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5-HTTLPR, Suicidal Behavior by Others, Depression, and Criminal Behavior During Adolescence
Vicarious strains like suicidal behavior on the part of others have been shown to be predictive of both negative emotions and antisocial behavior during adolescence. Little research to date, however, has examined the role that biological factors play in moderating these relationships. Using a sample of adolescents drawn from the National Longitudinal Survey of Adolescent Health (N = 7,995), and drawing on two separate, but related, theories, I explore whether the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) interacts with suicidal behavior by others to affect depression and self-reported crime. Results of ordinary least squares a...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - October 5, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Watts, S. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Role of Moral Worldviews in Predicting Sexual Behavior From Adolescence to Emerging Adulthood
We examined the relationship between moral worldview and number of sexual partners across 6 years in a nationally representative sample of 2,202 emerging adults. Using negative binomial fixed-effects regression models to control for all time-invariant confounders, we found that while changes toward more orthodox moral worldviews account for differences in number of partners during adolescence, this effect disappears as teens enter emerging adulthood. We explored two possible explanations for this change in effect, including (a) whether moral worldviews are simply standing in for external factors that are actually driving o...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - October 5, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Victor, E. C., Miles, A., Vaisey, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Calling the Screens: Self-Reported Developmental Outcomes in Competitive Basketball
The purpose of this study was to examine female players’ motives for participation in competitive sports, how they felt involvement has aided in their development, and explore negative experiences that had served as detractors to enjoyment. Focus groups were conducted with 31 players who currently participate on a competitive youth basketball team. Player responses revealed that participation in youth sport is motivated by two main themes: enjoyment and serving a purpose. Players also felt that participation in sport aided their development in six areas: social competency, self-confidence, self-discipline and respect...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - October 5, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Harrist, C. J., Witt, P. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Fortifying Leisure: Adolescent Perspectives of Family Leisure in Uganda
This study examined family leisure patterns and meanings of family leisure from the perspective of adolescents living in the Mukono District of Uganda. Sixty-eight secondary students were interviewed. Results indicate Ugandan adolescent definitions of leisure reflect leisure as free time and leisure as a means to an end. Students mentioned three primary family leisure outcomes (enjoyment/fun, personal development, and family development) that point toward a core theme. Fortifying describes the importance Ugandan youth place upon family leisure outcomes that strengthen the individual to overcome inevitable challenges they w...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - October 5, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: McGovern, R. A., Taniguchi, S., Hite, J. M., Hite, S. J., Widmer, M., Mugimu, C. B., Nsubuga, Y. K. Tags: Special Section: The Neglected 95% Source Type: research
Adolescents' Explanations for the Exclusion of Peers With Mental Health Problems: An Insight Into Stigma
Young people with mental health problems are often excluded from their peer group; however, research has not specifically explored their peers’ explanations for this exclusion. Drawing on data from group interviews with Irish adolescents (N = 148), this study explores the reasons offered for rejecting young people with mental health problems. Such reasons include perceived violation of expectations of friendships, and perceived social and personal risks to members of the peer group. The implications of these findings for the development of interventions to combat the stigma of mental health problems are discussed. (S...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - October 5, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: O'Driscoll, C., Heary, C., Hennessy, E., McKeague, L. Tags: Special Section: The Neglected 95% Source Type: research
How Do Young Poles Perceive Their Adulthood?
