Medicine RSS Search Engine

International Journal of Cosmetic Science International Journal of Cosmetic Science RSS feedThis is an RSS file. You can use it to subscribe to this data in your favourite RSS reader or to display this data on your own website or blog.

This page shows you the latest items in this publication.

Improved Poly (D,L‐lactide) nanoparticles‐based formulation for hair follicle targeting
ConclusionsThe optimized method allows the preparation of ideal PLA nanoparticles‐based formulations for hair follicle targeting. PLA nanoparticles can effectively transport and release lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds into the hair follicles, and the yields obtained are acceptable for industrial purposes. Résumé ObjectifLes follicules pileux sont largement reconnus comme la cible préférentielle et le site de l'accumulation des nanoparticules après application topique. Cette caractéristique est particulièrement importante pour les produits cosmétiques pour les cheveux, ayant la possibilité d'affiner le trai...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 29, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: B. Fernandes, R. Silva, A. Ribeiro, T. Matamá, A. C. Gomes, A. M. Cavaco‐Paulo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Abstracts
(Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 16, 2015 Category: Dermatology Tags: Abstracts Source Type: research

Editorial
(Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 16, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Karl Lintner, Majella Lane Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Improvement of the facial evenness of leave‐on skincare products by a modified application method in Chinese women
ConclusionThe way of Chinese women applying LOSCP may result in facial unevenness of skin products. By improving facial skincare smear method, one can make the products even in all facial areas, thereby ensuring the efficacy of anti‐ageing cosmetics. Thus, further improvement and education regarding skincare is required. Résumé ObjectifPour comprendre les habitudes des femmes chinoises qui appliquent des produits de soins de la peau (LOSCP) non rincés et d'améliorer la régularité du visage féminin par des produits cosmétiques anti‐âge grâce à une modification de la procédure de leur application sur le visa...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 11, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Y. Zou, X. Wang, G. Fan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Improved Poly (D, L‐lactide) nanoparticles‐based formulation for hair follicle targeting
ConclusionsThe optimized method allows the preparation of ideal PLA nanoparticles‐based formulations for hair follicle targeting. PLA nanoparticles can effectively transport and release lipophilic and hydrophilic compounds into the hair follicles and the yields obtained are acceptable for industrial purposes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Bruno Fernandes, Raquel Silva, Artur Ribeiro, Teresa Matamá, Cláudia Botelho, Andreia C. Gomes, Artur Cavaco‐Paulo Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

4‐Methylbenzylidene camphor microspheres: reconstituted epidermis (skinethic®) permeation and distribution
ConclusionsThe results of this study confirm the validity of substantive microspheres as an ideal formulation candidate to use in sunscreen preparation since they appear minimising its systemic uptake and the potential associate toxicological risks. Therefore more of the active sunscreen remains on the surface of the skin where it is intended to act and a higher activity it will esplicate.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: Daniela Monti, Patrizia Chetoni, Susi Burgalassi, Silvia Tampucci, Marisanna Centini, Cecilia Anselmi Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of gravity upon some facial signs
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - January 6, 2015 Category: Dermatology Authors: F Flament, R Bazin, B Piot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Gene and protein expression of oestrogen‐β and progesterone receptors in facial melasma and adjacent healthy skin in women
ConclusionNo difference was observed in gene expression for oestrogen‐β and progesterone receptors in melasma‐affected skin compared with adjacent healthy skin. However, the higher protein expression of these receptors in melasma‐affected epithelia suggests hormonal participation in the pathogenesis of this disease. Résumé ObjectifComparer l'expression génique et protéique pour le récepteur œstrogène β (ER‐β) et le récepteur de la progestérone (PR) dans le mélasma du visage et une peau saine adjacente. MéthodesUne étude transversale comprenant 42 femmes avec mélasma du visage a été menée au Serv...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. de A. Tamega, H. A. Miot, N. P. Moço, M. G. Silva, M. E. A. Marques, L. D. B. Miot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Chemical analysis and risk assessment of prohibited colouring agents in face paint with special regard to CI 15585 (D&C Red No. 9, Pigment Red 53:1)
ConclusionUne stratégie analytique pour déterminer les agents colorants dans les peintures de visage a été développée et la non‐conformité avec la réglementation de l'Union européenne (UE) sur les produits cosmétiques a été détectée dans un nombre considérable de produits. Une augmentation de la fréquence de contrôle, en particulier aux points d'entrée dans l'UE, est recommandée. Face painting with the national flags is popular during international mega sporting events. An analytical strategy to identify colouring agents in face paints using TLC, spectrophotometry, HPLC‐DAD, LC/MS and NMR has been d...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A. Keck‐Wilhelm, E. Kratz, G. Mildau, M. Ilse, C. Schlee, D. W. Lachenmeier Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The colour of the human skin, fruitful science, unsuitable wordings
