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Journal of Adolescent Research

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Sense of Indebtedness Toward Parents: Korean American Emerging Adults' Narratives of Parental Sacrifice
This research examined the construct "sense of indebtedness toward parents" (SIP) as a concept that helps explain positive change in Korean American (KA) emerging adults’ views of their parents despite experiencing a high level of parent-adolescent challenges. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 KA emerging adults. Most described experiencing SIP, defined as "a person’s recognition of his or her immigrant parents’ child-centered immigration aspirations and their sacrifice for the sake of children." Findings showed that the formation of SIP was facilitated by processes related to developmenta...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kang, H., Larson, R. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Emotional Experiences of Early First Intercourse: A Multi-Method Study
The experience of the first intercourse at an early age is a well-established sexual risk behavior as it is related to adverse physical and mental health outcomes. However, the diversity within the group of early starters as well as the actual processes that make early first-time intercourse (potentially) more harmful remain understudied. The goal of this research is to understand the mechanisms that make an early experience of the first intercourse either more or less emotionally harmful. Therefore, a combination of quantitative and qualitative data are used. The quantitative data stem from a population survey (ages 14-35...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Symons, K., Vermeersch, H., Van Houtte, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Using Narrative Analysis to Identify Patterns of Internet Influence on the Identity Development of Same-Sex Attracted Youth
For same-sex attracted youth (SSAY), the Internet affords a unique combination of opportunity, risk, and benefit. The present study provides a narrative analysis of four diverse SSAY’s experiences (ages 18-20 years), selected from a larger sample (N = 32) to highlight variation in (a) frequency of Internet use (extensive, incidental) and (b) impact of Internet use (pivotal, missed opportunity) during identity development. Presenting narratives individually, we depict how variations in frequency and impact of Internet use interact with the content, tone, and overall form of these youths’ identity development nar...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kuper, L. E., Mustanski, B. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"Dude, You're Such a S.!" Barriers and Facilitators of Sexual Communication Among Young Gay Men and Their Best Friends
Conversations with friends are a crucial source of information about sexuality for young gay men, and a key way that sexual health norms are shared during emerging adulthood. However, friends can only provide this support if they are able to talk openly about sexuality. We explored this issue through qualitative interviews with an ethnically diverse sample of young gay men and their best friends. Using theories of sexual scripts, stigma, and emerging adulthood, we examined how conversations about sex could be obstructed or facilitated by several key factors, including judgmentalism, comfort/discomfort, and receptivity. Gay...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: McDavitt, B., Mutchler, M. G. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

What Motivates Youth Civic Involvement?
This article addresses the following questions: What motivations and barriers do youth report for civic involvement? How do motivations and barriers differ across school contexts? A qualitative study using in-depth semi-structured interviews with youth (N = 22) was used to identify four categories of motivations and two categories of barriers for civic involvement. Variation emerged in the motivations and barriers for civic involvement both within and across school contexts. Understanding civic motivations in context uncovers new insights about how to structure opportunities to better facilitate youth civic involvement. (S...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Ballard, P. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Process and Positive Development: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of University Student Volunteering
Volunteering among university students is an important expression of civic engagement, but the impact of this experience on the development of emerging adults requires further contextualization. Adopting interpretative phenomenological analysis as a qualitative research approach, we carried out semistructured interviews with 10 students of one Irish university who were highly engaged in volunteering. Their experience of volunteering unfolded through relatively open-ended leadership positions in university student-led societies, comparatively structured community roles, or a combination of both. The findings describe a proc...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: MacNeela, P., Gannon, N. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

How Private Is the Relation With God? Religiosity and Family Religious Socialization in Romanian Emerging Adults
This qualitative study explores the dynamics of religious cognitions, behaviors, and emotions in emerging adult discourse in a sample of Romanian youth of heterogeneous socioeconomic, denominational (Orthodox Christian, Roman Catholic, Neo-protestant), and educational background. Also, from a parent-child dyad perspective, we investigate the role of family religious socialization when children have reached emerging adulthood. Findings bring forward personal conceptualizations of religiosity and specific strategies of religious exploration the youth employ. In addition, family religious socialization is portrayed through th...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Negru, O., Haragaş, C., Mustea, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Changing Familial Roles for Immigrant Adolescents From the Former Soviet Union to Israel
