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Trajectories of children’s social interactions with their infant sibling in the first year: A multidimensional approach.
Individual differences in longitudinal trajectories of children’s social behaviors toward their infant sibling were examined simultaneously across multiple social dimensions: Positive engagement (moving toward), antagonism (moving against), and avoidance (moving away). Three distinct social patterns were identified: (C1) positively-engaged (n = 107, 50%); (C2) escalating-antagonism (n = 90, 42%); and (C3) early-onset antagonism (n = 16, 8%). Children in the positively-engaged class had high levels of positive engagement with their infant siblings, coupled with low levels of antagonism and avoidance. The escalating-antago...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - February 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Oh, Wonjung; Volling, Brenda L.; Gonzalez, Richard Source Type: research

Correction to Lougheed et al. (2014).
Reports an error in "Maternal Regulation of Child Affect in Externalizing and Typically-Developing Children" by Jessica P. Lougheed, Tom Hollenstein, Anna Lichtwarck-Aschoff and Isabela Granic (Journal of Family Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Nov 17, 2014, np). In the article, errors due to a calculation error were noted in Table 2 and in the in-text references to the values reported in Table 2. The corrected version of the paragraph and the corrected version of Table 2 are presented below. The corrected calculations are no different in terms of the significance and direction of effects from the article originall...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - February 9, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Correction to Dittman et al. (2014).
Reports an error in "Predicting success in an online parenting intervention: The role of child, parent, and family factors" by Cassandra K. Dittman, Susan P. Farruggia, Melanie L. Palmer, Matthew R. Sanders and Louise J. Keown (Journal of Family Psychology, 2014[Apr], Vol 28[2], 236-243). In the article, disclaimer was inadvertently omitted from the author note. The disclaimer is included. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-08130-001.) The present study involved an examination of the extent to which a wide range of child, parent, family, and program-related factors predicted child behav...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 12, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Coparenting and children’s temperament predict firstborns’ cooperation in the care of an infant sibling.
This study examined how coparenting and firstborn children’s temperament predicted children’s cooperative behavior in response to maternal requests for assistance in the care of a 1-month-old infant sibling. Children’s cooperative responding was observed during a diaper change session for 216 firstborns (ages 13 to 70 months; M = 32). Parents also completed questionnaires assessing coparenting and children’s temperament. Results suggested that coparenting quality moderated the association between children’s temperament (i.e., soothability) and children’s cooperation as revealed in a Temperament × Cooperative C...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 12, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Song, Ju-Hyun; Volling, Brenda L. Source Type: research

Correction to Salmon et al. (2014).
Reports an error in "Does adding an emotion component enhance the Triple P−Positive Parenting Program" by Karen Salmon, Cassandra Dittman, Matthew Sanders, Rebecca Burson and Josie Hammington (Journal of Family Psychology, 2014[Apr], Vol 28[2], 244-252). In the article, a disclaimer was inadvertently omitted from the author note. The disclaimer has been included. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2014-07166-001.) This pilot study aimed to compare the efficacy of a regular offering of the group-delivered Triple P−Positive Parenting Program for child behavior problems with an enhanced ver...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 12, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Correction to Sanders (2008).
Reports an error in "Triple P-Positive Parenting Program as a public health approach to strengthening parenting" by Matthew R. Sanders (Journal of Family Psychology, 2008[Aug], Vol 22[4], 506-517). In the article, a disclaimer was inadvertently omitted from the author note. The disclaimer has been included. (The following abstract of the original article appeared in record 2008-10898-003.) Parenting programs have considerable potential to improve the mental health and well-being of children, improve family relationships, and benefit the community at large. However, traditional clinical models of service delivery reach rela...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - January 12, 2015 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: No authorship indicated Source Type: research

Family functioning in the context of parental bipolar disorder: Associations with offspring age, sex, and psychopathology.
This study examined the cross-sectional associations between family functioning (cohesion, expressiveness, and conflict) and psychopathology in 117 offspring (ages 5–18) of 75 parents with BD. We also examined whether age and sex differences moderated these associations. We measured offspring psychopathology by examining current dimensional symptoms and DSM–IV emotional and behavioral disorders. Correlational analyses indicated that higher family conflict and lower cohesion were associated with higher internalizing and externalizing symptoms in offspring. Lower family cohesion was also associated with current offspring...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Freed, Rachel D.; Tompson, Martha C.; Wang, Christine H.; Otto, Michael W.; Hirshfeld-Becker, Dina R.; Nierenberg, Andrew A.; Henin, Aude Source Type: research

