). Multilevel meta-analyses were performed on 79 studies that comprised 92 samples (for a total of 41,076 participants). Average reliability (Cronbach’s alpha) across samples was good (i.e., .80 or above) for all four subscales. Studies with higher sampling quality yielded slightly higher alphas for one of th...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 2, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Maes, Marlies; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Goossens, Luc Source Type: research

The issue of fuzzy concepts in test construction and possible remedies.
This editorial introduces the current issue on the topic of fuzzy concepts in test construction. This issue focuses more specifically on a mixed methods approach in test construction. The quantitative aspects of testing a newly constructed assessment tool range prominently within this journal (Alonso-Arbiol & van de Vijver, 2010). However, some issues arising during the test development process cannot be dealt with using quantitative methods alone. Along with the coauthors of this editorial—experts in the application of a mixed methods approach in test construction—these issues are explored. (PsycINFO Database Record (...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Kemper, Christoph J.; Lenzner, Timo Source Type: research

The answer is blowing in the wind: Weather effects on personality ratings.
This study examined the effects of weather on personality self-ratings. Single-assessment data were derived from the German General Social Survey conducted in 2008. For a subset of the participants (N = 478), official weather station data for the day a personality inventory was completed could be determined. Among these respondents, 140 (29%) completed the personality inventory on an unambiguously sunny day, 59 (12%) completed the measure on an unambiguously rainy day, and 279 (59%) completed the questionnaire on a day characterized by mixed weather conditions. Results revealed that self-ratings for some personality domain...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rammstedt, Beatrice; Mutz, Michael; Farmer, Richard F. Source Type: research

Experience and diagnostic anchors in referral letters.
In conclusion, the diagnosis in a referral letter influences the diagnostic decision made by moderately experienced clinicians. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Spaanjaars, Nanon L.; Groenier, Marleen; van de Ven, Monique O. M.; Witteman, Cilia L. M. Source Type: research

Brief form of the Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ-15): Development and preliminary validation with a German population sample.
The Interpersonal Competence Questionnaire (ICQ) developed by Buhrmester and colleagues (1988) in the US assesses the multidimensional construct of social competence via five distinct, but related subscales. Two versions comprising 40 and 30 items, respectively, are available in German. The purpose of the current study is to develop and validate a brief version of the ICQ among a large adult sample that is representative of the German general population. Data were collected from 2,009 participants. Three confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) were conducted in order to develop and validate the ICQ-15. Cronbach’s alpha coeffi...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Coroiu, Adina; Meyer, Alexandra; Gomez-Garibello, Carlos A.; Brähler, Elmar; Hessel, Aike; Körner, Annett Source Type: research

The Dutch Symptom Checklist-90-Revised: Is the use of the subscales justified?
In this study, we evaluated to what extent the scale scores of the Dutch SCL-90-R reflect general and/or specific aspects of psychological distress in a psychiatric outpatients sample (N = 1,842), using a hierarchical factor model. The results revealed that the total scale score measures general psychological distress, with high reliability. The subscale scores Sleep Difficulties, Agoraphobia, Hostility, and Somatization reflect the specific primary symptoms reasonably well, with high reliability. The subscale score Depression hardly measures specific symptoms of distress, but instead a very common construct as is measured...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Smits, Iris A. M.; Timmerman, Marieke E.; Barelds, Dick P. H.; Meijer, Rob R. Source Type: research

How test takers see test examiners: How they are perceived and who is preferred.
We addressed potential test takers’ preferences for women or men as examiners as well as how examiners were perceived depending on their gender. We employed an online design with 375 students who provided preferences for and ratings of examiners based on short video clips. The clips showed four out of 15 psychologists who differed in age (young vs. middle-aged) and gender giving an introduction to a fictional intelligence test session. Employing multivariate multilevel analyses we found female examiners to be perceived as more social competent and middle-aged examiners being perceived as more competent. Data analyses rev...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Vormittag, Isabella; Ortner, Tuulia M.; Koch, Tobias Source Type: research

