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This page shows you the latest items in this publication. This is page number 6.

Comparison of Quick-Set and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Root-end Fillings for the Regeneration of Apical Tissues in Dogs
Quick-Set (Avalon Biomed Inc, Bradenton, FL) is a calcium aluminosilicate cement that is a potential alternative to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with greater acid resistance and faster setting. The purpose of this study was to compare the regeneration of apical tissues after root-end surgery when the apical tissues were exposed to Quick-Set or White ProRoot MTA (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) by root-end resection. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: George D. Kohout, Jianing He, Carolyn M. Primus, Lynne A. Opperman, Karl F. Woodmansey Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Effect of a Combination of Torsional and Cyclic Fatigue Preloading on the Fracture Behavior of K3 and K3XF Instruments
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of various degrees of cyclic fatigue on torsional failure and torsional preloading on the cyclic fatigue life of heat-treated K3XF nickel-titanium (NiTi) instruments (SybronEndo, Orange, CA). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ya Shen, Abdullah Mahmoud Riyahi, Les Campbell, Huimin Zhou, Tianfeng Du, Zhejun Wang, Wei Qian, Markus Haapasalo Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Phytic Acid: An Alternative Root Canal Chelating Agent
The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of phytic acid, inositol hexakisphosphate (IP6), as a final rinse on the surface of instrumented root canals and smear-layered flat dentin surfaces treated with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and to evaluate its effect on the viability and alkaline phosphatase activity of osteoblast-like cells (MC3T3-E1). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 20, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mohannad Nassar, Noriko Hiraishi, Yukihiko Tamura, Masayuki Otsuki, Kazuhiro Aoki, Junji Tagami Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Micro–computed Tomographic Analysis of the Root Canal Morphology of the Distal Root of Mandibular First Molar
The aim of this study was to evaluate the morphologic aspects of the root canal anatomy of the distal root of a mandibular first molar using micro–computed tomographic analysis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 13, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Carolina Filpo-Perez, Clovis Monteiro Bramante, Marcelo Haas Villas-Boas, Marco Antonio Húngaro Duarte, Marco Aurélio Versiani, Ronald Ordinola-Zapata Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Efficacy of Platelet-rich Plasma as a Scaffold in Regenerative Endodontic Treatment
This study aimed to clinically and radiographically evaluate the efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) used as a scaffold in regenerative endodontic treatment and compare it with that of a conventional blood clot (BC) scaffold. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 13, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tugba Bezgin, Ayca Dilara Yilmaz, Burcu Nihan Celik, Mehmet Eray Kolsuz, Hayriye Sonmez Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Clinical Influence of Different Intracanal Medications on Th1-type and Th2-type Cytokine Responses in Apical Periodontitis
This clinical study assessed the influence of different intracanal medications on Th1-type and Th2-type cytokine responses in apical periodontitis and monitored the levels of bacteria from primarily infection during endodontic procedures. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 11, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Frederico C. Martinho, Gustavo G. Nascimento, Fabio R.M. Leite, Ana P.M. Gomes, Lilian F. Freitas, Izabel C.G. Camões Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