Capitalizing on everyday positive events uniquely predicts daily intimacy and well-being in couples coping with breast cancer.
Capitalization is the relational process of savoring positive life events by sharing them with responsive relationship partners. The purpose of the present study was to use dyadic intensive longitudinal methods to examine novel hypotheses regarding links between capitalization processes and daily intimacy and well-being in women with breast cancer and their intimate partners. Although couples coping with cancer often experience an increase in negative daily life events, we hypothesized that it would be important for them to share and capitalize on positive events in addition to sharing negative events. Female patients with...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Otto, Amy K.; Laurenceau, Jean-Philippe; Siegel, Scott D.; Belcher, Amber J. Source Type: research

Children exposed to intimate partner violence: Influences of parenting, family distress, and siblings.
The aim of this study was to investigate associations between maternal stress, parenting behavior, and sibling adjustment in relation to child trauma symptoms in families with and without a history of intimate partner violence (IPV). Maternal report was used to measure maternal stress and child trauma symptoms, whereas parenting behavior was assessed through an observational measure. Participants consisted of mothers with 2 school-age siblings recruited from the community. Results indicated that violent families reported higher levels of maternal stress and sibling trauma symptoms than nonviolent families, although no diff...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tailor, Ketan; Stewart-Tufescu, Ashley; Piotrowski, Caroline Source Type: research

The interpersonal process model of demand/withdraw behavior.
The demand/withdraw interaction pattern is a destructive cycle of relationship communication behavior that is associated with negative individual and relationship outcomes. Demand/withdraw behavior is thought to be strongly linked to partners’ emotional reactions, but current theories are inconsistent with empirical findings. The current study proposes the interpersonal process model of demand/withdraw behavior, which includes linkages between each partners’ emotional reactions and the interpersonal behavior of demanding and withdrawing. Data come from problem solving discussions of 55 German couples with observational...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Baucom, Brian R.; Dickenson, Janna A.; Atkins, David C.; Baucom, Donald H.; Fischer, Melanie S.; Weusthoff, Sarah; Hahlweg, Kurt; Zimmermann, Tanja Source Type: research

Parent and adolescent intentions to disclose and links to positive social behavior.
Children’s disclosure to parents as a buffer against antisocial behavior, and its parenting antecedents, have been extensively studied in recent years. The influence of parents’ own disclosure on children’s disclosure and positive social behavior has received little attention, however. We assessed mothers’ (n = 149), fathers’ (n= 105), and 12- to 14-year-old early adolescents’ (n = 127) intentions to disclose about distress-related events and rule transgressions, their reasons for disclosing, and links to positive social behavior (assessed by mothers’ ratings of willing compliance and by teachers’ [n = 114]...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Chaparro, Maria Paula; Grusec, Joan E. Source Type: research

Comparing childhood meal frequency to current meal frequency, routines, and expectations among parents.
This study aims to examine associations between parents’ report of eating family meals while growing up and their current family meal frequency, routines, and expectations. Baseline data were used from the Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment (HOME) Plus study, a randomized controlled trial with a program to promote healthful behaviors and family meals at home. Participants (160 parent/child dyads) completed data collection in 2011–2012 in the Minneapolis/St. Paul, MN metropolitan area. Parents were predominately female (95%) and white (77%) with a mean age of 41.3 years. General linear modeling examined...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Friend, Sarah; Fulkerson, Jayne A.; Neumark-Sztainer, Dianne; Garwick, Ann; Flattum, Colleen Freeh; Draxten, Michelle Source Type: research

Developmental patterns and parental correlates of youth leisure-time physical activity.
This study examined the developmental patterns and parental correlates of youth leisure-time physical activity from middle childhood through adolescence. On 5 occasions across 7 years, fathers, mothers, and children who were first- and second born from 201 European American, working- and middle-class families participated in home and multiple nightly phone interviews. Multilevel modeling revealed that, controlling for family socioeconomic status, neighborhood characteristics, and youth overweight status and physical health, leisure-time physical activity increased during middle childhood and declined across adolescence, an...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lam, Chun Bun; McHale, Susan M. Source Type: research

