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Salicylic Acid Deposition from Wash‐Off Products: Comparison of in vivo and Porcine Deposition Models
ConclusionThe methods employed in this work highlight the utility of the use of full excitation‐emission matrices, in conjunction with multivariate analysis tools such as Parallel Factor Analysis and multi‐way Partial Least Squares calibration, in determining sources of spectral variability in skin and quantitation of exogenous species deposited on skin. The human model exhibited the widest range of linearity but porcine model is still useful up to deposition levels of 25 μg cm−2 or used with non‐linear calibration models.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 21, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Mark. A. Davies Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Quantifying dyspigmentation in facial skin ageing: an explorative study
ConclusionWe demonstrated age related changes in the facial colour and dyspigmentation of fair skinned Caucasian females. An increase in dyspigmentation was found by clinical scoring and the RBX®‐Brown transformation based pigmentation indices. The validity of hyper‐ and hypopigmentation indices and overall pigmentation intensity was supported. The RBX® transformation based pigmentation indices might be applied in future studies to complement or substitute clinical evaluation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 21, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: G Dobos, C Trojahn, A Lichterfeld, B D′Alessandro, S V Patwardhan, D Canfield, U Blume‐Peytavi, J Kottner Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Integrated approach in the assessment of skin compatibility of cosmetic formulations with green coffee oil
ConclusionThe results obtained in the study indicate that GCO seems to be safe for topical applications and showed good skin compatibility under the experimental conditions of the study. Résumé ObjectifL'huile de café vert (GCO) a été utilisée dans les formulations cosmétiques en raison de ses propriétés émollientes et anti‐vieillissement. Cependant, il y a des études insuffisantes quant à sa sécurité lorsqu'elle est appliquée dans des formulations cosmétiques. MethodesLa cytotoxicité de GCO et des formulations contenant 2.5–15% de GCO a été évaluée par l'essai de réduction du MTT, dans les kéra...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 16, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: T. A. L. Wagemaker, P. Rijo, L. M. Rodrigues, P. M. B. G. Maia Campos, A. S. Fernandes, C. Rosado Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

New approach for a reliable In Vitro Sun Protection Factor method Part I: Principle and mathematical aspects
ConclusionThis first part revealed a relevant tool for the In Vitro SPF assessment closely correlated to the In Vivo SPF for labeling purposes. A second paper will focus on the Practical Aspects and Implementation (Part II) achieved by using the present method and will validate the robustness of the models and demonstrate the need to have different product categories to reach a reliable In Vitro SPF method adaptable for all products available on the market.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 9, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Sébastien Miksa, Dominique Lutz, Céline Guy Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Supercritical CO2 extract from strawberry seeds as a valuable component of mild cleansing compositions
ConclusionThe supercritical CO2 extract from strawberry seeds, rich source of unsaturated fatty acid, could be successfully used in formulation of body washing compositions as a moisturizing and skin softening agent.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Elżbieta Sikora, Piotr Michorczyk, Marta Olszańska, Jan Ogonowski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Simultaneous determination of arbutin and its decomposed product hydroquinone, in whitening creams using high‐performance liquid chromatography with photodiode array detection: Effect of temperature and pH on decomposition
ConclusionThe developed method is simple to detect both arbutin and hydroquinone simultaneously in cosmetic products, at an adequate level of sensitivity. Notably, temperature and pH did not influence the decomposition of arbutin to hydroquinone in a 2% arbutin cream.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jong‐Sup Jeon, Bum‐Ho Kim, So‐Hyun Lee, Hye‐Jung Kwon, Ho‐Jung Bae, Seong‐Kwan Kim, Jin‐A Park, Jae‐Han Shim, A. M. Abd El‐Aty, Ho‐Chul Shin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bioadhesive hydrogels for cosmetic applications
ConclusionPhysico‐chemical and sensory techniques enabled the identification of bioadhesive hydrogel formulations with positive characteristics for cosmetic applications.Formulations which combined carbomer homopolymer type C with xanthan gum or with carbomer copolymer type B were the most promising for bioadhesive skin products.Caffeine release profiles of selected formulations were not statistically different. Both hydrogels gradually released the active ingredient, reaching approximately 80% within the first five hours, and their profiles were well described by the Higuchi model.In this context, it could be concluded ...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - April 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: María Emma Parente, Ana Ochoa Andrade, Gastón Ares, Florencia Russo, Álvaro Jiménez‐Kairuz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Recent developments in the sensorial assessment of cosmetic products: a review