FOXP3 DNA Methylation Levels as a Potential Biomarker in the Development of Periapical Lesions
Epigenetic mechanisms, such as DNA methylation, can modify gene expression patterns without changing the DNA sequence, comprising a tool that cells use to lock genes in the “off” position. Variations in the methylation profile have been correlated to a variety of human diseases. Here, we hypothesize that DNA methylation in immune response–related genes may contribute to the development of periapical lesions. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 11, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kelma Campos, Carolina F. Franscisconi, Valerie Okehie, Letícia C. de Souza, Ana Paula F. Trombone, Ariadne Letra, Gustavo P. Garlet, Ricardo S. Gomez, Renato M. Silva Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Do Metal Post–retained Restorations Result in More Root Fractures than Fiber Post–retained Restorations? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
Teeth requiring endodontic treatment commonly have compromised a coronal tooth structure that often requires the use of an intraradicular post to retain the coronal restoration. Although usually successful, catastrophic failures requiring extraction have been reported in the literature. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze clinical trials and cohort studies that evaluated the incidence rate of root fractures in post-retained restorations. The hypothesis was that the incidence rate related to the use of metal posts was higher than that of fiber posts. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 11, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fabrício Eneas Diniz Figueiredo, Paulo Ricardo Saquete Martins-Filho, André Luis Faria-e-Silva Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Gow-Gates and Vazirani-Akinosi Techniques in Patients with Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis: A Prospective Randomized Study
Few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of the Gow-Gates and Vazirani-Akinosi techniques in patients presenting with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. Therefore, the purpose of this prospective, randomized study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of the Gow-Gates and Vazirani-Akinosi techniques using 3.6 mL 2% lidocaine with 1:100,000 epinephrine in mandibular posterior teeth in patients presenting with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 5, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Vivian Click, Melissa Drum, Al Reader, John Nusstein, Mike Beck Tags: CONSORT Randomized Clinical Trial Source Type: research

Removal of Filling Materials from Oval-shaped Canals Using Laser Irradiation: A Micro–computed Tomographic Study
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of lasers in removing filling remnants from oval-shaped canals after retreatment procedures with rotary instruments using micro–computed tomographic imaging. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 5, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ali Keleş, Hakan Arslan, Aliye Kamalak, Merve Akçay, Manoel D. Sousa-Neto, Marco Aurélio Versiani Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Efficacy of 3 Different Irrigation Systems on Removal of Calcium Hydroxide from the Root Canal: A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of different irrigation systems on removing calcium hydroxide (Ca[OH]2) from the root canal by using a scanning electron microscope. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 4, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sami Alturaiki, Hebah Lamphon, Hadeel Edrees, Michael Ahlquist Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Fitness of Gutta-percha Cones in Curved Root Canals Prepared with Reciprocating Files Correlated with Tug-back Sensation
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the gutta-percha–occupied area (GPOA) and the relationship between GPOA and tug-back sensations in canals instrumented with reciprocating files. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 4, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Heeyoung Yoon, Seung-Ho Baek, Kee-Yeon Kum, Hyeon-Cheol Kim, Young-Mi Moon, Denny Y. Fang, WooCheol Lee Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of Bone Tissue Response to a Sealer Containing Mineral Trioxide Aggregate
This study analyzed bone tissue reactions to MTA Fillapex (Ângelus Industria de Produtos Odontológicos Ltda, Londrina, Brazil) compared with an epoxy resin–based material in the femur of Wistar rats. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 4, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Eloísa Assmann, Daiana Elisabeth Böttcher, Carolina Bender Hoppe, Fabiana Soares Grecca, Patrícia Maria Poli Kopper Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Implications of Endodontic-related Sinus Aspergillosis in a Patient Treated by Infliximab: A Case Report
Sinus aspergillosis is a potential complication after root canal therapy of antral teeth. Indeed, zinc oxide–eugenol cement overfilling in the sinus may promote fungal infection. Moreover, if sinus aspergillosis triggers chronic sinusitis with aspergilloma, it may also lead to invasive phenomena, especially for immunocompromised patients. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 4, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Maud Guivarc'h, Ugo Ordioni, Jean-Hugues Catherine, Fabrice Campana, Jean Camps, Frédéric Bukiet Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

