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Preparation and Evaluation of novel octylmethoxycinnamate loaded solid lipid nanoparticles
Conclusionhence, the developed SLNs can be used as sunscreen carrier for improve the stability.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 26, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Xiao‐hui Liu, Xiao‐zhi Liang, Xiang Fang, Zhang Wan‐Ping Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Salidroside protects against premature senescence induced by ultraviolet B irradiation in human dermal fibroblasts
ConclusionOur data provided the evidences for the protective role of salidroside against UVB‐induced premature senescence in HDFs probably via its anti‐oxidative property and inhibition on production of MMP‐1 and pro‐inflammatory cytokines, which indicated its potential utilization as an active ingredient in the preparation of photoprotective formulation. Résumé ObjectifsSalidroside, le composé prédominant de une plante médicinale chinoise, Rhodiola rosea L., pourrait être un agent biologique attractif en raison de sa multifonctionalité. Bien que ce médicament à base de plantes puisse avoir un effet de ph...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: G.‐X. Mao, W.‐M. Xing, X.‐L. Wen, B.‐B. Jia, Z.‐X. Yang, Y.‐Z. Wang, X.‐Q. Jin, G.‐F. Wang, J. Yan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

β‐Cyclodextrin in personal care formulations: role on the complexation of malodors causing molecules
ConclusionFrom these findings it is possible to conclude that β‐CD is capable to interact with different components present in the sweat and body secretion, forming inclusion complexes. For this reason β‐CD could be a component of body care formulations, such as deodorants.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Angela Lopedota, Annalisa Cutrignelli, Valentino Laquintana, Massimo Franco, Daniela Donelli, Lorella Ragni, Serena Tongiani, Nunzio Denora Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Metal oxide‐coating PMMA or Talc as a new IR blocker inhibits IR‐induced decrease of collagens in human dermal fibroblasts
ConclusionThe results suggest that P/M or T/M can inhibit decrease of collagens by blocking IR‐induced heat transmission in human dermal fibroblasts.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jin‐Ju Nam, Kyung‐Eun Lee, Youn Joon Kim Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Polyphenols as active ingredients for cosmetic products
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Olesya V. Zillich, Ute Schweiggert‐Weisz, Peter Eisner, Martina Kerscher Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Development of an improved method for quantitative analysis of skin blotting: Increasing reliability and applicability for skin assessment
ConclusionThis study has proposed total protein normalization for skin blotting with calibration curves. This method may strengthen the quantitative performance of skin blotting, which may expand the applicability of this method as a skin assessment tool in broader fields, such as nursing and cosmetology.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 25, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Kazuhiro Ogai, Masaru Matsumoto, Takeo Minematsu, Kei‐ichiro Kitamura, Masato Kobayashi, Junko Sugama, Hiromi Sanada Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Stability of cosmetic emulsion containing different amount of hemp oil
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Kowalska, M. Ziomek, A. Żbikowska Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The influence of propolis on rheological properties of lipstick
ConclusionThe analysis of textural properties indicates that lipsticks with added propolis are more brittle and prone to crushing. However, the temperature increase (30°C) does not cause significant changes to the textural characteristics of these lipsticks.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Urszula Goik, Anna Ptaszek, Tomasz Goik Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Investigation on formaldehyde release from preservatives in cosmetics
ConclusionFormaldehyde release was dependent on the matrix, pH, time and mainly temperature and the releasing effect was also cosmetic‐specific.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 19, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Chunhua Lv, Jianbo Hou, Wen Xie, Heyong Cheng Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Qualitative characterization of a transesterification product of coconut oil by FIA‐APCI‐MS
ConclusionsThe development of this fast and easy analytical method, requesting only few minutes to be performed, represents a very useful tool for the characterization of transesterification products during the Quality Control of batches under production.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 7, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Massimo Ricciutelli, Manuela Cortese, Roberta Censi, Piera Di Martino Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the impact of urban pollution on the quality of skin. A multicenter study in mexico
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: M‐A. Lefebvre, D‐M. Pham, B. Boussouira, D. Bernard, C. Camu, L. Nguyen Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A comparison between interactions of triglyceride oil and mineral oil with proteins and their ability to reduce cleanser surfactant induced irritation
ConclusionSunflower seed oil reduces surfactant‐induced in‐vivo skin irritation more than mineral oil. This is possibly due to stronger interaction of polar oil with proteins thus protecting it from surfactant binding.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Surajit Mukherjee, Lin Yang, Carol Vincent, Xuegong Lei, Maria Francesca Ottaviani, KP. Ananthapadmanabhan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Oxidization of squalene, a human skin lipid. a new and reliable marker of environmental pollution studies