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 31, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Anne‐Marie Pensé‐Lhéritier Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Biocompounds from Rapeseed oil industry co‐stream as active ingredients for skin‐care applications
ConclusionThe enzymatic technology applied to the rapeseed oil industry co‐stream results in the release of bioactive compounds suitable for skin care applications.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 30, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Diana Rivera, Katariina Rommi, Margarida M. Fernandes, Raija Lantto, Tzanko Tzanov Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Integrated approach in the assessment of skin compatibility of formulations with green coffee oil
ConclusionThe results obtained in the study indicate that GCO seems to be safe for topical applications, and showed good skin compatibility under the experimental conditions of the study.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 27, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Tais A. L. Wagemaker, Patricia Rijo, Luis M. Rodrigues, Patricia M.B.G. Maia Campos, Ana S. Fernandes, Catarina Rosado Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Inhibition of Melanogenesis by β‐Caryophyllene from Lime Mint Essential Oil in Mouse B16 Melanoma Cells
ConclusionThese results reveal that lime mint essential oil and β‐caryophyllene are considered to be valuable as potential skin‐whitening agents.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 26, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Chao‐Hsun Yang, Yu‐Chun Huang, Mei‐Lin Tsai, Chen‐Yu Cheng, Li‐Ling Liu, Ya‐Wen Yen, Wei‐Lin Chen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Preparation and evaluation of novel octylmethoxycinnamate‐loaded solid lipid nanoparticles
ConclusionHence, the developed SLNs can be used as sunscreen carrier for improve the stability. Résumé ObjectifsLes nanoparticules lipidiques solides (NLS) chargés en octylméthoxycinnamate (OMC) ont été préparés par la méthode d'émulsification ultrasonique. Les effets des variables du procédé et de la composition de la formulation ont été étudiés, sur la taille des particules, sur l'indice de polydispersité (IP) et sur l'absorbance UV. L'effet de la concentration sur l'efficacité de piégeage du méthoxycinnamate a également été étudié. MethodesLa formulation optimale a été caractérisée par micr...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: X.‐h. Liu, X.‐z. Liang, X. Fang, W.‐P. Zhang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Update on ultraviolet A and B radiation generated by the sun and artificial lamps and their effects on skin
Synopsis Solar radiation, especially ultraviolet A (UVA) and ultraviolet B (UVB), can cause damage to the human body, and exposure to the radiation may vary according to the geographical location, time of year and other factors. The effects of UVA and UVB radiation on organisms range from erythema formation, through tanning and reduced synthesis of macromolecules such as collagen and elastin, to carcinogenic DNA mutations. Some studies suggest that, in addition to the radiation emitted by the sun, artificial sources of radiation, such as commercial lamps, can also generate small amounts of UVA and UVB radiation. Depending ...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 23, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: R. C. Romanhole, J. A. Ataide, P. Moriel, P. G. Mazzola Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Trace determination of lead in lipsticks and hair dyes using microwave‐assisted dispersive liquid‐liquid microextraction and graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry
ConclusionThe study revealed that the concentration of lead found in lipsticks and hair dyes on the Kermanshah market is far below the recommended limits as applied in Germany (20 mg/kg) and Canada (10 mg/kg) and confirmed that very low levels of lead are technically available in the final cosmetic products.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Kiomars Sharafi, Nazir Fattahi, Meghdad Pirsaheb, Hamed Yarmohamadi, Mehdi Fazlzadeh Davil Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Scanning electron microscopy analysis of hair index on Karachi's population for social and professional appearance enhancement
ConclusionStatistical evaluation of results obtained from SEM analysis revealed that human scalp hair index show morphological variation with respect to age, gender, hair pigmentation, chemical and physical treatments. Individuals opting for cosmetic treatments could clearly visualize the extent of hair damage these may cause in long run. Résumé ObjectifLa texture des cheveux, l'apparence, et la couleur jouent un rôle important dans la communication sociale et professionnelle et le maintien d'un aspect global. L'étude actuelle a été spécialement conçue pour l'évaluation morphologique des dommages aux cheveux caus...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: N. Ali, R. R. Zohra, S. A. U. Qader, M. Mumtaz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

