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This page shows you the latest items in this publication. This is page number 6.

CE Registry
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Donor Honor Roll
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 26, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Proximity of Posterior Teeth to the Maxillary Sinus and Buccal Bone Thickness: A Biometric Assessment Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography
The aims of this study were to evaluate the vertical and horizontal relationships between the maxillary sinus floor (MSF) and the root apices of maxillary posterior teeth with various root configurations and the distance from the root apex to the MSF and the buccal cortical plate. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 24, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sung Hyun Kang, Bom Sahn Kim, Yemi Kim Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Pulp and Periodontal Regeneration of an Avulsed Permanent Mature Incisor Using Platelet-rich Plasma after Delayed Replantation: A 12-month Clinical Case Study
Numerous publications have reported revascularization of necrotic immature permanent teeth, but the regenerative potential of pulp in mature teeth has rarely been considered. Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) meets many requirements of a scaffold for regenerative endodontics. To the best of our knowledge, no clinical study has evaluated PRP for endodontic regeneration in a mature avulsed tooth. The present case evaluated PRP for pulpal regeneration in an avulsed mature incisor (>8 hours extraoral dry time) of an 11-year-old boy after delayed replantation. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Harini Priya M, Pavan B. Tambakad, Jaya Naidu Tags: Case Report/Clinical Technique Source Type: research

The Precision of Electronic Apex Locators in Working Length Determination: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of the Literature
This study aimed to evaluate the precision of electronic apex locators (EALs) in locating the apical constriction (AC) during a root canal treatment compared with a histologic evaluation of the AC as well as the effects of possible influencing factors by means of a systematic review of the literature and meta-analysis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Igor Tsesis, Tamar Blazer, Gil Ben-Izhack, Silvio Taschieri, Massimo Del Fabbro, Stefano Corbella, Eyal Rosen Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Comparison of Accuracy of Calibration Ring Placement on 4 Different Endodontic Files
The purpose of the current study was to evaluate the accuracy and consistency of the placement of calibration rings on 4 file types: K3 (SybronEndo, Orange, CA), Vortex Blue (Tulsa Dentsply, Tulsa, OK), Kontrol Flex (Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA), and Lexicon (Tulsa Dentsply, Tulsa, OK). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Christopher N. Lingard, Kenneth J. Frick, Mary P. Walker Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Effectiveness of the GentleWave System in Removing Separated Instruments
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the minimally invasive GentleWave System (Sonendo Inc, Laguna Hills, CA) in removing separated stainless steel endodontic files from the apical and midroot regions of molar root canals. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Pierre Wohlgemuth, Davide Cuocolo, Prashanthi Vandrangi, Asgeir Sigurdsson Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Comparison of Preoperative Oral Ketorolac on Anesthetic Efficacy of Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block and Buccal and Lingual Infiltration with Articaine and Lidocaine in Patients with Irreversible Pulpitis: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled, Double-blind Study
Irreversible pulpitis (IP) commonly results in decreased anesthetic efficacy of the inferior alveolar nerve block (IANB) for mandibular molar. It has been shown that supplementary buccal and/or lingual infiltration as well as premedication with ketorolac result in improved efficacy of the IANB. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 22, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Meetu Yadav, Mandeep S. Grewal, Stutee Grewal, Parul Deshwal Tags: CONSORT Randomized Clinical Trial Source Type: research

The Effects of Endosequence Root Repair Material on Differentiation of Dental Pulp Cells
Pulp capping techniques aim at preserving the vitality of pulp tissue, thus avoiding more invasive endodontic procedures. Endosequence Root Repair Material (ERRM; Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA) has been recently introduced as a potential pulp capping material. It is hypothesized that ERRM promotes the healing of dental tissue, thus maintaining the integrity and vitality of the pulp after pulp capping procedures. However, the exact mechanism by which ERRM affects the pulp after pulp capping procedures is still unknown. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 22, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jesus Machado, James D. Johnson, Avina Paranjpe Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Florid Cemento-osseous Dysplasia: A Case of Misdiagnosis
Florid cemento-osseous dysplasia (FCOD) belongs to the group of fibro-osseous lesions in which normal bone is replaced by fibrous connective tissue and calcified cementum tissue of the avascular type. Among the various types of fibro-osseous lesions, FCOD is 1 of the most commonly encountered diseases in clinical practice and may involve 3 or 4 of the quadrants. FCOD is located in the periapical regions of teeth, and the lesions are predominantly radiolucent (osteolytic phase), become mixed over time (cementoblast phase), and ultimately become radiopaque (osteogenic phase) with a thin radiolucent peripheral halo. (Source: ...
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 22, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Débora Delai, Anarela Bernardi, Gabriela Santos Felippe, Cleonice da Silveira Teixeira, Wilson Tadeu Felippe, Mara Cristina Santos Felippe Tags: Case Report/Clinical Technique Source Type: research

