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This page shows you the latest items in this publication. This is page number 6.

Evaluation of Debris Extruded Apically during the Removal of Root Canal Filling Material Using ProTaper, D-RaCe, and R-Endo Rotary Nickel-Titanium Retreatment Instruments and Hand Files
The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of debris extruded apically during the removal of root canal filling material using ProTaper (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), D-RaCe (FKG Dentaire, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland), and R-Endo (Micro-Mega, Besançon, France) nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary retreatment instruments and hand files. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 16, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Hüseyin Sinan Topçuoğlu, Ahmet Aktı, Öznur Tuncay, Asiye Nur Dinçer, Salih Düzgün, Gamze Topçuoğlu Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Traumatized Immature Permanent Necrotic Teeth after Revascularization/Revitalization Therapy
Revascularization treatment is rapidly becoming an accepted treatment alternative for the management of endodontic pathology in immature permanent teeth with necrotic dental pulps. However, the success and timing of clinical resolution of symptoms, and radiographic outcomes of interest, such as continued hard tissue deposition within the root, are largely unknown. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tarek Mohamed A. Saoud, Ashraf Zaazou, Ahmed Nabil, Sybel Moussa, Louis M. Lin, Jennifer L. Gibbs Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Three Root Canals in the Mesiobuccal Root of Maxillary Molars: Case Reports and Literature Review
The knowledge of root canal anatomy is essential to ensure a successful outcome of surgical and nonsurgical root canal treatment. The aims of this article were to present 2 cases of maxillary molars with 3 mesiobuccal root canals and to review the available literature on this anatomic variation. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ibrahim Ali Ahmad, Anas Al-Jadaa Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

Effects of Alendronate on Osteoclast Formation and Activity
This study evaluated alendronate biocompatibility on periodontal ligament cells as well as its effects on an in vitro osteoclastogenesis model. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Caroline A. Martins, Gabriele Leyhausen, Joachim Volk, Werner Geurtsen Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Correlation between Clinical and Histologic Pulp Diagnoses
This study evaluated how reliable the clinical diagnosis of normal pulp/reversible pulpitis (savable pulp) or irreversible pulpitis (nonsavable pulp) is when compared with the histologic diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 11, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Domenico Ricucci, Simona Loghin, José F. Siqueira Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Dentinogenic Responses after Direct Pulp Capping of Miniature Swine Teeth with Biodentine
The aim of this study was to evaluate pulpal responses after experimental direct pulp capping of mechanically exposed teeth with a new calcium silicate–based dentin replacement material. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 10, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Christina Tziafa, Eugenia Koliniotou-Koumpia, Serafim Papadimitriou, Dimitrios Tziafas Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Tooth Retention through Endodontic Microsurgery or Tooth Replacement Using Single Implants: A Systematic Review of Treatment Outcomes
Clinicians are regularly confronted with difficult choices. Should a tooth that has not healed through nonsurgical root canal treatment be treated through endodontic microsurgery or be replaced using a single implant? Acquiring complete, unbiased information to help clinicians and their patients make these choices requires a systematic review of the literature on treatment outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the outcomes of tooth retention through endodontic microsurgery to tooth replacement using an implant supported single crown. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 9, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mahmoud Torabinejad, Maria Landaez, Marites Milan, Chun Xiao Sun, Jeffrey Henkin, Aladdin Al-Ardah, Mathew Kattadiyil, Khaled Bahjri, Salem Dehom, Elisa Cortez, Shane N. White Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Accuracy of Cone-beam Computed Tomography and Periapical Radiography in Apical Periodontitis Diagnosis
This study aimed to investigate the correlation and the agreement between periapical radiography (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) correlating to histologic findings in the diagnosis of apical periodontitis (AP). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 9, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fernanda Ullmann López, Patrícia Maria Poli Kopper, Carolina Cucco, Alvaro Della Bona, José Antônio Poli de Figueiredo, Fabiana Vieira Vier-Pelisser Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Proteomic Analysis of Human Tooth Pulp: Proteomics of Human Tooth
The unique pulp-dentin complex demonstrates strong regenerative potential, which enables it to respond to disease and traumatic injury. Identifying the proteins of the pulp-dentin complex is crucial to understanding the mechanisms of regeneration, tissue calcification, defense processes, and the reparation of dentin by dental pulp. The lack of knowledge of these proteins limits the development of more efficient therapies. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 8, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Adam Eckhardt, Michal Jágr, Statis Pataridis, Ivan Mikšík Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Qualitative Analysis of Precipitate Formation on the Surface and in the Tubules of Dentin Irrigated with Sodium Hypochlorite and a Final Rinse of Chlorhexidine or QMiX