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 22, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Didier Saint‐Léger Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Facial skin pigmentation is not related to stratum corneum cohesion, basal transepidermal water loss, barrier integrity and barrier repair
ConclusionThere was no relationship between ITA° values and basal TEWL, integrity, cohesion and recovery, but ITA° was correlated to skin hydration. Skin pH, irrespective of ITA° values correlated with SC cohesion, indicating a greater intracorneal cohesion at lower pH values. Thus, pigmentation has no effect on barrier properties but was related to skin hydration. On comparing the three ethnic groups, Albino African SC was found to be superior to the Caucasian and Black African subjects in terms of SC integrity and barrier recovery but not basal TEWL measurements. The Albino subjects also have a thicker SC which contri...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 5, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rainer Voegeli, Anthony V. Rawlings, Beverley Summers Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Human skin pigmentation and skin surface pH are not directly related to stratum corneum cohesion, basal transepidermal water loss, barrier integrity and barrier repair
ConclusionThere was no relationship between ITA° values and basal TEWL, integrity, cohesion and recovery, but ITA° was correlated to skin hydration. Skin pH, irrespective of ITA° values correlated with SC cohesion, indicating a greater intracorneal cohesion at lower pH values. Thus, pigmentation has no effect on barrier properties but was related to skin hydration. On comparing the three ethnic groups, Albino African SC was found to be superior to the Caucasian and Black African subjects in terms of SC integrity and barrier recovery but not basal TEWL measurements. The Albino subjects also have a thicker SC which contri...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 5, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rainer Voegeli, Anthony V. Rawlings, Beverley Summers Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

PDGF‐AA‐induced filamentous mitochondria benefit dermal papilla cells in cellular migration
ConclusionPDGF‐AA benefits HDPCs in the process of migration, by increasing the number of filamentous mitochondria.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 5, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: C Mifude, K Kaseda Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of a multiple emulsion, liposomes and a microemulsion gel on sebum, skin hydration and TEWL
ConclusionAll produced vehicles were proven to remain physically stable over the duration of this study. The used multiple emulsion showed very skin‐friendly properties by increasing sebum and skin hydration. Likewise, the liposomal pre‐formulation exhibited no negative effects. On the contrary, the investigated microemulsion gel seemed to have skin dehydrating and TEWL increasing features. However, the multiple emulsion as well as liposomes was identified to be well‐tolerated vehicles for skin which might qualify them for the use in cosmetic formulations. Résumé ObjectifDans cette étude, l'influence de trois vé...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 2, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: D. Mahrhauser, C. Nagelreiter, A. Baierl, J. Skipiol, C. Valenta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Studies on the Stability of Preservatives under Subcritical Water Conditions
ConclusionThe findings of this work confirm that subcritical water chromatography methods at temperatures up to 150 °C are reliable for separation and analysis of preservatives in cosmetic and other samples.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Brahmam Kapalavavi, Ronita Marple, Chris Gamsky, Yu Yang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Assessment of repeatability of composition of perfumed waters by high‐performance liquid chromatography combined with numerical data analysis based on cluster analysis (HPLC UV/VIS – CA)
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Lena Ruzik, Norbert Obarski, Agata Papierz, Mirosław Mojski Tags: Research Communication Source Type: research

Factorial Design of Essential Oil Extraction from Fagraea fragrans Roxb. Flowers and Evaluation of Its Biological Activities for Perfumery and Cosmetic Applications
ConclusionThe results offer the effectively operational conditions in the extraction of essential oil from F. fragrans using hydro‐distillation. The essential oil could be used as a natural fragrance, having antioxidant activity with slight cytotoxicity, for perfumery and cosmetic applications.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Bancha Yingngam, Adelheid H. Brantner Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Compounds leached from quinoa seeds inhibit matrix metalloproteinase activity and intracellular reactive oxygen species
ConclusionThis study is the first to demonstrate the MMP, tyrosinase, and ROS inhibiting properties of multiple different phytochemical components derived from quinoa seeds. Our work indicates that quinoa phytochemicals may play a role in the treatment and prevention of skin aging through a multiplicity of effects.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Brittany L. Graf, Diana M. Cheng, Debora Esposito, Tara Shertel, Alexander Poulev, Nathalie Plundrich, David Itenberg, Nava Dayan, Mary Ann Lila, Ilya Raskin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bacillus cereus in personal care products: risk to consumers