Factor structure of the Ruminative Responses Scale: A community-sample study.
The 10-item Ruminative Responses Scale is used to measure two facets of rumination: brooding and reflection. These subscales are used to seek differential correlations with other variables of interest (e.g., depression). The validity of these facets, however, is questionable because brooding and reflection were distinguished based on factor analyses, but subsequent analyses have been inconsistent. We investigated these facets using factor analyses in a large community-based sample (N = 625). Other measures of rumination and depression were used as criteria for validity analyses. Only the brooding items formed a robust scal...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Griffith, James W.; Raes, Filip Source Type: research

Detection of differential item functioning in the Cornell Critical Thinking Test between Turkish and United States students.
This study examined the CCTT Turkish version. Specifically, translated items were examined for measurement equivalence by determining if items function differently across students from United States and Turkey. Differential Item Functioning (DIF) analysis via logistic regression was employed. Results demonstrated that each subtest contained DIF items and 10% of the items in the instrument were identified as DIF. Mean differences between students in each country were not influenced by these items. A critical content review of the translated item gave insight as to why items may be functioning differently. (PsycINFO Database...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sahin, Hafize; French, Brian F.; Hand, Brian; Gunel, Murat Source Type: research

Stop and state your intentions!: Let’s not forget the ABC of test construction.
In this editorial Ziegler focuses on the very beginnings of the test construction process. The reason is that more and more papers are using impressive and sophisticated statistical methods, large data sets or data sets from different countries, or new technical approaches to measurement. All of this is important and contributes to advancing the field. However, the solid base for all of these papers needs to be a sound test construction strategy. Unfortunately, there are numerous papers being submitted and eventually rejected that could also be regarded as examples for the positive attributes stated above. What those paper...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - November 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias Source Type: research

Item response model investigation of the (German) Interpersonal Reactivity Index empathy questionnaire: Implications for analyses of group differences.
Abstract. The interpersonal reactivity index (IRI) is a widely used personality questionnaire for measuring empathy. We investigated the psychometric properties of the German version using the partial credit model. If this model fits the data, the raw-scores are fair measures of the latent construct. Only in such a case, further analyses based on the raw-scores are accurate and valid. The results showed model fit only for the subscale empathic concern. The subscales perspective taking and fantasy consisted of two theoretically explainable sub-dimensions. For the subscale personal distress, no model fit could be achieved. O...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Koller, Ingrid; Lamm, Claus Source Type: research

Impact of verb tense on response to the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ).
We examined the effects of the verb tense on the response to the Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) in a population-based sample (N = 4,959; present tense N = 605; past tense N = 4,354). We determined whether the verb tense impacted the overall response rate, the scale structure, differential item functioning, reliability, proportions of respondents scoring above a range of cut-offs, and mean scale scores. The verb tense did not influence response rate, scale structure, item functioning, and reliability. The present tense increased the number of respondents scoring above very low cut-offs for distress and somati...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Terluin, Berend; Marchand, Miquelle A. G.; de Vet, Henrica C. W.; Brouwers, Evelien P. M. Source Type: research

Exploring outcome and validity of the GAF in psychiatric inpatient care.
This study aimed to explore the influence of clinical and socio-demographic factors in a psychiatric inpatient setting in relation to treatment outcome measured by the GAF. The studied psychiatric inpatient sample consisted of 816 episodes of care, with GAF ratings made at both admission and discharge. Multiple linear regressions were performed to analyze what variables predicted GAF scores at admission and at discharge. Significant predictors of GAF scores at admission were age, schizophrenia, other psychotic disorders, and no registered diagnosis. GAF scores at admission, patients’ diagnoses, and ward affiliation were ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sonesson, Ove; Arvidsson, Hans; Tjus, Tomas Source Type: research