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: D‐M. Pham, B. Boussouira, D. Moyal, L. Nguyen Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Update on UVA and UVB radiation generated by the sun and artificial lamps and their effects on skin
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rodrigo Collina Romanhole, Janaína Artem Ataide, Patricia Moriel, Priscila Gava Mazzola Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Proposal of a classification system for opportunities to innovate in skin care products
ConclusionThe resultant classification system offers a normalised terminology for cosmetic scientists interested in dealing with the particularities of incremental and radical innovations in skin care products.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Ivan Domicio da Silva Souza, Tuanny Leite Almeida, Vania Passarini Takahashi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Stability determination of the formulations containing hyaluronic acid
ConclusionsThe identification of instability phenomena was shortened dramatically by using optical method such as multiple light scattering. Even small changes in the stability of emulsion were determined very early. We suggest that the moisturizing creams may be more suitable than ointments to carry HA for dermal absorption. These studies are a significant first step toward further exploration into what form of hyaluronic acid would assure maximum effect, give consumers satisfaction, and guarantee safety during application.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Anna Olejnik, Joanna Goscianska, Aleksandra Zielinska, Izabela Nowak Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The Occlusion Effects in Capacitive Contact Imaging for In‐vivo Skin Damage Assessments
ConclusionWe have developed a potential new quantitative methodology for skin damage assessments by using capacitive contact imaging and condenser‐TEWL method. The combination of the two technologies can provide useful information for skin damage assessments. We have also developed a mathematical model for analyzing the occlusion curves.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Wei Pan, Xu Zhang, Majella Lane, Perry Xiao Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Opioid Receptor Delta as a global modulator of skin differentiation and barrier function repair
ConclusionIn this research, we have demonstrated in vitro (on inflammed Reconstructed Human Epidermis RHE) and in vivo (on human aged volunteers) that activation by natural agonist peptide of opioid receptor delta reduces the skin inflammation thus leading to improvement in epidermis differentiation and skin barrier properties.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Hanane Chajra, Beat Amstutz, Kuno Schweikert, Daniel Auriol, Gerard Redziniak, Fabrice Lefèvre Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Thermal mud maturation: organic matter and biological activity
ConclusionThe results indicate that maturation of thermal mud can be followed on the basis of the changes in its organic composition and antioxidant properties along the time. They also highlight the need to develop reference standards for thermal muds in relation to assess their use for therapeutic and cosmetic purposes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Centini, M. R. Tredici, N. Biondi, A. Buonocore, R. Maffei Facino, C. Anselmi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Scanning electron microscopy (sem) analysis of hair index on karachi's population for social and professional appearance enhancement
ConclusionStatistical evaluation of results obtained from SEM analysis revealed that human scalp hair index show morphological variation with respect to age, gender, hair pigmentation, chemical and physical treatments. Individuals opting for cosmetic treatments could clearly visualize the extent of hair damage these may cause in long run.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - February 1, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nida Ali, Rashida Rahmat Zohra, Shah Ali Ul Qader, Majid Mumtaz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Salidroside protects against premature senescence induced by ultraviolet‐B irradiation in human dermal fibroblasts
ConclusionOur data provided the evidences for the protective role of salidroside against UVB induced premature senescence in HDFs probably via its anti‐oxidative property and inhibition on production of MMP‐1 and pro‐inflammatory cytokines, which indicated its potential utilization as an active ingredient in the preparation of photo‐protective formulation.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 30, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Gen‐Xiang Mao, Wen‐Min Xing, Xiao‐Lin Wen, Bing‐Bing Jia, Zhou‐Xin Yang, Ya‐Zhen Wang, Xiao‐Qing Jin, Guo‐Fu Wang, Jing Yan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The colour of the human skin: fruitful science, unsuitable wordings
Synopsis A review of the various facets of the colour of human skin is proposed. It aims first at illustrating the paradoxical association of the remarkable recent scientific advances that characterize changes in the skin colour, with some totally inappropriate or outdated phrasings used in its communication. As a second objective, it aims at proposing an alternative to these wordings. The latter would combine six shade types, defined by Individual Type Angle (ITA) values, a coloured reference chart and associated colour adjectives, highly corresponding to the six Phototypes previously defined by Fitzpatrick. Such alternat...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 30, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: D. Saint‐Léger Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Improved Poly (D,L‐lactide) nanoparticles‐based formulation for hair follicle targeting