With a little help from our friends: Couple social integration in marriage.
The benefits of social integration (i.e., structural or affective connectedness with others and with social institutions) have been frequently noted for individuals’ personal well-being. In a similar fashion, recent marital research has highlighted how the social integration of a couple also appears to positively affect marital well-being. However, beyond main effects, little research to date has considered whether couples’ social integration possesses moderating effects for spouses’ marital quality as well. Among a sample of 492 married individuals, the present study explored whether spouses’ reports of the social...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Barton, Allen W.; Futris, Ted G.; Nielsen, Robert B. Source Type: research

Nonsupportive parenting affects telomere length in young adulthood among African Americans: Mediation through substance use.
Telomere length (TL) is an indicator of age-related changes at the cellular level associated with heightened mortality risk. The effect of nonsupportive parenting (NSP) during late adolescence and young adulthood on TL 5 years later was examined in a sample of N = 183 young adult African Americans to determine if effects of NSP on TL were mediated by substance use. Results indicated that the effect of caregiver reported NSP on diminished TL was mediated by escalation of drinking and smoking in young adulthood, even after controlling effects of socioeconomic status risk, gender, BMI, young adult stress, and intervention sta...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Beach, Steven R. H.; Lei, Man Kit; Brody, Gene H.; Yu, Tianyi; Philibert, Robert A. Source Type: research

Long-term follow-up of a randomized trial of family foundations: Effects on children’s emotional, behavioral, and school adjustment.
This study examines long-term effects of a transition to parenthood program, Family Foundations, designed to enhance child outcomes through a strategic focus on supporting the coparenting relationship. Roughly 5 to 7 years after baseline (pregnancy), parent and teacher reports of internalizing and externalizing problems and school adjustment were collected by mail for 98 children born to couples enrolled in the randomized trial. Teachers reported significantly lower levels of internalizing problems among children in the intervention group compared with children in the control group and, consistent with prior findings at ag...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Feinberg, Mark E.; Jones, Damon E.; Roettger, Michael E.; Solmeyer, Anna; Hostetler, Michelle L. Source Type: research

Parenting stress and children’s problem behavior in China: The mediating role of parental psychological aggression.
This study examined the mediating effect of parents’ psychological aggression in the relationship between parenting stress and children’s internalizing (anxiety/depression, withdrawal) and externalizing (aggression, delinquency) problem behaviors 1 year later. Using a sample of 311 intact 2-parent Chinese families with preschoolers, findings revealed that maternal parenting stress had direct effects on children’s internalizing and externalizing problem behavior and indirect effects through maternal psychological aggression. However, neither direct nor indirect effects of fathers’ parenting stress on children’s in...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - December 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Liu, Li; Wang, Meifang Source Type: research

A constructive replication of the association between the oxytocin receptor genotype and parenting.
Behavioral genetic studies have robustly indicated that parenting behaviors are heritable—that is, individual differences in parenting are at least partially a function of genetic differences between persons. Few studies, however, have sought to identify the specific genetic variants that are associated with individual differences in parenting. Genes that influence the oxytocin system are of particular interest, given the growing body of evidence that points to the role of oxytocin for social behaviors, including parenting. The current study conducted examinations of associations between a variant in the oxytocin recepto...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Klahr, Ashlea M.; Klump, Kelly; Burt, S. Alexandra Source Type: research

Is couple and relationship education effective for lower income participants? A meta-analytic study.
The negative effects of family instability on children and adults have captured the attention of legislators and policymakers wondering if something could be done to help at-risk couples form and sustain healthy relationships and marriages. For a decade now, public funds have supported grants to provide couple and relationship education (CRE) to lower income individuals and couples. This meta-analytic study reviewed 38 studies (with 47 independent samples) assessing the effectiveness of CRE for lower income couples (defined as more than two-thirds of the sample below twice the poverty level) in an attempt to inform current...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hawkins, Alan J.; Erickson, Sage E. Source Type: research