Apical Extrusion of Debris in Flat-oval Root Canals after Using Different Instrumentation Systems
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the amount of apically extruded debris in flat-oval root canal systems during cleaning and shaping with different instrumentation systems. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - November 4, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Alison Luís Kirchhoff, Luiz Fernando Fariniuk, Isabel Mello Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Effect of Sodium Bicarbonate–buffered Lidocaine on the Success of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block for Teeth with Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis: A Prospective, Randomized Double-blind Study
The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to compare the anesthetic efficacy of buffered with nonbuffered 2% lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine solution for inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) block in patients with mandibular posterior teeth experiencing symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 31, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Masoud Saatchi, Abbasali Khademi, Badri Baghaei, Hamid Noormohammadi Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Prevalence of Middle Mesial Canals in Mandibular Molars after Guided Troughing under High Magnification: An  Investigation
The objective of the present study was to determine (1) the prevalence of a middle mesial canal before and after troughing by using a standardized troughing technique, (2) the pathway of the middle mesial canal in relation to the mesiobuccal (MB) and mesiolingual (ML) canals, and (3) its correlation with the patient's age. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 30, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Adham A. Azim, Allan S. Deutsch, Charles S. Solomon Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Application of Resin Adhesive on the Surface of a Silanized Glass Fiber–Reinforced Post and Its Effect on the Retention to Root Dentin
In this study, the effect of different post surface treatments on the retention of glass fiber–reinforced post to root dentin was evaluated. The hypotheses tested were (1) post silanization would not improve its retention and (2) the application of silane plus resin adhesive on the post would enhance its retention. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 30, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fernanda Weingartner Machado, Mayara Bossardi, Tatiana dos Santos Ramos, Lisia Lorea Valente, Eliseu Aldrighi Münchow, Evandro Piva Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Assessment of the Setting of Tricalcium Silicate–based Sealers Using a Dentin Pressure Model
EndoSequence BC Sealer (Brasseler, Savannah, GA) is a premixed tricalcium silicate–based root canal sealer that requires moisture from the root dentin to hydrate. The aim of this study was to investigate the setting of EndoSequence BC Sealer and other sealers in contact with human dentin in a simulated clinical environment. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 30, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Maria Xuereb, Paul Vella, Denis Damidot, Charles V. Sammut, Josette Camilleri Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

The Effect of Canal Preparation on Fill Length in Straight Root Canals Obturated with GuttaCore
This study compared straight canals instrumented to a size 40 file using a 0.04 standardized taper preparation (STP) and a varied taper preparation (VTP) by evaluating the extension of GuttaCore (GC) obturators (Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 30, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Robert B. Whitten, Marc E. Levitan Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

The Cracked Tooth: Histopathologic and Histobacteriologic Aspects
This study evaluated the dentin and pulp conditions in teeth affected by cracks and attrition. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 30, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Domenico Ricucci, José F. Siqueira, Simona Loghin, Louis H. Berman Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

A Randomized Controlled Study of the Use of ProRoot Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Endocem as Direct Pulp Capping Materials
The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the short-term clinical outcomes of direct pulp capping using ProRoot MTA (Dentsply, Tulsa, OK) or Endocem (Maruchi, Wonju, Korea) as capping materials in a prospective randomized controlled study. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 29, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Minju Song, Minji Kang, Hyeon-Cheol Kim, Euiseong Kim Tags: Consort Randomized Clinical Trial Source Type: research