Extending the assessment of complex problem solving to finite state automata: Embracing heterogeneity.
Abstract. Recent advancements in the assessment of Complex Problem Solving (CPS) build on the use of homogeneous tasks that enable the reliable estimation of CPS skills. The range of problems featured in established instruments such as MicroDYN is consequently limited to a specific subset of homogeneous complex problems. This restriction is problematic when looking at domain-specific examples of complex problems, which feature characteristics absent from current assessment instruments (e.g., threshold states). We propose to utilize the formal framework of Finite State Automata (FSA) to extend the range of problems included...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Neubert, Jonas C.; Kretzschmar, André; Wüstenberg, Sascha; Greiff, Samuel Source Type: research

The digit span backwards task: Verbal and visual cognitive strategies in working memory assessment.
Abstract. The “digit span backwards” (DSB) is the most commonly used test in clinical neuropsychology to assess working memory capacity. Yet, it remains unclear how the task is solved cognitively. The present study was conducted to examine the use of visual and verbal cognitive strategies in the DSB. Further, the relationship between the DSB and a complex span task, based on the Simultaneous Storage and Processing task (Oberauer et al., 2003), was investigated. Visualizers performed better than verbalizers in the dual task condition (rPB = .23) only when the relevant digits were presented optically. Performance in the ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hilbert, Sven; Nakagawa, Tristan T.; Puci, Patricia; Zech, Alexandra; Bühner, Markus Source Type: research

Substance and artifact in interest self-reports: A multiple-rater twin study.
Abstract. Although self-reports are often distorted by response biases, nearly all knowledge about interests rely on self-reports. This multiple-rater twin study investigated the degree to which interest self-reports reflect substance. Specifically, we examined whether genetic variance in interest self-reports reflect substance in terms of genetically based motivational attributes or artifact in terms of genetically influenced self-rater biases. We compared normative and ipsatized self- and peer reports on interests from 844 individuals (incl. 225 monozygotic and 113 dizygotic twin pairs) regarding psychometric qualities a...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Nelling, Annika; Kandler, Christian; Riemann, Rainer Source Type: research

Hungarian validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ): Method effects and comparison of paper-pencil versus online administration.
Abstract. The Hungarian version of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ) was validated in two studies, using five different samples. Study 1 tested the factor structure and internal consistency of the PSWQ in two undergraduate student samples, comparing the psychometric properties of the paper-pencil and the online versions of the scale. Study 2 assessed construct validity in two undergraduate student samples and in a sample of patients diagnosed with Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) and matched control participants. Our results suggest that the Hungarian PSWQ demonstrates good psychometric properties. We found no di...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pajkossy, Péter; Simor, Péter; Szendi, István; Racsmány, Mihály Source Type: research

General and specific avoidance: The development and concurrent validation of a new measure of avoidance coping.
Abstract. Research on coping has been hampered by psychometric shortcomings in coping scales, which have typically relied on items based on face-value, extracted too many factors or lacked the evidence for the obtained structure from confirmatory factor analysis. The present paper describes the development and concurrent validation of a new three-factor avoidance coping scale, the General and Specific Avoidance Questionnaire (GSAQ), which comprises General Avoidance, Emotional Avoidance, and Conflict Avoidance. In contrast to earlier scales the items were derived from a scenario technique which elicits items from participa...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Stemmet, Lehan; Roger, Derek; Kuntz, Joana; Borrill, Jo Source Type: research

Measuring decision-making regret among French populations: Translation and validation of the Regret Scale.
Most studies examining decision-making processes are conducted in English. As a result, the majority of scales that are used to measure relevant constructs are unavailable in other languages. The Regret Scale (Schwartz, Ward, Monterosso, Lyubomirsky, White, & Lehman, 2002) consists of five items that assess an individual’s tendency to experience regret. The purpose of this study was to translate and validate this scale into French. Psychometric properties of the newly created Échelle de Regret were verified with a sample of native French-speaking participants. The properties of the translated scale were then compared to...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bonaccio, Silvia; Girard, Annie J. Source Type: research