This article examines how young immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet Union during their adolescence perceive and cope with the resulting changes in their family roles. Data collected via interviews and focus groups from adolescents and young adults (N = 34) revealed six distinct roles: language broker, family navigator, breadwinner, cultural broker, self-caretaker, and counselor. These roles were reported to generate negative effects (e.g., lost childhood, distress) and simultaneously positive effects (e.g., gaining independence, life-experience). Various mechanisms facilitated coping, including help from friends an...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kosner, A., Roer-Strier, D., Kurman, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Translating Into Understanding: Language Brokering and Prosocial Development in Emerging Adults From Immigrant Families
This mixed-method study assessed the nature of language brokering and the relationship between language brokering and prosocial capacities in a sample of 139 college students from ethnically diverse immigrant families. The prosocial capacities of interest were empathic concern and two forms of perspective-taking: general perspective-taking (understanding the perspectives of others) and transcultural perspective-taking (understanding of divergent cultural values). As predicted, structural equation modeling identified a significant pathway from language brokering for parents to skill in transcultural perspective-taking. We i...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Guan, S.-S. A., Greenfield, P. M., Orellana, M. F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Does Parental Autonomy Support Relate to Adolescent Autonomy? An In-Depth Examination of a Seemingly Simple Question
In contemporary research on autonomy development, autonomy has been defined as independence (vs. dependence) or as self-endorsed (vs. controlled) functioning. Analogously, perceived parental autonomy support involves either perceived parental promotion of independence (PI) or perceived parental promotion of volitional functioning (PVF). The primary aim of the present study among Belgian and Greek adolescents (N = 658; 58% girls; M age = 16.3 years) was to examine associations between the two types of parental autonomy support, on one hand, and the two types of adolescent autonomy, on the other hand. The secondary aim was t...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Fousiani, K., Van Petegem, S., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Chen, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Latina Mothers' and Daughters' Expectations for Autonomy at Age 15 (La Quinceanera)
In this study, we identified behaviors that Mexican mothers and their daughters deemed to be appropriate when they reach the age of La Quinceañera, a cultural rite of passage at age 15. Daughters hoped for rules regarding social activities to become less strict whereas mothers intended to continue to exert control, especially in the areas of peer and social activities, household duties, and homework responsibilities. The mothers were open to granting more independence in personal areas such as physical appearance and they were also willing to allow their daughters to group date. Although the mothers and daughters ex...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Romo, L. F., Mireles-Rios, R., Lopez-Tello, G. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Coping With Sexual Stigma: Emerging Adults With Lesbian Parents Reflect on the Impact of Heterosexism and Homophobia During Their Adolescence
Little is known about how youth with LGB (lesbian, gay, and bisexual) parents experience various forms of sexual stigma (i.e., homophobia and heterosexism). Previous studies have focused primarily on frequency of teasing and harassment; therefore, much less is known about how indirect and institutional types of sexual stigma play out in the lives of these youth. In-depth, qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 emerging adults with lesbian parents to ascertain how they experienced and coped with sexual stigma during middle school and high school. Findings revealed that both enacted (direct and indirect) and structura...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kuvalanka, K. A., Leslie, L. A., Radina, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Predictors of Transience Among Homeless Emerging Adults
This study identified predictors of transience among homeless emerging adults in three cities. A total of 601 homeless emerging adults from Los Angeles, Austin, and Denver were recruited using purposive sampling. Ordinary least squares regression results revealed that significant predictors of greater transience include White ethnicity, high school degree or equivalent, homeless residence in the 6 months prior to the study, longer period of homelessness, history of arrest and juvenile detention, earning income through informal sources, history of physical abuse, alcohol/drug addiction, and resilience characteristics. Quant...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Ferguson, K. M., Bender, K., Thompson, S. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Adolescent Spiritual Exemplars: Exploring Spirituality in the Lives of Diverse Youth
This qualitative study aimed to develop theory about psychological constructs relevant to spiritual development in diverse adolescents. Exemplar and Consensual Qualitative Research methods were used to explore 30 interviews of adolescents aged 12 to 21 years (M = 17.73 years) representing eight religions and six countries from around the world. Participants were nominated for living with profound spirituality within their own culture and completed semistructured interviews in their country of origin. After several iterations of analysis, participants’ discussions of spirituality in their lives were explored in terms ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Ebstyne King, P., Clardy, C. E., Ramos, J. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Ethnic Socialization and Racial Socialization as Distinct Processes