Cytotoxicity of Calcium Silicate–containing Endodontic Sealers
The cytotoxicity of 2 novel calcium silicate–containing endodontic sealers to human gingival fibroblasts was studied. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 29, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Hui-min Zhou, Tian-feng Du, Ya Shen, Zhe-jun Wang, Yu-feng Zheng, Markus Haapasalo Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Comparison of Fracture Sites and Post Lengths in Longitudinal Root Fractures
Comparing the epidemiology of fractures originating in the cervical and apical regions may help to understand the causes and risk of a vertical root fracture. We aimed to determine the frequency of vertical root fractures in different fracture sites and how the fracture site relates to fracture direction and post length. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 29, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tsutomu Sugaya, Megumi Nakatsuka, Kana Inoue, Saori Tanaka, Hirofumi Miyaji, Ryuji Sakagami, Masamitsu Kawamami Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 27, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 27, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Associate Registry
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 27, 2014 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Does Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone Affect Cold Pulpal Testing in Patients with Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis? A Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study
The purpose of this prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to determine the effects of a combination dose of 1000 mg acetaminophen/10 mg hydrocodone on cold pulpal testing in patients experiencing symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sara Fowler, Spencer Fullmer, Melissa Drum, Al Reader Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Breakage of Orthograde Endodontic Ultrasonic Tips
The objective of this study was to compare the breakage of 3 endodontic ultrasonic tips when removing dentin from extracted molars. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jeffrey Wan, Allan S. Deutsch, Barry L. Musikant, Jason Guzman Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Does Acetaminophen/Hydrocodone Effect Cold Pulpal Testing in Patients with Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis? A Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Study
The purpose of this prospective randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was to determine the effects of a combination dose of 1000 mg acetaminophen/10 mg hydrocodone on cold pulpal testing in patients experiencing symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sara Fowler, Spencer Fullmer, Melissa Drum, Al Reader Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Reciprocating Versus Rotary Systems for Root Filling Removal: Assessment of the Apically Extruded Material
This study was designed to quantitatively evaluate the amount of apically extruded debris by comparing the ProTaper Universal Retreatment system (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) with 2 reciprocating single-file systems (Reciproc [VDW, Munich, Germany] and WaveOne [Dentsply Maillefer]) during endodontic retreatment. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 23, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva, Liliane Sá, Felipe Gonçalves Belladonna, Aline A. Neves, Thais Accorsi-Mendonça, Victor T.L. Vieira, Gustavo De-Deus, Edson J. Moreira Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Comparison of pH Changes Induced by Calcium Enriched Mixture and Those of Calcium Hydroxide in Simulated Root Resorption Defects
External resorption usually occurs after dental trauma and the loss of root cementum. Because it has the ability to induce alkaline pH, calcium hydroxide is used in treatment of external resorption, which is reportedly not free from disadvantages. Driven by such understanding, the aim of this in vitro study was to compare the pH changes induced by calcium enriched mixture (CEM) and those of calcium hydroxide in simulated root resorption defects. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 21, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Maryam Forghani, Hamzeh Mashhoor, Armita Rouhani, Hamid Jafarzadeh Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Accuracy of an Electronic Apex Locator in the Retreatment of Teeth Obturated with Plastic or Cross-linked Gutta-percha Carrier-based Materials: An Study
This ex vivo study evaluated the accuracy of the Root ZX electronic apex locator (EAL) (J Morita Corp, Kyoto, Japan) in determining the working length during retreatment of canals sealed with 2 different carrier-based obturating materials (ProTaper Obturator [Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland] and GuttaCore [Dentsply Maillefer]) and also evaluated whether they influenced its accuracy differently. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 18, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Manuele Mancini, Pietro Palopoli, Lorenzo Iorio, Gabriele Conte, Luigi Cianconi Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of Debris Extruded Apically during the Removal of Root Canal Filling Material Using ProTaper, D-RaCe, and R-Endo Rotary Nickel-Titanium Retreatment Instruments and Hand Files
The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of debris extruded apically during the removal of root canal filling material using ProTaper (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), D-RaCe (FKG Dentaire, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland), and R-Endo (Micro-Mega, Besançon, France) nickel-titanium (NiTi) rotary retreatment instruments and hand files. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 16, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Hüseyin Sinan Topçuoğlu, Ahmet Aktı, Öznur Tuncay, Asiye Nur Dinçer, Salih Düzgün, Gamze Topçuoğlu Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Clinical and Radiographic Outcomes of Traumatized Immature Permanent Necrotic Teeth after Revascularization/Revitalization Therapy
Revascularization treatment is rapidly becoming an accepted treatment alternative for the management of endodontic pathology in immature permanent teeth with necrotic dental pulps. However, the success and timing of clinical resolution of symptoms, and radiographic outcomes of interest, such as continued hard tissue deposition within the root, are largely unknown. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tarek Mohamed A. Saoud, Ashraf Zaazou, Ahmed Nabil, Sybel Moussa, Louis M. Lin, Jennifer L. Gibbs Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Three Root Canals in the Mesiobuccal Root of Maxillary Molars: Case Reports and Literature Review
The knowledge of root canal anatomy is essential to ensure a successful outcome of surgical and nonsurgical root canal treatment. The aims of this article were to present 2 cases of maxillary molars with 3 mesiobuccal root canals and to review the available literature on this anatomic variation. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 15, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ibrahim Ali Ahmad, Anas Al-Jadaa Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