Factorial invariance of the DASS-21 among adolescents in four countries.
In this study we examined the factor structure of the short 21-item form of the Depression, Anxiety, and Stress Scales (DASS-21), when it was applied to adolescent samples recruited from high schools in Australia (N = 371), Chile (N = 448), China (N = 558), and Malaysia (N = 388). Multigroup confirmatory factor analyses revealed that the purported three-factor structure of the DASS-21 was supported in each location with structural invariance across locations. While convergent and divergent validity studies are required to support this finding, the DASS-21 appears to be suitable for use with adolescents in these locations. ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mellor, David; Vinet, Eugenia V.; Xu, Xiaoyan; Bt Mamat, Norul Hidayah; Richardson, Ben; Román, Francisca Source Type: research

Italian validation of Montreal Cognitive Assessment.
Neuropsychological testing is a milestone of good practice to document cognitive deficits in a rapidly aging population. The aim of this paper is to validate the Italian version of Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA). We compared subjects' performance at the Italian version of MoCA with performance at standard Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE). The whole sample is composed of 287 subjects. All participants were administered three MoCA and a standard MMSE within 4 weeks. Through ROC analysis the optimal MoCA cut-off point was identified, showing high levels of sensitivity and specificity and an accuracy of .96, with 95%...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pirrotta, Fabio; Timpano, Francesca; Bonanno, Lilla; Nunnari, Domenica; Marino, Silvia; Bramanti, Placido; Lanzafame, Pietro Source Type: research

Alternative models of the Outcome Questionnaire-45.
The Outcome Questionnaire-45 (OQ) reliably quantifies level of psychological functioning and change during treatment. The three subscales, however, are not well validated. Could alternative scales, based on personality dimensions or other groupings of psychological problems better explain patterns of response? In Study 1, the intended structure and four alternative models were compared using EFA and CFA in random thirds of a community clinic intake sample (N = 1,822). Oblique and bi-level models were compared. Preferred models were tested for stability in samples from later time points. In Study 2, the models were compared...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gayle Thalmayer, Amber Source Type: research

Psychometric properties of a revised version of the Ten Item Personality Inventory.
Gosling, Rentfrow, and Swann (2003) developed the Ten-Item Personality Inventory (TIPI) to meet the need of very short measures of the Big Five for time-limited contexts or large survey questionnaires. In this paper we show the inadequacy of the Italian version downloadable from Gosling’s website and we report the results of four studies in which the psychometric properties of a revised version (I-TIPI-R) were investigated in student and general population samples. This new version showed adequate factor structure, test-retest reliability, self-observer agreement and convergent and discriminant validity with the Big Five...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Chiorri, Carlo; Bracco, Fabrizio; Piccinno, Tommaso; Modafferi, Cinzia; Battini, Valeria Source Type: research

Evaluating the construct validity of objective personality tests using a multitrait-multimethod-multioccasion-(MTMM-MO)-approach.
In this study, we examined the convergent and discriminant validity of objective (personality) tests, Implicit Association Tests (IATs), and self-report measures for the assessment of conscientiousness and intelligence. Moreover, the convergent and discriminant validity of these measures was assessed on the trait (stable) and occasion specific (momentary) level by using the multimethod latent state-trait (MM-LST) model proposed by Courvoisier, Nussbeck, Eid, and Cole (2008) which allows for the decomposition of different sources of variance. Data from 367 students assessed on three different measurement occasions was incor...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Koch, Tobias; Ortner, T. M.; Eid, M.; Caspers, J.; Schmitt, M. Source Type: research

The tendency to fall for distracting information while making judgments: Development and validation of the Objective Heuristic Thinking Test.
Conclusions are drawn regarding possible future applications of the OHTT as a promising tool for studying the origins of heuristic thinking processes. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jasper, Fabian; Ortner, Tuulia M. Source Type: research

Advances and continuing challenges in objective personality testing.
The use of objective behavioral indicators instead of self-reported behaviors and self-ratings has a long history in personality assessment. The basic idea of objective personality tests (OPTs) can be traced back to James McKeen Cattell’s proposal of mental tests in 1890. At present, there is a very large and diverse collection of OPTs available. More recent developments in OPTs have been inspired and facilitated by the availability of digital technologies that have become more powerful and affordable at the same time. All OPTs share as a common principle the use of observable behavior on performance tasks or other highl...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - July 28, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ortner, Tuulia M.; Schmitt, Manfred Source Type: research

