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Supportive Relationships Among Former System Youth With Mental Health Challenges
This study explored the supportive relationships that former system youth (FSY; e.g., foster care) with mental health challenges identified as "key" in making the transition to adulthood. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 59 FSY, ages 18 to 25, with mental health challenges. Participants were asked to reflect on their relationships with a key helper or what the literature defines as a natural mentor, "an adult that has been particularly helpful, or supportive," in this case with their mental health. Seventy-six percent (N = 45) of the participants identified a key helper. Relationship qualities that e...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - June 9, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Munson, M. R., Brown, S., Spencer, R., Edguer, M., Tracy, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Mental Health Literacy and Help-Giving Responses in Irish Adolescents
This study assessed mental health literacy in Irish adolescents (N = 187), and explored participants’ help-giving responses toward hypothetical depressed peers. Participants read five vignettes, each describing an adolescent experiencing a life difficulty; two of the characters met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., DSM-IV) criteria for depression. The majority of participants could not identify depression or potential suicidality, but felt concerned for the depressed characters’ well-being. Most participants stated they would provide help if they were the depressed characters&rsquo...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - June 9, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Byrne, S., Swords, L., Nixon, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Transitioning to Adult Mental Health Services: Perceptions of Adolescents With Emotional and Behavioral Problems
This study is an investigation of the needs and experiences of late adolescents with emotional and/or behavioral problems who accessed mental health services at a local child and adolescent clinic. In general, participants did not appear ready for an institutional transition. Adolescents disclosed their fears, underscoring the importance of supportive relationships, and stated the negative expectations they had concerning adult-focused care. The implementation of clinical supports to increase adolescents’ mental health self-efficacy may promote successful service transitions. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - June 9, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Burnham Riosa, P., Preyde, M., Porto, M. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"She Posted It on Facebook": Mexican American Adolescents' Experiences With Technology and Romantic Relationship Conflict
We examined experiences with technology and dating conflict among Mexican American (MA) adolescents (ages 15-17 years) using mixed qualitative methodologies. Focus groups, divided by three levels of acculturation and gender (N = 20), and videotaped observations of couples (N = 34), found that technology (i.e., cell phones, social media) afforded adolescents increased visibility of their partners’ day-to-day peer interactions. Feelings of romantic jealousy resulted in text message harassment and the expectation of immediate technology-facilitated contact. Females were more flirtatious as well as emotionally affected b...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - June 9, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Rueda, H. A., Lindsay, M., Williams, L. R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"It Seems Like No One Cares": Participatory Photo Mapping to Understand Youth Perspectives on Property Vacancy
This article presents findings from a Participatory Photo Mapping (PPM) project designed to understand young people’s perceptions of the neighborhood environment. PPM is an approach that integrates photography, community mapping, and walk-along interviews to learn about people’s lived experience in a spatial context. Ten participants aged 14 to 17 years were recruited from a youth program in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Participants designed neighborhood tours and through their analysis, identified vacant properties as a key concern. They reported that vacant properties affect them personally by facilitating illic...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Teixeira, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
What Do Citizens Have to Do? Parents' and Adolescents' Messages About Civic Duty
The current study examined demographic and civic behavior correlates of observed messages concerning civic duty coded from dyadic, semi-structured interactions between 160 adolescents (M age = 14.42, range = 12-18) and their parents (144 mothers, 52 fathers). Anecdotal statements are provided to illustrate the eight themes that emerged within parent-adolescent civic discussion. Three themes concerned community and political involvement—community service, voting, and other standard political involvement (e.g., keeping up with current events)—and five themes concerned informal civic duties—be produc...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Oosterhoff, B., Metzger, A., Babskie, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"Girls Have More of an Educational Brain": A Qualitative Exploration of the Gender Gap in Educational Attainment Among Black Bermudian Adolescents
This study contributes to our understanding of the higher drop-out rates among men of African descent and points to the important role that gender stereotypes and school-based adults play in determining educational identity and attainment. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Jethwani, M. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Resilience Building Among Adolescents From National Guard Families: Applying a Developmental Contextual Model