β‐cyclodextrin in personal care formulations: role on the complexation of malodours causing molecules
ConclusionFrom these findings, it is possible to conclude that β‐CD is capable to interact with different components present in the sweat and body secretion, forming inclusion complexes. For this reason, β‐CD could be a component of body care formulations, such as deodorants. Résumé ObjectifLe but de cette étude était de démontrer la capacité de β‐cyclodextrine (β‐CD) d'interagir avec certaines molécules représentatives responsables de provoquer les mauvaises odeurs corporelles, comme des acides carboxyliques, les thiols et les stéroïdes, présents dans les sécrétions de sueur et du corps. Methodes...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 18, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. Lopedota, A. Cutrignelli, V. Laquintana, M. Franco, D. Donelli, L. Ragni, S. Tongiani, N. Denora Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the impact of urban pollution on the quality of skin: a multicentre study in Mexico
ConclusionThe study demonstrated an important impact of polluted environmental conditions on skin quality, evidencing important modifications of superficial biochemical parameters. The cause/effects relationships of these modifications remain, however, to be further assessed by a complementary in vitro/in vivo approaches. Résumé ObjectifsL'effet de la pollution sur la peau humaine a été évalué en définissant au cours d'une étude pilote, suivie d'une étude préliminaire, les paramètres biochimiques superficiels impactés, et en conduisant une étude clinique multicentrique. MéthodesL’étude clinique a été ...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 18, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: M.‐A. Lefebvre, D.‐M. Pham, B. Boussouira, D. Bernard, C. Camus, Q.‐L. Nguyen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The occlusion effects in capacitive contact imaging for in vivo skin damage assessments
ConclusionWe have developed a potential new quantitative methodology for skin damage assessments using capacitive contact imaging and condenser‐TEWL method. The combination of the two technologies can provide useful information for skin damage assessments. We have also developed a mathematical model for analysing the occlusion curves. Résumé ObjectifLe but de cette étude est d'étudier les effets d'occlusion dans l'imagerie de contact capacitive, afin de développer une nouvelle méthodologie quantitative pour les évaluations de la peau in vivo en utilisant l'imagerie de contact capacitive et la méthode condenseur...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 12, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: W. Pan, X. Zhang, M. Lane, P. Xiao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Oxidization of squalene, a human skin lipid: a new and reliable marker of environmental pollution studies
Synopsis A review of the oxidization of squalene, a specific human compound produced by the sebaceous gland, is proposed. Such chemical transformation induces important consequences at various levels. Squalene by‐products, mostly under peroxidized forms, lead to comedogenesis, contribute to the development of inflammatory acne and possibly modify the skin relief (wrinkling). Experimental conditions of oxidation and/or photo‐oxidation mechanisms are exposed, suggesting that they could possibly be bio‐markers of atmospheric pollution upon skin. Ozone, long UVA rays, cigarette smoke… are shown powerful oxidizing agent...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - March 2, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: D.‐M. Pham, B. Boussouira, D. Moyal, Q.L. Nguyen Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Preparation and Evaluation of novel octylmethoxycinnamate loaded solid lipid nanoparticles
Conclusionhence, the developed SLNs can be used as sunscreen carrier for improve the stability.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 26, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Xiao‐hui Liu, Xiao‐zhi Liang, Xiang Fang, Zhang Wan‐Ping Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Salidroside protects against premature senescence induced by ultraviolet B irradiation in human dermal fibroblasts
ConclusionOur data provided the evidences for the protective role of salidroside against UVB‐induced premature senescence in HDFs probably via its anti‐oxidative property and inhibition on production of MMP‐1 and pro‐inflammatory cytokines, which indicated its potential utilization as an active ingredient in the preparation of photoprotective formulation. Résumé ObjectifsSalidroside, le composé prédominant de une plante médicinale chinoise, Rhodiola rosea L., pourrait être un agent biologique attractif en raison de sa multifonctionalité. Bien que ce médicament à base de plantes puisse avoir un effet de ph...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: G.‐X. Mao, W.‐M. Xing, X.‐L. Wen, B.‐B. Jia, Z.‐X. Yang, Y.‐Z. Wang, X.‐Q. Jin, G.‐F. Wang, J. Yan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