Effects of Prolyl Hydroxylase Inhibitor L-mimosine on Dental Pulp in the Presence of Advanced Glycation End Products
Proangiogenic prolyl hydroxylase (PHD) inhibitors represent a novel approach to stimulate tissue regeneration. Diabetes mellitus involves the accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs). Here we evaluated the impact of AGEs on the response of human pulp tissue to the PHD inhibitor L-mimosine (L-MIM) in monolayer cultures of dental pulp–derived cells (DPCs) and tooth slice organ cultures. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Heinz-Dieter Müller, Barbara Cvikl, Klara Janjić, Sylvia Nürnberger, Andreas Moritz, Reinhard Gruber, Hermann Agis Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Conservative Nonsurgical Treatment of Class 4 Invasive Cervical Resorption: A Case Series
External cervical resorption, also called invasive cervical resorption (ICR), is a pathological process difficult to diagnose that causes a progressive replacement of dentin by granulation tissue and results in complete tooth destruction. According to the literature, class 4 ICR can be expected to have success rates of 12.5% if treated. In this case series, we show nonsurgical conservative treatment of 4 patients affected by class 4 ICR. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Stefano Salzano, Federico Tirone Tags: Case Report/Clinical Technique Source Type: research

Glide Path Management with Single- and Multiple-instrument Rotary Systems in Curved Canals: A Micro–Computed Tomographic Study
Securing a reproducible glide path before instrumentation is recommended to maintain the original geometry of the root canal system and to prevent file separation. Mechanical glide path management systems have been introduced to expedite this step. The aim of this study was to compare apical transportation, canal volume increase, and working time during glide path management with ProGlider (PG; Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) and PathFiles (PF, Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Alison Luís Kirchhoff, Rene Chu, Isabel Mello, Andres Dario Plazas Garzon, Marcelo dos Santos, Rodrigo Sanches Cunha Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Combined Endodontic-Periodontal Treatment of a Palatogingival Groove
A palatogingival groove is a developmental anomaly that predisposes the involved tooth to develop a severe periodontal lesion. These grooves often present a clinical challenge because diagnosis and treatment planning require an interdisciplinary approach. This case report describes the successful management of a right maxillary lateral incisor with a deep palatogingival groove in combination with an extensive periodontal pocket and pulp necrosis of the involved tooth. Collaborative management used a combination of endodontic treatment, periodontal therapy, odontoplasty, and a periodontal regenerative procedure using protei...
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Pablo Castelo-Baz, Isabel Ramos-Barbosa, Benjamín Martín-Biedma, Ana Belén Dablanca-Blanco, Purificación Varela-Patiño, Juan Blanco-Carrión Tags: Case Report/Clinical Technique Source Type: research