This study explored the development of resilience in 30 adolescents from National Guard families that had been deployed. Using thematic analysis, we found that military-connected adolescents are affected by events in settings far beyond their control—political and civil upheavals in foreign lands, military cultural values, societal perception of the military and of wars, and communities’ responses to military families. When comfort was not offered by familiar social and school networks, these adolescents had only their families to which they could turn. The extent to which adolescents can depend on parents for ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Baptist, J., Barros, P., Cafferky, B., Johannes, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Exploring Home-School Value Conflicts: Implications for Academic Achievement and Well-Being Among Latino First-Generation College Students
U.S. colleges place a high value on the fulfillment of academic obligations by their students. The academic achievement of each individual student is the institutional priority; this is an individualistic frame of reference. However, many Latino first-generation college students have been raised to prioritize family obligations; their home socialization is collectivistic. Our exploratory study investigated how Latino first-generation college students experience home-school value conflict between family obligation and individual academic achievement during their transition to college. A group interview followed the prompt o...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Vasquez-Salgado, Y., Greenfield, P. M., Burgos-Cienfuegos, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Call for Papers
(Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Suarez-Orozco, C. Tags: Announcement Source Type: research
Coping With Confinement: Adolescents' Experiences With Parental Incarceration
Theory and research suggest that parental incarceration is often a significant source of stress for children and adolescents. Understanding how young people navigate the stressors of parental incarceration can shed important light on well-being and inform intervention efforts, but little research exists on the coping strategies that young people use during and after a parent’s incarceration. Through in-depth interviews, this study explores how adolescents (n = 10) cope with parental incarceration. Results suggest that most adolescents use some combination of three strategies: deidentification from the incarcerated pa...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Johnson, E. I., Easterling, B. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"My Culture Helps Me Make Good Decisions": Cultural Adaptation of Sudanese Refugee Emerging Adults
The last two decades have witnessed growing research on the experiences of children and youth after migration or resettlement. However, nearly all of this research focuses on children and youth who arrived in the country with their parents. We know little of the unique experiences of refugee youngsters who came to this country without parental company. How do they negotiate the different cultures in the absence of parents? In this article, we draw on in-depth interview data with 19 Sudanese emerging adults who came to the United States as unaccompanied refugee minors to examine issues of acculturation and adaptation. Our f...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Qin, D. B., Saltarelli, A., Rana, M., Bates, L., Lee, J. A., Johnson, D. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Ethnic Majority and Minority Youths' Ascription of Responsibility for Solving Current Social Issues: Links to Civic Participation
The study examined current social issues that adolescents and young adults from majority and minority groups consider to be pressing issues in society, such as the environment, racism, and unemployment. Fourteen focus groups were conducted with majority (Czech) and minority (Roma and Ukrainian) participants (15-26 years of age). The issues were discussed with an emphasis on where the participants believed the responsibility lay for finding a solution. Responses could be classified into three categories: ascribing responsibility only to the self, only to others (e.g., to the government), or to both. We used the data from th...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Scott, Z., Šerek, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Not Excluded From Analyses: Ethnic and Racial Meanings and Identification Among Multiethnic/Racial Early Adolescents
Because research on ethnic-racial identity development largely excludes multiethno-racial youth, we used a mixed-methods approach to examine ethno-racial meanings and identification among 102 early adolescents (M = 11.45, SD = 0.70 years) with multiethno-racial (n = 45), mono-majority (i.e., European American; n = 29), or mono-minority (e.g., Latino, African American; n = 28) heritage. Results indicated more similarity than difference between multiethno-racial and mono-minority youth—most understood their heritage through tangible connections (e.g., language). Social (e.g., stereotypes) and individual (e.g., pride) m...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Gillen-O'Neel, C., Mistry, R. S., Brown, C. S., Rodriguez, V. C., White, E. S., Chow, K. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"I Want to Leave--Go Far Away--I Don't Want to Get Stuck on the Res[ervation]": Developmental Outcomes of Adolescent-Aged Children of Navajo Native American Teen Mothers