Mediation and moderation of divorce effects on children’s behavior problems.
Using data from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development, we examined children’s internalizing and externalizing behavior problems from age 5 to 15 years in relation to whether they had experienced a parental divorce. Children from divorced families had more behavior problems compared with a propensity-score-matched sample of children from intact families, according to both teachers and mothers. They exhibited more internalizing and externalizing problems at the first assessment after the parents’ separation and at the last available assessment (age 11...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 24, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Weaver, Jennifer M.; Schofield, Thomas J. Source Type: research

Maternal regulation of child affect in externalizing and typically-developing children.
[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 29(1) of Journal of Family Psychology (see record 2015-05006-001). In the article, errors due to a calculation error were noted in Table 2 and in the in-text references to the values reported in Table 2. The corrected version of the paragraph and the corrected version of Table 2 are presented in the erratum. The corrected calculations are no different in terms of the significance and direction of effects from the article originally published, and thus the interpretation of the results was not affected by this error.] Temporal contingencies between children...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lougheed, Jessica P.; Hollenstein, Tom; Lichtwarck-Aschoff, Anna; Granic, Isabela Source Type: research

Mothers’ power assertion; children’s negative, adversarial orientation; and future behavior problems in low-income families: Early maternal responsiveness as a moderator of the developmental cascade.
This study elucidates a potential process that may link parental power assertion with behavior problems and highlights how positive aspects of parenting can moderate this process and defuse maladaptive developmental cascades. It also suggests possible targets for parenting intervention and prevention efforts. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved) (Source: Journal of Family Psychology)
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 17, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kim, Sanghag; Kochanska, Grazyna Source Type: research

Income and children’s behavioral functioning: A sequential mediation analysis.
This study uses data from the Early Steps Multisite (ESM) project (N = 731) to investigate associations between family income in early childhood and children’s conduct problems and emotional problems in middle childhood. The study explores whether the associations from income to child conduct problems and emotional problems operate through maternal depressive symptoms and 3 family risk factors in early childhood—harsh parenting, parenting hassles, and chaos in the home environment. Results of a sequential mediation model revealed significant indirect effects of family income on children’s conduct problems operating t...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 10, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shelleby, Elizabeth C.; Votruba-Drzal, Elizabeth; Shaw, Daniel S.; Dishion, Thomas J.; Wilson, Melvin N.; Gardner, Frances Source Type: research

Income, neighborhood stressors, and harsh parenting: Test of moderation by ethnicity, age, and gender.
Family and neighborhood influences related to low-income were examined to understand their association with harsh parenting among an ethnically diverse sample of families. Specifically, a path model linking household income to harsh parenting via neighborhood disorder, fear for safety, maternal depressive symptoms, and family conflict was evaluated using cross-sectional data from 2,132 families with children ages 5–16 years from Chicago. The sample was 42% Mexican American, 41% African American, and 17% European American. Results provide support for a family process model where a lower income-to-needs ratio is associated...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 10, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Barajas-Gonzalez, R. Gabriela; Brooks-Gunn, Jeanne Source Type: research

Change in participant engagement during a family-based preventive intervention: Ups and downs with time and tension.
This study examines how and why participants’ engagement–conceptualized as a dynamic process wherein participants interact with each other, the interventionists, and the intervention curriculum–changes over time. We apply growth curve models to repeated measures of engagement obtained from 252 families during a 7-week intervention trial. In the models, we examine (a) whether and how engagement changes over time, and the extent of between-person differences in change; and (b) how those changes and differences are related to chronic and session-specific aspects of family tension, while also controlling for differences ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 10, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bamberger, Katharine T.; Coatsworth, J. Douglas; Fosco, Gregory M.; Ram, Nilam Source Type: research

Introduction to the special section on religion and spirituality in family life: Pathways between relational spirituality, family relationships and personal well-being.
This special section on faith and family life presents 5 studies that each offer novel insights into the complex web of linkages between a target family member’s religious and/or spiritual (R/S) functioning and parental or family factors that may influence the target family member’s psychological or R/S functioning. The outcome domain of interest is adolescent psychological functioning in the first three studies, parental stress in the fourth study, and the R/S functioning of adult children in the fifth study. In this introduction, we feature unique findings from each study. We then highlight 3 key conceptual issues th...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 10, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mahoney, Annette; Cano, Annmarie Source Type: research