Spectrophotometric Analysis of Coronal Tooth Discoloration Induced by Various Bioceramic Cements and Other Endodontic Materials
Coronal tooth discoloration induced by various endodontic materials was evaluated in vitro. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 17, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Meetu R. Kohli, Maimi Yamaguchi, Frank C. Setzer, Bekir Karabucak Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Occurrence of Dentinal Microcracks in Severely Curved Root Canals with ProTaper Universal, WaveOne, and ProTaper Next File Systems
This study aims to compare the incidence of dentinal microcracks produced by the ProTaper Universal (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), WaveOne (Dentsply Maillefer), and ProTaper Next (Dentsply Maillefer) file systems during root canal procedures in severely curved canals using a dyeing technique. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 17, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Shu-hui Li, Ying Lu, Dongzhe Song, Xuedong Zhou, Qing-hua Zheng, Yuan Gao, Ding-ming Huang Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Radiologic Assessment of Periapical Health: Comparison of 3 Different Index Systems
The aim of this study was to evaluate observer variations and observer reproducibility in the interpretation of periapical health using the Strindberg system, the periapical index (PAI), and the probability index for radiologic assessment of periapical health. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 16, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Bilge Tarcin, Birsay Gumru, Emre Iriboz, Dilek Erbay Turkaydin, Hesna Sazak Ovecoglu Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Gene Expression Profiling and Molecular Signaling of Dental Pulp Cells in Response to Tricalcium Silicate Cements: A Systematic Review
Signaling molecules and responding dental pulp stem cells are the 2 main control keys of dentin regeneration/dentinogenesis. The aim of this study was to present a systematic review investigating the gene expression of various dental pulp cells in response to different variants of tricalcium silicate cements. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 14, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Elanagai Rathinam, Sivaprakash Rajasekharan, Ravi Teja Chitturi, Luc Martens, Peter De Coster Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Use of a 660-nm Laser to Aid in the Healing of Necrotic Alveolar Mucosa Caused by Extruded Sodium Hypochlorite: A Case Report
The extrusion of sodium hypochlorite through the apical foramen is an accident that can occur during the flushing procedure in endodontic treatment. The symptomatology is immediate and intense, and there is a long period before the tissues return to normal. Low-level laser therapy might be useful as an adjunctive treatment for damaged soft tissues because of its anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects, which may reduce edema and prevent infection. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 11, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Clovis Monteiro Bramante, Jussaro Alves Duque, Bruno Cavalini Cavenago, Rodrigo Ricci Vivan, Alexandre Silva Bramante, Flaviana Bombarda de Andrade, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

Combination of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate and Platelet-rich Fibrin Promotes the Odontoblastic Differentiation and Mineralization of Human Dental Pulp Cells via BMP/Smad Signaling Pathway
Recent reports have shown that the combined use of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF), an autologous fibrin matrix, and mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as root filling material is beneficial for the endodontic management of an open apex. However, the potential of the combination of MTA and PRF as an odontogenic inducer in human dental pulp cells (HDPCs) in vitro has not yet been studied. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the combination of MTA and PRF on odontoblastic maturation in HDPCs. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 9, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Su-Mi Woo, Won-Jae Kim, Hae-Soon Lim, Nam-Ki Choi, Sun-Hun Kim, Seon-Mi Kim, Ji-Yeon Jung Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Treatment Outcome of Repaired Root Perforation: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
This study aimed to review systematically the reported treatment outcome of repaired root perforation and to identify any preoperative factors that may influence the outcome of such repair. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 9, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kailing L. Siew, Angeline H.C. Lee, Gary S.P. Cheung Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Prediction of Cyclic Fatigue Life of Nickel-Titanium Rotary Files by Virtual Modeling and Finite Elements Analysis
The objective of this study was to predict NCF and failure location of NiTi rotary instruments by FEM virtual simulation of an experimental nonstatic fatigue test. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 9, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Alessandro Scattina, Mario Alovisi, Davide Salvatore Paolino, Damiano Pasqualini, Nicola Scotti, Giorgio Chiandussi, Elio Berutti Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Comparative Evaluation of the Efficiency of Manual and Rotary Gutta-percha Removal Techniques
This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of 2 manual and 2 rotary gutta-percha (GP) removal techniques in terms of both the total operating time and GP remnants left in the canal. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 9, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ashwini S. Colaco, Vivekananda A.R. Pai Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

A Central Incisor with 4 Independent Root Canals: A Case Report
The maxillary central incisor is the tooth with the least anatomic variations. Despite the fact that several studies have reported a prevalence of 100% for the presence of a single canal, root canal aberrations of maxillary central incisors with up to 3 canals have also been reported. Such cases represent both a diagnostic and technical challenge to the clinician. The present case describes root canal treatment performed in a maxillary central incisor with 4 canals. The detection of all canals was achieved by examination of the pulp chamber floor with the help of the dental operating microscope as well as careful examina...
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 6, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Carlos Aznar Portoles, Amir T. Moinzadeh, Hagay Shemesh Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