Development of the Factors Related to Forgiveness Inventory (FRFI): Assessing social-cognitive facilitators and inhibitors of interpersonal forgiveness.
This research aimed to develop a brief, multifactorial Factors Related to Forgiveness Inventory (FRFI), assessing social-cognitive factors that facilitate or inhibit forgiveness. In total, 512 participants completed a questionnaire, reporting trait forgivingness, and describing a specific transgression, characteristics of the offence or offender, beliefs about forgiving the offender, overall forgiveness and revenge, avoidance, and benevolence motivations toward the offender. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses suggested seven factors including positive post-transgression offender responses, perceived likelihood of...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Blatt, Linda J.; Wertheim, Eleanor H. Source Type: research

Content comparison of patient-reported outcome instruments used to measure burnout.
The aim of this article is to compare the content of patient-reported outcome (PRO) burnout measures and to examine the degree of overlap between them and psychosocial difficulties (PSD) experienced by persons with burnout. The most frequently used PRO and qualitative studies were identified in two systematic literature reviews. Psychosocial difficulties identified in both sources were standardized and a qualitative content comparison was performed. Seven PROs and seven qualitative studies were selected. Energy and drive, emotional functions and work were key themes of both sources. Disparities were observed for problems i...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sabariego, Carla; Murid Al-Kudwah, Hasnaa; Cieza, Alarcos Source Type: research

The hierarchical structure of work-related maladaptive personality traits.
A brief pathological personality measure, the G-50, was designed to study substantive developments from clinical psychology in occupational settings. Responses to item-pools assessing DSM-5 domain traits were collected from 696 working adults in England, Ireland, Wales, and Scotland. Exploratory factor analyses supported a structure comprised of Antagonism, Compulsivity, Detachment, Negative Affect, Disinhibition, and Psychoticism. Gender differences were observed following invariance analyses while five-factor indicators projected into latent space defined by pathological indicators revealed each big five construct relate...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Guenole, Nigel Source Type: research

The assessment of fatigue in children with chronic pain: A review of existing measures.
The purpose of this study was to review the options that are available for assessing fatigue in children and adolescents with chronic pain problems, analyze the psychometric properties of all the instruments and provide health professionals with key information on which to base decisions about their use. A literature search was conducted using PsycINFO, MEDLINE, CINAHL, ERIC, and Scopus databases and the Cochrane Library between 1934 and January 2013 in order to identify all the studies that have evaluated fatigue in these populations. A total of 936 articles were retrieved, of which 24 were relevant. Of these 10 fatigue-r...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sánchez-Rodríguez, Elisabet; Miró, Jordi Source Type: research

Workplace goal orientation: Development of a measure.
A measure for workplace goal orientation was developed and validated across three independent samples. In Study 1 (n = 415), scales for workplace learning, performance, and avoidance goal orientation were developed. Study 2 (n = 511) examined the scales’ associations with dispositional goal orientations and employee achievements. Study 3 (n = 292) investigated the scales’ associations with several workplace characteristics, that is, autonomy, challenging work, and Leader-Member Exchange (LMX). The data were analyzed with confirmative factor analysis and structural equation modeling. Overall, the findings indicate that ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: van Dam, Karen Source Type: research

Equivalence of paper and computer formats of a child self-report mental health measure.
Research examining the equivalence of paper and computer-based adult mental health measures has found mixed results, and this issue has not been explored for child self-report measures. Results from adult studies cannot be generalized to young people, especially taking into consideration research indicating that current generations are more comfortable disclosing sensitive information on computer-based media. This paper investigates the psychometric equivalence of the paper (N = 777) and computer (N = 777) formats of a child and adolescent self-report mental health measure, “Me and My School” (M&MS), completed by schoo...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Patalay, Praveetha; Deighton, Jessica; Fonagy, Peter; Wolpert, Miranda Source Type: research