ConclusionsThe optimized method allows the preparation of ideal PLA nanoparticles‐based formulations for hair follicle targeting. PLA nanoparticles can effectively transport and release lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds into the hair follicles, and the yields obtained are acceptable for industrial purposes. Résumé ObjectifLes follicules pileux sont largement reconnus comme la cible préférentielle et le site de l'accumulation des nanoparticules après application topique. Cette caractéristique est particulièrement importante pour les produits cosmétiques pour les cheveux, ayant la possibilité d'affiner le trai...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 29, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: B. Fernandes, R. Silva, A. Ribeiro, T. Matamá, A. C. Gomes, A. M. Cavaco‐Paulo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Abstracts
(Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 16, 2015 Category: Dermatology Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Editorial
(Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 16, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Karl Lintner, Majella Lane Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Improvement of the facial evenness of leave‐on skincare products by a modified application method in Chinese women
ConclusionThe way of Chinese women applying LOSCP may result in facial unevenness of skin products. By improving facial skincare smear method, one can make the products even in all facial areas, thereby ensuring the efficacy of anti‐ageing cosmetics. Thus, further improvement and education regarding skincare is required. Résumé ObjectifPour comprendre les habitudes des femmes chinoises qui appliquent des produits de soins de la peau (LOSCP) non rincés et d'améliorer la régularité du visage féminin par des produits cosmétiques anti‐âge grâce à une modification de la procédure de leur application sur le visa...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 11, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Y. Zou, X. Wang, G. Fan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Improved Poly (D, L‐lactide) nanoparticles‐based formulation for hair follicle targeting
ConclusionsThe optimized method allows the preparation of ideal PLA nanoparticles‐based formulations for hair follicle targeting. PLA nanoparticles can effectively transport and release lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds into the hair follicles and the yields obtained are acceptable for industrial purposes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Bruno Fernandes, Raquel Silva, Artur Ribeiro, Teresa Matamá, Cláudia Botelho, Andreia C. Gomes, Artur Cavaco‐Paulo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

4‐Methylbenzylidene camphor microspheres: reconstituted epidermis (skinethic®) permeation and distribution
ConclusionsThe results of this study confirm the validity of substantive microspheres as an ideal formulation candidate to use in sunscreen preparation since they appear minimising its systemic uptake and the potential associate toxicological risks. Therefore more of the active sunscreen remains on the surface of the skin where it is intended to act and a higher activity it will esplicate.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Daniela Monti, Patrizia Chetoni, Susi Burgalassi, Silvia Tampucci, Marisanna Centini, Cecilia Anselmi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of gravity upon some facial signs
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: F Flament, R Bazin, B Piot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Gene and protein expression of oestrogen‐β and progesterone receptors in facial melasma and adjacent healthy skin in women
ConclusionNo difference was observed in gene expression for oestrogen‐β and progesterone receptors in melasma‐affected skin compared with adjacent healthy skin. However, the higher protein expression of these receptors in melasma‐affected epithelia suggests hormonal participation in the pathogenesis of this disease. Résumé ObjectifComparer l'expression génique et protéique pour le récepteur œstrogène β (ER‐β) et le récepteur de la progestérone (PR) dans le mélasma du visage et une peau saine adjacente. MéthodesUne étude transversale comprenant 42 femmes avec mélasma du visage a été menée au Serv...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. de A. Tamega, H. A. Miot, N. P. Moço, M. G. Silva, M. E. A. Marques, L. D. B. Miot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Chemical analysis and risk assessment of prohibited colouring agents in face paint with special regard to CI 15585 (D&C Red No. 9, Pigment Red 53:1)
ConclusionUne stratégie analytique pour déterminer les agents colorants dans les peintures de visage a été développée et la non‐conformité avec la réglementation de l'Union européenne (UE) sur les produits cosmétiques a été détectée dans un nombre considérable de produits. Une augmentation de la fréquence de contrôle, en particulier aux points d'entrée dans l'UE, est recommandée. Face painting with the national flags is popular during international mega sporting events. An analytical strategy to identify colouring agents in face paints using TLC, spectrophotometry, HPLC‐DAD, LC/MS and NMR has been d...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. Keck‐Wilhelm, E. Kratz, G. Mildau, M. Ilse, C. Schlee, D. W. Lachenmeier Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The colour of the human skin, fruitful science, unsuitable wordings
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 22, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Didier Saint‐Léger Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Facial skin pigmentation is not related to stratum corneum cohesion, basal transepidermal water loss, barrier integrity and barrier repair