Association between the Presence of Apical Periodontitis and Clinical Symptoms in Endodontic Patients Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography and Periapical Radiographs
Cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging is a valuable adjunct to endodontic practice. Among the endodontic applications of CBCT imaging, it aids in the diagnosis of apical periodontitis, often in cases in which there is no evidence of pathosis identified by conventional imaging. The purpose of this study was to correlate the presence of apical periodontitis of teeth evaluated with 2-dimensional periapical (PA) radiographs and 3-dimensional CBCT volumes with clinical signs and symptoms. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - September 5, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jake Weissman, James D. Johnson, Melissa Anderson, Lars Hollender, Tim Huson, Avina Paranjpe, Shanon Patel, Nestor Cohenca Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

AAE and AAOMR Joint Position Statement
This updated joint position statement of the American Association of Endodontists (AAE) and the American Academy of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology (AAOMR) is intended to provide scientifically based guidance to clinicians regarding the use of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in endodontic treatment and reflects new developments since the 2010 statement (1). The guidance in this statement is not intended to substitute for a clinician's independent judgment in light of the conditions and needs of a specific patient. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 29, 2015 Category: Dentistry Tags: AAE and AAOMR Joint Position Statement Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 29, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 29, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Call for Abstracts
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 29, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Associate Registry
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 29, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