In 1992 and 1995, data were collected from 29 Navajo Reservation teenage mothers. In 2007, 71% (n = 21) of the original sample participated in a follow-up investigation. Then in 2008, data were collected from their children. Here, we present results of the 2008 investigation by describing the developmental outcomes of 14 "at risk" youth—those born to Navajo Native American adolescent mothers. Grounded in Ecological Systems Theory, our primary goal was to identify risk and protective factors across social and physical contexts (e.g., family, peer, school, and reservation community). A supplemental goal was to examine ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Dalla, R. L., Kennedy, H. R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"It'll Never Be the White Kids, It'll Always Be Us": Black High School Students' Evolving Critical Analysis of Racial Discrimination and Inequity in Schools
We examine how Black high school students, participants in a Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) program, understand issues of racial discrimination and inequality in their schools. Through semi-structured individual interviews conducted early in the program, eight students (six boys and two girls) recount experiences of racial stereotyping, discrimination from teachers and staff, lack of institutional support for a positive racial climate, and lack of racial diversity in curricular offerings. Further, through evolving critical analysis supported by the YPAR experience, these students describe rationale for and impl...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Hope, E. C., Skoog, A. B., Jagers, R. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Messy, Butch, and Queer: LGBTQ Youth and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
Emerging evidence suggests that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth experience disparate treatment in schools that may result in criminal sanctions. In an effort to understand the pathways that push youth out of schools, we conducted focus groups with youth (n = 31) from Arizona, California, and Georgia, and we interviewed adult advocates from across the United States (n = 19). Independent coders used MAXQDA to organize and code data. We found that LGBTQ youth are punished for public displays of affection and violating gender norms. Youth often experience a hostile school climate, may ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Snapp, S. D., Hoenig, J. M., Fields, A., Russell, S. T. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Role of Extended Family in Teen Sexual Health
Despite increasing extended family involvement in child rearing, particularly in minority families, few studies investigate their role in talking with teens about sex or how this relates to teens’ sexual behavior. This mixed-methods study assesses extended family sexuality communication through a survey of 1,492 diverse middle school students and interviews with 32 students. Logistic regression shows that participants who report having had sex are more likely to report talking with extended family than those who report not having had sex. Interview themes explored reasons for and content of teen sexuality conversatio...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Grossman, J. M., Tracy, A. J., Richer, A. M., Erkut, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Newcomer Immigrant Adolescents and Ambiguous Discrimination: The Role of Cognitive Appraisal
Cognitive appraisal has been shown to mediate the relationship between stressors and internalizing symptoms, but not among newcomer immigrant youth facing ambiguous discrimination. Using a mixed-methods design with a sample of newcomer adolescents from African, Arab, Asian, Caribbean, European, and Latin American countries, this study measured the perceived occurrence of discrimination (attribution to discrimination) and its perceived degree of severity (cognitive appraisal) in relation to internalizing symptoms and academic achievement. Attribution to discrimination predicted greater internalizing symptoms, and appraisal ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Patel, S. G., Tabb, K. M., Strambler, M. J., Eltareb, F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Transitional Statement from the New Journal of Adolescent Research Team
(Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Suarez-Orozco, C. Tags: Introduction Source Type: research
In Search of the Confucian Family: Interviews With Parents and Their Middle School Children in Guangzhou, China
This article presents findings from interviews with 16 middle school students and their parents in Guangzhou, China, about parent-adolescent relationships. Themes revealed from the conversations suggested that adolescents were generally pleased with the good relationships with their parents, that they enjoyed the respect their parents had for them as their parents tended to use peaceful reasoning to communicate parental expectations, and that they themselves cared a lot about academic attainment because it would lead to good jobs in the future. In addition, working-class parents expressed a sense of inadequacy while holdin...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Wang, Y. C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Twenty Years After the Velvet Revolution: Shifts in Czech Adolescents' Perceptions of Family, School, and Society
In this study, two different generations of Czech middle adolescents are compared: (a) the "post-totalitarian" generation that grew up in the last decade of the communist regime and entered adolescence during the time of rapid political and socioeconomic changes (data collected in 1995) and (b) the current generation without personal experience with the communist regime, raised in a stable democratic society (data collected in 2010). Both groups of participants (total N = 2,127, aged from 14 to 17 years) were administered an identical questionnaire. First, we examined the changes in adolescents’ perception and evalua...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Šerek, J., Macek, P., Ježek, S., Lacinova, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Who Would You Like To Be Like? Family, Village, and National Role Models Among Black Youth in Rural South Africa