The present study focuses on three issues: sense of adulthood, self-perception within five features of emerging adulthood, and conceptions of adulthood. The sample consisted of 684 subjects (349 late adolescents, 207 emerging adults, and 128 young adults). The results show that emerging adults differ in their perceived adult status from both late adolescents and young adults, being situated in-between those two groups. The findings also confirm that age groups differ with respect to self-perception within the features of emerging adulthood but they do not show a predominance of any of the features in emerging adults. Furth...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - October 5, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Oleszkowicz, A., Misztela, A. Tags: Special Section: The Neglected 95% Source Type: research
"There's More Between Heaven and Earth": Danish Emerging Adults' Religious Beliefs and Values
In a qualitative interview study, 18 Danish emerging adults (ages 18-27) were asked about their religious beliefs and moral views. Most had received little or no formal religious training within their families, but they nevertheless participated in the "confirmation" process in the Danish state Lutheran church at age 14. Regarding their current beliefs, the majority were nonbelievers (agnostic, atheist, or no beliefs), and none expressed a traditional Christian faith. Nevertheless, they held a variety of beliefs in some kind of life after death; relatively few participants believed that death is simply the end of existence...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - October 5, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Arnett, J. J., Jensen, L. A. Tags: Special Section: The Neglected 95% Source Type: research
Introduction to the Special Section: Reflections on Expanding the Cultural Scope of Adolescent and Emerging Adult Research
(Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - October 5, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Arnett, J. J. Tags: Special Section: The Neglected 95% Source Type: research
When Movies Matter: Emerging Adults Recall Memorable Movies
The present study utilized retrospective, autobiographical methodology to investigate the social psychological significance of specific movies, identified as memorable or meaningful for a sample of emerging adults (N = 83). Participants identified a movie and responded to a series of open-ended prompts including why the movie was chosen, the valence and socio-emotional context of the viewing experience, and its perceived emotional impact. Qualitative coding revealed three themes: Life Lessons (inspiration, social comparison, coping, and negative contemplation), Character Connections (identification and idealization), and S...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 11, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Greenwood, D., Long, C. R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
African American Emerging Adults' Perspectives on Taking Asthma Controller Medication: Adherence in the "Age of Feeling In-Between"
This study included African Americans with asthma in emerging adulthood, a developmental period largely neglected in the research literature but known to be a time of great risk asthma morbidity and mortality. We conducted thematic analysis of semi-structured interviews (N = 19) to explore barriers to adherence in the context of the transition into adulthood. Key themes for non-adherence emerged after careful follow-up prompting by the interviewer: forgetting to take medications, deciding not to take medications as prescribed, and systemic barriers. Clinicians and researchers interested in improving adherence should carefu...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 11, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: MacDonell, K. K., Carcone, A. I., Naar-King, S., Gibson-Scipio, W., Lam, P. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"It Felt Good but Weird at the Same Time": Emerging Adults' First Experiences of Six Different Sexual Behaviors
This article uses open-ended coded data from a longitudinal study of college students (N = 346; M age = 18.5, 52% female, 27% Hispanic/Latino [HL], 25% non-HL European American, 23% non-HL Asian American, 16% non-HL African American, 9% non-HL multiracial) to examine what emotional responses emerging adults report about their first experiences of six sexual behaviors. The four most common emotional reactions were happy, excited, fearful, and indifferent. Descriptions were largely positive, although mixed reactions were relatively common and emotional reactions varied by behavior. Results suggest the importance of including...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 11, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Vasilenko, S. A., Maas, M. K., Lefkowitz, E. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Why Take Risks? Four Good Reasons According to Emerging Adult College Students
College-attending emerging adults (ages 18-26, n = 233) were asked to describe their personal philosophy on taking risks. "Taking risks" was undefined, in order to allow for individual interpretation. Thematic coding was used to assess the degree of endorsement, reasons to take risks, and reasons to avoid risks cited in responses. Whereas 7.3% of students focused solely on risk avoidance, 55.4% stressed the importance of weighing pros and cons, and 37.3% fully endorsed risk taking. Among reasons cited for taking risks, the most common motivation was personal growth, followed by achievement, to avoid missing out, and enjoym...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 11, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Ravert, R. D., Gomez-Scott, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Exploring the Experiences of Female Emerging Adult Mentors: Building a Conceptual Model