Interaction of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) mixed with chlorhexidine (CHX) produces a brown precipitate containing para-chloroaniline (PCA). When QMiX is mixed with NaOCl, no precipitate forms, but color change occurs. The aim of this study was to qualitatively assess the formation of precipitate and PCA on the surface and in the tubules of dentin irrigated with NaOCl, followed either by EDTA, NaOCl, and CHX or by saline and QMiX by using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 8, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kamil P. Kolosowski, Rana N.S. Sodhi, Anil Kishen, Bettina R. Basrani Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Degree of Patient Pain, Complications, and Satisfaction after Root Canal Treatment or a Single Implant: A Preliminary Prospective Investigation
Dentists often face the choice between tooth retention with root canal treatment and tooth replacement with implant treatment. To date, there has not been a prospective clinical trial directly comparing nonsurgical root canal treatment and single delayed implant therapy with regard to the degree of preoperative and postoperative pain, complications, and patient satisfaction. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 8, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mahmoud Torabinejad, Wesam Salha, Jaime L. Lozada, Yuan-Lung Hung, Antoanela Garbacea Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Regenerative Endodontic Therapy: A Data Analysis of Clinical Protocols
The aim of the present study was to systematically analyze the protocols that have been used in regenerative endodontic therapy and to detect any variations in clinical procedures. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 7, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Evangelos G. Kontakiotis, Christos G. Filippatos, Giorgos N. Tzanetakis, Anastasia Agrafioti Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

An Overview on Biologic Medications and Their Possible Role in Apical Periodontitis
Apical periodontitis (AP) is the expression of a deficient balance between infection and the host immune response. If reducing the bacterial load from the root canal and preventing its reinfection may lead to clinical success, then the integrity of the nonspecific immune system has a relevant influence on the outcome of endodontic treatment. Compromised immune systems and/or genetic alterations of the host's response may as well play an important role on the development, progression, and healing of AP. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 7, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Elisabetta Cotti, Elia Schirru, Elio Acquas, Paolo Usai Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Histologic Evaluation of the Effects of Emdogain Gel on Injured Root Apex in Rats
This study investigated the effects of Emdogain gel (EMD) on the injured open apex within periapical lesions. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 7, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Noriyoshi Matsumoto, Masahiko Minakami, Junko Hatakeyama, Chieko Haruna, Takahiko Morotomi, Toshio Izumi, Hisashi Anan Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of Root Canal Transportation, Centering Ratio, and Remaining Dentin Thickness Associated with ProTaper Next Instruments with and without Glide Path
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the volume of removed dentin, transportation, and centering ability of ProTaper Next (PTN) system with and without glide path preparation by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 7, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Amr M. Elnaghy, Shaymaa E. Elsaka Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

An Evaluation of the Accuracy of Labeling of Percent Sodium Hypochlorite on Various Commercial and Professional Sources: Is Sodium Hypochlorite from These Sources Equally Suitable for Endodontic Irrigation?
The shelf life of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is limited, and a previous article showed that there can be a discrepancy between the expected concentration of free available chlorine (FAC) and the actual FAC concentration in NaOCl solutions intended for endodontic irrigation. The current study investigates the FAC content of domestic and professional NaOCls and evaluates the influences of dilution and storage on FAC concentration. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 6, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Suzette V. van der Waal, Nilai E. van Dusseldorp, Johannes J. de Soet Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Treatment of a Large Cystlike Inflammatory Periapical Lesion Associated with Mature Necrotic Teeth Using Regenerative Endodontic Therapy
Regenerative endodontic therapy is currently used to treat immature permanent teeth with necrotic pulp and/or apical periodontitis. However, mature teeth with necrotic pulp and apical periodontitis have also been treated using regenerative endodontic therapy. The treatment resulted in resolution of apical periodontitis, regression of clinical signs and symptoms but no apparent thickening of the canal walls, and/or continued root development. A recent study in an animal model showed that the tissues formed in the canals of mature teeth with apical periodontitis after regenerative endodontic therapy were cementumlike, boneli...