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - December 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: T.L. Pitt, J. McClure, M . Parker, A. Amézquita, P. McClure Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Improvement of the facial evenness of leave‐on skin care products by a modified application method in Chinese women
ConclusionThe way of Chinese women applying LOSCP may result in facial unevenness of skin products. By improving facial skincare smear method, one can make the products even in all facial areas, thereby ensuring the efficacy of anti‐aging cosmetics. Thus further improvement and education regarding skin care is required.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 30, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Ying Zou, Xuemin Wang, Guobiao Fan Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Risk factors of striae gravidarum
ConclusionIn this study we presented a model that can help to predict the risk of SG formation, including: family history of SG, BMI before pregnancy, birth weight and chronic diseases. Moreover, women with stretch marks on their breasts should know that the risk of SG development is significantly higher, while lesions on the thighs do not increase such a risk.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A Kasielska‐Trojan, M Sobczak, B Antoszewski Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Gene and protein expression of estrogen β and progesterone receptors in facial melasma and adjacent healthy skin in women
ConclusionNo difference was observed in gene expression for estrogen β and progesterone receptors in melasma‐affected skin compared with adjacent healthy skin. However, the higher protein expression of these receptors in melasma‐affected epithelia suggests hormonal participation in the pathogenesis of this disease.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: A A Tamega, H A Miot, N P Moço, M G Silva, M E A Marques, L D B Miot Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Enzymatically interesterified fats based on mutton tallow and walnut oil suitable for cosmetic emulsions
ConclusionsThe work has demonstrated that interesterification of a mutton tallow and walnut oil blend resulted in new fats with very interesting characteristics of triacylglycerols that are not present in the environment. The results of the present work indicate the possibility of application of fats with the largest quantity of MAGs and DAGs as a fat base of emulsions in the cosmetic industries. The hypothesis assumed in this work of producing additional quantities of MAGs and DAGs (in the process of enzymatic interesterification) responsible for the stability of the system was confirmed. It should be pointed out that the...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 19, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Kowalska, M. Mendrycka, A. Zbikowska, S. Stawarz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Formulation and evaluation on human skin of a water‐in‐oil emulsion containing Muscat hamburg black grape seed extract
ConclusionThe developed grape‐based cream could be efficiently and safely applied to improve a number of skin conditions (e.g. hyper pigmentation, premature aging, acne).This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 18, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Arfa Sharif, Naveed Akhtar, Muhammad Shoaib Khan, Abder Menaa, V Bouzid, Barkat Ali Khan, Farid Menaa Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Bactericidal activity of ammonia and monoethanolamine on Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus strains of various origins
ConclusionConcentrations higher than or equal to 0.5% (v/v) ammonia or 1% (v/v) monoethanolamine were able to completely inactivate bacterial populations (more than 5 log‐reduction) in just a few days.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 17, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Anthony Pinon, Sandra Decherf, Gaël Malet, Sylvie Cupferman, Michèle Vialette Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Preliminary 1 month stability screening of cosmetic multiple emulsions (W/O/W) prepared using cetyl dimethicone copolyol and Polysorbate 80
ConclusionAs a conclusion of this work, a stable multiple emulsion with 13.6% paraffin oil, 2.4% cetyl dimethicone copolyol and 0.8% polysorbate 80 can be formulated and can be further studied for any active ingredient for cosmetic purposes. Résumé ObjectifL'objectif des travaux en cours est de développer des emulsions W/O/W avec différentes concentrations d'huile de paraffine, d’émulsifiants lipophile (cétyldiméthicone copolyol) et hydrophile (polysorbate 80), et de vérifier leur stabilité à différentes conditions de stockage. MéthodeEnviron 20 formulations (W/O/W) émulsions multiples ont été faites et l...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 16, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: H. Khan, N. Akhtar, T. Mahmood, A. Jameel, S. Mohsin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Towards an understanding of bacterial metabolites prodigiosin and violacein and their potential for use in commercial sunscreens