β‐Cyclodextrin in personal care formulations: role on the complexation of malodors causing molecules
ConclusionFrom these findings it is possible to conclude that β‐CD is capable to interact with different components present in the sweat and body secretion, forming inclusion complexes. For this reason β‐CD could be a component of body care formulations, such as deodorants.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Angela Lopedota, Annalisa Cutrignelli, Valentino Laquintana, Massimo Franco, Daniela Donelli, Lorella Ragni, Serena Tongiani, Nunzio Denora Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Metal oxide‐coating PMMA or Talc as a new IR blocker inhibits IR‐induced decrease of collagens in human dermal fibroblasts
ConclusionThe results suggest that P/M or T/M can inhibit decrease of collagens by blocking IR‐induced heat transmission in human dermal fibroblasts.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jin‐Ju Nam, Kyung‐Eun Lee, Youn Joon Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Polyphenols as active ingredients for cosmetic products
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Olesya V. Zillich, Ute Schweiggert‐Weisz, Peter Eisner, Martina Kerscher Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Development of an improved method for quantitative analysis of skin blotting: Increasing reliability and applicability for skin assessment
ConclusionThis study has proposed total protein normalization for skin blotting with calibration curves. This method may strengthen the quantitative performance of skin blotting, which may expand the applicability of this method as a skin assessment tool in broader fields, such as nursing and cosmetology.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Kazuhiro Ogai, Masaru Matsumoto, Takeo Minematsu, Kei‐ichiro Kitamura, Masato Kobayashi, Junko Sugama, Hiromi Sanada Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Stability of cosmetic emulsion containing different amount of hemp oil
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Kowalska, M. Ziomek, A. Żbikowska Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The influence of propolis on rheological properties of lipstick
ConclusionThe analysis of textural properties indicates that lipsticks with added propolis are more brittle and prone to crushing. However, the temperature increase (30°C) does not cause significant changes to the textural characteristics of these lipsticks.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Urszula Goik, Anna Ptaszek, Tomasz Goik Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Investigation on formaldehyde release from preservatives in cosmetics
ConclusionFormaldehyde release was dependent on the matrix, pH, time and mainly temperature and the releasing effect was also cosmetic‐specific.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Chunhua Lv, Jianbo Hou, Wen Xie, Heyong Cheng Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Qualitative characterization of a transesterification product of coconut oil by FIA‐APCI‐MS
ConclusionsThe development of this fast and easy analytical method, requesting only few minutes to be performed, represents a very useful tool for the characterization of transesterification products during the Quality Control of batches under production.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 7, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Massimo Ricciutelli, Manuela Cortese, Roberta Censi, Piera Di Martino Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the impact of urban pollution on the quality of skin. A multicenter study in mexico
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: M‐A. Lefebvre, D‐M. Pham, B. Boussouira, D. Bernard, C. Camu, L. Nguyen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A comparison between interactions of triglyceride oil and mineral oil with proteins and their ability to reduce cleanser surfactant induced irritation
ConclusionSunflower seed oil reduces surfactant‐induced in‐vivo skin irritation more than mineral oil. This is possibly due to stronger interaction of polar oil with proteins thus protecting it from surfactant binding.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Surajit Mukherjee, Lin Yang, Carol Vincent, Xuegong Lei, Maria Francesca Ottaviani, KP. Ananthapadmanabhan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Oxidization of squalene, a human skin lipid. a new and reliable marker of environmental pollution studies
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: D‐M. Pham, B. Boussouira, D. Moyal, L. Nguyen Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Update on UVA and UVB radiation generated by the sun and artificial lamps and their effects on skin
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rodrigo Collina Romanhole, Janaína Artem Ataide, Patricia Moriel, Priscila Gava Mazzola Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Proposal of a classification system for opportunities to innovate in skin care products