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 4, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tarek Mohamed A. Saoud, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Paul A. Rosenberg, Louis M. Lin, Domenico Ricuci Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

The Importance of Cone-beam Computed Tomography in the Management of Endodontic Problems: A Review of the Literature
To obtain essential information in clinical endodontics, cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging can be used in all phases of treatment including diagnosis, treatment planning, during the treatment phase, and through post-treatment assessment and follow-up. The purpose of this article was to review the use of CBCT imaging in the diagnosis, treatment planning, and assessing the outcome of endodontic complications. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 3, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tadas Venskutonis, Gianluca Plotino, Gintaras Juodzbalys, Lina Mickevičienė Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Periapical Microsurgery: The Effect of Root Dentinal Defects on Short- and Long-term Outcome
The purpose of this prospective clinical study was to evaluate the clinical outcome of endodontic microsurgery on roots exhibiting the presence or absence of dentinal defects at 1-year and 3-year follow-up period. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Peter Z. Tawil, Veeral M. Saraiya, Johnah C. Galicia, Derek J. Duggan Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Assessment of Oxygen Saturation in Dental Pulp of Permanent Teeth with Periodontal Disease
This study used pulse oximetry to determine the level of oxygen saturation in dental pulp of intact permanent teeth with periodontal attachment loss (PAL) and gingival recession (GR) and to evaluate the correlation between periodontal disease and level of oxygen saturation in the pulp. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Larissa Bergesch Giovanella, Fernando Branco Barletta, Wilson Tadeu Felippe, Kely Firmino Bruno, Ana Helena Gonçalves de Alencar, Carlos Estrela Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Energy Consumption of ProTaper Next X1 after Glide Path with PathFiles and ProGlider
This study was designed to compare the effect of a glide path performed with PathFiles (Dentsply Maillefer) and ProGlider on torque, time, and pecking motion required for ProTaper Next X1 (Dentsply Maillefer) to reach the full working length in simulated root canals. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Elio Berutti, Mario Alovisi, Michele Angelo Pastorelli, Giorgio Chiandussi, Nicola Scotti, Damiano Pasqualini Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Initial Transient Accumulation of M2 Macrophage–associated Molecule-expressing Cells after Pulpotomy with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate in Rat Molars
This study aimed to analyze the temporospatial changes in the distribution and density of M2 macrophage–associated molecule-expressing cells after pulpotomy with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in rat molars to ascertain the role played by M2 macrophages in the healing of MTA-capped pulp tissue. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Erika Takei, Yoshimi Shigetani, Kunihiko Yoshiba, Go Hinata, Nagako Yoshiba, Takashi Okiji Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Effects of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Mixed with Hydration Accelerators on Osteoblastic Differentiation
This study assessed the biocompatibility of MTA mixed with hydration accelerators (calcium chloride and low-dose citric acid) and investigated the effect of these materials on osteoblast differentiation. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Bin-Na Lee, Hye-Joung Kim, Hoon-Sang Chang, In-Nam Hwang, Won-Mann Oh, Jung-Woo Kim, Jeong-Tae Koh, Kyung-San Min, Choong-Ho Choi, Yun-Chan Hwang Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Tricalcium Silicate Cements with Resins and Alternative Radiopacifiers
The objectives of this study were the investigation of the setting mechanisms and characterization of radiopacified tricalcium silicate–based materials mixed with different liquid vehicles. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Josette Camilleri Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

The Effect of Medicaments Used in Endodontic Regeneration Technique on the Dislocation Resistance of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate to Root Canal Dentin
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of calcium hydroxide (CH) and antibiotic pastes, including a mixture of metronidazole and ciprofloxacin, with and without minocycline or cefaclor, on the dislocation resistance of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) to root dentin. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Hüseyin Sinan Topçuoğlu, Hakan Arslan, Merve Akçay, Gökhan Saygili, Fatih Çakici, Gamze Topçuoğlu Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Influence of Chlorhexidine Application Time on the Bond Strength between Fiber Posts and Dentin