Ethnic socialization and racial socialization were examined as discrete concepts using a semistructured interview to assess message content for each form of socialization. We were interested in whether adolescents distinguished between these forms of socialization. Fifty-five African American 11th- and 12th-grade students were asked separate interview questions about the messages they received from mothers pertaining to ethnic socialization and racial socialization. As expected, the frequency of Black cultural messages was more strongly represented in response to the ethnic socialization question, whereas the frequency of ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Paasch-Anderson, J., Lamborn, S. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Creating Effective Civic Engagement Policy for Adolescents: Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluations of Compulsory Community Service
For high school community service programs to have a positive impact on subsequent civic engagement, students must volunteer in a sustained manner and must evaluate their volunteering experiences positively. Using a survey with 1,293 respondents and 100 semistructured interviews with past participants of the mandatory community service program implemented by the Ontario provincial government in 1999, the authors identify how and why students generate positive evaluations of community service requirements and whether the diversity of implementation or the mandatory nature might account for negative reactions to volunteering...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Henderson, A., Pancer, S. M., Brown, S. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"Why Should I Leave?" Belgian Emerging Adults' Departure From Home
In today’s Western societies, the transition to adulthood is prolonged, creating a separate developmental phase between adolescence and adulthood referred to as emerging adulthood. Following from this general delay in adult commitment-making, a considerable number of emerging adults continues to live in the parental household. The present study was conducted in Belgium and aimed to obtain a greater understanding of the home-leaving experience by qualitatively exploring how emerging adults who live with their parents or who have taken steps toward independent living experience their residential status. Twenty Belgian ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Kins, E., De Mol, J., Beyers, W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"Doesn't Everyone Want That? It's Just a Given": Swedish Emerging Adults' Expectations on Future Parenthood and Work/Family Priorities
This study investigated Swedish emerging adults’ expectations on future parenthood through interviews with 124 Swedish emerging adults who were not yet parents. Thematic analysis showed that most participants were sure they wanted to become parents, but not right now. First, they wanted a stable financial situation, a romantic relationship, and time for self-focus. More women than men talked about parenthood as a social norm and wanted to prioritize both work and family. More men than women wanted to prioritize either work or family before the other. The study showed that Swedish emerging adults postpone, but do not ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Frisen, A., Carlsson, J., Wangqvist, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Adoptees' Contact With Birth Relatives in Emerging Adulthood
While openness in adoption has become more common in the United States, little research has examined contact between birth and adoptive families as adoptees become adults. Using quantitative and qualitative data from 167 emerging adult adoptees, factors characterizing contact (e.g., type, frequency, with whom), satisfaction with contact, and the influences of transitional events and significant relationships were explored. Among these variables, satisfaction with contact with birth parents in emerging adulthood was significantly associated with greater openness levels. Four qualitative case studies, representing increasing...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Farr, R. H., Grant-Marsney, H. A., Musante, D. S., Grotevant, H. D., Wrobel, G. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Authors' Rejoinder to Respondents (Shulman, Steinberg, & Piquero, 2013)
Respondents, in "A Mistaken Account of the Age-Crime Curve: Response to Males and Brown," dispute our finding that virtually all of the discrepancy in violent crime rates between adolescents/emerging adults versus older adults is explained not by young age per se but by higher poverty levels among the young. Our rejoinder argues that Respondents misunderstand our method, raise "ecological fallacy" objections that do not apply to our population-level study, and counter with a reanalysis that includes only limited ages and inadequate method to assess socioeconomic factors in crime and risk taking by age. Our examination of R...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Males, M. A., Brown, E. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Mistaken Account of the Age-Crime Curve: Response to Males and Brown (2013)
The present article responds to Males and Brown’s "Teenagers’ High Arrest Rates: Features of Young Age or Youth Poverty?" which claims that the widely observed pattern of crime rates peaking in late adolescence or early adulthood is an artifact of age differences in poverty. We note that the authors’ interpretation of their aggregated data is an example of the ecological fallacy. Drawing inferences about individual behavior from macro-level data can lead to erroneous conclusions and does so in the case of Males and Brown’s analysis. Moreover, the authors overlook research that has used more appropri...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Shulman, E. P., Steinberg, L., Piquero, A. R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Teenagers' High Arrest Rates: Features of Young Age or Youth Poverty?