ConclusionThe resultant classification system offers a normalised terminology for cosmetic scientists interested in dealing with the particularities of incremental and radical innovations in skin care products.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Ivan Domicio da Silva Souza, Tuanny Leite Almeida, Vania Passarini Takahashi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Stability determination of the formulations containing hyaluronic acid
ConclusionsThe identification of instability phenomena was shortened dramatically by using optical method such as multiple light scattering. Even small changes in the stability of emulsion were determined very early. We suggest that the moisturizing creams may be more suitable than ointments to carry HA for dermal absorption. These studies are a significant first step toward further exploration into what form of hyaluronic acid would assure maximum effect, give consumers satisfaction, and guarantee safety during application.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Anna Olejnik, Joanna Goscianska, Aleksandra Zielinska, Izabela Nowak Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Occlusion Effects in Capacitive Contact Imaging for In‐vivo Skin Damage Assessments
ConclusionWe have developed a potential new quantitative methodology for skin damage assessments by using capacitive contact imaging and condenser‐TEWL method. The combination of the two technologies can provide useful information for skin damage assessments. We have also developed a mathematical model for analyzing the occlusion curves.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Wei Pan, Xu Zhang, Majella Lane, Perry Xiao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Opioid Receptor Delta as a global modulator of skin differentiation and barrier function repair
ConclusionIn this research, we have demonstrated in vitro (on inflammed Reconstructed Human Epidermis RHE) and in vivo (on human aged volunteers) that activation by natural agonist peptide of opioid receptor delta reduces the skin inflammation thus leading to improvement in epidermis differentiation and skin barrier properties.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Hanane Chajra, Beat Amstutz, Kuno Schweikert, Daniel Auriol, Gerard Redziniak, Fabrice Lefèvre Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Thermal mud maturation: organic matter and biological activity
ConclusionThe results indicate that maturation of thermal mud can be followed on the basis of the changes in its organic composition and antioxidant properties along the time. They also highlight the need to develop reference standards for thermal muds in relation to assess their use for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Centini, M. R. Tredici, N. Biondi, A. Buonocore, R. Maffei Facino, C. Anselmi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Scanning electron microscopy (sem) analysis of hair index on karachi's population for social and professional appearance enhancement
ConclusionStatistical evaluation of results obtained from SEM analysis revealed that human scalp hair index show morphological variation with respect to age, gender, hair pigmentation, chemical and physical treatments. Individuals opting for cosmetic treatments could clearly visualize the extent of hair damage these may cause in long run.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nida Ali, Rashida Rahmat Zohra, Shah Ali Ul Qader, Majid Mumtaz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Salidroside protects against premature senescence induced by ultraviolet‐B irradiation in human dermal fibroblasts
ConclusionOur data provided the evidences for the protective role of salidroside against UVB induced premature senescence in HDFs probably via its anti‐oxidative property and inhibition on production of MMP‐1 and pro‐inflammatory cytokines, which indicated its potential utilization as an active ingredient in the preparation of photo‐protective formulation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 30, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Gen‐Xiang Mao, Wen‐Min Xing, Xiao‐Lin Wen, Bing‐Bing Jia, Zhou‐Xin Yang, Ya‐Zhen Wang, Xiao‐Qing Jin, Guo‐Fu Wang, Jing Yan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The colour of the human skin: fruitful science, unsuitable wordings
Synopsis A review of the various facets of the colour of human skin is proposed. It aims first at illustrating the paradoxical association of the remarkable recent scientific advances that characterize changes in the skin colour, with some totally inappropriate or outdated phrasings used in its communication. As a second objective, it aims at proposing an alternative to these wordings. The latter would combine six shade types, defined by Individual Type Angle (ITA) values, a coloured reference chart and associated colour adjectives, highly corresponding to the six Phototypes previously defined by Fitzpatrick. Such alternat...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 30, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: D. Saint‐Léger Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Improved Poly (D,L‐lactide) nanoparticles‐based formulation for hair follicle targeting