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of chlorhexidine (CHX) application time on the bond strength and durability of the adhesion of fiber posts relined with resin composite to the root dentin. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Doglas Cecchin, Ana Paula Farina, Mateus Giacomin, Cristina de Mattos Pimenta Vidal, Bruno Carlini-Júnior, Caio Cezar Randi Ferraz Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Extraradicular Infection as the Cause of Persistent Symptoms: A Case Series
This article describes 3 cases that presented persistent symptoms after appropriate endodontic treatment. Histopathologic and histobacteriologic investigation were conducted for determination of the cause. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Domenico Ricucci, José F. Siqueira, Weber S.P. Lopes, Adalberto R. Vieira, Isabela N. Rôças Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

Comparative Evaluation of Calcium Hypochlorite and Sodium Hypochlorite Associated with Passive Ultrasonic Irrigation on Antimicrobial Activity of a Root Canal System Infected with : An Study
The purpose of this study was to compare in vitro the effectiveness of calcium hypochlorite (Ca[OCl]2) and sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) associated with passive ultrasonic irrigation in root canals of bovine teeth infected with Enterococcus faecalis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 1, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ana Paula de Almeida, Matheus Albino Souza, Daniela Cristina Miyagaki, Yuri Dal Bello, Doglas Cecchin, Ana Paula Farina Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Middle Mesial Canals in Mandibular Molars: Incidence and Related Factors
Although the internal anatomy of mandibular molars has been extensively studied, information about middle mesial (MM) canals is limited. The primary aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the incidence of MM canals in mandibular first and second molars. The secondary aim was to correlate the incidence of MM canals with variables of molar type, sex, age, ethnicity, and presence of a second distal canal. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 27, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ali Nosrat, Raney J. Deschenes, Patricia A. Tordik, M. Lamar Hicks, Ashraf F. Fouad Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

The Critical Time-lapse between Various Restoration Placements and Subsequent Endodontic Intervention
The purpose of this study was 2-fold: (1) to investigate the critical time-lapse of endodontic intervention subsequent to various restorations and tooth surfaces and (2) to assess and compare the risk factors associated with the restorations, tooth surfaces, and endodontic treatment. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 27, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sarah Kwang, Anita Aminoshariae, Jarrod Harding, Thomas A. Montagnese, Andre Mickel Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Influence of Calcium Hydroxide–loaded Microcapsules on Osteoprotegerin and Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor Kappa B Ligand Activity
Calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) microcapsules were synthesized to allow controlled release of Ca(OH)2. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of Ca(OH)2 microcapsules on osteoprotegerin (OPG) activity, receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) activity, and the OPG/RANKL ratio compared with pure Ca(OH)2 powder and Vitapex (Neo Dental Chemical Products Co Ltd, Tokyo, Japan). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 27, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Bing Han, Xiaoyan Wang, Jiguang Liu, Fuxin Liang, Xiaozhong Qu, Zhenzhong Yang, Xuejun Gao Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Biocompatibility of New Calcium Aluminate Cement: Tissue Reaction and Expression of Inflammatory Mediators and Cytokines
The aim of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of a new calcium aluminate cement (EndoBinder) in subcutaneous tissue of rats in comparison with mineral trioxide aggregate and calcium hydroxide hard-setting cement. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 27, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lucas da Fonseca Roberti Garcia, Claudia Huck, Letícia Menezes de Oliveira, Pedro Paulo Chaves de Souza, Carlos Alberto de Souza Costa Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Comparison of Conventional and New-generation Nickel-Titanium Files in Regard to Their Physical Properties
This study investigated the surface, fractured structure, and physicochemical properties related to cyclic fatigue in various nickel-titanium (NiTi) files. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 26, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Masaki Tsujimoto, Yuu Irifune, Yasuhisa Tsujimoto, Shizuka Yamada, Ikuya Watanabe, Yoshihiko Hayashi Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Detection of a Second Mesiobuccal Canal in Maxillary Molars by Swept-source Optical Coherence Tomography
The purpose of this study was to investigate the ability of swept-source optical coherence tomographic (SS-OCT) imaging to detect a second mesiobuccal canal (MB2) in maxillary molars compared with visual inspection (VI) and dental operating microscopy (DOM). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 26, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Yoshiko Iino, Arata Ebihara, Toshihiko Yoshioka, Jun Kawamura, Satoshi Watanabe, Takahiro Hanada, Kiwako Nakano, Yasunori Sumi, Hideaki Suda Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Antimicrobial Activity of a Sodium Hypochlorite/Etidronic Acid Irrigant Solution