The association of more crime with youthful age is widely accepted in social science. However, a literature search revealed no studies of the age-crime relationship that controlled for young ages’ economic disadvantage. This research gap is addressed using the California Criminal Justice Statistics Center’s arrest detail and Census poverty statistics for 2010. When poverty rates were controlled, younger and older ages’ violence disparities largely disappeared. Where teenagers and emerging adults display typical middle-aged demographics (two thirds non-Latino, White, or Asian, poverty levels under 10%), th...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Males, M. A., Brown, E. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Book Review: A Thicker Look at Boys' Emotional Lives and Their Countless Contradictions Deep Secrets: Boys' Friendships and the Crisis of Connection, by Niobe Way
(Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 23, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Reigeluth, C. S. Tags: Book Review Source Type: research

Sunni-Muslim American Religious Development During Emerging Adulthood
Islam is one of the fastest growing religions in America, with approximately 6 to 7 million Muslims living in America within the past decade. However, there has been little psychological research conducted focusing on the development of the Muslim American self. This inquiry addresses that gap by focusing on how familial religious affiliation during childhood and the everyday environmental activity systems of emerging adulthood impact religious practice and the construction of the religious self among Sunni-Muslim American emerging adults (N = 63, 18-29 years) via the development of diverse mediational strategies. Utilizin...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 23, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Etengoff, C., Daiute, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Role of Empowerment in a School-Based Community Service Program with Inner-City, Minority Youth
Despite considerable fiscal and structural support for youth service programs, research has not demonstrated consistent outcomes across participants or programs, suggesting the need to identify critical program processes. The present study addresses this need through preliminary examination of the role of program empowerment in promoting positive identity development in inner-city, African American youth participating in a pilot school-based service program. Results suggest that participants who experienced the program as empowering experienced increases in self-efficacy, sense of civic responsibility, and ethnic identity,...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 23, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Gullan, R. L., Power, T. J., Leff, S. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"You Must Know Where You Come From": South African Youths' Perceptions of Religion in Time of Social Change
This study examined South African youths’ perceptions of religion during a period of social and economic transition. In-depth interviews were conducted with 55 Black South African youth (age 18) living in the Johannesburg-Soweto metropolitan area. Data were analyzed in a manner consistent with grounded theory methodology and structural coding. Beliefs about the function of religion were captured by the following themes: provides support, connection to the past, moral compass, promotes healthy development, and intersections between African traditional practices and Christian beliefs. Themes are discussed and direction...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 23, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Brittian, A. S., Lewin, N., Norris, S. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

South African Adolescents' Constructions of Intimacy in Romantic Relationships
This study explored the constructions of intimacy of 20 adolescent men and women in romantic relationships from one low-income community in the Western Cape Province of South Africa. Using Charmaz’s constructivist grounded theory method, we found that our participants reproduced dominant romantic and gender discourses in their intimacy constructions within a community context of limited and limiting discourses. We argue that they could benefit from alternative discourses, more opportunities to interact privately and intimately with their partners, and to reflect on and articulate their romantic relationship experienc...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 23, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Lesch, E., Furphy, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Meaning of Motherhood: Adolescent Childbearing and its Significance for Poor Dominican Females of Haitian Descent
This article looks at how a group of marginalized young women, in the Dominican Republic, understand the experience of becoming a mother at an early age. The dominant global discourse on adolescent motherhood problematizes the phenomenon. Methodologically flawed scholarship typically attributes adolescent motherhood to poor economic and education outcomes. Little research exists examining the voices of young mothers themselves. The author aims to fill this gap and contribute a better understanding of how a group of disenfranchised young females narrate the experience of motherhood and its significance using a qualitative r...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - July 29, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Salusky, I. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Adolescent Work Quality: A View From Today's Youth
This study investigated adolescent work quality by examining the extent to which characteristics associated with positive or negative psychosocial outcomes are found in the jobs adolescents hold today. Our findings from surveys and interviews with working youth show that contemporary adolescent jobs provide at least moderate levels of the characteristics that promote positive psychosocial outcomes and some of those that promote negative outcomes. Adolescent jobs have the greatest capacity to encourage positive psychosocial development by providing opportunities for youth to be helpful and, to a lesser extent, to be around ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - July 29, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Rauscher, K. J., Wegman, D. H., Wooding, J., Davis, L., Junkin, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Religion and Sex Among College Freshmen: A Longitudinal Study Using Facebook