While mentoring programs are prevalent, limited research focused on the mentors’ experiences exist, particularly during critical periods of development. Using a qualitative, grounded theory approach, this study explores the elements of the mentoring experience for a cohort of late adolescent/emerging adult women in a long-term program. Outcomes described were both personal and work related, as well as relationally and individually focused. In addition, a number of individual, relational, and programmatic challenges, along with associated emotional challenges, were reported. The influence of these challenges on outcom...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 11, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: McGill, J., Adler-Baeder, F., Sollie, D. L., Kerpelman, J. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Introduction to the Special Issue on Emerging Adulthood
(Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 11, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Suarez-Orozco, C. Tags: Introduction Source Type: research
Supportive Relationships Among Former System Youth With Mental Health Challenges
This study explored the supportive relationships that former system youth (FSY; e.g., foster care) with mental health challenges identified as "key" in making the transition to adulthood. In-depth semi-structured interviews were conducted with 59 FSY, ages 18 to 25, with mental health challenges. Participants were asked to reflect on their relationships with a key helper or what the literature defines as a natural mentor, "an adult that has been particularly helpful, or supportive," in this case with their mental health. Seventy-six percent (N = 45) of the participants identified a key helper. Relationship qualities that e...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - June 9, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Munson, M. R., Brown, S., Spencer, R., Edguer, M., Tracy, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Mental Health Literacy and Help-Giving Responses in Irish Adolescents
This study assessed mental health literacy in Irish adolescents (N = 187), and explored participants’ help-giving responses toward hypothetical depressed peers. Participants read five vignettes, each describing an adolescent experiencing a life difficulty; two of the characters met Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (4th ed., DSM-IV) criteria for depression. The majority of participants could not identify depression or potential suicidality, but felt concerned for the depressed characters’ well-being. Most participants stated they would provide help if they were the depressed characters&rsquo...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - June 9, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Byrne, S., Swords, L., Nixon, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Transitioning to Adult Mental Health Services: Perceptions of Adolescents With Emotional and Behavioral Problems
This study is an investigation of the needs and experiences of late adolescents with emotional and/or behavioral problems who accessed mental health services at a local child and adolescent clinic. In general, participants did not appear ready for an institutional transition. Adolescents disclosed their fears, underscoring the importance of supportive relationships, and stated the negative expectations they had concerning adult-focused care. The implementation of clinical supports to increase adolescents’ mental health self-efficacy may promote successful service transitions. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - June 9, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Burnham Riosa, P., Preyde, M., Porto, M. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"She Posted It on Facebook": Mexican American Adolescents' Experiences With Technology and Romantic Relationship Conflict
We examined experiences with technology and dating conflict among Mexican American (MA) adolescents (ages 15-17 years) using mixed qualitative methodologies. Focus groups, divided by three levels of acculturation and gender (N = 20), and videotaped observations of couples (N = 34), found that technology (i.e., cell phones, social media) afforded adolescents increased visibility of their partners’ day-to-day peer interactions. Feelings of romantic jealousy resulted in text message harassment and the expectation of immediate technology-facilitated contact. Females were more flirtatious as well as emotionally affected b...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - June 9, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Rueda, H. A., Lindsay, M., Williams, L. R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"It Seems Like No One Cares": Participatory Photo Mapping to Understand Youth Perspectives on Property Vacancy
This article presents findings from a Participatory Photo Mapping (PPM) project designed to understand young people’s perceptions of the neighborhood environment. PPM is an approach that integrates photography, community mapping, and walk-along interviews to learn about people’s lived experience in a spatial context. Ten participants aged 14 to 17 years were recruited from a youth program in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Participants designed neighborhood tours and through their analysis, identified vacant properties as a key concern. They reported that vacant properties affect them personally by facilitating illic...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Teixeira, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
What Do Citizens Have to Do? Parents' and Adolescents' Messages About Civic Duty