CE Registry
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 29, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Micro–Computed Tomography Evaluation of ProTaper Next and BioRace Shaping Outcomes in Maxillary First Molar Curved Canals
The aim of this micro–computed tomography study was to describe the shaping properties of ProGlider/ProTaper Next (PG/PTN) and ScoutRace/BioRace (SR/BR) nickel-titanium rotary systems. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 28, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Damiano Pasqualini, Mario Alovisi, Andrea Cemenasco, Lucia Mancini, Davide Salvatore Paolino, Caterina Chiara Bianchi, Andrea Roggia, Nicola Scotti, Elio Berutti Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Viscoelastic Properties of Dental Pulp Tissue and Ramifications on Biomaterial Development for Pulp Regeneration
A critical step in biomaterial selection effort is the determination of material as well as the biological properties of the target tissue. Previously, the selection of biomaterials and carriers for dental pulp regeneration has been solely based on empirical experience. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 28, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Cevat Erisken, Dilhan M. Kalyon, Jian Zhou, Sahng G. Kim, Jeremy J. Mao Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Shaping Characteristics of ProTaper Gold, ProTaper NEXT, and ProTaper Universal in Curved Canals
This study evaluated the shaping characteristics of the ProTaper Gold system (PTG; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) and compared it with that of the ProTaper Next (PTN, Dentsply Maillefer) and ProTaper Universal (PTU, Dentsply Maillefer) systems using micro–computed tomographic imaging. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 28, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jason Gagliardi, Marco Aurélio Versiani, Manoel Damião de Sousa-Neto, Andres Plazas-Garzon, Bettina Basrani Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Histologic Assessment of Quick-Set and Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Pulpotomies in a Canine Model
Quick-Set (Primus Consulting, Bradenton, FL) is a calcium aluminosilicate cement that is a potential alternative to mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) with greater acid resistance and faster setting. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of Quick-Set and MTA on pulpal tissues in response to pulpotomy procedures. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Karl F. Woodmansey, George D. Kohout, Carolyn M. Primus, Emet Schneiderman, Lynne A. Opperman Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Diagnostic Accuracy of Quantitative Sensory Testing to Discriminate Inflammatory Toothache and Intraoral Neuropathic Pain
A differential diagnosis between inflammatory toothache (IT) and intraoral neuropathic pain is challenging. The aim of this diagnostic study was to quantify somatosensory function of subjects with IT (acute pulpitis) and atypical odontalgia (AO, intraoral neuropathic pain) and healthy volunteers and to quantify how accurately quantitative sensory testing (QST) discriminates an IT or AO diagnosis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: André Luís Porporatti, Yuri Martins Costa, Juliana Stuginski-Barbosa, Leonardo Rigoldi Bonjardim, Marco Antônio Hungaro Duarte, Paulo César Rodrigues Conti Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Influence of Endodontic Treatment and Coronal Restoration on Status of Periapical Tissues: A Cone-beam Computed Tomographic Study
This cross-sectional study determined the prevalence of apical radiolucency in 1290 root canal–treated teeth and the correlation between endodontic treatment quality and the presence of coronal restorations with apical radiolucency using cone-beam computed tomographic imaging. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Aline C. Gomes, Yuri Nejaim, Amaro I.V. Silva, Francisco Haiter-Neto, Nestor Cohenca, Alexandre A. Zaia, Emmanuel João Nogueira Leal Silva Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Curcumin in Combination with Piperine Suppresses Osteoclastogenesis
The dietary pigment curcumin is a natural polyphenol extracted from the Curcuma longa rhizomes native to South Asia. The antioxidative, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory activities besides its unknown side effects suggest that curcumin could be a promising antiresorptive agent to prevent replacement resorption in replanted teeth after traumatic avulsion. Piperine, an alkaloid present in black pepper, seems to enhance the bioavailability and activity of curcumin. Therefore, this study evaluated the biocompatibility of curcumin and piperine in cultures of periodontal ligament cells as well as their effects in an in vitro...
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 20, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Caroline A. Martins, Gabriele Leyhausen, Joachim Volk, Werner Geurtsen Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Does Articaine Provide an Advantage over Lidocaine in Patients with Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis? A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
This study provides a systematic review and meta-analysis to address the population, intervention, comparison, outcome (PICO) question: in adults with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis who are undergoing endodontic treatment, what is the comparative efficacy of articaine compared with lidocaine in reducing pain and incidence of adverse events? (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 17, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jason Kung, Marian McDonagh, Christine M. Sedgley Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Accuracy of Cone-beam Computed Tomography in the Detection of a Second Mesiobuccal Root Canal in Endodontically Treated Teeth: An Study
There is a high incidence of a second mesiobuccal root canal (MB2) in maxillary molars. The study aim is to assess the accuracy of cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging in detecting a second mesiobuccal root canal in endodontically treated maxillary molars. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 14, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Hesam Mirmohammadi, Lamees Mahdi, Poerya Partovi, Abbasali Khademi, Hagay Shemesh, Bassam Hassan Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Management of Teeth with Persistent Apical Periodontitis after Root Canal Treatment Using Regenerative Endodontic Therapy
Regenerative endodontic therapy (RET) is currently used to treat immature teeth with necrotic pulp and/or apical periodontitis. However, recently RET has been used to treat mature teeth with necrotic pulp and/or apical periodontitis and resulted in regression of clinical signs and/or symptoms and resolution of apical periodontitis. The purpose of this case report was to describe the potential of using RET to treat 2 mature teeth with persistent apical periodontitis after root canal therapy using RET. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 13, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Tarek Mohamed A. Saoud, George T.-J. Huang, Jennifer L. Gibbs, Asgeir Sigurdsson, Louis M. Lin Tags: Case Report/Clinical Technique Source Type: research

Relationship between Root Apices and the Mandibular Canal: A Cone-beam Computed Tomographic Analysis in a German Population
The purpose of this study was to assess the mean distance between the mandibular canal and the apices of the adjacent teeth. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 12, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sebastian Bürklein, Carolin Grund, Edgar Schäfer Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of Root Canal Debridement of Human Molars Using the GentleWave System
Studies using conventional endodontic protocols show insufficient cleaning of root canal systems, often resulting in persistent infection and treatment failure. The GentleWave System (GWS; Sonendo, Inc, Laguna Hills, CA) has been shown to result in a higher tissue dissolution rate in a study using bovine muscle. The purpose of this study was to compare the debridement efficacy of the GWS with a traditional method for cleaning root canals. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 11, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Brandi Molina, Gerald Glickman, Prashanthi Vandrangi, Mehrzad Khakpour Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Histologic Outcomes of Uninfected Human Immature Teeth Treated with Regenerative Endodontics: 2 Case Reports
A growing body of evidence exists showing the possibility of growing vital tissues in the root canal spaces of teeth with necrotic pulps and open apices. However, there is very limited histologic information regarding characteristics of tissues formed in the root canal space of human teeth after regenerative endodontics. The aim of this study was to examine clinically and histologically the outcomes of human immature teeth treated with regenerative endodontics. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 7, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ali Nosrat, Alireza Kolahdouzan, Farzaneh Hosseini, Ehsan A. Mehrizi, Prashant Verma, Mahmoud Torabinejad Tags: Case Report/Clinical Technique Source Type: research