Effects of Alendronate on Osteoclast Formation and Activity
This study evaluated alendronate biocompatibility on periodontal ligament cells as well as its effects on an in vitro osteoclastogenesis model. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 14, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Caroline A. Martins, Gabriele Leyhausen, Joachim Volk, Werner Geurtsen Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Correlation between Clinical and Histologic Pulp Diagnoses
This study evaluated how reliable the clinical diagnosis of normal pulp/reversible pulpitis (savable pulp) or irreversible pulpitis (nonsavable pulp) is when compared with the histologic diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 11, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Domenico Ricucci, Simona Loghin, José F. Siqueira Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Dentinogenic Responses after Direct Pulp Capping of Miniature Swine Teeth with Biodentine
The aim of this study was to evaluate pulpal responses after experimental direct pulp capping of mechanically exposed teeth with a new calcium silicate–based dentin replacement material. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 10, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Christina Tziafa, Eugenia Koliniotou-Koumpia, Serafim Papadimitriou, Dimitrios Tziafas Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Tooth Retention through Endodontic Microsurgery or Tooth Replacement Using Single Implants: A Systematic Review of Treatment Outcomes
Clinicians are regularly confronted with difficult choices. Should a tooth that has not healed through nonsurgical root canal treatment be treated through endodontic microsurgery or be replaced using a single implant? Acquiring complete, unbiased information to help clinicians and their patients make these choices requires a systematic review of the literature on treatment outcomes. The purpose of this systematic review was to compare the outcomes of tooth retention through endodontic microsurgery to tooth replacement using an implant supported single crown. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 9, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mahmoud Torabinejad, Maria Landaez, Marites Milan, Chun Xiao Sun, Jeffrey Henkin, Aladdin Al-Ardah, Mathew Kattadiyil, Khaled Bahjri, Salem Dehom, Elisa Cortez, Shane N. White Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Accuracy of Cone-beam Computed Tomography and Periapical Radiography in Apical Periodontitis Diagnosis
This study aimed to investigate the correlation and the agreement between periapical radiography (PR) and cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) correlating to histologic findings in the diagnosis of apical periodontitis (AP). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 9, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fernanda Ullmann López, Patrícia Maria Poli Kopper, Carolina Cucco, Alvaro Della Bona, José Antônio Poli de Figueiredo, Fabiana Vieira Vier-Pelisser Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Proteomic Analysis of Human Tooth Pulp: Proteomics of Human Tooth
The unique pulp-dentin complex demonstrates strong regenerative potential, which enables it to respond to disease and traumatic injury. Identifying the proteins of the pulp-dentin complex is crucial to understanding the mechanisms of regeneration, tissue calcification, defense processes, and the reparation of dentin by dental pulp. The lack of knowledge of these proteins limits the development of more efficient therapies. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 8, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Adam Eckhardt, Michal Jágr, Statis Pataridis, Ivan Mikšík Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Qualitative Analysis of Precipitate Formation on the Surface and in the Tubules of Dentin Irrigated with Sodium Hypochlorite and a Final Rinse of Chlorhexidine or QMiX
Interaction of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) mixed with chlorhexidine (CHX) produces a brown precipitate containing para-chloroaniline (PCA). When QMiX is mixed with NaOCl, no precipitate forms, but color change occurs. The aim of this study was to qualitatively assess the formation of precipitate and PCA on the surface and in the tubules of dentin irrigated with NaOCl, followed either by EDTA, NaOCl, and CHX or by saline and QMiX by using time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (TOF-SIMS). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 8, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kamil P. Kolosowski, Rana N.S. Sodhi, Anil Kishen, Bettina R. Basrani Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Degree of Patient Pain, Complications, and Satisfaction after Root Canal Treatment or a Single Implant: A Preliminary Prospective Investigation
Dentists often face the choice between tooth retention with root canal treatment and tooth replacement with implant treatment. To date, there has not been a prospective clinical trial directly comparing nonsurgical root canal treatment and single delayed implant therapy with regard to the degree of preoperative and postoperative pain, complications, and patient satisfaction. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 8, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mahmoud Torabinejad, Wesam Salha, Jaime L. Lozada, Yuan-Lung Hung, Antoanela Garbacea Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Regenerative Endodontic Therapy: A Data Analysis of Clinical Protocols
The aim of the present study was to systematically analyze the protocols that have been used in regenerative endodontic therapy and to detect any variations in clinical procedures. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 7, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Evangelos G. Kontakiotis, Christos G. Filippatos, Giorgos N. Tzanetakis, Anastasia Agrafioti Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