The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial activity of a 2.5% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl)/9% etidronic acid (HEBP) irrigant solution on Enterococcus faecalis growing in biofilms and a dentinal tubule infection model. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 26, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Maria Teresa Arias-Moliz, Ronald Ordinola-Zapata, Pilar Baca, Matilde Ruiz-Linares, Carmen María Ferrer-Luque Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Effectiveness of Final Irrigant Protocols for Debris Removal from Simulated Canal Irregularities
The aim of this in vitro study was to compare the effectiveness of saline, 2.5% sodium hypochlorite, and 2% chlorhexidine, with or without passive ultrasonic irrigation (PUI), in debris removal from simulated canal irregularities within prepared root canals. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 26, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Aline Martins Justo, Ricardo Abreu da Rosa, Manuela Favarin Santini, Maria Beatriz Cardoso Ferreira, Jefferson Ricardo Pereira, Marco Antonio Húngaro Duarte, Marcus Vinícius Reis Só Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

The Effects of Osterix on the Proliferation and Odontoblastic Differentiation of Human Dental Papilla Cells
Dental papilla cells (DPCs) are precursors of odontoblasts and have the potential to differentiate into odontoblasts. Osteoblasts and odontoblasts have many common characteristics. Osterix (Osx) is essential for osteoblast differentiation. However, no information is available for the effects of Osx on the odontoblastic differentiation of DPCs. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of Osx on the proliferation and odontoblastic differentiation of DPCs. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 25, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Guobin Yang, Xiaoyan Li, Guohua Yuan, Pingxian Liu, Mingwen Fan Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Quality of Obturation Achieved by a Non–gutta-percha–based Root Filling System in Single-rooted Canals
The present study examined the quality of obturation in root canals filled by an experimental non–gutta-percha–based (NGP) root filling system using warm vertical or cold lateral compaction. The quality of obturation was evaluated by comparing the volumetric percentage of gaps and voids identified from similar canals obturated with gutta-percha and an epoxy resin–based sealer using the same obturation techniques. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 25, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Lisa C. Selem, Guo-hua Li, Li-na Niu, Brian E. Bergeron, Eduardo A. Bortoluzzi, Ji-hua Chen, David H. Pashley, Franklin R. Tay Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Comparison of Different Dentin Pretreatment Protocols on the Bond Strength of Glass Fiber Post Using Self-etching Adhesive
This study compared the influence of different irrigants with and without ultrasound or laser irradiation on the bond strength of glass fiber posts using a self-etching adhesive in a supplementary dentin pretreatment. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 20, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Frederico C. Martinho, Claudio Antonio Talge Carvalho, Luciane D. Oliveira, Ana Júlia Farias de Lacerda, Ana Cláudia Carvalho Xavier, Marina Gullo Augusto, Rayssa Ferreira Zanatta, Cesar Rogerio Pucci Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Mechanical Changes in Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells during Early Odontogenic Differentiation
Cell adhesion and migration in bioactive scaffolds require actin cytoskeleton remodeling and focal adhesion formation. Additionally, human dental pulp stem cells (hDPSCs) undergo several changes in their mechanical properties during odontogenic differentiation. The effect of factors essential for odontogenesis on actin stress fiber elasticity and focal adhesion formation is not known. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 18, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Taneka D. Jones, Hamed Naimipour, Shan Sun, Michael Cho, Satish B. Alapati Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Highly Diverse Microbiota in Dental Root Canals in Cases of Apical Periodontitis (Data of Illumina Sequencing)
Chronic apical periodontitis (CAP) is a frequent condition that has a considerable effect on a patient's quality of life. We aimed to reveal root canal microbial communities in antibiotic-naive patients by applying Illumina sequencing (Illumina Inc, San Diego, CA). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Veiko Vengerfeldt, Katerina Špilka, Mare Saag, Jens-Konrad Preem, Kristjan Oopkaup, Jaak Truu, Reet Mändar Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Influence of Ferrule, Post System, and Length on Stress Distribution of Weakened Root-filled Teeth
The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of a ferrule, post system, and length on the stress distribution of weakened root-filled teeth. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Paulo César Freitas Santos-Filho, Crisnicaw Veríssimo, Luís Henrique Araújo Raposo, Pedro Yoshito Noritomi, MecEng, Luis Roberto Marcondes Martins Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Treatment Outcome of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate or Calcium Hydroxide Direct Pulp Capping: Long-term Results