ConclusionsThe optimized method allows the preparation of ideal PLA nanoparticles‐based formulations for hair follicle targeting. PLA nanoparticles can effectively transport and release lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds into the hair follicles, and the yields obtained are acceptable for industrial purposes. Résumé ObjectifLes follicules pileux sont largement reconnus comme la cible préférentielle et le site de l'accumulation des nanoparticules après application topique. Cette caractéristique est particulièrement importante pour les produits cosmétiques pour les cheveux, ayant la possibilité d'affiner le trai...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 29, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: B. Fernandes, R. Silva, A. Ribeiro, T. Matamá, A. C. Gomes, A. M. Cavaco‐Paulo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Abstracts
(Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 16, 2015 Category: Dermatology Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Editorial
(Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 16, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Karl Lintner, Majella Lane Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Improvement of the facial evenness of leave‐on skincare products by a modified application method in Chinese women
ConclusionThe way of Chinese women applying LOSCP may result in facial unevenness of skin products. By improving facial skincare smear method, one can make the products even in all facial areas, thereby ensuring the efficacy of anti‐ageing cosmetics. Thus, further improvement and education regarding skincare is required. Résumé ObjectifPour comprendre les habitudes des femmes chinoises qui appliquent des produits de soins de la peau (LOSCP) non rincés et d'améliorer la régularité du visage féminin par des produits cosmétiques anti‐âge grâce à une modification de la procédure de leur application sur le visa...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 11, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Y. Zou, X. Wang, G. Fan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Improved Poly (D, L‐lactide) nanoparticles‐based formulation for hair follicle targeting
ConclusionsThe optimized method allows the preparation of ideal PLA nanoparticles‐based formulations for hair follicle targeting. PLA nanoparticles can effectively transport and release lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds into the hair follicles and the yields obtained are acceptable for industrial purposes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Bruno Fernandes, Raquel Silva, Artur Ribeiro, Teresa Matamá, Cláudia Botelho, Andreia C. Gomes, Artur Cavaco‐Paulo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

4‐Methylbenzylidene camphor microspheres: reconstituted epidermis (skinethic®) permeation and distribution
ConclusionsThe results of this study confirm the validity of substantive microspheres as an ideal formulation candidate to use in sunscreen preparation since they appear minimising its systemic uptake and the potential associate toxicological risks. Therefore more of the active sunscreen remains on the surface of the skin where it is intended to act and a higher activity it will esplicate.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Daniela Monti, Patrizia Chetoni, Susi Burgalassi, Silvia Tampucci, Marisanna Centini, Cecilia Anselmi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of gravity upon some facial signs
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: F Flament, R Bazin, B Piot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Gene and protein expression of oestrogen‐β and progesterone receptors in facial melasma and adjacent healthy skin in women
ConclusionNo difference was observed in gene expression for oestrogen‐β and progesterone receptors in melasma‐affected skin compared with adjacent healthy skin. However, the higher protein expression of these receptors in melasma‐affected epithelia suggests hormonal participation in the pathogenesis of this disease. Résumé ObjectifComparer l'expression génique et protéique pour le récepteur œstrogène β (ER‐β) et le récepteur de la progestérone (PR) dans le mélasma du visage et une peau saine adjacente. MéthodesUne étude transversale comprenant 42 femmes avec mélasma du visage a été menée au Serv...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. de A. Tamega, H. A. Miot, N. P. Moço, M. G. Silva, M. E. A. Marques, L. D. B. Miot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Chemical analysis and risk assessment of prohibited colouring agents in face paint with special regard to CI 15585 (D&C Red No. 9, Pigment Red 53:1)
ConclusionUne stratégie analytique pour déterminer les agents colorants dans les peintures de visage a été développée et la non‐conformité avec la réglementation de l'Union européenne (UE) sur les produits cosmétiques a été détectée dans un nombre considérable de produits. Une augmentation de la fréquence de contrôle, en particulier aux points d'entrée dans l'UE, est recommandée. Face painting with the national flags is popular during international mega sporting events. An analytical strategy to identify colouring agents in face paints using TLC, spectrophotometry, HPLC‐DAD, LC/MS and NMR has been d...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. Keck‐Wilhelm, E. Kratz, G. Mildau, M. Ilse, C. Schlee, D. W. Lachenmeier Tags: Original Article Source Type: research