ConclusionThere was no relationship between ITA° values and basal TEWL, integrity, cohesion and recovery, but ITA° was correlated to skin hydration. Skin pH, irrespective of ITA° values correlated with SC cohesion, indicating a greater intracorneal cohesion at lower pH values. Thus, pigmentation has no effect on barrier properties but was related to skin hydration. On comparing the three ethnic groups, Albino African SC was found to be superior to the Caucasian and Black African subjects in terms of SC integrity and barrier recovery but not basal TEWL measurements. The Albino subjects also have a thicker SC which contri...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 5, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rainer Voegeli, Anthony V. Rawlings, Beverley Summers Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Human skin pigmentation and skin surface pH are not directly related to stratum corneum cohesion, basal transepidermal water loss, barrier integrity and barrier repair
ConclusionThere was no relationship between ITA° values and basal TEWL, integrity, cohesion and recovery, but ITA° was correlated to skin hydration. Skin pH, irrespective of ITA° values correlated with SC cohesion, indicating a greater intracorneal cohesion at lower pH values. Thus, pigmentation has no effect on barrier properties but was related to skin hydration. On comparing the three ethnic groups, Albino African SC was found to be superior to the Caucasian and Black African subjects in terms of SC integrity and barrier recovery but not basal TEWL measurements. The Albino subjects also have a thicker SC which contri...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 5, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rainer Voegeli, Anthony V. Rawlings, Beverley Summers Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

PDGF‐AA‐induced filamentous mitochondria benefit dermal papilla cells in cellular migration
ConclusionPDGF‐AA benefits HDPCs in the process of migration, by increasing the number of filamentous mitochondria.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 5, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: C Mifude, K Kaseda Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of a multiple emulsion, liposomes and a microemulsion gel on sebum, skin hydration and TEWL
ConclusionAll produced vehicles were proven to remain physically stable over the duration of this study. The used multiple emulsion showed very skin‐friendly properties by increasing sebum and skin hydration. Likewise, the liposomal pre‐formulation exhibited no negative effects. On the contrary, the investigated microemulsion gel seemed to have skin dehydrating and TEWL increasing features. However, the multiple emulsion as well as liposomes was identified to be well‐tolerated vehicles for skin which might qualify them for the use in cosmetic formulations. Résumé ObjectifDans cette étude, l'influence de trois vé...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 2, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: D. Mahrhauser, C. Nagelreiter, A. Baierl, J. Skipiol, C. Valenta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Studies on the Stability of Preservatives under Subcritical Water Conditions
ConclusionThe findings of this work confirm that subcritical water chromatography methods at temperatures up to 150 °C are reliable for separation and analysis of preservatives in cosmetic and other samples.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Brahmam Kapalavavi, Ronita Marple, Chris Gamsky, Yu Yang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Assessment of repeatability of composition of perfumed waters by high‐performance liquid chromatography combined with numerical data analysis based on cluster analysis (HPLC UV/VIS – CA)
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Lena Ruzik, Norbert Obarski, Agata Papierz, Mirosław Mojski Tags: Research Communication Source Type: research

Factorial Design of Essential Oil Extraction from Fagraea fragrans Roxb. Flowers and Evaluation of Its Biological Activities for Perfumery and Cosmetic Applications
ConclusionThe results offer the effectively operational conditions in the extraction of essential oil from F. fragrans using hydro‐distillation. The essential oil could be used as a natural fragrance, having antioxidant activity with slight cytotoxicity, for perfumery and cosmetic applications.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Bancha Yingngam, Adelheid H. Brantner Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Compounds leached from quinoa seeds inhibit matrix metalloproteinase activity and intracellular reactive oxygen species
ConclusionThis study is the first to demonstrate the MMP, tyrosinase, and ROS inhibiting properties of multiple different phytochemical components derived from quinoa seeds. Our work indicates that quinoa phytochemicals may play a role in the treatment and prevention of skin aging through a multiplicity of effects.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Brittany L. Graf, Diana M. Cheng, Debora Esposito, Tara Shertel, Alexander Poulev, Nathalie Plundrich, David Itenberg, Nava Dayan, Mary Ann Lila, Ilya Raskin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bacillus cereus in personal care products: risk to consumers
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: T.L. Pitt, J. McClure, M . Parker, A. Amézquita, P. McClure Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Improvement of the facial evenness of leave‐on skin care products by a modified application method in Chinese women
ConclusionThe way of Chinese women applying LOSCP may result in facial unevenness of skin products. By improving facial skincare smear method, one can make the products even in all facial areas, thereby ensuring the efficacy of anti‐aging cosmetics. Thus further improvement and education regarding skin care is required.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 30, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Ying Zou, Xuemin Wang, Guobiao Fan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Risk factors of striae gravidarum