Measurement invariance of oppositional defiant disorder dimensions in 3-year-old preschoolers.
Measurement invariance (metric/scalar) of oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) dimensions (negative affect, oppositional behavior, and antagonistic behavior) across sex and informants is tested. Parents and teachers of 622 preschool children from the general population answered a dimensional measure of ODD. ODD dimensions function similarly in boys and girls. Some differences were found by informant, indicating that the equivalence of the ratings of parents and teachers is not complete and that given the same underlying level of the latent trait, some parents’ item scores were higher than those of teachers. Metric invaria...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ezpeleta, Lourdes; Penelo, Eva Source Type: research

The cue is the key: The relevance of cues and contextual information in the social understanding tasks of the Magdeburg Test of Social Intelligence.
In contrast to former tests, the Magdeburg Test of Social Intelligence measures social understanding with a scenario approach. Each scenario is based on one real target person and includes both social cues and contextual information about this person in different realistic situations. The subjects’ task is to understand the given social cues and to judge the target persons’ cognitions, emotions, and relationships to other people. However, subjects can potentially use only contextual information instead of social cues or base their judgments equally on both. The present study was aimed at examining the relative contribu...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - June 16, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Baumgarten, Melanie; Süß, Heinz-Martin; Weis, Susanne Source Type: research

Correction to Preckel, 2013.
Reports an error in "Assessing need for cognition in early adolescence: Validation of a German adaption of the Cacioppo/Petty Scale" by Franzis Preckel (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 2014, Vol 30[1], 65-72). On page 8, the note to the table in Appendix A should read as follows: Note. Values present the mean value of the means of all 15 subtests; items of these subtests were scored with either 0 or 1. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2013-30600-001.) Need for cognition (NFC) refers to “the (enduring) tendency for an individual to engage in and enjoy effortful analytic acti...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Correction to Ruch et al., 2013.
Reports an error in "Character strengths in children and adolescents: Reliability and initial validity of the German Values in Action Inventory of Strengths for Youth (German VIA-Youth)" by Willibald Ruch, Marco Weber, Nansook Park and Christopher Peterson (European Journal of Psychological Assessment, 2014, Vol 30[1], 57-64). On page 3, in the ‘‘Method’’ section (right column, 3rd paragraph) the last sentence of the paragraph should read as follows: "Most of them (78.9%) attended secondary school (highest education level), 12.2% attended secondary school (medium education level), and 8.9% attended secondary school...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

A farewell, a welcome, and an unusual exchange.
In this editorial, the journal's Editor-in-Chief, Mathias Ziegler, announces some changes within the Editorial Board of this journal and thanks some people for supporting the Editorial Board over the course of the last few years. Iris Engelhard, Lena Lämmle, Martin Bäckström, Stephan Dilchert, and Samuel Greiff are welcomed as new action editors. Zielger then shares some passages from an interesting, challenging, and—he believes—inspiring e-mail exchange he had with Stéphane Vautier, one of the consulting editors. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment)
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - April 14, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Ziegler, Matthias; Vautier, Stéphane Source Type: research

Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS): A second-order confirmatory factor analysis.
The Beck Hopelessness Scale (BHS) is an instrument for assessing cognitive thoughts among suicidal persons. Previous studies have identified different factor structures of the BHS. However, results were not conclusive. The aim of this study was to test the factor structure of the BHS in a sample of Italian individuals (N = 509) from the community, and secondarily to investigate correlations between the BHS, depression (Beck Depression Inventory Second Edition), and personality traits (Zuckerman-Kuhlman-Aluja Personality Questionnaire). Following recommendations of previous investigations, we utilized a 5-point response for...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Iliceto, Paolo; Fino, Emanuele Source Type: research

Short Stress State Questionnaire: Factor structure and state change assessment.
This article presents evidence supporting the validity and measurement characteristics of a short multidimensional self-report measure of stress state, the Short Stress State Questionnaire (SSSQ; Helton, 2004). The SSSQ measures task engagement, distress, and worry. A confirmatory factor analysis of the SSSQ using data pooled from multiple samples suggests the SSSQ does have a three factor structure and post-task changes are not due to changes in factor structure, but to mean level changes (state changes). In addition, the SSSQ demonstrates sensitivity to task stressors in line with hypotheses. Different task conditions el...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Helton, William S.; Näswall, Katharina Source Type: research