This controlled, historic cohort study project continues a previously reported trial aiming to assess treatment outcome of direct pulp capping with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) versus calcium hydroxide (CH). Potential prognostic factors were re-evaluated on the basis of a larger sample size and longer follow-up periods. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Johannes Mente, Sarah Hufnagel, Meltem Leo, Annemarie Michel, Holger Gehrig, Dimos Panagidis, Daniel Saure, Thorsten Pfefferle Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of Persistent Pain 3 to 5 Years Post Primary Root Canal Therapy and Its Impact on Oral Health–Related Quality of Life: PEARL Network Findings
The frequency of persistent pain 3–5 years after primary root canal therapy and its impact on the patient's perceived oral health–related quality of life was determined in a practice-based research network. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Donald A. Vena, Damon Collie, Hongyu Wu, Jennifer L. Gibbs, Hillary L. Broder, Frederick A. Curro, Van P. Thompson, Ronald G. Craig, PEARL Network Group Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Volumetric Pulp Changes after Orthodontic Treatment Determined by Cone-beam Computed Tomography
The purpose of this study was to observe and evaluate 3-dimensional pulp cavity changes during orthodontic treatment. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Shivanand Venkatesh, Shreya Ajmera, Sanjay V. Ganeshkar Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

The Role of Integrin αv in Proliferation and Differentiation of Human Dental Pulp Cell Response to Calcium Silicate Cement
It has been proved that integrin αv activity is related to cell proliferation, differentiation, migration, and organ development. However, the biological functions of integrin αv in human dental pulp cells (hDPCs) cultured on silicate-based materials have not been explored. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of integrin αv in the proliferation and odontogenic differentiation of hDPCs cultured with the effect of calcium silicate (CS) cement and β-tricalcium phosphate (TCP) cement. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 13, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Chi-Jr Hung, Hsin-I. Hsu, Chi-Chang Lin, Tsui-Hsien Huang, Buor-Chang Wu, Chia-Tze Kao, Ming-You Shie Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Effect of Additives on Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Setting Reaction Product Formation
The objective was to examine the effect additives have on MTA's setting time and setting reaction using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 13, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Angela M. Zapf, Sharath C.V. Chedella, David W. Berzins Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Direct Pulp Capping after a Carious Exposure Versus Root Canal Treatment: A Cost-effectiveness Analysis
Excavation of deep caries often leads to pulpal exposure even in teeth with sensible, nonsymptomatic pulps. Although direct pulp capping (DPC) aims to maintain pulpal health, it frequently requires follow-up treatments like root canal treatment (RCT), which could have been performed immediately after the exposure, with possibly improved outcomes. We quantified and compared the long-term cost-effectiveness of both strategies. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 13, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Falk Schwendicke, Michael Stolpe Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Anesthetic Comparisons of 4% Concentrations of Articaine, Lidocaine, and Prilocaine as Primary Buccal Infiltrations of the Mandibular First Molar: A Prospective Randomized, Double-blind Study
Studies have shown the superiority of 4% articaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine over 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine when used as a primary buccal infiltration of the mandibular first molar. A study using other 4% anesthetic formulations may help determine the role of concentration in the increased efficacy of 4% articaine. The authors conducted a prospective randomized, double-blind, crossover study comparing the pulpal anesthesia obtained with 4% concentrations of articaine, lidocaine, and prilocaine formulations as primary buccal infiltrations of the mandibular first molar. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 13, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Brett Nydegger, John Nusstein, Al Reader, Melissa Drum, Mike Beck Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Antifungal Activity of Endosequence Root Repair Material and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate
The purpose of this study was to investigate the antifungal activity of Endosequence Root Repair Material (ERRM; Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA) as compared with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) using Candida albicans. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 13, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fahd Alsalleeh, Nicole Chung, Lane Stephenson Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research