The current study examined demographic and civic behavior correlates of observed messages concerning civic duty coded from dyadic, semi-structured interactions between 160 adolescents (M age = 14.42, range = 12-18) and their parents (144 mothers, 52 fathers). Anecdotal statements are provided to illustrate the eight themes that emerged within parent-adolescent civic discussion. Three themes concerned community and political involvement—community service, voting, and other standard political involvement (e.g., keeping up with current events)—and five themes concerned informal civic duties—be produc...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Oosterhoff, B., Metzger, A., Babskie, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"Girls Have More of an Educational Brain": A Qualitative Exploration of the Gender Gap in Educational Attainment Among Black Bermudian Adolescents
This study contributes to our understanding of the higher drop-out rates among men of African descent and points to the important role that gender stereotypes and school-based adults play in determining educational identity and attainment. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Jethwani, M. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Resilience Building Among Adolescents From National Guard Families: Applying a Developmental Contextual Model
This study explored the development of resilience in 30 adolescents from National Guard families that had been deployed. Using thematic analysis, we found that military-connected adolescents are affected by events in settings far beyond their control—political and civil upheavals in foreign lands, military cultural values, societal perception of the military and of wars, and communities’ responses to military families. When comfort was not offered by familiar social and school networks, these adolescents had only their families to which they could turn. The extent to which adolescents can depend on parents for ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Baptist, J., Barros, P., Cafferky, B., Johannes, E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Exploring Home-School Value Conflicts: Implications for Academic Achievement and Well-Being Among Latino First-Generation College Students
U.S. colleges place a high value on the fulfillment of academic obligations by their students. The academic achievement of each individual student is the institutional priority; this is an individualistic frame of reference. However, many Latino first-generation college students have been raised to prioritize family obligations; their home socialization is collectivistic. Our exploratory study investigated how Latino first-generation college students experience home-school value conflict between family obligation and individual academic achievement during their transition to college. A group interview followed the prompt o...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 10, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Vasquez-Salgado, Y., Greenfield, P. M., Burgos-Cienfuegos, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Call for Papers
(Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Suarez-Orozco, C. Tags: Announcement Source Type: research
Coping With Confinement: Adolescents' Experiences With Parental Incarceration
Theory and research suggest that parental incarceration is often a significant source of stress for children and adolescents. Understanding how young people navigate the stressors of parental incarceration can shed important light on well-being and inform intervention efforts, but little research exists on the coping strategies that young people use during and after a parent’s incarceration. Through in-depth interviews, this study explores how adolescents (n = 10) cope with parental incarceration. Results suggest that most adolescents use some combination of three strategies: deidentification from the incarcerated pa...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Johnson, E. I., Easterling, B. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"My Culture Helps Me Make Good Decisions": Cultural Adaptation of Sudanese Refugee Emerging Adults
The last two decades have witnessed growing research on the experiences of children and youth after migration or resettlement. However, nearly all of this research focuses on children and youth who arrived in the country with their parents. We know little of the unique experiences of refugee youngsters who came to this country without parental company. How do they negotiate the different cultures in the absence of parents? In this article, we draw on in-depth interview data with 19 Sudanese emerging adults who came to the United States as unaccompanied refugee minors to examine issues of acculturation and adaptation. Our f...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Qin, D. B., Saltarelli, A., Rana, M., Bates, L., Lee, J. A., Johnson, D. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Ethnic Majority and Minority Youths' Ascription of Responsibility for Solving Current Social Issues: Links to Civic Participation
The study examined current social issues that adolescents and young adults from majority and minority groups consider to be pressing issues in society, such as the environment, racism, and unemployment. Fourteen focus groups were conducted with majority (Czech) and minority (Roma and Ukrainian) participants (15-26 years of age). The issues were discussed with an emphasis on where the participants believed the responsibility lay for finding a solution. Responses could be classified into three categories: ascribing responsibility only to the self, only to others (e.g., to the government), or to both. We used the data from th...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Scott, Z., Šerek, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Not Excluded From Analyses: Ethnic and Racial Meanings and Identification Among Multiethnic/Racial Early Adolescents