The purpose of this study was to use the social networking site Facebook to explore the relationship between religion and sex in emerging adults. Public profiles were examined at four Time points during freshman year. One hundred fifty profiles were analyzed for self-displayed religious affiliation, references to religiosity, and references to sexual behavior. Analyses included mixed-effects logistic regression, mixed-effects Poisson regression, and nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test. Displayed religious affiliation and references to sexual behavior decreased over the year. References to religiosity slightly increased. Acro...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - July 29, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Gannon, K. E., Becker, T., Moreno, M. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Urban African American Parents' Messages About Violence
This study examined the strategies that urban parents living in neighborhoods with high crime rates suggest to help their adolescent children avoid or deescalate conflict. Data came from 48 African American parent/adolescent dyads recruited through the youths’ middle school. Dyads responded to three video-taped scenarios depicting youth in potential conflict situations. Qualitative methods were used to identify 11 strategies parents suggested to help youth avoid or deescalate conflict. Although the majority of parents advocated for nonviolent solutions, these same parents described situations in which their child may...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - July 29, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Johnson, S. L., Finigan, N., Bradshaw, C., Haynie, D., Cheng, T. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Adolescent Girls' Experiences of Discrimination: An Examination of Coping Strategies, Social Support, and Self-Esteem
The research examined (a) girls’ responses to personal experiences of gender and/or ethnic/racial discrimination, (b) social support from parents and friends following the discrimination, and (c) the relationship between girls’ reported coping strategies to the discrimination and their self-esteem. Participants were 74 adolescent girls (M = 16.3 years) from diverse ethnic backgrounds in California. Each girl completed an online survey that included open-ended questions about a personal experience of discrimination and self-reported coping strategies, as well as a questionnaire measure of self-esteem. Results in...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Ayres, M. M., Leaper, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"A Safe Way to Explore": Reframing Risk on the Internet Amidst Young Gay Men's Search for Identity
Internet use provides a vital opportunity for sexual-minority youth to learn about sexual desires and pursue partnerships otherwise publically stigmatized. Researchers, however, have portrayed the Internet as an inherently risky venue for HIV or sexually transmitted infection (STI) transmission among young gay men (YGM). We therefore investigated how YGM use the Internet during adolescence and emerging adulthood. In the course of 34 in-depth, semistructured interviews with a sample of self-identified YGM, 18 to 24 years of age, we inquired about initial experiences of online dating. We found that YGM benefit online through...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Pingel, E. S., Bauermeister, J. A., Johns, M. M., Eisenberg, A., Leslie-Santana, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Reflecting on a Difficult Life: Narrative Construction in Vulnerable Adolescents
We examined narrative processes of identity development as they related to desistance from delinquent behavior in a sample of vulnerable adolescents. Building on a robust theoretical and empirical foundation in the field of narrative identity, we examined processes of meaning-making and agency in relation to desistance. Thirty-one adolescents were interviewed to elicit commonly studied autobiographical memories (e.g., turning points, self-defining memories). Interviews were coded for meaning-making and agency. Results showed that desistance was related to agency, but not meaning-making, which was related to higher numbers ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: McLean, K. C., Wood, B., Breen, A. V. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"I'm Not Going to Become No Rapper": Stereotypes as a Context of Ethnic and Racial Identity Development
Few studies examine how the macro context shapes ethnic or racial identity development during early adolescence. This analysis draws on interview data from 40 African American, Chinese American, Dominican American, and European American middle school students (6th through 8th grade) to explore how stereotypes inform adolescents’ ethnic and racial identities. Findings revealed that stereotypes about race and ethnicity intersected with those about gender, sexuality, social class, and/or nationality and these intersecting stereotypes shaped adolescents’ ethnic and racial identities. In addition, adolescents used s...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Way, N., Hernandez, M. G., Rogers, L. O., Hughes, D. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Perceived Mental Illness Stigma, Intimate Relationships, and Sexual Risk Behavior in Youth With Mental Illness
The current study examines the role of mental illness–related stigma on romantic or sexual relationships and sexual behavior among youth with mental illness (MI), including youths’ experiences of stigma, the internalization of these experiences, and the behavior associated with managing stigma within romantic and sexual relationships. We conducted in-depth interviews with N = 20 youth with mental illness (MI) (55% male, 16-24 years, 75% Latino) from 4 psychiatric outpatient clinics in New York City. We conducted a thematic analysis to investigate shared experiences of MI stigma and its impact on youth’s s...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 9, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Elkington, K. S., Hackler, D., Walsh, T. A., Latack, J. A., McKinnon, K., Borges, C., Wright, E. R., Wainberg, M. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

How Supportive of Their Specific Purposes Do Youth Believe Their Family and Friends Are?