Intimate relationship involvement, intimate relationship quality, and psychiatric disorders in adolescents.
Prior research has shown that poor relationship quality in marriage and other intimate relationships demonstrates cross-sectional and longitudinal associations with a variety of psychiatric disorders in adults. In comparison, there has been less research on the covariation between relationship quality and psychiatric disorders in adolescents, a developmental period that is associated with elevated risk of incidence of several disorders and that is important for the acquisition and maintenance of intimate relationships. The present study was conducted to examine the associations between intimate relationship involvement, in...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - November 3, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Whisman, Mark A.; Johnson, Daniel P.; Li, Angela; Robustelli, Briana L. Source Type: research

Genetic susceptibility to family environment: BDNF Val66met and 5-HTTLPR influence depressive symptoms.
Functional genetic polymorphisms associated with Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) and serotonin (5-HTTLPR) have demonstrated associations with depression in interaction with environmental stressors. In light of evidence for biological connections between BDNF and serotonin, it is prudent to consider genetic epistasis between variants in these genes in the development of depressive symptoms. The current study examined the effects of val66met, 5-HTTLPR, and family environment quality on youth depressive symptoms in adolescence and young adulthood in a longitudinal sample oversampled for maternal depression history. A...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dalton, Elizabeth D.; Hammen, Constance L.; Najman, Jake M.; Brennan, Patricia A. Source Type: research

Fathers’ sensitive parenting and the development of early executive functioning.
Using data from a diverse sample of 620 families residing in rural, predominately low-income communities, this study examined longitudinal links between fathers’ sensitive parenting in infancy and toddlerhood and children’s early executive functioning, as well as the contribution of maternal sensitive parenting. After accounting for the quality of concurrent and prior parental care, children’s early cognitive ability, and other child and family factors, fathers’ and mothers’ sensitive and supportive parenting during play at 24 months predicted children’s executive functioning at 3 years of age. In contrast, pat...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 27, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Towe-Goodman, Nissa R.; Willoughby, Michael; Blair, Clancy; Gustafsson, Hanna C.; Mills-Koonce, W. Roger; Cox, Martha J. Source Type: research

Family stress and adolescents’ cognitive functioning: Sleep as a protective factor.
We examined 2 sleep–wake parameters as moderators of the associations between exposure to family stressors and adolescent cognitive functioning. Participants were 252 school-recruited adolescents (M = 15.79 years; 66% European American, 34% African American). Youths reported on 3 dimensions of family stress: marital conflict, harsh parenting, and parental psychological control. Cognitive functioning was indexed through performance on the Woodcock-Johnson III Tests of Cognitive Abilities. Sleep minutes and efficiency were measured objectively using actigraphy. Toward identifying unique effects, path models controlled for ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: El-Sheikh, Mona; Tu, Kelly M.; Erath, Stephen A.; Buckhalt, Joseph A. Source Type: research

Cultural dynamics and marital relationship quality in Mexican-origin families.
Prior research suggests that acculturation may influence relationship outcomes among Mexican-origin married couples, including marital adjustment and distress. Despite much theory and research on parent–child cultural differences and disruptions in the parent–child relationship, no previous research has investigated possible associations between husband–wife cultural differences and marital relationship quality. With a sample of Mexican-origin married couples (N = 398), the current study investigated the relations between husband–wife differences in acculturation (American orientation) and enculturation (Mexican or...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 13, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cruz, Rick A.; Gonzales, Nancy A.; Corona, Marissa; King, Kevin M.; Cauce, Ana Mari; Robins, Richard W.; Widaman, Keith F.; Conger, Rand D. Source Type: research

A randomized clinical trial to test the efficacy of a family-focused, culturally informed therapy for schizophrenia.
Research strongly suggests that family interventions can benefit patients with schizophrenia, yet current interventions often fail to consider the cultural context and spiritual practices that may make them more effective and relevant to ethnic minority populations. We have developed a family focused, culturally informed treatment for schizophrenia (CIT-S) patients and their caregivers to address this gap. Sixty-nine families were randomized to either 15 sessions of CIT-S or to a 3-session psychoeducation (PSY-ED) control condition. Forty-six families (66.7%) completed the study. The primary aim was to test whether CIT-S w...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Weisman de Mamani, Amy; Weintraub, Marc J.; Gurak, Kayla; Maura, Jessica Source Type: research