Because research on ethnic-racial identity development largely excludes multiethno-racial youth, we used a mixed-methods approach to examine ethno-racial meanings and identification among 102 early adolescents (M = 11.45, SD = 0.70 years) with multiethno-racial (n = 45), mono-majority (i.e., European American; n = 29), or mono-minority (e.g., Latino, African American; n = 28) heritage. Results indicated more similarity than difference between multiethno-racial and mono-minority youth—most understood their heritage through tangible connections (e.g., language). Social (e.g., stereotypes) and individual (e.g., pride) m...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - February 6, 2015 Category: Child Development Authors: Gillen-O'Neel, C., Mistry, R. S., Brown, C. S., Rodriguez, V. C., White, E. S., Chow, K. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"I Want to Leave--Go Far Away--I Don't Want to Get Stuck on the Res[ervation]": Developmental Outcomes of Adolescent-Aged Children of Navajo Native American Teen Mothers
In 1992 and 1995, data were collected from 29 Navajo Reservation teenage mothers. In 2007, 71% (n = 21) of the original sample participated in a follow-up investigation. Then in 2008, data were collected from their children. Here, we present results of the 2008 investigation by describing the developmental outcomes of 14 "at risk" youth—those born to Navajo Native American adolescent mothers. Grounded in Ecological Systems Theory, our primary goal was to identify risk and protective factors across social and physical contexts (e.g., family, peer, school, and reservation community). A supplemental goal was to examine ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Dalla, R. L., Kennedy, H. R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"It'll Never Be the White Kids, It'll Always Be Us": Black High School Students' Evolving Critical Analysis of Racial Discrimination and Inequity in Schools
We examine how Black high school students, participants in a Youth Participatory Action Research (YPAR) program, understand issues of racial discrimination and inequality in their schools. Through semi-structured individual interviews conducted early in the program, eight students (six boys and two girls) recount experiences of racial stereotyping, discrimination from teachers and staff, lack of institutional support for a positive racial climate, and lack of racial diversity in curricular offerings. Further, through evolving critical analysis supported by the YPAR experience, these students describe rationale for and impl...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Hope, E. C., Skoog, A. B., Jagers, R. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Messy, Butch, and Queer: LGBTQ Youth and the School-to-Prison Pipeline
Emerging evidence suggests that lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth experience disparate treatment in schools that may result in criminal sanctions. In an effort to understand the pathways that push youth out of schools, we conducted focus groups with youth (n = 31) from Arizona, California, and Georgia, and we interviewed adult advocates from across the United States (n = 19). Independent coders used MAXQDA to organize and code data. We found that LGBTQ youth are punished for public displays of affection and violating gender norms. Youth often experience a hostile school climate, may ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Snapp, S. D., Hoenig, J. M., Fields, A., Russell, S. T. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Role of Extended Family in Teen Sexual Health
Despite increasing extended family involvement in child rearing, particularly in minority families, few studies investigate their role in talking with teens about sex or how this relates to teens’ sexual behavior. This mixed-methods study assesses extended family sexuality communication through a survey of 1,492 diverse middle school students and interviews with 32 students. Logistic regression shows that participants who report having had sex are more likely to report talking with extended family than those who report not having had sex. Interview themes explored reasons for and content of teen sexuality conversatio...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Grossman, J. M., Tracy, A. J., Richer, A. M., Erkut, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Newcomer Immigrant Adolescents and Ambiguous Discrimination: The Role of Cognitive Appraisal
Cognitive appraisal has been shown to mediate the relationship between stressors and internalizing symptoms, but not among newcomer immigrant youth facing ambiguous discrimination. Using a mixed-methods design with a sample of newcomer adolescents from African, Arab, Asian, Caribbean, European, and Latin American countries, this study measured the perceived occurrence of discrimination (attribution to discrimination) and its perceived degree of severity (cognitive appraisal) in relation to internalizing symptoms and academic achievement. Attribution to discrimination predicted greater internalizing symptoms, and appraisal ...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Patel, S. G., Tabb, K. M., Strambler, M. J., Eltareb, F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Transitional Statement from the New Journal of Adolescent Research Team
(Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - December 11, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Suarez-Orozco, C. Tags: Introduction Source Type: research
In Search of the Confucian Family: Interviews With Parents and Their Middle School Children in Guangzhou, China