An Overview on Biologic Medications and Their Possible Role in Apical Periodontitis
Apical periodontitis (AP) is the expression of a deficient balance between infection and the host immune response. If reducing the bacterial load from the root canal and preventing its reinfection may lead to clinical success, then the integrity of the nonspecific immune system has a relevant influence on the outcome of endodontic treatment. Compromised immune systems and/or genetic alterations of the host's response may as well play an important role on the development, progression, and healing of AP. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 7, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Elisabetta Cotti, Elia Schirru, Elio Acquas, Paolo Usai Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Histologic Evaluation of the Effects of Emdogain Gel on Injured Root Apex in Rats
This study investigated the effects of Emdogain gel (EMD) on the injured open apex within periapical lesions. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 7, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Noriyoshi Matsumoto, Masahiko Minakami, Junko Hatakeyama, Chieko Haruna, Takahiko Morotomi, Toshio Izumi, Hisashi Anan Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of Root Canal Transportation, Centering Ratio, and Remaining Dentin Thickness Associated with ProTaper Next Instruments with and without Glide Path
The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the volume of removed dentin, transportation, and centering ability of ProTaper Next (PTN) system with and without glide path preparation by using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) imaging. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 7, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Amr M. Elnaghy, Shaymaa E. Elsaka Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

An Evaluation of the Accuracy of Labeling of Percent Sodium Hypochlorite on Various Commercial and Professional Sources: Is Sodium Hypochlorite from These Sources Equally Suitable for Endodontic Irrigation?
The shelf life of sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) is limited, and a previous article showed that there can be a discrepancy between the expected concentration of free available chlorine (FAC) and the actual FAC concentration in NaOCl solutions intended for endodontic irrigation. The current study investigates the FAC content of domestic and professional NaOCls and evaluates the influences of dilution and storage on FAC concentration. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 6, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Suzette V. van der Waal, Nilai E. van Dusseldorp, Johannes J. de Soet Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Treatment of a Large Cystlike Inflammatory Periapical Lesion Associated with Mature Necrotic Teeth Using Regenerative Endodontic Therapy
Regenerative endodontic therapy is currently used to treat immature permanent teeth with necrotic pulp and/or apical periodontitis. However, mature teeth with necrotic pulp and apical periodontitis have also been treated using regenerative endodontic therapy. The treatment resulted in resolution of apical periodontitis, regression of clinical signs and symptoms but no apparent thickening of the canal walls, and/or continued root development. A recent study in an animal model showed that the tissues formed in the canals of mature teeth with apical periodontitis after regenerative endodontic therapy were cementumlike, boneli...
Source: Journal of Endodontics - October 4, 2014 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tarek Mohamed A. Saoud, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Paul A. Rosenberg, Louis M. Lin, Domenico Ricuci Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research