In this article, we examine how Black youth in rural South Africa construct role models and connect them to their own life aspirations. We pay particular attention to individual and group identity development in shaping these perceptions. Based on analysis of qualitative data from 99 Black male and female youth aged 14 to 22, we find that (a) the choice of role models reflects a balancing strategy to reconcile individual and group identity development; (b) while the reasons they give for choosing role models are aligned with dominant models of upward mobility in the new South Africa (and globally), our respondents are also...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Madhavan, S., Crowell, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Identity Expression and Bedroom Personalization by Urban Adolescents in Botswana
Identity expression through the design of urban adolescents’ bedrooms in Gaborone, Botswana, was the focus of this qualitative study. Interviews were conducted to determine the manner in which decorative and personal items played a role in identity exploration and expression. The findings indicated a clear interplay between personalization and identity formation for adolescents. Identities expressed through personalization of bedrooms were private self, gender identity, age identity, family/social identity, and relationships; past, present, and future roles/identities; and religious identity. In addition to these, bo...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Fidzani, L. C., Read, M. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"Media Time = Family Time": Positive Media Use in Families With Adolescents
Media use in families has generally been examined from a narrow viewpoint, focusing on monitoring or co-viewing. The current research provides an expanded view of positive media use in families with adolescents by examining associations between diverse positive media use and family and adolescents outcomes. In addition, we used qualitative methods to provide a more comprehensive view of how families use media in positive ways, specifically drawing distinctions between traditional entertainment media and social media. Participants included 633 adolescents and their parents who completed a range of quantitative and qualitati...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 8, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Coyne, S. M., Padilla-Walker, L. M., Fraser, A. M., Fellows, K., Day, R. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Meaning of Respect in Romantic Relationships Among Low-Income African American Adolescents
We examined the meaning of respect in romantic relationships as conceptualized by low-income, sexually active, heterosexually identified, African American adolescents aged 15 to 17 (N = 50). Qualitative analysis revealed meanings of respect within the romantic dyad that could be divided into three broad themes: (a) performance of pro-social behaviors within the dyad, (b) inhibition of antisocial behaviors (e.g., violence), and (c) showing respect in the community, either through avoidance of situations that might embarrass one’s romantic partner or performance of pro-social acts in public contexts (e.g., with friends...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 8, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Gowen, L. K., Catania, J. A., Dolcini, M. M., Harper, G. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Emerging Versus Emancipating: The Transition to Adulthood for Youth in Foster Care
This study uses qualitative interviews with 20 foster youth to understand their experiences during emerging adulthood. Consensual qualitative research is used to analyze data and develop core themes around youth experiences. Foster youth not only report sharing many characteristics with youth in the general population during this stage but also have experiences that are uniquely tied to their foster care history. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 8, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Berzin, S. C., Singer, E., Hokanson, K. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"No Time for Friendship": Shanghai Mothers' Views of Adult and Adolescent Friendships
What is the relation between parents’ views of their own friendships and their beliefs and practices about their children’s friendships? Do parents who enjoy high-quality adult friendships understand and support adolescent friendships in ways different from parents who do not have close adult friendships? Relying on systematic analysis of interview data, this article demonstrates discrepancies between six Shanghai mothers’ perceptions of their own friendships and their beliefs, attitudes, and concerns about their adolescent children’s friendships. The article also presents five themes underlying the...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 8, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Zhao, X., Gao, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Sense of Indebtedness Toward Parents: Korean American Emerging Adults' Narratives of Parental Sacrifice
This research examined the construct "sense of indebtedness toward parents" (SIP) as a concept that helps explain positive change in Korean American (KA) emerging adults’ views of their parents despite experiencing a high level of parent-adolescent challenges. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 KA emerging adults. Most described experiencing SIP, defined as "a person’s recognition of his or her immigrant parents’ child-centered immigration aspirations and their sacrifice for the sake of children." Findings showed that the formation of SIP was facilitated by processes related to developmenta...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kang, H., Larson, R. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Emotional Experiences of Early First Intercourse: A Multi-Method Study