Safety-related moderators of a parent-based HIV prevention intervention in South Africa.
Our study examined factors influencing the effectiveness of a parent-based HIV prevention intervention implemented in Cape Town, South Africa. Caregiver-youth dyads (N = 99) were randomized into intervention or control conditions and assessed longitudinally. The intervention improved a parenting skill associated with youth sexual risk, parent–child communication about sex and HIV. Analyses revealed that over time, intervention participants (female caregivers) who experienced recent intimate partner violence (IPV) or unsafe neighborhoods discussed fewer sex topics with their adolescent children than caregivers in safer ne...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - October 6, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tarantino, Nicholas; Goodrum, Nada; Armistead, Lisa P.; Cook, Sarah L.; Skinner, Donald; Toefy, Yoesrie Source Type: research

The role of ex-POWs’ PTSD symptoms and trajectories in wives’ secondary traumatization.
Secondary traumatization describes the phenomenon whereby those in proximity to trauma survivors develop psychological symptoms similar to those experienced by the direct survivor. The current study examined secondary trauma (ST) and generalized distress symptoms (general psychiatric symptomatology, functional disability, and self-rated health) in wives of former prisoners of war (ex-POWs). The study compared wives of Israeli ex-POWs from the 1973 Yom Kippur War with wives of a matched control group of non-POW Yom Kippur War combat veterans (CVs). The wives also were divided into groups based on their husbands’ current p...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Greene, Talya; Lahav, Yael; Bronstein, Israel; Solomon, Zahava Source Type: research

Introduction to the special section on religion and spirituality in family life: Delving into relational spirituality for couples.
In light of the ongoing salience of spirituality and religion for individuals across the globe, this special section presents four rigorous empirical studies that tie conceptually based and potentially malleable spiritual constructs to better marital functioning. These studies exemplify an emerging subfield called Relational Spirituality, which focuses on the ways that couples can draw on specific spiritual cognitions and behaviors to motivate them to create, maintain, and transform their unions (Mahoney, 2010, 2013). In this introduction, we first provide a thumbnail sketch of the past 3 decades of empirical research in t...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 29, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mahoney, Annette; Cano, Annmarie Source Type: research

Daily positive spillover and crossover from mothers’ work to youth health.
Prior research shows that employees’ work experiences can “spill over” into their family lives and “cross over” to affect family members. Expanding on studies that emphasize negative implications of work for family life, this study examined positive work-to-family spillover and positive and negative crossover between mothers and their children. Participants were 174 mothers in the extended care (nursing home) industry and their children (ages 9–17), both of whom completed daily diaries on the same 8 consecutive evenings. On each workday, mothers reported whether they had a positive experience at work, youth rep...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lawson, Katie M.; Davis, Kelly D.; McHale, Susan M.; Hammer, Leslie B.; Buxton, Orfeu M. Source Type: research

Partner support and maternal depression in the context of the Iowa floods.
A systematic investigation of the role of prenatal partner support in perinatal maternal depression was conducted. Separate facets of partner support were examined (i.e., received support and support adequacy) and a multidimensional model of support was applied to investigate the effects of distinct types of support (i.e., informational, physical comfort, emotional/esteem, and tangible support). Both main and stress-buffering models of partner support were tested in the context of prenatal maternal stress resulting from exposure to a natural disaster. Questionnaire data were analyzed from 145 partnered women using growth c...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Brock, Rebecca L.; O’Hara, Michael W.; Hart, Kimberly J.; McCabe, Jennifer E.; Williamson, J. Austin; Laplante, David P.; Yu, Chunbo; King, Suzanne Source Type: research

Positive parenting, beliefs about parental efficacy, and active coping: Three sources of intergenerational resilience.
Prior research involving parents (G1) and their adult children (G2) shows intergenerational continuity in positive parenting. Previous research, however, has not shown circumstances under which the typically modest effect size for intergenerational continuity is augmented or attenuated. Using a multigenerational data set involving 290 families, we evaluated 2 potential moderators of intergenerational continuity in positive parenting (i.e., beliefs about parenting efficacy and active coping strategies) drawn from prior theoretical work on predictors of parenting (Belsky, 1984). These personal resources of the second-generat...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Schofield, Thomas J.; Conger, Rand D.; Neppl, Tricia K. Source Type: research