This article presents findings from interviews with 16 middle school students and their parents in Guangzhou, China, about parent-adolescent relationships. Themes revealed from the conversations suggested that adolescents were generally pleased with the good relationships with their parents, that they enjoyed the respect their parents had for them as their parents tended to use peaceful reasoning to communicate parental expectations, and that they themselves cared a lot about academic attainment because it would lead to good jobs in the future. In addition, working-class parents expressed a sense of inadequacy while holdin...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Wang, Y. C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Twenty Years After the Velvet Revolution: Shifts in Czech Adolescents' Perceptions of Family, School, and Society
In this study, two different generations of Czech middle adolescents are compared: (a) the "post-totalitarian" generation that grew up in the last decade of the communist regime and entered adolescence during the time of rapid political and socioeconomic changes (data collected in 1995) and (b) the current generation without personal experience with the communist regime, raised in a stable democratic society (data collected in 2010). Both groups of participants (total N = 2,127, aged from 14 to 17 years) were administered an identical questionnaire. First, we examined the changes in adolescents’ perception and evalua...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Šerek, J., Macek, P., Ježek, S., Lacinova, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Who Would You Like To Be Like? Family, Village, and National Role Models Among Black Youth in Rural South Africa
In this article, we examine how Black youth in rural South Africa construct role models and connect them to their own life aspirations. We pay particular attention to individual and group identity development in shaping these perceptions. Based on analysis of qualitative data from 99 Black male and female youth aged 14 to 22, we find that (a) the choice of role models reflects a balancing strategy to reconcile individual and group identity development; (b) while the reasons they give for choosing role models are aligned with dominant models of upward mobility in the new South Africa (and globally), our respondents are also...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Madhavan, S., Crowell, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Identity Expression and Bedroom Personalization by Urban Adolescents in Botswana
Identity expression through the design of urban adolescents’ bedrooms in Gaborone, Botswana, was the focus of this qualitative study. Interviews were conducted to determine the manner in which decorative and personal items played a role in identity exploration and expression. The findings indicated a clear interplay between personalization and identity formation for adolescents. Identities expressed through personalization of bedrooms were private self, gender identity, age identity, family/social identity, and relationships; past, present, and future roles/identities; and religious identity. In addition to these, bo...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - September 30, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Fidzani, L. C., Read, M. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"Media Time = Family Time": Positive Media Use in Families With Adolescents
Media use in families has generally been examined from a narrow viewpoint, focusing on monitoring or co-viewing. The current research provides an expanded view of positive media use in families with adolescents by examining associations between diverse positive media use and family and adolescents outcomes. In addition, we used qualitative methods to provide a more comprehensive view of how families use media in positive ways, specifically drawing distinctions between traditional entertainment media and social media. Participants included 633 adolescents and their parents who completed a range of quantitative and qualitati...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 8, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Coyne, S. M., Padilla-Walker, L. M., Fraser, A. M., Fellows, K., Day, R. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Meaning of Respect in Romantic Relationships Among Low-Income African American Adolescents
We examined the meaning of respect in romantic relationships as conceptualized by low-income, sexually active, heterosexually identified, African American adolescents aged 15 to 17 (N = 50). Qualitative analysis revealed meanings of respect within the romantic dyad that could be divided into three broad themes: (a) performance of pro-social behaviors within the dyad, (b) inhibition of antisocial behaviors (e.g., violence), and (c) showing respect in the community, either through avoidance of situations that might embarrass one’s romantic partner or performance of pro-social acts in public contexts (e.g., with friends...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 8, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Gowen, L. K., Catania, J. A., Dolcini, M. M., Harper, G. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Emerging Versus Emancipating: The Transition to Adulthood for Youth in Foster Care
This study uses qualitative interviews with 20 foster youth to understand their experiences during emerging adulthood. Consensual qualitative research is used to analyze data and develop core themes around youth experiences. Foster youth not only report sharing many characteristics with youth in the general population during this stage but also have experiences that are uniquely tied to their foster care history. Implications for policy and practice are discussed. (Source: Journal of Adolescent Research)
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 8, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Berzin, S. C., Singer, E., Hokanson, K. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"No Time for Friendship": Shanghai Mothers' Views of Adult and Adolescent Friendships