This study links specific social supports to specific purposes described by youth. We examined whether developmental level, social-structural supports of gender and ethnicity, and close relationship supports of family and friends explained (a) how likely youth were to describe three dimensions of a specific purpose content (intention, engagement, and beyond-the-self reasons), and (b) how youth with specified purposes used social supports to pursue those purposes. Youth in higher grade levels were more likely to describe their future plans, activities that pursued those plans, and reasons that considered consequences to oth...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 9, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Moran, S., Bundick, M. J., Malin, H., Reilly, T. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Communicating Trust Between Parents and Their Children: A Case Study of Adolescents' Alcohol Use in Denmark
This article discusses how Danish parents and their children communicate trust. Based on Niklas Luhmann’s sociological theory, the article explores new aspects of communication about alcohol-related rules. The analysis shows how the parents emphasize the importance of communicating trust, while the adolescents, on the other hand, observe the parents’ communication on the basis of their own, more instrumental, logic. Trust becomes a functional solution to the parents’ paradoxical situation, because it enables them to balance between a democratic family ideal, emphasizing the adolescents’ independence...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 9, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Demant, J., Ravn, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"You Start Feeling Old": Rock Musicians Reconciling the Dilemmas of Adulthood
Using interview data from 38 musicians, this study examines the ways in which the transition to adulthood is complicated by aspirations to a nonstandard line of work. Musicians face a recurring set of obstacles as they move into adulthood and respond by enacting various tactics to reconcile these dilemmas. The "on-time" musicians do so by framing emerging adulthood as a time for exploration, while musicians in young adulthood regarded as "off-time" feel more pressure to disengage from musical careers. Those who persist are able to do so by successfully reframing the musician identity as congruent with adulthood. This resea...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 9, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Ramirez, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Exploring Indigenous Identities of Urban American Indian Youth of the Southwest
This study examined the indigenous identities of urban American Indian youth using measures related to three theoretical dimensions of Markstrom’s identity model: identification (tribal and ethnic heritage), connection (reservation ties), and involvement in traditional cultural practices and spirituality. Data came from self-administered questionnaires completed by 142 urban American Indian middle school students in a southwestern metropolitan area with the largest urban American Indian population in the United States. Using both quantitative and qualitative measures, descriptive statistics showed most youth were con...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 9, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Kulis, S., Wagaman, M. A., Tso, C., Brown, E. F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"My Son Is Reliable": Young Drivers' Parents' Optimism and Views on the Norms of Parental Involvement in Youth Driving
This study aimed to address this question. It draws on both quantitative and qualitative data obtained through a phone survey of 906 Israeli parents of young drivers that included both open- and closed-ended items and 20 semistructured interviews with parents. The main findings were that parents tended to be optimistic about their own child’s driving compared with other young drivers and were relatively unconcerned about speeding. Whereas most parents thought restrictions regarding driving at night or talking on the phone should be placed on young drivers, most believed many parents do not enforce them. Most also bel...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 25, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Guttman, N. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Latino Parent and Adolescent Perceptions of Hoped-for and Feared Possible Selves for Adolescents
The authors examined Latino parent and adolescent reports of hoped-for and feared possible selves for adolescents. Twenty-nine Latino parents (18 mothers, 11 fathers) and their 18 adolescents participated in semistructured individual interviews. Interviews were digitally recorded, transcribed, and coded for themes via content analysis. Themes that emerged included achievement, interpersonal, personal characteristics, financial-material, cultural roots, and risk behaviors. More parents than adolescents mentioned feared interpersonal selves such as being a teenage parent. Findings suggest that Latino parents and adolescents ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 25, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Halfond, R., Corona, R., Moon, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Facing Adulthood: Comparing the Criteria That Chinese Emerging Adults and Their Parents Have for Adulthood
Discussion will focus on how the traditional Chinese notion of "face" may play an important role in the criteria young people and their parents endorse as necessary for adulthood. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 25, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Nelson, L. J., Duan, X. x., Padilla-Walker, L. M., Luster, S. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Relationship Churning in Emerging Adulthood: On/Off Relationships and Sex With an Ex
We build on the emerging adulthood literature to examine two forms of relationship instability, reconciliations and sex with an ex; we term these forms of relationship churning. Analyzing recent data on emerging adult daters and cohabitors (n = 792), we find that nearly half report a reconciliation (a breakup followed by reunion) and over half of those who break up continue a sexual relationship (sex with an ex). We analyze individual demographic, social psychological, and relationship factors associated with reconciliations and sex with an ex. These findings showcase that emerging adult relationships are characterized by ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 25, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Halpern-Meekin, S., Manning, W. D., Giordano, P. C., Longmore, M. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Do Video Games Promote Positive Youth Development?