Sensitivity, child regulatory processes, and naturally occurring declines in antisocial behavior across childhood.
Despite considerable research on why antisocial behavior develops and interventions that reduce it, aspects of everyday family processes that may promote naturally occurring declines in antisocial behavior or that may result from such declines in most children without intervention are poorly understood. The current study explored family processes that may enable children to replace antisocial tendencies and the effects that declines in antisocial behavior may have on parenting and child regulatory processes. Longitudinal data from 1,022 children (54 months–6th grade) from the NICHD Study of Early Child Care and Youth Dev...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Buck, Katharine Ann Source Type: research

Children’s appraisals of conflict, beliefs about aggression, and externalizing problems in families characterized by severe intimate partner violence.
This research examined whether children’s threat and self-blame appraisals regarding interparental conflict and their beliefs about the justifiability of aggression predicted children’s externalizing problems in families in which there had been recent severe intimate partner violence (IPV). Participants were 106 children (62 boys, 44 girls) aged 7 to 10 and their mothers. Families in which there had been recent severe IPV were recruited during their stay at a domestic violence shelter. Children completed measures of threat, self-blame, beliefs about the justifiability of aggression, and externalizing problems. Mothers ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jouriles, Ernest N.; Vu, Nicole L.; McDonald, Renee; Rosenfield, David Source Type: research

Adoption status and family relationships during the transition to young adulthood.
Although adoptive family research has increased, most has focused on childhood and adolescence. Despite the known importance of parent−adolescent relationships drawn from the general population, we know little about how adoptive family relationships change or remain the same as adopted adolescents enter young adulthood. Using the Sibling Interaction and Behavior Study, the purpose of this study was to build on previous research to explore differences in conflict, closeness, and relationship quality between adoptive and nonadoptive families during the transition from late adolescence into young adulthood. Self-report and ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Walkner, Amy J.; Rueter, Martha A. Source Type: research

Maternal child-centered attributions and harsh discipline: The moderating role of maternal working memory across socioeconomic contexts.
Cognitive models of parenting give emphasis to the central role that parental cognitions may play in parental socialization goals. In particular, dual process models suggest that parental attribution styles affect the way parents interpret caregiving situations and enact behaviors, particularly within the realm of discipline. Although research has documented the negative behavioral repercussions of dysfunctional child-centered responsibility biases, there is heterogeneity in the level of these associations. Research has also demonstrated that parental working memory capacity may serve as an individual difference factor in ...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 15, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Suor, Jennifer H.; Skibo, Michael A. Source Type: research

Coherence and content of conflict-based narratives: Associations to family risk and maladjustment.
This study examined the role of structural and content characteristics of children’s conflict-based narratives (coherence, positive and aggressive themes) in the association between early childhood family risk and children’s internalizing and externalizing problems in a sample of 193 children (97 girls, 96 boys) aged 3 to 5 years (M = 3.85, SD = .48). Parents participated in an interview on family related risk factors; teachers and parents completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire; children completed conflict-based narratives based on the MacArthur Story Stem Battery (MSSB). We specifically investigated th...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 8, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Müller, Eva; Perren, Sonja; Wustmann Seiler, Corina Source Type: research

The effects of domestic violence allegations on custody evaluators’ recommendations.
Judges and attorneys often request professional assessments from child custody evaluators when allegations of adult domestic violence (DV) have been made, but it is unclear whether and how evaluators’ recommendations are impacted by these allegations. Custody evaluators (N = 607) in the United States responded to a multiple-segment factorial vignette designed to examine the effects of 2 key factors in DV allegations: type of alleged violence (conflict-based, control-based) and counterallegations (none, mutual, and female-initiated). Effects of control- versus conflict-based DV allegations by the mother on custody recomme...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hans, Jason D.; Hardesty, Jennifer L.; Haselschwerdt, Megan L.; Frey, Laura M. Source Type: research