What is the relation between parents’ views of their own friendships and their beliefs and practices about their children’s friendships? Do parents who enjoy high-quality adult friendships understand and support adolescent friendships in ways different from parents who do not have close adult friendships? Relying on systematic analysis of interview data, this article demonstrates discrepancies between six Shanghai mothers’ perceptions of their own friendships and their beliefs, attitudes, and concerns about their adolescent children’s friendships. The article also presents five themes underlying the...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - August 8, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Zhao, X., Gao, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Sense of Indebtedness Toward Parents: Korean American Emerging Adults' Narratives of Parental Sacrifice
This research examined the construct "sense of indebtedness toward parents" (SIP) as a concept that helps explain positive change in Korean American (KA) emerging adults’ views of their parents despite experiencing a high level of parent-adolescent challenges. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 KA emerging adults. Most described experiencing SIP, defined as "a person’s recognition of his or her immigrant parents’ child-centered immigration aspirations and their sacrifice for the sake of children." Findings showed that the formation of SIP was facilitated by processes related to developmenta...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kang, H., Larson, R. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
The Emotional Experiences of Early First Intercourse: A Multi-Method Study
The experience of the first intercourse at an early age is a well-established sexual risk behavior as it is related to adverse physical and mental health outcomes. However, the diversity within the group of early starters as well as the actual processes that make early first-time intercourse (potentially) more harmful remain understudied. The goal of this research is to understand the mechanisms that make an early experience of the first intercourse either more or less emotionally harmful. Therefore, a combination of quantitative and qualitative data are used. The quantitative data stem from a population survey (ages 14-35...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Symons, K., Vermeersch, H., Van Houtte, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Using Narrative Analysis to Identify Patterns of Internet Influence on the Identity Development of Same-Sex Attracted Youth
For same-sex attracted youth (SSAY), the Internet affords a unique combination of opportunity, risk, and benefit. The present study provides a narrative analysis of four diverse SSAY’s experiences (ages 18-20 years), selected from a larger sample (N = 32) to highlight variation in (a) frequency of Internet use (extensive, incidental) and (b) impact of Internet use (pivotal, missed opportunity) during identity development. Presenting narratives individually, we depict how variations in frequency and impact of Internet use interact with the content, tone, and overall form of these youths’ identity development nar...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Kuper, L. E., Mustanski, B. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
"Dude, You're Such a S.!" Barriers and Facilitators of Sexual Communication Among Young Gay Men and Their Best Friends
Conversations with friends are a crucial source of information about sexuality for young gay men, and a key way that sexual health norms are shared during emerging adulthood. However, friends can only provide this support if they are able to talk openly about sexuality. We explored this issue through qualitative interviews with an ethnically diverse sample of young gay men and their best friends. Using theories of sexual scripts, stigma, and emerging adulthood, we examined how conversations about sex could be obstructed or facilitated by several key factors, including judgmentalism, comfort/discomfort, and receptivity. Gay...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: McDavitt, B., Mutchler, M. G. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
What Motivates Youth Civic Involvement?
This article addresses the following questions: What motivations and barriers do youth report for civic involvement? How do motivations and barriers differ across school contexts? A qualitative study using in-depth semi-structured interviews with youth (N = 22) was used to identify four categories of motivations and two categories of barriers for civic involvement. Variation emerged in the motivations and barriers for civic involvement both within and across school contexts. Understanding civic motivations in context uncovers new insights about how to structure opportunities to better facilitate youth civic involvement. (S...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - May 28, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: Ballard, P. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research
Process and Positive Development: An Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis of University Student Volunteering
Volunteering among university students is an important expression of civic engagement, but the impact of this experience on the development of emerging adults requires further contextualization. Adopting interpretative phenomenological analysis as a qualitative research approach, we carried out semistructured interviews with 10 students of one Irish university who were highly engaged in volunteering. Their experience of volunteering unfolded through relatively open-ended leadership positions in university student-led societies, comparatively structured community roles, or a combination of both. The findings describe a proc...
Source: Journal of Adolescent Research - April 2, 2014 Category: Child Development Authors: MacNeela, P., Gannon, N. Tags: Articles Source Type: research