ConclusionLe pigments bactériennes prodigiosine et violacéine ont des activités anti‐oxydantes et antimicrobiennes, et ont été en mesure d'augmenter le FPS des crèmes solaires commerciales, ainsi que des extraits des deux espèces végétales testées et ont donc une valeur potentielle comme ingrédients pour un nouveau produit de gamme d’écrans solaires qui utilisent des substances d'origine biologique (en représentant un nouveau paradigme). Nous avons discuté du potentiel biotechnologique de ces métabolites bactériens pour une utilisation dans les crèmes solaires commerciales, et la nécessité des étude...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 16, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: R. K. Suryawanshi, C. D. Patil, H. P. Borase, C. P. Narkhede, A. Stevenson, J. E. Hallsworth, S. V. Patil Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Synthesis of a molecularly imprinted polymer to isolate glucosamine from plant extracts by an ionic‐noncovalent dual approach
ConclusionThe use of the MIP as solid‐phase extraction sorbent was able to extract preferentially glucosamine from structural analogues and ammonium salt. Assays on chicory roots extracts were carried out and the MIP showed good results allowing the transfer methodology at semi‐industrial scale for cosmetic companies. The optimized protocol of extraction of glucosamine allowed using only eco‐friendly solvents, as ethanol, water and acetic acid.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 16, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nathaly Henry, Patrick Favetta, Raphaël Delépée, Jean‐Marc Seigneuret, Luigi Agrofoglio Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Chemical analysis and risk assessment of prohibited colouring agents in face paint with special regard to CI 15585 (D&C Red No. 9, Pigment Red 53:1)
ConclusionAn analytical strategy to determine colouring agents in face paints was developed and non‐compliance with the European Union (EU) cosmetic products regulation in a considerable number of products was detected. An increased control frequency especially at the points of entry into the EU is recommended.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 13, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Andrea Keck‐Wilhelm, Evamaria Kratz, Gerd Mildau, Maren Ilse, Claudia Schlee, Dirk W. Lachenmeier Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Influence of a multiple emulsion, a liposomal formulation and a microemulsion gel on skin parameters in vivo
ConclusionAll produced vehicles were proven to remain physically stable over the duration of the present study. The used multiple emulsion showed very skin friendly properties by increasing sebum and skin hydration. Likewise, the liposomal pre‐formulation exhibited no negative effects. Contrary, the investigated microemulsion gel seemed to have skin dehydrating and TEWL increasing features. However, the multiple emulsion as well as liposomes were identified to be well tolerated vehicles for skin which might qualify them for the use in cosmetic formulations.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Sou...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 13, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Denise Mahrhauser, Corinna Nagelreiter, Jaroslaw Skipiol, Claudia Valenta Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Temperature Dependence and P/Ti Ratio in Phosphoric Acid Treatment of Titanium Dioxide and Powder Properties
ConclusionPhosphoric acid treatment of titanium dioxide is an effective method to inhibit photocatalytic activity for a white pigment.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 7, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Hiroaki Onoda, Aki Matsukura Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The coordination environment of copper in hair can be altered by treatment products
ConclusionCommercial hair treatment products can have a profound effect on the copper coordination environment in hair, and this must be taken into account in any attempt to use hair as a health marker.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 7, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Niramon Worasith, Bernard A. Goodman Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Determination of fourteen sunscreen agents in cosmetics using high‐performance liquid chromatography
ConclusionThis method was highly optimized in terms of selectivity, reproducibility and efficiency for the detection of 14 compounds. The validation data indicated that the improved method was quite suitable for their quantitative analysis of commercial product samples. Therefore, this method was applied to the determination of 14 compounds in commercial sunscreen cosmetic products. We verified that the amounts of sunscreen ingredients in the five currently sold sunscreens were >0.5% and within the designated limit, which means those could produce the safe and desired sunscreen effects on the skin. The present method co...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 6, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Nae In Chang, Miyoung Yoo, Sanghee Lee Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

The effect of personal grooming on self‐perceived body image
ConclusionThese results demonstrate that the attitudinal component of body image is malleable and can be influenced by everyday grooming routines, suggesting such behaviours have psychological benefits for both genders, beyond their basic hygiene function. However there are individual differences in people's susceptibility to these effects, perhaps reflecting variability in self‐esteem.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - November 3, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Jorien Paasschen, Susannah C. Walker, Nicola Phillips, Paul E. Downing, Steven P. Tipper Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cryptomphalus aspersa mollusc eggs extract promotes migration and prevents cutaneous ageing in keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts in vitro