ConclusionIn this study we presented a model that can help to predict the risk of SG formation, including: family history of SG, BMI before pregnancy, birth weight and chronic diseases. Moreover, women with stretch marks on their breasts should know that the risk of SG development is significantly higher, while lesions on the thighs do not increase such a risk.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A Kasielska‐Trojan, M Sobczak, B Antoszewski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Gene and protein expression of estrogen β and progesterone receptors in facial melasma and adjacent healthy skin in women
ConclusionNo difference was observed in gene expression for estrogen β and progesterone receptors in melasma‐affected skin compared with adjacent healthy skin. However, the higher protein expression of these receptors in melasma‐affected epithelia suggests hormonal participation in the pathogenesis of this disease.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A A Tamega, H A Miot, N P Moço, M G Silva, M E A Marques, L D B Miot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Enzymatically interesterified fats based on mutton tallow and walnut oil suitable for cosmetic emulsions
ConclusionsThe work has demonstrated that interesterification of a mutton tallow and walnut oil blend resulted in new fats with very interesting characteristics of triacylglycerols that are not present in the environment. The results of the present work indicate the possibility of application of fats with the largest quantity of MAGs and DAGs as a fat base of emulsions in the cosmetic industries. The hypothesis assumed in this work of producing additional quantities of MAGs and DAGs (in the process of enzymatic interesterification) responsible for the stability of the system was confirmed. It should be pointed out that the...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 19, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Kowalska, M. Mendrycka, A. Zbikowska, S. Stawarz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Formulation and evaluation on human skin of a water‐in‐oil emulsion containing Muscat hamburg black grape seed extract
ConclusionThe developed grape‐based cream could be efficiently and safely applied to improve a number of skin conditions (e.g. hyper pigmentation, premature aging, acne).This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 18, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Arfa Sharif, Naveed Akhtar, Muhammad Shoaib Khan, Abder Menaa, V Bouzid, Barkat Ali Khan, Farid Menaa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bactericidal activity of ammonia and monoethanolamine on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus strains of various origins
ConclusionConcentrations higher than or equal to 0.5% (v/v) ammonia or 1% (v/v) monoethanolamine were able to completely inactivate bacterial populations (more than 5 log‐reduction) in just a few days.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 17, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Anthony Pinon, Sandra Decherf, Gaël Malet, Sylvie Cupferman, Michèle Vialette Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Preliminary 1 month stability screening of cosmetic multiple emulsions (W/O/W) prepared using cetyl dimethicone copolyol and Polysorbate 80
ConclusionAs a conclusion of this work, a stable multiple emulsion with 13.6% paraffin oil, 2.4% cetyl dimethicone copolyol and 0.8% polysorbate 80 can be formulated and can be further studied for any active ingredient for cosmetic purposes. Résumé ObjectifL'objectif des travaux en cours est de développer des emulsions W/O/W avec différentes concentrations d'huile de paraffine, d’émulsifiants lipophile (cétyldiméthicone copolyol) et hydrophile (polysorbate 80), et de vérifier leur stabilité à différentes conditions de stockage. MéthodeEnviron 20 formulations (W/O/W) émulsions multiples ont été faites et l...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 16, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: H. Khan, N. Akhtar, T. Mahmood, A. Jameel, S. Mohsin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Towards an understanding of bacterial metabolites prodigiosin and violacein and their potential for use in commercial sunscreens
ConclusionLe pigments bactériennes prodigiosine et violacéine ont des activités anti‐oxydantes et antimicrobiennes, et ont été en mesure d'augmenter le FPS des crèmes solaires commerciales, ainsi que des extraits des deux espèces végétales testées et ont donc une valeur potentielle comme ingrédients pour un nouveau produit de gamme d’écrans solaires qui utilisent des substances d'origine biologique (en représentant un nouveau paradigme). Nous avons discuté du potentiel biotechnologique de ces métabolites bactériens pour une utilisation dans les crèmes solaires commerciales, et la nécessité des étude...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 16, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: R. K. Suryawanshi, C. D. Patil, H. P. Borase, C. P. Narkhede, A. Stevenson, J. E. Hallsworth, S. V. Patil Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Synthesis of a molecularly imprinted polymer to isolate glucosamine from plant extracts by an ionic‐noncovalent dual approach
ConclusionThe use of the MIP as solid‐phase extraction sorbent was able to extract preferentially glucosamine from structural analogues and ammonium salt. Assays on chicory roots extracts were carried out and the MIP showed good results allowing the transfer methodology at semi‐industrial scale for cosmetic companies. The optimized protocol of extraction of glucosamine allowed using only eco‐friendly solvents, as ethanol, water and acetic acid.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 16, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nathaly Henry, Patrick Favetta, Raphaël Delépée, Jean‐Marc Seigneuret, Luigi Agrofoglio Tags: Original Article Source Type: research