Benefit finding and relationship quality in Parkinson’s disease: A pilot dyadic analysis of husbands and wives.
Parkinson’s disease (PD) significantly impacts both patients’ and spouses’ emotional and physical health. However, despite the importance of social relationships for wellbeing, few studies have examined relationship quality and their correlates in individuals with PD and their partners. Specifically, no known studies have examined the association between benefit finding, or the experience of personal growth and other positive changes in the face of a stressor, and perceived marital quality. To address these gaps in the field, 25 married couples participated in a cross-sectional, pilot study. Patients were veterans di...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - September 1, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Mavandadi, Shahrzad; Dobkin, Roseanne; Mamikonyan, Eugenia; Sayers, Steven; Ten Have, Thomas; Weintraub, Daniel Source Type: research

Relationship problems over the early years of marriage: Stability or change?
Although couples’ management of differences and problems is widely assumed to be central to the course and outcome of their relationships, some theoretical perspectives hold that marital conflicts increase over the newlywed years, whereas others maintain that couples’ problems remain stable. We tested these opposing views by examining changes in marital problems and marital satisfaction over the first 4 years of marriage in a sample of 169 newlywed couples. Although marital satisfaction declined on average, overall levels of marital problems remained stable. Analyses of 19 specific problems generally revealed considera...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lavner, Justin A.; Karney, Benjamin R.; Bradbury, Thomas N. Source Type: research

Family and neighborhood disadvantage, home environment, and children’s school readiness.
The purpose of this study was to examine associations between family socioeconomic risk, neighborhood disadvantage, and children’s school readiness. A sample of 420 children from 48 early childcare programs yielded multi-informant data. The average age was 55.3 months (SD = 6.4), with 38% of children being Black, non-Hispanic, Hispanic, or other minority race (American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian, and Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander). One third (32.4%) of the parents had annual incomes less than $30,000. We used multilevel structural equation modeling to test direct and indirect associations among family socioecon...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Jeon, Lieny; Buettner, Cynthia K.; Hur, Eunhye Source Type: research

Children’s responses to mother–infant and father–infant interaction with a baby sibling: Jealousy or joy?
Firstborn children’s reactions to mother–infant and father–infant interaction after a sibling’s birth were examined in an investigation of 224 families. Triadic observations of parent–infant–sibling interaction were conducted at 1 month after the birth. Parents reported on children’s problem behaviors at 1 and 4 months after the birth and completed the Attachment Q-sort before the birth. Latent profile analysis (LPA) identified 4 latent classes (behavioral profiles) for mother–infant and father–infant interactions: regulated-exploration, disruptive-dysregulated, approach-avoidant, and anxious-clingy. A fi...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 25, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Volling, Brenda L.; Yu, Tianyi; Gonzalez, Richard; Kennedy, Denise E.; Rosenberg, Lauren; Oh, Wonjung Source Type: research

Couples and breast cancer: Women’s mood and partners’ marital satisfaction predicting support perception.
This study examined the ways in which a woman’s daily mood, pain, and fatigue, and her spouse’s marital satisfaction predict the woman’s report of partner support in the context of breast cancer. Pretest data from a larger intervention study and multilevel modeling were used to examine the effects of women’s daily mood, pain, and fatigue and average levels of mood, pain, and fatigue on women’s report of social support received from her partner, as well as how the effects of mood interacted with partners’ marital satisfaction. Results show that on days in which women reported higher levels of negative or positiv...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Boeding, Sara E.; Pukay-Martin, Nicole D.; Baucom, Donald H.; Porter, Laura S.; Kirby, Jennifer S.; Gremore, Tina M.; Keefe, Francis J. Source Type: research

The longitudinal impact of intimate partner aggression and relationship status on women’s physical health and depression symptoms.
Intimate partner aggression (IPA) has many detrimental effects, particularly among young women. The present study examined the longitudinal effects of IPA victimization and relationship status on physical health and depression symptoms in a sample of 375 community women between the ages of 18 and 25 years. All variables were assessed at 4 occasions over a 12-month period (i.e., 1 assessment every 4 months). Multilevel modeling revealed that IPA victimization had both between- and within-person effects on women’s health outcomes, and relationship status had within-person effects when women did not report current IPA. Alth...
Source: Journal of Family Psychology - August 18, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Watkins, Laura E.; Jaffe, Anna E.; Hoffman, Lesa; Gratz, Kim L.; Messman-Moore, Terri L.; DiLillo, David Source Type: research