The experience of the first intercourse at an early age is a well-established sexual risk behavior as it is related to adverse physical and mental health outcomes. However, the diversity within the group of early starters as well as the actual processes that make early first-time intercourse (potentially) more harmful remain understudied. The goal of this research is to understand the mechanisms that make an early experience of the first intercourse either more or less emotionally harmful. Therefore, a combination of quantitative and qualitative data are used. The quantitative data stem from a population survey (ages 14-35...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Symons, K., Vermeersch, H., Van Houtte, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Using Narrative Analysis to Identify Patterns of Internet Influence on the Identity Development of Same-Sex Attracted Youth
For same-sex attracted youth (SSAY), the Internet affords a unique combination of opportunity, risk, and benefit. The present study provides a narrative analysis of four diverse SSAY’s experiences (ages 18-20 years), selected from a larger sample (N = 32) to highlight variation in (a) frequency of Internet use (extensive, incidental) and (b) impact of Internet use (pivotal, missed opportunity) during identity development. Presenting narratives individually, we depict how variations in frequency and impact of Internet use interact with the content, tone, and overall form of these youths’ identity development nar...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kuper, L. E., Mustanski, B. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"Dude, You're Such a S.!" Barriers and Facilitators of Sexual Communication Among Young Gay Men and Their Best Friends
Conversations with friends are a crucial source of information about sexuality for young gay men, and a key way that sexual health norms are shared during emerging adulthood. However, friends can only provide this support if they are able to talk openly about sexuality. We explored this issue through qualitative interviews with an ethnically diverse sample of young gay men and their best friends. Using theories of sexual scripts, stigma, and emerging adulthood, we examined how conversations about sex could be obstructed or facilitated by several key factors, including judgmentalism, comfort/discomfort, and receptivity. Gay...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: McDavitt, B., Mutchler, M. G. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
What Motivates Youth Civic Involvement?
This article addresses the following questions: What motivations and barriers do youth report for civic involvement? How do motivations and barriers differ across school contexts? A qualitative study using in-depth semi-structured interviews with youth (N = 22) was used to identify four categories of motivations and two categories of barriers for civic involvement. Variation emerged in the motivations and barriers for civic involvement both within and across school contexts. Understanding civic motivations in context uncovers new insights about how to structure opportunities to better facilitate youth civic involvement. (S...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Ballard, P. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Process and Positive Development: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of University Student Volunteering
Volunteering among university students is an important expression of civic engagement, but the impact of this experience on the development of emerging adults requires further contextualization. Adopting interpretative phenomenological analysis as a qualitative research approach, we carried out semistructured interviews with 10 students of one Irish university who were highly engaged in volunteering. Their experience of volunteering unfolded through relatively open-ended leadership positions in university student-led societies, comparatively structured community roles, or a combination of both. The findings describe a proc...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: MacNeela, P., Gannon, N. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
How Private Is the Relation With God? Religiosity and Family Religious Socialization in Romanian Emerging Adults
This qualitative study explores the dynamics of religious cognitions, behaviors, and emotions in emerging adult discourse in a sample of Romanian youth of heterogeneous socioeconomic, denominational (Orthodox Christian, Roman Catholic, Neo-protestant), and educational background. Also, from a parent-child dyad perspective, we investigate the role of family religious socialization when children have reached emerging adulthood. Findings bring forward personal conceptualizations of religiosity and specific strategies of religious exploration the youth employ. In addition, family religious socialization is portrayed through th...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Negru, O., Haragaş, C., Mustea, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Changing Familial Roles for Immigrant Adolescents From the Former Soviet Union to Israel
This article examines how young immigrants to Israel from the former Soviet Union during their adolescence perceive and cope with the resulting changes in their family roles. Data collected via interviews and focus groups from adolescents and young adults (N = 34) revealed six distinct roles: language broker, family navigator, breadwinner, cultural broker, self-caretaker, and counselor. These roles were reported to generate negative effects (e.g., lost childhood, distress) and simultaneously positive effects (e.g., gaining independence, life-experience). Various mechanisms facilitated coping, including help from friends an...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kosner, A., Roer-Strier, D., Kurman, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Translating Into Understanding: Language Brokering and Prosocial Development in Emerging Adults From Immigrant Families