Bond Strength between Fiber Posts and Root Dentin Treated with Natural Cross-linkers
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a proanthocyanidin-rich extract (grape seed extract [GSE]) on the bond strength and stability of the adhesion of fiber posts to the root dentine using 2 adhesive systems: a total-etch and a self-etch adhesive system. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 7, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Doglas Cecchin, Letícia Cazarotto Pin, Ana Paula Farina, Matheus Souza, Cristina de Mattos Pimenta Vidal, Yuri Dal Bello, Caio Cezar Randi Ferraz, Ana Bedran-Russo Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Histologic Analysis of the Influence of a Gelatin-based Scaffold in the Repair of Immature Dog Teeth Subjected to Regenerative Endodontic Treatment
This study assessed tissue repair in immature dog teeth with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis after using a gelatin-based scaffold (Gelfoam; Pharmacia & Upjohn Co, Kalamazoo, MI). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 6, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Clacir de Lourdes Dotto Londero, Claudia Medianeira Londero Pagliarin, Mara Cristina Santos Felippe, Wilson Tadeu Felippe, Cristiane Cademartori Danesi, Fernando Branco Barletta Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Histological Analysis of the Influence of a Gelatin-based Scaffold in the Repair of Immature Dog Teeth Subjected to Regenerative Endodontic Treatment
This study assessed tissue repair in immature dog teeth with necrotic pulps and apical periodontitis after using a gelatin-based scaffold (Gelfoam; Pharmacia & Upjohn Co, Kalamazoo, MI). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 6, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Clacir de Lourdes Dotto Londero, Claudia Medianeira Londero Pagliarin, Mara Cristina Santos Felippe, Wilson Tadeu Felippe, Cristiane Cademartori Danesi, Fernando Branco Barletta Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Qualitative Time-of-flight Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometry Analysis of Root Dentin Irrigated with Sodium Hypochlorite, EDTA, or Chlorhexidine
Sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), chelating agents, and chlorhexidine (CHX), which are commonly used irrigants during endodontic treatment, have the potential to alter the physical and chemical properties of the dentin structure. The aim of this study was to use time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry to qualitatively evaluate the chemical characteristics of dentin surface and compare it with dentin exposed to NaOCl, EDTA, or CHX. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 6, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Kamil P. Kolosowski, Rana N.S. Sodhi, Anil Kishen, Bettina R. Basrani Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Accuracy of Turbidimetric Limulus Amebocyte Lysate Assay for the Recovery of Endotoxin Interacted with Commonly Used Antimicrobial Agents of Endodontic Therapy
This study was conducted to investigate whether the interaction between the turbidimetric limulus amebocyte lysate (LAL) substrate for endotoxin measurement and the substances/antimicrobial agents used in endodontic therapy can lead to the inhibition/enhancement of endotoxin recovery. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 5, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ariane C.S. Marinho, Ana R.O. Polay, Brenda P.F.A. Gomes Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Efficacy of a Buffered 4% Lidocaine Formulation for Incision and Drainage: A Prospective, Randomized, Double-blind Study
Incision and drainage of symptomatic emergency patients with facial swelling is painful even after local anesthetics are administered. The purpose of this prospective, randomized, double-blind study was to compare the pain of infiltration and the pain of an incision and drainage procedure of a buffered versus a nonbuffered 4% lidocaine formulation in symptomatic emergency patients presenting with a diagnosis of pulpal necrosis, associated periapical area, and an acute clinical swelling. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - August 4, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Taryn Kratz Harreld, Sara Fowler, Melissa Drum, Al Reader, John Nusstein, Mike Beck Tags: CONSORT Randomized Clinical Trial Source Type: research