ConclusionIFC‐CAF has regenerative properties and protects against ageing factors being, therefore, a potential therapeutic agent for treating or preventing skin ageing. Résumé Arriere FondLa recherche de substances qui réduisent le vieillissement cutané a augmenté au cours des dernières années. Des études précédentes ont décrit les propriétés régénératrices de la sécrétion du mollusque Cryptomphalus aspersa (C. aspersa) lorsqu'il est appliqué par voie topique. ObjectifNous évaluons les effets in vitro d'un nouveau produit dérivé des oeufs de C. aspersa, IFC‐CAF, sur la prolifération cellulair...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 27, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: J. Espada, M. Matabuena, N. Salazar, S. Lucena, O. Kourani, E. Carrasco, M. Calvo, C. Rodríguez, E. Reyes, S. González, A. Juarranz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Anti‐inflammatory and anti‐bacterial properties of tetramethylhexadecenyl succinyl cysteine (TSC): a skin‐protecting cosmetic functional ingredient
ConclusionsTetramethylhexadecenyl succinyl cysteine represents a novel cosmetic functional ingredient that provides a dual modulating benefit of skin protection to individuals by reducing inflammation in keratinocytes, endothelial and mononuclear cell types and S. pyogenes counts. Résumé ContexteLa peau est la première ligne de défense contre l'exposition aux microbes, les insultes, l'environnement physique et chimique. En mobilisant une réponse protectrice, plusieurs types différents de cellules situées dans notre peau sécrètent et/ou répondent à des cytokines pro‐inflammatoires ainsi assurant l'homéostasi...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 22, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: J. R. Fernandéz, K. Rouzard, M. Voronkov, K. L. Huber, J. B. Stock, M. Stock, J. S. Gordon, E. Pérez Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Nanometre‐scale investigations by atomic force microscopy into the effect of different treatments on the surface structure of hair
ConclusionAtomic force microscopy and the related techniques we have employed in a forensic approach is able to distinguish between different hair care products on the basis of the deposits they leave behind. This opens up the capability of further analysis tools to complement already existing techniques. Résumé ObjectifPour étudier l'effet de différents régimes de lavage sur la surface des cheveux humains à l’échelle du nanomètre ‐ comparable à la taille des dépôts typiques laissés par des produits commerciaux. MethodesMicroscopie à force atomique (AFM) et les techniques connexes. ResultatsOn peut voir d...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 22, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: C. Durkan, N. Wang Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Preliminary one month stability screening of cosmetic multiple emulsions (W/O/W) prepared using cetyl dimethicone copolyol and Polysorbate 80
ConclusionAs a conclusion of this work, a stable multiple emulsion with 13.6% paraffin oil, 2.4% cetyl dimethicone copolyol and 0.8% polysorbate 80 can be formulated and can be further studied for any active ingredient for cosmetic purposes.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 16, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Hira Khan, Akhtar Naveed, Tariq Mahmood, Adnan Jameel, Sabeeh Mohsin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Analysing the movement of a hair swatch using video and image analysis: A promising technique for exploring the dynamic properties of hair
In conclusion, this method is complementary to the ones used generally to characterize global visual perceptions (color, styling, shine). This dynamic component not only opens doors to new qualitative evaluations, linked with sensorial experts and consumers perceptions, but also to new quantitative parameters. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 9, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Anthony Galliano, Mélanie Lheur, Roberto Santoprete Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Psychological stress has the potential to cause a decline in the epidermal permeability barrier function of the horny layer
ConclusionsThe results indicate the possibility that psychological stress causes a decline in EPBF and deterioration in barrier disruption and recovery. Furthermore, it implies a relationship between psychological stress and the exacerbation or protracted healing of skin disease.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 9, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Seiya Fukuda, Shunsuke Baba, Toshihide Akasaka Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cellulite: Poor correlation between instrumental methods and photograph evaluation for severity classification
ConclusionCellulite caused impact in quality of life. Poor correlation between objective measures and clinical evaluation was detected. Cellulite severity assessment is a challenge and objective parameters should be optimized for clinical trials.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: JLM Soares, HA Miot, A Sanudo, E Bagatin Tags: Research Communication Source Type: research

Towards an understanding of bacterial metabolites prodigiosin and violacein and their potential for use in commercial sunscreens
ConclusionThe bacterial pigments prodigiosin and violacein have antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, and were able to increase the SPF of commercial sunscreens as well as the extracts of the two plant species tested and so have potential value as ingredients for a new product‐range of (and represent a new paradigm for) sunscreens that utilise substances of biological origin. We discussed the biotechnological potential of these bacterial metabolites for use in commercial sunscreens, and the need for studies of mammalian cells to determine safety.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: In...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Rahul K. Suryawanshi, Chandrashekhar D. Patil, Hemant P. Borase, Chandrakant P. Narkhede, Andrew Stevenson, John E. Hallsworth, Satish V. Patil Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