We argue that video game play may meet Larson’s (2000) criteria for fostering initiative in youth, and thus, may be related to positive outcomes such as flow, cooperation, problem solving, and reduced in-group bias. However, developmental and social psychologists examining adolescent video game use have focused heavily on how video games are related to negative outcomes, while neglecting potential positive outcomes. In this article we review the adolescent video game literature, examining both negative and positive outcomes, and suggest important directions for future research. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 25, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Adachi, P. J. C., Willoughby, T. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Baltimore Teens and Work: Gendered Opportunities in Disadvantaged Neighborhoods
In this article, I explore how African American teens, all of whom spent some years in high-poverty neighborhoods in Baltimore, talk about their experiences looking for work and working, including under-the-table work. I find three patterns that shape these early employment experiences. First, before males and females are legally allowed to work, their money-making opportunities are largely gender-segregated, with boys in this sample more likely to use illegal means to make money. Second, gender-segregated routines and occupations may work in favor of females. Finally, as nearly all of these households are female-headed, g...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Clampet-Lundquist, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"Girls Don't Propose! Ew.": A Mixed-Methods Examination of Marriage Tradition Preferences and Benevolent Sexism in Emerging Adults
Thematic analysis was used to explore how emerging adults explained their preferences for two marriage traditions: marriage proposals and surname changes. Quantitative analyses were subsequently used to examine the association between benevolent sexism and participants’ marriage-tradition preferences. A sample of 277 undergraduates (M = 19 years) completed a survey that included open- and closed-ended questions about attitudes toward marriage traditions and gender-role ideology. Results of the thematic analysis indicated that both women and men tended to hold traditional marriage preferences—especially with reg...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Robnett, R. D., Leaper, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Cultural Socialization in Families With Adopted Korean Adolescents: A Mixed-Method, Multi-informant Study
This study explores the ways in which transracial, transnational adoptive families discuss race and ethnicity and how these family discussions compare to self-reports from adoptive parents and adolescents regarding the level of parental engagement in cultural socialization. Of the 30 families with at least one adolescent-aged child (60% of the participants were female; average age across the sample was 17.8 years) who was adopted from South Korea, 9 families acknowledge racial and ethnic differences, 6 reject racial and ethnic differences, and 15 hold a discrepancy of views. Parents also report significantly greater engage...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Kim, O. M., Reichwald, R., Lee, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Defining Adult Experiences: Perspectives of a Diverse Sample of Young Adults
This study explored the roles and psychological experiences identified as defining adult moments using mixed methods with a racially, ethnically, and socioeconomically diverse sample of young adults both enrolled and not enrolled in college (N = 726; ages 18-35). First, we evaluated results from a single survey item that asked participants to rate how adult they feel. Consistent with previous research, the majority of participants (56.9%) reported feeling "somewhat like an adult," and older participants had significantly higher subjective adulthood, controlling for other demographic variables. Next, we analyzed responses f...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Lowe, S. R., Dillon, C. O., Rhodes, J. E., Zwiebach, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Elucidating Parenting Processes That Influence Adolescent Alcohol Use: A Qualitative Inquiry
This study’s purpose was to learn why some youth who participated in the Strong African American Families (SAAF) program increased alcohol use after 2 years whereas other youth did not. Using a sample of 28 African American caregiver-youth dyads, the authors collected qualitative data to explore these issues. Findings underscore the importance of caregivers’ practicing vigilant monitoring to keep their adolescents from experimenting with alcohol. Recommendations for limiting access to alcohol and encouraging vigilant parenting are discussed. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2012 Category: Child Development Authors: Hurt, T. R., Brody, G. H., Murry, V. M., Berkel, C., Chen, Y.-f. Tags: Articles Source Type: research