This mixed-method study assessed the nature of language brokering and the relationship between language brokering and prosocial capacities in a sample of 139 college students from ethnically diverse immigrant families. The prosocial capacities of interest were empathic concern and two forms of perspective-taking: general perspective-taking (understanding the perspectives of others) and transcultural perspective-taking (understanding of divergent cultural values). As predicted, structural equation modeling identified a significant pathway from language brokering for parents to skill in transcultural perspective-taking. We i...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Guan, S.-S. A., Greenfield, P. M., Orellana, M. F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Does Parental Autonomy Support Relate to Adolescent Autonomy? An In-Depth Examination of a Seemingly Simple Question
In contemporary research on autonomy development, autonomy has been defined as independence (vs. dependence) or as self-endorsed (vs. controlled) functioning. Analogously, perceived parental autonomy support involves either perceived parental promotion of independence (PI) or perceived parental promotion of volitional functioning (PVF). The primary aim of the present study among Belgian and Greek adolescents (N = 658; 58% girls; M age = 16.3 years) was to examine associations between the two types of parental autonomy support, on one hand, and the two types of adolescent autonomy, on the other hand. The secondary aim was t...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Fousiani, K., Van Petegem, S., Soenens, B., Vansteenkiste, M., Chen, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Latina Mothers' and Daughters' Expectations for Autonomy at Age 15 (La Quinceanera)
In this study, we identified behaviors that Mexican mothers and their daughters deemed to be appropriate when they reach the age of La Quinceañera, a cultural rite of passage at age 15. Daughters hoped for rules regarding social activities to become less strict whereas mothers intended to continue to exert control, especially in the areas of peer and social activities, household duties, and homework responsibilities. The mothers were open to granting more independence in personal areas such as physical appearance and they were also willing to allow their daughters to group date. Although the mothers and daughters ex...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Romo, L. F., Mireles-Rios, R., Lopez-Tello, G. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Coping With Sexual Stigma: Emerging Adults With Lesbian Parents Reflect on the Impact of Heterosexism and Homophobia During Their Adolescence
Little is known about how youth with LGB (lesbian, gay, and bisexual) parents experience various forms of sexual stigma (i.e., homophobia and heterosexism). Previous studies have focused primarily on frequency of teasing and harassment; therefore, much less is known about how indirect and institutional types of sexual stigma play out in the lives of these youth. In-depth, qualitative interviews were conducted with 30 emerging adults with lesbian parents to ascertain how they experienced and coped with sexual stigma during middle school and high school. Findings revealed that both enacted (direct and indirect) and structura...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kuvalanka, K. A., Leslie, L. A., Radina, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Predictors of Transience Among Homeless Emerging Adults
This study identified predictors of transience among homeless emerging adults in three cities. A total of 601 homeless emerging adults from Los Angeles, Austin, and Denver were recruited using purposive sampling. Ordinary least squares regression results revealed that significant predictors of greater transience include White ethnicity, high school degree or equivalent, homeless residence in the 6 months prior to the study, longer period of homelessness, history of arrest and juvenile detention, earning income through informal sources, history of physical abuse, alcohol/drug addiction, and resilience characteristics. Quant...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Ferguson, K. M., Bender, K., Thompson, S. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Adolescent Spiritual Exemplars: Exploring Spirituality in the Lives of Diverse Youth
This qualitative study aimed to develop theory about psychological constructs relevant to spiritual development in diverse adolescents. Exemplar and Consensual Qualitative Research methods were used to explore 30 interviews of adolescents aged 12 to 21 years (M = 17.73 years) representing eight religions and six countries from around the world. Participants were nominated for living with profound spirituality within their own culture and completed semistructured interviews in their country of origin. After several iterations of analysis, participants’ discussions of spirituality in their lives were explored in terms ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Ebstyne King, P., Clardy, C. E., Ramos, J. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
African American Adolescents' Perceptions of Ethnic Socialization and Racial Socialization as Distinct Processes
Ethnic socialization and racial socialization were examined as discrete concepts using a semistructured interview to assess message content for each form of socialization. We were interested in whether adolescents distinguished between these forms of socialization. Fifty-five African American 11th- and 12th-grade students were asked separate interview questions about the messages they received from mothers pertaining to ethnic socialization and racial socialization. As expected, the frequency of Black cultural messages was more strongly represented in response to the ethnic socialization question, whereas the frequency of ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - January 24, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Paasch-Anderson, J., Lamborn, S. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Creating Effective Civic Engagement Policy for Adolescents: Quantitative and Qualitative Evaluations of Compulsory Community Service