A study on seasonal variation of skin parameters in Korean males
ConclusionThe skin surface pH, TEWL, sebum content, hydration, elasticity, wrinkles, skin pore, and skin sensitivity vary with seasons and body regions in Korean men.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: E. J. Song, J. A. Lee, J. J. Park, H. J. Kim, N. S. Kim, K. S. Byun, G. S. Choi, T. K. Moon Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Enzymatically Interestrified Fats Based On Mutton Tallow And Walnut Oil Suitable For Cosmetic Emulsions
ConclusionsThe work has demonstrated that interesterification of a mutton tallow and walnut oil blend resulted in new fats with very interesting characteristics of triacylglycerols that are not present in the environment. The results of the present work indicate the possibility of application of fats with the largest quantity of MAGs and DAGs as a fat base of emulsions in the cosmetic industries. The hypothesis assumed in this work of producing additional quantities of MAGs and DAGs (in the process of enzymatic interesterification) responsible for the stability of the system was confirmed. It should be pointed out that the...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: M Kowalska, M Mendrycka, A Zbikowska, S Stawarz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Predictive Microbiology For Cosmetics Based On Physicals, Chemicals And Concentration Parameters
ConclusionFollowing the analysis of the different concentration, a correlation between glycerin and ethanol that directly influence microbiological protection of cosmetics products has been established. Indeed, by controlling ethanol, pH and glycerin, many products may be exempted from the challenge test.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - October 1, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Senda Ghalleb, Segolene De Vaugelade, Odile Sella, Marc Lavarde, Christine Mielcarek, Anne‐Marie Pense‐Lheritier, Stephane Pirnay Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Improvement of polyphenol properties upon glucosylation in a UV‐induced skin cell ageing model
ConclusionOur results demonstrated that enzymatic glucosylation of CA and EGCG led to an improved or preserved antioxidant activity in a cellular model of UV‐induced skin ageing, despite the decrease in instantaneous antioxidant properties observed for Glc‐CA. Glc‐EGCG is specifically more active on keratinocytes, suggesting a specific targeting. Such glucosylated polyphenols displaying improved physicochemical and biological properties should be better candidates than natural ones for use in food additives and cosmetics. Résumé ObjectifsLes polyphénols sont des molécules ayant un fort pouvoir antioxydant permet...
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 29, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: M. Nadim, D. Auriol, N. Lamerant‐FayeL, F. Lefèvre, L. Dubanet, G. Redziniak, C. Kieda, C. Grillon Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Cryptomphalus aspersa mollusk eggs extract promotes migration and prevents cutaneous aging in keratinocytes and dermal fibroblasts in vitro
ConclusionIFC‐CAF has regenerative properties and protects against aging factors being a potential therapeutic agent for treating or preventing skin aging.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 25, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: J. Espada, M. Matabuena, N. Salazar, S. Lucena, O. Kourani, E Carrasco, M Calvo, C Rodríguez, E. Reyes, S. González, A. Juarranz Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Optimization of cosmetic preservation: water activity reduction
ConclusionFabrication process as well as humectants concentration were shown to influence water activity. The hydroxyl group positions as well as the presence of an alkyl group on the glycol carbon chain impacted water binding as suggested by DFT calculation. Reducing aw improved the preservation of a cosmetic cream, inhibiting or slowing down the growth of bacteria and fungi.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 25, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Audrey Kerdudo, Fabien Fontaine‐Vive, Alexandre Dingas, Chrystel Faure, Xavier Fernandez Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Photoprotection in changing times – UV filter efficacy and safety, sensitization processes and regulatory aspects
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 25, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: Constanze Stiefel, Wolfgang Schwack Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Anti‐inflammatory and Anti‐Bacterial Properties of Tetramethylhexadecenyl Succinoyl Cysteine (TSC): A Skin Protecting Cosmetic Functional Ingredient
ConclusionsTSC represents a novel cosmetic functional ingredient that provides a dual modulating benefit of skin protection to individuals by reducing inflammation in keratinocytes, endothelial and mononuclear cell types and S. pyogenes counts.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science)
Source: International Journal of Cosmetic Science - September 25, 2014 Category: Dermatology Authors: José R. Fernandéz, Karl Rouzard, Michael Voronkov, Kristen L. Huber, Jeffry B. Stock, Maxwell Stock, Joel S. Gordon, Eduardo Pérez Tags: Research Communication Source Type: research