Confirmatory factor analyses of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) in a Turkish adolescent sample.
The aim of the present study was to explore the psychometric properties of the Difficulties in Emotion Regulation Scale (DERS) among Turkish adolescents. A total of 595 high school students (300 females and 295 males) whose ages ranged between 14 and 17 years participated in the study, and were administered the DERS, the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS), and the Childhood Depression Inventory (CDI). Confirmatory factor analyses supported the six-factor structure of the DERS among adolescents. In addition, results indicated sound internal consistency as well as concurrent validity. It is concluded that the DERS...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sarıtaş-Atalar, Dilek; Gençöz, Tülin; Özen, Ayça Source Type: research

Differential item functioning by education and sex in subtests of the Repeatable Battery Assessment of Neuropsychological Status.
The main objective of this study is to evaluate functions of the items changing with the gender and educational level in the List Learning and the Picture Naming subtests in the Repeatable Battery Assessment of Neuropsychological Status. The study was implemented on 315 volunteers consisting of 157 women and 158 males in the 20–79 age group with three different educational levels (107 graduates of primary school, 102 graduates of high school, and 106 graduates of university). Logistic Regression method was used to determine the items that included differential item functioning (DIF). As a result of the analyses, DIF was ...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - March 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kurt, Murat; Karakaya, İsmail; Safaz, İsmail; Ateş, Gönül Source Type: research

Assessment with microworlds using MicroDYN: Measurement invariance and latent mean comparisons: Psychometric properties across several student samples and blue-collar workers.
In this study measurement invariance and latent means of the MicroDYN measure, a computer-based assessment instrument containing an entire set of dynamic microworlds, were examined in four German subsamples of junior high school students in 8th–10th grade (n = 309), senior high school students in 11th–13th grade (n = 484), university students (n = 222), and blue-collar workers (n = 181). The findings support satisfactory measurement invariance of a two-dimensional structure of the MicroDYN measure with the dimensions knowledge acquisition and knowledge application across all samples, and yield meaningful comparisons be...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Greiff, Samuel; Wüstenberg, Sascha Source Type: research

Usefulness of the Social and Communication Disorders Checklist (SCDC) for the assessment of social cognition in preschoolers.
This study provides data on the usefulness of the Spanish version of the Social and Communication Disorders Checklist (SCDC; Skuse et al., 1997), in terms of the validity and reliability of derived scores. Data were obtained from parents’ interviews and parents’ and teachers’ questionnaires that measured different psychological variables from a community sample of 579 (291 boys and 288 girls), 5-year-old children. These children were tested to assess their intellectual capacity. Confirmatory factor analyses yield a one-dimensional structure invariant across sex within each informant (parents or teachers), with neglig...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: de la Osa, Nuria; Granero, Roser; Penelo, Eva; Ezpeleta, Lourdes Source Type: research

The Psychological Inflexibility in Pain Scale (PIPS): Exploration of psychometric properties in a heterogeneous chronic pain sample.
This study investigates the psychometric properties of the Psychological Inflexibility in Pain Scale (PIPS), measuring “avoidance” and “cognitive fusion” with pain, in a heterogeneous clinical sample of 428 chronic pain patients from four rehabilitation centers. Furthermore, the relationship between the PIPS and mindfulness (Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, FFMQ) as a theoretically related measure within ACT is explored. Confirmatory factor analyses replicated acceptable/good model fit and internal consistencies. In a subsample from two rehabilitation centers (n = 237), the PIPS showed moderate to high relatio...
Source: European Journal of Psychological Assessment - February 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Trompetter, Hester R.; Bohlmeijer, Ernst T.; van Baalen, Bianca; Kleen, Marco; Köke, Albère; Reneman, Michiel; Schreurs, Karlein M. G. Source Type: research