For high school community service programs to have a positive impact on subsequent civic engagement, students must volunteer in a sustained manner and must evaluate their volunteering experiences positively. Using a survey with 1,293 respondents and 100 semistructured interviews with past participants of the mandatory community service program implemented by the Ontario provincial government in 1999, the authors identify how and why students generate positive evaluations of community service requirements and whether the diversity of implementation or the mandatory nature might account for negative reactions to volunteering...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Henderson, A., Pancer, S. M., Brown, S. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"Why Should I Leave?" Belgian Emerging Adults' Departure From Home
In today’s Western societies, the transition to adulthood is prolonged, creating a separate developmental phase between adolescence and adulthood referred to as emerging adulthood. Following from this general delay in adult commitment-making, a considerable number of emerging adults continues to live in the parental household. The present study was conducted in Belgium and aimed to obtain a greater understanding of the home-leaving experience by qualitatively exploring how emerging adults who live with their parents or who have taken steps toward independent living experience their residential status. Twenty Belgian ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Kins, E., De Mol, J., Beyers, W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"Doesn't Everyone Want That? It's Just a Given": Swedish Emerging Adults' Expectations on Future Parenthood and Work/Family Priorities
This study investigated Swedish emerging adults’ expectations on future parenthood through interviews with 124 Swedish emerging adults who were not yet parents. Thematic analysis showed that most participants were sure they wanted to become parents, but not right now. First, they wanted a stable financial situation, a romantic relationship, and time for self-focus. More women than men talked about parenthood as a social norm and wanted to prioritize both work and family. More men than women wanted to prioritize either work or family before the other. The study showed that Swedish emerging adults postpone, but do not ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Frisen, A., Carlsson, J., Wangqvist, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Adoptees' Contact With Birth Relatives in Emerging Adulthood
While openness in adoption has become more common in the United States, little research has examined contact between birth and adoptive families as adoptees become adults. Using quantitative and qualitative data from 167 emerging adult adoptees, factors characterizing contact (e.g., type, frequency, with whom), satisfaction with contact, and the influences of transitional events and significant relationships were explored. Among these variables, satisfaction with contact with birth parents in emerging adulthood was significantly associated with greater openness levels. Four qualitative case studies, representing increasing...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Farr, R. H., Grant-Marsney, H. A., Musante, D. S., Grotevant, H. D., Wrobel, G. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Authors' Rejoinder to Respondents (Shulman, Steinberg, & Piquero, 2013)
Respondents, in "A Mistaken Account of the Age-Crime Curve: Response to Males and Brown," dispute our finding that virtually all of the discrepancy in violent crime rates between adolescents/emerging adults versus older adults is explained not by young age per se but by higher poverty levels among the young. Our rejoinder argues that Respondents misunderstand our method, raise "ecological fallacy" objections that do not apply to our population-level study, and counter with a reanalysis that includes only limited ages and inadequate method to assess socioeconomic factors in crime and risk taking by age. Our examination of R...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Males, M. A., Brown, E. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
A Mistaken Account of the Age-Crime Curve: Response to Males and Brown (2013)
The present article responds to Males and Brown’s "Teenagers’ High Arrest Rates: Features of Young Age or Youth Poverty?" which claims that the widely observed pattern of crime rates peaking in late adolescence or early adulthood is an artifact of age differences in poverty. We note that the authors’ interpretation of their aggregated data is an example of the ecological fallacy. Drawing inferences about individual behavior from macro-level data can lead to erroneous conclusions and does so in the case of Males and Brown’s analysis. Moreover, the authors overlook research that has used more appropri...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Shulman, E. P., Steinberg, L., Piquero, A. R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Teenagers' High Arrest Rates: Features of Young Age or Youth Poverty?
The association of more crime with youthful age is widely accepted in social science. However, a literature search revealed no studies of the age-crime relationship that controlled for young ages’ economic disadvantage. This research gap is addressed using the California Criminal Justice Statistics Center’s arrest detail and Census poverty statistics for 2010. When poverty rates were controlled, younger and older ages’ violence disparities largely disappeared. Where teenagers and emerging adults display typical middle-aged demographics (two thirds non-Latino, White, or Asian, poverty levels under 10%), th...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - November 26, 2013 Category: Child Development Authors: Males, M. A., Brown, E. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research